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Imls Place Grant: Press Release 2, PLACE Project Group 2014 University of New Hampshire

Imls Place Grant: Press Release 2, Place Project Group

PLACE Project

Press release dated October 25, 2014, describing the PLACE (Position-based Location Archive Coordinate Explorer) project that is funded by the Institute for Museum and Library Services. The University of New Hampshire (UNH) library partnered with the UNH Earth Systems Research Center to develop a geospatial interface that is searchable by geospatial coordinates.

Sent to the Geoportal Web page (Patrick Florence).


Sigma Gamma Epsilon Undergraduate Research, Larry E. Davis 2014 College of Saint Benedict and Saint John’s University

Sigma Gamma Epsilon Undergraduate Research, Larry E. Davis

The Compass: Earth Science Journal of Sigma Gamma Epsilon

Fifty-two abstracts of student-authored research have been accepted for presentation in the Sigma Gamma Epsilon Undergraduate Research poster session at the Geological Society of America annual meeting in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. The poster session will be held on Tuesday, 21 October 2014, 9:00 AM to 6:30 PM, in the Vancouver Convention Centre-West Exhibition Hall C. Authors will be present from 9:00 to 11:00 AM, and 5:00 to 6:30 PM.


Luminescence Dating Without Sand Lenses: An Application Of Osl To Coarse-Grained Alluvial Fan Deposits Of The Lost River Range, Idaho, Usa, M. K. Kenworthy, T. M. Rittenour, J. L. Pierce, N. A. Sutfin, W. D. Sharp 2014 Boise State University

Luminescence Dating Without Sand Lenses: An Application Of Osl To Coarse-Grained Alluvial Fan Deposits Of The Lost River Range, Idaho, Usa, M. K. Kenworthy, T. M. Rittenour, J. L. Pierce, N. A. Sutfin, W. D. Sharp

Geosciences Faculty Publications and Presentations

Optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) dating is increasingly used to estimate the age of fluvial deposits. A significant limitation, however, has been that conventional techniques of sampling and dose rate estimation are suitable only for thick (>60 cm) layers consisting of sand size or finer grains. Application of OSL dating to deposits lacking such layers remains a significant challenge. Alluvial fans along the western front of the Lost River Range in east-central Idaho, USA are one example. Deposits are typically pebble to cobble sheetflood gravels with a sandy matrix but thin to absent sand lenses. As a result, the majority of ...


The Spatial Cross-Correlation Method For Dispersive Surface Waves, Andrew P. Lamb, Kasper van Wijk, Lee M. Liberty, T. Dylan Mikesell 2014 Boise State University

The Spatial Cross-Correlation Method For Dispersive Surface Waves, Andrew P. Lamb, Kasper Van Wijk, Lee M. Liberty, T. Dylan Mikesell

Geosciences Faculty Publications and Presentations

Dispersive surface waves are routinely used to estimate the subsurface shear-wave velocity distribution, at all length scales. In the well-known Spatial Autocorrelation method, dispersion information is gained from the correlation of seismic noise signals recorded on the vertical (or radial) components. We demonstrate practical advantages of including the cross-correlation between radial and vertical components of the wavefield in a spatial cross-correlation method. The addition of cross-correlation information increases the resolution and robustness of the phase velocity dispersion information, as demonstrated in numerical simulations and a near-surface field study with active seismic sources, where our method confirms the presence of a ...


Three-Dimensional Deformable Pore Networks, Jack W. Conrad, Laura J Pyrak-Nolte 2014 Purdue University

Three-Dimensional Deformable Pore Networks, Jack W. Conrad, Laura J Pyrak-Nolte

The Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) Symposium

Porous structures in materials play a part in many areas of research and development. A couple of examples of this are extraction of water through aquifers and oil through fracking processes. Current understanding of the small scale fluid-fluid interactions in the structure of these porous materials stops at data of the two dimensional interface between the two fluids. This experiment aimed to create three dimensional, transparent, deformable micro-models which are expected allow us to obtain three dimensional data sets of the capillary pressure–saturation–interfacial area per volume relationship. The micro-models were synthesized using a grain deposition technique. Grains were ...


Earth History Visualization System, Xinjie Lei, James G. Ogg 2014 Purdue University

Earth History Visualization System, Xinjie Lei, James G. Ogg

The Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) Symposium

Time Scale Creator (TSCreator), a geological chart generator, displays any portion of Earth history including chemo- magneto-, and other aspects. TSCreator is used by many universities, petroleum companies, and international geological surveys. In order to improve the quality of Time Scale Creator, tools were developed to provide users with more friendly graphical user interfaces (GUIs), accurate scaling of specific isotope, internationalization of data input and output, and smart depth scaling in wells to age conversion. To implement such tools, research for algorithm and common methods was basically done by searching articles online and reading posts on forums for Java developers ...


Cosmogenic Radionuclides In Ice Cores From West Antarctica, Zhijie Chen, Thomas Edward Woodruff, Marc W. Caffee 2014 Purdue University

Cosmogenic Radionuclides In Ice Cores From West Antarctica, Zhijie Chen, Thomas Edward Woodruff, Marc W. Caffee

The Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) Symposium

Cosmogenic nuclides such as 10Be and 26Al are formed in the atmosphere by cosmic rays and come down to the ground through snow which became ice in Antarctica. The concentrations of 10Be and 26Al in ice cores can reveal important information about climate change, solar activity and geomagnetic change in the past. They can also be used to date very old ice. Since there is very little 26Al in the ice, its actual concentration is poorly known and the measured results don’t agree with each other. My research is focused on the measurement of ...


Air Mass Frequency During Precipitation Events In The Northern Plains Of The United States, Anthony Baum, Richard De Pasquale, Melissa L. Godek 2014 College of Saint Benedict and Saint John’s University

Air Mass Frequency During Precipitation Events In The Northern Plains Of The United States, Anthony Baum, Richard De Pasquale, Melissa L. Godek

The Compass: Earth Science Journal of Sigma Gamma Epsilon

Since 1980, numerous billion-dollar disasters have affected the Northern Plains of the United States, including nine droughts and four floods. The atmospheric environment present during precipitation events can largely be described by the presiding air mass conditions since air masses characterize a multitude of meteorological variables at one time over a large region. The goal of this research is to add knowledge to current understandings of the factors responsible for precipitation in the Northern Plains through an assessment of synoptic air mass conditions. The Spatial Synoptic Classification is used to categorize 30 years of daily surface air mass types across ...


Turbidity-Based Sediment Monitoring In Northern Thailand: Hysteresis, Variability, And Uncertainty, Shawn G. Benner, Spencer H. Wood 2014 Boise State University

Turbidity-Based Sediment Monitoring In Northern Thailand: Hysteresis, Variability, And Uncertainty, Shawn G. Benner, Spencer H. Wood

Geosciences Faculty Publications and Presentations

Annual total suspended solid (TSS) loads in the Mae Sa River in northern Thailand, determined with an automated, turbidity-based monitoring approach, were approximately 62,000, 33,000, and 14,000 Mg during the three years of observation. These loads were equivalent to basin yields of 839 (603-1170), 445 (217-462), and 192 (108-222) Mg km-2 for the 74.16-km2 catchment during 2006, 2007, and 2008, respectively. The yearly uncertainty ranges indicate our loads may be underestimated by 38-43% or overestimated by 28-33%. In determining the annual loads, discharge (Q) and turbidity (T) values were compared against 333 hand-sampled total ...


Warm Water Benthic Foraminifera Document The Pennsylvanian-Permian Warming And Cooling Events – The Record From The Western Pangea Tropical Shelves, Vladimir Davydov 2014 Boise State University

Warm Water Benthic Foraminifera Document The Pennsylvanian-Permian Warming And Cooling Events – The Record From The Western Pangea Tropical Shelves, Vladimir Davydov

Geosciences Faculty Publications and Presentations

Shallow warm water benthic foraminifera (SWWBF), including all larger fusulinids (symbiont-bearing benthic foraminifera), are among the best indicators of paleoclimate and paleogeography in the Carboniferous and Permian. The distribution of benthic foraminifera in space and time constrain important tectonic, paleogeographic and climatic events at a global scale. The North American shelves during Pennsylvanian and Permian time - though geographically within the tropical belt - are characterized by temperate environments with significantly lower foraminifera diversification and rare occurrences of warm water Tethyan forms, that are in general appear in the region as a migration entities. Such environments allow documentation of warming episodes associated ...


Fossil Baramins On Noah's Ark: The "Amphibians", Marcus R. Ross 2014 Liberty University

Fossil Baramins On Noah's Ark: The "Amphibians", Marcus R. Ross

Marcus R. Ross

Here I provide a compendium of extinct “amphibian” groups, representatives of which may have been carried aboard Noah’s Ark. Following previous work by the Ark Encounter team, I selected the taxonomic rank of family as a first-order proxy for the biblical “kind.” The resulting tabulation places 54 extinct “amphibian” families/kinds on board the Ark. While this number hinges upon taxonomies built upon fossil data (and its inherent shortcomings compared to extant forms), it serves as a reasonable approximation of the number of fossil “amphibians” taken aboard the Ark. When added to previously determined kinds of extant anurans, caudates ...


High-Precision U-Pb Ca-Tims Calibration Of Middle Permian To Lower Triassic Sequences, Mass Extinction And Extreme Climate-Change In Eastern Australian Gondwana, I. Metcalfe, J. Crowley, R. S. Nicoll, M. Schmitz 2014 Boise State University

High-Precision U-Pb Ca-Tims Calibration Of Middle Permian To Lower Triassic Sequences, Mass Extinction And Extreme Climate-Change In Eastern Australian Gondwana, I. Metcalfe, J. Crowley, R. S. Nicoll, M. Schmitz

Geosciences Faculty Publications and Presentations

Twenty-eight new high-precision Chemical Abrasion Isotope Dilution Thermal Ionisation Mass Spectrometry U-Pb zircon dates for tuffs in the Sydney and Bowen Basins are reported. Based on these new dates, the Guadalupian-Lopingian/Capitanian-Wuchiapingian boundary is tentatively placed at the level of the Thirroul Sandstone in the lower part of the Illawarra Coal Measures in the Sydney Basin. The Wuchiapingian-Changhsingian boundary is at or close to the Kembla Sandstone horizon in the Illawarra Coal Measures, southern Sydney Basin, in the middle part of the Newcastle Coal Measures in the northern Sydney Basin, and in the middle of the Black Alley Shale in ...


The 21st Century Library For Geoscientists, Maxine G. Schmidt 2014 University of Massachusetts - Amherst

The 21st Century Library For Geoscientists, Maxine G. Schmidt

Maxine G Schmidt

No abstract provided.


Speleothem And Biofilm Formation In A Granite/Dolerite Cave, Northern Sweden, Therese Sallstedt, Magnus Ivarsson, Johannes Lundberg, Rabbe Sjöberg, Juan Ramón Vidal Romaní 2014 University of South Florida

Speleothem And Biofilm Formation In A Granite/Dolerite Cave, Northern Sweden, Therese Sallstedt, Magnus Ivarsson, Johannes Lundberg, Rabbe Sjöberg, Juan Ramón Vidal Romaní

International Journal of Speleology

Tjuv-Antes grotta (Tjuv-Ante's Cave) located in northern Sweden is a round-abraded sea cave ('tunnel cave'), about 30 m in length, formed by rock-water abrasion in a dolerite dyke in granite gneiss. Abundant speleothems are restricted to the inner, mafic parts of the cave and absent on granite parts. The speleothems are of two types: cylindrical (coralloid, popcorn-like), and flowstone (thin crusts). Coralloids correspond to terrestrial stromatolite speleothems in which layers of light calcite alternate with dark, silica-rich laminae. The dark laminae are also enriched in carbon and contain incorporated remains of microorganisms. Two types of microbial communities can be ...


Caves In Caves: Evolution Of Post-Depositional Macroholes In Stalagmites, Nurit Shtober-Zisu, Henry P. Schwarcz, Tom Chow, Christopher R. Omelon, Gordon Southam 2014 University of South Florida

Caves In Caves: Evolution Of Post-Depositional Macroholes In Stalagmites, Nurit Shtober-Zisu, Henry P. Schwarcz, Tom Chow, Christopher R. Omelon, Gordon Southam

International Journal of Speleology

In a previous paper (Shtober-Zisu et al., 2012) we described millimeter to centime-sized fluid-free holes within the interiors of stalagmites of widely varying origin. We present here further observations of this phenomenon, using X-ray tomography, macroscopic and microscopic observation of sections of twenty-six stalagmites from various sites in North America and the Caribbean region. We can distinguish three types of cavities in speleothems: primary µm-sized fluid inclusions; mm to cm sized holes, aligned along the stalagmite growth axis which are clearly syngenetic; and µm to cm-sized holes away from the growth axis (“off-axis holes or OAHs”) deeply buried inside their ...


Postglacial Early Permian (Late Sakmarian– Early Artinskian) Shallow-Marine Carbonate Deposition Along A 2000 Km Transect From Timor To West Australia, Vladimir I. Davydov 2014 Boise State University

Postglacial Early Permian (Late Sakmarian– Early Artinskian) Shallow-Marine Carbonate Deposition Along A 2000 Km Transect From Timor To West Australia, Vladimir I. Davydov

Geosciences Faculty Publications and Presentations

Late Sakmarian to early Artinskian (Early Permian) carbonate deposition was widespread in the marine intracratonic rift basins that extended into the interior of Eastern Gondwana from Timor in the north to the northern Perth Basin in the south. These basins spanned about 20° of paleolatitude (approximately 35°S to 55°S). This study describes the type section of the Maubisse Limestone in Timor-Leste, and compares this unit with carbonate sections in the Canning Basin (Nura Nura Member of the Poole Sandstone), the Southern Carnarvon Basin (Callytharra Formation) and the northern Perth Basin (Fossil Cliff Member of the Holmwood Shale). The ...


Discovery Of Shallow-Marine Biofacies Conodonts In A Bioherm Within The Carboniferous-Permian Transition In The Omalon Massif, Ne Russia Near The North Paleo-Pole: Correlation With A Warming Spike In The Southern Hemisphere, Vladimir I. Davydov, Alexander S. Biakov 2014 Boise State University

Discovery Of Shallow-Marine Biofacies Conodonts In A Bioherm Within The Carboniferous-Permian Transition In The Omalon Massif, Ne Russia Near The North Paleo-Pole: Correlation With A Warming Spike In The Southern Hemisphere, Vladimir I. Davydov, Alexander S. Biakov

Geosciences Faculty Publications and Presentations

The conodont genera Hindeodus and Streptognathodus are reported for the first time within the Carboniferous-Permian transition in the northern high latitudes of the Paren’ River, Omolon Massif, NE Russia. Several fossil groups, including brachiopods, bivalves, scaphopods and microgastropods were found to be prolific in the invertebrate-dominated bioherms. These bioherms occur within predominantly siliciclastic sequences with extremely poor fauna, whereas in the studied bioherms the diversity of the bivalves and brachiopods exceeded observed diversity elsewhere in coeval facies in NE Russia. The bioherms are biostratigraphically constrained as uppermost Pennsylvanian to lowermost Cisuralian based on ammonoids. The very unusual peak of bivalve ...


The Development Of L-Tectonites In High-Strain Zone Settings: A Multiscale Modeling Investigation, Weiyin Chen 2014 Western University

The Development Of L-Tectonites In High-Strain Zone Settings: A Multiscale Modeling Investigation, Weiyin Chen

University of Western Ontario - Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Shape fabrics in high-strain zones are commonly used to constrain deformation processes in the lithosphere. Linear fabric, as a type of shape fabric, usually indicates constrictional strain and is an important feature in orogenic belts. Among all kinds of linear fabrics, the isolated L-tectonites, which are surrounded by strong planar fabrics, are poorly understood. The isolated L-tectonites are generally developed in heterogeneous high-strain zones. Their formation involves heterogeneous and multiscale deformation processes that current single-scale kinematic models cannot explain. To relate isolated L-tectonites in a high-strain zone with its boundary conditions, I apply a multiscale approach. Isolated L-tectonites are regarded ...


Fluid Properties In The Formation Of High-Grade Iron Ore In Northern Minnesota, Elizabeth Drommerhausen 2014 Minnesota State University, Mankato

Fluid Properties In The Formation Of High-Grade Iron Ore In Northern Minnesota, Elizabeth Drommerhausen

Journal of Undergraduate Research at Minnesota State University, Mankato

The Mesabi Iron Range in Northern Minnesota has been a major producer of iron ore for over 100 years. Production has been from the 1.85 – billion-year –old Biwabik Iron Formation, an iron-rich sedimentary rock that is tilted gently to the south. Most of the known high-grade ore lies near the surface and has been already mined. Determining whether more high-grade ore may lie at depth could have significant economic impact on the mining industry in northern Minnesota. To evaluate the likelihood of finding more high-grade iron ore deeper underground, it is important to determine the source of the fluids ...


Calibrating Water Depths Of Ordovician Communities: Ecological Controls On Depositional Gradients In Upper Ordovician Strata Of Southern Ohio And North-Central Kentucky, Usa, Carlton E. Brett, Thomas J. Malgieri, James R. Thomka, Christopher D. Aucoin, Benjamin F. Dattilo, Cameron A. Schwalback 2014 Indiana University – Purdue University Fort Wayne

Calibrating Water Depths Of Ordovician Communities: Ecological Controls On Depositional Gradients In Upper Ordovician Strata Of Southern Ohio And North-Central Kentucky, Usa, Carlton E. Brett, Thomas J. Malgieri, James R. Thomka, Christopher D. Aucoin, Benjamin F. Dattilo, Cameron A. Schwalback

Geosciences Faculty Presentations

Limestone and shale facies of the Grant Lake Formation (Upper Ordovician; Katian; Maysvillian) are well exposed in the Cincinnati Arch of southern Ohio and north central Kentucky, and highly fossiliferous. These rocks also document gradual change in lithofacies and biofacies from offshore, nodular, phosphatic, brachiopod-rich limestones and marls to very shallow olive gray platy, laminated dolostones with desiccation cracks and sparse ostracodes, southward along a gently sloping ramp. This study uses facies analysis in outcrop to determine paleoenvironmental parameters, particularly those related to water depth (e.g., position of the photic zone and shoreline, and environmental energy). Within tightly a ...


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