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Race, Age, And Neighborhood Socioeconomic Status In Low Birth Weight Disparities Among Adolescent Mothers: An Intersectional Inquiry, Sheryl L. Coley, Tracy R. Nichols 2017 University of Wisconsin Madison

Race, Age, And Neighborhood Socioeconomic Status In Low Birth Weight Disparities Among Adolescent Mothers: An Intersectional Inquiry, Sheryl L. Coley, Tracy R. Nichols

Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice

Introduction: Few studies examined socioeconomic contributors to racial disparities in low birth weight outcomes between African-American and Caucasian adolescent mothers. This cross-sectional study examined the intersections of maternal racial status, age, and neighborhood socioeconomic status in explaining these disparities in low birth weight outcomes across a statewide sample of adolescent mothers.

Methods: Using data from the North Carolina State Center of Health Statistics for 2010-2011, birth cases for 16,472 adolescents were geocoded by street address and linked to census-tract information from the 2010 United States Census. Multilevel models with interaction terms were used to identify significant associations between maternal ...


The Finney County, Kansas Community Assessment Process: Fact Book, Debra J. Bolton PhD, Shannon L. Dick M.S. 2017 Kansas State University

The Finney County, Kansas Community Assessment Process: Fact Book, Debra J. Bolton Phd, Shannon L. Dick M.S.

Dr. Debra Bolton

This multi-lingual/multi-cultural study was called, Community Assets Processt, by the groups that “commissioned” it: Finnup Foundation, Finney County K-State Research & Extension, Western Kansas Community Foundation, Finney County United Way, Finney County Health Department, United Methodist Community Health Center (UMMAM), Center for Children and Families, Garden City Recreation Commission, and the Garden City Cultural Relations Board, because we intend for this to be an ongoing discussion. An objective, for those promoting the study, was to connect foundation, state, and federal funding with activities or services that addressed the true needs of people living in Finney County. The group was looking for data that would offer insights on ways to address the needs of diverse audiences through human services agencies, County Extension, the schools, churches, and other entities working with community members of Finney County. Initially, an online survey was sent to directors of Finney County’s human service organization/agencies and schools. Directors were asked what sorts of data were required to help them quantify the needs of their client/customer bases. It was from those responses that the committee designed the survey instrument. The objective of the resulting survey instrument was to gather data that would: Identify resources available in Finney County (a Minority-majority county) Identify services needed in the community Capture information regarding well-being of people in Finney County Feature General Demographic (gender, age, race/ethnicity, education, household income) Length of years lived in Finney County Primary and secondary languages spoken at home (the survey was conducted in four (4) languages) Educational needs Health questions (insurance, health conditions, mental health, medical care, etc.) Social and health needs; and Questions to measure community engagement and social involvement Target individuals and groups of varying ages, socio-economic backgrounds, ethnic backgrounds, and religious affiliations. Target survey respondents 18 years or older Keep survey respondents’ identities confidential since the study was approved by Kansas State University’s Institutional Review Board for compliance in Research with Human Subjects. Data were gathered from about 1% of Finney County’s population through surveys and focus groups conducted in four languages better to understand the ...


Determinants Of Organ Donor Registration Rates Among Young Americans, Syed Umar Farooq 2017 Claremont McKenna College

Determinants Of Organ Donor Registration Rates Among Young Americans, Syed Umar Farooq

CMC Senior Theses

In this paper I examine the factors that affect the likelihood an individual is a registered organ donor. Unlike many studies which focus on subpopulations in specific regions, I utilize national data to get a broader assessment of individuals from around the country across a number of racial and religious classifications. Using a probit model and controlling for a variety of parameters, I find that some racial and religious variables are negatively and significantly associated with organ donor registration rates, while education and being female are positively associated with organ donor registration rates. I conclude by discussing the implications of ...


The Role Of Marriage In Fighting Hiv: A Quantitative Illustration For Malawi, Jeremy Greenwood, Philipp Kircher, Cezar Santos, Michéle Tertilt 2017 University of Pennsylvania

The Role Of Marriage In Fighting Hiv: A Quantitative Illustration For Malawi, Jeremy Greenwood, Philipp Kircher, Cezar Santos, Michéle Tertilt

Population Center Working Papers (PSC/PARC)

How might policies that promote marriage and/or dissuade divorce help in the fight against HIV/AIDS? This question is addressed employing a choice-theoretic general equilibrium search model, using Malawi as a case study. In the framework developed, individuals can choose between married and single life. A single person can select among abstinence and sex with or without a condom. The results suggest that marriage-friendly policies can help to abate HIV/AIDS. The policy predictions that obtain from general equilibrium analysis are compared with those that arise from simulated synthetic field experiments and epidemiological studies.


The Effect Of Health Insurance On Young Adults' Labor Market Outcomes: Evidence From The Affordable Care Act's Dependent Coverage Expansion, Quazi Hassan 2016 CUNY Hunter College

The Effect Of Health Insurance On Young Adults' Labor Market Outcomes: Evidence From The Affordable Care Act's Dependent Coverage Expansion, Quazi Hassan

School of Arts & Sciences Theses

The Affordable Care Act’s dependent coverage mandate extended young adults’ parental coverage to age 26. I study the expansion’s impact on young adults’ labor market outcomes using a control function method. Following the expansion, I find dependent coverage lowered labor force participation, lowered incomes, and mixed evidence regarding labor supply.


Fresh Air: The Impact Of Reformulated Gasoline On Infant Health, Mohammed Husain 2016 CUNY Hunter College

Fresh Air: The Impact Of Reformulated Gasoline On Infant Health, Mohammed Husain

School of Arts & Sciences Theses

This paper considers a 1996 Reformulated Gasoline program, where gasoline emissions were regulated in California, to observe the effects on infant health indicators. I use a cross-county analysis to find significant effects from the policy that suggests an improvement in birth weight, gestational length, and infant mortality.


The Effects Of The Implementation Of Green Carts On New Yorkers' Bmi, Ana L. Pacheco 2016 CUNY Hunter College

The Effects Of The Implementation Of Green Carts On New Yorkers' Bmi, Ana L. Pacheco

School of Arts & Sciences Theses

This study focuses on the Green Cart Initiative implemented by the New York City Mayor’s Office of Food Policy. The Initiative was implemented to bring fresh fruits and vegetables in a fast, cheap, and efficient way to neighborhoods considered food deserts and areas with high rates of obesity.


The Impact Of The Federally Qualified Health Center Advanced Primary Care Practice Demonstration On The Poor And Elderly, Jaison R. Moreno 2016 CUNY Hunter College

The Impact Of The Federally Qualified Health Center Advanced Primary Care Practice Demonstration On The Poor And Elderly, Jaison R. Moreno

School of Arts & Sciences Theses

Implementing a difference-in-differences, I quantify the effects of the Federally Qualified Health Centers Advanced Primary Care Practice demonstration on the self-reported general health of 367 U.S. counties across 47 states. I find small positive statistically significant effects of the demonstration on the elderly and residents of high poverty communities.


A Review Of Perspectives And Policies On Food Security, Paul Gallagher 2016 Iowa State University

A Review Of Perspectives And Policies On Food Security, Paul Gallagher

Paul Gallagher

There are only two parts of the developing world where a massive problem of food insecurity exists, namely South Asia and Subsaharan Africa. This is where a major portion of the poor in the world reside. Increased attention to the developments in Eastern Europe and the Soviet Union have however diverted attention from the problems of this poor humanity. The likely short term adverse effects of the proposed reduction in protection of the US and the EEC agriculture on the food importing developing countries through the increased cost of food imports has also not received the attention that it deserves ...


Empirical Probabilities Of (Non)Optimal Healthcare Choice Conditional On Socio-Economic Status And Time Consumption, Quan-Hoang Vuong 2016 Universite Libre de Bruxelles

Empirical Probabilities Of (Non)Optimal Healthcare Choice Conditional On Socio-Economic Status And Time Consumption, Quan-Hoang Vuong

Quan-Hoang Vuong

Background: Patients need healthcare information for making good decisions in choosing health service provider, but data sufficiency and quality have constantly been a major obstacle. Non-optimal decisions are common. The problem persists even with the growing power of the Internet and ICT-based facilities. In a sense, asymmetric information in this sector exacerbates the problem of economic inequality, worsening the situation of community health.

Aims & Objectives: The study reports the analysis and results that help answer the questions about existence of empirical relations between such factor as socioeconomic status, consumption of time and outcome of healthcare provider choice by Vietnamese patients ...


Empirical Probabilities Of Making (Non)Optimal Choice Of Healthcare Providers Conditional On Ses And Time Consumption In Hanoi, Vietnam, Quan-Hoang Vuong 2016 Universite Libre de Bruxelles

Empirical Probabilities Of Making (Non)Optimal Choice Of Healthcare Providers Conditional On Ses And Time Consumption In Hanoi, Vietnam, Quan-Hoang Vuong

Quan-Hoang Vuong

Background: Patients need healthcare information for making good decisions in choosing health service provider, but data sufficiency and quality have constantly been a major obstacle (19). Non-optimal decisions are common. The problem persists even with the growing power of the Internet and ICT-based facilities. In a sense, asymmetric information in this sector exacerbates the problem of economic inequality, worsening the situation of community health.

Aim & Objective: The study reports the analysis and results that help answer the questions about existence of empirical relations between such factor as socioeconomic status, consumption of time and outcome of healthcare provider choice by Vietnamese ...


Sociodemographic Factors And Expenditure Issues In Vietnamese Consideration Of Periodic General Health Examination, Quan-Hoang Vuong, Quang-Hoi Vu 2016 Universite Libre de Bruxelles

Sociodemographic Factors And Expenditure Issues In Vietnamese Consideration Of Periodic General Health Examination, Quan-Hoang Vuong, Quang-Hoi Vu

Quan-Hoang Vuong

Medical expenditure is perceived as a major obstacle for people wanting to access healthcare services in general, and in particular periodic general health examinations (GHE). However, the extant literature concerning expenditure on periodic health examinations in Vietnam is rather scarce and lacking in specific figures. Therefore, this article aims to examine the price people are willing to pay to take GHE periodically. From analyzing a dataset of 2,068 subjects collected from Hanoi and its vicinity, our study confirms that demographic factors (gender, job status, marital status) and socio-economic factors (health insurance, low belief in healthcare quality and perceptions on ...


Determinants Of Health Insurance Coverage For Farm Family Households: A Midwestern Study, Helen H. Jensen, William E. Saupe 2016 Iowa State University

Determinants Of Health Insurance Coverage For Farm Family Households: A Midwestern Study, Helen H. Jensen, William E. Saupe

Helen Jensen

Data from interviews with a random sample of farm households in eight counties in southwestern Wisconsin are used to describe the distribution of health insurance coverage among households and health related fringe benefits of off-farm employment. An analysis of health insurance coverage shows major factors associated with lack of health insurance to include lower total household income, larger household size, and being more conservative regarding risk in farming. Although not significant, the signs of coefficients estimated for formal education and lacking fringe benefits in operator off­ farm employment are consistent with expectations.


Animal Feed Vs. Human Food: Challenges And Opportunities In Sustaining Animal Agriculture Toward 2050, Jude Capper, Larry Berger, Mindy Brashears, Helen Jensen 2016 Montana State University

Animal Feed Vs. Human Food: Challenges And Opportunities In Sustaining Animal Agriculture Toward 2050, Jude Capper, Larry Berger, Mindy Brashears, Helen Jensen

Helen Jensen

To feed the nine-plus billion people projected to inhabit the earth by 2050, some are proposing that land would be best used through systems producing food consumed directly by humans. There are only two approaches by which this could be accomplished. The first is to harvest forages currently produced and feed them directly to humans. The second is to cultivate grazing land to produce other crops that could be consumed directly by humans. Both of these approaches are impractical on a large scale and have great ecological risks.


Access To Treatment For Hepatitis C Virus Infection: Time To Put Patients First, Brian R. Edlin 2016 Weill Cornell Medical College

Access To Treatment For Hepatitis C Virus Infection: Time To Put Patients First, Brian R. Edlin

Brian Edlin

Sound health policy puts patients first. Antiviral regimens approved in 2014 revolutionised treatment of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. Most patients can now be cured. These new regimens, however, were priced at US$83,320-$150,000 for a 3-month course. Public and private payers in the USA responded by limiting coverage to patients with advanced fibrosis or cirrhosis, keeping the drugs from being used to prevent those stages. These restrictions defy medical guidelines, lack scientific justification, and undermine public health efforts to stem transmission. Instead of reducing barriers to care, the system has erected new ones. As drug makers ...


Economic Costs And Benefits Of A Community-Based Lymphedema Management Program For Lymphatic Filariasis In Odisha State, India, Eileen Stillwaggon, Larry Sawers, Jonathan Rout, David Addiss, LeAnne Fox 2016 Gettysburg College

Economic Costs And Benefits Of A Community-Based Lymphedema Management Program For Lymphatic Filariasis In Odisha State, India, Eileen Stillwaggon, Larry Sawers, Jonathan Rout, David Addiss, Leanne Fox

Economics Faculty Publications

Lymphatic filariasis afflicts 68 million people in 73 countries, including 17 million persons living with chronic lymphedema. The Global Program to Eliminate Lymphatic Filariasis aims to stop new infections and to provide care for persons already affected, but morbidity management programs have been initiated in only 24 endemic countries. We examine the economic costs and benefits of alleviating chronic lymphedema and its effects through a simple limb-care program. For Khurda District, Odisha State, India, we estimated lifetime medical costs and earnings losses due to chronic lymphedema and acute dermatolymphangioadenitis (ADLA) with and without a community-based limb-care program. The program would ...


Essays On Human Capital Complementarities, Hiroaki Mori 2016 The University of Western Ontario

Essays On Human Capital Complementarities, Hiroaki Mori

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

The thesis consists of three chapters that study the interplay between skills and health in shaping labour market outcomes. I focus on two distinct but related issues: i) the wage losses among older workers due to work-limiting health conditions, and ii) the long lasting effects of childhood health conditions on human capital formation. Chapter two studies how health conditions among older workers affect their wages depending on the characteristics of their occupations. The U.S. Social Security Act defines disability as the inability due to health conditions to perform physically or mentally demanding tasks. To examine the potentially task-specific nature ...


The Influence Of Projection Bias On Outcomes Of Healthcare Financial Incentive Programs, Jordyn M. Bader 2016 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

The Influence Of Projection Bias On Outcomes Of Healthcare Financial Incentive Programs, Jordyn M. Bader

Dissertations and Theses in Agricultural Economics

This thesis contributes to the behavioral health literature and literature regarding healthcare financial incentive programs by discussing the influences of the behavioral economic concept of projection bias on programs designed to recruit healthcare providers to rural or under served areas. First, I propose an adaptation to the model of projection bias by introducing a term that captures variability in individuals’ propensity to exhibit projection bias based on the amount of effort expended in predicting future preferences. Next, I conduct a probit model regression to observe what incentive program design features and participant characteristics are likely to influence the probability of ...


Essays In Applied Economics: Applications Of Transformed Ordinal Quantile Regression, Okila R. Elboeva 2016 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Essays In Applied Economics: Applications Of Transformed Ordinal Quantile Regression, Okila R. Elboeva

Doctoral Dissertations

This dissertation consists of three essays on the application of Transformed Ordinal Quantile Regression (TORQUE) developed by Hong and He (2010). TORQUE is based on jittered response, a nonparametric link function, a semiparametric quantile estimation. When the response variable is categorical an application of the standard quantile regression is not optimal. TORQUE technique generalizes ordinary quantile regression, and as a semiparametric method it is more robust than Maximum Likelihood Estimators.

In the first essay I estimate conditional quantiles of happiness using the data from British Household Panel Survey (BHPS) for 2006. I find the continuity assumption of happiness ranking does ...


Medicaid Expansion And Its Value In Rural Economic Development In Tennessee, Madison S. Kahl 2016 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Medicaid Expansion And Its Value In Rural Economic Development In Tennessee, Madison S. Kahl

University of Tennessee Honors Thesis Projects

No abstract provided.


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