Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Medical Genetics Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

1,075 Full-Text Articles 4,989 Authors 210,106 Downloads 90 Institutions

All Articles in Medical Genetics

Faceted Search

1,075 full-text articles. Page 2 of 39.

Sequencing Of 53,831 Diverse Genomes From The Nhlbi Topmed Program, Daniel Taliun, Daniel N. Harris, Michael D. Kessler, Jedidiah Carlson, John Blangero, Joanne E. Curran, Michael C. Mahaney, Harald H. H. Goring, Ravindranath Duggirala, Juan M. Peralta 2021 The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley

Sequencing Of 53,831 Diverse Genomes From The Nhlbi Topmed Program, Daniel Taliun, Daniel N. Harris, Michael D. Kessler, Jedidiah Carlson, John Blangero, Joanne E. Curran, Michael C. Mahaney, Harald H. H. Goring, Ravindranath Duggirala, Juan M. Peralta

School of Medicine Publications and Presentations

The Trans-Omics for Precision Medicine (TOPMed) programme seeks to elucidate the genetic architecture and biology of heart, lung, blood and sleep disorders, with the ultimate goal of improving diagnosis, treatment and prevention of these diseases. The initial phases of the programme focused on whole-genome sequencing of individuals with rich phenotypic data and diverse backgrounds. Here we describe the TOPMed goals and design as well as the available resources and early insights obtained from the sequence data. The resources include a variant browser, a genotype imputation server, and genomic and phenotypic data that are available through dbGaP (Database of Genotypes and ...


Impaired Eif5a Function Causes A Mendelian Disorder That Is Partially Rescued In Model Systems By Spermidine., Víctor Faundes, Martin D. Jennings, Siobhan Crilly, Sarah Legraie, Sarah E. Withers, Sara Cuvertino, Sally J. Davies, Andrew G L Douglas, Andrew E. Fry, Victoria Harrison, Jeanne Amiel, Daphné Lehalle, William G. Newman, Patricia Newkirk, Judith Ranells, Miranda Splitt, Laura A. Cross, Carol J. Saunders, Bonnie Sullivan, Jorge L. Granadillo, Christopher T. Gordon, Paul R. Kasher, Graham D. Pavitt, Siddharth Banka 2021 Children's Mercy Hospital

Impaired Eif5a Function Causes A Mendelian Disorder That Is Partially Rescued In Model Systems By Spermidine., Víctor Faundes, Martin D. Jennings, Siobhan Crilly, Sarah Legraie, Sarah E. Withers, Sara Cuvertino, Sally J. Davies, Andrew G L Douglas, Andrew E. Fry, Victoria Harrison, Jeanne Amiel, Daphné Lehalle, William G. Newman, Patricia Newkirk, Judith Ranells, Miranda Splitt, Laura A. Cross, Carol J. Saunders, Bonnie Sullivan, Jorge L. Granadillo, Christopher T. Gordon, Paul R. Kasher, Graham D. Pavitt, Siddharth Banka

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

The structure of proline prevents it from adopting an optimal position for rapid protein synthesis. Poly-proline-tract (PPT) associated ribosomal stalling is resolved by highly conserved eIF5A, the only protein to contain the amino acid hypusine. We show that de novo heterozygous EIF5A variants cause a disorder characterized by variable combinations of developmental delay, microcephaly, micrognathia and dysmorphism. Yeast growth assays, polysome profiling, total/hypusinated eIF5A levels and PPT-reporters studies reveal that the variants impair eIF5A function, reduce eIF5A-ribosome interactions and impair the synthesis of PPT-containing proteins. Supplementation with 1 mM spermidine partially corrects the yeast growth defects, improves the polysome ...


The Role Of Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor In Leukemia Trafficking, Shaw Powell 2021 University of Kentucky

The Role Of Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor In Leukemia Trafficking, Shaw Powell

Theses and Dissertations--Medical Sciences

Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is a signaling protein involved in inducing and regulating endothelial cell proliferation and function (Duffy et al 2000). VEGF is also involved in cancer progression, as it induces vascular permeability and promotes angiogenesis to tumor laden areas, giving cancer cells critical oxygen and nutrients (Hoeppner et al.,2012. Studies indicate VEGF prevents lymphoblast apoptosis, which may contribute to leukemia formation and enable the proliferation of leukemic cells (Duffy et al 2000). Ongoing research seeks to further examine VEGF in leukemia, using a rag2:GFP-Myc expressing transgenic zebrafish as the animal model of T-cell Acute Lymphoblastic ...


Dahili Tıp Bilimleri Tanı Ve Tedavi, Hakan Kaya, Hüseyin Kafadar, Rabia Tutuncu Toker, Ali Topak, Kemal Dinç, Bahar Yılmaz Çankaya, Ferit Durankuş, Fatma Kurt Çolak, Attila Önmez, Mehmet Emin Parlak, Selma Eroğlu, Serçin Taşar 2021 Adiyaman University

Dahili Tıp Bilimleri Tanı Ve Tedavi, Hakan Kaya, Hüseyin Kafadar, Rabia Tutuncu Toker, Ali Topak, Kemal Dinç, Bahar Yılmaz Çankaya, Ferit Durankuş, Fatma Kurt Çolak, Attila Önmez, Mehmet Emin Parlak, Selma Eroğlu, Serçin Taşar

Health Sciences

Bu kitapta konjenital ayna hareketi bozukluğu, artrografi öncesi intraartiküler enjeksiyonu, otizm spektrum bozuklukları, genetik danışma, hipoglisemi ve diyabetin akut komplikasyonları, çocuklarda akut otitis media, gerçek nörojenik torasik çıkış sendromu, çocukluk çağı tiroid hastalıkları ele alınmıştır.


Epigenetic States Regulate Tumor Aggressiveness And Response To Targeted Therapies In Lung Adenocarcinoma, Fan Chen 2021 University of Kentucky

Epigenetic States Regulate Tumor Aggressiveness And Response To Targeted Therapies In Lung Adenocarcinoma, Fan Chen

Theses and Dissertations--Toxicology and Cancer Biology

Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is the leading cause of cancer-related death worldwide, 85% of which are lung adenocarcinomas (LUAD). Although molecular studies of NSCLC identified targetable mutations of some oncogenes including BRAF, EGFR and ALK, no targeted therapies exist for most cases. Cancer epigenetics is the study of epigenetic modifications, including histone modifications, that control gene expression in cancer. Recent advances have revealed numerous epigenetic abnormalities in human cancers, and targeting epigenetic regulators could be effective at reversing dysregulated epigenetic programs or driving sensitivity to other targeted therapies.

Inhibitors of the histone methyltransferase EZH2 have recently been approved as ...


Cornelia De Lange Syndrome Research From 1953 To 2020: A Bibliometric Analysis, Dr. Mirza Muhammad Naseer, Dr. Abu Waris 2021 Assistant Professor, Deanship of Library Affairs, Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University Post Box. No. 1982, Dammam, Saudi Arabia

Cornelia De Lange Syndrome Research From 1953 To 2020: A Bibliometric Analysis, Dr. Mirza Muhammad Naseer, Dr. Abu Waris

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

The present study was conducted to explore various aspects of Cornelia de Lange Syndrome (CdLS) research publications including annual scientific productivity, top contributing authors and their impact, top contributing countries and organizations, most relevant sources of publication, highly cited documents, and most frequently used words. Bibliometric methods were used to investigate these aspects of CdLS research publications. Results of the study disclosed that the annual scientific productivity of CdLS literature is increasing gradually with the passage of time. A. Selicorni contributed the highest number of publications (45) to CdLS literature while I. D. Krantz had the highest impact in the ...


Goblet Cell Carcinoma Of The Appendix: A Case Report On Goblet Cell Carcinoid, Sheliza Kabani, Aubtin Saedi, Austin Lehr, Lina O'Brien 2020 Menorah Medical Center

Goblet Cell Carcinoma Of The Appendix: A Case Report On Goblet Cell Carcinoid, Sheliza Kabani, Aubtin Saedi, Austin Lehr, Lina O'Brien

HCA Healthcare Journal of Medicine

Goblet cell carcinoid of the appendix is a rare neoplasm with histological features of both neuroendocrine and adenocarcinomas. The combination of its aggressive behavior, infrequent occurrence, and variable clinical presentation convolutes the management of this tumor. We report the case of a 75-year-old female presenting with acute appendicitis. A laparoscopic appendectomy was performed. The pathology report showed goblet cell carcinoid at the base of the appendix with involvement of the proximal surgical margins. At her postoperative visit, the patient’s pathology report and options for management were reviewed, and the patient agreed to proceed with a right hemicolectomy 8-10 weeks ...


A Case Of Simpson-Golabi-Behmel Syndrome Presenting With Cutaneous Findings, Tessa Mullins, Abigail Russell, Chad Johnston 2020 LewisGale Hospital Montgomery

A Case Of Simpson-Golabi-Behmel Syndrome Presenting With Cutaneous Findings, Tessa Mullins, Abigail Russell, Chad Johnston

HCA Healthcare Journal of Medicine

Simpson-Golabi-Behmel syndrome is a rare, X-linked recessive syndrome associated with mutations in the genes encoding glypican 3 (GPC3). The majority of cases have been described in pediatric males, with those affected showing manifestations of overgrowth, congenital heart defects, and increased incidence of neoplasia. Due to the X-linked nature of this disorder, penetrance is not well understood in female cases. Very few cases of female presentations of Simpson-Golabi-Behmel syndrome have been described, and this case highlights that there may be an association between mutated GPC3 carrier status and other cancers. We present a case of GPC3 gene mutation suggestive of Simpson-Golabi-Behmel ...


Tumor Necrosis Factor Alpha Snp Variant In Promoter Region G308a, Cause Preeclampsia During Pregnancy In Pakistani Women, A Case Control Study, Azizah Ziauddin, Sadia Ahmad, Asad Iqbal, Abdul Majid Khan, Shahid Mahmood Baig 2020 Department of Zoology, University of the Punjab, Lahore

Tumor Necrosis Factor Alpha Snp Variant In Promoter Region G308a, Cause Preeclampsia During Pregnancy In Pakistani Women, A Case Control Study, Azizah Ziauddin, Sadia Ahmad, Asad Iqbal, Abdul Majid Khan, Shahid Mahmood Baig

Journal of Bioresource Management

Preeclampsia (PE) is a very common critical condition during pregnancy. As PE is a high-risk condition during pregnancy, occurring in 25% of all pregnancies, worldwide. In women with PE there is an increase in hypertension and albuminuria. Elevated blood pressure can be life-threatening after 20th week of pregnancy. Single nucleotide variation in gene sequence can be disease causing, among these pathogenic SNPs, a variant in TNF-α, G308A is analyzed in many studies as a causative variant to cause preeclampsia. In this case control study fifty patients and fifty healthy individuals were enrolled for analysis of TNF-α promoter region SNP ...


Modulation Of Aub-Tdrd Interactions Elucidates Pirna Amplification And Germplasm Formation., Nicholas Vrettos, Manolis Maragkakis, Panagiotis Alexiou, Paraskevi Sgourdou, Fadia Ibrahim, Daniel Palmieri, Yohei Kirino, PhD, Zissimos Mourelatos 2020 University of Pennsylvania

Modulation Of Aub-Tdrd Interactions Elucidates Pirna Amplification And Germplasm Formation., Nicholas Vrettos, Manolis Maragkakis, Panagiotis Alexiou, Paraskevi Sgourdou, Fadia Ibrahim, Daniel Palmieri, Yohei Kirino, Phd, Zissimos Mourelatos

Computational Medicine Center Faculty Papers

Aub guided by piRNAs ensures genome integrity by cleaving retrotransposons, and genome propagation by trapping mRNAs to form the germplasm that instructs germ cell formation. Arginines at the N-terminus of Aub (Aub-NTRs) interact with Tudor and other Tudor domain-containing proteins (TDRDs). Aub-TDRD interactions suppress active retrotransposons via piRNA amplification and form germplasm via generation of Aub-Tudor ribonucleoproteins. Here, we show that Aub-NTRs are dispensable for primary piRNA biogenesis but essential for piRNA amplification and that their symmetric dimethylation is required for germplasm formation and germ cell specification but largely redundant for piRNA amplification.


Red Panda: A Novel Method For Detecting Variants In Single-Cell Rna Sequencing, Adam Cornish, Shrabasti Roychoudhury, Krishna Sarma, Suravi Pramanik, Kishor Bhakat, A T. Dudley, Nitish K. Mishra, Chittibabu Guda 2020 University of Nebraska Medical Center

Red Panda: A Novel Method For Detecting Variants In Single-Cell Rna Sequencing, Adam Cornish, Shrabasti Roychoudhury, Krishna Sarma, Suravi Pramanik, Kishor Bhakat, A T. Dudley, Nitish K. Mishra, Chittibabu Guda

Journal Articles: Genetics, Cell Biology & Anatomy

BACKGROUND: Single-cell sequencing enables us to better understand genetic diseases, such as cancer or autoimmune disorders, which are often affected by changes in rare cells. Currently, no existing software is aimed at identifying single nucleotide variations or micro (1-50 bp) insertions and deletions in single-cell RNA sequencing (scRNA-seq) data. Generating high-quality variant data is vital to the study of the aforementioned diseases, among others.

RESULTS: In this study, we report the design and implementation of Red Panda, a novel method to accurately identify variants in scRNA-seq data. Variants were called on scRNA-seq data from human articular chondrocytes, mouse embryonic fibroblasts ...


Large Genotype-Phenotype Study In Carriers Of D4z4 Borderline Alleles Provides Guidance For Facioscapulohumeral Muscular Dystrophy Diagnosis, Giulia Ricci, Rossella Ginevra Tupler 2020 University of Modena and Reggio Emilia

Large Genotype-Phenotype Study In Carriers Of D4z4 Borderline Alleles Provides Guidance For Facioscapulohumeral Muscular Dystrophy Diagnosis, Giulia Ricci, Rossella Ginevra Tupler

Open Access Publications by UMMS Authors

Facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy (FSHD) is a myopathy with prevalence of 1 in 20,000. Almost all patients affected by FSHD carry deletions of an integral number of tandem 3.3 kilobase repeats, termed D4Z4, located on chromosome 4q35. Assessment of size of D4Z4 alleles is commonly used for FSHD diagnosis. However, the extended molecular testing has expanded the spectrum of clinical phenotypes. In particular, D4Z4 alleles with 9-10 repeat have been found in healthy individuals, in subjects with FSHD or affected by other myopathies. These findings weakened the strict relationship between observed phenotypes and their underlying genotypes, complicating the interpretation ...


Causes Of Color Blindness: Function And Failure Of The Genes That Detect Color, Dylan Taylor 2020 Liberty University

Causes Of Color Blindness: Function And Failure Of The Genes That Detect Color, Dylan Taylor

Senior Honors Theses

Color blindness affects nearly 10% of the entire population, with multiple types of color blindness from various genetic mutations. In the following sections, the nature of light and how the human eye perceives light will be discussed. Afterward, the major forms of color blindness and their genetic causes will be considered. Once these genetic causes have been established, the current method for diagnosing color blindness will be investigated, followed by a discussion of the current treatments available to those with color blindness. Finally, a brief discussion will address possible future work for color blindness with the hope of finding better ...


Eosinophil Micrornas Play A Regulatory Role In Allergic Diseases Included In The Atopic March., Émile Bélanger, Anne-Marie Madore, Anne-Marie Boucher-Lafleur, Marie-Michelle Simon, Tony Kwan, Tomi Pastinen, Catherine Laprise 2020 Children's Mercy Hospital

Eosinophil Micrornas Play A Regulatory Role In Allergic Diseases Included In The Atopic March., Émile Bélanger, Anne-Marie Madore, Anne-Marie Boucher-Lafleur, Marie-Michelle Simon, Tony Kwan, Tomi Pastinen, Catherine Laprise

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

(1) Background: The atopic march is defined by the increased prevalence of allergic diseases after atopic dermatitis onset. In fact, atopic dermatitis is believed to play an important role in allergen sensitization via the damaged skin barrier, leading to allergic diseases such as allergic asthma and allergic rhinitis. The eosinophil, a pro-inflammatory cell that contributes to epithelial damage, is one of the various cells recruited in the inflammatory reactions characterizing these diseases. Few studies were conducted on the transcriptome of this cell type and even less on their specific microRNA (miRNA) profile, which could modulate pathogenesis of allergic diseases and ...


Expediting Rare Disease Diagnosis: A Call To Bridge The Gap Between Clinical And Functional Genomics., Samantha N. Hartin, John C. Means, Joseph Alaimo, Scott T. Younger 2020 Children's Mercy Hospital

Expediting Rare Disease Diagnosis: A Call To Bridge The Gap Between Clinical And Functional Genomics., Samantha N. Hartin, John C. Means, Joseph Alaimo, Scott T. Younger

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

Approximately 400 million people throughout the world suffer from a rare disease. Although advances in whole exome and whole genome sequencing have greatly facilitated rare disease diagnosis, overall diagnostic rates remain below 50%. Furthermore, in cases where accurate diagnosis is achieved the process requires an average of 4.8 years. Reducing the time required for disease diagnosis is among the most critical needs of patients impacted by a rare disease. In this perspective we describe current challenges associated with rare disease diagnosis and discuss several cutting-edge functional genomic screening technologies that have the potential to rapidly accelerate the process of ...


Mutations In Grk2 Cause Jeune Syndrome By Impairing Hedgehog And Canonical Wnt Signaling., Michaela Bosakova, Sara P. Abraham, Alexandru Nita, Eva Hruba, Marcela Buchtova, S Paige Taylor, Ivan Duran, Jorge Martin, Katerina Svozilova, Tomas Barta, Miroslav Varecha, Lukas Balek, Jiri Kohoutek, Tomasz Radaszkiewicz, Ganesh V. Pusapati, Vitezslav Bryja, Eric T. Rush, Isabelle Thiffault, Deborah A. Nickerson, Michael J. Bamshad, University of Washington Center for Mendelian Genomics, Rajat Rohatgi, Daniel H. Cohn, Deborah Krakow, Pavel Krejci 2020 Children's Mercy Hospital

Mutations In Grk2 Cause Jeune Syndrome By Impairing Hedgehog And Canonical Wnt Signaling., Michaela Bosakova, Sara P. Abraham, Alexandru Nita, Eva Hruba, Marcela Buchtova, S Paige Taylor, Ivan Duran, Jorge Martin, Katerina Svozilova, Tomas Barta, Miroslav Varecha, Lukas Balek, Jiri Kohoutek, Tomasz Radaszkiewicz, Ganesh V. Pusapati, Vitezslav Bryja, Eric T. Rush, Isabelle Thiffault, Deborah A. Nickerson, Michael J. Bamshad, University Of Washington Center For Mendelian Genomics, Rajat Rohatgi, Daniel H. Cohn, Deborah Krakow, Pavel Krejci

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

Mutations in genes affecting primary cilia cause ciliopathies, a diverse group of disorders often affecting skeletal development. This includes Jeune syndrome or asphyxiating thoracic dystrophy (ATD), an autosomal recessive skeletal disorder. Unraveling the responsible molecular pathology helps illuminate mechanisms responsible for functional primary cilia. We identified two families with ATD caused by loss-of-function mutations in the gene encoding adrenergic receptor kinase 1 (ADRBK1 or GRK2). GRK2 cells from an affected individual homozygous for the p.R158* mutation resulted in loss of GRK2, and disrupted chondrocyte growth and differentiation in the cartilage growth plate. GRK2 null cells displayed normal cilia morphology ...


Genetic Variation And Sex Mediate Differential Responses To ∆-9-Tetrahydrocannabinol Among Inbred Mice, Cory Parks 2020 University of Tennessee Health Science Center

Genetic Variation And Sex Mediate Differential Responses To ∆-9-Tetrahydrocannabinol Among Inbred Mice, Cory Parks

Theses and Dissertations (ETD)

The plant Cannabis sativa has been used by people for both recreational and medicinal use for thousands of years, but scientific investigation of the plant and its components didn’t begin until the early nineteen hundreds when Cannabis components known as phytocannabinoids were characterized and later isolated. In the 1970’s, ∆9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) was isolated and recognized as the major constituent responsible for the psychoactive and intoxicating effects associated with consumption of cannabis. This opened the door for intensive research in the field that lead to the discovery of the endogenous cannabinoid system and its associated receptors, effectors of signaling ...


Association Of Damaging Variants In Genes With Increased Cancer Risk Among Patients With Congenital Heart Disease, Sarah U. Morton, Peter E. Newburger, Christine E. Seidman 2020 Harvard Medical School

Association Of Damaging Variants In Genes With Increased Cancer Risk Among Patients With Congenital Heart Disease, Sarah U. Morton, Peter E. Newburger, Christine E. Seidman

Open Access Publications by UMMS Authors

Importance: Patients with congenital heart disease (CHD), the most common birth defect, have increased risks for cancer. Identification of the variables that contribute to cancer risk is essential for recognizing patients with CHD who warrant longitudinal surveillance and early interventions.

Objective: To compare the frequency of damaging variants in cancer risk genes among patients with CHD and control participants and identify associated clinical variables in patients with CHD who have cancer risk variants.

Design, Setting, and Participants: This multicenter case-control study included participants with CHD who had previously been recruited to the Pediatric Cardiac Genomics Consortium based on presence of ...


Inherited Causes Of Clonal Haematopoiesis In 97,691 Whole Genomes, Alexander G. Bick, Joshua S. Weinstock, Satish K. Nandakumar, Charles P. Fulco, Erik L. Bao, Seyedeh M. Zekavat, Mindy D. Szeto, Juan M. Peralta, Joanne E. Curran, John Blangero 2020 The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley

Inherited Causes Of Clonal Haematopoiesis In 97,691 Whole Genomes, Alexander G. Bick, Joshua S. Weinstock, Satish K. Nandakumar, Charles P. Fulco, Erik L. Bao, Seyedeh M. Zekavat, Mindy D. Szeto, Juan M. Peralta, Joanne E. Curran, John Blangero

School of Medicine Publications and Presentations

Age is the dominant risk factor for most chronic human diseases, but the mechanisms through which ageing confers this risk are largely unknown1. The age-related acquisition of somatic mutations that lead to clonal expansion in regenerating haematopoietic stem cell populations has recently been associated with both haematological cancer2,3,4 and coronary heart disease5—this phenomenon is termed clonal haematopoiesis of indeterminate potential (CHIP)6. Simultaneous analyses of germline and somatic whole-genome sequences provide the opportunity to identify root causes of CHIP. Here we analyse high-coverage whole-genome sequences from 97,691 participants of diverse ancestries in the ...


Genome-Wide Dna Methylation Profiling In Human Breast Tissue By Illumina Truseq Methyl Capture Epic Sequencing And Infinium Methylationepic Beadchip Microarray, Nan Lin, Jinpeng Liu, James Castle, Jun Wan, Aditi Shendre, Yunlong Liu, Chi Wang, Chunyan He 2020 University of Kentucky

Genome-Wide Dna Methylation Profiling In Human Breast Tissue By Illumina Truseq Methyl Capture Epic Sequencing And Infinium Methylationepic Beadchip Microarray, Nan Lin, Jinpeng Liu, James Castle, Jun Wan, Aditi Shendre, Yunlong Liu, Chi Wang, Chunyan He

Markey Cancer Center Faculty Publications

A newly-developed platform, the Illumina TruSeq Methyl Capture EPIC library prep (TruSeq EPIC), builds on the content of the Infinium MethylationEPIC Beadchip Microarray (EPIC-array) and leverages the power of next-generation sequencing for targeted bisulphite sequencing. We empirically examined the performance of TruSeq EPIC and EPIC-array in assessing genome-wide DNA methylation in breast tissue samples. TruSeq EPIC provided data with a much higher density in the regions when compared to EPIC-array (~2.74 million CpGs with at least 10X coverage vs ~752 K CpGs, respectively). Approximately 398 K CpGs were common and measured across the two platforms in every sample. Overall ...


Digital Commons powered by bepress