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The Political, Economic And Societal Challenges Encountered By Public School Systems In Developing Countries, Priyadarshani Joshi 2016 University of Pennsylvania

The Political, Economic And Societal Challenges Encountered By Public School Systems In Developing Countries, Priyadarshani Joshi

Priyadarshani Joshi

The paper analyzes the challenges and supports that mediate public schools’ ability to initiate reforms and productively respond to competition from private schools. An understanding of impediments can help policymakers better target their attention to the key bottlenecks and the most disadvantaged populations. I conduct a two-step mixed methods analysis. I first conduct qualitative analysis of interview data and descriptive statistics of principal perceptions to describe the barriers to reform that generally affect public schools more frequently than private schools. Then, I analyze whether the barriers (and supports) to reform can be systematically linked to the extent of privatization by ...


Better Work And Global Governance, Paul Alois 2016 Graduate Center, City University of New York

Better Work And Global Governance, Paul Alois

All Graduate Works by Year: Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

This dissertation is a case study of Better Work, a program run by the International Labor Organization and the International Finance Corporation. It aims to improve working conditions and productivity in the apparel industry. The purpose of this case study is to examine the role that international organizations can play in global governance. The research presented here comes from interviews, document analysis, and an examination of quantitative data on factories’ working conditions. In-person interviews were conducted in the United States, Switzerland, Vietnam, and Indonesia; many phone interviews took place with individuals in other countries. Both publicly available documents and internal ...


The Investment Casualties Of War: Global Impacts Of Armed Conflict On Foreign Direct Investment Inflows, Reinhard J. Cate Mr. 2016 University of San Francisco

The Investment Casualties Of War: Global Impacts Of Armed Conflict On Foreign Direct Investment Inflows, Reinhard J. Cate Mr.

Master's Theses

Abstract: Involvement in the outbreak of an armed conflict can present a variety of potential risks to an involved nation’s economy. In this paper I examine if one one of those risks, specifically that a new war could scare away foreign investment actually occurs and whether the intensity of the conflict increases or lessens the potential impact. Using ordinary least squares on panel data from 1966 to 2015, I examine the short and long term impacts of armed conflict on global foreign direct investment (FDI) inflows using two measures of conflict intensity: Large conflicts or ‘wars’, with 1000 or ...


The Political Economy Of Comparable Worth: The Iowa Case 1983-1987, Peter Orazem, J. Peter Mattila 2016 Iowa State University

The Political Economy Of Comparable Worth: The Iowa Case 1983-1987, Peter Orazem, J. Peter Mattila

Peter Orazem

Comparable worth pay plans have been inplemented in several states since the early 1980's. We examine the case of comparable worth in Iowa, as proposed in 1984 and as actually implemented (in compromise form) in 1985 and as adjusted as a result of the appeals process in 1987, In particular, we identify the relative winners and losers from comparable worth by analyzing the impact on earnings for males, females, minorities, unionized ^ployees and particular occupational groups such as supervisors and professionals. In addition, we are able to determine whether the relationships between the State pay structure and variables such ...


The Assignment Problem And The Speed Of Adjustment, Walter Enders, Harvey E. Lapan 2016 Iowa State University

The Assignment Problem And The Speed Of Adjustment, Walter Enders, Harvey E. Lapan

Harvey Lapan

Mundell [20] demonstrated that in order to achieve balance of payments equilibrium and full employment, monetary policy should be paired with external balance and fiscal policy with Internal balance. The fundamental problem posed by Mundell concerned the methods governmental authorities should utilize to insure that both internal and external balance would be achieved when the underlying structural parameters of the economy were unknown. Mundell argued that the assignment of monetary policy to external balance and fiscal policy to Internal balance followed from the Principle of Effective Market Classification [20, p.76j: "Policies should be paired with objectives on which they ...


The Pitfalls And Possibilities Of Socialist Transformation: The Case Of Greece, Martin Hart-Landsberg 2016 Lewis & Clark College

The Pitfalls And Possibilities Of Socialist Transformation: The Case Of Greece, Martin Hart-Landsberg

Class, Race and Corporate Power

With its 2015 electoral victory in Greece, Syriza became the first left political party to lead a European government since the founding of the European Union. As such, its eventual capitulation to the demands of the Troika was a bitter development, and not only for the people of Greece. Because the need for change remains as great as ever, and efforts at electoral-based transformations continue, especially in Europe, this paper seeks to assess the Greek experience, and in particular Syriza’s political options and choices, in order to help activists more effectively respond to the challenges faced when confronting capitalist ...


Anarchy: The Lesser Of Two Evils, Daniel Rothschild 2016 George Mason University

Anarchy: The Lesser Of Two Evils, Daniel Rothschild

Daniel Rothschild

Is the existence of the nation-state responsible for freer societies and a decrease in violence? By looking at Somalia pre-anarchy and Somalia post-anarchy allows one to do a compare and contrast to see if things improved in the state’s absence. Failures of exporting democracy and imposing law from above reveals how culture and social norms are a greater influence on people’s behavior and the type of society one lives under than government legislation. The law in the West, often considered a paragon of justice and freedom was not a creation of the state, but arose spontaneously. Commercial, merchant ...


Plastic Pollution And The Global Throwaway Culture: Environmental Injustices Of Single-Use Plastic, Kristin L. McDermott 2016 Salve Regina University

Plastic Pollution And The Global Throwaway Culture: Environmental Injustices Of Single-Use Plastic, Kristin L. Mcdermott

ENV 434 Environmental Justice

The global throwaway culture has created a cross-ecosystem plastic pollution injustice. The first to suffer this injustice will be the most vulnerable. Our oceans have become our dumpsters. The throwaway culture has created a disrespect of material goods that has turned the earth’s resources into rubbish after a single use. Eighty percent of the yearly 8 million tons of plastic that enter the ocean is single use plastic, such as plastic bottles, plastic shopping bags, or cigarette lighters.[1] Plastic has destroyed ecosystems, robbing impoverished communities of natural resources and of a healthy and safe living environment. First to ...


The Effect Of Past Institutional Structures On Current Economic Development Levels: The Former French African Colonies, Ana May Jerolamon 2016 University of Rhode Island

The Effect Of Past Institutional Structures On Current Economic Development Levels: The Former French African Colonies, Ana May Jerolamon

Senior Honors Projects

By the early 1960’s, most of the French colonies in Africa had gained independence. Since then, these former colonies have reached economic development levels that vary widely by country. This project will argue that while most of these countries were official colonies for less than one hundred years, the institutions that were created during the colonial period still have an effect on the current economic development of such countries. Since political institutions become intertwined with the culture and structure of a country,

they are extremely hard to modify; therefore, we can expect to find the presence of institutions that ...


Corporate Responsibility In Peace Building, Conflict Prevention And Development: The Role Of The Mining Sector In Ghana, Abdul Karim Issifu 2016 University of Cape Coast

Corporate Responsibility In Peace Building, Conflict Prevention And Development: The Role Of The Mining Sector In Ghana, Abdul Karim Issifu

Journal of Interdisciplinary Conflict Science

This article seeks to explore the role of the mining sector in peace building, conflict prevention and community development in Ghana. After thoroughly reviewing secondary data, including articles, books, journals, newspapers, etc., via critical document review and qualitative research approaches the research found that, there is no legal document on CSR in Ghana, yet mining companies in a free will, have executed CSR programs laying down for peace, security and development in the country. More so, this article provides a theoretical support for the Integrative theory of CSR on the basis that, the socio-economic, political, cultural and environmental needs of ...


Geopolitics Of The 2016 Australian Defense White Paper And Its Predecessors, Bert Chapman 2016 Purdue University

Geopolitics Of The 2016 Australian Defense White Paper And Its Predecessors, Bert Chapman

Libraries Faculty and Staff Scholarship and Research

Australia released the newest edition of its Defense White Paper, describing Canberra’s current and emerging national security priorities, on February 25, 2016. This continues a tradition of issuing defense white papers since 1976. This work will examine and analyze the contents of this document as well as previous Australian defense white papers, scholarly literature, and political statements assessing their geopolitical significance. It will also examine public input into Australian defense white papers and the emerging role of social media in this public involvement. It concludes by evaluating whether Australia has the political will and economic resources necessary to fulfill ...


"Whatever I Want:" Death Grips, Disobedience And The Music Industries, Grant M. Hawkins 2016 The University of Western Ontario

"Whatever I Want:" Death Grips, Disobedience And The Music Industries, Grant M. Hawkins

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

The experimental hip-hop group Death Grips, formed in 2010, quickly rose to prominence and signed with the major label Epic Records in 2012. Their first Epic album, The Money Store, (2012) did well and the band appeared to be settling in to a profitable and productive relationship with the company. Yet in 2013 Death Grips released their second album, No Love Deep Web, online, for free, and without authorization from the label. Despite this breach of contract, Epic Records did not do the expected and seek to enforce their contract or sue for damages. Instead, Death Grips were released from ...


Is The Philadelphia Wage Tax Unconstitutional? And If It Is, What Can And Should The City Do?, Michael S. Knoll, Ruth Mason 2016 University of Pennsylvania Law School

Is The Philadelphia Wage Tax Unconstitutional? And If It Is, What Can And Should The City Do?, Michael S. Knoll, Ruth Mason

Faculty Scholarship

Philadelphia has a complex and antiquated tax system that has long been criticized for driving employers and jobs away from Philadelphia by making it expensive to conduct business in the City. The centerpiece of the Philadelphia tax system is the Philadelphia wage tax, which raised more than $1.6 billion in 2014. That tax has been challenged as unconstitutional in light of the Supreme Court’s 2015 decision in Wynne v. Comptroller of Maryland, which struck down a structurally similar Maryland tax. This Essay explains the constitutional challenge to the City wage tax, argues that the tax is unconstitutional, describes ...


An Analysis Of The Effect Of War On The United States Stock Market, Kristina Simeunovic 2016 Lake Forest College

An Analysis Of The Effect Of War On The United States Stock Market, Kristina Simeunovic

Senior Theses

While different scholars agree that war has a significant impact on the volatility in the United States stock market, they come to contradictory findings on the direction of this impact. The goal of this thesis is to analyze the effects that war has on the returns in U.S. financial markets. The empirical study employs quarterly prices of the Dow Jones Industrial Average index from October 1960 to September 2015 and applies a time series model in order to determine the effects on stock prices during U.S. war involvements overseas. Results show that even though the entry of United ...


Equitable, Not Efficient, Stephanie Allred 2016 Georgia State University

Equitable, Not Efficient, Stephanie Allred

Georgia State Undergraduate Research Conference

No abstract provided.


The Golden Straightjacket Is Out Of Style, Lacey Germana 2016 Wright State University

The Golden Straightjacket Is Out Of Style, Lacey Germana

Best Integrated Writing

Germana’s review of Thomas Friedman’s The Lexus and the Olive Tree provides careful summary and critique of Friedman’s argument and passionately calls for a balance between increased standards of living and careful stewardship of the earth.


The Distribution Of Globalized Power, Rachel Canter 2016 Wright State University

The Distribution Of Globalized Power, Rachel Canter

Best Integrated Writing

Canter reviews Thomas Friedman’s The Lexus and the Olive Tree and observes the dissonance between our notions of globalization and global society; she offers an alternate worldview that pays respect to regional cultures and values.


Avoiding Turmoil: A Comparative Exploration Of The ‘Resource Curse’, Ian Latimer 2016 University of Puget Sound

Avoiding Turmoil: A Comparative Exploration Of The ‘Resource Curse’, Ian Latimer

International Political Economy Theses

As petroleum extraction and consumption has steadily increased in recent decades, economists and development researchers have been puzzled by discrepancies in the growth, development, and governance of oil-dependent countries around the world. The divergent development outcomes of oil states beg the following question: what are the political and economic conditions that determine the consequences of oil wealth management in petrol-dependent states? Hypotheses in the literature (including the ‘resource curse,’ ‘poverty trap,’ and ‘rentier state’ models) argue that resource abundance fosters harmful economic practices and poor governance. Rather, I argue that resource abundance and dependence merely exacerbates existing poor political and ...


United In Diversity? The Political Implications Of Intra- Eu Migration, Isabel Monteleone 2016 Trinity College, Hartford Connecticut

United In Diversity? The Political Implications Of Intra- Eu Migration, Isabel Monteleone

Senior Theses and Projects

Intra-EU migration is a phenomenon innate to the structure of the European Union. A politico-economic union of twenty-eight countries, the EU does what no other alliance of countries has endeavored before, serving as a unique product of globalization and integration, in every sense of the word. Bound almost entirely by a common currency, the European Union is established in the belief that economic cooperation in Europe can be achieved through the principle of free movement, despite each member states’ individual way of life, language, and political, religious, and cultural ideology.

Since intra-EU migration allows for the possibility of EU integration ...


The Economic Foundation Of The Dormant Commerce Clause, Michael S. Knoll, Ruth Mason 2016 University of Pennsylvania Law School

The Economic Foundation Of The Dormant Commerce Clause, Michael S. Knoll, Ruth Mason

Faculty Scholarship

Last Term, a sharply divided Supreme Court decided a landmark dormant Commerce Clause case, Comptroller of the Treasury of Maryland v. Wynne. Wynne represents the Court’s first clear acknowledgement of the economic underpinnings of one of its main doctrinal tools for resolving tax discrimination cases, the internal consistency test. In deciding Wynne, the Court relied on economic analysis we provided. This Essay explains that analysis, why the majority accepted it, why the dissenters’ objections to the majority’s reasoning miss their mark, and what Wynne means for state taxation. Essential to our analysis and the Court’s decision in ...


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