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The Revolutionary St. Louis Insane Asylum, Julia Talbert 2024 University of Missouri, St. Louis

The Revolutionary St. Louis Insane Asylum, Julia Talbert

Undergraduate Research Symposium

Even with its grand structure on Arsenal Street towering over the city below, few residents of St. Louis and surrounding areas are aware of the grand history or even existence of the St. Louis Insane Asylum. The building is over 150 years old and was a place of hope, failure, strife, and empathy. The asylum had a large impact on St. Louis and provided revolutionary outlooks, unique perspectives, and curious therapies.


Probabilistic Workflow Modeling Of Transfused Injured Children And Adolescents At A Level 1 Trauma Center, Megan Krentsa, Travis M. Sullivan, Keyi Li, Elizabeth Matison, Waverly Gestrich-Thompson, Genevieve J. Sippel, Randall S. Burd, Aleksandra Sarcevic 2024 Drexel University College of Medicine

Probabilistic Workflow Modeling Of Transfused Injured Children And Adolescents At A Level 1 Trauma Center, Megan Krentsa, Travis M. Sullivan, Keyi Li, Elizabeth Matison, Waverly Gestrich-Thompson, Genevieve J. Sippel, Randall S. Burd, Aleksandra Sarcevic

Tower Health Research Day

No abstract provided.


Pharmacologic Management Of Postpartum Hemorrhage In An Urban Hospital, Jessica Summer Martin BSN, RN, Alison Brubaker Doyle BSN, RN, Lacey Camille Ballard BSN, RN, Stephanie Marie Maupin BSN, RN, Kate Fouquier PhD, APRN, CNM, FACNM 2024 University of Tennessee Health Science Center

Pharmacologic Management Of Postpartum Hemorrhage In An Urban Hospital, Jessica Summer Martin Bsn, Rn, Alison Brubaker Doyle Bsn, Rn, Lacey Camille Ballard Bsn, Rn, Stephanie Marie Maupin Bsn, Rn, Kate Fouquier Phd, Aprn, Cnm, Facnm

Doctor of Nursing Practice Projects

This retrospective chart review examined female patients (N=25) who had a postpartum hemorrhage. Electronic medical records from Regional One Health were queried for ICD-10 072 related codes from January 1, 2021-October 31, 2023. Of those, a maximum of 25 charts were identified and the information was deidentified. All data was de-identified, coded, encrypted, housed, and locked securely. Selected records that met the above criteria were then queried for the following: Baseline demographics, gravida, para, amount of blood loss, pharmacological and non-pharmacological interventions, and timing of tranexamic acid (TXA) administration. Data was imported into MS Excel and statistical analysis was conducted …


The Effectiveness Of Dexmedetomidine In The Reduction Of Postoperative Delirium In Patients Over 65: A Scoping Review, Jacqueline Renee Breuer, Michael G. Callonas, Kathleen Chmelicek, Laura Elizabeth Denman, Dwayne Accardo DNP, CRNA, FAANA 2024 University of Tennessee Health Science Center

The Effectiveness Of Dexmedetomidine In The Reduction Of Postoperative Delirium In Patients Over 65: A Scoping Review, Jacqueline Renee Breuer, Michael G. Callonas, Kathleen Chmelicek, Laura Elizabeth Denman, Dwayne Accardo Dnp, Crna, Faana

Doctor of Nursing Practice Projects

Purpose/Background

Postoperative delirium impacts as many as 51% of surgical patients, resulting in increased mortality and morbidity, longer hospital stays, and increased healthcare costs. Adults ≥ 65 have a high risk for developing delirium. This scoping review examines the use of dexmedetomidine in the perioperative period in adults ≥ 65 years old to prevent and treat postoperative delirium.

Methods

Using relevant inclusion criteria, an extensive review of the literature was performed from September through November 2022, utilizing the Cochrane, CINAHL, ClinicalKey, PubMed, and Embase databases. Search phrases included: dexmedetomidine infusion, dexmedetomidine, intraoperative dexmedetomidine, postoperative delirium, older adults, and elderly delirium. …


Implementation And Evaluation Of Iron Deficiency Anemia Content In Prenatal Education Classes, Jasmine N. Walker BSN, Erin M. Morris BSN, Carrie Harvey PhD, APRN, ACNP-BC, CHFN, Mary K. Fouquier PhD, APRN, CNM, FACNM 2024 University of Tennessee Health Science Center

Implementation And Evaluation Of Iron Deficiency Anemia Content In Prenatal Education Classes, Jasmine N. Walker Bsn, Erin M. Morris Bsn, Carrie Harvey Phd, Aprn, Acnp-Bc, Chfn, Mary K. Fouquier Phd, Aprn, Cnm, Facnm

Doctor of Nursing Practice Projects

Purpose/Background

The purpose of this quality improvement project is to provide and increase educational awareness and knowledge regarding iron deficiency anemia (IDA) in pregnant patients at an urban primary care clinic in Memphis, TN. This project is intended to decrease the number of individuals with IDA in pregnancy while decreasing the occurrence of IDA-related complications in pregnancy. The study aimed to introduce a cost-effective approach to help decrease or eradicate complications related to IDA during pregnancy.

The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates the prevalence of anemia-complicating pregnancies to be more than 40 percent. Pregnant women with IDA residing in low …


Decoding Implant-Related Sickness: Unraveling The Complexities Of Breast Implant Illness, Madison M. Stewart 2024 University of South Carolina - Columbia

Decoding Implant-Related Sickness: Unraveling The Complexities Of Breast Implant Illness, Madison M. Stewart

Senior Theses

This thesis investigates the phenomenon of breast implant illness (BII), examining its potential correlation with individual factors such as obesity and poor lifestyle habits. BII, characterized by nonspecific symptoms, is often self-diagnosed by patients influenced by social media and internet sources, leading to requests for implant removal. Conducting a comprehensive meta-analysis, the study scrutinizes existing literature to evaluate the association between BII, obesity, and lifestyle choices. Employing inclusion criteria, peer-reviewed publications are analyzed through systematic review methodology to offer insights into the interplay between BII and adiposity, exploring inflammatory mechanisms and patient behaviors like exercise and smoking. The research aims …


A Guidebook For The Utility Of Msk Ultrasound In Occupational Therapy Practice: An Educational Guidebook Series, Alanna Arceneaux, Mary Ann Smith, Bert Lindsey 2024 University of St. Augustine for Health Sciences

A Guidebook For The Utility Of Msk Ultrasound In Occupational Therapy Practice: An Educational Guidebook Series, Alanna Arceneaux, Mary Ann Smith, Bert Lindsey

Spring 2024 Virtual OTD Capstone Symposium

Musculoskeletal (MSK) ultrasound is expanding to non-physician rehabilitation providers, and occupational therapy has a clear role in using and facilitating MSK ultrasound that will drastically shape treatment plans and client satisfaction. With increased knowledge of impeding factors, occupational therapists can enforce their role by teaching new skills and techniques to enhance functional mobility and simultaneously assist in completing activities of daily living (ADLs). This capstone aims to understand, develop, and enhance the role of occupational therapy in MSK ultrasound to increase early detection of orthopedic conditions impacting ADLs, which will decrease hospital readmission rates. MSK ultrasound is a safe imaging …


The Impact Of Covid-19 On The Utilization Of Early Magnetic Resonance Imaging (Emri) In The Assessment Of Acute Uncomplicated Low Back Pain (Lbp) And The Subsequent Effect On Health Care Service Utilization And Patient Outcomes, Kimberly Radcliffe 2024 Medical University of South Carolina

The Impact Of Covid-19 On The Utilization Of Early Magnetic Resonance Imaging (Emri) In The Assessment Of Acute Uncomplicated Low Back Pain (Lbp) And The Subsequent Effect On Health Care Service Utilization And Patient Outcomes, Kimberly Radcliffe

MUSC Theses and Dissertations

OBJECTIVES: To examine changes in MRI rates between Pre-COVID-19 period (Feb-April 2019) and COVID-19 period (Feb-April 2020) among commercially insured patients aged 18-60 with a diagnosis of acute LBP, and to analyze differences in patient characteristics and outcomes between the time periods. Additionally, to examine the impact of eMRI on patient outcomes and health care costs for patients in the COVID-19 period.

DESIGN/METHODS: Using IBM® MarketScan® Commercial Database (MarketScan) we performed a quantitative pre-post comparative retrospective observational study of 117,150 total patients to examine adjusted differences in patient characteristics and rates of MRIs between time periods. We analyzed 49,020 patients …


Update On The Role Of Muc13 In Pancreatic Cancer: A Promising Early Detection Biomarker, Anupam Dhasmana, Swati Dhasmana, Sheema Khan, Meena Jaggi, Murali M. Yallapu, Subhash C. Chauhan 2024 The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley

Update On The Role Of Muc13 In Pancreatic Cancer: A Promising Early Detection Biomarker, Anupam Dhasmana, Swati Dhasmana, Sheema Khan, Meena Jaggi, Murali M. Yallapu, Subhash C. Chauhan

Research Symposium

Background: With the rise in pancreatic cancer (PanCa) prevalence and mortality rate, by 2030 it will secure second position among leading causes of cancer-related deaths. Due to poor prognosis of PanCa only 11% of PanCa patients have a 5-year survival rate, resulting in an equal mortality rate and incidence rate. 85% of PanCa are Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC). The main clinical challenge with PanCa is poor treatment outcomes due the late diagnosis. Currently, there are traditional biomarkers panels available for diagnosis, however, these biomarkers do not have optimal sensitivity and specificity for PanCa. Considering this alarming unmet clinic need, our …


Nebulization Based Inhalation Nanomedicine For Lung Cancer Treatments, Rahul Tiwari, Meghana Kolli, Neeraj Chauhan, Eswara Naga Hanuma, Vivek Kashyap, Subhash Chauhan, Murali Yallapu 2024 The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley

Nebulization Based Inhalation Nanomedicine For Lung Cancer Treatments, Rahul Tiwari, Meghana Kolli, Neeraj Chauhan, Eswara Naga Hanuma, Vivek Kashyap, Subhash Chauhan, Murali Yallapu

Research Symposium

Background: Lung cancer is reported to have a high incidence rate and first leading cause of cancer-related morbidity and mortality across the world including in the United States. Noninvasive nebulized inhalation is a promising delivery strategy for lung, which can enhance the targeting efficiency and detention time interval of nanoparticles in the lung tissue, thus elevating the therapeutic index of therapeutic agent(s) at lower dosages. The aim of this study is to develop inhalable nanoparticles (INPs) for effective delivery of therapeutic agents in lung cancer cell lines and ex vivo models.

Methods: The inhalation nanoparticles (INPs) were prepared by solvent …


Diagnostic Accuracy Of The Passive Straight Leg Raise Test In Detecting Compression Of The Lower Lumbar Nerve Roots, Hisham Mohamed Hussein, Ehab Kamel, Mohamed Ragab, Ahmed Elerian 2024 Cairo University

Diagnostic Accuracy Of The Passive Straight Leg Raise Test In Detecting Compression Of The Lower Lumbar Nerve Roots, Hisham Mohamed Hussein, Ehab Kamel, Mohamed Ragab, Ahmed Elerian

Internet Journal of Allied Health Sciences and Practice

Background: Lumbar nerve root compression is a pathological condition that occurs commonly in the low back pain population. Passive straight leg raise (SLR) is a clinical test widely used to confirm this pathological condition. Yet, its diagnostic accuracy needs further investigation. Objective: To assess the sensitivity and specificity of the passive SLR test in detecting compression of the lower lumbar nerve roots using magnetic resonance imaging as a reference standard. Design: This study is a prospective diagnostic-accuracy study. Methods: One hundred-and-twelve participants (82 males and 30 females) met the inclusion criteria and joined the study. Participants were recruited through direct …


Effects Of Core Stabilization Exercises In Patients With Non-Specific Low Back Pain: Huber Motion Lab Versus Conventional, Ebru KOYUNCU, Nur TUNALI, Seda SAKA, Ertuğrul URAL, Melek Güneş YAVUZER 2024 Department of Physiotherapy and Rehabilitation, Institute of Graduate Studies, Haliç University, Istanbul, Turkey

Effects Of Core Stabilization Exercises In Patients With Non-Specific Low Back Pain: Huber Motion Lab Versus Conventional, Ebru Koyuncu, Nur Tunali, Seda Saka, Ertuğrul Ural, Melek Güneş Yavuzer

Baltic Journal of Health and Physical Activity

Introduction: This study aimed to determine the effects of core stabilization exercises with Huber® Motion Lab on pain, depression, and activity levels in patients with non-specific low back pain (LBP).

Materials and methods: In this study, 30 patients with non-specific LBP were allocated either to an experimental or to a control group. Both groups received a conventional physiotherapy program for 15 sessions. In addition, the control group performed 30 minutes of core stabilization exercises on the floor, whereas the experimental group used the Huber® Motion Lab device. The main outcome measures were pain severity (Visual Analogue Scale VAS), depression (Beck …


Limonene Exerts Anti-Inflammatory Effect On Lps-Induced Jejunal Injury In Mice By Inhibiting Nf-Κb/Ap-1 Pathway, Sarmed H. Kathem, Yasameen Sh. Nasrawi, Shihab H. Mutlag, Surya M. Nauli 2024 University of Baghdad

Limonene Exerts Anti-Inflammatory Effect On Lps-Induced Jejunal Injury In Mice By Inhibiting Nf-Κb/Ap-1 Pathway, Sarmed H. Kathem, Yasameen Sh. Nasrawi, Shihab H. Mutlag, Surya M. Nauli

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

The human gastrointestinal system is a complex ecosystem crucial for well-being. During sepsis-induced gut injury, the integrity of the intestinal barrier can be compromised. Lipopolysaccharide (LPS), an endotoxin from Gram-negative bacteria, disrupts the intestinal barrier, contributing to inflammation and various dysfunctions. The current study explores the protective effects of limonene, a natural compound with diverse biological properties, against LPS-induced jejunal injury in mice. Oral administration of limonene at dosages of 100 and 200 mg/kg was used in the LPS mouse model. The Murine Sepsis Score (MSS) was utilized to evaluate the severity of sepsis, while serum levels of urea and …


Close Contacts Of Xenograft Recipients: Ethical Considerations Due To Risk Of Xenozoonosis, Daniel J Hurst, Luz Padilla, Daniel Rodger, Tamar Schiff, David K C Cooper 2024 Rowan University

Close Contacts Of Xenograft Recipients: Ethical Considerations Due To Risk Of Xenozoonosis, Daniel J Hurst, Luz Padilla, Daniel Rodger, Tamar Schiff, David K C Cooper

Rowan-Virtua School of Osteopathic Medicine Faculty Scholarship

With decades of pre-clinical studies culminating in the recent clinical application of xenotransplantation, it would appear timely to provide recommendations for operationalizing oversight of xenotransplantation clinical trials. Ethical issues with clinical xenotransplantation have been described for decades, largely centering on animal welfare, the risks posed to the recipient, and public health risks posed by potential spread of xenozoonosis. Much less attention has been given to considerations relating to potentially elevated risks faced by those who may care for or otherwise have close contact with xenograft recipients. This paper examines the ethical and logistical issues raised by the potential exposure to …


Sepsis Treatment: Reinforced Sequential Decision-Making For Saving Lives, Dipesh Tamboli, Jiayu Chen, Kiran Pranesh Jotheeswaran, Denny Yu, Vaneet Aggarwal 2024 Purdue University

Sepsis Treatment: Reinforced Sequential Decision-Making For Saving Lives, Dipesh Tamboli, Jiayu Chen, Kiran Pranesh Jotheeswaran, Denny Yu, Vaneet Aggarwal

Graduate Industrial Research Symposium

Sepsis, a life-threatening condition triggered by the body's exaggerated response to infection, demands urgent intervention to prevent severe complications. Existing machine learning methods for managing sepsis struggle in offline scenarios, exhibiting suboptimal performance with survival rates below 50%. Our project introduces the "PosNegDM: Reinforcement Learning with Positive and Negative Demonstrations for Sequential Decision-Making" framework utilizing an innovative transformer-based model and a feedback reinforcer to replicate expert actions while considering individual patient characteristics. A mortality classifier with 96.7% accuracy guides treatment decisions towards positive outcomes. The PosNegDM framework significantly improves patient survival, saving 97.39% of patients and outperforming established machine learning …


Measurement And Imaging Of Intra Matrix Igg Diffusion, Riya Debbarma, Antonio C. F. dos Santos, Diana Milena Ramiez Gutierrez, Fernanda M. da Cunha, Michael Ladisch 2024 Purdue University

Measurement And Imaging Of Intra Matrix Igg Diffusion, Riya Debbarma, Antonio C. F. Dos Santos, Diana Milena Ramiez Gutierrez, Fernanda M. Da Cunha, Michael Ladisch

Graduate Industrial Research Symposium

Bovine IgG diffusion measurement by tracking the movement of the protein over time in an in-vitro matrix is motivated by the large number of protein/peptide therapeutics currently under various stages of development in the pharmaceutical industry. Many of these therapeutics are monoclonal antibodies (IgG type proteins) that are candidates for subcutaneous, intra-vitreous and intra-articular administration depending on the target of the therapeutic. Hyaluronic acid (HA) is a major constituent and determines the key attributes of the subcutaneous environment, vitreous humor of the eye and synovial fluid of the knee joint. HA exhibits varying molecular weight at these anatomic locations thereby …


A True Bloody Emergency: An Unusual Case Of Thrombotic Thrombocytopenic Purpura, Joshua M. Ninan 2024 The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley

A True Bloody Emergency: An Unusual Case Of Thrombotic Thrombocytopenic Purpura, Joshua M. Ninan

Research Symposium

Background: Thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP) is a primary thrombotic microangiopathy that is classically characterized by thrombocytopenia and microangiopathic hemolytic anemia (MAHA). Although rare with an annual incidence of 3.7 cases per one million adults, it is considered a true hematological emergency due to its fatality rate of almost 100% if appropriate treatment is not initiated immediately. This makes it vitally important to identify and treat patients with TTP, a task that becomes unusually challenging in the absence of the disorder’s other characteristically diagnostic clinical features such as mucosal bleeding, fever, or presence of schistocytes.

Case Presentation: A 30-year-old gentleman with …


A Potential Role Of Urinary P75ecd As A Biomarker For Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis In An American Cohort, Swati Dhasmana, Anupam Dhasmana, Sheema Khan, Acharan S. Narula, Murali Yallapu, Subhash Chauhan 2024 The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley

A Potential Role Of Urinary P75ecd As A Biomarker For Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis In An American Cohort, Swati Dhasmana, Anupam Dhasmana, Sheema Khan, Acharan S. Narula, Murali Yallapu, Subhash Chauhan

Research Symposium

Background: Neurological disorders present a unique complexity compared to other diseases, involving multiple risk factors, causes, treatments, and outcomes. These disorders often exhibit various molecular and morphological changes indicative of disruptions in cellular plasticity and resilience. The pathogenesis of many neurological disorders remains unclear, necessitating ongoing investigations. Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) exemplifies an idiopathic and fatal neurodegenerative disease marked by the degeneration of upper and lower motor neurons. The average life expectancy post-diagnosis is a mere 36 months, primarily attributed to respiratory muscle denervation.The persistent challenges in ALS clinical trials and the absence of effective therapeutic options have intensified interest …


Assessing Post-Operative Complications In Pediatric Cochlear Implant Surgery, Nina Brahmbhatt, Andrew Stefan MD, Bianca Siegel MD 2024 DMC

Assessing Post-Operative Complications In Pediatric Cochlear Implant Surgery, Nina Brahmbhatt, Andrew Stefan Md, Bianca Siegel Md

Medical Student Research Symposium

Cochlear implantation (CI) surgery is the standard of care treatment for pediatric patients diagnosed with severe-to-profound sensorineural hearing loss. There is compelling evidence that supports the use of CIs to improve hearing, language comprehension, and speech development significantly in children of all ages. While the operation is considered relatively safe, invasive procedures involving the skull can put patients at risk of adverse events.

This study aims to help pediatric otolaryngologists identify high risk patients and take preventative measures to ensure minimal complications.

The specific objectives include the following:

1) To determine the incidence of postoperative complications in pediatric patients undergoing …


Hand Tremor Stabilizer, Krishna Sai Bathini, Ryan Herrmann, Madeleine A. Beaupre 2024 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Hand Tremor Stabilizer, Krishna Sai Bathini, Ryan Herrmann, Madeleine A. Beaupre

Biomedical Engineering

The Hand Tremor Stabilizer project represents a significant advancement in assistive device technology, aimed at improving the lives of individuals affected by hand tremors due to conditions such as essential tremor or Parkinson's disease. Throughout the design process, our team engaged in a comprehensive approach that included rapid prototyping, iterative testing, and direct feedback collection from potential users. This process was instrumental in refining the device to meet specific user needs effectively.

Key customer requirements that guided the design of the Hand Tremor Stabilizer included ease of use, portability, washability, accuracy of motion control, comfortable grip, breathability, a natural feel …


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