Poorer European Countries Are Less Concerned About Biotechnology Than Richer Countries, 2017 University of New Hampshire
Poorer European Countries Are Less Concerned About Biotechnology Than Richer Countries, Michael Siegrist
RISK: Health, Safety & Environment
The author examines the relationship between GNP, media coverage, and public perceptions of the utility, risk, and acceptability of medical and food-related applications of biotechnology.
17-01 Bubbles In Experimental Asset Markets, 2017 Chapman University
17-01 Bubbles In Experimental Asset Markets, Praveen Kujal, Owen Powell
ESI Working Papers
"One can define a bubble as a persistent increase in the price of an asset over and above its fundamental value with an abrupt fall in prices when no buyers are available to make purchases. The occurrence of market bubbles has a long history, starting with the Dutch Tulip Mania (1624-1637) to the South Sea and Mississippi Bubble (1716-1720), the British Railway Mania (1840´s) to the crash of 1929. Recent events have been the crash of 1987, the dot-com bubble (1990s) to the most recent housing crisis in early 2000. Even though bubbles, and a subsequent crash, may reallocate ...
Does Increased Access To The Arts In High Schools In The Los Angeles Unified School District Affect Graduation Rates?, Elizabeth K. Gile
Scripps Senior Theses
Determining whether the arts are beneficial to a student’s education is a widely, and hotly debated topic every year in the United States, with many studies published each year demonstrating the impact that the arts have on various educational outcomes, from increased test scores to higher graduation rates. This paper examines previous research on the efficacy of incentives and how students’ participation in extracurricular activities, from sports to the arts, could impact graduation rates. It also develops a model for analyzing the present value of a high school education to a student using a discounted present value analysis and ...
16-31 All-Pay Auctions With Ties, 2016 Institute for Defense Analyses
16-31 All-Pay Auctions With Ties, Alan Gelder, Dan Kovenock, Brian Roberson
ESI Working Papers
We study the two-player, complete information all-pay auction in which a tie ensues if neither player outbids the other by more than a given amount. In the event of a tie, each player receives an identical fraction of the winning prize. Thus players engage in two margins of competition: losing versus tying, and tying versus winning. Two pertinent parameters are the margin required for victory and the value of tying relative to winning. We fully characterize the set of Nash equilibria for the entire parameter space. For much of the parameter space, there is a unique Nash equilibrium which is ...
16-32 A Perspective On Electronic Alternatives To Traditional Currencies, 2016 Chapman University
16-32 A Perspective On Electronic Alternatives To Traditional Currencies, Gabriele Camera
ESI Working Papers
The institution of money is rapidly evolving thanks to developments in computer-based cryptography. Technological advances have made possible the creation of cost-effective electronic alternatives to banknotes and coins, which are the traditional physical currencies. This document aims to describe — based on scientific literature — the use and characteristics of money, some of the problems associated with issuing a new currency or a new payment instrument, and the possible comparative advantages of a central bank in leading the way relative to private issuers.
An 8-Zone Test System Based On Iso New England Data: Development And Application, 2016 Iowa State University
An 8-Zone Test System Based On Iso New England Data: Development And Application, Dheepak Krishnamurthy, Wanning Li, Leigh Tesfatsion
This study develops an open-source 8-zone test system for teaching, training, and research purposes that is based on ISO New England structural attributes and data. The test system models an ISO-managed wholesale power market populated by a mix of generating companies and load-serving entities that operates through time over an 8-zone AC transmission grid. The modular extensible architecture of the test system permits a wide range of sensitivity studies to be conducted. To illustrate the capabilities of the test system, we report energy cost-savings outcomes for a comparative study of stochastic versus deterministic DAM security constrained unit commitment (SCUC) formulations ...
Dc Optimal Power Flow Formulation And Solution Using Quadprogj, 2016 Iowa State University
Dc Optimal Power Flow Formulation And Solution Using Quadprogj, Junjie Sun, Leigh Tesfatsion
Nonlinear AC Optimal Power Flow (OPF) problems are commonly approximated by linearized DC OPF problems to obtain real power solutions for restructured wholesale power markets. We first present a standard DC OPF problem, which has the numerically desirable form of a strictly convex quadratic programming (SCQP) problem when voltage angles are eliminated by substitution. We next augment this standard DC OPF problem in a physically meaningful way, still retaining an SCQP form, so that solution values for voltage angles and locational marginal prices are directly obtained along with real power injections and branch flows. We then show how this augmented ...
Market Design Test Environments, 2016 Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
Market Design Test Environments, S. Widergren, Junjie Sun, Leigh Tesfatsion
Power industry restructuring continues to evolve at multiple levels of system operations. At the bulk electricity level, several organizations charged with regional system operation are implementing versions of a wholesale power market platform (WPMP) in response to U.S. Federal Energy Regulatory Commission initiatives. Recently the Energy Policy Act of 2005 and several regional initiatives have been pressing the integration of demand response as a resource for system operations. These policy and regulatory pressures are driving the exploration of new market designs at the wholesale and retail levels. The complex interplay among structural conditions, market protocols, and learning behaviors in ...
Concentration, Capacity And Market Power In An Evolutionary Labor Market, 2016 Iowa State University
Concentration, Capacity And Market Power In An Evolutionary Labor Market, Leigh Tesfatsion
This paper reports on an experimental study of the relationship between job capacity, job concentration, and market power in the context of an agent-based computational model of a labor market. Job capacity is measured by the ratio of potential job openings to potential work offers, and job concentration is measured by the ratio of work suppliers to employers. For each experimental treatment, work suppliers and employers repeatedly seek preferred work-site partners based on continually updated expected utility, engage in work-site interactions modelled as prisoner's dilemma games, and evolve their work-site behaviors over time. The main finding is that job ...
Agent-Based Computational Economics: Growing Economies From The Bottom Up, 2016 Iowa State University
Agent-Based Computational Economics: Growing Economies From The Bottom Up, Leigh Tesfatsion
Agent-based computational economics (ACE) is the computational study of economies modeled as evolving systems of autonomous interacting agents. Thus, ACE is a specialization of economics of the basic complex adaptive systems paradigm. This study outlines the main objectives and defining characteristics of the ACE methodology and discusses similarities and distinctions between ACE and artificial life research. Eight ACE research areas are identified, and a number of publications in each area are highlighted for concrete illustration. Open questions and directions for future ACE research are also considered. The study concludes with a discussion of the potential benefits associated with ACE modeling ...
Agent-Based Computational Economics, 2016 Iowa State University
Agent-Based Computational Economics, Leigh Tesfatsion
Agent-based computational economics (ACE) is the computational study of economies modeled as evolving systems of autonomous interacting agents. Starting from initial conditions, specified by the modeler, the computational economy evolves over time as its constituent agents re- peatedly interact with each other and learn from these interactions. ACE is therefore a bottom-up culture-dish approach to the study of economic systems. This chapter discusses the key charac- teristics and goals of the ACE methodology. Eight currently active research areas are highlighted for concrete illustration. Potential advantages and disadvantages of the ACE methodology are considered, along with open questions and possible directions ...
The Long-Term Structure Of Commodity Futures, 2016 Federal Home Loan Bank of Des Moines
The Long-Term Structure Of Commodity Futures, Na Jin, Sergio H. Lence, Chad Hart, Dermot J. Hayes
Dermot J. Hayes
Futures markets on agricultural commodities typically trade with maximum maturity dates of less than four years. If these markets did trade with maturities eight or ten years distant, futures prices would have value as price forecasts and as a way to structure long-term swaps and insurance contracts. Agricultural commodity markets generally exhibit mean reversion in spot prices and convenience yields. Spot markets also exhibit seasonality. This study develops and implements a procedure to generate long-term futures curves from existing futures prices. Data on lean hogs and soybeans are used to show that the method provides plausible results.
British Exceptionalism In Adam Smith, 2016 San Jose State University
British Exceptionalism In Adam Smith, Daniel Rothschild
16-30 Asymmetric Social Norms, 2016 Chapman University
16-30 Asymmetric Social Norms, Gabriele Camera, Alessandro Gioffré
ESI Working Papers
Studies of cooperation in infinitely repeated matching games focus on homogeneous economies, where full cooperation is efficient and any defection is collectively sanctioned. Here we study heterogeneous economies where occasional defections are part of efficient play, and show how to support those outcomes through contagious punishments.
Factors Influencing Greenhouse Gas Emissions From Land Use, Land-Use Change, And Forest Activities, 2016 University of Tennessee, Knoxville
Factors Influencing Greenhouse Gas Emissions From Land Use, Land-Use Change, And Forest Activities, Pattarawan Watcharaanantapong
Greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions are a major global issue because of their effects on climate and the resulting environmental and human impacts. The primary greenhouse gases (GHGs), carbon dioxide (CO2), methane (CH4), and nitrous oxide (N2O), are emitted into the atmosphere from a myriad of human activities such as energy supply, manufacturing, transportation, commercial and residential buildings, and waste. Additionally, management activities on agricultural and forest lands can influence GHG emissions substantially. Even though GHGs can be released into the air via the sectors mentioned, GHGs, especially CO2, can be removed from ecosystems through certain ...
A Trillion-Dollar Question: What Predicts Student Loan Delinquencies?, 2016 Federal Reserve Board
A Trillion-Dollar Question: What Predicts Student Loan Delinquencies?, Alvaro Mezza, Kamila Sommer
Journal of Student Financial Aid
The recent significant increase in student loan delinquencies has generated interest in understanding the key factors predicting the non-performance of these loans. However, despite the large size of the student loan market, existing analyses have been limited by lack of data. This paper studies predictors of student loan delinquencies using a nationally representative panel data set that anonymously combines individual credit bureau records with Federal Pell Grant and federal student loan recipient information, records on college enrollment, graduation and major, and school characteristics. We show that borrower-level credit characteristics are important predictors of student loan delinquencies. In particular, credit scores ...
The Economic Impacts Of Undocumented Immigrants In The United States, 2016 Chapman University
The Economic Impacts Of Undocumented Immigrants In The United States, Abdulaziz Alangari
Honors Papers and Posters
There are about 11 million undocumented immigrants in the U.S., of which all are not granted a work permit. Thus, in order to survive, these immigrants seek jobs that do not require legal status but have wages significantly lower than minimum. In short, by having these immigrants work in low-wage jobs, the U.S. economy benefits by providing a diverse market to U.S. residents and thus creates a vast economy. My research paper will be talking about how the presence of undocumented immigrants is a significant factor in creating and shaping the diverse U.S. economy.
16-29 Using Experiments To Compare The Predictive Power Of Models Of Multilateral Negotiations, 2016 Chapman University
16-29 Using Experiments To Compare The Predictive Power Of Models Of Multilateral Negotiations, Cary Deck, Charles J. Thomas
ESI Working Papers
We conduct unstructured negotiations in a laboratory experiment designed to empirically assess the predictive power of three approaches to modeling the multilateral negotiations observed in diverse strategic settings. For concreteness we consider two sellers negotiating with a buyer who wants to make only one trade, with the modeling approaches distinguished by whether the buyer negotiates with the sellers sequentially, simultaneously, or in a “take-it-or-leave-it” fashion. Our experiment features two scenarios within which the three approaches have observationally distinct predictions: a differentiated scenario with one high-surplus and one low-surplus seller, and a homogeneous scenario with identical high-surplus sellers. In both scenarios ...
Financial Development And Environmental Quality.Docx, 2016 COMSATS Institute of Information Technology, Pakistan
Financial Development And Environmental Quality.Docx, Nawaz Ahmad, Muhammad Shahbaz, Syed Shahzad, Syed Shahzad, Shista Alam
Editor's Introduction To The Special Edition: The Economics Of Climate Change In Coastal Areas, 2016 Middlebury Institute of International Studies at Monterey
Editor's Introduction To The Special Edition: The Economics Of Climate Change In Coastal Areas, Charles S. Colgan
Journal of Ocean and Coastal Economics
Editor's introduction to the Special Edition on the Economics of Climate Change Adaptation in Coastal Areas