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Delivering In Nairobi-And After, Andrea Spear, Mia Mikic 2016 United Nations ESCAP

Delivering In Nairobi-And After, Andrea Spear, Mia Mikic

Mia Mikic

Much hinges on the outcome of the World Trade Organization's Tenth Ministerial Conference in Nairobi in mid-December. The World Trade Organization (WTO) is marking the 20th anniversary of its establishment during the Uruguay Round, almost half a century after 23 countries set up its predecessor for trade in goods, the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT). Yet the mood is far from celebratory. Admittedly, trade has not been helping the global economy much in recent times. The downbeat feeling, however, is more related to the question of the WTO's relevance, now and in future. The WTO was ...


Why Ireland: How Bank Failure Was Their Key To Success, Nia R. Gillenwater 2016 Scripps College

Why Ireland: How Bank Failure Was Their Key To Success, Nia R. Gillenwater

Claremont-UC Undergraduate Research Conference on the European Union

Despite Ireland’s status as the first EU country to receive a bailout, Ireland appears to be bouncing back extremely well from the ongoing financial crisis in Europe and the EU. Looking at recent Irish economic statistics it begs the question whether the government’s complete guarantee of all Irish debts was the best response. Ireland’s financial crisis seemed quite similar to America’s: for both the root causes are freely lending for real estate and property. The responses however, were very different. While America let Lehman Brothers fail and only provided a partial guarantee to its banks, Ireland ...


An Affair To Remember, Gregory J. Brock 2016 Georgia Southern University

An Affair To Remember, Gregory J. Brock

Gregory J. Brock

No abstract provided.


Internationalization Choices And Italian Firm Performance During The Crisis, Claudio Vicarelli, Stefano Costa, Carmine Pappalardo 2016 Selected Works

Internationalization Choices And Italian Firm Performance During The Crisis, Claudio Vicarelli, Stefano Costa, Carmine Pappalardo

Claudio Vicarelli


We focus on the relationship between internationalization choices and performance of Italian firms during the first period of the financial crisis (2007-2010). Making use of a new firm level database, we build a six-class taxonomy of firms’ internationalization activities; then we estimate firms’ performance as a function of internationalization forms, also estimating Propensity score and Heckman selection models in order to control for endogeneity and sample selection bias. Over the period 2007-2010, Italian firms moved (on average) towards more complex forms of internationalization. Empirical analysis find that these upward changes are related with positive effects on firms’ (labour) productivity, also ...


Vultures Or Vanguards?: The Role Of Litigation In Sovereign Debt Restructuring, Jill E. Fisch, Caroline M. Gentile 2016 University of Pennsylvania Law School

Vultures Or Vanguards?: The Role Of Litigation In Sovereign Debt Restructuring, Jill E. Fisch, Caroline M. Gentile

Jill Fisch

No abstract provided.


Imprudent Power: Reconsidering U.S. Regulation Of Foreign Tender Offers, Jill E. Fisch 2016 University of Pennsylvania Law School

Imprudent Power: Reconsidering U.S. Regulation Of Foreign Tender Offers, Jill E. Fisch

Jill Fisch

No abstract provided.


Finance, Comparative Advantage, And Resource Allocation, Melise Jaud, Madina Kukenova, Martin Strieborny 2016 World Bank

Finance, Comparative Advantage, And Resource Allocation, Melise Jaud, Madina Kukenova, Martin Strieborny

Martin Strieborny

Can financial institutions and markets enhance the discipline imposed by competitive product markets and thus improve resource allocation in the real economy? We address this question in the context of international trade, using disaggregated product-level data from 71 countries exporting to the USA. We show that exported products exit the US market sooner if they stand far away from the exporting country's comparative advantage. This pattern is stronger when the exporting country has a well-developed banking system, but it is unaffected by the depth of stock markets. These results are in accordance with theories stressing the disciplining role of ...


Uncovering The Relationship Between Women’S Employment And Trade Orientation Using Firm-Level Data, Mohammad Amin, Asif Islam, Khrystyna Kushnir 2016 World Bank

Uncovering The Relationship Between Women’S Employment And Trade Orientation Using Firm-Level Data, Mohammad Amin, Asif Islam, Khrystyna Kushnir

Mohammad Amin

Existing cross-country studies linking women’s employment and trade liberalization are largely based on aggregate or macro-level data. There are exceptions where studies focus on a single country and utilize household survey data. Thus, existing studies are limited in informing models of women’s employment that highlight various firm-level determinants. Furthermore, there are theoretical reasons to believe that the women’s employment and trade liberalization relationship is heterogeneous across firm-level factors such as firm-size, age and industry. This study attempts to overcome these shortcomings by using firm-level survey data for over 17,000 manufacturing firms across 81 developing countries. Based ...


What Determines Public Pension Investment Risk-Taking Policy, Nancy Mohan, Ting Zhang 2016 University of Dayton

What Determines Public Pension Investment Risk-Taking Policy, Nancy Mohan, Ting Zhang

Nancy Mohan

State public pension plans, mostly defined benefit plans, cover pension benefits for 12.8 million active public employees and 5.9 million retirees and other annuitants. However, by the end of 2009, public pension plans had accumulated a total funding deficit of $697 billion (measured by the difference between actuarial pension assets and liabilities). On average, public pension funds cover 75 percent of their liabilities, but individual state results vary greatly.

The 2008 stock market crash strongly affected pension asset value in that equity allocation on average accounted for 56 percent of invested assets. The average 2009 pension asset beta ...


Natural Disasters In Latin America: The Role Of Disaster Type And Productive Sector On The Urban-Rural Income Gap And Rural To Urban Migration, Madeline Alice Messick 2016 University of Southern Mississippi

Natural Disasters In Latin America: The Role Of Disaster Type And Productive Sector On The Urban-Rural Income Gap And Rural To Urban Migration, Madeline Alice Messick

Dissertations

This research provides insight into the impact of natural disasters as drivers of rural to urban migration in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC). Disasters of varying types are predicted to have differing impacts on the productive sectors of agriculture, industry, and services; which due to the concentration of the various productive sectors in either urban or rural areas, subsequently changes the urban-rural wage differential. Changes to the wage differential (as measured by the urban-rural income gap) are predicted to lead to movement between urban and rural areas until a new equilibrium wage is reached.

This dissertation first identifies a ...


The Influence Of The Electric Supply Industry On Economic Growth In Less Developed Countries, Edward Richard Bee 2016 University of Southern Mississippi

The Influence Of The Electric Supply Industry On Economic Growth In Less Developed Countries, Edward Richard Bee

Dissertations

This study measures the impact that electrical outages have on manufacturing production in 135 less developed countries using stochastic frontier analysis and data from World Bank’s Investment Climate surveys. Outages of electricity, for firms with and without backup power sources, are the most frequently cited constraint on manufacturing growth in these surveys.

Outages are shown to reduce output below the production frontier by almost five percent in Africa and by a lower percentage in South Asia, Southeast Asia and the Middle East and North Africa. Production response to outages is quadratic in form. Outages also increase labor cost, reduce ...


The Environmental Effects Of Trade And Environmental Policy Within And Across Sectors, Lawrence Dale LaPlue III 2016 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

The Environmental Effects Of Trade And Environmental Policy Within And Across Sectors, Lawrence Dale Laplue Iii

Doctoral Dissertations

In the first chapter of this dissertation I analyze how establishment-level choices and dynamics affect aggregate emissions outcomes. To do this I first decompose aggregate emissions into three channels: scale or country size, composition or sector market share, and aggregate technique or emissions intensity. I then extend the decomposition to show how the aggregate technique channel is driven by four establishment-level channels: entry, exit, reallocation of resources between survivors, and within-establishment adjustment of production techniques and emissions intensity. Using establishment-level emissions data and a unique empirical exercise I first show, empirically, how the relative importance of the composition and aggregate ...


Essays On Environmental Policy Instruments, Emissions Leakage And Public Policy, Shreekar Pradhan 2016 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Essays On Environmental Policy Instruments, Emissions Leakage And Public Policy, Shreekar Pradhan

Doctoral Dissertations

This dissertation consists of three essays related to my research on environmental policy, emissions leakage, and public policy. In the first essay, I address how open economies respond to environmental policy instruments under uncertainty. I develop a dynamic stochastic general equilibrium model for a small open economy (SOE) and evaluate the macroeconomic fluctuations in response to cap-and-trade, pollution tax, and emissions intensity standard under two shocks: productivity and terms of trade. My findings suggest that cap-and-trade policies are most effective in dampening the macroeconomic volatility from productivity shock. However, under the terms-of-trade shock, pollution tax, and intensity target policies are ...


The Dynamics Of The Local And The Global: Implications For Marketing And Development, A. Fuat Fırat 2016 University of Texas - Rio Grande Valley

The Dynamics Of The Local And The Global: Implications For Marketing And Development, A. Fuat Fırat

Markets, Globalization & Development Review

Globalization’s contemporary omnipresence has resulted in an emphasis on the conflicts between the local and the global. This emphasis has blurred our ability to have insights that may be gained by recognizing that the local and the global are interdependent and cannot exist without each other. This paper explores the initial insights from such recognition regarding local identities, cultural development, and modern marketing’s shortcomings in aiding development. Preliminary conclusions as to how a new conceptualization of marketing can be instrumental in enrichment of meaningful and substantive human lives through constructing redefinitions of development and marketing based on these ...


Why Regional Integration Succeeds Or Fails In Africa, Martin Namasaka 2016 London School of Economics and Political Science

Why Regional Integration Succeeds Or Fails In Africa, Martin Namasaka

International Journal of African Development

The question of why some regional integrations succeed and others fail remains unresolved. This paper goes beyond proximate factors advocated by most studies. It examines the importance of initial conditions and argues that structural change in the fundamental sectors of the economy must have taken place in all, or at least a few, countries seeking closer ties. A comparative case study analysis of the East African Community (EAC) and the Southern African Development Community (SADC), guided by the political settlements theoretical framework, confirms the hypothesis: Structural transformation stimulates the kind of conditions required to create incentives for countries to demand ...


International Journal Of African Development, Vol. 3, Issue 2, 2016 Western Michigan University

International Journal Of African Development, Vol. 3, Issue 2

International Journal of African Development

Complete issue of International Journal of African Development, Volume 3, Issue 2 - Spring 2016.


Earnings Mobility In Times Of Growth And Decline: Argentina From 1996 To 2003, Gary S. Fields, María Laura Sánchez Puerta 2016 Cornell University

Earnings Mobility In Times Of Growth And Decline: Argentina From 1996 To 2003, Gary S. Fields, María Laura Sánchez Puerta

Gary S Fields

In recent years, the economy of Argentina has experienced both rapid economic growth and severe economic decline. In this paper, we use a series of one-year long panels to study who gained the most in pesos when the economy grew and who lost the most in pesos when the economy contracted. Various considerations led us to expect that mobility would be divergent—that is, that the individuals who started with the highest initial earnings would enjoy the largest earnings gains in pesos. Contrary to expectations and for a wide range of specifications, mobility is found to be mostly convergent, sometimes ...


Is China Building Africa?, Zhengli Huang, Xiangming Chen 2016 Trinity College

Is China Building Africa?, Zhengli Huang, Xiangming Chen

Faculty Scholarship

In this article, the authors address the question “Is China Building Africa?” by examining the true nature of China’s infrastructure development projects in Africa, and how the different players involved interact with each other.


Mexico Consensus Economic Forecast, Volume 19, Number 3, Thomas M. Fullerton Jr., Adam G. Walke 2016 University of Texas at El Paso

Mexico Consensus Economic Forecast, Volume 19, Number 3, Thomas M. Fullerton Jr., Adam G. Walke

Border Region Modeling Project

No abstract provided.


Finance And Export Survival: The Case Of Mena Region And Sub-Saharan Africa, Melise Jaud, Madina Kukenova, Martin Strieborny 2016 World Bank

Finance And Export Survival: The Case Of Mena Region And Sub-Saharan Africa, Melise Jaud, Madina Kukenova, Martin Strieborny

Martin Strieborny

The paper looks at unique firm-product data collected by custom authorities in four countries from the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) - Jordan, Kuwait, Morocco, Yemen as well as in six countries of Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) - Ghana, Mali, Malawi, Senegal, Tanzania, Uganda. We use these data to examine to impact of financial development on the long-term success of exports from developing countries. We find that those agricultural exports that face particularly costly implementation of Sanitary and Phytosanitary Standards (SPS) are also the ones that disproportionately benefit from a higher level of domestic financial development. This result confirms the previous findings ...


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