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Congenital, Hereditary, and Neonatal Diseases and Abnormalities Commons

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All Articles in Congenital, Hereditary, and Neonatal Diseases and Abnormalities

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Retrospective Frames Of Disability: Themes Derived From Parents Of Children Who Grew Up With Congenital Disability, Sheryl L. Holt 2016 University of Kentucky

Retrospective Frames Of Disability: Themes Derived From Parents Of Children Who Grew Up With Congenital Disability, Sheryl L. Holt

Theses and Dissertations--Rehabilitation Sciences

Introduction: For children born with physical disabilities, the perspectives and actions of their parents prove significant to their childhood developmental outcomes clinically, educationally, socially, and with regard to community participation. The lived world and perceptions of parents who have children with disabilities however is not well investigated. This study sought to understand parents’ framing of theirs and their children’s disability experiences. Family systems together with family systems intervention models, and disability theory were used to provide structure to interview instrumentation and subsequent analysis. Child-centered and ecologic influences were also used to track the transformative processes over time that infuses ...


Frequency Of Birth Defects And Its Relationship To Parents Having Interfamily Marriages At A Tertiary Care Hospital, Tufail Soomro, Shiyam Sunder Tikmani 2016 Ghulam Mohammad Mahar Medial College, Sukkur, Pakistan

Frequency Of Birth Defects And Its Relationship To Parents Having Interfamily Marriages At A Tertiary Care Hospital, Tufail Soomro, Shiyam Sunder Tikmani

Community Health Sciences

Background: Inter family cousin marriages carries a risk of increased birth defects. The exact contribution of interfamily to birth defects risk is controversial. The aims of this study were to determine the frequency of birth defects in in relation to interfamily or outside family marriages.
Methods: This cross sectional study was conducted in the Civil hospital Sukkur from 9th November 2013 to 13th December 2015. Mothers giving birth to babies married in interfamily or outside family with their consent obtained were included in the study. Mothers not giving consent for study and having any known major illnesses were excluded from ...


Frequency Of Retinopathy Of Prematurity In A Tertiary Care Hospital, Shiyam Sunder Tikmani, Tufail Soomro, Prashant Tikmani 2016 Aga Khan University

Frequency Of Retinopathy Of Prematurity In A Tertiary Care Hospital, Shiyam Sunder Tikmani, Tufail Soomro, Prashant Tikmani

Community Health Sciences

Introduction: Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) is one of a preventable cause of blindness in neonates. Screening of preterm infants for ROP in Pakistan is currently under-recognized. The aim of this study was to determine the frequency of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) in premature and very low birth weight neonates (birth weight ≤ 1500 g and gestational age ≤ 32 weeks) in a tertiary care hospital, Karachi, Pakistan.
Methods: This was a cross-sectional study carried out in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) of Civil Hospital Sukkur from 1st June 2014 to 17th June 2015. Preterm neonates with birth weight ≤ 1.5 Kg ...


The Effects Of Testosterone Supplementation On Cognitive Functioning In Older Men, Eka Wahjoepramono, Prita Asih, Vilia Aniwiyanti, Kevin Taddei, Satvinder Dhaliwal, Stephanie Fuller, Jonathan Foster, Malcolm Carruthers, Giuseppe Verdile, Hamid R. Sohrabi, Ralph Martins 2016 Edith Cowan University

The Effects Of Testosterone Supplementation On Cognitive Functioning In Older Men, Eka Wahjoepramono, Prita Asih, Vilia Aniwiyanti, Kevin Taddei, Satvinder Dhaliwal, Stephanie Fuller, Jonathan Foster, Malcolm Carruthers, Giuseppe Verdile, Hamid R. Sohrabi, Ralph Martins

ECU Publications Post 2013

Reduction in testosterone levels in men during aging is associated with cognitive decline and risk of dementia. Animal studies have shown benefits for testosterone supplementation in improving cognition and reducing Alzheimer’s disease pathology. In a randomized, placebo-controlled, crossover study of men with subjective memory complaint and low testosterone levels, we investigated whether testosterone treatment significantly improved performance on various measures of cognitive functioning. Forty-four men were administered a battery of neuropsychological tests to establish the baseline prior to being randomly divided into two groups. The first group (Group A) received 24 weeks of testosterone treatment (T treatment) followed by ...


Contraceptive Provision To Adolescent Females Prescribed Teratogenic Medications., Stephani L. Stancil, Melissa K. Miller, Holley Briggs, Daryl Lynch, Kathy Goggin, Gregory Kearns 2016 Children's Mercy Hospital

Contraceptive Provision To Adolescent Females Prescribed Teratogenic Medications., Stephani L. Stancil, Melissa K. Miller, Holley Briggs, Daryl Lynch, Kathy Goggin, Gregory Kearns

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Rates of adult women receiving contraceptive provision when simultaneously prescribed a known teratogen are alarmingly low. The prevalence of this behavior among pediatric providers and their adolescent patients is unknown. The objective of this study was to describe pediatric provider behaviors for prescribing teratogens concurrently with counseling, referral, and/or prescribing of contraception (collectively called contraceptive provision) in the adolescent population.

METHODS: A retrospective review was conducted examining visits in 2008-2012 by adolescents aged 14 to 25 years in which a known teratogen (US Food and Drug Administration pregnancy risk category D or X) was prescribed. The ...


The Challenge Of Analyzing The Results Of Next-Generation Sequencing In Children., Isabelle Thiffault, John Lantos 2016 Children's Mercy Hospital

The Challenge Of Analyzing The Results Of Next-Generation Sequencing In Children., Isabelle Thiffault, John Lantos

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

In recent years, next-generation sequencing technologies have revolutionized approaches to genetic studies. Whole-exome or whole-genome sequencing allows diagnoses in many patients who have complex phenotypes and unusual clinical presentations. As genomic and exomic testing expands in both the research and clinical settings, pediatricians will need to understand the technology of next-generation sequencing and the complexity of interpreting genomic variants relevant to patient phenotypic features. This article briefly explains the technology by which genomes are sequenced and discusses some of the complexity related to interpreting genomic variants. We conclude with some thoughts on the clinical applications of such testing.


Whole-Genome Sequencing And Disability In The Nicu: Exploring Practical And Ethical Challenges., Michael J. Deem 2016 Children's Mercy Hospital

Whole-Genome Sequencing And Disability In The Nicu: Exploring Practical And Ethical Challenges., Michael J. Deem

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

Clinical whole-genome sequencing (WGS) promises to deliver faster diagnoses and lead to better management of care in the NICU. However,several disability rights advocates have expressed concern that clinical use of genetic technologies may reinforce and perpetuate stigmatization of and discrimination against disabled persons in medical and social contexts. There is growing need, then, for clinicians and bioethicists to consider how the clinical use of WGS in the newborn period might exacerbate such harms to persons with disabilities. This article explores ways to extend these concerns to clinical WGS in neonatal care. By considering these perspectives during the early phases ...


Diagnostics Of Primary Immunodeficiencies Through Next-Generation Sequencing., Vera Gallo, Laura Dotta, Giuliana Giardino, Emilia Cirillo, Vassilios Lougaris, Roberta D'Assante, Alberto Prandini, Rita Consolini, Emily G. Farrow, Isabelle Thiffault, Carol J. Saunders, Antonio Leonardi, Alessandro Plebani, Raffaele Badolato, Claudio Pignata 2016 Children's Mercy Hospital

Diagnostics Of Primary Immunodeficiencies Through Next-Generation Sequencing., Vera Gallo, Laura Dotta, Giuliana Giardino, Emilia Cirillo, Vassilios Lougaris, Roberta D'Assante, Alberto Prandini, Rita Consolini, Emily G. Farrow, Isabelle Thiffault, Carol J. Saunders, Antonio Leonardi, Alessandro Plebani, Raffaele Badolato, Claudio Pignata

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

BACKGROUND: Recently, a growing number of novel genetic defects underlying primary immunodeficiencies (PIDs) have been identified, increasing the number of PID up to more than 250 well-defined forms. Next-generation sequencing (NGS) technologies and proper filtering strategies greatly contributed to this rapid evolution, providing the possibility to rapidly and simultaneously analyze large numbers of genes or the whole exome.

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the role of targeted NGS and whole exome sequencing (WES) in the diagnosis of a case series, characterized by complex or atypical clinical features suggesting a PID, difficult to diagnose using the current diagnostic procedures.

METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed ...


Renal And Cardiovascular Morbidities Associated With Apol1 Status Among African-American And Non-African-American Children With Focal Segmental Glomerulosclerosis., Robert P. Woroniecki, Derek K. Ng, Sophie Limou, Cheryl A. Winkler, Kimberly J. Reidy, Mark Mitsnefes, Matthew G. Sampson, Craig S. Wong, Bradley A. Warady, Susan L. Furth, Jeffrey B. Kopp, Frederick J. Kaskel 2016 Children's Mercy Hospital

Renal And Cardiovascular Morbidities Associated With Apol1 Status Among African-American And Non-African-American Children With Focal Segmental Glomerulosclerosis., Robert P. Woroniecki, Derek K. Ng, Sophie Limou, Cheryl A. Winkler, Kimberly J. Reidy, Mark Mitsnefes, Matthew G. Sampson, Craig S. Wong, Bradley A. Warady, Susan L. Furth, Jeffrey B. Kopp, Frederick J. Kaskel

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: African-American (AA) children with focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS) have later onset disease that progresses more rapidly than in non-AA children. It is unclear how APOL1 genotypes contribute to kidney disease risk, progression, and cardiovascular morbidity in children.

DESIGN SETTING PARTICIPANTS AND MEASUREMENTS: We examined the prevalence of APOL1 genotypes and associated cardiovascular phenotypes among children with FSGS in the Chronic Kidney Disease in Children (CKiD) study; an ongoing multicenter prospective cohort study of children aged 1-16 years with mild to moderate kidney disease.

RESULTS: A total of 140 AA children in the CKiD study were genotyped. High ...


Randomized Trial Of Late Surfactant Treatment In Ventilated Preterm Infants Receiving Inhaled Nitric Oxide., Roberta A. Ballard, Roberta L. Keller, Dennis M. Black, Philip L. Ballard, Jeffrey D. Merrill, Eric C. Eichenwald, William E Truog, Mark C. Mammel, Robin H. Steinhorn, Elizabeth E. Rogers, Rita M. Ryan, David J. Durand, Jeanette M. Asselin, Catherine M. Bendel, Ellen M. Bendel-Stenzel, Sherry E. Courtney, Ramasubbareddy Dhanireddy, Mark L. Hudak, Frances R. Koch, Dennis E. Mayock, Victor J. McKay, T Michael O'Shea, Nicolas F. Porta, Rajan Wadhawan, Lisa Palermo, TOLSURF Study Group 2016 Children's Mercy Hospital

Randomized Trial Of Late Surfactant Treatment In Ventilated Preterm Infants Receiving Inhaled Nitric Oxide., Roberta A. Ballard, Roberta L. Keller, Dennis M. Black, Philip L. Ballard, Jeffrey D. Merrill, Eric C. Eichenwald, William E Truog, Mark C. Mammel, Robin H. Steinhorn, Elizabeth E. Rogers, Rita M. Ryan, David J. Durand, Jeanette M. Asselin, Catherine M. Bendel, Ellen M. Bendel-Stenzel, Sherry E. Courtney, Ramasubbareddy Dhanireddy, Mark L. Hudak, Frances R. Koch, Dennis E. Mayock, Victor J. Mckay, T Michael O'Shea, Nicolas F. Porta, Rajan Wadhawan, Lisa Palermo, Tolsurf Study Group

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

OBJECTIVE: To assess whether late surfactant treatment in extremely low gestational age (GA) newborn infants requiring ventilation at 7-14 days, who often have surfactant deficiency and dysfunction, safely improves survival without bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD).

STUDY DESIGN: Extremely low GA newborn infants (GA ≤28 0/7 weeks) who required mechanical ventilation at 7-14 days were enrolled in a randomized, masked controlled trial at 25 US centers. All infants received inhaled nitric oxide and either surfactant (calfactant/Infasurf) or sham instillation every 1-3 days to a maximum of 5 doses while intubated. The primary outcome was survival at 36 weeks postmenstrual age ...


Manic Symptoms And Behavioral Dysregulation In Youth With Velocardiofacial Syndrome (22q11.2 Deletion Syndrome)., Alka Aneja, Wanda Fremont, Kevin Antshel, Stephen Faraone, Nuria AbdulSabur, Anne Marie Higgins, Robert Shprintzen, Wendy Kates 2015 Sacred Heart University

Manic Symptoms And Behavioral Dysregulation In Youth With Velocardiofacial Syndrome (22q11.2 Deletion Syndrome)., Alka Aneja, Wanda Fremont, Kevin Antshel, Stephen Faraone, Nuria Abdulsabur, Anne Marie Higgins, Robert Shprintzen, Wendy Kates

Robert J. Shprintzen

Mania and bipolar disorder have been reported in adolescents and adults with velocardiofacial syndrome (VCFS; also known as 22q11.2 deletion syndrome). Children with VCFS have a high prevalence of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), which may constitute a risk factor for the eventual development of bipolar disorder in this population. Therefore, we sought to determine whether children with VCFS exhibit more manic symptoms than community controls that also may have learning disorders and ADHD. The study population consisted of 86 children with VCFS and 36 community controls from ages 9 to 15 years, using measures of Young Mania Rating Scale-Parent ...


22q11.2ds Deletion Syndrome: Developmental Milestones In Infants And Toddlers, Nancy Roizen, Kevin Antshel, Wanda Fremont, Nuria AbdulSabur, Anne Marie Higgins, Robert Shprintzen, Wendy Kates 2015 Sacred Heart University

22q11.2ds Deletion Syndrome: Developmental Milestones In Infants And Toddlers, Nancy Roizen, Kevin Antshel, Wanda Fremont, Nuria Abdulsabur, Anne Marie Higgins, Robert Shprintzen, Wendy Kates

Robert J. Shprintzen

The majority of children with 22q11.2DS deletion syndrome (22q11.2DS) have learning disabilities, and a substantial number have mental retardation. Although cognitive data have been reported on several samples of children with 22q11.2DS, data on their early developmental milestones are limited. Methods: The present study used a retrospective design and asked parents to recall developmental milestones. The participants were 88 children with 22q11.2DS, 47 community controls, and 29 sibling controls. Results: Although very early gross motor and expressive language milestones did not differ significantly from comparison groups, subsequent gross motor and expressive language milestones did, suggesting that ...


Overt Cleft Palate Phenotype And Tbx1 Genotype Correlations In Velo-Cardio-Facial/Digeorge/22q11.2 Deletion Syndrome Patients, Sean Herman, Tingwei Guo, Donna McDonald McGinn, Anna Blonska, Alan Shanske, Anne Bassett, Eva Chow, Mark Bowser, Molly Sheridan, Frits Beemer, Koen Devriendt, Ann Swillen, Jeroen Breckpot, Maria Digilio, Bruno Marino, Bruno Dallapiccola, Courtney Carpenter, Xin Zheng, Jacob Johnson, Jonathan Chung, Anne Marie Higgins, Nicole Philip, Tony Simon, Karlene Coleman, Damian Heine Suñer, Jordi Rosell, Wendy Kates, Marcella Devoto, Elaine Zackai, Tao Wang, Robert Shprintzen, Beverly Emanuel, Bernice Morrow, International Chromosome 22q11.2 Consortium 2015 SUNY Upstate Medical University

Overt Cleft Palate Phenotype And Tbx1 Genotype Correlations In Velo-Cardio-Facial/Digeorge/22q11.2 Deletion Syndrome Patients, Sean Herman, Tingwei Guo, Donna Mcdonald Mcginn, Anna Blonska, Alan Shanske, Anne Bassett, Eva Chow, Mark Bowser, Molly Sheridan, Frits Beemer, Koen Devriendt, Ann Swillen, Jeroen Breckpot, Maria Digilio, Bruno Marino, Bruno Dallapiccola, Courtney Carpenter, Xin Zheng, Jacob Johnson, Jonathan Chung, Anne Marie Higgins, Nicole Philip, Tony Simon, Karlene Coleman, Damian Heine Suñer, Jordi Rosell, Wendy Kates, Marcella Devoto, Elaine Zackai, Tao Wang, Robert Shprintzen, Beverly Emanuel, Bernice Morrow, International Chromosome 22q11.2 Consortium

Robert J. Shprintzen

Velo-cardio-facial syndrome/DiGeorge syndrome, also known as 22q11.2 deletion syndrome (22q11DS) is the most common microdeletion syndrome, with an estimated incidence of 1/2,000 – 1/4,000 live births. Approximately 9–11% of patients with this disorder have an overt cleft palate (CP), but the genetic factors responsible for CP in the 22q11DS subset are unknown. The TBX1 gene, a member of the T-box transcription factor gene family, lies within the 22q11.2 region that is hemizygous in patients with 22q11DS. Inactivation of one allele of Tbx1 in the mouse does not result in CP, but inactivation of ...


Catatonia In An Adolescent With Velo-Cardio-Facial Syndrome, Gianni Faedda, Lee Wachtel, Anne Marie Higgins, Robert Shprintzen 2015 SUNY Upstate Medical University

Catatonia In An Adolescent With Velo-Cardio-Facial Syndrome, Gianni Faedda, Lee Wachtel, Anne Marie Higgins, Robert Shprintzen

Robert J. Shprintzen

Velo-cardio-facial syndrome (VCFS) is the most common microdeletion syndrome in humans and is probably the most frequent genetic cause of psychosis currently known. Many psychiatric disorders have been reported to occur in people with VCFS including, but not limited to schizophrenia, unipolar and bipolar mood disorders (with or without psychotic features), schizoaffective disorder, psychosis NOS, social phobia, generalized and separation anxiety, obsessive-compulsive disorder, autism spectrum disorder, cognitive impairment, and ADHD. This report describes the psychiatric onset and development of catatonia in an adolescent female with VCFS that was undiagnosed until 15 years of age. Catatonia may be a relatively common ...


Associations Between Performance On The Rey-Osterrieth Complex Figure And Regional Brain Volumes In Children With And Without Velocardiofacial Syndrome, Kevin Antshel, Jena Peebles, Nuria AbdulSabur, Anne Marie Higgins, Nancy Roizen, Robert Shprintzen, Wanda Fremont, Robert Natasi, Wendy Kates 2015 Sacred Heart University

Associations Between Performance On The Rey-Osterrieth Complex Figure And Regional Brain Volumes In Children With And Without Velocardiofacial Syndrome, Kevin Antshel, Jena Peebles, Nuria Abdulsabur, Anne Marie Higgins, Nancy Roizen, Robert Shprintzen, Wanda Fremont, Robert Natasi, Wendy Kates

Robert J. Shprintzen

Ninety-two children with velocardiofacial syndrome (VCFS), a genetic disorder caused by a microdeletion of chromosome 22q11.2 and an age, race, and gender-ratio comparable sample of 59 control participants were included in the project. Participants received an MRI as well as a comprehensive neuropsychological battery; the primary outcome measure in the current report is the Rey-Osterrieth Complex Figure (ROCF). Children with VCFS performed less well on the ROCF and have lower whole brain volume compared to controls. After controlling for whole brain volume differences, children with VCFS have bilaterally less parietal lobe gray and white matter yet more frontal lobe ...


High Incidence Of Fracture Events In Patients With Long-Gap Esophageal Atresia (Lgea): A Retrospective Review Prompting Implementation Of Standardized Protocol., Sigrid Bairdain, Brenda Dodson, David Zurakowski, Lawrence Rhein, Brian D Snyder, Melissa Putman, Russell W Jennings 2015 George Washington University

High Incidence Of Fracture Events In Patients With Long-Gap Esophageal Atresia (Lgea): A Retrospective Review Prompting Implementation Of Standardized Protocol., Sigrid Bairdain, Brenda Dodson, David Zurakowski, Lawrence Rhein, Brian D Snyder, Melissa Putman, Russell W Jennings

Surgery Faculty Publications

PURPOSE: To identify factors associated with an increased risk of fractures in Long-Gap Esophageal Atresia (LGEA) patients. Following implementation of a risk-stratified program, we hypothesized a reduction in fracture incidence within this potentially high-risk population.

METHODS: A retrospective review of LGEA-patients admitted between 2005 and 2014 was conducted. Symptomatic fractures with radiographic confirmation were defined as events. Univariate and multivariable analysis evaluated factors including admission weight-for-age z-score, primary versus secondary Foker process (FP), weight at Foker Stage I, days and episodes of paralysis, number of parenteral nutrition (PN) days, cumulative dose of loop diuretics adjusted for body weight and days ...


Geographic Distribution Of Infant Death During Birth Hospitalization And Maternal Group B Streptococcus Colonization: Eastern Wisconsin, Jessica J.F. Kram, Dennis J. Baumgardner, Kiley A. Bernhard, Melissa A. Lemke 2015 Center for Urban Population Health, Aurora Health Care

Geographic Distribution Of Infant Death During Birth Hospitalization And Maternal Group B Streptococcus Colonization: Eastern Wisconsin, Jessica J.F. Kram, Dennis J. Baumgardner, Kiley A. Bernhard, Melissa A. Lemke

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

Background: Neonatal death rate in the United States is 4/1,000 live births; infant death rate is 6/1,000. Group B Streptococcus (GBS) may be transmitted from a colonized mother (rates vary from 15% to 35%) to the newborn during a vaginal delivery, and may contribute to neonatal death.

Purpose: To explore the geographic distribution and associated risk factors for maternal GBS colonization and infant death prior to discharge in eastern Wisconsin births.

Methods: Retrospective study of institutional data from PeriData.net, a comprehensive birth registry, utilizing data from 2007 through 2013 at all Aurora medical centers. Categorical ...


De Novo Mutations In Pura Are Associated With Hypotonia And Developmental Delay, Akemi J. Tanaka, Renkui Bai, Megan T. Cho, Kwame Anyane-Yeboa, Priyanka Ahimaz, Ashley L. Wilson, Fran Kendall, Beverly N. Hay, Timothy Moss, Monica Nardini, Mislen Bauer, Kyle Retterer, Jane Juusola, Wendy K. Chung 2015 Columbia University Medical Center

De Novo Mutations In Pura Are Associated With Hypotonia And Developmental Delay, Akemi J. Tanaka, Renkui Bai, Megan T. Cho, Kwame Anyane-Yeboa, Priyanka Ahimaz, Ashley L. Wilson, Fran Kendall, Beverly N. Hay, Timothy Moss, Monica Nardini, Mislen Bauer, Kyle Retterer, Jane Juusola, Wendy K. Chung

Pediatric Publications

PURA is the leading candidate gene responsible for the developmental phenotype in the 5q31.3 microdeletion syndrome. De novo mutations in PURA were recently reported in 15 individuals with developmental features similar to the 5q31.3 microdeletion syndrome. Here we describe six unrelated children who were identified by clinical whole-exome sequencing (WES) to have novel de novo variants in PURA with a similar phenotype of hypotonia and developmental delay and frequently associated with seizures. The protein Puralpha (encoded by PURA) is involved in neuronal proliferation, dendrite maturation, and the transport of mRNA to translation sites during neuronal development. Mutations in ...


Neonatal Presentation Of An Air-Filled Neck Mass That Enlarges With Valsalva: A Case Report., Jasminkumar Bharatbhai Patel, Howard Kilbride, Lorien Paulson 2015 Children's Mercy Hospital

Neonatal Presentation Of An Air-Filled Neck Mass That Enlarges With Valsalva: A Case Report., Jasminkumar Bharatbhai Patel, Howard Kilbride, Lorien Paulson

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

Branchial cleft cysts are common causes of congenital neck masses in the pediatric population. However, neonatal presentation of branchial cleft cysts is uncommon, but recognizable secondary to acute respiratory distress from airway compression or complications secondary to infection. We report a 1-day-old infant presenting with an air-filled neck mass that enlarged with Valsalva and was not associated with respiratory distress. The infant was found to have a third branchial cleft cyst with an internal opening into the pyriform sinus. The cyst was conservatively managed with endoscopic surgical decompression and cauterization of the tract and opening. We review the embryology of ...


Speckle-Tracking Echocardiographic Measures Of Right Ventricular Function Correlate With Improvement In Exercise Function After Percutaneous Pulmonary Valve Implantation., Shahryar M. Chowdhury, Ziyad M. Hijazi, John T. Fahey, John F. Rhodes, Saibal Kar, Raj Makkar, Michael Mullen, Qi-Ling Cao, Girish S. Shirali 2015 Children's Mercy Hospital

Speckle-Tracking Echocardiographic Measures Of Right Ventricular Function Correlate With Improvement In Exercise Function After Percutaneous Pulmonary Valve Implantation., Shahryar M. Chowdhury, Ziyad M. Hijazi, John T. Fahey, John F. Rhodes, Saibal Kar, Raj Makkar, Michael Mullen, Qi-Ling Cao, Girish S. Shirali

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

BACKGROUND: Speckle-tracking echocardiographic (STE) measures of right ventricular (RV) function appear to improve after transcatheter pulmonary valve implantation (TPVI). Measures of exercise function, such as ventilatory efficiency (the minute ventilation [VE]/carbon dioxide production [VCO2] slope), have been shown to be prognostic of mortality in patients who may require TPVI. The aim of this study was to evaluate the correlation between STE measures of RV function and changes in VE/VCO2 after TPVI.

METHODS: Speckle-tracking echocardiography and cardiopulmonary exercise testing were performed at baseline and 6 months after TPVI in 24 patients from four centers. Conventional echocardiographic measures of RV ...


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