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Implementing Propensity Score Matching With Network Data: The Effect Of Gatt On Bilateral Trade, Luca De Benedictis, Bruno Arpino, Alessandra Mattei 2017 Universitat Pompeu Fabra

Implementing Propensity Score Matching With Network Data: The Effect Of Gatt On Bilateral Trade, Luca De Benedictis, Bruno Arpino, Alessandra Mattei

Luca De Benedictis

Motivated by the evaluation of the causal effect of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade on bilateral international trade flows, we investigate the role of network structure in propensity score matching under the assumption of strong ignorability. We study the sensitivity of causal inference with respect to the presence of characteristics of the network in the set of confounders conditional on which strong ignorability is assumed to hold. We find that estimates of the average causal effect are highly sensitive to the presence of node-level network statistics in the set of confounders. Therefore, we argue that estimates may suffer ...


Essays On The Law Of One Price In Financial Markets And The Recent Financial Crisis, Igor Sorkin 2017 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Essays On The Law Of One Price In Financial Markets And The Recent Financial Crisis, Igor Sorkin

All Graduate Works by Year: Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

Essay 1: The theory of the Law of One Price (LOOP) is one of the most important theories in International Economics. I use financial markets to revisit the validity of the LOOP in the short run, and then extend the analysis into the long-run to examine whether events such as the Financial Crisis of 2007-2009 can lead to the failure of the LOOP or worsen deviations from it. Using the data on Canadian companies cross-listed on the New York Stock Exchange, I find strong support that the LOOP holds in a cross-sectional framework despite the fact that the sample includes ...


Behind Germany’S Willkommenskultur And Hungary’S Xenophobic Sentiments: Responses To The Syrian Refugee Crisis Within The European Union, Mia Kelliher 2017 University of Puget Sound

Behind Germany’S Willkommenskultur And Hungary’S Xenophobic Sentiments: Responses To The Syrian Refugee Crisis Within The European Union, Mia Kelliher

International Political Economy Theses

The movement of over 4.5 million Syrian refugees and other migrants fleeing the Syrian civil war has put significant strain on the European Union’s (EU) member states both politically, socially, and economically. This tests a state’s ability and willingness to continue to accept refugees. This paper aims to answer the question of what determines the willingness and the ability of certain EU member states, specifically Germany and Hungary, to accept refugees. While there are many factors that vary from state to state, there are factors that dominate and heavily influence a state’s willingness and ability to ...


Winning The Virtuous Battle, But Losing The War? The Tradeoffs Of Humanitarian Aid And Its Impact On Human Development, Sierra Miller 2017 University of Puget Sound

Winning The Virtuous Battle, But Losing The War? The Tradeoffs Of Humanitarian Aid And Its Impact On Human Development, Sierra Miller

International Political Economy Theses

This paper addresses the question of what conditions best enable recipient countries to harness humanitarian aid to create long term human development. In an examination of the 2010 earthquake in Haiti, and the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami in Sri Lanka, it becomes clear that the conditions that limit humanitarian aid’s potential for human development are more apparent than those that enable it. Political conflict, instability, inequalities, and social divisions in the recipient countries contribute to the limited effect of humanitarian aid on development, but institutional weakness, inconsistency, and competition within the international humanitarian aid community have a larger impact ...


Degree Matters: The Impact Of A Leader’S Foreign Education On His Country’S Economic Development, Zhongyi Yu 2017 Claremont McKenna College

Degree Matters: The Impact Of A Leader’S Foreign Education On His Country’S Economic Development, Zhongyi Yu

CMC Senior Theses

I analyze the correlation between a nation leader’s foreign education experience and their nation’s GDP growth and economic freedom in African, Asian, and South American countries. There is a statistically significant correlation between a leader’s foreign education and the country’s GDP growth rate, especially in Africa. Data also shows that a leader’s foreign education is positively correlated with his country’s economic freedom. Despite the fact that the regressions can only demonstrate correlation as opposed to causation relationships among variables, further analysis of the results concludes that a leader’s education and the country’s ...


The Pdvsa Pricing Puzzle, Paolo Colla, Anna Gelpern, Mitu Gulati 2017 Duke Law School

The Pdvsa Pricing Puzzle, Paolo Colla, Anna Gelpern, Mitu Gulati

Faculty Scholarship

Market reports in the summer of 2016 suggest that Venezuela is on the brink of default on upwards of $65 billion in debt. That debt comprises of bonds issued directly by the sovereign and those issued by the state-owned oil company PDVSA. Based on the bond contracts and other legal factors, it is not clear which of these two categories of bonds would fare better in the event of a restructuring. However, market observers are convinced — and we agree — that legal and contractual differences would likely impact the payouts on the bonds if Venezuela defaults. Using a comparison of recent ...


Non-Defaultable Debt And Sovereign Risk, Juan Carlos Hatchondo, Leonardo Martinez, Yasin Kursat Onder 2016 Selected Works

Non-Defaultable Debt And Sovereign Risk, Juan Carlos Hatchondo, Leonardo Martinez, Yasin Kursat Onder

Leonardo Martinez

No abstract provided.


Distance-Varying Assortativity And Clustering Of The International Trade Network, Angela Abbate, Luca De Benedictis, Giorgio Fagiolo, Lucia Tajoli 2016 Deutsche Bundesbank

Distance-Varying Assortativity And Clustering Of The International Trade Network, Angela Abbate, Luca De Benedictis, Giorgio Fagiolo, Lucia Tajoli

Luca De Benedictis

In this paper we study how the topology of the International Trade Network (ITN) changes in geographical space, and along time. We employ geographical distance between countries in the World to filter the links in the ITN, building a sequence of sub-networks, each one featuring trade links occurring at similar distance. We then test if the assortativity
and clustering of ITN subnetworks changes as distance increases, and we nd that this is indeed the case: distance strongly impacts, in a non-linear way, the topology of the ITN.We show that the ITN is disassortative at long distances while it is ...


Contents, 2016 University of Georgia School of Law

Contents

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


Emigration, Repatriation And The Reality Of Returned Youth In El Salvador, Isabel C. Duarte Vasquez 2016 The University of San Francisco

Emigration, Repatriation And The Reality Of Returned Youth In El Salvador, Isabel C. Duarte Vasquez

Master's Theses

According to US Customs and Border Protection, over 59 thousand unaccompanied minors from the Northern Triangle (Guatemala, Honduras and El Salvador) have been detained at the US border, of those 59 thousand, 17 thousand are from El Salvador. El Salvador is home to some of the most dangerous and ruthless gangs of the twenty-first century. Their ruthlessness comes from 1980s guerrilla warfare experience. In addition, El Salvador serves as a transshipment point for illicit substances from South America into Mexico. These dynamics fuel the homicide rate of the region as local gang members must protect their territory by any means ...


Quality Differences And Price Responsiveness Of Wheat Class Demands, William W. Wilson, Paul Gallagher 2016 North Dakota State University

Quality Differences And Price Responsiveness Of Wheat Class Demands, William W. Wilson, Paul Gallagher

Paul Gallagher

Price responsiveness and preferences for wheat classes are measured using a Case function specification. Results indicate there have been numerous changes in market shares of wheat classes from different exporters in specific markets. In general, quality differentials are important in some international markets; in others, relative prices are more important in determining market


Implications Of The North American Free Trade Agreement For Long-Term Adjustments In U.S.-Mexican Beef Production And Trade, Bryan Melton, Wallace Huffman 2016 Iowa State University

Implications Of The North American Free Trade Agreement For Long-Term Adjustments In U.S.-Mexican Beef Production And Trade, Bryan Melton, Wallace Huffman

Wallace Huffman

North America is in the midst of forming one of the world's largest free trade areas. The Canada-U.S. Free Trade Agreement was signed in 1988. The signing of the North America Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) between the United States and Mexico completes the,/ major agreements for the trading area.


The Ec Livestock Sector: Policy, Trade, And Research, Dermot J. Hayes, John Murphy, David A. Hennessy 2016 Iowa State University

The Ec Livestock Sector: Policy, Trade, And Research, Dermot J. Hayes, John Murphy, David A. Hennessy

Dermot J. Hayes

Livestock policies in the European Community (EC) are explained and analyzed. Then we provide a review of the literature on models that attempt to explain livestock production and meat demand in the EC.


Implications Of A Gatt Agreement For World Commodity Markets, 1991-2000, Brain Lee Buhr, James Hansen, Zuhair A. Hassan, Dermot J. Hayes, Michael D. Helmar, David Hennessy, William H. Meyers, Deborah L. Stephens, Kyle J. Stephens, Patrick C. Westhoff 2016 Iowa State University

Implications Of A Gatt Agreement For World Commodity Markets, 1991-2000, Brain Lee Buhr, James Hansen, Zuhair A. Hassan, Dermot J. Hayes, Michael D. Helmar, David Hennessy, William H. Meyers, Deborah L. Stephens, Kyle J. Stephens, Patrick C. Westhoff

Dermot J. Hayes

A dynamic multicountry, multicommodity model is used to evaluate the impact of a moderate General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) agreement. The terms of this agreement are as follows. 1) Export subsidy quantities (using annual and price wedges) are reduced by 50 percent from the 1986-88 average by 1996. 2) Import restrictions are tariffed and reduced by 33 percent form the 1986-88 average by 1996 (tariffs are measured by using an annual price wedge approach). 3) Internal supports, as measured by the aggregate measure of support (AMS) are reduced by 33 percent from the 1986-88 average by 1996 (fixed ...


Implications Of A Gatt Agreement For World Commodity Markets, 1993-98: An Analysis Of The Dunkel Text On Agriculture, William H. Meyers, Dermot J. Hayes, Patrick C. Westhoff, Michael D. Helmar, Deborah L. Stephens, K. Eswaramoorthy, Abner W. Womack, Robert E. Young II, D. Scott Brown, Gary M. Adams 2016 Iowa State University

Implications Of A Gatt Agreement For World Commodity Markets, 1993-98: An Analysis Of The Dunkel Text On Agriculture, William H. Meyers, Dermot J. Hayes, Patrick C. Westhoff, Michael D. Helmar, Deborah L. Stephens, K. Eswaramoorthy, Abner W. Womack, Robert E. Young Ii, D. Scott Brown, Gary M. Adams

Dermot J. Hayes

The Food and Agricultural Policy Research Institute (FAPRI) received a request in mid-February to analyze the proposed changes to agriculture and agricultural trade made by Arthur Dunkel. These changes essentially fall into three areas. 1) Export Competition. Subsidies are subject to reduction in two ways. Expenditures are to be reduced by 36 percent and quantities exported with the benefit of subsidies are to be reduced by 24 percent from 1986-90 average levels. 2) Internal Support. Using a world reference price based on the 1986-88 average levels, internal supports as measured by an aggregate measure of support (AMS) are to be ...


Policy And Forecasting Models For The Chinese, South Korean, Australian, And European Union Meat Sectors, Ian Shaw, John Shaffer, V. Premakumar, Dermot J. Hayes 2016 Iowa State University

Policy And Forecasting Models For The Chinese, South Korean, Australian, And European Union Meat Sectors, Ian Shaw, John Shaffer, V. Premakumar, Dermot J. Hayes

Dermot J. Hayes

Recent strong growth in the export of U.S. meat products combined with increasing Asian demand for feed grains has focused attention on tools to analyze growth potential in these markets. This paper demonstrates that structural models of the livestock industries in foreign countries can provide information about the prospects for meat and related agricultural commodities. They can also be used to analyze the impact of policy changes.


Fapri 2010 U.S. And World Agricultural Outlook, Miguel Carriquiry, Fengxia Dong, Xiaodong Du, Amani E. Elobeid, Jacinto F. Fabiosa, Chad Hart, Dermot J. Hayes, Karen Kovarik, Kranti Mulik, Eric Wailes, Ed Chavez, Marcelo Moreira, Julian Binfield, D. Scott Brown, Scott Gerlt, Daniel Madison, Seth Meyer, William H. Meyers, Wyatt Thompson, Patrick C. Westhoff, Lori Wilcox, Abner W. Womack 2016 Iowa State University

Fapri 2010 U.S. And World Agricultural Outlook, Miguel Carriquiry, Fengxia Dong, Xiaodong Du, Amani E. Elobeid, Jacinto F. Fabiosa, Chad Hart, Dermot J. Hayes, Karen Kovarik, Kranti Mulik, Eric Wailes, Ed Chavez, Marcelo Moreira, Julian Binfield, D. Scott Brown, Scott Gerlt, Daniel Madison, Seth Meyer, William H. Meyers, Wyatt Thompson, Patrick C. Westhoff, Lori Wilcox, Abner W. Womack

Dermot J. Hayes

The FAPRI 2010 U.S. and World Agricultural Outlook presents projections of world agricultural production, consumption, and trade under average weather patterns, existing farm policy, and policy commitments under current trade agreements and custom unions. The outlook uses a macroeconomic forecast developed by IHS Global Insight.


Fapri 2008 U.S. And World Agricultural Outlook, Miguel Carriquiry, Fengxia Dong, Amani E. Elobeid, Jacinto F. Fabiosa, Chad Hart, Dermot J. Hayes, Karen Kovarik, Jun Ruan, Simla Tokgoz, Tun-Hsiang (Edward) Yu, Eric Wailes, Ed Chavez, Julian Binfield, D. Scott Brown, Daniel Madison, Seth Meyer, William H. Meyers, Wyatt Thompson, Patrick C. Westhoff, Lori Wilcox, Abner W. Womack 2016 Iowa State University

Fapri 2008 U.S. And World Agricultural Outlook, Miguel Carriquiry, Fengxia Dong, Amani E. Elobeid, Jacinto F. Fabiosa, Chad Hart, Dermot J. Hayes, Karen Kovarik, Jun Ruan, Simla Tokgoz, Tun-Hsiang (Edward) Yu, Eric Wailes, Ed Chavez, Julian Binfield, D. Scott Brown, Daniel Madison, Seth Meyer, William H. Meyers, Wyatt Thompson, Patrick C. Westhoff, Lori Wilcox, Abner W. Womack

Dermot J. Hayes

The FAPRI 2008 U.S. and World Agricultural Outlook presents projections of world agricultural production, consumption, and trade under average weather patterns, existing farm policy, and policy commitments under current trade agreements and custom unions. The outlook uses a macroeconomic forecast developed by Global Insight.


Fapri-Isu 2011 World Agricultural Outlook, Miguel Carriquiry, Jerome R.F. Dumortier, Amani E. Elobeid, Jacinto F. Fabiosa, Dermot J. Hayes, Karen Kovarik, Kranti Mulik, Juan Francisco Rosas 2016 Iowa State University

Fapri-Isu 2011 World Agricultural Outlook, Miguel Carriquiry, Jerome R.F. Dumortier, Amani E. Elobeid, Jacinto F. Fabiosa, Dermot J. Hayes, Karen Kovarik, Kranti Mulik, Juan Francisco Rosas

Dermot J. Hayes

The FAPRI-ISU 2011 World Agricultural Outlook presents projections of world agricultural production, consumption, and trade under average weather patterns, existing farm policy, and policy commitments under current trade agreements and custom unions. These projections are intended for use by farmers, U.S. Congress, government agencies and officials, agribusinesses, and others who do medium-range and long-term planning. This outlook introduces a fertilizer model and a cellulosic ethanol model and presents an improved greenhouse gas emission accounting model. This allows FAPRI-ISU to include in its outlook projections of world fertilizer use by nutrient, by country, by commodity, and by year, and projections ...


Fapri 2009 U.S. And World Agricultural Outlook, Miguel Carriquiry, Fengxia Dong, Xiaodong Du, Amani E. Elobeid, Jacinto F. Fabiosa, Chad Hart, Dermot J. Hayes, Karen Kovarik, Simla Tokgoz, Eric Wailes, Ed Chavez, Julian Binfield, D. Scott Browhn, Scott Gerlt, Daniel Madison, Seth Meyer, William H. Meyers, Wyatt Thompson, Patrick C. Westhoff, Lori Wilcox, Abner W. Womack 2016 Iowa State University

Fapri 2009 U.S. And World Agricultural Outlook, Miguel Carriquiry, Fengxia Dong, Xiaodong Du, Amani E. Elobeid, Jacinto F. Fabiosa, Chad Hart, Dermot J. Hayes, Karen Kovarik, Simla Tokgoz, Eric Wailes, Ed Chavez, Julian Binfield, D. Scott Browhn, Scott Gerlt, Daniel Madison, Seth Meyer, William H. Meyers, Wyatt Thompson, Patrick C. Westhoff, Lori Wilcox, Abner W. Womack

Dermot J. Hayes

The FAPRI 2009 U.S. and World Agricultural Outlook presents projections of world agricultural production, consumption, and trade under average weather patterns, existing farm policy, and policy commitments under current trade agreements and custom unions. The outlook uses a macroeconomic forecast developed by IHS Global Insight.


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