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Corn And Soybean Response To Wastewater-Recycled Phosphorus Fertilizers, Shane Ylagan 2020 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Corn And Soybean Response To Wastewater-Recycled Phosphorus Fertilizers, Shane Ylagan

Crop, Soil and Environmental Sciences Undergraduate Honors Theses

The ability to recycle phosphorus (P) from wastewaters could provide a sustainable, continuous source of P that might also help protect surface water quality from P enrichment. The mineral struvite (MgNH4PO4·6H2O) is an understudied material that can be created from Pcontaining wastewater and has been shown to have agricultural fertilizer value. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of electrochemically precipitated struvite (ECST), chemically precipitated struvite (Crystal Green; CG), diammonium phosphate (DAP), monoammonium phosphate (MAP), rock phosphate (RP), and triple super phosphate (TSP) on corn (Zea mays) and soybean (Glycine max) response in a 79-day greenhouse ...


Comparing Uganda's Indigenous Soil Classification System With World Reference Base And Usda Soil Taxonomy To Predict Soil Productivity, Stewart Kyebogola, C. Lee Burras, Bradley A. Miller, Onesimus Semalulu, Russell S. Yost, Moses M. Tenywa, Andrew W. Lenssen, Prossy Kyomuhendo, Christopher Smith, Charles K. Luswata, Mwanjalolo J. Gilbert Majaliwa, Lance Goettsch, Carol J. Pierce Colfer, Robert E. Mazur 2020 Makerere University

Comparing Uganda's Indigenous Soil Classification System With World Reference Base And Usda Soil Taxonomy To Predict Soil Productivity, Stewart Kyebogola, C. Lee Burras, Bradley A. Miller, Onesimus Semalulu, Russell S. Yost, Moses M. Tenywa, Andrew W. Lenssen, Prossy Kyomuhendo, Christopher Smith, Charles K. Luswata, Mwanjalolo J. Gilbert Majaliwa, Lance Goettsch, Carol J. Pierce Colfer, Robert E. Mazur

Agronomy Publications

This study examines three soil classification systems - Buganda, World Reference Base, and US Soil Taxonomy - in order to evaluate their relative strengths and feasibility for making linkages between them. Nine field sites and 16 pedons were considered across the soil landscapes of the Buganda catena. Each identified field pedon diagnostic horizons and characteristics were described and their soils analyzed using standard pedological techniques and measurements. To document the indigenous use of the Buganda classification system, interviews and discussions were held with farmer groups and local extension specialists. Using this local expertise, five local soil units were identified. We also identified ...


Boron In The Pariette Wetlands, Uinta Basin, Ut, Palak Vasudeva 2020 Utah State University

Boron In The Pariette Wetlands, Uinta Basin, Ut, Palak Vasudeva

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Boron is a naturally occurring mineral in shale and coal beds formed in marine environments, as found in the Uinta Basin. Mining activity and the application of excess irrigation water on agricultural lands in the Pariette watershed lead to mobilization of B via surface run off. Water quality monitoring records from 2006- 2009 reported violations of Utah B standard for irrigation water 43-100% of the time, for water flowing through the Pariette Wetlands. This study aims to determine B distribution in abiotic (water, sediments) and biotic samples (macroinvertebrates, aquatic vegetation, fish, bird eggs), and to establish correlations between B concentrations ...


Paleoenvironmental Reconstruction Of Quaternary Saltville, Virginia, Using Ostracode Autecology, Austin Gause 2020 East Tennessee State University

Paleoenvironmental Reconstruction Of Quaternary Saltville, Virginia, Using Ostracode Autecology, Austin Gause

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The Saltville valley in southwestern Virginia is home to Quaternary localities containing paleontological and archaeological remains. Historically the valley has been mined for salt and the small lakes, ponds and springs along the valley floor have a brackish signature. A preliminary report on the site’s ostracode fauna suggested that the site’s water was not always saline. This study analyzed modern and Quaternary ostracodes to understand the valley’s hydrologic and chemical evolution. Sediments contained primarily freshwater species, including the environmentally sensitive Candona crogmaniana. The presence of Pelocypris tuberculatum and a new Fabaeformiscandona species throughout a vertical section spanning ...


Effect Of Plant Derived Tannins On Nitrogen And Carbon Cycling In Pasture Soils, Kathryn A. Slebodnik 2020 Utah State University

Effect Of Plant Derived Tannins On Nitrogen And Carbon Cycling In Pasture Soils, Kathryn A. Slebodnik

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Pasture-finished beef has become increasingly popular, but nitrogen losses from these pastures are of concern. Legumes containing condensed tannins such as birdsfoot trefoil (Lotus corniculatus) and sainfoin (Onobrychis viciifolia) may serve as environmentally and economically viable alternative forages in pasture finishing systems while reducing soil nitrogen loss. The goal of this project was to understand how tannin type and concentration affects soil nitrogen cycling both in the lab and the field. This thesis: 1) compared the physical, chemical, and biological characteristics of soil samples obtained from grazed grass and tannin and non-tannin containing legume pastures, 2) assessed how feces from ...


Soil Health Assessment On Arid Rangeland Soils Impacted By Oil And Gas Exploration, Development, And Extraction, Justin Allred 2020 Utah State University

Soil Health Assessment On Arid Rangeland Soils Impacted By Oil And Gas Exploration, Development, And Extraction, Justin Allred

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Oil and gas well pad reclamation in arid environments such as in the Uinta Basin of Utah, presents unique challenges, including remote locations, limited water, and elevated soil salinity and sodicity. Successfully reclaimed Plugged and Abandoned (P&A) well pads should resemble the surrounding rangeland once fully reclaimed. Revegetation of native species is the primary indicator of successful reclamation, but the lack of water makes it challenging to re-seed native plants, while trying to prevent the encroachment of invasive plant species such as Bromus tectorum (cheatgrass), Salsola tragus (Russian thistle), and Halogeton glomeratus (halogeton). Could successful reclamation be reflective of ...


Cosmogenic Nuclide Dating Of Cave Sediments In The Eastern Alps And Implications For Erosion Rates, Philipp Häuselmann, Lukas Plan, Peter Pointner, Markus Fiebig 2020 Swiss Institute for Speleology and Karst Studies

Cosmogenic Nuclide Dating Of Cave Sediments In The Eastern Alps And Implications For Erosion Rates, Philipp Häuselmann, Lukas Plan, Peter Pointner, Markus Fiebig

International Journal of Speleology

Karstic caves are created by water eroding and corroding rocks that can be dissolved. Since both the spring areas of caves (normally at the valley bottom) as well as the recharge is controlled by superficial processes, the morphology of the cave bears strong links to these influences. Lowering of local base levels promotes the development of horizontal phreatic cave passages at progressively lower elevations, resulting in the formation of multi-level karst systems. Upon the next lowering of base level, these upper systems become fossilized, and sediment trapped within them may remain preserved for millions of years. Dating these sediments gives ...


Does Updating Natural Hazard Maps To Reflect Best Practices Increase Viewer Comprehension Of Risk?, Carson C. MacPherson-Krutsky, Brittany D. Brand, Michael K. Lindell 2020 Boise State University

Does Updating Natural Hazard Maps To Reflect Best Practices Increase Viewer Comprehension Of Risk?, Carson C. Macpherson-Krutsky, Brittany D. Brand, Michael K. Lindell

Geosciences Faculty Publications and Presentations

In this study, we examine whether updating an interactive hazard map using recommendations from the literature improves user map comprehension. Analyses of experimental data collected from 75 university students revealed that map comprehension scores were not significantly better for those who viewed a “best practices” map compared to those who viewed an existing version. This may be because the existing map was itself better than most other interactive maps. Additionally, we found map comprehension levels to have significant positive relationships with objective tests, but not self-reported measures of spatial ability. Moreover, self-reported spatial ability had statistically significant, but only moderately ...


Physical And Chemical Properties Of Soils In Gambari Forest Reserve Near Ibadan, South Western Nigeria., Akintola O. Opeyemi Dr, Bodede Idayat Adewunmi Dr, Abiola Isaac Oluwaseyi Dr 2020 Forestry Research Institute of Nigeria, Ibadan, Nigeria

Physical And Chemical Properties Of Soils In Gambari Forest Reserve Near Ibadan, South Western Nigeria., Akintola O. Opeyemi Dr, Bodede Idayat Adewunmi Dr, Abiola Isaac Oluwaseyi Dr

Journal of Bioresource Management

The different features of soil greatly affect the flora and vegetative diversity of a forest. The physical and chemical characteristics of soils in Onigambari Forest Reserve were evaluated to assess the fertility and productivity status of the soils. Fifteen soil samples collected from different sample locations were analyzed for soil texture (sand, silt and clay), bulk density, porosity, pH, organic matter, total nitrogen, available phosphorus, exchangeable bases (Na, K, Ca and Mg) and available micronutrients (Zn, Cu, Fe and Mn). Texturally, the studied soils were loamy sand and sandy loam with percentage of sands (71.2-84.2 %), silts (7.4-10 ...


Comments On ‘Area Changes Of Glaciers On Active Volcanoes In Latin America’ By Reinthaler And Others (2019), William Hardy Kochtitzky, Benjamin R. Edwards 2020 Dickinson College

Comments On ‘Area Changes Of Glaciers On Active Volcanoes In Latin America’ By Reinthaler And Others (2019), William Hardy Kochtitzky, Benjamin R. Edwards

Faculty and Staff Publications By Year

Reinthaler and others (2019), hereafter Reinthaler 2019, characterize ice extent on 59 volcanoes in Latin America from 1986 to 2015 using Landsat and Sentinel-2 imagery to quantify the impact of climate and eruptions on glacier evolution. Here we compare the work of Reinthaler 2019 with Kochtitzky and others (2018), hereafter Kochtitzky 2018, on Nevado Coropuna Ice Cap, and present some new analysis to highlight the challenges of seasonal snow coverage in the delineation of glaciers (Pfeffer and others, 2014; Paul and others, 2017). Nevado Coropuna Ice Cap has received significant attention (e.g. Racoviteanu and others, 2007; Silverio and Jaquet ...


Effects Of Endophyte Infection On The Response Of Achnatherum Inebrians To Water Stress And Nitrogen Fertilizer Under Controlled Growth Conditions, X. S. Li, X. Z. Zhang, X. Gu 2020 Xinjiang Academy of Animal Sciences, China

Effects Of Endophyte Infection On The Response Of Achnatherum Inebrians To Water Stress And Nitrogen Fertilizer Under Controlled Growth Conditions, X. S. Li, X. Z. Zhang, X. Gu

International Grassland Congress Proceedings

No abstract provided.


Contribution Of Vegetative Reproducton Of Leymus Chinensis And Carex Duriuscula To Population Persistence During Restoration Succession After Flood Disturbance In The Songnen Plains, China, Haiyan Li, Yunfei Yang 2020 Northeast Normal University, China

Contribution Of Vegetative Reproducton Of Leymus Chinensis And Carex Duriuscula To Population Persistence During Restoration Succession After Flood Disturbance In The Songnen Plains, China, Haiyan Li, Yunfei Yang

International Grassland Congress Proceedings

No abstract provided.


Root System Ecology Of Shrubs In Qilian Mountains Alpine Rhododendron Shrubland, Wenxia Cao, Degang Zhang, Fuzeng Hong 2020 Gansu Agricultural University, China

Root System Ecology Of Shrubs In Qilian Mountains Alpine Rhododendron Shrubland, Wenxia Cao, Degang Zhang, Fuzeng Hong

International Grassland Congress Proceedings

No abstract provided.


Sustainable Recultivation And Land Use On Karst Regions--Shrub System, Z. Q. Lai, S, M. Qin, Y. R. Chen, S. Z. Qin, M. Pogacnik, X. F. Yi, N. Yao, Y. L. Liang, D. Kompan, X. Su 2020 Guangxi Institute of Animal Sciences, China

Sustainable Recultivation And Land Use On Karst Regions--Shrub System, Z. Q. Lai, S, M. Qin, Y. R. Chen, S. Z. Qin, M. Pogacnik, X. F. Yi, N. Yao, Y. L. Liang, D. Kompan, X. Su

International Grassland Congress Proceedings

No abstract provided.


Sustainable Recultivation And Land Use On Karst Regions--Pasture System, Z. Q. Lai, Y. R. Chen, M. Pogacnik, S. Z. Qin, X. F. Yi, N. Yao, Y. L. Liang, J. H. Deng, X. F. Zhang, B. Zhang, H. J. Zhong, D. Kompan, X. J. Lu, X. Su, D. Y. Shen 2020 Guangxi Institute of Animal Sciences, China

Sustainable Recultivation And Land Use On Karst Regions--Pasture System, Z. Q. Lai, Y. R. Chen, M. Pogacnik, S. Z. Qin, X. F. Yi, N. Yao, Y. L. Liang, J. H. Deng, X. F. Zhang, B. Zhang, H. J. Zhong, D. Kompan, X. J. Lu, X. Su, D. Y. Shen

International Grassland Congress Proceedings

No abstract provided.


A Model For Managing An Endangered Species In Sandhills Rangeland, K. Kottas, J. Stubbendieck 2020 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

A Model For Managing An Endangered Species In Sandhills Rangeland, K. Kottas, J. Stubbendieck

International Grassland Congress Proceedings

No abstract provided.


Experimental Increases In Diversity And Evenness Improve Productivity And Reduce Weed Invasion In Grassland Swards Over Three Years Across 12 European Sites, Laura Kirwan, Caroline Brophy, R. P. Collins, J. Connolly, J. A. Finn, A. Helgadottir, A. Lüscher, C. Porqueddu, M. T. Sebastià 2020 Teagasc Environment Research Centre, Ireland

Experimental Increases In Diversity And Evenness Improve Productivity And Reduce Weed Invasion In Grassland Swards Over Three Years Across 12 European Sites, Laura Kirwan, Caroline Brophy, R. P. Collins, J. Connolly, J. A. Finn, A. Helgadottir, A. Lüscher, C. Porqueddu, M. T. Sebastià

International Grassland Congress Proceedings

No abstract provided.


Fire And Vegetation Change In Coastal Grasslands, South Africa, Kevin P. Kirkman, B. P. A. Dalton 2020 , University of KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa

Fire And Vegetation Change In Coastal Grasslands, South Africa, Kevin P. Kirkman, B. P. A. Dalton

International Grassland Congress Proceedings

No abstract provided.


Studies On The Autecology Of Astragalus Caragana F. Et M In The Esfahan Province In Ira, M. Khodagholi, M. Esmaili Sharif, A. Ghaedi, M. Borhand, M. T. Feyze 2020 Esfahan Agriculture and Natural Resources Center, Iran

Studies On The Autecology Of Astragalus Caragana F. Et M In The Esfahan Province In Ira, M. Khodagholi, M. Esmaili Sharif, A. Ghaedi, M. Borhand, M. T. Feyze

International Grassland Congress Proceedings

No abstract provided.


The Acacia Operation Project: A Pilot Activity For Combating Desertification And Improving The Livelihood Of Pastoralist In The Arid Rangelands Of Kenya, G. A. Keya, M. Muga, B. Chikamai 2020 Kenya Agricultural Research Institute, Kenya

The Acacia Operation Project: A Pilot Activity For Combating Desertification And Improving The Livelihood Of Pastoralist In The Arid Rangelands Of Kenya, G. A. Keya, M. Muga, B. Chikamai

International Grassland Congress Proceedings

No abstract provided.


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