Amenities And Non-Farm Employment Growth In The U.S. Midwest: The Impact Of Recreational Amenities In Neighboring Counties, 2016 University of Southern Mississippi
Amenities And Non-Farm Employment Growth In The U.S. Midwest: The Impact Of Recreational Amenities In Neighboring Counties, Daniel C. Monchuk, John A. Miranowski
This study examines the role of recreational amenities, both within the county as well in neighboring counties, on employment growth using data from 618 counties in the U.S. Midwest. Using a wide range of amenity variables and spatial econometric methods, we find that natural and recreational amenities have played a role in non-farm employment growth over the years 1969 to 2000. Further, the results also indicate that the presence of recreational amenities in neighboring counties have also played an important role in explaining employment growth as opposed to only amenities within the county itself.
Global Climate Policy Will Have Net Benefits Larger Than Anyone Thinks (And Welfare Gains, Strangely, Are Likely To Be Much Larger Yet), 2016 University of Colorado at Boulder
Global Climate Policy Will Have Net Benefits Larger Than Anyone Thinks (And Welfare Gains, Strangely, Are Likely To Be Much Larger Yet), Philip E. Graves
PHILIP E GRAVES
Welfare And Labor Force Participation Of Low-Wealth Families: Implications For Labor Supply, 2016 Iowa State University
Welfare And Labor Force Participation Of Low-Wealth Families: Implications For Labor Supply, Sonya Kostova Huffman
This paper examines the welfare and labor force participation of families potentially eligible for the new Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) program. Higher wage rates, lower unemployment rates, and lower TANF benefits decrease the probability of welfare participation. For these families, labor supply is moderately responsive to the wage rate.
An Empirical Analysis Of The Effects Of Joint Decisions On Food Stamp Program, Temporary Assistance For Needy Families, And Labor Force Participation, Sonya Kostova Huffman, Helen H. Jensen
This study examines the interaction between Food Stamp Program (FSP) and Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) program participation, provides a model of joint decisions made by households on FSP, TANF, and labor force participation, and explains why households choose different alternatives. We use the first Survey of Program Dynamics (SPD) longitudinal data and the 1998 SPD experimental data files. The modeling component consists of estimating equations to predict the probability of particular choices made by households. The households choose the alternative that gives the highest utility. The results show that the program parameters do matter. Variations across states in ...
Midwest Welfare Program And Labor Force Participation, 2016 Iowa State University
Midwest Welfare Program And Labor Force Participation, Sonya Kostova Huffman
The author examines family welfare and labor force participation of families potentially eligible for the new Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) program in the Midwest region. High wage rates and low unemployment rates decrease the probability of welfare participation. For these low-wealth families, labor supply is shown to be highly responsive to the wage rate.
Re-Evaluation Of Welfare Changes During The Transition In Poland, 2016 Iowa State University
Re-Evaluation Of Welfare Changes During The Transition In Poland, Sonya Kostova Huffman, Stanley R. Johnson
The costs of shortages and rationing are not captured by standard consumer price indices. Thus the change in real gross domestic product (GDP) per capita is an overestimate of welfare losses in transition economies. In this study the authors use virtual prices to calculate new cost-of-living indices, making it possible to construct more accurate pre- and post-reform welfare comparisons. The results for Poland using virtual prices show a 62 to 84 percent decline in welfare over the transition period of 1987 to 1992. This welfare loss is approximately one-third the value obtained using actual prices.
An Empirical Analysis Of Joint Decisions On Labor Supply And Welfare Participation, 2016 Cheju National University
An Empirical Analysis Of Joint Decisions On Labor Supply And Welfare Participation, Gi Choon Kang, Sonya Kostova Huffman, Helen H. Jensen
Economic and welfare program factors affect the well-being of low-income families and their labor supply decisions. This study uses data from the U.S. Survey of Income and Program Participation. A nested logit model is estimated to explain the joint decisions to participate in Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) and the labor market for the population of families potentially eligible for TANF. The empirical findings indicate that higher wages increase labor and decrease welfare program participation; an increase in nonlabor income decreases both labor market and welfare participation.
Economies Of The Internet, 2016 Old Dominion University
Economies Of The Internet, Kylie Jarrett, D. E. Wittkower
Philosophy Faculty Publications
The papers in this issue of First Monday were originally presented as a series of panels at the Association of Internet Researchers 2015 conference in Phoenix, Arizona. This short introduction explains the impetus behind the organization of these panels-- which was to document diversity in approaches to the study of internet economies-- and briefly introduces each paper by locating them in the nexus between political economy and cultural studies.
Measurement Of The Ocean Economy From National Income Accounts To The Sustainable Blue Economy, 2016 Middlebury Institute of International Studies at Monterey
Measurement Of The Ocean Economy From National Income Accounts To The Sustainable Blue Economy, Charles S. Colgan
Journal of Ocean and Coastal Economics
The widespread efforts to incorporate the economic values of oceans into national income accounts have reached a stage where coordination of national efforts is desirable. A symposium held in 2015 began this process by bringing together representatives from ten countries. The symposium concluded that a definition of core ocean industries was possible but beyond that core the definition of ocean industries is in flux. Better coordination of ocean income accounts will require addressing issues of aggregation, geography, partial ocean industries, confidential, and imputation is also needed. Beyond the standard national income accounts, a need to incorporate environmental resource and ecosystem ...
Essays In Applied Economics: Applications Of Transformed Ordinal Quantile Regression, 2016 University of Tennessee, Knoxville
Essays In Applied Economics: Applications Of Transformed Ordinal Quantile Regression, Okila R. Elboeva
This dissertation consists of three essays on the application of Transformed Ordinal Quantile Regression (TORQUE) developed by Hong and He (2010). TORQUE is based on jittered response, a nonparametric link function, a semiparametric quantile estimation. When the response variable is categorical an application of the standard quantile regression is not optimal. TORQUE technique generalizes ordinary quantile regression, and as a semiparametric method it is more robust than Maximum Likelihood Estimators.
In the first essay I estimate conditional quantiles of happiness using the data from British Household Panel Survey (BHPS) for 2006. I find the continuity assumption of happiness ranking does ...
Essays On Environmental Policy Instruments, Emissions Leakage And Public Policy, 2016 University of Tennessee, Knoxville
Essays On Environmental Policy Instruments, Emissions Leakage And Public Policy, Shreekar Pradhan
This dissertation consists of three essays related to my research on environmental policy, emissions leakage, and public policy. In the first essay, I address how open economies respond to environmental policy instruments under uncertainty. I develop a dynamic stochastic general equilibrium model for a small open economy (SOE) and evaluate the macroeconomic fluctuations in response to cap-and-trade, pollution tax, and emissions intensity standard under two shocks: productivity and terms of trade. My findings suggest that cap-and-trade policies are most effective in dampening the macroeconomic volatility from productivity shock. However, under the terms-of-trade shock, pollution tax, and intensity target policies are ...
Essays In Policy Analysis, 2016 University of Tennessee, Knoxville
Essays In Policy Analysis, Michael Philip Craig
My dissertation consists of three essays related to policy analysis. In the first essay we ask, how can developing nations who face revenue mobilization issues and large informal sectors use taxation as a means of nation building? To answer this, we design a dynamic general equilibrium model that accounts for a large informal sector. Contrary to previous studies that model the informal economy, we focus on the importance of the government maintaining its social fiscal contract with its constituents by including the provision of productive public goods in the model. By doing so, we show that increasing taxes can be ...
The Influence Of The Electric Supply Industry On Economic Growth In Less Developed Countries, 2016 University of Southern Mississippi
The Influence Of The Electric Supply Industry On Economic Growth In Less Developed Countries, Edward Richard Bee
This study measures the impact that electrical outages have on manufacturing production in 135 less developed countries using stochastic frontier analysis and data from World Bank’s Investment Climate surveys. Outages of electricity, for firms with and without backup power sources, are the most frequently cited constraint on manufacturing growth in these surveys.
Outages are shown to reduce output below the production frontier by almost five percent in Africa and by a lower percentage in South Asia, Southeast Asia and the Middle East and North Africa. Production response to outages is quadratic in form. Outages also increase labor cost, reduce ...
A Macroeconomic Approach To Optimal Unemployment Insurance: Theory, 2016 London School of Economics and Political Science
A Macroeconomic Approach To Optimal Unemployment Insurance: Theory, Camille Landais, Pascal Michaillat, Emmanuel Saez
A Study Of Social Security Disability Litigation In The Federal Courts, 2016 University of Pennsylvania Law School
A Study Of Social Security Disability Litigation In The Federal Courts, Jonah B. Gelbach, David Marcus
A person who has sought and failed to obtain disability benefits from the Social Security Administration (“the agency”) can appeal the agency’s decision to a federal district court. In 2015, nearly 20,000 such appeals were filed, comprising a significant part of the federal courts’ civil docket. Even though claims pass through multiple layers of internal agency review, many of them return from the federal courts for even more adjudication. Also, a claimant’s experience in the federal courts differs considerably from district to district around the country. District judges in Brooklyn decide these cases pursuant to one set ...
Willingness To Pay For Electric Vehicles And Their Attributes, 2016 Mississippi State University
Willingness To Pay For Electric Vehicles And Their Attributes, Michael K. Hidrue, George R. Parsons, Willett Kempton, Meryl Gardner
This paper presents a stated preference study of electric vehicle choice using data from a national survey. In our choice experiment, 3029 respondents chose between their preferred gasoline vehicle and two electric versions of their preferred gasoline vehicle. Using the response data we valued five electric vehicle attributes: driving range, charging time, fuel cost saving, pollution reduction, and performance. Driving range, fuel savings, and charging time led in importance to respondents. Individuals were willing to pay (wtp) from $35 to $75 for a mile of added driving range, with incremental wtp per mile decreasing at higher distances. They were willing ...
Aspirational Planning: A Statistical Model Of Hawthorne Bridge And Tilikum Crossing Bicycle Ride Counts, 2016 McCullough Research
Aspirational Planning: A Statistical Model Of Hawthorne Bridge And Tilikum Crossing Bicycle Ride Counts, Robert Mccullough, Ramon Cabauatan, Jacob Gellman
Hatfield Graduate Journal of Public Affairs
Portland city planners have routinely planned for an increase in bicycle commutership and a decrease in automobile commutership. This paper discusses the latest data on Portland car and bicycle use. Portland and Multnomah County are observing an increase in single occupancy vehicle commuters, car ownership, and gasoline consumption. Bicycle use in Portland is found to have followed a logistic curve pattern since the early 1990s. The authors present an ordinary least squares model to explain bicycle ridership on the Hawthorne Bridge and the recently constructed Tilikum Crossing. When controlling for other factors such as weather and daylight, the Tilikum Crossing ...
Essays On The Economics Of Health And Risky Behavior, 2016 Graduate Center, City University of New York
Essays On The Economics Of Health And Risky Behavior, Markus Gehrsitz
All Graduate Works by Year: Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects
As Forrest Gump has ever eloquently pointed out: stupid is as stupid does. It turns out that most people engage in behavior that could reasonably be considered stupid, or at least risky. People overeat, chain-smoke cigarettes, drink excessively, consume harmful drugs, and drive too fast; if worst comes to worst they do some of these things simultaneously. This work evaluates three policy measures that are designed to promote health and less risky behavior: I evaluate the effects of penalties for speeding transgressions on future driving behavior, the effects of low emission zones on infant health and air pollution, and the ...
The Cost Of Earmarks, 2016 California State University - San Bernardino
The Cost Of Earmarks, Nicholis John Zappia
Electronic Theses, Projects, and Dissertations
Finding revenue is a challenge that faces many municipalities in the United States. As the tax base continues to decline and demand for government services increases, local governments are forced to make hard choices. Low on the list of priorities for local governments is the maintenance, and construction of infrastructure. Traditionally there have been several ways for local governments to fund long-term infrastructure projects including, federal-aid through the process of earmarking. The practice of earmarking has been around since the first congress, but hit its peak between 2003 and 2007. The earmarking process is controversial for several reasons; earmarking bypasses ...
The Impacts Of Monetary Policies On Inflation Rates In Sudan (1970–2014).Pdf, 2016 Department of Economics. Al Neelain University, Khartoum, Sudan