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Coupling Biophysical Processes And Water Rights To Simulate Spatially Distributed Water Use In An Intensively Managed Hydrologic System, Bangshuai Han, Shawn G. Benner, John P. Bolte, Kellie B. Vache, Alejandro N. Flores 2017 Boise State University

Coupling Biophysical Processes And Water Rights To Simulate Spatially Distributed Water Use In An Intensively Managed Hydrologic System, Bangshuai Han, Shawn G. Benner, John P. Bolte, Kellie B. Vache, Alejandro N. Flores

Alejandro N. Flores

Humans have significantly altered the redistribution of water in intensively managed hydrologic systems, shifting the spatiotemporal patterns of surface water. Evaluating water availability requires integration of hydrologic processes and associated human influences. In this study, we summarize the development and evaluation of an extensible hydrologic model that explicitly integrates water rights to spatially distribute irrigation waters in a semi-arid agricultural region in the western US, using the Envision integrated modeling platform. The model captures both human and biophysical systems, particularly the diversion of water from the Boise River, which is the main water source that supports irrigated agriculture in this ...


A Machine Learning Approach To Estimation Of Downward Solar Radiation From Satellite-Derived Data Products: An Application Over A Semi-Arid Ecosystem In The U.S., Qingtao Zhou, Alejandro Flores, Nancy F. Glenn, Reggie Walters, Bangshuai Han 2017 Boise State University

A Machine Learning Approach To Estimation Of Downward Solar Radiation From Satellite-Derived Data Products: An Application Over A Semi-Arid Ecosystem In The U.S., Qingtao Zhou, Alejandro Flores, Nancy F. Glenn, Reggie Walters, Bangshuai Han

Alejandro N. Flores

Shortwave solar radiation is an important component of the surface energy balance and provides the principal source of energy for terrestrial ecosystems. This paper presents a machine learning approach in the form of a random forest (RF) model for estimating daily downward solar radiation flux at the land surface over complex terrain using MODIS (MODerate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer) remote sensing data. The model-building technique makes use of a unique network of 16 solar flux measurements in the semi-arid Reynolds Creek Experimental Watershed and Critical Zone Observatory, in southwest Idaho, USA. Based on a composite RF model built on daily observations ...


Coupling Biophysical Processes And Water Rights To Simulate Spatially Distributed Water Use In An Intensively Managed Hydrologic System, Bangshuai Han, Shawn G. Benner, John P. Bolte, Kellie B. Vache, Alejandro N. Flores 2017 Boise State University

Coupling Biophysical Processes And Water Rights To Simulate Spatially Distributed Water Use In An Intensively Managed Hydrologic System, Bangshuai Han, Shawn G. Benner, John P. Bolte, Kellie B. Vache, Alejandro N. Flores

Shawn G. Benner

Humans have significantly altered the redistribution of water in intensively managed hydrologic systems, shifting the spatiotemporal patterns of surface water. Evaluating water availability requires integration of hydrologic processes and associated human influences. In this study, we summarize the development and evaluation of an extensible hydrologic model that explicitly integrates water rights to spatially distribute irrigation waters in a semi-arid agricultural region in the western US, using the Envision integrated modeling platform. The model captures both human and biophysical systems, particularly the diversion of water from the Boise River, which is the main water source that supports irrigated agriculture in this ...


A Machine Learning Approach To Estimation Of Downward Solar Radiation From Satellite-Derived Data Products: An Application Over A Semi-Arid Ecosystem In The U.S., Qingtao Zhou, Alejandro Flores, Nancy F. Glenn, Reggie Walters, Bangshuai Han 2017 Boise State University

A Machine Learning Approach To Estimation Of Downward Solar Radiation From Satellite-Derived Data Products: An Application Over A Semi-Arid Ecosystem In The U.S., Qingtao Zhou, Alejandro Flores, Nancy F. Glenn, Reggie Walters, Bangshuai Han

Geosciences Faculty Publications and Presentations

Shortwave solar radiation is an important component of the surface energy balance and provides the principal source of energy for terrestrial ecosystems. This paper presents a machine learning approach in the form of a random forest (RF) model for estimating daily downward solar radiation flux at the land surface over complex terrain using MODIS (MODerate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer) remote sensing data. The model-building technique makes use of a unique network of 16 solar flux measurements in the semi-arid Reynolds Creek Experimental Watershed and Critical Zone Observatory, in southwest Idaho, USA. Based on a composite RF model built on daily observations ...


Geophysical Investigations Of Pyroclastic Density Current Processes And Deposit Properties At Mount St. Helens, Washington (Usa), Andrew Cleveland Gase 2017 Boise State University

Geophysical Investigations Of Pyroclastic Density Current Processes And Deposit Properties At Mount St. Helens, Washington (Usa), Andrew Cleveland Gase

Boise State University Theses and Dissertations

Geophysical imaging has the potential to significantly improve investigations in pyroclastic deposits, either as a means of in situ property estimation or to provide geologic context where exposures do not exist. I perform two geophysical studies set in the deposits of the 1980 eruption at Mount St. Helens, Washington (USA); the aim is to investigate the physical properties and geology of pyroclastic deposits.

Joint petrophysical modeling reveals the dependence of seismic and electromagnetic velocities in pyroclastic deposits on two-phase porosity (vesicularity and inter- granular porosity) and water-saturation. Seismic first arrival travel-time tomography, multi-channel analysis of surface waves, and multi-offset GPR ...


Earthquake Segment Boundaries And Tsunamigenic Faults Of The Kodiak Segment, Alaska-Aleutian Subduction Zone, Marlon D. Ramos 2017 Boise State University

Earthquake Segment Boundaries And Tsunamigenic Faults Of The Kodiak Segment, Alaska-Aleutian Subduction Zone, Marlon D. Ramos

Boise State University Theses and Dissertations

The most recent megathrust earthquake to impact the Alaska subduction zone was the M9.2 Great Alaska earthquake of 1964. This multi-segment rupture spanned over 700 km of the plate boundary and engendered both local and trans-Pacific tsunamis. The Kodiak Islands region served as the southwestern limit to rupture. The nature of past megathrust segmentation for the Alaska subduction zone has been largely hypothesized through paleoseismological methods and the Kodiak region in particular has not received a comprehensive geophysical characterization of its inferred segment boundaries.

I analyze multiple geophysical datasets (e.g. seismic reflection, earthquake, potential fields) to understand the ...


Near Surface Geophysics For Lithostratigraphic Interpretation At Pedro, Benton County, Arkansas, Matthew David Ruggeri 2017 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Near Surface Geophysics For Lithostratigraphic Interpretation At Pedro, Benton County, Arkansas, Matthew David Ruggeri

Theses and Dissertations

The roadcut on highway 412 near Pedro, Benton County, Arkansas (MArkUP site L15), has been of geological interest since its excavation in the 1980s. The roadcut is located within the Springfield Plateau and displays formations of Lower Mississippian age. The roadcut contains three mound-like features believed to be olistoliths. This thesis research work adds geophysical evidence to the geological exposure at the site. The purpose of this research is to answer the question of whether near surface seismic methods can be used to extend information at the Pedro outcrop below the ground surface. Specifically, can the top of the Middle ...


Geophysical Assessment Of Kinion Lake Dam, Tim Allen Moody 2017 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Geophysical Assessment Of Kinion Lake Dam, Tim Allen Moody

Theses and Dissertations

Geophysical methods including Capacitively-Coupled Resistivity (CCR), Electrical Resistivity Tomography/Imaging (ERT/ERI), Multichannel Analysis of Surface Waves (MASW) with Love and Rayleigh waves and a Full-Waveform Inversion (FWI) were performed on Kinion Lake Dam, an earth-filled embankment dam that has historically experienced significant seepage and internal erosion issues. Surveys were completed along the crest and downstream toe of the dam. Results from the surveys indicate that each method is capable of resolving the bedrock depth within 1-2 m of locations shown on previous drilling logs, though some discrepancies between the methods exist. A weathered bedrock layer is believed to have ...


Soil-Structure Interaction Effects On The Seismic Response Of Low-Rise Eccentrically Braced Frames, Luis Gerardo Buitrago Goyez 2017 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Soil-Structure Interaction Effects On The Seismic Response Of Low-Rise Eccentrically Braced Frames, Luis Gerardo Buitrago Goyez

Theses and Dissertations

The importance of soil-structure interaction (SSI) effects on the seismic response of

buildings has been long recognized and has been researched for over 40 years. However, SSI

analysis has only been applied in a few building projects because the fixed base condition is

considered to provide a conservative estimation for the response of buildings under seismic loads.

This assumption of a fixed base condition adopted by practitioners is not always conservative or

cost-effective, especially for rigid buildings over soft soils. Additionally, for the case of ductile

steel frames with eccentric configurations, the influence of SSI on their seismic performance has ...


Coupling Biophysical Processes And Water Rights To Simulate Spatially Distributed Water Use In An Intensively Managed Hydrologic System, Bangshuai Han, Shawn G. Benner, John P. Bolte, Kellie B. Vache, Alejandro N. Flores 2017 Boise State University

Coupling Biophysical Processes And Water Rights To Simulate Spatially Distributed Water Use In An Intensively Managed Hydrologic System, Bangshuai Han, Shawn G. Benner, John P. Bolte, Kellie B. Vache, Alejandro N. Flores

Geosciences Faculty Publications and Presentations

Humans have significantly altered the redistribution of water in intensively managed hydrologic systems, shifting the spatiotemporal patterns of surface water. Evaluating water availability requires integration of hydrologic processes and associated human influences. In this study, we summarize the development and evaluation of an extensible hydrologic model that explicitly integrates water rights to spatially distribute irrigation waters in a semi-arid agricultural region in the western US, using the Envision integrated modeling platform. The model captures both human and biophysical systems, particularly the diversion of water from the Boise River, which is the main water source that supports irrigated agriculture in this ...


Using Bolide Airwaves To Estimate Meteoroid Source Characteristics And Window Damage Potential, Nayeob Gi 2017 The University of Western Ontario

Using Bolide Airwaves To Estimate Meteoroid Source Characteristics And Window Damage Potential, Nayeob Gi

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

We examined the far-field infrasonic signals produced by 78 bolides simultaneously detected by U.S. government sensors to determine the mechanisms responsible for interstation spreads in infrasound signal period. These signal period spreads lead to large variances in source energy estimates. Our analysis suggests that while acoustic source height contributes to some extent to the variance in signal periods, the range from the source to the station and in particular station noise plays a more significant role.

By simulating the near-field weak shocks from a suite of well-observed energetic fireballs, we have empirically estimated how often fireball shocks produce overpressure ...


Investigation Of Wing Crack Formation With A Combined Phase-Field And Experimental Approach, Sanghyun Lee, Jacqueline E. Reber, Nicholas W. Hayman, Mary F. Wheeler 2017 University of Texas at Austin

Investigation Of Wing Crack Formation With A Combined Phase-Field And Experimental Approach, Sanghyun Lee, Jacqueline E. Reber, Nicholas W. Hayman, Mary F. Wheeler

Jacqueline Reber

Fractures that propagate off of weak slip planes are known as wing cracks and often play important roles in both tectonic deformation and fluid flow across reservoir seals. Previous numerical models have produced the basic kinematics of wing crack openings but generally have not been able to capture fracture geometries seen in nature. Here we present both a phase-field modeling approach and a physical experiment using gelatin for a wing crack formation. By treating the fracture surfaces as diffusive zones instead of as discontinuities, the phase-field model does not require consideration of unpredictable rock properties or stress inhomogeneities around crack ...


Uncertainty In A Geophysical Survey For A Bridge Foundation Design, Paul Michaels 2017 Boise State University

Uncertainty In A Geophysical Survey For A Bridge Foundation Design, Paul Michaels

Paul Michaels

In the preparation stage of a bridge replacement located in Boise Idaho, the Idaho Transportation Department (ITD) commissioned a geophysical survey to address uncertainties in the soil profile across the river. Differing site conditions can impact the final design and cost of a project. To address the geologic uncertainties under the planned bridge replacement, the refraction method was selected. Selection of a geophysical method bears its own risk. Refractions are used to map the top of the competent geologic formation below those soils incapable of supporting the structure. The refraction method requires that P-wave velocity increase at the boundary to ...


Isolating Retrograde And Prograde Rayleigh-Wave Modes Using A Polarity Mute, Gabriel Gribler, Lee M. Liberty, T. Dylan Mikesell, Paul Michaels 2017 Boise State University

Isolating Retrograde And Prograde Rayleigh-Wave Modes Using A Polarity Mute, Gabriel Gribler, Lee M. Liberty, T. Dylan Mikesell, Paul Michaels

Paul Michaels

Estimates of S-wave velocity with depth from Rayleigh-wave dispersion data are limited by the accuracy of fundamental and/or higher mode signal identification. In many scenarios, the fundamental mode propagates in retrograde motion, whereas higher modes propagate in prograde motion. This difference in particle motion (or polarity) can be used by joint analysis of vertical and horizontal inline recordings. We have developed a novel method that isolates modes by separating prograde and retrograde motions; we call this a polarity mute. Applying this polarity mute prior to traditional multichannel analysis of surface wave (MASW) analysis improves phase velocity estimation for fundamental ...


Integrated Approach For Sinkhole Evaluation And Evolution Prediction In The Central Ebro Basin (Ne Spain), Oscar Pueyo Anchuela, Andrés Pocoví Juan, Antonio M. Casas Sainz, Javier Gracia Abadias, Carlos L. Liesa Carrera 2017 Universidad de Zaragoza

Integrated Approach For Sinkhole Evaluation And Evolution Prediction In The Central Ebro Basin (Ne Spain), Oscar Pueyo Anchuela, Andrés Pocoví Juan, Antonio M. Casas Sainz, Javier Gracia Abadias, Carlos L. Liesa Carrera

International Journal of Speleology

Evaluation of karst hazards benefits from the integration of different techniques, methodologies and approaches. Each one presents a different signature and is sensitive to certain indicators related to karst hazards. In some cases, detailed analysis permits the evaluation of representativeness either from isolated approaches or by means of integrated analyses. In this study, we present the evaluation of an area with high density of karstic collapses at different evolutionary stages through the integration of surficial, historical, geomorphological and geophysical data in order to finally define the evolutionary model for karst activity development. The obtained dataset permits to identify different steps ...


Identifying Irrigated Areas In The Snake River Plain, Idaho: Evaluating Performance Across Composting Algorithms, Spectral Indices, And Sensors, Eric W. Chance, Kelly M. Cobourn, Valerie A. Thomas, Blaine C. Dawson, Alejandro N. Flores 2017 Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University

Identifying Irrigated Areas In The Snake River Plain, Idaho: Evaluating Performance Across Composting Algorithms, Spectral Indices, And Sensors, Eric W. Chance, Kelly M. Cobourn, Valerie A. Thomas, Blaine C. Dawson, Alejandro N. Flores

Geosciences Faculty Publications and Presentations

There are pressing concerns about the interplay between agricultural productivity, water demand, and water availability in semi-arid to arid regions of the world. Currently, irrigated agriculture is the dominant water user in these regions and is estimated to consume approximately 80% of the world’s diverted freshwater resources. We develop an improved irrigated land-use mapping algorithm that uses the seasonal maximum value of a spectral index to distinguish between irrigated and non-irrigated parcels in Idaho’s Snake River Plain. We compare this approach to two alternative algorithms that differentiate between irrigated and non-irrigated parcels using spectral index values at a ...


Aerodynamic Roughness Length Estimation With Lidar And Imaging Spectroscopy In A Shrub-Dominated Dryland, Aihua Li, Wenguang Zhao, Jessica J. Mitchell, Nancy F. Glenn, Matthew J. Germino, Joel B. Sankey, Richard G. Allen 2017 Boise State University

Aerodynamic Roughness Length Estimation With Lidar And Imaging Spectroscopy In A Shrub-Dominated Dryland, Aihua Li, Wenguang Zhao, Jessica J. Mitchell, Nancy F. Glenn, Matthew J. Germino, Joel B. Sankey, Richard G. Allen

Geosciences Faculty Publications and Presentations

The aerodynamic roughness length (Z0m) serves an important role in the flux exchange between the land surface and atmosphere. In this study, airborne lidar (ALS), terrestrial lidar (TLS), and imaging spectroscopy data were integrated to develop and test two approaches to estimate Z0m over a shrub dominated dryland study area in south-central Idaho, USA. Sensitivity of the two parameterization methods to estimate Z0m was analyzed. The comparison of eddy covariance-derived Z0m and remote sensing-derived Z0m showed that the accuracy of the estimated Z0m heavily depends on the estimation model and the representation of shrub ...


Evolution Of Olivine Crystallographic Preferred Orientation In The Upper Mantle -- Implications For The Interpretation Of Seismic Anisotropy, Yuval Boneh 2017 Washington University in St. Louis

Evolution Of Olivine Crystallographic Preferred Orientation In The Upper Mantle -- Implications For The Interpretation Of Seismic Anisotropy, Yuval Boneh

Arts & Sciences Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Earth’s plate tectonics is the outermost manifestation of mantle convection. Understanding plate tectonics at the global scale requires understanding of regional processes near plate boundaries. Flow patterns in the upper mantle are generally inferred from observations of anisotropy of seismic wave speed. In plate interiors, where flow patterns are assumed to be simple, interpretation of seismic anisotropy is straightforward. However, near plate boundaries, where flow patterns are complex, different strategies for interpreting seismic anisotropy may be required. This dissertation examines, using experimental and numerical tools, the effects of complex flow patterns on the evolution of olivine crystallographic preferred orientation ...


Gravitational Study Of The Hastings Salt Dome And Associated Faults In Brazoria And Galveston Counties,Texas, Francis C. Okocha 2017 Stephen F. Austin State University

Gravitational Study Of The Hastings Salt Dome And Associated Faults In Brazoria And Galveston Counties,Texas, Francis C. Okocha

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Salt domes are important geological structures because they are potential major hydrocarbon traps and have a profound effect on overlying strata in the subsurface. Over five hundred salt domes have been located on the United States Gulf Coast region, including the Hastings Salt Dome. Hastings Oil Field is located about 40.2 km (25 miles) southeast of Houston, Texas. The Hasting oil field was discovered in 1934 and it was considered the largest oil reserve on the Gulf Coast. Its peak production of 75,000 BOPD (barrels of oil per day) was recorded in 1977 and it had a cumulative ...


Structural And Stratigraphic Reconstruction Of The Whiting Dome Salt Structure In Viosca Knoll-Mississippi Canyon, Gom, Using 3d Seismic Data, Matthew R. Worrell 2017 Stephen F Austin State University

Structural And Stratigraphic Reconstruction Of The Whiting Dome Salt Structure In Viosca Knoll-Mississippi Canyon, Gom, Using 3d Seismic Data, Matthew R. Worrell

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Understanding the complexities of salt tectonics is one of the most important factors regarding seismic interpretation of stratigraphy, structure, and geomorphology in the Gulf of Mexico. Evaluating the processes affecting recent mobilization of salt in the shallow, well-imaged section can help provide analogues for older, similar occurrences in the deeper section, thereby providing structural models for the autochthonous salt and its effect on stratigraphy and even potential timing and migration issues of hydrocarbons.

Progradation of delta front and shelf to slope transitional sediments has expulsed and emplaced an allochthonous salt structure (Whiting Dome) in the Viosca Knoll and Mississippi Canyon ...


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