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Male Urogenital Diseases Commons

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Characterizing Patients With Recurrent Urinary Tract Infections In Vesicoureteral Reflux: A Pilot Study Of The Urinary Proteome, Dijana Vitko, Patricia Cho, Stephen A. Kostel, Shannon E. DiMartino, Lily D. Cabour, Matthew A. Migliozzi, Tanya Logvinenko, Peter G. Warren, John W. Froehlich, Richard S. Lee 2020 Boston Children's Hospital

Characterizing Patients With Recurrent Urinary Tract Infections In Vesicoureteral Reflux: A Pilot Study Of The Urinary Proteome, Dijana Vitko, Patricia Cho, Stephen A. Kostel, Shannon E. Dimartino, Lily D. Cabour, Matthew A. Migliozzi, Tanya Logvinenko, Peter G. Warren, John W. Froehlich, Richard S. Lee

Open Access Publications by UMMS Authors

Recurrent urinary tract infections (UTIs) pose a significant burden on the health care system. Underlying mechanisms predisposing children to UTIs and associated changes in the urinary proteome are not well understood. We aimed to investigate the urinary proteome of a subset of children who have vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) and recurrent UTIs because of their risk of developing infection-related renal damage. Improving diagnostic modalities to identify UTI risk factors would significantly alter the clinical management of children with VUR. We profiled the urinary proteomes of 22 VUR patients with low grade VUR (1-3 out of 5), a history of recurrent UTIs ...


Genitourinary Effects Of Smoking In Men: An Alternative Approach To Smoking Cessation Through Patient Education, Michael J. Lawrence 2020 University of Vermont Larner College of Medicine

Genitourinary Effects Of Smoking In Men: An Alternative Approach To Smoking Cessation Through Patient Education, Michael J. Lawrence

Family Medicine Clerkship Student Projects

Smoking remains a prominent problem in Vermont, especially outside Chittenden County. The genitourinary effects of smoking tend to be poorly appreciated among patients. This presents an opportunity for further patient education and incentivization to quit. This project focused on the genitourinary effects of smoking in men, specifically highlighting how smoking increases risk of bladder cancer, poorer outcomes in prostate cancer, and a higher risk of erectile dysfunction. The project culminated in creation of an educational poster intended for display in patient bathrooms in a medical setting.


The Efficacy Of Aquablation In The Treatment Of Large Volume Benign Prostatic Hypertrophy, Jessica Greenwood 2020 Arcadia University

The Efficacy Of Aquablation In The Treatment Of Large Volume Benign Prostatic Hypertrophy, Jessica Greenwood

Capstone Showcase

Introduction:

Benign Prostatic Hypertrophy (BPH) is a condition affecting adult males causing symptoms including urinary frequency, incontinence, and urinary retention. While first line treatment methods include lifestyle modifications and pharmacologic therapies, many patients elect for surgical procedures for symptomatic relief. In patients with extremely large volume prostates the surgical method most commonly used has been an open prostatectomy, which is associated with both long-term efficacy and more surgical complications than minimally invasive techniques. Therefore, this review analyzes Aquablation (I) for symptom management (O) in patients diagnosed with BPH (P) compared to open prostatectomy (C).

Methods:

A literature search was conducted ...


Examining The Mechanistic Roles Of Integrin Alpha-6 In Cancer Metastasis., Chase T. Clark 2020 Georgia Southern University

Examining The Mechanistic Roles Of Integrin Alpha-6 In Cancer Metastasis., Chase T. Clark

Honors College Theses

Metastasis- the spread of cancer cells from the primary tumor to the surrounding tissues- is responsible for 90% of cancer deaths. Integrin alpha-6 (ITGA6) is a specific transmembrane cell surface protein that functions in cell surface adhesion and signaling. ITGA6 is upregulated in many types of cancers and promotes the migration and invasion of cancer cells to surrounding tissues. It is my objective to determine the mechanism through which ITGA6 facilitates the migration of cancer cells through the extracellular matrix (ECM). These experiments helped to establish the role of ITGA6 in tumor development and provide focus for possible chemotherapeutic treatment ...


Chronic Recurrent Priapism: A High Flow State Secondary To An Arteriovenous Fistula Of The Corpus Cavernosum, Catherine M. Fiore, Melissa L. Pellegrino, Meghna C. Trivedi 2020 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Chronic Recurrent Priapism: A High Flow State Secondary To An Arteriovenous Fistula Of The Corpus Cavernosum, Catherine M. Fiore, Melissa L. Pellegrino, Meghna C. Trivedi

Open Access Publications by UMMS Authors

Priapism is clinically defined as an erect penis for more than 4h unrelated to sexual stimulation. There are two main types of priapism-high flow and low flow, based on the pathophysiology. In this case report we will mainly focus on high flow, non-ischemic priapism, which is the less common form. High flow priapism occurs secondary to congenital malformation or from the development of arteriovenous malformation from genital trauma. This case highlights the importance of differentiation and recognition of posttraumatic high flow priapism and unveils the role of selective internal pudendal artery angiography and embolization in its management.


Association Of Patient And Visit Characteristics With Rate And Timing Of Urologic Procedures For Patients Discharged From The Emergency Department With Renal Colic, Elizabeth M. Schoenfeld, Meng-Shiou Shieh, Penelope S. Pekow, Charles D. Scales Jr., James M. Munger, Peter K. Lindenauer 2019 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Association Of Patient And Visit Characteristics With Rate And Timing Of Urologic Procedures For Patients Discharged From The Emergency Department With Renal Colic, Elizabeth M. Schoenfeld, Meng-Shiou Shieh, Penelope S. Pekow, Charles D. Scales Jr., James M. Munger, Peter K. Lindenauer

Open Access Publications by UMMS Authors

Importance: Little is known about the timing of urologic interventions in patients with renal colic discharged from the emergency department. Understanding patients' likelihood of a subsequent urologic intervention could inform decision-making in this population.

Objectives: To examine the rate and timing of urologic procedures performed after an emergency department visit for renal colic and the factors associated with receipt of an intervention.

Design, Setting, and Participants: This retrospective cohort study used the Massachusetts All Payers Claims Database to identify patients 18 to 64 years of age who were seen in a Massachusetts emergency department for renal colic from January 1 ...


Urinary Catheter Infection Prevention And Intermittent Urinary Catheter Care Delegation, Nikki Pierceall 2019 Murray State University

Urinary Catheter Infection Prevention And Intermittent Urinary Catheter Care Delegation, Nikki Pierceall

Scholars Week

This investigation aims at the discovery of underlining principles of Catheter Associated Urinary Tract Infections (CAUTI) and catheter care delegation among nursing personnel. This evidence-based practice serves as a guide for care of admitted patients with indwelling catheters to reduce the incidence of CAUTI and raise awareness for interventions associated with primary prevention.

Evidence to support such interventions includes implementation of a catheter insertion and care team, improved documentation with enhanced availability for narrative charting, facilitated communication among nurses and nursing assistants, increased vigilance of daily assessment and the need for continuing indwelling urinary catheters, continual education about intermittent catheter ...


Spitting Blood And Casts With Mud: A Rare And Unusual Presentation Of C3 Glomerulonephritis, Gerardo Mederos, Harsh Patel, Menalee Hapuarachchi, Som Aftabizadeh, Prashanth Reddy, Ranjit Nair, Dana Ciobanu, Machaiah Madhrira 2019 HCA Healthcare

Spitting Blood And Casts With Mud: A Rare And Unusual Presentation Of C3 Glomerulonephritis, Gerardo Mederos, Harsh Patel, Menalee Hapuarachchi, Som Aftabizadeh, Prashanth Reddy, Ranjit Nair, Dana Ciobanu, Machaiah Madhrira

Internal Medicine

C3 glomerulonephritis (C3GN) is a rare disease that falls under the umbrella of C3 glomerulopathy. It is manifested by abnormal activation of the alternate pathway resulting in complement deposition in the glomeruli. Kidney biopsy with characteristic findings of electron-dense deposits in the mesangial and capillary wall confirms the diagnosis. Until recently, C3GN presenting with primarily lung involvement had not been reported. We present a unique case of initial pulmonary manifestation C3GN.


Transplantation Of Renal Allograft After Removal Of Renal Cell Carcinoma: Case Report And Review Of The Literature, Anthony P. Tran, Paulo N.A. Martins, Zachary G. Papazian, Vijay K. Vanguri, Babak Movahedi, Pang-Yen Fan, Kenneth A. Bodziak, Jennifer K. Yates, Mitchell H. Sokoloff, Adel Bozorgzadeh 2019 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Transplantation Of Renal Allograft After Removal Of Renal Cell Carcinoma: Case Report And Review Of The Literature, Anthony P. Tran, Paulo N.A. Martins, Zachary G. Papazian, Vijay K. Vanguri, Babak Movahedi, Pang-Yen Fan, Kenneth A. Bodziak, Jennifer K. Yates, Mitchell H. Sokoloff, Adel Bozorgzadeh

Open Access Publications by UMMS Authors

With the rising incidence of end-stage renal disease in the United States, patients needing renal transplants are waiting longer for increasingly scarce grafts. Formerly, the general practice was to avoid organs with tumors for transplant because of the risk of malignancy transmission to the recipient. However, with comprehensive donor selection and a small-sized primary tumor, the positive outcomes of transplant outweigh the risks of transmission after a partial nephrectomy. In our case, a 31-year-old woman, the daughter of the recipient, underwent a laparoscopic nephrectomy with an existing 8-mm tumor later confirmed as renal cell carcinoma. An ex vivo tumor enucleation ...


Lithium-Induced Chronic Kidney Disease In A Pediatric Patient, Neena Gupta, Meghan Gibson, Ellen C. Wallace 2019 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Lithium-Induced Chronic Kidney Disease In A Pediatric Patient, Neena Gupta, Meghan Gibson, Ellen C. Wallace

Pediatric Publications

Lithium-induced nephropathy usually manifests in adulthood as it develops slowly after many years of cumulative exposure. There is very limited information available in pediatric patients. Renal function monitoring and timely intervention is the key in preventing lithium-induced chronic kidney disease in these patients. We report a case of a 14-year-old boy who was on lithium for almost 9 years for his complex psychiatric illness. He presented with increased urinary frequency and nocturia. His serum creatinine increased to 1.15 mg/dL (estimated glomerular filtration rate or eGFR 53 ml/min/1.73 m(2)) from a baseline of 0.78 ...


Evaluation Of Prophylactic Dosages Of Enoxaparin In Non-Surgical Elderly Patients With Renal Impairment, Nibal Chamoun, Hady Ghanem, Ahmad Hachem, Essa Hariri, Christelle Lteif, Hanine Mansour, Hani Dimassi, Richard Zalloum, Georges Ghanem 2019 Lebanese American University

Evaluation Of Prophylactic Dosages Of Enoxaparin In Non-Surgical Elderly Patients With Renal Impairment, Nibal Chamoun, Hady Ghanem, Ahmad Hachem, Essa Hariri, Christelle Lteif, Hanine Mansour, Hani Dimassi, Richard Zalloum, Georges Ghanem

Open Access Publications by UMMS Authors

BACKGROUND: Thromboprophylaxis dosing strategies using enoxaparin in elderly patients with renal disease are limited, while dose adjustments or monitoring of anti-Xa levels are recommended. We sought to evaluate the efficacy and safety of enoxaparin 20 mg versus 30 mg subcutaneously daily by comparing anti-Xa levels, thrombosis and bleeding.

METHODS: We conducted a prospective, single-blinded, single-center randomized clinical trial including non-surgical patients, 70 years of age or older, with renal disease requiring thromboprophylaxis. Patients were randomized to receive either 20 mg or 30 mg of enoxaparin. The primary endpoint was peak anti-Xa levels on day 3. Secondary endpoints included trough anti-Xa ...


The Role Of Ros In The Progression And Treatment Of Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer, Dannah R. Miller 2019 University of Nebraska Medical Center

The Role Of Ros In The Progression And Treatment Of Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer, Dannah R. Miller

Theses & Dissertations

Prostate cancer is the second leading cause of cancer-related deaths in U.S. men, primarily due to the development of castration-resistant (CR) prostate cancer (PCa), of which there are no effective treatment options. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) plays a critical role in prostate carcinogenesis, including the progression of the CR PCa phenotype. ROS regulates both cell proliferation and apoptosis; a moderate increase in ROS can promote proliferation; however, a substantial rise in ROS levels will result in apoptosis. Oxidase p66Shc is elevated in clinical PCa cells and has been associated with a metastatic phenotype of CR PCa cells, promoting PCa ...


Referral Patterns, Procedures, And Outcomes Of A Large Community- Based Urology Group: A Retrospective Chart Review, Hassan A. Al Saleh, Gregory C. McMahon, Michael Douglas, Michael Console, Mihir Thaker, Gordon A. Brown 2019 Rowan University

Referral Patterns, Procedures, And Outcomes Of A Large Community- Based Urology Group: A Retrospective Chart Review, Hassan A. Al Saleh, Gregory C. Mcmahon, Michael Douglas, Michael Console, Mihir Thaker, Gordon A. Brown

Stratford Campus Research Day

In 2012 The United States Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommended against prostate cancer (Pca) screening. The purpose of our study is to assess the effects of the USPSTF grade D recommendation for PSA based screening on new PCa diagnoses within a large-community based private practice setting. We completed a retrospective chart review of men with an elevated PSA seen in our clinic between May 2009–May 2015 who had undergone a prostate biopsy and were diagnosed with PCa. We observed that following the 2012 USPSTF recommendations, there was a significant increase in patients with clinically significant prostate cancer GG ...


Amiodarone Induced Epididymo-Orchitis, Yaser Khalid D.O., Neethi Dasu D.O., Sravan Panuganti D.O., Stephen Daly D.O. 2019 Rowan University

Amiodarone Induced Epididymo-Orchitis, Yaser Khalid D.O., Neethi Dasu D.O., Sravan Panuganti D.O., Stephen Daly D.O.

Stratford Campus Research Day

Amiodarone has a well-established and extensive side effect profile: pulmonary fibrosis, thyroid toxicity, corneal deposits, skin discoloration. However, in some rare instance, epididymitis/orchitis is a side effect of amiodarone. Amiodarone toxicity was first studied in (1, 2) Symptoms range from testicular pain to swelling and erythema (1,2) The mechanism of how this toxicity occurs is unknown. In this case report, we will discuss the case of an elderly patient who developed epididymitis and orchitis after several years of tolerating amiodarone without any adverse events. Our patient underwent a full workup with testicular ultrasound, evaluation by urology and cardiology ...


A Cross-Sectional Analysis Of Factors Associated With Detection Of Oncogenic Human Papillomavirus In Human Immunodeficiency Virus-Infected And Uninfected Kenyan Women, A. Ermel, P. Tonui, M. Titus, Y. Tong, N. Wong, J. Ong'echa, K. Muthoka, S. Kiptoo, Ann M. Moormann, J. Hogan, A. Mwangi, S. Cu-Uvin, P. J. Loehrer, O. Orang'o, D. Brown 2019 Indiana University

A Cross-Sectional Analysis Of Factors Associated With Detection Of Oncogenic Human Papillomavirus In Human Immunodeficiency Virus-Infected And Uninfected Kenyan Women, A. Ermel, P. Tonui, M. Titus, Y. Tong, N. Wong, J. Ong'echa, K. Muthoka, S. Kiptoo, Ann M. Moormann, J. Hogan, A. Mwangi, S. Cu-Uvin, P. J. Loehrer, O. Orang'o, D. Brown

Open Access Publications by UMMS Authors

BACKGROUND: Cervical cancer is caused by oncogenic human papillomaviruses (HPV) and is one of the most common malignancies in women living in sub-Saharan Africa. Women infected with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) have a higher incidence of cervical cancer, but the full impact on HPV detection is not well understood, and associations of biological and behavioral factors with oncogenic HPV detection have not been fully examined. Therefore, a study was initiated to investigate factors that are associated with oncogenic HPV detection in Kenyan women.

METHODS: Women without cervical dysplasia were enrolled in a longitudinal study. Data from enrollment are presented ...


Ten-Year Outcomes Of Moderately Hypofractionated (70 Gy In 28 Fractions) Intensity Modulated Radiotherapy For Localized Prostate Cancer, Rupesh Kotecha 2019 Baptist Health Medical Group; Miami Cancer Institute

Ten-Year Outcomes Of Moderately Hypofractionated (70 Gy In 28 Fractions) Intensity Modulated Radiotherapy For Localized Prostate Cancer, Rupesh Kotecha

Rupesh Kotecha

No abstract provided.


Engaging Emergency Department Patients In The Creation Of A Shared Decision-­Making Tool Regarding Ct Scanning In Kidney Stones: Challenges To Traditional Stakeholder Engagement, Elizabeth M. Schoenfeld, Connor J. Houghton, Pooja P. Patel, Leonora Merwin, Kathleen M. Mazor, Erik Hess, Charles Scales, Maggie Breslin, Peter K. Lindenauer 2019 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Engaging Emergency Department Patients In The Creation Of A Shared Decision-­Making Tool Regarding Ct Scanning In Kidney Stones: Challenges To Traditional Stakeholder Engagement, Elizabeth M. Schoenfeld, Connor J. Houghton, Pooja P. Patel, Leonora Merwin, Kathleen M. Mazor, Erik Hess, Charles Scales, Maggie Breslin, Peter K. Lindenauer

Community Engagement and Research Symposia

Background: Every year approximately 2 million patients are seen in US EDs for suspected renal colic, and the majority receive CT scans. The objective of our study was to develop a stakeholder-informed conversation aid to help clinicians use SDM regarding CT scanning in patients with suspected renal colic.

Methods: Using a published decision aid development framework, and under the direction of a multi-disciplinary Steering Committee, we engaged a diverse set of stakeholders via qualitative methods. EM clinicians, urologists, radiologists, researchers, and emergency department patients participated in focus groups and semi-structured interviews. All groups were recorded, transcribed, and analyzed in an ...


Antimicrobial Resistance In Neisseria Gonorrhoeae: Proceedings Of The Star Sexually Transmitted Infection-Clinical Trial Group Programmatic Meeting, Anthony D. Cristillo, Peter A. Rice 2019 Social & Scientific Systems, Inc.

Antimicrobial Resistance In Neisseria Gonorrhoeae: Proceedings Of The Star Sexually Transmitted Infection-Clinical Trial Group Programmatic Meeting, Anthony D. Cristillo, Peter A. Rice

Open Access Publications by UMMS Authors

The goal of the Sexually Transmitted Infection Clinical Trial Group's Antimicrobial Resistance (AMR) in Neisseria gonorrhoeae (NG) meeting was to assemble experts from academia, government, nonprofit and industry to discuss the current state of research, gaps and challenges in research and technology and priorities and new directions to address the continued emergence of multidrug-resistant NG infections. Topics discussed at the meeting, which will be the focus of this article, include AMR NG global surveillance initiatives, the use of whole genome sequencing and bioinformatics to understand mutations associated with AMR, mechanisms of AMR, and novel antibiotics, vaccines and other methods ...


Brg1 Is A Prognostic Indicator And A Potential Therapeutic Target For Prostate Cancer, Rohini Muthuswami, LeeAnn Bailey, Radhakrishnan Rakesh, Anthony N. Imbalzano, Jeffrey A. Nickerson, Joel W. Hockensmith 2019 University of Virginia

Brg1 Is A Prognostic Indicator And A Potential Therapeutic Target For Prostate Cancer, Rohini Muthuswami, Leeann Bailey, Radhakrishnan Rakesh, Anthony N. Imbalzano, Jeffrey A. Nickerson, Joel W. Hockensmith

University of Massachusetts Medical School Faculty Publications

Brahma-related gene 1 (BRG1) is one of two mutually exclusive ATPases that function as the catalytic subunit of human SWItch/Sucrose NonFermentable (SWI/SNF) chromatin remodeling enzymes. BRG1 has been identified as a tumor suppressor in some cancer types but has been shown to be expressed at elevated levels, relative to normal tissue, in other cancers. Using TCGA (The Cancer Genome Atlas) prostate cancer database, we determined that BRG1 mRNA and protein expression is elevated in prostate tumors relative to normal prostate tissue. Only 3 of 491 (0.6%) sequenced tumors showed amplification of the locus or mutation in the ...


Is A Varicocelectomy Beneficial In The Era Of Assisted Reproductive Technologies, Chukwuka Oscar Nnoli 2019 University of North Dakota

Is A Varicocelectomy Beneficial In The Era Of Assisted Reproductive Technologies, Chukwuka Oscar Nnoli

Physician Assistant Scholarly Project Posters

Clinical varicoceles are the most frequent physical finding associated with infertile men and impaired semen parameters. There is evidence that suggests varicocele repair improves semen parameter and increases the chances of natural pregnancy. Today, varicocele repair is often combined with assisted reproductive techniques (ART) such as intrauterine insemination (IUI), in Vitro fertilization (IVF) or intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI). In this literature review, data examining whether varicocelectomy before ART leads to improved pregnancy outcomes is reviewed. Current data suggest that there is a significant clinical benefit when correcting a varicocele in oligospermic men before IVF/ICSI. Similarly, men with non-obstructive azoospermia ...


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