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Essays On The Law Of One Price In Financial Markets And The Recent Financial Crisis, Igor Sorkin 2017 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Essays On The Law Of One Price In Financial Markets And The Recent Financial Crisis, Igor Sorkin

All Graduate Works by Year: Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

Essay 1: The theory of the Law of One Price (LOOP) is one of the most important theories in International Economics. I use financial markets to revisit the validity of the LOOP in the short run, and then extend the analysis into the long-run to examine whether events such as the Financial Crisis of 2007-2009 can lead to the failure of the LOOP or worsen deviations from it. Using the data on Canadian companies cross-listed on the New York Stock Exchange, I find strong support that the LOOP holds in a cross-sectional framework despite the fact that the sample includes ...


Does Fundamental Analysis Lead To A Rudimentary Momentum Strategy For The Inexperienced Investor? Evidence From A Student Investment Fund, Nicholas J. Lillie 2017 Claremont McKenna College

Does Fundamental Analysis Lead To A Rudimentary Momentum Strategy For The Inexperienced Investor? Evidence From A Student Investment Fund, Nicholas J. Lillie

CMC Senior Theses

Using the Student Investment Fund at Claremont McKenna College as a proxy for inexperienced investors, I demonstrate that inexperienced investors using fundamental analysis produce momentum-like buying patterns. The results show that the Student Investment Fund is on average buying stocks that outperform Carhart’s four-factor asset pricing model in the year before purchase. As a result, the Student Investment Fund has, on average, underperformed the S&P500 by .48% per year since 1996. My thesis explores why the Student Investment Fund may have adopted momentum-like purchasing patterns and what steps can be taken to remedy it.


The Pdvsa Pricing Puzzle, Paolo Colla, Anna Gelpern, Mitu Gulati 2017 Duke Law School

The Pdvsa Pricing Puzzle, Paolo Colla, Anna Gelpern, Mitu Gulati

Faculty Scholarship

Market reports in the summer of 2016 suggest that Venezuela is on the brink of default on upwards of $65 billion in debt. That debt comprises of bonds issued directly by the sovereign and those issued by the state-owned oil company PDVSA. Based on the bond contracts and other legal factors, it is not clear which of these two categories of bonds would fare better in the event of a restructuring. However, market observers are convinced — and we agree — that legal and contractual differences would likely impact the payouts on the bonds if Venezuela defaults. Using a comparison of recent ...


Endogenous Differential Information, Sebastián Cea-Echenique, Carlos Hervés-Beloso, Juan Pablo Torres-Martínez 2016 University of Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne

Endogenous Differential Information, Sebastián Cea-Echenique, Carlos Hervés-Beloso, Juan Pablo Torres-Martínez

Juan Pablo Torres-Martínez

We include endogenous differential information in a model with sequential trade and incomplete financial participation. Agents update information through market signals given by commodity prices and asset deliveries. Information acts over admissible strategies and consumption tastes, allowing discontinuities in preferences and choice sets. Therefore, equilibrium may cease to exist. However, internalizing the compatibility between information and consumption through preferences, and without requiring either financial survival assumptions or fully revealing prices, equilibrium existence can be ensured.


Biofuels: Potential Production Capacity, Effects On Grain And Livestock Sectors, And Implications For Food Prices And Consumers, Dermot J. Hayes, Bruce Babcock, Jacinto F. Fabiosa, Simla Tokgoz, Amani Elobeid, Tun-Hsiang E. Yu, Fengxia Dong, Chad Hart, Eddie Chavez, Suwen Pan, Miguel Carriquiry, Jerome R. Florian-Dumortier 2016 Iowa State University

Biofuels: Potential Production Capacity, Effects On Grain And Livestock Sectors, And Implications For Food Prices And Consumers, Dermot J. Hayes, Bruce Babcock, Jacinto F. Fabiosa, Simla Tokgoz, Amani Elobeid, Tun-Hsiang E. Yu, Fengxia Dong, Chad Hart, Eddie Chavez, Suwen Pan, Miguel Carriquiry, Jerome R. Florian-Dumortier

Dermot J. Hayes

We examine four scenarios for the evolution of the biofuel sector using a partial equilibrium model of the world agricultural sector. The model includes the new Renewable Fuels Standard in the 2007 energy act, the two-way relationship between fossil energy and biofuel markets, and a new trend toward corn oil extraction in ethanol plants. At one extreme, one scenario eliminates all support to the biofuel sector when the energy price is low, while the other extreme assumes no distribution bottleneck in ethanol demand growth when the energy price is high. Of the remaining two scenarios, one considers a pure market ...


Active Intermediation In Overlapping Generations Economies With Production And Unsecured Debt, Mark Pingle, Leigh Tesfatsion 2016 Iowa State University

Active Intermediation In Overlapping Generations Economies With Production And Unsecured Debt, Mark Pingle, Leigh Tesfatsion

Leigh Tesfatsion

It is well known that the first welfare theorem fails for the pure exchange^overlapping generations economy studied by Samuelson (1958) and for the private production overlapping generations economy studied by Diamond (1965). Tirole (1985) combines and extends the Samuelson and Diamond frameworks by permitting both unsecured debt and private pro duction and shows that the first welfare theorem stillfails to hold. This paper shows that the reason for this failure is that intermediation is niodelled as a purely passive coordination ac tivity implemented by a Walrasian Auctioneer.


Volatility Modelling With Applications To Equity And Foreign Exchange Markets, Sergii Pypko 2016 The University of Western Ontario

Volatility Modelling With Applications To Equity And Foreign Exchange Markets, Sergii Pypko

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

My thesis consists of three chapters describing volatility forecasting during periods of financial booms and busts, the economic and statistical benefits of flexible data generating process of index returns, and multivariate model of exchange rate returns and their options. In the first chapter, I propose a non-linear threshold model for realized volatility of S\&P 500 index, allowing us to obtain a more accurate volatility forecast, especially during periods of financial crisis. The changes in volatility regimes are driven by negative past returns, where the threshold equals approximately $-$1\%. This finding remains robust to different functional forms of volatility and ...


The Nominalistic Principle: A Legal Approach To Inflation, Deflation, Devaluation And Revaluation, Alain H. Sheer 2016 University of Georgia

The Nominalistic Principle: A Legal Approach To Inflation, Deflation, Devaluation And Revaluation, Alain H. Sheer

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


Taxation – Selection Of Exchange Rate For Translation Purposes -- Where Multiple Exchange Rates Exist For A Foreign Currency And The Underlying Transaction Is Financial In Nature, The Proper Rate For Translation Components Of Taxable Income Is The "Free" Market Rate (Durovic V. Commissioner Of Internal Revenue, 7th Cir. 1976), Tim J. Floyd 2016 University of Georgia School of Law

Taxation – Selection Of Exchange Rate For Translation Purposes -- Where Multiple Exchange Rates Exist For A Foreign Currency And The Underlying Transaction Is Financial In Nature, The Proper Rate For Translation Components Of Taxable Income Is The "Free" Market Rate (Durovic V. Commissioner Of Internal Revenue, 7th Cir. 1976), Tim J. Floyd

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


Highly Probable Paradox, Lester G. Telser 2016 University of Chicago

Highly Probable Paradox, Lester G. Telser

Lester G Telser

If a bad event occurs with probability 1/n in a size n sample, then you are inclined to believe that the bigger the sample, the less likely the bad event will occur. On the contrary as the sample becomes bigger and bigger, the probability that at least one bad event will occur gets closer and closer to 1-1/e. I was led to this surprising result in my study of financial crises, Two Certainties: Death, Taxes and an Honorable Mention, Financial Crises.


Climate Adaptation Finance Mechanisms: New Frontiers For Familiar Tools, Jack D. Kartez Ph.D., Samuel B. Merrill Ph.D. 2016 Senior Advisor and Emeritus Director, USEPA Region 1 Environmental Finance Center at the University of Southern Maine

Climate Adaptation Finance Mechanisms: New Frontiers For Familiar Tools, Jack D. Kartez Ph.D., Samuel B. Merrill Ph.D.

Journal of Ocean and Coastal Economics

Demands for mechanisms to pay for adaptation to climate risks have multiplied rapidly as concern has shifted from greenhouse gas mitigation alone to also coping with the now-inevitable impacts. A number of viable approaches to how to pay for those adjustments to roads, drainage systems, lifeline utilities and other basic infrastructure are emerging, though untested at the scale required across the nation, which already has a trillion-dollar deferred maintenance and replacement problem. There are growing efforts to find new ways to harness private financial resources via new market arrangements to meet needs that clearly outstrip public resources alone, as well ...


The Economics Of Adaptation To Climate Change In Coasts And Oceans: Literature Review, Policy Implications And Research Agenda, Charles S. Colgan 2016 Middlebury Institute of International Studies at Monterey

The Economics Of Adaptation To Climate Change In Coasts And Oceans: Literature Review, Policy Implications And Research Agenda, Charles S. Colgan

Journal of Ocean and Coastal Economics

Sea level rise and other effects of climate change on oceans and coasts around the world are major reasons to halt the emissions of greenhouse gases to the maximum extent. But historical emissions and sea level rise have already begun so steps to adapt to a world where shorelines, coastal populations, and economies could be dramatically altered are now essential. This presents significant economic challenges in four areas. (1) Large expenditures for adaptation steps may be required but the extent of sea level rise and thus the expenditures are unknowable at this point. Traditional methods for comparing benefits and costs ...


An Analysis Of Farmers' Agricultural Policy Preferences:, Peter F. Orazem, Daniel M. Otto, Mark A. Edelman 2016 Iowa State University

An Analysis Of Farmers' Agricultural Policy Preferences:, Peter F. Orazem, Daniel M. Otto, Mark A. Edelman

Peter Orazem

This paper develops a theoretical and empirical methodology to analyze public attitudes toward competing public policies. The model is applied to data on Iowa farmers' opinions of four agricultural policies: continuing the current program, targeting benefits to fiscally stressed farmers, mandatory acreage controls, and shifting to a free market. The results show that a farmer's financial situation, size and type of operation, education, and farm experience significantly influence his opinions. Attitudes toward mandatory controls and targeting are most sensitive, and attitudes toward continuation of the current program are least sensitive to changes in economic characteristics. Strong identi fiable camps ...


The Effects Of Borrowing Rates On Intra-Firm Disequilibria Between Equity Prices And Cds Premiums – Evidence From Dynamic Panel Analysis., Robert J. Brown 2016 University of Warwick

The Effects Of Borrowing Rates On Intra-Firm Disequilibria Between Equity Prices And Cds Premiums – Evidence From Dynamic Panel Analysis., Robert J. Brown

Undergraduate Economic Review

Cointegration techniques are used to estimate the long run equilibrium relationship between a firm’s CDS premium and its equity price, for a panel of large-cap US firms. From these results, the estimated disequilibrium in daily CDS premiums, with respect to equity prices, is constructed. Dynamic panel methods are employed to show the importance of lagged changes in libor rates as determinants of the estimated disequilibrium. Evidence is found that the extent to which the markets deviate from equilibrium will increase as one-month libor rates rise, but, counter-intuitively, will decrease (return towards equilibrium) as longer term libor rates rise.


Finance And Export Survival: The Case Of Mena Region And Sub-Saharan Africa, Melise Jaud, Madina Kukenova, Martin Strieborny 2016 World Bank

Finance And Export Survival: The Case Of Mena Region And Sub-Saharan Africa, Melise Jaud, Madina Kukenova, Martin Strieborny

Martin Strieborny

The paper looks at unique firm-product-destination export data collected by custom authorities
in four countries from the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) - Jordan,
Kuwait, Morocco, Yemen as well as in six countries of Sub-Saharan Africa
(SSA) - Ghana, Mali, Malawi, Senegal, Tanzania, Uganda. We use these data to
examine to impact of financial development on the long-term success of
exports from developing countries. We find that those agricultural exports
that face particularly costly implementation of Sanitary and Phytosanitary
Standards (SPS) are also the ones that disproportionately benefit from a
higher level of domestic financial development. This result confirms the
previous ...


Essays In Market Structure And Liquidity, Adrian J. Walton 2016 The University of Western Ontario

Essays In Market Structure And Liquidity, Adrian J. Walton

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Market structure concerns the mechanisms for negotiating trades and the composition of trading participants, and can affect liquidity and price efficiency. More gains from trade can be realized from an asset that is more liquid, and a better allocation of risk and capital can be achieved when an asset’s price is more efficient so it is important to understand market structure. This thesis uses theory and empirical methods to examine the effects of a few specific aspects of market structure.

In Chapter 1, we study a novel market structure on the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE), the Retail Liqudity ...


Investor Financial Literacy In The Workplace, Jill E. Fisch, Tess Wilkinson-Ryan, Kristin Firth 2016 University of Pennsylvania Law School

Investor Financial Literacy In The Workplace, Jill E. Fisch, Tess Wilkinson-Ryan, Kristin Firth

Jill Fisch

The dramatic shift from traditional pension plans to participant-directed 401(k) plans has increased the decision-making responsibility of individual investors for their own retirement planning. With this shift comes increasing evidence that investors are making poor decisions in choosing how much to save for retirement and in selecting among their investment options. Studies question the value of efforts to improve these decisions through regulatory reforms or investor education.

This article posits that deficiencies in workplace retirement savings cannot be adequately addressed until the reasons for poor investment decisions are better understood. We report the results of a study designed to ...


The Mess At Morgan: Risk, Incentives And Shareholder Empowerment, Jill E. Fisch 2016 University of Pennsylvania Law School

The Mess At Morgan: Risk, Incentives And Shareholder Empowerment, Jill E. Fisch

Jill Fisch

The financial crisis of 2008 focused increasing attention on corporate America and, in particular, the risk-taking behavior of large financial institutions. A growing appreciation of the “public” nature of the corporation resulted in a substantial number of high profile enforcement actions. In addition, demands for greater accountability led policymakers to attempt to harness the corporation’s internal decision-making structure, in the name of improved corporate governance, to further the interest of non-shareholder stakeholders. Dodd-Frank’s advisory vote on executive compensation is an example.

This essay argues that the effort to employ shareholders as agents of public values and, thereby, to ...


From Legitimacy To Logic: Reconstructing Proxy Regulation, Jill E. Fisch 2016 University of Pennsylvania Law School

From Legitimacy To Logic: Reconstructing Proxy Regulation, Jill E. Fisch

Jill Fisch

No abstract provided.


Investor Financial Literacy In The Workplace, Jill E. Fisch, Tess Wilkinson-Ryan, Kristin Firth 2016 University of Pennsylvania Law School

Investor Financial Literacy In The Workplace, Jill E. Fisch, Tess Wilkinson-Ryan, Kristin Firth

Jill Fisch

The dramatic shift from traditional pension plans to participant-directed 401(k) plans has increased the decision-making responsibility of individual investors for their own retirement planning. With this shift comes increasing evidence that investors are making poor decisions in choosing how much to save for retirement and in selecting among their investment options. Studies question the value of efforts to improve these decisions through regulatory reforms or investor education.

This article posits that deficiencies in workplace retirement savings cannot be adequately addressed until the reasons for poor investment decisions are better understood. We report the results of a study designed to ...


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