Accounting For Agent Heterogeneity In Market And Policy Analysis, 2019 University of Nebraska-Lincoln
Accounting For Agent Heterogeneity In Market And Policy Analysis, Konstantinos Giannakas
This book presents a multi-market framework of market and policy analysis that explicitly accounts for the empirically relevant heterogeneity in consumer preferences and producer characteristics. The explicit consideration of consumer and producer heterogeneity represents a significant departure from the representative consumer and producer that have been at the center of most of the literature on market and policy analysis, and enables the distributional impacts of changes in market conditions and policies to be fully identified. The framework is used to analyze the system-wide market and welfare impacts of a number of changes in market conditions (like ...
Product Concentration And Usage: Behavioral Effects In The Glyphosate Market, 2019 Kansas State University
Product Concentration And Usage: Behavioral Effects In The Glyphosate Market, Edward D. Perry, David A. Hennessy, Giancarlo Moschini
CARD Working Papers
People often ignore or misunderstand information that would help them make better decisions. For products that differ by concentration level, a critical choice concerns the correct dosage rate. We study the effects of changing glyphosate product concentration levels on farmers’ glyphosate usage behavior. Glyphosate is the world’s most widely used herbicide. After glyphosate went off patent in 2000, product variants with higher concentration levels entered the market. Using detailed farmlevel glyphosate use data in U.S. corn and soybeans over the period 1998-2011, we estimate the impact of product concentration levels on glyphosate application rates. We control for prices ...
Fishing Technologies: Specification And Estimation, 2018 Iowa State University
Fishing Technologies: Specification And Estimation, Quinn Weninger, Larry Perruso, Helle Bunzel
Economics Working Papers
This paper consistently estimates the structural properties of a multiple-species fishing technology. Our approach overcomes two ubiquitous features of fisheries data generating processes that invalidate classical ordinary least squares estimators: (1) unobservability, by the researcher, of the in situ fish stock and its effect on productivity, and (2) endogenous production decisions that vary with fishermen’s private information about stock abundance and other economic variables. Our estimations obtain consistency by exploiting the timing of production decisions and the information available to fishermen when endogenous production scale and scope, i.e., targeting of individual species’, decisions are made. Our estimator adopts ...
Why Trust Out-Groups? The Role Of Punishment Under Uncertainty, 2018 Bryant University
Why Trust Out-Groups? The Role Of Punishment Under Uncertainty, Xiaofei Pan, Daniel Houser
Economics Faculty Journal Articles
We conducted a hidden-effort trust game, in which we assigned subjects to one of two groups. The groups, which were formed through two different group formation processes, included a “social” group that required sharing and exchange among its members, and a “non-social” group that did not. Once assigned, subjects participated in the game with members from both groups, either with or without the opportunity to punish a trustee who may have defected on them. We found that for investors in the non-social group, the opportunity to punish a trustee worked to promote trust, but only when the trustee was a ...
How Gender Norms Impact Women's Access To Financial Inclusion, 2018 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville
How Gender Norms Impact Women's Access To Financial Inclusion, Caitlyn Goodman
Economics Undergraduate Honors Theses
The purpose of this paper is to determine if there is a relationship between gender norms and women's access to financial resources. Using data from the World Bank and the World Values Survey, I use a linear regression model to assess how attitudes toward education, jobs, and over-all equal rights impact women's account ownership.
Three Essays On Corruption And Collusion, 2018 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville
Three Essays On Corruption And Collusion, Arlo Redwine
Theses and Dissertations
This dissertation studies corruption and collusion with data derived from a laboratory experiment and household data. In Chapter 1 I study experimental procurement auctions with bribery and a public reserve to test for the tacitly collusive equilibrium described by Compte et al. (2005). Three sellers compete for 40 periods to sell a single item to a computerized buyer who accepts bribes and determines ties in bids and bribes randomly. In the closing periods, only 13.5% of auctions display the collusive equilibrium, but 58.7% of selling prices are noncompetitive. In comparison with simulated predictions for auctions that are corrupt ...
"Integrated Science 3002a: Big Bike Giveaway: Changing London's Environment, Health, And Economy One Bike At A Time", Jermiah Joseph, Katelyn Melo, Devanshi Shukla, Tony Nguyen, Katherine Teeter
Community Engaged Learning Final Projects
There are significant benefits that manifest when an individual chooses to ride a bicycle as their primary mode of transportation. To investigate these benefits, the environmental, health, economic, and social impacts of biking were evaluated through research and data analyses. This revealed that numerous advantages can be obtained at an individual and local scale through citizens choosing to adopt a biking lifestyle. However, it was found that many Londoners are deterred from biking due to poor biking infrastructure. This paper calls into question the current cycling framework in London and it’s limitations on achieving the numerous benefits that biking ...
The Fintech Opportunity, 2018 New York University
The Fintech Opportunity, Thomas Philippon
Wharton Pension Research Council Working Papers
This chapter assesses potential impacts of FinTech on the finance industry. First we show that financial services remain surprisingly expensive in the U.S., which helps explain the emergence of new entrants. We then argue that the current regulatory approach is subject to significant political economy and coordination costs, and therefore it is unlikely to deliver much structural change. FinTech can improve both financial stability and access to services, but this will require important changes in the focus of regulations.
Is Public Transit's 'Green' Reputation Deserved?, 2018 University of Washington Tacoma
Is Public Transit's 'Green' Reputation Deserved?, Justin Beaudoin
TREC Friday Seminar Series
While public transit has a reputation as a potential means to ameliorate the adverse environmental effects of automobile travel, there have been very few empirical studies of the marginal effect of transit supply on air quality. We explore whether any of the substantial improvement in air quality observed in the U.S. from 1991 to 2011 can be attributed to increased public transit supply by developing an equilibrium model of transit and automobile travel volumes as a function of the level of transit supplied. We then empirically analyze the effects of the level of transit supply on observed ambient pollution ...
Potential Crime Risk And Housing Market Responses, 2018 Singapore Management University
Potential Crime Risk And Housing Market Responses, Kim, Kwan Ok Lee
Research Collection School Of Economics
We study how information on local (dis)amenities is transmitted and manifested in housing markets. Using nationwide data on multifamily homes in South Korea, we analyze heterogeneity in the effect of a sex offender's presence on sale prices and rents of nearby homes. Our results demonstrate that the price effect of the offender's move-in varies significantly by spatial context. People react more strongly and persistently to the move-in of the offender in places wherein indicators of social connectedness are stronger, such as places with relatively low population density. We also find that, unlike housing prices, rents do not ...
Green Behaviors In The Laboratory, Environmental Donations In The Field, 2018 University of Windsor
Green Behaviors In The Laboratory, Environmental Donations In The Field, Taberah Michelle D Couto
Behavior within an experiment is generally explained by either a pure profit motive or a response to the context of the experiment which is likely driven by different factors such as individuals' environmental friendliness. Are participants in laboratory experiments responding to the context of the experimental setting and not merely to a profit motive? Using a preliminary analysis, I draw evidence from data collected in a two-stage laboratory experiment designed and conducted by Palm-Forster et al. (In Press) at the University of Delaware. In the first stage of the experiment, participants performed a series of tasks concerning their tradeoffs between ...
Random Assignment Of Bundles, 2018 Singapore Management University
Random Assignment Of Bundles, Shurojit Chatterji, Peng Liu
Research Collection School Of Economics
We study the random assignments of bundles with no free disposal. The key difference between the setting with bundles and the setting with objects (see Bogomolnaia and Moulin (2001)) is one of feasibility. The implications of this difference are significant. First, the characterization of sd-efficient random assignments is fundamentally different. Second, a possibility result in the setting with objects fails in the setting with bundles. However, in the setting with bundles, we are able to identify a preference restriction, called essential monotonicity, under which the random serial dictatorship rule (extended to the setting with bundles) is equivalent to the probabilistic ...
Environmental Policies In The Transportation Sector: Taxes, Subsidies, Mandates, Restrictions, And Investment, 2018 University of Washington, Tacoma
Environmental Policies In The Transportation Sector: Taxes, Subsidies, Mandates, Restrictions, And Investment, Justin Beaudoin, Yuan Chen, David R. Heres, Khaled H. Kheiravar, Gabriel E. Lade, Fujin Yi, Wei Zhang, C.-Y. Cynthia Lin Lawell
Economics Working Papers
The transportation sector is associated with many negative externalities, including air pollution, global climate change, and traffic congestion. In this paper we discuss several possible policies for addressing the emissions and other environmental externalities from the transportation sector, including taxes, subsidies, mandates, restrictions, and investment. Most economists generally recommend that policy-makers use incentive- (or market-) based instruments as opposed to command and control policies whenever possible. However, various economic and political constraints can preclude policy instruments that would in theory achieve a first-best outcome from being employed, and policy-makers have often implemented alternative policies such as subsidies, mandates, restrictions, and ...
Three Essays On Consumer Demand In Online And Offline Markets, 2018 Lehigh University
Three Essays On Consumer Demand In Online And Offline Markets, Xingyue Zhang
Theses and Dissertations
Consumers face various costs when investigating and purchasing products in either online or offline markets: the travel cost to visit a store and the search cost to examine the product attributes once they are at a store. The relative magnitude of the costs may lead to different store pricing and consumer search behavior. This dissertation builds game-theoretic search models and examines the interaction between store pricing and consumer search behavior under travel and search costs, and positive stockout probabilities in Chapter 1. To quantify the difference in consumer demand under different costs, a structural demand model has been developed to ...
Abandoning The Dream Of Omnipotence: On Autonomy And Self-Binding, 2018 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville
Abandoning The Dream Of Omnipotence: On Autonomy And Self-Binding, Charlie Coil
Theses and Dissertations
I offer a prolegomenon to the philosophical study of a uniquely human activity—the self-binding act. This philosophical interest directly connects with the Enlightenment project of centralizing personal autonomy and individual freedom as primary values of personhood. Self-binding represents an easily referenced action that introduces a possible clash between autonomy and freedom on the one hand seen as in conflict with other ancient basic human values like self-control and avoiding akrasia. This dissertation investigates the inverted manner whereby an act of self-binding, which voluntarily and effectively limits a person’s options, can end up augmenting rather than interfering with personal ...
Has The Development Gap Between The Ethnic Minority And Majority Groups Narrow In Vietnam?: Evidence From Household Surveys, 2018 Singapore Management University
Has The Development Gap Between The Ethnic Minority And Majority Groups Narrow In Vietnam?: Evidence From Household Surveys, Tomoki Fujii
Research Collection School Of Economics
Using household data for rural northern Vietnam between 1993 and 2014, we find that the ethnic minority group continued to lag behind the majority group in various development indicators despite the overall improvement in living standards. Our regression and decomposition analyses show that the structural differences between the two groups are an important cause of persistent development gap. However, the nature of structural differences changed over time and no single source of structural difference explains the persistent gap. We argue that more minority‐appropriate policies are needed to lift poor minority households out of poverty further and reduce the development ...
Pretrial Release And Failure-To-Appear In Mclean County, Il, 2018 Illinois State University
Pretrial Release And Failure-To-Appear In Mclean County, Il, Jonathan Monsma
Stevenson Center for Community and Economic Development to Stevenson Center for Community and Economic Development—Student Research
Actuarial risk assessment tools increasingly have been employed in jurisdictions across the U.S. to assist courts in the decision of whether someone charged with a crime should be detained or released prior to their trial. These tools should be continually monitored and researched by independent 3rd parties to ensure that these powerful tools are being administered properly and used in the most proficient way as to provide socially optimal results. McLean County, Illinois began using the Public Safety Assessment-CourtTM (PSA-Court or simply PSA) risk assessment tool beginning in 2016. This study culls data from the McLean County ...
Behavioral Finance, Decumulation And The Regulatory Strategy For Robo-Advice, 2018 University of Pennsylvania Law School
Behavioral Finance, Decumulation And The Regulatory Strategy For Robo-Advice, Tom Baker, Benedict Dellaert
Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law
This working paper surveys the decumulation services offered by investment robo-advisors as a case study with which to examine regulatory and market structure issues raised by automated financial advice. We provide a short introduction to decumulation, describing some of the uncertainties involved in identifying optimal decumulation strategies and sketching a few of the ‘rules of thumb’ that financial advisors have developed in this area in the face of this uncertainty. Next we describe behavioral effects that could inhibit consumers from following an optimal decumulation strategy, concluding that, left to their own devices, consumers are likely to make sub-optimal decumulation decisions ...
Examining Moral Hazard In The Healthcare Insurance Market, 2018 Honors College Pace University
Examining Moral Hazard In The Healthcare Insurance Market, Samuel Ashby
Honors College Theses
This study aims to examine the effect of insurance coverage on medical expenditure in the United States. The data was gathered from the Household Component Medical Expenditure Panel Survey and is a cross-sectional data set with a sample size of approximately 1500 observations. The study also distinguishes between public and private insurance coverage to compare the potential moral hazard in the two separate markets. The results of this study suggest that insurance status, specifically public, has a strong positive effect on healthcare expenditure. This result, combined with a negative relationship between household income and healthcare expenditure, suggests that the source ...
How Do Restaurant Menu Calorie Labeling Requirements And Exercise Impact Consumer Food Decision Making?, 2018 University of Nebraska-Lincoln
How Do Restaurant Menu Calorie Labeling Requirements And Exercise Impact Consumer Food Decision Making?, Nigina Rakhmatullaeva
Dissertations and Theses in Agricultural Economics
The percentage of the U.S. population that is obese has increased markedly over the past fifty years. Obesity is driven in part by imbalances in energy consumption and expenditures. There are two main behavioral factors that influence that balance: food consumption and exercise. In this thesis, I report the results of two experiments that encompass both food choice and exercise.
The consumption of food prepared away from home is growing rapidly. Since individuals do not control the ingredients in foods prepared away from home, these foods are frequently less healthy than home-cooked foods. The role of calorie labeling for ...