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The Role Of Cognitive Load And Individual Differences When Interpreting Human-Resource Data Visualizations, Zachary B. Hesson 2021 Portland State University

The Role Of Cognitive Load And Individual Differences When Interpreting Human-Resource Data Visualizations, Zachary B. Hesson

University Honors Theses

Data visualizations (e.g., bar graph, dashboard) can be used as decision-support and storytelling tools that aid users’ interpretation of sometimes complex information, including within the human resource management (HRM) context. As HRM evolves towards implementing more data-informed decisions, it is important to understand how users interpret data visualizations. The aims of this thesis are to (a) identify whether cognitive load affects the amount of time users spend arriving forming and interpretation and the accuracy of their interpretations, and (b) to evaluate whether cognitive load moderates the association between individual-difference variables and interpretation time and accuracy. The individual differences that ...


Building A Leaders Identity On Social Media, Morningstar Dickson 2021 Portland State University

Building A Leaders Identity On Social Media, Morningstar Dickson

University Honors Theses

How can leaders use social media effectively to shape their identity as a leader? Based on previous scholarship, this paper argues that using an authentic leadership approach to social media usage, would balance a leader’s true identity as well as maintaining their relationship with their followers. Which would allow the leaders’ influence to be more effective. This paper consists of a literature review on authentic leadership, and trust, and then builds a conceptual model that will break down how a leader should build and present their identity on online formats. The model shows how identity on social media is ...


Do They See A Half-Full Water Cooler? Relationships Among Group Optimism Composition, Group Performance, And Cohesion, William P. Jimenez, Xiaoxiao Hu, Chad Kenneally, Feng Wei 2021 Old Dominion University

Do They See A Half-Full Water Cooler? Relationships Among Group Optimism Composition, Group Performance, And Cohesion, William P. Jimenez, Xiaoxiao Hu, Chad Kenneally, Feng Wei

Psychology Faculty Publications

In the present study, relationships among group composition of trait optimism (the mean, standard deviation, and minimum and maximum scores of optimism), group cohesion, and three group performance variables (task performance, contextual performance, and creative performance) were examined. Multi-source data were collected from 56 workgroups including 202 group members and 56 group leaders. We found that the mean, maximum, and minimum operationalizations of group optimism composition were positively related to the three group performance variables and that group cohesion mediated the optimism–performance relationships for the mean and minimum operationalizations of group optimism. We recommend that practitioners generally consider selecting ...


From Managing Nurses To Serving Nurses: The Case For Transfusing Nursing Management With Servant Leadership During The Global Covid-19 Pandemic, William P. Jimenez, Seterra D. Burleson, Matthew J. Haugh 2021 Old Dominion University

From Managing Nurses To Serving Nurses: The Case For Transfusing Nursing Management With Servant Leadership During The Global Covid-19 Pandemic, William P. Jimenez, Seterra D. Burleson, Matthew J. Haugh

Psychology Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Job Seekers’ Impression Management On Facebook: Scale Development, Antecedents, And Outcomes, Vanessa Myers, Jennifer P. B. Price, Nicolas Roulin, Alexandra Duval, Shayda Sobhani 2021 Saint Mary's University - Canada

Job Seekers’ Impression Management On Facebook: Scale Development, Antecedents, And Outcomes, Vanessa Myers, Jennifer P. B. Price, Nicolas Roulin, Alexandra Duval, Shayda Sobhani

Personnel Assessment and Decisions

Many organizations rely on social media like Facebook as a screening or selection tool; however, research still largely lags behind practice. For instance, little is known about how individuals are strategically utilizing their Facebook profile while applying for jobs. This research examines job seekers’ impression management (IM) tactics on Facebook, personality traits associated with IM use, and associations between IM and job-search outcomes. Results from two complementary studies demonstrate that job seekers engage in three main Facebook IM tactics: defensive, assertive deceptive, and assertive honest IM. Job seekers lower in Honesty–Humility use more Facebook IM tactics, whereas those higher ...


“If Others Are Honest, I Will Be Too”: Effects Of Social Norms On Willingness To Fake During Employment Interviews, Samantha Sinclair, Jens Agerström 2021 Department of Psychology, Linnæus University

“If Others Are Honest, I Will Be Too”: Effects Of Social Norms On Willingness To Fake During Employment Interviews, Samantha Sinclair, Jens Agerström

Personnel Assessment and Decisions

Applicant faking in employment interviews is a pressing concern for organizations. It has previously been suggested that subjective norms may be an important antecedent of faking, but experimental studies are lacking. We report a preregistered experiment (N = 307) where effects of conveying descriptive social norms (information about what most applicants do) on self-reported willingness to fake were examined. Although we observed no difference between the faking norm condition and the control condition, in which no norm was signaled, participants in the honesty norm condition reported lower willingness to fake compared to those in both the faking norm condition and the ...


The Effect Of Organizational Culture On Faking In The Job Interview, Damian Canagasuriam, Nicolas Roulin 2021 Saint Mary's University - Canada

The Effect Of Organizational Culture On Faking In The Job Interview, Damian Canagasuriam, Nicolas Roulin

Personnel Assessment and Decisions

Deceptive impression management (i.e., faking) may alter interviewers’ perceptions of applicants’ qualifications and, consequently, decrease the predictive validity of the job interview. In examining faking antecedents, research has given little attention to situational variables. Using a between-subjects experiment, this research addressed that gap by examining whether organizational culture impacted both the extent to which applicants faked and the manner in which they faked during a job interview. Analyses of variance revealed that organizational culture did not affect the extent to which applicants faked. However, when taking into account applicants’ perceptions of the ideal candidate, organizational culture was found to ...


Liar, Liar, Pants On Fire: How Verbal Deception Cues Signal Deceptive Versus Honest Impression Management And Influence Interview Ratings, Lenke Roth, Ute-Christine Klehe, Gloria Willhardt 2021 Work and Organizational Psychology, Justus-Liebig-University Giessen

Liar, Liar, Pants On Fire: How Verbal Deception Cues Signal Deceptive Versus Honest Impression Management And Influence Interview Ratings, Lenke Roth, Ute-Christine Klehe, Gloria Willhardt

Personnel Assessment and Decisions

Impression management (IM), especially deceptive IM (faking), is a cause for concern in selection interviews. The current study combines findings on lie detection with signaling theory to address how candidates’ deceptive versus honest IM shows in verbal deception cues, which then relate to interview ratings of candidates’ interview performance. After completing a structured interview rated by two trained interviewers, 182 candidates reported their deceptive and honest IM. Verbal deception cues (plausibility, verbal uncertainty) were coded from video recordings. Results supported the hypotheses: Deceptive IM directly raised interviewer ratings (intended positive signal) but lowered the responses’ plausibility and enhanced verbal uncertainties ...


Identifying Faking On Forced-Choice Personality Items Using Mouse Tracking, Irina Kuzmich, Charles Scherbaum 2021 Baruch College & the Graduate Center, City University of New York

Identifying Faking On Forced-Choice Personality Items Using Mouse Tracking, Irina Kuzmich, Charles Scherbaum

Personnel Assessment and Decisions

This research utilizes mouse tracking as a potential behavioral method to examine cognitive processes underlying faking on forced-choice personality inventories. Mouse tracking is a method from social categorization research that captures a variety of metrics related to motor movements, which are linked to cognitive processing. To explore the utility of this method, we examined differences in the mouse tracking metrics of those instructed to respond honestly or to fake. Our findings show that there is a distinguishable difference in the behavioral response of those who are faking when responding to pairs of personality descriptors presented in a forced-choice format compared ...


Unintended Consequences Of Interview Faking: Impact On Perceived Fit And Affective Outcomes, Brooke D. Charbonneau, Deborah M. Powell, Jeffrey R. Spence, Sean T. Lyons 2021 Department of Psychology, University of Guelph

Unintended Consequences Of Interview Faking: Impact On Perceived Fit And Affective Outcomes, Brooke D. Charbonneau, Deborah M. Powell, Jeffrey R. Spence, Sean T. Lyons

Personnel Assessment and Decisions

Drawing on signalling theory, we propose that use of deceptive impression management (IM) in the employment interview could produce false signals, and individuals hired based on such signals may incur consequences once they are on the job—such as poor perceived fit. We surveyed job applicants who recently interviewed and received a job to investigate the relationship between use of deceptive IM in the interview and subsequent perceived personjob and person-organization fit, stress, well-being, and employee engagement. In a twophase study, 206 job applicants self-reported their use of deceptive IM in their interviews at Time 1, and their perceived person ...


A New Investigation Of Fake Resistance Of A Multidimensional Forced-Choice Measure: An Application Of Differential Item/Test Functioning, Philseok Lee, Seang-Hwane Joo 2021 George Mason University

A New Investigation Of Fake Resistance Of A Multidimensional Forced-Choice Measure: An Application Of Differential Item/Test Functioning, Philseok Lee, Seang-Hwane Joo

Personnel Assessment and Decisions

To address faking issues associated with Likert-type personality measures, multidimensional forced-choice (MFC) measures have recently come to light as important components of personnel assessment systems. Despite various efforts to investigate the fake resistance of MFC measures, previous research has mainly focused on the scale mean differences between honest and faking conditions. Given the recent psychometric advancements in MFC measures (e.g., Brown & Maydeu-Olivares, 2011; Stark et al., 2005; Lee et al., 2019; Joo et al., 2019), there is a need to investigate the fake resistance of MFC measures through a new methodological lens. This research investigates the fake resistance of MFC measures ...


Faking And The Validity Of Personality Tests: An Experimental Investigation Using Modern Forced Choice Measures, Christopher R. Huber, Nathan R. Kuncel, Katie B. Huber, Anthony S. Boyce 2021 Human Resources Research Organization

Faking And The Validity Of Personality Tests: An Experimental Investigation Using Modern Forced Choice Measures, Christopher R. Huber, Nathan R. Kuncel, Katie B. Huber, Anthony S. Boyce

Personnel Assessment and Decisions

Despite the established validity of personality measures for personnel selection, their susceptibility to faking has been a persistent concern. However, the lack of studies that combine generalizability with experimental control makes it difficult to determine the effects of applicant faking. This study addressed this deficit in two ways. First, we compared a subtle incentive to fake with the explicit “fake-good” instructions used in most faking experiments. Second, we compared standard Likert scales to multidimensional forced choice (MFC) scales designed to resist deception, including more and less fakable versions of the same MFC inventory. MFC scales substantially reduced motivated score elevation ...


Applicant Faking On Personality Tests: Good Or Bad And Why Should We Care?, Robert P. Tett, Daniel V. Simonet 2021 The University of Tulsa

Applicant Faking On Personality Tests: Good Or Bad And Why Should We Care?, Robert P. Tett, Daniel V. Simonet

Personnel Assessment and Decisions

The unitarian understanding of construct validity holds that deliberate response distortion in completing self-report personality tests (i.e., faking) threatens trait-based inferences drawn from test scores. This “faking-is-bad” (FIB) perspective is being challenged by an emerging “faking-is-good” (FIG) position that condones or favors faking and its underlying attributes (e.g., social skill, ATIC) to the degree they contribute to predictor–criterion correlations and are job relevant. Based on the unitarian model of validity and relevant empirical evidence, we argue the FIG perspective is psychometrically flawed and counterproductive to personality-based selection targeting trait-based fit. Carrying forward both positions leads to variously ...


Put Your Best Foot Forward: Introduction To The Special Issue On Understanding Effects Of Impression Management On Assessment Outcomes, Chet Robie, Neil D. Christiansen 2021 Wilfrid Laurier University

Put Your Best Foot Forward: Introduction To The Special Issue On Understanding Effects Of Impression Management On Assessment Outcomes, Chet Robie, Neil D. Christiansen

Personnel Assessment and Decisions

No abstract provided.


Undergraduate Students’ Perceptions Of Mentorship In Relation To Future Leadership Opportunities At An Evangelical Christian University, Constance Schneider 2021 Liberty University

Undergraduate Students’ Perceptions Of Mentorship In Relation To Future Leadership Opportunities At An Evangelical Christian University, Constance Schneider

Senior Honors Theses

Mentoring relationships have been shown to be a catalyst for leadership development. They serve an important role in the lives of students in preparing them for academic success, career advancement, and future leadership opportunities. However, at Christian institutions of higher learning, there is a tendency for male faculty to vastly outnumber female faculty and administrators. For the purposes of understanding how students view mentoring relationships, student perceptions of mentorship and future leadership emergence were measured at a large Evangelical Christian university. A survey was distributed to student Residential Assistants and results were analyzed in order to determine if there was ...


How The Level Of Job Complexity Impacts The Gender Wage Gap Across Occupations, Zytlaly Magaña Corona 2021 California State University – San Bernardino

How The Level Of Job Complexity Impacts The Gender Wage Gap Across Occupations, Zytlaly Magaña Corona

Electronic Theses, Projects, and Dissertations

The present study focused on unpacking the social and structural aspects of job complexity to better understand its effects on the gender wage gap. Previous research on the job complexity-compensation dynamic has primarily focused on cognitive complexity. Job complexity across occupations were examined using work activity data from O*NET and merging it with the Current Population Survey data sponsored by the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (N=67,003). Results revealed that higher complexity jobs in this study yielded greater wage disparities across different occupations as predicted. Furthermore, physical activities and gaining knowledge from the Generalized Work Activities ...


What Impact Can Conflict Resolution Skills Have On Conflict Experienced Within Culturally Heterogenous Virtual Teams?, Kellen Dohrman 2021 California State University, San Bernardino

What Impact Can Conflict Resolution Skills Have On Conflict Experienced Within Culturally Heterogenous Virtual Teams?, Kellen Dohrman

Electronic Theses, Projects, and Dissertations

Even though there has been an increase in the use of virtual teams in organizations, there have been mixed findings on how effective they are in achieving organizational and personal success. In this study I sought to examine if conflict resolution skills could decrease the amount of conflict that culturally heterogenous virtual teams face. Specifically, this study examined the moderating role of conflict resolution skills on task and relational conflict within virtual teams. A total of 137 participants completed an electronic survey with items on task conflict, relational conflict, conflict resolution skills, cultural heterogeneity, interdependence, and team effectiveness.

It was ...


The Weight Of Scope, Pace, And Practices Of Organizational Change During Evaluations Of Acceptance Of Organizational Change, Lewis Schneider 2021 California State University, San Bernardino

The Weight Of Scope, Pace, And Practices Of Organizational Change During Evaluations Of Acceptance Of Organizational Change, Lewis Schneider

Electronic Theses, Projects, and Dissertations

Understanding organizational change and the factors associated with it has become paramount as organizations face an increased need to adapt to stay competitive. Because of this necessity of organizational change, employee acceptance of this change is even more important to garner than ever before. The negative effects of organizational change, however, make this task difficult to accomplish. Although the literature points to scope of change, pace of change, and organizational practices as factors that can affect acceptance of organizational change, until this study, it was unknown which of these variables held the most weight in affecting attitudes towards change. In ...


The Development And Validation Of Implicit Measures Of Job Satisfaction For Students, Xin Wei Ong 2021 Missouri State University

The Development And Validation Of Implicit Measures Of Job Satisfaction For Students, Xin Wei Ong

MSU Graduate Theses

Job satisfaction is one of the most researched topics in industrial-organizational psychology and explicit (self-report) measures are the most common assessment method. However, self-report measures are contaminated by inaccurate self-knowledge and impression management artifacts, which may weaken the predictive validity of the measures. The Implicit Association Test (IAT) might address these limitations because the procedure is based on reaction times in classification tasks. This research developed personalized implicit measures of job satisfaction using IATs and investigated their construct validity in a college sample. The construct validity of the measures was investigated with a multitrait-multimethod design. Results indicated problems with some ...


Laughter As A Priming Agent For Change, Linnea M. Heintz 2021 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Laughter As A Priming Agent For Change, Linnea M. Heintz

Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to analyze the importance of laughter as a factor in influencing employee job satisfaction ratings. The Job Satisfaction Survey (Spector, 1985, 1997) and pulses of laughter were used in this study. To explore the relationship between laughter and job satisfaction, results of the Job Satisfaction Survey (Spector, 1994) were collected quarterly (four times a year) for three consecutive years, beginning six months prior to the start of the two-year study and six months post. The study sample was composed of 545 employees (34% male, 66% female) operating out of 10 employee-owned retail chain locations ...


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