Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Finance Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

2411 Full-Text Articles 1745 Authors 480796 Downloads 119 Institutions

All Articles in Finance

Faceted Search

2411 full-text articles. Page 1 of 71.

Investor Financial Literacy In The Workplace, Jill E. Fisch, Tess Wilkinson-Ryan, Kristin Firth 2016 University of Pennsylvania Law School

Investor Financial Literacy In The Workplace, Jill E. Fisch, Tess Wilkinson-Ryan, Kristin Firth

Jill Fisch

The dramatic shift from traditional pension plans to participant-directed 401(k) plans has increased the decision-making responsibility of individual investors for their own retirement planning. With this shift comes increasing evidence that investors are making poor decisions in choosing how much to save for retirement and in selecting among their investment options. Studies question the value of efforts to improve these decisions through regulatory reforms or investor education.

This article posits that deficiencies in workplace retirement savings cannot be adequately addressed until the reasons for poor investment decisions are better understood. We report the results of a study designed to ...


The Mess At Morgan: Risk, Incentives And Shareholder Empowerment, Jill E. Fisch 2016 University of Pennsylvania Law School

The Mess At Morgan: Risk, Incentives And Shareholder Empowerment, Jill E. Fisch

Jill Fisch

The financial crisis of 2008 focused increasing attention on corporate America and, in particular, the risk-taking behavior of large financial institutions. A growing appreciation of the “public” nature of the corporation resulted in a substantial number of high profile enforcement actions. In addition, demands for greater accountability led policymakers to attempt to harness the corporation’s internal decision-making structure, in the name of improved corporate governance, to further the interest of non-shareholder stakeholders. Dodd-Frank’s advisory vote on executive compensation is an example.

This essay argues that the effort to employ shareholders as agents of public values and, thereby, to ...


From Legitimacy To Logic: Reconstructing Proxy Regulation, Jill E. Fisch 2016 University of Pennsylvania Law School

From Legitimacy To Logic: Reconstructing Proxy Regulation, Jill E. Fisch

Jill Fisch

No abstract provided.


Investor Financial Literacy In The Workplace, Jill E. Fisch, Tess Wilkinson-Ryan, Kristin Firth 2016 University of Pennsylvania Law School

Investor Financial Literacy In The Workplace, Jill E. Fisch, Tess Wilkinson-Ryan, Kristin Firth

Jill Fisch

The dramatic shift from traditional pension plans to participant-directed 401(k) plans has increased the decision-making responsibility of individual investors for their own retirement planning. With this shift comes increasing evidence that investors are making poor decisions in choosing how much to save for retirement and in selecting among their investment options. Studies question the value of efforts to improve these decisions through regulatory reforms or investor education.

This article posits that deficiencies in workplace retirement savings cannot be adequately addressed until the reasons for poor investment decisions are better understood. We report the results of a study designed to ...


Can Internet Offerings Bridge The Small Business Capital Barrier?, Jill E. Fisch 2016 University of Pennsylvania Law School

Can Internet Offerings Bridge The Small Business Capital Barrier?, Jill E. Fisch

Jill Fisch

No abstract provided.


B.E.I.B. And Financial Inclusion In Northwest Cameroon, Kareen Ngendape Atchala 2016 SIT Graduate Institute

B.E.I.B. And Financial Inclusion In Northwest Cameroon, Kareen Ngendape Atchala

Capstone Collection

The Bee Effect Initiative Bank uses an integrated approach to foster financial inclusion in the North West region of Cameroon. This paper has several services under three main themes; economic wellbeing, capacity building, and insurance. Its theory of change and objectives while seeking to make profit centers on creating social change. The mechanics in the paper seek to evoke sustainable economic change in cross sectors- savings, credit, capacity building, and insurance with ROSCAs as target clientele.


Finance, Comparative Advantage, And Resource Allocation, Melise Jaud, Madina Kukenova, Martin Strieborny 2016 World Bank

Finance, Comparative Advantage, And Resource Allocation, Melise Jaud, Madina Kukenova, Martin Strieborny

Martin Strieborny

Can financial institutions and markets enhance the discipline imposed by competitive product markets and thus improve resource allocation in the real economy? We address this question in the context of international trade, using disaggregated product-level data from 71 countries exporting to the USA. We show that exported products exit the US market sooner if they stand far away from the exporting country's comparative advantage. This pattern is stronger when the exporting country has a well-developed banking system, but it is unaffected by the depth of stock markets. These results are in accordance with theories stressing the disciplining role of ...


What Determines Public Pension Investment Risk-Taking Policy, Nancy Mohan, Ting Zhang 2016 University of Dayton

What Determines Public Pension Investment Risk-Taking Policy, Nancy Mohan, Ting Zhang

Nancy Mohan

State public pension plans, mostly defined benefit plans, cover pension benefits for 12.8 million active public employees and 5.9 million retirees and other annuitants. However, by the end of 2009, public pension plans had accumulated a total funding deficit of $697 billion (measured by the difference between actuarial pension assets and liabilities). On average, public pension funds cover 75 percent of their liabilities, but individual state results vary greatly.

The 2008 stock market crash strongly affected pension asset value in that equity allocation on average accounted for 56 percent of invested assets. The average 2009 pension asset beta ...


Does Political Giving Impact Shareholder Wealth? Evidence From State Campaign Finance Reforms, Douglas Brian Blank II 2016 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Does Political Giving Impact Shareholder Wealth? Evidence From State Campaign Finance Reforms, Douglas Brian Blank Ii

Doctoral Dissertations

Does corporate political giving actually affect shareholder wealth? While firms value political participation, some lawmakers oppose corporate involvement in politics. Yet, the existing literature has established a correlation between campaign finance and corporate outcomes without fully documenting a causal relation. I use an innovative database of political giving to exploit changes in state campaign finance laws as an exogenous shock to political giving. Specifically, I use the staggered adoption of externally imposed legal limits to political giving across U.S. states to expose how shareholder wealth responds. I find shareholder wealth declines following legally imposed reductions in political giving. The ...


Policy Considerations Related To Further Intervention In The Farm Credit System, Neil E. Harl 2016 Iowa State University

Policy Considerations Related To Further Intervention In The Farm Credit System, Neil E. Harl

Neil Harl

The Farm Credit System Is a major participant in extending credit to and brokering losses from the agricultural sector during the current adjustment process. This article focuses on the problems faced by the system as a cooperative lender with relatively little diversity in its loan portfolio. Assistance to the system should be accompanied by organizational and structural changes that address the fundamental reasons for its vulnerability. Conditions suggest three basic choices: (1) preservation of the system in recognizable form, (2) decentralization to the district level, or (3) a shift toward a wholesaling function. One realistic alternative would involve a combination ...


Mexico Consensus Economic Forecast, Volume 19, Number 3, Thomas M. Fullerton Jr., Adam G. Walke 2016 University of Texas at El Paso

Mexico Consensus Economic Forecast, Volume 19, Number 3, Thomas M. Fullerton Jr., Adam G. Walke

Border Region Modeling Project

No abstract provided.


Finance And Export Survival: The Case Of Mena Region And Sub-Saharan Africa, Melise Jaud, Madina Kukenova, Martin Strieborny 2016 World Bank

Finance And Export Survival: The Case Of Mena Region And Sub-Saharan Africa, Melise Jaud, Madina Kukenova, Martin Strieborny

Martin Strieborny

The paper looks at unique firm-product data collected by custom authorities in four countries from the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) - Jordan, Kuwait, Morocco, Yemen as well as in six countries of Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) - Ghana, Mali, Malawi, Senegal, Tanzania, Uganda. We use these data to examine to impact of financial development on the long-term success of exports from developing countries. We find that those agricultural exports that face particularly costly implementation of Sanitary and Phytosanitary Standards (SPS) are also the ones that disproportionately benefit from a higher level of domestic financial development. This result confirms the previous findings ...


"Gravity Models" Applied To Projections For New Casinos: Techniques And Results, Will E. Cummings 2016 Cummings Associates

"Gravity Models" Applied To Projections For New Casinos: Techniques And Results, Will E. Cummings

International Conference on Gambling and Risk Taking

All developers of new casinos prepare, or have prepared for them, projections for the likely gaming-revenue performance of those casinos; in many cases; regulatory authorities in North America also require or commission independent third-party assessments of such performance. These projections are very frequently based on "gravity models," applying techniques pioneered by Reilly and Huff to analyze other retail activities in relation to the geographic distribution of competitors and potential customers. In this paper, I review roughly 80 examples of such applications from recent casino-licensing procedures in the U.S., and compare their results.


Self-Correcting Kelly Strategies For Skeptical Traders, Aaron C. Brown 2016 AQR

Self-Correcting Kelly Strategies For Skeptical Traders, Aaron C. Brown

International Conference on Gambling and Risk Taking

The Kelly criterion gives the appropriate bet size in idealized situations with known parameters. In financial trading situations parameters are generally unknown and the mathematical assumptions underlying the Kelly proof are not met precisely. Moreover a risk manager typically must cooperate with a trader who may be skeptical about both the Kelly criterion specifically and the concept of mathematical optimization of bet size in general.

This presentation tackles the problem of designing a Kelly-based system for setting trade risk management parameters that is both self-correcting (the system delivers good results even if initial parameter are misestimated or parameters change) and ...


Daniel Defoe’S Literary Economies: The Shifting Role Of Narrative Uncertainty, Speculation, And Providence In Robinson Crusoe And Roxana., Terese J. Swords 2016 Lawrence University

Daniel Defoe’S Literary Economies: The Shifting Role Of Narrative Uncertainty, Speculation, And Providence In Robinson Crusoe And Roxana., Terese J. Swords

Lawrence University Honors Projects

In my honors project, I analyze how Daniel Defoe’s first novel, Robinson Crusoe (1719), and his last, Roxana (1724), offer shifting economic commentary regarding England’s emerging 18th century credit economy. This shift does not come as too much of a surprise, as his first and last novel straddle the historic moment of the South Sea Bubble’s burst. Therefore, Defoe’s works, when analyzed sequentially, capture the evolving attitude towards value and credit that was occurring throughout all of England.

In my first chapter, “Crusoe’s Post Facto Journal Editing: ‘How wonderfully we are delivered when we ...


Moral Hazard And Mispriced Systemic Risk In The Lead-Up To The 2007 Subprime Mortgage Crisis In The United States, Georgi Rusinov 2016 University of Cambridge

Moral Hazard And Mispriced Systemic Risk In The Lead-Up To The 2007 Subprime Mortgage Crisis In The United States, Georgi Rusinov

Undergraduate Economic Review

The 2007 subprime crisis was caused by high demand for subprime mortgage products underpinned by the unrealistic assumption that property prices would keep rising indefinitely. The subprime mortgage market worked as expected as long as prices were rising and demand for property was high. When these two conditions were violated and the housing bubble collapsed, the system became dysfunctional, many subprime borrowers defaulted, and mortgage-backed securities lost much of their value. Prevention could have been achieved through regulatory measures to shift the risk back from taxpayers and investors to loan originators. Fair distribution of risk should be the main objective ...


Financial Openness And Trade Volatility In Argentina, Joseph H. Asciuto 2016 University of San Francisco

Financial Openness And Trade Volatility In Argentina, Joseph H. Asciuto

Master's Theses

This paper will identify the relationship between financial openness and trade volatility in Argentina. Data spanning 1970-2011 provided by the IMF, WTO, and INDEC will be used to construct a panel dataset for both a global analysis and a sectoral analysis for the Argentine economy. The application of established and accepted techniques to the constructed dataset will show a negative correlation between trade volatility and financial openness; thus, financial openness acts as a stabilizing mechanism for trade. Additional analysis will be performed on the of role regional trade agreements as stabilization mechanisms for trade. A significant implication of this study ...


Arts-Based Learning: Art, Economy And Financial Magic At The Stockholm School Of Economics, Marie Lousie-Fend 2016 Stockholm School of Economics

Arts-Based Learning: Art, Economy And Financial Magic At The Stockholm School Of Economics, Marie Lousie-Fend

ABLD-EBSLG-APBSLG Joint Conference & Meeting 2016

No abstract provided.


How Microfinance Can Close Asymmetrical Information On Peer-To-Peer Platforms, Justin Jones 2016 Bridgewater State University

How Microfinance Can Close Asymmetrical Information On Peer-To-Peer Platforms, Justin Jones

Honors Program Theses and Projects

Peer-to-peer lending has sprung up in recent years, defined by its flexibility to meet the needs of loan applicants from a range of financial backgrounds. Institutional investors’ reluctance to fund small business owners has facilitated the widespread acceptance of peer-to-peer lending, which represents a convenient investment medium for prospective borrowers, individual investors, and P2P companies. Though, the inclusive model inherent in P2P lending breeds practical concerns for investors who expect to maximize returns while minimizing default risks. This paper proceeds to explore the value of information, the importance of information in principle-agent relationships, and how information must be leveraged further ...


On The Behavior Of Entrepreneurial Factor Supply To The Firm, Nicos Zafiris 2016 University of Westminster

On The Behavior Of Entrepreneurial Factor Supply To The Firm, Nicos Zafiris

The Journal of Entrepreneurial Finance

This paper draws on an existing, but little used, approach to the choices governing the supply of ‘entrepreneurial’, in the sense of ‘residually remunerated’, resources to an enterprise, especially post start up. It focuses in particular on the hybrid ‘own factor demand/supply curve’ to the firm of Bronfenbrenner (1960), but attempts to treat such supply in conjunction with ‘contractual’ employment of resources, thus making use of gearing and portfolio concepts. To achieve this, it is found necessary for the hybrid schedule to be reinterpreted and recast as the locus of the relevant utility maximising choices. A model is presented ...


Digital Commons powered by bepress