Partial Disability And Labor Market Adjustment: The Case Of Spain, 2017 Universitat Pompeu Fabra
Partial Disability And Labor Market Adjustment: The Case Of Spain, José Ignacio Silva, Judit Vall
José Ignacio Silva
Essays On Economics Of Inequality, 2017 The Graduate Center, City University of New York
Essays On Economics Of Inequality, Aboozar Hadavand
All Graduate Works by Year: Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects
This dissertation consists of three chapters all around the subject of inequality. The first chapter provides a novel analysis of the trend in income inequality in the United States between 1979--2013. There are two ways in which this chapter contributes to the literature. First, I analyze how much of the existing inequality in the U.S. is due to the demographic changes that happened over this period. Using microdata from Luxembourg Income Study and after decomposing inequality into within- and between-age group components, I find that the within-group share of overall inequality in the U.S. is high and steady ...
Who Influences Your Outcomes? The Effect Of Culture And Ethnic Origin, Neighborhood And Peers On Personal Income: A Spatial Econometric Analysis Of New York City, 2017 The Graduate Center, City University of New York
Who Influences Your Outcomes? The Effect Of Culture And Ethnic Origin, Neighborhood And Peers On Personal Income: A Spatial Econometric Analysis Of New York City, Anna Arakelyan
All Graduate Works by Year: Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects
Being a “social animal”, each person is inherently embedded into a complex structure of social relations. He has role models to aspire to, conformity rules to follow, and expectations to meet. This paper explores the different social influences each person experiences in life. Specifically, I consider how a person’s ethnic community, age reference group, occupational and industry group peers, and residential area neighbors affect his total income. I introduce a novel model of multiple social networks and discuss various identification implications. I apply the model empirically to New York City, which naturally is a very favorable environment to test ...
The Current State Of Workers' Compensation: Benefit Adequacy, Return To Work, And Prevention, 2017 W.E. Upjohn Institute
The Current State Of Workers' Compensation: Benefit Adequacy, Return To Work, And Prevention, Marcus Dillender, H. Allan Hunt
H. Allan Hunt
No abstract provided.
The Scarring Effects Of Youth Joblessness In Sri Lanka, 2017 Explore Information Services
The Scarring Effects Of Youth Joblessness In Sri Lanka, Murali Kuchibhotla, Peter F. Orazem, Sanjana Ravi
Economics Working Papers
Retrospective data on labor market spells for successive cohorts of school leavers in Sri Lanka are used to examine whether early spells of joblessness lead to subsequent difficulty in finding or keeping a job. A matching method based on the Joffee and Rosenbaum (1999) balancing score approach is used to generate pairs of school leavers that have similar expected levels of joblessness but that differ in realized levels of joblessness. Assuming that youth are not able to perfectly control whether they are employed or not employed, we argue that marginal differences in joblessness between otherwise observationally equivalent youth can be ...
Entrepreneurship Vs Paid Employment: Multiple Skills And Financing, 2017 Diego Portales University
Entrepreneurship Vs Paid Employment: Multiple Skills And Financing, Felipe Balmaceda Assoc Prof.
Preventative Policy Measures To Tackle Undeclared Work In Croatia, 2017 University of Sheffield
Preventative Policy Measures To Tackle Undeclared Work In Croatia, Colin C. Williams
Colin C Williams
Trust In Cohesive Communities, 2017 Diego Portales University
Trust In Cohesive Communities, Felipe Balmaceda Assoc Prof., Juan Escobar Assistant Professor
The Ncaa And The Rule Of Reason, 2017 University of Pennsylvania Law School
The Ncaa And The Rule Of Reason, Herbert J. Hovenkamp
This brief essay considers the use of antitrust’s rule of reason in assessing challenges to rule making by the NCAA. In particular, it looks at the O’Bannon case, which involved challenges to NCAA rules limiting the compensation of student athletes under the NCAA rubric that protects the “amateur” status of collegiate athletes. Within that rubric, the Ninth Circuit got the right answer.
That outcome leads to a broader question, however: should the NCAA’s long held goal, frequently supported by the courts, of preserving athletic amateurism be jettisoned? Given the dual role that colleges play, that is a ...
Workforce Investment Act In Western Kentucky: An Evaluation Of Program Service Outcomes, 2017 Western Kentucky University
Workforce Investment Act In Western Kentucky: An Evaluation Of Program Service Outcomes, Matt S. Luckett
Masters Theses & Specialist Projects
Workforce development programs designed to provide individuals with the skills necessary to gain employment have been in existance for over 80 years. The Workforce Investment Act (WIA) was a federal workforce development program that ran from 2000 to 2014. The WIA provided three main programs: youth, adult, and dislocated worker. The focus of this research was to evaluate the individual services in the adult and dislocated worker programs in the Western Kentucky Workforce Investment Area and identify the most effective service in each program.
The adult and dislocated worker programs each offered three tiered services: core, intensive, and training. Individuals ...
New Evidence On State Fiscal Multipliers: Implications For State Policies, 2017 W.E. Upjohn Institute
New Evidence On State Fiscal Multipliers: Implications For State Policies, Timothy J. Bartik
Timothy J. Bartik
When state and local governments engage in balanced budget changes in taxes and spending, what fiscal multiplier effects do such policies have on creating local jobs? Traditionally, the view has been that possible job-creation effects of such state and local “demand-side” policies are smaller, second-order effects. Such effects might be worthwhile to take into consideration when a state or local government balances its budget during a recession, but the effects were believed to be of modest magnitude, and not of major importance for more general state and local public policies. However, recent estimates of fiscal multiplier effects of state and ...
Data Improvement And Labor Economics, 2017 Cornell University
Data Improvement And Labor Economics, Kevin F. Hallock
Kevin F Hallock
The expansion of available data for research has transformed empirical labor economics over the past generation. This paper briefly highlights some of the changes and describes a few examples of papers that illustrate the advances. It also documents the changing ways data have been used in the Journal of Labor Economics over the past 30 years, including a trend toward a higher fraction of papers using any data and, among those papers using any data, a higher fraction using nonpublic data, a higher fraction using international data, and more frequent use of multiple data sources. Finally, this paper describes work ...
Computer Adoption And Returns In Transition, 2017 Iowa State University
Computer Adoption And Returns In Transition, Yemisi Kuku, Peter F. Orazem, Rajesh Singh
Across nine transition economies, it is the young, educated, English-speaking workers with the best access to local telecommunications infrastructures that work with computers. These workers earn about 25% more than do workers of comparable observable skills who do not use computers. Controlling for likely simultaneity between computer use at work and labor market earnings makes the apparent returns to computer use disappear. These results are corroborated using Russian longitudinal data on earnings and computer use on the job. High costs of computer use in transition economies suppress wages that firms can pay their workers who use computers.
A Discussion Of Social Protection And Private Insurance, 2017 Cornell University
A Discussion Of Social Protection And Private Insurance, Gary S. Fields
Gary S Fields
[Excerpt] This is a thoughtful and thought-provoking paper, informative and interesting. I learned a lot from reading this and have already passed it on to others. In my comments, I would like to do four things: highlight the major points and the rationale for them, raise a few quibbles, put forth some additional issues, and propose a possible resolution of a dilemma raised in the paper. But let us first try to be clear about what we are talking about. Professor Pestieau characterizes social insurance as being mandatory, universal, and redistributive. I would define it slightly differently: “Social insurance is ...
[Review Of The Book Employment And Development: A New Review Of Evidence, By David Turnham], 2017 Cornell University
[Review Of The Book Employment And Development: A New Review Of Evidence, By David Turnham], Gary S. Fields
Gary S Fields
[Excerpt] I first encountered David Turnham’s work after majoring in labor economics in undergraduate and graduate school and spending a year in Nairobi studying and modeling the labor market there. The atmosphere in Kenya was crackling with intellectual excitement: John Harris and Michael Todaro had just showed how the solution to urban unemployment might be rural development, George Johnson had demonstrated that earnings function analysis ‘worked’ despite doubts about the quality of developing country data and the applicability of developed country concepts, Dharam Ghai was developing the basic human needs approach to development, and Joe Stiglitz was formulating efficiency ...
Lifetime Migration In Colombia: Tests Of The Expected Income Hypothesis, 2017 Cornell University
Lifetime Migration In Colombia: Tests Of The Expected Income Hypothesis, Gary S. Fields
Gary S Fields
[Excerpt] People migrate and areas gain or lose population for a variety of reasons: differences in potential earnings, in job availability, in schooling opportunities, in quality of life, proximity to friends and relatives, and so on. The economic model of migration holds that the central factor determining individual migration decisions is the perceived opportunity to attain higher economic status. Area populations are expected to change differentially according to the economic opportunities offered. In empirical research in developed countries, economic factors have been shown to underlie most migration decisions. In developing countries, where the economic situation of the populace is far ...
Merger & Acquisition And Capital Expenditure In Health Care: Information Gleaned From Stock Price Variation, 2017 University of the Pacific
Merger & Acquisition And Capital Expenditure In Health Care: Information Gleaned From Stock Price Variation, Wenjing Ouyang, Peter E. Hilsenrath
Peter E. Hilsenrath
Investment, especially through merger and acquisition (M&A), is a leading topic of concern among health care managers. In addition, the implications of this activity for organization and market concentration are of great interest to policy makers. Using a sample of 2256 firm-year observations in the health care industry during the period from 1985 to 2011, this article provides novel evidence that managers learn from financial markets in making capital expenditure (CAPEX) and M&A investment decisions. Within the industry, managers in the Drugs subsector are most likely to do so, whereas managers in the Medical Equipment and Supplies are ...
Essays On Policies Related To Immigration, School Choice, And Crime, 2017 The University of Western Ontario
Essays On Policies Related To Immigration, School Choice, And Crime, Georgy Orlov
Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository
This thesis consists of three policy-motivated chapters in the area of applied microeconomics. In chapter 1, I estimate the impact of English-language courses on the wages of new immigrants. I develop a model of immigrants' investment in language skills which may affect wages directly, as well as change the proportion of pre-immigration skills transferred into the host-country economy. Using unique panel data, LSIC, I find that attending language courses for six months leads to a 0.3 standard deviations gain in language skills, corresponding to an average wage increase of 11.7 percent. The increase in the total return to ...
Crop Residues: The Rest Of The Story, 2017 United States Department of Agriculture
Crop Residues: The Rest Of The Story, Douglas L. Karlen, Rattan Lal, Ronald F. Follett, John M. Kimble, Jerry L. Hatfield, John A. Miranowski, Cynthia A. Cambardella, Andrew Manale, Robert P. Anex, Charles W. Rice
Douglas L Karlen
Synopsis In the February 15, 2009 issue of ES&T Strand and Benford argued that oceanic deposition of agricultural crop residues was a viable option for net carbon sequestration (43 , 1000−1007). In reviewing the calculations and bringing their experience to bear, Karlen et al. argue in this Viewpoint that crop residue oceanic permanent sequestration (CROPS) as envisioned by Strand and Benford will not work. They further propose alternative possibilities in agricultural methods to achieve a net decrease of CO2 emissions.
Economic Impacts Of Wind Energy Development In Iowa: Four Scenarios, 2017 Iowa State University
Economic Impacts Of Wind Energy Development In Iowa: Four Scenarios, David Swenson
The deployment of additional wind energy capacity in Iowa will yield discernible short-term and longer-term economic impacts for Iowa. The short-term and temporary economic gains are from the annual purchases and deliveries of Iowa-supplied wind energy generating equipment like blades, towers, nacelles and other critical components, and all construction-related activity associated with erecting and making operational wind energy arrays The long-term and permanent gains to the Iowa economy are driven by the on-going increments to statewide productivity associated with the operation and maintenance of the built wind energy systems, and the incremental increase in lease payments made to landowners for ...