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The Political, Economic And Societal Challenges Encountered By Public School Systems In Developing Countries, Priyadarshani Joshi 2016 University of Pennsylvania

The Political, Economic And Societal Challenges Encountered By Public School Systems In Developing Countries, Priyadarshani Joshi

Priyadarshani Joshi

The paper analyzes the challenges and supports that mediate public schools’ ability to initiate reforms and productively respond to competition from private schools. An understanding of impediments can help policymakers better target their attention to the key bottlenecks and the most disadvantaged populations. I conduct a two-step mixed methods analysis. I first conduct qualitative analysis of interview data and descriptive statistics of principal perceptions to describe the barriers to reform that generally affect public schools more frequently than private schools. Then, I analyze whether the barriers (and supports) to reform can be systematically linked to the extent of privatization by ...


Can Noncompliant Behavior Explain Racial/Ethnic Disparities In The Use Of Force By The Nypd? An Econometric Analysis Of New York's Stop-And-Frisk, Omari-Khalid Rahman 2016 CUNY Hunter College

Can Noncompliant Behavior Explain Racial/Ethnic Disparities In The Use Of Force By The Nypd? An Econometric Analysis Of New York's Stop-And-Frisk, Omari-Khalid Rahman

School of Arts & Sciences Theses

This paper seeks to analyze spatiotemporal variations in NYPD policing patterns in an attempt to identify the causal mechanism(s) driving the observed racial/ethnic disparities; specifically, it addresses questions of how changing neighborhood demographics influence the decision-making of NYPD officers/precincts as it relates to their controversial Stop-and-Frisk policy.


Top Cop Or Regulatory Flop? The Sec At 75, Jill E. Fisch 2016 University of Pennsylvania Law School

Top Cop Or Regulatory Flop? The Sec At 75, Jill E. Fisch

Jill Fisch

In their forthcoming article, Redesigning the SEC: Does the Treasury Have a Better Idea?, Professors John C. Coffee, Jr., and Hillary Sale offer compelling reasons to rethink the SEC’s role. This article extends that analysis, evaluating the SEC’s responsibility for the current financial crisis and its potential future role in regulation of the capital markets. In particular, the article identifies critical failures in the SEC’s performance in its core competencies of enforcement, financial transparency, and investor protection. The article argues that these failures are not the result, as suggested by the Treasury Department Blueprint, of a balkanized ...


Confronting The Circularity Problem In Private Securities Litigation, Jill E. Fisch 2016 University of Pennsylvania Law School

Confronting The Circularity Problem In Private Securities Litigation, Jill E. Fisch

Jill Fisch

Many critics argue that private securities litigation fails effectively either to deter corporate misconduct or to compensate defrauded investors. In particular, commentators reason that damages reflect socially inefficient transfer payments—the so-called circularity problem. Fox and Mitchell address the circularity problem by identifying new reasons why private litigation is an effective deterrent, focusing on the role of disclosure in improving corporate governance. The corporate governance rationale for securities regulation is more powerful than the authors recognize. By collecting and using corporate information in their trading decisions, informed investors play a critical role in enhancing market efficiency. This efficiency, in turn ...


Intellectual Property Training And Education: A Development Perspective, Jeremy de Beer, Chidi Oguamanam 2016 University of Ottawa

Intellectual Property Training And Education: A Development Perspective, Jeremy De Beer, Chidi Oguamanam

Chidi Oguamanam

No abstract provided.


Friedrich List And The Imperial Origins Of The National Economy, Onur Ulas INCE 2016 Singapore Management University

Friedrich List And The Imperial Origins Of The National Economy, Onur Ulas Ince

Research Collection School of Social Sciences

This essay offers a critical reexamination of the works of Friedrich List by placing them in the context of nineteenth-century imperial economies. I argue that List's theory of the national economy is characterised by a major ambivalence, as it incorporates both imperial and anti-imperial elements. On the one hand, List pitted his national principle against the British imperialism of free trade and the relations of dependency it heralded for late developers like Germany. On the other hand, his economic nationalism aimed less at dismantling imperial core-periphery relations as a whole than at reproducing these relations domestically and expanding them ...


The Influence Of The Electric Supply Industry On Economic Growth In Less Developed Countries, Edward Richard Bee 2016 University of Southern Mississippi

The Influence Of The Electric Supply Industry On Economic Growth In Less Developed Countries, Edward Richard Bee

Dissertations

This study measures the impact that electrical outages have on manufacturing production in 135 less developed countries using stochastic frontier analysis and data from World Bank’s Investment Climate surveys. Outages of electricity, for firms with and without backup power sources, are the most frequently cited constraint on manufacturing growth in these surveys.

Outages are shown to reduce output below the production frontier by almost five percent in Africa and by a lower percentage in South Asia, Southeast Asia and the Middle East and North Africa. Production response to outages is quadratic in form. Outages also increase labor cost, reduce ...


Natural Disasters In Latin America: The Role Of Disaster Type And Productive Sector On The Urban-Rural Income Gap And Rural To Urban Migration, Madeline Alice Messick 2016 University of Southern Mississippi

Natural Disasters In Latin America: The Role Of Disaster Type And Productive Sector On The Urban-Rural Income Gap And Rural To Urban Migration, Madeline Alice Messick

Dissertations

This research provides insight into the impact of natural disasters as drivers of rural to urban migration in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC). Disasters of varying types are predicted to have differing impacts on the productive sectors of agriculture, industry, and services; which due to the concentration of the various productive sectors in either urban or rural areas, subsequently changes the urban-rural wage differential. Changes to the wage differential (as measured by the urban-rural income gap) are predicted to lead to movement between urban and rural areas until a new equilibrium wage is reached.

This dissertation first identifies a ...


Cold Comfort From Ireland: Marginal Independence & Austerity ., Brendan O'Rourke, John Hogan 2016 Dublin Institute of Technology

Cold Comfort From Ireland: Marginal Independence & Austerity ., Brendan O'Rourke, John Hogan

Other

No abstract provided.


Capturing Regulatory Reality: Stigler’S The Theory Of Economic Regulation, Christopher Carrigan, Cary Coglianese 2016 George Washington University

Capturing Regulatory Reality: Stigler’S The Theory Of Economic Regulation, Christopher Carrigan, Cary Coglianese

Faculty Scholarship

This paper offers a retrospective assessment of economist George Stigler’s classic article, The Theory of Economic Regulation. Stigler argued that regulation is a product that, just like any other product, is produced in a market, and that it can be acquired from the governmental “marketplace” by business firms to serve their private interests and create barriers to entry for potential competitors. He challenged the idea that regulation arises solely to serve the public interest and demonstrated that important political advantages held by businesses can contribute to industry capture of the regulatory process. Although his argument was largely based on ...


A Preliminary Analysis Of The Proposed 1998 Taxpayers' Right Amendments To The Iowa Constitution And Fiscal Consequences Assuming Implementation From Fy1984 To Present, Mark A. Edelman Dr. 2016 Iowa State University

A Preliminary Analysis Of The Proposed 1998 Taxpayers' Right Amendments To The Iowa Constitution And Fiscal Consequences Assuming Implementation From Fy1984 To Present, Mark A. Edelman Dr.

Mark Edelman

This staff paper-reviews the Senate (SSB2072) anU House (HSB688) versions of'a proposed 1998 Amendment.to the Iowa Constitution and.provides a preliminary analysis of the fiscal impacts'on the,state general fund receipts, general fund appropriations, and local property^taxes assuming each proposal was implemented in FY1984. While the year-to-year reductions in spending are relatively small,the cumulative fiscal impact of the SSB2072 would likely have resulted in (1) a FY1997 state general-fund limit that allows 32 percent less spending'than•actual FY1997, (2) a $710-million reduction in the growth of state aid-to local government; and (3)'a29.7 ...


Potential Cost Savings And Framework Of Strategies For Improved Delivery Of Government Services, Mark A. Edelman Dr. 2016 Iowa State University

Potential Cost Savings And Framework Of Strategies For Improved Delivery Of Government Services, Mark A. Edelman Dr.

Mark Edelman

This Preliminary Assessment represents a response to an important and timely request for information from the Governor's Strategic Planning Council. This report represents a limited response based on findings and principles from existing applied studies, academic literature, and input from a knowledgeable range of expertise from the private and public sectors represented on the Iowa Research Council Public Finance Study Development Committee. The intended purpose of this report is to provide a basis for discussion by the Governor's Strategic Planning Council as well as other state and local policymakers, leaders and citizens. The specific questions provided to the ...


A Background Report: School Aid Goals, Parameters, Formulas And Impacts Under Declining Enrollment, Dr. Mark A. Edelman, James J. Knudsen 2016 Iowa State University

A Background Report: School Aid Goals, Parameters, Formulas And Impacts Under Declining Enrollment, Dr. Mark A. Edelman, James J. Knudsen

Mark Edelman

There is no such thing as a perfect state school aid formula. Different people define equal educational opportunity differently and school aid formulas include a variety of criteria and incentives that result from compromise and majority voting after being "hammered out" through the political process.


Better Work And Global Governance, Paul Alois 2016 Graduate Center, City University of New York

Better Work And Global Governance, Paul Alois

All Graduate Works by Year: Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

This dissertation is a case study of Better Work, a program run by the International Labor Organization and the International Finance Corporation. It aims to improve working conditions and productivity in the apparel industry. The purpose of this case study is to examine the role that international organizations can play in global governance. The research presented here comes from interviews, document analysis, and an examination of quantitative data on factories’ working conditions. In-person interviews were conducted in the United States, Switzerland, Vietnam, and Indonesia; many phone interviews took place with individuals in other countries. Both publicly available documents and internal ...


Daniel Defoe’S Literary Economies: The Shifting Role Of Narrative Uncertainty, Speculation, And Providence In Robinson Crusoe And Roxana., Terese J. Swords 2016 Lawrence University

Daniel Defoe’S Literary Economies: The Shifting Role Of Narrative Uncertainty, Speculation, And Providence In Robinson Crusoe And Roxana., Terese J. Swords

Lawrence University Honors Projects

In my honors project, I analyze how Daniel Defoe’s first novel, Robinson Crusoe (1719), and his last, Roxana (1724), offer shifting economic commentary regarding England’s emerging 18th century credit economy. This shift does not come as too much of a surprise, as his first and last novel straddle the historic moment of the South Sea Bubble’s burst. Therefore, Defoe’s works, when analyzed sequentially, capture the evolving attitude towards value and credit that was occurring throughout all of England.

In my first chapter, “Crusoe’s Post Facto Journal Editing: ‘How wonderfully we are delivered when we ...


Adam Smith For Our Time, I: Necroeconomics, Patrick G. Scott 2016 University of South Carolina - Columbia

Adam Smith For Our Time, I: Necroeconomics, Patrick G. Scott

Studies in Scottish Literature

Reviews a wide-ranging new American study of the Scottish philosopher and economist Adam Smith (1723-1790), examining its treatment of Smith as critic and rhetorical theorist, as well as of his better-known writings on moral philosophy in his Theory of Moral Sentiments (1759) and economic theory in The Wealth of Nations (1776), and discusses briefly the value for Scottish cultural history of interpretative practices developed originally in other national traditions.


The Investment Casualties Of War: Global Impacts Of Armed Conflict On Foreign Direct Investment Inflows, Reinhard J. Cate Mr. 2016 University of San Francisco

The Investment Casualties Of War: Global Impacts Of Armed Conflict On Foreign Direct Investment Inflows, Reinhard J. Cate Mr.

Master's Theses

Abstract: Involvement in the outbreak of an armed conflict can present a variety of potential risks to an involved nation’s economy. In this paper I examine if one one of those risks, specifically that a new war could scare away foreign investment actually occurs and whether the intensity of the conflict increases or lessens the potential impact. Using ordinary least squares on panel data from 1966 to 2015, I examine the short and long term impacts of armed conflict on global foreign direct investment (FDI) inflows using two measures of conflict intensity: Large conflicts or ‘wars’, with 1000 or ...


Geospatial Modeling Of Vietnamese Fdi, Cuong Nguyen Tien 2016 CUNY Hunter College

Geospatial Modeling Of Vietnamese Fdi, Cuong Nguyen Tien

School of Arts & Sciences Theses

This thesis sets a goal to analyze and project geographically disaggregated measures of FDI using aggregate data. We regress the country level FDI with aggregate, fine geospatial data on GDP, urban extent, and risk. By disaggregating the model, we will predict the FDI flow in every 1000 square kilometer area.


The Pitfalls And Possibilities Of Socialist Transformation: The Case Of Greece, Martin Hart-Landsberg 2016 Lewis & Clark College

The Pitfalls And Possibilities Of Socialist Transformation: The Case Of Greece, Martin Hart-Landsberg

Class, Race and Corporate Power

With its 2015 electoral victory in Greece, Syriza became the first left political party to lead a European government since the founding of the European Union. As such, its eventual capitulation to the demands of the Troika was a bitter development, and not only for the people of Greece. Because the need for change remains as great as ever, and efforts at electoral-based transformations continue, especially in Europe, this paper seeks to assess the Greek experience, and in particular Syriza’s political options and choices, in order to help activists more effectively respond to the challenges faced when confronting capitalist ...


Anarchy: The Lesser Of Two Evils, Daniel Rothschild 2016 George Mason University

Anarchy: The Lesser Of Two Evils, Daniel Rothschild

Daniel Rothschild

Is the existence of the nation-state responsible for freer societies and a decrease in violence? By looking at Somalia pre-anarchy and Somalia post-anarchy allows one to do a compare and contrast to see if things improved in the state’s absence. Failures of exporting democracy and imposing law from above reveals how culture and social norms are a greater influence on people’s behavior and the type of society one lives under than government legislation. The law in the West, often considered a paragon of justice and freedom was not a creation of the state, but arose spontaneously. Commercial, merchant ...


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