Entrepreneurship Education Empowers Youth To Change Their Lives, 2018 Foundation for Economic Education
Entrepreneurship Education Empowers Youth To Change Their Lives, Marianna Brashear, Jason Riddle
National Youth-At-Risk Conference Savannah
The Foundation for Economic Education (FEE) aims at equipping Title 1 schools with free, hands-on, engaging materials that any teacher can facilitate either individually or in a classroom setting with no background in entrepreneurship necessary. These versatile lessons, courses, and workshops teach the entrepreneurial mindset optimizing opportunities for grades 8-12 students no matter which life/career path they choose.
Do Medical Marijuana Laws Reduce Addictions And Deaths Related To Pain Killers?, 2018 Rand Corporation
Do Medical Marijuana Laws Reduce Addictions And Deaths Related To Pain Killers?, David Powell, Rosalie Pacula, Mireille Jacobson
Supporting Medicaid In Virginia, 2018 Tidewater Community College
Supporting Medicaid In Virginia, Scott Burns
This report analyzes Medicaid in Virginia, the needs-based social health insurance program providing health coverage to children, pregnant women, working parents, the disabled, and elderly who cannot afford health costs on their own. It supports the value of the Medicaid program to these beneficiaries’ long term health, the healthcare sector, cost control and Virginia’s economy. Additionally, it analyzes healthcare policy looking at what effects the Affordable Care Act has had in improving healthcare access and what effects healthcare reform under president-elect Donald Trump’s administration and the Republican controlled 115th United States Congress might have targeting healthcare cost ...
Measuring Health Outcomes Of Uncovered Employment: A Study Of Income, Social Mobility, Equality, And Health Indicators In An Under-Looked Segment Of The Labor Force, 2018 University of Maryland, Baltimore County
Measuring Health Outcomes Of Uncovered Employment: A Study Of Income, Social Mobility, Equality, And Health Indicators In An Under-Looked Segment Of The Labor Force, Zakariya Kmir
Undergraduate Economic Review
Economists have strongly supported the idea that unemployment causes many undesirable health outcomes. However, how does belonging to a different sector of employment tied closely to changes in minimum wage and inflation relate to overall health? To properly understand the numerical significance of health disparities in the uncovered sector of employment, this research is targeted at quantifying the relationship between the insured and non-insured within the uncovered sector. By substantiating the existence of severe health disparities as a function of the labor force dynamic, this research subsequently estimates the amount of inefficiency and negative health outcomes in the US economy ...
Classifying And Comparing Hospital-To-Community Care Transition Strategies In Real-World Settings: Lessons From Project Achieve, Glen P. Mays, Mark V. Williams, Jing Li
The Effect Of Expansions In Medicaid Eligibility On Hospital Financial Performance: Evidence From Medicare Cost Reports, Kevin Wu
School of Arts & Sciences Theses
Expansions in Medicaid eligibility and effects on profitability for different hospitals are examined using data from Medicare Cost Reports and difference-in-differences analysis. Critical access and disproportionate share hospitals are associated with the largest profitability gains from these expansions. Results imply that vulnerable hospitals are affected most by changes to Medicaid.
The Effect Of Fast Food Restaurants On Type 2 Diabetes Rates, 2018 Claremont McKenna College
The Effect Of Fast Food Restaurants On Type 2 Diabetes Rates, Grace Bailey
CMC Senior Theses
This paper conducts an analysis of county level data to determine the effect of fast food restaurants on type 2 diabetes rates. Due to endogeneity concerns with respect to the location of fast food restaurants, this paper follows the work of Dunn (2010) and uses the number of interstate exits in a given county to serve as an instrument for fast food restaurants. The strength of the instrument, which is theoretically and empirically tested in this paper, imposes some restraints on the interpretation of the findings. Using the Two-Stage Least Squares estimation method, I find that the presence of fast ...
Capitalization Of Green Space And Water Quality Into Residential Housing Values, 2018 University of Kentucky
Capitalization Of Green Space And Water Quality Into Residential Housing Values, Willie B. Bedell
Theses and Dissertations--Agricultural Economics
This thesis investigates how proximity to parks, historic district designations, and water quality are valued at residential housing prices. The first essay argues that the negative influences of parks and historic districts, if not noticed, could promote negative externalities and unincentivized investments. I find a negative impact on housing values for a close proximity to a park, suggesting disamenities in park features. When the boundary discontinuity and park amenities are considered, I find a positive valuation for a park. Overall, these results imply a mixed influence of parks on homeowners. From the historic district standpoint, I find a positive valuation ...
Willingness-To-Pay For Attributes Of Health Care Facilities In Rural Kentucky, 2018 University of Kentucky
Willingness-To-Pay For Attributes Of Health Care Facilities In Rural Kentucky, Emmanuel Owusu-Amankwah
Theses and Dissertations--Agricultural Economics
Background: As rural hospitals in Kentucky face insolvency, stakeholders must assess the value of rural hospitals as well as alternatives such as rural clinics and private physician offices.
Objective: To identify the value of attributes of healthcare facilities based on Kentucky’s rural residents’ willingness-to-pay (WTP).
Methods: A survey instrument was created and distributed to ten counties in rural Kentucky. A conditional logit model was used to obtain baseline values and then a mixed logit model was used to address heterogeneity among consumers in estimating WTP. WTP values incorporated respondents’ demographic characteristics and their health status from self-reported frequency of ...
Evaluating The Effects Of Nutritional Intake During Adolescence On Educational Attainment And Labor Market Earnings As An Adult, 2018 Claremont McKenna College
Evaluating The Effects Of Nutritional Intake During Adolescence On Educational Attainment And Labor Market Earnings As An Adult, Mikaela Connell
CMC Senior Theses
In this thesis, I analyze whether nutritional intake at the time of adolescence can impact academic attainment and earnings later on in life. Millions of children in the United States are living in food insecure households and do not have access to an adequate nutritious diet. Since adolescence is a time period of intense growth and development, it is essential to meet nutritional needs at this time. Using data from the Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health (Add Health), I measure the nutrition of a nationally representative sample of youth in the United States through their daily food intake ...
Evaluation Of The Cost And Effectiveness Of Direct Nutrition Education To Low-Income Audiences In Iowa: Efnep And Snap-Ed Graduates Practicing Optimal Nutritional Behaviors (Onb), 2017 Iowa State University
Evaluation Of The Cost And Effectiveness Of Direct Nutrition Education To Low-Income Audiences In Iowa: Efnep And Snap-Ed Graduates Practicing Optimal Nutritional Behaviors (Onb), Christine Hradek, Helen H. Jensen, Nicole Schimerowski Miller, Miyoung Oh
CARD Staff Reports
The Expanded Food and Nutrition Education Program (EFNEP) and the Family Nutrition Program (FNP) (the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program-Education, or SNAP-Ed in Iowa) are community outreach programs in Iowa designed to help teens and adults who have limited income and are parenting acquire the knowledge, skills, attitudes, and practices to improve total family diet and nutritional well-being. This study uses current information on Iowa’s EFNEP and FNP today to evaluate the costs and benefits of the two related programs and provides updated information to a study conducted in Iowa from 1998 to 2000.
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Actavis And Error Costs: A Reply To Critics, 2017 University of California - Berkeley
Actavis And Error Costs: A Reply To Critics, Aaron S. Edlin, C. Scott Hemphill, Herbert J. Hovenkamp, Carl Shapiro
The Supreme Court’s opinion in Federal Trade Commission v. Actavis, Inc. provided fundamental guidance about how courts should handle antitrust challenges to reverse payment patent settlements. In our previous article, Activating Actavis, we identified and operationalized the essential features of the Court’s analysis. Our analysis has been challenged by four economists, who argue that our approach might condemn procompetitive settlements.As we explain in this reply, such settlements are feasible, however, only under special circumstances. Moreover, even where feasible, the parties would not actually choose such a settlement in equilibrium. These considerations, and others discussed in the reply ...
Survey Data On Vietnamese Propensity To Attend Periodic General Health Examinations, 2017 Universite Libre de Bruxelles
Survey Data On Vietnamese Propensity To Attend Periodic General Health Examinations, Quan-Hoang Vuong
The Long Term Health Effects Of Fetal Malnutrition: Evidence From The 1959–1961 China Great Leap Forward Famine, 2017 Singapore Management University
The Long Term Health Effects Of Fetal Malnutrition: Evidence From The 1959–1961 China Great Leap Forward Famine, Seonghoon Kim, Belton Fleisher, Jessica Ya Sun
Research Collection School Of Economics
We report evidence of long-term adverse health impacts of in utero exposure to malnutrition based on survivors in their 50s who were born during the China Famine that occurred in the years 1959-1961. We take advantage of recently available data provided by the China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study (CHARLS) to corroborate evidence supporting the Fetal Origin Hypothesis. We find that fetal exposure to malnutrition has large and long-lasting impacts on both physical health and cognitive abilities, including the risks of suffering a stroke, physical disabilities in speech, walking and vision, and measures of mental acuity. Our findings on the ...
Narrow Networks On The Individual Marketplace In 2017, 2017 University of Pennsylvania
Narrow Networks On The Individual Marketplace In 2017, Daniel Polsky, Janet Weiner, Yuehan Zhang
This Issue Brief describes the breadth of physician networks on the ACA marketplaces in 2017. We find that the overall rate of narrow networks is 21%, which is a decline since 2014 (31%) and 2016 (25%). Narrow networks are concentrated in plans sold on state-based marketplaces, at 42%, compared to 10% of plans on federally-facilitated marketplaces. Issuers that have traditionally offered Medicaid coverage have the highest prevalence of narrow network plans at 36%, with regional/local plans and provider-based plans close behind at 27% and 30%. We also find large differences in narrow networks by state and by plan type.
Stabilizing Individual Health Insurance Markets With Subsidized Reinsurance, 2017 University of Pennsylvania
Stabilizing Individual Health Insurance Markets With Subsidized Reinsurance, Scott E. Harrington
Subsidized reinsurance represents a potentially important tool to help stabilize individual health insurance markets. This brief describes alternative forms of subsidized reinsurance and the mechanisms by which they spread risk and reduce premiums. It summarizes specific state initiatives and Congressional proposals that include subsidized reinsurance. It compares approaches to each other and to more direct subsidies of individual market enrollment. For a given amount of funding, a particular program’s efficacy will depend on how it affects insurers’ risk and the risk margins built into premiums, incentives for selecting or avoiding risks, incentives for coordinating and managing care, and the ...
Wealth Disparities For Early Childhood Anthropometrics And Skills: Evidence From Chilean Longitudinal Data, 2017 University of Pennsylvania
Wealth Disparities For Early Childhood Anthropometrics And Skills: Evidence From Chilean Longitudinal Data, Jere R. Behrman, Dante Contreras, Isidora Palma, Esteban Puentes
Population Center Working Papers (PSC/PARC)
We study wealth disparities in the formation of anthropometrics, cognitive skills and socio-emotional skills. We use a sample of preschool and early school children in Chile. We extend the previous literature by using longitudinal data, which allow us to study the dynamics of child growth and skills formation. Also, we include information on mother's and father's schooling attainment and mother's cognitive ability. We find that there are no significant anthropometric differences favoring the better-off at birth (and indeed length differences at birth to the disadvantage of the better-off), but during the first 30 months of life wealth ...
Sources Of Health Financing And Health Outcomes: A Panel Data Analysis, 2017 Singapore Management University
Sources Of Health Financing And Health Outcomes: A Panel Data Analysis, Tomoki Fujii
Research Collection School Of Economics
We study the differential impacts of public and private sources of health spending on health outcomes using a triple difference approach. We find that private health spending has on average a higher health-promoting effect than public health spending. This result is robust with respect to the choice of outcome measure and covariates in the regression and driven primarily by the countries with ineffective governments. Once we restrict our sample to countries with effective governments, private health spending is no better than public health spending for improving the health outcome.
Networks In Aca Marketplaces Are Narrower For Mental Health Care Than For Primary Care, 2017 University of Pennsylvania
Networks In Aca Marketplaces Are Narrower For Mental Health Care Than For Primary Care, Jane M. Zhu, Yuehan Zhang, Daniel Polsky
In 2016, ACA marketplace plans offered provider networks that were far narrower for mental health care than for primary care. On average, plan networks included 24 percent of all primary care providers and 11 percent of all mental health care providers in a given market. Just 43 percent of psychiatrists and 19 percent of nonphysician mental health providers participate in any network. These findings raise important questions about network sufficiency, consumer choice, and access to mental health care in marketplace plans.
Integrating Third Party Liability (Tpl) Across Medicaid Operations And Enterprise Systems In Massachusetts, 2017 University of Massachusetts Medical School
Integrating Third Party Liability (Tpl) Across Medicaid Operations And Enterprise Systems In Massachusetts, Jenifer Hartman
Commonwealth Medicine Publications
This poster highlights the results of a UMass Medical School partnership with MassHealth, the Massachusetts Medicaid program, to integrate third party liability (TPL) activities across all aspects of the Medicaid program. By embedding TPL at all stages of Medicaid operations and interfacing with all Medicaid systems, the partners optimized identification of and access to TPL sources for all Medicaid members.
The TPL activities include eligibility coordination, coverage coordination, payment coordination and recovery coordination. The partnership has achieved over $40 million in cost avoidance through the identification of missed Medicare benefits, over $64 million in cost avoidance over enhanced coordination of ...