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Money And Monetary Policy In The Eurozone: An Empirical Analysis During Crises, Jonathan Benchimol, André Fourçans 2016 Bank of Israel

Money And Monetary Policy In The Eurozone: An Empirical Analysis During Crises, Jonathan Benchimol, André Fourçans

Jonathan Benchimol

This paper analyses the role of money and monetary policy as well as the forecasting performance of New Keynesian dynamic stochastic general equilibrium (DSGE) models with and without separability between consumption and money. The study is conducted over three crisis periods in the Eurozone, namely, the ERM crisis, the Dot-com crisis and the Global Financial Crisis (GFC). The results of successive Bayesian estimations demonstrate that during these crises, the non-separable model generally provides better out of sample output forecasts than the baseline model. We also demonstrate that money shocks have some impact on output variations during crises, especially in the ...


The Influence Of The Electric Supply Industry On Economic Growth In Less Developed Countries, Edward Richard Bee 2016 University of Southern Mississippi

The Influence Of The Electric Supply Industry On Economic Growth In Less Developed Countries, Edward Richard Bee

Dissertations

This study measures the impact that electrical outages have on manufacturing production in 135 less developed countries using stochastic frontier analysis and data from World Bank’s Investment Climate surveys. Outages of electricity, for firms with and without backup power sources, are the most frequently cited constraint on manufacturing growth in these surveys.

Outages are shown to reduce output below the production frontier by almost five percent in Africa and by a lower percentage in South Asia, Southeast Asia and the Middle East and North Africa. Production response to outages is quadratic in form. Outages also increase labor cost, reduce ...


The Economic Impacts Of Animal To Human Transmitted Disease In The Sudan.Pdf, Professor Issam A.W. Mohamed 2016 Department of Economics. Al Neelain University, Khartoum, Sudan

The Economic Impacts Of Animal To Human Transmitted Disease In The Sudan.Pdf, Professor Issam A.W. Mohamed

Professor Issam A.W. Mohamed

Zoonotic infectious livestock diseases are becoming a significant burden for both animal and human health and
are rapidly gaining the attention of decision-makers who manage public health programs. We developed a susceptible,
infected and removed (SIR) dynamic linear mathematical model of livestock-to-human brucellosis transmission in AL-Gazira
state. The compartmental model considers transmission within sheep and cattle populations and the transmission to humans
as additive components. The model was fitted to demographic and sero-prevalence data from livestock and annually
reported new human brucellosis cases in Abu-Gutta locality. The objectives are to estimate the economic impacts of endemic
Brucellosis diseases on both ...


Executive Summary Of The Assessment Of The Iowa Franchise Investment Act, Senate File 522, Mark A. Edelman Dr. 2016 Iowa State University

Executive Summary Of The Assessment Of The Iowa Franchise Investment Act, Senate File 522, Mark A. Edelman Dr.

Mark Edelman

WHAT IS THE ECONOMIC IMPORTANCE: OF FRANCHISING? j :o- Overall sales exceeds $600 billion,-per. year^ accounting for more than a third of all retail sales in the United States. WHY DOES FRANCHISING DEVELOP? . ^ The business format franchise makes economic isense as a business formation strategy when a marketable business concept is developed but the developer . doesn't .have, access jto. all of the _necessary capital-to fully develop aiprofitable. manufacturing, wholesale, and retail system.


Empirical Study Of Online Horse Race Bettors Betting Behavior In Finland, Tuomo Kainulainen 2016 University of Eastern Finland

Empirical Study Of Online Horse Race Bettors Betting Behavior In Finland, Tuomo Kainulainen

International Conference on Gambling and Risk Taking

This presentation produces an overview of online horse race bettors’ betting behavior in the Finnish betting market. The following studies have utilized individual-level online betting data LaPlante et al. (2006), LaBrie et al. (2007), LaBrie et al. (2008), LaPlante et al. (2009), Xuan & Shaffer (2009), Braveman & Shaffer (2010), Dragicevic et al. (2011), Fiedler (2013) and Gainsbury & Russell (2013). These studies focus on sports betting, poker and casino games. As an addition to the betting behavioural literature, this study focuses on horse race betting by utilizing betting data provided by Fintoto Ltd which has a legal monopoly for horse race betting ...


Robust Econometric Inference With Mixed Integrated And Mildly Explosive Regressors, Peter C. B. PHILLIPS, Ji Hyung LEE 2016 Singapore Management University

Robust Econometric Inference With Mixed Integrated And Mildly Explosive Regressors, Peter C. B. Phillips, Ji Hyung Lee

Research Collection School Of Economics

This paper explores in several prototypical models a convenient inference procedure for nonstationary variable regression that enables robust chi-square testing for a wide class of persistent and endogenous regressors. The approach uses the mechanism of self-generated instruments called IVX instrumentation developed by Magdalinos and Phillips (2009b). We first show that these methods remain valid for regressors with local unit roots in the explosive direction and mildly explosive roots, where the roots are further from unity in the explosive direction than 0 (n(-1)). It is also shown that Wald testing procedures remain robust for multivariate regressors with certain forms of ...


The Impacts Of Monetary Policies On Inflation Rates In Sudan (1970–2014).Pdf, Professor Issam A.W. Mohamed 2016 Department of Economics. Al Neelain University, Khartoum, Sudan

The Impacts Of Monetary Policies On Inflation Rates In Sudan (1970–2014).Pdf, Professor Issam A.W. Mohamed

Professor Issam A.W. Mohamed

"> The current paper investigates the role of fiscal and monetary policies on inflation in Sudan for the
period (1970-2014). The study assessed the impact of money supply, exchange rate, gross domestic product
(GDP), budget deficit and government expenditure on inflation. It has adopted a descriptive and analytical
method to achieve the goal. In particular, it has relied on empirical investigation based on descriptive statistic
and econometric modelling.
The results shows that several monetary, fiscal and structural factors, namely, money supply, budget deficit and
shrinking of gross domestic product are simultaneously influencing inflation in Sudan. While exchange rate and
government expenditure ...


Air Pollution, Temperature And Cognitive Performance In The Short Run: Evidence From Women’S Ability To Recall Dates, Ke Yang 2016 University of San Francisco

Air Pollution, Temperature And Cognitive Performance In The Short Run: Evidence From Women’S Ability To Recall Dates, Ke Yang

Master's Theses

Abstract: Cognitive performance is important to productivity across many fields and potentially correlated to air pollution and extreme temperatures. We study the effects of daily ambient air pollution and monthly temperature on women’s ability of recalling dates across 42 developing countries from 1997 to 2009. We use an estimated natural air pollution data, and calculate the AQI to get an aggregate effect of air pollution. We find that one standard deviation increase in the AQI leads to a statistical decrease in women’s probability to recall dates such as birthdays, marriage date or children’s birthdays by 0.44 ...


Air Pollution And Fetal Loss In The Global Tropics, Shuqiao Cheng 2016 University of San Francisco

Air Pollution And Fetal Loss In The Global Tropics, Shuqiao Cheng

Master's Theses

Abstract: Recent work has shown that in-utero air pollution has negative effects on both contemporaneous birth outcomes and long-term human capital outcomes. However, only a few studies explore the effects of in-utero exposure to air pollution on fetal loss, and none of the studies has been done in developing countries. In this study, we examine the impact of naturally caused CO and PM 2.5 on reproductive outcomes in 40 developing countries from 1997 to 2009. We present childbirths and birth gender as measures for potential fetal losses. The richest model identified using variation in pollution between pregnancies with controlling ...


Behavioral Determinants Of Biofortified Food Acceptance: The Case Of Orange-Fleshed Sweet Potato In Ghana, Chinonso E. Etumnu 2016 University of San Francisco

Behavioral Determinants Of Biofortified Food Acceptance: The Case Of Orange-Fleshed Sweet Potato In Ghana, Chinonso E. Etumnu

Master's Theses

Biofortified foods are being introduced in sub-Saharan Africa as an important strategy to help address micronutrient malnutrition. However, there has been little research on factors that could play decisive roles in their successful introduction. This paper investigates the determinants of consumer acceptance of biofortified orange-fleshed sweet potato (OFSP) using data from a choice experiment conducted in Ghana. I find that OFSP is preferred to traditional white-fleshed and yellow-fleshed sweet potatoes as indicated by consumers' marginal willingness to pay for the three varieties. I also find that respondents' socio-economic characteristics do not have a significant effect on consumer acceptance of OFSP ...


The Investment Casualties Of War: Global Impacts Of Armed Conflict On Foreign Direct Investment Inflows, Reinhard J. Cate Mr. 2016 University of San Francisco

The Investment Casualties Of War: Global Impacts Of Armed Conflict On Foreign Direct Investment Inflows, Reinhard J. Cate Mr.

Master's Theses

Abstract: Involvement in the outbreak of an armed conflict can present a variety of potential risks to an involved nation’s economy. In this paper I examine if one one of those risks, specifically that a new war could scare away foreign investment actually occurs and whether the intensity of the conflict increases or lessens the potential impact. Using ordinary least squares on panel data from 1966 to 2015, I examine the short and long term impacts of armed conflict on global foreign direct investment (FDI) inflows using two measures of conflict intensity: Large conflicts or ‘wars’, with 1000 or ...


Effect Of Non-Monetary Incentives On Women's Competitive Inclination: Experimental Evidence From Ancona, Italy, Kalkidan Shebi 2016 University of San Francisco

Effect Of Non-Monetary Incentives On Women's Competitive Inclination: Experimental Evidence From Ancona, Italy, Kalkidan Shebi

Master's Theses

This study investigates how monetary incentives versus non-monetary incentives affect women’s decision to enter a competitive environment. This study was conducted in Ancona Italy, in a controlled laboratory experiment with a total of 60 participants; of which 29 were male and 31 were female. Participants were given mathematical addition problems to solve under alternative incentives. How they received these incentives differed based on their preference to enter or withdraw from the competition. The study also included components that assessed risk preferences and willingness to pay for the non-monetary incentive in the experiment. Results show no significant difference in performance ...


Geospatial Modeling Of Vietnamese Fdi, Cuong Nguyen Tien 2016 CUNY Hunter College

Geospatial Modeling Of Vietnamese Fdi, Cuong Nguyen Tien

School of Arts & Sciences Theses

This thesis sets a goal to analyze and project geographically disaggregated measures of FDI using aggregate data. We regress the country level FDI with aggregate, fine geospatial data on GDP, urban extent, and risk. By disaggregating the model, we will predict the FDI flow in every 1000 square kilometer area.


Bullying And Human Capital Accumulation: Evidence From The National Longitudinal Survey Of Youth, 1997, Jessica Lum 2016 CUNY Hunter College

Bullying And Human Capital Accumulation: Evidence From The National Longitudinal Survey Of Youth, 1997, Jessica Lum

School of Arts & Sciences Theses

Data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth, 1997 (NLSY97) is used to study the effect of bullying on human capital accumulation. Findings suggest that adolescent bullying has a significant and negative impact on the highest educational level attained, as well as income earned as an adult.


Exploring The Relationship Between Agricultural Electricity Consumption And Output: New Evidence From Turkish Regional Data, Eyup Dogan, Maamar Sebri, Berna Turkekul 2016 Selected Works

Exploring The Relationship Between Agricultural Electricity Consumption And Output: New Evidence From Turkish Regional Data, Eyup Dogan, Maamar Sebri, Berna Turkekul

Maamar Sebri

This study investigates the relationship between agricultural electricity consumption and agricultural output for a panel of 12 regions of Turkey for the period 1995–2013. In order to reveal the possible heterogeneity between regions, empirical analyses are conducted for the whole panel data and two sub-groups within the panel data; namely, coastal regions and non-coastal regions. The results from several panel unit root tests indicate that electricity consumption and output are stationary process at their levels for overall panel and the two specific groups. By using the OLS with regional fixed effects, this study finds that coefficient estimate of electricity ...


Regression Discontinuity Designs With Clustered Data: Variance And Bandwidth Choice, Otávio C. Bartalotti, Quentin O. Brummet 2016 Iowa State University

Regression Discontinuity Designs With Clustered Data: Variance And Bandwidth Choice, Otávio C. Bartalotti, Quentin O. Brummet

Otávio Bartalotti

Regression Discontinuity designs have become popular in empirical studies due to their attractive properties for estimating causal effects under transparent assumptions. Nonetheless, most popular procedures assume i.i.d. data, which is unreasonable in many common applications. To relax this assumption, we derive the properties of traditional estimators in a setting that incorporates clustering at the level of the running variable, and propose an accompanying optimal-MSE bandwidth selection rule. Simulation results demonstrate that falsely assuming data are i.i.d. may lead to higher MSE due to inadequate bandwidth choice. We apply our procedure to analyze the impact of Low-Income ...


16-10 Mean-Dispersion Preferences With A Specific Dispersion Function, Mark Schneider, Manuel Nunez 2016 Chapman University

16-10 Mean-Dispersion Preferences With A Specific Dispersion Function, Mark Schneider, Manuel Nunez

ESI Working Papers

A popular approach to modeling ambiguity aversion is to decompose preferences into the subjective expected utility of an act and an ambiguity index, or an adjustment factor, or a dispersion function. However, in these approaches the dispersion function (or ambiguity index, or adjustment factor) has very little structure imposed on it, leaving the selection of a specific dispersion function in applications to be rather arbitrary. In this note, working in the Anscombe- Aumann (1963) framework, we provide a simpler axiomatic characterization of mean-dispersion preferences which uniquely identifies the dispersion function from the infinite class of possible alternatives. Given the representation ...


16-09 Designing Contests Between Heterogeneous Contestants: An Experimental Study Of Tie-Breaks And Bid-Caps In All-Pay Auctions, Aniol Llorente-Saguer, Roman M. Sheremeta, Nora Szech 2016 Queen Mary University of London

16-09 Designing Contests Between Heterogeneous Contestants: An Experimental Study Of Tie-Breaks And Bid-Caps In All-Pay Auctions, Aniol Llorente-Saguer, Roman M. Sheremeta, Nora Szech

ESI Working Papers

A well-known theoretical result in the contest literature is that greater heterogeneity decreases performance of contestants because of the “discouragement effect.” Leveling the playing field by favoring weaker contestants through bid-caps and favorable tie-breaking rules can reduce the discouragement effect and increase the designer’s revenue. We test these predictions in an experiment. Our data show that indeed, strengthening weaker contestants through tie-breaks and bid-caps significantly diminishes the discouragement effect. Bid-caps can also improve revenue. Most deviations from Nash equilibrium can be explained by the level-k model of reasoning.


Testing Stochastic Convergence Amongst Mexican States: A Polynomial Regression Analysis, Vicente German-Soto, Natalia Salazar Garza 2016 Autonomous University of Coahuila

Testing Stochastic Convergence Amongst Mexican States: A Polynomial Regression Analysis, Vicente German-Soto, Natalia Salazar Garza

Vicente German-Soto

Another look on the economic convergence among Mexican states is offered examining whether they are approaching along 1940-2010. Methodology is based on polynomial regressions, a method that determines whether predictions can be significantly improved by increasing the complexity of the fitted straight-line model. Estimates from a set of polynomial terms are a theoretical approximation to income differentials, so it constitutes an adequate frame to analyze if different initial conditions tend to diminish in the long-run. We calibrate for each economy the polynomial equation of best adjustment supported in information criteria and a strategy of backward iterative elimination. Empirical results are ...


Testing Stochastic Convergence Amongst Mexican States: A Polynomial Regression Analysis, Vicente German-Soto, Natalia Salazar Garza 2016 Autonomous University of Coahuila

Testing Stochastic Convergence Amongst Mexican States: A Polynomial Regression Analysis, Vicente German-Soto, Natalia Salazar Garza

Vicente German-Soto

Another look on the economic convergence among Mexican states is offered examining whether they are approaching along 1940-2010. Methodology is based on polynomial regressions, a method that determines whether predictions can be significantly improved by increasing the complexity of the fitted straight-line model. Estimates from a set of polynomial terms are a theoretical approximation to income differentials, so it constitutes an adequate frame to analyze if different initial conditions tend to diminish in the long-run. We calibrate for each economy the polynomial equation of best adjustment supported in information criteria and a strategy of backward iterative elimination. Empirical results are ...


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