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Exploring The Genetics Of Myotonic Dystrophy Type 1 And Its Ethical Implications, Caleb Smith 2024 Liberty University

Exploring The Genetics Of Myotonic Dystrophy Type 1 And Its Ethical Implications, Caleb Smith

NEXUS: The Liberty Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies

No abstract provided.


The Molecular Basis Of Maple Syrup Urine Disease, Chloe Jensen 2024 Liberty University

The Molecular Basis Of Maple Syrup Urine Disease, Chloe Jensen

Senior Honors Theses

Maple syrup urine disease (MSUD) is a rare metabolic disorder that is caused by mutations in the branched chain alpha keto acid dehydrogenase enzyme complex (BCKDC). There are three main genes, the BCKDHA, BCKDHB, and DBT, that affect the BCKDC, all contributing to the onset of the disease. MSUD causes encephalopathy, neural deficits, maple syrup scented urine, coma, and even death if not treated due to the aggregation of branched-chain amino acids (BCAAs). There is currently no known cure for patients with MSUD, but the condition can be managed to improve quality of life. This review serves to examine MSUD …


Statistical Genetic Approaches To Investigate Genotype-By-Environment Interaction: Review And Novel Extension Of Models, Vincent P. Diego, Eron G. Manusov, Marcio Almeida, Sandra Laston, David Ortiz, John Blangero, Sarah Williams-Blangero 2024 The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley

Statistical Genetic Approaches To Investigate Genotype-By-Environment Interaction: Review And Novel Extension Of Models, Vincent P. Diego, Eron G. Manusov, Marcio Almeida, Sandra Laston, David Ortiz, John Blangero, Sarah Williams-Blangero

School of Medicine Publications and Presentations

Statistical genetic models of genotype-by-environment (G×E) interaction can be divided into two general classes, one on G×E interaction in response to dichotomous environments (e.g., sex, disease-affection status, or presence/absence of an exposure) and the other in response to continuous environments (e.g., physical activity, nutritional measurements, or continuous socioeconomic measures). Here we develop a novel model to jointly account for dichotomous and continuous environments. We develop the model in terms of a joint genotype-by-sex (for the dichotomous environment) and genotype-by-social determinants of health (SDoH; for the continuous environment). Using this model, we show how a depression variable, as measured by the …


Cross-Contamination Of Crispr Guides And Other Unrelated Nucleotide Sequences Among Commercial Oligonucleotides, Hiroshi Arakawa, Hiromi Miura, Rolen M. Quadros, Masato Ohtsuka, Channabasavaiah B. Gurumurthy 2024 The AIRC Institute of Molecular Oncology

Cross-Contamination Of Crispr Guides And Other Unrelated Nucleotide Sequences Among Commercial Oligonucleotides, Hiroshi Arakawa, Hiromi Miura, Rolen M. Quadros, Masato Ohtsuka, Channabasavaiah B. Gurumurthy

Journal Articles: Genetics, Cell Biology & Anatomy

Custom oligonucleotides (oligos) are widely used reagents in biomedical research. Some common applications of oligos include polymerase chain reaction (PCR), sequencing, hybridization, microarray, and library construction. The reliability of oligos in such applications depends on their purity and specificity. Here, we report that commercially available oligos are frequently contaminated with nonspecific sequences (i.e. other unrelated oligonucleotides). Most of the oligos that we designed to amplify clustered regularly interspersed palindromic repeats (CRISPR) guide sequences contained nonspecific CRISPR guides. These contaminants were detected in research-grade oligos procured from eight commercial oligo-suppliers located in three different geographic regions of the world. Deep sequencing …


Case Of Human Orthohantavirus Infection, Michigan, Usa, 2021, Samuel M Goodfellow, Robert A Nofchissey, Dustin Arsnoe, Chunyan Ye, Seonghyeon Lee, Jieun Park, Won-Keun Kim, Kartik Chandran, Shannon L M Whitmer, John D Klena, Jonathan W Dyal, Trevor Shoemaker, Diana Riner, Mary Grace Stobierski, Kimberly Signs, Steven B Bradfute 2024 The Texas Medical Center Library

Case Of Human Orthohantavirus Infection, Michigan, Usa, 2021, Samuel M Goodfellow, Robert A Nofchissey, Dustin Arsnoe, Chunyan Ye, Seonghyeon Lee, Jieun Park, Won-Keun Kim, Kartik Chandran, Shannon L M Whitmer, John D Klena, Jonathan W Dyal, Trevor Shoemaker, Diana Riner, Mary Grace Stobierski, Kimberly Signs, Steven B Bradfute

Journal Articles

Orthohantaviruses cause hantavirus cardiopulmonary syndrome; most cases occur in the southwest region of the United States. We discuss a clinical case of orthohantavirus infection in a 65-year-old woman in Michigan and the phylogeographic link of partial viral fragments from the patient and rodents captured near the presumed site of infection.


Genetic Analysis Of Hereditary Gingival Fibromatosis Associated Sos1 Missense Variants Of Uncertain Significance In Caenorhabditis Elegans, Himani Patel 2024 Jacksonville State University

Genetic Analysis Of Hereditary Gingival Fibromatosis Associated Sos1 Missense Variants Of Uncertain Significance In Caenorhabditis Elegans, Himani Patel

Theses

Hereditary gingival fibromatosis (HGF) is a disease that can present as benign overgrowth of gingival tissue in the mouth. The overgrowth can enclose the entire mouth and teeth in severe cases or present itself in a concentrated area. Researchers have identified that mutations in the SOS1 gene can be responsible for HGF. This disease can impair basic functions related to the mouth. Eating, smiling, speaking can all be affected. Additionally, excess inflammation can cause periodontal disease because of the difficulty in maintaining proper oral health. Periodontal disease can lead to severe bone loss which can lead to complete loss of …


Resolving The Longitudinal Triglyceride Phenotype Of Heterozygous Lpl And Apo A-V Deficiency, Shehan D. Perera 2024 The University of Western Ontario

Resolving The Longitudinal Triglyceride Phenotype Of Heterozygous Lpl And Apo A-V Deficiency, Shehan D. Perera

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Hypertriglyceridemia (HTG) is a risk factor for cardiovascular disease. However, only the triglyceride (TG) phenotype produced by biallelic loss-of-function (LOF) variants in the canonical TG metabolism genes is well understood. The TG phenotype produced by monoallelic LOF variants is poorly understood. We aimed to evaluate the TG phenotype associated with monoallelic LOF variants in the canonical TG metabolism genes.

Next-generation sequencing panel was employed to identify patients heterozygous for LOF variants in two of the canonical TG metabolism genes LPL and APOA5, followed by chart review to determine baseline and longitudinal TG phenotype in these patients.

My findings suggest …


Ongoing Study Of The Association Of Apoe Gene Polymorphisms With Cognitive Impairment In The Rio Grande Valley Hispanic Population, Jaime Miguel L. Saveron, Daniela Gamez, Chun Xu 2024 The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley

Ongoing Study Of The Association Of Apoe Gene Polymorphisms With Cognitive Impairment In The Rio Grande Valley Hispanic Population, Jaime Miguel L. Saveron, Daniela Gamez, Chun Xu

Research Symposium

Background: Alzheimer's disease (AD), a prevalent neurodegenerative disorder, exhibits a significant genetic component. In addition, mild cognitive impairment (MCI) is a key risk factor for AD. While certain demographic factors and genetic variants associated with AD and cognitive impairment have been identified in non-Hispanic populations, limited research exists on this subject within the Hispanic population, particularly in the Rio Grande Valley. This study aims to investigate the relationship between the APOE gene, specifically its ε4 allele, and cognitive impairment in the Hispanic population of the Rio Grande Valley.

Methods: A total of 269 Hispanic subjects, aged 60 and above, with …


Chimeric Systems Composed Of Swapped Tra Subunits Between Distantly-Related F Plasmids Reveal Striking Plasticity Among Type Iv Secretion Machines, Kouhei Kishida, Yang Grace Li, Natsumi Ogawa-Kishida, Pratick Khara, Abu Amar M Al Mamun, Rachel E Bosserman, Peter J Christie 2024 The Texas Medical Center Library

Chimeric Systems Composed Of Swapped Tra Subunits Between Distantly-Related F Plasmids Reveal Striking Plasticity Among Type Iv Secretion Machines, Kouhei Kishida, Yang Grace Li, Natsumi Ogawa-Kishida, Pratick Khara, Abu Amar M Al Mamun, Rachel E Bosserman, Peter J Christie

Journal Articles

Bacterial type IV secretion systems (T4SSs) are a versatile family of macromolecular translocators, collectively able to recruit diverse DNA and protein substrates and deliver them to a wide range of cell types. Presently, there is little understanding of how T4SSs recognize substrate repertoires and form productive contacts with specific target cells. Although T4SSs are composed of a number of conserved subunits and adopt certain conserved structural features, they also display considerable compositional and structural diversity. Here, we explored the structural bases underlying the functional versatility of T4SSs through systematic deletion and subunit swapping between two conjugation systems encoded by the …


Deep Phenotyping Of Post-Infectious Myalgic Encephalomyelitis/Chronic Fatigue Syndrome, Brian Walitt, Komudi Singh, Samuel R. LaMunion, Mark Hallett, Steve Jacobson, Kong Chen, Yoshimi Enose-Akahata, Richard Apps, Jennifer J. Barb, Patrick Bedard, Robert J. Brychta, Ashura Williams Buckley, Peter D. Burbelo, Brice Calco, Brianna Cathay, Li Chen, Snigdha Chigurupati, Jinguo Chen, Foo Cheung, Lisa M.K. Chin, Benjamin W. Coleman, Amber B. Courville, Madeleine S. Deming, Bart Drinkard, Li Rebekah Feng, Luigi Ferrucci, Scott A. Gabel, Angelique Gavin, David S. Goldstein, Shahin Hassanzadeh, Sean C. Horan, Silvina G. Horovitz, Kory R. Johnson, Anita Jones Govan, Kristine M. Knutson, Joy D. Kreskow, Mark Levin, Jonathan J. Lyons, Nicholas Madian, Nasir Malik, Andrew L. Mammen, John A. McCulloch, Patrick M. McGurrin, Joshua D. Milner, Ruin Moaddel, Geoffrey A. Mueller, Amrita Mukherjee, Sandra Muñoz-Braceras, Gina Norato, Katherine Pak, Iago Pinal-Fernandez, Traian Popa, Lauren B. Reoma, Michael N. Sack, Farinaz Safavi, Leorey N. Saligan, Brian A. Sellers, Stephen Sinclair, Bryan Smith, Joseph Snow, Stacey Solin, Barbara J. Stussman, Giorgio Trinchieri, Sara A. Turner, C. Stephenie Vetter, Felipe Vial, Carlotta Vizioli, Ashley Williams, Shanna B. Yang, Avindra Nath 2024 Thomas Jefferson University

Deep Phenotyping Of Post-Infectious Myalgic Encephalomyelitis/Chronic Fatigue Syndrome, Brian Walitt, Komudi Singh, Samuel R. Lamunion, Mark Hallett, Steve Jacobson, Kong Chen, Yoshimi Enose-Akahata, Richard Apps, Jennifer J. Barb, Patrick Bedard, Robert J. Brychta, Ashura Williams Buckley, Peter D. Burbelo, Brice Calco, Brianna Cathay, Li Chen, Snigdha Chigurupati, Jinguo Chen, Foo Cheung, Lisa M.K. Chin, Benjamin W. Coleman, Amber B. Courville, Madeleine S. Deming, Bart Drinkard, Li Rebekah Feng, Luigi Ferrucci, Scott A. Gabel, Angelique Gavin, David S. Goldstein, Shahin Hassanzadeh, Sean C. Horan, Silvina G. Horovitz, Kory R. Johnson, Anita Jones Govan, Kristine M. Knutson, Joy D. Kreskow, Mark Levin, Jonathan J. Lyons, Nicholas Madian, Nasir Malik, Andrew L. Mammen, John A. Mcculloch, Patrick M. Mcgurrin, Joshua D. Milner, Ruin Moaddel, Geoffrey A. Mueller, Amrita Mukherjee, Sandra Muñoz-Braceras, Gina Norato, Katherine Pak, Iago Pinal-Fernandez, Traian Popa, Lauren B. Reoma, Michael N. Sack, Farinaz Safavi, Leorey N. Saligan, Brian A. Sellers, Stephen Sinclair, Bryan Smith, Joseph Snow, Stacey Solin, Barbara J. Stussman, Giorgio Trinchieri, Sara A. Turner, C. Stephenie Vetter, Felipe Vial, Carlotta Vizioli, Ashley Williams, Shanna B. Yang, Avindra Nath

Student Papers, Posters & Projects

Post-infectious myalgic encephalomyelitis/chronic fatigue syndrome (PI-ME/CFS) is a disabling disorder, yet the clinical phenotype is poorly defined, the pathophysiology is unknown, and no disease-modifying treatments are available. We used rigorous criteria to recruit PI-ME/CFS participants with matched controls to conduct deep phenotyping. Among the many physical and cognitive complaints, one defining feature of PI-ME/CFS was an alteration of effort preference, rather than physical or central fatigue, due to dysfunction of integrative brain regions potentially associated with central catechol pathway dysregulation, with consequences on autonomic functioning and physical conditioning. Immune profiling suggested chronic antigenic stimulation with increase in naïve and decrease …


The Frequency Of Pathogenic Variation In The All Of Us Cohort Reveals Ancestry-Driven Disparities, Eric Venner, Karynne Patterson, Divya Kalra, Marsha M Wheeler, Yi-Ju Chen, Sara E Kalla, Bo Yuan, Jason H Karnes, Kimberly Walker, Joshua D Smith, Sean McGee, Aparna Radhakrishnan, Andrew Haddad, Philip E Empey, Qiaoyan Wang, Lee Lichtenstein, Diana Toledo, Gail Jarvik, Anjene Musick, Richard A Gibbs 2024 The Texas Medical Center Library

The Frequency Of Pathogenic Variation In The All Of Us Cohort Reveals Ancestry-Driven Disparities, Eric Venner, Karynne Patterson, Divya Kalra, Marsha M Wheeler, Yi-Ju Chen, Sara E Kalla, Bo Yuan, Jason H Karnes, Kimberly Walker, Joshua D Smith, Sean Mcgee, Aparna Radhakrishnan, Andrew Haddad, Philip E Empey, Qiaoyan Wang, Lee Lichtenstein, Diana Toledo, Gail Jarvik, Anjene Musick, Richard A Gibbs

Journal Articles

Disparities in data underlying clinical genomic interpretation is an acknowledged problem, but there is a paucity of data demonstrating it. The All of Us Research Program is collecting data including whole-genome sequences, health records, and surveys for at least a million participants with diverse ancestry and access to healthcare, representing one of the largest biomedical research repositories of its kind. Here, we examine pathogenic and likely pathogenic variants that were identified in the All of Us cohort. The European ancestry subgroup showed the highest overall rate of pathogenic variation, with 2.26% of participants having a pathogenic variant. Other ancestry groups …


Investigating The Genetic Makeup Of The Major Histocompatibility Complex (Mhc) In The United Arab Emirates Population Through Next-Generation Sequencing, Nour A. D. Marzouka, Halima Alnaqbi, Amira Al-Aamri, Guan Tay, Habiba Alsafar 2024 Edith Cowan University

Investigating The Genetic Makeup Of The Major Histocompatibility Complex (Mhc) In The United Arab Emirates Population Through Next-Generation Sequencing, Nour A. D. Marzouka, Halima Alnaqbi, Amira Al-Aamri, Guan Tay, Habiba Alsafar

Research outputs 2022 to 2026

The Human leukocyte antigen (HLA) molecules are central to immune response and have associations with the phenotypes of various diseases and induced drug toxicity. Further, the role of HLA molecules in presenting antigens significantly affects the transplantation outcome. The objective of this study was to examine the extent of the diversity of HLA alleles in the population of the United Arab Emirates (UAE) using Next-Generation Sequencing methodologies and encompassing a larger cohort of individuals. A cohort of 570 unrelated healthy citizens of the UAE volunteered to provide samples for Whole Genome Sequencing and Whole Exome Sequencing. The definition of the …


Assessing Adequacy: A Meta-Analysis Of Rapid Onsite Evaluation Of Thyroid Nodules, Peter P. Issa, Christina McCarthy, Mohammad Hussein, Aaron L. Albuck, Essam Emad, Mohamed Shama, Krzysztof Moroz, Eman Toraih, Emad Kandil 2024 LSU Health Sciences Center - New Orleans

Assessing Adequacy: A Meta-Analysis Of Rapid Onsite Evaluation Of Thyroid Nodules, Peter P. Issa, Christina Mccarthy, Mohammad Hussein, Aaron L. Albuck, Essam Emad, Mohamed Shama, Krzysztof Moroz, Eman Toraih, Emad Kandil

School of Medicine Faculty Publications

Introduction: Fine-needle aspiration (FNA) is the standard form of preoperative evaluation of thyroid nodule cytological status. A significant number FNAs are classified as inadequate for interpretation, requiring a repeat FNA which is potentially avoidable, costly, and delays treatment. To address these concerns and maximize first-time FNA adequacy, rapid onsite evaluation (ROSE) of FNA specimens was introduced. Our study aims to determine the impact of ROSE on FNA adequacy. Methods: PubMed, Embase, and Web of Science were searched for primary articles assessing the adequacy of ROSE in thyroid nodules. Results: A total of 17 studies were included for a total of …


Modifying Peptide/Lipid-Associated Nucleic Acids (Planas) For Crispr/Cas9 Ribonucleoprotein Delivery, Abdulelah Alhazza, Parvin Mahdipoor, Ryley Hall, Arthur Manda, Sandeep Lohan, Keykavous Parang, Hamidreza Montazeri Aliabadi 2024 Chapman University

Modifying Peptide/Lipid-Associated Nucleic Acids (Planas) For Crispr/Cas9 Ribonucleoprotein Delivery, Abdulelah Alhazza, Parvin Mahdipoor, Ryley Hall, Arthur Manda, Sandeep Lohan, Keykavous Parang, Hamidreza Montazeri Aliabadi

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

With the first reports on the possibility of genome editing by Clustered Regularly Interspaced Short Palindromic Repeats (CRISPR) and CRISPR-associated protein (Cas)9 surfacing in 2005, the enthusiasm for protein silencing via nucleic acid delivery experienced a resurgence following a period of diminished enthusiasm due to challenges in delivering small interfering RNAs (siRNA), especially in vivo. However, delivering the components necessary for this approach into the nucleus is challenging, maybe even more than the cytoplasmic delivery of siRNA. We previously reported the birth of peptide/lipid-associated nucleic acids (PLANAs) for siRNA delivery. This project was designed to investigate the efficiency of …


Regulation Of Tissue Factor Activity By Interaction With The First Pdz Domain Of Magi1, Mohammad A. Mohammad, Sophie Featherby, Camille Ettelaie 2024 LSU Health Sciences Center - New Orleans

Regulation Of Tissue Factor Activity By Interaction With The First Pdz Domain Of Magi1, Mohammad A. Mohammad, Sophie Featherby, Camille Ettelaie

School of Medicine Faculty Publications

Background; Tissue factor (TF) activity is stringently regulated through processes termed encryption. Post-translational modification of TF and its interactions with various protein and lipid moieties allows for a multi-step de-encryption of TF and procoagulant activation. Membrane-associated guanylate kinase-with inverted configuration (MAGI) proteins are known to regulate the localisation and activity of a number of proteins including cell-surface receptors. Methods; The interaction of TF with MAGI1 protein was examined as a means of regulating TF activity. MDA-MB-231 cell line was used which express TF and MAGI1, and respond well to protease activated receptor (PAR)2 activation. Proximity ligation assay (PLA), co-immunoprecipitation and …


Impact Of Genetic And Non-Genetic Factors On Phenotypic Diversity In Nbas-Associated Disease, Nicole Hammann, Dominic Lenz, Ivo Baric, Ellen Crushell, Carlo Dionisi Vici, Felix Distelmaier, Francois Feillet, Peter Freisinger, Maja Hempel, Anna L. Khoreva, Martin W. Laass, Yves Lacassie, Elke Lainka, Catherine Larson-Nath, Zhongdie Li, Patryk Lipiński, Eberhard Lurz, André Mégarbané, Susana Nobre, Giorgia Olivieri, Bianca Peters, Paolo Prontera, Lea D. Schlieben, Christine M. Seroogy, Cristina Sobacchi, Shigeru Suzuki, Christel Tran, Jerry Vockley 2024 Universität Heidelberg

Impact Of Genetic And Non-Genetic Factors On Phenotypic Diversity In Nbas-Associated Disease, Nicole Hammann, Dominic Lenz, Ivo Baric, Ellen Crushell, Carlo Dionisi Vici, Felix Distelmaier, Francois Feillet, Peter Freisinger, Maja Hempel, Anna L. Khoreva, Martin W. Laass, Yves Lacassie, Elke Lainka, Catherine Larson-Nath, Zhongdie Li, Patryk Lipiński, Eberhard Lurz, André Mégarbané, Susana Nobre, Giorgia Olivieri, Bianca Peters, Paolo Prontera, Lea D. Schlieben, Christine M. Seroogy, Cristina Sobacchi, Shigeru Suzuki, Christel Tran, Jerry Vockley

School of Medicine Faculty Publications

Biallelic pathogenic variants in neuroblastoma-amplified sequence (NBAS) cause a pleiotropic multisystem disorder. Three clinical subgroups have been defined correlating with the localisation of pathogenic variants in the NBAS gene; variants affecting the C-terminal region of NBAS result in SOPH syndrome (short stature, optic atrophy, Pelger-Huët anomaly), variants affecting the Sec 39 domain are associated with infantile liver failure syndrome type 2 (ILFS2) and variants affecting the ß-propeller domain give rise to a combined phenotype. However, there is still unexplained phenotypic diversity across the three subgroups, challenging the current concept of genotype-phenotype correlations in NBAS-associated disease. Therefore, besides examining the genetic …


Lung Cancer In Ever- And Never-Smokers: Findings From Multi-Population Gwas Studies, Yafang Li, Xiangjun Xiao, Jianrong Li, Younghun Han, Chao Cheng, Gail F. Fernandes, Shannon E. Slewitzke, Susan M. Rosenberg, Meng Zhu, Jinyoung Byun, Yohan Bossé, James D. McKay, Demetrios Albanes, Stephan Lam, Adonina Tardon, Chu Chen, Stig E. Bojesen, Maria T. Landi, Mattias Johansson, Angela Risch, Heike Bickeböller, H-Erich Wichmann, David C. Christiani, Gad Rennert, Susanne M. Arnold, Gary E. Goodman, John K. Field, Diptasri Mandal, et al 2024 Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX

Lung Cancer In Ever- And Never-Smokers: Findings From Multi-Population Gwas Studies, Yafang Li, Xiangjun Xiao, Jianrong Li, Younghun Han, Chao Cheng, Gail F. Fernandes, Shannon E. Slewitzke, Susan M. Rosenberg, Meng Zhu, Jinyoung Byun, Yohan Bossé, James D. Mckay, Demetrios Albanes, Stephan Lam, Adonina Tardon, Chu Chen, Stig E. Bojesen, Maria T. Landi, Mattias Johansson, Angela Risch, Heike Bickeböller, H-Erich Wichmann, David C. Christiani, Gad Rennert, Susanne M. Arnold, Gary E. Goodman, John K. Field, Diptasri Mandal, Et Al

School of Graduate Studies Faculty Publications

BACKGROUND: Clinical, molecular, and genetic epidemiology studies displayed remarkable differences between ever- and never-smoking lung cancer. METHODS: We conducted a stratified multi-population (European, East Asian, and African descent) association study on 44,823 ever-smokers and 20,074 never-smokers to identify novel variants that were missed in the non-stratified analysis. Functional analysis including eQTL colocalization and DNA damage assays, and annotation studies were conducted to evaluate the functional roles of the variants. We further evaluated the impact of smoking quantity on lung cancer risk for the variants associated with ever-smoking lung cancer. RESULTS: Five novel independent loci, GABRA4, inter-genic region 12q24.33, LRRC4C, LINC01088, …


Investigation Into Cardiac Myhc-Α 334-352-Specific Tcr Transgenic Mice Reveals A Role For Cytotoxic Cd4 T Cells In The Development Of Cardiac Autoimmunity, Meghna Sur, Mahima T. Rasquinha, Kiruthiga Mone, Chandirasegaran Massilamany, Ninaad Lasrado, Channabasavaiah B. Gurumurthy, Raymond A Sobel, Jay Reddy 2024 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Investigation Into Cardiac Myhc-Α 334-352-Specific Tcr Transgenic Mice Reveals A Role For Cytotoxic Cd4 T Cells In The Development Of Cardiac Autoimmunity, Meghna Sur, Mahima T. Rasquinha, Kiruthiga Mone, Chandirasegaran Massilamany, Ninaad Lasrado, Channabasavaiah B. Gurumurthy, Raymond A Sobel, Jay Reddy

Journal Articles: Genetics, Cell Biology & Anatomy

Myocarditis is one of the major causes of heart failure in children and young adults and can lead to dilated cardiomyopathy. Lymphocytic myocarditis could result from autoreactive CD4+ and CD8+ T cells, but defining antigen specificity in disease pathogenesis is challenging. To address this issue, we generated T cell receptor (TCR) transgenic (Tg) C57BL/6J mice specific to cardiac myosin heavy chain (Myhc)-α 334-352 and found that Myhc-α-specific TCRs were expressed in both CD4+ and CD8+ T cells. To investigate if the phenotype is more pronounced in a myocarditis-susceptible genetic background, we backcrossed with A/J mice. At …


Emerging Unconventional Therapies For Glioblastoma Multiforme, Danielle Morang 2024 Arcadia University

Emerging Unconventional Therapies For Glioblastoma Multiforme, Danielle Morang

Capstone Showcase

Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is the most prevalent and aggressive primary malignant brain tumor occurring in adults with a median survival of less than two years. It is a highly invasive tumor characterized by genetic heterogeneity, angiogenesis, and rapid proliferation. Patients undergo a multimodal treatment regimen consisting of surgical resection and chemoradiation therapy, yet GBM tumors almost always recur with a worsening prognosis. The molecular and genetic complexities of GBM pose a significant challenge for developing effective therapeutics. Thus, it is imperative to identify new therapeutic targets and explore novel treatment strategies to improve patients’ overall survival time and quality of …


An Ewas Of Dementia Biomarkers And Their Associations With Age, African Ancestry, And Ptsd, Mark W. Miller, Erika J. Wolf, Xiang Zhao, Mark W. Logue, Sage E. Hawn 2024 Boston University

An Ewas Of Dementia Biomarkers And Their Associations With Age, African Ancestry, And Ptsd, Mark W. Miller, Erika J. Wolf, Xiang Zhao, Mark W. Logue, Sage E. Hawn

Psychology Faculty Publications

Background

Large-scale cohort and epidemiological studies suggest that PTSD confers risk for dementia in later life but the biological mechanisms underlying this association remain unknown. This study examined this question by assessing the influences of PTSD, APOE ε4 genotypes, DNA methylation, and other variables on the age- and dementia-associated biomarkers Aβ40, Aβ42, GFAP, NfL, and pTau-181 measured in plasma. Our primary hypothesis was that PTSD would be associated with elevated levels of these markers.

Methods

Analyses were based on data from a PTSD-enriched cohort of 849 individuals. We began by performing factor analyses of the biomarkers, the results of which …


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