Pce Groundwater Quality Assessment Of The University Of Northern Iowa Campus Area, 2017 University of Northern Iowa
Pce Groundwater Quality Assessment Of The University Of Northern Iowa Campus Area, Brian Gedlinske
Perchloroethylene (PCE), is a colorless, nonflammable, and relatively insoluble chlorinated solvent once widely used for dry cleaning and metal degreasing operations. Because of its past widespread use, poor solvent management practices, and environmental persistence, PCE is a common contaminant found in groundwater supplies. Potential health concerns include liver problems and increased cancer risk. This research paper presents the findings of an effort to better characterize the spatial, temporal, and transport attributes of a PCE groundwater plume that exists within the Devonian aquifer underlying the University of Northern Iowa campus and the surrounding area in Cedar Falls, Iowa. Findings reveal the ...
Karst Development Of An Evaporitic System And Its Hydrogeological Implications Inferred From Gis-Based Analysis And Tracing Techniques, José M. Gil-Márquez, Juan A. Barberá, Matías Mudarra, Bartolomé Andreo, Jorge Prieto-Mera, Damián Sánchez, L. David Rizo-Decelis, Manuel Argamasilla, José M. Nieto, Beatríz De La Torre
International Journal of Speleology
The geomorphological characteristics and hydrogeological functioning of a geologically heterogeneous evaporitic karst plateau in Southern Spain were studied. Land surface information (LiDAR data) was used to analyze the shape and distribution of closed depressions. An artificial tracer test and monitoring of the natural responses of the main spring have allowed to infer the karstic development of the studied system. Three dyes were injected in selected swallow holes to trace the main groundwater flowpaths and to estimate the dimension of the conduit network. Discharge, electrical conductivity and temperature were monitored in the groundwater that drains the evaporitic plateau during an individual ...
Hydrogeological Flow In Gypsum Karst Areas: Some Examples From Northern Italy And Main Circulation Models, 2017 Polytechnic University of Turin
Hydrogeological Flow In Gypsum Karst Areas: Some Examples From Northern Italy And Main Circulation Models, Bartolomeo Vigna, Ilenia M. D'Angeli, Adriano Fiorucci, Jo De Waele
International Journal of Speleology
A Messinian succession containing gypsum beds crops out in northern Italy, mainly in Piedmont and along the northern flank of the Apennine mountains in Emilia-Romagna. These gypsum bodies have been extensively quarried at the surface, in outcrops, and through underground quarries. In Emilia-Romagna these gypsum outcrops can be rather extensive, several km long and up to 1 km wide, while in Piedmont they are mostly covered by silty-marly deposits of Upper Messinian and Pliocene age and show only sparse and small outcrops. The underground quarrying of these evaporite bodies in Piedmont has allowed studying in detail their hydrogeology, and the ...
Interpretive Geologic Cross Sections Across Lower Platte North Natural Resources District, Nebraska (Ccs-20), 2017 University of Nebraska - Lincoln
Interpretive Geologic Cross Sections Across Lower Platte North Natural Resources District, Nebraska (Ccs-20), Dana Divine
Conservation and Survey Division
No abstract provided.
Groundwater Vulnerability Assessment For Nitrate Pollution In The Salinas Valley Using A Modified Drastic Model, 2017 The University of San Francisco
Groundwater Vulnerability Assessment For Nitrate Pollution In The Salinas Valley Using A Modified Drastic Model, Bernadette Boyle
Master's Projects and Capstones
Groundwater is an integral piece of California’s groundwater resources. One of the most common contaminants present in groundwater is nitrate. Nitrate contamination is often a result of agricultural land use activities on the ground surface. The study area for this analysis is the Salinas Valley Groundwater Basin, an agriculturally dominated basin in coastal California. The Salinas Valley Basin is both one of the most agriculturally productive areas of the state, as well as one of the most nitrate-contaminated basins in the state. The purpose of this research was to develop a groundwater vulnerability map for nitrate pollution in the ...
An Operational Drought Prediction Framework With Application Of Vine Copula Functions, 2017 Portland State University
An Operational Drought Prediction Framework With Application Of Vine Copula Functions, Mahkameh Zarekarizi
Student Research Symposium
Early and accurate drought predictions can benefit water resources and emergency managers by enhancing drought preparedness. Soil moisture memory is shown to contain helpful information for prediction of future values. This study uses the soil moisture memory to predict their future states via multivariate statistical modeling. We present a drought forecasting framework which issues monthly and seasonal drought forecasts. This framework estimates droughts with different lead times and updates the forecasts when more data become available. Forecasts are generated by conditioning future soil moisture values on antecedent drought status. The statistical model is initialized by soil moisture simulations retrieved from ...
Problematizing Socio-Scientific Issues: An Approach To Understanding Student Decision-Making Using Construal Level Theory, 2017 University of Nebraska-Lincoln
Problematizing Socio-Scientific Issues: An Approach To Understanding Student Decision-Making Using Construal Level Theory, Ashley M. Peterson
Dissertations & Theses in Natural Resources
Socio-scientific issues (SSIs) are challenges at the intersection of science and everyday life that require use of scientific knowledge, argumentation skills, personal values, and morals to articulate science-informed decisions. While addressing SSIs, the ways in which individuals define a problem will influence the solution or decision reached. The problem definition can differ along many dimensions, including content and construal level. A construal is a mental construction of the past and future, other places and people, and unlikely events. Construal Level Theory (CLT) suggests pro-environmental intentions are associated with abstract situations. I explore the application of CLT to teaching and learning ...
Integration Of Hydrogeophysical Datasets For Improved Water Resource Management In Irrigated Systems, 2017 University of Nebraska-Lincoln
Integration Of Hydrogeophysical Datasets For Improved Water Resource Management In Irrigated Systems, Catherine E. Finkenbiner
Dissertations & Theses in Natural Resources
Water scarcity is predicted to be the major limitation to increasing agronomic outputs to meet future food and fiber demands. With the agricultural sector accounting for 80 – 90% of all consumptive water use and an average water use efficiency (WUE) of less than 45%, major advances must be made in irrigation water management. Precision agriculture, specifically variable-rate irrigation (VRI) and variable-speed irrigation (VSI) systems, offers the technologies to address and manage for infield variability and incorporate that into management decisions. The major limitation to implementing this technology often lies in the management of spatial datasets and the development of irrigation ...
The Groundwater Atlas Of Richardson County, Nebraska, 2017 University of Nebraska - Lincoln
The Groundwater Atlas Of Richardson County, Nebraska, Dana P. Divine, Leslie M. Howard
Conservation and Survey Division
The purpose of this groundwater atlas is to synthesize a wealth of hydrogeologic data for Richardson County that has not been published in readily accessible formats previously. Many of the maps presented herein are based on data from registered well logs and test hole logs that are publicly available on-line, which become more valuable when compiled, analyzed, and discussed as a whole. The focus of the maps presented in this report is the accessibility of groundwater for pumping.
Comparison Of Flow Dynamics And Bifurcation Angles In Tributary And Distributary Channel Networks, 2017 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville
Comparison Of Flow Dynamics And Bifurcation Angles In Tributary And Distributary Channel Networks, Thomas Coffey
Theses and Dissertations
The dynamics of channel mouth bifurcations on river deltas can be understood using theory developed in tributary channel networks. Bifurcations in groundwater-fed tributary networks have been shown to evolve dependent on diffusive ground water flow patterns
directly adjacent to the channel network, producing a critical angle of 72°. We test the hypothesis that bifurcation angles in distributary channel networks are likewise dictated by a diffusive external flow field, in this case the shallow surface water surrounding the subaqueous portion of distributary channels in a deltaic setting. We measured 25 unique distributary bifurcations in an experimental delta and 197 bifurcations in ...
Using Cross-Sets For Paleodischarge Estimation And Paleocurrent Vectors In The Parthenon Sandstone, Northwest Arkansas, 2017 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville
Using Cross-Sets For Paleodischarge Estimation And Paleocurrent Vectors In The Parthenon Sandstone, Northwest Arkansas, Sean Robert Parry
Theses and Dissertations
In this thesis, set thicknesses are used to estimate the paleohydraulics (paleodischarge and give magnitudes for paleocurrent directions) of the ancient river system which deposited the Parthenon Sandstone in northwest Arkansas. Set thickness is the vertical thickness of a group of strata conformable series (Mckee and Weir, 1953); set thickness represents truncated dunes. The goal of this thesis is to: 1) obtain paleodischarge estimates of the Parthenon sandstone via cross-sets and compare the results with previously calculated discharge estimates which use basin area to discharge collation techniques and 2) use paleodischarge estimates calculated within this thesis to give magnitude to ...
A Stochastic Model For Water-Vegetation Systems And The Effect Of Decreasing Precipitation On Semi-Arid Environments, Shannon A. Dixon
All Graduate Theses and Dissertations
Current climate change trends are affecting the magnitude and recurrence of extreme weather events. In particular, several semi-arid regions around the planet are confronting more intense and prolonged lack of precipitation, slowly transforming these regions into deserts. In this thesis we present a stochastic (meso-scale) model for vegetation-precipitation interactions for semi-arid landscapes. Extensive simulations with the model suggest that persistence in current trends of precipitation decline in semi-arid landscapes may expedite desertification processes by up to several decades.
Observations And Regional Climate Model Simulations Of Heavy Precipitation Events And Seasonal Anomalies: A Comparison, 2017 Illinois State Water Survey
Observations And Regional Climate Model Simulations Of Heavy Precipitation Events And Seasonal Anomalies: A Comparison, Kenneth E. Kunkel, Karen Andsager, Xin-Zhong Liang, Raymond W. Arritt, Eugene S. Takle, William J. Gutowski Jr., Zaitao Pan
A regional climate model simulation of the period of 1979–88 over the contiguous United States, driven by lateral boundary conditions from the National Centers for Environmental Prediction–National Center for Atmospheric Research reanalysis, was analyzed to assess the ability of the model to simulate heavy precipitation events and seasonal precipitation anomalies. Heavy events were defined by precipitation totals that exceed the threshold value for a specified return period and duration. The model magnitudes of the thresholds for 1-day heavy precipitation events were in good agreement with observed thresholds for much of the central United States. Model thresholds were greater ...
Hydrological Processes In Regional Climate Model Simulations Of The Central United States Flood Of June–July 1993, Christopher J. Anderson, Raymond W. Arritt, Zaitao Pan, Eugene S. Takle, William J. Gutowski Jr., Francis O. Otieno, Renato Da Silva, Daniel Caya, Jens H. Christensen, Daniel Lüthi, Miguel A. Gaertner, Clemente Gallardo, Filippo Giorgi, René Laprise, Soung-You Hong, Colin Jones, H.-M. H. Juang, J. J. Katzfey, John L. Mcgregor, William M. Lapenta, Jay W. Larson, John A. Taylor, Glen E. Liston, Roger A. Pielke Sr., John Roads
Thirteen regional climate model (RCM) simulations of June–July 1993 were compared with each other and observations. Water vapor conservation and precipitation characteristics in each RCM were examined for a 10° × 10° subregion of the upper Mississippi River basin, containing the region of maximum 60-day accumulated precipitation in all RCMs and station reports. All RCMs produced positive precipitation minus evapotranspiration (P − E > 0), though most RCMs produced P − Ebelow the observed range. RCM recycling ratios were within the range estimated from observations. No evidence of common errors of E was found. In contrast, common dry bias of P was found ...
Soil Moisture In A Regional Climate Model: Simulation And Projection, 2017 Iowa State University
Soil Moisture In A Regional Climate Model: Simulation And Projection, Zaitao Pan, Raymond W. Arritt, William J. Gutowski Jr., Eugene S. Takle
Regional climate simulations driven by three sets of initial and lateral boundary conditions—analyzed observations, GCM control climate, and GCM enhanced greenhouse-gas scenario climate—are used to assess model accuracy in predicting soil moisture and to examine changes in soil moisture in the scenario climate. Simulated soil moisture does not show noticeable drift during the 10-year simulations. Observed and simulated soil moisture for Illinois and Iowa correspond reasonably well for the top 10 cm soil layer but a consistent low bias is present in the top 1 m. Growing season depletion of soil water is simulated well but recharge after ...
Hydrological Responses To Dynamically And Statistically Downscaled Climate Model Output, 2017 University of Derby
Hydrological Responses To Dynamically And Statistically Downscaled Climate Model Output, Robert L. Wilby, Lauren E. Hay, William J. Gutowski Jr., Raymond W. Arritt, Eugene S. Takle, Zaitao Pan, George H. Leavesley, Martyn P. Clark
Daily rainfall and surface temperature series were simulated for the Animas River basin, Colorado using dynamically and statistically downscaled output from the National Center for Environmental Prediction/ National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCEP/NCAR) re-analysis. A distributed hydrological model was then applied to the downscaled data. Relative to raw NCEP output, downscaled climate variables provided more realistic simulations of basin scale hydrology. However, the results highlight the sensitivity of modeled processes to the choice of downscaling technique, and point to the need for caution when interpreting future hydrological scenarios.
Use Of Regional Climate Model Output For Hydrologic Simulations, 2017 United States Geological Survey
Use Of Regional Climate Model Output For Hydrologic Simulations, L. E. Hay, M. P. Clark, R. L. Wilby, W. J. Gutowski Jr., G. H. Leavesley, Z. Pan, R. W. Arritt, E. S. Takle
Daily precipitation and maximum and minimum temperature time series from a regional climate model (RegCM2) configured using the continental United States as a domain and run on a 52-km (approximately) spatial resolution were used as input to a distributed hydrologic model for one rainfall-dominated basin (Alapaha River at Statenville, Georgia) and three snowmelt-dominated basins (Animas River at Durango, Colorado; east fork of the Carson River near Gardnerville, Nevada; and Cle Elum River near Roslyn, Washington). For comparison purposes, spatially averaged daily datasets of precipitation and maximum and minimum temperature were developed from measured data for each basin. These datasets included ...
Altered Hydrologic Feedback In A Warming Climate Introduces A “Warming Hole”, 2017 St. Louis University
Altered Hydrologic Feedback In A Warming Climate Introduces A “Warming Hole”, Zaitao Pan, Raymond W. Arritt, Eugene S. Takle, William J. Gutowski Jr., Christopher J. Anderson, Moti Segal
In the last 25 years of the 20th century most major land regions experienced a summer warming trend, but the central U.S. cooled by 0.2–0.8 K. In contrast most climate projections using GCMs show warming for all continental interiors including North America. We examined this discrepancy by using a regional climate model and found a circulation-precipitation coupling under enhanced greenhouse gas concentrations that occurs on scales too small for current GCMs to resolve well. Results show a local minimum of warming in the central U.S. (a “warming hole”) associated with changes in low-level circulations that ...
Diagnosis And Attribution Of A Seasonal Precipitation Deficit In A U.S. Regional Climate Simulation, 2017 Iowa State University
Diagnosis And Attribution Of A Seasonal Precipitation Deficit In A U.S. Regional Climate Simulation, William J. Gutowski Jr., Francis O. Otieno, Raymond W. Arritt, Eugene S. Takle, Zaitao Pan
Precipitation from a 10-yr regional climate simulation is evaluated using three complementary analyses: self-organizing maps, bias scores, and arithmetic bias. Collectively, the three reveal a precipitation deficit in the south-central United States that emerges in September and lingers through February. Deficient precipitation for this region and time of year is also evident in other simulations, indicating a generic problem in climate simulation. Analysis of terrestrial and atmospheric water balances shows that the 10-yr average precipitation error for the region results primarily from a deficit in horizontal water vapor convergence. However, the 10-yr average for fall only suggests that the primary ...
Temporal Variability Of Phosphorus Concentration In The Stream To Squam Lake, New Hampshire During Storm Events, 2017 Environmental Science and Policy
Temporal Variability Of Phosphorus Concentration In The Stream To Squam Lake, New Hampshire During Storm Events, Anju Shrestha
Student Showcase of Excellence
Phosphorus (P) enrichment to most rivers and lakes degrades the water quality, particularly by stimulating the growth of aquatic plants and algae. To determine the relative importance of precipitation events to the nutrient inputs to lakes, P input was estimated at Livermore Cove Brook, tributary of Squam Lake, NH during 3 storm events in summer 2016. Water samples were collected hourly during the events using ISCO samplers and analyzed for specific conductivity, turbidity, total P (TP), total dissolved P (TDP), total particulate P (TPP), soluble reactive P (SRP), dissolved organic P (DOP) and deuterium isotope (2H). 2H was used in ...