The Evolution Of State Higher Education Public Funding Policy, 2019 University of South Carolina
The Evolution Of State Higher Education Public Funding Policy, Angela Rogers
In the past several decades, public colleges and universities have increasingly struggled to fund all of the programs demanded of them as states slowly drain funding from their coffers. This discussion will examine different policies and frameworks that have been used by states to determine funding for their public institutions. Different factors that will be considered include political relationships, governance structures, and accountability models. The political trend of “free college” will also be considered. Then, the discussion will narrow to South Carolina funding policy, how it has changed over the years, and what the current challenges are. A policy proposal ...
Eastern Migrations Vs Western Welfare States - (Un)Biased Fears, 2019 University of Novi Sad
Eastern Migrations Vs Western Welfare States - (Un)Biased Fears, Kosta Josifidis, John B. Hall, Valérie Berenger
John B. Hall
This inquiry considers some effects of migration on the labour markets and the welfare systems found in the EU-15, and from the perspectives of sustainability of the current welfare state regimes. Our inquiry aims to determine whether and to what extent different approaches in regulation of migration flows between the new and old member states are compatible with related economic and demographic findings. Within this context, our research considers regulations affecting migration flows. Our findings suggest that some effects of migration from the EU8+2 on the labour markets and social protection systems found in the EU-15, both with respect ...
Rethinking Retirement For The 21st Century, 2019 University of Windsor
Rethinking Retirement For The 21st Century, Stephen C. Russo
Canada’s labour force has been gradually growing older in recent decades. An aging labour force creates significant problems for the country and the future growth of our economy. With an aging labour force, comes the need to start rethinking how Canadians look at retirement in the 21st century and how both the government and private sector can contribute solutions to adapting to an older workforce. This problem is not unique to Canada, most of the industrialized west has been or will begin to experience the same demographic shift as we are in Canada. The main challenge this paper ...
Accounting For Agent Heterogeneity In Market And Policy Analysis, 2019 University of Nebraska-Lincoln
Accounting For Agent Heterogeneity In Market And Policy Analysis, Konstantinos Giannakas
This book presents a multi-market framework of market and policy analysis that explicitly accounts for the empirically relevant heterogeneity in consumer preferences and producer characteristics. The explicit consideration of consumer and producer heterogeneity represents a significant departure from the representative consumer and producer that have been at the center of most of the literature on market and policy analysis, and enables the distributional impacts of changes in market conditions and policies to be fully identified. The framework is used to analyze the system-wide market and welfare impacts of a number of changes in market conditions (like ...
Short-Run Health Consequences Of Retirement And Pension Benefits: Evidence From China, 2019 State University of New York (Binghamton)
Short-Run Health Consequences Of Retirement And Pension Benefits: Evidence From China, Plamen Nikolov, Alan Adelman
Justice & Well-Being Studies Faculty Scholarship
This paper examines the impact of the New Rural Pension Scheme (NRPS) in China. Exploiting the staggered implementation of an NRPS policy expansion that began in 2009, we used a difference-in-difference approach to study the effects of the introduction of pension benefits on the health status, health behaviors, and healthcare utilization of rural Chinese adults age 60 and above. The results point to three main conclusions. First, in addition to improvements in self-reported health, older adults with access to the pension program experienced significant improvements in several important measures of health, including mobility, self-care, usual activities, and vision. Second, regarding ...
One Step At A Time: Does Gradualism Build Coordination?, 2019 Xiamen University
One Step At A Time: Does Gradualism Build Coordination?, Maoliang Ye, Jie Zheng, Plamen Nikolov, Sam Asher
Economics Faculty Scholarship
This study investigates a potential mechanism to promote coordination. With theoretical guidance using a belief-based learning model, we conduct a multi-period, binary-choice, and weakest-link laboratory coordination experiment to study the effect of gradualism – increasing the required levels (stakes) of contributions slowly over time rather than requiring a high level of contribution immediately – on group coordination performance. We randomly assign subjects to three treatments: starting and continuing at a high stake, starting at a low stake but jumping to a high stake after a few periods, and starting at a low stake while gradually increasing the stakes over time (the Gradualism ...
Post-Crisis Economic And Social Policy: Some Thoughts On Structural Reforms 2.0., 2019 Georgetown University Law Center
Post-Crisis Economic And Social Policy: Some Thoughts On Structural Reforms 2.0., Philomila Tsoukala
Georgetown Law Faculty Publications and Other Works
Managing the euro crisis has been a process of institutional transformation for the EU. The European Semester has emerged as a powerful tool for economic policy coordination between the Member States. Beyond the new enforcement tools that the Semester affords the Commission and Council in case of non-compliance with country-specific recommendations, the management of the crisis has given the Commission experience in structural reforms. The Commission now regularly uses this experience in formulating its yearly country-specific recommendations to Member States. Far from a stalwart of untethered neoliberalism, the Commission has been fashioning itself as the manager with a human face ...
A Study Of The Effects Of Certificate Of Need Law On Inpatient Occupancy Rates, 2018 Selected Works
A Study Of The Effects Of Certificate Of Need Law On Inpatient Occupancy Rates, Jomon Aliyas Paul, Huan Ni, Aniruddha Bagchi
Should Schools Have Teachers Carry Guns?, 2018 Crime Prevention Research Center
Should Schools Have Teachers Carry Guns?, John R. Lott Jr
Health Behavior Research
With 20 states having teachers and staff carrying guns to varying degrees on school property, we don’t need to guess how the policy would work. Fears of teachers carrying guns in terms of accidents or other problems have not materialized.Letting teachers carry is the only effective way to overcome the strategic advantages of mass public killers.The other alternatives to preventing mass public shootings have real limits.
Sports Arenas, Teams And Property Values: Temporary And Permanent Shocks To Local Amenity Flows, 2018 West Virginia University
Sports Arenas, Teams And Property Values: Temporary And Permanent Shocks To Local Amenity Flows, Yulia Chikish, Brad Humphreys, Adam Nowak
Economics Faculty Working Papers Series
Professional sports facilities and teams generate local amenity ﬂows in cities that may aﬀect property values. Previous research shows evidence of important positive and negative local amenity ﬂows based on case studies of changes in residential property values in speciﬁc cities. We analyze changes in residential property values in Oklahoma City over a period, 2000 to 2016, where both temporary and permanent exogenous shocks to local sports-related amenities occurred. Results from hedonic price models and repeat sales regression models show that nearby residential property prices increased after the opening of a new arena and the arrival of a new, permanent ...
Burning Waters To Crystal Springs? U.S. Water Pollution Regulation Over The Last Half Century, 2018 Iowa State University
Burning Waters To Crystal Springs? U.S. Water Pollution Regulation Over The Last Half Century, David A. Keiser, Joseph S. Shapiro
Economics Working Papers
In the half century since the founding of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, the U.S. has spent nearly $5 trillion ($2017) to provide cleaner rivers, lakes, and drinking water, or annual spending of 0.8 percent of U.S. GDP in most years. Yet over half of rivers and substantial shares of drinking water systems violate standards, and polls for decades have listed water pollution as Americans’ number one environmental concern. We assess the history, effectiveness, and efficiency of the Clean Water Act and Safe Drinking Water Act, and obtain four main conclusions. First, water pollution has fallen ...
Low Income Households Investment In Energy Efficient Appliances, 2018 Southwestern Oklahoma State University
Low Income Households Investment In Energy Efficient Appliances, Jieun Chang
Faculty Articles & Research
•Does adopting energy efficient appliances reduce electricity consumption among low income households?
•Low income households: households below 150% of the federal poverty level
•Energy efficient appliances:
energy star refrigerators and energy star room air conditioners
The Effects Rebuilding The Century Link Stadium On Residential Property Values In King County Washington, 2018 University of New Mexico
The Effects Rebuilding The Century Link Stadium On Residential Property Values In King County Washington, Michael Hensley
Shared Knowledge Conference
The price tags associated with building sports centers have been ever increasing over the twentieth century, and with increases in those prices come increases in the public funding and subsidies required to fund them. Sports centers have been credited with having the potential of increasing tourism, employment, and public pride in metropolitan areas. However, the research has mostly shown negligible or adverse effects. We use a hedonic difference in difference approach to determine the effect of building the Century Link Field, a multi-purpose stadium in Seattle, Washington. We find that the building of the stadium was associated with an increase ...
The Critical Need For Mental Health Education To Be Mandated In New Mexico's Public Schools, 2018 University of New Mexico
The Critical Need For Mental Health Education To Be Mandated In New Mexico's Public Schools, Bonnie L. Murphy
Shared Knowledge Conference
Based on a review of research and best practices in mental health awareness and skills, this inquiry project argues for state legislative policies that would require mental health awareness and skills in the K-12 curriculum. Mental health affects individual accomplishments in every stage of people’s lives beginning in early childhood and throughout the life cycle. Prevention and treatment of mental illness plays a key role in the ability of an individual to cope with loss and develop resiliency and perseverance in challenging times and to make better decisions that improve the individual’s life and the lives of those ...
Strategic Sequential Bidding For Government Land Auction Sales – Evidence From Singapore, 2018 Georgetown University
Strategic Sequential Bidding For Government Land Auction Sales – Evidence From Singapore, Sumit Agarwal, Jing Li, Ernie Teo, Alan Cheong
Research Collection School Of Economics
This paper studies the extent to which equilibrium auction prices are pushed up sequentially due to strategic bidding behaviors in government land auction sales. Using a unique dataset that covers the universe of tendering prices submitted by all developers for all residential land auction sales in Singapore, we find that a tenderer’s bids are significantly higher where there was a previous land parcel sold within two years and located within four kilometers. The elevated price margin decreases with time and geographic distance. Tracking sequential bids submitted by same developers over time, we find that the incumbent winner of a ...
Homogeneous Utility Functions With Non-Separable Public Goods: Implications For Non-Market Valuation, Daniel H. Karney
Daniel H Karney
Trading Sustainably: Critical Considerations For Local Groundwater Markets Under The Sustainable Groundwater Management Act, 2018 UC Berkeley School of Law
Trading Sustainably: Critical Considerations For Local Groundwater Markets Under The Sustainable Groundwater Management Act, Nell Green Nylen, Michael Kiparsky, Kelly Archer, Kurt Schneir, Holly Doremus
Nell Green Nylen
The Sustainable Groundwater Management Act (SGMA), passed in 2014, is changing the way California manages its groundwater resources. SGMA calls for the creation of local Groundwater Sustainability Agencies (GSAs) and tasks them with developing and implementing Groundwater Sustainability Plans (GSPs) to achieve sustainable groundwater management. SGMA offers GSAs a broad palette of tools to choose from and significant flexibility to tailor their management activities to local conditions and needs. Because it allows GSAs to assign groundwater extraction allocations to pumpers and to authorize transfers of these allocations under certain circumstances, SGMA potentially opens the door for the development of local ...
Comparison Of Country/Economies At Stage Of Development With Movement In Rankings Of Countries On Global Competitiveness, Pradip K. Shukla, M. P. Shukla, Y. P. Shukla, A. P. Shukla
Business Faculty Articles and Research
With close to 200 countries in the world today, these countries are at various stages of development from less developed to more develop; these stages are often labeled in a rising numerical sequence such as Stage 1 to 3. Countries in the world compete in a global economy to benefit their domestic firms and citizens. As countries move to a higher stage of economic development they offer more global competitiveness for global businesses seeking new markets for sales, offshore outsourcing, and investments.
“The World Economic Forum is the International Organization for Public-Private Cooperation. The Forum engages the foremost political, business ...
Pretrial Release And Failure-To-Appear In Mclean County, Il, 2018 Illinois State University
Pretrial Release And Failure-To-Appear In Mclean County, Il, Jonathan Monsma
Stevenson Center for Community and Economic Development to Stevenson Center for Community and Economic Development—Student Research
Actuarial risk assessment tools increasingly have been employed in jurisdictions across the U.S. to assist courts in the decision of whether someone charged with a crime should be detained or released prior to their trial. These tools should be continually monitored and researched by independent 3rd parties to ensure that these powerful tools are being administered properly and used in the most proficient way as to provide socially optimal results. McLean County, Illinois began using the Public Safety Assessment-CourtTM (PSA-Court or simply PSA) risk assessment tool beginning in 2016. This study culls data from the McLean County ...
Reflections On Two Years Of P.R.O.M.E.S.A., 2018 University of Pennsylvania Law School
Reflections On Two Years Of P.R.O.M.E.S.A., David A. Skeel Jr.
Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law
This Essay draws both on my scholarly and on my personal experience as a member of Puerto Rico’s oversight board to assess the first two years of the Board’s existence. I begin in a scholarly mode, by exploring the question of where P.R.O.M.E.S.A., the legislation that created the Board, came from. P.R.O.M.E.S.A.’s core provisions are, I will argue, the product of two historical patterns that have emerged in responses to the financial distress of public entities in the United States. The first dates back to ...