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The Impact Of High-Intensity Interval Training On Vascular Function In Adults: A Systematic Review And Meta-Analysis, Mousa Khalafi, Mohammad Hossein Sakhaei, Fatemeh Kazeminasab, Michael E. Symonds, Sara K. Rosenkranz 2022 University of Kashan

The Impact Of High-Intensity Interval Training On Vascular Function In Adults: A Systematic Review And Meta-Analysis, Mousa Khalafi, Mohammad Hossein Sakhaei, Fatemeh Kazeminasab, Michael E. Symonds, Sara K. Rosenkranz

Kinesiology and Nutrition Sciences Faculty Publications

Aim: We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to investigate the effects of high-intensity interval training (HIIT) compared with moderateintensity continuous training (MICT) or with no exercise (CON) on vascular function in adults who were free of cardiometabolic diseases and those with cardiometabolic diseases.

Methods: A search across three electronic databases including Scopus, PubMed, and Web of Science was conducted through February 2022 to identify the randomized trials evaluating HIIT vs. MICT and/or CON on vascular function as measured using brachial artery flow-mediated dilation (FMD) in adults. Separate analyses were conducted for HIIT vs. MICT and/or CON to calculate weighted …


Eating Disorders In Men: A Comprehensive Summary, Connor James Spratt, Liam Alexander MacKenzie Myles, Emanuele Maria Merlo 2022 SCHOOL OF PHILOSOPHY, PSYCHOLOGY AND LANGUAGE SCIENCES, UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH, UK

Eating Disorders In Men: A Comprehensive Summary, Connor James Spratt, Liam Alexander Mackenzie Myles, Emanuele Maria Merlo

Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences

Eating disorders (EDs) have detrimental effects on an individual’s physical and mental health, along with significant interpersonal, social and economic effects. Furthermore, men who are suffering with an ED face unique challenges with this. Men suffering with EDs have historically received little attention within ED research, diagnosis and intervention. However, the number of men suffering with these issues is significant and growing. Understanding of EDs tend to ignore male experiences, meaning many are left to suffer in silence until the ED has developed to a critical point. However, many now recognize the need to understand the issues facing men suffering …


Chronic Stress May Disrupt Covariant Fluctuations Of Vitamin D And Cortisol Plasma Levels And Placentome Formation In Pregnant Sheep During The Last Trimester: A Methodological Approach And Preliminary Report, Colin Wakefield 2022 Drexel University College of Medicine

Chronic Stress May Disrupt Covariant Fluctuations Of Vitamin D And Cortisol Plasma Levels And Placentome Formation In Pregnant Sheep During The Last Trimester: A Methodological Approach And Preliminary Report, Colin Wakefield

Tower Health Research Day

No abstract provided.


Salivary Molecules As Indicators Of Hydration Status, José MELÉNDEZ-GALLARDO Dr., Mariana FIGUEROA, Gonzalo BUTTI, Mauro IRIART, María Lucía STEFANELLI 2022 Universidad de la República. Centro Universitario Regional del Este. Instituto Superior de Educación Física (UDELAR-CURE-ISEF) Uruguay/ Universidad de Carabobo. Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud. Centro de Biofísica y Neurociencias (UC-FCS-CBN) Venezuela

Salivary Molecules As Indicators Of Hydration Status, José Meléndez-Gallardo Dr., Mariana Figueroa, Gonzalo Butti, Mauro Iriart, María Lucía Stefanelli

Baltic Journal of Health and Physical Activity

Introduction: Maintaining an appropriate level of hydration is essential to health, especially when doing physical exercise. Thus, the importance of monitoring the before, during and after exercise status. Therefore, knowing and studying the changes and indicators that may provide reliable information on fluctuations in a simple, quick manner, via non-invasive sampling techniques becomes essential. Material and Methods: The data analyzed and processed (α-amylase, K+, Cl-, cortisol, total protein, and osmolality concentration in saliva) in this study are available on the free access research platform for complex physiological signals (https://physionet.org/content/qde/1.0.0/). Ten male subjects voluntarily took part in …


Relationship Between 25-Hydroxyvitamin D And Interleukin-6 With Frailty In Hospitalized Elderly Patients With Chronic Disease In The Stable Phase, Jingrong Dai, Jie Li, Xu He, Yang Li, Yan Li 2022 1.School of Medicine,Kunming University of Science and Technology,Kunming 650500,China 2.Department of Geriatrics,the First People's Hospital of Yunnan Province,Kunming 650032,China

Relationship Between 25-Hydroxyvitamin D And Interleukin-6 With Frailty In Hospitalized Elderly Patients With Chronic Disease In The Stable Phase, Jingrong Dai, Jie Li, Xu He, Yang Li, Yan Li

General Practice in China

Background Frailty-related issue is increasingly prominent with the acceleration of aging in China.However, domestic research on frailty is still in its infancy characterized by non-objective diagnosis basis, unclear pathogenesis and imperfect interventions.Objective To investigate the correlation of 25-hydroxyvitamin D and interleukin-6 with frailty in elderly patients with chronic disease in the stable phase,so asto explore objective diagnostic basis and new interventions for frailty. Methods A total of 152 inpatients (≥ 60 years old) with chronic disease in the stable phase were recruited from Department of Geriatrics,the First People's Hospital of Yunnan Province(hereinafter referred to as “the department of the hospital”) …


The Health Effects Of A Plant-Based Diet On The Human Gut Microbiome, Bryant T. Bell 2022 Thomas Jefferson University

The Health Effects Of A Plant-Based Diet On The Human Gut Microbiome, Bryant T. Bell

Student Papers & Posters

The popularity of a plant-based diet is sweeping the western world. Markets and social media influencers are promoting and encouraging this dietary lifestyle. With people switching diets, research is needed to see how one’s gut microbiome and health are affected. In this review article, the health effect of a plant-based diet on the gut microbiota is evaluate. Over 15 articles contained research on the physiology of the gastrointestinal system, microbes in the gut, nutrition, and diets affecting health issues. It is concluded that a plant-based diet promotes good health and gut microbiome; however, there are some nutritional deficiencies that may …


Reno-Protective And Immune Effects Of Growth Differentiation Factor 15 In Obesity-Related Kidney Disease, Jessie T. Sullivan 2022 University of South Dakota

Reno-Protective And Immune Effects Of Growth Differentiation Factor 15 In Obesity-Related Kidney Disease, Jessie T. Sullivan

Honors Thesis

According to the World Health Organization, worldwide obesity has tripled since 1975 and is still on the rise, putting people at a higher risk of some cardiovascular diseases and kidney disease. Growth differentiation factor 15 (GDF15) is a stress-responsive cytokine that has been studied recently for its role in multiple biological processes and diseases. The member of the transforming growth factor beta (TGF-b) family has been investigated as a therapeutic agent and biomarker for obesity and associated cardiovascular diseases, stroke, diabetes, osteoarthritis, cancer, and kidney disease. Studies have shown the anti-inflammation, anti-obesity, and anti-diabetic effects of GDF15, but few have …


Characterizing The Roles Of Cannabinoid Receptor 1 & 2 In Zebrafish Behavior, Metabolism, And Seizure-Induced Activity, Kayci Kimmons 2022 University of Mississippi

Characterizing The Roles Of Cannabinoid Receptor 1 & 2 In Zebrafish Behavior, Metabolism, And Seizure-Induced Activity, Kayci Kimmons

Honors Theses

Epileptic disorders like Dravet Syndrome require novel studies to determine the most ideal treatment. New research linking the endocannabinoid system (ECS) to epileptic disorders is arising, but there is still much to be discovered about the function and regulatory impact of the endocannabinoid system and its receptors in epilepsies like Dravet. In this study, knockout models of larval and adult zebrafish (Danio rerio) were used to investigate the roles of cannabinoid receptors 1 & 2 in behavior, brain mitochondrial metabolism, and seizure-induced activity following exposure to THC and CBD. Larval zebrafish which lacked cannabinoid receptor 1 exhibited increased …


Targeting Metabolic Adaptations To Anti-Angiogenic Therapy In Ovarian Cancer, Deanna M. Glassman, Deanna Glassman 2022 UT MD Anderson Cancer Center

Targeting Metabolic Adaptations To Anti-Angiogenic Therapy In Ovarian Cancer, Deanna M. Glassman, Deanna Glassman

The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center UTHealth Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences Dissertations and Theses (Open Access)

ABSTRACT

Background: Ovarian cancer is the most lethal gynecologic malignancy. Despite modest clinical improvements with anti-VEGF antibody (AVA) therapy, adaptive resistance is nearly ubiquitous and additional therapeutic options are limited. A dependence on glutamine metabolism, via the enzyme glutaminase (GLS), is a known mechanism of adaptive resistance.

Purpose: To assess the efficacy of a glutaminase inhibitor as a means of exploiting the metabolic vulnerability of glutamine dependence that develops as a result of adaptive resistance to AVA therapy.

Experimental Design: We used a glutaminase inhibitor (GLSi) synthesized at MD Anderson Cancer Center for all in vitro and in vivo experiments. …


Severe Hypoxia Up-Regulates Gluconeogenesis In Daphnia, Morad C. Malek 2022 East Tennessee State University

Severe Hypoxia Up-Regulates Gluconeogenesis In Daphnia, Morad C. Malek

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Hypoxia is a significant low oxygen state that has complex and diverse impacts on organisms. In aerobes, various adaptive responses to hypoxia are observed that vary depending on the level of oxygen depletion and previous adaptation, hence the continued attention to hypoxia as an important abiotic stressor. Adaptive responses to hypoxia are primarily governed by the hypoxia-inducible factors (HIFs), which activate downstream genetic pathways responsible for oxygen transport and metabolic plasticity. In aquatic habitats, oxygen availability can vary greatly over time and space. Therefore, aquatic organisms’ adaptation to hypoxia is likely pervasive, especially in genotypes originating from waterbodies prone to …


Associations Of Lifestyle And Sociodemographic Factors With Dietary Supplement Use In College Students, Sydney Chratian 2022 University of Rhode Island

Associations Of Lifestyle And Sociodemographic Factors With Dietary Supplement Use In College Students, Sydney Chratian

Senior Honors Projects

Background: Dietary supplement use has been shown to be significantly prevalent in the United States, especially among the young adult population. Studies have reported increasing use of dietary supplements among college students in the US. However, little research has investigated the sociodemographic and behavioral characteristics associated with dietary supplement use in this population.

Objectives: The aim of this study was to examine the prevalence of dietary supplement use and sociodemographic and behavioral characteristics associated with dietary supplement use in college students and examine the attitudes and beliefs of college students on dietary supplements.

Methods: A cross sectional study was conducted …


Injection Options For Non-Surgical Knee Pain Patients: A Quality Improvement Project, alicia emery 2022 East Tennessee State University

Injection Options For Non-Surgical Knee Pain Patients: A Quality Improvement Project, Alicia Emery

Epsilon Sigma at-Large Research Conference

Purpose: In an Orthopedic office in Northeast Tennessee clinical decision making about injection options for non-surgical candidates with knee osteoarthritis is unclear.

Aims: This quality improvement project will develop a clinical guideline so that providers know criteria for choosing optimal knee alternative treatments for non-surgical knee patients.

Outcome measures: An expert panel gave feedback and advice on the information presented for the injection types of Platelet Rich Plasma, Corticosteroids, Amniotic Allograft and Hyaluronic Acid. They edited the guideline then sent the edits back to be complied and edited using the Delphi method.

Process and Methods: The …


Determining The Genomic Localization And Binding Partners Of Zinc Finger Protein 410, Mariko Locke 2022 Liberty University

Determining The Genomic Localization And Binding Partners Of Zinc Finger Protein 410, Mariko Locke

Senior Honors Theses

The results of a folate deficiency study affecting cognition in mice suggested the altered genes may be controlled by a transcription factor known as Zinc Finger Protein 410 (Zfp410). Due to a lack of literature on Zfp410’s interacting proteins and DNA-binding location, our study aims to further elucidate the role Zfp410 plays in affecting cognition. A custom antibody was used to determine the Zfp410 isoforms present in mouse and rat brains. Moreover, the antibody was used to determine the binding partners of Zfp410 in the brain and locate specific genomic regions/sequences with which it associates in vivo. These results may …


Vitamin C Reduces Igf-1 And Vegf Signaling In Retinal Endothelial Cells, Jonathon Reynolds 2022 Roseman University of Health Sciences

Vitamin C Reduces Igf-1 And Vegf Signaling In Retinal Endothelial Cells, Jonathon Reynolds

Annual Research Symposium

No abstract provided.


Deletion Of Period Genes Exacerbates Diet-Induced Obesity In Female, But Not Male, Mice, Elizabeth Kantra 2022 University of Kentucky

Deletion Of Period Genes Exacerbates Diet-Induced Obesity In Female, But Not Male, Mice, Elizabeth Kantra

Theses and Dissertations--Biology

Sex differences in obesity in mice are mediated by differential responses of circadian rhythms to high-fat feeding in males and females. Other studies also showed circadian Period genes regulate diet-induced obesity in mice. In this study, we investigated the role of the Period genes in regulating sex differences in obesity. Male and female C57BL/6J wild type, Per1/2 KO, and Per1/2/3 KO mice were housed in 12L:12D and fed high-fat diet for 12 weeks. We found a striking sex difference in obesity such that disabling the Period genes exacerbated adiposity in female, but not male, mice. Increased adiposity in female Period …


Nutritional Status In Critical Care Of Covid-19 Patients, Dolph Lewis Davis III 2022 University of Kentucky

Nutritional Status In Critical Care Of Covid-19 Patients, Dolph Lewis Davis Iii

Theses and Dissertations--Dietetics and Human Nutrition

Critical care nutrition is a poorly researched, and such a sudden pandemic event requiring manipulation of nutritional status via propofol-induced sedation for mechanical ventilation is potentially impactful on patient outcomes. This paper seeks to provide context to the impact of critical care protocols on the nutritional status of obese patients suffering from COVID-19.


Examining The Effects Of Exercise-Induced, Physical Stress Overtraining On Stress Biomarkers In Adolescent, C57bl/6 Mice, Curtis Scotty Davis 2022 Marshall University

Examining The Effects Of Exercise-Induced, Physical Stress Overtraining On Stress Biomarkers In Adolescent, C57bl/6 Mice, Curtis Scotty Davis

Theses, Dissertations and Capstones

Exercise has long been established as a therapeutic modality to improve health and related physical fitness, sports performance, and injury/risk reduction in both adults and adolescents (Haff & Triplett, 2015; Kaminsky, 2010). Nonetheless, there is a lack of research investigating the negative effects of exercise overstress (i.e., overtraining syndrome) in these populations, particularly adolescents (Brenner & American Academy of Pediatrics Council on Sports Medicine and Fitness, 2007; Matos & Winsley, 2007). The objective of this study was to examine hormone biochemical markers, anthropometric markers, and behavioral traits, which are associated with overtraining syndrome, in adolescent C57BL/6 mice. A total of …


Baseline Bmi, Gender, & Age As Predictive Factors For Intragastric Balloon Weight Loss Outcomes, Nirali Shah, Miranda A. Myers-Burton 2021 James Madison University

Baseline Bmi, Gender, & Age As Predictive Factors For Intragastric Balloon Weight Loss Outcomes, Nirali Shah, Miranda A. Myers-Burton

Physician Assistant Capstones, 2020-current

Objective: To determine whether obese and morbidly obese patients aged 18-75 with a lower baseline BMI (BMI 30-39.9 kg/m2) who received an intragastric balloon (IGB), have a higher percentage of total body weight loss (%TBWL) and percentage of excess weight loss (%EWL) compared to those with a higher baseline BMI (BMI > 40 kg/m2). Secondary objective was to ascertain whether gender and age are also predictors of weight loss outcomes following an IGB procedure. Design: Systematic literature review Methods: Literature searches of PubMed and SpringerLink were conducted using the search terms: “intragastric balloon, weight loss, and “BMI” and then limited to …


Macronutrient Intake: A Multi-Sport Study Of Female Division I Collegiate Athletes, Ffion Price 2021 Mississippi State University

Macronutrient Intake: A Multi-Sport Study Of Female Division I Collegiate Athletes, Ffion Price

Theses and Dissertations

Background: Macronutrients play a critical role within collegiate athletes’ performance and health, with carbohydrates providing most of the energy needs for most athletes. There is little research examining the macronutrient intake of healthy collegiate female athletes across sports. The aim of the present study was to compare macronutrient intakes of female collegiate athletes within different sports and compare their intakes to recommendations. Methods: An observational study was conducted to determine whether a sample of female collegiate athletes (n=26) consumed the IOC nutritional recommendations. Sports included within the study were soccer, basketball, volleyball, and cross-country. Athletes were asked to complete a …


The Sulfur Microbial Diet Is Associated With Increased Risk Of Early-Onset Colorectal Cancer Precursors, Long H. Nguyen, Yin Cao, Jinhee Hur, Raaj S. Mehta, Daniel R. Sikavi, Yiqing Wang, Wenjie Ma, Kana Wu, Mingyang Song, Edward L. Giovannucci, Eric B. Rimm, Walter C. Willett, Wendy S. Garrett, Jacques Izard, Curtis Huttenhower, Andrew T. Chan 2021 Massachusetts General Hospital

The Sulfur Microbial Diet Is Associated With Increased Risk Of Early-Onset Colorectal Cancer Precursors, Long H. Nguyen, Yin Cao, Jinhee Hur, Raaj S. Mehta, Daniel R. Sikavi, Yiqing Wang, Wenjie Ma, Kana Wu, Mingyang Song, Edward L. Giovannucci, Eric B. Rimm, Walter C. Willett, Wendy S. Garrett, Jacques Izard, Curtis Huttenhower, Andrew T. Chan

Food for Health Papers & Publications

Background & Aims: Diet may contribute to the increasing incidence of colorectal cancer (CRC) before age 50 (early-onset CRC). Microbial metabolism of dietary sulfur produces hydrogen sulfide (H2S), a gastrointestinal carcinogen that cannot be easily measured at scale. As a result, evidence supporting its role in early neoplasia is lacking. Methods: We evaluated long-term adherence to the sulfur microbial diet, a dietary index defined a priori based on increased abundance of 43 bacterial species involved with sulfur metabolism, with risk of CRC precursors among 59,013 individuals who underwent lower endoscopy in the Nurses’ Health Study II (1991–2015), a prospective cohort …


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