The Impact Of Cleft Lip And Palate Repair Surgery On Cognitive And Academic Outcomes For Teens In India, 2018 The University of San Francisco
The Impact Of Cleft Lip And Palate Repair Surgery On Cognitive And Academic Outcomes For Teens In India, R Jeremiah Maller
India has a backlog of nearly one million patients in need of cleft lip and palate repair. Unrepaired cleft results in social stigma and diminished health, psychological wellbeing, and academic functioning. Cleft repair surgery has the potential to restore functioning in these domains. However, the magnitude of the social, educational, and economic impact of cleft repair surgery has not been evaluated using statistically rigorous methods. An estimation of the academic and educational impact of cleft repair has implications for the appropriate allocation of public health resources. We analyze original data gathered from teenagers in West Bengal, India using the difference-in-differences ...
How Liability Insurers Protect Patients And Improve Safety, 2018 University of Pennsylvania Law School
How Liability Insurers Protect Patients And Improve Safety, Tom Baker, Charles Silver
Forty years after the publication of the first systematic study of adverse medical events, there is greater access to information about adverse medical events and increasingly widespread acceptance of the view that patient safety requires more than vigilance by well-intentioned medical professionals. In this essay, we describe some of the ways that medical liability insurance organizations contributed to this transformation, and we catalog the roles that those organizations play in promoting patient safety today. Whether liability insurance in fact discourages providers from improving safety or encourages them to protect patients from avoidable harms is an empirical question that a survey ...
Aging, Depression, Non-Communicable Diseases And Disabilities In South Africa, 2018 Australian National University
Aging, Depression, Non-Communicable Diseases And Disabilities In South Africa, Manoj K. Pandey, Vani S. Kulkarni, Raghav Gaiha
Population Center Working Papers (PSC/PARC)
This is the first study that offers a comprehensive analysis of depression among the old (60+ years) in South Africa. This study uses four waves of a panel survey of the South Africa National Income Dynamics Study (SA-NIDS) during 2008-2014. A state-of-art econometric methodology has been used to unravel the factors underlying depression among the old over the period 2008-2014. Depending on whether the dependent variable is binary (self-reported depression for ≥ 3 days in a week) or continuous (as in measures of overall depression and severe depression), we use random effects probit with Mundlak adjustment or simply random effects with ...
The Fight For Birth, 2018 University of Nevada, Las Vegas
The Fight For Birth, Jessica E. Brown
No abstract provided.
Empirical Essays In Household Economics, 2018 Southern Methodist University
Empirical Essays In Household Economics, Hao Li
Economics Theses and Dissertations
This dissertation is consist of three empirical studies in economics. The first part empirically examines the effect of universal pre-k on labor force participation of fertility age women in Oklahoma. I investigate the policy effect from both theoretical and empirical perspectives. I apply the synthetic control method (SCM) to the Current Population Survey (CPS) data to identify the causal relationship between universal pre-k and female labor outcomes. I find that universal pre-k increases labor supply of women aged 25 to 45 in Oklahoma. The second empirical study focuses on how the birth outcomes of US children respond to exposure to ...
Boosting Demand For Biofortified Foods: The Case Of Orange Fleshed Sweet Potato Bread In Tamale, Ghana, 2018 The University of San Francisco
Boosting Demand For Biofortified Foods: The Case Of Orange Fleshed Sweet Potato Bread In Tamale, Ghana, Tchassanty Ouro-Gbeleou
Abstract: In the context of introducing biofortification of staple crops as a food-based approach to combat micronutrient malnutrition in Sub Saharan Africa (SSA), we carried out a survey in Tamale, Ghana to elicit consumers’ preference of and willingness to pay for one of the highly nutritious biofortified staple crop processed product: the Orange Fleshed Sweet Potato (OFSP) bread. Our results indicate that scores of respondents in the sample show preference for OFSP bread. The most important determinants of OFSP bread preference are its sweet taste and soft texture and consumers are willing to pay 0.634 pesewas more for the ...
Patriarchal Norms, Bargaining, And Gendered Attitudes On Intimate Partner Violence, 2018 The University of San Francisco
Patriarchal Norms, Bargaining, And Gendered Attitudes On Intimate Partner Violence, Anna Eckenrode
How do the underlying mechanisms of social norms and bargaining power relate to the acceptance of intimate partner violence within households? How do short run and long run determinants of gender norms affect attitudes toward IPV? This study begins to decompose the dynamics of the acceptance of IPV within couples using data from the Demographic Health Survey, as well as examine the relationship in the context of patriarchal societies using data from the Ethnographic Atlas. I find that females are more accepting than males of intimate partner violence, and females becoming more educated is associated with her being less accepting ...
Swimming For More Than Gold: How Swimming Participation And Success In Elite International Swimming Events Can Decrease Drowning Rates Across The World, Joshua R. Cottle
Undergraduate Economic Review
International swimming provides an opportunity for thousands of swimmers to compete at the highest level of the sport. In this paper, I argue that participation and success in these events can influence drowning rates across the world. My analysis suggests that one of the most notable negative influences on drowning rates is swimming participation in countries that have the smallest roster sizes and the lowest average income levels. My analysis shows that swimming success in the Olympics has a significant positive effect on drowning rates in countries in the middle-income brackets.
The Pricing Impact Of The Decreasing Competitiveness Of The Health Insurance Market, 2018 The University of Tennessee, Knoxville
The Pricing Impact Of The Decreasing Competitiveness Of The Health Insurance Market, Lauren N. Patterson
EURēCA: Exhibition of Undergraduate Research and Creative Achievement
The Affordable Care Act created the national insurance exchanges of qualified health plans to encourage a higher insured rate, larger risk pools, and lower prices for quality health coverage. Consolidation of insurers can have opposing effects. The insurers’ risk pools will grow, allowing insurers to better hedge for risk. However, consolidation decreases the prevalence of competition in the market, and past research shows that insurer consolidation decreases market competition and increases prices.
I examine how the number of plans offered in a set market, pricing components, and county health variables impact the monthly premium pricing of plans sold on the ...
A Correction For Regression Discontinuity Designs With Group-Specific Mismeasurement Of The Running Variable, 2018 Iowa State University
A Correction For Regression Discontinuity Designs With Group-Specific Mismeasurement Of The Running Variable, Otávio Bartalotti, Quentin Brummet, Steven Dieterle
Economics Working Papers
When the running variable in a regression discontinuity (RD) design is measured with error, identification of the local average treatment effect of interest will typically fail. While the form of this measurement error varies across applications, in many cases there is a group structure to the measurement error. We develop a procedure to make use of this group-specific measurement error structure to correct estimates obtained in a regression discontinuity framework using auxiliary data. This procedure extends the prior literature on measurement error on the running variable by leveraging auxiliary information in order to account for more general forms of measurement ...
Insurance Coverage Policies For Pharmacogenomic And Multi-Gene Testing For Cancer, 2018 Harvard Medical School
Insurance Coverage Policies For Pharmacogenomic And Multi-Gene Testing For Cancer, Christine Y. Lu, Stephanie Loomer, Rachel Ceccarelli, Kathleen M. Mazor, James Sabin, Ellen Wright Clayton, Geoffrey S. Ginsburg, Ann Chen Wu
Open Access Articles
Insurance coverage policies are a major determinant of patient access to genomic tests. The objective of this study was to examine differences in coverage policies for guideline-recommended pharmacogenomic tests that inform cancer treatment. We analyzed coverage policies from eight Medicare contractors and 10 private payers for 23 biomarkers (e.g., HER2 and EGFR) and multi-gene tests. We extracted policy coverage and criteria, prior authorization requirements, and an evidence basis for coverage. We reviewed professional society guidelines and their recommendations for use of pharmacogenomic tests. Coverage for KRAS, EGFR, and BRAF tests were common across Medicare contractors and private payers, but ...
Examining The Impact Of Education On Diabetes Rates, 2018 University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
Examining The Impact Of Education On Diabetes Rates, Mackenzie Bogiages
Undergraduate Economic Review
Diabetes rates are a problem of growing concern in the U.S. Over 30 million people in the U.S. have been diagnosed with diabetes, and over 90 percent of that group has the largely preventable type 2 diabetes. In order to thwart the disease that costs the U.S. $245 billion a year, the populations most susceptible to diabetes need to be identified and educated. Using data from MEPS, education and several other factors have been identified and their relationships with diabetes have been analyzed to target at risk populations and outline tactics to educate those in dire need ...
The Effects Of Food Security On Socioeconomic Mobility In The United States: A Case Study In Allendale County, South Carolina, 2018 University of South Carolina
The Effects Of Food Security On Socioeconomic Mobility In The United States: A Case Study In Allendale County, South Carolina, Taylor St Clarke
This thesis examines the relationship between food security – defined as accessibility to an affordable, nutritious, and sustainable source of food – and socioeconomic mobility in the continental United States. This thesis is primarily focused on the effects of food insecurity on both individuals and communities, examining the chronic long-term effects of such insecurity on areas known as “food deserts,” which are often given status as areas of persistent poverty. This research further examines the effects of a sustained poor diet, brought about by food insecurity, on the individual and overarching community in a food desert and how such a diet impacts ...
The Pricing Impact Of Decreasing Competitiveness Of The Health Insurance Market, 2018 The University of Tennessee, Knoxville
The Pricing Impact Of Decreasing Competitiveness Of The Health Insurance Market, Lauren N. Patterson
University of Tennessee Honors Thesis Projects
No abstract provided.
A Study Into The Relationship Between Nutrition And Income In A College Setting, 2018 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville
A Study Into The Relationship Between Nutrition And Income In A College Setting, Alyssa Hicks
Economics Undergraduate Honors Theses
Many health related issues in the United States are linked to Americans’ poor diet choices. College students, a subset of that population, establish important trends in their diet habits that they will maintain over their four years in college and beyond. Although previous literature has found income to be a determinant of diet, this paper does not find income to be a significant predictor of student nutrition. One potential explanation is that college provides a unique environment and circumstance. Yet, additional income suggests it could be important for students who suffer from a lack of funds—increasing their income brings ...
Hospital Cost Accounting: Saving Lives And Saving On Costs, 2018 Bryant University
Hospital Cost Accounting: Saving Lives And Saving On Costs, Amanda Whitehouse
Honors Projects in Accounting
Within an industry constantly pursuing accuracy, a cost accounting system that addresses the ongoing concerns of saving money and increasing efficiency is a must. Now more than ever, hospitals require reliable information to combat the conflicting relationship between an increase in spending on new instruments and specialized staff, but a decrease in funding. This project explores potential avenues to find a successful cost accounting method using past research, analysis of hospitals’ current environments, and expert opinions from hospital and healthcare personnel. Each hospital is different based on their environment, surrounding population, type of services provided, and personal demands. This study ...
The Effectiveness Of The Commercial Driver Medical Examination In Screening For Hypertension, 2018 University of Minnesota, Morris
The Effectiveness Of The Commercial Driver Medical Examination In Screening For Hypertension, Yutao Li
Undergraduate Research Symposium 2018
The Commercial Driver Medical Examination (CDME) is used to assess the medical fitness of a driver to safely operate a commercial motor vehicle. Hypertension is a disease that has been shown in prior research to cause reduced driving safety performance when not properly managed, and it is therefore important that medical examiners be able to consistently identify it in drivers. However, the CDME has historically been ineffective at screening drivers with safety-related diseases. For example, a report from the US Government Accountability Office showed the existence of a substantial number of drivers who were deemed eligible by the federal government ...
Passion With Purpose A Case Study Of St. Jude Children’S Research Hospital, 2018 Bryant University
Passion With Purpose A Case Study Of St. Jude Children’S Research Hospital, Allyson Favuzza
Honors Projects in Management
St. Jude Children’s Research Hospital is “leading the way the world understands, treats, and defeats childhood cancer and other life threatening diseases” (St. Jude Children’s Research Hospital). Fifty-five years ago when St. Jude opened its doors, the overall childhood cancer survival rate was 20 percent; today, the overall childhood cancer survival rate exceeds 80 percent. Through research and discovery, St. Jude has played a pivotal role in increasing this survival rate. St. Jude, a non-profit organization and hospital in Memphis, Tennessee, operates primarily through donations. St. Jude-American Lebanese Syrian Associated Charities (ALSAC) is the fundraising and awareness organization ...
Process Improvement Ensures High-Quality Disability Benefit Evaluation, 2018 University of Massachusetts Medical School
Process Improvement Ensures High-Quality Disability Benefit Evaluation, Jody Simpson
Commonwealth Medicine Publications
Ongoing quality management and review of disability benefit evaluation processes and procedures is critical for state and municipal retirement system administrators. Public retirement systems may be challenged in these areas due to limited time and resources.
Working with a partner who is skilled in assisting organizations with all aspects of their medical review needs can ease the burden. UMass Medical School’s Disability Evaluation Services offers comprehensive disability evaluation solutions with a focus on quality improvement and client satisfaction. Having the clinical expertise to provide medical board review recommendations and case management is just one of our strengths.
Entrepreneurship Education Empowers Youth To Change Their Lives, 2018 Foundation for Economic Education
Entrepreneurship Education Empowers Youth To Change Their Lives, Marianna Brashear, Jason Riddle
National Youth-At-Risk Conference Savannah
The Foundation for Economic Education (FEE) aims at equipping Title 1 schools with free, hands-on, engaging materials that any teacher can facilitate either individually or in a classroom setting with no background in entrepreneurship necessary. These versatile lessons, courses, and workshops teach the entrepreneurial mindset optimizing opportunities for grades 8-12 students no matter which life/career path they choose.