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Soil Chemistry On Watershed 1: 1998 - 2014, Chris E. Johnson 2015 cejohns@syr.edu

Soil Chemistry On Watershed 1: 1998 - 2014, Chris E. Johnson

Chris E Johnson

No abstract provided.


Required Data Management Training For Graduate Students In An Earth And Environmental Sciences Department, Bonnie L. Fong, Minglu Wang 2015 Rutgers University - Newark

Required Data Management Training For Graduate Students In An Earth And Environmental Sciences Department, Bonnie L. Fong, Minglu Wang

Journal of eScience Librarianship

The increasing importance of data management in the sciences has led the Department of Earth & Environmental Sciences at a research intensive university to work closely with the Physical Sciences Librarian and Data Services Librarian on campus to provide mandatory training to its graduate students. Although integrating data management training into the graduate program curriculum may not be possible, there are still opportunities to ensure students learn such skills prior to graduating. This article describes the four approaches taken thus far – a seminar about basic data management during the department’s weekly seminar series, creation of a Data Profile form that ...


Strength Study Of Zircon Under High Pressure, Ievgeniia Morozova 2015 The University of Western Ontario

Strength Study Of Zircon Under High Pressure, Ievgeniia Morozova

University of Western Ontario - Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Zircon (ZrSiO4) is a strong accessory mineral that can retain U, Th and Hf within its structure. This makes zircon an important material in geochemical and geochronological studies. In addition, the strong thermal shock resistance of zircon allows for dating the formations of melt and impact events and to separate shocked and potentially shocked country rocks. However, the deformation mechanism and microstructure behavior of zircon at high pressure is poorly understood. Therefore, this work aims to study the deformation and texture of zircon in situ at high pressure and room temperature, and also to examine the microstructure of samples ...


Using A High Altitude Balloon Platform To Observe And Measure Seasonal Ozone Flux Over Agricultural Landscapes, Cody Sabo 2015 DePaul University

Using A High Altitude Balloon Platform To Observe And Measure Seasonal Ozone Flux Over Agricultural Landscapes, Cody Sabo

2015 Academic High Altitude Conference

The concentration of greenhouse gasses (GHGs) in the atmosphere has continued to rise since the industrial era. This issue has had a multitude of negative impacts on all living things. Among the major GHGs are carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide, and ozone. Ozone is of particular importance because it not only has the ability to trap heat in the atmosphere, but it also directly impacts organisms by causing harm to both plants and humans. The damage that ozone causes to plants is most closely linked to ozone uptake rather than ozone concentration. So, measuring ozone uptake is becoming critical for ...


Quantitative Hermeneutics: Counting Forestructures On A Path From W.M. Davis To The Concept Of Multiple-Permeability Karst Aquifers, H. L Vacher, Lee J. Florea 2015 University of South Florida

Quantitative Hermeneutics: Counting Forestructures On A Path From W.M. Davis To The Concept Of Multiple-Permeability Karst Aquifers, H. L Vacher, Lee J. Florea

International Journal of Speleology

Hermeneutics is the theory of interpretation. One of its major components is recognizing prejudgments, or forestructures, that we bring to our objects of study. In this paper, we construct a historical narrative of the evolution of thinking about the role of caves in relation to groundwater flow in limestone, and we tabulate forestructures as they appear in the story. This account consists of three overlapping time periods: the before and after of an incident that repelled hydrogeologists and students of karst from each other in the middle of the 20th century; a period, up to around the turn of ...


Agenda: Innovations In Managing Western Water: New Approaches For Balancing Environmental, Social, And Economic Outcomes, University of Colorado Boulder. Getches-Wilkinson Center for Natural Resources, Energy, and the Environment 2015 University of Colorado Law School

Agenda: Innovations In Managing Western Water: New Approaches For Balancing Environmental, Social, And Economic Outcomes, University Of Colorado Boulder. Getches-Wilkinson Center For Natural Resources, Energy, And The Environment

Innovations in Managing Western Water: New Approaches for Balancing Environmental, Social and Economic Outcomes (Martz Summer Conference, June 11-12)

Many aspects of western water allocation and management are the product of independent and uncoordinated actions, several occurring a century or more ago. However, in this modern era of water scarcity, it is increasingly acknowledged that more coordinated and deliberate decision-making is necessary for effectively balancing environmental, social, and economic objectives. In recent years, a variety of forums, processes, and tools have emerged to better manage the connections between regions, sectors, and publics linked by shared water systems. In this event, we explore the cutting edge efforts, the latest points of contention, and the opportunities for further progress.


Preliminary Geophysical Characterization Of The Karst Within A Transverse Glade In The Atlantic Coastal Ridge, Miami-Dade County Florida, Usa, Lee J. Florea, Jeff Ransom, Dallas Hazelton 2015 Ball State University

Preliminary Geophysical Characterization Of The Karst Within A Transverse Glade In The Atlantic Coastal Ridge, Miami-Dade County Florida, Usa, Lee J. Florea, Jeff Ransom, Dallas Hazelton

Lee J Florea, PhD, P.G.

In this paper we present results of two DC Electrical Resistivity Tomography surveys at Deering Estate at Cutler in the Atlantic Coastal Ridge of Miami-Dade County, Florida. This County Natural Area encompasses Deering Glade and hosts one of the largest remaining tropical hardwood-hammock ecosystems in the USA. A canal extension, wetland restoration, and pump station recently constructed at Deering Estate by the South Florida Water Management District is designed to re-hydrate Deering Glade to pre-development conditions thus helping to sustain the hammock ecosystem and reverse trends in salt-water intrusion in this portion of the Biscayne aquifer.

For these transects, we ...


Particle Transport, Samantha Slossar, Jamye Babocsi, Chuck Ko 2015 The College at Brockport

Particle Transport, Samantha Slossar, Jamye Babocsi, Chuck Ko

Lesson Plans

The particle transport simulation is designed to help students gain a deeper level of understanding of the relationship between velocity and particle size. Students will be able to manipulate the velocity and particle size to see if the particle will move. The mathematical component will require the students to construct a particle graph using the simulator and Earth Science Reference Table (ESRT).


Fluxes Of Dissolved Organic Carbon During Storm Events In The Neponset River Watershed, Keith Thomas Cialino 2015 University of Massachusetts Boston

Fluxes Of Dissolved Organic Carbon During Storm Events In The Neponset River Watershed, Keith Thomas Cialino

Graduate Doctoral Dissertations

The transport of dissolved organic carbon (DOC) and chromophoric dissolved organic matter (CDOM) from land to coastal environments strongly influences coastal ecosystems. The presence of first flush phenomena due to rainwater runoff traveling from land into waterways can greatly affect carbon fluxes to coastal areas. This research utilizes sensors, autosamplers, and standard watershed sampling in order to assess for the presence of first flush and its significance. A rainfall simulator was built in order to collect runoff on two land use types. Time series data suggest that first flush of dissolved organic carbon was present for all rainfall intensities simulated ...


Analysis And Comparison Of Physical Properties And Morphology Of Impact Melt Flows On Venus And The Moon To Determine Atmospheric Controls, Christine Elizabeth Dong 2015 Bates College

Analysis And Comparison Of Physical Properties And Morphology Of Impact Melt Flows On Venus And The Moon To Determine Atmospheric Controls, Christine Elizabeth Dong

Geology Theses

Impact melt flows form when target material melted by an impact breaches the rim of the impact crater. The melt flows out and away from the crater, forming a lava flow. Such flows have been identified on Venus and the Moon by previous studies. This study aims to document impact melt flows on these two bodies to determine the differences, if any, between them, and to ascertain whether these differences are due to atmospheric conditions. Previously recorded morphological data from Robert Herrick of the Lunar and Planetary Institute and Neish et al. (2014) are used in conjunction with S-band (12 ...


Deformation Post-Doming: New Mapping Of The Oliverian Jefferson Dome, Mt. Dartmouth 7.5' Quadrangle, New Hampshire, Michelle Devoe 2015 Bates College

Deformation Post-Doming: New Mapping Of The Oliverian Jefferson Dome, Mt. Dartmouth 7.5' Quadrangle, New Hampshire, Michelle Devoe

Honors Theses

The Mt. Dartmouth 7.5’ Quadrangle, west of the Presidential Range, contains the southeastern portion of the Jefferson Dome, the largest of the Oliverian Domes. As part of a USGS NHGS EdMap StateMap project, the purpose of this study was to remap this part of the Jefferson Dome and perform a structural and mineralogical analysis of its rock units to develop a better understanding of the tectonic history of the Northeast. Structural analyses show dextral shear zones and folded foliation which suggest at least three phases of deformation post-doming. Literature claims shear zones exist throughout the Northeast, and this analysis ...


Petrogenesis And Paleostress Analysis Of The Mesozoic Mill Brook Dike Zone In The Mount Dartmouth 7.5' Quadrangle, New Hampshire, Graham Grear Oxman 2015 Bates College

Petrogenesis And Paleostress Analysis Of The Mesozoic Mill Brook Dike Zone In The Mount Dartmouth 7.5' Quadrangle, New Hampshire, Graham Grear Oxman

Honors Theses

Field mapping linked with petrogenetic and brittle structural studies of Mesozoic basalt dikes was performed in the Mount Dartmouth 7.5' Quadrangle, adjacent to the Presidential Range, NH. This was done in hopes of creating a better understanding of the intrusion setting and brittle deformational history of the basalt dikes, particularly in relation to the regional tectonic context. Field work done during the summer of 2014 revealed a 100 meter wide, 7.8 km long zone containing multiple mafic dikes that are exceptionally well exposed at the junction of NH Rt. 115 and the Cherry Mountain road. The largest dike ...


Mobilization Of Metals By Fungi In Historic Cemeteries, Eleanor D. Briggs 2015 Bates College

Mobilization Of Metals By Fungi In Historic Cemeteries, Eleanor D. Briggs

Geology Theses

Interactions among fungi, soil, and metals are at the heart of nutrient cycling in terrestrial systems. Both major and trace elements are found in soils, but the degree to which they are biologically available is influenced by chemical weathering of soil minerals by fungi. In addition to contributing to weathering, mushrooms are known to bioaccumulate metals from soil, so edible mushrooms growing on soils contaminated with toxic metals can cause harm to those who eat them. This study focuses on metal content of mushrooms and soils from cemeteries that are suspected to be contaminated with arsenic as a result of ...


Nanodiamond Extraction At A Potential Impact Location, Joel Kathan 2015 DePaul University

Nanodiamond Extraction At A Potential Impact Location, Joel Kathan

DePaul Discoveries

Meteoritic or cometary impacts create the temperature and pressure conditions necessary to form nanodiamonds (NDs). The presence of extracted NDs from rocks of the time and locations of extinctions, fires, or known environmental changes are commonly used to confirm that a theorized cosmic impact occurred to trigger those events. Samples were obtained from an archeological site described in the Old Testament of the Bible as having been destroyed by the God of the Old Testament. To see if the historical description of Biblical events might have been triggered by a cometary impact or explosion, an attempt was made to isolate ...


Insights Into The Evolution Of The Great Plains Grassland Ecosystem Over The Last 5 Million Years From Paleotemperature And Paleovegetation Records, Anne Fetrow 2015 University of Puget Sound

Insights Into The Evolution Of The Great Plains Grassland Ecosystem Over The Last 5 Million Years From Paleotemperature And Paleovegetation Records, Anne Fetrow

Honors Program Theses

Over the last 10 million years, the Great Plains transitioned to the modern C4 grass dominated ecosystem. Well-preserved late Miocene to Holocene fossils and paleosols make the Meade Basin in southwest Kansas, USA a unique place to determine how paleoenvironmental conditions changed during C4 grassland evolution. δ18O values of paleosol carbonates (δ18Ocarb) in the Meade Basin decreased from the Miocene to Holocene while δ13C values increased; these trends were interpreted as an increase in temperature and/or in aridity coincident with an increase of C4 grass biomass on the landscape ...


Possible Precursor Events To Earthquakes And The Resulting Effects On Organic Material In The Surrounding Water Bodies, Kiyoko Nakatsui 2015 Chapman University

Possible Precursor Events To Earthquakes And The Resulting Effects On Organic Material In The Surrounding Water Bodies, Kiyoko Nakatsui

Student Research Day Abstracts and Posters

Being located on the “Ring of Fire” Japan experiences many seismic events. Adding to this, it is located at the convergence of four fault lines where seismic activity will be even more frequent and severe. Although small tremors occurring in an area are indicators of an earthquake to come it only gives minutes of warning. Scientists are now trying to see if latent heat and gas release from fault lines can indicate an earthquake to come with hours or even days of warning. MODIS aqua and terra data will be analyzed in order to see if such precursors can be ...


Geothermobarometry And Petrographic Interpretations Of Christensen Ranch Meta- Banded Iron Formation From The Ruby Range, Montana, Jacob Hughes 2015 Western Kentucky University

Geothermobarometry And Petrographic Interpretations Of Christensen Ranch Meta- Banded Iron Formation From The Ruby Range, Montana, Jacob Hughes

Honors College Capstone Experience/Thesis Projects

The Ruby Range in southwestern Montana was tectonically uplifted during the mountain-building event of the Big Sky orogeny. Contained within the Christensen Ranch Formation, made up of sedimentary units metamorphosed during the Big Sky orogeny, are a small number of metamorphosed banded iron formations (BIFs). It is the presence and composition of these BIFs which is the focus of this research, principally their depositional origin, relationship to surrounding sedimentary packages, elemental and mineral compositions, and lastly, peak metamorphic conditions. Samples were collected, cut into thin sections, and powdered for textural and compositional analyses employing polarized light microscopy, Raman microscopy, scanning ...


Paleoenvironmental Reconstruction Of An Upper Ordovician Rocky Shoreline: The Lindsay Formation Of Heywood And Partridge Islands, Ontario, Hiba-tul Naseer Maheen 2015 The University of Western Ontario

Paleoenvironmental Reconstruction Of An Upper Ordovician Rocky Shoreline: The Lindsay Formation Of Heywood And Partridge Islands, Ontario, Hiba-Tul Naseer Maheen

University of Western Ontario - Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

The islands of Heywood and Partridge, located northeast of Manitoulin Island in Georgian Bay, Ontario, preserve a major unconformity between the Paleoproterozoic Bar River and Lorrain Formation quartz arenite and Upper Ordovician Lindsay Formation carbonate and mudrock. The Lindsay Formation strata record two transgressive pulses of an epeiric sea that flooded the North American continent during the Late Ordovician. During this time, mountain building processes associated with the Taconic Orogeny were taking place to the present east, and the tectonic effects of this orogeny resulted in subsidence of the Michigan Basin. The Lindsay Formation of the Trenton Group was deposited ...


Nwa 8614: The Least Heated Winonaite, Karla Farley, Alex Ruzicka, Katherine Armstrong 2015 Portland State University

Nwa 8614: The Least Heated Winonaite, Karla Farley, Alex Ruzicka, Katherine Armstrong

Student Research Symposium

Northwest Africa 8614 is classified as a winonaite on the basis of oxygen isotope ratios, mineralogy, and highly reduced chemistry. Unlike other winonaites, it contains numerous and readily apparent chondrules. Here we discuss various features of NWA 8614 and the possible significance of the meteorite.

Petrological and chemical analyses were performed using optical microscopy with a DM2500 Leica petrographic microscope and a Zeiss Sigma VP-FEG scanning electron microscope (SEM) with a high-efficiency energy dispersive spectrometer (EDS). Oxygen isotopes were analyzed by Karen Ziegler at the University of New Mexico on acid-washed samples to remove terrestrial weathering products.

Owing to the ...


Structure From Motion Elevation Model For Adding Topographic Correction To Ground Penetrating Radar, Leslie A. Mowbray 2015 Portland State University

Structure From Motion Elevation Model For Adding Topographic Correction To Ground Penetrating Radar, Leslie A. Mowbray

Student Research Symposium

High resolution elevation models have become a standard tool in environmental, geological and archaeological investigations, however; the cost of acquiring Lidar in remote areas, on small project sites or over repeated time intervals remains prohibitively expensive. Here, open-source software and GIS are used to create a digital elevation model (DEM) from aerial photos in a process known as Structure from Motion (SfM). This process is a fraction of the cost of Lidar acquisition, and is shown to produce a model with comparable resolution. The photos used here were taken from a camera hung from a balloon flown at Mickey Springs ...


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