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Dynamic Poverty Decomposition Analysis: An Application To The Philippines, Tomoki FUJII 2017 Singapore Management University

Dynamic Poverty Decomposition Analysis: An Application To The Philippines, Tomoki Fujii

Research Collection School Of Economics

In this paper, we propose a new method of poverty decomposition. Our method remedies the shortcomings of existing methods and has some desirable properties such as time-revision consistency and subperiod additivity. It integrates the existing methods of growth-redistribution decomposition and sector based decomposition, because it allows us to decompose poverty change into growth and redistribution components for each group (e.g., regions or sectors) in the economy. We extend out method to have six components and provide empirical application to the Philippines for the period of 1985 to 2009.


Mobile Data Roaming And Incentives For Investment In Rural Broadband Infrastructure, James Prieger 2017 Pepperdine University

Mobile Data Roaming And Incentives For Investment In Rural Broadband Infrastructure, James Prieger

School of Public Policy Working Papers

Mobile broadband Internet access is highly important to the American economy and millions of users. There were almost 200 million mobile broadband connections by the end of 2013 in the United States, far more than the number of fixed broadband connections (FCC, 2014a, Table 1). The economic activity created by the provision and usage of mobile broadband is sizeable, and has been documented at the national level (Gruber and Koutroumpis, 2011; Thompson and Garbacz, 2011; Katz, 2012) and specifically for rural areas (Whitacre, Gallardo, and Strover, 2014). The benefits of mobile broadband—and indeed the entire broadband ecosystem—depend on ...


Progressive Antitrust, Herbert J. Hovenkamp 2017 University of Pennsylvania Law School

Progressive Antitrust, Herbert J. Hovenkamp

Faculty Scholarship

Several American political candidates and administrations have both run and served under the “progressive” banner for more than a century, right through the 2016 election season. For the most part these have pursued interventionist antitrust policies, reflecting a belief that markets are fragile and in need of repair, that certain interest groups require greater protection, or in some cases that antitrust policy is an extended arm of regulation. This paper argues that most of this progressive antitrust policy was misconceived, including that reflected in the 2016 antitrust plank of the Democratic Party. The progressive state is best served by a ...


Twin Cities Minnesota Economic And Business Conditions Report - Second Quarter 2017, Richard A. MacDonald, King Banaian 2017 St. Cloud State University

Twin Cities Minnesota Economic And Business Conditions Report - Second Quarter 2017, Richard A. Macdonald, King Banaian

Twin Cities Minnesota Economic and Business Conditions Report

Steady economic growth is expected over the next several months in the Twin Cities according to the prediction of the St. Cloud State University Twin Cities Index of Leading Economic Indicators (LEI). The Twin Cities LEI rose 2.54 points in the second quarter after a strong reading in the previous quarter. Three of five index components increased in the second quarter. Lower initial claims for unemployment insurance in the region had a favorable impact on this quarter’s LEI. Strength in the Minnesota Business Conditions Index--a general measure of statewide business conditions—also had a positive effect on the ...


Northwest Minnesota Economic And Business Conditions Report - Second Quarter 2017, Richard A. MacDonald, King Banaian 2017 St. Cloud State University

Northwest Minnesota Economic And Business Conditions Report - Second Quarter 2017, Richard A. Macdonald, King Banaian

Northwest Minnesota Economic and Business Conditions Report

The Northwest Minnesota planning area economy is expected to experience steady growth over the next several months according to the predictions of the St. Cloud State University Northwest Minnesota Index of Leading Economic Indicators (LEI). Three of the five index components increased as the LEI rose 1.78 points in the second quarter. An increase in the Rural Mainstreet Index (which signals an improving macroeconomic environment for rural America), lower initial jobless claims in the region, and an increase in new filings for LLC and incorporation in Northwest Minnesota all contributed favorably to the second quarter outlook. Weaker residential building ...


Central Minnesota Economic And Business Conditions Report - Second Quarter 2017, Richard A. MacDonald, King Banaian 2017 St. Cloud State University

Central Minnesota Economic And Business Conditions Report - Second Quarter 2017, Richard A. Macdonald, King Banaian

Central Minnesota Economic and Business Conditions Report

The Central Minnesota planning area is expected to experience strong economic growth over the next several months according to predictions of the Central Minnesota Index of Leading Economic Indicators (LEI). The leading index rose by 6.20 points in the most recent period, with four components producing positive readings. Among other things, strength in a general measure of statewide business conditions, an uptick in national durable goods orders, higher St. Cloud metropolitan area residential building permits, and lower regional initial jobless claims helped lift the Central Minnesota planning area LEI higher in the second quarter.

There were 1,440 new ...


Northeast Minnesota Economic And Business Conditions Report - Second Quarter 2017, Richard A. MacDonald, King Banaian 2017 St. Cloud State University

Northeast Minnesota Economic And Business Conditions Report - Second Quarter 2017, Richard A. Macdonald, King Banaian

Northeast Minnesota Economic and Business Conditions Report

Steady economic growth in Northeast Minnesota is expected over the next several months according to the predictions of the Northeast Minnesota Index of Leading Economic Indicators (LEI). Four of the five components of the LEI increased as the overall index rose 0.68 points in the second quarter. An improvement in a general measure of statewide business conditions, a rise in a supply managers’ survey, lower initial jobless claims in the region, and increased new filings of incorporation all helped lift this quarter’s index.

There were 681 new business filings with the Office of the Minnesota Secretary of State ...


Southeast Minnesota Economic And Business Conditions Report - Second Quarter 2017, Richard A. MacDonald, King Banaian 2017 St. Cloud State University

Southeast Minnesota Economic And Business Conditions Report - Second Quarter 2017, Richard A. Macdonald, King Banaian

Southeast Minnesota Economic and Business Conditions Report

Steady economic growth in Southeast Minnesota is expected to continue over the next several months according to the most recent prediction of the Southeast Minnesota Index of Leading Economic Indicators (LEI). After a quarter in which the LEI experienced a revised 11.83 point increase, the Southeast Minnesota leading index paused, falling 1.01 points in the second quarter of 2017. Four components of the LEI had negative readings in the second quarter. A rise in initial claims for unemployment benefits, a smaller number of residential building permits in Rochester, decreased new filings of incorporation and LLC in the Southeast ...


Southwest Minnesota Economic And Business Conditions Report - Second Quarter 2017, Richard A. MacDonald, King Banaian 2017 St. Cloud State University

Southwest Minnesota Economic And Business Conditions Report - Second Quarter 2017, Richard A. Macdonald, King Banaian

Southwest Minnesota Economic and Business Conditions Report

Increased economic growth in Southwest Minnesota is expected over the next several months according to the predictions of the St. Cloud State University Southwest Minnesota Index of Leading Economic Indicators (LEI). Two of four LEI components were positive in the second quarter. An improvement in the rural outlook and lower jobless claims contributed favorably to the LEI in the second quarter. A decrease in residential building permits in the Mankato MSA and reduced new business filings of incorporation and LLC weighed on the leading index in the current quarter. After rising a revised 4.23 points in this year’s ...


Essays In Financial Development And Income Inequality, Samuel M. Jung 2017 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Essays In Financial Development And Income Inequality, Samuel M. Jung

All Graduate Works by Year: Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

This dissertation consists of three essays of original research. Chapter 1 is a survey of the literature on the theoretical and empirical interactions among financial development, economic growth, and income inequality.

Chapter 2 describes empirical research on the relationship between financial development and income inequality based on Generalized Method of Moments (GMM) method using a Chinese provincial dataset between 1998 and 2014. The empirical findings support the notion that well-developed financial markets increase income inequality in China. After adding a year dummy for 2001 to examine the impact of China’s entry into the World Trade Organization, which caused the ...


Phragmites Removal Increases Property Values In Michigan’S Lower Grand River Watershed, Paul Isely, Erik E. Nordman, Shaun Howard, Richard Bowman 2017 Grand Valley State University

Phragmites Removal Increases Property Values In Michigan’S Lower Grand River Watershed, Paul Isely, Erik E. Nordman, Shaun Howard, Richard Bowman

Journal of Ocean and Coastal Economics

The presence of Phragmites australis, an invasive wetland plant, negatively affects coastal property values and home prices rise with distance from Phragmites. Home prices increased as distance to Phragmites increased at a rate of $3.90/meter. Removing Phragmites from a property so that the next closest Phragmites was 400 m away results in a property value increase of over $1,500. Removing all Phragmites within 400 m of any property results in a total property value impact of $837,000. This generates about $13,457-$15,121 in additional property taxes each year once the prices and taxes adjust ...


Nebraska Monthly Economic Indicators: September 20, 2017, Eric Thompson 2017 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Nebraska Monthly Economic Indicators: September 20, 2017, Eric Thompson

Leading Economic Indicator Reports

The Leading Economic Indicator – Nebraska (LEI-N) 1 fell by 0.38% during August of 2017. The decline in the LEI-N, which is designed to predict economic activity six months into the future, suggests that the Nebraska economy will grow slowly during the first few months of 2018. The drop in the indicator was primarily due to a decline in manufacturing hours-worked during August. Building permits for single-family homes and airline passenger enplanements also dropped slightly. There were two positive components of the LEI-N. Businesses responding to the August Survey of Nebraska Business reported plans to increase sales and employment over ...


The Children's Community Center, Noelle Howard (Economics), Silvia Martin Aldana (Graphic Design Certificate), Cristina Pareja (Disaster and Medicine and Management), Albaraa Jebreel (Disaster and Medicine and Management) 2017 Pace University

The Children's Community Center, Noelle Howard (Economics), Silvia Martin Aldana (Graphic Design Certificate), Cristina Pareja (Disaster And Medicine And Management), Albaraa Jebreel (Disaster And Medicine And Management)

Nexus Maximus

We are the Children’s Community Center, a NGO thats wants to provide an emergency response to the new surge of Rohingya refugee children. We want to relieve the daily mental traumas of the refugee camps through the collaborative interaction of the different children within the camps. This center will also give parents the space to focus on their own healing without the preoccupation of childcare.

Nexus Maximus IV

The Challenge: Innovation for Refugees and Displaced Populations

One of the great challenges of our time is how to help refugees and displaced populations, and how to prevent the causes in ...


Nebraska Business And Consumer Confidence Indexes: September 1, 2017, Eric Thompson 2017 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Nebraska Business And Consumer Confidence Indexes: September 1, 2017, Eric Thompson

Leading Economic Indicator Reports

Nebraska’s consumer and business confidence fell during August. The Consumer Confidence Index – Nebraska (CCI-N) stood at 100.9 in August, below the reading of 102.5 from July. Notably, the CCI-N remained above the neutral value of 100.0 during August. The outlook of Nebraska businesses remained strong. The Business Confidence Index – Nebraska (BCI-N) stood at 104.2 in August, close to the value of 105.1 during July, and well above the neutral value of 100.0. When asked about the most important issue facing their business, customer demand was mentioned by 35 percent of business respondents. Businesses ...


Wealth Disparities For Early Childhood Anthropometrics And Skills: Evidence From Chilean Longitudinal Data, Jere R. Behrman, Dante Contreras, Isidora Palma, Esteban Puentes 2017 University of Pennsylvania

Wealth Disparities For Early Childhood Anthropometrics And Skills: Evidence From Chilean Longitudinal Data, Jere R. Behrman, Dante Contreras, Isidora Palma, Esteban Puentes

Population Center Working Papers (PSC/PARC)

We study wealth disparities in the formation of anthropometrics, cognitive skills and socio-emotional skills. We use a sample of preschool and early school children in Chile. We extend the previous literature by using longitudinal data, which allow us to study the dynamics of child growth and skills formation. Also, we include information on mother's and father's schooling attainment and mother's cognitive ability. We find that there are no significant anthropometric differences favoring the better-off at birth (and indeed length differences at birth to the disadvantage of the better-off), but during the first 30 months of life wealth ...


Essays On Growth And Input Misallocation In China, Wenya Wang 2017 The University of Western Ontario

Essays On Growth And Input Misallocation In China, Wenya Wang

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

My thesis consists of three chapters that contribute to the study of input misallocation and TFP growth in China.

In Chapter 2, I compare the misallocation of intermediate goods to those of capital and labor, which have been extensively studied in the literature. To measure misallocation, I compute the dispersion of marginal products of intermediate goods across firms, and the potential output gains by eliminating this dispersion in China Industrial Enterprise Survey (CIES) data. Although the within-industry dispersion of marginal products of intermediates is smaller than that of capital and labor, gross output and value added gains from reallocating intermediate ...


Is "Help" Helpful?: Analyzing Foreign Aid In Context Of Scale, Catherine Hull 2017 Duquesne University

Is "Help" Helpful?: Analyzing Foreign Aid In Context Of Scale, Catherine Hull

Undergraduate Research and Scholarship Symposium

Foreign aid comes in many forms. Foreign aid ranges from large-scale disaster relief to small-scale individual projects within communities. Most aid efforts have the same goal – to help those who would benefit from assistance. This case study addresses the question: what form of ‘help’ is helpful? Which type of aid best achieves what it sets out to accomplish?

To directly analyze the effect of foreign aid on a region, the water-conscious organization Pure Thirst traveled to the rural community of Olkokola, Tanzania. Pure Thirst worked alongside the community members to provide a form of humanitarian aid: improved water services to ...


Nebraska Monthly Economic Indicators: August 23, 2017, Eric Thompson 2017 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Nebraska Monthly Economic Indicators: August 23, 2017, Eric Thompson

Leading Economic Indicator Reports

The Leading Economic Indicator – Nebraska (LEI-N) 1 rose by 0.56% during July of 2017. The increase in the LEI-N, which is designed to predict economic activity six months into the future, suggests that the Nebraska economy will grow through the first month of 2018. Four components of the indicator improved during July. Business expectations were solid and manufacturing hours grew. The value of the U.S. dollar continued its recent decline, a positive sign for Nebraska’s export-oriented businesses. Further, in a positive sign for the labor market, there also was a drop in initial claims for unemployment insurance ...


Intellectual Property And Competition, Herbert J. Hovenkamp 2017 University of Pennsylvania Law School

Intellectual Property And Competition, Herbert J. Hovenkamp

Faculty Scholarship

A legal system that relies on private property rights to promote economic development must consider that profits can come from two different sources. First, both competition under constant technology and innovation promote economic growth by granting many of the returns to the successful developer. Competition and innovation both increase output, whether measured by quantity or quality. Second, however, profits can come from practices that reduce output, in some cases by reducing quantity, or in others by reducing innovation.

IP rights and competition policy were traditionally regarded as in conflict. IP rights create monopoly, which was thought to be inimical to ...


Decentralization Without Democracy, Katrina Kosec, Tewodaj Mogues 2017 International Food Policy Research Institute

Decentralization Without Democracy, Katrina Kosec, Tewodaj Mogues

Katrina Kosec

Decentralization has been predominantly studied in democracies. We present a theory of decentralization's effects on public goods provision under autocracy yielding novel predictions. Decentralization improves productive services that  directly raise citizen's incomes (which are taxed), but not social services that increase incomes less but contribute to other dimensions of well-being. The center incentivizes local policymakers by sharing tax revenue. However, social services do not deteriorate; productive services improvements are instead financed with efficiency improvements from having more knowledgeable policymakers making decisions. We test the model in Ethiopia, exploiting a natural experiment in which government implemented fiscal and administrative ...


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