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2012 Full-Text Articles 1141 Authors 354751 Downloads 81 Institutions

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2012 full-text articles. Page 1 of 47.

Partial Disability And Labor Market Adjustment: The Case Of Spain, José Ignacio Silva, Judit Vall 2017 Universitat Pompeu Fabra

Partial Disability And Labor Market Adjustment: The Case Of Spain, José Ignacio Silva, Judit Vall

José Ignacio Silva


Although partially disabled individuals in Spain are allowed to combine disability benefits with a job, the empirical evidence shows that the employment rate of this group of individuals is very low because they have a much lower job finding and a higher job separation rates than nondisabled workers. Moreover, a decomposition analysis of the equilibrium employment rate shows that the differences in the job finding rates explain 85 percent of the disabled employment gap. To explain these facts, we construct a labor market model with search intensity and matching frictions to identify the incentives and disincentives to work in Spain ...


Essays On Inequality And Macroeconomic Stability, Thomas Hauner 2017 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Essays On Inequality And Macroeconomic Stability, Thomas Hauner

All Graduate Works by Year: Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

This dissertation consists of three chapters. . .

Chapter 1: Aggregate Wealth and Its Distribution as Determinants of Financial Crises: Panel Evidence This essay investigates the relationship between wealth inequality and financial crises across a panel of nine advanced economies over the past 100 years. While substantiation of a role for income inequality is ambiguous in the literature, evidence is presented suggesting a unique capacity for the accumulation of assets to increase the likelihood of a future financial crisis episode. Testing long-run panel data with a reduced form, two-way fixed effects model, estimates suggest that increasing wealth inequality, in an economy with ...


A Review On Literature Of Waqf For Poverty Alleviation Between 2006-2016, Nur Atikah Atan, Fuadah Johari 2017 Universiti Sains Islam Malaysia

A Review On Literature Of Waqf For Poverty Alleviation Between 2006-2016, Nur Atikah Atan, Fuadah Johari

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

Background - The success of Waqf as a source of socio-economic financing in Islamic history in developing a country by providing the social and public goods to the society have been a major factor for Waqf practices to be retrieved back today. In order to exterminate the poverty, depending in Zakat alone is not enough. Waqf can be an alternative in solving the socio-economic problem of the Ummah which covers the issues such as poverty, inequality and rising cost of living as well in promoting the social well-being in the society. Purpose - The purpose of this article is to analyze the ...


Malthusian Stagnation Is Efficient, Juan C. Cordoba, Xiying Liu 2017 Iowa State University

Malthusian Stagnation Is Efficient, Juan C. Cordoba, Xiying Liu

Juan Carlos Cordoba

Malthusian economies are generally deemed inefficient: stagnated, highly unequal, and densely populated by a labouring class prone to high fertility. This article defines and characterizes efficient allocations in Malthusian environments of fixed resources and endogenous fertility. We show, that under general conditions, efficient allocations exhibit stagnation in standards of living, inequality, differential fertility, and a high population density of poorer individuals.


Decline In Oil Prices Puts Pressure On Major Producers, Liam Conway-Pearson, Monika Hur, Ben Mandel 2017 Northwestern University

Decline In Oil Prices Puts Pressure On Major Producers, Liam Conway-Pearson, Monika Hur, Ben Mandel

Politica Northwestern

As the world continues to grapple with dramatically lower oil prices, economic and political implications for certain major oil producers are beginning to materialize. Some countries, like Saudi Arabia, the world’s largest petroleum exporter, were more prepared for the global downturn than others. Unlike many oil producers, the Saudis are capable of running a government deficit for an extended period of time partly due to extremely large monetary reserves. However, not all oil producers have this luxury, and countries that have a high dependence on oil production have begun to suffer. The countries that have been hit hardest are ...


Up, Down And Reciprocal: The Dynamics Of Intergenerational Transfers, Family Structure And Health In A Low-Income Context, Collin F. Payne, Luca Maria Pesando, Hans-Peter Kohler 2017 Harvard University

Up, Down And Reciprocal: The Dynamics Of Intergenerational Transfers, Family Structure And Health In A Low-Income Context, Collin F. Payne, Luca Maria Pesando, Hans-Peter Kohler

Population Center Working Papers (PSC/PARC)

In the absence of well-functioning public transfer systems and safety nets, the family acts as the key provider of income and support through the intergenerational redistribution of resources. In this paper we use micro-level longitudinal data and a mix of methodologies to document the lifecycle patterns of financial transfers in a rural, sub-Saharan African population. Underneath a well-established age-pattern of intergenerational transfers in which transfer patterns change according to broad stages of the economic life cycle, our analyses document significant heterogeneity and fluidity: Intergenerational transfers are variable and reverse their direction, with individuals moving between the provider and recipient states ...


The Price Revolution In The Ottoman Context: Economic Upheaval In The Sixteenth Century, Dylan Lawrence Russell 2017 James Madison University

The Price Revolution In The Ottoman Context: Economic Upheaval In The Sixteenth Century, Dylan Lawrence Russell

Middle Eastern Communities and Migrations Student Research Paper Series

The inflationary pressures of the Price Revolution had an impact on Ottoman agricultural organization, state finances, industry, and the growth of corruption. This analysis will examine the causes, effects, and scope of inflation in the sixteenth century. Inflation alone did not cause these drastic changes, as other very significant developments also contributed to the turbulent economic environment. However inflation did, in fact, influence many basic transformations, including shifts in wealth, power, and the enrichment of specific social classes at the expense of others.


The Effect Of Integration: A Study On The Impact Of Diversity On Economic Indicators, Luke H. Schleier 2017 University of San Diego

The Effect Of Integration: A Study On The Impact Of Diversity On Economic Indicators, Luke H. Schleier

Undergraduate Honors Theses

This paper examines the effect of diversity, measured by the dissimilarity index, on the economic strength of an area. Economic strength is measured using five economic indicators: median home value, median income, median gross rent, percentage of people with health insurance, and firms per capita. The work aims to show that there is a positive economic impact due to integrating and creating communities that are more diverse. Previous work shows there is a positive impact of diversity on economic indicators such as wages, rents, and production but previous studies do not look at the effect on these economic indicators. This ...


A Case Study Of The Impact Of The -Ny-Suny 2020 Challenge Grant Program Act On Public College Enrollment, Mekaj T. Daniel Ms. 2017 City University of New York (CUNY)

A Case Study Of The Impact Of The -Ny-Suny 2020 Challenge Grant Program Act On Public College Enrollment, Mekaj T. Daniel Ms.

School of Arts & Sciences Theses

In 2011, Governor Andrew Cuomo of New York signed into law NY Senate Bill S5855 establishing the NY-SUNY 2020 Challenge Grant Program Act. This legislation limited year-over-year resident undergraduate tuition increases in the City University of New York (CUNY) and State University of New York (SUNY) systems to a maximum of three hundred dollars ($300) per year from the 2011/2012 school year to 2015/2016. It also mandated that increases in nonresident undergraduate tuition not exceed 10 percent over the previous year. In addition to the tuition cap, a tuition credit is provided to students whose annual resident undergraduate ...


Stock Market Wealth Impact On Consumption Expenditure, Ramberto Jr. Sosa Cueto 2017 State University of New York College at Buffalo - Buffalo State College

Stock Market Wealth Impact On Consumption Expenditure, Ramberto Jr. Sosa Cueto

Applied Economics Theses

The purpose of this thesis is to explain the role of the stock market in determining aggregate consumer behavior. Theoretically, the life-cycle hypothesis is the main link between consumption and wealth. Additionally, a household’s corporate equities holdings form part of that wealth (a small proportion). However, stock market fluctuations account for a significant part of the variation in household wealth, because of the stock prices’ volatility.

In regression models, the estimated relationship between consumption and wealth is commonly positive and statistically significant. The empirical evidence in this paper suggests that the relationship between consumption and wealth is positive and ...


The Impact Of Money Supply And Electronic Money: Empirical Evidence From Central Bank In China, Rui Qin 2017 State University of New York College at Buffalo - Buffalo State College

The Impact Of Money Supply And Electronic Money: Empirical Evidence From Central Bank In China, Rui Qin

Applied Economics Theses

The purpose of this paper is to study the electronic money's influence on the money supply as well as the power of the central bank. We show in an illustrative theoretical model that electronic money will impact on money supply, especially affect M0 and M1. Using data of central bank in China during 1990 to 2010 and applying ordinary least squares (OLS) regression models, we find robust evidence that electronic money has a negative impact on M0, but a positive impact on M1. In addition, the central bank's abilities to control money supply can be affected by the ...


An Inquiry Into The Effect Of The 2014 Russian Sanctions On European Gasoline Markets, Eric S. Peters 2017 University of Tennessee

An Inquiry Into The Effect Of The 2014 Russian Sanctions On European Gasoline Markets, Eric S. Peters

University of Tennessee Honors Thesis Projects

No abstract provided.


The Latina Women & The Informal Microenterprise, Ivette Olmeda 2017 Clark University

The Latina Women & The Informal Microenterprise, Ivette Olmeda

International Development, Community and Environment (IDCE)

ABSTRACT

THE LATINA WOMEN & THE INFORMAL MICROENTERPRISE

Ivette Olmeda

The informal economy refers to economic transactions that are not generally recorded through formal business compliance systems such as licensing, taxes, permitting and others. Informal economic activities are primarily completed through cash transactions.

This research explores the perceptions, intentions, and motivations of Latina women to operate informal microenterprises in an open market. The research consisted of interviews with five Latina women from Worcester, Massachusetts to gather information and ultimately understand why they are not entering formal entrepreneurship systems. The interviews supported existing research in which women state that they operate these ...


Interactions Between Fiscal And Monetary Policy: A New Keynesian Model With Regime Switching Process, Zihao Chen 2017 College of William and Mary

Interactions Between Fiscal And Monetary Policy: A New Keynesian Model With Regime Switching Process, Zihao Chen

Undergraduate Honors Theses

This paper examines the interactions between traditional fiscal and monetary policy tools: government spending and the interest rate. Two models are used: a baseline linear model, and a Markov switching model with active/passive fiscal and monetary policy combinations. The linear model is estimated and the posterior mean parameterization is used to calibrate the regime-switching model. Sims (2002) algorithm and policy function iteration are used to solve the models, and a particle filter is used to evaluate the likelihood functions. The results show that government spending alone cannot raise inflation despite the positive effect on output. The duration of the ...


Closing The Gender Gap: The Effect Of Political Gender Quotas And Female Employment Indicators In South America, Courtney Reid 2017 Georgia State University

Closing The Gender Gap: The Effect Of Political Gender Quotas And Female Employment Indicators In South America, Courtney Reid

Georgia State Undergraduate Research Conference

No abstract provided.


Selecting An Alternative National Banking System Against Fractional Reserve Free Banking: The Greatest Modern Fraud?, Josiah J. Bardy 2017 Liberty University

Selecting An Alternative National Banking System Against Fractional Reserve Free Banking: The Greatest Modern Fraud?, Josiah J. Bardy

Senior Honors Theses

This paper serves as a compilation and analysis of different banking systems with an emphasis on fractional reserve free banking. Contemporary academic literature has debated fractional reserve banking with revisited scrutiny since the 2007–2009 financial crisis. The Austrian School, drawing conclusions from the Austrian business cycle theory, blames central banking for boom-bust economics. One proposed solution, fractional reserve free banking, eliminates the central bank’s control for a purer form of fractional reserve practice; however, this system may be inherently fraudulent and unethical. After completing an economic analysis of the western world’s banking system, this paper then explores ...


Zero Textbook Cost Syllabus For Economics 201 (Macroeconomic Theory), Bettina E. Berch 2017 CUNY Borough of Manhattan Community College

Zero Textbook Cost Syllabus For Economics 201 (Macroeconomic Theory), Bettina E. Berch

Open Educational Resources

This is a zero textbook cost syllabus for teaching macroeconomic theory at the 200 level at a community college. It is designed for a one semester course, using a creative commons textbook and a variety of open source podcasts, newspaper articles, and other materials available to CUNY students.


Sovereign Debt Crises: Domestically Engineered Or Foreignly Influenced?, Michael C. Selfe 2017 Trinity College, Hartford Connecticut

Sovereign Debt Crises: Domestically Engineered Or Foreignly Influenced?, Michael C. Selfe

Senior Theses and Projects

Throughout the last half century, the world has seen its fair share of systemic banking crises covering every corner of the globe. Recently, the Eurozone crisis of 2010 and ongoing Argentinian debt crisis have continued to plague the global economy. The motivation behind this thesis is to examine what causes these sovereign debt crises. More specifically, it aims to examine whether these crises are caused by monetary and fiscal policy decisions implemented by central banks or if outside factors including the role of financial institutions are to blame. This thesis examines a number of individual case studies with regards to ...


Core Support For The New Economy, Neva Goodwin 2017 Tufts University

Core Support For The New Economy, Neva Goodwin

Interdisciplinary Journal of Partnership Studies

This paper proposes an income guarantee called Core Support (CS), defined as compensation for household activities such as childcare, food preparation, care of elderly or ill persons in the home, and maintenance of the home and of household vehicles and appliances. The immediate goals of the proposal are to highlight, through compensation, the reality that the productive activities carried on in households are of essential importance for the whole economy and society, and to enable the people who carry out these essential activities to do so without having to short-change the care work because of the need to earn money ...


Essays On The Law Of One Price In Financial Markets And The Recent Financial Crisis, Igor Sorkin 2017 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Essays On The Law Of One Price In Financial Markets And The Recent Financial Crisis, Igor Sorkin

All Graduate Works by Year: Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

Essay 1: The theory of the Law of One Price (LOOP) is one of the most important theories in International Economics. I use financial markets to revisit the validity of the LOOP in the short run, and then extend the analysis into the long-run to examine whether events such as the Financial Crisis of 2007-2009 can lead to the failure of the LOOP or worsen deviations from it. Using the data on Canadian companies cross-listed on the New York Stock Exchange, I find strong support that the LOOP holds in a cross-sectional framework despite the fact that the sample includes ...


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