Integrating Evaluative Thinking Into Organisational Practice: A Case Study Of Lutino Adunu In Uganda, 2016 SIT Graduate Institute
Integrating Evaluative Thinking Into Organisational Practice: A Case Study Of Lutino Adunu In Uganda, Shilla Adyero
Northern Uganda is still recovering from over two decades of civil war between the Government of Uganda and the Lord Resistance Army (LRA). The conflict created over 1.8 million Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) who sought refuge in camps for 23 years. Around 80% of the affected population are mainly women and children. The displacement in the region caused large-scale loss of social and economic infrastructure, together with the productive resources. This contributed to the erosion of the social and financial capital of the affected areas population, forcing the population to depend on non-sustainable aid and relief services provided by ...
Consumer Issues And Demand, 2016 Iowa State University
Consumer Issues And Demand, Helen H. Jensen
Consumers worldwide are driving changes in animal agriculture. Rising consumer income, changing demographics and lifestyles, and shifting preferences due to new information about the links between diet and health all contribute to new demands for foods. At the same time, technological changes in production, processing and distribution, structural change and growth in large-scale retailing, and expansion of trade worldwide have contributed to a rapidly changing market for food products. Changes in demand for meat and other animal products reflect these developments.
An Indirect Test For The Specification Of Expectation Regimes, 2016 Iowa State University
An Indirect Test For The Specification Of Expectation Regimes, Peter Orazem, John A. Miranowski
This paper develops an empirical strategy for testing competing hypotheses of expectation regimes when direct measures of expectations are unavailable. The procedure takes as given an assumed structural relationship between expected values of exogenous variables and a given decision variable. By imposing different expectation regimes on this model, we obtain an artificial nesting of the hypothesized regimes which allows us to test whether any specification dominates. This methodology is extended to multiple equation applications with any number of hypothesized expectation regimes. The tests are illustrated using a model of the response of county-level farm acreage allocation to expected commodity prices.
Empirical Tests Of Impacts Of Rationing: The Case Of Poland In Transition, 2016 Iowa State University
Empirical Tests Of Impacts Of Rationing: The Case Of Poland In Transition, Sonya Kostova Huffman, Stanley R. Johnson
This study tests the theory of rationing, examining changes in household consumption behavior during the transition to a market economy in Poland, 1987-92. Using pre-reform data from the Polish Household Budget Survey, Huffman and Johnson develop a model of consumption under rationing and derive virtual prices for food and housing. A pre-reform Almost Ideal Demand System (AIDS) model with rationing is then used to estimate plausible values for price and income elasticities. Comparing pre-reform and post-reform (without rationing) AIDS models shows that own-price elasticities for nonrational goods are larger after the reform, and there is increased complementarity and decreased substitutability ...
Re-Evaluation Of Welfare Changes During The Transition In Poland, 2016 Iowa State University
Re-Evaluation Of Welfare Changes During The Transition In Poland, Sonya Kostova Huffman, Stanley R. Johnson
The costs of shortages and rationing are not captured by standard consumer price indices. Thus the change in real gross domestic product (GDP) per capita is an overestimate of welfare losses in transition economies. In this study the authors use virtual prices to calculate new cost-of-living indices, making it possible to construct more accurate pre- and post-reform welfare comparisons. The results for Poland using virtual prices show a 62 to 84 percent decline in welfare over the transition period of 1987 to 1992. This welfare loss is approximately one-third the value obtained using actual prices.
Holistic Approach: Paradigm Shift In The Research Agenda For Digitalisation Of Healthcare In Sub-Saharan Africa, 2016 The Polish Ministry of Digital Affairs
Holistic Approach: Paradigm Shift In The Research Agenda For Digitalisation Of Healthcare In Sub-Saharan Africa, Tadeusz K. Bara-Slupski
The African Journal of Information Systems
Despite significant resources employed in the digitalisation agenda in the healthcare sector in Sub-Saharan Africa, the transformative impact of information and communication technologies has not been realised. This article makes two contributions towards developing an understanding of this failure. First, it provides a review of a rich body of academic literature and practitioner accounts regarding barriers to digitalisation and organises them using an established framework. Second, recognising the continuing struggle that digitalisation presents, it proposes a paradigmatic shift in thinking about barriers to digitalisation and suggests the existence of a more fundamental barrier related to inappropriate incentives within the international ...
The Intergenerational Effects Of Residential Schools On Children’S Educational Experiences In Ontario And Canada’S Western Provinces, Donna L. Feir
The International Indigenous Policy Journal
The intergenerational effects of Canada’s Indian Residential Schools have been widely discussed, but limited empirical work exists. I use the confidential wave of the 2001 Aboriginal Peoples Survey of Children and Youth (APSCY) to study the association between mothers’ residential school attendance and their children’s educational outcomes and experiences in Ontario, Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Alberta, and British Columbia. Holding a number of factors constant, I demonstrate that children whose mothers attended residential school are more likely to be suspended or expelled and have worse school experiences on average than children whose mothers did not. Children are also more likely ...
A Targeted Approach? A Study Of Ngo Roles And Practices In Promoting Economic Development, 2016 Western Kentucky University
A Targeted Approach? A Study Of Ngo Roles And Practices In Promoting Economic Development, Emma Shoaf
Honors College Capstone Experience/Thesis Projects
In recent years, Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs) have become key actors promoting economic development. Despite their rapid rise, there are still significant gaps in the development sphere regarding what NGOs do in specific contexts. This research evaluates how NGOs promote economic development among Palestinian refugees in Lebanon to give context to general trends within development literature. Through an in-depth case study of the NGO Cives Mundi and their recent development project Tatreez–focused on promoting economic empowerment among Palestinian refugee women through the formation of a weaving co-op–this study seeks to evaluate key advantages and disadvantages to NGO work in ...
Knowledge & Innovation In Africa: Scenarios For The Future, 2016 University of Ottawa
Knowledge & Innovation In Africa: Scenarios For The Future, Jeremy De Beer, Shirin Elahi, Dick Kawooya, Chidi Oguamanam, Nagla Rizk
No abstract provided.
Industrial Ecology Analysis Of The Potential For An Eastern Nebraska Industrial Symbiosis Network (Enisn): A Comparative Study, 2016 University of Nebraska-Lincoln
Industrial Ecology Analysis Of The Potential For An Eastern Nebraska Industrial Symbiosis Network (Enisn): A Comparative Study, Bradley A. Behne
Dissertations & Theses in Natural Resources
The area of Eastern Nebraska north of Omaha, including the municipality of Blair is host to a collection of unique companies and industries. These industries, driven by the agricultural and urban economy of the area, as well as the geographic proximity to each other, make it an advantageous area to study the potential for a network where individual entities utilize the concept of industrial symbiosis. This potential network is referred to as the Eastern Nebraska Industrial Symbiosis Network (ENISN). Industrial symbiosis, a sub-set of industrial ecology, engages separate industries in a collaborative and collective approach, concerning itself with the flow ...
B.E.I.B. And Financial Inclusion In Northwest Cameroon, 2016 SIT Graduate Institute
B.E.I.B. And Financial Inclusion In Northwest Cameroon, Kareen Ngendape Atchala
The Bee Effect Initiative Bank uses an integrated approach to foster financial inclusion in the North West region of Cameroon. This paper has several services under three main themes; economic wellbeing, capacity building, and insurance. Its theory of change and objectives while seeking to make profit centers on creating social change. The mechanics in the paper seek to evoke sustainable economic change in cross sectors- savings, credit, capacity building, and insurance with ROSCAs as target clientele.
Water, Growth And The Endangered Species Act, 2016 Selected Works
Water, Growth And The Endangered Species Act, Holly Doremus
Water, Growth And The Endangered Species Act, 2016 Selected Works
Water, Growth And The Endangered Species Act, Holly Doremus
Measurement Of The Ocean Economy From National Income Accounts To The Sustainable Blue Economy, 2016 Middlebury Institute of International Studies at Monterey
Measurement Of The Ocean Economy From National Income Accounts To The Sustainable Blue Economy, Charles S. Colgan
Journal of Ocean and Coastal Economics
The widespread efforts to incorporate the economic values of oceans into national income accounts have reached a stage where coordination of national efforts is desirable. A symposium held in 2015 began this process by bringing together representatives from ten countries. The symposium concluded that a definition of core ocean industries was possible but beyond that core the definition of ocean industries is in flux. Better coordination of ocean income accounts will require addressing issues of aggregation, geography, partial ocean industries, confidential, and imputation is also needed. Beyond the standard national income accounts, a need to incorporate environmental resource and ecosystem ...
Economic Growth, Natural Mineral Resources And Education In, 2016 Buffalo State College
Economic Growth, Natural Mineral Resources And Education In, Kasimu J. Mayundo
Applied Economics Theses
The contributions of education in achieving the modernization of developed countries has attracted much attention. Perhaps, underdeveloped countries have provided a limited contribution toward economic development and growth because educational funding was not a priority. Therefore, some underdeveloped countries, including the Democratic Republic of Congo, rely heavily on their natural resources for economic development and growth, minimizing the importance of high quality education in economic growth.
The question is: Why has the Democratic Republic of Congo not been able to transform its abundant resources into a blessing for a prosperous nation? And how does education contribute to economic growth and ...
Essays In Policy Analysis, 2016 University of Tennessee, Knoxville
Essays In Policy Analysis, Michael Philip Craig
My dissertation consists of three essays related to policy analysis. In the first essay we ask, how can developing nations who face revenue mobilization issues and large informal sectors use taxation as a means of nation building? To answer this, we design a dynamic general equilibrium model that accounts for a large informal sector. Contrary to previous studies that model the informal economy, we focus on the importance of the government maintaining its social fiscal contract with its constituents by including the provision of productive public goods in the model. By doing so, we show that increasing taxes can be ...
Black Gentrification Twice Removed: A Study Of Migration And Community Involvement In Washington, Dc, 2016 SIT Graduate Institute
Black Gentrification Twice Removed: A Study Of Migration And Community Involvement In Washington, Dc, Janwin A. Zeegar-Holman
This paper is about Black people and community involvement against the backdrop of gentrification in Washington, DC, and possibility of Black-led neighborhood revitalization. My practicum in Southeast Washington DC compelled me to examine the ability of a Black person in Washington DC to sustain commitment to a community that they do not live in, and if Black people moving to gentrifying areas of Washington DC can help the predominantly Black non-gentrifying areas to gentrify on their own terms.
This paper focuses specifically on Black individuals who have spent time in DC and proposed ways that Black non-gentrifying communities can revitalize ...
The Influence Of The Electric Supply Industry On Economic Growth In Less Developed Countries, 2016 University of Southern Mississippi
The Influence Of The Electric Supply Industry On Economic Growth In Less Developed Countries, Edward Richard Bee
This study measures the impact that electrical outages have on manufacturing production in 135 less developed countries using stochastic frontier analysis and data from World Bank’s Investment Climate surveys. Outages of electricity, for firms with and without backup power sources, are the most frequently cited constraint on manufacturing growth in these surveys.
Outages are shown to reduce output below the production frontier by almost five percent in Africa and by a lower percentage in South Asia, Southeast Asia and the Middle East and North Africa. Production response to outages is quadratic in form. Outages also increase labor cost, reduce ...
Natural Disasters In Latin America: The Role Of Disaster Type And Productive Sector On The Urban-Rural Income Gap And Rural To Urban Migration, 2016 University of Southern Mississippi
Natural Disasters In Latin America: The Role Of Disaster Type And Productive Sector On The Urban-Rural Income Gap And Rural To Urban Migration, Madeline Alice Messick
This research provides insight into the impact of natural disasters as drivers of rural to urban migration in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC). Disasters of varying types are predicted to have differing impacts on the productive sectors of agriculture, industry, and services; which due to the concentration of the various productive sectors in either urban or rural areas, subsequently changes the urban-rural wage differential. Changes to the wage differential (as measured by the urban-rural income gap) are predicted to lead to movement between urban and rural areas until a new equilibrium wage is reached.
This dissertation first identifies a ...
Forecasting The Value Of Economic Development Incentives Through A Layman's Viewpoint, 2016 American Public University System
Forecasting The Value Of Economic Development Incentives Through A Layman's Viewpoint, Austin B. Haynes
Master's Capstone Theses
Research on economic development incentives has focused on whether or not they are necessary or actually provide value. Most research has utilized post project evaluation to determine if the project and the use of incentives were successful. This project takes a different approach in focusing on trying to both quantify and qualify the potential value of such incentives during the decision making process. This will be done by utilizing existing research and applying post evaluation results to develop proper questions that should be asked before economic development incentives are awarded. This project will allow elected officials and community leaders to ...