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Islamic Finance : A Study Of Malaysian Banks From 1999-2006, Tamer El-Gindi 2021 The American University in Cairo AUC

Islamic Finance : A Study Of Malaysian Banks From 1999-2006, Tamer El-Gindi

Archived Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Oil Price Fluctuations Impact On The Lebanese Economic Well Being, Hanadi Taher 2021 Associate Professor, Department of Economics, Faculty of Business Administration, Beirut Arab University, Beirut, Lebanon

Oil Price Fluctuations Impact On The Lebanese Economic Well Being, Hanadi Taher

BAU Journal - Health and Wellbeing

This paper investigates the impact of oil price fluctuation on the Lebanese economic well being during the period from 1988 to 2018 using multivariable ordinary least square method with annual time series. taking the Lebanese GDP per capita as proxy for the economic wellbeing as dependent variable and the crud oil average annual prices as proxy for oil price fluctuations with Labor and gross fixed capital formation as two control variables. The test results show a significant and positive impact for the oil price fluctuations on the Lebanese economic well being and the significant results for control variables. In testing ...


The Political Economy Of The Cost Of Foreign Exchange Intervention, Devika Dutt 2021 University of Massachusetts Amherst

The Political Economy Of The Cost Of Foreign Exchange Intervention, Devika Dutt

Doctoral Dissertations

Central Banks around the world increasingly intervene in the foreign exchange market for a variety of reasons, such as maintaining exchange rate stability and maintaining a buffer against the impact of capital flight. In fact, research shows that central banks can lean against the macroeconomic policy trilemma through maintaining reserves and intervening in the foreign exchange market, and thereby secure policy space. However, securing this policy space can come at substantial cost. This dissertation explores the political economy of these costs of foreign exchange intervention. Chapter I discusses the concept of the direct cost of intervention, calculates these costs for ...


Sustainable Development In Lithuania: An Emerging Market Case Study, Zachary M. Vlessing 2021 University of Pennsylvania

Sustainable Development In Lithuania: An Emerging Market Case Study, Zachary M. Vlessing

Social Impact Research Experience (SIRE)

In June 2021, a group of researchers from ESG analytics firm Impact Cubed published research that analyzed country level progress in achieving the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). These goals form the international standard on 21st century development, advancing economic, social, environmental, and democratic values. Utilizing a pathway analysis to track a country's trajectory in achieving the goals, this groundbreaking study found that Lithuania has the strongest pathway towards Sustainable Development in the world.

To understand both what has driven this progress and what can be done to further capitalize on their success, field research was conducted in ...


Technological And Disruptive Innovations In A Nation's Industrialization And Leadership Development, Jeffrey Yi-Lin Forrest, Zhen Li, Roger A. Solano, David J. Doorn 2021 Slippery Rock University of Pennsylvania

Technological And Disruptive Innovations In A Nation's Industrialization And Leadership Development, Jeffrey Yi-Lin Forrest, Zhen Li, Roger A. Solano, David J. Doorn

Economics & Finance Faculty Publications

The turn of this new century has been witnessing the effort of various leading developed and developing countries in their attempt to materialize next round of industrialization by emphasizing on innovations. To potentially provide guidance to such national efforts, this paper explores the relationship between technological innovation and industrialization and the importance of disruptive innovation in the development of a nation's international leadership. By employing the rigor of game theory, this work first looks at key conditions under which an established market invites competition and innovation. On top of such generally true results, it is consequently shown that technological ...


Violence And Development: The Cost Countries Pay For High Rates Of Homicide, Brittany Lowe 2021 University of Louisville

Violence And Development: The Cost Countries Pay For High Rates Of Homicide, Brittany Lowe

The Cardinal Edge

Violence is one of the largest and most persistent humanitarian crises across the globe. Understanding violence’s role in economic costs and losses is crucial to informing and guiding decision makers. This study uses international panel data to conduct a log-linear regression with time and country fixed effects. It focuses on studying the causal effects of violent crime on GDP at an aggregate, international level. The results find that the homicide rate has a statistically significant, negative effect on GDP per capita. Acts of violence come not just at a humanitarian cost, but also at the cost of economic progress ...


Migration And Spatial Misallocation In China, Xiaolu LI, Lin MA, Yang TANG 2021 Singapore Management University

Migration And Spatial Misallocation In China, Xiaolu Li, Lin Ma, Yang Tang

Research Collection School Of Economics

We structurally estimate the firm-level frictions across prefectures in China and quantify their aggregate and distributional implications. Based on a general equi-librium model with input and output distortions and migration, we show that the firm-level frictions are less dispersed and less correlated with productivity in richer prefectures. Counterfactual exercises show that reducing the within-prefecture mis-allocation increases the aggregate welfare, discourages migration towards large cities, and narrows the spatial inequality. Moreover, internal migration alleviates the impacts of micro-frictions on aggregate welfare and worsens their impacts on spatial inequality.


Three Essays On Exchange Rate Models And Their Applications, Azza A. Mansour 2021 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Three Essays On Exchange Rate Models And Their Applications, Azza A. Mansour

Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

Chapter 1: This chapter attempts to identify the determinant of exchange rate pass-through into producer and destination prices using highly disaggregated firm-level data of importers and exporters of the Egyptian economy from 2009 to 2013. The main findings assert the hypothesis of complete exchange rate pass-through into destination prices at the lowest level of significance for the average exporting firm that is also importing. Furthermore, the firm with the highest import intensity has a lower percentage of pass-through into destination prices, indicating that the marginal cost channel plays a more significant role in determining the speed of the exchange rate ...


Essays On Firms In International Trade, Aldo Sandoval Hernandez 2021 The University of Western Ontario

Essays On Firms In International Trade, Aldo Sandoval Hernandez

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

My thesis is composed by three chapters that study the important role that firms play in mediating imports and exports between countries, and how their decisions and heterogeneity can influence the behavior of macroeconomic outcomes. The first chapter, explores the role of demand uncertainty and learning in explaining the low survival rates and sales of new exporters using a manufacturing survey for Colombian firms. In the second chapter, using a transaction-level dataset for Colombian exporters, I document novel facts about the post-entry dynamics of firm performance and prices in international markets, and study their connection with the transmission of exchange ...


Islamic Bank Amid The 2008 Global Financial Crisis: A Bibliometric Analysis, Maulidar -. Agustina Ms., M. Shabri -. Abd. Majid Prof. Dr., Hafasnuddin -. Hafasnuddin Dr. 2021 Universitas Syiah Kuala (USK), Indonesia

Islamic Bank Amid The 2008 Global Financial Crisis: A Bibliometric Analysis, Maulidar -. Agustina Ms., M. Shabri -. Abd. Majid Prof. Dr., Hafasnuddin -. Hafasnuddin Dr.

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

This study aims to provide a bibliometric and science mapping analysis on the research area of Islamic banks and the 2008 global financial crisis published in the Scopus indexed database over the 2008-2021 period. The study used the VOSviewer software and MS Excel spreadsheet for data analysis. The study identified an increasing trend in publication on the topic. The study found that Alqahtani was the most productive author, while Bourkhis and Nabi were the highly cited authors. The authors from Malaysia were the productive publication, while the Journal of Islamic and Middle Eastern Finance and Management was found to be ...


Growing Like Google: Endogenous Growth With Global Network Externalities, Juan Carlos Cordoba, Sicheng He 2021 Iowa State University

Growing Like Google: Endogenous Growth With Global Network Externalities, Juan Carlos Cordoba, Sicheng He

Economics Working Papers

We study endogenous growth in the presence of domestic and international network externalities. In our model, network externalities provide natural protection to first movers and incentivize disruptive innovations without the need for patent protection. Domestic and global growth depends on the extent of network externalities, international compatibility costs, and anti-trust policies. We find that traditional anti-trust policies may lead to unintended outcomes. Policies such as banning price discrimination or collusion may reduce economic growth. In particular, price discrimination and collusion could increase economic growth when network externalities are large in relation to compatibility costs.


Essays On Spatial Econometrics Application In Study Of Conflict And Economic Activity, Ahmed Sadek Yousuf 2021 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Essays On Spatial Econometrics Application In Study Of Conflict And Economic Activity, Ahmed Sadek Yousuf

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Spatial interaction and the locational structure between observations as well as availability of satellite derived data has meant a richer and more exhaustive exploration of topics relevant in development topics, particularly in areas of subnational economic activity and conflict. This research leverages thus spatial econometric techniques to dynamically decompose impacts from socio-economic determinants on conflict incidence (with setting in Sub-Saharan Africa). Later I also present a statistical framework (based on extension of Henderson’s approach (2012)) to augment official income figures at district / county level with multiple satellite derived signals, with specific context given to developing countries.

In the first ...


Do Conditional Cash Transfers Increase School Enrollment? Evidence From Brazil, Jeanette L. Silvernale 2021 University of San Francisco

Do Conditional Cash Transfers Increase School Enrollment? Evidence From Brazil, Jeanette L. Silvernale

Master's Theses

Conditional cash transfer programs have been widely deployed across the globe. They seek to bolster human capital by providing benefits contingent upon a variety of actions such as school attendance and regular health checkups. Bolsa Familia is the most extensive conditional cash transfer program, serving 46 million Brazilian citizens. Despite its expansive size, there have been seldom large-scale micro evaluations of the program. Limited data has resulted in small sample sizes drawn from a single point in time. Our study diverges from the rest and utilizes a novel administrative dataset with an overall sample of nearly 60 million and a ...


How Do Firms Respond To Long-Term Political Tensions? Evidence From Chinese Food Importers, Haoran Li, Xibo Wan, Wendong Zhang 2021 Iowa State University

How Do Firms Respond To Long-Term Political Tensions? Evidence From Chinese Food Importers, Haoran Li, Xibo Wan, Wendong Zhang

Economics Working Papers

Political and economic tensions, which often jeopardize trade, are rising among the world’s major powers, and countries like China are more frequently using food-related trade actions to deal with deteriorating political relations. Previous literature largely focuses on how brief, short-lived political tensions affect bilateral trade; however, little is known about firm-level trade responses to long-termpolitical tensions. This paper investigates how importers respond to long-term political tensions by examining the six-year Norway-China political tensions that ended in 2016. In particular, we use an event study approach to examine China’s seafood importers’ responses to China’s 2010 sanction on Norwegian ...


The Missing Middle In Product Price Distribution, Pao-li CHANG, Xin YI, Haeyeon YOON 2021 Singapore Management University

The Missing Middle In Product Price Distribution, Pao-Li Chang, Xin Yi, Haeyeon Yoon

SMU Economics and Statistics Working Paper Series

The IO literature has typically studied the supply-side factors that determine the price structure of products/services competing in a market. This paper pro-poses that the demand-side demographics could play an important role in shaping the product price structure. In particular, we document a “missing middle” phe-nomenon in both the income and the product price distributions in the U.S., based on the IPUMS ACS dataset (2005–2017) and the Nielsen Retail Scanner Data (2006–2017), for a large set of goods sold in the U.S. at the national, state, or commuting-zone level. We show that the lagged population ...


Improving Existing Methods For Calculating Embodied Carbon Emissions In Trade Through Feature Discovery: An Information Theoretic Approach, Sam Morton 2021 Dartmouth College

Improving Existing Methods For Calculating Embodied Carbon Emissions In Trade Through Feature Discovery: An Information Theoretic Approach, Sam Morton

Dartmouth College Undergraduate Theses

The continued societal and ecological risks posed by climate change have spurred renewed interest in quantitative tools that can improve policy aimed at climate mitigation. In 2008, international trade accounted for up to 26\% of global anthropogenic emissions, and therefore trade has garnered increased attention from policymakers seeking carbon mitigation. The concept of embodied carbon emissions in trade (EET) quantifies overall carbon emitted in the production and transport of goods for the purposes of trade. EET in theory could prove an indispensable tool to climate-concerned policymakers, but current implementations and data availability limit EET calculation to annual snapshots that extend ...


Colombian Women’S Experiences Of Cosmetic Surgery And Its Relationship To Body Image, Austin Gonzalez-Randolph 2021 National Louis University

Colombian Women’S Experiences Of Cosmetic Surgery And Its Relationship To Body Image, Austin Gonzalez-Randolph

Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to understand women’s experiences of cosmetic surgery and its effects on body image on women from the Colombian cities of Bogotá and Pereira. The participants of this study were women of Colombian descent, who reside in Colombia. This was done with the hopes of better understanding how culture impacts views on cosmetic surgery. Colombia appears to have a culture that is very enmeshed with cosmetic surgery. This study provides an initial exploratory and qualitative investigation into the perception of body image as it relates to cosmetic surgery among six young women living in ...


Essays On Market Structure, Price-Setting, And Spillovers, Nicholas J. Bauer 2021 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Essays On Market Structure, Price-Setting, And Spillovers, Nicholas J. Bauer

Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

Chapter 01: This paper explores the firm’s pricing-setting behavior through the lens of market structure and exchange rate pass-through. The basis for this chapter stems from a four-tiered nested constant elasticity of substitution demand function, where firms have non-negligible sector and subsector market shares. This model allows the firm to compete against firms within the same subsector, as well as against firms within other subsectors. From this model, I identify three propositions. First, a u-shaped price response in both sector and subsector market shares to an exchange rate movement. Second, a hump-shaped price response in subsector market share and ...


The Cnn Effect And State Violence Against Muslim Ethnic Minorities, Sydni Resnick 2021 University of Puget Sound

The Cnn Effect And State Violence Against Muslim Ethnic Minorities, Sydni Resnick

International Political Economy Theses

The emergence of new technology and mass social media has become a dominant tool for the propaganda machine which cycles baseless fringe opinions through unfettered and relentless iterations providing a false legitimacy to an alternative set of baseless facts that ultimately drives official policies. Specifically, the media is important as it molds public perception and brings global attention to international crises. International crises, such as ethnic cleansings or genocides, are widespread throughout the globe. Throughout history, genocides have been possible by the production of false narratives against specific religious or ethnic minorities. These narratives were promoted and reiterated by national ...


Climate Migration And Human Security, Sam Meade 2021 University of Puget Sound

Climate Migration And Human Security, Sam Meade

International Political Economy Theses

This paper examines climate change induced migration, human security, and the subsequent economic, political, and social fallout. By Examining the Arab spring through the lens of climate science, it becomes clear that climatic variability and a fragile global agricultural commodity system played an imperative role in sparking the 2011 Arab Spring and resulting civil conflicts. Next, I explore the international and regional policy responses to rising tides in the South Pacific. Low lying Pacific Island nations are among the most vulnerable nations in the world to climate change, and most residents will be forced to migrate off-island in the coming ...


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