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Race To The Bottom: The United State's Early Childhood Education Issue, Elizabeth Dalton 2017 Union College - Schenectady, NY

Race To The Bottom: The United State's Early Childhood Education Issue, Elizabeth Dalton

Honors Theses

Since the 1990's there has been a large push for universal early childhood education in the United States as other countries have started to create their own programs. Administrators and policymakers in power have realized the impact of early childhood education on the future lives of children. In my paper I do a historical comparative analysis on Head Start and the push for universal preschool in the states and abroad. I do this by looking at why Head Start was needed the process to make it a staple in American society and the impacts. I move on to look ...


A Grounded Theory For Creating Adolescent Readers, Cheryl Tacy 2017 Liberty University

A Grounded Theory For Creating Adolescent Readers, Cheryl Tacy

Doctoral Dissertations and Projects

The purpose of this qualitative grounded theory study was to discover the impact on adolescent reading motivation as students were given an opportunity to select recreational reading material and read consistently during class time. This study also explored the motivational impact of student engagement from dialogue with peers about their reading content to help students gain a clearer understanding of their reading. Research data were collected from public high school students in grades 9-12 who were enrolled in an elective class or 11th or 12th grade English courses and provided feedback about exposing students to a variety of options for ...


Fire Safety Training Using Video Modeling In Young Children With Autism Spectrum Disorder, Amy Morgan 2017 Rowan University

Fire Safety Training Using Video Modeling In Young Children With Autism Spectrum Disorder, Amy Morgan

Theses and Dissertations

Studies on children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) show limited research on topics involving safety, especially those that relate to fire evacuation procedures. Current research provides minimal information for understanding and practicing fire safety procedures. This topic requires more research to ensure that these children are able to understand and follow safety procedures during a fire to prevent and reduce injury and death. The research questions advanced in the study were: 1) Is video modeling an effective approach for teaching fire safety skills to children with ASD? 2) Does the teaching approach result in generalization of fire safety skills in ...


Reconciliation Begins At Home, Geoff N. Masters, Gerry Moore 2017 Australian Council for Educational Research (ACER)

Reconciliation Begins At Home, Geoff N. Masters, Gerry Moore

Teacher columnist – Geoff Masters

Saturday marks 50 years since the 1967 referendum to include Indigenous Australians in the census and is the beginning of Reconciliation Week.

However, access to educational opportunities remains a significant contributor to gaps in equality and equity for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples, as observed in last year’s State of Reconciliation in Australia report.


Fostering Social-Emotional Skills: A Cross-County Comparison Of The New Jersey Early Intervention System, Abigail Alston 2017 Rowan University

Fostering Social-Emotional Skills: A Cross-County Comparison Of The New Jersey Early Intervention System, Abigail Alston

Theses and Dissertations

The positive influence of early intervention on the future success of infants and toddlers who qualify for these services has been supported by various studies. Social-emotional skills, a targeted outcome of early intervention services, are an essential component of a child's social and academic success. New Jersey County Determination Reports demonstrate a disparity between the percentage of children entering early intervention with social-emotional skills below age expectation and then proceeding to exit early intervention with substantially increased social-emotional skills. The purpose of this study was to understand whether certain variables impacted these percentages. Variables investigated for each county included ...


The Effectiveness Of The Hearbuilder Software Program On The Acquisition Of Phonological Awareness Skills For African-American Children In Prekindergarten: Implications For Educational Leaders, Janice E. Adams 2017 Clark Atlanta University

The Effectiveness Of The Hearbuilder Software Program On The Acquisition Of Phonological Awareness Skills For African-American Children In Prekindergarten: Implications For Educational Leaders, Janice E. Adams

Electronic Theses & Dissertations Collection for Atlanta University & Clark Atlanta University

This mixed methods study was designed to examine the effectiveness of the HearBuilder Phonological Awareness software program on the acquisition of phonological awareness in African-American preschool children. Additionally, the researcher investigated the relationship between the independent variables of student engagement, student motivation, student behavior, and student attendance on the dependent variable of acquisition of phonological awareness as measured by the gain score. Descriptive statistical analyses were used to describe, summarize, and interpret the data collected. After examining the aforesaid variables, the researcher found there were no significant relationships between the gain scores and any of the independent variables. But there ...


College And Career Readiness—Starting At The Beginning: Implications For An Urban School District On The Impacts Of Pre-Kindergarten, Dranita Lynette Morrow 2017 Clark Atlanta University

College And Career Readiness—Starting At The Beginning: Implications For An Urban School District On The Impacts Of Pre-Kindergarten, Dranita Lynette Morrow

Electronic Theses & Dissertations Collection for Atlanta University & Clark Atlanta University

This quantitative study focused on the impacts of the pre-kindergarten experience in a large urban district in Georgia. With the ongoing pursuit across the nation to be globally competitive with the education of our youth, this study analyzed multiple factors that can impact student achievement, with an emphasis on the kindergarten readiness variable. The research was conducted within two schools in the same urban district with third graders (who were continually enrolled in the school since kindergarten) and their parents, along with kindergarten and first grade teachers in the same schools. The data collected was analyzed using Pearson correlation, ANOVA ...


Factors That Influence Student Academic Motivation And How Those Factors Impact The Student Achievement Of Third Grade Students, Veronica Knapper 2017 Atlanta University Center

Factors That Influence Student Academic Motivation And How Those Factors Impact The Student Achievement Of Third Grade Students, Veronica Knapper

Electronic Theses & Dissertations Collection for Atlanta University & Clark Atlanta University

The purpose of this study was to investigate factors that motivate third grade students to perform well academically and to learn how those factors impact student achievement. Additionally, the researcher wanted to gain an understanding of teachers’ perspectives regarding student motivation, observe strategies teachers use to motivate students, and observe motivated students’ behaviors. To do this, the researcher surveyed 37 third grade students, interviewed two third grade teachers, and observed two different third grade teachers. The results of the study indicated that student academic motivation is significantly impacted by two factors: parent involvement and home environment. The results also showed ...


Investigation Of Early Intervention Teachers' Perspective About Services In The Mecca Region Of The Kingdom Of Saudi Arabia, Sultan Alzahrani 2017 University of New Orleans

Investigation Of Early Intervention Teachers' Perspective About Services In The Mecca Region Of The Kingdom Of Saudi Arabia, Sultan Alzahrani

University of New Orleans Theses and Dissertations

This survey-based, quantitative research investigated Early Intervention teachers' perception about Early Intervention services in Mecca Region in The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. This research focused on three dimensions of Early Intervention including attitude toward Early Intervention services, the cultural influences in the provision of services, and the recommended practices that were used by professionals. Two options were offered to subjects to complete the survey: 1) an online survey and 2) a hard copy of the survey which was distributed to teachers in Early Intervention Centers. The majority of the participants completed the online survey. Data was collected and analyzed. The ...


The Work Of Infant And Toddler Specialists In University-Based Early Childhood Teacher Education In Australia And Aotearoa, New Zealand, Katherine Anne Bussey 2017 Australian Catholic University

The Work Of Infant And Toddler Specialists In University-Based Early Childhood Teacher Education In Australia And Aotearoa, New Zealand, Katherine Anne Bussey

Theses

Infants and toddlers are the fastest-growing group of children enrolled in early childhood education around the world. This thesis describes the work of infant and toddler specialist teacher educators in university-based early childhood teacher education in Australia and Aotearoa New Zealand. This thesis explores issues related to status, professionalisation, and the education of teachers, who work with infants and toddlers, and reflects the growing awareness of the importance of infant and toddler curriculum in teacher education programs. Conceptually the study is positioned within Cultural-Historical Activity Theory (CHAT). Findings showed that the participants in the study were involved in a series ...


Using A Computer Science-Based Board Game To Develop Preschoolers' Mathematics, Ryan Andrew Nivens, Rosemary Geiken 2017 East Tennessee State University

Using A Computer Science-Based Board Game To Develop Preschoolers' Mathematics, Ryan Andrew Nivens, Rosemary Geiken

Ryan Andrew Nivens

There is a critical need to teach computer science (CS) in order to assure that our nation remains competitive globally [6]. CS is a new basic skill necessary for economic opportunity [6] but is rarely taught before age 6 and only using electronic devices [1]. This presents a challenge for those concerned with “screen time” inherent in electronic devices [2] and for children in poverty with little access to electronic devices [3]. Coding, creating a series of commands that a computer carries out, is a component of CS and can be introduced as early as preschool age and results in ...


Creating A Curriculum For Preschool Educators In Asia: How To Teach Kindergarteners Speaking And Listening Skills In English Through Games, YUE KUANG 2017 University of San Francisco

Creating A Curriculum For Preschool Educators In Asia: How To Teach Kindergarteners Speaking And Listening Skills In English Through Games, Yue Kuang

Master's Projects and Capstones

There is a rapid development of science and technology, and international information exchanges have become increasingly frequent as well in 21st century. English learning is becoming a requirement of career success, especially in Asia (Graddol, 2006). So people are beginning to pay more attention to English education, especially early childhood English education. However, most Asian kindergarten teachers prefer to pay more attention to teaching English reading and writing skills, while ignoring the teaching and practices of English listening and speaking (Wang, 2016). Most 3-6 age children do not have the attention span of adults (Garba, Yusuf, & Busthami, 2015), and ...


Neighborhood Strategizing: Understanding Community Collaborations Within California Bay Area Public Schools, Windi Hazzard 2017 The University of San Francisco

Neighborhood Strategizing: Understanding Community Collaborations Within California Bay Area Public Schools, Windi Hazzard

Master's Projects and Capstones

For the better half of a century, education policy has been guided by economics and profit. One after another, every U.S. president since the 1960s has championed legislation that reflects neoliberal ideals of competition and profitable skills. Through the standardization of the public school system, education has become a marketplace rather than an environment for cultivating empowered learners and critical thinkers. The purpose of this field project is to show how communities are challenging the current education system in order to influence education policy in San Francisco, California. I interviewed four participants from two organizations that advocate parents’ rights ...


Increasing Access To Aba Intervention For Children With Developmental Disabilities In Taiwan, Noel Hsu 2017 The University of San Francisco

Increasing Access To Aba Intervention For Children With Developmental Disabilities In Taiwan, Noel Hsu

Master's Projects and Capstones

Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA) uses a behavioral approach to help clients and their behavioral challenges. This treatment has been proven to be a highly effective intervention for children with developmental disabilities, such as autism spectrum disorders. It is widely practiced in the United States and many other developed countries; however, this intervention is not widely available in Taiwan. This phenomenon requires our investigation because it raises questions about the available supports and interventions for children with special needs in Taiwan. This project is to explore factors that influence the development of ABA intervention in Taiwan. The goal of this project ...


First Grade Teachers' Literacy Instructional Practices Influence On The Learning Of Elementary School Students In English Language Arts (Ela) And Reading, Carole A. Barkin 2017 The College at Brockport

First Grade Teachers' Literacy Instructional Practices Influence On The Learning Of Elementary School Students In English Language Arts (Ela) And Reading, Carole A. Barkin

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This qualitative case study investigated the literacy educational practices of five general education first grade teachers in a charter school in Western New York. Charter schools typically hire teachers with less experience; therefore, the purpose of this study is to explore how first grade teachers in English Language Arts (ELA) and reading modified their literacy instruction to support all students, including, but not limited to, students with a variety of different disabilities. Through semi-structured interviews and classroom observations, this study focused on how specific literacy instructional tools and teaching methods, such as the arts and/or technology, impacted students’ literacy ...


Narrative Non-Fiction Stories Of Mexican American Female Principals Of Predominately Hispanic Elementary Public Campuses In Texas, Betsy J. Mijares Dr. 2017 Betsy Janet Mijares

Narrative Non-Fiction Stories Of Mexican American Female Principals Of Predominately Hispanic Elementary Public Campuses In Texas, Betsy J. Mijares Dr.

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

In Texas, there is an increase of the Hispanic population and not a significant increase in Hispanic administrators. Women remain underrepresented in the principalship with even less representation of Hispanics. With an increasing number of Hispanic students, it is vital to ensure there is a representation to be an advocate for these children. Hopefully, this information will provide connection, relativity, and give a sense of hope to aspiring female minority principals and the Hispanic community. The purpose of this narrative non-fiction study was to enable four Mexican-American female principals in predominantly Hispanic elementary campuses to reveal their stories of their ...


Teachers' Perceptions Of Formal Testing Of Students In Grades K-2, Adriana Battista Coppola 2017 Seton Hall University

Teachers' Perceptions Of Formal Testing Of Students In Grades K-2, Adriana Battista Coppola

Seton Hall University Dissertations and Theses (ETDs)

School leaders and teachers are confronted with federal, state, and local mandates that must be followed to ensure all students reach their fullest academic potential. To this end, the challenge has been raised to teachers and administrators to have younger students in the lower elementary grades prepared for standardized student testing.

Assessment comes with varied expectations and beliefs among parents, teachers, administrators, school board members, and the community that may cause difficulty acknowledging developmentally appropriate assessment methods.

This qualitative study focuses on the perceptions of 16 elementary teachers towards testing students in kindergarten, first, and second grade in one New ...


The Use Of Confidence Building Strategies And Self-Concept Of Emergent Readers, Gina Bessing 2017 State University of New York College at Brockport

The Use Of Confidence Building Strategies And Self-Concept Of Emergent Readers, Gina Bessing

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This research study explores how confidence building strategies impact students’ self-concept as readers. The purpose of this research was to discover strategies or teaching practices that may help students form a positive self-concept as readers. Data were collected over the course of four weeks using student interviews, field notes, transcribed audio recordings, and parent surveys. Data were analyzed for how often students discussed using reading strategies, made meaningful comprehension while reading wordless picture books, and how students rated their self-concept as readers. Results showed students were better equipped and more engaged in discussing use of reading strategies when explicitly taught ...


Learning Behaviors And Academic Readiness Among Preschool Children In A Private School, Chelsea L. Johnson 2017 Rowan University

Learning Behaviors And Academic Readiness Among Preschool Children In A Private School, Chelsea L. Johnson

Theses and Dissertations

Prekindergarten programs have been designed with the purpose of improving children's academic skills and behaviors before the start of formal schooling (Howes et al., 2008). Previous research has determined that academic readiness in young children is influenced by the child's learning behaviors (Schaefer & McDermott, 1999). The study examined children's learning behaviors and academic readiness at the pre-Kindergarten year in a learning-centered private school in Southern New Jersey. Forty children were recruited from three separate classrooms and tested with the Bracken School Readiness Assessment-Third Edition (BSRA-3: Bracken, 2007) to assess their academic readiness. Learning behaviors of the children ...


Confronting And Understanding Factors Of Teacher Turnover: A Deep-Rooted Phenomenon Employing An Autoethnographic Perspective, Elizabeth G. Hill 2017 Kennesaw State University

Confronting And Understanding Factors Of Teacher Turnover: A Deep-Rooted Phenomenon Employing An Autoethnographic Perspective, Elizabeth G. Hill

Doctor of Education in Elementary and Early Childhood Education Dissertations

This qualitative autoethnographic study explores the phenomenon of teacher turnover as it relates to the researcher’s specific contexts and personal experiences. Through the acts of journaling, coaching, and narrative writing, teachers can better understand influences of culture on their beliefs, values, attitudes, and decisions – especially in regards to actions of movement from one setting to another. The findings indicate that beliefs, values, attitudes, and decisions are learned through a school’s culture, and they can change depending on perspective. The findings also indicate that there is power in dialogue – even for teachers who never felt they had influence or ...


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