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How State Governments Can Help Distressed Places, Timothy J. Bartik 2022 W.E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research

How State Governments Can Help Distressed Places, Timothy J. Bartik

Upjohn Institute Policy and Research Briefs

No abstract provided.


How State Governments Can Target Job Opportunities To Distressed Places, Timothy J. Bartik 2022 W.E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research

How State Governments Can Target Job Opportunities To Distressed Places, Timothy J. Bartik

Upjohn Institute Technical Reports

The United States has two types of “place-based” jobs problems: low employment rates in 1) local labor markets and 2) neighborhoods. The local labor market problem can be dealt with by targeting distressed local labor markets for job creation. The neighborhood problem can be dealt with by targeting distressed neighborhoods with programs to improve residents’ job access. This report describes the magnitude of these place-based jobs problems and reviews research on the most cost-effective programs to address these problems. The report also reviews current state government efforts to target job opportunities to distressed places, pointing out that such targeting is ...


Prevalence Of Duesenberry’S Relative Income Hypothesis In Nepalese Economy, Rajendra Adhikari 2022 Tribhuvan University

Prevalence Of Duesenberry’S Relative Income Hypothesis In Nepalese Economy, Rajendra Adhikari

International Review of Business and Economics

Present paper examines the prevalence of Duesenberry’s relative income hypothesis in Nepalese economy during 1974/75-2019/20 through ARDL bound tests under DEF and Davis-SK specifications. The ARDL under DEF specification is found to be not valid. However, the ARDL bound test under Davis-SK specification is found valid. There exists cointegration among average propensity to consume, demonstration effect and ratchet effect. The coefficient of demonstration effect is found to be negative and that of ratchet effect to be positive as reported by ARDL models. The error correction model also implies that short run shocks significantly affect long run relations ...


Reskilling And Upskilling : To Stay Relevant In Today’S Industry, Rhea Sawant, Bryan Thomas, Swati Kadlag 2022 Symbiosis Institute of Technology (SIT), Symbiosis International (Deemed University)

Reskilling And Upskilling : To Stay Relevant In Today’S Industry, Rhea Sawant, Bryan Thomas, Swati Kadlag

International Review of Business and Economics

The rapid modernization and influx of various new technologies and methodologies currently being employed today greatly and continuously changes the definition of professional competence expected of employees that work for companies that are directly or indirectly impacted because of these advancements or changes, this creates a demand for new jobs requiring new skill sets and so, one finds that in order to keep relevant to the workforce, refreshing and adding to one’s skill set has become a necessity. Candidates thinking about entering the job market need to possess the right kind of skills for the right kind of job ...


Essays On Intergenerational Mobility In Education, Ercio A. Munoz Saavedra 2022 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Essays On Intergenerational Mobility In Education, Ercio A. Munoz Saavedra

Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

This dissertation consists of three chapters that investigate intergenerational mobility in education in Chile, and Latin America and the Caribbean.

Chapter 1: In this chapter, I estimate intergenerational mobility (IGM) in education using data from 91 censuses that span 24 countries in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) over half a century. I measure upward mobility as the likelihood of obtaining at least a primary education for individuals whose parents did not finish primary school, whereas downward mobility as the likelihood of failing to complete primary education for individuals whose parents completed at least primary school. In addition, I explore ...


The Effect Of Stem Education On Women, Jasmine Gloden 2022 Portland State University

The Effect Of Stem Education On Women, Jasmine Gloden

University Honors Theses

This inquiry seeks to establish the effect of a STEM education on labor market outcomes for women. Gender differences in interest and performance in STEM fields begin at an early age, and remain steadfast through education and into the labor market. Due to factors like lack of female role models in STEM, gender stereotypes, and lack of growth mindset in terms of intellectual abilities, women can be discouraged throughout their education from continuing in a STEM education or pursuing a STEM occupation. Using data from the Education Longitudinal Study of 2002, I determined the effect of a STEM education for ...


Yearly Changes In Education Expenditure And Changes In Student Performance, Dale A. Manzo 2022 Harvard University

Yearly Changes In Education Expenditure And Changes In Student Performance, Dale A. Manzo

Undergraduate Economic Review

Using data from the state of Florida in the 2000s, we dispute the findings of the Coleman report. We find that there is a positive relationship between changes in expenditure per pupil and changes in academic performance. This study takes advantage of changes in expenditure resulting from the Great Recession to formulate a quasi-experimental analysis of the relationship between expenditure per pupil and academic performance. Our conclusion is consistent with the theory of decreasing marginal returns to expenditure on education.


Does My Skin Tone Really Matter? A Socioeconomic Analysis In Nigeria., Mutiu O. Fakorede 2022 University of San Francisco

Does My Skin Tone Really Matter? A Socioeconomic Analysis In Nigeria., Mutiu O. Fakorede

Master's Theses

Abstract: Does my skin tone really matter? If it does, to what extent and direction does skin tone predict socioeconomic outcomes, especially amongst people of color who have experienced colonial rule with its white supremacy agenda? In this research, we examined if skin tone measured in individual typology angle (ITA) does not affect employability, income, partner selection, and political representativeness. With a focus on Nigeria, the most populous black nation, a former British colony, we addressed this broad question through a survey. Using the iterative capability of Qualtrics which randomly picks a set of three pictures with known ITA and ...


Inaccessible Interpolated Imagery: How Coffee Farmers In The State Of Chiapas Might Access Political Economic Opportunity Through Representation, Paolo Fiann Bicchieri 2022 University of San Francisco

Inaccessible Interpolated Imagery: How Coffee Farmers In The State Of Chiapas Might Access Political Economic Opportunity Through Representation, Paolo Fiann Bicchieri

Master's Theses

Here is a useful parable to boil down the idea of this project and set the tone: when one goes to the bar to tell a story about a fight at the bar, they would never venture to place themselves as the hero of the brawl, taking out three drunkards in a single punch, unless they were really in the bar, at that time, fighting a good fight. One would never do this as the bartender, locals, and regulars would all know if this were the case or not. Yet transnational corporations, governments, and even consumers do this all the ...


How Federal Pandemic Relief Helped Replenish State Unemployment Reserves, Christopher J. O'Leary, Kenneth J. Kline 2022 W.E. Upjohn Insitute for Employment Research

How Federal Pandemic Relief Helped Replenish State Unemployment Reserves, Christopher J. O'Leary, Kenneth J. Kline

Upjohn Institute Policy Papers

Unemployment insurance (UI) is a joint federal-state program that pays temporary partial earnings replacement to involuntarily unemployed workers while they seek reemployment. During the COVID-19 pandemic, UI claims surged and became a primary source for income replacement for workers who lost their jobs. However, despite previous federal incentives for states to shore up their UI funding reserves, the scale of claims during the pandemic was unprecedented, and the federal government needed to step in to help pay not only for direct, expanded benefits but for additional assistance to states themselves. Although this effort helped backstop the successful operation of states ...


Credit Availability For Minority Business Owners In An Evolving Credit Environment: Before And During The Covid-19 Pandemic, Mark E. Schweitzer, Brett Barkley 2022 Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland

Credit Availability For Minority Business Owners In An Evolving Credit Environment: Before And During The Covid-19 Pandemic, Mark E. Schweitzer, Brett Barkley

External Papers and Reports

No abstract provided.


Bank Types, Inclusivity, And Payroll Protection Program Lending During Covid-19, Mark K. Cassell, Mark Schwan, Marc Schneiberg 2022 Kent State University

Bank Types, Inclusivity, And Payroll Protection Program Lending During Covid-19, Mark K. Cassell, Mark Schwan, Marc Schneiberg

External Papers and Reports

No abstract provided.


Entrepreneurial Firms And Incentives: Pre-Covid-19 Landscape And Pandemic Recovery Responses, Darrene Hackler 2022 Center for Regional Economic Competitiveness, Smart Incentives

Entrepreneurial Firms And Incentives: Pre-Covid-19 Landscape And Pandemic Recovery Responses, Darrene Hackler

External Papers and Reports

No abstract provided.


Banking Deserts And The Paycheck Protection Program, Kristopher Deming, Stephan Weiler 2022 Michigan State University

Banking Deserts And The Paycheck Protection Program, Kristopher Deming, Stephan Weiler

External Papers and Reports

No abstract provided.


Income Generation Through Entrepreneurship: Seed Initiative, Iliana G. Perez 2022 Immigrants Rising

Income Generation Through Entrepreneurship: Seed Initiative, Iliana G. Perez

External Papers and Reports

No abstract provided.


The Racial And Spatial Impacts Of The Paycheck Protection Program, T. William Lester, Matthew D. Wilson 2022 San Jose State University

The Racial And Spatial Impacts Of The Paycheck Protection Program, T. William Lester, Matthew D. Wilson

External Papers and Reports

No abstract provided.


Fostering Resident-Centric Economic Development, Ellen Harpel 2022 Center for Regional Economic Competitiveness, Smart Incentives

Fostering Resident-Centric Economic Development, Ellen Harpel

External Papers and Reports

No abstract provided.


Covid-19, The New Urban Crisis, And Cities: How Covid-19 Compounds The Effects Of Economic Segregation And Inequality On Metropolitan Economic Performance, Richard Florida, Todd Gabe 2022 University of Toronto

Covid-19, The New Urban Crisis, And Cities: How Covid-19 Compounds The Effects Of Economic Segregation And Inequality On Metropolitan Economic Performance, Richard Florida, Todd Gabe

External Papers and Reports

No abstract provided.


Broadband Use And Inclusive Prosperity In Black Communities, Karen Mossberger, Caroline Tolbert, Bomi Lee 2022 Arizona State University

Broadband Use And Inclusive Prosperity In Black Communities, Karen Mossberger, Caroline Tolbert, Bomi Lee

External Papers and Reports

No abstract provided.


The Evolution And Landscape Of Under-Resourced Communities In U.S. Metropolitan Areas, Matthew Hall, Howard Wial, Devon Yee 2022 Cornell University

The Evolution And Landscape Of Under-Resourced Communities In U.S. Metropolitan Areas, Matthew Hall, Howard Wial, Devon Yee

External Papers and Reports

No abstract provided.


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