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Young Earth Flood Geology In The Grand Canyon, John H. Whitmore 2017 Cedarville University

Young Earth Flood Geology In The Grand Canyon, John H. Whitmore

John H. Whitmore, Ph.D.

No abstract provided.


Oysters And Mammoths: Fossils In Central Texas–Texas Academy Of Science 2017, Chris Barker, R. LaRell Nielson 2017 Stephen F Austin State University

Oysters And Mammoths: Fossils In Central Texas–Texas Academy Of Science 2017, Chris Barker, R. Larell Nielson

Faculty Publications

Texas Academy of Science, 2017 Field Trip

This year's Texas Academy of Science Geology Field Trip takes you to two very different fossil sites in central Texas. Stop 1 is along a quiet road in the Hill Country where you can collect abundant invertebrate fossils from the Lower Cretaceous Comanche Peak Limestone and Walnut Clay. The second stop of the trip is at one of the newest units of America's park service: the Waco Mammoth National Monument. At this site you will see a spectacular fossil discovery that is now one of the main mammoth sites in North ...


Young Earth Flood Geology In The Grand Canyon, John H. Whitmore 2017 Cedarville University

Young Earth Flood Geology In The Grand Canyon, John H. Whitmore

Science and Mathematics Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Cu-Pd Mineralization And Exploration Geochemistry Of The Eastern Gabbro, Coldwell Alkaline Complex, On, Canada, Yonghua Cao 2017 The University of Western Ontario

Cu-Pd Mineralization And Exploration Geochemistry Of The Eastern Gabbro, Coldwell Alkaline Complex, On, Canada, Yonghua Cao

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

The Eastern Gabbro forms the northern and eastern margin of the Coldwell Alkaline Complex. It contains three magma series: the barren meta-basalt, the Layered Series, and the Marathon Series which hosts all known PGE mineralization. The Marathon Series can be distinguished from other Series using the combination of portable X-ray fluorescence (pXRF) and benchtop scanning electron microscope (bSEM). Whole-rock Ba, Mg# (molar Mg/(Mg+Fe)*100), Zr and V/Ti values acquired from pXRF, and Mg#s of olivine and clinopyroxene, and anorthite content (molar Ca/(Ca+Na)*100) of plagioclase acquired from bSEM-EDS are key parameters. The Layered Series ...


Murray Energy Corporation V. Mccarthy, Sarah M. Danno 2017 University of Montana School of Law

Murray Energy Corporation V. Mccarthy, Sarah M. Danno

Public Land and Resources Law Review

Holding that the widespread effects of environmental regulation on the coal industry constituted sufficient importance, the Northern District of West Virginia ordered the Environmental Protection Agency to conduct analysis on employment loss and plant reduction resulting from regulatory effects. In admonishing the EPA’s inaction, the court ruled that the Agency had a non-discretionary duty to evaluate employment and plant reduction. Furthermore, the court held that the EPA’s attempt to put forth general reports in place of required evaluations was an invalid attempt to circumvent its statutory duty.


So, You Want To 3d Print A Landscape? An Outline Of Some Methods, Dylan J. McKevitt, Thomas L. Rice, Emily Jackson, Victoria Couser 2017 Cedarville University

So, You Want To 3d Print A Landscape? An Outline Of Some Methods, Dylan J. Mckevitt, Thomas L. Rice, Emily Jackson, Victoria Couser

Thomas L. Rice, M.E.

No abstract provided.


So, You Want To 3d Print A Landscape? An Outline Of Some Methods, Dylan J. McKevitt, Thomas L. Rice, Emily Jackson, Victoria Couser 2017 Cedarville University

So, You Want To 3d Print A Landscape? An Outline Of Some Methods, Dylan J. Mckevitt, Thomas L. Rice, Emily Jackson, Victoria Couser

Alumni Book Gallery

No abstract provided.


Secondary Minerals From Salt Caves In The Atacama Desert (Chile): A Hyperarid And Hypersaline Environment With Potential Analogies To The Martian Subsurface, Jo De Waele, Cristina Carbone, Laura Sanna, Marco Vattano, Ermanno Galli, Francesco Sauro, Paolo Forti 2017 University of Bologna

Secondary Minerals From Salt Caves In The Atacama Desert (Chile): A Hyperarid And Hypersaline Environment With Potential Analogies To The Martian Subsurface, Jo De Waele, Cristina Carbone, Laura Sanna, Marco Vattano, Ermanno Galli, Francesco Sauro, Paolo Forti

International Journal of Speleology

Over the past 15 years several expeditions by French, American and especially Italian cavers have unveiled over 50 caves in the Cordillera de la Sal (Atacama Desert, Northern Chile). Many of these caves contain a variety of speleothems and minerals, some of which have rarely been observed within karst systems. Most of the secondary deposits in these caves are composed of halite, but also other halide, carbonate, sulphate, nitrate, phosphate, and silicate minerals have been found. Among the sixteen cave mineral species recognized, atacamite, darapskite, blödite, leonite, anhydrite, and especially antarcticite are worth mentioning. In one of the samples an ...


Toxicity Of Fluorescent Tracers And Their Degradation Byproducts, Philippe Gombert, Hugues Biaudet, René de Sèze, Pascal Pandard, Jean Carré 2017 INERIS

Toxicity Of Fluorescent Tracers And Their Degradation Byproducts, Philippe Gombert, Hugues Biaudet, René De Sèze, Pascal Pandard, Jean Carré

International Journal of Speleology

Tracer tests are frequently used to delineate catchment area of water supply springs in karstic zones. In the karstic chalk of Normandy, the main tracers used are fluorescent: uranine, sulforhodamine B, naphtionate, and Tinopal®. In this area, a statistical analysis shows that less than half of the injected tracers joins the monitored restitution points and enters the drinking water system where they undergo chlorination. Most of the injected tracers is absorbed in the rock matrix or is thrown out of the aquifer via karstic springs: then it can join superficial waters where it is degraded due to the sun and ...


Review Of A Chorus Of Cranes: The Cranes Of North America And The World By Paul A. Johnsgard, Aaron T. Pearse 2017 U.S. Geological Survey

Review Of A Chorus Of Cranes: The Cranes Of North America And The World By Paul A. Johnsgard, Aaron T. Pearse

USGS Staff -- Published Research

Cranes (Gruidae) are widely distributed throughout the world, have lived on Earth for several million years, and currently reside on five continents. Archaeological evidence and historical references suggest that humans have interacted with and been captivated by cranes for many thousands of years (e.g., Leslie 1988, Muellner 1990). A glimpse of our reverence for these birds can be found in A Chorus of Cranes by Paul A. Johnsgard, with photographs by Thomas D. Mangelsen. Many species of cranes are currently identified as threatened or endangered, and their future will likely rest in the hands of humans; this book presents ...


Crustal Deformation During Arc-Flare Up Magmatism: Field And Microstructural Analysis Of A Mid-Crustal, Melt Enhanced Shear Zone, John Bennett Gilbert 2017 University of Vermont

Crustal Deformation During Arc-Flare Up Magmatism: Field And Microstructural Analysis Of A Mid-Crustal, Melt Enhanced Shear Zone, John Bennett Gilbert

Graduate College Dissertations and Theses

This study combines structural field data with microstructural observations in an analysis of a mid-crustal shear zone related to the emplacement of the Misty pluton during a high-flux magmatic event in Northern Fiordland, New Zealand. These high-flux magmatic events transport massive amounts of heat and material as they develop along accretionary continental margins, and represent a primary source of continental crust. Fiordland, New Zealand possesses, perhaps, the most extensive middle and lower crustal exposure of these systems on earth. Therefore, this study area provides a significant opportunity to understand processes of continental crust formation in the mid-crust and how these ...


Climate Change Adaptation For Southern California Groundwater Managers: A Case Study Of The Six Basins Aquifer, Frank Lyles 2017 Pomona College

Climate Change Adaptation For Southern California Groundwater Managers: A Case Study Of The Six Basins Aquifer, Frank Lyles

Pomona Senior Theses

Groundwater has been very important to the economic development of Southern California, and will continue to be a crucial resource in the 21st century. However, Climate Change threatens to disrupt many of the physical and economic processes that control the flow of water in and out of aquifers. One groundwater manager, the Six Basins Watermaster in eastern Los Angeles and western San Bernardino Counties, has developed a long-term planning document called the Strategic Plan that mostly fails to address the implications of Climate Change, especially for local water supplies. This thesis presents an in-depth analysis of the Six Basin Watermaster ...


Holocene Fault Reactivation And Landscape Evolution In The Eastern Cascades, Wa, Benjamin M. Carlson 2017 Western Washington University

Holocene Fault Reactivation And Landscape Evolution In The Eastern Cascades, Wa, Benjamin M. Carlson

WWU Masters Thesis Collection

Significant uncertainty remains in how and where modest, distributed shortening is accommodated throughout the eastern Cascade Range in Washington State. Using lidar imagery, I identified a ~5 km long lineament in Swakane Canyon near Wenatchee, roughly coincident with a strand of the Entiat fault. Topographic profiles show the lineament is formed by a southwest-side-up break in slope with between 2 and 42 m of vertical separation of the ground surface. Trenching reveals deformed saprolite and colluvium consistent with southwest-side-up folding caused by blind reverse faulting at depth. Radiocarbon and luminescence dating combined with stratigraphic constraints suggest up to three Holocene ...


Mercury Increases In Lake Tanganyika Since ~1850, Troy A. Bole 2017 The University of Akron

Mercury Increases In Lake Tanganyika Since ~1850, Troy A. Bole

Honors Research Projects

A series of three sediment cores were collected in Lake Tanganyika, Africa, and were analyzed for mercury concentrations. For all three cores, a decrease in mercury (Hg) levels was observed from the 1600’s (appx. 20 ng/g) until concentrations reached a minimum during the mid-1800’s (appx. 10 ng/g). The mid-1800’s marked a change from decreasing mercury levels to an increase over the following century. The core tops (circa 2006) have concentrations greater than 70 ng/g. The onset of the rise in mercury concentrations coincides with the beginning of the Industrial Revolution in the mid to ...


Volatiles In Subglacially Erupted Basaltic Glasses And Their Use In Reconstructing Paleo-Ice Thicknesses, Carver Lee 2017 University of Massachusetts - Amherst

Volatiles In Subglacially Erupted Basaltic Glasses And Their Use In Reconstructing Paleo-Ice Thicknesses, Carver Lee

Masters Theses May 2014 - current

Volatile concentrations in basaltic tuyas, edifices that form during a subglacial eruption and remain once the ice sheet has retreated, have been used to calculate the thickness of the overlying ice sheet at the onset of the eruption (Tuffen, 2010). However, subglacial eruptions are complex events and this technique does not always provide a clear answer (Schopka et al., 2006; Edwards et al., 2009). The purpose of this research is to evaluate this technique and investigate constraints on the quality of data collected by attempting to calculate the minimum ice thickness under which Hlöðufell, a tuya in south-central Iceland, erupted ...


Geologic And Geochemical Characterization Of Cross-Communication Potential Within The Northern Edwards Aquifer System, Texas, Ingrid J. Eckhoff 2016 Stephen F. Austin State University

Geologic And Geochemical Characterization Of Cross-Communication Potential Within The Northern Edwards Aquifer System, Texas, Ingrid J. Eckhoff

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The Edwards Aquifer is a large, complex groundwater system located throughout Central Texas in association with the Balcones Fault Zone. The San Antonio and Barton Spring segments of the Edwards Aquifer have been extensively studied in the past because they provide groundwater resources to the largely urbanized areas of San Antonio and Austin, respectively, and smaller communities along the Interstate 35 corridor. Previous research has been conducted on these southern and central portions of the Edwards Aquifer system, which have characterized the structural, hydrogeological and geochemical variations within the highly karsted region. However, the Northern Segment of the Edwards Aquifer ...


An Investigation Into The Origin, Composition, And Commercial Significance Of A Sedimentary Subsalt Formation: Keathley Canyon, Gulf Of Mexico, David Aaron Brassieur 2016 University of New Orleans, New Orleans

An Investigation Into The Origin, Composition, And Commercial Significance Of A Sedimentary Subsalt Formation: Keathley Canyon, Gulf Of Mexico, David Aaron Brassieur

University of New Orleans Theses and Dissertations

Sub-salt oil and gas formations in deep-water northern Gulf of Mexico are high priority targets. Advances in seismic processing allow for high-resolution, below-salt imaging. Understanding the modes of salt emplacement provide insight into sub-salt traps and potential drilling hazards.

A sub-salt sedimentary unit lies in the Keathley Canyon protraction. Autosutures created the transport-parallel lineaments of the upper surface of the unit. In addition, highly variable sediment aggradation rates created ramps, flats, and basal cutoffs along the base of the allochthon as salt and sediment competed for space. Seismic models identify modes of salt emplacement, salt/sediment interactions, and mechanisms responsible ...


Interpretations Of Lithologies And Structures From Aeromagnetic And Remote Sensing Data Over Bunu Area In Part Of Kabba-Lokoja-Igarra Schist Belt, Sw Nigeria, Mofolorunsho S. Kolawole, Martins Onimisi PhD, Samuel B. Olobaniyi 2016 Kogi State University, Anyigba

Interpretations Of Lithologies And Structures From Aeromagnetic And Remote Sensing Data Over Bunu Area In Part Of Kabba-Lokoja-Igarra Schist Belt, Sw Nigeria, Mofolorunsho S. Kolawole, Martins Onimisi Phd, Samuel B. Olobaniyi

Confluence Journal Environmental Studies (CJES), Kogi State University, Nigeria

 Remote sensing techniques (LandSat ETM+, radiometric ternary, aeromagnetic, SRTM and topographic map DEM) were integrated with geology to accelerate accurate delineation of lithologic unit boundaries and structural features of Bunu area in part of Kabba-Lokoja-Igarra Schist belt, SW Nigeria. The techniques generated several products of imageries. False color composite (FCC) of 7, 4, 2 bands (RGB) and bands ratio of 5/6, 5/4, 4/1 (RGB) from LandSat ETM+ were used to extract lineaments features of the study area. Rose diagram generated for these lineaments shows N-S, NE-SW and E-W trends while predominantly E-W trend was observed on the ...


Petrography, Stable Isotope Compositions, Microraman Spectroscopy, And Presolar Components Of Roberts Massif 04133: A Reduced Cv3 Carbonaceous Chrondrite, Jemma Davidson, Devin L. Schrader, Conel M. Alexander, Dante S. Lauretta, Henner Busemann, Ian A. Franchi, Richard C. Greenwood, Harold Connolly Jr., Kenneth J. Domanik, Alexander Verchovsky 2016 Selected Works

Petrography, Stable Isotope Compositions, Microraman Spectroscopy, And Presolar Components Of Roberts Massif 04133: A Reduced Cv3 Carbonaceous Chrondrite, Jemma Davidson, Devin L. Schrader, Conel M. Alexander, Dante S. Lauretta, Henner Busemann, Ian A. Franchi, Richard C. Greenwood, Harold Connolly Jr., Kenneth J. Domanik, Alexander Verchovsky

Harold Connolly

Here, we report the mineralogy, petrography, C-N-O-stable isotope compositions, degree of disorder of organic matter, and abundances of presolar components of the chondrite Roberts Massif (RBT) 04133 using a coordinated, multitechnique approach. The results of this study are inconsistent with its initial classification as a Renazzo-like carbonaceous chondrite, and strongly support RBT 04133 being a brecciated, reduced petrologic type >3.3 Vigarano-like carbonaceous (CV) chondrite. RBT 04133 shows no evidence for aqueous alteration. However, it is mildly thermally altered (up to approximately 440 °C); which is apparent in its whole-rock C and N isotopic compositions, the degree of disorder of ...


Towards Understanding The Dynamical Evolution Of Asteroid 25143 Itokawa: Constraints From Sample Analysis, Harold C. Connolly Jr., Dante S. Lauretta, Kevin J. Walsh, Shogo Tachibana, William F. Bottke Jr. 2016 Rowan University

Towards Understanding The Dynamical Evolution Of Asteroid 25143 Itokawa: Constraints From Sample Analysis, Harold C. Connolly Jr., Dante S. Lauretta, Kevin J. Walsh, Shogo Tachibana, William F. Bottke Jr.

Harold Connolly

The data from the analysis of samples returned by Hayabusa from asteroid 25143 Itokawa are used to constrain the preaccretion history, the geological activity that occurred after accretion, and the dynamical history of the asteroid from the main belt to near-Earth space. We synthesize existing data to pose hypotheses to be tested by dynamical modeling and the analyses of future samples returned by Hayabusa 2 and OSIRIS-REx. Specifically, we argue that the Yarkosky-O’Keefe-Radzievskii-Paddack (YORP) effect may be responsible for producing geologically high-energy environments on Itokawa and other asteroids that process regolith and essentially affect regolith gardening.


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