An Optimal Threshold Strategy In The Two-Envelope Problem With Partial Information, Martin Egozcue, Luis Fuentes García
No abstract provided.
A Right To Cyber Counter Strikes - The Risks Of Legalizing Hack Back, 2015 SelectedWorks
A Right To Cyber Counter Strikes - The Risks Of Legalizing Hack Back, Jan Kallberg
The idea to legalize hacking back has gained traction the last years and received several influential corporate and political proponents in the United States and Europe. The growing frustration with repeated cyberattacks and lack of credible law enforcement pushes for alternative ways to prevent future cyberattacks. As of today, counter cyberattacks are illegal in a majority of the nations because it constitutes another cybercrime independent from the initial attack. If cyber counter attacks were legalized it raises a set of questions. The first line of questions are linked to the underlying assumptions that the proposal to legalize counter cyberattacks are ...
Random Multipliers Numerically Stabilize Gaussian And Block Gaussian Elimination: Proofs And An Extension To Low-Rank Approximation, Victor Pan, Xiaodong Yan
We study two applications of standard Gaussian random multipliers. At first we prove that with a probability close to 1 such a multiplier is expected to numerically stabilize Gaussian elimination with no pivoting as well as block Gaussian elimination. Then, by extending our analysis, we prove that such a multiplier is also expected to support low-rank approximation of a matrix without customary oversampling. Our test results are in good accordance with this formal study. The results remain similar when we replace Gaussian multipliers with random circulant or Toeplitz multipliers, which involve fewer random parameters and enable faster multiplication. We formally ...
Dust Devils And Dustless Vortices On A Desert Playa Observed With Surface Pressure And Solar Flux Logging, 2015 Boise State University
Dust Devils And Dustless Vortices On A Desert Playa Observed With Surface Pressure And Solar Flux Logging, Ralph D. Lorenz, Brian K. Jackson
Physics Faculty Publications and Presentations
Dust devils are convective vortices rendered visible by lofted dust, and may be a significant means of injecting dust into the atmosphere, on both Earth and Mars. The fraction of vortices that are dust-laden is not well-understood, however. Here we report a May/June 2013 survey on a Nevada desert playa using small stations that record pressure and solar flux with high time resolution (2 Hz): these data allow detection of vortices and an estimate of the dust opacity of the subset of vortices that geometrically occult the sun. The encounter rate of vortex pressure drops of 0.3 hPa ...
Tectono-Metamorphic History Of The Eastern Taureau Shear Zone, Mauricie Area, Québec: Implications For The Exhumation Of The Mid-Crust In The Grenville Province, Renaud Soucy La Roche, Félix Gervais, Alain Tremblay, James L. Crowley, Gilles Ruffet
Geosciences Faculty Publications and Presentations
This study investigates the tectono-metamorphic history and exhumation mechanisms of the mid-crustal Mékinac-Taureau domain of the Mauricie area, central Grenville Province. Macro- and micro-structural analyses reveal the top-down-to-the-ESE sense of shear on the eastern Taureau shear zone, a major extensional structure that exhumed the mid-crustal Mékinac-Taureau domain and juxtaposed it against the lower grade rocks of the Shawinigan domain. Peak metamorphism in the Mékinac-Taureau domain, inferred to be the result of northwestward thrusting and regional crustal thickening, took place under P–T conditions of 1000–1100 MPa and 820–880 °C prior to 1082 ± 20 Ma. Retrograde conditions varying from ...
A Comparative Study Of The Oxidation Characteristics Of Two Gasoline Fuels And An N-Heptane/Iso-Octane Surrogate Mixture, Tamour Javed, Ehson F. Nasir, Et-Touhami Es-Sebbar, Aamir Farooq
Dr. Et-touhami Es-sebbar
Ignition delay times and CO, H2O, OH and CO2 time-histories were measured behind reflected shock waves for two FACE (Fuels for Advanced Combustion Engines) gasolines and one PRF (Primary Reference Fuel) blend. The FACE gasolines chosen for this work are primarily paraffinic and have the same octane rating (∼RON = 84) as the PRF blend, but contain varying amounts of iso- and n-paraffins. Species time-histories and ignition delay times were measured using laser absorption methods over a temperature range of 1350–1550 K and pressures near 2 atm. Measured species time-histories and ignition delay times of the PRF blend and the ...
Functional Regression, 2015 The University of Texas
Functional Regression, Jeffrey S. Morris
Jeffrey S. Morris
Functional data analysis (FDA) involves the analysis of data whose ideal units of observation are functions defined on some continuous domain, and the observed data consist of a sample of functions taken from some population, sampled on a discrete grid. Ramsay and Silverman's 1997 textbook sparked the development of this field, which has accelerated in the past 10 years to become one of the fastest growing areas of statistics, fueled by the growing number of applications yielding this type of data. One unique characteristic of FDA is the need to combine information both across and within functions, which Ramsay ...
Appendix, 2015 SelectedWorks
Appendix, David D. Nolte
David D Nolte
No abstract provided.
Joint Search By Social And Spatial Proximity, 2015 Singapore Management University
Joint Search By Social And Spatial Proximity, Kyriakos Mouratidis, Jing Li, Yu Tang, Nikos Mamoulis
Research Collection School Of Information Systems
The diffusion of social networks introduces new challenges and opportunities for advanced services, especially so with their ongoing addition of location-based features. We show how applications like company and friend recommendation could significantly benefit from incorporating social and spatial proximity, and study a query type that captures these two-fold semantics. We develop highly scalable algorithms for its processing, and enhance them with elaborate optimizations. Finally, we use real social network data to empirically verify the efficiency and efficacy of our solutions.
Notes And Errata, 2015 SelectedWorks
Notes And Errata, David D. Nolte
David D Nolte
No abstract provided.
Automated Detection Of Puffing And Smoking With Wrist Accelerometers, 2015 Northeastern University
Automated Detection Of Puffing And Smoking With Wrist Accelerometers, Qu Tang
Electrical and Computer Engineering Master's Theses
Real-time, automatic detection of smoking behavior could lead to novel measurement tools for smoking research and "just-in-time" interventions that may help people quit, reducing preventable deaths. This paper discusses the use of machine learning with wrist accelerometer data for automatic puffing and smoking detection. A two-layer smoking detection model is proposed that incorporates both low-level time domain features and high-level smoking topography such as inter-puff intervals and puff frequency to detect puffing then smoking. On a pilot dataset of 6 individuals observed for 11.8 total hours in real-life settings performing complex tasks while smoking, the model obtains a cross ...
Resource Management In Enterprise Cluster And Storage Systems, 2015 Northeastern University
Resource Management In Enterprise Cluster And Storage Systems, Jianzhe Tai
Computer Engineering Dissertations
In this thesis, we present our works on resource management in large scale systems, especially for enterprise cluster and storage systems. Large-scale cluster systems become quite popular among a community of users by offering a variety of resources. Such systems require complex resource management schemes for multi-objective optimizations and should be specific to different system requirements. In addition, burstiness has often been found in enterprise workloads, being a key factor in performance degradation. Therefore, it is an extremely challenging problem of managing heterogeneous resources (e.g., computing, networking and storage) for such a large scale system under bursty conditions while ...
Matlab Programs, 2015 SelectedWorks
Matlab Programs, David D. Nolte
David D Nolte
No abstract provided.
An Abstract View On Modularity In Knowledge Representation, 2015 University of Nebraska Omaha
An Abstract View On Modularity In Knowledge Representation, Yuliya Lierler, Miroslaw Truszczyński
Computer Science Faculty Proceedings & Presentations
Modularity is an essential aspect of knowledge representation and reasoning theory and practice. It has received substantial attention. We introduce model-based modular systems, an abstract framework for modular knowledge representation formalisms, similar in scope to multi-context systems but employing a simpler information-flow mechanism. We establish the precise relationship between the two frameworks, showing that they can simulate each other. We demonstrate that recently introduced modular knowledge representation formalisms integrating logic programming with satisfiability and, more generally, with constraint satisfaction can be cast as modular systems in our sense. These results show that our formalism offers a simple unifying framework for ...
Alignment Of The Western And Eastern Passage Tombs At Knowth Tomb 1, 2015 Dublin Institute of Technology
Alignment Of The Western And Eastern Passage Tombs At Knowth Tomb 1, Frank Prendergast, Tom Ray
This report presents a summary account of two surveys undertaken by the authors to determine and interpret the alignments of the western and eastern passage tombs at Knowth, Co. Meath. The findings indicate that contrary to earlier suggestions, the eastern passage and the western passage (inner and outer) are not aligned towards sunrise and sunset respectively at the period of the vernal and autumnal equinoxes.
An Assessment Of South China Tiger Reintroduction Potential In Hupingshan And Houhe National Nature Reserves, China, Yiyuan Qin, Philip J. Nyhus, Courtney L. Larson, Charles J.W. Carroll, Jeff Muntifering, Thomas D. Dahmer, Lu Jun, Ronald L. Tilson
Philip J. Nyhus
Human-caused biodiversity loss is a global problem, large carnivores are particularly threatened, and the tiger (Panthera tigris) is among the world’s most endangered large carnivores. The South China tiger (Panthera tigris amoyensis) is the most critically endangered tiger subspecies and is considered functionally extinct in the wild. The government of China has expressed its intent to reintroduce a small population of South China tigers into a portion of their historic range as part of a larger goal to recover wild tiger populations in China. This would be the world’s first major tiger reintroduction program. A free-ranging population of ...
High-Performance Power-Efficient Solutions For Embedded Vision Computing, 2015 Northeastern University
High-Performance Power-Efficient Solutions For Embedded Vision Computing, Hamed Tabkhivayghan
Computer Engineering Dissertations
Embedded vision is a top tier, rapidly growing market with a host of challenges and conflicting requirements. Complex algorithms can pose immense computation ( > 50GOPs) and communication ( > 8GB/s) demands, especially considering adaptive vision algorithms (which employ machine learning techniques and concurrently update a scene model). Yet at the same time, their embedded deployment demands low power operation consuming only a few Watts. Multiprocessor System-on-Chips (MPSoCs) have emerged as one main architecture approach to improve power efficiency while increasing computational performance. Still, current vision MPSoCs either shy away from supporting adaptive vision algorithms or operate at very limited resolutions due to ...
Using Cognitive Load Theory To Select An Environment For Teaching Mobile Apps Development, 2015 Southern Cross University
Using Cognitive Load Theory To Select An Environment For Teaching Mobile Apps Development, Raina Mason, Graham Cooper, Simon, Barry Wilks
After considering a number of environments for the development of apps for mobile devices, we have evaluated five in terms of their suitability for students early in their programming study. For some of the evaluation we devised an evaluation scheme based on the principles of cognitive load theory to assess the relative ease or difficulty of learning and using each environment. After briefly presenting the scheme, we discuss our results, including our findings about which mobile apps development environments appear to show most promise for early-level programming students.
Application Of Colloidal Gas Aphron Suspensions Produced From Sapindus Mukorossi For Arsenic Removal From Contaminated Soil, Soumyadeep Mukhopadhyay Dr, Sumona Mukherjee Ms, Mohd Ali Hashim Dr, Bhaskar Sen Gupta Dr
Soumyadeep Mukhopadhyay Dr
Colloidal gas aphron dispersions (CGAs) can be described as a system of microbubbles suspended homogenously in a liquid matrix. This work examines the performance of CGAs in comparison to surfactant solutions for washing low levels of arsenic from an iron rich soil. Sodium Dodecyl Sulfate (SDS) and saponin, a biodegradable surfactant, obtained from Sapindus mukorossi or soapnut fruit were used for generating CGAs and solutions for soil washing. Column washing experiments were performed in down-flow and up flow modes at a soil pH of 5 and 6 using varying concentration of SDS and soapnut solutions as well as CGAs. Soapnut ...
Integrating Hands-On Undergraduate Research In An Applied Spatial Science Senior Level Capstone Course, 2015 Stephen F. Austin State University
Integrating Hands-On Undergraduate Research In An Applied Spatial Science Senior Level Capstone Course, David Kulhavy, Daniel Unger, I-Kuai Hung, David Douglass
A senior within a spatial science Ecological Planning capstone course designed an undergraduate research project to increase his spatial science expertise and to assess the hands-on instruction methodology employed within the Bachelor of Science in Spatial Science program at Stephen F Austin State University. The height of 30 building features estimated remotely with LiDAR data, within the Pictometry remotely sensed web-based interface, and in situ with a laser rangefinder were compared to actual building feature height measurements. A comparison of estimated height with actual height indicated that all three estimation techniques tested were unbiased estimators of height. An ANOVA, conducted ...