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Producing Energy While Sequestering Carbon? The Relationship Between Biochar And Agricultural Productivity, Nathan Kauffman, Jerome Dumortier, Dermot J. Hayes, Robert C. Brown, David Laird 2017 Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas CIty

Producing Energy While Sequestering Carbon? The Relationship Between Biochar And Agricultural Productivity, Nathan Kauffman, Jerome Dumortier, Dermot J. Hayes, Robert C. Brown, David Laird

Robert C. Brown

A partial solution to problems associated with anthropogenic greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions could be the development and deployment of carbon-negative technologies, i.e., producing energy while reducing atmospheric carbon dioxide levels. Biofuels have been considered a possibility but have faced limitations due to competition with food production and GHG emissions through indirect land-use change (ILUC). In this article, we show how emissions from ILUC can potentially be reduced by producing food and bioenergy from biochar amended soils. The possibility of yield improvements from biochar would reduce the land requirement for crop production and thus, lead to a reduction in emissions ...


Avian Influenza Economic Impacts In Iowa, David Swenson 2017 Iowa State University

Avian Influenza Economic Impacts In Iowa, David Swenson

David Swenson

The avian influenza (AI) outbreak in Iowa has resulted in the loss of as much as a third of the state’s current egg producing capacity along with smaller, but still significant, losses among some turkey and pullet producers. As with any disaster, there will be losses to those operations, to the suppliers to those operations, and, ultimately, to the regions of the state where those operations are located. This analysis assumes a 34 percent reduction in poultry sector output for one full year.


The Economic Value Of The University Of Iowa Hospitals And Clinics, David Swenson 2017 Iowa State University

The Economic Value Of The University Of Iowa Hospitals And Clinics, David Swenson

David Swenson

This analysis measures the regional economic value of The University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics (hereafter, UIHC). The assessment looks at UIHC operational expenditures using a properly specified regional input-output model that accurately reflects its major spending categories and its primary territory of economic influence. This analysis does not contain an estimate of the regional economic boost attributable to patients or the families of patients traveling to the Iowa City metropolitan area for services or other visits. An estimate of those values would require a scientifically valid survey of visitors and patients that details average duration of stay and the ...


Prescription Drug Monitoring Programs: Evolution And Evidence, Janet Weiner, Yuhua Bao, Zachary Meisel 2017 University of Pennsylvania

Prescription Drug Monitoring Programs: Evolution And Evidence, Janet Weiner, Yuhua Bao, Zachary Meisel

Issue Briefs

This Issue Brief reviews the current status and characteristics of PDMPs, their use, and evidence of their effectiveness. It summarizes best practices for PDMPs and the needs for further research and evaluation.


The Strength Of Multi-Sector Delivery Systems For Population Health, Glen P. Mays 2017 University of Kentucky

The Strength Of Multi-Sector Delivery Systems For Population Health, Glen P. Mays

Glen Mays

Landmark research by Raj Chetty and colleagues finds wide geographic and intertemporal variation in the relationship between income and life expectancy in the U.S., using 1.4 billion administrative tax records from the IRS linked to nearly 7 million federal death records.1 Many questions remain about the underlying causes of these findings and their implications for policy.  Another longitudinal data source, the National Longitudinal Survey of Public Health Systems, has followed more than 350 U.S. communities over more than 15 years to measure the types of population health activities implemented in these areas and the networks of ...


Do Marketing Strategies Impact Condom Sales In Uganda?, Meyhar Mohammed 2017 The University of San Francisco

Do Marketing Strategies Impact Condom Sales In Uganda?, Meyhar Mohammed

Master's Theses

What attracts people to buy condoms? HIV/AIDS remain one of the biggest health dangers of the world, especially in Sub-Saharan Africa. A lot of efforts have been pursued in the past two decades to drastically reduce prevalence of HIV and increase awareness about preventive mechanisms. In order to prevent relapse of success achieved so far, it is important to recognize transformation of consumer behavior due to growth in social networks, education and awareness over time. There are a lot of behavioral triggers captured by social marketing interventions in the field of public health. In an attempt to investigate the ...


Auctions 101: Lessons From A Decade In The Lab. What Am I Bid For ...Safer Food?, Jason F. Shogren, Dermot J. Hayes, John A. Fox, Todd L. Cherry 2017 University of Wyoming

Auctions 101: Lessons From A Decade In The Lab. What Am I Bid For ...Safer Food?, Jason F. Shogren, Dermot J. Hayes, John A. Fox, Todd L. Cherry

Dermot J. Hayes

Over a decade ago, we became interested in how consumers react to food safety and new food technologies. This led to a series of laboratory experiments that asked people to reveal their preferences in an auction environment in which they spent real money and consumed the actual food products. The auction environment is a surrogate market conducted under laboratory conditions of control and repetition. People came to a laboratory setting (a university taste-testing lab), and were asked to bid in an auction offering foods with different risks of foodborne illness. The auction was specifically designed to give people an incentive ...


An Insurance Approach To Risk Management In The Ethanol Industry, Nicholas D. Paulson, Bruce Babcock, Chad E. Hart, Dermot J. Hayes 2017 University of Illinois

An Insurance Approach To Risk Management In The Ethanol Industry, Nicholas D. Paulson, Bruce Babcock, Chad E. Hart, Dermot J. Hayes

Dermot J. Hayes

The vast majority of crop and revenue insurance policies sold in the United States are single-crop policies that insure against low yields or revenues for each crop grown on the farm. But, increasingly, producer income is based more on the value of crops that have been converted into a value-added product such as ethanol. Moreover, the recent increases in energy and commodity price levels and volatilities emphasize the importance of risk management to ethanol investors. This paper uses an insurance approach to outline a risk management tool which mimics the gross margin level of a typical corn-based ethanol plant. The ...


Effect Of A Price Transparency Intervention In The Electronic Health Record On Clinician Ordering Of Inpatient Laboratory Tests, Mina S. Sedrak, Jennifer S. Myers, Dylan Small, Irving Nachamkin, Justin B. Ziemba, Dana Murray, Gregory W. Kurtzman, Jingsan Zhu, Wenli Wang, Deborah Mincarelli, Daniel Danoski, Brian P. Wells, Jeffrey S. Berns, Patrick J. Brennan, C. William Hanson, Jessica Dine, Mitesh S. Patel 2017 University of Pennsylvania

Effect Of A Price Transparency Intervention In The Electronic Health Record On Clinician Ordering Of Inpatient Laboratory Tests, Mina S. Sedrak, Jennifer S. Myers, Dylan Small, Irving Nachamkin, Justin B. Ziemba, Dana Murray, Gregory W. Kurtzman, Jingsan Zhu, Wenli Wang, Deborah Mincarelli, Daniel Danoski, Brian P. Wells, Jeffrey S. Berns, Patrick J. Brennan, C. William Hanson, Jessica Dine, Mitesh S. Patel

Research Briefs

No abstract provided.


The Design Of An Instrument To Assess Clinical Laboratories Efficacy Post Implementation Of The Patient Protection Affordable Care Act, Harry McDonald Jr. 2017 University of Southern Mississippi

The Design Of An Instrument To Assess Clinical Laboratories Efficacy Post Implementation Of The Patient Protection Affordable Care Act, Harry Mcdonald Jr.

Dissertations

The healthcare system in the United States has undergone substantial changes in support of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (PPACA). On March 23, 2010, the implementation of the new healthcare law brought universal healthcare access to all Americans, while attempting to increase quality and decrease medical costs. The new law promotes more of a quality-focused, outcome-based model rather than a pay-for-fee service model; thus, moving the paradigm from infrequent to preemptive healthcare. The PPACA postulates as the only way to achieve cost savings while increasing quality and access. Never before has there been such an extensive change to ...


Policy Comment: Proposals For Ontario's Solar Future, Rashin Alizadeh 2017 University of Windsor, Faculty of Law

Policy Comment: Proposals For Ontario's Solar Future, Rashin Alizadeh

Western Journal of Legal Studies

In Ontario, the protection of solar energy is both complicated and limited. In order to take advantage of evolving greener energy sources, and reduce our contribution to global warming, Ontario must better protect solar energy use and solar energy investments. This commentary evaluates the incentives for extending the use of solar technology as part of the Green Energy Act, 2009, SO 2009. The analysis focuses on the relationship between the provincial and municipal governments as it relates to the green energy industry, and the level of public engagement and awareness that is being achieved. Reform to municipal zoning bylaws are ...


Issues At The Heart Of Advancing The De-Adoption Of Low-Value Care, Rebecka Rosenquist, Janet Weiner 2017 University of Pennsylvania

Issues At The Heart Of Advancing The De-Adoption Of Low-Value Care, Rebecka Rosenquist, Janet Weiner

Issue Briefs

No abstract provided.


Why Do Women Delay In Seeking Prenatal Care? A Discrete-Time Survival Analysis, Ama Agyeiwaa Abrokwah 2017 Western Michigan University

Why Do Women Delay In Seeking Prenatal Care? A Discrete-Time Survival Analysis, Ama Agyeiwaa Abrokwah

Research and Creative Activities Poster Day

Prenatal care during early stages of pregnancy can result in early detection of some pregnancy related complications which can help reduce both maternal and infant mortality (Conway et al., 2006). The cost of service has been identified as an important determinant of the utilization of prenatal care in most developing countries. This paper evaluates how Ghana’s social health insurance program affects the timing of prenatal care utilization using survival analysis techniques. This paper hypothesizes that having insurance will result in early utilization of prenatal care.


An Overview Of Carbon Offsets From Agriculture, Jimena Gonzalez-Remirez, Catherine L. Kling, Adriana Valcu-Lisman 2017 Iowa State University

An Overview Of Carbon Offsets From Agriculture, Jimena Gonzalez-Remirez, Catherine L. Kling, Adriana Valcu-Lisman

Catherine Kling

Although climate change has largely been removed from the federal policy agenda of the United States in the near term, the continued reliance on fossil fuels as a dominant energy source leaves many analysts to conclude that climate policy will eventually reappear on that agenda. We present a review of recent research related to the design and implementation of one instrument for greenhouse gas (GHG) reduction: offsets. As these are implemented, policy makers must understand the way these programs work. In this review, we describe the basic features of carbon offset markets, along with the potential supply of offsets from ...


Recreational Demand For Clean Water: Evidence From Geotagged Photographs By Visitors To Lakes, Bonnie L. Keeler, Spencer A. Wood, Stephen Polasky, Catherine L. Kling, Christopher T. Filstrup, John A. Downing 2017 University of Minnesota

Recreational Demand For Clean Water: Evidence From Geotagged Photographs By Visitors To Lakes, Bonnie L. Keeler, Spencer A. Wood, Stephen Polasky, Catherine L. Kling, Christopher T. Filstrup, John A. Downing

Catherine Kling

More than 41 000 water bodies are listed as impaired by the US Environmental Protection Agency under the Clean Water Act. Implementation and enforcement of regulations designed to address these impairments can be costly, raising questions about the value of the public benefits derived from improved surface water quality. Here, we assess the recreational value of changes in water quality using freely available geotagged photographs, taken by members of the public, as a proxy for recreational visits to lakes. We found that improved water clarity is associated with increased numbers of visits to lakes and that lake users were willing ...


Maternal Autonomy And Child Health Care Utilization: Evidence From Bangladesh, Ashiqul Alam 2017 University of Minnesota, Morris

Maternal Autonomy And Child Health Care Utilization: Evidence From Bangladesh, Ashiqul Alam

Undergraduate Research Symposium 2017

My research looked into the relationship between maternal autonomy and how child health care is utilized in third world countries. I worked with my professor, Dr. Bibhudutta Panda, to specifically look at Bangladesh as our country of interest. The country itself is smaller than Florida but is ranked number 8 for the most populated country. In Bangladesh the infant mortality rate is 6 times more than the US, at 30.7 per 1000 live births and government expenditure is also low. The main reason behind to pick Bangladesh is also that it is a third world country and also a ...


Determinants Of Health Expenditures In Oecd Countries, Giang Phi 2017 Bryant University

Determinants Of Health Expenditures In Oecd Countries, Giang Phi

Honors Projects in Economics

Around the world, governments are coping with spiraling health care spending. This spurs the need for further insight in the determinants of such expenditures. This study investigates the determinants of health care expenditures for a sample of thirty five countries in the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) from 2000 to 2013 in order to understand the impact of different factors on health care spending growth. Besides Gross Domestic Product (GDP), the study accounts for many different driving forces such as demographics, medical progress, health system characteristics, public financing, and other non-medical determinants of health spending such as alcohol ...


The Value Of Statistical Life For College Students In The Context Of Death By Homicide, Brandon Posner 2017 College of William and Mary

The Value Of Statistical Life For College Students In The Context Of Death By Homicide, Brandon Posner

Undergraduate Honors Theses

The Value of Statistical Life (VSL) is used in policy analysis to calculate the benefit of risk-reducing policy initiatives. College students are currently overlooked in the literature, for no college student-specific VSL estimate exists. In this study, I discuss why VSL estimates for the general population cannot be applied to college students. I also derive a college student-specific VSL using a willingness-to-pay survey. I found that payment vehicle has a large impact on students’ willingness-to-pay for risk reduction, and college student VSLs are substantially lower than those of the general population.


Luminate: Linking Agricultural Land Use, Local Water Quality And Gulf Of Mexico Hypoxia, Catherine L. Kling, Yiannis Panagopoulos, Sergey S. Rabotyagov, Adriana Valcu-Lisman, Philip W. Gassman, Todd D. Campbell, Michael J. White, Jeffrey G. Arnold, Raghavan Srinivasan, Manoj K. Jha, Jeffrey J. Richardson, L. Monika Moskal, R. Eugene Turner, Nancy N. Rabalais 2017 Iowa State University

Luminate: Linking Agricultural Land Use, Local Water Quality And Gulf Of Mexico Hypoxia, Catherine L. Kling, Yiannis Panagopoulos, Sergey S. Rabotyagov, Adriana Valcu-Lisman, Philip W. Gassman, Todd D. Campbell, Michael J. White, Jeffrey G. Arnold, Raghavan Srinivasan, Manoj K. Jha, Jeffrey J. Richardson, L. Monika Moskal, R. Eugene Turner, Nancy N. Rabalais

Catherine Kling

In this paper, we discuss the importance of developing integrated assessment models to support the design and implementation of policies to address water quality problems associated with agricultural pollution. We describe a new modelling system, LUMINATE, which links land use decisions made at the field scale in the Upper Mississippi, Ohio and Tennessee Basins through both environmental and hydrological components to downstream water quality effects and hypoxia in the Gulf of Mexico. This modelling system can be used to analyse detailed policy scenarios identifying the costs of the policies and their resulting benefits for improved local and regional water quality ...


Pediatric And Adult Physician Networks In Affordable Care Act Marketplace Plans, Charlene A. Wong, Kristin Kan, Zuleyha Cidav, Robert Nathenson, Daniel Polsky 2017 University of Pennsylvania

Pediatric And Adult Physician Networks In Affordable Care Act Marketplace Plans, Charlene A. Wong, Kristin Kan, Zuleyha Cidav, Robert Nathenson, Daniel Polsky

Research Briefs

No abstract provided.


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