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Sex And Age Differences In Near-Infrared Spectroscopy Responses And The Resulting Influences On Cognition, Miranda K. Traylor 2024 University of South Alabama

Sex And Age Differences In Near-Infrared Spectroscopy Responses And The Resulting Influences On Cognition, Miranda K. Traylor

<strong> Theses and Dissertations </strong>

Vascular dysfunction is the earliest known marker of neurodegeneration. However, limited research has been conducted to determine if changes in peripheral vascular function track differences in brain health. Therefore, the purpose was to determine if previously reported sex differences in near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) vascular occlusion test (VOT) parameters persist across the lifespan and if these differences track age- and sex-related differences in a cognitive task. Ninety-nine healthy, cognitively intact adults (50 women, 49 men) across the adult lifespan (19-81 yrs) were used for analysis. The combination of NIRS-VOT was used to quantify microvascular function. Cognition was defined as the time …


A Combination Of Generated Hydrogen Sulfide And Nitric Oxide Activity Has A Potentiated Protectant Effect Against Cisplatin Induced Nephrotoxicity, Faria Khurshid, Javeid Iqbal, Fiaz ud Din Ahmad, Arslan Hussain Lodhi, Abdul Malik, Suhail Akhtar, Azmat Ali Khan, Marvi Imam Bux, Mohammed Younis 2024 University of Balochistan

A Combination Of Generated Hydrogen Sulfide And Nitric Oxide Activity Has A Potentiated Protectant Effect Against Cisplatin Induced Nephrotoxicity, Faria Khurshid, Javeid Iqbal, Fiaz Ud Din Ahmad, Arslan Hussain Lodhi, Abdul Malik, Suhail Akhtar, Azmat Ali Khan, Marvi Imam Bux, Mohammed Younis

Biomedical Sciences Faculty Publications

Aim: Hydrogen sulfide and nitricoxide possess cytoprotective activity and in vivo, they are generated from exogenous sodium hydrosulfide and L-arginine respectively. Cisplatin is a major chemotherapeutic agent used to treat cancer and has a high incidence of nephrotoxicity as a side effect. The study aim was to explore the effects of NaHS and L-arginine or their combination on cisplatin induced nephrotoxicity in rats. Methods: Wistar Kyoto rats were given a single intraperitoneal dose of cisplatin (5 mg/kg) followed either by NaHS (56 μmol/kg, i. p.), L-arginine (1.25 g/L in drinking water) or their combination daily for 28-days. Post-mortem plasma, urine …


The Development Of A New Water-Soluble Zinc Porphyrin, Zntpp-2mp, As A Photodynamic Therapy Agent, Emily Payne 2024 Ouachita Baptist University

The Development Of A New Water-Soluble Zinc Porphyrin, Zntpp-2mp, As A Photodynamic Therapy Agent, Emily Payne

Scholars Day Conference

Photodynamic therapy is a new technique used in cancer treatment involving the use of a photosensitizer and light exposure to kill malignant cells. This research tested the use of ZnTPP-2MP as a photosensitizer using white light as a source of possible treatment of the A549 cancer cell line, with preliminary testing on MYC-22 and other G- quadruplex DNA samples. ZnTPP-2MP was synthesized by the reaction of the porphyrin, ZnTPPC, with 2-amino-2- methyl-1-propanol. Following synthesis, the new porphyrin was purified by column chromatography using Sephadex LH-20 and G-50. To confirm the identity and structure of the product, ZnTPP-2MP was analyzed through …


Hammerhead-Type Fxr Agonists Induce An Enhancer Rna Fincor That Ameliorates Nonalcoholic Steatohepatitis In Mice, Jinjing Chen, Ruoyu Wang, Feng Xiong, Hao Sun, Byron Kemper, Wenbo Li, Jongsook Kemper 2024 The Texas Medical Center Library

Hammerhead-Type Fxr Agonists Induce An Enhancer Rna Fincor That Ameliorates Nonalcoholic Steatohepatitis In Mice, Jinjing Chen, Ruoyu Wang, Feng Xiong, Hao Sun, Byron Kemper, Wenbo Li, Jongsook Kemper

Journal Articles

The nuclear receptor, farnesoid X receptor (FXR/NR1H4), is increasingly recognized as a promising drug target for metabolic diseases, including nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). Protein-coding genes regulated by FXR are well known, but whether FXR also acts through regulation of long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs), which vastly outnumber protein-coding genes, remains unknown. Utilizing RNA-seq and global run-on sequencing (GRO-seq) analyses in mouse liver, we found that FXR activation affects the expression of many RNA transcripts from chromatin regions bearing enhancer features. Among these we discovered a previously unannotated liver-enriched enhancer-derived lncRNA (eRNA), termed FXR-induced non-coding RNA (


Unraveling Sorafenib Resistance In Hepatocellular Carcinoma: Exploring Key Facets, Dennis Kwabiah, Kyle Doxtater, Yamile Abuchard, Sophia Leslie, Ricardo Pequeno Bracho, Shaibir Hussain, Manish K. Tripathi 2024 The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley

Unraveling Sorafenib Resistance In Hepatocellular Carcinoma: Exploring Key Facets, Dennis Kwabiah, Kyle Doxtater, Yamile Abuchard, Sophia Leslie, Ricardo Pequeno Bracho, Shaibir Hussain, Manish K. Tripathi

Research Symposium

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) stands as the prevalent form of primary liver cancer worldwide, diagnosing over half a million new cases annually. Surgical interventions like hepatectomy and liver transplantation offer a potential cure for early-stage HCC. However, the prognosis for advanced stages remains grim due to drug resistance, particularly with high refractoriness rates. Sorafenib, a tyrosine kinase inhibitor, is an approved treatment for advanced HCC. Despite its use, the overall survival extension for these patients remains limited due to the drug's ineffectiveness, and the mechanism behind advanced HCC's resistance to sorafenib remains elusive. TCGA analysis of HCC patient cohorts reveals elevated …


Biomechanical Analysis Of The Maxillary Sinus Floor Membrane During Internal Sinus Floor Elevation With Implants At Different Angles Of The Maxillary Sinus Angles, Yinxin Deng, Ruihong Ma, Yilin He, Shujia Yu, Shiyu Cao, Kang Gao, Yiping Dou, Pan Ma 2024 The Texas Medical Center Library

Biomechanical Analysis Of The Maxillary Sinus Floor Membrane During Internal Sinus Floor Elevation With Implants At Different Angles Of The Maxillary Sinus Angles, Yinxin Deng, Ruihong Ma, Yilin He, Shujia Yu, Shiyu Cao, Kang Gao, Yiping Dou, Pan Ma

Journal Articles

OBJECTIVE: This study analyzed and compared the biomechanical properties of maxillary sinus floor mucosa with implants at three different maxillary sinus angles during a modified internal sinus floor elevation procedure.

METHODS: 3D reconstruction of the implant, maxillary sinus bone, and membrane were performed. The maxillary sinus model was set at three different angles. Two internal maxillary sinus elevation models were established, and finite element analysis was used to simulate the modified maxillary sinus elevation process. The implant was elevated to 10 mm at three maxillary sinus angles when the maxillary sinus floor membrane was separated by 0 and 4 mm. …


The Effects Of Curcumin On Erα, P53, And P21 In The Mcf-7 Breast Cancer Cell Line, Samantha E. Pfiffner, Mia Morse, Erin Hallman, Kaylin Whittaker, Aisha Zanib, Sumi Dinda Ph.D. 2024 Oakland University

The Effects Of Curcumin On Erα, P53, And P21 In The Mcf-7 Breast Cancer Cell Line, Samantha E. Pfiffner, Mia Morse, Erin Hallman, Kaylin Whittaker, Aisha Zanib, Sumi Dinda Ph.D.

Medical Student Research Symposium

Curcumin is a golden-yellow flavonoid compound derived from the turmeric plant root that has been used in Chinese and Indian medicine for centuries. Curcumin has been shown to have antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties, and because of this, has been gaining traction in the field of cancer research. Breast cancer is the most commonly diagnosed cancer in women, and is the second leading cause of cancer death in women, next to lung cancer. Because of the prevalence and mortality of breast cancer, possible therapeutics must be investigated. Due to the beneficial properties of curcumin and pervasiveness of breast cancer, we have …


Hif Expression In Clear-Cell Renal Cell Carcinoma (Ccrcc) Tumors Of Adults With And Without Obstructive Sleep Apnea (Osa), Olivia Heppell, Carlos Guerra Londono, Nilesh Gupta 2024 Wayne State University

Hif Expression In Clear-Cell Renal Cell Carcinoma (Ccrcc) Tumors Of Adults With And Without Obstructive Sleep Apnea (Osa), Olivia Heppell, Carlos Guerra Londono, Nilesh Gupta

Medical Student Research Symposium

Introduction: Upregulation of hypoxia-inducible factors (HIF) is an important pathological feature shared by clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) and obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). However, it is unclear whether OSA alters the pathogenesis of ccRCC via HIF expression.

Methods: A retrospective cohort of adults undergoing nephrectomy for ccRCC was identified electronically (IRB#16040-1). The diagnosis of OSA was established with preoperative STOP-BANG scores or polysomnography. A consecutive sample of 20 individuals with and 20 without OSA was selected. Clinical characteristics and pathology results were reviewed. Resected tumor sections were immunohistochemically stained for HIF-1& HIF-2 at antibody dilutions of 1:150. Intensity and …


A Mutation In F-Actin Polymerization Factor Suppresses The Distal Arthrogryposis Type 5 Piezo2 Pathogenic Variant In Caenorhabditis Elegans, Xiaofei Bai, Harold E Smith, Luis O Romero, Briar Bell, Valeria Vásquez, Andy Golden 2024 The Texas Medical Center Library

A Mutation In F-Actin Polymerization Factor Suppresses The Distal Arthrogryposis Type 5 Piezo2 Pathogenic Variant In Caenorhabditis Elegans, Xiaofei Bai, Harold E Smith, Luis O Romero, Briar Bell, Valeria Vásquez, Andy Golden

Journal Articles

The mechanosensitive PIEZO channel family has been linked to over 26 disorders and diseases. Although progress has been made in understanding these channels at the structural and functional levels, the underlying mechanisms of PIEZO-associated diseases remain elusive. In this study, we engineered four PIEZO-based disease models using CRISPR/Cas9 gene editing. We performed an unbiased chemical mutagen-based genetic suppressor screen to identify putative suppressors of a conserved gain-of-function variant pezo-1[R2405P] that in human PIEZO2 causes distal arthrogryposis type 5 (DA5; p. R2718P). Electrophysiological analyses indicate that pezo-1(R2405P) is a gain-of-function allele. Using genomic mapping and whole-genome sequencing approaches, we identified a …


Efficacy Of Supplemental Ultrasound-Guided Pericapsular Nerve Group (Peng) Block Combined With Lateral Femoral Cutaneous Nerve Block In Patients Receiving Local Infiltration Analgesia After Hip Fracture Surgery: A Prospective Randomized Controlled Trial., Seung-Hee Yoo, Min-Jin Lee, Min-Hyouk Beak, Won-Joong Kim 2024 The Texas Medical Center Library

Efficacy Of Supplemental Ultrasound-Guided Pericapsular Nerve Group (Peng) Block Combined With Lateral Femoral Cutaneous Nerve Block In Patients Receiving Local Infiltration Analgesia After Hip Fracture Surgery: A Prospective Randomized Controlled Trial., Seung-Hee Yoo, Min-Jin Lee, Min-Hyouk Beak, Won-Joong Kim

Journal Articles

No abstract provided.


Regulation Of Tissue Factor Activity By Interaction With The First Pdz Domain Of Magi1, Mohammad A. Mohammad, Sophie Featherby, Camille Ettelaie 2024 LSU Health Sciences Center - New Orleans

Regulation Of Tissue Factor Activity By Interaction With The First Pdz Domain Of Magi1, Mohammad A. Mohammad, Sophie Featherby, Camille Ettelaie

School of Medicine Faculty Publications

Background; Tissue factor (TF) activity is stringently regulated through processes termed encryption. Post-translational modification of TF and its interactions with various protein and lipid moieties allows for a multi-step de-encryption of TF and procoagulant activation. Membrane-associated guanylate kinase-with inverted configuration (MAGI) proteins are known to regulate the localisation and activity of a number of proteins including cell-surface receptors. Methods; The interaction of TF with MAGI1 protein was examined as a means of regulating TF activity. MDA-MB-231 cell line was used which express TF and MAGI1, and respond well to protease activated receptor (PAR)2 activation. Proximity ligation assay (PLA), co-immunoprecipitation and …


Structural Basis For Nuclear Import Of Hepatitis B Virus (Hbv) Nucleocapsid Core, Ruoyu Yang, Ying-Hui Ko, Fenglin Li, Ravi K. Lokareddy, Chun-Feng David Hou, Christine Kim, Shelby Klein, Santiago Antolínez, Juan F. Marín, Carolina Pérez-Segura, Martin F. Jarrold, Adam Zlotnick, Jodi A. Hadden-Perilla, Gino Cingolani 2024 Thomas Jefferson University

Structural Basis For Nuclear Import Of Hepatitis B Virus (Hbv) Nucleocapsid Core, Ruoyu Yang, Ying-Hui Ko, Fenglin Li, Ravi K. Lokareddy, Chun-Feng David Hou, Christine Kim, Shelby Klein, Santiago Antolínez, Juan F. Marín, Carolina Pérez-Segura, Martin F. Jarrold, Adam Zlotnick, Jodi A. Hadden-Perilla, Gino Cingolani

Student Papers, Posters & Projects

Nuclear import of the hepatitis B virus (HBV) nucleocapsid is essential for replication that occurs in the nucleus. The ~360-angstrom HBV capsid translocates to the nuclear pore complex (NPC) as an intact particle, hijacking human importins in a reaction stimulated by host kinases. This paper describes the mechanisms of HBV capsid recognition by importins. We found that importin α1 binds a nuclear localization signal (NLS) at the far end of the HBV coat protein Cp183 carboxyl-terminal domain (CTD). This NLS is exposed to the capsid surface through a pore at the icosahedral quasi-sixfold vertex. Phosphorylation at serine-155, serine-162, and serine-170 …


Jak2 And Ptprc Mrna Expression Levels In Ankylosing Spondylitis And Systemic Lupus Erythematosus Patients, Yasser AS El Ghobashy, Ibrahim Elmadbouh, Dina Salem Fotoh, Enas Subhi Zahran, Asmaa Mahmoud Shukry, Sherin Sobhy El Naidany 2024 Medical Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Department, Faculty of Medicine, Menoufia University, Egypt

Jak2 And Ptprc Mrna Expression Levels In Ankylosing Spondylitis And Systemic Lupus Erythematosus Patients, Yasser As El Ghobashy, Ibrahim Elmadbouh, Dina Salem Fotoh, Enas Subhi Zahran, Asmaa Mahmoud Shukry, Sherin Sobhy El Naidany

Menoufia Medical Journal

Objectives: to evaluate RNA expression levels of Janus Kinase 2 (JAK 2) and protein tyrosine phosphatase receptor type C (PTPRC) genes in SLE and AS and correlate them with the severity of the two diseases. Background: Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is an autoimmune disorder with a wide range of clinical symptoms. Ankylosing spondylitis (AS) is an autoimmune inflammatory disease of young adult, affecting the axial skeleton and articular joints. Methods: A case-control study included 96 subjects: (32 SLE patients, 32 AS patients, and 32 healthy control subjects). Differences in the expression levels of JAK2 and PTPRC in the blood of …


On The Anti-Adipogenic Function Of Collagen Triple Helix Repeat-Containing Protein 1, Matthew E. Siviski 2023 University of Maine

On The Anti-Adipogenic Function Of Collagen Triple Helix Repeat-Containing Protein 1, Matthew E. Siviski

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Adipogenesis is regulated by the coordinated activity of adipogenic transcription factors, including PPAR-gamma (PPARG) and C/EBP alpha (CEBPA). Thus, dysregulated adipogenesis predisposes adipose tissues to adipocyte hypertrophy and hyperplasia. We have previously reported that mice possessing a homozygous null gene mutation in collagen triple helix repeat-containing protein 1 (CTHRC1) have increased adiposity compared to wildtype mice, supporting the concept that CTHRC1 regulates body composition. Herein, we investigated the anti-adipogenic activity of CTHRC1. Using 3T3-L1 preadipocytes, we showed significantly reduced adipogenic differentiation in the presence of CTHRC1 commensurate to marked suppression of Cebpa and Pparg gene expression. In addition, CTHRC1 increased …


Effects Of Dimerization On The Deacylase Activities Of Human Sirt2., Jie Yang, Nathan I Nicely, Brian P Weiser 2023 Rowan University

Effects Of Dimerization On The Deacylase Activities Of Human Sirt2., Jie Yang, Nathan I Nicely, Brian P Weiser

Rowan-Virtua School of Osteopathic Medicine Faculty Scholarship

Human sirtuin isoform 2 (SIRT2) is an NAD+-dependent enzyme that functions as a lysine deacetylase and defatty-acylase. Here, we report that SIRT2 readily dimerizes in solution and in cells and that dimerization affects its ability to remove different acyl modifications from substrates. Dimerization of recombinant SIRT2 was revealed with analytical size exclusion chromatography and chemical cross-linking. Dimerized SIRT2 dissociates into monomers upon binding long fatty acylated substrates (decanoyl-, dodecanoyl-, and myristoyl-lysine). However, we did not observe dissociation of dimeric SIRT2 in the presence of acetyl-lysine. Analysis of X-ray crystal structures led us to discover a SIRT2 double mutant (Q142A/E340A) that …


“Cost-Effective Markers To Identify Metabolically Healthy/Unhealthy Individuals And Their Future Risk For Cardiovascular Disorders”, Shobha C Ramachandra, Akila Prashant, Akshitha Shivanna, Ananth Koushik Bhujanga, Syeda Meherunnisa, Prashant Vishwanath 2023 JSS Medical College, JSSAHER, Mysuru

“Cost-Effective Markers To Identify Metabolically Healthy/Unhealthy Individuals And Their Future Risk For Cardiovascular Disorders”, Shobha C Ramachandra, Akila Prashant, Akshitha Shivanna, Ananth Koushik Bhujanga, Syeda Meherunnisa, Prashant Vishwanath

International Journal of Health and Allied Sciences

Background: With the rising prevalence of metabolically healthy obese, it becomes essential to identify markers to differentiate them from metabolically unhealthy obese and their future risk for cardiovascular disorders (CVD). The study aims to identify suitable markers for risk stratification of metabolically healthy/unhealthy individuals and their risk for CVD. Method: Total 84 individuals aged 18-60 years of age without any comorbidities were enrolled. Their demographic details along with anthropometric measurements were noted. The biochemical parameters like fasting glucose, insulin, lipid profile, and serum adipokines were estimated. Insulin resistance (IR) markers and atherogenic indices were calculated. The data were analyzed on …


Conformational Ensemble-Dependent Lipid Recognition And Segregation By Prenylated Intrinsically Disordered Regions In Small Gtpases., Mussie K Araya, Alemayehu A Gorfe 2023 The Texas Medical Center Library

Conformational Ensemble-Dependent Lipid Recognition And Segregation By Prenylated Intrinsically Disordered Regions In Small Gtpases., Mussie K Araya, Alemayehu A Gorfe

Journal Articles

We studied diverse prenylated intrinsically disordered regions (PIDRs) of Ras and Rho family small GTPases using long timescale atomistic molecular dynamics simulations in an asymmetric model membrane of phosphatidylcholine (PC) and phosphatidylserine (PS) lipids. Here we show that conformational plasticity is a key determinant of lipid sorting by polybasic PIDRs and provide evidence for lipid sorting based on both headgroup and acyl chain structures. We further show that conformational ensemble-based lipid recognition is generalizable to all polybasic PIDRs, and that the sequence outside the polybasic domain (PBD) modulates the conformational plasticity, bilayer adsorption, and interactions of PIDRs with membrane lipids. …


The Effect Of Dexmedetomidine On The Mini-Cog Score And High-Mobility Group Box 1 Levels In Elderly Patients With Postoperative Neurocognitive Disorders Undergoing Orthopedic Surgery, Seung Hee Yoo, Mi Jin Jue, Yu-Hee Kim, Sooyoung Cho, Won-Joong Kim, Kye-Min Kim, Jong In Han, Heeseung Lee 2023 The Texas Medical Center Library

The Effect Of Dexmedetomidine On The Mini-Cog Score And High-Mobility Group Box 1 Levels In Elderly Patients With Postoperative Neurocognitive Disorders Undergoing Orthopedic Surgery, Seung Hee Yoo, Mi Jin Jue, Yu-Hee Kim, Sooyoung Cho, Won-Joong Kim, Kye-Min Kim, Jong In Han, Heeseung Lee

Journal Articles

Dexmedetomidine prevents postoperative cognitive dysfunction by inhibiting high-mobility group box 1 (HMGB1), which acts as an inflammatory marker. This study investigated the HMGB1 levels and the cognitive function using a Mini-Cog© score in elderly patients undergoing orthopedic surgery with dexmedetomidine infusion. In total, 128 patients aged ≥ 65 years were analyzed. The patients received saline in the control group and dexmedetomidine in the dexmedetomidine group until the end of surgery. Blood sampling and the Mini-Cog© test were performed before the surgery and on postoperative days 1 and 3. The primary outcomes were the effect of dexmedetomidine on the HMGB1 levels …


On A Sugar High: Role Of O-Glcnacylation In Cancer, Giang Le Minh, Emily M. Esquea, Riley G. Young, Jessie Huang, Mauricio J. Reginato 2023 Thomas Jefferson University

On A Sugar High: Role Of O-Glcnacylation In Cancer, Giang Le Minh, Emily M. Esquea, Riley G. Young, Jessie Huang, Mauricio J. Reginato

Kimmel Cancer Center Papers, Presentations, and Grand Rounds

Recent advances in the understanding of the molecular mechanisms underlying cancer progression have led to the development of novel therapeutic targeting strategies. Aberrant glycosylation patterns and their implication in cancer have gained increasing attention as potential targets due to the critical role of glycosylation in regulating tumor-specific pathways that contribute to cancer cell survival, proliferation, and progression. A special type of glycosylation that has been gaining momentum in cancer research is the modification of nuclear, cytoplasmic, and mitochondrial proteins, termed O-GlcNAcylation. This protein modification is catalyzed by an enzyme called O-GlcNAc transferase (OGT), which uses the final product of the …


Novel Therapy Targeting Mutant-Krasg12d And Galectin-1 In Pancreatic Cancer, Ana I. Martinez Bulnes, Nirnoy Dan, Poornima Devi Shaji, Swathi Holla, Murali M. Yallapu, Sheema Khan 2023 The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley

Novel Therapy Targeting Mutant-Krasg12d And Galectin-1 In Pancreatic Cancer, Ana I. Martinez Bulnes, Nirnoy Dan, Poornima Devi Shaji, Swathi Holla, Murali M. Yallapu, Sheema Khan

Research Colloquium

Introduction: Although, surgical resection and chemotherapy are the gold standard for treating Pancreatic Ductal Adenocarcinoma (PDAC), low patient survival rate remains the problem. The activating point mutation of the KRAS on codon-12 is present in 70–95% of PDAC cases and so far, no success has been achieved to inhibit KRAS. KRASG12D regulates cell proliferation, differentiation, apoptosis. Recent preliminary and published studies show high Galectin-1 (Gal-1) levels in both pancreatic cancer and stromal cells, which modulate tumor microenvironment and metastasis. Additionally, genetic deletion of gal1 inhibits metastasis and improves survival in KRAS mouse model of PDAC (1). Therefore, our objective is …


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