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A Good Kiwi Isn't Acidic: How Ocean Acidification Is Affecting The New Zealand Economy, Lily G. Hurley 2017 Fordham University

A Good Kiwi Isn't Acidic: How Ocean Acidification Is Affecting The New Zealand Economy, Lily G. Hurley

Student Theses 2015-Present

In a country that houses a mere 4 million people, it is no wonder that agriculture has become the main facet of New Zealand’s economy. However, while the sheep and produce have flourished from land protection laws, marine life has struggled in recent years due to an increase in oceanic carbon levels. In an area of the Pacific that is so rich in coral reefs, Great White breeding areas, and a plethora of fish species, any upset of the natural preexisting chemical balance has a tangible impact. New Zealand is dealing with a crisis with huge economic and ecological ...


Pride And Prejudice In U.S. Trade, Lan Cao 2017 Chapman University School of Law

Pride And Prejudice In U.S. Trade, Lan Cao

Notre Dame Journal of International & Comparative Law

The purpose of this Article is to provide a micro evaluation of trade in two particularly thorny areas: (1) job loss; and (2) import vs. export and the trade deficit in a trading system of globally fragmented production. This Article also provides a broad, macro view of trade and its relationship with other parts of the international order—security and finance. This is because trade is a vital component of an integrated international system. Looking at trade in isolation will result in even more incoherence and disequilibrium, perhaps creating unintended consequences in ways that impact negatively on U.S. security ...


The Impact Of Money Supply And Electronic Money: Empirical Evidence From Central Bank In China, Rui Qin 2017 State University of New York College at Buffalo - Buffalo State College

The Impact Of Money Supply And Electronic Money: Empirical Evidence From Central Bank In China, Rui Qin

Applied Economics Theses

The purpose of this paper is to study the electronic money's influence on the money supply as well as the power of the central bank. We show in an illustrative theoretical model that electronic money will impact on money supply, especially affect M0 and M1. Using data of central bank in China during 1990 to 2010 and applying ordinary least squares (OLS) regression models, we find robust evidence that electronic money has a negative impact on M0, but a positive impact on M1. In addition, the central bank's abilities to control money supply can be affected by the ...


An Inquiry Into The Effect Of The 2014 Russian Sanctions On European Gasoline Markets, Eric S. Peters 2017 University of Tennessee

An Inquiry Into The Effect Of The 2014 Russian Sanctions On European Gasoline Markets, Eric S. Peters

University of Tennessee Honors Thesis Projects

No abstract provided.


Does Globalization Improve Quality Of Life?, Laura E. Hirt 2017 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Does Globalization Improve Quality Of Life?, Laura E. Hirt

University of Tennessee Honors Thesis Projects

No abstract provided.


Taxation, Competitiveness, And Inversions: A Response To Kleinbard, Michael S. Knoll 2017 University of Pennsylvania Law School

Taxation, Competitiveness, And Inversions: A Response To Kleinbard, Michael S. Knoll

Faculty Scholarship

In this report, I argue that the inversion situation is more nuanced, complex, and ambiguous than Edward D. Kleinbard acknowledges, and I challenge Kleinbard’s claim that U.S. multinationals are on a tax par with their foreign competitors.


Disaster And Recovery: The Effects Of Post-Disaster Aid On Economic Development, Joshua Drouin 2017 Murray State University

Disaster And Recovery: The Effects Of Post-Disaster Aid On Economic Development, Joshua Drouin

Honors College Theses

The effects of aid on economic development is topic typically studied from the perspective of corruption and allocative efficiency. We examine aid to less developed nations from a different viewpoint; assuming aid reaches the intended recipients, does it actually benefit them? We utilize Indonesia and the 2004 earthquake and tsunami as a natural experiment to observe the influx of aid, and compare the regions development before and after the disaster. By establishing a baseline before the disaster, and utilizing a new start point after the destruction, we can gauge the reconstruction efforts and observe whether aid is beneficial or harmful ...


Innovation And Interprovincial Income Inequality In China, Anna Shcherbiak 2017 Lake Forest College

Innovation And Interprovincial Income Inequality In China, Anna Shcherbiak

Senior Theses

China’s recent economic growth has turned the country into one of the major players in the global economy, however uneven distribution of its benefits has undermined social cohesion of the country and led to outburst of civil unrest. This paper explores to what extent can innovation and its diffusion help the provinces achieve within-region convergence on income. The study employs Two-Stage Least Squares and Spatial Durbin Models to elucidate differentiate the importance of different types of innovation on inter-provincial income inequality. The results emphasize the importance of innovation, rather than invention, for convergence of income, and underscore the harmful ...


Power Transitions And International Institutions: China's Creation Of The Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank, Liam Gennari 2017 Liam Gennari

Power Transitions And International Institutions: China's Creation Of The Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank, Liam Gennari

Honors Theses (PPE)

China’s rise has generated a sense of instability in the international system. Power Transition Theory warns that this period of change at the top of the international hierarchy will be a moment of great danger, as China will likely be dissatisfied with the world order that the United States has created. This view coincides with pessimistic realist projections. Neoliberal institutionalism is more optimistic about the prospects for a peaceful transition, believing that China will not necessarily be a dissatisfied power as the international system and its institutions encourage cooperation and a focus on absolute gains, mitigating the likelihood of ...


Closing The Gender Gap: The Effect Of Political Gender Quotas And Female Employment Indicators In South America, Courtney Reid 2017 Georgia State University

Closing The Gender Gap: The Effect Of Political Gender Quotas And Female Employment Indicators In South America, Courtney Reid

Georgia State Undergraduate Research Conference

No abstract provided.


Contribution Of International Trade To Economic Growth In Nigeria, Kehinde Abiodun 2017 Eastern Illinois University

Contribution Of International Trade To Economic Growth In Nigeria, Kehinde Abiodun

2017 Awards for Excellence in Student Research and Creative Activity – Documents

Views differ on the impact of international trade on economic growth in developing countries. Whilst some scholars on the subject uphold the view that international trade leads to economic growth based on empirical evidence, others, albeit, in the minority, express a dissenting opinion.

This paper looks at the contribution of international trade to economic growth in Nigeria, a developing country, and establishes a nexus between international trade and economic growth. The variables considered are real GDP, a proxy for economic growth, export volumes, import volumes, trade openness, gross capital formation and exchange rate as independent variables. Augmented Dickey-Fuller (ADF) test ...


Twin Crises And The Financial Accelerator, Andrew Calabrese 2017 Trinity College, Hartford Connecticut

Twin Crises And The Financial Accelerator, Andrew Calabrese

Senior Theses and Projects

The incidence of simultaneous banking and currency crises is a recurring theme in emerging economies operating under fixed or quasi-fixed exchange rates. This thesis conducts an empirical analysis of the underlying determinants of so called “twin crises” by applying a probit econometric model to a sample of 48 emerging economies during the 1980-2013 period. Current account deficits are found to be a robust driver of twin crises, with vulnerability increasing in the size of the deficit relative to GDP. There is also evidence that real exchange rate appreciation and higher levels of short-term debt relative to reserves increase crisis probability ...


Sovereign Debt Crises: Domestically Engineered Or Foreignly Influenced?, Michael C. Selfe 2017 Trinity College, Hartford Connecticut

Sovereign Debt Crises: Domestically Engineered Or Foreignly Influenced?, Michael C. Selfe

Senior Theses and Projects

Throughout the last half century, the world has seen its fair share of systemic banking crises covering every corner of the globe. Recently, the Eurozone crisis of 2010 and ongoing Argentinian debt crisis have continued to plague the global economy. The motivation behind this thesis is to examine what causes these sovereign debt crises. More specifically, it aims to examine whether these crises are caused by monetary and fiscal policy decisions implemented by central banks or if outside factors including the role of financial institutions are to blame. This thesis examines a number of individual case studies with regards to ...


Implementing Propensity Score Matching With Network Data: The Effect Of Gatt On Bilateral Trade, Luca De Benedictis, Bruno Arpino, Alessandra Mattei 2017 Universitat Pompeu Fabra

Implementing Propensity Score Matching With Network Data: The Effect Of Gatt On Bilateral Trade, Luca De Benedictis, Bruno Arpino, Alessandra Mattei

Luca De Benedictis

Motivated by the evaluation of the causal effect of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade on bilateral international trade flows, we investigate the role of network structure in propensity score matching under the assumption of strong ignorability. We study the sensitivity of causal inference with respect to the presence of characteristics of the network in the set of confounders conditional on which strong ignorability is assumed to hold. We find that estimates of the average causal effect are highly sensitive to the presence of node-level network statistics in the set of confounders. Therefore, we argue that estimates may suffer ...


Determinants Of Urban Land Supply In China: How Do Political Factors Matter?, Wen-Tai HSU, Xiaolu LI, Yang TANG, Jing WU 2017 Singapore Management University

Determinants Of Urban Land Supply In China: How Do Political Factors Matter?, Wen-Tai Hsu, Xiaolu Li, Yang Tang, Jing Wu

Research Collection School Of Economics

This paper explores two political factors for theirpotential effects on urban land supply in China: corruption, and competitionfor promotion. We find that standard urban economic predictions hold in thesense that both population and income increases are strongly significantdeterminants for the increase in urban land supply. Conditional on thesedemand-side factors, we find that the usage of two-stage auctions (as a proxyfor corruption) is highly correlated with the increase in land supply. Thecorruption effects are strongest for commercial land, followed by residentialland and then industrial land. To shed light on the competition motives amongprefectural leaders, we examine how the number of years ...


Essays On The Law Of One Price In Financial Markets And The Recent Financial Crisis, Igor Sorkin 2017 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Essays On The Law Of One Price In Financial Markets And The Recent Financial Crisis, Igor Sorkin

All Graduate Works by Year: Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

Essay 1: The theory of the Law of One Price (LOOP) is one of the most important theories in International Economics. I use financial markets to revisit the validity of the LOOP in the short run, and then extend the analysis into the long-run to examine whether events such as the Financial Crisis of 2007-2009 can lead to the failure of the LOOP or worsen deviations from it. Using the data on Canadian companies cross-listed on the New York Stock Exchange, I find strong support that the LOOP holds in a cross-sectional framework despite the fact that the sample includes ...


Behind Germany’S Willkommenskultur And Hungary’S Xenophobic Sentiments: Responses To The Syrian Refugee Crisis Within The European Union, Mia Kelliher 2017 University of Puget Sound

Behind Germany’S Willkommenskultur And Hungary’S Xenophobic Sentiments: Responses To The Syrian Refugee Crisis Within The European Union, Mia Kelliher

International Political Economy Theses

The movement of over 4.5 million Syrian refugees and other migrants fleeing the Syrian civil war has put significant strain on the European Union’s (EU) member states both politically, socially, and economically. This tests a state’s ability and willingness to continue to accept refugees. This paper aims to answer the question of what determines the willingness and the ability of certain EU member states, specifically Germany and Hungary, to accept refugees. While there are many factors that vary from state to state, there are factors that dominate and heavily influence a state’s willingness and ability to ...


Winning The Virtuous Battle, But Losing The War? The Tradeoffs Of Humanitarian Aid And Its Impact On Human Development, Sierra Miller 2017 University of Puget Sound

Winning The Virtuous Battle, But Losing The War? The Tradeoffs Of Humanitarian Aid And Its Impact On Human Development, Sierra Miller

International Political Economy Theses

This paper addresses the question of what conditions best enable recipient countries to harness humanitarian aid to create long term human development. In an examination of the 2010 earthquake in Haiti, and the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami in Sri Lanka, it becomes clear that the conditions that limit humanitarian aid’s potential for human development are more apparent than those that enable it. Political conflict, instability, inequalities, and social divisions in the recipient countries contribute to the limited effect of humanitarian aid on development, but institutional weakness, inconsistency, and competition within the international humanitarian aid community have a larger impact ...


Mexico Consensus Economic Forecast, Volume 20, Number 1, Thomas M. Fullerton Jr., Adam G. Walke 2017 University of Texas at El Paso

Mexico Consensus Economic Forecast, Volume 20, Number 1, Thomas M. Fullerton Jr., Adam G. Walke

Border Region Modeling Project

No abstract provided.


Going Solo: A Qualitative Comparison Of Single Women In Japan And Colombia, Maya Heins 2017 University of Colorado, Boulder

Going Solo: A Qualitative Comparison Of Single Women In Japan And Colombia, Maya Heins

Undergraduate Honors Theses

This thesis examines the economic, social, and cultural conditions of single women in Japan and Colombia as a medium for understanding how globalization impacts gender inequality around the world. The rise of single women around the world elicits questions about the changing nature of gender roles and how global economic policies impact the lives of women. The research finds that while large differences exist between the situation of single women in the Global North and South, by remaining single, women are afforded more bargaining power to renegotiate their place within oppressive systems. The rise in single women around the globe ...


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