Multivariate Spectral Analysis Of Crism Data To Characterize The Composition Of Mawrth Vallis, 2018 Wesleyan University
Multivariate Spectral Analysis Of Crism Data To Characterize The Composition Of Mawrth Vallis, Melissa Luna
No abstract provided.
Fire-Induced Mineralogical Changes In Midwest Tallgrass Prairie Soils, 2018 University of Nebraska at Omaha
Fire-Induced Mineralogical Changes In Midwest Tallgrass Prairie Soils, Lacey Legrand
Student Research and Creative Activity Fair
Tallgrass prairies are productive ecosystems that historically covered a large part of the Midwest and in the past were subjected to frequent, natural fire regimes. Today prairie remnants are often managed by ecological burns. Glacier Creek Preserve is a restored prairie in Omaha, Nebraska that includes randomized research plots established in 1978 to study the effects of burning on vegetation and provides a controlled field environment to investigate the effects of fire on soils. The purpose of this study is to compare soil mineralogy in long-term burned and unburned plots to answer the question: “Does prescribed burning induce mineralogical changes ...
Experimental Study Of Gravitational Mixing Of Supercritical Co2, 2018 Utah State University
Experimental Study Of Gravitational Mixing Of Supercritical Co2, Dennis L. Newell, J. William Carey, Scott N. Backhaus, Peter Lichtner
Geology Faculty Publications
CO2 injection into saline aquifers for sequestration will initially result in buoyant supercritical (sc)CO2 trapped beneath the caprock seal. During this period, there is risk of CO2 migration out of the reservoir along wellbore defects or fracture zones. Dissolution of the scCO2 plume into brine results in solubility trapping and reduces this risk, but based on diffusion alone, this mechanism could take thousands of years. Gravitational (density-induced) mixing of CO2-saturated brine is shown to significantly accelerate this process in computational studies, but few experimental efforts have confirmed the phenomenon. Here, constant-pressure, 3-dimensional bench-scale ...
Stratigraphy Of The Upper Silurian To Middle Devonian, Southwestern Ontario, 2018 The University of Western Ontario
Stratigraphy Of The Upper Silurian To Middle Devonian, Southwestern Ontario, Shuo Sun
Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository
The upper Silurian–Middle Devonian succession was dominated by carbonate and evaporite deposits, with minor siliciclastic sedimentation, and a significant hiatus across the Siluro-Devonian (S-D) boundary in southwestern Ontario. The stratigraphic units include, in ascending order: Late Silurian Bass Islands/Bertie formations and Salina G Unit, the Devonian Oriskany Formation, Bois Blanc Formation (including Springvale Member), Detroit River Group (including the Lucas, Amherstburg and Sylvania formations), Onondaga Formation, and Dundee Formation.
Below the S-D unconformity, the upper Silurian Bass Islands/Bertie formations are predominantly dolostone of peritidal-sabkha origin and episodic subaerial exposure. Revised stratigraphic correlation shows that the Bertie Formation ...
An Assessment Of Concrete Over Asphalt Pavement Using Both The Ultrasonic Surface Wave And Impact Echo Techniques, 2018 Missouri University of Science and Technology
An Assessment Of Concrete Over Asphalt Pavement Using Both The Ultrasonic Surface Wave And Impact Echo Techniques, Mengxing Li, Neil Lennart Anderson, Lesley Sneed, Xin Kang
Lesley Sneed, Ph.D., P.E.
A portable seismic property analyzer (PSPA) was used to simultaneously acquire both ultrasonic surface wave (PSPA-USW) and impact-echo (PSPA-IE) data at predetermined locations along a section of multi-layered pavement. The pavement consisted of a basal concrete layer (~220 mm), an intervening layer of hot-mix asphalt (~60 mm), and a concrete overlay (~220 mm). The section of multi-layered pavement was cored at multiple PSPA test locations for verification purposes. The conditions of the extracted cores were assessed visually, and the static elastic modulus, as well as the compressional wave velocity of each concrete overlay core, were measured in the laboratory. Results ...
Sks Splitting Beneath Southern California, 2018 Missouri University of Science and Technology
Sks Splitting Beneath Southern California, Kelly H. Liu, Paul M. Davis, Stephen S. Gao
Kelly H. Liu
Measurements of SKS phase splitting were obtained from nineteen seismic stations in southern California. The fast polarization directions are 53° at the southern end of the Great Valley, 82 ± 8° in the western Transverse Ranges and northern Peninsular Ranges, 95 ± 4° in Mojave Desert, and 70° on San Clemente Island. The splitting time ranges from 0.8 to 1.8 seconds, which is consistent with an anisotropic layer of 100 to 200 km thick for 4% anisotropy.
Data Report For The 1993 Los Angeles Region Seismic Experiment (Larse93), Southern California: A Passive Study From Seal Beach Northeastward Through The Mojave Desert, 2018 Missouri University of Science and Technology
Data Report For The 1993 Los Angeles Region Seismic Experiment (Larse93), Southern California: A Passive Study From Seal Beach Northeastward Through The Mojave Desert, Monica D. Kohler, Paul M. Davis, Kelly H. Liu, Mark Benthien, Stephen S. Gao, Gary S. Fuis, Robert W. Clayton, David Okaya, James Mori
Kelly H. Liu
This report contains a description of the first part of the Los Angeles Region Seismic Experiment (LARSE). To date, LARSE has consisted of two experiments: passive, which took place in fall, 1993 (LARSE93), and active, which took place in fall, 1994 (LARSE94). The goal of the 1993 experiment was to collect waveform data from local and distant earthquakes to obtain three-dimensional images of lower crust and upper mantle structure in Southern California, particularly under the San Gabriel Mountains and across the San Andreas fault. During LARSE93, approximately 88 stations were deployed in a 175-km-long, linear array across the Los Angeles ...
Decoupling The Stationary Navier-Stokes-Darcy System With The Beavers-Joseph-Saffman Interface Condition, 2018 Missouri University of Science and Technology
Decoupling The Stationary Navier-Stokes-Darcy System With The Beavers-Joseph-Saffman Interface Condition, Yong Cao, Yuchuan Chu, Xiaoming He, Mingzhen Wei
This paper proposes a domain decomposition method for the coupled stationary Navier-Stokes and Darcy equations with the Beavers-Joseph-Saffman interface condition in order to improve the efficiency of the finite element method. The physical interface conditions are directly utilized to construct the boundary conditions on the interface and then decouple the Navier-Stokes and Darcy equations. Newton iteration will be used to deal with the nonlinear systems. Numerical results are presented to illustrate the features of the proposed method.
Highway Construction Or Stream Destruction: A Water Quality Analysis In The Black Warrior Basin, Walker County, Alabama, 2018 Western Kentucky University
Highway Construction Or Stream Destruction: A Water Quality Analysis In The Black Warrior Basin, Walker County, Alabama, Cayla Baughn
Honors College Capstone Experience/Thesis Projects
In 2012, residents along Freeman Branch Creek in Eldridge, Alabama observed unusual orange discoloration along the stream and on stream vegetation; an unprecendented black veneer coating pebbles along the streambed; and life in the stream seemed to have vanished. Freeman Branch Creek is located in Walker County, Alabama, which is known for its production of coal and natural gas from the underlying Pennsylvanian-aged Pottsville Formation, which is the uppermost geologic layer within the the Black Warrior Basin. Concerns for environmental safety related to intensive mining operations include the concern that shallow aquifers will be contaminated by mining in deep reservoir ...
Evidence Of The 1762 Arakan And Prior Earthquakes In The Northern Sunda Subduction, 2018 The Graduate Center, City University of New York
Evidence Of The 1762 Arakan And Prior Earthquakes In The Northern Sunda Subduction, Dhiman Ranjan Mondal
All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects
The objective of this dissertation is to understand the seismic hazard associated with Arakan segment of the northern Sunda subduction along SE Bangladesh. In order to do that, it is necessary to document geologic evidence for the 1762 Arakan earthquake and prior events, to help estimate the recurrence interval (repeat time) for that earthquake. Historical records described that the 1762 earthquake caused extensive damage along the Arakan segment of the Sunda subduction system. But the geologic evidence for the earthquake farther north is necessary to better understand its associated seismic hazard to the densely populated nation of Bangladesh. This dissertation ...
Discovery And Geology Of The Guinness World Record Lake Copper, Lake Superior, Michigan, 2018 Michigan Technological University
Discovery And Geology Of The Guinness World Record Lake Copper, Lake Superior, Michigan, Theodore J. Bornhorst, Robert Barron
Theodore J. Bornhorst
No abstract provided.
Genuine Faculty-Mentored Research Experiences For In-Service Science Teachers: Increases In Science Knowledge, Perception, And Confidence Levels, 2018 University of Nebraska at Omaha
Genuine Faculty-Mentored Research Experiences For In-Service Science Teachers: Increases In Science Knowledge, Perception, And Confidence Levels, Christine E. Cutucache, Heather D. Leas, Neal F. Grandgenett, Kari L. Nelson, Steven N. Rodie, Robert Duncan Shuster, Chris Schaben, William E. Tapprich
Biology Faculty Publications
The overall purpose of this multifocused study was to explore how participation in genuine mentored scientific research experiences impacts in-service science teachers and the knowledge and skills needed for their own science teaching. The research experiences resulted from a partnership between the University of Nebraska at Omaha and the Omaha Public School District. This Teacher- Researcher Partnership Program facilitated opportunities in inquiry, science content, interaction with laboratory instrumentation and technologies, critical discussion of literature, and dissemination of findings for participating in-service science teacher professional development utilizing an inquiry-based theoretical framework wherein we examined science teacher preparation via inquiry-based methods in ...
Biogenic Weathering: Solubilization Of Iron From Minerals By Epilithic Freshwater Algae And Cyanobacteria, 2018 Western Washington University
Biogenic Weathering: Solubilization Of Iron From Minerals By Epilithic Freshwater Algae And Cyanobacteria, George E. Mustoe
A sandstone outcrop exposed to freshwater seepage supports a diverse assemblage of photosynthetic microbes. Dominant taxa are two cyanophytes (Oscillatoria sp., Rivularia sp.) and a unicellular green alga (Palmellococcus sp.). Less abundant taxa include a filamentous green alga, Microspora, and the desmid Cosmarium. Biologic activity is evidenced by measured levels of chlorophyll and lipids. Bioassay methods confirm the ability of these microbes to dissolve and metabolize Fe from ferruginous minerals. Chromatographic analysis reveals citric acid as the likely chelating agent; this low molecular weight organic acid is detectable in interstitial fluid in the sandstone, measured as 0.0756 mg/mL ...
U-Pb And Hf Isotopic Evidence For An Arctic Origin Of Terranes In Northwestern Washington, 2018 Western Washington University
U-Pb And Hf Isotopic Evidence For An Arctic Origin Of Terranes In Northwestern Washington, Elizabeth R. Schermer, Eric A. Hoffnagle, Edwin H. Brown, George E. Gehrels, William C. Mcclelland
New field, U-Pb, and Lu-Hf zircon data constrain the geologic history, age, and origin of the Yellow Aster Complex (YAC) in northwestern Washington, providing insight into the tectonic history of this and related Paleozoic arc terranes of the western North American Cordillera. Mapping shows that the oldest YAC rocks consist of quartzofeldspathic paragneiss (meta-arkose) and quartzose calc-silicate paragneiss (metacalcareous siltstone) in gradational contact. Paragneisses are cut by syn-tectonic and post-tectonic intrusions and faulted against granitic orthogneiss. U-Pb zircon results show that (1) maximum depositional ages of paragneisses are Silurian to Early Devonian (432– 390 Ma); (2) detrital zircons from quartzose ...
Visible-To-Near-Infrared Spectral Variability Of Hydrated Sulfates And Candidate Mars Landing Sites: Implications For The Mastcam-Z Investigation On Nasa’S Mars-2020 Rover Mission, 2018 Western Washington University
Visible-To-Near-Infrared Spectral Variability Of Hydrated Sulfates And Candidate Mars Landing Sites: Implications For The Mastcam-Z Investigation On Nasa’S Mars-2020 Rover Mission, Darian Dixon
WWU Graduate School Collection
The Mars-2020 rover mission will explore an astrobiologically relevant ancient environment on Mars, establish geologic context of the region, assess past habitability, and cache rocks for a future sample return. The Mastcam-Z instrument is a stereoscopic, zoom-enabled multispectral imager that will be critical to these objectives. As one of the mission’s primary reconnaissance tools, Mastcam-Z’s two cameras will acquire red-green-blue (RGB) true-color images and visible-to-near-infrared (VNIR) images with 11 narrowband filters from ~400-1100 nm. Mastcam-Z’s new ~975 nm spectral filter will help characterize the ~950-1000 nm absorption band in hydrated minerals, which has not been resolvable by ...
Geologic Development And Ongoing Activity Of The Van Zandt Landslide Complex, Northwest Wa, Usa, 2018 Western Washington University
Geologic Development And Ongoing Activity Of The Van Zandt Landslide Complex, Northwest Wa, Usa, Geoffrey Malick
WWU Graduate School Collection
Geomorphic mapping based on high-resolution lidar data indicates that the Van Zandt Landslide Complex (VZLC) has multiple crosscutting debris lobes (up to 51.4 x 106 m3) with long runouts (H/L= 0.14; 0.21) typical of catastrophic rock avalanches. AMS 14C dates from in situ logs and lake sediment cores yield overlapping ages for emplacement of Debris Lobe 2 (1330-1285 cal. yrs. B.P) and Debris Lobe 3 (1300-1285 cal. yrs. B.P.) Although Debris Lobe 3 overlies a portion of Debris Lobe 2, it is possible that emplacement of the two deposits was nearly ...
Modeling The Effects Of Climate Change On Stream Temperature In The Nooksack River Basin, 2018 Western Washington University
Modeling The Effects Of Climate Change On Stream Temperature In The Nooksack River Basin, Stephanie E. Truitt
WWU Graduate School Collection
Stream temperatures in mountain streams in the western Cascade Mountains are heavily influenced by factors such as discharge, air temperature, and as in the case of the Nooksack River Basin in northwest Washington State; snow and glacial melt. The Nooksack basin is sensitive to warming climates due to the regions moderate Pacific maritime climate. Previous modeling studies in the upper Nooksack basins indicate a reduction in snowpack and spring runoff, and a recession of glaciers into the 21st century due to global climate change. How stream temperatures will respond to these changes is unknown. We use the Distributed Hydrology ...
Validating 3d-Printed Porous Proxies By Tomography And Porosimetry, 2018 Iowa State University
Validating 3d-Printed Porous Proxies By Tomography And Porosimetry, Franciszek J, Hasiuk, Sergey Ishutov, Artur Pacyga
Geological and Atmospheric Sciences Publications
Purpose. The objective of this study was to evaluate how accurately a 3D printer could manufacture basic porous models. Geoscience research is evolving toward numerical prediction of porous rock properties, but laboratory tests are still considered standard practice. 3D printing digital designs of porous models (proxies) is a way to bridge the gap between these two realms of inquiry.
Design/methodology/approach. Digital designs of simple porous models were 3D-printed on an inkjet-style (polyjet) 3D printer. Porosity and pore-throat size distribution of proxies were measured with helium porosimetry, mercury porosimetry, and computed tomography image analysis. Laboratory results on proxies were ...
Characterizing Basement Structures To Evaluate Their Influence On Overlaying Sedimentary Layers: Case Study Of Three Fields In The Central Kansas Uplift, Muhammad S. Karim
Potential field and well log data were used to investigate basement features and the overlaying sedimentary layers across four counties in the Central Kansas Uplift. The objective of this study was to (1) investigate and determine the orientation of basement structures/features, (2) estimate the depth to basement, and (3) examine the influence (if any) and relationship between the basement features and the overlaying sedimentary deposits of three oil fields in the study area. Aeromagnetic data was used to interpret and map basement features by applying derivative filters. Well log data was used to pick formation top values and create ...
Structural Analysis Of The Northwest Wind Mountain Quadrangle, New Mexico: Proterozoic Shearing To Cenozoic Brittle Faulting In The Burro Mountains, 2017 Stephen F. Austin State University
Structural Analysis Of The Northwest Wind Mountain Quadrangle, New Mexico: Proterozoic Shearing To Cenozoic Brittle Faulting In The Burro Mountains, Jensen Kohl Angelloz
Electronic Theses and Dissertations
Preliminary investigation of the Bullard Peak metamorphic series (BPMS) in the northwestern Wind Mountain quadrangle within the Burro Mountains of southwestern New Mexico suggests a possible previously unidentified shear zone, prompting detailed (1:12,000) geologic mapping and collection of structural data. The study area has a complex tectonic history, including 1) ~1.65 Ga metamorphism during accretion of the Mazatzal terrane to Laurentia’s southern margin; 2) ~1.4 Ga intrusion of Granite and Rhyolite Province granitoids; 3) significant uplift during the formation of the Ancestral Rockies (~300 Ma) and the Rocky Mountains (~70-50 Ma); and 4) inversion tectonics ...