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The Political, Economic And Societal Challenges Encountered By Public School Systems In Developing Countries, Priyadarshani Joshi 2016 University of Pennsylvania

The Political, Economic And Societal Challenges Encountered By Public School Systems In Developing Countries, Priyadarshani Joshi

Priyadarshani Joshi

Education systems in low income countries are routinely portrayed as experiencing a learning crisis and as facing strong political economy challenges that impede efforts aimed at improving quality. This paper aims to improve the understanding of the confluence of political, bureaucratic and societal challenges faced by public school actors in their quest to reform and compete in the context of Nepal. It draws on extensive in-depth qualitative and quantitative data on the perceptions of public sector actors, including national and district officials and school principals. I show that stakeholders from the national to school level confirm that the combination of ...


Political Bargaining And Cartelization In The New Deal: Orange Marketing Orders, Elizabeth Hoffman, Gary D. Libecap 2016 Iowa State University

Political Bargaining And Cartelization In The New Deal: Orange Marketing Orders, Elizabeth Hoffman, Gary D. Libecap

Elizabeth Hoffman

Yet, in our generation we have seen scarcity vanquished, and our ever present fear, so far as agriculture is concerned, is a fear of over abundance. We wish, if not for scarcity, at least for relief from price depressing surpluses. Rexford G. Tugwell, assistant secretary of agriculture.


Empirical Probabilities Of Making (Non)Optimal Choice Of Healthcare Providers Conditional On Ses And Time Consumption In Hanoi, Vietnam, Quan-Hoang Vuong 2016 Universite Libre de Bruxelles

Empirical Probabilities Of Making (Non)Optimal Choice Of Healthcare Providers Conditional On Ses And Time Consumption In Hanoi, Vietnam, Quan-Hoang Vuong

Quan-Hoang Vuong

Background: Patients need healthcare information for making good decisions in choosing health service provider, but data sufficiency and quality have constantly been a major obstacle (19). Non-optimal decisions are common. The problem persists even with the growing power of the Internet and ICT-based facilities. In a sense, asymmetric information in this sector exacerbates the problem of economic inequality, worsening the situation of community health.

Aim & Objective: The study reports the analysis and results that help answer the questions about existence of empirical relations between such factor as socioeconomic status, consumption of time and outcome of healthcare provider choice by Vietnamese ...


The Impact Of Culture, Institutions, And The Euro On Trade Flows In Europe, James Aylward 2016 University of California, Berkeley

The Impact Of Culture, Institutions, And The Euro On Trade Flows In Europe, James Aylward

Undergraduate Economic Review

This paper sets out to study the role of cultural and institutional differences across European countries in explaining patterns of bilateral trade within Europe by using a gravity model approach on panel data for 24 European countries, covering the years 2002 through 2006. It may be expected that cultural and institutional “distance” between Eurozone countries would have a comparatively smaller impact on bilateral trade flows by virtue of the countries’ shared currency relative to the impact of such determinants on bilateral trade flows between two countries that do not share a currency. Alternatively, such determinants could have a significant impact ...


The Enduring Power Of Coase, Elizabeth Hoffman, Matthew L. Spitzer 2016 Iowa State University

The Enduring Power Of Coase, Elizabeth Hoffman, Matthew L. Spitzer

Elizabeth Hoffman

By many measures, Ronald Coase has been among the most influential economists of the past 60 years. Why is this so? We suggest that Coase’s work has enduring appeal to and insight for social scientists in part because it addresses the biggest and most important social problems: How do we solve governance and coordination problems when limited information, common resource issues, and public good issues produce conflicts among several people at once? Any scholar who works on issues of corporate or common-pool governance, pollution, allocation of seats on legislative committees, regulation of systemic risk in financial markets, provision of ...


The Implementation Process Of Comparable Worth: Winners And Losers, Peter F. Orazem, J. Peter Mattila 2016 Iowa State University

The Implementation Process Of Comparable Worth: Winners And Losers, Peter F. Orazem, J. Peter Mattila

Peter Orazem

This paper provides a unique opportunity to observe how a public policy affected the earnings of various interest groups at different stages of implementation. Specifically, we examine how the earnings of women, union members, and supervisory and professional staff were affected by various proposed and implemented comparable worth pay plans in Iowa. We find that large relative gains to women in the original proposed plans were reduced as the process evolved. As a result, some of the original gains to women were redistributed to union members, supervisors, and professionals.


Antitrust, Competition Policy, And Inequality, Jonathan B. Baker, Steven C. Salop 2016 American University Washington College of Law

Antitrust, Competition Policy, And Inequality, Jonathan B. Baker, Steven C. Salop

Jonathan B. Baker

Economic inequality recently has entered the political discourse in a highly visible way. This political impact is not a surprise. As the U.S. economy has begun to recover from the Great Recession since mid-2009, economic growth has effectively been appropriated by those already well off, leaving the median household less well off. The serious economic, political and moral issues raised by inequality can be addressed through a panoply of public policies including competition policy, the focus of this article. The article describes the channels through which market power contributes to inequality, and sets forth a range of possible antitrust ...


Crafting Chaos: The Classification Of Unilateral Transfers Under The Current Account At Bretton Woods And Its Impact On Remittances To The Indian State Of Kerala, Anish Gawande 2016 Columbia University

Crafting Chaos: The Classification Of Unilateral Transfers Under The Current Account At Bretton Woods And Its Impact On Remittances To The Indian State Of Kerala, Anish Gawande

Undergraduate Economic Review

This essay aims to analyse the classification of unilateral transfers under the current account at Bretton Woods despite significant opposition from larger delegations of major Allied powers, bringing to the forefront the global liquidity of remittances in the post-War years permitted by their fully currency convertible nature. Using the example of the Indian State of Kerala, this paper charts the relevance of their sustained uninterrupted flow to their subsequent exponential growth in the last three decades, using the case study as a pivot to argue for better policy measures that maximise their multiplier effect.


Risk And Regulatory Calibration: Wto Compliance Review Of The U.S. Dolphin-Safe Tuna Labeling Regime, Cary Coglianese, André Sapir 2016 University of Pennsylvania Law School

Risk And Regulatory Calibration: Wto Compliance Review Of The U.S. Dolphin-Safe Tuna Labeling Regime, Cary Coglianese, André Sapir

Faculty Scholarship

In a series of recent disputes arising under the TBT Agreement, the Appellate Body has interpreted Article 2.1 to provide that discriminatory and trade-distortive regulation could be permissible if based upon a “legitimate regulatory distinction.” In its recent compliance decision in the US-Tuna II dispute, the AB reaffirmed its view that regulatory distinctions embedded in the U.S. dolphin-safe tuna labeling regime were not legitimate because they were not sufficiently calibrated to the risks to dolphins associated with different tuna fishing conditions. This paper analyzes the AB’s application of the notion of risk-based regulation in the US-Tuna II ...


Macau's Trade With The Portuguese Speaking World, Paul B. Spooner 2016 Macau University of Science & Technology

Macau's Trade With The Portuguese Speaking World, Paul B. Spooner

Journal of Global Initiatives: Policy, Pedagogy, Perspective

Macau has boomed over the last decade as its gaming industry has provided the massive Chinese economy with the only legal casino gambling services in the nation. But, recent Chinese political changes have resulted in a sharp downturn in Macau’s gambling revenues despite a major expansion of its gaming facilities. This may negatively impact efforts to promote a relationship between Macau and the Portuguese Speaking World. Portugal with its former Ultramar, to which Brazil has been added, is now termed “Lusophonia.” Initiated by China in Macau in October 2003, the efforts to promote a Lusophone trade and economic relationship ...


The Integrity Of Women In Re-Making A Nation: The Case Of Guinea-Bissau, Brandon Lundy, Raul Mendes Fernandes Jr., Kezia Lartley 2016 Kennesaw State University

The Integrity Of Women In Re-Making A Nation: The Case Of Guinea-Bissau, Brandon Lundy, Raul Mendes Fernandes Jr., Kezia Lartley

Journal of Global Initiatives: Policy, Pedagogy, Perspective

This article both acknowledges and celebrates the role of women in re-making the nation of Guinea-Bissau. A gendered perspective and historical and multi-scalar framing demonstrates that women have played integral roles in nation-building over time and space in Guinea-Bissau. How have the women of Guinea-Bissau fashioned their agency? Where are the new forms of agency for women in Guinea-Bissau? An examination of nation-building shows the foundational roles of women, unique aspects of innovative economic enterprise before, during, and after the colonial period, and contemporary political efforts by women toward the production of a successful and inclusive country. Gender has opened ...


Introduction To The Special Issue: Examining Relationships In The Portuguese Speaking World, Dan Paracka, Robert Simon 2016 Kennesaw State University

Introduction To The Special Issue: Examining Relationships In The Portuguese Speaking World, Dan Paracka, Robert Simon

Journal of Global Initiatives: Policy, Pedagogy, Perspective

No abstract provided.


Front Matter, 2016 Kennesaw State University

Front Matter

Journal of Global Initiatives: Policy, Pedagogy, Perspective

No abstract provided.


Full Issue, 2016 Kennesaw State University

Full Issue

Journal of Global Initiatives: Policy, Pedagogy, Perspective

No abstract provided.


Global Climate Policy Will Have Net Benefits Larger Than Anyone Thinks (And Welfare Gains, Strangely, Are Likely To Be Much Larger Yet), PHILIP E. GRAVES 2016 University of Colorado at Boulder

Global Climate Policy Will Have Net Benefits Larger Than Anyone Thinks (And Welfare Gains, Strangely, Are Likely To Be Much Larger Yet), Philip E. Graves

PHILIP E GRAVES

As with other public goods lacking strong special interest support, global climate policy suffers from two serious theoretical flaws.  The first is failure to endogenize the labor-leisure decision when conducting benefit-cost analysis.  Recognition that income generated will not remain the same pre-and-post policy results in downward bias in benefit estimation.  Much more importantly, there will generally be free riding in input markets in addition to the well-known output demand revelation problem.  Since even households with very high marginal values cannot individually increment public goods, too little income will be generated and too much of the income that is generated will ...


Gleaning As A Transformational Business Model For Solidarity With The Poor And Marginalized, Bruce D. Baker 2016 Seattle Pacific University

Gleaning As A Transformational Business Model For Solidarity With The Poor And Marginalized, Bruce D. Baker

SPU Works

“Gleaning” refers to the mandate within the Mosaic Law that harvesters should leave behind “gleanings” for the sake of the poor who subsist on the literal and figurative margins of society. Although this biblical mandate is generally neglected and considered irrelevant in modern business practice, it holds powerful lessons to help guide modern businesses into transformational solidarity with the poor and marginalized. This paper interprets the biblical significance of gleaning, to discern how the principles of gleaning, though rooted in ancient agrarian culture, might be applicable to modern business which is generally far removed from agriculture. The exegesis and analysis ...


The Proximity-Based Effect Of Terrorism On Countries' Economies, Sofia E. Mouritsen 2016 Gettysburg College

The Proximity-Based Effect Of Terrorism On Countries' Economies, Sofia E. Mouritsen

Student Publications

In this paper, I explore the effect that proximity to terrorist-controlled areas has on countries’ economies. I posit that there exists a correlation between the aforementioned proximity and GDP growth rates, and hypothesize that the closer a country is to an area with high levels of terrorism, the more likely it is that its economy will be negatively affected. I begin by examining the nature of the correlation between terrorism and economic growth; following this, I explore the direct ways in which terrorism affects economic growth. Next, I delve into the recent economic history of countries around three areas: the ...


Discourses Of "Cruelty-Free" Consumerism: Peta, The Vegan Society And Examples Of Contemporary Activism, Andrea Springirth 2016 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Discourses Of "Cruelty-Free" Consumerism: Peta, The Vegan Society And Examples Of Contemporary Activism, Andrea Springirth

All Graduate Works by Year: Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

This paper draws upon the principles of critical discourse analysis in order to examine the production of capitalist and consumerist discourses within contemporary nonhuman animal rights activism. The analysis presents evidence to suggest that the discourses being produced via the websites of People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA) and The Vegan Society are consistently being constructed through market-centric ideologies that treat activists mainly as middle-class consumers. This paper argues that the consistent presence of neoliberal discourse signals an instructive entanglement with broader sociopolitical issues. Specifically, there are concerns as to how this discourse relates to what is thought ...


Why Ireland: How Bank Failure Was Their Key To Success, Nia R. Gillenwater 2016 Scripps College

Why Ireland: How Bank Failure Was Their Key To Success, Nia R. Gillenwater

Claremont-UC Undergraduate Research Conference on the European Union

Despite Ireland’s status as the first EU country to receive a bailout, Ireland appears to be bouncing back extremely well from the ongoing financial crisis in Europe and the EU. Looking at recent Irish economic statistics it begs the question whether the government’s complete guarantee of all Irish debts was the best response. Ireland’s financial crisis seemed quite similar to America’s: for both the root causes are freely lending for real estate and property. The responses however, were very different. While America let Lehman Brothers fail and only provided a partial guarantee to its banks, Ireland ...


Mathew Carey Papers Names Index Database, American Antiquarian Society 2016 University of Pennsylvania

Mathew Carey Papers Names Index Database, American Antiquarian Society

The Magazine of Early American Datasets (MEAD)

Mathew Carey (1760-1839), publisher, economist, and humanitarian, was born in Dublin, Ireland. He came to the United States in 1784 after involvement in Irish revolutionary activities and took up his trade as a printer, publishing the Pennsylvania Herald and the periodical, The American Museum. His book publishing ventures prospered and his firm was a leader in American printing and publishing in the period 1795 to 1835. Carey was an active proponent of the protective tariff, as well as an ardent champion of oppressed minorities in Europe, especially after his retirement from business in 1821. His business was thereafter conducted by ...


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