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Quantitative Proteomic Analysis Reveals Unique Hsp90 Cycle-Dependent Client Interactions, Erick I Rios, Davi Gonçalves, Kevin A Morano, Jill L Johnson 2024 The Texas Medical Center Library

Quantitative Proteomic Analysis Reveals Unique Hsp90 Cycle-Dependent Client Interactions, Erick I Rios, Davi Gonçalves, Kevin A Morano, Jill L Johnson

Journal Articles

Hsp90 is an abundant and essential molecular chaperone that mediates the folding and activation of client proteins in a nucleotide-dependent cycle. Hsp90 inhibition directly or indirectly impacts the function of 10-15% of all proteins due to degradation of client proteins or indirect downstream effects. Due to its role in chaperoning oncogenic proteins, Hsp90 is an important drug target. However, compounds that occupy the ATP-binding pocket and broadly inhibit function have not achieved widespread use due to negative effects. More selective inhibitors are needed; however, it is unclear how to achieve selective inhibition. We conducted a quantitative proteomic analysis of soluble …


Maackia Amurensis Seed Lectin (Masl) And Soluble Human Podoplanin (Shpdpn) Sequence Analysis And Effects On Human Oral Squamous Cell Carcinoma (Oscc) Cell Migration And Viability, Ariel C Yin, Cayla J Holdcraft, Eamonn J Brace, Tyler J Hellmig, Sayan Basu, Saumil Parikh, Katarzyna Jachimowska, Evelyne Kalyoussef, Dylan Roden, Soly Baredes, Eugenio M Capitle, David I Suster, Alan J Shienbaum, Caifeng Zhao, Haiyan Zheng, Kevin Balcaen, Simon Devos, Jurgen Haustraete, Mahnaz Fatahzadeh, Gary S Goldberg 2024 Rowan University

Maackia Amurensis Seed Lectin (Masl) And Soluble Human Podoplanin (Shpdpn) Sequence Analysis And Effects On Human Oral Squamous Cell Carcinoma (Oscc) Cell Migration And Viability, Ariel C Yin, Cayla J Holdcraft, Eamonn J Brace, Tyler J Hellmig, Sayan Basu, Saumil Parikh, Katarzyna Jachimowska, Evelyne Kalyoussef, Dylan Roden, Soly Baredes, Eugenio M Capitle, David I Suster, Alan J Shienbaum, Caifeng Zhao, Haiyan Zheng, Kevin Balcaen, Simon Devos, Jurgen Haustraete, Mahnaz Fatahzadeh, Gary S Goldberg

Rowan-Virtua School of Osteopathic Medicine Faculty Scholarship

Maackia amurensis lectins serve as research and botanical agents that bind to sialic residues on proteins. For example, M. amurensis seed lectin (MASL) targets the sialic acid modified podoplanin (PDPN) receptor to suppress arthritic chondrocyte inflammation, and inhibit tumor cell growth and motility. However, M. amurensis lectin nomenclature and composition are not clearly defined. Here, we sought to definitively characterize MASL and its effects on tumor cell behavior. We utilized SDS-PAGE and LC-MS/MS to find that M. amurensis lectins can be divided into two groups. MASL is a member of one group which is composed of subunits that form dimers, …


Systematic-Narrative Hybrid Literature Review: Crosstalk Between Gastrointestinal Renin-Angiotensin And Dopaminergic Systems In The Regulation Of Intestinal Permeability By Tight Junctions, Nadia Khan, Magdalena Kurnik-Łucka, Gniewomir Latacz, Krzysztof Gil 2024 The Texas Medical Center Library

Systematic-Narrative Hybrid Literature Review: Crosstalk Between Gastrointestinal Renin-Angiotensin And Dopaminergic Systems In The Regulation Of Intestinal Permeability By Tight Junctions, Nadia Khan, Magdalena Kurnik-Łucka, Gniewomir Latacz, Krzysztof Gil

Journal Articles

In the first part of this article, the role of intestinal epithelial tight junctions (TJs), together with gastrointestinal dopaminergic and renin-angiotensin systems, are narratively reviewed to provide sufficient background. In the second part, the current experimental data on the interplay between gastrointestinal (GI) dopaminergic and renin-angiotensin systems in the regulation of intestinal epithelial permeability are reviewed in a systematic manner using the PRISMA methodology. Experimental data confirmed the copresence of DOPA decarboxylase (DDC) and angiotensin converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) in human and rodent enterocytes. The intestinal barrier structure and integrity can be altered by angiotensin (1-7) and dopamine (DA). Both …


Evaluation Of Fusobacterium Nucleatum Enoyl-Acp Reductase (Fabk) As A Narrow-Spectrum Drug Target, Jacob T Rutherford, Kristiana Avad, Chetna Dureja, Krissada Norseeda, Bibek Gc, Chenggang Wu, Dianqing Sun, Kirk E Hevener, Julian G Hurdle 2024 The Texas Medical Center Library

Evaluation Of Fusobacterium Nucleatum Enoyl-Acp Reductase (Fabk) As A Narrow-Spectrum Drug Target, Jacob T Rutherford, Kristiana Avad, Chetna Dureja, Krissada Norseeda, Bibek Gc, Chenggang Wu, Dianqing Sun, Kirk E Hevener, Julian G Hurdle

Journal Articles

Fusobacterium nucleatum, a pathobiont inhabiting the oral cavity, contributes to opportunistic diseases, such as periodontal diseases and gastrointestinal cancers, which involve microbiota imbalance. Broad-spectrum antimicrobial agents, while effective against F. nucleatum infections, can exacerbate dysbiosis. This necessitates the discovery of more targeted narrow-spectrum antimicrobial agents. We therefore investigated the potential for the fusobacterial enoyl-ACP reductase II (ENR II) isoenzyme FnFabK (C4N14_ 04250) as a narrow-spectrum drug target. ENRs catalyze the rate-limiting step in the bacterial fatty acid synthesis pathway. Bioinformatics revealed that of the four distinct bacterial ENR isoforms, F. nucleatum specifically encodes FnFabK. Genetic studies revealed …


Optimization Of The Antifungal Properties Of The Bacterial Peptide Entv By Variant Analysis, Shantanu Guha, Shane A Cristy, Giuseppe Buda De Cesare, Melissa R Cruz, Michael C Lorenz, Danielle A Garsin 2024 The Texas Medical Center Library

Optimization Of The Antifungal Properties Of The Bacterial Peptide Entv By Variant Analysis, Shantanu Guha, Shane A Cristy, Giuseppe Buda De Cesare, Melissa R Cruz, Michael C Lorenz, Danielle A Garsin

Journal Articles

Fungal resistance to commonly used medicines is a growing public health threat, and there is a dire need to develop new classes of antifungals. We previously described a peptide produced by Enterococcus faecalis, EntV, that restricts Candida albicans to a benign form rather than having direct fungicidal activity. Moreover, we showed that one 12-amino acid (aa) alpha helix of this peptide retained full activity, with partial activity down to the 10aa alpha helix. Using these peptides as a starting point, the current investigation sought to identify the critical features necessary for antifungal activity and to screen for new variants …


Development Of A Synthetic Biomarker System For Early Detection Of Ischemic Stroke, Mason L. Matthies 2024 University of South Dakota

Development Of A Synthetic Biomarker System For Early Detection Of Ischemic Stroke, Mason L. Matthies

Honors Thesis

Stroke, particularly Ischemic Stroke (IS) affects millions of individuals across the world each year . Current diagnostic methods like CT scans and MRI imaging have limitations in detecting minor IS due to the limited spatial resolution of the CT scan and the feasibility and access to MRIs warranting a more effective method of early detection. Natural biomarkers are currently ineffective in detecting IS prior to severe damage like rapid cell death (32,000 cells/sec) post arterial blockage because there is minimal amount of natural biomarkers expressed from minor cellular damage . Our proposed Synthetic Biomarker System (SBS) would solve this by …


The Role Of Med13 In Proteaphagy, John Sauer, Brittany Friedson, Katrina Cooper 2024 Rowan University

The Role Of Med13 In Proteaphagy, John Sauer, Brittany Friedson, Katrina Cooper

Rowan-Virtua Research Day

Regulation of proteasomes is important for adaptation to cellular stress. Previous studies have shown that following starvation stress, proteasomes are targeted for destruction by autophagy. However, how cells control proteasomes in response to nitrogen starvation remains unclear. This study delves into the intricate interplay between Med13, proteaphagy, and stress response regulation, aiming to elucidate their roles in cellular survival mechanisms. It focused on the highly conserved Cdk8 kinase module (CKM) of the Mediator complex a that plays a pivotal involvement in cellular signaling and gene regulation under stress conditions. During the investigation, we asked if the degradation of specific proteasome …


Evaluating The Association Of Influenza Vaccination On Long-Term Covid-19 Symptoms In U.S. Adults, Ratnakar Pingili 2024 University of Nebraska Medical Center

Evaluating The Association Of Influenza Vaccination On Long-Term Covid-19 Symptoms In U.S. Adults, Ratnakar Pingili

Capstone Experience

Objective. To evaluate the association of influenza vaccination in the past 12 months with Long COVID effects and clinical and sociodemographic factors.

Methods. Cross-sectional study with data from the 2022 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS), covering 415,132 non-institutionalized U.S. adults with a confirmed COVID-19 diagnosis and influenza vaccination reported within the last 12 months. Logistic regression was conducted between influenza vaccination (exposure) and Long COVID (outcome), controlling for demographic variables, pre-existing health conditions, and socioeconomic status.

Results. Of 120,603 participants, 21.89% reported Long COVID symptoms and 42.04% had received an influenza vaccine. Findings indicate a statistically significant 13% reduction …


The Contribution Of Micrornas To Rybp Silencing In Glioblastoma Multiforme, Alex B. Lee 2024 Winthrop University

The Contribution Of Micrornas To Rybp Silencing In Glioblastoma Multiforme, Alex B. Lee

Graduate Theses

Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is a highly aggressive and invasive tumor of the central nervous system (CNS). Survival rates are abysmal, with only 7.2% of patients alive 5-years after diagnosis. Because of this, understanding epigenetic alterations that give GBM tumors their aggressive phenotypes is critical for the development of more targeted and effective therapies. These alterations frequently affect a group of proteins called the Polycomb group proteins, which play important oncogenic and tumor suppressive roles in cancer. One Polycomb protein, the RING1- and YY1-binding protein (RYBP), is downregulated in a majority of GBM patients, suggesting a strong tumor suppressive property. In …


Quorum-Sensing, Magdalena Podkowik, Andrew I Perault, Gregory Putzel, Andrew Pountain, Jisun Kim, Ashley L DuMont, Erin E Zwack, Robert J Ulrich, Theodora K Karagounis, Chunyi Zhou, Andreas F Haag, Julia Shenderovich, Gregory A Wasserman, Junbeom Kwon, John Chen, Anthony R Richardson, Jeffrey N Weiser, Carla R Nowosad, Desmond S Lun, Dane Parker, Alejandro Pironti, Xilin Zhao, Karl Drlica, Itai Yanai, Victor J Torres, Bo Shopsin 2024 The Texas Medical Center Library

Quorum-Sensing, Magdalena Podkowik, Andrew I Perault, Gregory Putzel, Andrew Pountain, Jisun Kim, Ashley L Dumont, Erin E Zwack, Robert J Ulrich, Theodora K Karagounis, Chunyi Zhou, Andreas F Haag, Julia Shenderovich, Gregory A Wasserman, Junbeom Kwon, John Chen, Anthony R Richardson, Jeffrey N Weiser, Carla R Nowosad, Desmond S Lun, Dane Parker, Alejandro Pironti, Xilin Zhao, Karl Drlica, Itai Yanai, Victor J Torres, Bo Shopsin

Journal Articles

The agr quorum-sensing system links Staphylococcus aureus metabolism to virulence, in part by increasing bacterial survival during exposure to lethal concentrations of H2O2, a crucial host defense against S. aureus. We now report that protection by agr surprisingly extends beyond post-exponential growth to the exit from stationary phase when the agr system is no longer turned on. Thus, agr can be considered a constitutive protective factor. Deletion of agr resulted in decreased ATP levels and growth, despite increased rates of respiration or fermentation at appropriate oxygen tensions, suggesting that Δagr cells undergo a shift towards a hyperactive metabolic …


Trna Anticodon Cleavage By Target-Activated Crispr-Cas13a Effector, Ishita Jain, Matvey Kolesnik, Konstantin Kuznedelov, Leonid Minakhin, Natalia Morozova, Anna Shiriaeva, Alexandr Kirillov, Sofia Medvedeva, Alexei Livenskyi, Laura Kazieva, Kira S Makarova, Eugene V Koonin, Sergei Borukhov, Konstantin Severinov, Ekaterina Semenova 2024 Rutgers University - New Brunswick/Piscataway

Trna Anticodon Cleavage By Target-Activated Crispr-Cas13a Effector, Ishita Jain, Matvey Kolesnik, Konstantin Kuznedelov, Leonid Minakhin, Natalia Morozova, Anna Shiriaeva, Alexandr Kirillov, Sofia Medvedeva, Alexei Livenskyi, Laura Kazieva, Kira S Makarova, Eugene V Koonin, Sergei Borukhov, Konstantin Severinov, Ekaterina Semenova

Rowan-Virtua School of Osteopathic Medicine Faculty Scholarship

Type VI CRISPR-Cas systems are among the few CRISPR varieties that target exclusively RNA. The CRISPR RNA–guided, sequence-specific binding of target RNAs, such as phage transcripts, activates the type VI effector, Cas13. Once activated, Cas13 causes collateral RNA cleavage, which induces bacterial cell dormancy, thus protecting the host population from the phage spread. We show here that the principal form of collateral RNA degradation elicited by Leptotrichia shahii Cas13a expressed in Escherichia coli cells is the cleavage of anticodons in a subset of transfer RNAs (tRNAs) with uridine-rich anticodons. This tRNA cleavage is accompanied by inhibition of protein synthesis, thus …


Surface Charge Effects For The Hydrogen Evolution Reaction On Pt(111) Using A Modified Grand-Canonical Potential Kinetics Method, Shaoyu Kong, Min Ouyang, Yi An, Wei Cao, Xiaobo Chen 2024 The Texas Medical Center Library

Surface Charge Effects For The Hydrogen Evolution Reaction On Pt(111) Using A Modified Grand-Canonical Potential Kinetics Method, Shaoyu Kong, Min Ouyang, Yi An, Wei Cao, Xiaobo Chen

Journal Articles

Surface charges of catalysts have important influences on the thermodynamics and kinetics of electrochemical reactions. Herein, we develop a modified version of the grand-canonical potential kinetics (GCP-K) method based on density functional theory (DFT) calculations to explore the effect of surface charges on reaction thermodynamics and kinetics. Using the hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) on the Pt(111) surface as an example, we show how to track the change of surface charge in a reaction and how to analyze its influence on the kinetics. Grand-canonical calculations demonstrate that the optimum hydrogen adsorption energy on Pt under the standard hydrogen electrode condition (SHE) …


Hammerhead-Type Fxr Agonists Induce An Enhancer Rna Fincor That Ameliorates Nonalcoholic Steatohepatitis In Mice, Jinjing Chen, Ruoyu Wang, Feng Xiong, Hao Sun, Byron Kemper, Wenbo Li, Jongsook Kemper 2024 The Texas Medical Center Library

Hammerhead-Type Fxr Agonists Induce An Enhancer Rna Fincor That Ameliorates Nonalcoholic Steatohepatitis In Mice, Jinjing Chen, Ruoyu Wang, Feng Xiong, Hao Sun, Byron Kemper, Wenbo Li, Jongsook Kemper

Journal Articles

The nuclear receptor, farnesoid X receptor (FXR/NR1H4), is increasingly recognized as a promising drug target for metabolic diseases, including nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). Protein-coding genes regulated by FXR are well known, but whether FXR also acts through regulation of long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs), which vastly outnumber protein-coding genes, remains unknown. Utilizing RNA-seq and global run-on sequencing (GRO-seq) analyses in mouse liver, we found that FXR activation affects the expression of many RNA transcripts from chromatin regions bearing enhancer features. Among these we discovered a previously unannotated liver-enriched enhancer-derived lncRNA (eRNA), termed FXR-induced non-coding RNA (


First-Principles Study Of Doped, Junfeng Jin, Fang Lv, Wei Cao, Ziyu Wang 2024 The Texas Medical Center Library

First-Principles Study Of Doped, Junfeng Jin, Fang Lv, Wei Cao, Ziyu Wang

Journal Articles

Isovalent doping offers a method to enhance the thermoelectric properties of semiconductors, yet its influence on the phonon structure and propagation is often overlooked. Here, we take CdX (X=Te, Se) compounds as an example to study the role of isovalent doping in thermoelectrics by first-principles calculations in combination with the Boltzmann transport theory. The electronic and phononic properties of Cd8Se8, Cd8Se7Te, Cd8Te8, and Cd8Te7Se are compared. The results suggest that isovalent doping with CdX significantly improves the thermoelectric performance. Due to the similar properties of Se and Te atoms, the electronic properties remain unaffected. Moreover, doping enhances anharmonic phonon scattering, …


Genetic Analysis Of Hereditary Gingival Fibromatosis Associated Sos1 Missense Variants Of Uncertain Significance In Caenorhabditis Elegans, Himani Patel 2024 Jacksonville State University

Genetic Analysis Of Hereditary Gingival Fibromatosis Associated Sos1 Missense Variants Of Uncertain Significance In Caenorhabditis Elegans, Himani Patel

Theses

Hereditary gingival fibromatosis (HGF) is a disease that can present as benign overgrowth of gingival tissue in the mouth. The overgrowth can enclose the entire mouth and teeth in severe cases or present itself in a concentrated area. Researchers have identified that mutations in the SOS1 gene can be responsible for HGF. This disease can impair basic functions related to the mouth. Eating, smiling, speaking can all be affected. Additionally, excess inflammation can cause periodontal disease because of the difficulty in maintaining proper oral health. Periodontal disease can lead to severe bone loss which can lead to complete loss of …


The Role Of Pfkfb3 In Ampk-Activated Glut4 Translocation, Katherine Renee Bosch 2024 Liberty University

The Role Of Pfkfb3 In Ampk-Activated Glut4 Translocation, Katherine Renee Bosch

Senior Honors Theses

Type 2 diabetes is a chronic, potentially deadly disease that impacts millions of Americans’ lives. Type 2 diabetes is characterized by increased blood glucose levels caused by insulin resistance. The normal insulin signaling pathway leads to glucose uptake by GLUT4 through activation of the IRS-1-PI3K-Akt pathway, as well as the insulin-independent pathway that utilizes AMPK. Additionally, PFKFB3 may play a role in insulin signaling and glucose uptake. PFKFB3 is an enzyme that plays an important role in activating PFK-1, which is a rate-limiting enzyme in glycolysis. PFKFB3 is frequently studied for its role in cancer due to its role in …


Cytoplasmic Redox Imbalance In The Thioredoxin System Activates Hsf1 And Results In Hyperaccumulation Of The Sequestrase Hsp42 With Misfolded Proteins., Davi Goncalves, Duong Long Duy, Sara Peffer, Kevin A Morano 2024 The Texas Medical Center Library

Cytoplasmic Redox Imbalance In The Thioredoxin System Activates Hsf1 And Results In Hyperaccumulation Of The Sequestrase Hsp42 With Misfolded Proteins., Davi Goncalves, Duong Long Duy, Sara Peffer, Kevin A Morano

Journal Articles

Cells employ multiple systems to maintain homeostasis when experiencing environmental stress. For example, the folding of nascent polypeptides is exquisitely sensitive to proteotoxic stressors including heat, pH, and oxidative stress, and is safeguarded by a network of protein chaperones that concentrate potentially toxic misfolded proteins into transient assemblies to promote folding or degradation. The redox environment itself is buffered by both cytosolic and organellar thioredoxin and glutathione pathways. How these systems are linked is poorly understood. Here, we determine that specific disruption of the cytosolic thioredoxin system resulted in constitutive activation of the heat shock response in Saccharomyces cerevisiae and …


Unraveling Sorafenib Resistance In Hepatocellular Carcinoma: Exploring Key Facets, Dennis Kwabiah, Kyle Doxtater, Yamile Abuchard, Sophia Leslie, Ricardo Pequeno Bracho, Shaibir Hussain, Manish K. Tripathi 2024 The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley

Unraveling Sorafenib Resistance In Hepatocellular Carcinoma: Exploring Key Facets, Dennis Kwabiah, Kyle Doxtater, Yamile Abuchard, Sophia Leslie, Ricardo Pequeno Bracho, Shaibir Hussain, Manish K. Tripathi

Research Symposium

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) stands as the prevalent form of primary liver cancer worldwide, diagnosing over half a million new cases annually. Surgical interventions like hepatectomy and liver transplantation offer a potential cure for early-stage HCC. However, the prognosis for advanced stages remains grim due to drug resistance, particularly with high refractoriness rates. Sorafenib, a tyrosine kinase inhibitor, is an approved treatment for advanced HCC. Despite its use, the overall survival extension for these patients remains limited due to the drug's ineffectiveness, and the mechanism behind advanced HCC's resistance to sorafenib remains elusive. TCGA analysis of HCC patient cohorts reveals elevated …


Lncrna Impact On Regorafenib Resistance In Colorectal Cancer, Ricardo Pequeno Bracho, Kyle Doxtater, Dennis Kwabiah, Yamile Abuchard Anaya, Sophia Leslie, Mohammad Shabir Hussain, Manish Tripathi 2024 The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley

Lncrna Impact On Regorafenib Resistance In Colorectal Cancer, Ricardo Pequeno Bracho, Kyle Doxtater, Dennis Kwabiah, Yamile Abuchard Anaya, Sophia Leslie, Mohammad Shabir Hussain, Manish Tripathi

Research Symposium

Cancer metastasis is one of the deadliest aspects of the disease, with about 90% of all cancer-related deaths due to its development at different sites within the body. Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the second leading cause of cancer mortality in the United States, with 40-50% of all patients developing metastasis at some point during their fight with the disease. With the approval of Regorafenib for treating metastatic colorectal cancer, steps have been taken to combat metastasis in colorectal cancer. A vital aspect of the development of metastasis is the development of resistance to first-line chemotherapy. Regorafenib is an oral small-molecule …


Draft Genome Sequences Of Pseudomonas Strains Zfem001-005 Isolated From The Intestine Of Larval Zebrafish Danio Rerio, Sabona B Simbassa, Justin Clark, Keiko Salazar, Anthony Maresso, Anne-Marie Krachler 2024 The Texas Medical Center Library

Draft Genome Sequences Of Pseudomonas Strains Zfem001-005 Isolated From The Intestine Of Larval Zebrafish Danio Rerio, Sabona B Simbassa, Justin Clark, Keiko Salazar, Anthony Maresso, Anne-Marie Krachler

Journal Articles

Here, we report the draft genome sequences of Pseudomonas strains zfem001–005, five isolates from the intestinal microbiota of healthy larval zebrafish Danio rerio at a developmental age of 7 days post fertilization. The isolates have been identified as Pseudomonas sediminis, Pseudomonas japonica, Pseudomonas otitidis, Pseudomonas sichuanensis, and Pseudomonas tohonis, respectively.


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