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Podium Presentation: Registered Nurses' Diet Quality And Overall Health During The Sars-Cov-2 Pandemic, Teresa Bigand, Ross Bindler, Lois James, Rachel Faulkner, Rebecca Penders, Trisha Saul, Marietta Sperry, Marian Wilson 2022 Providence

Podium Presentation: Registered Nurses' Diet Quality And Overall Health During The Sars-Cov-2 Pandemic, Teresa Bigand, Ross Bindler, Lois James, Rachel Faulkner, Rebecca Penders, Trisha Saul, Marietta Sperry, Marian Wilson

Providence Nurse Research Conference (2022 - present)

No abstract provided.


Differences In Nutritional Profile Of 12-Hour Registered Nurses Who Do And Do Not Take At Least 60 Minutes Of Scheduled Breaks, Rachel Faulkner, Teresa Bigand, Marian Wilson, Lois James, Ross Bindler, Charis Williams 2022 Providence

Differences In Nutritional Profile Of 12-Hour Registered Nurses Who Do And Do Not Take At Least 60 Minutes Of Scheduled Breaks, Rachel Faulkner, Teresa Bigand, Marian Wilson, Lois James, Ross Bindler, Charis Williams

Providence Nurse Research Conference (2022 - present)

No abstract provided.


The Influence Of Dash Diet Education On Knowledge And Adherence In Primary Care: A Quality Improvement Project, Paige Bekker 2022 Grand Valley State University

The Influence Of Dash Diet Education On Knowledge And Adherence In Primary Care: A Quality Improvement Project, Paige Bekker

Culminating Experience Projects

Background/Local Problem: A rural family practice was concerned about the number of

patients with uncontrolled hypertension, 19.86% n = 56, as defined by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). After several quality improvement (QI) initiates to lower the prevalence rate of uncontrolled hypertension, including proper measurement techniques and home monitoring, the modifiable risk factor of adapting one’s food intake was introduced using the Dietary Approach to Stop Hypertension (DASH) diet as an intervention. The DASH diet is an evidence-based approach for lowering blood pressure. The QI project was completed with the purpose of implementing DASH diet ...


Associations Of Lifestyle And Sociodemographic Factors With Dietary Supplement Use In College Students, Sydney Chratian 2022 University of Rhode Island

Associations Of Lifestyle And Sociodemographic Factors With Dietary Supplement Use In College Students, Sydney Chratian

Senior Honors Projects

Background: Dietary supplement use has been shown to be significantly prevalent in the United States, especially among the young adult population. Studies have reported increasing use of dietary supplements among college students in the US. However, little research has investigated the sociodemographic and behavioral characteristics associated with dietary supplement use in this population.

Objectives: The aim of this study was to examine the prevalence of dietary supplement use and sociodemographic and behavioral characteristics associated with dietary supplement use in college students and examine the attitudes and beliefs of college students on dietary supplements.

Methods: A cross sectional study was conducted ...


Necrotizing Enterocolitis Rates In Preterm Infants, Alexis Howard 2022 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Necrotizing Enterocolitis Rates In Preterm Infants, Alexis Howard

The Eleanor Mann School of Nursing Undergraduate Honors Theses

Breast milk and donor human milk is used in the prevention of necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) in preterm infants born prior to 37 weeks gestation and those with very low birth weight. This process occurs through direct breast feeding and tube feeding. The aim of this study was to compare the use of breast milk and donor milk to the use of formula feed in preterm infants. A systematic review was conducted using articles collected from CINAHL and PubMed and was guided by PRISMA guidelines. A total of 15 studies that met criteria were analyzed by purpose, variables, study design, population ...


The Impact Of Dietary Fiber On Breast Cancer Incidence, Peyton North 2022 East Tennessee State University

The Impact Of Dietary Fiber On Breast Cancer Incidence, Peyton North

Epsilon Sigma at-Large Research Conference

Abstract

Introduction & Background

The role of dietary fiber in breast cancer etiology remains unclear. A negative correlation may be due to fiber’s ability to stave off obesity and aid in the extraction of serum estrogen, two known risk factors for the disease. Effects may differ by source, and type, of fiber. Most of the data available is from research with non-Hispanic white women. However, fiber intake may vary significantly across cultures.

Purpose Statement & Question

The research sought to investigate whether an increased intake of dietary fiber was associated with a corresponding decrease in the incidence of breast cancer. The ...


Associations Between Potential Inflammatory Properties Of The Diet And Frequency, Duration, And Severity Of Migraine Headaches: A Cross-Sectional Study, Seyed Mojtaba Ghoreishy, Gholamreza Askari, Hamed Mohammadi, Marilyn S. Campbell, Fariborz Khorvash, Arman Arab 2022 Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Iran

Associations Between Potential Inflammatory Properties Of The Diet And Frequency, Duration, And Severity Of Migraine Headaches: A Cross-Sectional Study, Seyed Mojtaba Ghoreishy, Gholamreza Askari, Hamed Mohammadi, Marilyn S. Campbell, Fariborz Khorvash, Arman Arab

Kinesiology and Health Promotion Faculty Publications

Despite a large body of literature on the association between the dietary inflammatory index (DII) and various chronic diseases, limited knowledge is available regarding the association between DII and migraine. Therefore, we assessed the relationship between the DII and migraine characteristics, including duration, frequency, and severity of migraine headaches, Headache Impact Test-6 (HIT-6), and serum levels of nitric oxide (NO). This population-based cross-sectional study was conducted from August 2019 to June 2020 among 262 patients (38 men and 224 women; 20-50 years). A 168-item semiquantitative food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) was gathered to evaluate dietary intake, and subsequently, an energy-adjusted DII ...


Distance Runners In Appalachia: A Survey Of Injuries, Training, And Dietary Habits, Justine Falcone MD, Katherine Langley MD, Brenden Balcik MD, Rosanna Sikora MD, Melinda Sharon MPH, Aaron Monseau MD 2022 Sovah Health

Distance Runners In Appalachia: A Survey Of Injuries, Training, And Dietary Habits, Justine Falcone Md, Katherine Langley Md, Brenden Balcik Md, Rosanna Sikora Md, Melinda Sharon Mph, Aaron Monseau Md

Faculty & Staff Scholarship

Objectives: The purpose was to examine characteristics of an Appalachian population of runners. The primary aim was to examine risk factors for running related injury (RRI), including mileage per week, experience, and use of applications/training programs. A second aim was to characterize dietary habits among runners. Methods: This study was conducted in September 2015 in North Central Appalachian West Virginia. The Morgantown Marathon consists of three races offered every September: an 8K, half marathon, and full marathon. Surveys were offered to runners ages 18 and older during packet pick-up. For this survey study, questions consisted of multiple choice and ...


When Eating Becomes Torturous: Understanding Nutrition-Related Cancer Treatment Side Effects Among Individuals With Cancer And Their Caregivers, Brandy-Joe Milliron, Lora Packel, Dan Dychtwald, Cynthia Klobodu, Laura Pontiggia, Ochi Ogbogu, Byron Barksdale, Jonathan Deutsch 2022 Drexel University

When Eating Becomes Torturous: Understanding Nutrition-Related Cancer Treatment Side Effects Among Individuals With Cancer And Their Caregivers, Brandy-Joe Milliron, Lora Packel, Dan Dychtwald, Cynthia Klobodu, Laura Pontiggia, Ochi Ogbogu, Byron Barksdale, Jonathan Deutsch

Institute of Emerging Health Professions Faculty Papers

Individuals living with cancer often experience multiple nutrition-related side effects from cancer treatment, including changes in taste and smell, nausea, diarrhea, loss of appetite, and pain during eating. These side effects can profoundly impact nutritional status and quality of life. The purpose of this study was to explore experiences with nutrition-related cancer treatment side effects among cancer patients and their family caregivers, the way they manage such side effects, and the resulting changes in food preferences and behaviors. Structured surveys and in-depth interviews were conducted. Interviews focused on the presence and management of treatment side effects, how those changes influenced ...


Nutritional Support And Prophylaxis Of Azithromycin For Pregnant Women To Improve Birth Outcomes In Peri-Urban Slums Of Karachi, Pakistan-A Protocol Of Multi-Arm Assessor-Blinded Randomized Controlled Trial (Mumta Pw Trial), Ameer Muhammad, Zoha Zahid Fazal, Benazir Baloch, Muhammad Imran Nisar, Fyezah Jehan, Yasir Shafiq 2022 VITAL Pakistan Trust, Karachi,

Nutritional Support And Prophylaxis Of Azithromycin For Pregnant Women To Improve Birth Outcomes In Peri-Urban Slums Of Karachi, Pakistan-A Protocol Of Multi-Arm Assessor-Blinded Randomized Controlled Trial (Mumta Pw Trial), Ameer Muhammad, Zoha Zahid Fazal, Benazir Baloch, Muhammad Imran Nisar, Fyezah Jehan, Yasir Shafiq

Medical College Documents

Background: Maternal undernutrition is critical in the etiology of poor perinatal outcomes and accounts for 20% of small-for-gestational-age (SGA) births. High levels of food insecurity, antenatal undernourishment, and childhood undernutrition necessitate the supplementation of fortified balanced energy protein (BEP) during pregnancy in low-income settings especially with scarce literature available in this subject. Hence, this paper extensively covers the protocol of such a trial conducted in an urban slum of Karachi, Pakistan.
Methods: The trial is community-based, open-labelled, four-arm, and randomized controlled that will include parallel group assignments with a 1:1:1:1 allocation ratio in low-income squatter settlements in ...


Association Of Urine Findings With Metabolic Syndrome Traits In A Population Of Patients With Nephrolithiasis, Virginia L. Hood, Kevan M. Sternberg, Desiree de Waal, John R. Asplin, Carley Mulligan, Peter W. Callas 2022 University of Vermont

Association Of Urine Findings With Metabolic Syndrome Traits In A Population Of Patients With Nephrolithiasis, Virginia L. Hood, Kevan M. Sternberg, Desiree De Waal, John R. Asplin, Carley Mulligan, Peter W. Callas

Larner College of Medicine Fourth Year Advanced Integration Teaching/Scholarly Projects

  1. Background The odds of nephrolithiasis increase with more metabolic syndrome (MetS) traits. We evaluated associations of metabolic and dietary factors from urine studies and stone composition with MetS traits in a large cohort of stone-forming patients.

    Methods Patients .18 years old who were evaluated for stones with 24-hour urine collections between July 2009 and December 2018 had their records reviewed retrospectively. Patient factors, laboratory values, and diagnoses were identified within 6 months of urine collection and stone composition within 1 year. Four groups with none, one, two, and three or four MetS traits (hypertension, obesity, dyslipidemia, and diabetes) were evaluated ...


Adipose-Specific Pparα Knockout Mice Have Increased Lipogenesis By Pask–Srebp1 Signaling And A Polarity Shift To Inflammatory Macrophages In White Adipose Tissue, Terry D. Hinds, Jr., Zachary A. Kipp, Mei Xu, Frederique B. Yiannikouris, Andrew J. Morris, Donald F. Stec, Walter Wahli, David E. Stec 2021 University of Kentucky

Adipose-Specific Pparα Knockout Mice Have Increased Lipogenesis By Pask–Srebp1 Signaling And A Polarity Shift To Inflammatory Macrophages In White Adipose Tissue, Terry D. Hinds, Jr., Zachary A. Kipp, Mei Xu, Frederique B. Yiannikouris, Andrew J. Morris, Donald F. Stec, Walter Wahli, David E. Stec

Pharmacology and Nutritional Sciences Faculty Publications

The nuclear receptor PPARα is associated with reducing adiposity, especially in the liver, where it transactivates genes for β-oxidation. Contrarily, the function of PPARα in extrahepatic tissues is less known. Therefore, we established the first adipose-specific PPARα knockout (PparaFatKO) mice to determine the signaling position of PPARα in adipose tissue expansion that occurs during the development of obesity. To assess the function of PPARα in adiposity, female and male mice were placed on a high-fat diet (HFD) or normal chow for 30 weeks. Only the male PparaFatKO animals had significantly more adiposity in the inguinal white adipose tissue ...


Ketone Body Metabolism In The Ischemic Heart, Stephen C. Kolwicz Jr. 2021 Ursinus College

Ketone Body Metabolism In The Ischemic Heart, Stephen C. Kolwicz Jr.

Health and Exercise Physiology Faculty Publications

Ketone bodies have been identified as an important, alternative fuel source in heart failure. In addition, the use of ketone bodies as a fuel source has been suggested to be a potential ergogenic aid for endurance exercise performance. These findings have certainly renewed interest in the use of ketogenic diets and exogenous supplementation in an effort to improve overall health and disease. However, given the prevalence of ischemic heart disease and myocardial infarctions, these strategies may not be ideal for individuals with coronary artery disease. Although research studies have clearly defined changes in fatty acid and glucose metabolism during ischemia ...


Nutritional Supplementation To Reduce The Risk Of Malnutrition In The Dsu, Rebeca Zamora, BSN, RN, PCCN 2021 Providence St. Joseph Health

Nutritional Supplementation To Reduce The Risk Of Malnutrition In The Dsu, Rebeca Zamora, Bsn, Rn, Pccn

St. Joseph Hospital, Orange, CA. Evidence Based Practice Conference

No abstract provided.


Intestinal Dysbiosis – A New Treatment Target In The Prevention Of Colorectal Cancer, Florinela-Andrada Dumitru, Sergiu Ioan Micu, Roxana Emanuela Popoiag, Marilena Musat, Andreea Daniela Caloian, Valentin Calu, Vlad Denis Constantin, Daniela Gabriela Balan, Cornelia Nitipir, Florin Enache 2021 EMERGENCY HOSPITAL OF CONSTANTA, DEPARTMENT OF GASTROENTEROLOGY, CONSTANTA, ROMANIA

Intestinal Dysbiosis – A New Treatment Target In The Prevention Of Colorectal Cancer, Florinela-Andrada Dumitru, Sergiu Ioan Micu, Roxana Emanuela Popoiag, Marilena Musat, Andreea Daniela Caloian, Valentin Calu, Vlad Denis Constantin, Daniela Gabriela Balan, Cornelia Nitipir, Florin Enache

Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences

The gastrointestinal microbiome contains at least 100 trillion microorganisms (bacteria, viruses, fungi), whose distribution varies from the mouth to the rectum spatially and temporally throughout one's lifetime. The microbiome benefits from advancing research due to its major role in human health. Studies indicate that its functions are immunity, metabolic processes and mucosal barrier. The disturbances of these functions, dysbiosis, influence physiology, lead to diabetes, inflammatory bowel disease, obesity and colon tumorigenesis. The third most common form of cancer, colorectal cancer, is the result of many factors and genes, and although the link between dysbiosis and this type of cancer ...


Output Consistency Scale To Standardize Ostomate Output Description In Clinical Practice And Studies, lisa Whisenhunt, Linda Xu, Fan Yang, Jacques Izard 2021 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Output Consistency Scale To Standardize Ostomate Output Description In Clinical Practice And Studies, Lisa Whisenhunt, Linda Xu, Fan Yang, Jacques Izard

Food for Health Papers & Publications

Stool descriptors have become popular due to the large diffusion of the Bristol Stool Form Scale (BSFS) via clinical studies, clinical trials, and social media. The applications have been numerous and centered around standardization of terminology that can be used by health care professionals and patients alike, as well as individuals interested in their wellness and the associated partners in the wellness industry. For a portion of the population, the digestive content is rerouted to an external manufactured pouch or bag, making the use of the BSFS visual descriptors of stool difficult. From day one post-resection surgery, ostomates are challenged ...


The Relationship Between Adiponectin And Dietary Iron In Non-Diabetic Young Women, Calah Coleman 2021 Kennesaw State University

The Relationship Between Adiponectin And Dietary Iron In Non-Diabetic Young Women, Calah Coleman

Symposium of Student Scholars

Introduction: Adiponectin is a protein-based hormone that is secreted by adipocytes and assists in several metabolic processes including glucose regulation and fatty acid oxidation. Low adiponectin levels have been linked to metabolic conditions such as increased insulin resistance and obesity. Previous studies have shown that circulating iron has an inverse relationship with adiponectin levels. It is unknown whether dietary iron has the same association with adiponectin levels.

Purpose: The purpose of this study is to examine the relationship between dietary iron intake and adiponectin levels.

Methods: This study examined 42 non-diabetic women (Age: 20.7 ±2.8 years; BMI 27 ...


Elevated Lipid Oxidation Is Associated With Exceeding Gestational Weight Gain Recommendations And Increased Neonatal Anthropometrics: A Cross-Sectional Analysis, Jill M. Maples, Samantha F. Ehrlich, Nikki B. Zite, Kevin J. Pearson, W. Todd Cade, Courtney J. Riedinger, Maire M. Blankenship, Rachel A. Tinius 2021 University of Tennessee

Elevated Lipid Oxidation Is Associated With Exceeding Gestational Weight Gain Recommendations And Increased Neonatal Anthropometrics: A Cross-Sectional Analysis, Jill M. Maples, Samantha F. Ehrlich, Nikki B. Zite, Kevin J. Pearson, W. Todd Cade, Courtney J. Riedinger, Maire M. Blankenship, Rachel A. Tinius

Pharmacology and Nutritional Sciences Faculty Publications

BACKGROUND: Deviations from gestational weight gain (GWG) recommendations are associated with unfavorable maternal and neonatal outcomes. There is a need to understand how maternal substrate metabolism, independent of weight status, may contribute to GWG and neonatal outcomes. The purpose of this study was to explore the potential link between maternal lipid oxidation rate, GWG, and neonatal anthropometric outcomes.

METHODS: Women (N = 32) with a lean pre-pregnancy BMI were recruited during late pregnancy and substrate metabolism was assessed using indirect calorimetry, before and after consumption of a high-fat meal. GWG was categorized as follows: inadequate, adequate, or excess. Shortly after delivery ...


Gestational Weight Gain In 4 Low- And Middle-Income Countries And Associations With Birth Outcomes: A Secondary Analysis Of The Women First Trial., Melissa S Bauserman, Carla M Bann, K Michael Hambidge, Ana L Garces, Lester Figueroa, Jamie L Westcott, Jackie K Patterson, Elizabeth M McClure, Vanessa R Thorsten, Sumera Ali Aziz, Sarah Saleem, Robert L Goldenberg, Richard Derman, Veena Herekar, Manjunath Somannavar, Marion W Koso-Thomas, Adrien L Lokangaka, Antoinette K Tshefu, Nancy F Krebs, Carl L Bose, Shivaprasad Goudar, Sangappa Dhaded, Bhalchandra Kodkany, Omrana Pasha, Abhik Das, Menachem Miodovnik, N K Raju Tonse 2021 Department of Pediatrics, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC, United States

Gestational Weight Gain In 4 Low- And Middle-Income Countries And Associations With Birth Outcomes: A Secondary Analysis Of The Women First Trial., Melissa S Bauserman, Carla M Bann, K Michael Hambidge, Ana L Garces, Lester Figueroa, Jamie L Westcott, Jackie K Patterson, Elizabeth M Mcclure, Vanessa R Thorsten, Sumera Ali Aziz, Sarah Saleem, Robert L Goldenberg, Richard Derman, Veena Herekar, Manjunath Somannavar, Marion W Koso-Thomas, Adrien L Lokangaka, Antoinette K Tshefu, Nancy F Krebs, Carl L Bose, Shivaprasad Goudar, Sangappa Dhaded, Bhalchandra Kodkany, Omrana Pasha, Abhik Das, Menachem Miodovnik, N K Raju Tonse

Global Health Articles

BACKGROUND: Adequate gestational weight gain (GWG) is essential for healthy fetal growth. However, in low- and middle-income countries, where malnutrition is prevalent, little information is available about GWG and how it might be modified by nutritional status and interventions.

OBJECTIVE: We describe GWG and its associations with fetal growth and birth outcomes. We also examined the extent to which prepregnancy BMI, and preconception and early weight gain modify GWG, and its effects on fetal growth.

METHODS: This was a secondary analysis of the Women First Trial, including 2331 women within the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), Guatemala, India, and Pakistan ...


Effects Of Social Determinants Of Health In Progression To Type 2 Diabetes, Folabi I. Ariganjoye 2021 University of Tennessee Health Science Center

Effects Of Social Determinants Of Health In Progression To Type 2 Diabetes, Folabi I. Ariganjoye

Applied Research Projects

The prevalence of prediabetes and diabetes in the United States and around the world has increased faster than expected in the last 30 years. The economic burden this costs a nation can be astronomic both in terms of expense and loss in productivity. One-third of U.S. adults, 86 million people, have prediabetes. Effective management is needed that can reach these 86 million, and others at high risk, to reduce their progression to diagnosed Type 2 diabetes. After the literature review, there was not enough literature to support how these led to the progression to diabetes. The abundant literature is ...


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