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Lysosomal Zn 2+ Release Triggers Rapid, Mitochondria-Mediated, Non-Apoptotic Cell Death In Metastatic Melanoma, Wanlu Du, Mingxue Gu, Meiqin Hu, Timothy Nold, Prateeksunder Pinchi, Wei Chen, Michael Ryan, Ahmed Bannaga, Haoxing Xu 2022 University of Michigan - Ann Arbor

Lysosomal Zn 2+ Release Triggers Rapid, Mitochondria-Mediated, Non-Apoptotic Cell Death In Metastatic Melanoma, Wanlu Du, Mingxue Gu, Meiqin Hu, Timothy Nold, Prateeksunder Pinchi, Wei Chen, Michael Ryan, Ahmed Bannaga, Haoxing Xu

Medical Student Research Symposium

During tumor progression, lysosome function is often maladaptively upregulated to match the high energy demand required for cancer cell hyper-proliferation and invasion. Here, we report that mucolipin TRP channel 1 (TRPML1), a lysosomal Ca2+ and Zn2+ release channel that regulates multiple aspects of lysosome function, is dramatically upregulated in metastatic melanoma cells compared with normal cells. TRPML-specific synthetic agonists (ML-SAs) are sufficient to induce rapid (within hours) lysosomal Zn2+-dependent necrotic cell death in metastatic melanoma cells while completely sparing normal cells. ML-SA-caused mitochondria swelling and dysfunction lead to cellular ATP depletion. While pharmacological inhibition or genetic silencing of TRPML1 ...


Intrabody-Mediated Postsynaptic Recruitment Of Camkiiα Improves Memory, Anthony Chifor, Jeongyoon Choi Dr., Joongkyu Park Dr. 2022 Wayne State University

Intrabody-Mediated Postsynaptic Recruitment Of Camkiiα Improves Memory, Anthony Chifor, Jeongyoon Choi Dr., Joongkyu Park Dr.

Medical Student Research Symposium

Long-term potentiation (LTP), the selective strengthening of specific synapses based on recent activity, has widely been accepted as the biological mechanism responsible for learning and memory. N-methyl-D-aspartate receptors (NMDARs) play a critical role in LTP, which when activated, result in a surge of postsynaptic intracellular calcium levels. The calcium rise during LTP results in the activation of Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent kinase II alpha (CaMKIIa), which consequently enacts multiple cellular effects that ultimately result in the strengthening of synaptic connections. Previous work has examined the effects of CaMKIIa overexpression in rat hippocampi on spatial memory, however, significant but limited improvement in ...


Antigen Staining For Detection Of Muc13 And Muc16 Expression In Carcinoma Tissue, Jose A. Benitez 2022 The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley

Antigen Staining For Detection Of Muc13 And Muc16 Expression In Carcinoma Tissue, Jose A. Benitez

MEDI 9331 Scholarly Activities Clinical Years

MUC13 and MUC16 are epithelial expressed proteins implicated in various carcinomas. Overexpression of these biomarkers appear to play a role in tumor growth; this discovery has paved a road for multiple studies discussing the potential of targeting mucin proteins and optimize immunotherapy approaches against carcinomas. Our study serves to investigate the level of expression of MUC13 and MUC16 in cancerous and normal tissue and to discuss the implications our findings may have for the utilization of these biomarkers for cancer therapy.


Biophysical Insight Into The Sars-Cov2 Spike–Ace2 Interaction And Its Modulation By Hepcidin Through A Multifaceted Computational Approach, Hamid Hadi-Alijanvand, Luisa Di Paola, Guang Hu, David M. Leitner, Gennady M. Verkhivker, Peixin Sun, Humanath Poudel, Alessandro Giuliani 2022 Institute for Advanced Studies in Basic Sciences, Iran

Biophysical Insight Into The Sars-Cov2 Spike–Ace2 Interaction And Its Modulation By Hepcidin Through A Multifaceted Computational Approach, Hamid Hadi-Alijanvand, Luisa Di Paola, Guang Hu, David M. Leitner, Gennady M. Verkhivker, Peixin Sun, Humanath Poudel, Alessandro Giuliani

Mathematics, Physics, and Computer Science Faculty Articles and Research

At the center of the SARS-CoV2 infection, the spike protein and its interaction with the human receptor ACE2 play a central role in the molecular machinery of SARS-CoV2 infection of human cells. Vaccine therapies are a valuable barrier to the worst effects of the virus and to its diffusion, but the need of purposed drugs is emerging as a core target of the fight against COVID19. In this respect, the repurposing of drugs has already led to discovery of drugs thought to reduce the effects of the cytokine storm, but still a drug targeting the spike protein, in the infection ...


Alternate Site Pacing And The Impact On Intracellular Calcium Handling During The Post-Extrasystolic Cardiac Cycle, Kent Ozcan, Lawrence Mulligan 2022 Rowan University

Alternate Site Pacing And The Impact On Intracellular Calcium Handling During The Post-Extrasystolic Cardiac Cycle, Kent Ozcan, Lawrence Mulligan

Stratford Campus Research Day

Objective: Previous work has shown that alternate site (RV apex) results in myocardial dysfunction. With the development of tools to place endocardial pacing leads in locations that create physiological pacing activation, we sought to evaluate how ventricular trans-septal or left ventricular apical placement pacing differs from right atrial pacing. We will evaluate how these chronic pacing modes impact the PR and RF at baseline, 0, and 16 weeks in the canine heart.

Methods: Quantitative analysis will be performed on previously generated data. The data set includes pacing of 15 dogs total (8 with trans-septal leads & 7 with left ventricular apical ...


Heterozygous Frameshift Variants In Hnrnpa2b1 Cause Early-Onset Oculopharyngeal Muscular Dystrophy, Hong Joo Kim, Payam Mohassel, Sandra Donkervoort, Lin Guo, Kevin O'Donovan, Maura Coughlin, Xaviere Lornage, Nicola Foulds, Simon R Hammans, A Reghan Foley, Charlotte M Fare, Alice F Ford, Masashi Ogasawara, Aki Sato, Aritoshi Iida, Pinki Munot, Gautam Ambegaonkar, Rahul Phadke, Dominic G O'Donovan, Rebecca Buchert, Mona Grimmel, Ana Töpf, Irina T Zaharieva, Lauren Brady, Ying Hu, Thomas E Lloyd, Andrea Klein, Maja Steinlin, Alice Kuster, Sandra Mercier, Pascale Marcorelles, Yann Péréon, Emmanuelle Fleurence, Adnan Manzur, Sarah Ennis, Rosanna Upstill-Goddard, Luca Bello, Cinzia Bertolin, Elena Pegoraro, Leonardo Salviati, Courtney E French, Andriy Shatillo, F Lucy Raymond, Tobias B Haack, Susana Quijano-Roy, Johann Böhm, Isabelle Nelson, Tanya Stojkovic, Teresinha Evangelista, Volker Straub, Norma B Romero, Jocelyn Laporte, Francesco Muntoni, Ichizo Nishino, Mark A Tarnopolsky, James Shorter, Carsten G Bönnemann, J Paul Taylor 2022 St. Jude Children's Research Hospital

Heterozygous Frameshift Variants In Hnrnpa2b1 Cause Early-Onset Oculopharyngeal Muscular Dystrophy, Hong Joo Kim, Payam Mohassel, Sandra Donkervoort, Lin Guo, Kevin O'Donovan, Maura Coughlin, Xaviere Lornage, Nicola Foulds, Simon R Hammans, A Reghan Foley, Charlotte M Fare, Alice F Ford, Masashi Ogasawara, Aki Sato, Aritoshi Iida, Pinki Munot, Gautam Ambegaonkar, Rahul Phadke, Dominic G O'Donovan, Rebecca Buchert, Mona Grimmel, Ana Töpf, Irina T Zaharieva, Lauren Brady, Ying Hu, Thomas E Lloyd, Andrea Klein, Maja Steinlin, Alice Kuster, Sandra Mercier, Pascale Marcorelles, Yann Péréon, Emmanuelle Fleurence, Adnan Manzur, Sarah Ennis, Rosanna Upstill-Goddard, Luca Bello, Cinzia Bertolin, Elena Pegoraro, Leonardo Salviati, Courtney E French, Andriy Shatillo, F Lucy Raymond, Tobias B Haack, Susana Quijano-Roy, Johann Böhm, Isabelle Nelson, Tanya Stojkovic, Teresinha Evangelista, Volker Straub, Norma B Romero, Jocelyn Laporte, Francesco Muntoni, Ichizo Nishino, Mark A Tarnopolsky, James Shorter, Carsten G Bönnemann, J Paul Taylor

Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Faculty Papers

Missense variants in RNA-binding proteins (RBPs) underlie a spectrum of disease phenotypes, including amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, frontotemporal dementia, and inclusion body myopathy. Here, we present ten independent families with a severe, progressive muscular dystrophy, reminiscent of oculopharyngeal muscular dystrophy (OPMD) but of much earlier onset, caused by heterozygous frameshift variants in the RBP hnRNPA2/B1. All disease-causing frameshift mutations abolish the native stop codon and extend the reading frame, creating novel transcripts that escape nonsense-mediated decay and are translated to produce hnRNPA2/B1 protein with the same neomorphic C-terminal sequence. In contrast to previously reported disease-causing missense variants in HNRNPA2B1 ...


A Periplasmic Cinched Protein Is Required For Siderophore Secretion And Virulence Of Mycobacterium Tuberculosis., Lei Zhang, James E Kent, Meredith Whitaker, David C Young, Dominik Herrmann, Alexander E Aleshin, Ying-Hui Ko, Gino Cingolani, Jamil S Saad, D Branch Moody, Francesca M Marassi, Sabine Ehrt, Michael Niederweis 2022 University of Alabama at Birmingham

A Periplasmic Cinched Protein Is Required For Siderophore Secretion And Virulence Of Mycobacterium Tuberculosis., Lei Zhang, James E Kent, Meredith Whitaker, David C Young, Dominik Herrmann, Alexander E Aleshin, Ying-Hui Ko, Gino Cingolani, Jamil S Saad, D Branch Moody, Francesca M Marassi, Sabine Ehrt, Michael Niederweis

Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Faculty Papers

Iron is essential for growth of Mycobacterium tuberculosis, the causative agent of tuberculosis. To acquire iron from the host, M. tuberculosis uses the siderophores called mycobactins and carboxymycobactins. Here, we show that the rv0455c gene is essential for M. tuberculosis to grow in low-iron medium and that secretion of both mycobactins and carboxymycobactins is drastically reduced in the rv0455c deletion mutant. Both water-soluble and membrane-anchored Rv0455c are functional in siderophore secretion, supporting an intracellular role. Lack of Rv0455c results in siderophore toxicity, a phenotype observed for other siderophore secretion mutants, and severely impairs replication of M. tuberculosis in mice, demonstrating ...


Computer Simulations And Network-Based Profiling Of Binding And Allosteric Interactions Of Sars-Cov-2 Spike Variant Complexes And The Host Receptor: Dissecting The Mechanistic Effects Of The Delta And Omicron Mutations, Gennady M. Verkhivker, Steve Agajanian, Ryan Kassab, Keerthi Krishnan 2022 Chapman University

Computer Simulations And Network-Based Profiling Of Binding And Allosteric Interactions Of Sars-Cov-2 Spike Variant Complexes And The Host Receptor: Dissecting The Mechanistic Effects Of The Delta And Omicron Mutations, Gennady M. Verkhivker, Steve Agajanian, Ryan Kassab, Keerthi Krishnan

Mathematics, Physics, and Computer Science Faculty Articles and Research

In this study, we combine all-atom MD simulations and comprehensive mutational scanning of S-RBD complexes with the angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) host receptor in the native form as well as the S-RBD Delta and Omicron variants to (a) examine the differences in the dynamic signatures of the S-RBD complexes and (b) identify the critical binding hotspots and sensitivity of the mutational positions. We also examined the differences in allosteric interactions and communications in the S-RBD complexes for the Delta and Omicron variants. Through the perturbation-based scanning of the allosteric propensities of the SARS-CoV-2 S-RBD residues and dynamics-based network centrality and ...


Jnk And Nf-Κb Cell Signaling Pathways In Cardiovascular Disease Present Potential Targets For Curcumin Therapy, Mary Richfield 2022 Liberty University

Jnk And Nf-Κb Cell Signaling Pathways In Cardiovascular Disease Present Potential Targets For Curcumin Therapy, Mary Richfield

Senior Honors Theses

Curcumin (diferuloylmethane) is a compound derived from the rhizomes of Curcumin longa that has been long used for medicinal purposes. Curcumin alleviates the pathology of cardiovascular diseases, including atherosclerosis, aneurysm, and cardiomyopathy. The mechanism of curcumin therapy is under active research. The NF-κB and JNK pathways are two that curcumin interacts with to block inflammatory processes, apoptosis, and fibrotic tissue remodeling to prevent the pathologies of cardiovascular disease. While curcumin has demonstrated powerful mediation of cardiovascular disease, its bioavailability in body tissues is limited due to the instability and hydrophobicity of its structure. Further work is underway to stabilize curcumin ...


Prenatal Drug Exposure And Its Effects On Fetal Development: Clinical And Health Education Implications, Johanna Marie Olo Tapangan 2022 Liberty University

Prenatal Drug Exposure And Its Effects On Fetal Development: Clinical And Health Education Implications, Johanna Marie Olo Tapangan

Senior Honors Theses

Prenatal drug exposure is a common clinical phenomenon in pregnancy cases. Pregnancy is a fragile period of time for both the mother and the fetus. Therefore, strict drug regulation is important to ensure the safety and wellbeing of the developing fetus. Certain drugs, once thought to be safe, have been found to have detrimental effects on the normal development of functioning organ systems in the fetus. Current research has identified drugs that when taken during pregnancy can result in the onset of fetal physical abnormalities, impaired brain development, and disrupted organogenesis and organ function. Thalidomide, losartan, opioids, alcohol, and caffeine ...


Functions Of Adp-Ribose Transferases In The Maintenance Of Telomere Integrity, Daniela Muoio, Natalie Laspata, Elise Fouquerel 2022 University of Pittsburgh

Functions Of Adp-Ribose Transferases In The Maintenance Of Telomere Integrity, Daniela Muoio, Natalie Laspata, Elise Fouquerel

Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Faculty Papers

The ADP-ribose transferase (ART) family comprises 17 enzymes that catalyze mono- or poly-ADP-ribosylation, a post-translational modification of proteins. Present in all subcellular compartments, ARTs are implicated in a growing number of biological processes including DNA repair, replication, transcription regulation, intra- and extra-cellular signaling, viral infection and cell death. Five members of the family, PARP1, PARP2, PARP3, tankyrase 1 and tankyrase 2 are mainly described for their crucial functions in the maintenance of genome stability. It is well established that the most describedrole of PARP1, 2 and 3 is the repair of DNA lesions while tankyrases 1 and 2 are crucial ...


Current Epidemiological Status And Antibiotic Resistance Profile Of Urinary Tract Infection, Muddasir Khan, Syed Hussain Shah, M. Abdullah, Muhammad Salman, Fawad Hayat, Raheela Sarwar, Neelma Hassan, Sohail Ahmad Jan, M. Saddam, Ziaur Rahman, Imran Qazi 2022 Centre of Biotechnology and Microbiology, University of Peshawar, Pakistan.

Current Epidemiological Status And Antibiotic Resistance Profile Of Urinary Tract Infection, Muddasir Khan, Syed Hussain Shah, M. Abdullah, Muhammad Salman, Fawad Hayat, Raheela Sarwar, Neelma Hassan, Sohail Ahmad Jan, M. Saddam, Ziaur Rahman, Imran Qazi

Journal of Bioresource Management

With a longitudinal (2020–2021) completion, a set of 300 urine samples of individuals suspected of UTI was characterized based on the biochemical analysis and Kirby Bauer's disc diffusion method. Throughout, a total of 167 samples revealed UTI positivity by obtaining bacterial growth. Reporting that E. coli (69.4 %) was the most dominant when compared with Klebsiella (14.3 %), Proteus (5.9 %), S. aureus (4.7 %), P. aeruginosa (3.5 %), and Enterobacter (1.7 %), respectively. Gender-wise discrimination showed that E. coli was highly distributed among female (50.2 %) patients. A prominent percentage of E. coli (41.9 %) was found ...


Mechanisms Of Mitochondrial Promoter Recognition In Humans And Other Mammalian Species, Angelica Zamudio-Ochoa, Yaroslav I Morozov, Azadeh Sarfallah, Michael Anikin, Dmitry Temiakov 2022 Thomas Jefferson University

Mechanisms Of Mitochondrial Promoter Recognition In Humans And Other Mammalian Species, Angelica Zamudio-Ochoa, Yaroslav I Morozov, Azadeh Sarfallah, Michael Anikin, Dmitry Temiakov

Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Faculty Papers

Recognition of mammalian mitochondrial promoters requires the concerted action of mitochondrial RNA polymerase (mtRNAP) and transcription initiation factors TFAM and TFB2M. In this work, we found that transcript slippage results in heterogeneity of the human mitochondrial transcripts in vivo and in vitro. This allowed us to correctly interpret the RNAseq data, identify the bona fide transcription start sites (TSS), and assign mitochondrial promoters for > 50% of mammalian species and some other vertebrates. The divergent structure of the mammalian promoters reveals previously unappreciated aspects of mtDNA evolution. The correct assignment of TSS also enabled us to establish the precise register of ...


Differential Recognition Of Canonical Nf-Κb Dimers By Importin Α3, Tyler J. Florio, Ravi K Lokareddy, Daniel P Yeggoni, Rajeshwer S Sankhala, Connor A Ott, Richard E Gillilan, Gino Cingolani 2022 Thomas Jefferson University

Differential Recognition Of Canonical Nf-Κb Dimers By Importin Α3, Tyler J. Florio, Ravi K Lokareddy, Daniel P Yeggoni, Rajeshwer S Sankhala, Connor A Ott, Richard E Gillilan, Gino Cingolani

Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Faculty Papers

Nuclear translocation of the p50/p65 heterodimer is essential for NF-κB signaling. In unstimulated cells, p50/p65 is retained by the inhibitor IκBα in the cytoplasm that masks the p65-nuclear localization sequence (NLS). Upon activation, p50/p65 is translocated into the nucleus by the adapter importin α3 and the receptor importin β. Here, we describe a bipartite NLS in p50/p65, analogous to nucleoplasmin NLS but exposed in trans. Importin α3 accommodates the p50- and p65-NLSs at the major and minor NLS-binding pockets, respectively. The p50-NLS is the predominant binding determinant, while the p65-NLS induces a conformational change in the ...


Evidence For Paracrine Protective Role Of Exogenous Αa-Crystallin In Retinal Ganglion Cells, Madhu Nath, Zachary B Sluzala, Ashutosh S Phadte, Yang Shan, Angela M Myers, Patrice E Fort 2022 University of Michigan

Evidence For Paracrine Protective Role Of Exogenous Αa-Crystallin In Retinal Ganglion Cells, Madhu Nath, Zachary B Sluzala, Ashutosh S Phadte, Yang Shan, Angela M Myers, Patrice E Fort

Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Faculty Papers

Expression and secretion of neurotrophic factors have long been known as a key mechanism of neuroglial interaction in the central nervous system. In addition, several other intrinsic neuroprotective pathways have been described, including those involving small heat shock proteins such as α-crystallins. While initially considered as a purely intracellular mechanism, both αA-crystallins and αB-crystallins have been recently reported to be secreted by glial cells. While an anti-apoptotic effect of such secreted αA-crystallin has been suggested, its regulation and protective potential remain unclear. We recently identified residue threonine 148 (T148) and its phosphorylation as a critical regulator of αA-crystallin intrinsic neuroprotective ...


Viral Ejection Proteins: Mosaically Conserved, Conformational Gymnasts, Nicholas A. Swanson, Chun-Feng Hou, Gino Cingolani 2022 Thomas Jefferson University

Viral Ejection Proteins: Mosaically Conserved, Conformational Gymnasts, Nicholas A. Swanson, Chun-Feng Hou, Gino Cingolani

Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Faculty Papers

Bacterial viruses (or bacteriophages) have developed formidable ways to deliver their genetic information inside bacteria, overcoming the complexity of the bacterial-cell envelope. In short-tailed phages of the Podoviridae superfamily, genome ejection is mediated by a set of mysterious internal virion proteins, also called ejection or pilot proteins, which are required for infectivity. The ejection proteins are challenging to study due to their plastic structures and transient assembly and have remained less characterized than classical components such as the phage coat protein or terminase subunit. However, a spate of recent cryo-EM structures has elucidated key features underscoring these proteins’ assembly and ...


Positive Selection And Enhancer Evolution Shaped Lifespan And Body Mass In Great Apes, Daniela Tejada-Martinez, Roberto A Avelar, Inês Lopes, Bruce Zhang, Guy Novoa, João Pedro de Magalhães, Marco Trizzino 2022 Thomas Jefferson University

Positive Selection And Enhancer Evolution Shaped Lifespan And Body Mass In Great Apes, Daniela Tejada-Martinez, Roberto A Avelar, Inês Lopes, Bruce Zhang, Guy Novoa, João Pedro De Magalhães, Marco Trizzino

Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Faculty Papers

Within primates, the great apes are outliers both in terms of body size and lifespan, since they include the largest and longest-lived species in the order. Yet, the molecular bases underlying such features are poorly understood. Here, we leveraged an integrated approach to investigate multiple sources of molecular variation across primates, focusing on over 10,000 genes, including approximately 1,500 previously associated with lifespan, and additional approximately 9,000 for which an association with longevity has never been suggested. We analyzed dN/dS rates, positive selection, gene expression (RNA-seq), and gene regulation (ChIP-seq). By analyzing the correlation between dN ...


Liquid-Liquid Phase Separation Of Tdp-43 And Fus In Physiology And Pathology Of Neurodegenerative Diseases, Jenny L Carey, Lin Guo 2022 Thomas Jefferson University

Liquid-Liquid Phase Separation Of Tdp-43 And Fus In Physiology And Pathology Of Neurodegenerative Diseases, Jenny L Carey, Lin Guo

Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Faculty Papers

Liquid-liquid phase separation of RNA-binding proteins mediates the formation of numerous membraneless organelles with essential cellular function. However, aberrant phase transition of these proteins leads to the formation of insoluble protein aggregates, which are pathological hallmarks of neurodegenerative diseases including ALS and FTD. TDP-43 and FUS are two such RNA-binding proteins that mislocalize and aggregate in patients of ALS and FTD. They have similar domain structures that provide multivalent interactions driving their phase separation in vitro and in the cellular environment. In this article, we review the factors that mediate and regulate phase separation of TDP-43 and FUS. We also ...


Synthesis, Characterization And Physicochemical Properties Of Biogenic Silver Nanoparticle-Encapsulated Chitosan Bionanocomposites, Sreelekha Ediyilyam, Mahesh M Lalitha, Bini George, Sarojini Sharath Shankar, Stanisław Wacławek, Miroslav Černík, Vinod Vellora Thekkae Padil 2022 Central University of Kerala

Synthesis, Characterization And Physicochemical Properties Of Biogenic Silver Nanoparticle-Encapsulated Chitosan Bionanocomposites, Sreelekha Ediyilyam, Mahesh M Lalitha, Bini George, Sarojini Sharath Shankar, Stanisław Wacławek, Miroslav Černík, Vinod Vellora Thekkae Padil

Department of Medicine Faculty Papers

Green bionanocomposites have garnered considerable attention and applications in the pharmaceutical and packaging industries because of their intrinsic features, such as biocompatibility and biodegradability. The work presents a novel approach towards the combined effect of glycerol, tween 80 and silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) on the physicochemical properties of lyophilized chitosan (CH) scaffolds produced via a green synthesis method.The produced bionanocomposites were characterized with the help of Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and Scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The swelling behavior, water vapor transmission rate, moisture retention capability, degradation in Hanks solution, biodegradability in soil, mechanical strength and electrochemical performance of the ...


Interplay Between An Atp-Binding Cassette F Protein And The Ribosome From Mycobacterium Tuberculosis, Zhicheng Cui, Xiaojun Li, Joonyoung Shin, Howard Gamper, Ya-Ming Hou, James C Sacchettini, Junjie Zhang 2022 Texas A&M University

Interplay Between An Atp-Binding Cassette F Protein And The Ribosome From Mycobacterium Tuberculosis, Zhicheng Cui, Xiaojun Li, Joonyoung Shin, Howard Gamper, Ya-Ming Hou, James C Sacchettini, Junjie Zhang

Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Faculty Papers

EttA, energy-dependent translational throttle A, is a ribosomal factor that gates ribosome entry into the translation elongation cycle. A detailed understanding of its mechanism of action is limited due to the lack of high-resolution structures along its ATPase cycle. Here we present the cryo-electron microscopy (cryo-EM) structures of EttA from Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb), referred to as MtbEttA, in complex with the Mtb 70S ribosome initiation complex (70SIC) at the pre-hydrolysis (ADPNP) and transition (ADP-VO4) states, and the crystal structure of MtbEttA alone in the post-hydrolysis (ADP) state. We observe that MtbEttA binds the E-site of the Mtb 70SIC, remodeling the ...


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