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A Screen Of Fda-Approved Drugs Identifies Inhibitors Of Protein Tyrosine Phosphatase 4a3 (Ptp4a3 Or Prl-3), Dylan R. Rivas, Mark Vincent C. Dela Cerna, Caroline N. Smith, Shilpa Sampathi, Blaine G. Patty, Donghan Lee, Jessica S. Blackburn 2021 University of Kentucky

A Screen Of Fda-Approved Drugs Identifies Inhibitors Of Protein Tyrosine Phosphatase 4a3 (Ptp4a3 Or Prl-3), Dylan R. Rivas, Mark Vincent C. Dela Cerna, Caroline N. Smith, Shilpa Sampathi, Blaine G. Patty, Donghan Lee, Jessica S. Blackburn

Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry Faculty Publications

Protein tyrosine phosphatase 4A3 (PTP4A3 or PRL-3) is highly expressed in a variety of cancers, where it promotes tumor cell migration and metastasis leading to poor prognosis. Despite its clinical significance, small molecule inhibitors of PRL-3 are lacking. Here, we screened 1443 FDA-approved drugs for their ability to inhibit the activity of the PRL phosphatase family. We identified five specific inhibitors for PRL-3 as well as one selective inhibitor of PRL-2. Additionally, we found nine drugs that broadly and significantly suppressed PRL activity. Two of these broad-spectrum PRL inhibitors, Salirasib and Candesartan, blocked PRL-3-induced migration in human embryonic kidney cells ...


Understanding The Effect Of Adaptive Mutations On The Three-Dimensional Structure Of Rna, Justin Cook 2021 Duquesne University

Understanding The Effect Of Adaptive Mutations On The Three-Dimensional Structure Of Rna, Justin Cook

Undergraduate Research and Scholarship Symposium

Single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) are variations in the genome where one base pair can differ between individuals.1 SNPs occur throughout the genome and can correlate to a disease-state if they occur in a functional region of DNA.1According to the central dogma of molecular biology, any variation in the DNA sequence will have a direct effect on the RNA sequence and will potentially alter the identity or conformation of a protein product. A single RNA molecule, due to intramolecular base pairing, can acquire a plethora of 3-D conformations that are described by its structural ensemble. One SNP, rs12477830, which ...


Epigenome-Wide Association Study Of Kidney Function Identifies Trans-Ethnic And Ethnic-Specific Loci, Charles E. Breeze, Anna Batorsky, Mi Kyeong Lee, Mindy D. Szeto, Xiaoguang Xu, Daniel L. McCartney, Rong Jiang, Amit Patki, Holly J. Kramer, James M. Eales, Laura Raffield, Leslie Lange, Ethan Lange, Peter Durda, Yongmei Liu, Russ P. Tracy, David Van Den Berg, NHLBI Trans-Omics for Precision Medicine (TOPMed) Consortium, TOPMed MESA Multi-Omics Working Group, Kathryn L. Evans, William E. Kraus, Donna K. Arnett 2021 National Cancer Institute

Epigenome-Wide Association Study Of Kidney Function Identifies Trans-Ethnic And Ethnic-Specific Loci, Charles E. Breeze, Anna Batorsky, Mi Kyeong Lee, Mindy D. Szeto, Xiaoguang Xu, Daniel L. Mccartney, Rong Jiang, Amit Patki, Holly J. Kramer, James M. Eales, Laura Raffield, Leslie Lange, Ethan Lange, Peter Durda, Yongmei Liu, Russ P. Tracy, David Van Den Berg, Nhlbi Trans-Omics For Precision Medicine (Topmed) Consortium, Topmed Mesa Multi-Omics Working Group, Kathryn L. Evans, William E. Kraus, Donna K. Arnett

Epidemiology Faculty Publications

BACKGROUND: DNA methylation (DNAm) is associated with gene regulation and estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), a measure of kidney function. Decreased eGFR is more common among US Hispanics and African Americans. The causes for this are poorly understood. We aimed to identify trans-ethnic and ethnic-specific differentially methylated positions (DMPs) associated with eGFR using an agnostic, genome-wide approach.

METHODS: The study included up to 5428 participants from multi-ethnic studies for discovery and 8109 participants for replication. We tested the associations between whole blood DNAm and eGFR using beta values from Illumina 450K or EPIC arrays. Ethnicity-stratified analyses were performed using linear ...


Ciliary Extracellular Vesicles Are Distinct From The Cytosolic Extracellular Vesicles, Ashraf M. Mohieldin, Rajasekharreddy Pala, Richard Beuttler, James J. Moresco, John R. Yates III, Surya M. Nauli 2021 Chapman University

Ciliary Extracellular Vesicles Are Distinct From The Cytosolic Extracellular Vesicles, Ashraf M. Mohieldin, Rajasekharreddy Pala, Richard Beuttler, James J. Moresco, John R. Yates Iii, Surya M. Nauli

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

Extracellular vesicles (EVs) are cell‐derived membrane vesicles that are released into the extracellular space. EVs encapsulate key proteins and mediate intercellular signalling pathways. Recently, primary cilia have been shown to release EVs under fluid‐shear flow, but many proteins encapsulated in these vesicles have never been identified. Primary cilia are ubiquitous mechanosensory organelles that protrude from the apical surface of almost all human cells. Primary cilia also serve as compartments for signalling pathways, and their defects have been associated with a wide range of human genetic diseases called ciliopathies. To better understand the mechanism of ciliopathies, it is imperative ...


Rare Deleterious Mutations Of Hnrnp Genes Result In Shared Neurodevelopmental Disorders., Madelyn A. Gillentine, Tianyun Wang, Kendra Hoekzema, Jill Rosenfeld, Pengfei Liu, Hui Guo, Chang N. Kim, Bert B A De Vries, Lisenka E L M Vissers, Magnus Nordenskjold, Malin Kvarnung, Anna Lindstrand, Ann Nordgren, Jozef Gecz, Maria Iascone, Anna Cereda, Agnese Scatigno, Silvia Maitz, Ginevra Zanni, Enrico Bertini, Christiane Zweier, Sarah Schuhmann, Antje Wiesener, Micah Pepper, Heena Panjwani, Erin Torti, Farida Abid, Irina Anselm, Siddharth Srivastava, Paldeep Atwal, Carlos A. Bacino, Gifty Bhat, Katherine Cobian, Lynne M. Bird, Jennifer Friedman, Meredith S. Wright, Bert Callewaert, Florence Petit, Sophie Mathieu, Alexandra Afenjar, Celenie K. Christensen, Kerry M. White, Orly Elpeleg, Itai Berger, Edward J. Espineli, Christina Fagerberg, Charlotte Brasch-Andersen, Lars Kjærsgaard Hansen, Timothy Feyma, Susan Starling Hughes, Isabelle Thiffault, Bonnie Sullivan, Shuang Yan, Kory Keller, Boris Keren, Cyril Mignot, Frank Kooy, Marije Meuwissen, Alice Basinger, Mary Kukolich, Meredith Philips, Lucia Ortega, Margaret Drummond-Borg, Mathilde Lauridsen, Kristina Sorensen, Anna Lehman, CAUSES Study, Elena Lopez-Rangel, Paul Levy, Davor Lessel, Timothy Lotze, Suneeta Madan-Khetarpal, Jessica Sebastian, Jodie Vento, Divya Vats, L Manace Benman, Shane Mckee, Ghayda M. Mirzaa, Candace Muss, John Pappas, Hilde Peeters, Corrado Romano, Maurizio Elia, Ornella Galesi, Marleen E H Simon, Koen L I van Gassen, Kara Simpson, Robert Stratton, Sabeen Syed, Julien Thevenon, Irene Valenzuela Palafoll, Antonio Vitobello, Marie Bournez, Laurence Faivre, Kun Xia, SPARK Consortium, Rachel K. Earl, Tomasz Nowakowski, Raphael A. Bernier, Evan E. Eichler 2021 Children's Mercy Hospital

Rare Deleterious Mutations Of Hnrnp Genes Result In Shared Neurodevelopmental Disorders., Madelyn A. Gillentine, Tianyun Wang, Kendra Hoekzema, Jill Rosenfeld, Pengfei Liu, Hui Guo, Chang N. Kim, Bert B A De Vries, Lisenka E L M Vissers, Magnus Nordenskjold, Malin Kvarnung, Anna Lindstrand, Ann Nordgren, Jozef Gecz, Maria Iascone, Anna Cereda, Agnese Scatigno, Silvia Maitz, Ginevra Zanni, Enrico Bertini, Christiane Zweier, Sarah Schuhmann, Antje Wiesener, Micah Pepper, Heena Panjwani, Erin Torti, Farida Abid, Irina Anselm, Siddharth Srivastava, Paldeep Atwal, Carlos A. Bacino, Gifty Bhat, Katherine Cobian, Lynne M. Bird, Jennifer Friedman, Meredith S. Wright, Bert Callewaert, Florence Petit, Sophie Mathieu, Alexandra Afenjar, Celenie K. Christensen, Kerry M. White, Orly Elpeleg, Itai Berger, Edward J. Espineli, Christina Fagerberg, Charlotte Brasch-Andersen, Lars Kjærsgaard Hansen, Timothy Feyma, Susan Starling Hughes, Isabelle Thiffault, Bonnie Sullivan, Shuang Yan, Kory Keller, Boris Keren, Cyril Mignot, Frank Kooy, Marije Meuwissen, Alice Basinger, Mary Kukolich, Meredith Philips, Lucia Ortega, Margaret Drummond-Borg, Mathilde Lauridsen, Kristina Sorensen, Anna Lehman, Causes Study, Elena Lopez-Rangel, Paul Levy, Davor Lessel, Timothy Lotze, Suneeta Madan-Khetarpal, Jessica Sebastian, Jodie Vento, Divya Vats, L Manace Benman, Shane Mckee, Ghayda M. Mirzaa, Candace Muss, John Pappas, Hilde Peeters, Corrado Romano, Maurizio Elia, Ornella Galesi, Marleen E H Simon, Koen L I Van Gassen, Kara Simpson, Robert Stratton, Sabeen Syed, Julien Thevenon, Irene Valenzuela Palafoll, Antonio Vitobello, Marie Bournez, Laurence Faivre, Kun Xia, Spark Consortium, Rachel K. Earl, Tomasz Nowakowski, Raphael A. Bernier, Evan E. Eichler

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

BACKGROUND: With the increasing number of genomic sequencing studies, hundreds of genes have been implicated in neurodevelopmental disorders (NDDs). The rate of gene discovery far outpaces our understanding of genotype-phenotype correlations, with clinical characterization remaining a bottleneck for understanding NDDs. Most disease-associated Mendelian genes are members of gene families, and we hypothesize that those with related molecular function share clinical presentations.

METHODS: We tested our hypothesis by considering gene families that have multiple members with an enrichment of de novo variants among NDDs, as determined by previous meta-analyses. One of these gene families is the heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoproteins (hnRNPs), which ...


Genetic Perturbation Of Pu.1 Binding And Chromatin Looping At Neutrophil Enhancers Associates With Autoimmune Disease., Stephen Watt, Louella Vasquez, Klaudia Walter, Alice L. Mann, Kousik Kundu, Lu Chen, Ying Sims, Simone Ecker, Frances Burden, Samantha Farrow, Ben Farr, Valentina Iotchkova, Heather Elding, Daniel Mead, Manuel Tardaguila, Hannes Ponstingl, David Richardson, Avik Datta, Paul Flicek, Laura Clarke, Kate Downes, T Pastinen, Peter Fraser, Mattia Frontini, Biola-Maria Javierre, Mikhail Spivakov, Nicole Soranzo 2021 Children's Mercy Hospital

Genetic Perturbation Of Pu.1 Binding And Chromatin Looping At Neutrophil Enhancers Associates With Autoimmune Disease., Stephen Watt, Louella Vasquez, Klaudia Walter, Alice L. Mann, Kousik Kundu, Lu Chen, Ying Sims, Simone Ecker, Frances Burden, Samantha Farrow, Ben Farr, Valentina Iotchkova, Heather Elding, Daniel Mead, Manuel Tardaguila, Hannes Ponstingl, David Richardson, Avik Datta, Paul Flicek, Laura Clarke, Kate Downes, T Pastinen, Peter Fraser, Mattia Frontini, Biola-Maria Javierre, Mikhail Spivakov, Nicole Soranzo

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

Neutrophils play fundamental roles in innate immune response, shape adaptive immunity, and are a potentially causal cell type underpinning genetic associations with immune system traits and diseases. Here, we profile the binding of myeloid master regulator PU.1 in primary neutrophils across nearly a hundred volunteers. We show that variants associated with differential PU.1 binding underlie genetically-driven differences in cell count and susceptibility to autoimmune and inflammatory diseases. We integrate these results with other multi-individual genomic readouts, revealing coordinated effects of PU.1 binding variants on the local chromatin state, enhancer-promoter contacts and downstream gene expression, and providing a ...


Delta-Like 4 Is Required For Pulmonary Vascular Arborization And Alveolarization In The Developing Lung., Sheng Xia, Heather Menden, Nick Townley, Sherry M. Mabry, Jeffrey J. Johnston, Michael F. Nyp, Daniel P. Heruth, Thomas Korfhagen, Venkatesh Sampath 2021 Children's Mercy Hospital

Delta-Like 4 Is Required For Pulmonary Vascular Arborization And Alveolarization In The Developing Lung., Sheng Xia, Heather Menden, Nick Townley, Sherry M. Mabry, Jeffrey J. Johnston, Michael F. Nyp, Daniel P. Heruth, Thomas Korfhagen, Venkatesh Sampath

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

The molecular mechanisms by which endothelial cells (ECs) regulate pulmonary vascularization and contribute to alveolar epithelial cell development during lung morphogenesis remain unknown. We tested the hypothesis that delta-like 4 (DLL4), an EC Notch ligand, is critical for alveolarization by combining lung mapping and functional studies in human tissue and DLL4-haploinsufficient mice (Dll4+/lacz). DLL4 expressed in a PECAM-restricted manner in capillaries, arteries, and the alveolar septum from the canalicular to alveolar stage in mice and humans. Dll4 haploinsufficiency resulted in exuberant, nondirectional vascular patterning at E17.5 and P6, followed by smaller capillaries and fewer intermediate blood vessels at ...


Genomic Education – Bench To Bedside: A Novel Approach To Teaching Genetic Diagnosis, J. Keith Williams, Michael M. Segal, Lynn K. Feldman 2021 Nova Southeastern University, Ft. Lauderdale

Genomic Education – Bench To Bedside: A Novel Approach To Teaching Genetic Diagnosis, J. Keith Williams, Michael M. Segal, Lynn K. Feldman

Internet Journal of Allied Health Sciences and Practice

Problem: Teaching genetic diagnosis is required in all medical schools and physician assistant programs. However, with thousands of relevant findings and thousands more rare diseases, lectures and narrative resources are inadequate for the task. Whatever information that is taught is easily forgotten and does not carry over into the clinic. Many rare disease patients suffer through “diagnostic odysseys” (3 to 30 years to correct diagnosis). Approach: We used a commercially available diagnostic decision support system (DDSS) that encompasses all Mendelian disorders with known genes, together with other conditions in their differential diagnosis, and a case-based educational approach to teach diagnostic ...


The Transcriptional Trajectories Of Pluripotency And Differentiation Comprise Genes With Antithetical Architecture And Repetitive-Element Content., Aristeidis G. Telonis, Isidore Rigoutsos 2021 Computational Medicine Center, Sidney Kimmel College of Medicine, Thomas Jefferson University, 1020 Locust Street, Suite M81, Philadelphia, PA 19107, United States; Department of Human Genetics, Miller School of Medicine, University of Miami, Miami, FL 33136, United States

The Transcriptional Trajectories Of Pluripotency And Differentiation Comprise Genes With Antithetical Architecture And Repetitive-Element Content., Aristeidis G. Telonis, Isidore Rigoutsos

Computational Medicine Center Faculty Papers

BACKGROUND: Extensive molecular differences exist between proliferative and differentiated cells. Here, we conduct a meta-analysis of publicly available transcriptomic datasets from preimplantation and differentiation stages examining the architectural properties and content of genes whose abundance changes significantly across developmental time points.

RESULTS: Analysis of preimplantation embryos from human and mouse showed that short genes whose introns are enriched in Alu (human) and B (mouse) elements, respectively, have higher abundance in the blastocyst compared to the zygote. These highly expressed genes encode ribosomal proteins or metabolic enzymes. On the other hand, long genes whose introns are depleted in repetitive elements have ...


Genome-Wide Association Meta-Analysis Identifies Pleiotropic Risk Loci For Aerodigestive Squamous Cell Cancers, Corina Lesseur, Aida Ferreiro-Iglesias, James D. McKay, Yohan Bossé, Mattias Johansson, Valerie Gaborieau, Maria Teresa Landi, David C. Christiani, Neil C. Caporaso, Stig E. Bojesen, Christopher I. Amos, Sanjay Shete, Geoffrey Liu, Gadi Rennert, Demetrius Albanes, Melinda C. Aldrich, Adonina Tardon, Chu Chen, Liloglou Triantafillos, John K. Field, Susanne Arnold 2021 World Health Organization

Genome-Wide Association Meta-Analysis Identifies Pleiotropic Risk Loci For Aerodigestive Squamous Cell Cancers, Corina Lesseur, Aida Ferreiro-Iglesias, James D. Mckay, Yohan Bossé, Mattias Johansson, Valerie Gaborieau, Maria Teresa Landi, David C. Christiani, Neil C. Caporaso, Stig E. Bojesen, Christopher I. Amos, Sanjay Shete, Geoffrey Liu, Gadi Rennert, Demetrius Albanes, Melinda C. Aldrich, Adonina Tardon, Chu Chen, Liloglou Triantafillos, John K. Field, Susanne Arnold

Markey Cancer Center Faculty Publications

Squamous cell carcinomas (SqCC) of the aerodigestive tract have similar etiological risk factors. Although genetic risk variants for individual cancers have been identified, an agnostic, genome-wide search for shared genetic susceptibility has not been performed. To identify novel and pleotropic SqCC risk variants, we performed a meta-analysis of GWAS data on lung SqCC (LuSqCC), oro/pharyngeal SqCC (OSqCC), laryngeal SqCC (LaSqCC) and esophageal SqCC (ESqCC) cancers, totaling 13,887 cases and 61,961 controls of European ancestry. We identified one novel genome-wide significant (Pmeta< 5x10-8) aerodigestive SqCC susceptibility loci in the 2q33.1 region (rs56321285, TMEM273). Additionally, three previously ...


Association Of Cardiovascular Health And Epigenetic Age Acceleration, Tess D. Pottinger, Sadiya S. Khan, Yinan Zheng, Wei Zhang, Hilary A. Tindle, Matthew Allison, Gretchen Wells, Aladdin H. Shadyab, Rami Nassir, Lisa Warsinger Martin, JoAnn E. Manson, Donald M. Lloyd-Jones, Philip Greenland, Andrea A. Baccarelli, Eric A. Whitsel, Lifang Hou 2021 Northwestern University

Association Of Cardiovascular Health And Epigenetic Age Acceleration, Tess D. Pottinger, Sadiya S. Khan, Yinan Zheng, Wei Zhang, Hilary A. Tindle, Matthew Allison, Gretchen Wells, Aladdin H. Shadyab, Rami Nassir, Lisa Warsinger Martin, Joann E. Manson, Donald M. Lloyd-Jones, Philip Greenland, Andrea A. Baccarelli, Eric A. Whitsel, Lifang Hou

Nursing Faculty Publications

BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular health (CVH) has been defined by the American Heart Association (AHA) as the presence of the "Life's Simple 7" ideal lifestyle and clinical factors. CVH is known to predict longevity and freedom from cardiovascular disease, the leading cause of death for women in the United States. DNA methylation markers of aging have been aggregated into a composite epigenetic age score, which is associated with cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. However, it is unknown whether poor CVH is associated with acceleration of aging as measured by DNA methylation markers in epigenetic age.

METHODS AND RESULTS: We performed a cross-sectional ...


Sars-Cov-2 Early Infection Signature Identified Potential Key Infection Mechanisms And Drug Targets, Yue Li, Ashley Duche, Michael R. Sayer, Don Roosan, Farid G. Khalafalla, Rennolds S. Ostrom, Jennifer Totonchy, Moom Roosan 2021 Chapman University

Sars-Cov-2 Early Infection Signature Identified Potential Key Infection Mechanisms And Drug Targets, Yue Li, Ashley Duche, Michael R. Sayer, Don Roosan, Farid G. Khalafalla, Rennolds S. Ostrom, Jennifer Totonchy, Moom Roosan

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

Background

The ongoing COVID-19 outbreak has caused devastating mortality and posed a significant threat to public health worldwide. Despite the severity of this illness and 2.3 million worldwide deaths, the disease mechanism is mostly unknown. Previous studies that characterized differential gene expression due to SARS-CoV-2 infection lacked robust validation. Although vaccines are now available, effective treatment options are still out of reach.

Results

To characterize the transcriptional activity of SARS-CoV-2 infection, a gene signature consisting of 25 genes was generated using a publicly available RNA-Sequencing (RNA-Seq) dataset of cultured cells infected with SARS-CoV-2. The signature estimated infection level accurately ...


Racial Disparities In Necrotizing Enterocolitis., Alain Cuna, Venkatesh Sampath, Minesh Khashu 2021 Children's Mercy Hospital

Racial Disparities In Necrotizing Enterocolitis., Alain Cuna, Venkatesh Sampath, Minesh Khashu

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is a serious disease of the intestinal tract affecting 5-10% of pre-term infants with up to 50% mortality in those that require surgery. There is wide variation in the rates and outcomes of NEC by race and ethnicity, and the reasons for this disparity are poorly understood. In this article, we review the epidemiology and discuss possible explanations for racial and ethnic differences in NEC. Most of the current evidence investigating the role of race in NEC comes from North America and suggests that Hispanic ethnicity and non-Hispanic Black race are associated with higher risk of NEC ...


Long-Term Effects Of Very Low Dose Particle Radiation On Gene Expression In The Heart: Degenerative Disease Risks, Venkata Naga Srikanth Garikipati, Arsen Arakelyan, Eleanor A Blakely, Polly Y Chang, May M Truongcao, Maria Cimini, Vandana Malaredy, Anamika Bajpai, Sankar Addya, Malik Bisserier, Agnieszka Brojakowska, Abrisham Eskandari, Mary K Khlgatian, Lahouaria Hadri, Kenneth M Fish, Raj Kishore, David A Goukassian 2021 The Ohio State University

Long-Term Effects Of Very Low Dose Particle Radiation On Gene Expression In The Heart: Degenerative Disease Risks, Venkata Naga Srikanth Garikipati, Arsen Arakelyan, Eleanor A Blakely, Polly Y Chang, May M Truongcao, Maria Cimini, Vandana Malaredy, Anamika Bajpai, Sankar Addya, Malik Bisserier, Agnieszka Brojakowska, Abrisham Eskandari, Mary K Khlgatian, Lahouaria Hadri, Kenneth M Fish, Raj Kishore, David A Goukassian

Kimmel Cancer Center Faculty Papers

Compared to low doses of gamma irradiation (γ-IR), high-charge-and-energy (HZE) particle IR may have different biological response thresholds in cardiac tissue at lower doses, and these effects may be IR type and dose dependent. Three- to four-month-old female CB6F1/Hsd mice were exposed once to one of four different doses of the following types of radiation: γ-IR 137Cs (40-160 cGy, 0.662 MeV), 14Si-IR (4-32 cGy, 260 MeV/n), or 22Ti-IR (3-26 cGy, 1 GeV/n). At 16 months post-exposure, animals were sacrificed and hearts were harvested and archived as part of the NASA Space Radiation Tissue Sharing Forum. These ...


Sequencing Of 53,831 Diverse Genomes From The Nhlbi Topmed Program, Daniel Taliun, Daniel N. Harris, Michael D. Kessler, Jedidiah Carlson, John Blangero, Joanne E. Curran, Michael C. Mahaney, Harald H. H. Goring, Ravindranath Duggirala, Juan M. Peralta 2021 The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley

Sequencing Of 53,831 Diverse Genomes From The Nhlbi Topmed Program, Daniel Taliun, Daniel N. Harris, Michael D. Kessler, Jedidiah Carlson, John Blangero, Joanne E. Curran, Michael C. Mahaney, Harald H. H. Goring, Ravindranath Duggirala, Juan M. Peralta

School of Medicine Publications and Presentations

The Trans-Omics for Precision Medicine (TOPMed) programme seeks to elucidate the genetic architecture and biology of heart, lung, blood and sleep disorders, with the ultimate goal of improving diagnosis, treatment and prevention of these diseases. The initial phases of the programme focused on whole-genome sequencing of individuals with rich phenotypic data and diverse backgrounds. Here we describe the TOPMed goals and design as well as the available resources and early insights obtained from the sequence data. The resources include a variant browser, a genotype imputation server, and genomic and phenotypic data that are available through dbGaP (Database of Genotypes and ...


Impaired Eif5a Function Causes A Mendelian Disorder That Is Partially Rescued In Model Systems By Spermidine., Víctor Faundes, Martin D. Jennings, Siobhan Crilly, Sarah Legraie, Sarah E. Withers, Sara Cuvertino, Sally J. Davies, Andrew G L Douglas, Andrew E. Fry, Victoria Harrison, Jeanne Amiel, Daphné Lehalle, William G. Newman, Patricia Newkirk, Judith Ranells, Miranda Splitt, Laura A. Cross, Carol J. Saunders, Bonnie Sullivan, Jorge L. Granadillo, Christopher T. Gordon, Paul R. Kasher, Graham D. Pavitt, Siddharth Banka 2021 Children's Mercy Hospital

Impaired Eif5a Function Causes A Mendelian Disorder That Is Partially Rescued In Model Systems By Spermidine., Víctor Faundes, Martin D. Jennings, Siobhan Crilly, Sarah Legraie, Sarah E. Withers, Sara Cuvertino, Sally J. Davies, Andrew G L Douglas, Andrew E. Fry, Victoria Harrison, Jeanne Amiel, Daphné Lehalle, William G. Newman, Patricia Newkirk, Judith Ranells, Miranda Splitt, Laura A. Cross, Carol J. Saunders, Bonnie Sullivan, Jorge L. Granadillo, Christopher T. Gordon, Paul R. Kasher, Graham D. Pavitt, Siddharth Banka

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

The structure of proline prevents it from adopting an optimal position for rapid protein synthesis. Poly-proline-tract (PPT) associated ribosomal stalling is resolved by highly conserved eIF5A, the only protein to contain the amino acid hypusine. We show that de novo heterozygous EIF5A variants cause a disorder characterized by variable combinations of developmental delay, microcephaly, micrognathia and dysmorphism. Yeast growth assays, polysome profiling, total/hypusinated eIF5A levels and PPT-reporters studies reveal that the variants impair eIF5A function, reduce eIF5A-ribosome interactions and impair the synthesis of PPT-containing proteins. Supplementation with 1 mM spermidine partially corrects the yeast growth defects, improves the polysome ...


Dahili Tıp Bilimleri Tanı Ve Tedavi, Hakan Kaya, Hüseyin Kafadar, Rabia Tutuncu Toker, Ali Topak, Kemal Dinç, Bahar Yılmaz Çankaya, Ferit Durankuş, Fatma Kurt Çolak, Attila Önmez, Mehmet Emin Parlak, Selma Eroğlu, Serçin Taşar 2021 Adiyaman University

Dahili Tıp Bilimleri Tanı Ve Tedavi, Hakan Kaya, Hüseyin Kafadar, Rabia Tutuncu Toker, Ali Topak, Kemal Dinç, Bahar Yılmaz Çankaya, Ferit Durankuş, Fatma Kurt Çolak, Attila Önmez, Mehmet Emin Parlak, Selma Eroğlu, Serçin Taşar

Health Sciences

Bu kitapta konjenital ayna hareketi bozukluğu, artrografi öncesi intraartiküler enjeksiyonu, otizm spektrum bozuklukları, genetik danışma, hipoglisemi ve diyabetin akut komplikasyonları, çocuklarda akut otitis media, gerçek nörojenik torasik çıkış sendromu, çocukluk çağı tiroid hastalıkları ele alınmıştır.


The Role Of Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor In Leukemia Trafficking, Shaw Powell 2021 University of Kentucky

The Role Of Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor In Leukemia Trafficking, Shaw Powell

Theses and Dissertations--Medical Sciences

Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is a signaling protein involved in inducing and regulating endothelial cell proliferation and function (Duffy et al 2000). VEGF is also involved in cancer progression, as it induces vascular permeability and promotes angiogenesis to tumor laden areas, giving cancer cells critical oxygen and nutrients (Hoeppner et al.,2012. Studies indicate VEGF prevents lymphoblast apoptosis, which may contribute to leukemia formation and enable the proliferation of leukemic cells (Duffy et al 2000). Ongoing research seeks to further examine VEGF in leukemia, using a rag2:GFP-Myc expressing transgenic zebrafish as the animal model of T-cell Acute Lymphoblastic ...


Cornelia De Lange Syndrome Research From 1953 To 2020: A Bibliometric Analysis, Dr. Mirza Muhammad Naseer, Dr. Abu Waris 2021 Assistant Professor, Deanship of Library Affairs, Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University Post Box. No. 1982, Dammam, Saudi Arabia

Cornelia De Lange Syndrome Research From 1953 To 2020: A Bibliometric Analysis, Dr. Mirza Muhammad Naseer, Dr. Abu Waris

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

The present study was conducted to explore various aspects of Cornelia de Lange Syndrome (CdLS) research publications including annual scientific productivity, top contributing authors and their impact, top contributing countries and organizations, most relevant sources of publication, highly cited documents, and most frequently used words. Bibliometric methods were used to investigate these aspects of CdLS research publications. Results of the study disclosed that the annual scientific productivity of CdLS literature is increasing gradually with the passage of time. A. Selicorni contributed the highest number of publications (45) to CdLS literature while I. D. Krantz had the highest impact in the ...


Goblet Cell Carcinoma Of The Appendix: A Case Report On Goblet Cell Carcinoid, Sheliza Kabani, Aubtin Saedi, Austin Lehr, Lina O'Brien 2020 Menorah Medical Center

Goblet Cell Carcinoma Of The Appendix: A Case Report On Goblet Cell Carcinoid, Sheliza Kabani, Aubtin Saedi, Austin Lehr, Lina O'Brien

HCA Healthcare Journal of Medicine

Goblet cell carcinoid of the appendix is a rare neoplasm with histological features of both neuroendocrine and adenocarcinomas. The combination of its aggressive behavior, infrequent occurrence, and variable clinical presentation convolutes the management of this tumor. We report the case of a 75-year-old female presenting with acute appendicitis. A laparoscopic appendectomy was performed. The pathology report showed goblet cell carcinoid at the base of the appendix with involvement of the proximal surgical margins. At her postoperative visit, the patient’s pathology report and options for management were reviewed, and the patient agreed to proceed with a right hemicolectomy 8-10 weeks ...


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