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Multivariate Spectral Analysis Of Crism Data To Characterize The Composition Of Mawrth Vallis, Melissa Luna 2018 Wesleyan University

Multivariate Spectral Analysis Of Crism Data To Characterize The Composition Of Mawrth Vallis, Melissa Luna

Melissa Luna

No abstract provided.


An Assessment Of Concrete Over Asphalt Pavement Using Both The Ultrasonic Surface Wave And Impact Echo Techniques, Mengxing Li, Neil Lennart Anderson, Lesley Sneed, Xin Kang 2018 Missouri University of Science and Technology

An Assessment Of Concrete Over Asphalt Pavement Using Both The Ultrasonic Surface Wave And Impact Echo Techniques, Mengxing Li, Neil Lennart Anderson, Lesley Sneed, Xin Kang

Lesley Sneed, Ph.D., P.E.

A portable seismic property analyzer (PSPA) was used to simultaneously acquire both ultrasonic surface wave (PSPA-USW) and impact-echo (PSPA-IE) data at predetermined locations along a section of multi-layered pavement. The pavement consisted of a basal concrete layer (~220 mm), an intervening layer of hot-mix asphalt (~60 mm), and a concrete overlay (~220 mm). The section of multi-layered pavement was cored at multiple PSPA test locations for verification purposes. The conditions of the extracted cores were assessed visually, and the static elastic modulus, as well as the compressional wave velocity of each concrete overlay core, were measured in the laboratory. Results ...


Sks Splitting Beneath Southern California, Kelly H. Liu, Paul M. Davis, Stephen S. Gao 2018 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Sks Splitting Beneath Southern California, Kelly H. Liu, Paul M. Davis, Stephen S. Gao

Kelly H. Liu

Measurements of SKS phase splitting were obtained from nineteen seismic stations in southern California. The fast polarization directions are 53° at the southern end of the Great Valley, 82 ± 8° in the western Transverse Ranges and northern Peninsular Ranges, 95 ± 4° in Mojave Desert, and 70° on San Clemente Island. The splitting time ranges from 0.8 to 1.8 seconds, which is consistent with an anisotropic layer of 100 to 200 km thick for 4% anisotropy.


Data Report For The 1993 Los Angeles Region Seismic Experiment (Larse93), Southern California: A Passive Study From Seal Beach Northeastward Through The Mojave Desert, Monica D. Kohler, Paul M. Davis, Kelly H. Liu, Mark Benthien, Stephen S. Gao, Gary S. Fuis, Robert W. Clayton, David Okaya, James Mori 2018 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Data Report For The 1993 Los Angeles Region Seismic Experiment (Larse93), Southern California: A Passive Study From Seal Beach Northeastward Through The Mojave Desert, Monica D. Kohler, Paul M. Davis, Kelly H. Liu, Mark Benthien, Stephen S. Gao, Gary S. Fuis, Robert W. Clayton, David Okaya, James Mori

Kelly H. Liu

This report contains a description of the first part of the Los Angeles Region Seismic Experiment (LARSE). To date, LARSE has consisted of two experiments: passive, which took place in fall, 1993 (LARSE93), and active, which took place in fall, 1994 (LARSE94). The goal of the 1993 experiment was to collect waveform data from local and distant earthquakes to obtain three-dimensional images of lower crust and upper mantle structure in Southern California, particularly under the San Gabriel Mountains and across the San Andreas fault. During LARSE93, approximately 88 stations were deployed in a 175-km-long, linear array across the Los Angeles ...


Decoupling The Stationary Navier-Stokes-Darcy System With The Beavers-Joseph-Saffman Interface Condition, Yong Cao, Yuchuan Chu, Xiaoming He, Mingzhen Wei 2018 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Decoupling The Stationary Navier-Stokes-Darcy System With The Beavers-Joseph-Saffman Interface Condition, Yong Cao, Yuchuan Chu, Xiaoming He, Mingzhen Wei

Xiaoming He

This paper proposes a domain decomposition method for the coupled stationary Navier-Stokes and Darcy equations with the Beavers-Joseph-Saffman interface condition in order to improve the efficiency of the finite element method. The physical interface conditions are directly utilized to construct the boundary conditions on the interface and then decouple the Navier-Stokes and Darcy equations. Newton iteration will be used to deal with the nonlinear systems. Numerical results are presented to illustrate the features of the proposed method.


Highway Construction Or Stream Destruction: A Water Quality Analysis In The Black Warrior Basin, Walker County, Alabama, Cayla Baughn 2018 Western Kentucky University

Highway Construction Or Stream Destruction: A Water Quality Analysis In The Black Warrior Basin, Walker County, Alabama, Cayla Baughn

Honors College Capstone Experience/Thesis Projects

In 2012, residents along Freeman Branch Creek in Eldridge, Alabama observed unusual orange discoloration along the stream and on stream vegetation; an unprecendented black veneer coating pebbles along the streambed; and life in the stream seemed to have vanished. Freeman Branch Creek is located in Walker County, Alabama, which is known for its production of coal and natural gas from the underlying Pennsylvanian-aged Pottsville Formation, which is the uppermost geologic layer within the the Black Warrior Basin. Concerns for environmental safety related to intensive mining operations include the concern that shallow aquifers will be contaminated by mining in deep reservoir ...


Evidence Of The 1762 Arakan And Prior Earthquakes In The Northern Sunda Subduction, Dhiman Ranjan Mondal 2018 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Evidence Of The 1762 Arakan And Prior Earthquakes In The Northern Sunda Subduction, Dhiman Ranjan Mondal

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

The objective of this dissertation is to understand the seismic hazard associated with Arakan segment of the northern Sunda subduction along SE Bangladesh. In order to do that, it is necessary to document geologic evidence for the 1762 Arakan earthquake and prior events, to help estimate the recurrence interval (repeat time) for that earthquake. Historical records described that the 1762 earthquake caused extensive damage along the Arakan segment of the Sunda subduction system. But the geologic evidence for the earthquake farther north is necessary to better understand its associated seismic hazard to the densely populated nation of Bangladesh. This dissertation ...


Discovery And Geology Of The Guinness World Record Lake Copper, Lake Superior, Michigan, Theodore J. Bornhorst, Robert Barron 2018 Michigan Technological University

Discovery And Geology Of The Guinness World Record Lake Copper, Lake Superior, Michigan, Theodore J. Bornhorst, Robert Barron

Theodore J. Bornhorst

No abstract provided.


Genuine Faculty-Mentored Research Experiences For In-Service Science Teachers: Increases In Science Knowledge, Perception, And Confidence Levels, Christine E. Cutucache, Heather D. Leas, Neal F. Grandgenett, Kari L. Nelson, Steven N. Rodie, Robert Duncan Shuster, Chris Schaben, William E. Tapprich 2018 University of Nebraska at Omaha

Genuine Faculty-Mentored Research Experiences For In-Service Science Teachers: Increases In Science Knowledge, Perception, And Confidence Levels, Christine E. Cutucache, Heather D. Leas, Neal F. Grandgenett, Kari L. Nelson, Steven N. Rodie, Robert Duncan Shuster, Chris Schaben, William E. Tapprich

Biology Faculty Publications

The overall purpose of this multifocused study was to explore how participation in genuine mentored scientific research experiences impacts in-service science teachers and the knowledge and skills needed for their own science teaching. The research experiences resulted from a partnership between the University of Nebraska at Omaha and the Omaha Public School District. This Teacher- Researcher Partnership Program facilitated opportunities in inquiry, science content, interaction with laboratory instrumentation and technologies, critical discussion of literature, and dissemination of findings for participating in-service science teacher professional development utilizing an inquiry-based theoretical framework wherein we examined science teacher preparation via inquiry-based methods in ...


Biogenic Weathering: Solubilization Of Iron From Minerals By Epilithic Freshwater Algae And Cyanobacteria, George E. Mustoe 2018 Western Washington University

Biogenic Weathering: Solubilization Of Iron From Minerals By Epilithic Freshwater Algae And Cyanobacteria, George E. Mustoe

Geology

A sandstone outcrop exposed to freshwater seepage supports a diverse assemblage of photosynthetic microbes. Dominant taxa are two cyanophytes (Oscillatoria sp., Rivularia sp.) and a unicellular green alga (Palmellococcus sp.). Less abundant taxa include a filamentous green alga, Microspora, and the desmid Cosmarium. Biologic activity is evidenced by measured levels of chlorophyll and lipids. Bioassay methods confirm the ability of these microbes to dissolve and metabolize Fe from ferruginous minerals. Chromatographic analysis reveals citric acid as the likely chelating agent; this low molecular weight organic acid is detectable in interstitial fluid in the sandstone, measured as 0.0756 mg/mL ...


U-Pb And Hf Isotopic Evidence For An Arctic Origin Of Terranes In Northwestern Washington, Elizabeth R. Schermer, Eric A. Hoffnagle, Edwin H. Brown, George E. Gehrels, William C. McClelland 2018 Western Washington University

U-Pb And Hf Isotopic Evidence For An Arctic Origin Of Terranes In Northwestern Washington, Elizabeth R. Schermer, Eric A. Hoffnagle, Edwin H. Brown, George E. Gehrels, William C. Mcclelland

Geology

New field, U-Pb, and Lu-Hf zircon data constrain the geologic history, age, and origin of the Yellow Aster Complex (YAC) in northwestern Washington, providing insight into the tectonic history of this and related Paleozoic arc terranes of the western North American Cordillera. Mapping shows that the oldest YAC rocks consist of quartzofeldspathic paragneiss (meta-arkose) and quartzose calc-silicate paragneiss (metacalcareous siltstone) in gradational contact. Paragneisses are cut by syn-tectonic and post-tectonic intrusions and faulted against granitic orthogneiss. U-Pb zircon results show that (1) maximum depositional ages of paragneisses are Silurian to Early Devonian (432– 390 Ma); (2) detrital zircons from quartzose ...


Structural Analysis Of The Northwest Wind Mountain Quadrangle, New Mexico: Proterozoic Shearing To Cenozoic Brittle Faulting In The Burro Mountains, Jensen Kohl Angelloz 2017 Stephen F. Austin State University

Structural Analysis Of The Northwest Wind Mountain Quadrangle, New Mexico: Proterozoic Shearing To Cenozoic Brittle Faulting In The Burro Mountains, Jensen Kohl Angelloz

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Preliminary investigation of the Bullard Peak metamorphic series (BPMS) in the northwestern Wind Mountain quadrangle within the Burro Mountains of southwestern New Mexico suggests a possible previously unidentified shear zone, prompting detailed (1:12,000) geologic mapping and collection of structural data. The study area has a complex tectonic history, including 1) ~1.65 Ga metamorphism during accretion of the Mazatzal terrane to Laurentia’s southern margin; 2) ~1.4 Ga intrusion of Granite and Rhyolite Province granitoids; 3) significant uplift during the formation of the Ancestral Rockies (~300 Ma) and the Rocky Mountains (~70-50 Ma); and 4) inversion tectonics ...


Geology Of The Northern Alto Relex Area, Big Bend National Park, Brewster County, Texas, Robert Schoen 2017 Stephen F. Austin State University

Geology Of The Northern Alto Relex Area, Big Bend National Park, Brewster County, Texas, Robert Schoen

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Detailed, 1:12,000-scale geologic field mapping was conducted around Alto Relex in the northern Sierra Del Carmen Mountains in Big Bend National Park. Alto Relex is a prominent, near vertical, ~1000 foot-high fault-line scarp. Cretaceous rocks in the area were folded and faulted by Laramide compression, intruded by Tertiary sills and overprinted by high-angle normal faults from Basin and Range extension. During the Laramide Orogeny and Basin and Range extension, the underlying basement shear zone called, the Texas Lineament, was reactivated creating a transpressional and transtensional regimes. The general geology of this area was outlined by Moustafa (1988) working ...


Outer Space: A Steam Voyage, Jancy McPhee 2017 SciArt Exchange

Outer Space: A Steam Voyage, Jancy Mcphee

The STEAM Journal

SciArt Exchange offers multi-disciplinary art contests, artwork events, consulting, training and community resources to support science and technology education, collaboration, and innovation. Using a science-integrated- with-art approach, SciArt Exchange supports, prepares, and convenes people of all ages, backgrounds and affiliations to discuss and potentially solve space, science, and technology challenges. This field note shares the Humans in Space Art Program and the Project Mars Competition.


Effect Of An 860-M Thick, Cold, Freshwater Aquifer On Geothermal Potential Along The Axis Of The Eastern Snake River Plain, Idaho, Thomas E. Lachmar, Thomas G. Freeman, Christopher J. Sant, Jeffrey R. Walker, Joseph F. Batir, John W. Shervais, James P. Evans, Dennis L. Nielson, David D. Blackwell 2017 Utah State University

Effect Of An 860-M Thick, Cold, Freshwater Aquifer On Geothermal Potential Along The Axis Of The Eastern Snake River Plain, Idaho, Thomas E. Lachmar, Thomas G. Freeman, Christopher J. Sant, Jeffrey R. Walker, Joseph F. Batir, John W. Shervais, James P. Evans, Dennis L. Nielson, David D. Blackwell

Geology Faculty Publications

A 1912-m exploration corehole was drilled along the axis of the eastern Snake River Plain, Idaho. Two temperature logs run on the corehole display an obvious inflection point at about 960 m. Such behavior is indicative of downward fluid flow in the wellbore. The geothermal gradient above 935 m is 4.5 °C/km, while the gradient is 72–75 °C/km from 980 to 1440 m. Projecting the higher gradients upward to where they intersect the lower gradient on the temperature logs places the bottom of the cold, freshwater Snake River Plain aquifer, which suppresses the geothermal gradient at ...


Ordovician Continental Paleogeography And Paleoenvironment For The Michigan Basin From Paleomagnetic Analysis, Michelle MacRae 2017 The University of Western Ontario

Ordovician Continental Paleogeography And Paleoenvironment For The Michigan Basin From Paleomagnetic Analysis, Michelle Macrae

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

This study investigates the paleomagnetic record of Paleozoic rocks from two Michigan basin localities in southwestern Ontario to help close the 40 myr gap in Paleozoic paleomagnetic data. Paleomagnetic data from the Queenston (Upper Ordovician) formation consistently exhibits easily removed viscous remanence, an intermediate and a high temperature component consistent with the unblocking temperatures of magnetite and hematite respectively. Alternating-field and thermal demagnetization in 16–20 steps up to 670º C typically reveal a southeastern, shallow up direction removed from magnetite, and a southwestern, steep up direction removed from hematite. A Late Paleozoic overprint was preserved in the magnetite and ...


A Method For The Geometric Analysis Of Rugose Coral Growth Ridges As Paleoenvironmental Indicators In The Middle Devonian Hungry Hollow Member Of Widder Formation, Michigan Basin, Andrew Thomson 2017 The University of Western Ontario

A Method For The Geometric Analysis Of Rugose Coral Growth Ridges As Paleoenvironmental Indicators In The Middle Devonian Hungry Hollow Member Of Widder Formation, Michigan Basin, Andrew Thomson

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Skeletons of Devonian rugose corals feature submillimetre-scale growth ridges on their outer surface (epitheca) that record the successive positions of the coral polyp during longitudinal corallite growth. Specimens of rugose corals Eridophyllum and Cystiphylloides from the Hungry Hollow Member of the Middle Devonian Widder Formation were sectioned longitudinally and imaged by SEM, and image processing techniques were applied to extract a line representing the epithecal surface. Local extrema found through peak detection allowed growth ridges to be represented as simplified triangles, so that geometric measurements (area, length) could be related to coral growth and analyzed in reference to possible paleoenvironmental ...


Petrographic Comparison And Contrast Of Fluvial And Deltaic Sandstones, Upper Pennsylvanian Oread Cyclothem, Ne Oklahoma, Jonathan Obrist-Farner, Wan Yang 2017 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Petrographic Comparison And Contrast Of Fluvial And Deltaic Sandstones, Upper Pennsylvanian Oread Cyclothem, Ne Oklahoma, Jonathan Obrist-Farner, Wan Yang

Jonathan Obrist-Farner

Upper Pennsylvanian sandstones have been the target in petroleum exploration and production in Kansas and Oklahoma. However, the petrographic characteristics of these sandstones have been rarely reported. A good understanding of the characteristics and depositional environments of those sandstones will help explore the correlative subsurface petroleum reservoirs efficiently.


A Prograding Margin During Global Sea-Level Maxima: An Example From Mahajanga Basin, Northwest Madagascar, Jonathan Obrist-Farner, Philip J. Ball, Thomas A. (Mac) McGilvery, Raymond R. Rogers 2017 Missouri University of Science and Technology

A Prograding Margin During Global Sea-Level Maxima: An Example From Mahajanga Basin, Northwest Madagascar, Jonathan Obrist-Farner, Philip J. Ball, Thomas A. (Mac) Mcgilvery, Raymond R. Rogers

Jonathan Obrist-Farner

The Mesozoic shelf margin in the Mahajanga Basin, northwest Madagascar, provides an example where inherited palaeobathymetry, coupled with sea-level changes, high sediment supply and fluctuations in accommodation influenced the stacking patterns and geometry of clinoforms that accreted onto a passive rifted margin. Two-dimensional (2D) seismic profiles are integrated with existing field data and geological maps to study the evolution of the margin. The basin contains complete records of transgression, highstand, regression and lowstand phases that took place from Jurassic to Cretaceous. Of particular interest is the Cretaceous, Albian to Turonian (ca. 113-93 Ma), siliciclastic shelf margin that prograded above a ...


The Impact Of Fe-Ti Oxide Concentration On The Structural Ridgity Of The Lower Oceanic Crust, Atlantis Bank, Southwest Indian Ridge, Daniel Winkler 2017 University of Southern Mississippi

The Impact Of Fe-Ti Oxide Concentration On The Structural Ridgity Of The Lower Oceanic Crust, Atlantis Bank, Southwest Indian Ridge, Daniel Winkler

Master's Theses

Fe-Ti oxides are important components of oceanic core complexes (OCC) formed at slow-spreading mid-ocean ridges since Fe-Ti oxides are more susceptible to crystal-plastic deformation than silicate minerals. This study investigated the predicted relationship between the presence and concentration of Fe-Ti oxides and the presence and intensity of crystal-plastic deformation in gabbroic samples from Atlantis Bank, Southwest Indian Ridge (SWIR). Atlantis Bank is an oceanic core complex that formed through the exhumation of lower oceanic crust along a detachment fault. OCCs form along slow-spreading ridges and are characterized by the complex interactions between magmatism and lithospheric extension, thus making these complexes ...


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