Workplace Deviance And Recession, 2016 Kennesaw State University
Workplace Deviance And Recession, Aniruddha Bagchi, Siddhartha Bandyopadhyay
We examine the relationship between the incidence of workplace deviance (on-the-job crime) and the state of the economy. A worker's probability of future employment depends on whether she has been deviant as well as on the availability of jobs. Using a two period model we show that the net impact on deviant behavior to changes in unemployment can go either way depending upon the nature of the equilibrium. Two kinds of equilibria are possible. In one, a non-deviant's probability of being employed increases as expected market conditions improve which lowers the incentive to be a deviant. In contrast ...
An Empirical Analysis Of Manufacturing Overhead Cost Drivers, 2016 University of Minnesota-Minneapolis
An Empirical Analysis Of Manufacturing Overhead Cost Drivers, Rajiv D. Banker, Gordon S. Potter, Roger G. Schroeder
Empirical validity of the claim that overhead costs are driven not by production volume but by transactions resulting from production complexity is examined using data from 32 manufacturing plants from the electronics, machinery, and automobile components industries. Transactions are measured using number of engineering change orders, number of purchasing and production planning personnel, shop- floor area per part, and number of quality control and improvement personnel. Results indicate a strong positive relation between manufacturing overhead costs and both manufacturing transactions and production volume. Most of the variation in overhead costs, however, is explained by measures of manufacturing transactions, not volume.
Manufacturing Performance Reporting For Continuous Quality Improvement, 2016 University of Minnesota- Minneapolis
Manufacturing Performance Reporting For Continuous Quality Improvement, Rajiv D. Banker, Gordon S. Potter, Roger G. Schroeder
- Recently many plants have implemented the new manufacturing strategy of continuous quality improvement. The central hypothesis in this paper is that the implementation of a policy of continuous quality improvement results in a shift in the management control system.
- This article tests this hypothesis by examining the shop floor reporting policies of forty-two plants located in the United States.
- The paper documents that the extent of information concerning the current status of manufacturing, such as charts on defect rates or schedule compliance and productivity information, provided to workers on the shop floor is positively related to the implementation of continuous ...
Internationalization Choices And Italian Firm Performance During The Crisis, 2016 Selected Works
Internationalization Choices And Italian Firm Performance During The Crisis, Claudio Vicarelli, Stefano Costa, Carmine Pappalardo
Industrial Ecology Analysis Of The Potential For An Eastern Nebraska Industrial Symbiosis Network (Enisn): A Comparative Study, 2016 University of Nebraska-Lincoln
Industrial Ecology Analysis Of The Potential For An Eastern Nebraska Industrial Symbiosis Network (Enisn): A Comparative Study, Bradley A. Behne
Dissertations & Theses in Natural Resources
The area of Eastern Nebraska north of Omaha, including the municipality of Blair is host to a collection of unique companies and industries. These industries, driven by the agricultural and urban economy of the area, as well as the geographic proximity to each other, make it an advantageous area to study the potential for a network where individual entities utilize the concept of industrial symbiosis. This potential network is referred to as the Eastern Nebraska Industrial Symbiosis Network (ENISN). Industrial symbiosis, a sub-set of industrial ecology, engages separate industries in a collaborative and collective approach, concerning itself with the flow ...
The Mystery Of Mutual Insurers In Lawyers Professional Liability Insurance, 2016 University of Pennsylvania Law School
The Mystery Of Mutual Insurers In Lawyers Professional Liability Insurance, Tom Baker, Rick Swedloff
Large law firms in the U.S. rely heavily on lawyers-only mutual insurers to manage their malpractice risks. Yet, under classic economic theory, mutual insurers should not be able to compete with stock insurers, at least absent a market failure. Mutuals have less access to capital and thus less ability to spread risk. Also, mutuals demand much more law firm partner time. Our research into the lawyers’ professional liability (LPL) insurance market makes three contributions. First, while we find evidence consistent with the traditional explanations for mutual insurance—market failures related to moral hazard and adverse selection and a problem ...
The Influence Of The Electric Supply Industry On Economic Growth In Less Developed Countries, 2016 University of Southern Mississippi
The Influence Of The Electric Supply Industry On Economic Growth In Less Developed Countries, Edward Richard Bee
This study measures the impact that electrical outages have on manufacturing production in 135 less developed countries using stochastic frontier analysis and data from World Bank’s Investment Climate surveys. Outages of electricity, for firms with and without backup power sources, are the most frequently cited constraint on manufacturing growth in these surveys.
Outages are shown to reduce output below the production frontier by almost five percent in Africa and by a lower percentage in South Asia, Southeast Asia and the Middle East and North Africa. Production response to outages is quadratic in form. Outages also increase labor cost, reduce ...
The Structural Transformation Of The Agricultural Sector, 2016 Iowa State University
The Structural Transformation Of The Agricultural Sector, Neil E. Harl
A major concern as we move into the Twenty-first Century is the structure of the agricultural sector. By structure, is meant considerations of size and scale as well as who is to manage, control and finance farming and agribusiness operations.
International Trade Effects Of Regional Economic Integration In Africa: The Case Of The Southern African Development Community (Sadc), 2016 Addis Ababa Science and Technology University
International Trade Effects Of Regional Economic Integration In Africa: The Case Of The Southern African Development Community (Sadc), Mengesha Yayo, Sisay Asefa
International Journal of African Development
Empirical studies on regional economic integration process in Africa exhibit sluggish progress, and there by limited level of intra-trade. The existing literature in Africa, particularly in the Southern African regional integration bloc, has neglected the effects of regional economic integration dealing with disaggregated data. This study analyzes trade creation and diversion effects of the Southern African Development Community (SADC) using disaggregated data. The investigation estimates an augmented gravity model using panel data and random effect estimator methods applying instrumental variables where needed.
The results show that intra-SADC trade is growing in the fuel and minerals and the heavy manufacturing sectors ...
Optimal Task Assignments, 2016 Diego Portales University
Optimal Task Assignments, Felipe Balmaceda Assoc Prof.
Corporate Responsibility In Peace Building, Conflict Prevention And Development: The Role Of The Mining Sector In Ghana, 2016 University of Cape Coast
Corporate Responsibility In Peace Building, Conflict Prevention And Development: The Role Of The Mining Sector In Ghana, Abdul Karim Issifu
Journal of Interdisciplinary Conflict Science
This article seeks to explore the role of the mining sector in peace building, conflict prevention and community development in Ghana. After thoroughly reviewing secondary data, including articles, books, journals, newspapers, etc., via critical document review and qualitative research approaches the research found that, there is no legal document on CSR in Ghana, yet mining companies in a free will, have executed CSR programs laying down for peace, security and development in the country. More so, this article provides a theoretical support for the Integrative theory of CSR on the basis that, the socio-economic, political, cultural and environmental needs of ...
Are Music Streaming Services Healthy For The Recorded Music Industry?, 2016 University of Arkansas
Are Music Streaming Services Healthy For The Recorded Music Industry?, Elizabeth W. Pittman
Economics Undergraduate Honors Theses
To listen to music just a few hundred years ago would require hundreds of miles of travel, tons of wood and metal and ivory and copper strings, construction of a stage and audience platforms, human capital to perform the music of course, and lots of money. All of these variables would combine to produce an auditory experience of approximately 45 minutes total. Today, a single musician can produce the sound of dozens with just a laptop, and it can be consumed relatively cheaply with the click of a button. Digital services such as iTunes or Spotify give listeners access to ...
Geopolitics Of The 2016 Australian Defense White Paper And Its Predecessors, 2016 Purdue University
Geopolitics Of The 2016 Australian Defense White Paper And Its Predecessors, Bert Chapman
Libraries Faculty and Staff Scholarship and Research
Australia released the newest edition of its Defense White Paper, describing Canberra’s current and emerging national security priorities, on February 25, 2016. This continues a tradition of issuing defense white papers since 1976. This work will examine and analyze the contents of this document as well as previous Australian defense white papers, scholarly literature, and political statements assessing their geopolitical significance. It will also examine public input into Australian defense white papers and the emerging role of social media in this public involvement. It concludes by evaluating whether Australia has the political will and economic resources necessary to fulfill ...
Information Acquisition And Strategic Sequencing In Bilateral Trading: Is Ignorance Bliss?, 2016 Texas A & M University - College Station
Information Acquisition And Strategic Sequencing In Bilateral Trading: Is Ignorance Bliss?, Silvana Krasteva, Huseyin Yildirim
The Bidder's Curse: Comment, 2016 Cornell University
The Bidder's Curse: Comment, Henry Schneider
Henry S Schneider
Naked Exclusion With Private Offers, 2016 University of Rochester
Naked Exclusion With Private Offers, Jeanine Miklos-Thal, Greg Shaffer
Firms' Decisions To Enter A Market Of Highly Differentiated Products: Apparel Industry And New York Fashion Week, 2016 Graduate Center, City University of New York
Firms' Decisions To Enter A Market Of Highly Differentiated Products: Apparel Industry And New York Fashion Week, Yoko Katagiri
All Graduate Works by Year: Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects
This dissertation deals with economic aspects of the fashion industry. It begins with a discussion of the complex industrial organization aspects of the industry. A wealth of information in this area has been assembled and is presented for the first time. The focus is on the high-end fashion market: how it started, how it works, New York Fashion Week, and its significance for the industry. Then a comprehensive review of the economics literature as it pertains to the industry is presented, also for the first time. The empirical sections of the dissertation contain estimates of demand functions for apparel and ...
Craft Beer Expansion In The United States, 2016 Claremont McKenna College
Craft Beer Expansion In The United States, Alex J. Herrera
CMC Senior Theses
For centuries the world’s biggest breweries, including Anheuser-Busch InBev and MillerCoors, have been producing America’s favorite beers like Budweiser and Coors Light. However, more recently smaller, craft breweries have seen significant expansion as a growing number of Americans are drinking craft beers. How has this recent trend affected the beer market in the United States? More specifically, how has the recent success of craft breweries affected Anheuser-Busch InBev and MillerCoors? I examine the economic factors that have led to craft beer’s success in a highly competitive market, and further, how this success has impacted Anheuser-Busch InBev and ...
Economic Features Of The Internet And Network Neutrality, 2015 New York University
Economic Features Of The Internet And Network Neutrality, Nicholas Economides
We discuss the issue of a possible abolition of network neutrality and the introduction of paid prioritization by residential broadband access networks. We show that, in short run analysis where bandwidth is fixed, and in the absence of congestion, network neutrality tends to maximize total surplus. When an ISP violates network neutrality and invests the extra profits to bandwidth expansion, the presence of more bandwidth alleviates the allocative distortion, and can even reverse it. We also discuss the network neutrality issue under the assumption of congestion, and characterize the set of utility functions for which network neutrality is optimal, as ...
Sales, Quantity Surcharge, And Consumer Inattention, 2015 University of Cyprus
Sales, Quantity Surcharge, And Consumer Inattention, Sofronis Clerides, Pascal Courty
Quantity surcharges occur when retailers carry a product in two sizes and offer a promotion on the small size: the large size then costs more per unit than the small one. When quantity surcharges occur the sales of the large size decrease only slightly despite the fact that the small size is a cheaper option. This behavior is consistent with the notion found in the industrial organization literature that some consumers are passive shoppers and to the notion of rational inattention in macroeconomics. We discuss implications for consumer decision making, demand estimation, and firm pricing.