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Do State Marginal Tax Rates Lower State Labor Productivity?, Joseph E. McPhail, Peter F. Orazem, Rajesh Singh, Rick Stammer 2018 Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation

Do State Marginal Tax Rates Lower State Labor Productivity?, Joseph E. Mcphail, Peter F. Orazem, Rajesh Singh, Rick Stammer

Economics Working Papers

There are substantial differences in output per job across states that have persisted over time. This study demonstrates that in the context of a neoclassical growth model, differences in marginal tax rates on income from capital investment, capital ownership, and consumption will lead to persistent differences in labor productivity across states. Conversely, taxes on wages will not alter labor productivity. These theoretical predictions are supported by data on state marginal tax rates and output per job over the 1981- 2015 sample period. Over that period, the mix of state marginal tax rates lower labor productivity by an average of 15 ...


Southwest Minnesota Economic And Business Conditions Report Fourth Quarter 2017, King Banaian, Richard A. MacDonald 2018 St. Cloud State University

Southwest Minnesota Economic And Business Conditions Report Fourth Quarter 2017, King Banaian, Richard A. Macdonald

Southwest Minnesota Economic and Business Conditions Report

Despite a negative reading of the fourth quarter St. Cloud State University Southwest Minnesota Index of Leading Economic Indicators (LEI), economic fundamentals in Southwest Minnesota appear to be sufficiently strong to see a continuation of steady regional economic growth over the next several months. Two of four LEI components were positive in the fourth quarter. An increase in residential building permits in the Mankato MSA and higher new business filings of incorporation and LLC in Southwest Minnesota contributed favorably to the LEI. A weaker rural Minnesota economic outlook and higher initial jobless claims in recent months helped drag down this ...


Central Minnesota Economic And Business Conditions Report Fourth Quarter 2017, King Banaian, Richard A. MacDonald 2018 St. Cloud State University

Central Minnesota Economic And Business Conditions Report Fourth Quarter 2017, King Banaian, Richard A. Macdonald

Central Minnesota Economic and Business Conditions Report

The Central Minnesota planning area is expected to experience continued economic growth over the next several months according to predictions of the Central Minnesota Index of Leading Economic Indicators (LEI). The leading index rose by 3.32 points in the most recent period, with three components producing positive readings. Increased St. Cloud area residential building permits contributed to this quarter’s rising LEI. In addition, an uptick in national durable goods orders and lower regional initial jobless claims also helped drive the index higher.

There were 1,331 new business filings with the Office of the Minnesota Secretary of State ...


Northeast Minnesota Economic And Business Conditions Report Fourth Quarter 2017, King Banaian, Richard A. MacDonald 2018 St. Cloud State University

Northeast Minnesota Economic And Business Conditions Report Fourth Quarter 2017, King Banaian, Richard A. Macdonald

Northeast Minnesota Economic and Business Conditions Report

A steady pace of economic growth in Northeast Minnesota is expected over the next several months according to the predictions of the Northeast Minnesota Index of Leading Economic Indicators (LEI). Two of the five components of the LEI increased as the overall index was basically flat in the fourth quarter. A surge in Duluth metropolitan area residential building permits and lower initial jobless claims in the region contributed favorably to this quarter’s outlook, while weakness in a general measure of statewide business conditions, a lower reading on a supply manager’s index, and declining new business incorporations weighed on ...


Southeast Minnesota Economic And Business Conditions Report Fourth Quarter 2017, King Banaian, King Banaian, Richard A. MacDonald 2018 St. Cloud State University

Southeast Minnesota Economic And Business Conditions Report Fourth Quarter 2017, King Banaian, King Banaian, Richard A. Macdonald

Southeast Minnesota Economic and Business Conditions Report

Steady economic growth over the next several months is expected in the Southeast Minnesota planning area according to the prediction of the Southeast Minnesota Index of Leading Economic Indicators (LEI). After two consecutive quarterly declines in the LEI, the fourth quarter leading index rose by 1.18 points as two index components recorded positive values. Increased new filings of incorporation and LLC in the Southeast Minnesota planning area and an improvement in consumer sentiment helped lift this quarter’s LEI. A lower number of residential building permits in the Rochester area and a decline in the Minnesota Business Conditions Index ...


Borderplex Business Barometer, Volume 2, Number 4, Thomas M. Fullerton Jr., Adam G. Walke, Omar Solís, Esmeralda Muñiz 2018 University of Texas at El Paso

Borderplex Business Barometer, Volume 2, Number 4, Thomas M. Fullerton Jr., Adam G. Walke, Omar Solís, Esmeralda Muñiz

Border Region Modeling Project

No abstract provided.


Who Benefits From Economic Development Incentives? How Incentive Effects On Local Incomes And The Income Distribution Vary With Different Assumptions About Incentive Policy And The Local Economy, Timothy J. Bartik 2018 W.E. Upjohn Institute

Who Benefits From Economic Development Incentives? How Incentive Effects On Local Incomes And The Income Distribution Vary With Different Assumptions About Incentive Policy And The Local Economy, Timothy J. Bartik

Timothy J. Bartik

This report presents results from a simulation model that examines the effects of economic development incentives (e.g., tax incentives such as property tax abatements or job creation tax credits) provided to businesses by state and local governments in the United States. The model simulates effects of incentive policies on the incomes of local residents, both for different income types (e.g., labor income versus property income) and for different income quintiles, under different assumptions about the economy’s workings and public policy. Net benefits of incentives for local incomes are greater if the incentives have greater job-creation effects conditional ...


Improving Economic Development Incentives, Timothy J. Bartik 2018 W.E. Upjohn Institute

Improving Economic Development Incentives, Timothy J. Bartik

Timothy J. Bartik

No abstract provided.


Building An Ecosystem For Agtech Startups, Kevin L. Kimle 2018 Iowa State University

Building An Ecosystem For Agtech Startups, Kevin L. Kimle

Economics Technical Reports and White Papers

Technology is nothing new, of course, whether in agriculture of any other industry. What may be new is the speed and scale at which technology can shape new opportunities and disrupt existing businesses and industries. Agtech is by all indications important. There are many accelerator programs related to starting agtech businesses, funding of agtech startups has grown, etc. Funding for agtech startups has increased significantly. As tracked by AgFunder News, investment in agtech increased from about $150 million in 2010 to more than $800 million in 2016 and more than $500 million in 2017. Transactions like Monsanto buying Climate Corp ...


Economic Emergency Program: St. Cloud Household Refrigeration And Home Freezer Manufacturing Plant Closure (Electrolux), Brigid Tuck, King Banaian, Richard A. MacDonald, Neil Linscheid 2018 Senior Economic Impact Analyst, University of Minnesota

Economic Emergency Program: St. Cloud Household Refrigeration And Home Freezer Manufacturing Plant Closure (Electrolux), Brigid Tuck, King Banaian, Richard A. Macdonald, Neil Linscheid

Special Economic Studies

On January 30, 2018, Electrolux announced the closure its manufacturing facility in St. Cloud, Minnesota. The plant currently has 860 employees. Their jobs will be lost once Electrolux completes its closure as planned in 2019. Electrolux plans to invest in its Tennessee and South Carolina plants. Upright freezer production will move to South Carolina. There will likely be few viable opportunities for local workers at the Electrolux facility to re-locate to South Carolina.

St. Cloud area decision-makers will benefit from timely information regarding the potential economic impact of the closure. In response, University of Minnesota Extension and the St. Cloud ...


Borderplex Business Barometer, Volume 2, Number 3, Thomas M. Fullerton Jr., Adam G. Walke, Omar Solís, Esmeralda P. Muñiz 2018 University of Texas at El Paso

Borderplex Business Barometer, Volume 2, Number 3, Thomas M. Fullerton Jr., Adam G. Walke, Omar Solís, Esmeralda P. Muñiz

Border Region Modeling Project

No abstract provided.


Annual Net Returns To Cover Crops In Iowa, Alejandro Plastina, Fangge Liu, Wendiam Sawadgo, Fernando E. Miguez, Sarah Carlson, Guillermo Marcillo 2018 Iowa State University

Annual Net Returns To Cover Crops In Iowa, Alejandro Plastina, Fangge Liu, Wendiam Sawadgo, Fernando E. Miguez, Sarah Carlson, Guillermo Marcillo

Economics Working Papers

Despite the active promotion of cover crops as a key conservation practice, their adoption is very limited. We developed a series of partial budgets based on a statewide survey of Iowa farmers to evaluate the changes in net returns resulting from the incorporation of cover crops into a corn or soybean production system. The average net returns to cover crops use for farmers that did not use cover crops for grazing livestock or forage were consistently negative across different planting and termination methods, tillage practices, and experience levels. Only farmers that used cover crops for grazing livestock or forage, and ...


The Economic Impact Of Pilgrimage: An Economic Impact Analysis Of Pilgrimage Expenditures In Galicia, Elisabeth J.E Graave, Jeroen Klijs, Wim Heijman 2018 VU University Amsterdam

The Economic Impact Of Pilgrimage: An Economic Impact Analysis Of Pilgrimage Expenditures In Galicia, Elisabeth J.E Graave, Jeroen Klijs, Wim Heijman

International Journal of Religious Tourism and Pilgrimage

In this article, we calculate the economic impact of pilgrimage to Santiago de Compostela in the NUTS 2 region Galicia (Spain) in 2010. This economic impact is relevant to policymakers and other stakeholders dealing with religious tourism in Galicia. The analysis is based on the Input-Output model. Location Quotient formulas are used to derive the regional Input-Output table from the national Input-Output table of Spain. Both the Simple Location Quotient formula and Flegg’s Location Quotient formula are applied. Furthermore, a sensitivity analysis is carried out. We found that pilgrimage expenditures in 2010 created between €59.750 million and €99 ...


Borderplex Business Barometer, Volume 2, Number 2, Thomas M. Fullerton Jr., Adam G. Walke, Omar Solís, Esmeralda Orozco 2018 University of Texas at El Paso

Borderplex Business Barometer, Volume 2, Number 2, Thomas M. Fullerton Jr., Adam G. Walke, Omar Solís, Esmeralda Orozco

Border Region Modeling Project

No abstract provided.


Northeast Minnesota Economic And Business Conditions Report Third Quarter 2017, King Banaian, Richard A. MacDonald 2018 St. Cloud State University

Northeast Minnesota Economic And Business Conditions Report Third Quarter 2017, King Banaian, Richard A. Macdonald

Northeast Minnesota Economic and Business Conditions Report

Steady economic growth in Northeast Minnesota is expected over the next several months according to the predictions of the Northeast Minnesota Index of Leading Economic Indicators (LEI). Two of the five components of the LEI increased as the overall index rose 2.59 points in the third quarter. An improvement in a supply managers’ survey and lower initial jobless claims in the region helped lift this quarter’s index.

There were 491 new business filings with the Office of the Minnesota Secretary of State in Northeast Minnesota in the third quarter of 2017 — representing a 2.5 percent increase from ...


Central Minnesota Economic And Business Conditions Report Third Quarter 2017, King Banaian, Richard A. MacDonald 2018 St. Cloud State University

Central Minnesota Economic And Business Conditions Report Third Quarter 2017, King Banaian, Richard A. Macdonald

Central Minnesota Economic and Business Conditions Report

The pace of economic growth in the Central Minnesota planning area is expected to slow over the next several months according to predictions of the Central Minnesota Index of Leading Economic Indicators (LEI). The leading index fell by 3.28 points in the most recent period, with two components producing negative readings. A decline in a general measure of statewide business conditions and a recent slowing of St. Cloud area residential building permits contributed to this quarter’s decline in the LEI. On the positive side were an uptick in national durable goods orders, lower regional initial jobless claims, and ...


Southwest Minnesota Economic And Business Conditions Report Third Quarter 2017, King Banaian, Richard A. MacDonald 2018 St. Cloud State University

Southwest Minnesota Economic And Business Conditions Report Third Quarter 2017, King Banaian, Richard A. Macdonald

Southwest Minnesota Economic and Business Conditions Report

Steady economic growth in Southwest Minnesota is expected over the next several months according to the predictions of the St. Cloud State University Southwest Minnesota Index of Leading Economic Indicators (LEI). Two of four LEI components were positive in the third quarter. An increase in residential building permits in the Mankato MSA and lower jobless claims in Southwest Minnesota contributed favorably to the LEI in the third quarter. A decrease in new business filings of incorporation and LLC and a weaker rural Minnesota economic outlook weighed on the leading index in the current quarter. After falling by a revised 4 ...


Race To The Bottom? Local Tax Break Competition And Business Location, Evan Mast 2018 W.E. Upjohn Institute

Race To The Bottom? Local Tax Break Competition And Business Location, Evan Mast

Employment Research Newsletter

No abstract provided.


Material From The 13th Border Economic Forum, Thomas M. Fullerton Jr., Adam G. Walke, Patrick Schaefer 2018 University of Texas at El Paso

Material From The 13th Border Economic Forum, Thomas M. Fullerton Jr., Adam G. Walke, Patrick Schaefer

Border Region Modeling Project

No abstract provided.


Borderplex Business Barometer, Volume 2, Number 1, Thomas M. Fullerton Jr., Adam G. Walke, Omar Solís, Esmeralda Muñiz 2018 University of Texas at El Paso

Borderplex Business Barometer, Volume 2, Number 1, Thomas M. Fullerton Jr., Adam G. Walke, Omar Solís, Esmeralda Muñiz

Border Region Modeling Project

No abstract provided.


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