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6,867 full-text articles. Page 7 of 292.

Out Of Resistance Comes Strength: A Multi-Phased Fidelity Study Of An Equipment-Based Resistance Program For Older Adults, Landen Wong, Alejandra Arce, Vincent Barron, Alexie Elder, Franceska Millanponce, Matthew Tamunda, Josephine Villicana, Carolina Godinez, Charisma Byrd, Sarah Pearce, Alexandra T. Auslander, Zakkoyya H. Lewis, Lara Killick 2022 California State Polytechnic University, Pomona

Out Of Resistance Comes Strength: A Multi-Phased Fidelity Study Of An Equipment-Based Resistance Program For Older Adults, Landen Wong, Alejandra Arce, Vincent Barron, Alexie Elder, Franceska Millanponce, Matthew Tamunda, Josephine Villicana, Carolina Godinez, Charisma Byrd, Sarah Pearce, Alexandra T. Auslander, Zakkoyya H. Lewis, Lara Killick

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

Purpose: Within the US, people are experiencing longer life expectancy, yet these extended lifespans have not necessarily translated into years living in good health. Research shows that regular resistance exercise carries distinct preventive health benefits for older adults. The purpose of this research is to conduct a multi-phased study to evaluate the fidelity of an equipment-based resistance training program designed specifically for older adults. Methods: A three-phased study has been designed. Phase 1 consisted of a systematic literature review to identify salient measures of internal and external validity for equipment-based resistance training programs for older adults. Phase 2 is a …


Features Of A Mediterranean Diet And Mental Health Outcomes In College Students, Jessica Wisse, Gabriella Marchal, Claire Duisenberg, Hawley Almstedt 2022 Loyola Marymount University

Features Of A Mediterranean Diet And Mental Health Outcomes In College Students, Jessica Wisse, Gabriella Marchal, Claire Duisenberg, Hawley Almstedt

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

Up to 30% of college students are reported to suffer from depression or anxiety. Previous studies have produced correlations between nutritional variables and mental health outcomes in adults. Specifically, variables featured in the Mediterranean diet, including increased fiber, monounsaturated fat, omega-3 fatty acids, fruit and vegetable intake, and decreased added sugars have been associated with more favorable mental health outcomes. PURPOSE: This research was conducted to explore relationships between specific variables included in the Mediterranean diet and mental health symptoms in college students. METHODS: To collect data on diets, participants were given three-day diet records to record food and beverage …


Coping Strategies For General Anxiety In University Students: A Scoping Review, Thilini S. Wickramarachchi, Alane Daugherty, Nivitigala Sumitta, Zakkoyya H. Lewis 2022 California State Polytechnic University, Pomona

Coping Strategies For General Anxiety In University Students: A Scoping Review, Thilini S. Wickramarachchi, Alane Daugherty, Nivitigala Sumitta, Zakkoyya H. Lewis

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

PURPOSE: For students with Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD), stress becomes a way of living. GAD is a condition used to characterize chronic long-term, intense, and excessive worry. Managing stress during college can be extremely challenging. Learning how to manage stress may help students cope with every day social and academic pressures; thus, enhancing college experience. The purpose of this scoping review is to identify coping mechanisms used by university students to manage their stress and anxiety. METHODS: The databases searched are as follows: Google Scholar, CPP One Search (which includes databases such as PubMed, ERIC, SPORTDiscus, Web of Science) and …


Longitudinal Changes In Physical Activity Engagement And Mental Health Outcomes In A Sample Of Digital Mental Health Platform Users, Camille E. Welcome Chamberlain, Shannon Lindsay, Brooke J. Smith, Sara J. Sagui-Henson, Cynthia Castro Sweet, Myra Altman 2022 Modern Health

Longitudinal Changes In Physical Activity Engagement And Mental Health Outcomes In A Sample Of Digital Mental Health Platform Users, Camille E. Welcome Chamberlain, Shannon Lindsay, Brooke J. Smith, Sara J. Sagui-Henson, Cynthia Castro Sweet, Myra Altman

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

Research has demonstrated a bidirectional relationship between physical activity and well-being, anxiety, and depression. PURPOSE: We examined this relationship in a sample of employees with access to a digital mental health care platform. METHODS: Adults (n=755, 57% female; 41% BIPOC; M age= 34±9 years) receiving employer-sponsored digital mental health care completed an online survey at baseline and 3-month follow-up. Data were collected on duration of physical activity engagement (IPAQ), well-being (WHO-5), anxiety (GAD-7) and depression (PHQ-9) symptoms, and self-reported impact of mental health issues on physical activity. We analyzed baseline correlations between physical activity and mental health, and …


Body Adiposity Index Superior To Body Mass Index In Predicting Adiposity In Army Rotc Cadets, Kaitlyn Wabakken, Ruth Larson, Annika Grams, Sofia Harman, Sara Thomasson, Katelynn Brock, Payton Price, Anthony Acevedo, Zachary Zeigler 2022 Grand Canyon University

Body Adiposity Index Superior To Body Mass Index In Predicting Adiposity In Army Rotc Cadets, Kaitlyn Wabakken, Ruth Larson, Annika Grams, Sofia Harman, Sara Thomasson, Katelynn Brock, Payton Price, Anthony Acevedo, Zachary Zeigler

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

The Army’s standards to assess body composition were established in the 1960s. The current body composition assessment is due for change as there are newer alternate methods to assess body composition using adiposity. Body Mass Index (BMI) is moderately correlated with % body fat and often used to assess obesity in the general population. The Body Adiposity Index (BAI) is an alternative anthropometric measurement suggested to be superior to BMI at predicting adiposity, but has not been well assessed within military populations. PURPOSE: The purpose of this correlational study was to determine the accuracy of the BMI overweight category …


The Relationship Between Concussion History And Lower Extremity Biomechanics During A Land And Cut Task, Nghi Gia Vu, Warren Forbes, Jason M. Avedesian, Janet S. Dufek 2022 University of Nevada, Las Vegas

The Relationship Between Concussion History And Lower Extremity Biomechanics During A Land And Cut Task, Nghi Gia Vu, Warren Forbes, Jason M. Avedesian, Janet S. Dufek

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

In high impact landing tasks, athletes with a history of sports related concussion (SRC) have been found to demonstrate lower extremity (LE) biomechanics that are associated with elevated injury risk. However, the exact relationships between SRC history and LE biomechanics are inconclusive. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between SRC history and LE biomechanics during a cutting task. METHODS: A cohort of athletes with a history of SRC (n=20) and a control group of healthy athletes (n=20) were recruited for this study. The control group were matched by age, sex, and sport. Athletes …


Just Bust A Move; Relating Subjective Evaluation To Objective Measurements In Hip – Hop Dance, Joshua A. Vicente, Belle P. Ponce de Leon, Makena Savola, Rabbani Nzeza, Summer Diaz, Wendy Pham, Thomas (Rex) Ruswick, Dr. Jacob Hinkel-Lipsker 2022 California State University, Northridge

Just Bust A Move; Relating Subjective Evaluation To Objective Measurements In Hip – Hop Dance, Joshua A. Vicente, Belle P. Ponce De Leon, Makena Savola, Rabbani Nzeza, Summer Diaz, Wendy Pham, Thomas (Rex) Ruswick, Dr. Jacob Hinkel-Lipsker

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

Being globally recognized as a performance art and mode of expression, Hip - hop dance is becoming more prevalent in today’s modern dance and popular culture. With multiple renditions across the globe on what encompasses Hip - hop dance on various social media platforms and the different sub styles of hip-hop dance that currently exist, there are a limited number of ways to assess a dancer and their ability without relying on a high amount of subjectivity from those that are watching it. PURPOSE: To investigate the relationship between common dance moves (like the Arm Wave & Inverted Happy Feet) …


The Validity And Reliability Of The Garmin Instinct In Measuring Heart Rate, Energy Expenditure, And Steps During Skipping, Nicole Vargas, Bryson Carrier, Dustin W. Davis, Jorge Perdomo Rodriguez, Elias M. Malek, Bianca Weyers, Katherine Carlos, James W. Navalta 2022 University of Nevada Las Vegas

The Validity And Reliability Of The Garmin Instinct In Measuring Heart Rate, Energy Expenditure, And Steps During Skipping, Nicole Vargas, Bryson Carrier, Dustin W. Davis, Jorge Perdomo Rodriguez, Elias M. Malek, Bianca Weyers, Katherine Carlos, James W. Navalta

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

As the use of wearable technology to monitor physical activity increases, assessment of the validity and reliability of these devices are needed. A popular device brand is Garmin. Although not a common physical activity, skipping can be included in dynamic warm-ups. PURPOSE: Therefore, the purpose of this study was to determine the validity and reliability of the Garmin Instinct in measuring caloric energy expenditure (EE), average heart rate (HR), and steps while skipping. METHODS: Ten participants (5 female, age: 27±9 years) skipped at a self-selected pace for five minutes. During that time, HR, EE, and steps were measured …


Relationship Of Reacstick® Inhibition Accuracy And Inhibitory Control During Balance Recovery, Aric Turner, Sara Harper, Anne Beethe, David A. E. Bolton 2022 Utah State University

Relationship Of Reacstick® Inhibition Accuracy And Inhibitory Control During Balance Recovery, Aric Turner, Sara Harper, Anne Beethe, David A. E. Bolton

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

The ability to stop action is rarely considered when avoiding a fall, but mounting evidence indicates performance on traditional cognitive tests of response inhibition is related to fall prevalence. This suggests the ability to suppress action is important in how we control balance, and therefore, identifying practical ways to detect this important fall risk factor has potential clinical value. PURPOSE: Our aim was to assess inhibitory control using a simple hand reaction task (ReacStick®) in relation to performance on a reactive balance test where step suppression was occasionally required. METHODS: Eighteen adults (18-30 years) were first assessed on a …


Bone Turnover Markers Responses To Acute Resistance Exercise In Postmenopausal Women, Auguste Torres, Maurice Cruz, Carolina Garcia, Braulio Cazarez, Zhaojing Chen 2022 California State University, San Bernardino

Bone Turnover Markers Responses To Acute Resistance Exercise In Postmenopausal Women, Auguste Torres, Maurice Cruz, Carolina Garcia, Braulio Cazarez, Zhaojing Chen

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

Bone loss increases with aging and elderly women are at the highest risk of osteoporosis and fractures due to menopause. Resistance exercise has been shown the most effective way to strengthen the skeletal system (Kohrt et al. 2004). Bone Turnover Markers (BTM) are enzymes or metabolic byproduct that are released to the blood during bone formation and bone resorption, which reflects the dynamic changes of bone metabolism (Vasikaran et al. 2011). PURPOSE: To examine the bone turnover marker responses to an acute bout of resistance exercise in postmenopausal women. METHODS: Nineteen female participants aged 50 to 77 years old completed …


Percussive Massage Increases Capillary Density In Type I And Ii Skeletal Muscle Fibers, Thane Thomas, Mohadeseh Ahmadi, Robert D. Hyldahl 2022 Brigham Young University

Percussive Massage Increases Capillary Density In Type I And Ii Skeletal Muscle Fibers, Thane Thomas, Mohadeseh Ahmadi, Robert D. Hyldahl

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

Capillaries play a critical role in delivering oxygen and nutrients to cells. Skeletal muscle adapts to increased demand by increasing capillary density through a process known as angiogenesis. The effects of alternative therapies such as massage on angiogenic adaptation in skeletal muscle are inconclusive, particularly for newer techniques such as percussive massage. PURPOSE: To investigate the effect of 6 weeks of percussive massage on skeletal muscle myofiber area and angiogenesis. METHODS: 11 healthy young (22±4 yr.) men (n=5) and women (n=6) received 18 sessions of 30-min-percussive massage on their right thigh over the course of 6 weeks. Muscle samples were …


Effect Of Maternal Exercise On Adverse Cardio-Pulmonary Responses In Offspring Exposed To Post-Natal Chronic Hypoxia, Jonathan Specht, Eric Leslie, Rebekah Gridley, Vincent Luna, Zachary McKenna, David Jones, Benjamin Lantz, Mika Moriwaki, Laura Gonzales Bosc, Ann Gibson, Christine Mermier, Sean Wilson, Michael Deyhle 2022 University of New Mexico

Effect Of Maternal Exercise On Adverse Cardio-Pulmonary Responses In Offspring Exposed To Post-Natal Chronic Hypoxia, Jonathan Specht, Eric Leslie, Rebekah Gridley, Vincent Luna, Zachary Mckenna, David Jones, Benjamin Lantz, Mika Moriwaki, Laura Gonzales Bosc, Ann Gibson, Christine Mermier, Sean Wilson, Michael Deyhle

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

Emerging evidence shows exercise by women throughout pregnancy (i.e., maternal exercise) endows the offspring with positive health benefits and resistance to many diseases later in life. PURPOSE: To determine if maternal exercise reduces unfavorable cardiopulmonary development and improves exercise capacity in offspring after chronic hypoxic exposure throughout early life. METHODS: Female adult C57BL/6J mice were randomly assigned to one of the following groups: high altitude, sedentary (HS), high altitude, active (HE), or the respective, low-altitude conditions (LS or LE). Pregnant females in the exercise groups performed voluntary wheel running during mating and the perinatal period (about 4 weeks). …


The Effects Of Resistance Training And Protein Supplementation On Bone Mineral Density In Untrained Women, Jessica Smith 2022 University of New Mexico

The Effects Of Resistance Training And Protein Supplementation On Bone Mineral Density In Untrained Women, Jessica Smith

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

Peak bone mass has been found to plateau at approximately 30 years of age; therefore, is it important to develop a higher peak bone mass early in life. Resistance exercise has been shown to improve bone mineral density (BMD) based on a great enough strain and mechanical load to promote bone formation. Resistance exercise is known to stimulate muscle protein synthesis, which can thereby raise individual protein needs above the recommended daily allowance (RDA). Resistance training (RT) combined with a protein intake above the RDA (> 0.8 g/kg/day) may be superior in promoting greater changes in BMD compared to RT …


Body Composition And Performance Associations With Common Carotid Artery Hemodynamics And Stiffness Indices In Males And Females, Lavleen Sandhu, Zaria Opara, Michael Diaz, Gabriel Hernandez, Octavia Gosnell, Louise Kelly PHD, Allan Knox PHD, Jie Liu PHD 2022 California Lutheran University

Body Composition And Performance Associations With Common Carotid Artery Hemodynamics And Stiffness Indices In Males And Females, Lavleen Sandhu, Zaria Opara, Michael Diaz, Gabriel Hernandez, Octavia Gosnell, Louise Kelly Phd, Allan Knox Phd, Jie Liu Phd

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

Sex differences in physiological parameters are being increasingly recognized as a robust prognostic factor in individuals at risk or suffering from cardiovascular disease. Body composition and physical performance measures of cardiorespiratory fitness and muscular strength are strongly associated with overall vascular health. PURPOSE: This study aimed to determine if body composition and physical performance measures were related to common carotid artery (CCA) hemodynamics and stiffness in males and females. METHODS: College-aged males and females who were free from cardiovascular risk factors performed a maximal oxygen consumption test (VO2max) via indirect calorimetry and a maximal leg strength …


The Effect Of Gripping Handles During Isokinetic Strength Tests At Various Speeds On Torque Production In Knee Flexion And Extension, Mikayla Rudis, Lukas Krumpl, Nickolai Martonick, Youngmin Chun 2022 Sonoma State University

The Effect Of Gripping Handles During Isokinetic Strength Tests At Various Speeds On Torque Production In Knee Flexion And Extension, Mikayla Rudis, Lukas Krumpl, Nickolai Martonick, Youngmin Chun

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

Although the effect of gripping handles on concentric torque of knee extension/flexion has been examined, it is still needed to investigate how gripping handles affect torque production in different types of muscle contractions at various speeds. PURPOSE: To investigate the effect of gripping handles of an isokinetic dynamometer on knee extension/flexion torque during isokinetic tests at various speeds. METHODS: Fourteen healthy and active individuals were recruited for this study (10 females: Ht= 1.66 ± 0.06 m, BM= 69.52 ± 16.86 kg, Age=21.60 ± 1.17 yrs; 4 males: Ht = 1.81 ± 0.13 m, BM = 89.90 ± 23.92 kg, Age …


Predicting Maximal Oxygen Uptake Using The 3-Minute All-Out Test In High-Intensity Functional Training Athletes, Holli Rosas, Joshua Dexheimer, Shane J. Brinson, Robert W. Pettitt, Todd Schroeder, Brandon J. Sawyer, Edward Jo 2022 Cal Poly Pomona

Predicting Maximal Oxygen Uptake Using The 3-Minute All-Out Test In High-Intensity Functional Training Athletes, Holli Rosas, Joshua Dexheimer, Shane J. Brinson, Robert W. Pettitt, Todd Schroeder, Brandon J. Sawyer, Edward Jo

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

Maximal oxygen uptake (VO2max) and critical speed (CS) are key fatigue-related measurements that demonstrate a relationship to one another and are indicative of athletic endurance performance. This is especially true for those that participate in competitive fitness events. However, the accessibility to a metabolic analyzer to accurately measure VO2max is expensive and time intensive, whereas CS may be measured in the field using a 3 minute all-out test (3MT). PURPOSE: Therefore, the purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between VO2max and CS in high-intensity functional training (HIFT) athletes. METHODS: Twenty-five male and …


Dietary Fiber Intake Predicts 10-Yr Weight Change In 7,804 U.S. Adults, Emma Robinson, Larry A. Tucker 2022 Brigham Young University, Provo

Dietary Fiber Intake Predicts 10-Yr Weight Change In 7,804 U.S. Adults, Emma Robinson, Larry A. Tucker

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

Although the relationship between dietary fiber intake and obesity has been examined many times, studies evaluating the association between fiber consumption and long-term weight gain are rare. This is unfortunate because it is weight gain over time that drives the development of obesity. PURPOSE: This study was conducted to determine the relationship between dietary fiber intake and weight change over a 10-yr period in 7,804 U.S. men and women, 36-70 years old. METHODS: Data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) were used to answer the research question. Because subjects were randomly selected, the results are generalizable to …


Massage Gun Use At A Lower Frequency Does Not Alter Blood Flow, Robert Richardson, Alyssa C. Mecate, Devin Needs, Anthony S. Peterson, Tanner D. Adams, Ray M. Merrill, J. Brent Feland 2022 Brigham Young University

Massage Gun Use At A Lower Frequency Does Not Alter Blood Flow, Robert Richardson, Alyssa C. Mecate, Devin Needs, Anthony S. Peterson, Tanner D. Adams, Ray M. Merrill, J. Brent Feland

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

Data has shown that whole body vibration can affect blood flow velocity in arteries and improves cutaneous blood flow. However, there is very limited information available on therapeutic localized vibration. Massage guns have become very popular with little to no research validating their efficacy. It is currently unknown if massages guns can affect arterial blood flow. PURPOSE: To determine if massage gun treatment at 30Hz improves and retains blood flow in the popliteal artery as compared to a control condition. METHODS: There were 12 participants in this study (8 males and 4 females). The mean age was 22.7±1.6 …


A.R.G! Augmented Reality And Gait: Analyzing The Influence Of Cues On Gait Patterns In Augmented Reality, Gwendolyn R. Retzinger, Borna Golbarg, Rabbani R. Nzeza, Wendy T. Pham, Milad Mehrjou, Summer M. Diaz, Jacob W. Hinkel-Lipsker 2022 California State University, Northridge

A.R.G! Augmented Reality And Gait: Analyzing The Influence Of Cues On Gait Patterns In Augmented Reality, Gwendolyn R. Retzinger, Borna Golbarg, Rabbani R. Nzeza, Wendy T. Pham, Milad Mehrjou, Summer M. Diaz, Jacob W. Hinkel-Lipsker

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

Use of Augmented Reality (AR) technology for rehabilitation has drastically increased in recent years. While theoretically AR can be used to cue gait adaptations such as changes to step length and cadence through visual and auditory cues, it is still unknown how people respond to the technology. PURPOSE: To assess the feasibility of external visual and auditory cues delivered through AR on spatiotemporal gait outcomes in a healthy, young population. METHODS: 20 healthy participants between age 18 and 35 were screened and recruited to perform randomized gait trials consisting of four different cueing conditions. The participants wore a Magic Leap …


Effects Of Co-Ingesting Dietary Nitrate And Vitamin C On Nitric Oxide Bioavailability, Blood Pressure, And Cardiovascular Reactivity In Hispanic Females, Joanna Powell, Katherine M. Price, Isabella G. Lincoln, Keonabelle P. Paniagua, Sean T. Karl, Julie Ahn, Noelle G. Seekamp-Hicks, Lauren Wideen, Joshua Park, Rachel Tan 2022 Pepperdine University

Effects Of Co-Ingesting Dietary Nitrate And Vitamin C On Nitric Oxide Bioavailability, Blood Pressure, And Cardiovascular Reactivity In Hispanic Females, Joanna Powell, Katherine M. Price, Isabella G. Lincoln, Keonabelle P. Paniagua, Sean T. Karl, Julie Ahn, Noelle G. Seekamp-Hicks, Lauren Wideen, Joshua Park, Rachel Tan

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

High blood pressure is a hallmark of chronic disease and is disproportionately prevalent in ethnic minorities. Dietary nitrate has been shown to lower blood pressure via increased nitric oxide (NO), but few studies have examined if combining nitrate with vitamin C (VITC) could have beneficial synergistic effects on blood pressure by augmenting NO, and limited data exist in females. PURPOSE: To investigate if combining nitrate-rich beetroot juice (BR) with VITC could further augment NO bioavailability and improve blood pressure in Hispanic females compared to BR and VITC ingested alone. METHODS: Eight sedentary Hispanic females participated in four conditions …


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