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Finding A Way Out Of Poverty, Jonathan Chang, Christopher Dula 2018 Singapore Management University

Finding A Way Out Of Poverty, Jonathan Chang, Christopher Dula

Asian Management Insights

A social enterprise project that has brought income and dignity to a remote community in Indonesia.


The Pro-Poor Gap Evaluation, Tung Nhu Nguyen 2018 Singapore Management University

The Pro-Poor Gap Evaluation, Tung Nhu Nguyen

Asian Management Insights

Improving the future design and implementation of public-private partnerships.


Efficacy Of Technology-Based And In-Person Health Education For Behavior Change In College-Aged Women, Madeline Bremel 2018 College of Saint Benedict/Saint John's University

Efficacy Of Technology-Based And In-Person Health Education For Behavior Change In College-Aged Women, Madeline Bremel

All College Thesis Program, 2016-present

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine whether an in-person or technology based bone health intervention improved bone health knowledge and behaviors in college-aged women. Methods: 30 college-aged women were randomly divided into three groups: personal intervention (n = 10), technological intervention (n = 10), and control (n = 10). Both intervention groups received identical information regarding the importance of bone health and the appropriate behaviors for maintaining strong bones including weight-bearing exercise, calcium consumption, and vitamin D consumption. The technology group received the information via an online video, and the personal group via a one-on-one health intervention. Changes in bone ...


Are Prize-Linked Savings Accounts The Solution To Arkansas' Savings Problem?, McKenzie Wages 2018 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Are Prize-Linked Savings Accounts The Solution To Arkansas' Savings Problem?, Mckenzie Wages

Accounting Undergraduate Honors Theses

This research finds that access to prize-linked savings could improve the financial security of Arkansans. Prize-linked savings (PLS) accounts are nontraditional savings products that offer depositors the chance to win cash prizes instead of a typical interest rate return. Given the low median incomes, high liquid asset poverty rates, and high levels of underbanked and undereducated individuals in Arkansas, there is a need for an innovative savings solution like PLS in the state. PLS accounts capitalize on individuals’ propensity for lottery-like risk-taking to inspire the productive behavior of personal saving. A wide range of individuals, especially those who could stand ...


A Study Into The Relationship Between Nutrition And Income In A College Setting, Alyssa Hicks 2018 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

A Study Into The Relationship Between Nutrition And Income In A College Setting, Alyssa Hicks

Economics Undergraduate Honors Theses

Many health related issues in the United States are linked to Americans’ poor diet choices. College students, a subset of that population, establish important trends in their diet habits that they will maintain over their four years in college and beyond. Although previous literature has found income to be a determinant of diet, this paper does not find income to be a significant predictor of student nutrition. One potential explanation is that college provides a unique environment and circumstance. Yet, additional income suggests it could be important for students who suffer from a lack of funds—increasing their income brings ...


Individual Differences In Discounting Delayed Gains, Delayed Losses, And Probabilistic Losses, Yu-Hua Yeh 2018 Washington University in St. Louis

Individual Differences In Discounting Delayed Gains, Delayed Losses, And Probabilistic Losses, Yu-Hua Yeh

Arts & Sciences Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Many decisions in one’s daily life involve the discounting of delayed or probabilistic losses: Should we pay off our credit-card balance in full or incur interest; should we buy more collision and liability insurance or risk having to pay more in case of an accident? Despite its importance, however, discounting of losses is understudied, and few studies have focused on individual differences. The current study recruited 407 on-line participants through Amazon’s Mechanical Turk who completed three discounting questionnaires: delayed losses, probabilistic losses, and delayed gains. Magnitude effects were observed with delayed gains (i.e., larger delayed gains were ...


Exploitation And Social Reproduction In The Japanese Animation Industry, James Garrett 2018 California State University, Monterey Bay

Exploitation And Social Reproduction In The Japanese Animation Industry, James Garrett

Capstone Projects and Master's Theses

Japanese animation, or ‘Anime’ is considered a unique creative cultural product that has become a global phenomenon, but little attention is paid to its industrial production process, the poor working conditions of domestic animators, and their position within the structure of labor organization in Japan. By analyzing research concerning the current stakeholders in the industry, historical conditions that led to the creation of television broadcast animation, overseas subcontracting networks, and the development of commercial fan cultures through Maurizio Lazzarato’s concept of Immaterial Labor, Michael Hardt’s concept of Affective Labor, Laikwan Pang’s concepts of the intensification of contradictory ...


An Evaluation Of The Asymmetric Impacts Of Communication By The Federal Reserve, Madison Lynn White 2018 Lehigh University

An Evaluation Of The Asymmetric Impacts Of Communication By The Federal Reserve, Madison Lynn White

Theses and Dissertations

This paper explores the impact of communications by the Federal Reserve on financial market returns before and after the financial crisis. It specifically looks at whether markets’ responses to communication differ depending on the source and depending on whether the tone is positive or negative. I extract the tone used in communications by using tools from computational linguistics to create a measure based on the number of positive and negative words appearing in a communication. Using this measurement for tone, I find that market returns respond more to the tone of communications after the financial crisis. Second, I find the ...


Price Matching Policies And Consumer Loyalty, GAOJIE LIN 2018 Lehigh University

Price Matching Policies And Consumer Loyalty, Gaojie Lin

Theses and Dissertations

I examine the relationship between brick-and-mortar retailers offering price-matching guarantees and the atmosphere of their stores. In an extension of the Hotelling model, if a retailer improves the atmosphere of its store, then it raises its price. However, with a price-match guarantee and a competitor with a lower-quality store and a lower price, some of the retailer’s consumers may demand a price match. I identify the circumstances under which a price-match guarantee prevents a retailer from earning increased revenues that may result from improving its in-store atmosphere. In my model, the results depend on the share of consumers who ...


Does The Women, Infants, And Children Program (Wic) Improve Infant Health Outcomes?, Brent Kreider, John V. Pepper, Manan Roy 2018 Iowa State University

Does The Women, Infants, And Children Program (Wic) Improve Infant Health Outcomes?, Brent Kreider, John V. Pepper, Manan Roy

Economics Working Papers

We evaluate causal impacts of prenatal WIC participation on healthy birth outcomes, simultaneously accounting for self-selection of expectant mothers into WIC and systematic underreporting of program participation. In doing so, we extend existing partial identification methods to reflect the institutional details of the program. In particular, we allow for a richer measurement error model and apply a modified regression discontinuity design. Combining survey data from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study Birth Cohort (ECLS-B) with administrative data from the USDA, our reduces the prevalence of unhealthy birth weight by at least 21 percent and unhealthy gestation duration by at least 9 ...


Income And Subjective Well-Being: Evidence From Singapore's First National Non-Contributory Pension, Yanying CHEN, Yi Jin TAN 2018 Singapore Management University

Income And Subjective Well-Being: Evidence From Singapore's First National Non-Contributory Pension, Yanying Chen, Yi Jin Tan

Research Collection School Of Economics

We use a new monthly panel and a difference-in-differences strategy to study the effects of an exogenous permanent income shock on subjective well-being along previously unexplored dimensions. This permanent income shock is the introduction of Singapore’s first national non-contributory pension, the Silver Support Scheme. The pension improved the life satisfaction of recipients, and appeared to be driven by social, household income, and economic satisfaction. Consistent with the predictions of standard consumption-savings models, well-being improved when the shock was unanticipated (at announcement), but did not improve significantly further when the shock was anticipated (at disbursement). In addition, we find evidence ...


Discrimination: Does Perception Of Corruption Affect Our Interactions?, Ramón Garcia Gomez 2018 University of Pennsylvania

Discrimination: Does Perception Of Corruption Affect Our Interactions?, Ramón Garcia Gomez

Honors Theses (PPE)

Does our perception of corruption affect our interactions? This question was answered through an experimental survey of 90 participants and the Corruption Perception Index (CPI) from Transparency International’s 2017 Report. The survey revealed that those who were categorized as low-corrupt with an above average CPI exhibited altruism towards individuals from perceived high-corrupt regions but discriminated negatively against them when restrictions were placed on the interaction. In the experiment, participants were allowed to give any amount between zero and six dollars in both games. Altruism was measured through the dictator game and low-corrupt participants were found to give one dollar ...


Why Give? The Behavioral Economics Of Charitable Giving, Samuel Brackett 2018 University of Wyoming

Why Give? The Behavioral Economics Of Charitable Giving, Samuel Brackett

Honors Theses AY 17/18

Donations are important for the long-term survival of many institutions. However, it is still uncertain exactly why it is that people choose to donate. Behavioral economics combines economics with psychology to better understand how humans make choices in markets. This research project focuses on the psychology of charitable giving, nudges, and the impact of natural resource rents on charitable giving. Without understanding individuals, it is impossible to understand why they donate. Nudges seek to take what has been learned about individuals to manipulate them into behaving the way policy makers desire. Natural resource rents are another facet to consider in ...


Career: Location-Aware Social Science For Adaptation: Modeling Dynamic Patterns In Public Perceptions And Behavior, Peter D. Howe 2018 Utah State University

Career: Location-Aware Social Science For Adaptation: Modeling Dynamic Patterns In Public Perceptions And Behavior, Peter D. Howe

Funded Research Records

No abstract provided.


The Impact Of Gap Years On Academic Outcomes For Women: A Case Study From The Missionary Age Change, Margaret Marchant 2018 Brigham Young University

The Impact Of Gap Years On Academic Outcomes For Women: A Case Study From The Missionary Age Change, Margaret Marchant

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Young adults throughout the United States and other countries participate in “gap years,” or time away from school, often for travel, work, or volunteering. This practice is promoted as a way to mature and refocus. However, some worry that it lowers the likelihood of college completion. Previous literature has investigated the academic, social, and personal benefits of gap years with mixed results; however selection into gap years confounds the true impact with unobservable personal characteristics. To overcome selection issues, I exploit an exogenous policy change that lowered age requirements for missionary service, a unique type of gap year, resulting in ...


Consumer Perceptions Of Cotton Sustainability Through Advertisements And Marketing Efforts, Maddison Chirumbolo, Aubrey Evans 2018 Kent State University

Consumer Perceptions Of Cotton Sustainability Through Advertisements And Marketing Efforts, Maddison Chirumbolo, Aubrey Evans

Undergraduate Research Symposium

The Fashion Industry has always been an industry full of consumption and waste. From the natural resources used to manufacture garments, to the life cycle of products. With the increase of mass production, sustainability within the industry is a growing concern. Previous research has given great insight into consumer perception of sustainability, but has not yet taken a deeper look into cotton specifically. Through this database research, it has been found that consumers generally do not have a clear understanding of sustainability in cotton products. This may be due to misleading advertisement and lack of transparency of cotton production. Our ...


Cotton Recycling Methods For Large Scale Garment Manufacturing, Lauren Henderson, Morgan Wano 2018 Kent State University

Cotton Recycling Methods For Large Scale Garment Manufacturing, Lauren Henderson, Morgan Wano

Undergraduate Research Symposium

Cotton farming negatively impacts the environment because of high water usage, pesticides, and carbon emissions. Garment manufacturers can adopt methods of cotton recycling to reduce these effects. Large clothing companies have the most influence over the retail environment and therefore should be the first to make the change to more sustainable production methods. If a national retailer was to use recycled cotton in their manufacturing it could cause other retailers to do the same in order to compete. To explore this issue in the fashion industry, the focus of this study is to analyze cotton recycling methods that could be ...


Consumer Value Of Sustainable Water Practices, Ann Marie Elaban, Susan Shaw 2018 Kent State University

Consumer Value Of Sustainable Water Practices, Ann Marie Elaban, Susan Shaw

Undergraduate Research Symposium

As the fashion industry continues to grow so does its environmental impact. While consumers and manufacturers have begun to recognize their impact on today’s natural resources we still face huge amounts of pollution, specifically in our world’s water. One of the most widely used fibers, cotton, has created an industry dependent on water, which is becoming growingly scare. The goal of this case study is to identify and understand consumers’ concerns when it comes to water use in the cotton industry. Reviewing what industry leaders are already doing to help reduce their water waste and pollution is of ...


Where 100% Performance Cotton Stands In The Athleisure Market, Kaycee Criss, Olyvia Hogie 2018 Kent State University

Where 100% Performance Cotton Stands In The Athleisure Market, Kaycee Criss, Olyvia Hogie

Undergraduate Research Symposium

The athleisure market’s newest innovation is producing a 100% cotton fabric that is comfortable, soft yet durable and light enough to be used for athletic activity. Athleisure wear is a large market that cotton has started to capitalize on. This study will question on how performance cotton compares to the favored characteristics of man-made performance fibers when being used during intensified workouts. To answer this research question, this study will design an experiment that will be demonstrated on girls, ages 18-23. During this study, each person will perform a workout in 100% cotton performance wear and then perform a ...


Consumers' Perception On Modified Cotton In The Athleisure Market, McKinna Kahl, Katherine M. Nuss 2018 Kent State University

Consumers' Perception On Modified Cotton In The Athleisure Market, Mckinna Kahl, Katherine M. Nuss

Undergraduate Research Symposium

The cotton industry has seen a rise in demand due to the increasing popularity of the athleisure clothing market. The disruption in the market has created a need for higher preforming materials to better suit the mobility, strength, and performance of the athleisure garments for the user. Modifications to the DNA of the cotton plant have been found to increase these performing factors, along with the combination of synthetic fibers. Studying the effects that modified cotton plants have on the consumer is a key piece of knowledge due to the fact that our clothing is largely based of the product ...


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