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Targeting Resource Conservation Expenditiures, JunJie Wu, Richard M. Adams, David Zilberman, Bruce A. Babcock 2017 Iowa State University

Targeting Resource Conservation Expenditiures, Junjie Wu, Richard M. Adams, David Zilberman, Bruce A. Babcock

Bruce Babcock

Payments to landowners are a major vehicle to assure resource conservation and environmental protection. Examples of payment programs are listed in the sidebar, page. 34. Some of these programs (1, 2 and 3) compensate resource owners for changing resource uses while others (4, 5 and 6) involve the outright purchase of a resource. For example, the Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) has compensated landowners to retire 37 million acres of highly erodible cropland at a current annual cost of approximately $1.9 billion, and the Nature Conservancy has protected more than 11 million acres of environmentally valuable land in the United ...


Readdressing The Fertilizer Problem, Nicholas D. Paulson, Bruce A. Babcock 2017 University of Illinois

Readdressing The Fertilizer Problem, Nicholas D. Paulson, Bruce A. Babcock

Bruce Babcock

The production literature has shown that inputs such as fertilizer can be defined as riskincreasing. However, farmers also consistently overapply nitrogen. A model of optimal input use under uncertainty is used to address this paradox. Using experimental data, a stochastic production relationship between yield and soil nitrate is estimated. Numerical results show that input uncertainty may cause farmers to overapply nitrogen. Survey data suggest that farmers are risk averse, but prefer small chances of high yields compared to small chances of crop failures when expected yields are equivalent. Furthermore, yield risk and yield variability are not equivalent.


Production Of Energy And Environmental Protection As A Prerequisite For Sustainable Development, Diana Baus 2017 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Production Of Energy And Environmental Protection As A Prerequisite For Sustainable Development, Diana Baus

All Graduate Works by Year: Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

This paper explains why renewable energy is a prerequisite for sustainable development. The development of renewable energy sources is important because renewable energy sources have a very important role in reducing emissions of carbon dioxide (CO2) into the atmosphere, eradicate poverty and increase the employment rate. In the first section the paper introduces renewable energy sources. The focus is on the function of solar energy, wind power, biomass, geothermal energy, and hydroelectric energy and their implementation globally. The second part of the paper elaborates on the economic, political, and social aspects for the development of renewable energy sources. The ...


The Economic Impacts Of California’S Major Climate Programs On The San Joaquin Valley, Betony Jones, Ethan Elkind, Kevin Duncan, Marilee Hanson 2017 Donald Vial Center on Employment in the Green Economy

The Economic Impacts Of California’S Major Climate Programs On The San Joaquin Valley, Betony Jones, Ethan Elkind, Kevin Duncan, Marilee Hanson

Center for Law, Energy & the Environment Publications

The San Joaquin Valley plays a critical role in shaping California’s climate policy and is worthy of study due to its function as a bellwether of the state’s transition to a low-carbon economy. Reducing emissions is vitally important for the San Joaquin Valley. The Valley’s topography traps pollution, and air quality and the resulting health conditions are far worse in the Valley than in other region of the state. The region also faces more socioeconomic challenges than the state as a whole. Thus the Valley is vulnerable to both climate change and to climate policy. If policymakers ...


Growing Portland: Not Whether, But How, Richard Barringer, Joseph McDonnell 2017 University of Southern Maine

Growing Portland: Not Whether, But How, Richard Barringer, Joseph Mcdonnell

Muskie School of Public Service

In the 400 years since European settlement, Portland has survived the ravages of war, invasion, pestilence, conflagration, and economic depression and recession. Once a renowned manufacturing, trade, and shipping center, it now enjoys what might be called a post-industrial renaissance as a vibrant center for the arts, education, entertainment, and banking, legal, and medical services; and is frequently cited as one of America’s best small cities. As a result, Portland is growing today and is positioned for more growth.

The question, then, is not whether Portland will grow, but how well it will grow; or, how best to manage ...


The Fiscal Theory Of The Price Level In Sub-Saharan Africa: A Structural Break Analysis, Christian Tchamda 2017 South Dakota State University

The Fiscal Theory Of The Price Level In Sub-Saharan Africa: A Structural Break Analysis, Christian Tchamda

Theses and Dissertations

In this paper, I provide empirical evidence of the fiscal theory of the price level (FTPL) using sub-Saharan African countries. While the traditional view of the inflation is driven and explained by the quantity theory of money, the FTPL argues that the government deficit has an impact on the price level. However, the empirical literature of the FTPL is not extensive. This paper adds to this literature in that it substantiates this theory. I determine using primary balance and liabilities data when available to classify a country as under either a monetary dominant regime (the traditional view) or under a ...


Wage Inequality In The Manufacturing Sector Of The Mexico And Its Regions, According To The Trade Opening, 2005-2015, Reyna E. Rodríguez Pérez, Vicente German-Soto, Crhistian Joel González Cuatianquis 2016 Universidad Autónoma de Coahuila

Wage Inequality In The Manufacturing Sector Of The Mexico And Its Regions, According To The Trade Opening, 2005-2015, Reyna E. Rodríguez Pérez, Vicente German-Soto, Crhistian Joel González Cuatianquis

Vicente German-Soto

This paper analyzes the evolution of wage inequality in the manufacturing sector of the regions of Mexico, according to the grade of exposition to trade opening. The methodology consists in measuring the wage inequality through the Theil index decomposition; it is calculated from data of the Survey of Occupation and Employment (ENOE) 2005 and 2015. The results indicate that wage inequality has decreased in Mexico and in its regions by 2015, especially in those areas with low exposition to trade opening. The gap decomposition shows that the intra-part is the principal source of inequality, which is higher in the sex-classification ...


Central Minnesota Economic And Business Conditions Report - Third Quarter 2016, King Banaian, Richard A. MacDonald 2016 St. Cloud State University

Central Minnesota Economic And Business Conditions Report - Third Quarter 2016, King Banaian, Richard A. Macdonald

Central Minnesota Economic and Business Conditions Report

The Central Minnesota planning area is expected to experience a slowing of economic growth over the next several months according to predictions of the Central Minnesota Index of Leading Economic Indicators (LEI). The leading index fell by 2.90 points in the most recent period, with three components producing negative readings. Weakness in a general measure of statewide business conditions along with slowing residential building permits in the St. Cloud area helped tip the index down this quarter. An increase in initial jobless claims in Central Minnesota also had a negative impact on the LEI in the third quarter. An ...


Northwest Minnesota Economic And Business Conditions Report - Third Quarter 2016, King Banaian, Richard A. MacDonald 2016 St. Cloud State University

Northwest Minnesota Economic And Business Conditions Report - Third Quarter 2016, King Banaian, Richard A. Macdonald

Northwest Minnesota Economic and Business Conditions Report

The Northwest Minnesota planning area economy is expected to continue to grow at a pace that is somewhat below normal over the next several months according to the predictions of the St. Cloud State University (SCSU) Northwest Minnesota Index of Leading Economic Indicators (LEI). Two of the five components of the leading index were lower in the third quarter, as the LEI fell by 0.81 points. A declining Rural Mainstreet Index (which signals a more challenging macroeconomic environment for rural America) and weaker consumer sentiment helped drive the index lower. Lower initial jobless claims and rising new filings for ...


Northeast Minnesota Economic And Business Conditions Report - Third Quarter 2016, King Banaian, Richard A. MacDonald 2016 St. Cloud State University

Northeast Minnesota Economic And Business Conditions Report - Third Quarter 2016, King Banaian, Richard A. Macdonald

Northeast Minnesota Economic and Business Conditions Report

A deceleration of economic growth in Northeast Minnesota is expected over the next several months according to the predictions of the Northeast Minnesota Index of Leading Economic Indicators (LEI). Two of the five components of the LEI increased as the overall index fell by 1.36 points in the third quarter. An increase in new filings of incorporation in the Northeast Minnesota planning area and lower initial jobless claims had a positive impact on the LEI, while recent weakness in a general measure of statewide business conditions and a fall in a supply managers’ survey helped drive the index lower ...


Southeast Minnesota Economic And Business Conditions Report - Third Quarter 2016, King Banaian, Richard A. MacDonald 2016 St. Cloud State University

Southeast Minnesota Economic And Business Conditions Report - Third Quarter 2016, King Banaian, Richard A. Macdonald

Southeast Minnesota Economic and Business Conditions Report

Acceleration of economic growth in Southeast Minnesota is expected over the next several months according to the most recent prediction of the Southeast Minnesota Index of Leading Economic Indicators (LEI). After a quarter in which the LEI experienced a 3.18 point decline, the Southeast Minnesota leading index reversed course by rising 2.34 points in the third quarter of 2016. The increased LEI was led by a rise in the number of residential building permits in Rochester as well as higher new filings of incorporation and LLC in the Southeast Minnesota planning area. Three components of the LEI had ...


Southwest Minnesota Economic And Business Conditions Report - Third Quarter 2016, King Banaian, Richard A. MacDonald 2016 St. Cloud State University

Southwest Minnesota Economic And Business Conditions Report - Third Quarter 2016, King Banaian, Richard A. Macdonald

Southwest Minnesota Economic and Business Conditions Report

Normal economic growth in Southwest Minnesota is expected over the next several months according to the predictions of the St. Cloud State University (SCSU) Southwest Minnesota Index of Leading Economic Indicators (LEI). Two of four LEI components were positive in the third quarter. An increase in new filings of incorporation and LLC and a jump in Mankato residential building permits made favorable contributions to the LEI this quarter. An increase in initial jobless claims and weakness in the rural outlook weighed on the index. After rising 1.27 points in the second quarter, the Southwest Minnesota LEI was essentially flat ...


Nebraska Monthly Economic Indicators: December 16, 2016, Eric Thompson 2016 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Nebraska Monthly Economic Indicators: December 16, 2016, Eric Thompson

Leading Economic Indicator Reports

Leading Economic Indicator – Nebraska (LEI-N) 1 fell by 0.32% during November of 2016. The decline in the LEI-N, which predicts economic activity six months in the future, suggests that economic growth will be modest in Nebraska during the first half of 2017. Four of six components of the LEI-N were negative during November. Airline passenger counts and manufacturing hours both declined during the month. There also was another increase in the value of the U.S. dollar during November, a negative for export-oriented businesses in Nebraska. Initial claims for unemployment insurance rose during the month. Two components of the ...


Solar Urban Planning: Addressing Barriers And Conflicts Specific To Renewable Energy Policy And The Current Field And Practice Of Urban Planning Within The Context Of A Changing Climate, Toryl P. Hanna 2016 SIT Graduate Institute

Solar Urban Planning: Addressing Barriers And Conflicts Specific To Renewable Energy Policy And The Current Field And Practice Of Urban Planning Within The Context Of A Changing Climate, Toryl P. Hanna

Capstone Collection

The world is in a period of rapid urbanization while experiencing unprecedented rise in global temperature as a result of climate change. Questions have been raised as to how strategies for urbanization will be able to address the fetish for energy, while halting carbon emissions produced by traditional energy sources for urban inhabitants around the world. First, this paper seeks to look to cities, at the intersection of solar energy and the field of urban planning, looking into the opportunities and challenges that are currently surfacing. Conflicts and barriers in traditional urban land use patterns emerge as a topic of ...


Commodity Prices Limit Nebraska Growth, Eric Thompson, Nebraska Business Forecast Council 2016 Bureau of Business Research

Commodity Prices Limit Nebraska Growth, Eric Thompson, Nebraska Business Forecast Council

Business in Nebraska

Over the last few years the service sector has been the primary engine of economic growth in the United States. Supported by growth in employment and real wages, the service sector has grown steadily with increases in retail trade, business services, personal services and construction activity. Growth has been limited, however, in the industrial sector, given weakness in the energy industry, poor demand for business investment and weak overseas economies. The net result has been moderate economic growth.

Several fundamental issues continue to support an outlook for moderate economic growth. First, the pace of job growth will slow given the ...


Europe 1992: Economic Implications For Asia, David Lim 2016 Technological and Higher Education Institute of Hong Kong, Vocational Training Council

Europe 1992: Economic Implications For Asia, David Lim

Prof. David Lim

The European Economic Community (EEC) was formed in 1957 with the signing of the Treaty of Rome. This brought together six countries (Belgium, France, West Germany, Italy, Luxemberg and the Netherlands) which were involved in the conflict of the Second World War. The Impetus for the establishment of the EEC was political but the economic gains from the operation of the scheme, popularly known as the Common Market, were so significant that eventually the original membership of six was doubled to include Denmark, Greece, Ireland, Portugal, Spain and the United Kingdom. The so-called Europe 1992 Project aims to bring about ...


Editor's Introduction To The Special Edition: The Economics Of Climate Change In Coastal Areas, Charles S. Colgan 2016 Middlebury Institute of International Studies at Monterey

Editor's Introduction To The Special Edition: The Economics Of Climate Change In Coastal Areas, Charles S. Colgan

Journal of Ocean and Coastal Economics

Editor's introduction to the Special Edition on the Economics of Climate Change Adaptation in Coastal Areas


The Economics Of Climate Adaptation On America’S Coasts: A Washington Conversation, Dr. Charles Colgan 2016 Center for the Blue Economy at the Middlebury Institute of International Studies at Monterey

The Economics Of Climate Adaptation On America’S Coasts: A Washington Conversation, Dr. Charles Colgan

Journal of Ocean and Coastal Economics

Report of a colloquium on the economics of coastal climate change adaptation held in Washington D.C. on April 16, 2015. The event was sponsored by The Center for Blue Economy of the Middlebury Institute of International Studies at Monterey and the Urban Coast Institute of Monmouth University. Participants included Michael Conathan, Center for American Progress; Frank Nutter, Reinsurance Association of America; Dr. Robert Kopp, Rutgers University; Josh Sawislak, Council on Environmental Quality; Tony MacDonald, Urban Coast Institute; Jason Scorse and Charles Colgan, Center for the Blue Economy


The Economics Of Adaptation To Climate Change In Coasts And Oceans: Literature Review, Policy Implications And Research Agenda, Charles S. Colgan 2016 Middlebury Institute of International Studies at Monterey

The Economics Of Adaptation To Climate Change In Coasts And Oceans: Literature Review, Policy Implications And Research Agenda, Charles S. Colgan

Journal of Ocean and Coastal Economics

Sea level rise and other effects of climate change on oceans and coasts around the world are major reasons to halt the emissions of greenhouse gases to the maximum extent. But historical emissions and sea level rise have already begun so steps to adapt to a world where shorelines, coastal populations, and economies could be dramatically altered are now essential. This presents significant economic challenges in four areas. (1) Large expenditures for adaptation steps may be required but the extent of sea level rise and thus the expenditures are unknowable at this point. Traditional methods for comparing benefits and costs ...


The United States Of America And Azerbaijan: Economic Relations, Anar Hatamov, George Langelett 2016 South Dakota State University

The United States Of America And Azerbaijan: Economic Relations, Anar Hatamov, George Langelett

George Langelett

No abstract provided.


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