Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Econometrics Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

2417 Full-Text Articles 1826 Authors 398473 Downloads 80 Institutions

All Articles in Econometrics

Faceted Search

2417 full-text articles. Page 1 of 80.

Essays On Inequality And Macroeconomic Stability, Thomas Hauner 2017 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Essays On Inequality And Macroeconomic Stability, Thomas Hauner

All Graduate Works by Year: Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

This dissertation consists of three chapters. . .

Chapter 1: Aggregate Wealth and Its Distribution as Determinants of Financial Crises: Panel Evidence This essay investigates the relationship between wealth inequality and financial crises across a panel of nine advanced economies over the past 100 years. While substantiation of a role for income inequality is ambiguous in the literature, evidence is presented suggesting a unique capacity for the accumulation of assets to increase the likelihood of a future financial crisis episode. Testing long-run panel data with a reduced form, two-way fixed effects model, estimates suggest that increasing wealth inequality, in an economy with ...


Role Of Ethanol Plants In Dakotas Land Use Change: Incorporating Flexible Trends In The Difference-In-Difference Framework With Remotely-Sensed Data, Gaurav Arora, Peter T. Wolter, Hongli Feng, David A. Hennessy 2017 Iowa State University

Role Of Ethanol Plants In Dakotas Land Use Change: Incorporating Flexible Trends In The Difference-In-Difference Framework With Remotely-Sensed Data, Gaurav Arora, Peter T. Wolter, Hongli Feng, David A. Hennessy

Hongli Feng

The focus of this study is the Dakotas’ recent land use transitions from grass to corn and soybean cultivation. Recent literature has extensively characterized these land use changes and related concerns. However, formal analyses to understand the factors underlying these conversions are lacking. We study the role of Dakotas’ ethanol plants in these land use changes. We construct a spatially delineated dataset and implement a Difference-in-Difference (DID) model in conjunction with Propensity Score Matching to estimate the impact of a corn-based ethanol plant on nearby corn-acres. We hold the advent of an ethanol plant to be the treatment and estimate ...


A Simple Economic Conjecture Of Neural Activations, Information Retrieval, And Discount Rates With An Application To Fmri, Amanda S. Bruce, John M. Crespi, Jayson Lusk 2017 University of Kansas Medical Center

A Simple Economic Conjecture Of Neural Activations, Information Retrieval, And Discount Rates With An Application To Fmri, Amanda S. Bruce, John M. Crespi, Jayson Lusk

John Crespi

Brain imaging data gathered from functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) scans in economics is often ad hoc, with little guidance from economic theory. Using a very simple economic product differentiation model with temporal hazard rates and discounting, the authors incorporate percent signal change contrasts from blood-oxygenation-level-dependent (BOLD) scans in a logical manner. Using BOLD signals from brain regions implicated in economic valuation, the research directly tests the hypotheses from the economic conjecture. The empirical test uses a study of consumer decision time regarding milk products. Both simple correlations as well as regression analyses support the hypothesized relationships providing evidence of ...


A Manual For Community And Fiscal Impact Modeling Systems, David Swenson, Liesl Eathington 2017 Iowa State University

A Manual For Community And Fiscal Impact Modeling Systems, David Swenson, Liesl Eathington

David Swenson

Over the past few years several states have developed community and fiscal impact modeling systems. Beginning with the VIP model in Virginia, which was developed by Tom Johnson1 , and followed by Idaho, Iowa, and Missouri2 , several mid-western states established or enhanced their capacities to conduct community labor force and fiscal impact analysis. To date, models also have been developed or finalized in Kansas, Minnesota, Nevada, Nebraska, Pennsylvania, Wisconsin, and Kentucky. Models are under construction in Texas, Ohio, and Vermont. A model will soon be developed for Oregon.


A Manual For Community And Fiscal Impact Modeling Systems, David Swenson, Liesl Eathington 2017 Iowa State University

A Manual For Community And Fiscal Impact Modeling Systems, David Swenson, Liesl Eathington

David Swenson

Over the past few years several states have developed community and fiscal impact modeling systems. Beginning with the VIP model in Virginia, which was developed by Tom Johnson1 , and followed by Idaho, Iowa, and Missouri2 , several mid-western states established or enhanced their capacities to conduct community labor force and fiscal impact analysis. To date, models also have been developed or finalized in Kansas, Minnesota, Nevada, Nebraska, Pennsylvania, Wisconsin, and Kentucky. Models are under construction in Texas, Ohio, and Vermont. A model will soon be developed for Oregon.


The Impact Of Ride-Hailing Services On Public Transportation Use: A Discontinuity Regression Analysis, Nicole Sadowsky, Erik Nelson 2017 Bowdoin College

The Impact Of Ride-Hailing Services On Public Transportation Use: A Discontinuity Regression Analysis, Nicole Sadowsky, Erik Nelson

Economics Department Working Paper Series

Since 2011, the private ride-hailing companies Uber and Lyft have expanded into more and more US cities. We use regression discontinuity design to examine the impact of Uber and Lyft’s entry on public transportation use in the US’ largest urban areas. In most cases, entry into cities by the two ride-hailing companies was staggered: Uber entered first followed some months later by Lyft. We find that public transportation use increased in an urban area, all else equal, immediately following the first entry. However, we find that the spike in public transportation use after first entry disappeared following the entry ...


The Effect Of Integration: A Study On The Impact Of Diversity On Economic Indicators, Luke H. Schleier 2017 University of San Diego

The Effect Of Integration: A Study On The Impact Of Diversity On Economic Indicators, Luke H. Schleier

Undergraduate Honors Theses

This paper examines the effect of diversity, measured by the dissimilarity index, on the economic strength of an area. Economic strength is measured using five economic indicators: median home value, median income, median gross rent, percentage of people with health insurance, and firms per capita. The work aims to show that there is a positive economic impact due to integrating and creating communities that are more diverse. Previous work shows there is a positive impact of diversity on economic indicators such as wages, rents, and production but previous studies do not look at the effect on these economic indicators. This ...


Do Marketing Strategies Impact Condom Sales In Uganda?, Meyhar Mohammed 2017 The University of San Francisco

Do Marketing Strategies Impact Condom Sales In Uganda?, Meyhar Mohammed

Master's Theses

What attracts people to buy condoms? HIV/AIDS remain one of the biggest health dangers of the world, especially in Sub-Saharan Africa. A lot of efforts have been pursued in the past two decades to drastically reduce prevalence of HIV and increase awareness about preventive mechanisms. In order to prevent relapse of success achieved so far, it is important to recognize transformation of consumer behavior due to growth in social networks, education and awareness over time. There are a lot of behavioral triggers captured by social marketing interventions in the field of public health. In an attempt to investigate the ...


Goal Effectiveness In Achieving Educational Outcomes: Experimental Evidence From 9th Graders In Medellin, Colombia, Daniel Salicath, Alessandra Cassar 2017 University of San Francisco

Goal Effectiveness In Achieving Educational Outcomes: Experimental Evidence From 9th Graders In Medellin, Colombia, Daniel Salicath, Alessandra Cassar

Master's Theses

Does goal setting among low-income ninth graders leads to higher average goal achievements of educational outcomes? This question is explored by a field experiment motivated by the acknowledged California-based Family Independence Initiative (FII), to analyze the effectiveness of individual goal setting, incentives and self-help groups on the achievement of educational goals. By randomizing treatments and control with the cooperation of the Secretary of Education in Medellin, different classrooms were assigned to five different experimental groups that met systematically for five months. The results show that goal setting is a cost-effective method to help low-income students achieve educational outcomes. Setting a ...


Stock Market Wealth Impact On Consumption Expenditure, Ramberto Jr. Sosa Cueto 2017 State University of New York College at Buffalo - Buffalo State College

Stock Market Wealth Impact On Consumption Expenditure, Ramberto Jr. Sosa Cueto

Applied Economics Theses

The purpose of this thesis is to explain the role of the stock market in determining aggregate consumer behavior. Theoretically, the life-cycle hypothesis is the main link between consumption and wealth. Additionally, a household’s corporate equities holdings form part of that wealth (a small proportion). However, stock market fluctuations account for a significant part of the variation in household wealth, because of the stock prices’ volatility.

In regression models, the estimated relationship between consumption and wealth is commonly positive and statistically significant. The empirical evidence in this paper suggests that the relationship between consumption and wealth is positive and ...


Effects Of The Great Recession On American Retirement Funding, Tanner G. Hamil 2017 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Effects Of The Great Recession On American Retirement Funding, Tanner G. Hamil

University of Tennessee Honors Thesis Projects

No abstract provided.


An Inquiry Into The Effect Of The 2014 Russian Sanctions On European Gasoline Markets, Eric S. Peters 2017 University of Tennessee

An Inquiry Into The Effect Of The 2014 Russian Sanctions On European Gasoline Markets, Eric S. Peters

University of Tennessee Honors Thesis Projects

No abstract provided.


Inorganic Growth In The Organic Food Industry: Examining Barriers To Entry And Economic Rents, Jaime E. Staengel 2017 Murray State University

Inorganic Growth In The Organic Food Industry: Examining Barriers To Entry And Economic Rents, Jaime E. Staengel

Honors College Theses

Recently in the organic food industry, more lines of organic food are being introduced in stores as demand for organic products continues to grow. The organic food industry has witnessed high price premiums in the past which, according to economic theory, would in a perfectly competitive market attract entry until those price premiums decreased to the point where economic profits were zero. However, the USDA’s National Organic Certification Cost Share Program, or NOCCSP, was introduced in its current form in 2009 and offers reimbursement for farmers who are already certified with certification or recertification costs for their organic farming ...


Disaster And Recovery: The Effects Of Post-Disaster Aid On Economic Development, Joshua Drouin 2017 Murray State University

Disaster And Recovery: The Effects Of Post-Disaster Aid On Economic Development, Joshua Drouin

Honors College Theses

The effects of aid on economic development is topic typically studied from the perspective of corruption and allocative efficiency. We examine aid to less developed nations from a different viewpoint; assuming aid reaches the intended recipients, does it actually benefit them? We utilize Indonesia and the 2004 earthquake and tsunami as a natural experiment to observe the influx of aid, and compare the regions development before and after the disaster. By establishing a baseline before the disaster, and utilizing a new start point after the destruction, we can gauge the reconstruction efforts and observe whether aid is beneficial or harmful ...


A Specification Test Based On The Mcmc Output, Yong LI, Jun YU, Tao ZENG 2017 Singapore Management University

A Specification Test Based On The Mcmc Output, Yong Li, Jun Yu, Tao Zeng

Research Collection School Of Economics

A test statistic is proposed to assess themodel specification after the model is estimated by Bayesian MCMC methods. Thenew test is motivated from the power enhancement technique of Fan, Liao and Yao(2015). It combines a component (J1) that tests anull point hypothesis in an expanded model and a power enhancement component (J0) obtained from the null model. It is shown that J0 converges to zero when the null model is correctly specified anddiverges when the null model is misspecified. Also shown is that J1 is asymptotically X2-distributed, suggesting that theproposed test is asymptotically pivotal, when the null model is ...


The Impact Of Commercial Banking Development On Economic Growth: A Principal Component Analysis Of Association Between Banking Industry And Economic Growth In Europe, Hugh L. Davis III 2017 University of Southern Mississippi

The Impact Of Commercial Banking Development On Economic Growth: A Principal Component Analysis Of Association Between Banking Industry And Economic Growth In Europe, Hugh L. Davis Iii

Dissertations

There are significant differences in the economic growth trajectories of Western, Central and Eastern Europe since the beginning of the democratic movements of the early 1990s. It may be observed that the more developed the region, the lower the growth rate. There are a number of explanations for this growth rate variance, e.g. cultural, resources, institutional and/or political. An explanation this research is pursuing is institutional - the correlation between banking development and economic growth. More specifically, does banking development have a greater impact on growth where economic development begins at a lower level?

Very little research has been ...


17-11 Gender, Punishment, And Cooperation: Men Hurt Others To Advance Their Interests, Terence C. Burnham 2017 Chapman University

17-11 Gender, Punishment, And Cooperation: Men Hurt Others To Advance Their Interests, Terence C. Burnham

ESI Working Papers

A laboratory experiment that reports on gender, cooperation, and punishment in two repeated public goods game using high-powered punishment. In a repeated public goods game with punishment, no statistically significant differences between men and women are reported. In a modified game that adds an explicit payoff for relative performance, men punish more than women, men obtain higher rank, and punishment by males decreases payoffs for both men and for women. These results contribute to the debate about the origins and maintenance of cooperation.


Modeling Economic Systems As Locally-Constructive Sequential Games, Leigh Tesfatsion 2017 Iowa State University

Modeling Economic Systems As Locally-Constructive Sequential Games, Leigh Tesfatsion

Economics Working Papers

Real-world economies are open-ended dynamic systems consisting of heterogeneous interacting participants. Human participants are decision-makers who strategically take into account the past actions and potential future actions of other participants. All participants are forced to be locally constructive, meaning their actions at any given time must be based on their local states; and participant actions at any given time affect future local states. Taken together, these properties imply real-world economies are locally-constructive sequential games. This study discusses a modeling approach, agent-based computational economics (ACE), that permits researchers to study economic systems from this point of view. ACE modeling principles and ...


Review Prohibition Periods As A Signal Of Video Game Quality, Richard Jacob Applin 2017 Murray State University

Review Prohibition Periods As A Signal Of Video Game Quality, Richard Jacob Applin

Honors College Theses

Video game developers typically prohibit media outlets from publishing reviews of upcoming video games until a specified date and time. This study hypothesizes that review prohibition periods function as an economic signal of quality and thus impact sales. Specifically, this study predicts that permissive review embargo periods, relative to games with restrictive review embargo periods, are indicative of better quality games and in turn better sales. To test this conjecture the study collected a random sample of observations (video games) from four popular video game consoles and examined data regarding each observation’s review embargo period as well as data ...


Does Where You Grow Up Affect Your Chances Of Being Drafted Into The Nfl?, Walker Head 2017 WalkerHead

Does Where You Grow Up Affect Your Chances Of Being Drafted Into The Nfl?, Walker Head

Georgia College Student Research Events

The minimum rookie salary in the National Football League (NFL) is $450,000. First round picks often sign multi-year contracts worth more than $10 million. Players from some states are much more likely to receive college scholarships and eventually be drafted into the NFL, but it is not clear if this is a causal relationship. Utilizing data from Rivals and the NFL, I attempt to determine if where a player grew up has an impact on his chances of being drafted to play professional football. I focus on the top eight states, as it relates to percentage of recruits and ...


Digital Commons powered by bepress