Integrated Geophysical Approach Using Electrical Resistivity Tomography And Multichannel Analysis Of Surface Wave In Assessing Wilson Spring Development, 2016 Missouri University of Science and Technology
Integrated Geophysical Approach Using Electrical Resistivity Tomography And Multichannel Analysis Of Surface Wave In Assessing Wilson Spring Development, Ibrahim E. Ahmed
"This research investigated fractured zones leading to preferential flow paths of Wilson Spring. In this context, electrical resistivity tomography (ERT) data and multi-channel analyses of surface waves (MASW) data were acquired at studied site with the purpose of mapping a variable depth to top of bedrock and geological structures.
Interpretation of the boreholes, MASW, and ERT data indicated that a depth to top of rock does vary significantly at the studied site due to many solution-widened fractures. Multiple near-vertical solution-widened fractures were mapped in the studied site based on the interpretation of the ERT data. The mapped solution-widened fractures appear ...
Lifetime And Effectiveness Evaluation Of Ceramic Pot Filters, 2016 Missouri University of Science and Technology
Lifetime And Effectiveness Evaluation Of Ceramic Pot Filters, Carlo Salvinelli
"Poor water quality is a major contributing factor to disease in developing countries. Ceramic pot filters (CPFs) represent an effective and sustainable technology for poor communities, but the characterization of CPF lifetimes is on-going, and the water production seems to be the limiting factor. This dissertation describes laboratory and field investigations conducted to characterize the parameters that impact CPF effectiveness and lifetime in terms of water production and treatment efficacy, both under controlled and real use conditions.
CPF initial flow rate is the most common quality control parameter, but it may not be representative of the long-term effectiveness of the ...
Identifying Shallow Subsurface Stratigraphy And Voids Using Dispersive Characteristics Of Electromagnetic And Surface Waves, 2016 Missouri University of Science and Technology
Identifying Shallow Subsurface Stratigraphy And Voids Using Dispersive Characteristics Of Electromagnetic And Surface Waves, Payman Hajiani
"This dissertation presents the results of three manuscripts on spectral analysis of electromagnetic and seismic surface waves to detect subsurface stratigraphy and voids. In the first manuscript, a new technique was developed by utilizing spectral analysis of surface waves to detect subsurface openings. This technique applied the concept of group delay to evaluate the effects of subsurface voids on the phase shift domain. Seismic data sets were acquired at different sites where the shape, size, and depth of the void varied. In all surveys, the time delay technique precisely identified the locations of the subsurface openings. The second manuscript presents ...
Acoustic Behavior Of Soil Reinforced With Grass Roots, 2016 University of Mississippi
Acoustic Behavior Of Soil Reinforced With Grass Roots, Blake Armstrong
Electronic Theses and Dissertations
Civil engineering practice has shown that vegetative roots on slopes and streambanks can substantially increase shear strength of soil and reduce erosion. Research has been done to understand and quantify the effect. Most studies have been conducted on slopes and streambanks with woody vegetation. Past research has used a perpendicular root model to predict increase in cohesion, or shear strength, due to the mobilization of roots' tensile strength. Acoustics can be used to monitor internal changes of soil by interacting with soil particles and interstitial fluids. Compressional wave, or p-wave, velocity can be used to predict changes in effective stress ...
Reconstructing Lithofacies Of The Norphlet Formation (Jurassic) As Potential Exploration Targets: Little Cedar Creek And Brooklyn Fields, Southwest Alabama, Catherine E. Henry
Electronic Theses and Dissertations
The Norphlet Formation is a Jurassic-aged siliciclastic unit located across the southeastern United States and offshore Gulf of Mexico. The eolian dune sands present in the Norphlet Formation serve as oil and gas reservoirs, making the formation of particular interest to oil and gas companies. Stable Appalachian ridges are the source of the Norphlet Formation, however deposition is related to complex faults and structures resulting from movement of the Louann Salt. Erosion of the ancestral Appalachian Mountains resulted in the deposition of four main lithofacies: basal shales, conglomerates and conglomeratic sandstones, the Denkman Sandstone member, and a redbed succession. Additionally ...
A Geologic Play Book For Utica Shale Appalachian Basin Exploration, 2015 Kentucky Geological Survey
A Geologic Play Book For Utica Shale Appalachian Basin Exploration, John Hickman, Cortland Eble, Ronald A. Riley, Matthew Erenpreiss, Kristin M. Carter, John A. Harper, Brian Dunst, Langhorne “Taury” Smith, Michele L. Cooney, Daniel Soeder, Garrecht Metzger, Jessica Moore, Michael E. Hohn, Susan Pool, John Saucer, Douglas G. Patchen
Appalachian Oil and Natural Gas Research Consortium
This “Geologic Play Book for Utica Shale Appalachian Basin Exploration” (hereafter referred to as the “Utica Shale Play Book Study” or simply “Study”) represents the results of a two-year research effort by workers in five different states with the financial support of fifteen oil and gas industry partners. The Study was made possible through a coordinated effort between the Appalachian Basin Oil & Natural Gas Research Consortium (AONGRC) and the West Virginia University Shale Research, Education, Policy and Economic Development Center.
Advanced Approaches For Bridge Deck Assessment Using Ground Penetrating Radar, 2015 Missouri University of Science and Technology
Advanced Approaches For Bridge Deck Assessment Using Ground Penetrating Radar, Aleksey Kamilevich Khamzin
"Ground penetrating radar (GPR) data were acquired across four bridge decks with the objective of developing an advanced workflow for GPR operation that would allow the bridge owners to estimate repair quantities for certain bridge decks, based on GPR data. The primary contributions from this research are as follows: 1. It was demonstrated that the conditions of bridge decks can be cost-effectively and efficiently assessed using the GPR tool. 2. The GPR tool's ability to provide rapid and reliable results in comparison with conventional bridge deck condition assessment techniques was established. 3. The qualitative and quantitative relationships between the ...
Imaging Beneath Standing Bodies Of Water In Karst Terrain, 2015 Missouri University of Science and Technology
Imaging Beneath Standing Bodies Of Water In Karst Terrain, Abdulrahman Masfer Alotaibi
"Side scan sonar and down scan sonar, sub bottom profiling, electrical resistivity tomography profiling (underwater cables), and continuous resistivity profiling (towed cable) surveys were conducted to characterize the lake sediments (rock and soil) beneath the man-made Little Prairie Lake, in central Missouri. Sub bottom profiling and electrical resistivity (with marine cables and towed cable) were used to determine variability in the lithology and thickness of sediments (soil and rock) beneath the lake, while side scan sonar was used to map the variations in the lithology/nature of exposed lakebed sediments and to locate the potential hazard of trees. Down scan ...
Non-Invasive Imaging And Assessment Of Pavements, 2015 Missouri University of Science and Technology
Non-Invasive Imaging And Assessment Of Pavements, Adel Mohamed Elkrry
"Eight electrical resistivity tomography (ERT) and multi-channel analysis of surface wave (MASW) case studies are presented. The objective is to assess the condition of pavement, base, native soil, and rock all the way down to the top of the bedrock. Each segment of road way is approximately 1000 ft. long. The cases include US 63 north of Rolla, US 54 in Camden County, Rte. 179 in Jefferson City, HWY AT in Franklin County, I-55 in Pemiscot County, I-55 in Perry County, HWY U in Dent County, I-35 in Daviess County. In addition, there are only three types of pavement in ...
A New Technique For Modeling The Geomorphology Of A Slow Moving, Soft-Slope Landslide Using Terrestrial Lidar, 2015 Missouri University of Science and Technology
A New Technique For Modeling The Geomorphology Of A Slow Moving, Soft-Slope Landslide Using Terrestrial Lidar, Nathan Bradley Rohrbaugh
"Soft slope movement is a big problem whether it involves an engineered slope, one that is near infrastructure, or both. Active landslides that fail slowly sometimes allow ample time to affect remedial works. In order to plan effective remedial works, there needs to be a model of the entire geometry of the slide. This thesis describes a new approach to evaluate the morphology of slope geometry using Light Detection and Ranging (LiDAR) data obtained from simple targets strategically positioned on a slide body. The data was gathered in three-month intervals over a period of one year to allow enough time ...
Determining Rockfall Volumes In Three Sites Along Habs Mountain Road In Southwestern Saudi Arabia, Using Lidar Technology, 2015 Missouri University of Science and Technology
Determining Rockfall Volumes In Three Sites Along Habs Mountain Road In Southwestern Saudi Arabia, Using Lidar Technology, Abdullah Ayed Al-Otaibi
"The rugged elevated topography is a characteristic feature of the western and southwestern regions of Saudi Arabia. Few arterial roads connect the scattered villages of these regions to major cities, such as Habs Road in Jazan region. Rock fall poses a serious hazard to people, property and animals along the rock cuts of this road. Although no traditional Rockfall studies have previously been applied to this road, accessibility and rock formation shape and structure variability influenced the choice of using Terrestrial Light Detection And Ranging (LiDAR) technology to calculate the volume of rockfall at selected sites along this road.
Characterizing The Influence Of Carbon On The Flowrate And Disinfection Efficacy Of Household Ceramic Water Filters, 2015 Missouri University of Science and Technology
Characterizing The Influence Of Carbon On The Flowrate And Disinfection Efficacy Of Household Ceramic Water Filters, Jessie Yvonne Hahn
"Drinking water contamination is a major cause of disease in developing countries. Point of Use (POU) water treatment technologies generally have low initial cost and allow rapid availability of improved water. Ceramic pot filters (CPFs) are a POU water source treatment technology which filter water by gravity through a porous ceramic media. Some filters in use contain carbon remnants left from the fugitive pore former as a dark carbon core. Using disk-shaped experimental ceramic filters produced in the lab to have varying levels of carbon, the percent carbon present was measured and a visual analysis method was developed to determine ...
Development Of A Stochastic Model For Performance Characterization Of A Pv/Vrb Microgrid, 2015 Missouri University of Science and Technology
Development Of A Stochastic Model For Performance Characterization Of A Pv/Vrb Microgrid, Kayla M. Speidel
"Photovoltaic (PV) Microgrids have been proven to be a useful technology in providing an environmentally friendly source of energy when compared to the use of fossil fuels. Accurately characterizing the performance of a microgrid system would ensure that the system is appropriately sized to meet electrical loads without a heavy reliance on diesel generators. A microgrid that is sized properly will reduce the cost of diesel fuel, while also reducing the risk of wasting money on an oversized system. A deterministic model which was created to characterize the performance of PV microgrids based on percent of time generator running was ...
Optimum Acquisition And Processing Parameters For Multichannel Analysis Of Surface Waves Using 3d Electrical Resistivity Tomography As Control, 2015 Missouri University of Science and Technology
Optimum Acquisition And Processing Parameters For Multichannel Analysis Of Surface Waves Using 3d Electrical Resistivity Tomography As Control, Uchenna Chibuzo Nwafor
"Multichannel Analysis of Surface Waves (MASW) and Electrical Resistivity Tomography (ERT) data were acquired in the Newburg, Missouri with the goal of determining optimum MASW acquisition parameters. Users of the MASW tool generally state that greater geophone intervals and greater shot-to-receiver offsets provide for more accurate results. The objective was to determine if this "rule of thumb" applies in karst terrain.
ERT data were acquired along four traverses with eighty-four (84) electrodes at five feet spacing with SuperSting R8 Resistivity System using dipole- dipole array. The data were processed using Earth Imager to generate 2-D resistivity inversion and thereafter, Voxler ...
Microstructure And Geotechnical Properties Of St. Peter Sandstone In Clayton, Iowa, 2015 Missouri University of Science and Technology
Microstructure And Geotechnical Properties Of St. Peter Sandstone In Clayton, Iowa, Amir Hossein Bagherieh
"The St. Peter Sandstone is significantly different from the minerals and rocks which have been studied extensively in mining. It is brittle and characterized by an unusually high friction angle. On the other hand it is friable, and it is nearly cohesionless. The scarcity of the ground control techniques for this particular mining environment has created many difficulties for mine operators. This research aims to establish a fundamental understanding of the basic mechanical and strength properties of the St. Peter Sandstone for engineering design and scientific research. The specific objectives are 1) characterizing the strength of the St. Peter Sandstone ...
Non-Destructive And Destructive Bridge Deck Condition Assessment, 2015 Missouri University of Science and Technology
Non-Destructive And Destructive Bridge Deck Condition Assessment, Aleksandra V. Varnavina
"The dissertation is composed of three papers, which cover the lack of information on the specific aspects of non-destructive and destructive bridge deck assessment.
In the first paper, appropriate data acquisition and processing parameters for concrete bridge deck condition assessment using ground-coupled ground penetrating radar are developed. The use of proposed parameters helps to significantly reduce acquisition and processing time, while providing engineers with reliable and detailed information on the condition of bridge deck.
In the second paper, a novel approach to develop relationship between GPR data and concrete removal depth measurements collected after hydrodemolition is proposed. A linear relationship ...
Modeling Roughness Of Rock Discontinuity Surfaces, 2015 University of Mississippi
Modeling Roughness Of Rock Discontinuity Surfaces, Christopher Pickering
Electronic Theses and Dissertations
The aim of this thesis is to propose a new methodology of quantifying the rock discontinuity condition of roughness through the physically based modeling approach of signal analysis. The development of this method came about after investigation into the use of qualitative categorizations of roughness from the RMR rating system within rock engineering system matrices. In an attempt to assign significant values to these generalized qualitative descriptions, the standard joint roughness coefficient (JRC) profiles were initially examined through basic measurements, such as aperture and ramp angle. Following these initial measurements and identification of inconsistencies in the wave parameters of the ...
Empirical Modeling Of Piping Along Levees In Southwestern Illinois, 2015 University of Mississippi
Empirical Modeling Of Piping Along Levees In Southwestern Illinois, Rebecca F. Shields
Electronic Theses and Dissertations
No abstract provided.
Effects Of Stratospheric Ozone Recovery On Photochemistry And Ozone Air Quality In The Troposphere, 2014 Michigan Technological University
Effects Of Stratospheric Ozone Recovery On Photochemistry And Ozone Air Quality In The Troposphere, H. Zhang, Shiliang Wu, Y. Huang, Y. Wang
Michigan Tech Publications
There has been significant stratospheric ozone depletion since the late 1970s due to ozone-depleting substances (ODSs). With the implementation of the Montreal Protocol and its amendments and adjustments, stratospheric ozone is expected to recover towards its pre-1980 level in the coming decades. In this study, we examine the implications of stratospheric ozone recovery for the tropospheric chemistry and ozone air quality with a global chemical transport model (GEOS-Chem). With a full recovery of the stratospheric ozone, the projected increases in ozone column range from 1% over the low latitudes to more than 10% over the polar regions. The sensitivity factor ...
Wetland Issues Affecting Waterfowl Conservation In North America, 2014 University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Wetland Issues Affecting Waterfowl Conservation In North America, Heath M. Hagy, Scott C. Yaich, John W. Simpson, Eduardo Carrera, David A. Haukos, W.Carter Johnson, Charles R. Loesch, Fritz A. Reid, Scott E. Stephens, Ralph W. Tiner, Brett A. Werner, Greg S. Yarris
Natural Resource Management Faculty Publications
This paper summarises discussions by invited speakers during a special session at the 6th North American Duck Symposium on wetland issues that affect waterfowl, highlighting current ecosystem challenges and opportunities for the conservation of waterfowl in North America. Climate change, invasive species, U.S. agricultural policy (which can encourage wetland drainage and the expansion of row-crop agriculture into grasslands), cost and competition for water rights, and wetland management for non-waterfowl species were all considered to pose significant threats to waterfowl populations in the near future. Waterfowl populations were found to be faced with significant threats in several regions, including: the ...