Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Medical Genetics Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

1,076 Full-Text Articles 4,995 Authors 210,106 Downloads 90 Institutions

All Articles in Medical Genetics

Faceted Search

1,076 full-text articles. Page 1 of 39.

Evaluation Of Somatic Mutations In Solid Metastatic Pan-Cancer Patients, Moom Roosan, Isa Mambetsariev, Rebecca Pharaon, Jeremy Fricke, Angel R. Baroz, Joseph Chao, Chen Chen, Mohd W. Nasser, Ramakanth Chirravuri-Venkata, Maneesh Jain, Lynette Smith, Susan E. Yost, Karen L. Reckamp, Raju Pillai, Leonidas Arvanitis, Michelle Afkhami, Edward W. Wang, Vincent Chung, Mihaela Cristea, Marwan Fakih, Marianna Koczywas, Erminia Massarelli, Joanne Mortimer, Yuan Yuan, Surinder K. Batra, Sumanta Pal, Ravi Salgia 2021 Chapman University

Evaluation Of Somatic Mutations In Solid Metastatic Pan-Cancer Patients, Moom Roosan, Isa Mambetsariev, Rebecca Pharaon, Jeremy Fricke, Angel R. Baroz, Joseph Chao, Chen Chen, Mohd W. Nasser, Ramakanth Chirravuri-Venkata, Maneesh Jain, Lynette Smith, Susan E. Yost, Karen L. Reckamp, Raju Pillai, Leonidas Arvanitis, Michelle Afkhami, Edward W. Wang, Vincent Chung, Mihaela Cristea, Marwan Fakih, Marianna Koczywas, Erminia Massarelli, Joanne Mortimer, Yuan Yuan, Surinder K. Batra, Sumanta Pal, Ravi Salgia

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

Metastasis continues to be the primary cause of all cancer-related deaths despite the recent advancements in cancer treatments. To evaluate the role of mutations in overall survival (OS) and treatment outcomes, we analyzed 957 metastatic patients with seven major cancer types who had available molecular testing results with a FoundationOne CDx® panel. The most prevalent genes with somatic mutations were TP53, KRAS, APC, and LRP1B. In this analysis, these genes had mutation frequencies higher than in publicly available datasets. We identified that the somatic mutations were seven mutually exclusive gene pairs and an additional fifty-two co-occurring gene pairs. Mutations in ...


A Screen Of Fda-Approved Drugs Identifies Inhibitors Of Protein Tyrosine Phosphatase 4a3 (Ptp4a3 Or Prl-3), Dylan R. Rivas, Mark Vincent C. Dela Cerna, Caroline N. Smith, Shilpa Sampathi, Blaine G. Patty, Donghan Lee, Jessica S. Blackburn 2021 University of Kentucky

A Screen Of Fda-Approved Drugs Identifies Inhibitors Of Protein Tyrosine Phosphatase 4a3 (Ptp4a3 Or Prl-3), Dylan R. Rivas, Mark Vincent C. Dela Cerna, Caroline N. Smith, Shilpa Sampathi, Blaine G. Patty, Donghan Lee, Jessica S. Blackburn

Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry Faculty Publications

Protein tyrosine phosphatase 4A3 (PTP4A3 or PRL-3) is highly expressed in a variety of cancers, where it promotes tumor cell migration and metastasis leading to poor prognosis. Despite its clinical significance, small molecule inhibitors of PRL-3 are lacking. Here, we screened 1443 FDA-approved drugs for their ability to inhibit the activity of the PRL phosphatase family. We identified five specific inhibitors for PRL-3 as well as one selective inhibitor of PRL-2. Additionally, we found nine drugs that broadly and significantly suppressed PRL activity. Two of these broad-spectrum PRL inhibitors, Salirasib and Candesartan, blocked PRL-3-induced migration in human embryonic kidney cells ...


Understanding The Effect Of Adaptive Mutations On The Three-Dimensional Structure Of Rna, Justin Cook 2021 Duquesne University

Understanding The Effect Of Adaptive Mutations On The Three-Dimensional Structure Of Rna, Justin Cook

Undergraduate Research and Scholarship Symposium

Single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) are variations in the genome where one base pair can differ between individuals.1 SNPs occur throughout the genome and can correlate to a disease-state if they occur in a functional region of DNA.1According to the central dogma of molecular biology, any variation in the DNA sequence will have a direct effect on the RNA sequence and will potentially alter the identity or conformation of a protein product. A single RNA molecule, due to intramolecular base pairing, can acquire a plethora of 3-D conformations that are described by its structural ensemble. One SNP, rs12477830, which ...


Investigation Of Alpl Variant States And Clinical Outcomes: An Analysis Of Adults And Adolescents With Hypophosphatasia Treated With Asfotase Alfa., Priya S. Kishnani, Guillermo Del Angel, Shanggen Zhou, Eric T. Rush 2021 Children's Mercy Hospital

Investigation Of Alpl Variant States And Clinical Outcomes: An Analysis Of Adults And Adolescents With Hypophosphatasia Treated With Asfotase Alfa., Priya S. Kishnani, Guillermo Del Angel, Shanggen Zhou, Eric T. Rush

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

Background: Hypophosphatasia (HPP), a rare metabolic disease, can be inherited in an autosomal recessive (biallelic) or an autosomal dominant (monoallelic) manner. Most of the severe, early-onset, frequently lethal HPP in infants is acquired through recessive inheritance; less severe, later-onset, typically nonlethal HPP phenotypes are acquired through either dominant or recessive inheritance. HPP's variable clinical presentation arises from >400 identified ALPL pathogenic variants with likely variable penetrance, especially with autosomal dominant inheritance. This post hoc analysis investigated the relationship between ALPL variant state (biallelic and monoallelic) and clinical outcomes with asfotase alfa in HPP.

Methods: Data were pooled from two ...


Epigenome-Wide Association Study Of Kidney Function Identifies Trans-Ethnic And Ethnic-Specific Loci, Charles E. Breeze, Anna Batorsky, Mi Kyeong Lee, Mindy D. Szeto, Xiaoguang Xu, Daniel L. McCartney, Rong Jiang, Amit Patki, Holly J. Kramer, James M. Eales, Laura Raffield, Leslie Lange, Ethan Lange, Peter Durda, Yongmei Liu, Russ P. Tracy, David Van Den Berg, NHLBI Trans-Omics for Precision Medicine (TOPMed) Consortium, TOPMed MESA Multi-Omics Working Group, Kathryn L. Evans, William E. Kraus, Donna K. Arnett 2021 National Cancer Institute

Epigenome-Wide Association Study Of Kidney Function Identifies Trans-Ethnic And Ethnic-Specific Loci, Charles E. Breeze, Anna Batorsky, Mi Kyeong Lee, Mindy D. Szeto, Xiaoguang Xu, Daniel L. Mccartney, Rong Jiang, Amit Patki, Holly J. Kramer, James M. Eales, Laura Raffield, Leslie Lange, Ethan Lange, Peter Durda, Yongmei Liu, Russ P. Tracy, David Van Den Berg, Nhlbi Trans-Omics For Precision Medicine (Topmed) Consortium, Topmed Mesa Multi-Omics Working Group, Kathryn L. Evans, William E. Kraus, Donna K. Arnett

Epidemiology Faculty Publications

BACKGROUND: DNA methylation (DNAm) is associated with gene regulation and estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), a measure of kidney function. Decreased eGFR is more common among US Hispanics and African Americans. The causes for this are poorly understood. We aimed to identify trans-ethnic and ethnic-specific differentially methylated positions (DMPs) associated with eGFR using an agnostic, genome-wide approach.

METHODS: The study included up to 5428 participants from multi-ethnic studies for discovery and 8109 participants for replication. We tested the associations between whole blood DNAm and eGFR using beta values from Illumina 450K or EPIC arrays. Ethnicity-stratified analyses were performed using linear ...


Use Of Antisense Oligonucleotides To Target Notch2 In Mouse Chondrocytes, Gabrielle Viviana Lanza 2021 University of Connecticut

Use Of Antisense Oligonucleotides To Target Notch2 In Mouse Chondrocytes, Gabrielle Viviana Lanza

Honors Scholar Theses

NOTCH2 is a transmembrane receptor that is part of the Notch receptor family, known for controlling cell differentiation and function. Notch receptors play a crucial role in skeletal development and bone homeostasis. Hajdu Cheney Syndrome (HCS) is a rare monogenic disorder affecting the skeleton caused by a gain-of-function mutation in NOTCH2. Antisense oligonucleotides (ASO) are sequence-specific single-stranded nucleic acids that bind to target mRNA and initiate mRNA degradation. While previous work has explored the role of Notch2 ASOs in osteoblasts and osteoclasts, this paper explores the role of Notch2 and Notch2 ASOs in cells of cartilage tissue. The effect of ...


Ciliary Extracellular Vesicles Are Distinct From The Cytosolic Extracellular Vesicles, Ashraf M. Mohieldin, Rajasekharreddy Pala, Richard Beuttler, James J. Moresco, John R. Yates III, Surya M. Nauli 2021 Chapman University

Ciliary Extracellular Vesicles Are Distinct From The Cytosolic Extracellular Vesicles, Ashraf M. Mohieldin, Rajasekharreddy Pala, Richard Beuttler, James J. Moresco, John R. Yates Iii, Surya M. Nauli

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

Extracellular vesicles (EVs) are cell‐derived membrane vesicles that are released into the extracellular space. EVs encapsulate key proteins and mediate intercellular signalling pathways. Recently, primary cilia have been shown to release EVs under fluid‐shear flow, but many proteins encapsulated in these vesicles have never been identified. Primary cilia are ubiquitous mechanosensory organelles that protrude from the apical surface of almost all human cells. Primary cilia also serve as compartments for signalling pathways, and their defects have been associated with a wide range of human genetic diseases called ciliopathies. To better understand the mechanism of ciliopathies, it is imperative ...


Rare Deleterious Mutations Of Hnrnp Genes Result In Shared Neurodevelopmental Disorders., Madelyn A. Gillentine, Tianyun Wang, Kendra Hoekzema, Jill Rosenfeld, Pengfei Liu, Hui Guo, Chang N. Kim, Bert B A De Vries, Lisenka E L M Vissers, Magnus Nordenskjold, Malin Kvarnung, Anna Lindstrand, Ann Nordgren, Jozef Gecz, Maria Iascone, Anna Cereda, Agnese Scatigno, Silvia Maitz, Ginevra Zanni, Enrico Bertini, Christiane Zweier, Sarah Schuhmann, Antje Wiesener, Micah Pepper, Heena Panjwani, Erin Torti, Farida Abid, Irina Anselm, Siddharth Srivastava, Paldeep Atwal, Carlos A. Bacino, Gifty Bhat, Katherine Cobian, Lynne M. Bird, Jennifer Friedman, Meredith S. Wright, Bert Callewaert, Florence Petit, Sophie Mathieu, Alexandra Afenjar, Celenie K. Christensen, Kerry M. White, Orly Elpeleg, Itai Berger, Edward J. Espineli, Christina Fagerberg, Charlotte Brasch-Andersen, Lars Kjærsgaard Hansen, Timothy Feyma, Susan Starling Hughes, Isabelle Thiffault, Bonnie Sullivan, Shuang Yan, Kory Keller, Boris Keren, Cyril Mignot, Frank Kooy, Marije Meuwissen, Alice Basinger, Mary Kukolich, Meredith Philips, Lucia Ortega, Margaret Drummond-Borg, Mathilde Lauridsen, Kristina Sorensen, Anna Lehman, CAUSES Study, Elena Lopez-Rangel, Paul Levy, Davor Lessel, Timothy Lotze, Suneeta Madan-Khetarpal, Jessica Sebastian, Jodie Vento, Divya Vats, L Manace Benman, Shane Mckee, Ghayda M. Mirzaa, Candace Muss, John Pappas, Hilde Peeters, Corrado Romano, Maurizio Elia, Ornella Galesi, Marleen E H Simon, Koen L I van Gassen, Kara Simpson, Robert Stratton, Sabeen Syed, Julien Thevenon, Irene Valenzuela Palafoll, Antonio Vitobello, Marie Bournez, Laurence Faivre, Kun Xia, SPARK Consortium, Rachel K. Earl, Tomasz Nowakowski, Raphael A. Bernier, Evan E. Eichler 2021 Children's Mercy Hospital

Rare Deleterious Mutations Of Hnrnp Genes Result In Shared Neurodevelopmental Disorders., Madelyn A. Gillentine, Tianyun Wang, Kendra Hoekzema, Jill Rosenfeld, Pengfei Liu, Hui Guo, Chang N. Kim, Bert B A De Vries, Lisenka E L M Vissers, Magnus Nordenskjold, Malin Kvarnung, Anna Lindstrand, Ann Nordgren, Jozef Gecz, Maria Iascone, Anna Cereda, Agnese Scatigno, Silvia Maitz, Ginevra Zanni, Enrico Bertini, Christiane Zweier, Sarah Schuhmann, Antje Wiesener, Micah Pepper, Heena Panjwani, Erin Torti, Farida Abid, Irina Anselm, Siddharth Srivastava, Paldeep Atwal, Carlos A. Bacino, Gifty Bhat, Katherine Cobian, Lynne M. Bird, Jennifer Friedman, Meredith S. Wright, Bert Callewaert, Florence Petit, Sophie Mathieu, Alexandra Afenjar, Celenie K. Christensen, Kerry M. White, Orly Elpeleg, Itai Berger, Edward J. Espineli, Christina Fagerberg, Charlotte Brasch-Andersen, Lars Kjærsgaard Hansen, Timothy Feyma, Susan Starling Hughes, Isabelle Thiffault, Bonnie Sullivan, Shuang Yan, Kory Keller, Boris Keren, Cyril Mignot, Frank Kooy, Marije Meuwissen, Alice Basinger, Mary Kukolich, Meredith Philips, Lucia Ortega, Margaret Drummond-Borg, Mathilde Lauridsen, Kristina Sorensen, Anna Lehman, Causes Study, Elena Lopez-Rangel, Paul Levy, Davor Lessel, Timothy Lotze, Suneeta Madan-Khetarpal, Jessica Sebastian, Jodie Vento, Divya Vats, L Manace Benman, Shane Mckee, Ghayda M. Mirzaa, Candace Muss, John Pappas, Hilde Peeters, Corrado Romano, Maurizio Elia, Ornella Galesi, Marleen E H Simon, Koen L I Van Gassen, Kara Simpson, Robert Stratton, Sabeen Syed, Julien Thevenon, Irene Valenzuela Palafoll, Antonio Vitobello, Marie Bournez, Laurence Faivre, Kun Xia, Spark Consortium, Rachel K. Earl, Tomasz Nowakowski, Raphael A. Bernier, Evan E. Eichler

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

BACKGROUND: With the increasing number of genomic sequencing studies, hundreds of genes have been implicated in neurodevelopmental disorders (NDDs). The rate of gene discovery far outpaces our understanding of genotype-phenotype correlations, with clinical characterization remaining a bottleneck for understanding NDDs. Most disease-associated Mendelian genes are members of gene families, and we hypothesize that those with related molecular function share clinical presentations.

METHODS: We tested our hypothesis by considering gene families that have multiple members with an enrichment of de novo variants among NDDs, as determined by previous meta-analyses. One of these gene families is the heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoproteins (hnRNPs), which ...


Genetic Perturbation Of Pu.1 Binding And Chromatin Looping At Neutrophil Enhancers Associates With Autoimmune Disease., Stephen Watt, Louella Vasquez, Klaudia Walter, Alice L. Mann, Kousik Kundu, Lu Chen, Ying Sims, Simone Ecker, Frances Burden, Samantha Farrow, Ben Farr, Valentina Iotchkova, Heather Elding, Daniel Mead, Manuel Tardaguila, Hannes Ponstingl, David Richardson, Avik Datta, Paul Flicek, Laura Clarke, Kate Downes, T Pastinen, Peter Fraser, Mattia Frontini, Biola-Maria Javierre, Mikhail Spivakov, Nicole Soranzo 2021 Children's Mercy Hospital

Genetic Perturbation Of Pu.1 Binding And Chromatin Looping At Neutrophil Enhancers Associates With Autoimmune Disease., Stephen Watt, Louella Vasquez, Klaudia Walter, Alice L. Mann, Kousik Kundu, Lu Chen, Ying Sims, Simone Ecker, Frances Burden, Samantha Farrow, Ben Farr, Valentina Iotchkova, Heather Elding, Daniel Mead, Manuel Tardaguila, Hannes Ponstingl, David Richardson, Avik Datta, Paul Flicek, Laura Clarke, Kate Downes, T Pastinen, Peter Fraser, Mattia Frontini, Biola-Maria Javierre, Mikhail Spivakov, Nicole Soranzo

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

Neutrophils play fundamental roles in innate immune response, shape adaptive immunity, and are a potentially causal cell type underpinning genetic associations with immune system traits and diseases. Here, we profile the binding of myeloid master regulator PU.1 in primary neutrophils across nearly a hundred volunteers. We show that variants associated with differential PU.1 binding underlie genetically-driven differences in cell count and susceptibility to autoimmune and inflammatory diseases. We integrate these results with other multi-individual genomic readouts, revealing coordinated effects of PU.1 binding variants on the local chromatin state, enhancer-promoter contacts and downstream gene expression, and providing a ...


Delta-Like 4 Is Required For Pulmonary Vascular Arborization And Alveolarization In The Developing Lung., Sheng Xia, Heather Menden, Nick Townley, Sherry M. Mabry, Jeffrey J. Johnston, Michael F. Nyp, Daniel P. Heruth, Thomas Korfhagen, Venkatesh Sampath 2021 Children's Mercy Hospital

Delta-Like 4 Is Required For Pulmonary Vascular Arborization And Alveolarization In The Developing Lung., Sheng Xia, Heather Menden, Nick Townley, Sherry M. Mabry, Jeffrey J. Johnston, Michael F. Nyp, Daniel P. Heruth, Thomas Korfhagen, Venkatesh Sampath

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

The molecular mechanisms by which endothelial cells (ECs) regulate pulmonary vascularization and contribute to alveolar epithelial cell development during lung morphogenesis remain unknown. We tested the hypothesis that delta-like 4 (DLL4), an EC Notch ligand, is critical for alveolarization by combining lung mapping and functional studies in human tissue and DLL4-haploinsufficient mice (Dll4+/lacz). DLL4 expressed in a PECAM-restricted manner in capillaries, arteries, and the alveolar septum from the canalicular to alveolar stage in mice and humans. Dll4 haploinsufficiency resulted in exuberant, nondirectional vascular patterning at E17.5 and P6, followed by smaller capillaries and fewer intermediate blood vessels at ...


Genomic Education – Bench To Bedside: A Novel Approach To Teaching Genetic Diagnosis, J. Keith Williams, Michael M. Segal, Lynn K. Feldman 2021 Nova Southeastern University, Ft. Lauderdale

Genomic Education – Bench To Bedside: A Novel Approach To Teaching Genetic Diagnosis, J. Keith Williams, Michael M. Segal, Lynn K. Feldman

Internet Journal of Allied Health Sciences and Practice

Problem: Teaching genetic diagnosis is required in all medical schools and physician assistant programs. However, with thousands of relevant findings and thousands more rare diseases, lectures and narrative resources are inadequate for the task. Whatever information that is taught is easily forgotten and does not carry over into the clinic. Many rare disease patients suffer through “diagnostic odysseys” (3 to 30 years to correct diagnosis). Approach: We used a commercially available diagnostic decision support system (DDSS) that encompasses all Mendelian disorders with known genes, together with other conditions in their differential diagnosis, and a case-based educational approach to teach diagnostic ...


Hook3 Mutations And Their Contributions To Different Types Of Cancers, Brittny Mikhaiel, Van Vo Ph.D. 2021 University of Nevada, Las Vegas

Hook3 Mutations And Their Contributions To Different Types Of Cancers, Brittny Mikhaiel, Van Vo Ph.D.

Undergraduate Research Symposium Posters

Hook3 (Hook Microtubule Tethering Protein 3) is a gene that encodes a protein that is localized in the Golgi complex and is linked to cellular trafficking of cargos and the binding of microtubules to organelles. Although there is some literature discussing the known functions of the gene, the phenotypes in mice or humans have not been thoroughly researched and literature on these phenotypes is limited. The literature that is available suggests Hook3 is implicated in diverse phenotypes ranging from bone development to neural development in mice. Since Hook3 is associated with prostate cancer, it is likely that it is involved ...


A Timeline Of Down Syndrome, Christian Guese, Kristina McInnes, Kimberly Miranda 2021 University of Nevada, Las Vegas

A Timeline Of Down Syndrome, Christian Guese, Kristina Mcinnes, Kimberly Miranda

Undergraduate Research Symposium Posters

The purpose of this research timeline is to synthesize the natural history of Down Syndrome (DS) to discover absence of knowledge, discuss the bioethics in prenatal screening and develop a public health message. Our method of research was literature-based. DS is one of the most common aneuploidy disorders in the United States. There are three genetic variations of DS, Trisomy 21, a third copy of chromosome 21, accounts for 95% of cases. DS causes intellectual disability, developmental delays, facial dysmorphia, and low muscle tone. DS also leads to an increased risk for congenital heart defects and Alzheimer’s disease later ...


Discovering Rett Syndrome (Rts) And Understanding Its Enigmatic Development, Fiorella Ramirez-Guasp, Chanel Chan, Sukyeong Kim 2021 University of Nevada, Las Vegas

Discovering Rett Syndrome (Rts) And Understanding Its Enigmatic Development, Fiorella Ramirez-Guasp, Chanel Chan, Sukyeong Kim

Undergraduate Research Symposium Posters

The purpose of this research project is to compose a comprehensive timeline on the rare disease Rett Syndrome (RTS) in order to better understand its enigmatic development as well as furthering the public’s understanding on this degenerative disease. RTS is a panethnic progressive neurodevelopmental disorder that occurs nearly exclusively in girls. This syndrome is characterized by normal prenatal and neonatal development, followed by an onset of neurological symptoms with a mental stagnation anywhere around 6-18 months of age that involves a rapid loss in speech and acquired motor skills. There is limited knowledge about the molecular cause of Rett ...


The Transcriptional Trajectories Of Pluripotency And Differentiation Comprise Genes With Antithetical Architecture And Repetitive-Element Content., Aristeidis G. Telonis, Isidore Rigoutsos 2021 Computational Medicine Center, Sidney Kimmel College of Medicine, Thomas Jefferson University, 1020 Locust Street, Suite M81, Philadelphia, PA 19107, United States; Department of Human Genetics, Miller School of Medicine, University of Miami, Miami, FL 33136, United States

The Transcriptional Trajectories Of Pluripotency And Differentiation Comprise Genes With Antithetical Architecture And Repetitive-Element Content., Aristeidis G. Telonis, Isidore Rigoutsos

Computational Medicine Center Faculty Papers

BACKGROUND: Extensive molecular differences exist between proliferative and differentiated cells. Here, we conduct a meta-analysis of publicly available transcriptomic datasets from preimplantation and differentiation stages examining the architectural properties and content of genes whose abundance changes significantly across developmental time points.

RESULTS: Analysis of preimplantation embryos from human and mouse showed that short genes whose introns are enriched in Alu (human) and B (mouse) elements, respectively, have higher abundance in the blastocyst compared to the zygote. These highly expressed genes encode ribosomal proteins or metabolic enzymes. On the other hand, long genes whose introns are depleted in repetitive elements have ...


Robust, Flexible, And Scalable Tests For Hardy-Weinberg Equilibrium Across Diverse Ancestries, Alan M. Kwong, Thomas W. Blackwell, Jonathon LeFaive, Mariza de Andrade, John Barnard, Kathleen C. Barnes, John Blangero 2021 The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley

Robust, Flexible, And Scalable Tests For Hardy-Weinberg Equilibrium Across Diverse Ancestries, Alan M. Kwong, Thomas W. Blackwell, Jonathon Lefaive, Mariza De Andrade, John Barnard, Kathleen C. Barnes, John Blangero

School of Medicine Publications and Presentations

Traditional Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium (HWE) tests (the χ2 test and the exact test) have long been used as a metric for evaluating genotype quality, as technical artifacts leading to incorrect genotype calls often can be identified as deviations from HWE. However, in datasets comprised of individuals from diverse ancestries, HWE can be violated even without genotyping error, complicating the use of HWE testing to assess genotype data quality. In this manuscript, we present the Robust Unified Test for HWE (RUTH) to test for HWE while accounting for population structure and genotype uncertainty, and evaluate the impact of population heterogeneity and genotype ...


Genome-Wide Association Meta-Analysis Identifies Pleiotropic Risk Loci For Aerodigestive Squamous Cell Cancers, Corina Lesseur, Aida Ferreiro-Iglesias, James D. McKay, Yohan Bossé, Mattias Johansson, Valerie Gaborieau, Maria Teresa Landi, David C. Christiani, Neil C. Caporaso, Stig E. Bojesen, Christopher I. Amos, Sanjay Shete, Geoffrey Liu, Gadi Rennert, Demetrius Albanes, Melinda C. Aldrich, Adonina Tardon, Chu Chen, Liloglou Triantafillos, John K. Field, Susanne Arnold 2021 World Health Organization

Genome-Wide Association Meta-Analysis Identifies Pleiotropic Risk Loci For Aerodigestive Squamous Cell Cancers, Corina Lesseur, Aida Ferreiro-Iglesias, James D. Mckay, Yohan Bossé, Mattias Johansson, Valerie Gaborieau, Maria Teresa Landi, David C. Christiani, Neil C. Caporaso, Stig E. Bojesen, Christopher I. Amos, Sanjay Shete, Geoffrey Liu, Gadi Rennert, Demetrius Albanes, Melinda C. Aldrich, Adonina Tardon, Chu Chen, Liloglou Triantafillos, John K. Field, Susanne Arnold

Markey Cancer Center Faculty Publications

Squamous cell carcinomas (SqCC) of the aerodigestive tract have similar etiological risk factors. Although genetic risk variants for individual cancers have been identified, an agnostic, genome-wide search for shared genetic susceptibility has not been performed. To identify novel and pleotropic SqCC risk variants, we performed a meta-analysis of GWAS data on lung SqCC (LuSqCC), oro/pharyngeal SqCC (OSqCC), laryngeal SqCC (LaSqCC) and esophageal SqCC (ESqCC) cancers, totaling 13,887 cases and 61,961 controls of European ancestry. We identified one novel genome-wide significant (Pmeta< 5x10-8) aerodigestive SqCC susceptibility loci in the 2q33.1 region (rs56321285, TMEM273). Additionally, three previously ...


Association Of Cardiovascular Health And Epigenetic Age Acceleration, Tess D. Pottinger, Sadiya S. Khan, Yinan Zheng, Wei Zhang, Hilary A. Tindle, Matthew Allison, Gretchen Wells, Aladdin H. Shadyab, Rami Nassir, Lisa Warsinger Martin, JoAnn E. Manson, Donald M. Lloyd-Jones, Philip Greenland, Andrea A. Baccarelli, Eric A. Whitsel, Lifang Hou 2021 Northwestern University

Association Of Cardiovascular Health And Epigenetic Age Acceleration, Tess D. Pottinger, Sadiya S. Khan, Yinan Zheng, Wei Zhang, Hilary A. Tindle, Matthew Allison, Gretchen Wells, Aladdin H. Shadyab, Rami Nassir, Lisa Warsinger Martin, Joann E. Manson, Donald M. Lloyd-Jones, Philip Greenland, Andrea A. Baccarelli, Eric A. Whitsel, Lifang Hou

Nursing Faculty Publications

BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular health (CVH) has been defined by the American Heart Association (AHA) as the presence of the "Life's Simple 7" ideal lifestyle and clinical factors. CVH is known to predict longevity and freedom from cardiovascular disease, the leading cause of death for women in the United States. DNA methylation markers of aging have been aggregated into a composite epigenetic age score, which is associated with cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. However, it is unknown whether poor CVH is associated with acceleration of aging as measured by DNA methylation markers in epigenetic age.

METHODS AND RESULTS: We performed a cross-sectional ...


Racial Disparities In Necrotizing Enterocolitis., Alain Cuna, Venkatesh Sampath, Minesh Khashu 2021 Children's Mercy Hospital

Racial Disparities In Necrotizing Enterocolitis., Alain Cuna, Venkatesh Sampath, Minesh Khashu

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is a serious disease of the intestinal tract affecting 5-10% of pre-term infants with up to 50% mortality in those that require surgery. There is wide variation in the rates and outcomes of NEC by race and ethnicity, and the reasons for this disparity are poorly understood. In this article, we review the epidemiology and discuss possible explanations for racial and ethnic differences in NEC. Most of the current evidence investigating the role of race in NEC comes from North America and suggests that Hispanic ethnicity and non-Hispanic Black race are associated with higher risk of NEC ...


Sars-Cov-2 Early Infection Signature Identified Potential Key Infection Mechanisms And Drug Targets, Yue Li, Ashley Duche, Michael R. Sayer, Don Roosan, Farid G. Khalafalla, Rennolds S. Ostrom, Jennifer Totonchy, Moom Roosan 2021 Chapman University

Sars-Cov-2 Early Infection Signature Identified Potential Key Infection Mechanisms And Drug Targets, Yue Li, Ashley Duche, Michael R. Sayer, Don Roosan, Farid G. Khalafalla, Rennolds S. Ostrom, Jennifer Totonchy, Moom Roosan

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

Background

The ongoing COVID-19 outbreak has caused devastating mortality and posed a significant threat to public health worldwide. Despite the severity of this illness and 2.3 million worldwide deaths, the disease mechanism is mostly unknown. Previous studies that characterized differential gene expression due to SARS-CoV-2 infection lacked robust validation. Although vaccines are now available, effective treatment options are still out of reach.

Results

To characterize the transcriptional activity of SARS-CoV-2 infection, a gene signature consisting of 25 genes was generated using a publicly available RNA-Sequencing (RNA-Seq) dataset of cultured cells infected with SARS-CoV-2. The signature estimated infection level accurately ...


Digital Commons powered by bepress