Trust In Cohesive Communities, 2017 Diego Portales University
Trust In Cohesive Communities, Felipe Balmaceda Assoc Prof., Juan Escobar Assistant Professor
Disrespecting The Minimum Wage: How States Limit The Opportunity For Restaurant Workers To Support Themselves, 2017 San Jose State University
Disrespecting The Minimum Wage: How States Limit The Opportunity For Restaurant Workers To Support Themselves, Samantha Pereira
Themis: Research Journal of Justice Studies and Forensic Science
This paper examines the inequality in the restaurant industry in America. It focuses specifically on the tipped minimum wages in different states compared to the real minimum wage and looks into the gender and racial inequality present in restaurants. The first section analyzes the history of tipping and what it has become in the United States. The paper then moves to describe different struggles that tipped workers in the restaurant industry have to face. The paper also discusses different arguments to raising the tipped minimum wage and compares states with a tipped minimum wage and states without a tipped minimum ...
Race And The Labor Market: A Call For Counteractive Affirmative Action, 2017 University of Wyoming
Race And The Labor Market: A Call For Counteractive Affirmative Action, Anthony J. Farmer
Honors Theses AY 16/17
Minorities tend to experience higher rates of unemployment than those of white individuals (Bureau of Labor Statistics, 2017). Controlling for pre-labor market skills, data shows a wage discrepancy resulting solely from race (Antonji and Blank, 1999), which suggests that race plays a role in labor market interactions. In an attempt to understand the causal mechanisms behind this disparate treatment one must turn to the theory of statistical discrimination, which states that the combination employer prior beliefs and imperfect information leads to discriminant hiring behavior (Coate and Loury, 1993).
This model of labor market discrimination creates a negative feedback loop that ...
Pride And Prejudice In U.S. Trade, 2017 Chapman University School of Law
Pride And Prejudice In U.S. Trade, Lan Cao
Notre Dame Journal of International & Comparative Law
The purpose of this Article is to provide a micro evaluation of trade in two particularly thorny areas: (1) job loss; and (2) import vs. export and the trade deficit in a trading system of globally fragmented production. This Article also provides a broad, macro view of trade and its relationship with other parts of the international order—security and finance. This is because trade is a vital component of an integrated international system. Looking at trade in isolation will result in even more incoherence and disequilibrium, perhaps creating unintended consequences in ways that impact negatively on U.S. security ...
Democracy Ends Here: U.S. Collective Bargaining Decline And An Alternative Policy Approach To Business Ownership, 2017 University of Rhode Island
Democracy Ends Here: U.S. Collective Bargaining Decline And An Alternative Policy Approach To Business Ownership, Sara Estep
Senior Honors Projects
In the United States, it seems that we cannot talk about democracy without discussing capitalism and vice versa. However, as soon as we step into work these ideals are simply thrown out the door. If we seek to govern our country democratically, should we also not have a democratic governance structure in our day to day workplaces? Unions have existed in the United States for over 150 years, but as the types of jobs that make up our economy and the demographics of the labor force have changed dramatically, the basic concept of the union has remained static. In turn ...
Women’S Work: Labor Market Outcomes And Female Entrepreneurship In Ghana, 2017 University of Pittsburgh
Women’S Work: Labor Market Outcomes And Female Entrepreneurship In Ghana, Loretta Agyemang
Butler Journal of Undergraduate Research
This paper is an investigation of female entrepreneurship in Ghana. It seeks to answer the following question: Why are Ghanaian women so heavily concentrated in microenterprise in the informal economy? The literature review explores labor market trends for women on three different scales including an overview of developing countries, Sub-Saharan Africa regional, and Ghana-specific analysis. After exploring issues women face in formal employment, the study delves into business operations of informal, urban-based market participants by analyzing data pertaining to Ghanaian microenterprise. Additionally, the paper details the experiences and views of female entrepreneurs through in-depth interviews and participant observations with thirty ...
Blade Runner And The Divine Menace, 2017 James Madison University
Blade Runner And The Divine Menace, Alexander W. Pickens
MAD-RUSH Undergraduate Research Conference
Following the decline of Christianity in mainstream Western culture, a void rose in the moral and societal code. Those writers that emerged presented alternate visions that worked their way into the literature of the 20th century. Karl Marx's interpretation of the structure of labor in capitalism presented a new societal hierarchy whose finer points have been worked out in the complex film Blade Runner. This dystopian nightmare, in which a Marxist interpretation of current society bogged down by the ennui of capitalist accumulation is confronted, describes a new religious order based upon this economic theory. Central to this reimagining ...
Migration And Injustice In The Neoliberal Era: A Comparative Analysis Of Migratory Laws And Sweatshop Labor Conditions In Argentina And The United States, Kelly L. Johnson
Spanish Honors Papers
In the contemporary neoliberal era, the global phenomenon of migration dominates the international political discourse and generates empirical and normative questions regarding the admission, rights, and realities of migrants who leave their home countries to live elsewhere. Argentina and the United States are countries in which migration was, and continues to be, a main factor in shaping the nation’s identity. Despite the similar migratory phenomenon in both of these countries, their migratory policies vastly differ—Argentina considers migration to be a right, but the United States constantly strengthens its efforts to deter migrants from entering the country. Even though ...
Closing The Gender Gap: The Effect Of Political Gender Quotas And Female Employment Indicators In South America, 2017 Georgia State University
Closing The Gender Gap: The Effect Of Political Gender Quotas And Female Employment Indicators In South America, Courtney Reid
Georgia State Undergraduate Research Conference
No abstract provided.
Does Human Capital Play A Role In The Growing Income Inequality In The Oecd Countries?, 2017 Trinity College, Hartford Connecticut
Does Human Capital Play A Role In The Growing Income Inequality In The Oecd Countries?, Jordan A. Cram
Senior Theses and Projects
Researchers have tried to determine reasons for the growing income inequality in the OECD countries, but human capital is not a reason typically addressed. This paper empirically seeks to determine a relationship between human capital and income inequality using multiple regression analysis. I hypothesize a negative relationship; meaning increases in the independent variable, average human capital in a country, will cause a decrease in the dependent variable, income inequality due to the idea that increases in education should increase the incomes of the poor more than those of the rich. Income inequality will be measured by the Gini coefficient and ...
No More Starving Artists: Why The Art Market Needs A Universal Artist Resale Royalty Right, 2017 Notre Dame Law School
No More Starving Artists: Why The Art Market Needs A Universal Artist Resale Royalty Right, Allison Schten
Notre Dame Journal of International & Comparative Law
Artists often struggle to make a living because they see profits only from the first sales of their work. Unlike other creative arts, where the creator can earn a living via sales of books or music, an artist’s product is valuable for its singularity. Droit de suite, or the artist resale royalty right, allows artists to recover a percentage of profits from resales of their work. Implementing resale royalty schemes has been a subject of controversy worldwide due to fears that the art market will relocate to areas without such additional transaction costs—but broad-scale, international implementation of droit ...
Discrimination In The Restaurant Industry In Ohio, 2017 Kent State University
Discrimination In The Restaurant Industry In Ohio, Sophia Greathouse
Undergraduate Research Symposium
This paper explores the size of discrimination in the restaurant industry in Ohio in 1980 and 2010. OLS regressions were used in order to discover the differences in wages between different groups. A set of Oaxaca decompositions, a counterfactual exercise, were implemented to determine how much of the difference could be attributed to discrimination. I found that African American workers made 14.8% less than their white counterparts. Discrimination may be even worse than this wage gap allows: when comparing African American workers to a counterfactual treated with white coefficients, the African American workers make 17.8% less than the ...
P29. Basic Skills Or Major-Specific Knowledge? Sources Of Wage Penalties For Working Outside The Major Field Of Study, Yuki Onozuka
Western Research Forum
Background: This paper examines the sources of wage penalties for working outside the major field of study. Recent research shows that workers in a job unrelated to their major field of study experience significantly lower wages than those in a related job. A substantial amount of human capital may be underutilized. Identifying the sources of the wage penalty is important in terms of how to decrease the inefficient use of human capital, students' college major choice, and type of human capital accumulated in college.
Methods: I use the 1993 National Survey of College Graduates and the O*NET to divide ...
A New Panel Database On Business Incentives For Economic Development Offered By State And Local Governments In The United States, Timothy J. Bartik
Timothy J. Bartik
No abstract provided.
Garment Workers In Kentucky Oral History Project (Fa 865), 2017 Western Kentucky University
Garment Workers In Kentucky Oral History Project (Fa 865), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives
FA Finding Aids
Finding aid only for Folklife Archives Project FA 865. Interviews conducted by Lisa Karen Miller containing details about the lives of garment workers in Kentucky and Tennessee. Some of the topics included were technological changes, job layoffs, and labor unions.
Core Support For The New Economy, 2017 Tufts University
Core Support For The New Economy, Neva Goodwin
Interdisciplinary Journal of Partnership Studies
This paper proposes an income guarantee called Core Support (CS), defined as compensation for household activities such as childcare, food preparation, care of elderly or ill persons in the home, and maintenance of the home and of household vehicles and appliances. The immediate goals of the proposal are to highlight, through compensation, the reality that the productive activities carried on in households are of essential importance for the whole economy and society, and to enable the people who carry out these essential activities to do so without having to short-change the care work because of the need to earn money ...
A Case Study In Tipping: An Economic Anomaly, 2017 University of Kansas
A Case Study In Tipping: An Economic Anomaly, Megan Nelson
Crossing Borders: A Multidisciplinary Journal of Undergraduate Scholarship
When dining in a restaurant or having a drink at a bar, do you tip? If yes, what do you base the tip amount on? Is it who you are with? Do men tip more than women? Do you tip less when your actions are masked by a larger group? The answers to these questions are something that economists have struggled to explain. The most difficult question being: Why do people pay an additional amount when they have absolutely no legal obligation to do so? This case study explores the variables that lead to higher or lower tip amounts ...
Performance Pay, The Marriage Market And Rising Income Inequality In Taiwan, 2017 National University of Kaohsiung
Performance Pay, The Marriage Market And Rising Income Inequality In Taiwan, Shao-Hsun Keng, Peter F. Orazem
Economics Working Papers
Taiwan expanded its college access significantly over the past two decades by converting 2-year junior colleges to 4-year colleges and relaxing entrance standards. The share of college graduates in the 22-24 years old population rose from 12% to 71% between 1990 and 2014. This should have suppressed returns to schooling and lowered inequality, but Taiwan’s Gini coefficient rose steadily over that period. We show that rising use of performance pay and positive assortative mating in the marriage market combine to explain the rising inequality. The presence of performance pay and positive assortative mating jointly increase the household income inequality ...
Net Impact And Benefit-Cost Estimates Of The Workforce Development System In Washington State, 2017 W.E. Upjohn Institute
Net Impact And Benefit-Cost Estimates Of The Workforce Development System In Washington State, Kevin Hollenbeck, Wei-Jang Huang
No abstract provided.
How Has The Affordable Care Act Affected Work And Wages?, 2017 University of Pennsylvania
How Has The Affordable Care Act Affected Work And Wages?, Jean Abraham Phd, Anne Beeson Royalty Phd
In a review of the evidence, the authors find that the ACA had minimal effect on employment, hours of work, and compensation. This brief provides critical perspective on the effects of reforms on labor markets for federal and state policymakers as they consider changing or repealing the law.