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-Synuclein And Mitochondrial Dysfunction Induced Er Stress Leading To Parkinson’S Disease, Sony Hoang 2020 Iowa State University

-Synuclein And Mitochondrial Dysfunction Induced Er Stress Leading To Parkinson’S Disease, Sony Hoang

Creative Components

Parkinson’s disease is, at the neuropathological level, characterized by the death of dopaminergic neurons. PD pathogenesis is multifactorial, there are several mechanisms that malfunction leading to the death of dopaminergic neurons. The mitochondria are vital for the normal functioning of a cell, they are the primary energy generator for the cell. In addition to their energy metabolism role, mitochondria are involved in many cellular processes, such as the stress response and cell death pathways. As a result, mitochondrial impairment and the genes that are related to its functionality are linked to progressive neurodegeneration. Considering parkin, PINK1, DJ-1, and LRRK2 ...


Rna Sequencing Of Human Peripheral Nerve In Response To Injury: Distinctive Analysis Of The Nerve Repair Pathways., Andrew S. Welleford, Jorge E. Quintero, Nader El Seblani, Eric Blalock, Sumedha Gunewardena, Steven M. Shapiro, Sean M. Riordan, Peter Huettl, Zain Guduru, John A. Stanford, Craig G. van Horne, Greg A. Gerhardt 2020 Children's Mercy Hospital

Rna Sequencing Of Human Peripheral Nerve In Response To Injury: Distinctive Analysis Of The Nerve Repair Pathways., Andrew S. Welleford, Jorge E. Quintero, Nader El Seblani, Eric Blalock, Sumedha Gunewardena, Steven M. Shapiro, Sean M. Riordan, Peter Huettl, Zain Guduru, John A. Stanford, Craig G. Van Horne, Greg A. Gerhardt

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

The development of regenerative therapies for central nervous system diseases can likely benefit from an understanding of the peripheral nervous system repair process, particularly in identifying potential gene pathways involved in human nerve repair. This study employed RNA sequencing (RNA-seq) technology to analyze the whole transcriptome profile of the human peripheral nerve in response to an injury. The distal sural nerve was exposed, completely transected, and a 1 to 2 cm section of nerve fascicles was collected for RNA-seq from six participants with Parkinson's disease, ranging in age between 53 and 70 yr. Two weeks after the initial injury ...


Genetic Variations In A Cytochrome P450 Enzyme And The Effects On Clopidogrel Bioactivation And Metabolism, MaryAnne Ventura, Lauren Desko, Kimberly Gathers, Ashley Overy, David Kisor 2019 Ohio Northern University

Genetic Variations In A Cytochrome P450 Enzyme And The Effects On Clopidogrel Bioactivation And Metabolism, Maryanne Ventura, Lauren Desko, Kimberly Gathers, Ashley Overy, David Kisor

Pharmacy and Wellness Review

Clopidogrel, the top prescribed antiplatelet medication for individuals who have experienced a myocardial infarction or cerebral vascular accident or who have peripheral arterial disease, is administered orally as a prodrug. It relies on hepatic metabolism through cytochrome P450 enzymes for conversion to its active form. Current research shows that allelic variation m the gene coding for CYP2C19 is the main factor contributing to the variability of response associated with clopidogrel treatment. Through the promotion of genetic testing for variability in the CYP2C19 gene and competently interpreting test results, pharmacists have the opportunity to use these findings to significantly impact clopidogrel ...


Pharmacogenomics: Your Medical Identity, Hilary Stewart, Lisa Berni, Tyler Bulcher, Joel Rittenhouse, Ryan W. Naseman, Jon E. Sprague 2019 Ohio Northern University

Pharmacogenomics: Your Medical Identity, Hilary Stewart, Lisa Berni, Tyler Bulcher, Joel Rittenhouse, Ryan W. Naseman, Jon E. Sprague

Pharmacy and Wellness Review

Pharmacogenomics, the fusion of pharmacology and genomics, shows strong potential to solve many of today's dosing problems. lnter-patient dosing requirements, mainly due to genetic variability between patients, represent significant challenges for prescribers. Certain receptors, drug-targeted proteins, drug-transport mechanisms and drug-metabolizing enzymes are genetically established. Hence, any defect, absence or abnormality in the gene could alter how an affected individual will respond to a given drug. Due to advancements in technology, health care professionals who utilize pharmacogenomics may assess a patient's genetic profile and determine a predicted response to specific medications. This may result in potentially optimal dosing at ...


Identification And Molecular Analysis Of Dna In Exosomes, Jena Tavormina 2019 The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center UTHealth Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences

Identification And Molecular Analysis Of Dna In Exosomes, Jena Tavormina

The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center UTHealth Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences Dissertations and Theses (Open Access)

Exosomes are heterogeneous nanoparticles 50-150nm in diameter. Exosomes contain many functional cargo components, such as protein, DNA, and RNA. While protein and RNA exosome content has been extensively studied, very little work has been done to characterize exosomal DNA. Here, we demonstrate that exosomal DNA is heterogeneous and its packaging into exosomes is dependent on the cell of origin. Furthermore, through a rigorous assessment of various isolation methods, we identify Size Exclusion Chromatography (SEC) as the best method for the isolation of exosomal DNA for downstream applications. Additionally, we evaluate the methylation status of exosomal DNA and demonstrate that exosomal ...


Msto1 Mutations Cause Mtdna Depletion, Manifesting As Muscular Dystrophy With Cerebellar Involvement., S Donkervoort, R Sabouny, P Yun, L Gauquelin, K R Chao, Y Hu, I Al Khatib, A Töpf, P Mohassel, B B Cummings, R Kaur, D Saade, S A Moore, L B Waddell, M A Farrar, J K Goodrich, P Uapinyoying, S H S Chan, A Javed, M E Leach, P Karachunski, J Dalton, L Medne, A Harper, C Thompson, Isabelle Thiffault, S Specht, R E Lamont, Carol J. Saunders, H Racher, F P Bernier, D Mowat, N Witting, J Vissing, R Hanson, Keith A. Coffman, Meagan K. Hainlen, J S Parboosingh, A Carnevale, G Yoon, R E Schnur, Care4Rare Canada Consortium, K M Boycott, J K Mah, V Straub, A Reghan Foley, A M Innes, C G Bönnemann, T E Shutt 2019 Children's Mercy Hospital

Msto1 Mutations Cause Mtdna Depletion, Manifesting As Muscular Dystrophy With Cerebellar Involvement., S Donkervoort, R Sabouny, P Yun, L Gauquelin, K R Chao, Y Hu, I Al Khatib, A Töpf, P Mohassel, B B Cummings, R Kaur, D Saade, S A Moore, L B Waddell, M A Farrar, J K Goodrich, P Uapinyoying, S H S Chan, A Javed, M E Leach, P Karachunski, J Dalton, L Medne, A Harper, C Thompson, Isabelle Thiffault, S Specht, R E Lamont, Carol J. Saunders, H Racher, F P Bernier, D Mowat, N Witting, J Vissing, R Hanson, Keith A. Coffman, Meagan K. Hainlen, J S Parboosingh, A Carnevale, G Yoon, R E Schnur, Care4rare Canada Consortium, K M Boycott, J K Mah, V Straub, A Reghan Foley, A M Innes, C G Bönnemann, T E Shutt

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

MSTO1 encodes a cytosolic mitochondrial fusion protein, misato homolog 1 or MSTO1. While the full genotype-phenotype spectrum remains to be explored, pathogenic variants in MSTO1 have recently been reported in a small number of patients presenting with a phenotype of cerebellar ataxia, congenital muscle involvement with histologic findings ranging from myopathic to dystrophic and pigmentary retinopathy. The proposed underlying pathogenic mechanism of MSTO1-related disease is suggestive of impaired mitochondrial fusion secondary to a loss of function of MSTO1. Disorders of mitochondrial fusion and fission have been shown to also lead to mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) depletion, linking them to the mtDNA ...


Genetic Screening For Breast Cancer In The Primary Care Setting, Michael Nick Gomez 2019 University of the Incarnate Word

Genetic Screening For Breast Cancer In The Primary Care Setting, Michael Nick Gomez

Doctor of Nursing Practice

The purpose of this project was to increase adherence to the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force and National Comprehensive Cancer Network guidelines for breast cancer screening and genetic testing.Screening for breast cancer risk factors including genetic testing helps reduce the incidence of breast cancer. A protocol was developed based on national clinical guidelines to increase screening and genetic testing for breast cancer. Provider responsibilities included screening all patients 18 years of age and older for risks factors of breast cancer, referring patients with a significant risk based on the screening for genetic testing and providing referrals for genetic ...


Nearly Complete Genome Sequences Of 17 Enterovirus D68 Strains From Kansas City, Missouri, 2018, Suman B. Pakala, Yi Tan, Ferdaus Hassan, Annie Mai, Robert H. Markowitz, Meghan H. Shilts, Seesandra V. Rajagopala, Rangaraj Selvarangan, Suman R. Das 2019 Vanderbilt University Medical Center

Nearly Complete Genome Sequences Of 17 Enterovirus D68 Strains From Kansas City, Missouri, 2018, Suman B. Pakala, Yi Tan, Ferdaus Hassan, Annie Mai, Robert H. Markowitz, Meghan H. Shilts, Seesandra V. Rajagopala, Rangaraj Selvarangan, Suman R. Das

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

Copyright © 2019 Pakala et al. Here, we report 17 nearly complete genome sequences of enterovirus D68 (EV-D68) isolated from Kansas City, MO, in 2018. Phylogenetic analysis suggests that these strains belong to subclade B3, similar to the ones that caused the 2016 epidemics in the United States but different from the 2014 outbreak B1 strains.


#18 - Novel Genes Discovered In Normosmic Hypogonadotropic Hypogonadism (Nhh), Hannah N. Smith 2019 Augusta University

#18 - Novel Genes Discovered In Normosmic Hypogonadotropic Hypogonadism (Nhh), Hannah N. Smith

Georgia Undergraduate Research Conference (GURC)

Georgia Undergraduate Research Conference 2019 - Poster Presentation


Acute Diagnosis Of Wilson’S Disease In A Teenage Patient, Sarah Irvin, Ryan McCarthy 2019 West Virginia University School of Medicine

Acute Diagnosis Of Wilson’S Disease In A Teenage Patient, Sarah Irvin, Ryan Mccarthy

Marshall Journal of Medicine

Wilson’s Disease, a rare autosomal recessive genetic disease, is caused by a mutation in the ATP7B enzyme gene. Without this enzyme, copper builds up in the brain, liver, and cornea causing a multitude of symptoms. It is important to consider Wilson’s disease because the prognosis is dependent on timely diagnosis. This is an interesting case of a 19-year-old male who presented with suicidal thoughts and rapid weight loss. After many months and an extensive work-up, Wilson’s Disease was diagnosed. Due to his rapid decline, he was transferred to a larger university healthcare center where he is currently ...


Genetic Predispositions To Opioid Addiction, Legislative Action And Implications To Pharmacy Practice, Adam N. Trimble, David N. Jones, Courtney L. Salvino, Michael M. Milks, David Kisor 2019 Ohio Northern University

Genetic Predispositions To Opioid Addiction, Legislative Action And Implications To Pharmacy Practice, Adam N. Trimble, David N. Jones, Courtney L. Salvino, Michael M. Milks, David Kisor

Pharmacy and Wellness Review

Prescription pain-relievers can be powerfully effective agents in the treatment of moderate to severe pain; however, these drugs are also strongly associated with drug abuse and addiction. In the brain, opioid analgesics bind to various receptors in the mesocorticolimbic dopaminergic pathways, which play a multifaceted interaction of role in reward. Several specific single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) have been identified as potential genetic factors that increase an individual's risk for addiction; however, confounding studies and lack of large trials prohibit definitive conclusions from being drawn. As a result of genetic testing, federal and state laws have been enacted to protect ...


Pharmacogenetics: Where Are We Now?, Brittany Dye, Megan Meyer, Vincent Wu, Michael D. Kaine 2019 Ohio Northern University

Pharmacogenetics: Where Are We Now?, Brittany Dye, Megan Meyer, Vincent Wu, Michael D. Kaine

Pharmacy and Wellness Review

No abstract provided.


Antidepressant Dosing In Major Depression: A Pharmacogenomic Approach, Morgan Homan, Haval Norman, Victoria Cho, Yousif Rojeab 2019 Ohio Northern University

Antidepressant Dosing In Major Depression: A Pharmacogenomic Approach, Morgan Homan, Haval Norman, Victoria Cho, Yousif Rojeab

Pharmacy and Wellness Review

Major depressive disorder (MDD) is the most predominant mental disorder in the United States, with serious and costly health risks if not successfully managed. Pharmacotherapy is a standard option for MDD treatment, but patients often require extensive therapy adjustments to find a suitable regimen. Pharmacogenomics may enable greater precision in antidepressant therapy. Genotypic variations in CYP2D6 and CYP2C19 metabolic enzymes are reliable predictors of serum drug concentration, but the complex dose-response relationship of antidepressants prevents such variations from predicting therapy success. Additionally, ABCBl has been examined for its role in P-glycoprotein efflux of antidepressants in the brain, yet it is ...


The Effect Of Cyp3a5 Polymorphism On Kidney Transplant Recipients Given Tacrolimus, Samia Alam, Sunitha Johns, Haval Norman, Brian Heilbronner, Yousif Rojeab 2019 Ohio Northern University

The Effect Of Cyp3a5 Polymorphism On Kidney Transplant Recipients Given Tacrolimus, Samia Alam, Sunitha Johns, Haval Norman, Brian Heilbronner, Yousif Rojeab

Pharmacy and Wellness Review

Tacrolimus, an immunosuppressant agent indicated for organ transplants, is commonly administered to reduce the risk of renal graft rejection in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) and end stage renal disease (ESRD). Due to its narrow therapeutic index and high inter-patient variability, studies have suggested that CYP3A5-based dosing provides specialized regimens which may significantly improve the chances of achieving therapeutic concentrations. According to the Clinical Pharmacogenetics Implementation Consortium (CPIC) recommendations, extensive (CYP3A5*1/*1) and intermediate metabolizers (CYP3A5*1/*3) require a higher initial dose while poor metabolizers (CYP3A5*3/*3) require a lower initial dose in order to achieve ...


Programmed Death Pathway Inhibition: Emerging Therapeutic Options For Treatment Of Advanced Or Refractory Cancers, Katherine Elsass, Morgan Homan, Jana Randolph, Brendan Rasor, David Kinder 2019 Ohio Northern University

Programmed Death Pathway Inhibition: Emerging Therapeutic Options For Treatment Of Advanced Or Refractory Cancers, Katherine Elsass, Morgan Homan, Jana Randolph, Brendan Rasor, David Kinder

Pharmacy and Wellness Review

The programmed death-1 (PD-1) pathway has a significant role in the promotion of immune tolerance. The PD-1 receptor ligands are normally expressed on various inactive immune cells. When cancer cells express these ligands, they are able to interact with active T and B lymphocytes to induce this tolerance. Nivolumab and pembrolizumab are two recently approved agents that act to disrupt this binding and facilitate an immune response against cancer cells. Numerous trials, including KEYNOTE-002 and CheckMate 063, have demonstrated the superior safety and efficacy of these drugs in patients with advanced or refractory cancers. Initially approved for the treatment of ...


Pharmacogenetics: Cyps, Nat2 And 5-Htt Related To Antidepressants, Molly Kulp, Armond Cosiano, Kevin Krivanek, Amanda Lanker, Taylor Roberson, David F. Kisor 2019 Ohio Northern University

Pharmacogenetics: Cyps, Nat2 And 5-Htt Related To Antidepressants, Molly Kulp, Armond Cosiano, Kevin Krivanek, Amanda Lanker, Taylor Roberson, David F. Kisor

Pharmacy and Wellness Review

Pharmacogenetics (PGt), the study of a gene's influence on patient response to a drug, shows strong potential for explaining issues with efficacy related to antidepressant medications. Each year, antidepressants are one of the most commonly prescribed medications due to the millions of Americans affected by depression. Importantly, it is recognized that there is wide interpatient variability in drug response to antidepressants caused by genetic mutations, which can alter the pharmacodynamic (PD) and pharmacokinetic (PK) properties of various drugs used to treat depression. Proteins that are mainly involved in how patients respond to medications include receptors, drug-targeted proteins, drug transport ...


Phenoconversion: Drug-Drug-Gene Interactions, Molly Kulp, Emily Limberg, Brooke Marlowe, Taylor Roberson, David F. Kisor 2019 Ohio Northern University

Phenoconversion: Drug-Drug-Gene Interactions, Molly Kulp, Emily Limberg, Brooke Marlowe, Taylor Roberson, David F. Kisor

Pharmacy and Wellness Review

Based on the extensive, poor, intermediate and ultrarapid phenotypes of patients, inferences may be made relative to drug metabolism, ultimately leading to changes in therapeutic drug choice or dosing. Phenoconversion is a phenomenon that occurs when an individual's drug metabolizing capacity is altered due to the combination of a drug-drug interaction and a drug-gene interaction. Phenoconversion can affect pharmacokinetics as well as pharmacodynamics. Some examples of phenoconversions include amiodarone-warfarin, duloxetine-codeine, rifampin-clopidogrel, and rifampinwarfarin. Pharmacists must consider phenoconversion in cases of multi-drug therapy.


Overview Of Kalydeco® (Ivacaftor) For Treatment Of Cystic Fibrosis, Andrew Skouby, Kayti Kintner, Kimberly Loughlin, Emily Blum, Michael Rush 2019 Ohio Northern University

Overview Of Kalydeco® (Ivacaftor) For Treatment Of Cystic Fibrosis, Andrew Skouby, Kayti Kintner, Kimberly Loughlin, Emily Blum, Michael Rush

Pharmacy and Wellness Review

Cystic fibrosis (CF) is a genetic disease associated with specific gene mutations that presents with pulmonary inflammation and frequent lung infections, exocrine pancreatic insufficiency, altered sweat composition and declining lung function. Ivacaftor (Kalydeco®) was approved for treatment of cystic fibrosis in patients 6 years of age and older with a G551D mutation on the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) gene. Ivacaftor is a CFTR potentiator and does not work in patients with a mutation of the F508del. Efficacy has been demonstrated in several trials with a primary outcome of improved FEV1, improvements in pulmonary exacerbations, patient-reported decrease in respiratory ...


Ado-Trastuzumab Emtansine For Her2 Positive Breast Cancer, Kimberly Baucher, Taylor Beale, Maria Laikos, Eric Stack, Mary Ellen Hethcox 2019 Ohio Northern University

Ado-Trastuzumab Emtansine For Her2 Positive Breast Cancer, Kimberly Baucher, Taylor Beale, Maria Laikos, Eric Stack, Mary Ellen Hethcox

Pharmacy and Wellness Review

No abstract provided.


Use Of Pharmacogenomics In Mtm Services, Molly Kulp, Halle Orlinski, Zachary R. Jones, Zachary Crawford, David Kisor 2019 Ohio Northern University

Use Of Pharmacogenomics In Mtm Services, Molly Kulp, Halle Orlinski, Zachary R. Jones, Zachary Crawford, David Kisor

Pharmacy and Wellness Review

Incorporation of pharmacogenomic data into Medication Therapy Management (MTM) allows pharmacists to optimize treatment regimens for patients leading to better overall outcomes. Utilizing pharmacogenomics makes it easier for health care professionals to initiate medication regimens with reduced adverse reactions, improves outcomes due to specialized dosing and therapies and allows the treatment process to be as cost-effective as possible for the patient. Pharmacists have an opportunity to educate the rest of the health care team on issues such as: which ethnicities possess higher odds of carrying certain genetic variants, the most common or most relevant medications that can have variable effects ...


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