Brain Drain And Emigration: How Do They Affect Source Countries?, 2019 The University of Akron
Brain Drain And Emigration: How Do They Affect Source Countries?, Nicholas Chura
Honors Research Projects
This paper examines the effect of different skill levels of emigration on a country’s labor market, from high skill brain drain to low skill emigration. By utilizing an IADB Brain Drain data set to measure emigration rates among those with low, medium, and high educational attainment in a country, the effect of brain drain vs. low skill emigration on productivity and unemployment is examined. These data span from 1980 to 2010 with measurements every five years for 195 World Bank countries. By utilizing two two-way fixed effects models with GDP per capita and unemployment rate as the dependent variables ...
The Impact Of Cleft Lip And Palate Repair Surgery On Cognitive And Academic Outcomes For Teens In India, 2018 The University of San Francisco
The Impact Of Cleft Lip And Palate Repair Surgery On Cognitive And Academic Outcomes For Teens In India, R Jeremiah Maller
India has a backlog of nearly one million patients in need of cleft lip and palate repair. Unrepaired cleft results in social stigma and diminished health, psychological wellbeing, and academic functioning. Cleft repair surgery has the potential to restore functioning in these domains. However, the magnitude of the social, educational, and economic impact of cleft repair surgery has not been evaluated using statistically rigorous methods. An estimation of the academic and educational impact of cleft repair has implications for the appropriate allocation of public health resources. We analyze original data gathered from teenagers in West Bengal, India using the difference-in-differences ...
Agricultural Mechanization And Bmi For Rural Workers: A Field Experiment In China, 2018 Wuhan University
Agricultural Mechanization And Bmi For Rural Workers: A Field Experiment In China, Zizhen Guo, Yu Jiang, Sonya K. Huffman
Economics Working Papers
This paper examines whether and how agricultural mechanization affects the BMI of farmers in rural China using a unique data set. We conducted a field experiment with face-to-face interviews in 135 counties of 12 provinces in China in 2013. It includes 4,229 individuals from 1,024 rural households, of which 1,033 of the 2,165 workers are farmers. The BMI of farmers who utilize agricultural mechanization is about 10 percent larger than those who don’t at a 1 percent significance level. Our results suggest that the adoption of agricultural mechanization has a positive and statistically significant effect ...
Book Review: Fundamentals Of International Aviation, 2018 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University - Worldwide
Book Review: Fundamentals Of International Aviation, Alan Bender
International Journal of Aviation, Aeronautics, and Aerospace
Local Environmental Quality And Inter-Jurisdictional Spillovers, 2018 Stanford University
Local Environmental Quality And Inter-Jurisdictional Spillovers, John W. Hatfield, Katrina Kosec
The Effects Of Humanitarian Aid On The Advancement Of Livelihood Under Article 25 Of The Universal Declaration Of Human Rights, 2018 Bowling Green State University
The Effects Of Humanitarian Aid On The Advancement Of Livelihood Under Article 25 Of The Universal Declaration Of Human Rights, Courtney Keeney
International ResearchScape Journal
Humanitarian aid continues to be under close scrutiny as the international community analyzes its effects on the receiving populations in the developing world. Although aid should not be stopped completely, there are areas that can be improved. In theory, aid should increase economic capabilities as it sustains populations and advances their quality of life. On the systematic level, data supports that there are more efficient ways to allocate aid to benefit recipient states rather than donor states. The allocation of aid is partly determined by individual political interests of donor nations and the promotion of their foreign policies. Logistics and ...
How To Create Conducive Institutions To Enable Agricultural Mechanization: A Comparative Historical Study From The United States And Germany, Thomas Daum, Wallace E. Huffman, Regina Birner
Economics Working Papers
Agricultural mechanization is now high on the policy agenda of many developing countries. History has shown that successful mechanization depends on an enabling environment providing various supporting functions, for example, knowledge and skills development and quality assurance. This paper analyses how this enabling environment was created during the mechanization history of two today’s mechanized countries, the United States and Germany, thereby distilling lessons for today’s mechanizing countries. The paper highlights the different roles played by government agencies (public sector), manufacturers of agricultural machinery (private sector) and farmers’ organizations (third sector) for the creation of this enabling environment. The ...
Distance-Varying Assortativity And Clustering Of The International Trade Network, 2018 Deutsche Bundesbank
Distance-Varying Assortativity And Clustering Of The International Trade Network, Angela Abbate, Luca De Benedictis, Giorgio Fagiolo, Lucia Tajoli
Luca De Benedictis
Mafia And Globalization: The Consequences Of Economic Integration Without Legal Symmetry, 2018 University of San Diego
Mafia And Globalization: The Consequences Of Economic Integration Without Legal Symmetry, Benjamin White
Undergraduate Honors Theses
This project will examine the relationship between mafia and globalization through the lenses of two case studies, focusing on the Calabrian criminal organization known as ‘Ndrangheta. The first case study revolves around the Port of Gioia Tauro, which serves as the drug trafficking hub of ‘Ndrangheta and is emblematic of the overall trends in global commercial traffic and security deficits. The purpose of this case study is to demonstrate how ‘Ndrangheta exploits the advanced economic integration that began in the 1990s and continues to exist in the gap between frantic commercial activity and limited government oversight. This case study begins ...
The Economic Impacts Of A U.S. Withdrawal From Nafta: A Cge Analysis, 2018 University of Toronto Schools
The Economic Impacts Of A U.S. Withdrawal From Nafta: A Cge Analysis, Jonathan Liu
Undergraduate Economic Review
The aim of this study is to examine the economic impacts of a U.S. withdrawal from the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) on Canada, Mexico and the United States. The shocks simulate scenarios in which the U.S instates penalizing tariff rates on NAFTA countries, a trade war between NAFTA members and a tariff reset to the WTO MFN rates. The effects of these tariff structures are analyzed under the framework of a computable general equilibrium (CGE) model with a focus on macroeconomic variables and welfare. The findings show that, in all iterations, Mexico’s economy takes a ...
Empirical Essays In Household Economics, 2018 Southern Methodist University
Empirical Essays In Household Economics, Hao Li
Economics Theses and Dissertations
This dissertation is consist of three empirical studies in economics. The first part empirically examines the effect of universal pre-k on labor force participation of fertility age women in Oklahoma. I investigate the policy effect from both theoretical and empirical perspectives. I apply the synthetic control method (SCM) to the Current Population Survey (CPS) data to identify the causal relationship between universal pre-k and female labor outcomes. I find that universal pre-k increases labor supply of women aged 25 to 45 in Oklahoma. The second empirical study focuses on how the birth outcomes of US children respond to exposure to ...
Impact Of Cooperative Membership On Members' Household Economies: The Case Of Chiapas Coffee Farmers, 2018 The University of San Francisco
Impact Of Cooperative Membership On Members' Household Economies: The Case Of Chiapas Coffee Farmers, Stephen Pitts
Coffee producers typically sell raw coffee beans as the first step in a global value chain. Recently, groups of producers have formed coffee cooperatives that attempt to regain market power by integrating the other steps of the value chain. This study uses matching to estimate the effect of membership in one such cooperative on the household economy of indigenous coffee producers in the state of Chiapas, Mexico. It contributes to the literature by considering new determinants of participation and outcomes of interest. First, social capital at the individual and village level is correlated with cooperative membership more than other demographic ...
The Economy Of Divorce: Pensions In Latin America, The Effects On Women, And The Decision To Divorce, 2018 The University of San Francisco
The Economy Of Divorce: Pensions In Latin America, The Effects On Women, And The Decision To Divorce, Mary Walsh
Undergraduate Honors Theses
This thesis addresses the gender inequalities produced in pension systems in Latin America, discusses pension reform, and specifically describes gender inequalities that exist for divorced women, and the relationship between divorce and pensions.This topic is important in the discussion in analyzing pension reform in Latin America, as well as analyzing the nuanced degrees of inequalities present for women in Latin America. It is crucial to understand this relationship, in order to address gender inequality as divorce rates continue to rise . To analyze this relationship,I looked at both qualitative and quantitative data.To start I examined the inequalities present ...
Boosting Demand For Biofortified Foods: The Case Of Orange Fleshed Sweet Potato Bread In Tamale, Ghana, 2018 The University of San Francisco
Boosting Demand For Biofortified Foods: The Case Of Orange Fleshed Sweet Potato Bread In Tamale, Ghana, Tchassanty Ouro-Gbeleou
Abstract: In the context of introducing biofortification of staple crops as a food-based approach to combat micronutrient malnutrition in Sub Saharan Africa (SSA), we carried out a survey in Tamale, Ghana to elicit consumers’ preference of and willingness to pay for one of the highly nutritious biofortified staple crop processed product: the Orange Fleshed Sweet Potato (OFSP) bread. Our results indicate that scores of respondents in the sample show preference for OFSP bread. The most important determinants of OFSP bread preference are its sweet taste and soft texture and consumers are willing to pay 0.634 pesewas more for the ...
The Impact Of Goal Settings And Self-Help Groups To Support Small Businesses: Experimental Evidence Using Female Entrepreneurs In Abuja Nigeria., 2018 The University of San Francisco
The Impact Of Goal Settings And Self-Help Groups To Support Small Businesses: Experimental Evidence Using Female Entrepreneurs In Abuja Nigeria., Nneoma Nwobilor
Approximately 57% of women in Nigeria from age 15-64 are involved in some form of employment, but there are still 17 million unemployed women (World Bank, 2016). Most of these women are involved in informal entrepreneurship due to external constraints. According to the World Bank, women who have no access to schooling are forced to find informal work to provide for themselves and their families. This study aims to analyze the effectiveness of goal settings and support groups on small businesses among female small-scale business owners in Abuja Nigeria. The research conducted uses the experimental design created by the Family ...
The Significance Of Mongolia's Foreign Policy And Security Apparatus On A Global And Regional Scale, 2018 University of San Francisco
The Significance Of Mongolia's Foreign Policy And Security Apparatus On A Global And Regional Scale, Bolor Lkhaajav
Master's Projects and Capstones
Mongolia, land-locked between two politically, economically, and militarily powerful nations — Russia and China — often must balance its foreign and security policies with its two neighbors and countries beyond. When discussing Mongolia’s foreign policy and security apparatus, historians and scholars look at the international relations of East Asia as a whole. This is the case not because Mongolia’s foreign policy is insignificant but because greater powers impose greater influence on smaller states. Mongolia’s partial involvement in World War II (WWII), and the Cold War introduced new challenges as well as opportunities for Mongolia to modernize its foreign policy ...
Political Accountability And Determinants Of Governance Under Principal-Agent Theory, 2018 The University of Southern Mississippi
Political Accountability And Determinants Of Governance Under Principal-Agent Theory, Matthew Bluem
This study examines the theory that quality of governance is largely dependent upon political accountability, and that the effect of political accountability on governance varies based on three main determinants: level of democracy, level of information available to the public, and diversification of the economy (Adserà et al. 2003). With quality of governance, represented by the World Bank’s World Governance Indicators (WGI), as the dependent variable, this study considers how these three independent variables, and several control variables, affect governance quality. Incorporating data from 2010 – 2015 for 143 countries in both cross-sectional OLS and fixed effects panel regression analysis ...
The Decline Of U.S. Manufacturing Employment - Automation And Trade, 2018 W.E. Upjohn Institute
The Decline Of U.S. Manufacturing Employment - Automation And Trade, Susan N. Houseman
Susan N. Houseman
No abstract provided.
Belt Road Initiative: A Chinese Future, 2018 Singapore Management University
Belt Road Initiative: A Chinese Future, Singapore Management University
Despite concerns over debt and geopolitics, Asian countries should embrace a Sino-centric economic future
In a speech at the 52nd Munich Security Conference in 2016, Chinese Vice Foreign Minister Fu Ying opened by saying:
“China has been asked frequently: are you challenging the US as leader of the world order? Or, are you making a parallel order? The answer is: of course not, we are part of the international order.”
Capital Growth: Precision Agriculture And Vertical Farming In The Corporate Food Regime, 2018 The Graduate Center, City University of New York
Capital Growth: Precision Agriculture And Vertical Farming In The Corporate Food Regime, Justin Taylor
All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects
Agriculture in the 21st century has entered a digital age. New technologies emphasize GPS, big data, cloud computing, the Internet of Things, automation, sensors, and robotics, contributing to two modes of modern food production known as precision agriculture and vertical farming. Through an interdisciplinary review of scientific and social scientific scholarship, this paper examines the ways in which these two technologies interact with the global corporate food regime and explores their impact in core, peripheral, and semi-peripheral countries. It also engages in a discourse analysis of promotional materials and interview statements from precision agriculture and vertical farming firms to expose ...