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Growing During A Global Crisis, Ahmad E. Shahin 2022 The American University in Cairo AUC

Growing During A Global Crisis, Ahmad E. Shahin

Theses and Dissertations

Employing the data from the World Bank Enterprise surveys, we examine how the first shock of the COVID-19 pandemic has affected firm dynamics across the world. Our first group of robust models have tested the effect of internal firms’ managerial decisions and other external factors on the sales’ growth, where we found that the most important decisions are related to preserving and increasing liquidity levels, in addition to utilizing the workforce in giving more input to maintain and grow the firms’ sales. Our second group of robust models have tested the firms’ financial decisions and other external factors on the ...


Determinants Of The Student Loan Decision And Financial Well-Being: The Role Of Financial Education, Financial Literacy, And Student Loan Characteristics, Emily Shaffer Hales 2021 Utah State University

Determinants Of The Student Loan Decision And Financial Well-Being: The Role Of Financial Education, Financial Literacy, And Student Loan Characteristics, Emily Shaffer Hales

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The student loan crisis has been an important area of personal, political, and research discussion. Many individuals must make the decision to attend college with the help of student loans and millions are currently in repayment on their student loan. However, it can be difficult to understand what factors may play a role the decision to take out a student loan and how managing one’s student loan could affect their personal financial well-being. Thus, this study examined factors that could be related to how an individual may decide to take out a student loan, such as if they participated ...


Us Community Development Capital Initiative (Cdci), Adam Kulam 2021 Yale Program on Financial Stability

Us Community Development Capital Initiative (Cdci), Adam Kulam

The Journal of Financial Crises

The United States Department of the Treasury responded to the Global Financial Crisis with an economy-wide stimulus package called the Troubled Assets Relief Program (TARP). Within the portion of TARP’s budget dedicated to bank investments, about $570.1 million was disbursed to community development financial institutions (CDFIs)—specifically, banks and credit unions (depositories)—in a program called the Community Development Capital Initiative (CDCI). Through the CDCI, Treasury provided capital to CDFI depositories, encouraged them to lend to small businesses, and promoted other community-oriented goals. The CDFI depositories issued either preferred shares or unsecured subordinated debentures to Treasury at low ...


Turkey Saving Deposit Insurance Fund Bank Recapitalization (2000–2001), Natalie Leonard 2021 Yale Program on Financial Stability

Turkey Saving Deposit Insurance Fund Bank Recapitalization (2000–2001), Natalie Leonard

The Journal of Financial Crises

Throughout the 1990s, Turkey’s macroeconomy featured high and fluctuating inflation and oscillating GDP growth rates. After Turkey’s April 1999 elections, Turkey adopted a new economic program in coordination with the International Monetary Fund (IMF) with three goals: fiscal adjustment, structural reform, and an exchange rate commitment. By the end of the third quarter of 2000, concerns over the pace of structural reform mounted and short-term interest rates remained high. The new Banking Regulation and Supervision Agency (BRSA) revealed significant corruption within several small banks taken over by the Saving Deposit Insurance Fund (SDIF). In November 2000, Demirbank, a ...


Japan’S Act On Strengthening Financial Functions (Asff), Vaasavi Unnava, Junko Oguri 2021 Yale Program on Financial Stability

Japan’S Act On Strengthening Financial Functions (Asff), Vaasavi Unnava, Junko Oguri

The Journal of Financial Crises

After the Japanese Financial Crisis in 1990s, the non-performing loan problem was mitigated in the large Japanese banks but persisted in the regional banking system. By 2004, regional banks accounted for half of all non-performing loans. In 2004, the government passed the Act on Strengthening Financial Functions (ASFF), legislation for capital injections to address the non-performing loan problem. Aimed at regional banks, the ASFF secured ¥2 trillion in capital, with various eligibility restrictions and requirements, such as a rigorous debt restructuring plan. As the Japanese economy and the financial system encountered multiple external shocks, the government amended the Act several ...


Pandemic Hope For Chapter 11 Financing, David A. Skeel Jr. 2021 University of Pennsylvania Carey Law School

Pandemic Hope For Chapter 11 Financing, David A. Skeel Jr.

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

One of the biggest surprises of the recent pandemic from a bankruptcy perspective has been the ready availability of financing. A variety of factors—such as an estimated $2.5 trillion in available funding at the outset of the crisis and the buoyant stock market—may have contributed. In this Essay, I focus on a less widely appreciated factor, a striking shift in the capital structure of many corporate debtors. Rather than borrowing from one group of lenders, debtors now often borrow from multiple groups of diverse lenders. Although the new capital structure complexity has downsides, it also could counteract ...


Improving Youth Financial Literacy: A Profile Of Middle School Camp Attendees, Jamie Lynn Byram, John Grable, Kenneth J. White, Michael Thomas, Kimberly Watkins 2021 Virginia Tech

Improving Youth Financial Literacy: A Profile Of Middle School Camp Attendees, Jamie Lynn Byram, John Grable, Kenneth J. White, Michael Thomas, Kimberly Watkins

The Journal of Extension

The purpose of this paper is to present a profile of middle-school-age youth who participated in a week-long experiential residential camp focused on helping campers learn about and interact with money, personal finance topics, and mainstream financial service providers. Based on pre- and post-test data, it was determined an experiential real-world camp experience can increase the financial confidence and goal-setting abilities of young people.


Projected Versus Actual On-Campus Student Enrollment During The Covid-19 Pandemic For Fall 2020 At Purdue University: A Quantitative Analysis Of Purdue Office Of Enrollment Management Data, Max Bebekoski 2021 Purdue University

Projected Versus Actual On-Campus Student Enrollment During The Covid-19 Pandemic For Fall 2020 At Purdue University: A Quantitative Analysis Of Purdue Office Of Enrollment Management Data, Max Bebekoski

The Journal of Purdue Undergraduate Research

No abstract provided.


Optimally Targeting Interventions In Networks During A Pandemic: Theory And Evidence From The Networks Of Nursing Homes In The United States, Roland Pongou, Guy Tchuente, Jean-Baptise Tondji 2021 The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley

Optimally Targeting Interventions In Networks During A Pandemic: Theory And Evidence From The Networks Of Nursing Homes In The United States, Roland Pongou, Guy Tchuente, Jean-Baptise Tondji

Economics and Finance Faculty Publications and Presentations

This study develops an economic model for a social planner who prioritizes health over shortterm wealth accumulation during a pandemic. Agents are connected through a weighted undirected network of contacts, and the planner’s objective is to determine the policy that contains the spread of infection below a tolerable incidence level, and that maximizes the present discounted value of real income, in that order of priority. The optimal unique policy depends both on the configuration of the contact network and the tolerable infection incidence. Comparative statics analyses are conducted: (i) they reveal the tradeoff between the economic cost of the ...


Mutual Fund Stewardship And The Empty Voting Problem, Jill E. Fisch 2021 University of Pennsylvania Carey Law School

Mutual Fund Stewardship And The Empty Voting Problem, Jill E. Fisch

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

When Roberta Karmel wrote the articles that are the subject of this symposium, she was skeptical of both the potential value of shareholder voting and the emerging involvement of institutional investors in corporate governance. In the ensuing years, both the increased role and engagement of institutional investors and the heightened importance of shareholder voting offer new reasons to take Professor Karmel’s concerns seriously. Institutional investors have taken on a broader range of issues ranging from diversity and political spending to climate change and human capital management, and their ability to influence corporate policy on these issues has become more ...


Corporate Cash Holding, Agency Problems And Economic Policy Uncertainty, Siamak Javadi, Mohsen Mollagholamali, Ali Nejadmalayeri, Saud Al-Thaqeb 2021 The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley

Corporate Cash Holding, Agency Problems And Economic Policy Uncertainty, Siamak Javadi, Mohsen Mollagholamali, Ali Nejadmalayeri, Saud Al-Thaqeb

Economics and Finance Faculty Publications and Presentations

Consistent with the agency view of cash holdings, we document a strong negative relationship between economic policy uncertainty and corporate cash holdings for non-U.S. firms from 19 countries. Our results are robust to different measures of cash holdings and model specifications and survive after addressing endogeneity. We provide evidence that the decrease in cash holdings is moderated by shareholders' ability to force managers to disgorge cash that fits consistently within the agency framework. Overall, results suggest that lowering cash holdings help alleviate agency problems in the presence of policy uncertainty and underscore the significance of country attributes in corporate ...


Nevada Campaign Financing: U.S. House Of Representatives, 2020, Kristian Thymianos, Olivia K. Cheche, William E. Brown Jr. 2021 University of Nevada, Las Vegas

Nevada Campaign Financing: U.S. House Of Representatives, 2020, Kristian Thymianos, Olivia K. Cheche, William E. Brown Jr.

Elections & Governance

In the 2020 election cycle, Nevada’s U.S. House of Representatives delegation fundraised a combined total of $9,994,636. This fact sheet summarizes the campaign donations and expenditures of these representatives. The data are collected from the Open Secrets website.


Local Religiosity, Workplace Safety, And Firm Value, Md Ruhul Amin, Incheol Kim, Suin Lee 2021 The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley

Local Religiosity, Workplace Safety, And Firm Value, Md Ruhul Amin, Incheol Kim, Suin Lee

Economics and Finance Faculty Publications and Presentations

This paper examines the effect of local religiosity on employee treatment, proxied by workplace safety incidents. Using the establishment-level data compiling on the incidents of work-related injuries, we find that employees of the establishments in more religious counties get less injured than those in less religious counties. We further find that a reduction in occupational accidents is more evident for establishments in counties dominated by one religious denomination, strengthening our argument on community solidarity and homophily stemming from religious networks. Firms whose establishments are located in high religiosity counties are less likely to violate workplace conduct and more likely to ...


Business Models For Post-Crisis Information Ecosystems, Antje Mays 2021 University of Kentucky

Business Models For Post-Crisis Information Ecosystems, Antje Mays

Library Faculty and Staff Publications

Since early 2020, the global COVID-19 pandemic has interrupted activity across business, education, research, and communities. Public health safety precautions have forced drastic reductions in economic and educational activity, resulting in widespread economic uncertainty and sizeable budget cuts. With library budgets already declining since the 2001-2002 recession following the dotcom crash and more steeply since the 2007-2009 Great Recession spawned by the financial crash, the pandemic has accelerated trends that were already underway. Libraries’ reduced purchasing power places the information ecosystem at risk of contraction in the race to contain costs. While economic contexts and publishing forms have changed considerably ...


Team Production Revisited, William W. Bratton 2021 University of Pennsylvania Carey Law School

Team Production Revisited, William W. Bratton

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

This Article reconsiders Margaret Blair and Lynn Stout’s team production model of corporate law, offering a favorable evaluation. The model explains both the legal corporate entity and corporate governance institutions in microeconomic terms as the means to the end of encouraging investment, situating corporations within markets and subject to market constraints but simultaneously insisting that productive success requires that corporations remain independent of markets. The model also integrates the inherited framework of corporate law into an economically derived model of production, constructing a microeconomic description of large enterprises firmly rooted in corporate doctrine but neither focused on nor limited ...


The Impact Of Climate Change On The Cost Of Bank Loans, Siamak Javadi, Abdullah Al Masum 2021 The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley

The Impact Of Climate Change On The Cost Of Bank Loans, Siamak Javadi, Abdullah Al Masum

Economics and Finance Faculty Publications and Presentations

We find that firms in location with higher exposure to climate risk pay significantly higher spreads on their bank loans. This result is robust to different measures of climate risk. Exploiting the economic link between a firm and its customers, we find that the exposure of a firm’s customers to climate risk adversely affects that firm’s cost of borrowing. In the cross-section, we find that the effect is mainly driven by long-term loans of poorly rated firms that are highly exposed to climate risk. Overall, our evidence suggests a slow increase in lenders’ attention to climate risk and ...


Something In The Air: Does Air Pollution Affect Fund Managers’ Carbon Divestment?, Thanh HUYNH, Frank Weikai LI, Ying Xia XIA 2021 Singapore Management University

Something In The Air: Does Air Pollution Affect Fund Managers’ Carbon Divestment?, Thanh Huynh, Frank Weikai Li, Ying Xia Xia

Research Collection Lee Kong Chian School Of Business

We examine whether fund managers overestimate carbon risk when they are exposed to local air pollution. We find that air pollution causes managers to underweight stocks of high-emission firms. The effects are stronger for less salient scopes of carbon emissions, among managers located in pro-environmental states, and among those likely to be surprised by air pollution—consistent with the idea that managers revise their beliefs about climate-transition risk following their exposure to air pollution. Carbon-intensive stocks sold by managers who are exposed to air pollution subsequently outperform stocks that they buy, suggesting that such underweighting is costly to fund investors.


On The Estimation Of Heston-Nandi Garch Using Returns And/Or Options: A Simulation-Based Approach, Xize Ye 2021 The University of Western Ontario

On The Estimation Of Heston-Nandi Garch Using Returns And/Or Options: A Simulation-Based Approach, Xize Ye

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

In this thesis, the Heston-Nandi GARCH(1,1) (henceforth, HN-GARCH) option pricing model is fitted via 4 maximum likelihood-based estimation and calibration approaches using simulated returns and/or options. The purpose is to examine the benefits of the joint estimation using both returns and options over the fundamental returns-only estimation on GARCH models. From our empirical studies, with the additional option sample, we can improve the efficiency of the estimates for HN-GARCH parameters. Nonetheless, the improvements for the risk premium factor, both from empirical standard errors, and sample RMSEs, are insignificant. In addition, option prices are simulated with a pre-defined ...


Predicting Financial Failure Using The Financial Indicators "An Empirical Study On The Services Sector Companies Listed On The Palestine Stock Exchange", Dr. Khaled Hasan Zubdeh 2021 Al Quds Open University

Predicting Financial Failure Using The Financial Indicators "An Empirical Study On The Services Sector Companies Listed On The Palestine Stock Exchange", Dr. Khaled Hasan Zubdeh

Journal of the Arab American University مجلة الجامعة العربية الامريكية للبحوث

The objective of this study was to examine the predictability of companies' failures by developing a mathematical model consisting of a set of financial ratios. In order to reach precise scientific results, the statistical analysis (SPSS) program was used and the financial data of the companies were subjected to multiple discrimination analysis for the fiscal years 2010-2017. The study was applied to the companies of the services sector listed on the Palestine Stock Exchange, that are ten companies out of 48 public companies listed on the Palestine Stock Exchange in all sectors. The researcher reached to a mathematical model consisting ...


Improving The Bank Account Opening Process Using Lean Six Sigma Methodology At Palestine Islamic Bank- Case Study, Bara’ Al-Refai 2021 Quality Management Program, Arab American University

Improving The Bank Account Opening Process Using Lean Six Sigma Methodology At Palestine Islamic Bank- Case Study, Bara’ Al-Refai

Journal of the Arab American University مجلة الجامعة العربية الامريكية للبحوث

The purpose of this project is to improve the bank account opening process and save the time of opening a new bank account at Palestine Islamic Bank (PIB) by at least 20%, using Lean Six Sigma (LSS) methodology. To achieve this, the researcher used value tools of the LSS to gather data on the key measures for the account opening process in accordance with the DMAIC Methodology (Define, Measure, Analyze, Improve and Control), and the root causes for the extra-long time required to open a new bank account. The results showed that the implemented test at Al-Bireh branch has reduced ...


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