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Integrating Evaluative Thinking Into Organisational Practice: A Case Study Of Lutino Adunu In Uganda, Shilla Adyero 2016 SIT Graduate Institute

Integrating Evaluative Thinking Into Organisational Practice: A Case Study Of Lutino Adunu In Uganda, Shilla Adyero

Capstone Collection

Northern Uganda is still recovering from over two decades of civil war between the Government of Uganda and the Lord Resistance Army (LRA). The conflict created over 1.8 million Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) who sought refuge in camps for 23 years. Around 80% of the affected population are mainly women and children. The displacement in the region caused large-scale loss of social and economic infrastructure, together with the productive resources. This contributed to the erosion of the social and financial capital of the affected areas population, forcing the population to depend on non-sustainable aid and relief services provided by ...


The Influence Of The Electric Supply Industry On Economic Growth In Less Developed Countries, Edward Richard Bee 2016 University of Southern Mississippi

The Influence Of The Electric Supply Industry On Economic Growth In Less Developed Countries, Edward Richard Bee

Dissertations

This study measures the impact that electrical outages have on manufacturing production in 135 less developed countries using stochastic frontier analysis and data from World Bank’s Investment Climate surveys. Outages of electricity, for firms with and without backup power sources, are the most frequently cited constraint on manufacturing growth in these surveys.

Outages are shown to reduce output below the production frontier by almost five percent in Africa and by a lower percentage in South Asia, Southeast Asia and the Middle East and North Africa. Production response to outages is quadratic in form. Outages also increase labor cost, reduce ...


Natural Disasters In Latin America: The Role Of Disaster Type And Productive Sector On The Urban-Rural Income Gap And Rural To Urban Migration, Madeline Alice Messick 2016 University of Southern Mississippi

Natural Disasters In Latin America: The Role Of Disaster Type And Productive Sector On The Urban-Rural Income Gap And Rural To Urban Migration, Madeline Alice Messick

Dissertations

This research provides insight into the impact of natural disasters as drivers of rural to urban migration in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC). Disasters of varying types are predicted to have differing impacts on the productive sectors of agriculture, industry, and services; which due to the concentration of the various productive sectors in either urban or rural areas, subsequently changes the urban-rural wage differential. Changes to the wage differential (as measured by the urban-rural income gap) are predicted to lead to movement between urban and rural areas until a new equilibrium wage is reached.

This dissertation first identifies a ...


Can Capital-Energy Substitution Foster Economic Growth?, Itziar Lazkano, Linh Pham 2016 University of Wisconsin - Milwaukee

Can Capital-Energy Substitution Foster Economic Growth?, Itziar Lazkano, Linh Pham

Itzi Lazkano

This paper studies the ease of substitution between energy and other production inputs over time. We first develop a Solow growth model with energy where our general production function allows for a non-constant elasticity of substitution between production inputs. Our focus thus differs from previous work as we depart from the standard assumption of constant elasticity of substitution between production inputs. Our theoretical results show that the ease of substitution between capital and energy improves over time with energy intensity. We also find that the long-run growth rate directly depends on the speed at which the elasticity of substitution increases ...


System Dynamics Implementation Of A Model Of Population And Resource Dynamics With Adaptation, Takuro Uehara, Yoko Nagase, Wayne Wakeland 2016 Portland State University

System Dynamics Implementation Of A Model Of Population And Resource Dynamics With Adaptation, Takuro Uehara, Yoko Nagase, Wayne Wakeland

Wayne W. Wakeland

We build and analyze a dynamic ecological economic model that incorporates endogenous innovation on input substitutability. The use of the system dynamics method allows us to depart from conventional equilibrium thinking and conduct an out-of-equilibrium (adaptation) analysis. Simulation results show that while improvement in input substitutability will expand an economy, this change alone may not improve sustainability measured by indicators such as utility-per-capita and natural resource stock. It could, however, be possible that in combination with other technological progress, improvement in input substitutability will contribute to sustainable development. Sensitivity analysis also indicates a possible complication with the use of exogenous ...


No Really, (Crowd) Work Is The Silver Bullet, Andrew Schriner, Daniel B. Oerther 2016 Missouri University of Science and Technology

No Really, (Crowd) Work Is The Silver Bullet, Andrew Schriner, Daniel B. Oerther

Daniel B. Oerther

Humanitarian assistance has been on the global conscience for approximately 70 years (since WWII), and yet in 2010 2.4 billion people still lived on less than $2 per day. as Easterly has pointed out: to see where we went wrong, just look at the incentives. to create true sustainable economic change requires realignment of incentives, particularly the incentive to work and invest. Employment is fundamentally required, and crowd work is the current best hope for providing that employment quickly, with global reach, and at scale. This approach is grassroots, bottom-up, and puts the income directly in the hands of ...


Why Regional Integration Succeeds Or Fails In Africa, Martin Namasaka 2016 London School of Economics and Political Science

Why Regional Integration Succeeds Or Fails In Africa, Martin Namasaka

International Journal of African Development

The question of why some regional integrations succeed and others fail remains unresolved. This paper goes beyond proximate factors advocated by most studies. It examines the importance of initial conditions and argues that structural change in the fundamental sectors of the economy must have taken place in all, or at least a few, countries seeking closer ties. A comparative case study analysis of the East African Community (EAC) and the Southern African Development Community (SADC), guided by the political settlements theoretical framework, confirms the hypothesis: Structural transformation stimulates the kind of conditions required to create incentives for countries to demand ...


International Trade Effects Of Regional Economic Integration In Africa: The Case Of The Southern African Development Community (Sadc), Mengesha Yayo, Sisay Asefa 2016 Addis Ababa Science and Technology University

International Trade Effects Of Regional Economic Integration In Africa: The Case Of The Southern African Development Community (Sadc), Mengesha Yayo, Sisay Asefa

International Journal of African Development

Empirical studies on regional economic integration process in Africa exhibit sluggish progress, and there by limited level of intra-trade. The existing literature in Africa, particularly in the Southern African regional integration bloc, has neglected the effects of regional economic integration dealing with disaggregated data. This study analyzes trade creation and diversion effects of the Southern African Development Community (SADC) using disaggregated data. The investigation estimates an augmented gravity model using panel data and random effect estimator methods applying instrumental variables where needed.

The results show that intra-SADC trade is growing in the fuel and minerals and the heavy manufacturing sectors ...


Collapsing Microfinance Institutions In Ghana: An Account Of How Four Expanded And Imploded In The Ashanti Region, Festival Godwin Boateng, Stephen Nortey, Jonas Asamanin Barnie, Peter Dwumah, Martin Acheampong, Eunice Ackom-Sampene 2016 Roskilde University, Denmark

Collapsing Microfinance Institutions In Ghana: An Account Of How Four Expanded And Imploded In The Ashanti Region, Festival Godwin Boateng, Stephen Nortey, Jonas Asamanin Barnie, Peter Dwumah, Martin Acheampong, Eunice Ackom-Sampene

International Journal of African Development

The study inquired into the collapse of four microfinance institutions (MFIs) in the Ashanti Region of Ghana. It was found that the collapses primarily were due to unduly risky, unethical and illegal practices, mismanagement and disregard for due diligence, compounded by external factors like macroeconomic instabilities and panic withdrawals, which then pushed the risk levels of the MFIs beyond the point of containment. The paper argues that the 2013 macroeconomic crisis in Ghana only contributed to the pervasiveness of the collapses – the crisis was not a root cause.


Current Situation Of Agricultural Trade: What Effects Does It Have On Food Security In Africa?, Ismaelline Eba Nguema 2016 Mohammed V University of Rabat, Morocco

Current Situation Of Agricultural Trade: What Effects Does It Have On Food Security In Africa?, Ismaelline Eba Nguema

International Journal of African Development

The history of food policy in Africa started with the beginning of independence with the adoption of the strategy based on the planned development model. However, the financial and administrative planning requirements were felt quickly. By the early 80s, the debt crisis led African economies to abandon the policy of self-sufficiency and to adopt a so-called liberal agro-food strategy. In this context, food security based on external trade and its requirements became integral parts of structural adjustment programs. Thus, Africa took a stand before the rest of the world in the controlling of extraversion. Despite mixed results, in January 1995 ...


Reducing Marginalization Of Fishermen Through Participatory Action Research In The Zambezi Valley, Zimbabwe, Bernard Manyena, Andrew E. Collins, Frank Mudimba, Danisa Mudimba 2016 University of Manchester, Manchester, UK

Reducing Marginalization Of Fishermen Through Participatory Action Research In The Zambezi Valley, Zimbabwe, Bernard Manyena, Andrew E. Collins, Frank Mudimba, Danisa Mudimba

International Journal of African Development

Equitable sharing of fishing resources has been the major source of tension between Zambezi Valley communities and the Zimbabwe government authorities since the 1950s following the Kariba Dam-induced resettlement. Using participatory action research, it was found that the fishing license system and criminalization of fishermen were the major sources of tension between fishermen and government authorities. Engaging with government authorities to address these tensions, fishermen were recognized as partners in the fishing industry. The conclusion was that enhancing community agencies through participatory action research would be fundamental towards creating socially just and equitable arrangements that could emancipate marginalized communities from ...


Editorial Note, Sisay Asefa 2016 Western Michigan University

Editorial Note, Sisay Asefa

International Journal of African Development

No abstract provided.


International Journal Of African Development, Vol. 3, Issue 2, 2016 Western Michigan University

International Journal Of African Development, Vol. 3, Issue 2

International Journal of African Development

Complete issue of International Journal of African Development, Volume 3, Issue 2 - Spring 2016.


Earnings Mobility In Times Of Growth And Decline: Argentina From 1996 To 2003, Gary S. Fields, María Laura Sánchez Puerta 2016 Cornell University

Earnings Mobility In Times Of Growth And Decline: Argentina From 1996 To 2003, Gary S. Fields, María Laura Sánchez Puerta

Gary S Fields

In recent years, the economy of Argentina has experienced both rapid economic growth and severe economic decline. In this paper, we use a series of one-year long panels to study who gained the most in pesos when the economy grew and who lost the most in pesos when the economy contracted. Various considerations led us to expect that mobility would be divergent—that is, that the individuals who started with the highest initial earnings would enjoy the largest earnings gains in pesos. Contrary to expectations and for a wide range of specifications, mobility is found to be mostly convergent, sometimes ...


Business As A Vehicle For Social Change And Environmental Preservation: A Case Study Of The High Mowing Organic Seed Company, Emily Dolly 2016 SIT Graduate Institute

Business As A Vehicle For Social Change And Environmental Preservation: A Case Study Of The High Mowing Organic Seed Company, Emily Dolly

Capstone Collection

This case study of the High Mowing Organic Seed Company analyzes how business can be a vehicle for social and environmental responsibility. The company aims to re-imagine the world by re-building food systems to support good health in all its dimensions – healthy environments, economies, communities, and bodies. The primary research methodology is a mixed methods, qualitative inquiry involving twelve participants through interviews, surveys, and a focus group. Respondents answer a series of nine questions regarding perceptions of commercial business’ ability to tackle fundamental issue, along with High Mowing’s practices. Findings indicate that people desire businesses to be socially and ...


Can Peers Improve Agricultural Revenue?, Tisorn Songsermsawas, Kathy Baylis, Ashwini Chhatre, Hope Michelson 2016 University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Can Peers Improve Agricultural Revenue?, Tisorn Songsermsawas, Kathy Baylis, Ashwini Chhatre, Hope Michelson

Kathy Baylis

Crop revenues vary greatly among farmers and the source of that variation is not fully understood, even after controlling for factors including input use, technology adoption, and other agro-climatic factors. One hypothesis that may explain the variation in outcomes among farmers is differential access to information through peers. Using a household survey from India containing detailed information about personal relationships, we estimate peer effects on cash crop revenue using a novel spatial econometric technique to control for reflection. Our results show that 60% of farmers' revenue is explained by peers. Peer effects are particularly large in pesticide use and in ...


The American Recovery And Reinvestment Act: Examining The Spatial Distribution Of Federal Stimulus Funds, Matin Katirai, Jeffery L. Osgood Jr 2016 West Chester University of Pennsylvania

The American Recovery And Reinvestment Act: Examining The Spatial Distribution Of Federal Stimulus Funds, Matin Katirai, Jeffery L. Osgood Jr

Matin Katirai

No abstract provided.


Economic Growth And Cooperative Enterprise Organization: Food For Thought And Perestroika In The Ussr, Mark A. Edelman 2016 Iowa State University

Economic Growth And Cooperative Enterprise Organization: Food For Thought And Perestroika In The Ussr, Mark A. Edelman

Mark Edelman

I am a Professor of Agricultural Economics and Public Policy at Iowa State University- ISU has S5,000 students and has been a world leader in agricultural research and development among the U.S. universities. Also, today I am representing Land O' Lakesj one of the largest agribusiness cooperatives in the United States. During the past four years, I have served as an advisory member of the Land O' Lakes Board of Directors. Therefore, let me review Land •' Lakes at a glance.


A Proposal To Establish A Joint Venture Among U.S. And Soviet Cooperatives, Mark A. Edelman Dr. 2016 Iowa State University

A Proposal To Establish A Joint Venture Among U.S. And Soviet Cooperatives, Mark A. Edelman Dr.

Mark Edelman

-Significant Soviet political and economic restructuring is occurring- Soviet leaders are making public admissions that the command system of central planning instituted by Stalin is not resulting in the standard of living desired by Soviet citizens and perhaps more important, it has not generated economic growth for sustaining a long—term global leadership position.


The Impact Of Mobile Technology On Micro And Small Enterprises In Zimbabwe In The Post-Hyperinflation Economic Era, Gamuchirai B. Perekwa, Tania Prinsloo, JP van Deventer 2016 Dept Informatics, University of Pretoria

The Impact Of Mobile Technology On Micro And Small Enterprises In Zimbabwe In The Post-Hyperinflation Economic Era, Gamuchirai B. Perekwa, Tania Prinsloo, Jp Van Deventer

The African Journal of Information Systems

This paper investigates the impact of mobile technology on Micro and Small Enterprises (MSEs) in the developing world in the post-hyperinflation era. Data was collected from a multi-staged sample of 114 MSE owners within the capital province of Zimbabwe, namely Harare. The data was collected and analysed using descriptive quantitative survey methods, which comprised of hard-copy questionnaires, structured interviews and online questionnaires.

The findings suggest that mobile technology has incremental, transformational and production influence on MSEs in Zimbabwe. The findings show that mobile technology amplifies communication and relations with customers, MSE’s productivity and MSE’s revenues. Mobile technology is ...


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