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Brain Drain And Emigration: How Do They Affect Source Countries?, Nicholas Chura 2019 The University of Akron

Brain Drain And Emigration: How Do They Affect Source Countries?, Nicholas Chura

Honors Research Projects

This paper examines the effect of different skill levels of emigration on a country’s labor market, from high skill brain drain to low skill emigration. By utilizing an IADB Brain Drain data set to measure emigration rates among those with low, medium, and high educational attainment in a country, the effect of brain drain vs. low skill emigration on productivity and unemployment is examined. These data span from 1980 to 2010 with measurements every five years for 195 World Bank countries. By utilizing two two-way fixed effects models with GDP per capita and unemployment rate as the dependent variables ...


Understanding The Decline Of U.S. Manufacturing Employment, Susan N. Houseman 2018 W.E. Upjohn Institute

Understanding The Decline Of U.S. Manufacturing Employment, Susan N. Houseman

Susan N. Houseman

U.S. manufacturing experienced a precipitous and historically unprecedented decline in employment in the 2000s. Many economists and other analysts—pointing to decades of statistics showing that manufacturing real (inflation-adjusted) output growth has largely kept pace with private sector real output growth, that productivity growth has been much higher, and that the sector’s share of aggregate employment has been declining—argue that manufacturing’s job losses are largely the result of productivity growth (assumed to reflect automation) and are part of a long-term trend. Since the 1980s, however, the apparently robust growth in manufacturing real output and productivity have ...


How To Create Conducive Institutions To Enable Agricultural Mechanization: A Comparative Historical Study From The United States And Germany, Thomas Daum, Wallace E. Huffman, Regina Birner 2018 University of Hohenheim

How To Create Conducive Institutions To Enable Agricultural Mechanization: A Comparative Historical Study From The United States And Germany, Thomas Daum, Wallace E. Huffman, Regina Birner

Economics Working Papers

Agricultural mechanization is now high on the policy agenda of many developing countries. History has shown that successful mechanization depends on an enabling environment providing various supporting functions, for example, knowledge and skills development and quality assurance. This paper analyses how this enabling environment was created during the mechanization history of two today’s mechanized countries, the United States and Germany, thereby distilling lessons for today’s mechanizing countries. The paper highlights the different roles played by government agencies (public sector), manufacturers of agricultural machinery (private sector) and farmers’ organizations (third sector) for the creation of this enabling environment. The ...


What Works To Help Manufacturing-Intensive Local Economies?, Timothy J. Bartik 2018 W.E. Upjohn Institute

What Works To Help Manufacturing-Intensive Local Economies?, Timothy J. Bartik

Timothy J. Bartik

No abstract provided.


Empirical Essays In Household Economics, Hao Li 2018 Southern Methodist University

Empirical Essays In Household Economics, Hao Li

Economics Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation is consist of three empirical studies in economics. The first part empirically examines the effect of universal pre-k on labor force participation of fertility age women in Oklahoma. I investigate the policy effect from both theoretical and empirical perspectives. I apply the synthetic control method (SCM) to the Current Population Survey (CPS) data to identify the causal relationship between universal pre-k and female labor outcomes. I find that universal pre-k increases labor supply of women aged 25 to 45 in Oklahoma. The second empirical study focuses on how the birth outcomes of US children respond to exposure to ...


Impact Of Cooperative Membership On Members' Household Economies: The Case Of Chiapas Coffee Farmers, Stephen Pitts 2018 The University of San Francisco

Impact Of Cooperative Membership On Members' Household Economies: The Case Of Chiapas Coffee Farmers, Stephen Pitts

Master's Theses

Coffee producers typically sell raw coffee beans as the first step in a global value chain. Recently, groups of producers have formed coffee cooperatives that attempt to regain market power by integrating the other steps of the value chain. This study uses matching to estimate the effect of membership in one such cooperative on the household economy of indigenous coffee producers in the state of Chiapas, Mexico. It contributes to the literature by considering new determinants of participation and outcomes of interest. First, social capital at the individual and village level is correlated with cooperative membership more than other demographic ...


起死回生(Resuscitation): Japan's Search For Machines And Their Meanings, Justin McDonnell 2018 University of San Francisco

起死回生(Resuscitation): Japan's Search For Machines And Their Meanings, Justin Mcdonnell

Master's Projects and Capstones

Japan’s lost decade(s) ushered in a new era of economic and societal malaise, marked by a shrinking population, an increased proportion of elderly people, inequality, neo-nationalism(s), uncertainty, and isolation. This project seeks to understand how Japan is trying to address these issues and reconstruct itself from the lost decade(s) with the use of artificial intelligence (jinkou chihou) and robotics along with the societal implications of this technology. This interdisciplinary research utilizes innovative, historical narratives (Morris-Suzuki,1988, Hornyak 2006), and the socio-cultural milieu of Japan and its traditions (Allison 2013; Katsuno 2010) to further appreciate and acknowledge ...


What Works To Help Manufacturing-Intensive Local Economies?, Timothy J. Bartik 2018 W.E. Upjohn Institute

What Works To Help Manufacturing-Intensive Local Economies?, Timothy J. Bartik

Upjohn Institute Technical Reports

No abstract provided.


The Importance Of Stem: How Rust Belt Universities Can Drive Economic Growth By Supporting High-Technology Industry, Robert O'Gara 2018 College of William and Mary

The Importance Of Stem: How Rust Belt Universities Can Drive Economic Growth By Supporting High-Technology Industry, Robert O'Gara

Undergraduate Honors Theses

This study examines whether universities in mid-sized “Rust Belt” cities can help drive local economic growth by directly supporting growth in local high-technology industry. This study is inspired by the hypothesis of van Agtmael and Bakker (2016) that high-technology industry can generate significant levels of economic growth that revitalized Rust Belt communities. This study shows that some university outputs, like undergraduate students in STEM fields and R&D expenditures in STEM fields benefit a Rust Belt city’s high-technology industry sector and overall economy. However, these results are stronger in the mid-sized Rust Belt cities of the Midwest rather than ...


The Cost Of Child Care On Female Labor Force Participation, Richard Joseph Goyette 2018 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

The Cost Of Child Care On Female Labor Force Participation, Richard Joseph Goyette

University of Tennessee Honors Thesis Projects

No abstract provided.


Leave-Taking’S Prevailing Effect On Real Wage Growth: Paid Vs. Unpaid Maternity Leave, Soe Han Tha 2018 Trinity College, Hartford Connecticut

Leave-Taking’S Prevailing Effect On Real Wage Growth: Paid Vs. Unpaid Maternity Leave, Soe Han Tha

Senior Theses and Projects

Paid maternity leave’s effect on women’s real wage growth is indeterminate in theory. Paid maternity leave could help a woman return to the same job postpartum, reducing the unemployment in between jobs (which we see as external leaves). Simultaneously, paid maternity leave could incentivize women to take more leave within a job (which we see as internal leaves). According to the human capital theory, if more women increase leave-taking due to the subsidy on leave and the cheaper opportunity cost of pregnancy, women’s overall productivity will decline and their wage growth will slow down. This analysis uses ...


Who Benefits From Economic Development Incentives? How Incentive Effects On Local Incomes And The Income Distribution Vary With Different Assumptions About Incentive Policy And The Local Economy, Timothy J. Bartik 2018 W.E. Upjohn Institute

Who Benefits From Economic Development Incentives? How Incentive Effects On Local Incomes And The Income Distribution Vary With Different Assumptions About Incentive Policy And The Local Economy, Timothy J. Bartik

Timothy J. Bartik

This report presents results from a simulation model that examines the effects of economic development incentives (e.g., tax incentives such as property tax abatements or job creation tax credits) provided to businesses by state and local governments in the United States. The model simulates effects of incentive policies on the incomes of local residents, both for different income types (e.g., labor income versus property income) and for different income quintiles, under different assumptions about the economy’s workings and public policy. Net benefits of incentives for local incomes are greater if the incentives have greater job-creation effects conditional ...


Improving Economic Development Incentives, Timothy J. Bartik 2018 W.E. Upjohn Institute

Improving Economic Development Incentives, Timothy J. Bartik

Timothy J. Bartik

No abstract provided.


Panel Ii. Trauma, Memory, Equality And History In Gender Studies, Annika Ziegler 2018 University of Redlands

Panel Ii. Trauma, Memory, Equality And History In Gender Studies, Annika Ziegler

the Women, Gender, and Sexuality Studies Student Conference

No abstract provided.


Degrees Of Poverty: The Relationship Between Family Income Background And The Returns To Education, Timothy J. Bartik, Brad J. Hershbein 2018 W.E. Upjohn Institute

Degrees Of Poverty: The Relationship Between Family Income Background And The Returns To Education, Timothy J. Bartik, Brad J. Hershbein

Timothy J. Bartik

Drawing on the Panel Study of Income Dynamics, we document a startling empirical pattern: the career earnings premium from a four-year college degree (relative to a high school diploma) for persons from low-income backgrounds is considerably less than it is for those from higher-income backgrounds. For individuals whose family income in high school was above 1.85 times the poverty level, we estimate that career earnings for bachelor’s graduates are 136 percent higher than earnings for those whose education stopped at high school. However, for individuals whose family income during high school was below 1.85 times the poverty ...


Degrees Of Poverty: The Relationship Between Family Income Background And The Returns To Education, Timothy J. Bartik, Brad J. Hershbein 2018 W.E. Upjohn Institute

Degrees Of Poverty: The Relationship Between Family Income Background And The Returns To Education, Timothy J. Bartik, Brad J. Hershbein

Brad J. Hershbein

Drawing on the Panel Study of Income Dynamics, we document a startling empirical pattern: the career earnings premium from a four-year college degree (relative to a high school diploma) for persons from low-income backgrounds is considerably less than it is for those from higher-income backgrounds. For individuals whose family income in high school was above 1.85 times the poverty level, we estimate that career earnings for bachelor’s graduates are 136 percent higher than earnings for those whose education stopped at high school. However, for individuals whose family income during high school was below 1.85 times the poverty ...


Entrepreneurship Education Empowers Youth To Change Their Lives, Marianna Brashear, Jason Riddle 2018 Foundation for Economic Education

Entrepreneurship Education Empowers Youth To Change Their Lives, Marianna Brashear, Jason Riddle

National Youth-At-Risk Conference Savannah

The Foundation for Economic Education (FEE) aims at equipping Title 1 schools with free, hands-on, engaging materials that any teacher can facilitate either individually or in a classroom setting with no background in entrepreneurship necessary. These versatile lessons, courses, and workshops teach the entrepreneurial mindset optimizing opportunities for grades 8-12 students no matter which life/career path they choose.


Economic Emergency Program: St. Cloud Household Refrigeration And Home Freezer Manufacturing Plant Closure (Electrolux), Brigid Tuck, King Banaian, Richard A. MacDonald, Neil Linscheid 2018 Senior Economic Impact Analyst, University of Minnesota

Economic Emergency Program: St. Cloud Household Refrigeration And Home Freezer Manufacturing Plant Closure (Electrolux), Brigid Tuck, King Banaian, Richard A. Macdonald, Neil Linscheid

Special Economic Studies

On January 30, 2018, Electrolux announced the closure its manufacturing facility in St. Cloud, Minnesota. The plant currently has 860 employees. Their jobs will be lost once Electrolux completes its closure as planned in 2019. Electrolux plans to invest in its Tennessee and South Carolina plants. Upright freezer production will move to South Carolina. There will likely be few viable opportunities for local workers at the Electrolux facility to re-locate to South Carolina.

St. Cloud area decision-makers will benefit from timely information regarding the potential economic impact of the closure. In response, University of Minnesota Extension and the St. Cloud ...


The Colonial American Economy, Joshua L. Rosenbloom 2018 Iowa State University

The Colonial American Economy, Joshua L. Rosenbloom

Economics Working Papers

The first permanent British settlement in what became the United States was established in 1607, nearly 170 years prior to the American declaration of independence. This chapter examines the economic development of the British North American colonies that became the United States. As it describes, abundant natural resources and scarce labor and capital contributed to the remarkable growth in the size of the colonial economy, and allowed the free white colonial population to enjoy a relatively high standard of living. There was not, however, much improvement over time in living standards. Patterns of factor abundance also played an important role ...


Minimum Wages And Occupational Skills Acquired During High School, Benjamin Meier, Kyrstin Shadle, Brent E. Kreider, Peter F. Orazem 2018 Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas

Minimum Wages And Occupational Skills Acquired During High School, Benjamin Meier, Kyrstin Shadle, Brent E. Kreider, Peter F. Orazem

Economics Working Papers

The National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1997 Geocode sample and the O*NET Occupational Database are used to generate estimates of skills acquired on jobs held by youth during high school. The types of jobs firms offer high school students change with the minimum wage. Jobs offered in high minimum wage states involve less skill acquisition. These same skills are shown to be important for income, employment and occupational skills later in life. Additional schooling substitutes for job skills acquired in high school, implying lost on-the-job training in high school is most costly for youth who do not go to ...


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