Knowledge, Attitude And Practices Of Pregnant Women Related To Covid-19 Infection: A Cross-Sectional Survey In Seven Countries From The Global Network For Women's And Children's Health, 2022 Aga Khan University
Knowledge, Attitude And Practices Of Pregnant Women Related To Covid-19 Infection: A Cross-Sectional Survey In Seven Countries From The Global Network For Women's And Children's Health, Farnaz Naqvi, Seemab Naqvi, Sk Masum Billah, Sarah Saleem, Elizabeth Fogleman, Nalini Peres Da-Silva, Lester Figueroa, Manolo Mazariegos, Ana L. Garces, Sana Yousaf
Community Health Sciences
Objective: We sought to understand knowledge, attitudes and practices (KAP) regarding COVID-19 in pregnant women in seven low and middle-income countries (LMIC).
Design: Population-based prospective, observational study.
Settings: Study sites in DRC, Kenya, Zambia, Bangladesh, India (two sites), Pakistan and Guatemala.
Population and sample: Pregnant women in the Global Network's Maternal and Neonatal Health Registry (MNHR).
Methods: A KAP questionnaire was administered in face-to-face interviews with pregnant women from September 2020 through October 2021 in the MNHR.
Main outcome measures: KAP regarding COVID-19 during pregnancy.
Results: In all, 25 260 women completed the survey. Overall, 56.8% of women named ≥3 …
Understanding The Context Of Healthcare Utilisation For Children Under-Five With Diarrhoea In The Drc: Based On Andersen Behavioural Model, 2022 Tsinghua University, Beijing, 100191, China
Understanding The Context Of Healthcare Utilisation For Children Under-Five With Diarrhoea In The Drc: Based On Andersen Behavioural Model, Siyu Zou, Xinran Qi, Keiko Marshall, Maria Asif Bhura, Rie Takesue, Kun Tang
Department of Paediatrics and Child Health
Background: Diarrhoea is one of the leading causes of death among children under 5 years old in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC). Despite positive effects on prognosis, there is limited literature about the healthcare-seeking behaviours of children with diarrhoea, especially in the DRC. This study used the Andersen Behavioural Model, a theoretical framework, which was commonly adopted to study healthcare utilisation, to investigate and predict factors associated with the use of healthcare to treat diarrhoea in the DRC.
Methods: Data collected from 2626 under-five children with diarrhoea in the last 2 weeks from the Multiple Indicators Cluster Survey …
Global, Regional, And National Sex Differences In The Global Burden Of Tuberculosis By Hiv Status, 1990–2019: Results From The Global Burden Of Disease Study 2019, 2022 University of Washington
Global, Regional, And National Sex Differences In The Global Burden Of Tuberculosis By Hiv Status, 1990–2019: Results From The Global Burden Of Disease Study 2019, Jorge R. Ledesma, Arianna Maever L. Amit, Veincent Christian F. Pepito, Gbd 2019 Tuberculosis Collaborators
Ateneo School of Medicine and Public Health Publications
Tuberculosis is a major contributor to the global burden of disease, causing more than a million deaths annually. Given an emphasis on equity in access to diagnosis and treatment of tuberculosis in global health targets, evaluations of differences in tuberculosis burden by sex are crucial. We aimed to assess the levels and trends of the global burden of tuberculosis, with an emphasis on investigating differences in sex by HIV status for 204 countries and territories from 1990 to 2019.
We used a Bayesian hierarchical Cause of Death Ensemble model (CODEm) platform to analyse 21 505 site-years of vital …
Catheter-Associated Urinary Tract Infections: Patient Characteristics, Treatment, And Clinical Outcomes In One South Texas Acute Care Hospital, 2022 The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley
Catheter-Associated Urinary Tract Infections: Patient Characteristics, Treatment, And Clinical Outcomes In One South Texas Acute Care Hospital, Kimberly A. Ambrosini, Jose Campo Maldonado
MEDI 9331 Scholarly Activities Clinical Years
Background: Catheter-associated urinary tract infections (CA-UTIs) account for 40 percent of nosocomial infections worldwide. Their elimination is at the forefront of quality improvement in one South Texas acute care hospital.
Methods: Over a period of 6 months, five CA-UTIs occurred in one South Texas acute care hospital. These cases were identified via regular surveillance by Infection Prevention staff and the Laboratory Department of the hospital. This research reviews patient age, sex, length of stay, bacteria contracted, appropriate antibiotic use, patient characteristics, and overall outcomes.
Results: Between the months of July and December 2021, 5 CAUTIs were contracted. Patients …
Evaluation Of Step-Down Oral Antibiotic Therapy For Uncomplicated Streptococcal Bloodstream Infections On Clinical Outcomes, 2022 Chapman University
Evaluation Of Step-Down Oral Antibiotic Therapy For Uncomplicated Streptococcal Bloodstream Infections On Clinical Outcomes, Amy Y. Kang, Richard Beuttler, Emi Minejima
Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research
Background: Despite the severity and frequency of streptococcal bloodstream infections (BSIs), the effectiveness of oral definitive therapy remains unknown. The objective of this study was to evaluate the clinical outcomes of step-down oral antibiotics for the treatment of uncomplicated streptococcal BSIs.
Methods: In this retrospective cohort study, adult patients admitted with uncomplicated streptococcal BSI between June 2015 and June 2017 were included. Patients were excluded if they received <48 h of antibiotic therapy; therapy was started >48 h after first positive culture; had complicated infections of endocarditis, bone and joint infections, or central nervous system infections; Pitt bacteremia score (PBS) ⩾ 4; or failed to respond …48>
Science And Technology Facilitates Tuberculosis Prevention And Control: Current Situation, Progress And Countermeasures, 2022 Institute of Microbiology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
Science And Technology Facilitates Tuberculosis Prevention And Control: Current Situation, Progress And Countermeasures, Cuihua Liu, Xiaobo Ren, Jing Wang, Yu Pang, Zhou Tong, George Fu Gao
Bulletin of Chinese Academy of Sciences (Chinese Version)
Tuberculosis (TB), a chronic communicable disease caused by the pathogen Mycobacterium tuberculosis, has harassed the human being for long-term and remains to be one of the major public health problems facing the world as well as the leading cause of death from a single infectious agent. We are falling short of TB control targets set by the World Health Organization (WHO) and United Nations (UN). To achieve the ambitious targets of global TB prevention and control, there is an urgent need for immediate action as well as science and technology breakthroughs (e.g., a new vaccine and drug) to rapidly reduce …
Prevalence Of Infectious Diseases Among 6078 Individuals With Down Syndrome In The United States, 2022 Advocate Aurora Research Institute, Advocate Aurora Health
Prevalence Of Infectious Diseases Among 6078 Individuals With Down Syndrome In The United States, Veronica Fitzpatrick, Anne Rivelli, Sagar Chaudhari, Laura Chicoine, Gengjie Jia, Andrey Rzhetsky, Brian Chicoine
Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews
A recent disease prevalence study of the largest documented Down syndrome (DS) cohort in the United States strongly suggested significant disparity in general infectious disease conditions among individuals with DS versus those without DS. In this follow-up retrospective analysis, we explored these differences in greater detail by calculating prevalence of 52 infectious diseases, across 28 years of data among 6078 individuals with DS and 30,326 age- and sex-matched controls, abstracted from electronic medical records within a large Midwestern health system. We found that the DS cohort had higher prevalence of pneumonias (including aspiration, viral, bacterial, pneumococcal, and unspecified/atypical); otitis externa; …
Risk Factors For Acute Respiratory Infections In Children Between 0 And 23 Months Of Age In A Peri-Urban District In Pakistan: A Matched Case–Control Study, 2022 Aga Khan University
Risk Factors For Acute Respiratory Infections In Children Between 0 And 23 Months Of Age In A Peri-Urban District In Pakistan: A Matched Case–Control Study, Fatima Mir, Shabina Ariff, Maria Asif Bhura, Suhail Chanar, Aspara Ali, Muhammad Jawwad, A Hussain, Arjumand Rizvi, Muhammad Umer, Zahid Memon, Atif Habib, Sajid Bashir Soofi, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta
Department of Paediatrics and Child Health
Background: Acute respiratory infection (ARI) accounts for nearly 15% of all childhood mortality in South Asia, with children from rural areas at higher risk due to inaccessibility to healthcare facilities. We therefore aimed to identify risk factors associated with ARI in children under 2 years of age in rural Pakistan.
Methods: A retrospective 1:2 matched case-control study was conducted between October and December 2018 in Taluka Kotri, Jamshoro District of Pakistan. Cases were identified as children between 0 and 23 months of age with a history of fever, cough, sore throat, fast breathing, difficulty breathing, or chest indrawing in the …
Improving Disinfectant Cap Use On Central Lines In The Icu To Reduce Patient Risk For Clabsi: A Quality Improvement Project, 2022 University of New Hampshire, Durham
Improving Disinfectant Cap Use On Central Lines In The Icu To Reduce Patient Risk For Clabsi: A Quality Improvement Project, Tali Cherim
Master's Theses and Capstones
BACKGROUND: Central line-associated bloodstream infections (CLABSI) are the most common type of preventable healthcare-associated bloodstream infection, and may increase length of stay (LOS), facility treatment costs, and patient mortality rates. Intensive Care Unit (ICU) patients are especially vulnerable to CLABSI due to their critical health conditions and other comorbid factors. A literature review provided evidence supporting the use of alcohol-impregnated disinfectant caps, such as SwabCap®, on central line (CL) ports to significantly reduce patients’ risk for CLABSI. This quality improvement project took place within an adult ICU of a Level II trauma facility in New England, where the Infection Prevention …
The Role Of Emergency Departments For Antimicrobial Stewardship In Covid-19 Pandemic; The Time Is Now, 2022 Aga Khan University
The Role Of Emergency Departments For Antimicrobial Stewardship In Covid-19 Pandemic; The Time Is Now, Madiha Ismail, Nazeer Najeeb Kapadia, Sara Usman
Department of Emergency Medicine
No abstract provided.
Isolating Bacteriophage For Potential Treatment Of Chronic Multi-Drug Resistant Escherichia Coli Infections, 2022 Bowling Green State University
Isolating Bacteriophage For Potential Treatment Of Chronic Multi-Drug Resistant Escherichia Coli Infections, Leila Oswalt
The misuse and overuse of antibiotics has led to the intense rise in antibiotic resistance. As society transitions into the post antibiotic era, there will be a great need for new therapeutic strategies to address multiple drug resistant bacterial infections. One such method, called bacteriophage therapy, allows for specific targeting of certain pathogenic bacteria through the use of viruses that attack bacteria; termed “bacteriophage” or simply “phage”. Urinary tract infections are among the most common pathological human infections that rely heavily on the use of antibiotics, the major cause of which is the bacterium Escherichia coli. During the Spring 2021-Spring …
Effectiveness Of Stabilized Hypochlorous Acid In Acute Peritonitis Treatment: A Murine Surgical Study, 2022 Missouri State University
Effectiveness Of Stabilized Hypochlorous Acid In Acute Peritonitis Treatment: A Murine Surgical Study, Benjamin Michael Pomeroy
MSU Graduate Theses
Peritonitis is an inflammatory condition affecting the mesothelial cells that line the peritoneal cavity and is commonly induced by bowel perforations. This medical emergency is treated through antibiotic therapy and surgical intervention followed by tissue irrigation (lavage). Acute treatments aim to remove the bacterial burden, however recurring peritoneal infections occur at high rates and contribute to patient morbidity. These recurring infections are likely due to the inability of lavage solutions to remove the entire massive intra-abdominal bacterial load due to intestinal perforation. Numerous antiseptic solutions and antibiotic additives have been evaluated in their ability to improve source control by abdominal …
Associations Between Eight Earth Observation-Derived Climate Variables And Enteropathogen Infection: An Independent Participant Data Meta-Analysis Of Surveillance Studies With Broad Spectrum Nucleic Acid Diagnostics, 2022 Infectious Diseases and International Health University of Virginia School of Medicine Charlottesville VA USA
Associations Between Eight Earth Observation-Derived Climate Variables And Enteropathogen Infection: An Independent Participant Data Meta-Analysis Of Surveillance Studies With Broad Spectrum Nucleic Acid Diagnostics, Josh M. Colston, Benjamin F. Zaithcik, Hamada S. Badr, Eleanor Burnett, Syed Asad Ali, Ajit Rayamajhi, Syed M. Satter, Daniel Eibach, Ralf Krumkamp, M Imran Nisar, Anita K. M. Zaidi, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta
Department of Paediatrics and Child Health
Diarrheal disease, still a major cause of childhood illness, is caused by numerous, diverse infectious microorganisms, which are differentially sensitive to environmental conditions. Enteropathogen‐specific impacts of climate remain underexplored. Results from 15 studies that diagnosed enteropathogens in 64,788 stool samples from 20,760 children in 19 countries were combined. Infection status for 10 common enteropathogens—adenovirus, astrovirus, norovirus, rotavirus, sapovirus, Campylobacter, ETEC, Shigella, Cryptosporidium and Giardia—was matched by date with hydrometeorological variables from a global Earth observation dataset—precipitation and runoff volume, humidity, soil moisture, solar radiation, air pressure, temperature, and wind speed. Models were fitted for each pathogen, accounting …
A Fatal Case Of Ards: Concomitant Blastomycosis & Aspergillosis In An Immunocompetent Male, 2022 HCA Healthcare
A Fatal Case Of Ards: Concomitant Blastomycosis & Aspergillosis In An Immunocompetent Male, Hytham Rashid, Alexander Llop, Tusharkumar Pansuriya, Jayaram Turuvekere
Gulf Coast Division Research Day 2022
No abstract provided.
Cholera Transmission Dynamic Model With Environmental Impacts Of Plankton Reservoirs, 2022 University of Central Florida
Cholera Transmission Dynamic Model With Environmental Impacts Of Plankton Reservoirs, Sweety Sarker
Electronic Theses and Dissertations, 2020-
Cholera is an acute disease that is a global threat to the world and can kill people within a few hours if left untreated. In the last 200 years, seven pandemics occurred, and, in some countries, it remains endemic. The World Health Organization (WHO) declared a global initiative to prevent cholera by 2030. Cholera dynamics are contributed by several environmental factors such as salinity level of water, water temperature, presence of plankton especially zooplankton such as cladocerans, rotifers, copepods, etc. Vibrio cholerae (V. cholerae) bacterium is the main reason behind the cholera disease and the growth of V. cholerae depends …
Case Report: Disseminated Mucormycosis In An Ostensibly Immunocompetent Patient, 2022 HCA Healthcare
Case Report: Disseminated Mucormycosis In An Ostensibly Immunocompetent Patient, Chad Froes, Matt Gellatly, Brian Watson
South Atlantic Division Research Day 2022
No abstract provided.
Ultrasound And Mri Findings Of Meningococcal Meningitis Complicated By Subdural Empyema Formation In A 2-Month Old, 2022 HCA Healthcare
Ultrasound And Mri Findings Of Meningococcal Meningitis Complicated By Subdural Empyema Formation In A 2-Month Old, Nicholas Fuerstenau, Adam Golembioski, Neal Hall, Dhruv Patel
South Atlantic Division Research Day 2022
No abstract provided.
Incidence And Potential Co-Morbidities In Facial Pigmentary Demarcation Lines In Indian Populations, 2022 Old Dominion University
Incidence And Potential Co-Morbidities In Facial Pigmentary Demarcation Lines In Indian Populations, Lakkireddygari Sujana, Savitha L. Beergouder, Alekhya Rallapalli, Sujatha Alla, Prasanthi Chidipudi
Engineering Management & Systems Engineering Faculty Publications
Background: The most noticeable part of human body is face. The obvious boundaries on the skin known as Pigmentary Demarcation Lines (PDL) found over face and have clear borders of abrupt transition between more hyper-pigmented skin and areas of normal skin pigmentation due to differences in melanocyte distribution that may be influenced by multiple factors. Facial pigmentary demarcation lines (PDL) directly reflect on patient’s physical appearance and self-image as they may contribute to dysmorphism and even central to depressive illness in susceptible individuals posing cosmetic concern for the patient and a challenge for dermatologist. Therefore, it is important for early …
Continuing Medical Education On Immunothombosis In Sepsis, 2022 Arcadia University
Continuing Medical Education On Immunothombosis In Sepsis, Vivienne Van Nguyen
In the past decades, the incidence of sepsis complicated by immunothrombosis has increased in critically ill patients, especially those with sepsis and septic shock. Despite intensive surveillance and prevention of the underlying causes, these disease syndromes are frequently fatal. The increased incidence of immunothrombosis in sepsis has been accompanied by many critical issues and concerns regarding current diagnostic and treatment protocols. This paper offers a concise critical assessment of the current state of knowledge about sepsis and immunothrombosis among clinicians in the ICU as well as problem concerning the recognition of sepsis and immunothrombosis and their management.
Retropharyngeal Abscess And Pott’S Disease Due To Tuberculosis: A Case Report, 2021 University of Nebraska, College of Medicine
Retropharyngeal Abscess And Pott’S Disease Due To Tuberculosis: A Case Report, Bailey N. Hassman, Steven D. Curry, Jonathan H. Ryder, Angela L. Hewlett, Jayme R. Dowdall
Graduate Medical Education Research Journal
Introduction: Extrapulmonary mycobacterial infection can lead to vertebral spondylitis and osteomyelitis (Pott’s disease). Retropharyngeal abscess with concurrent spinal osteomyelitis is a rare presentation of tuberculosis in the US. Chart review on a patient was completed, and the relevant published literature was reviewed.
Case Presentation: A previously healthy 34-year-old male originally from Sudan presented to an outside hospital with a 2-month history of neck pain, sore throat, odynophagia, fevers, and chills. MRI showed a retropharyngeal abscess and suspected cervical spine osteomyelitis. Acid-fast bacillus (AFB) smear was positive from a neck drain specimen, but sputum was negative. Chest imaging did not show …