Dynamic Poverty Decomposition Analysis: An Application To The Philippines, 2017 Singapore Management University
Dynamic Poverty Decomposition Analysis: An Application To The Philippines, Tomoki Fujii
Research Collection School Of Economics
In this paper, we propose a new method of poverty decomposition. Our method remedies the shortcomings of existing methods and has some desirable properties such as time-revision consistency and subperiod additivity. It integrates the existing methods of growth-redistribution decomposition and sector based decomposition, because it allows us to decompose poverty change into growth and redistribution components for each group (e.g., regions or sectors) in the economy. We extend out method to have six components and provide empirical application to the Philippines for the period of 1985 to 2009.
Essays In Financial Development And Income Inequality, 2017 The Graduate Center, City University of New York
Essays In Financial Development And Income Inequality, Samuel M. Jung
All Graduate Works by Year: Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects
This dissertation consists of three essays of original research. Chapter 1 is a survey of the literature on the theoretical and empirical interactions among financial development, economic growth, and income inequality.
Chapter 2 describes empirical research on the relationship between financial development and income inequality based on Generalized Method of Moments (GMM) method using a Chinese provincial dataset between 1998 and 2014. The empirical findings support the notion that well-developed financial markets increase income inequality in China. After adding a year dummy for 2001 to examine the impact of China’s entry into the World Trade Organization, which caused the ...
The Children's Community Center, 2017 Pace University
The Children's Community Center, Noelle Howard (Economics), Silvia Martin Aldana (Graphic Design Certificate), Cristina Pareja (Disaster And Medicine And Management), Albaraa Jebreel (Disaster And Medicine And Management)
We are the Children’s Community Center, a NGO thats wants to provide an emergency response to the new surge of Rohingya refugee children. We want to relieve the daily mental traumas of the refugee camps through the collaborative interaction of the different children within the camps. This center will also give parents the space to focus on their own healing without the preoccupation of childcare.
Nexus Maximus IV
The Challenge: Innovation for Refugees and Displaced Populations
One of the great challenges of our time is how to help refugees and displaced populations, and how to prevent the causes in ...
Essays On Growth And Input Misallocation In China, 2017 The University of Western Ontario
Essays On Growth And Input Misallocation In China, Wenya Wang
Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository
My thesis consists of three chapters that contribute to the study of input misallocation and TFP growth in China.
In Chapter 2, I compare the misallocation of intermediate goods to those of capital and labor, which have been extensively studied in the literature. To measure misallocation, I compute the dispersion of marginal products of intermediate goods across firms, and the potential output gains by eliminating this dispersion in China Industrial Enterprise Survey (CIES) data. Although the within-industry dispersion of marginal products of intermediates is smaller than that of capital and labor, gross output and value added gains from reallocating intermediate ...
Is "Help" Helpful?: Analyzing Foreign Aid In Context Of Scale, 2017 Duquesne University
Is "Help" Helpful?: Analyzing Foreign Aid In Context Of Scale, Catherine Hull
Undergraduate Research and Scholarship Symposium
Foreign aid comes in many forms. Foreign aid ranges from large-scale disaster relief to small-scale individual projects within communities. Most aid efforts have the same goal – to help those who would benefit from assistance. This case study addresses the question: what form of ‘help’ is helpful? Which type of aid best achieves what it sets out to accomplish?
To directly analyze the effect of foreign aid on a region, the water-conscious organization Pure Thirst traveled to the rural community of Olkokola, Tanzania. Pure Thirst worked alongside the community members to provide a form of humanitarian aid: improved water services to ...
Intellectual Property And Competition, 2017 University of Pennsylvania Law School
Intellectual Property And Competition, Herbert J. Hovenkamp
A legal system that relies on private property rights to promote economic development must consider that profits can come from two different sources. First, both competition under constant technology and innovation promote economic growth by granting many of the returns to the successful developer. Competition and innovation both increase output, whether measured by quantity or quality. Second, however, profits can come from practices that reduce output, in some cases by reducing quantity, or in others by reducing innovation.
IP rights and competition policy were traditionally regarded as in conflict. IP rights create monopoly, which was thought to be inimical to ...
Decentralization Without Democracy, 2017 International Food Policy Research Institute
Decentralization Without Democracy, Katrina Kosec, Tewodaj Mogues
Political Competition And Rural Welfare: Evidence From Pakistan, Katrina Kosec, David J. Spielman, Hamza Haider, Fatima Zaidi
Longevity And Lifetime Education: Global Evidence From 919 Surveys, 2017 Bangladesh Institute of Development Studies
Longevity And Lifetime Education: Global Evidence From 919 Surveys, Mohammad Mainul Hoque, Elizabeth M. King, Claudio M. Montenegro, Peter Orazem
Economics Working Papers
Data from 919 household surveys conducted between 1960 and 2012 spanning 147 countries are used to evaluate the relationship between rising life expectancy at birth and lifetime years of schooling for successive birth cohorts between 1905 and 1988. We find significant positive effects of increased life expectancy at birth on lifetime completed years of schooling in 95% of the surveys with significant negative effects found in only 2.3%.
Rising life expectancy at birth for a birth cohort has intergenerational benefits in that their children’s schooling also increases. Rising life expectancy at birth since 1905 can explain 70% of ...
The Use Of Contingent Valuation Methodology In Natural Resource Damage Assessments: Legal Fact And Economic Fiction., Brian R. Binger, Robert F. Copple, Elizabeth Hoffman
The creation of comprehensive statutory schemes for protection of the environment has required the legal system to focus on the definition problems associated with environmental goods and with the physical, tmeporal, and aesthetic considerations related to such goods. Clearly, the events of the twentieth century have taught us that individual physical components of the natural environment, such as streams, forests, wildlife, and biota, do not exist in isolation. Instead, these components are part of the interrelated environmental systems that may, in turn, impact other environmental systems. Likewise, damage to one or more of the components of a system can result ...
The Effects Of Tax Increment Financing On Assessed Land Values, 2017 University of Southern Mississippi
The Effects Of Tax Increment Financing On Assessed Land Values, Burdette Edward Fullerton Ii
Public policy debate regarding the use of economic development incentives is active and growing with a focus on the costs and benefits to communities around the country. Communities grant economic development incentives that encourage real estate development, such as tax increment financing, without knowing if the growth of land value or building type valuation inside of tax increment areas accelerate faster than areas outside of tax increment districts. Without the knowledge of how tax increment financing influences land values, communities risk the misallocation of resources from public entities, such as schools and libraries to private entities. In an era of ...
What If Bots Collide And Collude In Setting Prices?, 2017 Singapore Management University
What If Bots Collide And Collude In Setting Prices?, Singapore Management University
Conduct driven by algorithms is a challenge for competition law
Cooperation Is Key To Building China’S Bay Area, 2017 Singapore Management University
Cooperation Is Key To Building China’S Bay Area, Singapore Management University
Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area is expected to surpass the Tokyo Bay Area or San Francisco Bay Area in ten years, if the cities in the region can leverage their strengths, streamline their coordination mechanism and speed up the economy integration,” said Dr. Tse Kwok-leung, who currently serves as head of Economics and Policy Research at the Bank of China (Hong Kong) Limited. Dr. Tse was speaking at a seminar themed “How to Build a World-class Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area” organized by the Hong Kong General Chamber of Commerce in July 2017.
Belt, Road, And The Xinjiang Issue, 2017 Singapore Management University
Belt, Road, And The Xinjiang Issue, Singapore Management University
The Belt Road Initiative promises economic development for China’s westernmost province but reality on the ground is less promising
Effects Of Upward Football Reclassification On Revenues, Football Attendance, And Enrollment, 2017 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville
Effects Of Upward Football Reclassification On Revenues, Football Attendance, And Enrollment, Charles Bell
Theses and Dissertations
With an ever increasing chasm between the have and have nots in college athletics, athletic directors and university administrators view reclassification as a way to increase financial standing and gain valuable exposure for their school despite mixed findings by recent studies. The process of reclassification costs schools sizable financial and labor investments detracting from their academic endeavors. The schools at the highest level of collegiate football competition enjoy constant national television exposure for their school resulting in many direct and indirect benefits. A repeated measures ANOVA was utilized to assess the change in athletic department revenues, student enrollment and football ...
The Scarring Effects Of Youth Joblessness In Sri Lanka, 2017 Explore Information Services
The Scarring Effects Of Youth Joblessness In Sri Lanka, Murali Kuchibhotla, Peter F. Orazem, Sanjana Ravi
Economics Working Papers
Retrospective data on labor market spells for successive cohorts of school leavers in Sri Lanka are used to examine whether early spells of joblessness lead to subsequent difficulty in finding or keeping a job. A matching method based on the Joffee and Rosenbaum (1999) balancing score approach is used to generate pairs of school leavers that have similar expected levels of joblessness but that differ in realized levels of joblessness. Assuming that youth are not able to perfectly control whether they are employed or not employed, we argue that marginal differences in joblessness between otherwise observationally equivalent youth can be ...
Experimental Economics, 2017 Iowa State University
Experimental Economics, Elizabeth Hoffman
"Experimental economics" is a general term for the experimental laboratory approach to studying economic institutions. Most applied economists study economic institutions by observing the way in which they operate in the naturally occurring environment and by measuring such economic variables as the prices of good sand services, the quantities of goods and services that are bought and sold, the wages that are paid to workers, and the quantities of inputs and outputs in the production of goods and services.
Introduction: What Have We Learned About Academic Leadership, 2017 Iowa State University
Introduction: What Have We Learned About Academic Leadership, Elizabeth Hoffman
When Bob Sternberg embarked on this project in May of 2013, I was nearing the end of a year's administrative leave after stepping down from my fifth major administrative position, an administrative career spanning twenty-three years. My latest position was a five-year term s executive vice president and provost at Iowa State University. I had been one of the Big XII provosts who formed the original set of contributors to this important book.
Estimating The Value Of Guaranteed Rail Service, 2017 Iowa State University
Estimating The Value Of Guaranteed Rail Service, Gregory R. Pautsch, Bruce A. Babcock, C. Phillip Baumel
The purpose of this research is to develop a framework to estimate the value of guaranteed rail service to grain shippers. The analysis consists of estimating density functions for the days waiting for conventional tariff service. A shipper loss function for waiting for rail service was also estimated. Three qualitative results were established. First, the value of guaranteed rail service increases as the quality of guaranteed service rises. Second, the value of guaranteed rail service increases as conventional tariff service becomes less reliable. Finally, when grain is stored on the ground, the value of guaranteed rail service increases.
Factors Impacting Production And Economic Variability In Traditional Midwest Swine Enterprises, 2017 Iowa State University
Factors Impacting Production And Economic Variability In Traditional Midwest Swine Enterprises, John D. Lawrence, John Shaffer, Arne Hallam, Thomas J. Baas
Traditional swine enterprises report competitive cost of production for the “top one-third”herds.Further analysis shows that individual herds are seldom in the most profitable group every year, and nearly all farms have an occasional good year.While long-run differences exist in cost of production across farms, the wide variability from year to year in efficiency, costs, and returns provides a greater challenge to existing swine enterprises.