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Empirical Probabilities Of (Non)Optimal Healthcare Choice Conditional On Socio-Economic Status And Time Consumption, Quan-Hoang Vuong 2016 Universite Libre de Bruxelles

Empirical Probabilities Of (Non)Optimal Healthcare Choice Conditional On Socio-Economic Status And Time Consumption, Quan-Hoang Vuong

Quan-Hoang Vuong

Background: Patients need healthcare information for making good decisions in choosing health service provider, but data sufficiency and quality have constantly been a major obstacle. Non-optimal decisions are common. The problem persists even with the growing power of the Internet and ICT-based facilities. In a sense, asymmetric information in this sector exacerbates the problem of economic inequality, worsening the situation of community health.

Aims & Objectives: The study reports the analysis and results that help answer the questions about existence of empirical relations between such factor as socioeconomic status, consumption of time and outcome of healthcare provider choice by Vietnamese patients ...


Empirical Probabilities Of Making (Non)Optimal Choice Of Healthcare Providers Conditional On Ses And Time Consumption In Hanoi, Vietnam, Quan-Hoang Vuong 2016 Universite Libre de Bruxelles

Empirical Probabilities Of Making (Non)Optimal Choice Of Healthcare Providers Conditional On Ses And Time Consumption In Hanoi, Vietnam, Quan-Hoang Vuong

Quan-Hoang Vuong

Background: Patients need healthcare information for making good decisions in choosing health service provider, but data sufficiency and quality have constantly been a major obstacle (19). Non-optimal decisions are common. The problem persists even with the growing power of the Internet and ICT-based facilities. In a sense, asymmetric information in this sector exacerbates the problem of economic inequality, worsening the situation of community health.

Aim & Objective: The study reports the analysis and results that help answer the questions about existence of empirical relations between such factor as socioeconomic status, consumption of time and outcome of healthcare provider choice by Vietnamese ...


Sociodemographic Factors And Expenditure Issues In Vietnamese Consideration Of Periodic General Health Examination, Quan-Hoang Vuong, Quang-Hoi Vu 2016 Universite Libre de Bruxelles

Sociodemographic Factors And Expenditure Issues In Vietnamese Consideration Of Periodic General Health Examination, Quan-Hoang Vuong, Quang-Hoi Vu

Quan-Hoang Vuong

Medical expenditure is perceived as a major obstacle for people wanting to access healthcare services in general, and in particular periodic general health examinations (GHE). However, the extant literature concerning expenditure on periodic health examinations in Vietnam is rather scarce and lacking in specific figures. Therefore, this article aims to examine the price people are willing to pay to take GHE periodically. From analyzing a dataset of 2,068 subjects collected from Hanoi and its vicinity, our study confirms that demographic factors (gender, job status, marital status) and socio-economic factors (health insurance, low belief in healthcare quality and perceptions on ...


Valuing And Financing Multi-Sector Population Health Initiatives, Glen P. Mays 2016 University of Kentucky

Valuing And Financing Multi-Sector Population Health Initiatives, Glen P. Mays

Glen Mays

Large-scale multi-sector health improvement initiatives can be difficult to initiate and sustain over time due to uncertainties about their health and economic impact.  This presentation reviews research on multi-sector  population health initiatives, and examines several alternative approaches for sustainable financing. 


Determinants Of Health Insurance Coverage For Farm Family Households: A Midwestern Study, Helen H. Jensen, William E. Saupe 2016 Iowa State University

Determinants Of Health Insurance Coverage For Farm Family Households: A Midwestern Study, Helen H. Jensen, William E. Saupe

Helen Jensen

Data from interviews with a random sample of farm households in eight counties in southwestern Wisconsin are used to describe the distribution of health insurance coverage among households and health related fringe benefits of off-farm employment. An analysis of health insurance coverage shows major factors associated with lack of health insurance to include lower total household income, larger household size, and being more conservative regarding risk in farming. Although not significant, the signs of coefficients estimated for formal education and lacking fringe benefits in operator off­ farm employment are consistent with expectations.


Animal Feed Vs. Human Food: Challenges And Opportunities In Sustaining Animal Agriculture Toward 2050, Jude Capper, Larry Berger, Mindy Brashears, Helen Jensen 2016 Montana State University

Animal Feed Vs. Human Food: Challenges And Opportunities In Sustaining Animal Agriculture Toward 2050, Jude Capper, Larry Berger, Mindy Brashears, Helen Jensen

Helen Jensen

To feed the nine-plus billion people projected to inhabit the earth by 2050, some are proposing that land would be best used through systems producing food consumed directly by humans. There are only two approaches by which this could be accomplished. The first is to harvest forages currently produced and feed them directly to humans. The second is to cultivate grazing land to produce other crops that could be consumed directly by humans. Both of these approaches are impractical on a large scale and have great ecological risks.


Multi-Sector Contributions To Public Health Delivery Systems: #11;Economic, Institutional & Policy Determinants, Glen P. Mays 2016 University of Kentucky

Multi-Sector Contributions To Public Health Delivery Systems: #11;Economic, Institutional & Policy Determinants, Glen P. Mays

Glen Mays

The United States faces growing public and policy demands to improve health status on a population-wide basis.  This session reviews new research from the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation's Systems for Action research program about  the implementation of population health activities in communities across the U.S.  Using 16 years of data on a national cohort of metropolitan communities, we show that substantial growth has occurred in the array of organizations and sectors that contribute to population health activities, especially in the years following Affordable Care Act implementation.  We also show that this growth has not occurred evenly across the ...


Aligning Delivery & Financing Systems To Build A Culture Of Health, Glen P. Mays 2016 University of Kentucky

Aligning Delivery & Financing Systems To Build A Culture Of Health, Glen P. Mays

Glen Mays

The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation's Systems for Action research program uses strong social science methods to discover ways of aligning medical, public health, and social service systems in ways that improve health and wellbeing.  This session profiles several of the studies now underway through this new program. 


Estimating The Costs Of Foundational Capabilities For The Nation's Public Health System, Glen P. Mays, Cezar Brian C. Mamaril 2016 University of Kentucky

Estimating The Costs Of Foundational Capabilities For The Nation's Public Health System, Glen P. Mays, Cezar Brian C. Mamaril

Glen Mays

The Institute of Medicine’s 2012 report on public health financing called for the convening of expert panels to identify the components of a “minimum package” of public health services and cross-cutting capabilities that should be available in every U.S. community to protect and improve population health, and to identify the resources required to make these services universally available across the country.  With support from the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, an expert panel convened as the Public Health Leadership Forum developed a consensus set of Foundational Public Health Services (FPHS) delineating skills and capabilities that every state and local ...


The Affordable Care Act At Year Six: Coverage, Care #11;And Health?, Glen P. Mays 2016 University of Kentucky

The Affordable Care Act At Year Six: Coverage, Care #11;And Health?, Glen P. Mays

Glen Mays

This lecture examines research on the Affordable Care Act's impact on health insurance coverage, access to health care, and other areas of health system performance. I conclude with some projections of ACA's potential impact on population health.   


Aligning Systems And Sectors #11;To Improve Population Health: Emerging Findings And Remaining Uncertainties, Glen P. Mays 2016 University of Kentucky

Aligning Systems And Sectors #11;To Improve Population Health: Emerging Findings And Remaining Uncertainties, Glen P. Mays

Glen Mays

This session profiles several ongoing studies that test mechanisms for aligning medical care, public health, and social service systems. Preliminary findings suggest that broad-spectrum approaches to alignment may offer substantial health and economic benefits for communities.


Infrastructure And Incentives For Multi-Sector Population Health Initiatives, Glen P. Mays 2016 University of Kentucky

Infrastructure And Incentives For Multi-Sector Population Health Initiatives, Glen P. Mays

Glen Mays

Collective actions to improve health status on a community-wide basis do not happen automatically.  Government agencies and private sector organizations frequently lack sufficient information, incentives, and infrastructure to make large shared investments in health improvement activities.  This session reviews the evidence on the types of infrastructure and incentives that may be needed to support high-impact multi-sector work in population health.   


Access To Treatment For Hepatitis C Virus Infection: Time To Put Patients First, Brian R. Edlin 2016 Weill Cornell Medical College

Access To Treatment For Hepatitis C Virus Infection: Time To Put Patients First, Brian R. Edlin

Brian Edlin

Sound health policy puts patients first. Antiviral regimens approved in 2014 revolutionised treatment of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. Most patients can now be cured. These new regimens, however, were priced at US$83,320-$150,000 for a 3-month course. Public and private payers in the USA responded by limiting coverage to patients with advanced fibrosis or cirrhosis, keeping the drugs from being used to prevent those stages. These restrictions defy medical guidelines, lack scientific justification, and undermine public health efforts to stem transmission. Instead of reducing barriers to care, the system has erected new ones. As drug makers ...


Economic Costs And Benefits Of A Community-Based Lymphedema Management Program For Lymphatic Filariasis In Odisha State, India, Eileen Stillwaggon, Larry Sawers, Jonathan Rout, David Addiss, LeAnne Fox 2016 Gettysburg College

Economic Costs And Benefits Of A Community-Based Lymphedema Management Program For Lymphatic Filariasis In Odisha State, India, Eileen Stillwaggon, Larry Sawers, Jonathan Rout, David Addiss, Leanne Fox

Economics Faculty Publications

Lymphatic filariasis afflicts 68 million people in 73 countries, including 17 million persons living with chronic lymphedema. The Global Program to Eliminate Lymphatic Filariasis aims to stop new infections and to provide care for persons already affected, but morbidity management programs have been initiated in only 24 endemic countries. We examine the economic costs and benefits of alleviating chronic lymphedema and its effects through a simple limb-care program. For Khurda District, Odisha State, India, we estimated lifetime medical costs and earnings losses due to chronic lymphedema and acute dermatolymphangioadenitis (ADLA) with and without a community-based limb-care program. The program would ...


Essays On Human Capital Complementarities, Hiroaki Mori 2016 The University of Western Ontario

Essays On Human Capital Complementarities, Hiroaki Mori

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

The thesis consists of three chapters that study the interplay between skills and health in shaping labour market outcomes. I focus on two distinct but related issues: i) the wage losses among older workers due to work-limiting health conditions, and ii) the long lasting effects of childhood health conditions on human capital formation. Chapter two studies how health conditions among older workers affect their wages depending on the characteristics of their occupations. The U.S. Social Security Act defines disability as the inability due to health conditions to perform physically or mentally demanding tasks. To examine the potentially task-specific nature ...


Essays In Applied Economics: Applications Of Transformed Ordinal Quantile Regression, Okila R. Elboeva 2016 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Essays In Applied Economics: Applications Of Transformed Ordinal Quantile Regression, Okila R. Elboeva

Doctoral Dissertations

This dissertation consists of three essays on the application of Transformed Ordinal Quantile Regression (TORQUE) developed by Hong and He (2010). TORQUE is based on jittered response, a nonparametric link function, a semiparametric quantile estimation. When the response variable is categorical an application of the standard quantile regression is not optimal. TORQUE technique generalizes ordinary quantile regression, and as a semiparametric method it is more robust than Maximum Likelihood Estimators.

In the first essay I estimate conditional quantiles of happiness using the data from British Household Panel Survey (BHPS) for 2006. I find the continuity assumption of happiness ranking does ...


The Influence Of Projection Bias On Outcomes Of Healthcare Financial Incentive Programs, Jordyn M. Bader 2016 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

The Influence Of Projection Bias On Outcomes Of Healthcare Financial Incentive Programs, Jordyn M. Bader

Dissertations and Theses in Agricultural Economics

This thesis contributes to the behavioral health literature and literature regarding healthcare financial incentive programs by discussing the influences of the behavioral economic concept of projection bias on programs designed to recruit healthcare providers to rural or under served areas. First, I propose an adaptation to the model of projection bias by introducing a term that captures variability in individuals’ propensity to exhibit projection bias based on the amount of effort expended in predicting future preferences. Next, I conduct a probit model regression to observe what incentive program design features and participant characteristics are likely to influence the probability of ...


Three Essays On Informal Payments In The Health Care Sector In Russia, Alexandra Polovinka 2016 Western Michigan University

Three Essays On Informal Payments In The Health Care Sector In Russia, Alexandra Polovinka

Dissertations

Health care is one of the most corrupt sectors in Russia. In 2015 twenty percent of patients paid a bribe for the health care services once or twice, and thirteen percent more than twice (Russian Public Opinion Research Center, 2015). Using data on adults from over 5,000 households in Russia, this three-essay study analyzes out-of-pocket formal (official) and informal (unofficial, bribes) payments for the health care.

In the first essay, I study whether there is a difference in the amount of unofficial pay-ments across five types of health care services (ambulance, inpatient, outpatient, dental, and medical checkups) and two ...


Medicaid Expansion And Its Value In Rural Economic Development In Tennessee, Madison S. Kahl 2016 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Medicaid Expansion And Its Value In Rural Economic Development In Tennessee, Madison S. Kahl

University of Tennessee Honors Thesis Projects

No abstract provided.


Influence Of Socio-Demographic Characteristics On Different Dimensions Of Household Food Insecurity In Montevideo, Uruguay, Maximo Rossi, Zuleika Ferre, Maria Rosa Curuchet, Ana Gimenez, Gaston Ares 2016 Universidad del Uruguay - Departamento de Economía (dECON)

Influence Of Socio-Demographic Characteristics On Different Dimensions Of Household Food Insecurity In Montevideo, Uruguay, Maximo Rossi, Zuleika Ferre, Maria Rosa Curuchet, Ana Gimenez, Gaston Ares

Maximo Rossi

Using a cross-sectional survey with a representative sample of households from the metropolitan area centered on Montevideo, we evaluate first the factorial structure of the Latin American & Caribbean Household Food Security Scale (ELCSA) with an exploratory factor analysis. Secondly, using a probit model we study the influence of socio-demographic characteristics on each of the identified dimensions of the food insecurity. The percentage of affirmative responses to the items of the ELCSA scale ranged from 31.7% to 4.4%. Two factors were identified with the exploratory factor analysis from households without children under 18 years old, whereas three factors were ...


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