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Measuring Health Outcomes Of Uncovered Employment: A Study Of Income, Social Mobility, Equality, And Health Indicators In An Under-Looked Segment Of The Labor Force, Zakariya Kmir 2018 University of Maryland, Baltimore County

Measuring Health Outcomes Of Uncovered Employment: A Study Of Income, Social Mobility, Equality, And Health Indicators In An Under-Looked Segment Of The Labor Force, Zakariya Kmir

Undergraduate Economic Review

Economists have strongly supported the idea that unemployment causes many undesirable health outcomes. However, how does belonging to a different sector of employment tied closely to changes in minimum wage and inflation relate to overall health? To properly understand the numerical significance of health disparities in the uncovered sector of employment, this research is targeted at quantifying the relationship between the insured and non-insured within the uncovered sector. By substantiating the existence of severe health disparities as a function of the labor force dynamic, this research subsequently estimates the amount of inefficiency and negative health outcomes in the US economy ...


Nebraska Business And Consumer Confidence Indexes: February 2, 2018, Eric Thompson 2018 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Nebraska Business And Consumer Confidence Indexes: February 2, 2018, Eric Thompson

Leading Economic Indicator Reports

Consumer and business confidence rebounded in Nebraska during January 2018. The Consumer Confidence Index – Nebraska (CCI-N) rose to 115.2, well above the neutral level of 100.0 and a value of 93.3 in December 2017. This is the highest level recorded for the CCI-N since it was first released in February of 2016. The Business Confidence Index – Nebraska (BCI-N) rose to 112.2 in January from 107.5 in December. Both monthly readings were well above the neutral value of 100.0. When asked about the most important issue facing their business, customer demand was mentioned by 40 ...


Supplemental Readings And Practice Problems For "What Counts And What Gets Counted", Jeremiah Bentley 2018 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Supplemental Readings And Practice Problems For "What Counts And What Gets Counted", Jeremiah Bentley

Accounting Educational Materials

“What Counts and What Gets Counted” (Bloomfield 2016)[1] is an innovative way of teaching managerial accounting. The 1st edition of the book won the 2014 Jim Bulloch Award for Innovations in Management Accounting Education, and has only gotten better since then. However, the book suffers from two significant limitations. First, the book was intended primarily for MBA students, not for accounting undergrads. As a result, the book doesn’t go into sufficient depth on some of the technical topics that accounting majors need to understand. Second, the book lacks a bank of practice problems and solutions for students ...


Economic Benefits Of Nitrogen Reductions In Iowa, Chuan Tang, Gabriel E. Lade, David Keiser, Catherine Kling, Yongjie Ji, Yau-Huo Shr 2018 Iowa State University

Economic Benefits Of Nitrogen Reductions In Iowa, Chuan Tang, Gabriel E. Lade, David Keiser, Catherine Kling, Yongjie Ji, Yau-Huo Shr

CARD Reports

Iowa agriculture provides tremendous benefits to the state, national, and global economy. The intense nature of the state’s agricultural activities is not without cost. Agricultural industry is a large contributor to water quality problems both within the state as well as in downstream rivers, streams, and the Gulf of Mexico. First released in November 2012, the Iowa Nutrient Reduction Strategy (NRS) lays out a technology-driven framework for reducing nutrient delivery to waterways in Iowa and, ultimately, the Gulf of Mexico. These efforts are part of a broader strategy that includes 11 other states to reduce the size, severity, and ...


Reconstructing The Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program To More Effectively Alleviate Food Insecurity In The United States, Craig Gundersen, Brent Kreider, John V. Pepper 2018 University of Illinois

Reconstructing The Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program To More Effectively Alleviate Food Insecurity In The United States, Craig Gundersen, Brent Kreider, John V. Pepper

Economics Publications

Although the central objective of the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) is to reduce food insecurity in the United States, the majority of SNAP households are food insecure. Higher benefits may lead these households to food security. To evaluate this possibility, we use a question from the Current Population Survey that asks respondents how much additional money they would need to be food secure. Food insecure SNAP households report needing an average of about $42 per week to become food secure. Under a set of assumptions about the measurement of benefits and behavioral responses, we find that an increase in ...


Regression Discontinuity And Heteroskedasticity Robust Standard Errors: Evidence From A Fixed-Bandwidth Approximation, Otávio Bartalotti 2018 Iowa State University

Regression Discontinuity And Heteroskedasticity Robust Standard Errors: Evidence From A Fixed-Bandwidth Approximation, Otávio Bartalotti

Economics Publications

In regression discontinuity designs (RD), for a given bandwidth, researchers can estimate standard errors based on different variance formulas obtained under different asymptotic frameworks. In the traditional approach the bandwidth shrinks to zero as sample size increases; alternatively, the bandwidth could be treated as fixed. The main theoretical results for RD rely on the former, while most applications in the literature treat the estimates as parametric, implementing the usual heteroskedasticity-robust standard errors. This paper develops the “fixed-bandwidth” alternative asymptotic theory for RD designs, which sheds light on the connection between both approaches. I provide alternative formulas (approximations) for the bias ...


A Discussion Of The Sec 199a Deduction And Its Potential Impacts On Producers And Grain Marketing Firms, Keri L. Jacobs 2018 Iowa State University

A Discussion Of The Sec 199a Deduction And Its Potential Impacts On Producers And Grain Marketing Firms, Keri L. Jacobs

Economics Publications

The newly passed Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017 introduced substantive changes to individual and entity-level tax rates and deductions, many of them welcomed by individuals and corporations. One section of the Internal Revenue Code (IRC) in particular–IRC § 199A Deduction for Qualified Business Income of Pass-Through Entities (Sec 199A hereafter)–is getting a lot of attention, raising questions and eyebrows for its potential impacts on grain marketing decisions. In essence, language in this section of code gives producers marketing grain a significant incentive to sell to a cooperative rather than a non-cooperative firm.

The purpose of this article ...


Primed For Death: Law Enforcement-Citizen Homicides, Social Media, And Retaliatory Violence, Vladimir Bejan, Matthew Hickman, William S. Parkin, Veronica F. Pozo 2018 Seattle University

Primed For Death: Law Enforcement-Citizen Homicides, Social Media, And Retaliatory Violence, Vladimir Bejan, Matthew Hickman, William S. Parkin, Veronica F. Pozo

Applied Economics Faculty Publications

We examine whether retaliatory violence exists between law enforcement and citizens while controlling for any social media contagion effect related to prior fatal encounters. Analyzed using a trivariate dynamic structural vector-autoregressive model, daily time-series data over a 21-month period captured the frequencies of police killed in the line of duty, police deadly use of force incidents, and social media coverage. The results support a significant retaliatory violence effect against minorities by police, yet there is no evidence of retaliatory violence against law enforcement officers by minorities. Also, social media coverage of the Black Lives Matter movement increases the risk of ...


Nebraska Business And Consumer Confidence Indexes: January 5, 2018, Eric Thompson 2018 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Nebraska Business And Consumer Confidence Indexes: January 5, 2018, Eric Thompson

Leading Economic Indicator Reports

Consumer and business confidence declined in Nebraska during December 2017. The Consumer Confidence Index – Nebraska (CCI-N) fell to 93.3 in December, well below the neutral level of 100.0. The index had reached a record level of 106.2 in November, but that high level of confidence was not sustained. The Business Confidence Index – Nebraska (BCI-N) fell from 114.1 in November to 107.5 in December. While lower, the December reading remains well above the neutral value of 100.0. When asked about the most important issue facing their business, customer demand was mentioned by 38 percent of ...


Female Risk Aversion: Experimental Evidence From Myanmar, O Mandalay 2018 The University of San Francisco

Female Risk Aversion: Experimental Evidence From Myanmar, O Mandalay

Master's Theses

While literature shows that female risk tolerance is generally lower than males, it can also be the same as that of males under different contexts and types of rewards. We conducted an experiment in Myanmar using a lottery selection method to measure risk over five consecutive and paid rounds. We find 1) female risk aversion is significant for gift-card and school supplies, but not for cash 2) over five rounds, adult female behavior is most distinct from other groups, and 3) winning previous round decreases everyone’s risk tolerance slightly. Our results conform with the literature that gender gap in ...


Understanding The Shifting U.S Retail Environment: A Theoretical Economic Cause And Affect Analysis (1996-2018), John P. Palermo 2018 Bard College

Understanding The Shifting U.S Retail Environment: A Theoretical Economic Cause And Affect Analysis (1996-2018), John P. Palermo

Senior Projects Spring 2018

Senior Project submitted to The Division of Social Studies of Bard College.

In this paper is a theoretical analysis that provides rationalization to identifying and understanding the main determinants that have led to a shifting retail environment. Effectively over the last 20 years the traditional retail industry has had to modify its traditional ways of businesses strategy to better accommodate the latest behavioral pattern shifts of consumer spending in retail environments and non-retail environment externalities. Some of the major factorial determinants that have and are producing retail shifts are; the developments of new technology being introduced into the retail environment ...


Pre-Play Learning And The Preference Reversal Phenomenon, Younjun Kim, Elizabeth Hoffman 2018 Southern Connecticut State University

Pre-Play Learning And The Preference Reversal Phenomenon, Younjun Kim, Elizabeth Hoffman

Economics Working Papers (2002–2016)

Elicited preference rankings for two lotteries are typically inconsistent in choice and price. We test whether pre-play learning makes preference rankings consistent. Pre-play learning denotes ex-ante lottery learning, where subjects observe playing lotteries before making decisions. We find that pre-play learning makes the average selling prices for the p-bet, of subjects who choose the p-bet, higher than their average selling prices for the $-bet. However, pre-play learning is not strong enough to equalize the rates of standard and non-standard reversals, although pre-play learning reduces the rate of standard reversals.


The Effects Of An Increasing Federal Minimum Wage On Federal Unemployment And Job Automation Levels, Kiana Krayeski 2018 University of Central Florida

The Effects Of An Increasing Federal Minimum Wage On Federal Unemployment And Job Automation Levels, Kiana Krayeski

Honors Undergraduate Theses

The industrial revolution was the start of increasing technological advancements that are continuing to grow today. Technology improves accuracy, efficiency and is more productive in comparison to human labor as it does not require breaks and cannot violate any labor laws. With many innovations available today, firms have more options to choose from and can select the relatively cheaper solution. The push for a fifteen-dollar minimum wage affects the firm's options, and the use of technology might increasingly become the more viable choice. This study took data from the years 1993 to 2016 and created two regressions using the ...


Time Delay And Investment Decisions: Evidence From An Experiment In Tanzania, Plamen Nikolov 2018 State University of New York (at Binghamton)

Time Delay And Investment Decisions: Evidence From An Experiment In Tanzania, Plamen Nikolov

Economics Faculty Scholarship

Attitudes toward risk underlie virtually every important economic decision an individual makes. In this experimental study, I examine how introducing a time delay into the execution of an investment plan influences individuals’ risk preferences. The field experiment proceeded in three stages: a decision stage, an execution stage and a payout stage. At the outset, in the Decision Stage (Stage 1), each subject was asked to make an investment plan by splitting a monetary investment amount between a risky asset and a safe asset. Subjects were informed that the investment plans they made in the Decision Stage are binding and will ...


The Mall Ain’T Dead Yet! An Aristotelian Argument For The Continuation Of Physical Retail Space With The Rise Of Modern Technology, Tarah Gilbreth 2018 Claremont McKenna College

The Mall Ain’T Dead Yet! An Aristotelian Argument For The Continuation Of Physical Retail Space With The Rise Of Modern Technology, Tarah Gilbreth

CMC Senior Theses

According to Aristotle, for a human being to live their best life, that is a life that flourishes, is to live a political life. A political life is lived best in a polis , or a self - sufficient community, so therefore, the most flourishing human life is one lived in a polis . Also, for a polis to be self - sufficient, its citizens must be flourishing, so there exists a special sort of constitutive relationship between the polis and its citizens. There are certain capacities available to human beings in the polis that promote their flourishing (namely loyalty and trust) that help ...


The Effect Of Fast Food Restaurants On Type 2 Diabetes Rates, Grace Bailey 2018 Claremont McKenna College

The Effect Of Fast Food Restaurants On Type 2 Diabetes Rates, Grace Bailey

CMC Senior Theses

This paper conducts an analysis of county level data to determine the effect of fast food restaurants on type 2 diabetes rates. Due to endogeneity concerns with respect to the location of fast food restaurants, this paper follows the work of Dunn (2010) and uses the number of interstate exits in a given county to serve as an instrument for fast food restaurants. The strength of the instrument, which is theoretically and empirically tested in this paper, imposes some restraints on the interpretation of the findings. Using the Two-Stage Least Squares estimation method, I find that the presence of fast ...


How To Prevent Unhelpful Personality Traits From Evolving Into Unhelpful Financial Behaviors: The Benefits Of Future Clarity, Simon Andrew Moss, Eraj Ghafoori, Liam Smith 2018 Charles Darwin University

How To Prevent Unhelpful Personality Traits From Evolving Into Unhelpful Financial Behaviors: The Benefits Of Future Clarity, Simon Andrew Moss, Eraj Ghafoori, Liam Smith

Journal of Financial Therapy

Many organizations have implemented programs to improve the financial behavior of impending retirees and other vulnerable demographics. These programs are predicated on the assumption that financial behavior is indeed modifiable. Yet, many enduring traits, such as emotional instability, could promote financial anxiety and provoke imprudent financial behaviors, limiting the utility of these programs. This study, however, tests the possibility that future clarity—the degree to which individuals perceive their future as vivid and certain—could diminish the extent to which emotional instability coincides with financial anxiety and imprudent financial behavior. Specifically, 1516 participants over 50 completed a questionnaire that gauges ...


The Impact Of Psychological Trauma On Finance: Narrative Financial Therapy Considerations In Exploring Complex Trauma And Impaired Financial Decision Making, D. Bruce Ross III, Ed Coambs 2018 University of Kentucky

The Impact Of Psychological Trauma On Finance: Narrative Financial Therapy Considerations In Exploring Complex Trauma And Impaired Financial Decision Making, D. Bruce Ross Iii, Ed Coambs

Journal of Financial Therapy

The current paper aims to foster new discussion on the complex, deleterious, and conflated relationship between psychological trauma and financial management processes. Trauma and financial distress are interconnected, affecting the cognitive, behavioral, emotional, and relational aspects of our lives. A case vignette is presented for financial therapists which utilizes an integrated, trauma-informed approach addressing the lasting impact of childhood trauma on financial management behaviors and the client’s life story. Treatment modalities consider narrative financial therapy, four categories of sexual and financial shame, and four phases of trauma restoration. Ethical and practice implications are discussed.


Using Contingent Valuation To Measure The Economic Impact Of Climate Change On Hiker Recreation During New England Peak Foliage, Marina J. Bowie 2018 University of New Hampshire

Using Contingent Valuation To Measure The Economic Impact Of Climate Change On Hiker Recreation During New England Peak Foliage, Marina J. Bowie

Honors Theses and Capstones

This paper seeks to define and develop an economic tool for measuring willingness to pay for hiking recreation in the face of climate change in New England during the peak foliage season. Potential climate change impacts to New England are defined, along with relevant economic tools for measuring the market value of non-marketed goods. Ultimately, contingent valuation is chosen as the most viable option, and a survey is developed, pretested, and ready for implementation at the trailhead of Mt. Major in New Hampshire.


A Cross-Cultural Examination Of The Effect Of Employer Support On Employee Productivity, Shawn Tuman, Haley Lipton 2018 James Madison University

A Cross-Cultural Examination Of The Effect Of Employer Support On Employee Productivity, Shawn Tuman, Haley Lipton

Senior Honors Projects, 2010-current

The purpose of this creative, collaborative, capstone project is to conduct a cross-cultural examination of the effect of employer support on employee productivity by compiling, examining, and synthesizing conclusions from existing research. In a world of growing globalization and technological innovation, the speed of productivity is often the cornerstone that differentiates successful businesses from unsuccessful businesses, providing a competitive advantage to the quick while the others fall behind. Often this increased level of efficiency comes at a cost beyond the price of the product and the salary of employees, a deeper, psychological cost. By reviewing research focused in the United ...


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