Delivering In Nairobi-And After, 2016 United Nations ESCAP
Delivering In Nairobi-And After, Andrea Spear, Mia Mikic
Property Rights And International Trade: An Institutional Determinant Of Export Structure, 2016 The University of Southern Mississippi
Property Rights And International Trade: An Institutional Determinant Of Export Structure, Gregory Alan Bonadies
This work investigates the connection, independent of other factors, between a country’s system of law and property rights and patterns of trade. Stronger property rights institutions are hypothesized to lead to greater diversity in exports and a greater proportion of higher value-added exports. Production and export possibilities depend on capital, labor, and technology. Technology is the way in which capital and labor resources can be organized for productive purposes. Property rights condition expressions of technology and thus production possibilities and export potential. Consequently, if property rights vary between countries, then technological expression, production possibilities, and export potential vary as ...
Consumer Issues And Demand, 2016 Iowa State University
Consumer Issues And Demand, Helen H. Jensen
Consumers worldwide are driving changes in animal agriculture. Rising consumer income, changing demographics and lifestyles, and shifting preferences due to new information about the links between diet and health all contribute to new demands for foods. At the same time, technological changes in production, processing and distribution, structural change and growth in large-scale retailing, and expansion of trade worldwide have contributed to a rapidly changing market for food products. Changes in demand for meat and other animal products reflect these developments.
Mexico's Changing Pork Industry: The Forces Of Domestic And International Market Demand, 2016 Iowa State University
Mexico's Changing Pork Industry: The Forces Of Domestic And International Market Demand, S. Patricia Batres-Marquez, Roxanne L. Clemens, Helen H. Jensen
Once dominated by traditional and small-scale production systems with little regulation, Mexico's pork industry now includes modern, vertically integrated production systems and federal inspection of packing and processing plants. Recent structural changes have resulted in three distinct segments within the production and processing sectors as the industry works to adjust to international and domestic demand for better product quality, stricter sanitary practices, and increased supplies yet continue to meet the needs of low-income consumers. As the structural changes continue, the industry faces several challenges that will affect its ability to become both internationally and domestically competitive. To meet these ...
Challenges For China’S Agricultural Exports: Compliance With Sanitary And Phytosanitary Measures, 2016 Iowa State University
Challenges For China’S Agricultural Exports: Compliance With Sanitary And Phytosanitary Measures, Fengxia Dong, Helen H. Jensen
In the food safety arena, a clear role for government is to adopt sanitary and phytosanitary (SPS) measures to protect human, animal, and plant life or health. Relative to developing countries, developed countries tend to adopt more stringent food safety standards and regulations with a broader scope and to rely increasingly on certification and traceability. The additional costs of compliance for meeting international SPS requirements are higher for firms operating in developing countries because they must take additional steps to meet international food safety regulations and standards. Therefore, their comparative advantage, achieved through lower production costs, will tend to be ...
Us And German Consumer Preferences For Ground Beef Packaged Under A Modified Atmosphere – Different Regulations, Different Behaviour?, Carola Grebitus, Helen H. Jensen, Jutta Roosen
New technologies in food processing can provide advantages to consumers and producers but often the technologies are applied in different, country-specific regulatory climates. Modified atmosphere packaging extends the shelf life of fresh meat and, with the inclusion of carbon monoxide, stabilizes colour. These packaging technologies can be used in the US and Europe, although a modified atmosphere package that includes carbon monoxide is allowed only in the US. This study applies choice experiments to analyse preferences of US and German consumers towards the meat attributes enhanced by the packaging. Results show that longer shelf life is preferred in the US ...
To Label Or Not To Label, That Is The Question, 2016 Iowa State University
To Label Or Not To Label, That Is The Question, Giancarlo Moschini
Genetically modified organisms (GMOs) have been welcomed by US agriculture and by a number of other countries (notably Canada and Argentina). Transgenic crops were virtually unkn own before 1996 but have experienced breathtaking adoption rates. For example, in 1999 more than 50 percent of the soybean crop grown in the United States is genetically modified (at least -+0 percent of U.S. com and 50 per cent of U.S. cotton are also transgenic). For the next crop yea r, it is estimated that 100 percent of the soybeans grown in Argentina will be herbicide resistant. But GMOs have struck ...
Holistic Sustainability As Key To Emiratization: Links Between Job Satisfaction In The Private Sector And Young Emirati Adult Unemployment, 2016 Higher Colleges of Technology
Holistic Sustainability As Key To Emiratization: Links Between Job Satisfaction In The Private Sector And Young Emirati Adult Unemployment, Georgia M. Daleure
FIRE: Forum for International Research in Education
This study examines factors leading to unemployment among young Emirati adults and new entrants to the workforce despite the abundant employment opportunities available in the UAE private sector. The study points out that new entrants to the workforce, including a growing number of college graduates, find few opportunities in the preferred but saturated public sector so they are faced with a three-part employment decision: considering employment in the private sector for a long-term career, entering the private sector temporarily, or remaining unemployed until an opportunity emerges in the public sector. The study sheds light on the obvious question, “Why would ...
Interventi Disaccoppiati, Riforma Della Pac E Redditi Agricoli: Una Analisi Qualitativa, 2016 Universita Cattolica del Sacro Cuore
Interventi Disaccoppiati, Riforma Della Pac E Redditi Agricoli: Una Analisi Qualitativa, Paolo Sckokai, Giancarlo Moschini
La recente riforma della Politica Agricola Comune (PAC) costituisce uno dei cambiamenti piu drastici ed ambiziosi che sia stato mai intrapreso negli orientamenti comunitari. Come e noto, il sostegno del mercato dei principali prodotti agricoli subira modificazioni profonde, ponendo una serie di importanti quesiti sugli effetti economici della riforma. In Italia, lo sforzo dei ricercatori si e rivolto essenzialmente alia quantificazione degli effetti sui redditi agricoli, come logica risposta aile preoccupazioni del mondo rurale, che vede nella riforma una vera e propria rivoluzione 1 , In queStO COnteStO, Un puntO di pattenza Utile e rappresentato da una discussione teorica dei nuovi ...
Discussion Of U.S. Domestic Policy And U.S.-E.C. Trade, 2016 Iowa State University
Discussion Of U.S. Domestic Policy And U.S.-E.C. Trade, Giancarlo Moschini
I would like to congratulate Bruce Gardner for providing a thorough and lucid presentation of the main features of U.S. agricultural policies that affect agricultural trade. His main conclusion is that U.S. commodity programs no longer increase U.S. output; if anything, they result in less U.S. output for some major commodities. Thus, the implications of these policies for trading partners such as the Economic Community (E.C.) should be reassuring. Furthermore, Gardner notes that: (1) the income of U.S. farmers no longer provides a rationale for agricultural price support because farmers have become relatively prosperous ...
Over-Nutrition And Changing Health Status In High Income Countries, 2016 Iowa State University
Over-Nutrition And Changing Health Status In High Income Countries, Wallace E. Huffman, Sonya K. Huffman, Kyrre Rickertsen, Abebayehu Tegene
As per capita incomes in developed countries have grown over the past three decades, overnutrition leading to obesity and elevated health risks for cardiovascular disease, diabetes and some forms of cancer has occurred. We use economic and econometric models to identify the impact of food prices on the aggregate demand for calories and the supply of health, as reflected in mortality rates. Our models are fitted to unique panel data for 18 developed countries over 1971-2001, a period when the relative price of food first rose and then declined steadily. Some findings, using de-trended data, are that a lower real ...
Finance And Export Survival: The Case Of Mena Region And Sub-Saharan Africa, Melise Jaud, Madina Kukenova, Martin Strieborny
Why Ireland: How Bank Failure Was Their Key To Success, 2016 Scripps College
Why Ireland: How Bank Failure Was Their Key To Success, Nia R. Gillenwater
Claremont-UC Undergraduate Research Conference on the European Union
Despite Ireland’s status as the first EU country to receive a bailout, Ireland appears to be bouncing back extremely well from the ongoing financial crisis in Europe and the EU. Looking at recent Irish economic statistics it begs the question whether the government’s complete guarantee of all Irish debts was the best response. Ireland’s financial crisis seemed quite similar to America’s: for both the root causes are freely lending for real estate and property. The responses however, were very different. While America let Lehman Brothers fail and only provided a partial guarantee to its banks, Ireland ...
An Affair To Remember, 2016 Georgia Southern University
An Affair To Remember, Gregory J. Brock
Gregory J. Brock
No abstract provided.
Internationalization Choices And Italian Firm Performance During The Crisis, 2016 Selected Works
Internationalization Choices And Italian Firm Performance During The Crisis, Claudio Vicarelli, Stefano Costa, Carmine Pappalardo
Vultures Or Vanguards?: The Role Of Litigation In Sovereign Debt Restructuring, 2016 University of Pennsylvania Law School
Vultures Or Vanguards?: The Role Of Litigation In Sovereign Debt Restructuring, Jill E. Fisch, Caroline M. Gentile
No abstract provided.
Imprudent Power: Reconsidering U.S. Regulation Of Foreign Tender Offers, 2016 University of Pennsylvania Law School
Imprudent Power: Reconsidering U.S. Regulation Of Foreign Tender Offers, Jill E. Fisch
No abstract provided.
Finance, Comparative Advantage, And Resource Allocation, 2016 World Bank
Finance, Comparative Advantage, And Resource Allocation, Melise Jaud, Madina Kukenova, Martin Strieborny
Uncovering The Relationship Between Women’S Employment And Trade Orientation Using Firm-Level Data, Mohammad Amin, Asif Islam, Khrystyna Kushnir
What Determines Public Pension Investment Risk-Taking Policy, 2016 University of Dayton
What Determines Public Pension Investment Risk-Taking Policy, Nancy Mohan, Ting Zhang
State public pension plans, mostly defined benefit plans, cover pension benefits for 12.8 million active public employees and 5.9 million retirees and other annuitants. However, by the end of 2009, public pension plans had accumulated a total funding deficit of $697 billion (measured by the difference between actuarial pension assets and liabilities). On average, public pension funds cover 75 percent of their liabilities, but individual state results vary greatly.
The 2008 stock market crash strongly affected pension asset value in that equity allocation on average accounted for 56 percent of invested assets. The average 2009 pension asset beta ...