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Full-Text Articles in Medical Specialties

Clinician Perspectives On Fistula Mental Health, Victoria K. Leonard May 2026

Clinician Perspectives On Fistula Mental Health, Victoria K. Leonard

Doctoral Dissertations

Background – Obstetric fistula is a childbirth injury caused by prolonged labor that leads to stillbirth and incontinence, spurring social exclusion and isolation. These layers of trauma put women with fistula at great risk for psychological suffering, which has profound negative socioeconomic impacts on them, their families, and communities. This study captured treatment as usual at Comprehensive Community Based Rehabilitation in Tanzania (CCBRT), the country’s largest provider of fistula care.

Method – Improving holistic fistula treatment requires engaging the clinicians who care for women with fistula. This study aimed to investigate the training, beliefs, and treatment approaches of nurses and …


Implementation Of Guidelines For Preprocedural Ultrasound In Neuraxial Placement For Obstetric Patients With Scoliosis, Luther Nyirenda May 2025

Implementation Of Guidelines For Preprocedural Ultrasound In Neuraxial Placement For Obstetric Patients With Scoliosis, Luther Nyirenda

Doctor of Nursing Practice Scholarly Projects

Neuraxial anesthesia including epidural, spinal, and combined spinal-epidural, is used with 65% of parturients in the United States for the management of pain and discomfort. Conventional landmark palpation has been the mainstay technique for neuraxial anesthesia, but unfamiliar spinal anatomy can lead to incomplete blockade or an increased incidence of complications. Scoliosis causes lateral curvature and rotation of the spine leading to arthritis and soft tissue changes that can present obscure anatomical landmarks, cause difficulty in needle passage, and result in inadequacy of local anesthetic efficacy. The literature illustrates that preprocedural ultrasound is recommended for needle placement in parturients with …


Using The Bispectral Index Monitor To Decrease The Incidence Of Unintended Intraoperative Awareness In The High-Risk Population, Bridget Hayes May 2025

Using The Bispectral Index Monitor To Decrease The Incidence Of Unintended Intraoperative Awareness In The High-Risk Population, Bridget Hayes

Doctor of Nursing Practice Scholarly Projects

Unintended intraoperative awareness is a traumatizing complication of general anesthesia. This negative outcome affects 0.1-0.2% of all patients undergoing general anesthesia. Patients at higher risk for this experience include those undergoing emergency surgery, traumas, cesarian sections, those on cardiopulmonary bypass, those with substance use disorder, and those undergoing total-intravenous anesthesia (TIVA). This high-risk population is affected by unintended intraoperative awareness 1% of the time. The bispectral index (BIS) monitor has been proposed as a tool to decrease the incidence of unintended intraoperative awareness. There are several large, randomized controlled trials that demonstrate that using a BIS monitor decreases the incidence …


Measurement Of Cumulative High-Sensitivity C-Reactive Protein And Monocyte To High-Density Lipoprotein Ratio In The Risk Prediction Of Type 2 Diabetes: A Prospective Cohort Study, Dan Wu, Genyuan Chen, Yulong Lan, Shuohua Chen, Xiong Ding, Chiju Wei, Lois Balmer, Wei Wang, Shouling Wu, Wencan Xu Dec 2024

Measurement Of Cumulative High-Sensitivity C-Reactive Protein And Monocyte To High-Density Lipoprotein Ratio In The Risk Prediction Of Type 2 Diabetes: A Prospective Cohort Study, Dan Wu, Genyuan Chen, Yulong Lan, Shuohua Chen, Xiong Ding, Chiju Wei, Lois Balmer, Wei Wang, Shouling Wu, Wencan Xu

Research outputs 2022 to 2026

Background: Converging data have suggested that monocytic inflammation and C-reactive protein (CRP) are biologically intertwined processes and are involved in diabetogenesis. This study aimed to investigate the association between systemic inflammation assessed by joint cumulative high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (CumCRP) and monocyte to high-density lipoprotein ratio (CumMHR) and incident type 2 diabetes (T2D) and their predictive value for T2D in a general population. Methods: A total of 40,813 nondiabetic participants from a prospective real-life cohort (Kailuan Study, China) were followed biennially from 2010/2011 until December 31, 2020. Multivariable Cox regression analyses were conducted to evaluate the adjusted hazard ratios (aHRs) of …


Exploring Treatment Burden In People With Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: A Thematic Analysis In China's Primary Care Settings, Kai Lin, Mi Yao, Lesley Andrew, Rouyan Li, Yilin Chen, Jacques Oosthuizen, Moira Sim, Yongsong Chen Dec 2024

Exploring Treatment Burden In People With Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: A Thematic Analysis In China's Primary Care Settings, Kai Lin, Mi Yao, Lesley Andrew, Rouyan Li, Yilin Chen, Jacques Oosthuizen, Moira Sim, Yongsong Chen

Research outputs 2022 to 2026

Background: Understanding treatment burden is a critical element to the effective management of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM). The current study aims to address the knowledge gap surrounding treatment burden of T2DM from the patient’s perspective in China’s primary care settings. Methods: A narrative review informed the creation of an a priori coding structure to identify aspects of T2DM treatment burden. Focus groups were conducted, employing a maximum variation sampling strategy to select participants from diverse sociodemographic backgrounds across urban, suburban, rural, and remote areas in China. Participants included adults with T2DM care in primary care settings for over a …


Reclaiming Healing Spaces: A Phenomenological Study On The Transformative Power Of Outdoor Therapy From The Lived Experiences Of Black Clinicians Working With Black Clients, Lynn Murphy Sep 2024

Reclaiming Healing Spaces: A Phenomenological Study On The Transformative Power Of Outdoor Therapy From The Lived Experiences Of Black Clinicians Working With Black Clients, Lynn Murphy

Dissertations

This phenomenological study involved assessing the experiences of Black therapists who engaged Black clients in outdoor therapeutic contexts. The study was founded on the existing literature that shows the quality of the therapeutic relationship is pivotal for client retention and the Western standards that have historically favored treatment within indoor environments. To contextualize this research, a comprehensive literature review was commenced, covering topics such as the decolonization of therapy, the historical and present-day relationship between Blacks and the outdoors in the United States, sedentary lifestyles, the psychological benefits of time spent in nature, various types of outdoor therapy, and the …


Contemporary Analysis Of Reexcision And Conversion To Mastectomy Rates And Associated Healthcare Costs For Women Undergoing Breast-Conserving Surgery, Youngran Kim, Cecilia Ganduglia-Cazaban, Nina Tamirisa, Anthony Lucci, Trudy Millard Krause Jun 2024

Contemporary Analysis Of Reexcision And Conversion To Mastectomy Rates And Associated Healthcare Costs For Women Undergoing Breast-Conserving Surgery, Youngran Kim, Cecilia Ganduglia-Cazaban, Nina Tamirisa, Anthony Lucci, Trudy Millard Krause

Journal Articles

PURPOSE: This study was designed to provide a comprehensive and up-to-date understanding of population-level reoperation rates and incremental healthcare costs associated with reoperation for patients who underwent breast-conserving surgery (BCS).

METHODS: This is a retrospective cohort study using Merative™ MarketScan

RESULTS: The commercial cohort included 17,129 women with a median age of 55 (interquartile range [IQR] 49-59) years, and the Medicare cohort included 6977 women with a median age of 73 (IQR 69-78) years. Overall reoperation rates were 21.1% (95% confidence interval [CI] 20.5-21.8%) for the commercial cohort and 14.9% (95% CI 14.1-15.7%) for the Medicare cohort. In both cohorts, …


Efficacy And Safety Of Tepotinib In Asian Patients With Advanced Nsclc With Met Exon 14 Skipping Enrolled In Vision, Terufumi Kato, James Chih-Hsin Yang, Myung-Ju Ahn, Hiroshi Sakai, Masahiro Morise, Yuh-Min Chen, Ji-Youn Han, Jin-Ji Yang, Jun Zhao, Te-Chun Hsia, Karin Berghoff, Rolf Bruns, Helene Vioix, Simone Lang, Andreas Johne, Xiuning Le, Paul K Paik Jun 2024

Efficacy And Safety Of Tepotinib In Asian Patients With Advanced Nsclc With Met Exon 14 Skipping Enrolled In Vision, Terufumi Kato, James Chih-Hsin Yang, Myung-Ju Ahn, Hiroshi Sakai, Masahiro Morise, Yuh-Min Chen, Ji-Youn Han, Jin-Ji Yang, Jun Zhao, Te-Chun Hsia, Karin Berghoff, Rolf Bruns, Helene Vioix, Simone Lang, Andreas Johne, Xiuning Le, Paul K Paik

Journal Articles

BACKGROUND: Tepotinib, a MET inhibitor approved for the treatment of MET exon 14 (METex14) skipping NSCLC, demonstrated durable clinical activity in VISION (Cohort A + C; N = 313): objective response rate (ORR) 51.4% (95% CI: 45.8, 57.1); median duration of response (mDOR) 18.0 months (95% CI: 12.4, 46.4). We report outcomes in Asian patients from VISION (Cohort A + C) (cut-off: November 20, 2022).

METHODS: Patients with advanced METex14 skipping NSCLC, detected by liquid or tissue biopsy, received tepotinib 500 mg (450 mg active moiety) once daily.

PRIMARY ENDPOINT: objective response (RECIST 1.1) by independent review. Secondary endpoints included: …


Performance Analysis Of Hybrid Deep Learning Framework Using A Vision Transformer And Convolutional Neural Network For Handwritten Digit Recognition, Vanita Agrawal, Jayant Jagtap, Shruti Patil, Ketan Kotecha Jun 2024

Performance Analysis Of Hybrid Deep Learning Framework Using A Vision Transformer And Convolutional Neural Network For Handwritten Digit Recognition, Vanita Agrawal, Jayant Jagtap, Shruti Patil, Ketan Kotecha

Journal Articles

Digitization created a demand for highly efficient handwritten document recognition systems. A handwritten document consists of digits, text, symbols, diagrams, etc. Digits are an essential element of handwritten documents. Accurate recognition of handwritten digits is vital for effective communication and data analysis. Various researchers have attempted to address this issue with modern convolutional neural network (CNN) techniques. Even after training, CNN filter weights remain unchanged despite the high identification accuracy. As a result, the process cannot flexibly adapt to input changes. Hence computer vision researchers have recently become interested in Vision Transformers (ViTs) and Multilayer Perceptrons (MLPs). The shortcomings of …


Blunt Cerebrovascular Injury (Bcvi): Universal Cta Neck Screening At Level 2 Trauma Center, Tamine Gogel May 2024

Blunt Cerebrovascular Injury (Bcvi): Universal Cta Neck Screening At Level 2 Trauma Center, Tamine Gogel

Doctor of Nursing Practice Projects

Blunt Cerebrovascular Injury (BCVI) refers to injuries to the vessels supplying blood to the brain, primarily carotid and vertebral arteries, and can result from trauma, resulting in stroke by vessel dissection, thrombus formation, embolization, and hemorrhage. Timely identification is crucial for effective intervention and improved outcomes. This doctoral project proposes the implementation of universal screening using Computed Tomography Angiography (CTA) of the neck during initial workup for blunt force trauma at a Level II ACS-verified trauma center. The primary objective is to mitigate potential delays in diagnosing and treating BCVI, thereby reducing the likelihood of complications. Patients ≥ 15 years …


Change In Posterior Tibial Slope And Patellar Height During Medial Opening Wedge High Tibial Osteotomy: A Retrospective Cohort Study, Jessica A. Nelson, Brandon M. Painter, Dustin L. Richter, Jennifer S. Weaver, Robert C. Schenck May 2024

Change In Posterior Tibial Slope And Patellar Height During Medial Opening Wedge High Tibial Osteotomy: A Retrospective Cohort Study, Jessica A. Nelson, Brandon M. Painter, Dustin L. Richter, Jennifer S. Weaver, Robert C. Schenck

Western Journal of Orthopaedics

Background: Medial opening wedge high tibial osteotomy (MOWHTO) may be indicated for patients who have varus alignment, medial knee pain, and medial knee compartment osteoarthritis. Another indication for MOWHTO is in patients with a history of recurrent anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) deficiency or failed ACL reconstruction (ACLR) with varus alignment. Some patients have MOWHTO combined with a primary or revision ACLR.

Methods: This is a retrospective case series that was approved by the Institutional Review Board at the authors’ institution. The purpose of this series is to report on average coronal plane alignment, posterior tibial slope (PTS), and patellar height …


Does Matching Humeral Version In Anatomic Shoulder Arthroplasty Affect Postoperative Range Of Motion? A Pilot Study, Shane Johns, William Curtis, Nicholas Newcomb, Ryan Dahlberg, Christopher Shultz May 2024

Does Matching Humeral Version In Anatomic Shoulder Arthroplasty Affect Postoperative Range Of Motion? A Pilot Study, Shane Johns, William Curtis, Nicholas Newcomb, Ryan Dahlberg, Christopher Shultz

Western Journal of Orthopaedics

Background: While considerable focus has been given to address glenoid morphology and version in anatomic total shoulder arthroplasty (TSA), there has been little attention paid to the potential impacts of humeral version on postoperative outcomes. The purpose of this study is to assess the impact of matching native humeral version on postoperative range of motion (ROM) after anatomic TSA.

Methods: All anatomic TSAs performed by a single surgeon between September 2021 and June 2023 were retrospectively reviewed. Patients undergoing TSA for fracture and/or revision TSA were excluded. This study group consisted of 20 patients whose native humeral version was measured …


Isolated Rotational Dislocation Of The Talus: A Case Report, Tomas Holy, Nicholas Newcomb, Devin Maez, Christopher Paiz, Samer Kakish May 2024

Isolated Rotational Dislocation Of The Talus: A Case Report, Tomas Holy, Nicholas Newcomb, Devin Maez, Christopher Paiz, Samer Kakish

Western Journal of Orthopaedics

A 46-year-old man sustained a closed pantalar dislocation in a high-speed motor vehicle ejection. The patient underwent closed reduction and splinting with subsequent open reduction and external fixation to ensure anatomic reduction of the tibiotalar, talonavicular, and subtalar joints, resulting in a pain free ankle with improving range of motion. In an effort to minimize the significantly morbid complications, such as avascular necrosis of the talus and rapid onset post-traumatic arthritis, treatment of closed pantalar dislocations should be performed in an emergent manner to minimize damage to the extensive articular surface and tenuous blood supply to the talus.


Chondroblastoma Of The Calcaneus Treated With Femoral Head Allograft Reconstruction For Subtalar Arthrodesis In A Skeletally Immature Patient: A Case Report, Benjamin B. Blanco, Ryan Dahlberg, David H. Chafey May 2024

Chondroblastoma Of The Calcaneus Treated With Femoral Head Allograft Reconstruction For Subtalar Arthrodesis In A Skeletally Immature Patient: A Case Report, Benjamin B. Blanco, Ryan Dahlberg, David H. Chafey

Western Journal of Orthopaedics

Chondroblastomas are rare, benign, primary bone tumors most seen in men within their second decade of life in the epiphyseal/apophyseal region of long bones. Only a few cases of disease in the calcaneus have been reported previously, with treatment generally involving surgical curettage and local adjuvants. Recurrence rates can be as high as 38.0%, especially in a lesion near the physis or in skeletally immature patients. The authors present the case of a 14-year-old boy with active calcaneal chondroblastoma that was successfully treated with curettage, allograft reconstruction, and subtalar arthrodesis. The patient is now two years postoperative with no evidence …


Reverse Palmaris Longus Involving Guyon’S Canal Causing Ulnar Nerve Compression, David Peberdy, Sameer Gujral May 2024

Reverse Palmaris Longus Involving Guyon’S Canal Causing Ulnar Nerve Compression, David Peberdy, Sameer Gujral

Western Journal of Orthopaedics

The authors present a case of reverse palmaris longus muscle (RPLM) with consequential compression of the ulnar nerve within Guyon’s canal. They report clinical findings, investigations, including magnetic resonance imagining and functional assessments, and intraoperative findings. The authors found improved sensory and motor function following excision of RPLM. There are few previous case reports regarding RPLM and concomitant compression of the ulnar nerve within Guyon’s canal.


Comparison Of Helicopter And Ground Interfacility Transport On Time-To-Treatment Of Isolated Open Fractures, Jerry Speight Grimes, Duke Appiah May 2024

Comparison Of Helicopter And Ground Interfacility Transport On Time-To-Treatment Of Isolated Open Fractures, Jerry Speight Grimes, Duke Appiah

Western Journal of Orthopaedics

Background: Helicopter emergency medical services have become an integral part of trauma systems. When appropriately utilized, helicopter transport can improve the outcomes of trauma patients. The objective of this study was to determine if helicopter transport for interfacility transfers was effective in reducing time-to-treatment for isolated open fractures in the setting of a rural Level I trauma center. The authors hypothesized that helicopter transportation of isolated open fractures would not reduce time to definitive fixation.

Methods: All patients treated with isolated open fractures over a four-year period at a Level I trauma center were identified. In this study, the authors …


Neuroarthropathy And Workers’ Compensation Denials In Healthcare, Jerry Speight Grimes May 2024

Neuroarthropathy And Workers’ Compensation Denials In Healthcare, Jerry Speight Grimes

Western Journal of Orthopaedics

Background: Neuroarthropathy is a complication of peripheral neuropathy commonly associated with diabetes mellitus. The actual trigger for a neuroarthropathy episode is unknown. If the inciting event occurred at work, causality of neuroarthropathy is difficult to determine.

Methods: In this study, the authors retrospectively reviewed workers’ compensation claims to identify patients with diabetes mellitus, peripheral neuropathy, and neuroarthropathy. The correlation between their health status and claims status was reported. The number of workers’ compensation denials for services already performed were compared between the groups.

Results: Over a five-year period, 412 patients were evaluated in a tertiary foot and ankle clinic with …


Synovial Fluid Inflammatory Profiles Did Not Differ Between Isolated Anterior Cruciate Ligament And Multi-Ligament Knee Injuries, Cale A. Jacobs, Robert C. Schenck Jr., Leorrie A. Watson, Caitlin E.W. Conley, Darren L. Johnson, Austin V. Stone, Christian Lattermann, Dustin L. Richter May 2024

Synovial Fluid Inflammatory Profiles Did Not Differ Between Isolated Anterior Cruciate Ligament And Multi-Ligament Knee Injuries, Cale A. Jacobs, Robert C. Schenck Jr., Leorrie A. Watson, Caitlin E.W. Conley, Darren L. Johnson, Austin V. Stone, Christian Lattermann, Dustin L. Richter

Western Journal of Orthopaedics

Background: Postoperative arthrofibrosis is more common following surgical treatment of multi-ligament knee injury (MLKI) than isolated anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury. It has been proposed that the increased prevalence of postoperative arthrofibrosis after MLKIs may be due to increased inflammation secondary to greater trauma to the joint. The purpose of this study was to compare synovial concentrations of pro-inflammatory and anti-inflammatory cytokines between patients with MLKI and ACL injuries.

Methods: Synovial fluid was aspirated from the operative knee at the time of surgery from 14 patients with MLKI and 10 patients with isolated ACL injury. Structures injured, the time between …


Radiographic Identification And Treatment Prioritization Of Pediatric Elbow Fractures, Hoang M. Nguyen, Bryce Clinger, Casey Slattery, Selina R. Silva, Patrick Bosch May 2024

Radiographic Identification And Treatment Prioritization Of Pediatric Elbow Fractures, Hoang M. Nguyen, Bryce Clinger, Casey Slattery, Selina R. Silva, Patrick Bosch

Western Journal of Orthopaedics

Background: Constituting approximately 15.0% of fractures, pediatric elbow fractures often require surgical intervention. Accurate diagnosis in pediatric patients is challenging, demanding proficient radiographic expertise. Initial diagnosis falls to emergency medicine (EM) physicians and pediatricians, who may lack sufficient radiographic training. Previous research by Shrader found a 58.0% accuracy in non-academic EM physicians for pediatric elbow fractures. The purpose of the study is to build on Shrader’s work and assess orthopaedic surgery (OS), pediatric, EM, and residents’ ability to accurately interpret pediatric elbow radiographs.

Methods: OS, EM, and pediatric residents at a Level 1 trauma center in an academic institution examined …


Rehabilitation Medicine In Rural New Mexico And Beyond, Rebecca A. Dutton May 2024

Rehabilitation Medicine In Rural New Mexico And Beyond, Rebecca A. Dutton

Western Journal of Orthopaedics

No abstract provided.


Why You Should Use The New Ota Open Fracture Classification (Ofc3), Thomas A. Decoster, Meir Marmor May 2024

Why You Should Use The New Ota Open Fracture Classification (Ofc3), Thomas A. Decoster, Meir Marmor

Western Journal of Orthopaedics

Open fracture classification has traditionally used a modified Gustilo Classification (GOFC). There are many recognized problems with the Gustilo classification. The Orthopaedic Trauma Association (OTA) produced an open fracture Classification (OTA OFC) in 2010 to overcome problems with GOFC. However, it has not been widely adapted, partially because there are too many categories. The OTA OFC has proven to be more effective in identifying particular parameters that affect outcome and treatment for open fractures than GOFC. Numerous authors have called for a reconciliation of the two classifications. The OTA Classification Committee has proposed a modification called the OTA OFC3, which …


Full Issue, Arianna Medina May 2024

Full Issue, Arianna Medina

Western Journal of Orthopaedics

No abstract provided.


Outcomes Of Hemiepiphysiodesis For Juvenile Hallux Valgus: A Systematic Review, Karim Gaber, Faran Chaudhry, Ihtisham Ahmad, Emmanuel Olaonipekun, Waleed Kishta May 2024

Outcomes Of Hemiepiphysiodesis For Juvenile Hallux Valgus: A Systematic Review, Karim Gaber, Faran Chaudhry, Ihtisham Ahmad, Emmanuel Olaonipekun, Waleed Kishta

Western Journal of Orthopaedics

Juvenile hallux valgus (JHV) is a common deformity of the forefoot that may result in significant pain and discomfort. To correct JHV, percutaneous, or minimally invasive surgeries have become more popular than open surgeries due to reductions in morbidity. One of these procedures is percutaneous hemiepiphysiodesis. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of percutaneous hemiepiphysiodesis for JHV by investigating the available literature on the procedure.

In this systematic review, the authors’ search strategy identified 91 studies, but only five met the inclusion criteria. The identified studies included 76 patients and 132 feet. There was an improvement …


Pediatric Body Mass Index (Bmi) And Distal Radius Fracture Incidence, Jessica Avila, Tyler Hough, Nikalus Skipp, Amber L. West, Deana Mercer May 2024

Pediatric Body Mass Index (Bmi) And Distal Radius Fracture Incidence, Jessica Avila, Tyler Hough, Nikalus Skipp, Amber L. West, Deana Mercer

Western Journal of Orthopaedics

Background: The authors postulate that obesity in children increases the risk of distal radius fracture compared to children who are not obese. Because it is difficult to determine the population at risk, the authors observed the inverse of the rate of obesity in pediatric patients with distal radius fractures in an attempt to determine if there was a difference compared to national data on frequency of obesity in the pediatric population in general. If the rate of obesity was greater in distal radius fractures than the overall population, this would constitute evidence that obesity may increase the risk of distal …


Cross-Tasking In Surgery: An Efficient Method To Perform Multiple Tasks In Parallel, Jacob Sanchez, Robert C. Schenck Jr., Lillian J. Schenck, Urvij Modhia, Gehron Treme, Samer Kakish, Deana Mercer, Daniel C. Wascher, Dustin L. Richter May 2024

Cross-Tasking In Surgery: An Efficient Method To Perform Multiple Tasks In Parallel, Jacob Sanchez, Robert C. Schenck Jr., Lillian J. Schenck, Urvij Modhia, Gehron Treme, Samer Kakish, Deana Mercer, Daniel C. Wascher, Dustin L. Richter

Western Journal of Orthopaedics

Multitasking is defined as the ability to perform more than one task or activity simultaneously, which can be inefficient, unsafe, and should be avoided when applied to surgery. Cross-tasking is a concept where processes can be safely performed in parallel. The authors present cross-tasking as a useful approach to surgical procedural task subsets, timing of parallel tasks, and combining parallel tasks when performing a specific orthopaedic operation. The authors use the examples of an anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction and complex spinal deformity correction to review the pearls and pitfalls of models that manage multiple simultaneous surgical and educational tasks. This …


Back Matter, Arianna Medina May 2024

Back Matter, Arianna Medina

Western Journal of Orthopaedics

No abstract provided.


Front Matter, Arianna Medina May 2024

Front Matter, Arianna Medina

Western Journal of Orthopaedics

No abstract provided.


Long-Term Success In Managing Midfoot Lateral Column Arthritis: A Case Report, Damian Fountain, Cesar Cardenas, Nicholas Brady, Katherine Gavin, Richard Miller May 2024

Long-Term Success In Managing Midfoot Lateral Column Arthritis: A Case Report, Damian Fountain, Cesar Cardenas, Nicholas Brady, Katherine Gavin, Richard Miller

Western Journal of Orthopaedics

The lateral column of the midfoot is crucial for midfoot mobility and foot stability. Although there are several nonoperative treatment options for arthritis that is isolated to the lateral column cuboid-metatarsal joints, there is a lack of consensus on the best operative intervention, given the rare nature of the disease. The patient in this case initially presented to clinic in 2007 with a significant history of lateral midfoot pain in the fourth and fifth metatarsal cuboid region. Despite nonoperative interventions, her symptoms progressed, and in January of 2009, she elected to undergo interpositional arthroplasty of left fourth and fifth metatarsal …


The Gender Spectrum Of In-Hospital Survival Post Primary Percutaneous Coronary Intervention For St Elevation Myocardial Infarction: Exploring Age-Driven Trends, Iva Patel, Pooja Vyas, Karthik Natarajan, Kewal Kanabar, Vishal Sharma, Sharad Jain, Dinesh Joshi, Swati Dahiya, Siva Nagendra Borra May 2024

The Gender Spectrum Of In-Hospital Survival Post Primary Percutaneous Coronary Intervention For St Elevation Myocardial Infarction: Exploring Age-Driven Trends, Iva Patel, Pooja Vyas, Karthik Natarajan, Kewal Kanabar, Vishal Sharma, Sharad Jain, Dinesh Joshi, Swati Dahiya, Siva Nagendra Borra

Journal of the Saudi Heart Association

Background: The study was aimed to evaluate gender difference and age & gender specific interaction of in-hospital outcomes of patients with ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Methods: This was a prospective cohort study of 1748 patients with STEMI undergoing primary PCI. The study was dichotomised according to gender to evaluate the difference in the outcome. The study was further stratified based on an age cut-off of 75 years to examine the age-specific gender relationship in survival outcomes. Independent variables for in-hospital mortality were analysed through logistic regression. Results: There were 314 (17.96%) females with …


Care Of The Critically Ill Nontrauma Patient: Improving Emergency Department Readiness And Patient Care Through The Implementation Of A Dedicated Resuscitation Bay, Martha H. Buck Rn, Bsn, Tcrn May 2024

Care Of The Critically Ill Nontrauma Patient: Improving Emergency Department Readiness And Patient Care Through The Implementation Of A Dedicated Resuscitation Bay, Martha H. Buck Rn, Bsn, Tcrn

Doctor of Nursing Practice Final Manuscripts

Current best practice among emergency departments worldwide includes the maintenance of a dedicated resuscitation space. This practice allows for team members and equipment to be ready at a moment’s notice to provide care to a patient in need of lifesaving interventions. This evidence-based performance improvement project seeks to implement this standard of care in a busy, urban emergency department in Southern California.

Prior to this study, patients at this facility were placed in the next available care space, without the maintenance of a dedicated resuscitation area for critically ill patients. Survey data evaluating staff levels of perceived readiness to care …