Welcome To The Neighborhood: A Spatial Analysis Of Crime And Housing Values, 2019 The University of Akron
Welcome To The Neighborhood: A Spatial Analysis Of Crime And Housing Values, Anthony Senick
Honors Research Projects
Crime is an obvious unwanted problem in any population anywhere in the world. Not only does it present problems for public safety, but it crime has negative monetary costs as well. One such way these costs can be observed is in their effect on property values. Past studies have examined this relationship between crime and housing values using the hedonic housing price model and spatial analysis, and I attempt to perform a similar analysis, but with the inclusion of new variables and spatial techniques, for the City of Akron, Ohio. With 2017 housing sale data provided by the Summit County ...
Synthetic Control And Dynamic Panel Estimation: A Case Study Of Iran, 2018 The Graduate Center, City University of New York
Synthetic Control And Dynamic Panel Estimation: A Case Study Of Iran, Orkideh Gharehgozli
All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects
International sanctions imposed on Iran, targeting primarily Iran’s key energy sector and its ability to access the international ﬁnancial system, have harmed Iran’s economic growth, speciﬁcally from 2011 to 2014. This thesis uses this case to study and compare the applicability of two diﬀerent popular approaches used in comparative case studies exploring the eﬀect of a policy intervention.
In the Chapter 1 we study the synthetic control method. Using this method, we estimate the eﬀect of the intensiﬁcation of sanctions on Iran’s GDP during the period 2011 to 2014. The year of 2011 was Iran’s ﬁrst ...
The Impact Of Cleft Lip And Palate Repair Surgery On Cognitive And Academic Outcomes For Teens In India, 2018 The University of San Francisco
The Impact Of Cleft Lip And Palate Repair Surgery On Cognitive And Academic Outcomes For Teens In India, R Jeremiah Maller
India has a backlog of nearly one million patients in need of cleft lip and palate repair. Unrepaired cleft results in social stigma and diminished health, psychological wellbeing, and academic functioning. Cleft repair surgery has the potential to restore functioning in these domains. However, the magnitude of the social, educational, and economic impact of cleft repair surgery has not been evaluated using statistically rigorous methods. An estimation of the academic and educational impact of cleft repair has implications for the appropriate allocation of public health resources. We analyze original data gathered from teenagers in West Bengal, India using the difference-in-differences ...
8.2 Conflict, Food And Water Security In Ethiopia, 2018 Western Michigan University
8.2 Conflict, Food And Water Security In Ethiopia, Desalegn Dagnew
International Conference on African Development
Ethiopia and its people are kind and hospitable to all humanity irrespective of race, tribe, ethnicity, religion or creed. It has been, and still is, a refuge to hundreds of thousands of people who seek shelter and safety. The world knows Ethiopians as people who love their country and who do not hesitate to defend it by giving their dear lives, as was the case during the fascist Italian invasions of 1895 and 1936 where thousands of Ethiopians died fighting to preserve Ethiopia’s identity as the only country in Africa that has never been ruled by a European colonial ...
2.2 Household Shocks And Child Labor: Evidence From A Panel Survey Of Nigerian Households, 2018 Western Michigan University
2.2 Household Shocks And Child Labor: Evidence From A Panel Survey Of Nigerian Households, Wei-Chiao Huang, Kofi Acheampong
International Conference on African Development
This paper studies the effects of household shocks on child labor and school enrollment. We used data from a two-year panel data set of Nigerian households surveyed between 2010/2011 and 2012/2013. We found that agricultural shocks, measured as crop and livestock losses, increase child labor hours and decrease the probability that a child will enroll in school. We also found that health shocks to men increase child labor hours. In contrast, health shocks to women have no impact on child labor hours and school enrollment.
Transactive Energy Design For Integrated Transmission And Distribution Systems, 2018 Iowa State University
Transactive Energy Design For Integrated Transmission And Distribution Systems, Hieu Trung Nguyen, Swathi Battula, Rohit Reddy Takkala, Zhaoyu Wang, Leigh Tesfatsion
Economics Working Papers
The increasing deployment of distributed energy resources (DERs) is disrupting every aspect of power system operations, from retail distribution to wholesale production and transmission. This paper reports on the development of an agentbased test system enabling the study of new transactive energy system (TES) designs to ensure the reliable efficient operation of integrated transmission and distribution (ITD) systems with growing DER penetration. This ITD test system is used to explore the ability of a non-profit Distribution System Operator (DSO), participating within an ITD system, to use an innovative TES design to manage the power usage of DER devices in accordance ...
Energy Use And Policy Implications For Energy Security In Asia: A Panel Data Approach, 2018 The University of Newcastle
Energy Use And Policy Implications For Energy Security In Asia: A Panel Data Approach, Tru Nguyen Anh
Journal of Asian Energy Studies
The article aims to investigate impacts of determinants on energy use in 13 Asian countries for the past two decades (1996-2015) by employing a panel database. We found that electric power per capita, fossil fuel consumption, fuel exports, and gross domestic product (GDP) per unit of energy use have positives influences on energy use in Asia. However, fuel imports and investment in energy with participation of the private negatively affects energy use in this region. Our results also addressed that energy use in Asian countries still heavily depends upon fossil energy such as coal, oil, and natural gas. Indeed, our ...
Gdp And Refugees: An Economic Argument For Accepting Refugees, 2018 Brigham Young University
Gdp And Refugees: An Economic Argument For Accepting Refugees, Michael Jarman
Marriott Student Review
This paper examines both the costs and benefits associated with accepting refugees and purports to show that accepting refugees is economically beneficial; increasing GDP in the long run. There is a substantial cost associated with accepting and sustaining refugees, both in providing necessities and in the impact that refugees have on local job markets. However, longitudinal data pulled from Denmark, Germany, and Turkey has shown that local markets do recover from the initial shock. Over time as refugees integrate into their host communities, they provide dividends in the form of increasing demand, greater mobility and wage increases for locals, and ...
Microfinance, Msmes And The Macro Economy: Evidence From India, 2018 Honors College, Pace University
Microfinance, Msmes And The Macro Economy: Evidence From India, Monica Casabona
Honors College Theses
Much of prior literature on the relationship between microfinance and the macro-economy has focused on the effect of the latter in determining the success of microfinance institutions (MFIs). However, the microfinance industry has been underserved in studies evaluating microfinance as a legitimate contributor toward macro-economic growth. Researching this connection would provide a clearer direction for policymakers to support microfinance, and the institutions that foster such activities. This paper investigates the hypothesis that microfinance is not only important to the people at the bottom of the socio-economic pyramid, but for the overall health of a national economy. We explore different mechanisms ...
The Economic Impact Of Failing Infrastructure In The New York Metropolitan Area, 2018 Honors College, Pace University
The Economic Impact Of Failing Infrastructure In The New York Metropolitan Area, Nicholas Travis
Honors College Theses
Infrastructure in the New York Metropolitan Area has been seriously underfunded due to a failure of public investment on the local, state and federal level. Prior research has presented concrete reasoning that the now crumbling infrastructure will seriously affect economic growth and worker productivity. This research seeks to quantify the economic effects as a result of this failing infrastructure. My research asks: what are the concrete, additional economic expenditures, due to failing infrastructure, that drivers spend each year? How much do these economic costs decrease our economic productivity, and how do the economic costs compare with proposed infrastructure improvements? From ...
The Missing Benefits Of Clean Water And The Role Of Mismeasured Pollution, 2018 Iowa State University
The Missing Benefits Of Clean Water And The Role Of Mismeasured Pollution, David A. Keiser
Economics Working Papers
Although the U.S. spends billions of dollars a year controlling water pollution, there is little empirical evidence of comparable benefits. This study argues that measurement error in pollution data causes benefits to be underestimated. Using upstream concentrations as instrumental variables for local concentrations, the study finds substantial benefits from reducing nutrient pollution. Instrumental variable estimates of the effects of phosphorus on recreational use are an order of magnitude larger than conventional estimates. The study uses a long-term pollution dataset from Iowa to show that this difference is consistent with estimates of measurement error in several U.S. water pollution ...
Agricultural Mechanization And Bmi For Rural Workers: A Field Experiment In China, 2018 Wuhan University
Agricultural Mechanization And Bmi For Rural Workers: A Field Experiment In China, Zizhen Guo, Yu Jiang, Sonya K. Huffman
Economics Working Papers
This paper examines whether and how agricultural mechanization affects the BMI of farmers in rural China using a unique data set. We conducted a field experiment with face-to-face interviews in 135 counties of 12 provinces in China in 2013. It includes 4,229 individuals from 1,024 rural households, of which 1,033 of the 2,165 workers are farmers. The BMI of farmers who utilize agricultural mechanization is about 10 percent larger than those who don’t at a 1 percent significance level. Our results suggest that the adoption of agricultural mechanization has a positive and statistically significant effect ...
Local Environmental Quality And Inter-Jurisdictional Spillovers, 2018 Stanford University
Local Environmental Quality And Inter-Jurisdictional Spillovers, John W. Hatfield, Katrina Kosec
Moderate Growth With A Stronger Industrial Sector, 2018 University of Nebraska-Lincoln
Moderate Growth With A Stronger Industrial Sector, Eric Thompson
Business in Nebraska
Nebraska will record solid economic growth during the forecast period but will lag U.S. growth. While Nebraska’s large farming sector has stabilized, it will not contribute much to economic growth during the forecast period. Job growth also will be sluggish in transportation, retail trade and state and local government. Job growth, however, will be stronger in the services, finance, manufacturing and construction. Projected growth rates for 2018 to 2020 are presented in Table 1.
Employment will grow by 0.8% to 1.0% per year, below the national rate. Non-farm income will grow between 3.6% and 3 ...
Western Washington Elk-Hunting: Analyzing Willingness To Pay And Economic Benefits, 2018 Seattle Pacific University
Western Washington Elk-Hunting: Analyzing Willingness To Pay And Economic Benefits, Alex Donka
This study will attempt to establish an estimate of willingness to pay for elk hunted in Western Washington, with the intent of informing policymakers on the potential economic benefit of elk hunting in the state. The research uses travel cost analysis to estimate variable cost associated with hunting, and controls for macroeconomic fluctuations in hunting demand as well as quality metrics for the specific GMUs in question. The study found that expected willingness to pay for an elk hunting trip in 2013-2015 was approximately $140, which is a lower-bound estimation of expenditures and hunter utility. The study’s findings support ...
Is Microfinance The Best Tool For Empowerment? Analysis Of Efficiency Of Developing Economies’S Microfinance Institutions In Empowering Women Using Data Envelopment Analysis Meta Frontier Technology, 2018 Union College
Is Microfinance The Best Tool For Empowerment? Analysis Of Efficiency Of Developing Economies’S Microfinance Institutions In Empowering Women Using Data Envelopment Analysis Meta Frontier Technology, Beryl Isiji
Poverty is still prevalent in developing economies, although the proportion of people living below the international poverty line ($1.90 a day) decreased by 24.6% between 1990 and 2013 according to World Bank. Women are more likely than men to live in poverty due to minimal access to resources. Microfinance institutions (MFIs) lend small funds to women thereby empowering them, encouraging entrepreneurship and creating creditworthiness.
This thesis examines the effect of MFIs on gender inequality via women empowerment by calculating output-oriented Data Envelopment Analysis using the meta frontier technology, and relating the efficiency results to the Gender Inequality Index ...
Regulation And The Marginalist Revolution, 2018 University of Pennsylvania Law School
Regulation And The Marginalist Revolution, Herbert J. Hovenkamp
The marginalist revolution in economics became the foundation for the modern regulatory State with its “mixed” economy. Marginalism, whose development defines the boundary between classical political economy and neoclassical economics, completely overturned economists’ theory of value. It developed in the late nineteenth century in England, the Continent and the United States. For the classical political economists, value was a function of past averages. One good example is the wage-fund theory, which saw the optimal rate of wages as a function of the firm’s ability to save from previous profits. Another is the theory of corporate finance, which assessed a ...
Connecticut Economic Outlook For 2018-2020: A Perspective From Sacred Heart University Students In Business Economics, 2018 Sacred Heart University
Connecticut Economic Outlook For 2018-2020: A Perspective From Sacred Heart University Students In Business Economics, Lucjan Orlowski
Lucjan T. Orlowski
The United States economy has been through its fair share of struggles in recent years. Following the 2008 Financial Crisis, many people were uncertain of how it was going to impact the future of American business, policies, and individual states economic potential. After the election of President Donald Trump, it is evident that there has been a great amount of growth in the United States economy, and the growth that has been made can be reflected in multiple ways. Using the tools and knowledge we have obtained in our Economic and Financial Forecasting course at Sacred Heart University, we are ...
Impact Of Cooperative Membership On Members' Household Economies: The Case Of Chiapas Coffee Farmers, 2018 The University of San Francisco
Impact Of Cooperative Membership On Members' Household Economies: The Case Of Chiapas Coffee Farmers, Stephen Pitts
Coffee producers typically sell raw coffee beans as the first step in a global value chain. Recently, groups of producers have formed coffee cooperatives that attempt to regain market power by integrating the other steps of the value chain. This study uses matching to estimate the effect of membership in one such cooperative on the household economy of indigenous coffee producers in the state of Chiapas, Mexico. It contributes to the literature by considering new determinants of participation and outcomes of interest. First, social capital at the individual and village level is correlated with cooperative membership more than other demographic ...
Sweden's Great Escape: Industrialization And The Changing Productivity Cost Of Winter, 2018 University of San Francisco
Sweden's Great Escape: Industrialization And The Changing Productivity Cost Of Winter, Charlotte Taylor, Jesse Anttila-Hughes
We combine a paleoclimate reconstruction of the North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO)- a key determinant of Scandinavian winter intensity- with four centuries of historical production data from Sweden, to examine the changing influence of climate variability on production over time. We find the colder, drier winters associated with the negative phase of the NAO led to reduced economic production for much of Swedish history, and that this relationship changed with development: during industrialization, Sweden underwent a transition from ‘level’ effects, where harsh winters lowered average incomes, to ‘growth’ effects, where it reduced growth in improving living standards. Post-industrialization, neither ‘level’ nor ...