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A New Technique For Modeling The Geomorphology Of A Slow Moving, Soft-Slope Landslide Using Terrestrial Lidar, Nathan Bradley Rohrbaugh 2015 Missouri University of Science and Technology

A New Technique For Modeling The Geomorphology Of A Slow Moving, Soft-Slope Landslide Using Terrestrial Lidar, Nathan Bradley Rohrbaugh

Masters Theses

"Soft slope movement is a big problem whether it involves an engineered slope, one that is near infrastructure, or both. Active landslides that fail slowly sometimes allow ample time to affect remedial works. In order to plan effective remedial works, there needs to be a model of the entire geometry of the slide. This thesis describes a new approach to evaluate the morphology of slope geometry using Light Detection and Ranging (LiDAR) data obtained from simple targets strategically positioned on a slide body. The data was gathered in three-month intervals over a period of one year to allow enough time ...


Modeling Roughness Of Rock Discontinuity Surfaces, Christopher Pickering 2015 University of Mississippi

Modeling Roughness Of Rock Discontinuity Surfaces, Christopher Pickering

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The aim of this thesis is to propose a new methodology of quantifying the rock discontinuity condition of roughness through the physically based modeling approach of signal analysis. The development of this method came about after investigation into the use of qualitative categorizations of roughness from the RMR rating system within rock engineering system matrices. In an attempt to assign significant values to these generalized qualitative descriptions, the standard joint roughness coefficient (JRC) profiles were initially examined through basic measurements, such as aperture and ramp angle. Following these initial measurements and identification of inconsistencies in the wave parameters of the ...


Empirical Modeling Of Piping Along Levees In Southwestern Illinois, Rebecca F. Shields 2015 University of Mississippi

Empirical Modeling Of Piping Along Levees In Southwestern Illinois, Rebecca F. Shields

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Mechanisms Of Thermal Volume Change In Unsaturated Silt, Charles James Russell Coccia 2015 University of Colorado at Boulder

Mechanisms Of Thermal Volume Change In Unsaturated Silt, Charles James Russell Coccia

Civil Engineering Graduate Theses & Dissertations

There has been an increased interest in geotechnical engineering applications that require an understanding of the impact of temperature on the thermo-hydro-mechanical response of soils for their design and sustainable long-term operation. Examples include the implementation of ground source heat exchangers (GSHEs) into deep foundations to form energy piles, high-level nuclear waste repositories, burial of high-voltage cables, and the utilization of waste heat for the improvement of unsaturated backfill soils in earthen embankments or mechanically stabilized earth walls. An issue of particular interest in these applications is the drained volumetric response of unsaturated soil due to changes in temperature. The ...


Wetland Issues Affecting Waterfowl Conservation In North America, Heath M. Hagy, Scott C. Yaich, John W. Simpson, Eduardo Carrera, David A. Haukos, W.Carter Johnson, Charles R. Loesch, Fritz A. Reid, Scott E. Stephens, Ralph W. Tiner, Brett A. Werner, Greg S. Yarris 2014 University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Wetland Issues Affecting Waterfowl Conservation In North America, Heath M. Hagy, Scott C. Yaich, John W. Simpson, Eduardo Carrera, David A. Haukos, W.Carter Johnson, Charles R. Loesch, Fritz A. Reid, Scott E. Stephens, Ralph W. Tiner, Brett A. Werner, Greg S. Yarris

Natural Resource Management Faculty Publications

This paper summarises discussions by invited speakers during a special session at the 6th North American Duck Symposium on wetland issues that affect waterfowl, highlighting current ecosystem challenges and opportunities for the conservation of waterfowl in North America. Climate change, invasive species, U.S. agricultural policy (which can encourage wetland drainage and the expansion of row-crop agriculture into grasslands), cost and competition for water rights, and wetland management for non-waterfowl species were all considered to pose significant threats to waterfowl populations in the near future. Waterfowl populations were found to be faced with significant threats in several regions, including: the ...


Performance Assessment Of Capture Zones Generated By Pv-Powered Pump And Treat Systems, Yovanna Cortes Di Lena 2014 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Performance Assessment Of Capture Zones Generated By Pv-Powered Pump And Treat Systems, Yovanna Cortes Di Lena

Doctoral Dissertations

"Pump and treat (P&T) is a technology that has been extensively used to remove and/or contain contaminated groundwater. Hydraulic containment of contaminants is accomplished by generating capture zones through pumping of groundwater. An appropriate delineation of capture zones is necessary to design an effective P&T system. P&T systems conventionally operate continuously to achieve steady-state capture zones, which require significant amounts of energy. The use of renewable energies to meet power demands of remedial systems may reduce a project's carbon dioxide emissions. The hydraulic effectiveness of a photovoltaic (PV) powered P&T system without energy storage ...


Comparison Of Core Control And Geophysical Investigations, Silica Sand Deposits, Dawmat Al Jandal, Al Jawf At Saudi Arabia, Ghassan Salem Alsulaimani 2014 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Comparison Of Core Control And Geophysical Investigations, Silica Sand Deposits, Dawmat Al Jandal, Al Jawf At Saudi Arabia, Ghassan Salem Alsulaimani

Masters Theses

"This thesis is a summary of a comprehensive geophysical investigation in southern Dawmat Al Jandal, Al Jawf in Saudi Arabia. This research demonstrates that the acquisition of both core control and geophysical data is superior to the acquisition of core control alone. Coring is expensive and is limited in subsurface coverage. Geophysical surveying, however, is a relatively rapid and cost-effective means of deriving information about the subsurface between core holes. Ground penetrating radar (GPR), Multichannel Analysis of Surface Waves (MASW), and Seismic Refraction methods were used as exploration techniques to locate surficial mineral deposits within the study area.

During the ...


The Description Of An Effective Sinkhole Investigation Approach: A Case Study Of Two Sites In Greene County, Missouri, Stanley Chinedu Nwokebuihe 2014 Missouri University of Science and Technology

The Description Of An Effective Sinkhole Investigation Approach: A Case Study Of Two Sites In Greene County, Missouri, Stanley Chinedu Nwokebuihe

Masters Theses

"Karst topographies pose danger to the environment. The associated gradual subsidence or sudden collapse of the ground can lead to loss of lives and damage to property. A sinkhole is the subsidence or collapse of the overburden into subsurface cavities. Sinkholes develop in different sizes, shapes and rates all over the world especially in areas where the bedrock can be dissolved by percolating slightly acidic surface water.

Different methods have been used to investigate sinkholes. Boring is the most common of these methods. But the boring technique is quite inefficient; it only provides information of the subsurface conditions at the ...


Effects Of Indentation Speed And Water Saturation Level On The Behavior Of Roubidoux Sandstone, Azupuri Ayerikujei Kaba 2014 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Effects Of Indentation Speed And Water Saturation Level On The Behavior Of Roubidoux Sandstone, Azupuri Ayerikujei Kaba

Masters Theses

"The experiment conducted in this research was to determine the behavior of a porous rock under an indenter. To investigate this, medium-grained sandstone was subjected to a series of indentation tests. These tests were conducted under both dry and saturated conditions using a rounded conical indenter. In addition, tests were conducted at different indentation speeds. The test results were used to calculate the mechanical specific energy (SE) and specific penetration (SP). The porewater pressure evolution in the saturated sample was also monitored.

The tests and subsequent analyses reveal that saturation did not affect the specific energy when the indentation rate ...


Effects Of Grain Properties And Compaction On Single-Tool Normal Indentation Of Granular Materials, Dennis Chieze Duru 2014 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Effects Of Grain Properties And Compaction On Single-Tool Normal Indentation Of Granular Materials, Dennis Chieze Duru

Masters Theses

"The behavior of three granular materials; filter sand, crushed garnet, and shale cutting, were investigated in an effort to evaluate the effect of grain size and shape, and material compaction under single tool load-indentation test. Force-penetration data was collected continuously through the end of each test and specific energy and specific penetration was calculated from the data.

Grain size and compaction affected the force penetration behavior. The higher the grain size, the more the fluctuation in the force of penetration. In addition, compaction reduces the force fluctuation in the fine aggregate grains, but increases the magnitude of the force fluctuations ...


Wolf Creek Dam: A Case Study Of Foundation Remediation For Dams Built On Karst Foundations, Kyla Justene Erich 2013 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Wolf Creek Dam: A Case Study Of Foundation Remediation For Dams Built On Karst Foundations, Kyla Justene Erich

Masters Theses

"Wolf Creek Dam was completed in 1952 as a 5,736-foot long and 258-foot high combination embankment-concrete gravity dam. Its storage capacity of 6 million acre feet makes it the ninth largest reservoir in the nation. The dam was built on a heavily karstified limestone foundation and began exhibiting signs of excess foundation seepage in late 1967. This led to extensive corrective work in the 1970s beneath the earthen core of the embankment to reduce underseepage. In 2006 an independent assessment by the Dam Safety Action Classification (DSAC) Peer Review Panel recommended that Wolf Creek Dam exhibited "Urgent and Compelling ...


A Modification Of Freeze-Core Technology For Collecting Granular Fluvial Sediment Samples, David Charles Smith 2013 Missouri University of Science and Technology

A Modification Of Freeze-Core Technology For Collecting Granular Fluvial Sediment Samples, David Charles Smith

Masters Theses

"The presence of coarse grained sediment can potentially reduce the effectiveness of conventional sampling methods in recovering fluvial sediments. A modification to freeze-core technology was used to collect fine grained sediments for the purpose of characterizing the extent of heavy metal contamination in fluvial deposits that contain significant amounts of coarse-grained material such as cobbles and boulders. This material greatly reduces the effectiveness of conventional sampling methods. This method uses 2.5-cm and 2.9-cm diameter by 30-cm long finned samplers that were mechanically- and hand-driven into the ground. The sediment is frozen to the outside of the sampler by ...


Characterization Of Rabinal, Guatemala Clay And Development Of An Engineered Surrogate For The Purpose Of Laboratory Study, Lara Anne Hubbel 2013 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Characterization Of Rabinal, Guatemala Clay And Development Of An Engineered Surrogate For The Purpose Of Laboratory Study, Lara Anne Hubbel

Masters Theses

"Ceramic pot filters (CPFs) have been proven to be an effective, low cost household water treatment system that are commonly used in third world countries. They are made using local clay, burn out material and colloidal silver or silver nitrate. Challenges faced by researchers include difficulty in acquiring filters from their manufacturing facilities without incurring damage and the cost of shipping. Acquiring the clay material used to make the filters is also difficult due to the cost of shipping and permits necessary to import soil. There have been studies conducted that compared laboratory made CPFs made with native clay and ...


Regional Geomorphic Analysis And Gis Susceptibility Mapping Of Landslides In The Blue Nile And The Tekeze River Basins Of Ethiopia, Elamin Hassan Dai Ismail 2013 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Regional Geomorphic Analysis And Gis Susceptibility Mapping Of Landslides In The Blue Nile And The Tekeze River Basins Of Ethiopia, Elamin Hassan Dai Ismail

Doctoral Dissertations

"The Plateau region of Ethiopia lies within a seismically active continental extensional regime, which is being rapidly incised by the Blue Nile and the Tekeze Rivers. Extremely large landslides pose serious hazards in this highly populated region (>27 million), which is in the process of developing its hydrologic resources. This research sought to develop cost-effective methods to compile regional landslide inventory and landslide susceptibility maps, using geomorphic tools and GIS technologies. This work also sought to evaluate the relationships between landslide dams and knickpoints, caused by channel bed incision from those caused by slope failures, by utilizing identified knickpoints along ...


A Regional Study Of Landslide Hazards And Related Features In The Upper Indus River Basin, Northern Pakistan, Muhammad Farooq Ahmed 2013 Missouri University of Science and Technology

A Regional Study Of Landslide Hazards And Related Features In The Upper Indus River Basin, Northern Pakistan, Muhammad Farooq Ahmed

Doctoral Dissertations

"A spatial landslide inventory is a fundamental step preparatory to developing an understanding of regional landslide hazards. The techniques honed for this regional landslide mapping study began with compiling a stitched shaded topographic map of the Upper Indus River watershed; using remotely-sensed topographic maps from Russia combined with ASTER DEM 30m resolution data. Topographic recognition keys were then employed to aid in the visual identification and delineation of past landslides, rockslide avalanches, and landslide dam sites. The first order reconnaissance level inventory excerpted 2,254 landslides (mostly deep seated translational and complex slides) along the main stem of Indus River ...


Modeling Uplift And Fluid Flow In Fractures To Determine The Failure Probability Of Concrete Gravity Dams, Erik Jensen 2013 University of Colorado at Boulder

Modeling Uplift And Fluid Flow In Fractures To Determine The Failure Probability Of Concrete Gravity Dams, Erik Jensen

Civil Engineering Graduate Theses & Dissertations

The United States Army Corps of Engineers (USACE) currently operates many large concrete gravity dams that outright fail or narrowly meet design criteria. This is particularly true when elevated reservoir levels cause tensile stresses along a dam's upstream face resulting in cracks along the dam-foundation contact, within the dam or within the dam's foundation. Water pressures are then able to develop within these cracks increasing the uplift pressure on the dam potentially further destabilizing the system. Certain crack locations and orientations can also render drainage systems within the dam ineffective further increasing water pressures. To study the effects ...


Subsurface Discontinuity Analysis & Modeling For The Federal Waste Disposal Facility And Compact Waste Disposal Facility Landfills, Shuang Cao 2013 University of Mississippi

Subsurface Discontinuity Analysis & Modeling For The Federal Waste Disposal Facility And Compact Waste Disposal Facility Landfills, Shuang Cao

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

This research considers discontinuities mapped by Waste Control Specialists LLC to support the site conditions and performance analysis of the Compact Waste Disposal Facility and the Federal Waste Disposal Facility excavations constructed near Andrews, Texas. Discontinuities observed in excavation walls contain a limited number of discontinuities showed evidence of previous fluid movement. While no networks of such discontinuities were observed in the field, the potential for such networks may exist. This research is significant in understanding the performance of these waste facilities by modeling multiple realizations of possible fracture configurations in three-dimensional spatial models of the type of discontinuities observed ...


Joint Diagonalization Applied To The Detection And Discrimination Of Unexploded Ordnance, Fridon Shubitidze, Juan Pablo Fernández, Irma Shamatava, Benjamin Barrowes, Kevin O’Neill 2012 Dartmouth College

Joint Diagonalization Applied To The Detection And Discrimination Of Unexploded Ordnance, Fridon Shubitidze, Juan Pablo Fernández, Irma Shamatava, Benjamin Barrowes, Kevin O’Neill

Open Dartmouth: Faculty Open Access Scholarship

Efforts to discriminate buried unexploded ordnance from harmless surrounding clutter are often hampered by the uncertainty in the number of buried targets that produce a given detected signal. We present a technique that helps determine that number with no need for data inversion. The procedure is based on the joint diagonalization of a set of multistatic response (MSR) matrices measured at different time gates by a time-domain electromagnetic induction sensor. In particular, we consider the Naval Research Laboratory’s Time-Domain Electromagnetic Multisensor Towed Array Detection System (TEMTADS), which consists of a 5×5 square grid of concentric transmitter/receiver pairs ...


Measuring The Orientations Of Hidden Subvertical Joints In Highways Rock Cuts Using Ground Penetrating Radar In Combination With Lidar, Adnan Mohammed Aqeel 2012 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Measuring The Orientations Of Hidden Subvertical Joints In Highways Rock Cuts Using Ground Penetrating Radar In Combination With Lidar, Adnan Mohammed Aqeel

Doctoral Dissertations

"Mapping discontinuities in rock cuts and measuring their orientations is crucial in assessing the stability of rock masses. This can be done usually using manual methods such as scanline or advanced techniques such as LIDAR. However, these methods are used only to map exposed discontinuities which may cause underestimation for slope stability. Accordingly, ground penetrating radar (GPR) has been recently used to detect such hidden discontinuities.

The used 400 MHz monostatic GPR antenna was significantly able to detect and map hidden subvertical joints within 4 m depths in five sandstone highways rock cuts and within 3 m depths in two ...


Performance Characterization And Optimization Of Microgrid-Based Energy Generation And Storage Technologies, Joe D. Guggenberger II 2012 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Performance Characterization And Optimization Of Microgrid-Based Energy Generation And Storage Technologies, Joe D. Guggenberger Ii

Doctoral Dissertations

"Renewable energy-powered microgrids have proven to be a valuable technology for self-contained (off-grid) energy systems. Characterizing microgrid system performance pre-deployment would allow the system to be appropriately sized to meet all required electrical loads at a given renewable source operational time frequency. A vanadium redox battery was empirically characterized to determine operating efficiency as a function of charging characteristics and parasitic load losses. A model was developed to iteratively determine system performance based on known weather conditions and load requirements. A case study was performed to compare modeled system performance to measurements taken during operation of the microgrid system. Another ...


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