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1990 Full-Text Articles 1089 Authors 195198 Downloads 88 Institutions

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1990 full-text articles. Page 1 of 56.

Urban Rail Transit Ppps: Lessons From East Asian Cities, S Y Phang 2017 Singapore Management University

Urban Rail Transit Ppps: Lessons From East Asian Cities, S Y Phang

PHANG Sock Yong

Private sector participation in urban rail transit has proliferated in the past two decades. The large metropolises of East Asia have had decades of experience with private sector participation in the provision of heavy metro services. The design of these public-private partnerships (PPP) are varied. The diverse experiences of Tokyo, Hong Kong, Singapore and Beijing contain valuable lessons for other cities. Using a case study approach, this paper discusses three features of urban rail transit developments in the context of East Asian cities, viz., farebox recovery, land value capture mechanisms, and vertical structure of the industry. Super vertical integration between ...


Borderplex Business Barometer, Volume 1, Number 8, Thomas M. Fullerton Jr., Adam G. Walke, Ernesto Duarte Ronquillo, Omar Solís 2017 University of Texas at El Paso

Borderplex Business Barometer, Volume 1, Number 8, Thomas M. Fullerton Jr., Adam G. Walke, Ernesto Duarte Ronquillo, Omar Solís

Border Region Modeling Project

No abstract provided.


Sorting Into And Out Of Rural And Urban Retail Markets, Georgeanne M. Artz, Liesl Eathington, Jasmine Francois, Melvin Masinde, Peter F. Orazem 2017 Iowa State University

Sorting Into And Out Of Rural And Urban Retail Markets, Georgeanne M. Artz, Liesl Eathington, Jasmine Francois, Melvin Masinde, Peter F. Orazem

Peter F. Orazem

We compare the entry decisions and relative success of rural and urban retail start-ups in Iowa from 1992 through 2011. We use an expanded variant of the pull factor idea to predict the level of local retail sales. We then examine how the factors that increase sales affect the incentive to enter or exit an urban or rural market. We show that the same factors that affect retail sales also affect new retail firm entry and retail firm exit. Our findings are consistent with a model where the very best generally skilled entrepreneurs sort into thicker, urban locations where they ...


Sorting Into And Out Of Rural And Urban Retail Markets, Georgeanne M. Artz, Liesl Eathington, Jasmine Francois, Melvin Masinde, Peter F. Orazem 2017 Iowa State University

Sorting Into And Out Of Rural And Urban Retail Markets, Georgeanne M. Artz, Liesl Eathington, Jasmine Francois, Melvin Masinde, Peter F. Orazem

Economics Working Papers

We compare the entry decisions and relative success of rural and urban retail start-ups in Iowa from 1992 through 2011. We use an expanded variant of the pull factor idea to predict the level of local retail sales. We then examine how the factors that increase sales affect the incentive to enter or exit an urban or rural market. We show that the same factors that affect retail sales also affect new retail firm entry and retail firm exit. Our findings are consistent with a model where the very best generally skilled entrepreneurs sort into thicker, urban locations where they ...


Impact Of Socioeconomic Factors On Florida Consumers' Perceptions On Use Of Chemical In Locally Or Regionally Produced Livestock Products, David Nii O. Tackie, Akua Adu-Gyamfi, Janette R. Bartlett, Bridget J. Perry 2017 Tuskegee University

Impact Of Socioeconomic Factors On Florida Consumers' Perceptions On Use Of Chemical In Locally Or Regionally Produced Livestock Products, David Nii O. Tackie, Akua Adu-Gyamfi, Janette R. Bartlett, Bridget J. Perry

Professional Agricultural Workers Journal

Abstract

The use of chemicals in livestock production has been an issue for consumers for several decades. This study, therefore, assessed the impact of socioeconomic factors on Florida consumers’ perceptions on the use of chemicals in locally or regionally produced livestock products. Data were collected from a sample of 404 participants from several Florida counties and were analyzed using descriptive statistics and ordinal logistic analysis. Most of the respondents were of the opinion that using chemicals in locally or regionally produced and sold beef or goat meat was a serious or somewhat serious hazard. The ordinal logistic regression results showed ...


Borderplex Business Barometer, Volume 1, Number 9, Thomas M. Fullerton Jr., Adam G. Walke, Omar Solís, Patricia Arellano 2017 University of Texas at El Paso

Borderplex Business Barometer, Volume 1, Number 9, Thomas M. Fullerton Jr., Adam G. Walke, Omar Solís, Patricia Arellano

Border Region Modeling Project

No abstract provided.


The New American Slavery: Capitalism And The Ghettoization Of American Prisons As A Profitable Corporate Business, David A. Liburd 2017 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

The New American Slavery: Capitalism And The Ghettoization Of American Prisons As A Profitable Corporate Business, David A. Liburd

All Graduate Works by Year: Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

The labor of enslaved Africans and Black Americans played a large part in the history of colonial America, with the American plantation being the epicenter for all that was to be produced. While the two have never been completely tied together, capitalism and modern day slavery have been linked with one another. Some analysis sees slavery as a remote form of capitalism, a substitute, to an antiquated form of labor in the modern world.

Slave plantations adopted a new concentration in size and management, referred to by W.E. DuBois as a change "from a family institution to an industrial ...


Cross-Border Residential Mortgage Lending: Theory And Evidence From The European Sovereign Debt Crisis, Jaime Luque 2017 University of Wisconsin - Madison

Cross-Border Residential Mortgage Lending: Theory And Evidence From The European Sovereign Debt Crisis, Jaime Luque

Jaime Luque

We examine bank strategies to rebalance residential mortgage portfolios toward other geographical regions in the context of the European sovereign debt crisis. For banks in Greece, Ireland, Cyprus, Italy, Portugal, and Spain (GICIPS), we find evidence of flight-to-quality if banks were undercapitalized and had high funding cost, and evidence of risky-lending if banks were undercapitalized but without funding problems. For banks in core safe European countries, we find evidence of flight-to-quality among banks with high capital ratios, and risky-lending among banks with low funding cost. We rationalize these empirical results with a general equilibrium model of cross-border mortgage lending.


Introduction: What Have We Learned About Academic Leadership, Elizabeth Hoffman 2017 Iowa State University

Introduction: What Have We Learned About Academic Leadership, Elizabeth Hoffman

Elizabeth Hoffman

When Bob Sternberg embarked on this project in May of 2013, I was nearing the end of a year's administrative leave after stepping down from my fifth major administrative position, an administrative career spanning twenty-three years. My latest position was a five-year term s executive vice president and provost at Iowa State University. I had been one of the Big XII provosts who formed the original set of contributors to this important book.


The Impact Of Transportation Costs On Spatial Competition Of Grain Buyers: An Iowa Case Study, Miguel Carriquiry, Bruce A. Babcock 2017 Iowa State University

The Impact Of Transportation Costs On Spatial Competition Of Grain Buyers: An Iowa Case Study, Miguel Carriquiry, Bruce A. Babcock

Bruce Babcock

Hotelling’s classic model of spatial competition is adapted to estimate the impacts on grain price of the closure of one of three grain buyers on the Mississippi River in the vicinity of Scott County, Iowa. The customers of the buyer who is closing (River Gulf Grain Company) in Davenport, Iowa, are assumed to deliver their grain to a buyer in either Buffalo, Iowa, to the south or to a buyer in Clinton, Iowa, to the north. Calibration of Hotelling’s framework to this situation leads to an estimated decline in grain bids of 1.5¢ per bushel for the ...


U.S. Farm Policy And The Wto: How Do They Match Up?, Chad E. Hart, Bruce A. Babcock 2017 Iowa State University

U.S. Farm Policy And The Wto: How Do They Match Up?, Chad E. Hart, Bruce A. Babcock

Bruce Babcock

The debate over a new farm bill has focused on how to spend an additional $73.5 billion in funding for the agricultural budget over ten years. The House of Representatives, the Senate Agriculture Committee, and Senators Cochran and Roberts (supported by the Bush Administration) have each proposed a structure for the next farm bill. A critical question becomes whether these proposals conflict with U.S. commitments to limit subsidies under the World Trade Organization (WTO) agreement. This paper explores this issue and concludes with a discussion of the future direction of U.S. farm subsidies and new WTO agreements.


Estimating The Value Of Guaranteed Rail Service, Gregory R. Pautsch, Bruce A. Babcock, C. Phillip Baumel 2017 Iowa State University

Estimating The Value Of Guaranteed Rail Service, Gregory R. Pautsch, Bruce A. Babcock, C. Phillip Baumel

Bruce Babcock

The purpose of this research is to develop a framework to estimate the value of guaranteed rail service to grain shippers. The analysis consists of estimating density functions for the days waiting for conventional tariff service. A shipper loss function for waiting for rail service was also estimated. Three qualitative results were established. First, the value of guaranteed rail service increases as the quality of guaranteed service rises. Second, the value of guaranteed rail service increases as conventional tariff service becomes less reliable. Finally, when grain is stored on the ground, the value of guaranteed rail service increases.


Economies Of Size, Tax Reform And Profitability Of Alternative Midwestern Feedlot Systems, Mark R. Weimar, Arne Hallam, Larry D. Trede 2017 United States Department of Agriculture

Economies Of Size, Tax Reform And Profitability Of Alternative Midwestern Feedlot Systems, Mark R. Weimar, Arne Hallam, Larry D. Trede

Arne Hallam

The Tax Reform Act of 1986 may have substantial impacts on cattle feeding operations in the Midwest. Changes in the tax laws may encourage different investment patterns in feedlots as to size, type of facility, feeding programs, and age of animal fed. Cost and returns are computed for a variety of feeding systems under the new and old tax laws.Substantial economies of size were found under both tax laws, bu they were more extreme under the new tax system.


Factors Impacting Production And Economic Variability In Traditional Midwest Swine Enterprises, John D. Lawrence, John Shaffer, Arne Hallam, Thomas J. Baas 2017 Iowa State University

Factors Impacting Production And Economic Variability In Traditional Midwest Swine Enterprises, John D. Lawrence, John Shaffer, Arne Hallam, Thomas J. Baas

Arne Hallam

Traditional swine enterprises report competitive cost of production for the “top one-third”herds.Further analysis shows that individual herds are seldom in the most profitable group every year, and nearly all farms have an occasional good year.While long-run differences exist in cost of production across farms, the wide variability from year to year in efficiency, costs, and returns provides a greater challenge to existing swine enterprises.


Spatial And Temporal Intricacies Of Natural Resource Use: Studies In Water, Forests, And Hydrocarbons, Dadhi Adhikari 2017 The University of New Mexico

Spatial And Temporal Intricacies Of Natural Resource Use: Studies In Water, Forests, And Hydrocarbons, Dadhi Adhikari

Economics ETDs

This dissertation examines spatial and temporal impacts of natural resource use. The second chapter integrates hydrological and economic systems to examine the impact of drought on these two systems and explores the spatial impact of policies aimed to mitigate the drought impact. The systems dynamics model developed for this chapter simultaneously considers the physical hydrology in the Middle Rio Grande water basin in New Mexico, the engineered water management system, and a behavioral model of residential water demand for three cities: Albuquerque, Rio Rancho, and Santa Fe, New Mexico. The simulation results showed that droughts that occur in later periods ...


Entrepreneurial Skills In Thick And Thin Markets, Georgeanne M. Artz, Zizhen Guo, Peter F. Orazem 2017 Iowa State University

Entrepreneurial Skills In Thick And Thin Markets, Georgeanne M. Artz, Zizhen Guo, Peter F. Orazem

Economics Working Papers

Firm profitability is affected by location-specific factors such as agglomeration economies, infrastructure, or proximity to consumers or key producers. Location-specific profits are also influenced by the idiosyncratic match between the entrepreneur and the community. Using data on the universe of all new firm entrants in North Carolina and Iowa between 1992–2011, this study shows how observed location-specific factors affect the probability of new firm entry. We then show that the unobserved factors that influence new firm entry increase the probability of firm survival, demonstrating that these unobserved idiosyncratic factors influence firm profitability and are not just unproductive entrepreneurial preferences ...


Southwest Minnesota Economic And Business Conditions Report - First Quarter 2017, Richard A. MacDonald, King Banaian 2017 St. Cloud State University

Southwest Minnesota Economic And Business Conditions Report - First Quarter 2017, Richard A. Macdonald, King Banaian

Southwest Minnesota Economic and Business Conditions Report

Increased economic growth in Southwest Minnesota is expected over the next several months according to the predictions of the St. Cloud State University Southwest Minnesota Index of Leading Economic Indicators (LEI). Three of four LEI components were positive in the first quarter. An improvement in the rural outlook and lower jobless claims contributed favorably to the LEI in the first quarter. An increase in residential building permits in the Mankato MSA also helped lift the leading index. After falling 2.77 points in last year’s fourth quarter, the Southwest Minnesota LEI rose by 4.68 points in the current ...


Southeast Minnesota Economic And Business Conditions Report - Spring Quarter 2017, Richard A. MacDonald, King Banaian 2017 St. Cloud State University

Southeast Minnesota Economic And Business Conditions Report - Spring Quarter 2017, Richard A. Macdonald, King Banaian

Southeast Minnesota Economic and Business Conditions Report

Strong economic growth in Southeast Minnesota is expected to continue over the next several months according to the most recent prediction of the Southeast Minnesota Index of Leading Economic Indicators (LEI). After a quarter in which the LEI experienced a 4.04 point increase, the Southeast Minnesota leading index surged by 12.76 points in the first quarter of 2017. Four components of the LEI had positive readings in the first quarter. A decrease in initial claims for unemployment benefits, improvement in the Minnesota Business Conditions Index (which serves as a general measure of state business conditions), a larger number ...


Northwest Minnesota Economic And Business Conditions Report - First Quarter 2017, Richard A. MacDonald, King Banaian 2017 St. Cloud State University

Northwest Minnesota Economic And Business Conditions Report - First Quarter 2017, Richard A. Macdonald, King Banaian

Northwest Minnesota Economic and Business Conditions Report

The Northwest Minnesota planning area economy is expected to experience steady growth over the next several months according to the predictions of the St. Cloud State University Northwest Minnesota Index of Leading Economic Indicators (LEI). Two of the five index components increased as the LEI was essentially unchanged in the first quarter. An increase in the Rural Mainstreet Index (which signals an improving macroeconomic environment for rural America) and lower initial jobless claims contributed favorably to the first quarter outlook. Weaker residential building permits in Fargo/Moorhead and Grand Forks/East Grand Forks, and slower new filings for LLC and ...


Central Minnesota Economic And Business Conditions Report - First Quarter 2017, Richard A. MacDonald, King Banaian 2017 St. Cloud State University

Central Minnesota Economic And Business Conditions Report - First Quarter 2017, Richard A. Macdonald, King Banaian

Central Minnesota Economic and Business Conditions Report

The Central Minnesota planning area is expected to experience steady economic growth over the next several months according to predictions of the Central Minnesota Index of Leading Economic Indicators (LEI). The leading index rose by 2.03 points in the most recent period, with four components producing positive readings. Among other things, strength in a general measure of statewide business conditions and a small uptick in national durable goods orders helped lift the Central Minnesota planning area LEI in the first quarter.

There were 1,579 new business filings with the Office of the Minnesota Secretary of State in Central ...


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