The Socialist World In The Second Age Of Globalization: An Alternative History?, 2018 Woodbury University
The Socialist World In The Second Age Of Globalization: An Alternative History?, James M. Robertson
Markets, Globalization & Development Review
The history of the Second Age of Globalization (from 1945 through to the present) has traditionally been told through the lens of either the industrially advanced First World, or, more critically, the developing countries of the Third World. Less is known about the experience of globalization in the so-called “Second World”, the socialist states of the Soviet Union and its Eastern European satellites. The following review essay draws on recent work in the history of globalization to show that, contrary to long-held assumptions that socialism was an autarkic system that cut countries off from the wider world, post-war socialist countries ...
Review Of Reading The Market: Genres Of Financial Capitalism In Gilded Age America, 2018 Chapman University
Review Of Reading The Market: Genres Of Financial Capitalism In Gilded Age America, Lynne P. Doti
Economics Faculty Articles and Research
A review of Peter Knight's Reading the Market: Genres of Financial Capitalism in Gilded Age America.
Corporate Urbanization: Between The Future And Survival In Lebanon, 2018 The Graduate Center, City University of New York
Corporate Urbanization: Between The Future And Survival In Lebanon, Deen S. Sharp
All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects
If you look today at the skyline of downtowns throughout the Middle East and beyond, the joint-stock corporation has transformed the urban landscape. The corporation makes itself present through the proliferation of its urban mega-projects, including skyscrapers, downtown developments and gated communities; retail malls and artificial islands; airports and ports; and highways. Built into these corporate urban structures are edifices of politics, ideology and certain forms of socio-spatial and temporal organization. The corporation, however, has largely escaped critical scholarly analysis in Geography and/or Urban and Middle East Studies. In this thesis, I argue that the corporation is far more ...
Past, Present And Future Of Maine's Pulp And Paper Industry, 2018 University of Maine
Past, Present And Future Of Maine's Pulp And Paper Industry, Ariel Listo
Electronic Theses and Dissertations
The pulp and paper industry has historically been of paramount importance for the state of Maine, both from cultural and economic perspectives. The industry has been a vital part of the forest products economy and a large contributor to employment and state gross domestic product (GDP). However, the number of pulp and paper mills in Maine has declined sharply in the last few decades, deeply harming employment levels, local economies and the forest products sector of the most heavily forested state in the nation. This phenomenon has sparked efforts to understand the factors behind the downfall of Maine's pulp ...
Zona Libre: Conservatism, Urban Growth, And The Rise Of The New Economy In The San Diego Borderlands, 2018 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville
Zona Libre: Conservatism, Urban Growth, And The Rise Of The New Economy In The San Diego Borderlands, Daniel Elkin
Theses and Dissertations
Both the rise of conservatism as well as the neoliberal turn of the twentieth century have received much scholarly attention in recent decades. Often, these two subjects are examined separately, with the former focusing on questions of party realignment in the United States and the latter on global economic shifts toward privatization, finance, and the segregation of labor types across international boundaries. As a result, efforts to trace the dual movement between questions of domestic politics and international economy are left underdeveloped. “Zona Libre: Conservatism, Urban Growth, and the Rise of the New Economy” remedies this gap by exploring the ...
Separating The Sands: Karl Clark And Early Oil Sands Research In Alberta, 2018 The University of Western Ontario
Separating The Sands: Karl Clark And Early Oil Sands Research In Alberta, Shane Roberts
Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository
Karl Clark’s research on the oil sands had a huge impact on the province of Alberta. From the 1920s to the 1950s, Clark was one of few researchers who remained involved throughout the entire developmental period of the oil sands industry. Clark’s persistence and systematic experimentation led to the development of an effective hot water separation process which resulted in viable commercial development of the oil sands. Without his extensive experience and sustained involvement and passion for the project, the oil sands would not have been developed when they were. The sparse earlier historiography of the developmental period ...
A Thirst For Empire: How Tea Shaped The Modern World, 2018 Old Dominion University
A Thirst For Empire: How Tea Shaped The Modern World, Jane T. Merritt
History Faculty Publications
(First paragraph) In A Thirst for Empire: How Tea Shaped the Modern World, Erika Rappaport, specialist in British consumer culture, explores the influ- ence of the quintessential English beverage on the rise of mass markets and British identity. Drawing from a variety of research tradi- tions, including recent commodity studies, the author argues that tea was both a product of and a producer of empire. The commercial success of tea created powerful corporate entities with imperial ties, such as the English East India Company and Lipton’s. But, it was the practice of drinking tea that defined and transformed “Britishness ...
Southern Slavery And Antebellum Law: Modifications Suited To The State And Master Class, 2018 Le Moyne College
Southern Slavery And Antebellum Law: Modifications Suited To The State And Master Class, Steven J. Casement
#History: A Journal of Student Research
This paper deals with the complexity of the legal system in the American South during the Antebellum period. The laws put in place by the various Southern states during this era were constructed locally, and were a delicate balance of planters’ property rights, the need for slave regulation, and evangelical desire to defend their own way of life. But, the resulting outcome was the same in each case. The Southern states continuously pushed laws that reinforced the authority of the master with the help of political economists, judges, lawmakers, and of course the master class itself. Therefore, this paper emphasizes ...
Banking Efficiency Within The World’S Largest Banks: Application Of Data Envelopment Analysis To The Global Financial Crisis Of 2008, Devin Coffey
The world’s financial system is one of the globe’s most powerful structures, however the institutions that make up this network of banking firms are certainly not immune to the pressures of market globalization and technical innovation that drive change within the financial landscape. In order to exist within such an environment, the world’s largest commercial banks must constantly reevaluate the ways in which they function in order keep pace in the competitive market. The objective of this paper is to examine the efficiency of ten of the world’s largest commercial banks during the period spanning from ...
Extraordinary Episodes Of Ancient Money, 2018 Union College
Extraordinary Episodes Of Ancient Money, Francis Louis Kailey
The spread of coins, which occurred throughout the archaic and classical periods of Greece, was a foundational advancement toward forms of the modern economy. Modern theory has sought to explain the invention of coins with a variety of narratives. Generally, these narratives fall into two broad categories: market-driven monetization or state-driven monetization. On the one hand, some theory argues that coins developed from reducing private transaction costs. On the other hand, some theorists argue that the state benefitted from reductions in administrative costs from the use of coins and therefore undertook the cost of minting them. This thesis problematizes these ...
Regulation And The Marginalist Revolution, 2018 University of Pennsylvania Law School
Regulation And The Marginalist Revolution, Herbert J. Hovenkamp
Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law
The marginalist revolution in economics became the foundation for the modern regulatory State with its “mixed” economy. Marginalism, whose development defines the boundary between classical political economy and neoclassical economics, completely overturned economists’ theory of value. It developed in the late nineteenth century in England, the Continent and the United States. For the classical political economists, value was a function of past averages. One good example is the wage-fund theory, which saw the optimal rate of wages as a function of the firm’s ability to save from previous profits. Another is the theory of corporate finance, which assessed a ...
Christian Political Economy And Economic Science: A Pathway For Interdisciplinary Dialogue, 2018 Southern Methodist University
Christian Political Economy And Economic Science: A Pathway For Interdisciplinary Dialogue, Nathan Mclellan
Religious Studies Theses and Dissertations
This dissertation considers two intellectual impediments to interdisciplinary dialogue between Christian theologians, ethicists, and economists: scarcity and the status of economics as a wertfrei science. Using the landmark methodological work of Lionel Robbins, An Essay on the Nature and Significance of Economics Science, to frame the discussion, this dissertation seeks to remove these two intellectual impediments to interdisciplinary dialogue by considering three nested questions. They are:
(1) Is scarcity—as defined by Robbins—an accurate description of the world?
(2) If scarcity, as defined by Robbins, is an accurate description of the world, how is this to be justified theologically ...
Patriarchal Norms, Bargaining, And Gendered Attitudes On Intimate Partner Violence, 2018 The University of San Francisco
Patriarchal Norms, Bargaining, And Gendered Attitudes On Intimate Partner Violence, Anna Eckenrode
How do the underlying mechanisms of social norms and bargaining power relate to the acceptance of intimate partner violence within households? How do short run and long run determinants of gender norms affect attitudes toward IPV? This study begins to decompose the dynamics of the acceptance of IPV within couples using data from the Demographic Health Survey, as well as examine the relationship in the context of patriarchal societies using data from the Ethnographic Atlas. I find that females are more accepting than males of intimate partner violence, and females becoming more educated is associated with her being less accepting ...
The Significance Of Mongolia's Foreign Policy And Security Apparatus On A Global And Regional Scale, 2018 University of San Francisco
The Significance Of Mongolia's Foreign Policy And Security Apparatus On A Global And Regional Scale, Bolor Lkhaajav
Master's Projects and Capstones
Mongolia, land-locked between two politically, economically, and militarily powerful nations — Russia and China — often must balance its foreign and security policies with its two neighbors and countries beyond. When discussing Mongolia’s foreign policy and security apparatus, historians and scholars look at the international relations of East Asia as a whole. This is the case not because Mongolia’s foreign policy is insignificant but because greater powers impose greater influence on smaller states. Mongolia’s partial involvement in World War II (WWII), and the Cold War introduced new challenges as well as opportunities for Mongolia to modernize its foreign policy ...
A Correction For Regression Discontinuity Designs With Group-Specific Mismeasurement Of The Running Variable, 2018 Iowa State University
A Correction For Regression Discontinuity Designs With Group-Specific Mismeasurement Of The Running Variable, Otávio Bartalotti, Quentin Brummet, Steven Dieterle
Economics Working Papers
When the running variable in a regression discontinuity (RD) design is measured with error, identification of the local average treatment effect of interest will typically fail. While the form of this measurement error varies across applications, in many cases there is a group structure to the measurement error. We develop a procedure to make use of this group-specific measurement error structure to correct estimates obtained in a regression discontinuity framework using auxiliary data. This procedure extends the prior literature on measurement error on the running variable by leveraging auxiliary information in order to account for more general forms of measurement ...
The Economics Of Skin Tone In Nineteenth-Century Maryland, 2018 CUNY Hunter College
The Economics Of Skin Tone In Nineteenth-Century Maryland, Yuree Kim
School of Arts & Sciences Theses
I analyze the effect of subtle differences in skin complexion on heights of free blacks in Maryland during the nineteenth century. I propose that lighter-skinned blacks were taller (indicating better nutrition) than their darker counterparts. I find the hypothesis holds - 15.9% taller for males and 16.5% taller for females.
Public Principles And Economic Legacy, 2018 Cedarville University
Public Principles And Economic Legacy, Stanley Schwartz
Channels: Where Disciplines Meet
2018 will mark the 60th anniversary of the publication of Public Principles of Public Debt. The Nobel-prize winning economist’s first book conflicted with the Keynesian orthodoxy of the day, and added fresh ideas to an ongoing debate over the fundamentals of public debt theory. This paper seeks to outline the dialogue among leading economists surrounding public debt since the publication of Public Principles of Public Debt, examining the major schools of thought and their development. The ideas of John Maynard Keynes, James Buchanan, and Richard Barro will receive attention, without neglecting other significant contributions. The paper will conclude ...
The Controversial F-35 Joint Strike Fighter: America's Most Expensive Weapons System And Its Global Impact, Bert Chapman
Libraries Faculty and Staff Creative Materials
Provides an overview on the F-35 Joint Strike Fighter (JSF) program involving the U.S. and many allied countries. Describes the costs of this program, the technical problems it has experienced, its economic impact on the U.S. and allied countries, the JSF's operational capabilities, potential combat scenarios in which it could be used, and the campaign finance impact aerospace companies and unions have in the electoral process.
Gothic Ecclesiastical Architecture Of Northern France: Where Art Meets Economics, 2018 Lake Forest College
Gothic Ecclesiastical Architecture Of Northern France: Where Art Meets Economics, Celia R. Woldt
Gothic cathedrals were financed in many ways and their building could take centuries to complete. The process was long and arduous costing enormous sums of money over a sustained period of time. Their construction depleted both capital and skilled labor from the surrounding areas spurring both the donors and workers to be represented in the cathedral. The materials used to build these massive structures drew greatly on the region and dictated their architectural form. When the donors, religious figures, aristocracy, and workers are represented it validates the sacrifices they made towards building the cathedral as well as showing their social ...
The Knights Templar’S Economic Empire And The Images That Supported It, 2018 Lake Forest College
The Knights Templar’S Economic Empire And The Images That Supported It, Laura Remien Woldt
Today the Knights Templar are known through a swirl of history and conspiracy. The Order of the Temple grew far beyond its original purpose, to reclaim the Holy Land and to protect pilgrims, becoming a banking, financial, and trade giant. The Knights Templars built innovative financial systems, along with a network of monasteries and churches, not only to support the crusades in the Holy Land, but to build, expand, and maintain their empire through the re-working of traditional European art forms to create a particular image of power and piety for both their patrons and enemies.