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Agenda: Innovations In Managing Western Water: New Approaches For Balancing Environmental, Social, And Economic Outcomes, University of Colorado Boulder. Getches Wilkinson Center for Natural Resources, Energy, and the Environment 2015 University of Colorado Law School

Agenda: Innovations In Managing Western Water: New Approaches For Balancing Environmental, Social, And Economic Outcomes, University Of Colorado Boulder. Getches Wilkinson Center For Natural Resources, Energy, And The Environment

Innovations in Managing Western Water: New Approaches for Balancing Environmental, Social and Economic Outcomes (Martz Summer Conference, June 11-12)

Many aspects of western water allocation and management are the product of independent and uncoordinated actions, several occurring a century or more ago. However, in this modern era of water scarcity, it is increasingly acknowledged that more coordinated and deliberate decision-making is necessary for effectively balancing environmental, social, and economic objectives. In recent years, a variety of forums, processes, and tools have emerged to better manage the connections between regions, sectors, and publics linked by shared water systems. In this event, we explore the cutting edge efforts, the latest points of contention, and the opportunities for further progress.


Analysis And Comparison Of Physical Properties And Morphology Of Impact Melt Flows On Venus And The Moon To Determine Atmospheric Controls, Christine Elizabeth Dong 2015 Bates College

Analysis And Comparison Of Physical Properties And Morphology Of Impact Melt Flows On Venus And The Moon To Determine Atmospheric Controls, Christine Elizabeth Dong

Geology Theses

Impact melt flows form when target material melted by an impact breaches the rim of the impact crater. The melt flows out and away from the crater, forming a lava flow. Such flows have been identified on Venus and the Moon by previous studies. This study aims to document impact melt flows on these two bodies to determine the differences, if any, between them, and to ascertain whether these differences are due to atmospheric conditions. Previously recorded morphological data from Robert Herrick of the Lunar and Planetary Institute and Neish et al. (2014) are used in conjunction with S-band (12 ...


Deformation Post-Doming: New Mapping Of The Oliverian Jefferson Dome, Mt. Dartmouth 7.5' Quadrangle, New Hampshire, Michelle Devoe 2015 Bates College

Deformation Post-Doming: New Mapping Of The Oliverian Jefferson Dome, Mt. Dartmouth 7.5' Quadrangle, New Hampshire, Michelle Devoe

Honors Theses

The Mt. Dartmouth 7.5’ Quadrangle, west of the Presidential Range, contains the southeastern portion of the Jefferson Dome, the largest of the Oliverian Domes. As part of a USGS NHGS EdMap StateMap project, the purpose of this study was to remap this part of the Jefferson Dome and perform a structural and mineralogical analysis of its rock units to develop a better understanding of the tectonic history of the Northeast. Structural analyses show dextral shear zones and folded foliation which suggest at least three phases of deformation post-doming. Literature claims shear zones exist throughout the Northeast, and this analysis ...


Petrogenesis And Paleostress Analysis Of The Mesozoic Mill Brook Dike Zone In The Mount Dartmouth 7.5' Quadrangle, New Hampshire, Graham Grear Oxman 2015 Bates College

Petrogenesis And Paleostress Analysis Of The Mesozoic Mill Brook Dike Zone In The Mount Dartmouth 7.5' Quadrangle, New Hampshire, Graham Grear Oxman

Honors Theses

Field mapping linked with petrogenetic and brittle structural studies of Mesozoic basalt dikes was performed in the Mount Dartmouth 7.5' Quadrangle, adjacent to the Presidential Range, NH. This was done in hopes of creating a better understanding of the intrusion setting and brittle deformational history of the basalt dikes, particularly in relation to the regional tectonic context. Field work done during the summer of 2014 revealed a 100 meter wide, 7.8 km long zone containing multiple mafic dikes that are exceptionally well exposed at the junction of NH Rt. 115 and the Cherry Mountain road. The largest dike ...


Mobilization Of Metals By Fungi In Historic Cemeteries, Eleanor D. Briggs 2015 Bates College

Mobilization Of Metals By Fungi In Historic Cemeteries, Eleanor D. Briggs

Geology Theses

Interactions among fungi, soil, and metals are at the heart of nutrient cycling in terrestrial systems. Both major and trace elements are found in soils, but the degree to which they are biologically available is influenced by chemical weathering of soil minerals by fungi. In addition to contributing to weathering, mushrooms are known to bioaccumulate metals from soil, so edible mushrooms growing on soils contaminated with toxic metals can cause harm to those who eat them. This study focuses on metal content of mushrooms and soils from cemeteries that are suspected to be contaminated with arsenic as a result of ...


Insights Into The Evolution Of The Great Plains Grassland Ecosystem Over The Last 5 Million Years From Paleotemperature And Paleovegetation Records, Anne Fetrow 2015 University of Puget Sound

Insights Into The Evolution Of The Great Plains Grassland Ecosystem Over The Last 5 Million Years From Paleotemperature And Paleovegetation Records, Anne Fetrow

Honors Program Theses

Over the last 10 million years, the Great Plains transitioned to the modern C4 grass dominated ecosystem. Well-preserved late Miocene to Holocene fossils and paleosols make the Meade Basin in southwest Kansas, USA a unique place to determine how paleoenvironmental conditions changed during C4 grassland evolution. δ18O values of paleosol carbonates (δ18Ocarb) in the Meade Basin decreased from the Miocene to Holocene while δ13C values increased; these trends were interpreted as an increase in temperature and/or in aridity coincident with an increase of C4 grass biomass on the landscape ...


Possible Precursor Events To Earthquakes And The Resulting Effects On Organic Material In The Surrounding Water Bodies, Kiyoko Nakatsui 2015 Chapman University

Possible Precursor Events To Earthquakes And The Resulting Effects On Organic Material In The Surrounding Water Bodies, Kiyoko Nakatsui

Student Research Day Abstracts and Posters

Being located on the “Ring of Fire” Japan experiences many seismic events. Adding to this, it is located at the convergence of four fault lines where seismic activity will be even more frequent and severe. Although small tremors occurring in an area are indicators of an earthquake to come it only gives minutes of warning. Scientists are now trying to see if latent heat and gas release from fault lines can indicate an earthquake to come with hours or even days of warning. MODIS aqua and terra data will be analyzed in order to see if such precursors can be ...


Geothermobarometry And Petrographic Interpretations Of Christensen Ranch Meta- Banded Iron Formation From The Ruby Range, Montana, Jacob Hughes 2015 Western Kentucky University

Geothermobarometry And Petrographic Interpretations Of Christensen Ranch Meta- Banded Iron Formation From The Ruby Range, Montana, Jacob Hughes

Honors College Capstone Experience/Thesis Projects

The Ruby Range in southwestern Montana was tectonically uplifted during the mountain-building event of the Big Sky orogeny. Contained within the Christensen Ranch Formation, made up of sedimentary units metamorphosed during the Big Sky orogeny, are a small number of metamorphosed banded iron formations (BIFs). It is the presence and composition of these BIFs which is the focus of this research, principally their depositional origin, relationship to surrounding sedimentary packages, elemental and mineral compositions, and lastly, peak metamorphic conditions. Samples were collected, cut into thin sections, and powdered for textural and compositional analyses employing polarized light microscopy, Raman microscopy, scanning ...


Nwa 8614: The Least Heated Winonaite, Karla Farley, Alex Ruzicka, Katherine Armstrong 2015 Portland State University

Nwa 8614: The Least Heated Winonaite, Karla Farley, Alex Ruzicka, Katherine Armstrong

Student Research Symposium

Northwest Africa 8614 is classified as a winonaite on the basis of oxygen isotope ratios, mineralogy, and highly reduced chemistry. Unlike other winonaites, it contains numerous and readily apparent chondrules. Here we discuss various features of NWA 8614 and the possible significance of the meteorite.

Petrological and chemical analyses were performed using optical microscopy with a DM2500 Leica petrographic microscope and a Zeiss Sigma VP-FEG scanning electron microscope (SEM) with a high-efficiency energy dispersive spectrometer (EDS). Oxygen isotopes were analyzed by Karen Ziegler at the University of New Mexico on acid-washed samples to remove terrestrial weathering products.

Owing to the ...


A Geochemical Study Of A Marsh Environment, Thomas F. Lytle, Julia Sever Lytle, Patrick L. Parker 2015 Gulf Coast Research Laboratory

A Geochemical Study Of A Marsh Environment, Thomas F. Lytle, Julia Sever Lytle, Patrick L. Parker

Gulf and Caribbean Research

The goal of this study was twofold: 1) chemically to characterize a specific salt marsh, the sediments and associated biota and 2) to establish clear relationships between the chemical substances residing in the sediments and similar or identical substances occurring in the biological specimens. In this particular study it was felt that the hydrocarbons would yield the most significant organic geochemical information. These compounds are ubiquitous but minor components of all organisms. Though their function is not entirely understood, it is known that they are concentrated in the waxy coatings of plants and most likely aid in the protective mechanisms ...


A Quarter Century Of Geology At The Gulf Coast Research Laboratory (1948-1973), Ervin G. Otvos Jr. 2015 Gulf Coast Research Laboratory

A Quarter Century Of Geology At The Gulf Coast Research Laboratory (1948-1973), Ervin G. Otvos Jr.

Gulf and Caribbean Research

Overview of the history of geology courses and research at the Gulf Coast Research Laboratory in Ocean Springs, Mississippi.


A Study On Photodegradation And The Fate Of Pyrogenic Carbon, John T. Howell 2015 University of Southern Mississippi

A Study On Photodegradation And The Fate Of Pyrogenic Carbon, John T. Howell

Master's Theses

Accounting for all possible sources of atmospheric CO2 is a pressing issue today due to the increasing effects of climate change. Estimates suggested that on the order of 1.3 million tons of dissolved pyrogenic carbon (pyDOC) could be entering the northern Gulf of Mexico annually. Assessing the fate of pyDOC in aquatic systems is crucial to understanding ecosystem impacts and potential feedback to climate change. Current research indicates that despite a generally lower susceptibility to biodegradation than their unpyrolyzed equivalents, pyrogenic carbon is not environmentally inert. While the role of microorganisms on the fate and transformation ...


Aerosol Size Distribution Measurements During The 2014 Nasa Sarp Campaign In The Central Valley And Sierra Nevada Mountains In California, Victoria A. Hampton 2015 Western Kentucky University

Aerosol Size Distribution Measurements During The 2014 Nasa Sarp Campaign In The Central Valley And Sierra Nevada Mountains In California, Victoria A. Hampton

Honors College Capstone Experience/Thesis Projects

Aerosols are directly and indirectly related to global climate by scattering radiation and also by seeding cloud formation. As a part of the 2014 NASA Student Airborne Research Program (SARP), research flights were conducted over the Central California region to better understand air quality in large urban California cities and also in the Central Valley. Using a Droplet Measurement Technologies Ultra High Sensitivity Aerosol Spectrometer (DMT-UHSAS), aerosol size distributions were measured across geographic regions of interest. Previous research has suggested that aerosols originating in the Central Valley may travel eastward to the Sierra Nevada and, once lifted orographically, could suppress ...


Stratigraphy And Depositional Environment Of The Mesaverde Group In The Northern Bighorn Basin Of Wyoming, Gordon Adams 2015 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Stratigraphy And Depositional Environment Of The Mesaverde Group In The Northern Bighorn Basin Of Wyoming, Gordon Adams

Dissertations & Theses in Earth and Atmospheric Sciences

A sedimentological, stratigraphical and palynological study was conducted on the upper Cretaceous (Campanian) Mesaverde Group over 27.5 km of a north-south-orientated outcrop belt in the northern Bighorn Basin, Wyoming. During the Campanian, the study area lay in the western part of the Cretaceous Western Interior Seaway. The study aims to provide a stratigraphic and paleoenvironmental analysis of the Mesaverde Group and to integrate findings with data from outcrop belts to the south (southern Bighorn Basin), north (Montana) and east (Powder River Basin).

The Mesaverde Group (371 - 515 m thick) comprises a succession of mainly coarsening-upward stratal cycles, with some ...


Simultaneous Determination Of Zinc (Zn), Cadmium (Cd), Lead (Pb) And Copper (Cu) In Blood Using Differential- Pulse Anodic-Stripping Voltammetry, Innovative Research Publications IRP India, A.K. Jaiswal, Srinita Das, Vinod Kumar, Madhuri Gupta, N. Singh 2015 Innovative Research Publications

Simultaneous Determination Of Zinc (Zn), Cadmium (Cd), Lead (Pb) And Copper (Cu) In Blood Using Differential- Pulse Anodic-Stripping Voltammetry, Innovative Research Publications Irp India, A.K. Jaiswal, Srinita Das, Vinod Kumar, Madhuri Gupta, N. Singh

Innovative Research Publications IRP India

The salts of Zinc (Zn), Cadmium (Cd), Lead (Pb), Copper (Cu), are of great toxicological importance and can causes poisoning. Therefore quantitative determination of traces of zinc, cadmium, lead, copper, in blood is very essential. Routinely, inductive coupled plasma, atomic absorption spectrometry, graphite furnace atomic absorption spectrometry were used for analysis. An attempt has been made to develop new method for simultaneous determination of traces of zinc, cadmium, lead, copper, in blood done by differential-pulse anodic-stripping voltammetry. Blood was processed by wet digestion method using concentrated nitric acid and sulphuric acid. Determination of zinc, cadmium, lead, copper, was made in ...


Investigating Sedimentary Rocks To Understand Past Wet Climate Of Mars, Emily Harper 2015 University of New Orleans

Investigating Sedimentary Rocks To Understand Past Wet Climate Of Mars, Emily Harper

Senior Honors Theses

The “deltaic” geomorphology in the Eberswalde Crater is often considered a “smoking gun” for the warm-and-wet ancient climate of Mars. The Crater displays sedimentary features, which many argue, can only be found in a river-delta system (Bhattacharya et al., 2005). However, with the advent of high-resolution images, the Eberswalde Crater delta’s geomorphology has been revealed to be more complicated than could be seen previously. These high-resolution data suggest that the development of the Eberswalde delta is likely more episodic (Schieber 2007). While better resolution data has placed doubt on the wet Mars hypothesis at the Eberswalde Crater, the opposite ...


Hydrologic Mediation Of The Spatial And Temporal Variability Of The Soil Carbon Dioxide Stable Isotopic Composition Of A Subalpine Watershed, Theresa Marie Lorenzo 2015 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Hydrologic Mediation Of The Spatial And Temporal Variability Of The Soil Carbon Dioxide Stable Isotopic Composition Of A Subalpine Watershed, Theresa Marie Lorenzo

Dissertations & Theses in Natural Resources

The stable carbon isotopic composition of CO213C-CO2) has been studied as an indicator of changes in ecosystem CO2 exchange. Soil moisture is an important factor in ecosystem CO2 exchange through its influence on physiological and soil physical processes. However, the majority of previous research analyzing the influence of soil moisture on soil and soil-respired δ13C-CO2 has been conducted with limited consideration of topographical variation, which controls the distribution of soil moisture across a landscape. This study characterized the stable isotopic composition (δ13C) and concentrations of soil CO2 ...


Seismic Imaging To Constrain Groundwater Models For A Better Understanding And Management Of Water Quality In Coastal Benin, West Africa: A Saltwater Intrusion Problem, Kyle Michael Lindsay 2015 Boise State University

Seismic Imaging To Constrain Groundwater Models For A Better Understanding And Management Of Water Quality In Coastal Benin, West Africa: A Saltwater Intrusion Problem, Kyle Michael Lindsay

Boise State University Theses and Dissertations

The coastal city of Cotonou in Bénin, West Africa, is a large population center that is facing a serious threat to the sustainability of its fresh water supply. Cotonou relies on groundwater derived from the Godomey aquifer for its domestic water supply. The aquifer is undergoing saltwater intrusion due to an increase in pumping to accommodate a growth in population. Hence, there is substantial interest in better characterizing the groundwater system for the purpose of determining appropriate management strategies to ensure sustainability of this freshwater resource.

I collected seismic reflection data along 15 transects to characterize the geometry of the ...


Changes In Heavy Rainstorm Characteristics With Time And Temperature, Barry A. Palynchuk PhD, Yiping Guo PhD 2015 McMaster University

Changes In Heavy Rainstorm Characteristics With Time And Temperature, Barry A. Palynchuk Phd, Yiping Guo Phd

Barry A. Palynchuk PhD

The effects of climate change upon extreme rainfall is evaluated, based upon the identification of individual storms, and the changes in their statistical parameters and distributions. Those changes will be measured based upon historical time spans, and climatic temperature associated with the events. A brief review and comparison with other research is provided.


Changes In Heavy Rainstorm Characteristics With Time And Temperature - Presentation, Barry A. Palynchuk PhD 2015 McMaster University

Changes In Heavy Rainstorm Characteristics With Time And Temperature - Presentation, Barry A. Palynchuk Phd

Barry A. Palynchuk PhD

The effects of climate change upon extreme rainfall is evaluated, based upon the identification of individual storms, and the changes in their statistical parameters and distributions. Those changes will be measured based upon historical time spans, and climatic temperature associated with the events. A brief review and comparison with other research provided.


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