Long-Term Effects Of In Utero Exposure To “The Year Without A Summer”, 2021 Texas Tech University, Department of Economics, Lubbock, USA
Long-Term Effects Of In Utero Exposure To “The Year Without A Summer”, Hamid Noghanibehambari, Farzaneh Noghani, Nahid Tavassoli, Mostafa Toranji
Economic and Business Review
This paper uses the aftermath of the great Tambora eruption in 1815 as a natural experiment to explore the long-term effects of a nutritional shock during prenatal development. The volcanic explosion of Tambora formed substantial ash columns which hampered sunlight, cooled down the surface temperature, reduced the length of the growing season, and led to a severe harvest failure during summer and winter of 1816 in Europe and northeastern states of America. US decennial census 1850 provides evidence that cohorts in utero during the climate anomaly revealed lower literacy rates, lower labor force participation rates, a fewer number of own ...
Health Insurance And Subjective Well-Being: Evidence From Two Healthcare Reforms In The United States, 2021 Singapore Management University
Health Insurance And Subjective Well-Being: Evidence From Two Healthcare Reforms In The United States, Seonghoon Kim, Kim
Research Collection School Of Economics
We study the role of access to health insurance coverage as a determinant of individuals' subjective well-being (SWB) by analyzing large-scale healthcare reforms in the United States. Using data from the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System and Panel Study of Income Dynamics, we find that the 2006 Massachusetts reform and 2014 Affordable Care Act Medicaid expansion improved the overall life satisfaction of Massachusetts residents and low-income adults in Medicaid expansion states, respectively. The results are robust to various sensitivity and falsification tests. Our findings imply that access to health insurance plays an important role in improving SWB. Without considering psychological ...
Oil Price Fluctuations Impact On The Lebanese Economic Well Being, 2021 Associate Professor, Department of Economics, Faculty of Business Administration, Beirut Arab University, Beirut, Lebanon
Oil Price Fluctuations Impact On The Lebanese Economic Well Being, Hanadi Taher
BAU Journal - Health and Wellbeing
This paper investigates the impact of oil price fluctuation on the Lebanese economic well being during the period from 1988 to 2018 using multivariable ordinary least square method with annual time series. taking the Lebanese GDP per capita as proxy for the economic wellbeing as dependent variable and the crud oil average annual prices as proxy for oil price fluctuations with Labor and gross fixed capital formation as two control variables. The test results show a significant and positive impact for the oil price fluctuations on the Lebanese economic well being and the significant results for control variables. In testing ...
Do Minimum Charity Care Provision Requirements Increase Provision Of Charity Care In Nonprofit Hospitals?, Michah W. Rothbart, Nara Yoon
Lerner Center for Public Health Promotion: Population Health Research Brief Series
Nonprofit hospitals receive significant federal, state, and local tax exemptions, partly based on the rationale that nonprofit hospitals provide public goods and services. Through Minimum Charity Care Provision (MCCP) requirements, nonprofit hospitals are required to spend a certain percentage of their revenues on charity care. However, it is not clear whether these requirements increase spending on charity care. This brief summarizes findings from research examining the differences in provisions of charity care across different hospital market sectors – non-profit, for-profit, and government. Findings suggest that MCCP requirements for nonprofit hospitals do not lead to more charity care. If anything, targeting policies ...
Sources Of Covid-19 Information Seeking And Their Associations With Self-Perceived Mental Health Among Canadians, 2021 Wilfrid Laurier University
Sources Of Covid-19 Information Seeking And Their Associations With Self-Perceived Mental Health Among Canadians, Yanli Li
Using two datasets from the Canadian Perspectives Survey Series (CPSS), this study provides a longitudinal analysis of information sources Canadians consulted regarding COVID-19 and their associations with poor self-perceived mental health (SPMH) during March and July 2020. Nearly 20% of Canadians who were surveyed reported poor SPMH. The logistic regression results revealed that at Time 2 (July 2020), after controlling for demographic, socio-economic, and psychobehavioural factors, using social media was significantly associated with higher odds of poor SPMH than using six other information sources including news outlets, federal health agencies, provincial health agencies, provincial daily announcements, places of employment, and ...
The Perceived Impact Of Covid-19 Pandemic On Healthcare Cost In Bangladesh, 2021 Pabna University of Science and Technology
The Perceived Impact Of Covid-19 Pandemic On Healthcare Cost In Bangladesh, Hasibul Islam, Fatema Johora, Asma A. Abbasy, Masud Rana, Niyungeko Antoine
Journal of Global Business Insights
The study showed the effect of the COVID-19 pandemic on healthcare expenses including the price of medicines, protective equipment, medical devices, healthcare facilities, and food. A self-administered questionnaire was used as the data collection tool and 400 people from different Bangladesh divisions (Dhaka, Chittagong, Barisal, Khulna, Mymensingh, Rajshahi, and Sylhet) participated in this study. Multiple regression analysis was used to estimate the impact of independent variables on dependent variables. R programming environment was used to perform the statistical analysis. Cronbach’s alpha was used for determination of reliability and found acceptable internal consistency. The price of protective equipment (POPE), the ...
Interrelationship Between Orthodontics And Implantology In Anterior Aesthetic Rehabilitation: A Case Report, 2021 Professional Masters in Odontology from the University of Fortaleza, Ceará, Brazil, Specialist in Implantology by Faculdades Integradas de Patos, Paraíba, Brazil
Interrelationship Between Orthodontics And Implantology In Anterior Aesthetic Rehabilitation: A Case Report, Adailton De Morais Cavalcante, Renata Cordeiro Teixeira Medeiros, Danilo Lopes Ferreira Lima, Saulo Ellery Santos
Journal of Dentistry Indonesia
The rehabilitation of complex cases in the anterior region of the maxilla may require knowledge of several dental specialties. when dental involvement also causes bone and gingival involvement, management usually requires adjustment of gingival zenitis and bone graft to compensate for bone loss.
Objective: to discuss a case of previous orthodontic treatment for implant-prosthetic rehabilitation in the anterior region.
Case report: This case report describes a 40-year-old patient who came with the intention of extracting the tooth and installing a bridge. The implant-prosthetic treatment was performed after previous orthodontic treatment to adapt the gingiva and space.
Conclusion: The interrelationship of ...
Effect Of Natural And Industrial Juices On Surface Microhardness Of Microhybrid And Nanohybrid Composites, 2021 Department of Pediatric Dentistry, School of Dental Medicine, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran
Effect Of Natural And Industrial Juices On Surface Microhardness Of Microhybrid And Nanohybrid Composites, Razieh Meshki, Hanieh Hoseini
Journal of Dentistry Indonesia
Numerous studies have been conducted on the effect of various beverages on the mechanical properties of tooth-colored materials, however, little is known about the effects of these materials on composites, particularly newer types such as nanocomposites.
Objectives: This study aimed to evaluate the surface microhardness of two types of composites, micro-hybrid (point 4) and nanohybrid (premise), after exposure to natural and industrial juices.
Methods: In this experimental study, 90 disc-shaped specimens with a thickness of 2 mm and a diameter of 10 mm were taken from two composites, micro-hybrid Point4 (Kerr) and nanohybrid premise (kerr) (two groups of 45). Then ...
Evaluation Of The Relationship Between Sella Turcica Bridging And Dental Anomalies, 2021 Department of Orthodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Istanbul aydın University,İstanbul Turkey.
Evaluation Of The Relationship Between Sella Turcica Bridging And Dental Anomalies, Ahmet Karaman, Saadet Cinarsoy Cigerim Assistant Professor, Nourtzan Kechagia Research Assistant
Journal of Dentistry Indonesia
Objectives: This study aims to evaluate the relationship between the morphological variations of Sella Turcica (ST) and dental anomalies.
Methods: This study included 765 individuals between the ages of 13 and 35. ST morphology was examined in 3 groups as no calcification, partially calcified and completely calcified according to the interclinoid ligament (ICL) on lateral cephalometric films, and it was examined and evaluated in terms of its relationship to impacted canines (unilateral and bilateral), impacted teeth (except 3rd molars), root dilaceration, tooth deficiency (upper incisor lateral - lower and upper second premolar), supernumerary tooth and taurodontism.
Results: The rates of supernumerary ...
Catch Me If You Can: Questionable Modelling Assumptions And Parameter Choices And Their Impact On Drug Reimbursement Decisions, Lina Ghattas
Undergraduate Student Research Internships Conference
The Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health (CADTH) is a health technology assessment (HTA) agency. CADTH conducts appraisals on health technologies and makes reimbursement recommendations to Canadian public drug plans to guide their reimbursement decisions. When being considered for reimbursement, drug companies submit pharmacoeconomic reports, which typically include long-term decision models. These models make assumptions and use parameters that may favour one intervention over the other. In this study, we comprehensively review the last year of drug submissions appraised by CADTH, with the aim of identifying, categorizing, and critically reviewing key methodological flaws made by drug companies in ...
The Effects Of Recent Minimum Wage Increases On Self-Reported Health In The United States, 2021 University of Maine
The Effects Of Recent Minimum Wage Increases On Self-Reported Health In The United States, Liam Sigaud
Electronic Theses and Dissertations
A sharp income-health gradient exists in the United States. Lower levels of income are associated with higher rates of mortality, morbidity, and risky health behaviors, as well as decreased access to health care. Growing evidence of a causal link between income and health suggests that government income-support policies may be an effective strategy for improving health outcomes among poor Americans. One such policy – the minimum wage – has experienced a surge in popularity in recent years. In 2019, twenty-five states and the District of Columbia increased their minimum wage, up from only eight states in 2011. Yet the literature on the ...
Measuring Palatability As A Linear Combination Of Nutrient Levels In Food Items, 2021 Murray State University
Measuring Palatability As A Linear Combination Of Nutrient Levels In Food Items, Jeffrey S. Young
Faculty & Staff Research and Creative Activity
It well known that palatability and nutritional quality of foods and/or diets are viewed as being in tension with one another. While there exist multiple measures of healthiness, there are no such measures for tastiness. This gap limits the degree to which researchers can investigate this tension and its implications for dietary behavior and hence public health and nutrition policy. The scope of future work concerning the dietary behavior of Americans would expand greatly if researchers better understood consumers’ willingness to eat certain foods, which matters as much as recommending those foods for them to eat in the first ...
An Examination Of Types Of Health Insurance And The Reported Prevalence Of Autism In The United States, 2021 Western Michigan University
An Examination Of Types Of Health Insurance And The Reported Prevalence Of Autism In The United States, Jennifer L. Thompson
The prevalence of Autism Spectrum Disorders continues to rise despite barriers of changes to diagnostic criteria and lack of insurance coverage. Increases in prevalence affect costs associated with a disorder since cost of health care services are often estimated based on utilization of services. This can also affect an individual’s ability to access to health care services. To equitably distribute autism services to individuals an accurate estimation of the true prevalence of autism is needed.
Access to health care can be influenced by the type of insurance coverage a person holds. Other factors, such as socio-economic status, ethnicity, location ...
Covid-19 Outcomes And The Incidence Of Slavery, 2021 Utah State University
Covid-19 Outcomes And The Incidence Of Slavery, Amanda Ortega
All Graduate Plan B and other Reports
Environmental factors have been shown to correlate with COVID-19 outcomes. This study advances the literature on health economics by examining the importance of socioeconomic factors. In addition to standard economic factors, I consider the relationship between the past incidence of slavery and COVID-19 outcomes. I analyze county-level U.S. Census data and Georgia Department of Public Health county-level COVID-19 data using regression analysis. I find that the Covid-19 county vaccination rate in Georgia is related to 1860 slave concentration. No statistically significant relationship is found between 1860 slave concentration and COVID-19 death rate, case rate, or vaccination rate when health ...
Student Loans And Health-Related Financial Hardship, 2021 University of Georgia
Student Loans And Health-Related Financial Hardship, Sophia T. Anong, Robin Henager
Journal of Student Financial Aid
Research has shown that student loan borrowers in repayment exhibit physical and mental health problems. These can be exacerbated by and contribute to health-related financial hardship. We use the 2015 U.S. National Financial Capability Study to examine the likelihood of having past due medical bills and of avoiding health care services by not purchasing prescribed medication, skipping tests or follow-up with a doctor or not seeking care for a medical problem. Borrowers on income-driven repayment plans and those who made late payments are found to be more likely to have unpaid medical bills and to have avoided required medical ...
The Healthcare Costs Of Overnutrition, 2021 Seattle Pacific University
The Healthcare Costs Of Overnutrition, Ryan Hodge
Obesity is a growing problem globally and domestically. Obesity is related to several chronic and noncommunicable diseases such as hypertension, type II diabetes, coronary heart disease, and some cancers. Both obesity and its related diseases are forms of overnutrition, which is the excess intake of nutrients that causes increased body fat to the point of impaired health. Using data from the Medical Expenditure Panel Survey (MEPS) from 2008-2016, this paper is the first to estimate the causal effect of overnutrition on medical expenditure by examining the effect of overnutrition diseases on health care costs, correcting for the endogeneity bias of ...
Entitled To Property: Inheritance Laws, Female Bargaining Power, And Child Health In India, 2021 Harvard Institute for Quantitative Social Science
Entitled To Property: Inheritance Laws, Female Bargaining Power, And Child Health In India, Plamen Nikolov, Shahadath Hossain
Economics Faculty Scholarship
Child height is a significant predictor of human capital and economic status throughout adulthood. Moreover, non-unitary household models of family behavior posit that an increase in women’s bargaining power can influence child health. We study the effects of an inheritance policy change, the Hindu Succession Act (HSA), which conferred enhanced inheritance rights to unmarried women in rural India, on child height. We find robust evidence that the HSA improved the height and weight of children. In addition, we find evidence consistent with a channel that the policy improved the women’s intrahousehold bargaining power within the household, leading to ...
The Health Costs Of Political Identity: Evidence From Public Safety Responses In The Us And A Natural Experiment In California, 2021 The University of San Francisco
The Health Costs Of Political Identity: Evidence From Public Safety Responses In The Us And A Natural Experiment In California, Sahiba Chopra
The Covid-19 pandemic has brought political polarization in the US to the forefront of the battle against coronavirus. We find that for every one percentage point increase in votes for Trump there are 881 more Covid-19 cases and 17 more Covid-19 deaths. We find that these results are motivated by political identity as it is mediated through public safety behaviors like maskwearing and social distancing. In addition, a natural experiment in California during the first half of the pandemic in the US finds that 36% of the Covid-19 cases at the census tract level in California can be associated with ...
Temperature Effects On Prevalence Of Sexually Transmitted Infections Among At-Risk Female Sex Workers In India, 2021 The University of San Francisco
Temperature Effects On Prevalence Of Sexually Transmitted Infections Among At-Risk Female Sex Workers In India, Rajshri Suresh
Vulnerability to climate change varies depending on the baseline climate, sensitivity to given exposure, and the presence of social, political, cultural, and institutional inequalities that influence access to essential resources of livelihood, particularly among informal labor market participants. Within the risky informal labor market, the transient nature of sex work implies that sex workers suffer disproportional losses in health, income, protection, and other aspects of general well-being as a result of the effects of climate anomalies. In this paper, I investigate the effect of temperature on the prevalence of sexually transmitted infections in a high-risk population of female sex workers ...
Cost Estimation Alongside A Multi-Regional, Multi-Country Randomized Trial Of Antenatal Ultrasound In Five Low-And-Middle-Income Countries, 2021 University of Washington, Seattle, USA.
Cost Estimation Alongside A Multi-Regional, Multi-Country Randomized Trial Of Antenatal Ultrasound In Five Low-And-Middle-Income Countries, B W. Bresnahan, E Vodicka, J B. Babigumira, Ashar Muhammad Malik, F Yego, A Lokangaka, B M. Chitah, Z Bauer, H Chavez, Sarah Saleem
Community Health Sciences
Background: Improving maternal health has been a primary goal of international health agencies for many years, with the aim of reducing maternal and child deaths and improving access to antenatal care (ANC) services, particularly in low-and-middle-income countries (LMICs). Health interventions with these aims have received more attention from a clinical effectiveness perspective than for cost impact and economic efficiency.
Methods: We collected data on resource use and costs as part of a large, multi-country study assessing the use of routine antenatal screening ultrasound (US) with the aim of considering the implications for economic efficiency. We assessed typical antenatal outpatient and ...