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Complexity Of Progranulin Mechanisms Of Action In Mesothelioma, Elisa Ventura, Christopher Xie, Simone Buraschi, Antonino Belfiore, Renato V. Iozzo, Antonio Giordano, Andrea Morrione 2022 Temple University

Complexity Of Progranulin Mechanisms Of Action In Mesothelioma, Elisa Ventura, Christopher Xie, Simone Buraschi, Antonino Belfiore, Renato V. Iozzo, Antonio Giordano, Andrea Morrione

Department of Pathology, Anatomy, and Cell Biology Faculty Papers

Background: Mesothelioma is an aggressive disease with limited therapeutic options. The growth factor progranulin plays a critical role in several cancer models, where it regulates tumor initiation and progression. Recent data from our laboratories have demonstrated that progranulin and its receptor, EphA2, constitute an oncogenic pathway in bladder cancer by promoting motility, invasion and in vivo tumor formation. Progranulin and EphA2 are expressed in mesothelioma cells but their mechanisms of action are not well defined. In addition, there are no data establishing whether the progranulin/EphA2 axis is tumorigenic for mesothelioma cells.

Methods: The expression of progranulin in various mesothelioma cell …


Nursing Considerations For Post-Traumatic Amnesia After A Traumatic Brain Injury, Hannah Grant 2022 Liberty University

Nursing Considerations For Post-Traumatic Amnesia After A Traumatic Brain Injury, Hannah Grant

Senior Honors Theses

A period known as post-traumatic amnesia (PTA) often follows a traumatic brain injury (TBI). PTA is characterized by anterograde and retrograde amnesia, confusion, disorientation, and agitation. The duration and severity of PTA is a key indicator of the long-term prognosis after a TBI, so proper assessment and nursing care of a PTA patient is crucial. TBIs range from mild to severe, but primarily affect the fronto-temporal lobes. In PTA, both neural lesions and white matter damage within the parahippocampal region can cause PTA. A nurse must perform a thorough assessment of a TBI patient, but, since PTA is a key …


Altered Expression Of Glycobiology-Related Genes In Parkinson’S Disease Brain, Jay S Schneider, Garima Singh 2022 Thomas Jefferson University

Altered Expression Of Glycobiology-Related Genes In Parkinson’S Disease Brain, Jay S Schneider, Garima Singh

Department of Pathology, Anatomy, and Cell Biology Faculty Papers

The precise mechanisms initiating and perpetuating the cellular degeneration in Parkinson's disease (PD) remain unclear. There is decreased expression of the main brain gangliosides, and GM1 ganglioside in particular, in the PD brain along with decreased expression of the genes coding for the glycosyltranferase and the sialyltransferase responsible for the synthesis of these brain gangliosides. However, potentially important pathogenic mechanisms contributing to the neurodegeneration in PD may also include altered levels of expression of genes involved in glycosylation, sialylation and sphingolipid synthesis and metabolism. Although various studies have described pathological lipid and glycolipid changes in PD brain, there have been …


Genome-Scale Metabolic Modeling Reveals Sequential Dysregulation Of Glutathione Metabolism In Livers From Patients With Alcoholic Hepatitis, Alexandra Manchel, Radhakrishnan Mahadevan, Ramon Bataller, Jan B. Hoek, Rajanikanth Vadigepalli 2022 Thomas Jefferson University

Genome-Scale Metabolic Modeling Reveals Sequential Dysregulation Of Glutathione Metabolism In Livers From Patients With Alcoholic Hepatitis, Alexandra Manchel, Radhakrishnan Mahadevan, Ramon Bataller, Jan B. Hoek, Rajanikanth Vadigepalli

Department of Pathology, Anatomy, and Cell Biology Faculty Papers

Alcoholic hepatitis (AH) is the most severe form of alcoholic liver disease for which there is no efficacious treatment aiding most patients. AH manifests differently in individuals, with some patients showing debilitating symptoms more so than others. Previous studies showed significant metabolic dysregulation associated with AH. Therefore, we sought to analyze how the activity of metabolic pathways differed in the liver of patients with varying degrees of AH severity. We utilized a genome-scale metabolic modeling approach that allowed for integration of a generic human cellular metabolic model with specific RNA-seq data corresponding to healthy and multiple liver disease states to …


Corneal Edema Associated With Degenerating Soemmering Ring Cataract: Clinical-Pathologic Correlation, Jordan P Safran, Nathan Nataneli, Jayesh Vazirani, Ralph C. Eagle Jr, Tatyana Milman 2022 Thomas Jefferson University

Corneal Edema Associated With Degenerating Soemmering Ring Cataract: Clinical-Pathologic Correlation, Jordan P Safran, Nathan Nataneli, Jayesh Vazirani, Ralph C. Eagle Jr, Tatyana Milman

Wills Eye Hospital Papers

Purpose: To report three patients with an uncommon delayed complication of cataract extraction: corneal edema following dispersion of calcific lens particles from a degenerating Soemmering ring cataract.

Observations: We report three patients, 75-92 years old, presenting with corneal edema and dispersed, degenerated calcific lens material in the anterior chamber and vitreous 20-30 years after cataract surgery. In all patients, calcific particles studded the posterior surface of the cornea in a gravity-dependent distribution without apparent inflammation and were associated with localized corneal edema. In one patient, calcific particles were also associated with secondary open angle glaucoma. Deposits originated from the calcified …


Data Supporting The Roles Of Bap1, Sting, And Ifn-Β In Isgf3 Activation In Ccrcc, Lauren E Langbein, Eleonora Sementino, Zhijiu Zhong, Wei Jiang, Li Li, Joseph R Testa, Haifeng Yang 2022 Thomas Jefferson University

Data Supporting The Roles Of Bap1, Sting, And Ifn-Β In Isgf3 Activation In Ccrcc, Lauren E Langbein, Eleonora Sementino, Zhijiu Zhong, Wei Jiang, Li Li, Joseph R Testa, Haifeng Yang

Department of Pathology, Anatomy, and Cell Biology Faculty Papers

The data presented in this article are companion materials to our manuscript titled "BAP1 maintains HIF-dependent interferon beta induction to suppress tumor growth in clear cell renal cell carcinoma" (Langbein et al., 2022), where we investigated the downstream effects of BAP1 (BRCA1-associated protein 1) expression in clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) cell lines and mouse xenograft models. In the manuscript, we showed that BAP1 upregulates STING (stimulator of interferon genes) expression and activity in ccRCC cells, leading to IFN-β transcription and activation of interferon stimulated gene factor 3 (ISGF3), the transcription factor that mediates the effects of type I …


Pi3k Isoform-Specific Regulation Of Leader And Follower Cell Function For Collective Migration And Proliferation In Response To Injury, Morgan D Basta, A. Menko, Janice L Walker 2022 Thomas Jefferson University

Pi3k Isoform-Specific Regulation Of Leader And Follower Cell Function For Collective Migration And Proliferation In Response To Injury, Morgan D Basta, A. Menko, Janice L Walker

Department of Pathology, Anatomy, and Cell Biology Faculty Papers

To ensure proper wound healing it is important to elucidate the signaling cues that coordinate leader and follower cell behavior to promote collective migration and proliferation for wound healing in response to injury. Using an ex vivo post-cataract surgery wound healing model we investigated the role of class I phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase (PI3K) isoforms in this process. Our findings revealed a specific role for p110α signaling independent of Akt for promoting the collective migration and proliferation of the epithelium for wound closure. In addition, we found an important role for p110α signaling in orchestrating proper polarized cytoskeletal organization within both leader and …


Bap1 Maintains Hif-Dependent Interferon Beta Induction To Suppress Tumor Growth In Clear Cell Renal Cell Carcinoma., Lauren Langbein, Rayan El Hajjar, Shen He, Eleonora Sementino, Zhijiu Zhong, Wei Jiang, Benjamin E Leiby, Li Li, Robert G Uzzo, Joseph R Testa, Haifeng Yang 2022 Thomas Jefferson University

Bap1 Maintains Hif-Dependent Interferon Beta Induction To Suppress Tumor Growth In Clear Cell Renal Cell Carcinoma., Lauren Langbein, Rayan El Hajjar, Shen He, Eleonora Sementino, Zhijiu Zhong, Wei Jiang, Benjamin E Leiby, Li Li, Robert G Uzzo, Joseph R Testa, Haifeng Yang

Department of Pathology, Anatomy, and Cell Biology Faculty Papers

BRCA1-associated protein 1 (BAP1) is a deubiquitinase that is mutated in 10-15% of clear cell renal cell carcinomas (ccRCC). Despite the association between BAP1 loss and poor clinical outcome, the critical tumor suppressor function(s) of BAP1 in ccRCC remains unclear. Previously, we found that hypoxia-inducible factor 2α (HIF2α) and BAP1 activate interferon-stimulated gene factor 3 (ISGF3), a transcription factor activated by type I interferons and a tumor suppressor in ccRCC xenograft models. Here, we aimed to determine the mechanism(s) through which HIF and BAP1 regulate ISGF3. We found that in ccRCC cells, loss of the von Hippel-Lindau tumor suppressor (VHL) …


Unreliable Automated Complete Blood Count Results: Causes, Recognition, And Resolution, Gene Gulati, Guldeep Uppal, Jerald Z. Gong 2022 Thomas Jefferson University

Unreliable Automated Complete Blood Count Results: Causes, Recognition, And Resolution, Gene Gulati, Guldeep Uppal, Jerald Z. Gong

Department of Pathology, Anatomy, and Cell Biology Faculty Papers

Automated hematology analyzers generate accurate complete blood counts (CBC) results on nearly all specimens. However, every laboratory encounters, at times, some specimens that yield no or inaccurate result(s) for one or more CBC parameters even when the analyzer is functioning properly and the manufacturer's instructions are followed to the letter. Inaccurate results, which may adversely affect patient care, are clinically unreliable and require the attention of laboratory professionals. Laboratory professionals must recognize unreliable results, determine the possible cause(s), and be acquainted with the ways to obtain reliable results on such specimens. We present a concise overview of the known causes …


Rna Isolation In Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy (Dmd) Mice Models, Salem Abu Al-Burak 2022 Western University

Rna Isolation In Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy (Dmd) Mice Models, Salem Abu Al-Burak

Undergraduate Student Research Internships Conference

Fibrosis is a progressive and typically irreversible disease process characterized by the excessive deposition of collagen in organs and in tissues of the musculoskeletal (MSK) system1,2. This process, which causes loss of organ and tissue function, can be initiated by micro-traumas3, an excessive and/or prolonged immune response1, the activation and proliferation of fibrosis-inducing progenitor cells4, and a pro-fibrotic extra-cellular microenvironment5. In parallel with the events that initiate fibrosis, genetic or environmental influences may cause cells and tissues to become predisposed to fibrosis development prior to initiation. This suggests that these …


Glucose Uptake By Glut1 In Photoreceptors Is Essential For Outer Segment Renewal And Rod Photoreceptor Survival, Lauren L. Daniele, John Y.S. Han, Ivy S Samuels, Ravikiran Komirisetty, Nikhil Mehta, Jessica L McCord, Minzhong Yu, Yekai Wang, Kathleen Boesze-Battaglia, Brent A Bell, Jianhai Du, Neal S Peachey, Nancy J. Philp 2022 Thomas Jefferson University

Glucose Uptake By Glut1 In Photoreceptors Is Essential For Outer Segment Renewal And Rod Photoreceptor Survival, Lauren L. Daniele, John Y.S. Han, Ivy S Samuels, Ravikiran Komirisetty, Nikhil Mehta, Jessica L Mccord, Minzhong Yu, Yekai Wang, Kathleen Boesze-Battaglia, Brent A Bell, Jianhai Du, Neal S Peachey, Nancy J. Philp

Department of Pathology, Anatomy, and Cell Biology Faculty Papers

Photoreceptors consume glucose supplied by the choriocapillaris to support phototransduction and outer segment (OS) renewal. Reduced glucose supply underlies photoreceptor cell death in inherited retinal degeneration and age-related retinal disease. We have previously shown that restricting glucose transport into the outer retina by conditional deletion of Slc2a1 encoding GLUT1 resulted in photoreceptor loss and impaired OS renewal. However, retinal neurons, glia, and the retinal pigment epithelium play specialized, synergistic roles in metabolite supply and exchange, and the cell-specific map of glucose uptake and utilization in the retina is incomplete. In these studies, we conditionally deleted Slc2a1 in a pan-retinal or …


Patient With Multiple Genetically Distinct Thyroid Nodules Including Papillary Thyroid Carcinoma Harboring Novel Ywhag-Braf Fusion, Ruihe Lin, Zi-Xuan Wang, Elizabeth Cottrill, Nitika Badjatia, Stacey Gargano 2022 Thomas Jefferson University

Patient With Multiple Genetically Distinct Thyroid Nodules Including Papillary Thyroid Carcinoma Harboring Novel Ywhag-Braf Fusion, Ruihe Lin, Zi-Xuan Wang, Elizabeth Cottrill, Nitika Badjatia, Stacey Gargano

Department of Pathology, Anatomy, and Cell Biology Faculty Papers

Next-generation sequencing (NGS) analysis of thyroid samples aids in risk stratification of cytologically indeterminate nodules and contributes to our understanding of molecular mechanisms in thyroid neoplasia. Several genes, including BRAF, RAS, and EIF1AX, are known to play a role in thyroid tumorigenesis. Here we report a case of papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) in which a single lesion harbored a novel YWHAG-BRAF fusion and EIF1AX mutation and displayed mixed morphological findings. The patient is a 74-year-old female with multiple incidentally discovered thyroid nodules, two of which were sampled by ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration (FNA). Cytologic diagnosis for both nodules was suspicious …


Altered Genome-Wide Hippocampal Gene Expression Profiles Following Early Life Lead Exposure And Their Potential For Reversal By Environmental Enrichment, Garima Singh, V Singh, T Kim, A Ertel, W Fu, J S Schneider 2022 Thomas Jefferson University

Altered Genome-Wide Hippocampal Gene Expression Profiles Following Early Life Lead Exposure And Their Potential For Reversal By Environmental Enrichment, Garima Singh, V Singh, T Kim, A Ertel, W Fu, J S Schneider

Department of Pathology, Anatomy, and Cell Biology Faculty Papers

Early life lead (Pb) exposure is detrimental to neurobehavioral development. The quality of the environment can modify negative influences from Pb exposure, impacting the developmental trajectory following Pb exposure. Little is known about the molecular underpinnings in the brain of the interaction between Pb and the quality of the environment. We examined relationships between early life Pb exposure and living in an enriched versus a non-enriched postnatal environment on genome-wide transcription profiles in hippocampus CA1. RNA-seq identified differences in the transcriptome of enriched vs. non-enriched Pb-exposed animals. Most of the gene expression changes associated with Pb exposure were reversed by …


Evaluation Of Neonatal Ankyloglossia, Ellen M. Ray 2022 University of Missouri-St. Louis

Evaluation Of Neonatal Ankyloglossia, Ellen M. Ray

Dissertations

Problem Ankyloglossia occurs when the tongue cannot extend past the gums or lips due to frenulum restriction. In breast feeding, proper movement of the tongue around the nipple is hindered causing difficulty for the infant to obtain a proper latch. This may result in slow weight gain (SWG), failure to thrive (FTT), and dehydration due to poor milk production. Evaluating for ankyloglossia is difficult, however, the Hazelbaker Ankyloglossia Tool for Lingual Frenulum Function (HATLFF) may be of benefit.

Method Observational descriptive design utilizing a retrospective medical record review. The HATLFF was utilized in full term neonates suspected of ankyloglossia in …


Perioperative Risks Of The Patient With Heart Failure, Gabrielle Metoyer 2022 Otterbein University

Perioperative Risks Of The Patient With Heart Failure, Gabrielle Metoyer

Nursing Student Class Projects (Formerly MSN)

Perioperative Risks of the Patient with Heart Failure

Gabrielle Metoyer

Department of Nursing, Otterbein University

NURS 6810 – Advanced Pathophysiology

Dr. Deanna Batross and Dr. Shivani Bhatnagar

August 5, 2022

Abstract

According to the CDC (2020), heart failure occurs when the heart cannot pump enough blood and oxygen to support other organs in your body. Heart failure is an epidemic disease affecting 1-2% of the population worldwide (Schwinger, 2020). It is one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality worldwide with an estimated 6.5 million adults with heart failure in the United States (Lo et al., 2021). Medical advances …


A Mathematical Model Of Glut1 Modulation In Rods And Rpe And Its Differential Impact In Cell Metabolism, Andrea Aparicio, Erika T Camacho, Nancy J. Philp, Stephen A Wirkus 2022 Arizona State University

A Mathematical Model Of Glut1 Modulation In Rods And Rpe And Its Differential Impact In Cell Metabolism, Andrea Aparicio, Erika T Camacho, Nancy J. Philp, Stephen A Wirkus

Department of Pathology, Anatomy, and Cell Biology Faculty Papers

We present a mathematical model of key glucose metabolic pathways in two cells of the human retina: the rods and the retinal pigmented epithelium (RPE). Computational simulations of glucose transporter 1 (GLUT1) inhibition in the model accurately reproduce experimental data from conditional knockout mice and reveal that modification of GLUT1 expression levels of both cells differentially impacts their metabolism. We hypothesize that, under glucose scarcity, the RPE’s energy producing pathways are altered in order to preserve its functionality, impacting the photoreceptors’ outer segment renewal. On the other hand, when glucose is limited in the rods, aerobic glycolysis is preserved, which …


Ros And Mirna Dysregulation In Ovarian Cancer Development, Angiogenesis And Therapeutic Resistance, David C Stieg, Yifang Wang, Ling-Zhi Liu, Bing-Hua Jiang 2022 Thomas Jefferson University

Ros And Mirna Dysregulation In Ovarian Cancer Development, Angiogenesis And Therapeutic Resistance, David C Stieg, Yifang Wang, Ling-Zhi Liu, Bing-Hua Jiang

Kimmel Cancer Center Faculty Papers

The diverse repertoires of cellular mechanisms that progress certain cancer types are being uncovered by recent research and leading to more effective treatment options. Ovarian cancer (OC) is among the most difficult cancers to treat. OC has limited treatment options, especially for patients diagnosed with late-stage OC. The dysregulation of miRNAs in OC plays a significant role in tumorigenesis through the alteration of a multitude of molecular processes. The development of OC can also be due to the utilization of endogenously derived reactive oxygen species (ROS) by activating signaling pathways such as PI3K/AKT and MAPK. Both miRNAs and ROS are …


A Rare Presentation Of Pericardial Tumor Presenting As Chronic Cough, Swarup Sharma Rijal, William H. Risher, Aakankshya Kharel, Upendra Kaphle 2022 Tower Health

A Rare Presentation Of Pericardial Tumor Presenting As Chronic Cough, Swarup Sharma Rijal, William H. Risher, Aakankshya Kharel, Upendra Kaphle

Advances in Clinical Medical Research and Healthcare Delivery

Chronic cough can pose various diagnostic and therapeutic dilemmas to physicians. Airway narrowing secondary to endoluminal disease or extrinsic compression are known etiologies of chronic cough. We report an extremely rare case of chronic cough due to extrinsic airway compression by a large pericardial lipoma with subsequent resolution of symptoms after the resection of the mass. This case provides insight into the rare etiology of chronic cough that is addressable with surgical intervention.


Assessment Of Spatial Skills In Human Anatomy And Physiology Students, Abigail Carroll 2022 University of Mississippi

Assessment Of Spatial Skills In Human Anatomy And Physiology Students, Abigail Carroll

Honors Theses

Visual spatial skills are an individual’s ability to mentally and manipulate the shapes, forms and positions of objects. Spatial skills are necessary for adequate learning in many settings. Few studies have assessed spatial skills compared to success in Anatomy and Physiology in undergraduate students. Most students in this course are on a health profession track. Due to the increasing health care demands and need for competent health care professionals, this study assesses the innate spatial skill ability in students and acquired additional learned spatial skills. This study tests 17 students with the paper-folding test, blank page test, and two surveys …


Bacille Calmette-Guérin Vaccine Reprograms Human Neonatal Lipid Metabolism In Vivo And In Vitro, Joann Diray-Arce, Asimenia Angelidou, Kristoffer Jarlov Jensen, Maria Giulia Conti, Rachel S Kelly, Matthew Pettengill, Mark Liu, Simon D van Haren, Scott D McCulloch, Greg Michelloti, Olubukola Idoko, Tobias R Kollmann, Beate Kampmann, Hanno Steen, Al Ozonoff, Jessica Lasky-Su, Christine S Benn, Ofer Levy 2022 Harvard Medical School

Bacille Calmette-Guérin Vaccine Reprograms Human Neonatal Lipid Metabolism In Vivo And In Vitro, Joann Diray-Arce, Asimenia Angelidou, Kristoffer Jarlov Jensen, Maria Giulia Conti, Rachel S Kelly, Matthew Pettengill, Mark Liu, Simon D Van Haren, Scott D Mcculloch, Greg Michelloti, Olubukola Idoko, Tobias R Kollmann, Beate Kampmann, Hanno Steen, Al Ozonoff, Jessica Lasky-Su, Christine S Benn, Ofer Levy

Department of Pathology, Anatomy, and Cell Biology Faculty Papers

Vaccines have generally been developed with limited insight into their molecular impact. While systems vaccinology enables characterization of mechanisms of action, these tools have yet to be applied to infants, who are at high risk of infection and receive the most vaccines. Bacille Calmette-Guérin (BCG) protects infants against disseminated tuberculosis (TB) and TB-unrelated infections via incompletely understood mechanisms. We employ mass-spectrometry-based metabolomics of blood plasma to profile BCG-induced infant responses in Guinea-Bissau in vivo and the US in vitro. BCG-induced lysophosphatidylcholines (LPCs) correlate with both TLR-agonist- and purified protein derivative (PPD, mycobacterial antigen)-induced blood cytokine production in vitro, raising the …


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