Producing Energy While Sequestering Carbon? The Relationship Between Biochar And Agricultural Productivity, 2017 Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas CIty
Producing Energy While Sequestering Carbon? The Relationship Between Biochar And Agricultural Productivity, Nathan Kauffman, Jerome Dumortier, Dermot J. Hayes, Robert C. Brown, David Laird
Robert C. Brown
A partial solution to problems associated with anthropogenic greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions could be the development and deployment of carbon-negative technologies, i.e., producing energy while reducing atmospheric carbon dioxide levels. Biofuels have been considered a possibility but have faced limitations due to competition with food production and GHG emissions through indirect land-use change (ILUC). In this article, we show how emissions from ILUC can potentially be reduced by producing food and bioenergy from biochar amended soils. The possibility of yield improvements from biochar would reduce the land requirement for crop production and thus, lead to a reduction in emissions ...
A Review On Literature Of Waqf For Poverty Alleviation Between 2006-2016, 2017 Universiti Sains Islam Malaysia
A Review On Literature Of Waqf For Poverty Alleviation Between 2006-2016, Nur Atikah Atan, Fuadah Johari
Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)
Background - The success of Waqf as a source of socio-economic financing in Islamic history in developing a country by providing the social and public goods to the society have been a major factor for Waqf practices to be retrieved back today. In order to exterminate the poverty, depending in Zakat alone is not enough. Waqf can be an alternative in solving the socio-economic problem of the Ummah which covers the issues such as poverty, inequality and rising cost of living as well in promoting the social well-being in the society. Purpose - The purpose of this article is to analyze the ...
Powerful Trend Function Tests That Are Robust To Strong Serial Correlation With An Application To The Prebish Singer Hypothesis, Helle Bunzel, Timothy J. Vogelsang
We propose tests for hypotheses on the parameters of the deterministic trend function of a univariate time series. The tests do not require knowledge of the form of serial correlation in the data, and they are robust to strong serial correlation. The data can contain a unit root and still have the correct size asymptotically. The tests that we analyze are standard heteroscedasticity autocorrelation robust tests based on nonparametric kernel variance estimators. We analyze these tests using the fixed-b asymptotic framework recently proposed by Kiefer and Vogelsang. This analysis allows us to analyze the power properties of the tests with ...
Endogenous Lifetime And Economic Growth Revisited, 2017 Iowa State University
Endogenous Lifetime And Economic Growth Revisited, Helle Bunzel, Xue Qiao
Chakraborty [Journal of Economic Theory, 2004] introduces endogenous mortality in a two period overlapping generations model by postulating that the probability of surviving from the first period to the second depends on tax−funded public health. His central result on the existence of multiple steady states (including development traps) summarized in Proposition 1 is incorrect. This paper presents the correct proposition and its proof, and in the process, uncovers several new, interesting results. Contrary to Chakraborty's analysis, high mortality yet high capital nations may not be able to escape the poverty trap. Interestingly, TFP growth can help economies escape ...
Advancing Rationality With Sustainability: An Analysis Of Agent-Based Simulation, 2017 Portland State University
Advancing Rationality With Sustainability: An Analysis Of Agent-Based Simulation, Osman Goktug Tanrikulu
Hatfield Graduate Journal of Public Affairs
This paper tests the basic premise of rationality and introduces sustainability as a new dimension. In this regard, the behavioral consequences of the classic rational mindset and a sustainable mindset are compared under depletion of environmental resources. By utilizing agent-based modeling, both rational and sustainable mindsets are modeled and their relative behavior are put into action in computer simulation. The experiment results reveal that the classic understanding of rationality is not always going to maximize the utility of agents. Instead, there might be environmental conditions where having a sustainable mindset generates more wealth. In a scenario of resource depletion, the ...
Considerations Of Socio-Economic Input, Related Challenges And Recommendations For Ecosystem-Based Maritime Spatial Planning: A Review, 2017 Independent researcher and consultant
Considerations Of Socio-Economic Input, Related Challenges And Recommendations For Ecosystem-Based Maritime Spatial Planning: A Review, Mavra Stithou
Journal of Ocean and Coastal Economics
Socio-economics in an ecosystem-based Marine Spatial Planning (MSP) process cover a wide range from specifying socio-economic objectives, respective indicators, organising stakeholder engagement, to data, methods and tools (e.g., environmental valuation and cost-benefit analysis) for example to identify issues, assess ecosystem services, provide an insight on human behaviour and compare alternative marine plans with potentially competing goals. In addition, social principles such as that of social equity have an important role to play in achieving sustainability in marine management. However, the use of socio-economics in making the ecosystem-based MSP framework operational, poses certain challenges to researchers, regulators and policy-makers. The ...
Avian Influenza Economic Impacts In Iowa, 2017 Iowa State University
Avian Influenza Economic Impacts In Iowa, David Swenson
The avian influenza (AI) outbreak in Iowa has resulted in the loss of as much as a third of the state’s current egg producing capacity along with smaller, but still significant, losses among some turkey and pullet producers. As with any disaster, there will be losses to those operations, to the suppliers to those operations, and, ultimately, to the regions of the state where those operations are located. This analysis assumes a 34 percent reduction in poultry sector output for one full year.
The Economic Value Of The University Of Northern Iowa, 2017 Iowa State University
The Economic Value Of The University Of Northern Iowa, David Swenson
This analysis measures the regional economic value of the University of Northern Iowa. There are two dimensions evaluated: the overall worth of operating the university and the value of student spending in the area economy. This analysis incorporates a number of best practices for measuring the worth of universities to regional economies.
The Economic Value Of Iowa’S Public Universities, 2017 Iowa State University
The Economic Value Of Iowa’S Public Universities, David Swenson
This analysis measures the economic value of Iowa’s public universities – The University of Iowa, Iowa State University, and the University of Northern Iowa. There are two dimensions evaluated: the overall worth of operating the universities as educational and service institutions and the value of student spending in their respective area economies. This analysis incorporates a number of best practices for measuring the worth of universities to regional economies.
The Economic Value Of Iowa State University, 2017 Iowa State University
The Economic Value Of Iowa State University, David Swenson
This analysis measures the regional economic value of Iowa State University. There are two dimensions evaluated: the overall worth of operating the university and the value of student spending in the area economy. This analysis incorporates a number of best practices for measuring the worth of universities to regional economies.
The Economic Value Of The University Of Iowa, 2017 Iowa State University
The Economic Value Of The University Of Iowa, David Swenson
This analysis measures the regional economic value of The University of Iowa. There are two dimensions evaluated: the overall worth of operating the university and the value of student spending in the area economy. This analysis incorporates a number of best practices for measuring the worth of universities to regional economies.
The Economic Contribution Potential Of Local Foods Production In Kane County, Illinois, 2017 Iowa State University
The Economic Contribution Potential Of Local Foods Production In Kane County, Illinois, David Swenson
This project was a partnership with the American Farmland Trust, the Kane County, Il, planning department, and the author to demonstrate the regional economic gains that could be anticipated were the county able to expand local fresh fruits and vegetable production for both local and regional sales. The report is important in that it takes into consideration the density of regional demand for local foods in light of regional production and establishes realistic thresholds of production gains for area producers.
Misadventures In Regionalism: Reaffirming The Importance Of Central Places In Regional Economic Development Assistance, David Swenson, Liesl Eathington
Multi‐jurisdictional regional planning and problem solving approaches have been the mainstay in rural development efforts in recent decades, and regional partnerships are often a prerequisite for state or federal funding. The authors believe that many such initiatives utilize regions of convenience rather than regions of substance. This paper describes a shift in our preferred geography for providing research and technical assistance in nonmetropolitan areas in Iowa. This shift has led us, at least regarding rural development assistance, to move towards emphasizing the provision of community development services to regionally‐important nonmetropolitan urban centers, i.e., central places that clearly ...
Equilibrium Selection In Global Games With Strategic Complementarities, 2017 Iowa State University
Equilibrium Selection In Global Games With Strategic Complementarities, David M. Frankel, Stephen Morris, Ady Pauzner
We study games with strategic complementarities, arbitrary numbers of players and actions, and slightly noisy payoff signals. We prove limit uniqueness: as the signal noise vanishes, the game has a unique strategy profile that survives iterative dominance. This generalizes a result of Carlsson and van Damme (Econometrica 61 (1993) 989–1018) for two-player, two-action games. The surviving profile, however, may depend on fine details of the structure of the noise. We provide sufficient conditions on payoffs for there to be noise-independent selection.
The Effect Of Integration: A Study On The Impact Of Diversity On Economic Indicators, 2017 University of San Diego
The Effect Of Integration: A Study On The Impact Of Diversity On Economic Indicators, Luke H. Schleier
Undergraduate Honors Theses
This paper examines the effect of diversity, measured by the dissimilarity index, on the economic strength of an area. Economic strength is measured using five economic indicators: median home value, median income, median gross rent, percentage of people with health insurance, and firms per capita. The work aims to show that there is a positive economic impact due to integrating and creating communities that are more diverse. Previous work shows there is a positive impact of diversity on economic indicators such as wages, rents, and production but previous studies do not look at the effect on these economic indicators. This ...
Emotions And Behavior Regulation In Decision Dilemmas, 2017 Lafayette College
Emotions And Behavior Regulation In Decision Dilemmas, Joaquín Gómez-Miñambres, Eric Schniter
We introduce a dynamic model of emotional behavior regulation that can generalize to a wide range of decision dilemmas. Dilemmas are characterized by availability of mutually exclusive goals that a decision maker is dually motivated to pursue. In our model, previous goal pursuant decisions produce negative emotions that regulate an individual’s propensity to further pursue those goals at future times. This emotional regulation of behavior helps explain the non-stationarity and switching observed between so-called “preferences” revealed in repeated decision dilemmas (e.g., by choosing A over B at time 1, then choosing B over A at time 2). We ...
The Fifth Epoch: Socio-Economic Approach To Sustainable Capitalism, 2017 New Mexico State University
The Fifth Epoch: Socio-Economic Approach To Sustainable Capitalism, David M. Boje, Yue Cai Hillon
Markets, Globalization & Development Review
The purpose of this conceptual essay is to challenge the inevitability of living with the destructive beast of speculative market economics in the 4th epoch of global capitalism. We are facing an existential socio-ecological threat from the short-term excesses of financial capitalism, a socially irresponsible form that consumes without producing value and without bearing entrepreneurial risk, benefitting only the few. The fate of roughly 90% of humanity hangs in the balance. The primary contribution of this paper proposes a 5th epoch of capitalism, inspired by Savall and Zardet’s socio-economic and sustainable approach that restores human potential and ...
Consequences Of Information Asymmetry On Corporate Risk Management, 2017 Buffalo State
Consequences Of Information Asymmetry On Corporate Risk Management, Howard J. Merrill Iii
Applied Economics Theses
This paper will demonstrate the impact information asymmetry has on risk management. There is a noticeable impact within the context of consumer credit risk. If a firm is able to recognize this, they can make improved credit decisions that will reduce the consequences. The theoretical impact will be presented while depicting areas of risk management that are susceptible to information asymmetry. We find a direct impact on the development of scoring models, credit policies, and origination volume. These results hold for banks with portfolios consisting of consumer credit products and small business loans. Once known, banks can better tailor their ...
An Economic Analysis Of The Solar Energy Potential At Lake Forest College, 2017 Lake Forest College
An Economic Analysis Of The Solar Energy Potential At Lake Forest College, Jennifer Mctague
The energy industry is evolving towards renewable energy. This study examines the potential of solar energy for electricity usage on the campus of Lake Forest College through both a technical and market analysis. A solar panel was installed on the roof of Carnegie Hall, a large building in the central campus area, for a period of twelve weeks. In addition, regression analysis on the total output of the solar panel in relation to cloud coverage, solar intensity, average temperature, and hours of daylight led to more extensive analysis on the technical potential of solar energy on the campus. The economic ...
A Process For Field Studies In Behavioral Economics, 2017 University of Rhode Island
A Process For Field Studies In Behavioral Economics, Victoria Ferraro
Senior Honors Projects
Field experiments enable economists to test whether theory adequately captures behavior in natural settings, or whether evidence supports reevaluating the reasoned abstractions comprising the theory. Economics, and social science more generally, has increasingly valued the evidence provided by field studies. These studies typically require a relationship with an external partner site providing the environment for the study, but existent research offers little guidance for developing these relationships and designing procedures for effective collaboration. The purpose of this paper is to provide greater insight into what is necessary to conduct field experiments in economics, particularly behavioral economics in private market settings ...