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Essays On Human Capital Complementarities, Hiroaki Mori 2016 The University of Western Ontario

Essays On Human Capital Complementarities, Hiroaki Mori

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

The thesis consists of three chapters that study the interplay between skills and health in shaping labour market outcomes. I focus on two distinct but related issues: i) the wage losses among older workers due to work-limiting health conditions, and ii) the long lasting effects of childhood health conditions on human capital formation. Chapter two studies how health conditions among older workers affect their wages depending on the characteristics of their occupations. The U.S. Social Security Act defines disability as the inability due to health conditions to perform physically or mentally demanding tasks. To examine the potentially task-specific nature ...


The Influence Of Projection Bias On Outcomes Of Healthcare Financial Incentive Programs, Jordyn M. Bader 2016 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

The Influence Of Projection Bias On Outcomes Of Healthcare Financial Incentive Programs, Jordyn M. Bader

Dissertations and Theses in Agricultural Economics

This thesis contributes to the behavioral health literature and literature regarding healthcare financial incentive programs by discussing the influences of the behavioral economic concept of projection bias on programs designed to recruit healthcare providers to rural or under served areas. First, I propose an adaptation to the model of projection bias by introducing a term that captures variability in individuals’ propensity to exhibit projection bias based on the amount of effort expended in predicting future preferences. Next, I conduct a probit model regression to observe what incentive program design features and participant characteristics are likely to influence the probability of ...


The Financial Dialogue In The Development Of Medical Treatment Plans, Christopher D. Busack, MS3, Bethany Fox, MS3 2016 Thomas Jefferson University

The Financial Dialogue In The Development Of Medical Treatment Plans, Christopher D. Busack, Ms3, Bethany Fox, Ms3

The Medicine Forum

As patients face increasingly high out-of-pocket costs and difficulties navigating the healthcare system, failing to discuss available treatment options in financial terms can lead to grave consequences for patients. Medical bills are responsible for the majority of bankruptcies in the United States. Given the severe financial implications of medical bills, it is imperative that patients become more involved in discussions of their treatment plans and become aware of the costs of their decisions up front. Counseling about costs ensures that physicians avoid placing a debilitating financial burden on patients and maintain adherence to the ethical principle of non-maleficence. Various studies ...


The Economic Impacts Of Animal To Human Transmitted Disease In The Sudan.Pdf, Professor Issam A.W. Mohamed 2016 Department of Economics. Al Neelain University, Khartoum, Sudan

The Economic Impacts Of Animal To Human Transmitted Disease In The Sudan.Pdf, Professor Issam A.W. Mohamed

Professor Issam A.W. Mohamed

Zoonotic infectious livestock diseases are becoming a significant burden for both animal and human health and
are rapidly gaining the attention of decision-makers who manage public health programs. We developed a susceptible,
infected and removed (SIR) dynamic linear mathematical model of livestock-to-human brucellosis transmission in AL-Gazira
state. The compartmental model considers transmission within sheep and cattle populations and the transmission to humans
as additive components. The model was fitted to demographic and sero-prevalence data from livestock and annually
reported new human brucellosis cases in Abu-Gutta locality. The objectives are to estimate the economic impacts of endemic
Brucellosis diseases on both ...


Affordable Care Act Implementation And Multi-Sector Contributions To Population Health, Glen P. Mays 2016 University of Kentucky

Affordable Care Act Implementation And Multi-Sector Contributions To Population Health, Glen P. Mays

Glen Mays

Research Objective:  The Affordable Care Act established new resources and incentives for hospitals, insurers, public health agencies, and others to contribute to disease prevention and health promotion activities, potentially changing the structure of public health delivery systems and expanding the implementation of strategies that improve population health.  This study uses data from the 1998-2014 National Longitudinal Survey of Public Health Systems to examine: (1) the degree and nature of change in multi-sectoral contributions to public health activities; and (2) the extent to which these system changes are attributable to key ACA provisions including coverage expansions, Prevention and Public Health funding ...


Survival Rates In Trauma Patients Following Health Care Reform In Massachusetts, Turner Osler, Laurent G. Glance, Wenjun Li, Jeffery S. Buzas, David W. Hosmer 2016 University of Vermont Medical Center

Survival Rates In Trauma Patients Following Health Care Reform In Massachusetts, Turner Osler, Laurent G. Glance, Wenjun Li, Jeffery S. Buzas, David W. Hosmer

Wenjun Li

IMPORTANCE: Massachusetts introduced health care reform (HCR) in 2006, expecting to expand health insurance coverage and improve outcomes. Because traumatic injury is a common acute condition with important health, disability, and economic consequences, examination of the effect of HCR on patients hospitalized following injury may help inform the national HCR debate. OBJECTIVE: To examine the effect of Massachusetts HCR on survival rates of injured patients. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: Retrospective cohort study of 1,520,599 patients hospitalized following traumatic injury in Massachusetts or New York during the 10 years (2002-2011) surrounding Massachusetts HCR using data from the State Inpatient ...


The Economics Of Lotto, Ian Walker, Robert E. Pryce, Rhys Wheeler, Nick Powdathvee 2016 Lancaster University

The Economics Of Lotto, Ian Walker, Robert E. Pryce, Rhys Wheeler, Nick Powdathvee

International Conference on Gambling and Risk Taking

No abstract provided.


The Effect Of Health Information Technology On Hospital Quality Of Care, Ruirui Sun 2016 Graduate Center, City University of New York

The Effect Of Health Information Technology On Hospital Quality Of Care, Ruirui Sun

All Graduate Works by Year: Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

Health Information Technology (Health IT) is designed to store patients’ records safely and clearly, to reduce input errors and missing records, and to make communications more efficiently. Concerned with the relatively lower adoption rate among the US hospitals compared to most developed countries, the Bush Administration set up the Office of National Coordinator for Health Information Technology in 2006 to mandate the Health IT implementation with $25.9 billion subsidies to eligible hospitals starting 2009. Underlying the huge subsidy is the belief that Health IT can reduce hospital cost by improving efficiency and quality, and can help reduce total health ...


Innovations For Vulnerable Populations In Massachusetts, Melissa A. Clark 2016 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Innovations For Vulnerable Populations In Massachusetts, Melissa A. Clark

UMass Center for Clinical and Translational Science Research Retreat

This is the moderator's introductory presentation for the mini-symposium entitled "Innovations for Vulnerable Populations in Massachusetts," in which she places the session presentations in the context of an ongoing collaboration between Commonwealth Medicine, a division of the University of Massachusetts Medical School, and MassHealth.


Medical, Social, And Other Determinants Of Health Care Costs In Masshealth, Arlene S. Ash 2016 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Medical, Social, And Other Determinants Of Health Care Costs In Masshealth, Arlene S. Ash

UMass Center for Clinical and Translational Science Research Retreat

As part of the mini-symposium entitled "Innovations for Vulnerable Populations in Massachusetts," this presentation explores research into expanding the State’s existing risk models to include social determinants of health variables. Potential variables for inclusion in payment models (such as unstable housing, defined as having three or more addresses during a calendar year) have been identified. These models are being developed in support of alternative payment mechanisms for integrated delivery systems.


Air Pollution, Temperature And Cognitive Performance In The Short Run: Evidence From Women’S Ability To Recall Dates, Ke Yang 2016 University of San Francisco

Air Pollution, Temperature And Cognitive Performance In The Short Run: Evidence From Women’S Ability To Recall Dates, Ke Yang

Master's Theses

Abstract: Cognitive performance is important to productivity across many fields and potentially correlated to air pollution and extreme temperatures. We study the effects of daily ambient air pollution and monthly temperature on women’s ability of recalling dates across 42 developing countries from 1997 to 2009. We use an estimated natural air pollution data, and calculate the AQI to get an aggregate effect of air pollution. We find that one standard deviation increase in the AQI leads to a statistical decrease in women’s probability to recall dates such as birthdays, marriage date or children’s birthdays by 0.44 ...


Air Pollution And Fetal Loss In The Global Tropics, Shuqiao Cheng 2016 University of San Francisco

Air Pollution And Fetal Loss In The Global Tropics, Shuqiao Cheng

Master's Theses

Abstract: Recent work has shown that in-utero air pollution has negative effects on both contemporaneous birth outcomes and long-term human capital outcomes. However, only a few studies explore the effects of in-utero exposure to air pollution on fetal loss, and none of the studies has been done in developing countries. In this study, we examine the impact of naturally caused CO and PM 2.5 on reproductive outcomes in 40 developing countries from 1997 to 2009. We present childbirths and birth gender as measures for potential fetal losses. The richest model identified using variation in pollution between pregnancies with controlling ...


Behavioral Determinants Of Biofortified Food Acceptance: The Case Of Orange-Fleshed Sweet Potato In Ghana, Chinonso E. Etumnu 2016 University of San Francisco

Behavioral Determinants Of Biofortified Food Acceptance: The Case Of Orange-Fleshed Sweet Potato In Ghana, Chinonso E. Etumnu

Master's Theses

Biofortified foods are being introduced in sub-Saharan Africa as an important strategy to help address micronutrient malnutrition. However, there has been little research on factors that could play decisive roles in their successful introduction. This paper investigates the determinants of consumer acceptance of biofortified orange-fleshed sweet potato (OFSP) using data from a choice experiment conducted in Ghana. I find that OFSP is preferred to traditional white-fleshed and yellow-fleshed sweet potatoes as indicated by consumers' marginal willingness to pay for the three varieties. I also find that respondents' socio-economic characteristics do not have a significant effect on consumer acceptance of OFSP ...


Does Infant Formula Availability Reduce Breastfeeding?, Ingvild Madsen Lampe 2016 University of San Francisco

Does Infant Formula Availability Reduce Breastfeeding?, Ingvild Madsen Lampe

Master's Theses

Abstract: Several key studies highlight the importance of breastfeeding and there is a broad consensus that it plays a crucial role for a child's health and cognitive development. This is especially true for the poor in developing countries, where vulnerable infants' access to proper nutrition is vital. We investigate the effect of introducing infant formula into a market on changes in breastfeeding patterns. Using the Demographic Health Surveys and annual reports from the baby food industry between 1981 and 2002 in 11 tropical countries, we find evidence that import of infant formula significantly reduces breastfeeding duration. The effects are ...


Variation In Restaurant Sanitary Scores In New York City, Kyle Gregory 2016 CUNY Hunter College

Variation In Restaurant Sanitary Scores In New York City, Kyle Gregory

School of Arts & Sciences Theses

The purpose of this study was to determine whether restaurants that are homogenous in nature would exhibit substantially different hygiene scores based on the underlying consumer learning behaviors present in the neighborhoods in which the restaurants are located.


The Effect Of Gambling Expansion On Health, marina li 2016 CUNY Hunter College

The Effect Of Gambling Expansion On Health, Marina Li

School of Arts & Sciences Theses

This study examines the effect of gambling expansion on health and health behaviors. This paper hypothesized gambling expansion decreases individual’s health and increases negative health behaviors. The study is done by observing the health and health behavior of individuals and results generally supports hypothesis.


Exploring The Effects Of Calorie Labeling Laws, Carmen Vargas 2016 CUNY Hunter College

Exploring The Effects Of Calorie Labeling Laws, Carmen Vargas

School of Arts & Sciences Theses

This study explores the effects of Calorie labeling laws implemented in some counties in the United States on several health related variables. The findings show a small significant decreasing effect of the law on Limited activity and Poor health of 0.083 and 0.047 at 95% significant level respectively.


Public Health Spending And Its Contributions To The Total Spend On Health, Glen P. Mays 2016 University of Kentucky

Public Health Spending And Its Contributions To The Total Spend On Health, Glen P. Mays

Health Management and Policy Presentations

This presentation provides an overview of recent research on governmental public health expenditures and their interaction with medical spending, carried out through the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation supported initiatives on Public Health Services and Systems Research (PHSSR) and the new Systems for Action research program. This work illustrates the value of tracking resource use across multiple sectors that influence health and well-being in American communities. As such, this work can inform the ongoing dialogue about methodologies for summarizing total health spending for the U.S. and for state and local areas.


Measuring Progress To Comprehensive Public Health Systems, National Preparedness, And A Culture Of Health, Glen P. Mays 2016 University of Kentucky

Measuring Progress To Comprehensive Public Health Systems, National Preparedness, And A Culture Of Health, Glen P. Mays

Health Management and Policy Presentations

This update describes recent progress on two national health measurement initiatives: The National Health Security Preparedness Index and the National Longitudinal Survey of Public Health Systems. These longitudinal data sources offer valuable perspectives on how health security practices and public health delivery systems are changing across the U.S.


The Impact Of Prior Experience Employees’ Perceptions And Beliefs About Workplace Policies And Practices, Michael D. Saxton 2016 The University of Western Ontario

The Impact Of Prior Experience Employees’ Perceptions And Beliefs About Workplace Policies And Practices, Michael D. Saxton

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Domestic violence (DV) is associated with negative consequences for victims, children, families, and even national economies. More recently, research has demonstrated that DV also has a serious impact on workers and workplaces. Less is known about Canadians’ beliefs toward the impact DV has on workers or the extent to which individuals are able to identify co-workers’ experiences of DV. Using data from a pan-Canadian sample of 7,834 men and women, the current study examined: 1) how prior experiences with DV relates to beliefs toward the impact DV has on workers, 2) how gender and age relates to beliefs toward ...


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