Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Health Economics Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

1028 Full-Text Articles 1019 Authors 131970 Downloads 79 Institutions

All Articles in Health Economics

Faceted Search

1028 full-text articles. Page 1 of 39.

The Strength Of Multi-Sector Delivery Systems For Population Health, Glen P. Mays 2017 University of Kentucky

The Strength Of Multi-Sector Delivery Systems For Population Health, Glen P. Mays

Glen Mays

Landmark research by Raj Chetty and colleagues finds wide geographic and intertemporal variation in the relationship between income and life expectancy in the U.S., using 1.4 billion administrative tax records from the IRS linked to nearly 7 million federal death records.1 Many questions remain about the underlying causes of these findings and their implications for policy.  Another longitudinal data source, the National Longitudinal Survey of Public Health Systems, has followed more than 350 U.S. communities over more than 15 years to measure the types of population health activities implemented in these areas and the networks of ...


The Design Of An Instrument To Assess Clinical Laboratories Efficacy Post Implementation Of The Patient Protection Affordable Care Act, Harry McDonald Jr. 2017 University of Southern Mississippi

The Design Of An Instrument To Assess Clinical Laboratories Efficacy Post Implementation Of The Patient Protection Affordable Care Act, Harry Mcdonald Jr.

Dissertations

The healthcare system in the United States has undergone substantial changes in support of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (PPACA). On March 23, 2010, the implementation of the new healthcare law brought universal healthcare access to all Americans, while attempting to increase quality and decrease medical costs. The new law promotes more of a quality-focused, outcome-based model rather than a pay-for-fee service model; thus, moving the paradigm from infrequent to preemptive healthcare. The PPACA postulates as the only way to achieve cost savings while increasing quality and access. Never before has there been such an extensive change to ...


Policy Comment: Proposals For Ontario's Solar Future, Rashin Alizadeh 2017 University of Windsor, Faculty of Law

Policy Comment: Proposals For Ontario's Solar Future, Rashin Alizadeh

Western Journal of Legal Studies

In Ontario, the protection of solar energy is both complicated and limited. In order to take advantage of evolving greener energy sources, and reduce our contribution to global warming, Ontario must better protect solar energy use and solar energy investments. This commentary evaluates the incentives for extending the use of solar technology as part of the Green Energy Act, 2009, SO 2009. The analysis focuses on the relationship between the provincial and municipal governments as it relates to the green energy industry, and the level of public engagement and awareness that is being achieved. Reform to municipal zoning bylaws are ...


Why Do Women Delay In Seeking Prenatal Care? A Discrete-Time Survival Analysis, Ama Agyeiwaa Abrokwah 2017 Western Michigan University

Why Do Women Delay In Seeking Prenatal Care? A Discrete-Time Survival Analysis, Ama Agyeiwaa Abrokwah

Research and Creative Activities Poster Day

Prenatal care during early stages of pregnancy can result in early detection of some pregnancy related complications which can help reduce both maternal and infant mortality (Conway et al., 2006). The cost of service has been identified as an important determinant of the utilization of prenatal care in most developing countries. This paper evaluates how Ghana’s social health insurance program affects the timing of prenatal care utilization using survival analysis techniques. This paper hypothesizes that having insurance will result in early utilization of prenatal care.


Maternal Autonomy And Child Health Care Utilization: Evidence From Bangladesh, Ashiqul Alam 2017 University of Minnesota, Morris

Maternal Autonomy And Child Health Care Utilization: Evidence From Bangladesh, Ashiqul Alam

Undergraduate Research Symposium 2017

My research looked into the relationship between maternal autonomy and how child health care is utilized in third world countries. I worked with my professor, Dr. Bibhudutta Panda, to specifically look at Bangladesh as our country of interest. The country itself is smaller than Florida but is ranked number 8 for the most populated country. In Bangladesh the infant mortality rate is 6 times more than the US, at 30.7 per 1000 live births and government expenditure is also low. The main reason behind to pick Bangladesh is also that it is a third world country and also a ...


Pediatric And Adult Physician Networks In Affordable Care Act Marketplace Plans, Charlene A. Wong, Kristin Kan, Zuleyha Cidav, Robert Nathenson, Daniel Polsky 2017 University of Pennsylvania

Pediatric And Adult Physician Networks In Affordable Care Act Marketplace Plans, Charlene A. Wong, Kristin Kan, Zuleyha Cidav, Robert Nathenson, Daniel Polsky

Research Briefs

No abstract provided.


Facilitating Access To Health Coverage And Care By Advancing Health Insurance Literacy, Debi Lang, Deborah Raymond, Suzanne B. Cashman, Jessica Larochelle, Jennifer Lee, Tina Alu, Karen Baumbach 2017 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Facilitating Access To Health Coverage And Care By Advancing Health Insurance Literacy, Debi Lang, Deborah Raymond, Suzanne B. Cashman, Jessica Larochelle, Jennifer Lee, Tina Alu, Karen Baumbach

Community Engagement and Research Symposia

Although Massachusetts currently has the highest rate of health insurance coverage in the nation, reports suggest health care consumers do not fully understand how their insurance works. Thus, the insured and uninsured populations alike need ongoing support in order to develop health insurance literacy, defined as the degree to which individuals obtain, process, and understand information about health insurance in order to make informed decisions about choosing and using their coverage, which in turn can lead to positive health outcomes. Educating consumers and giving them tools and resources are strategies that advance health insurance literacy. Since 2001, the Blue Cross ...


A Preliminary Method For Estimating Program-Related Reduction In Employee Health Care Expenditures For The Massachusetts Working On Wellness (Wow) Program, Wen-Chieh Lin, Massachusetts Working on Wellness Evaluation Team 2017 University of Massachusetts Medical School

A Preliminary Method For Estimating Program-Related Reduction In Employee Health Care Expenditures For The Massachusetts Working On Wellness (Wow) Program, Wen-Chieh Lin, Massachusetts Working On Wellness Evaluation Team

Community Engagement and Research Symposia

Introduction: The WoW program is designed to improve employee health outcomes through workplace support of healthy behaviors. We illustrate a preliminary model to estimate the program effect on employee health care expenditures.

Methods: Program-related reductions in employee health care expenditures were estimated based on likely improvements in healthy eating, leisure-time exercise and stress reduction. The models considered the number of employers targeting these specific areas, the number of employees in each organization, prevalence of the specific risk factors, ranges of success rate in risk mitigation and program-associated decrease in health care expenditures from similar worksite studies in literature.

Results: Assuming ...


The Economic Realities Of Replacing The Affordable Care Act, Hanming Fang 2017 University of Pennsylvania

The Economic Realities Of Replacing The Affordable Care Act, Hanming Fang

Penn Wharton Public Policy Initiative

Using simulations based on a new economic model, this brief empirically examines the pivotal mechanisms of the Affordable Care Act, such as the individual mandate, employer mandate, and premium subsidies, to inform the debate over repealing and replacing the Affordable Care Act. The research suggests that the ACA, if left intact, in the long run significantly reduces the uninsured rate. The simulations also suggest that the employer mandate is not a crucial pillar for the success of the ACA. The analysis indicates it is the premium subsidy, rather than the employer mandate or the individual mandate, that is crucial for ...


Medicaid, Family Spending, And The Financial Implications Of Crowd-Out, Marcus Dillender 2017 W.E. Upjohn Institute

Medicaid, Family Spending, And The Financial Implications Of Crowd-Out, Marcus Dillender

Marcus Dillender

A primary purpose of health insurance is to protect families from medical expenditure risk. Despite this goal and despite the fact that research has found that Medicaid can crowd out private coverage, little is known about the effect of Medicaid on families' spending patterns. This paper implements a simulated instrumental variables strategy with data from the Consumer Expenditure Survey to estimate the effect of an additional family member becoming eligible from Medicaid on family-level health insurance coverage and spending. The results indicate that an additional family member becoming eligible for Medicaid increases the number of people in the family with ...


Life Satisfaction And Diet: Evidence From The Russian Longitudinal Monitoring Survey, Sonya Huffman, Marian Rizov 2017 Iowa State University

Life Satisfaction And Diet: Evidence From The Russian Longitudinal Monitoring Survey, Sonya Huffman, Marian Rizov

Economics Working Papers

The goal of this study is to improve our understanding of life satisfaction overall and in Russia in particular by examining the impacts of diet on lifetime satisfaction and correcting for reverse causality using 1994–2005 data from the Russian Longitudinal Monitoring Survey (RLMS). Do people with better diets report higher levels of lifestyle satisfaction?

Results suggest that calories, fat, and protein consumption, and a more diverse diet have a positive and statistically significant effect on life satisfaction levels of the Russian people. In addition, living in a region with higher per capita income increases life satisfaction of the citizens ...


Overpopulation And The Impact On The Environment, Doris Baus 2017 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Overpopulation And The Impact On The Environment, Doris Baus

All Graduate Works by Year: Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

In this research paper, the main focus is on the issue of overpopulation and its impact on the environment. The growing size of the global population is not an issue that appeared within the past couple of decades, but its origins come from the prehistoric time and extend to the very present day. Throughout the history, acknowledged scientists introduced the concept of “overpopulation” and predicted the future consequences if the world follows the same behavioral pattern. According to predictions, scientists invented the birth control pill and set population control through eugenics. Despite that, population continued to increase and fight with ...


Production Of Energy And Environmental Protection As A Prerequisite For Sustainable Development, Diana Baus 2017 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Production Of Energy And Environmental Protection As A Prerequisite For Sustainable Development, Diana Baus

All Graduate Works by Year: Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

This paper explains why renewable energy is a prerequisite for sustainable development. The development of renewable energy sources is important because renewable energy sources have a very important role in reducing emissions of carbon dioxide (CO2) into the atmosphere, eradicate poverty and increase the employment rate. In the first section the paper introduces renewable energy sources. The focus is on the function of solar energy, wind power, biomass, geothermal energy, and hydroelectric energy and their implementation globally. The second part of the paper elaborates on the economic, political, and social aspects for the development of renewable energy sources. The ...


How Has The Affordable Care Act Affected Work And Wages?, Jean Abraham PhD, Anne Beeson Royalty PhD 2017 University of Pennsylvania

How Has The Affordable Care Act Affected Work And Wages?, Jean Abraham Phd, Anne Beeson Royalty Phd

Issue Briefs

In a review of the evidence, the authors find that the ACA had minimal effect on employment, hours of work, and compensation. This brief provides critical perspective on the effects of reforms on labor markets for federal and state policymakers as they consider changing or repealing the law.


Race, Age, And Neighborhood Socioeconomic Status In Low Birth Weight Disparities Among Adolescent Mothers: An Intersectional Inquiry, Sheryl L. Coley, Tracy R. Nichols 2017 University of Wisconsin Madison

Race, Age, And Neighborhood Socioeconomic Status In Low Birth Weight Disparities Among Adolescent Mothers: An Intersectional Inquiry, Sheryl L. Coley, Tracy R. Nichols

Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice

Introduction: Few studies examined socioeconomic contributors to racial disparities in low birth weight outcomes between African-American and Caucasian adolescent mothers. This cross-sectional study examined the intersections of maternal racial status, age, and neighborhood socioeconomic status in explaining these disparities in low birth weight outcomes across a statewide sample of adolescent mothers.

Methods: Using data from the North Carolina State Center of Health Statistics for 2010-2011, birth cases for 16,472 adolescents were geocoded by street address and linked to census-tract information from the 2010 United States Census. Multilevel models with interaction terms were used to identify significant associations between maternal ...


Cost Of Joint Replacement Using Bundled Payment Models, Amol Navathe, Andrea B. Troxel, Joshua M. Liao, Nan Nan, Jingsan Zhu, Wenjun Zhong, Ezekiel J. Emanuel 2017 University of Pennsylvania

Cost Of Joint Replacement Using Bundled Payment Models, Amol Navathe, Andrea B. Troxel, Joshua M. Liao, Nan Nan, Jingsan Zhu, Wenjun Zhong, Ezekiel J. Emanuel

Research Briefs

No abstract provided.


The Finney County, Kansas Community Assessment Process: Fact Book, Debra J. Bolton PhD, Shannon L. Dick M.S. 2017 Kansas State University

The Finney County, Kansas Community Assessment Process: Fact Book, Debra J. Bolton Phd, Shannon L. Dick M.S.

Dr. Debra Bolton

This multi-lingual/multi-cultural study was called, Community Assets Processt, by the groups that “commissioned” it: Finnup Foundation, Finney County K-State Research & Extension, Western Kansas Community Foundation, Finney County United Way, Finney County Health Department, United Methodist Community Health Center (UMMAM), Center for Children and Families, Garden City Recreation Commission, and the Garden City Cultural Relations Board, because we intend for this to be an ongoing discussion. An objective, for those promoting the study, was to connect foundation, state, and federal funding with activities or services that addressed the true needs of people living in Finney County. The group was looking for data that would offer insights on ways to address the needs of diverse audiences through human services agencies, County Extension, the schools, churches, and other entities working with community members of Finney County. Initially, an online survey was sent to directors of Finney County’s human service organization/agencies and schools. Directors were asked what sorts of data were required to help them quantify the needs of their client/customer bases. It was from those responses that the committee designed the survey instrument. The objective of the resulting survey instrument was to gather data that would: Identify resources available in Finney County (a Minority-majority county) Identify services needed in the community Capture information regarding well-being of people in Finney County Feature General Demographic (gender, age, race/ethnicity, education, household income) Length of years lived in Finney County Primary and secondary languages spoken at home (the survey was conducted in four (4) languages) Educational needs Health questions (insurance, health conditions, mental health, medical care, etc.) Social and health needs; and Questions to measure community engagement and social involvement Target individuals and groups of varying ages, socio-economic backgrounds, ethnic backgrounds, and religious affiliations. Target survey respondents 18 years or older Keep survey respondents’ identities confidential since the study was approved by Kansas State University’s Institutional Review Board for compliance in Research with Human Subjects. Data were gathered from about 1% of Finney County’s population through surveys and focus groups conducted in four languages better to understand the ...


The Role Of Marriage In Fighting Hiv: A Quantitative Illustration For Malawi, Jeremy Greenwood, Philipp Kircher, Cezar Santos, Michéle Tertilt 2017 University of Pennsylvania

The Role Of Marriage In Fighting Hiv: A Quantitative Illustration For Malawi, Jeremy Greenwood, Philipp Kircher, Cezar Santos, Michéle Tertilt

Population Center Working Papers (PSC/PARC)

How might policies that promote marriage and/or dissuade divorce help in the fight against HIV/AIDS? This question is addressed employing a choice-theoretic general equilibrium search model, using Malawi as a case study. In the framework developed, individuals can choose between married and single life. A single person can select among abstinence and sex with or without a condom. The results suggest that marriage-friendly policies can help to abate HIV/AIDS. The policy predictions that obtain from general equilibrium analysis are compared with those that arise from simulated synthetic field experiments and epidemiological studies.


The Ethical And Economic Concerns Of Physician Assisted Suicide, Wade M. Smith 2017 Augustana College, Rock Island Illinois

The Ethical And Economic Concerns Of Physician Assisted Suicide, Wade M. Smith

Augustana Center for the Study of Ethics Essay Contest

No abstract provided.


Is Chinese Food Regulation Effective? A Study Of The Chinese Food Safety Law Of 2009 And Its Effect On Elderly Health, Olivia Anne O'Toole 2017 University of Colorado, Boulder

Is Chinese Food Regulation Effective? A Study Of The Chinese Food Safety Law Of 2009 And Its Effect On Elderly Health, Olivia Anne O'Toole

Undergraduate Honors Theses

In 2008, Chinese milk products were contaminated with melamine, a compound commonly found in plastic. The following year, China implemented the Food Safety Law (FSL) in order to protect the population from food safety risks. This analysis studies the effect of the FSL on self-rated elderly health by regressing government health expenditure (increased due to FSL) on self-rated health, interviewer-rated health, positivity and milk consumption post-2009. The results show that the FSL had an insignificant effect on elderly health, positivity and milk consumption, which highlights the ineffectiveness of the FSL.


Digital Commons powered by bepress