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How Leaders Think: Measuring Cognitive Complexity In Leading Organizational Change, Iva Vurdelja 2011 Antioch University - PhD Program in Leadership and Change

How Leaders Think: Measuring Cognitive Complexity In Leading Organizational Change, Iva Vurdelja

Dissertations & Theses

The ability to lead complex organizational change is considered the most difficult leadership responsibility. Habitual linear thinking based on sequential procedural decision making is insufficient when responding to ambiguous and unpredictable challenges and interpreting systemic variables in the context of unforeseen problems, risks, and invisible interrelationships. The purpose of this exploratory multiple case study was to expand our understanding of the structure of the thinking employed by executive leaders as initiators and enablers of complex, large-scale organizational change. The researcher integrated knowledge of adult cognitive development and organizational leadership to examine the higher forms of reasoning abilities required for dealing ...


Using Contextual Cues To Influence The Role Of Priming In The Transformation Of Stimulus Functions: A Relational Frame Theory Investigation In Implicit Social Stereotyping., Jacob Daar 2011 University of South Florida

Using Contextual Cues To Influence The Role Of Priming In The Transformation Of Stimulus Functions: A Relational Frame Theory Investigation In Implicit Social Stereotyping., Jacob Daar

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This basic study was designed to explore the conceptualization of prejudice as a form of contextually controlled, derived, and arbitrarily applicable relational responding. Basic studies utilizing RFT methodologies have yielded examples of how stimulus functions of one set of stimuli, such as a stereotyped group, can transform the functions of another stimulus, such as an individual. Priming procedures, as contextual cues, have been used to affect prejudicial responding. Stimuli participating in relational frames have been shown to be sensitive to such priming procedures; however, the role of context in the priming of derived relational responses has not yet been established ...


Hayek's Philosophical Psychology, Leslie Marsh 2010 University of British Columbia

Hayek's Philosophical Psychology, Leslie Marsh

Leslie Marsh

Hayek's philosophical psychology as set out in his The Sensory Order (1952) has, for the most part, been neglected. Despite being lauded by computer scientist grandee Frank Rosenblatt and by Nobel prize-winning biologist Gerald Edelman, cognitive scientists -- with a few exceptions -- have yet to discover Hayek's philosophical psychology. On the other hand, social theorists, Hayek's traditional disciplinary constituency, have only recently begun to take note and examine the importance of psychology in the complete Hayek corpus. This volume brings together for the first time state-of-the-art contributions from neuroscientists and philosophers of mind as well as economists and ...


The Taxonomy Of Metacognition, Pina Tarricone 2010 Edith Cowan University

The Taxonomy Of Metacognition, Pina Tarricone

Dr Pina Tarricone

Metacognition is a complex construct which is fundamental to learning. Its complex, fuzzy and multifaceted nature has often led to its colloquial application in research, resulting in studies that fail to identify its theoretical foundation or elements. In response to this, the research community continues to call for a comprehensive understanding of the construct of metacognition. This book is a response to this call for clarity. Pina Tarricone provides a theoretical study of the construct of metacognition in terms of psychological theory. The first part of the book analyses the relationship between reflection and metacognition, and the second part goes ...


Differentiable Cortical Networks For Inferences Concerning People’S Intentions Versus Physical Causality, Robert Mason, Marcel Just 2010 Carnegie Mellon University

Differentiable Cortical Networks For Inferences Concerning People’S Intentions Versus Physical Causality, Robert Mason, Marcel Just

Marcel Adam Just

No abstract provided.


Lexicon, Linda Shuster 2010 Grand Valley State University

Lexicon, Linda Shuster

Linda Shuster

No abstract provided.


Improving Awareness Of Vulnerabilities To Ethical Challenges: A Family Systems Approach, Cecile Brennan, Jennifer Eulberg, Paula Britton 2010 John Carroll University

Improving Awareness Of Vulnerabilities To Ethical Challenges: A Family Systems Approach, Cecile Brennan, Jennifer Eulberg, Paula Britton

Cecile Brennan

Current ethical decision-making models focus principally on cognitive factors and less on the emotional aspects of ethical challenges. This practice reflects a reliance on knowledge-driven, modernist approaches that emphasize objectivity and the primacy of rational thinking. Newer postmodern and constructivist approaches emphasize the need to consider the counselor holistically, as a thinking/feeling being who brings into the present moment the accumulated weight of the past. In order to bridge the gap between a cognitive, modernist approach and a feeling, experience-based postmodern approach, the authors outline an instructional approach that uses family systems theory to assist counselors in becoming conscious ...


Autonomy Of Lower-Level Perception From Global Processing In Autism: Evidence From Brain Activation And Functional Connectivity, Yanni Liu, Vladimir L. Cherkassky, Nancy J. Minshew, Marcel Adam Just 2010 Carnegie Mellon University

Autonomy Of Lower-Level Perception From Global Processing In Autism: Evidence From Brain Activation And Functional Connectivity, Yanni Liu, Vladimir L. Cherkassky, Nancy J. Minshew, Marcel Adam Just

Marcel Adam Just

No abstract provided.


Inter-Regional Brain Communication And Its Disturbance In Autism, Sarah E. Schipul, Timothy A. Keller, Marcel Adam Just 2010 Carnegie Mellon University

Inter-Regional Brain Communication And Its Disturbance In Autism, Sarah E. Schipul, Timothy A. Keller, Marcel Adam Just

Marcel Adam Just

No abstract provided.


Quantitative Modeling Of The Neural Representation Of Objects: How Semantic Feature Norms Can Account For Fmri Activation, Kai-min Kevin Chang, Tom Mitchell, Marcel Adam Just 2010 Carnegie Mellon University

Quantitative Modeling Of The Neural Representation Of Objects: How Semantic Feature Norms Can Account For Fmri Activation, Kai-Min Kevin Chang, Tom Mitchell, Marcel Adam Just

Marcel Adam Just

No abstract provided.


Individual Differences In The Neural Basis Of Causal Inferencing, Chantel S. Prat, Robert A. Mason, Marcel Adam Just 2010 Carnegie Mellon University

Individual Differences In The Neural Basis Of Causal Inferencing, Chantel S. Prat, Robert A. Mason, Marcel Adam Just

Marcel Adam Just

No abstract provided.


Commonality Of Neural Representations Of Words And Pictures, Svetlana V. Shinkareva, Vincente L. Malave, Robert A. Mason, Tom M. Mitchell, Marcel Adam Just 2010 University of South Carolina - Columbia

Commonality Of Neural Representations Of Words And Pictures, Svetlana V. Shinkareva, Vincente L. Malave, Robert A. Mason, Tom M. Mitchell, Marcel Adam Just

Marcel Adam Just

No abstract provided.


The Neural Basis Of Deictic Shifting In Linguistic Perspective-Taking In High-Functioning Autism, Akiko Mizuno, Yanni Liu, Diane L. Williams, Timothy A. Keller, Nancy J. Minshew, Marcel Adam Just 2010 Carnegie Mellon University

The Neural Basis Of Deictic Shifting In Linguistic Perspective-Taking In High-Functioning Autism, Akiko Mizuno, Yanni Liu, Diane L. Williams, Timothy A. Keller, Nancy J. Minshew, Marcel Adam Just

Marcel Adam Just

No abstract provided.


Exploring The Neural Dynamics Underpinning Individual Differences In Sentence Comprehension, Chantel S. Prat, Marcel Adam Just 2010 University of Washington

Exploring The Neural Dynamics Underpinning Individual Differences In Sentence Comprehension, Chantel S. Prat, Marcel Adam Just

Marcel Adam Just

No abstract provided.


Introduction, Mika Ishino, Gale Stam 2010 National-Louis University

Introduction, Mika Ishino, Gale Stam

Gale Stam, Ph.D.

No abstract provided.


Beyond Tolerance: Consciously Using Universal Energy Laws, Discernment, And Harmonious Relationship Principles, carroy u. ferguson 2010 UMASS Boston

Beyond Tolerance: Consciously Using Universal Energy Laws, Discernment, And Harmonious Relationship Principles, Carroy U. Ferguson

Carroy U "Cuf" Ferguson, Ph.D.

Every day we, as human beings, maneuver through a myriad of circumstances in our individual and collective life spaces. Central to our experiences is the nature, kind, and quality of our relationships. When we encounter differences (racial, ethnic, cultural, religious, economic, sexual orientation, the mentally and physically challenged), a common issue that often emerges in our experiences is the extent to which we use tolerance in relating to other people and circumstances. For this reason, I want to discuss the nature of tolerance and its limitations, and how to move beyond tolerance by consciously using Universal Energy Laws, discernment, and ...


Measuring Performance In A Complex Problem Solving Task: Reliability And Validity Of The Tailorshop Simulation, Daniel Danner, Dirk Hagemann, Daniel V. Holt, Marieke Hager, Andrea Schankin, Sascha Wüstenberg, Joachim Funke 2010 University of Heidelberg, Germany

Measuring Performance In A Complex Problem Solving Task: Reliability And Validity Of The Tailorshop Simulation, Daniel Danner, Dirk Hagemann, Daniel V. Holt, Marieke Hager, Andrea Schankin, Sascha Wüstenberg, Joachim Funke

Joachim Funke

The Tailorshop simulation is a computer based complex problem solving task in which participants have to lead a fictional company for twelve months. The present study investigated if the performance in the Tailorshop simulation can be measured reliably and validly. The participants were 156 employees from different companies. Structural equation models were used to test tau-congeneric and tau-equivalent measurement models. The results indicate that the trends of the total capital between the second and the twelfth month are reliable measurements. Furthermore, this measure can predict real-life job performance ratings by superiors and is associated with the performance in another complex ...


Beyond Iq. A Latent State-Trait Analysis Of General Intelligence, Dynamic Decision Making, And Implicit Learning, Daniel Danner, Dirk Hagemann, Andrea Schankin, Marieke Hager, Joachim Funke 2010 University of Heidelberg, Germany

Beyond Iq. A Latent State-Trait Analysis Of General Intelligence, Dynamic Decision Making, And Implicit Learning, Daniel Danner, Dirk Hagemann, Andrea Schankin, Marieke Hager, Joachim Funke

Joachim Funke

The present study investigated cognitive performance measures beyond IQ. In particular, we investigated the psychometric properties of dynamic decision making variables and implicit learning variables and their relation with general intelligence and professional success. N=173 employees from different companies and occupational groups completed two standard intelligence tests, two dynamic decision making tasks, and two implicit learning tasks at two measurement occasions. We used structural equation models to test latent-state-trait measurement models and the relation between constructs. The results suggest that dynamic decision making and implicit learning are substantially related with general intelligence. Furthermore, general intelligence is the best predictor ...


The Challenge Of Complexity For Cognitive Systems, Ute Schmid, Marco Ragni, Cleotilde Gonzalez, Joachim Funke 2010 University of Heidelberg, Germany

The Challenge Of Complexity For Cognitive Systems, Ute Schmid, Marco Ragni, Cleotilde Gonzalez, Joachim Funke

Joachim Funke

Complex cognition adresses research on (a) high-level cognitive processes – mainly problem solving, reasoning, and decision making – and their interaction with more basic processes such as perception, learning, motivation and emotion and (b) cognitive processes which take place in a complex, typically dynamic, environment. Our focus is on AI systems and cognitive models dealing with complexity and on psychological findings which can inspire or challenge cognitive systems research. In this overview we first motivate why we have to go beyond models for rather simple cognitive processes and reductionist experiments. Afterwards, we give a characterization of complexity from our perspective. We introduce ...


Optimization As An Analysis Tool For Human Complex Decision Making, Sebastian Sager, Carola M. Barth, Holger Diedam, Michael Engelhart, Joachim Funke 2010 University of Heidelberg, Germany

Optimization As An Analysis Tool For Human Complex Decision Making, Sebastian Sager, Carola M. Barth, Holger Diedam, Michael Engelhart, Joachim Funke

Joachim Funke

We present a problem class of mixed-integer nonlinear programs (MINLPs) with nonconvex continuous relaxations which stem from economic test scenarios that are used in the analysis of human complex problem solving. In a round-based scenario participants hold an executive function. A posteriori a performance indicator is calculated and correlated to personal measures such as intelligence, working memory, or emotion regulation. Altogether, we investigate 2088 optimization problems that differ in size and initial conditions, based on real-world experimental data from 12 rounds of 174 participants. The goals are twofold. First, from the optimal solutions we gain additional insight into a complex ...


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