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Better Understanding The Risks And Costs Of Motherhood In The Post-Roe United States, Mackayla Wall 2024 University of Tennessee at Chattanooga

Better Understanding The Risks And Costs Of Motherhood In The Post-Roe United States, Mackayla Wall

Honors Theses

This paper reviews the literature on the risks and costs of motherhood. The paper compares and analyzes various studies conducted between 1990 and 2023 relating to family planning, pregnancy, and maternal health in America. Changes in healthcare legislation and policies, as well as access to contraception and abortion, have all had an impact on the economic costs of pregnancy and motherhood. These changes emphasize the importance of better understanding the economic costs of pregnancy and motherhood in all its stages— from timing pregnancy to recovering from pregnancy and birth and experiencing childrearing costs. When analyzing previous studies, I discovered that …


Equality In Times Of Uncertainty: Economic Downturn And Body Image Messaging Toward Women, Ritsa Giannakas 2024 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Equality In Times Of Uncertainty: Economic Downturn And Body Image Messaging Toward Women, Ritsa Giannakas

Honors Theses

A vast body of literature indicates that the economy and the status of women are interlinked, with higher levels of economic well-being tending to correspond with advancements in women’s rights. However, little of this research has investigated the changes in the wellbeing of women as it pertains to their physical and mental health, especially as it pertains to exploring the impacts of economics on eating disorder rates and societal messaging toward women. This thesis investigates a novel theory linking economic uncertainty and downturn to the spread of pro-eating disorder content online, positing that economic uncertainty may coincide with a “conservative …


Employment And Self-Rated Depression Among Older Persons In Thailand, Seung Chun Paek, Ning Jackie Zhang 2024 Department of Society and Health, Faculty of Social Sciences and Humanities, Mahidol University, Thailand

Employment And Self-Rated Depression Among Older Persons In Thailand, Seung Chun Paek, Ning Jackie Zhang

Journal of Health Research

Background: Increasing attention has been paid to productive engagement as an important protective factor against depression in older persons. This study assessed the impact of employment on self-rated depression among older persons in Thailand using a matched sample obtained from a propensity score matching method.

Methods: This study involved a cross-sectional secondary data analysis using the 2019 Health and Welfare Survey dataset. Descriptive analysis and ordered logistic regressions were used.

Results: The effect of employment was negative for self-rated depression with an adjusted odds ratio (AOR) of 1.417. This indicates that employment could reduce self-rated depression among older …


Agent Of Happiness, John C. Lyden 2024 University of Nebraska Omaha

Agent Of Happiness, John C. Lyden

Journal of Religion & Film

This is a film review of Agent of Happiness (2024), directed by Arun Bhattarai and Dorottya Zurbó.


Legal, Policy, And Environmental Scholars Discuss Global Food Systems At Indiana Law Symposium, James Owsley Boyd 2024 Maurer School of Law: Indiana University

Legal, Policy, And Environmental Scholars Discuss Global Food Systems At Indiana Law Symposium, James Owsley Boyd

Keep Up With the Latest News from the Law School (blog)

The Indiana University Maurer School of Law and its Indiana Journal of Global Legal Studies are hosting scholars from around the country Friday and Saturday (Jan. 19-20) for an interdisciplinary discussion on one of the world’s most prevalent problems—food insecurity.

Data from the World Bank estimate more than 780 million people around the world suffered from chronic hunger in 2022. As climate change affects agricultural production and water accessibility, the problem could worsen in coming years.

“A Fragile Framework: How Global Food Systems Intersect with the International Legal Order, the Environment, and the World’s Populations” will bring together legal, policy, …


Budget Capping Health Care: Its Impact On Health, Susan Chen 2024 CUNY Hunter College

Budget Capping Health Care: Its Impact On Health, Susan Chen

Theses and Dissertations

The goal of a budget cap on healthcare is to constrain total healthcare expenditure without compromising quality. This paper examines the impacts of budget capping on health and behavioral health outcomes, exploiting the completed Maryland All-Payer Model and the ongoing, extensional Maryland Total Cost of Care model, both of which capped healthcare budgets in Maryland. I use data from 2011-2021 surveys of the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance system and generalized difference-in-difference regression models to find that budget capping improves health and behavioral health outcomes with a greater favorable effect during the Maryland Total Cost of Care model.


Effect Of Acute Care Discharge Delays On Inpatient Rehabilitation Facility (Irf) Utilization, Eric Garrard 2024 University of St. Augustine for Health Sciences

Effect Of Acute Care Discharge Delays On Inpatient Rehabilitation Facility (Irf) Utilization, Eric Garrard

Student Dissertations

Discharge delays present hospitals with challenges in managing costs for Medicare admissions. Meanwhile, Inpatient Rehabilitation Facilities (IRF) are subject to strict pre-admission requirements that can complicate efficient transitions of care for patients with intensive rehabilitation needs. The purpose of this retrospective quantitative correlational study was to examine any relationship between acute care discharge delays and IRF utilization. This study investigated whether length of stay (LOS) and Medicare Advantage prior authorization requirements impact IRF referrals by reviewing 3,747 medical records of acute stroke patients aged 65 years and older at a regionally integrated healthcare system over a 3-year period (2020- 2022). …


Armed Conflict And Household Water Sources, George Naufal, Michael A. Malcolm, Vidya Diwakar 2024 Texas A & M University - College Station

Armed Conflict And Household Water Sources, George Naufal, Michael A. Malcolm, Vidya Diwakar

Economics & Finance Faculty Publications

Access to safe drinking water is among the most important determinants of public health outcomes. We pair household-level data from Iraq together with data on armed conflict and adopt a generalized difference-in-differences approach to study the relationship between household drinking water sources and armed conflict intensity. We find that households located in conflict-affected areas are more likely to use piped water accessed at their homes or bottled water as their primary source of drinking water, but are less likely to use public water sources or tanked water delivered on trucks and carts. We explore the temporal dynamics of these adjustments …


Driven By Change: The Impact Of Macroeconomic Shifts And Covid-19 On New Vehicle Sales, Jackson Aldrich 2024 Claremont Colleges

Driven By Change: The Impact Of Macroeconomic Shifts And Covid-19 On New Vehicle Sales, Jackson Aldrich

CMC Senior Theses

This paper examines the impact of macroeconomic factors and the COVID-19 pandemic on new vehicle sales. In order to address these two topics, a two-pronged approach was used with separate regression models. The macroeconomic variables include monthly supply of new homes, CPI for urban public transportation, unemployment rate, disposable personal income, inflation expectation, consumer sentiment, average gas prices, and total vehicle miles traveled which were regressed on total vehicle sales from 1978-2022. The regression results confirmed and supported current literature and highlighted the importance of the housing market and unemployment rate on new vehicle sales. The COVID-19 pandemic model variables …


Pengaruh Kesehatan Mental Ibu Terhadap Status Gizi Anak Di Indonesia, Yuyu Pertiwi, Elda L. Pardede 2023 Departemen Ilmu Ekonomi, Fakultas Ekonomi dan Bisnis Universitas Indonesia

Pengaruh Kesehatan Mental Ibu Terhadap Status Gizi Anak Di Indonesia, Yuyu Pertiwi, Elda L. Pardede

Jurnal Ekonomi Kependudukan dan Keluarga

Malnutrition in children is still a problem in low and middle-income countries, including Indonesia. This research aims to assess how the mother's mental health influences the child's nutritional status, measured by stunting and underweight status, in the short term (when the child is 0-5 years old) and long-term (when the child is 7-12 years old). Using the Indonesia Family Life Survey 2007 and 2014 data, the logistic regression results shows that children of mothers with mental health problem have a greater tendency to experience underweight nutritional status in both the short and long term. However, the influence of maternal mental …


Reducing Food Scarcity: The Benefits Of Urban Farming, S.A. Claudell, Emilio Mejia 2023 Brigham Young University

Reducing Food Scarcity: The Benefits Of Urban Farming, S.A. Claudell, Emilio Mejia

Journal of Nonprofit Innovation

Urban farming can enhance the lives of communities and help reduce food scarcity. This paper presents a conceptual prototype of an efficient urban farming community that can be scaled for a single apartment building or an entire community across all global geoeconomics regions, including densely populated cities and rural, developing towns and communities. When deployed in coordination with smart crop choices, local farm support, and efficient transportation then the result isn’t just sustainability, but also increasing fresh produce accessibility, optimizing nutritional value, eliminating the use of ‘forever chemicals’, reducing transportation costs, and fostering global environmental benefits.

Imagine Doris, who is …


The Effect Of Several Electric Cigarette Puffs On Nanohybrid Composite Resin Surface Roughness, Alvi Rizqi Amaliyah, Haris Budi Widodo, Irfan Dwiandhono 2023 Department of Dentistry, Faculty of Medicine, Jenderal Soedirman University, Purwokerto, Indonesia

The Effect Of Several Electric Cigarette Puffs On Nanohybrid Composite Resin Surface Roughness, Alvi Rizqi Amaliyah, Haris Budi Widodo, Irfan Dwiandhono

Journal of Dentistry Indonesia

Nanohybrid composite resin is a dental restorative material comprising micro and nano-sized fillers. When accompanied by smoking habits, it can alter the surface roughness of composite resin. Objective: This study aimed to determine the effect of several electric cigarette (e-cigarette) puffs on the surface roughness of nanohybrid composite resin. Methods: This study was conducted in the experimental laboratory with a pretest-posttest control group design using 48 nanohybrid composite resin specimens divided into six groups. Subsequently, the experimental groups were exposed to 75, 150, 225, 300, and 450 puffs of e-cigarette, and the control group was given artificial saliva …


Comparison And Assessment Of Design, Handling Characteristics, And Efficacy Of Hand Instruments In Calculus Removal, Mohan Kumar Pasupuleti, Krishna Ganesh, Gautami S Penmetsa, Boddeda Anusha, Haripriya Narukurthi, Kommina Mouna Sahith 2023 Department of Periodontics and Implantology, Vishnu Dental College, Bhimavaram, India

Comparison And Assessment Of Design, Handling Characteristics, And Efficacy Of Hand Instruments In Calculus Removal, Mohan Kumar Pasupuleti, Krishna Ganesh, Gautami S Penmetsa, Boddeda Anusha, Haripriya Narukurthi, Kommina Mouna Sahith

Journal of Dentistry Indonesia

Objective: primary objective of periodontal therapy is to remove supra and subgingival deposits from the tooth surface to stop disease progression. The purpose of the study is to address the instrument selection and its efficacy in calculus removal. Methods: A total of 50 subjects who fulfilled the criteria were included in the study. Participants were subjected to a complete periodontal examination, and the responses from 50 dental house surgeons were compared based on the instrument design, handling characteristics, and efficacy of calculus removal by using two sets of instruments. Results: The LM instrument was rated as best …


Elastic Recovery Properties Of Alginate Impression Materials Based On Red Algae Kappaphycus Alvarezii, Didin Erma Indahyani, Izzata Barid, Nafisah Nafisah, Depi Praharani, Agus Sumono, Niken Probosari, Sulistiyani Sulistiyani 2023 Department of Oral Biology, Faculty of Dentistry, University of Jember, Jember, Indonesia

Elastic Recovery Properties Of Alginate Impression Materials Based On Red Algae Kappaphycus Alvarezii, Didin Erma Indahyani, Izzata Barid, Nafisah Nafisah, Depi Praharani, Agus Sumono, Niken Probosari, Sulistiyani Sulistiyani

Journal of Dentistry Indonesia

Alginate impression materials in dentistry are used to form details of the oral cavity organs. The alginate content in the impression material functions to form a gel. One source of alginate is algae. Objective: This study aims to determine the recovery elasticity and setting time of alginate impression materials made from red algae K. alvarezii. Methods: The sodium alginate in the composition of this alginate impression material was extracted from red algae K. alvarezii. The alginate impression material was tested for setting time and recovery elasticity and compared with commercial impression material (Hygedent®). Results: The elastic …


Contents Vol 30 No 3 2023, Dr. Yuniardini Septorini Septorini Wimardhani 2023 Universitas Indonesia

Contents Vol 30 No 3 2023, Dr. Yuniardini Septorini Septorini Wimardhani

Journal of Dentistry Indonesia

This is the content of Vol. 30 number 3 2023.


Clinically Effective Regenerative Therapy For Primary Endodontic Lesions With Secondary Periodontal Lesions: A Case Report, Martina Amalia, Budi Budi, Iceu Estu Kurmaena, Nevi Yanti, Hesty Nurcahyanti, Aini Hariyani Nasution 2023 Department of Periodontic, Faculty of Dentistry,Universitas Sumatera Utara, Medan, Indonesia

Clinically Effective Regenerative Therapy For Primary Endodontic Lesions With Secondary Periodontal Lesions: A Case Report, Martina Amalia, Budi Budi, Iceu Estu Kurmaena, Nevi Yanti, Hesty Nurcahyanti, Aini Hariyani Nasution

Journal of Dentistry Indonesia

The diagnosis and prognosis of teeth with endo-perio lesions present a major challenge for dentists. Proper diagnosis is critical in determining treatment and the long-term prognosis. However, treating complex endodontic and periodontal lesions is one of the most common challenges in current clinical practice. The coexistence of pulpal and periodontal tissue damage may complicate diagnosis and further influence dental prognosis. This article consists of a case report evaluating the efficacy of xenografts and resorbable membrane pericardium in treating bifurcation lesions associated with periodontal lesions of the left mandibular first molar. A 22-year-old female patient was referred by conservative dentistry with …


Management Of Ankyloglossia In A Non-Syndromic Patient Using A Super Pulsed Laser: A Life-Changing Treatment- A Case Report, Urfi Jawed, Afaf Zia, Ramniwas Kumawat, Afshan Bey, Maahin Mahmood 2023 Department of Periodontics and Community Dentistry, Dr. Ziauddin Ahmed Dental College, Aligarh Muslim University, Uttar Pradesh, India

Management Of Ankyloglossia In A Non-Syndromic Patient Using A Super Pulsed Laser: A Life-Changing Treatment- A Case Report, Urfi Jawed, Afaf Zia, Ramniwas Kumawat, Afshan Bey, Maahin Mahmood

Journal of Dentistry Indonesia

Objective: Ankyloglossia affects a person’s overall well-being and life, from malnutrition due to poor feeding and mechanical problems to psychological stress and low self-esteem, thus affecting social life. This case reports the use of non-scalpel techniques, such as a super pulsed laser, to manage ankyloglossia in a non-syndromic patient suffering from speech incompetence and restricted tongue mobility and highlights its advantages over other conventional techniques. Case Report: A 17-year-old male patient presented with a complaint of restricted tongue mobility, due to which he could not pronounce certain words clearly. As the patient was apprehensive about the use of …


Essays On Market Inefficiencies Arising From Information Asymmetry And Market Power, Ming Ge 2023 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Essays On Market Inefficiencies Arising From Information Asymmetry And Market Power, Ming Ge

Doctoral Dissertations

This dissertation comprises three chapters that empirically investigate various kinds of market inefficiencies arising from seller misbehaviors. The first two chapters focus on physicians' overtreatment in healthcare markets. A standard reputation system falls short of effectively curbing overtreatment due to the credence-good nature of such a market: patients cannot tell whether a high-cost treatment recommendation (versus a less costly and complex treatment) is necessary even after the service is completed. In the first chapter, I propose a novel solution to reinstate the function of reputation by combining a reputation mechanism with patient search for second opinions. I conduct a laboratory …


An Economic Evaluation Of The Use Of Non-Combusted Alternatives Using A Cost Of Illness Approach: The Philippine Case, Christopher James R. Cabuay 2023 De La Salle University, Manila

An Economic Evaluation Of The Use Of Non-Combusted Alternatives Using A Cost Of Illness Approach: The Philippine Case, Christopher James R. Cabuay

Angelo King Institute for Economic and Business Studies (AKI)

Smoking continues to be one of the leading causes of death and disability around the world. Recent health studies, however, have reported that these diseases are more likely to be due to the smoke from burning rather than the actual nicotine content. This study uses a cost of illness approach in estimating the cost of smoking-related illness in the Philippines and calculating the potential reduction in costs if a significant portion of the adult smoking population switches to the exclusive use of non-combusted alternatives (NCAs), which drastically reduces the risk of contracting smoking-related diseases. This study finds that cost reductions …


Understanding The Impact Of Incentive-Driven Changes In Hospital And Physician Practice Styles, Ke Zeng 2023 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Understanding The Impact Of Incentive-Driven Changes In Hospital And Physician Practice Styles, Ke Zeng

Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

This dissertation consists of three chapters that investigate impact of incentive changes on hospital and physician practice styles, as well as patient outcomes.

In an effort to curb the escalating healthcare expenditure, the Center for Medicare \& Medicaid Innovation has introduced several alternative payment models, which have garnered significant attention in numerous studies with varied findings. This first chapter introduces the focal point of this thesis, namely the Comprehensive Care for Joint Replacement (CJR) model, and provides a review of pertinent studies that have examined this model and related areas. Specifically, this chapter reviews and summarizes the findings from studies …


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