Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Physics Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

14,469 Full-Text Articles 21,499 Authors 1,440,208 Downloads 160 Institutions

All Articles in Physics

Faceted Search

14,469 full-text articles. Page 1 of 213.

Pre-Breakdown Arcing As A Proxy For Dc Dielectric Breakdown Testing Of Polymeric Insulators, JR Dennison, Allen Andersen 2015 Utah State Univesity

Pre-Breakdown Arcing As A Proxy For Dc Dielectric Breakdown Testing Of Polymeric Insulators, Jr Dennison, Allen Andersen

Presentations

No abstract provided.


Mixed Weibull Distribution Model Of Dc Dielectric Breakdowns With Dual Defect Modes, Allen Andersen, JR Dennison 2015 Utah State University

Mixed Weibull Distribution Model Of Dc Dielectric Breakdowns With Dual Defect Modes, Allen Andersen, Jr Dennison

Presentations

No abstract provided.


Small Satellite Verification And Assessment Test Facility With Space Environments Effects Ground-Testing Capabilities, Eric Stromberg, Crystal Frazier, Lisa Montierth Phillipps, Alex Souvall, JR Dennison, James S. Dyer 2015 Utah State University

Small Satellite Verification And Assessment Test Facility With Space Environments Effects Ground-Testing Capabilities, Eric Stromberg, Crystal Frazier, Lisa Montierth Phillipps, Alex Souvall, Jr Dennison, James S. Dyer

Presentations

The Utah State University Space Dynamics Laboratory (SDL) and Materials Physics Group (MPG) have developed an extensive versatile and cost-effective pre-launch test capability for verification and assessment of small satellites, system components, and spacecraft materials. The facilities can perform environmental testing, component characterization, system level hardware in-the-loop testing, and qualification testing to ensure that each element is functional, reliable, and working per its design. Unique capabilities of SDL’s Nano-Satellite Operation Verification and Assessment (NOVA) test facility include: (i) mass and moment of inertia testing using a high resolution mass measurement table to determine the center of gravity and an ...


Gait Transition Dynamics Are Modulated By Experimental Protocol, Mohammad Abdolvahab, Jason Gordon 2015 University of Connecticut - Storrs

Gait Transition Dynamics Are Modulated By Experimental Protocol, Mohammad Abdolvahab, Jason Gordon

Mohammad Abdolvahab

No abstract provided.


Influence Of Thermal Treatment On Electrical And Physical Properties Of Coated Ceramics, K. Guerch, T. Paulmier, Justin Dekany, JR Dennison, S. Guillemet-Fritsch, P. Lenormand 2015 ONERA

Influence Of Thermal Treatment On Electrical And Physical Properties Of Coated Ceramics, K. Guerch, T. Paulmier, Justin Dekany, Jr Dennison, S. Guillemet-Fritsch, P. Lenormand

Presentations

Technical dielectric materials and ceramics are used in many different high technology industrial areas and especially for spacecraft applications. On satellites, these materials are subjected to extreme conditions due to the space plasma environment. To survive, these ceramic insulators must have exceptional electrical and thermal properties. Boron Nitride (BN) and Aluminum Oxide (Al 2O3) are used in particular because they combine good electrical insulation and high thermal conductivity. However, BN and Al2O3 used in spacecraft interiors are exposed to critical radiation demands, where these insulators are irradiated by electrons with high energies and flux. Charged particles are trapped in the ...


Heterojunction Metal-Oxide-Metal Au-Fe3O4-Au Single Nanowire Device For Spintronics, K. M. Reddy, Nitin P. Padture, Alex Punnoose, Charles Hanna 2015 Boise State University

Heterojunction Metal-Oxide-Metal Au-Fe3O4-Au Single Nanowire Device For Spintronics, K. M. Reddy, Nitin P. Padture, Alex Punnoose, Charles Hanna

Physics Faculty Publications and Presentations

In this report, we present the synthesis of heterojunction magnetite nanowires in alumina template and describe magnetic and electrical properties from a single nanowire device for spintronics applications. Heterojunction Au-Fe-Au nanowire arrays were electrodeposited in porous aluminum oxide templates, and an extensive and controlled heat treatment process converted Fe segment to nanocrystalline cubic magnetite phase with well-defined Au-Fe3O4 interfaces as confirmed by the transmission electron microscopy. Magnetic measurements revealed Verwey transition shoulder around 120 K and a room temperature coercive field of 90 Oe. Current–voltage (I-V) characteristics of a single Au-Fe3O4-Au nanowire ...


Magnetoresistance Characteristics In Individual Fe3O4 Single Crystal Nanowire, K. M. Reddy, Nitin P. Padture, Alex Punnoose, Charles Hanna 2015 Boise State University

Magnetoresistance Characteristics In Individual Fe3O4 Single Crystal Nanowire, K. M. Reddy, Nitin P. Padture, Alex Punnoose, Charles Hanna

Physics Faculty Publications and Presentations

We report on the magnetoresistance (MR) and electron transport measurements observed on asingle crystal magnetite nanowire prepared using a hydrothermal synthesis method. High-resolution electron microscopy revealed the single crystal magnetite nanowires with 80–120 nm thickness and up to 8 μm in length. Magnetic measurements showed the typical Verwey transition around 120 K with a 100 Oe room temperature coercivity and 45 emu/g saturationmagnetization, which are comparable to bulk magnetite. Electrical resistance measurements in 5-300 K temperature range were performed by scanning gate voltage and varying appliedmagnetic field. Electrical resistivity of the nanowire was found to be around ...


Crystal Nucleation Of Palladium-Doped Lithium Disilicate Glass, Gregory Humble 2015 Southern Polytechnic State University

Crystal Nucleation Of Palladium-Doped Lithium Disilicate Glass, Gregory Humble

Symposium of Student Scholars

The effect of concentration of palladium particles on crystal nucleation was investigated for lithium disilicate glass. The heterogeneous nucleation rate for 470°C and 480°C were calculated for a concentration of 0.001% palladium by weight. The DTA method of measuring nucleation and crystallization was used in this calculation.


Properties Of Exchange Coupled All-Garnet Magneto-Optic Thin Film Multilayer Structures, Mohammad Nur-E-Alam, Mikhail Vasiliev, Viacheslav A. Kotov, Dmitry Balabanov, Ilya Akimov, Kamal Alameh 2015 Edith Cowan University

Properties Of Exchange Coupled All-Garnet Magneto-Optic Thin Film Multilayer Structures, Mohammad Nur-E-Alam, Mikhail Vasiliev, Viacheslav A. Kotov, Dmitry Balabanov, Ilya Akimov, Kamal Alameh

Mikhail Vasiliev

The effects of exchange coupling on magnetic switching properties of all-garnet multilayer thin film structures are investigated. All-garnet structures are fabricated by sandwiching a magneto-soft material of composition type Bi1.8Lu1.2Fe3.6Al1.4O12 or Bi3Fe5O12:Dy2O3 in between two magneto-hard garnet material layers of composition type Bi2Dy1Fe4Ga1O12 or Bi2Dy1Fe4Ga1O12:Bi2O3. The fabricated RF magnetron sputtered exchange-coupled all-garnet multilayers demonstrate a very attractive combination of magnetic properties, and are of interest for emerging applications in optical sensors and isolators, ultrafast nanophotonics and magneto-plasmonics. An unconventional type of magnetic hysteresis behavior not observed previously in magnetic garnet thin films is reported ...


Centrality Measures Of Graphs Utilizing Continuous Walks In Hilbert Space, Jarod P. Benowitz, David Peak 2015 Utah State University

Centrality Measures Of Graphs Utilizing Continuous Walks In Hilbert Space, Jarod P. Benowitz, David Peak

Physics Capstone Project

Centrality is most commonly thought of as a measure in which we assign a ranking of the vertices from most important to least important. The importance of a vertex is relative to the underlying process being carried out on the network. This is why there is a diverse amount of centrality measures addressing many such processes. We propose a measure that assigns a ranking in which interference is a property of the underlying process being carried out on the network.


Thermal Evidence Of Flat­Slab Subduction Perturbations In The Western Us, Michael Berry 2015 Utah State University

Thermal Evidence Of Flat­Slab Subduction Perturbations In The Western Us, Michael Berry

Physics Capstone Project

The Laramide Orogeny, a late Cretaceous mountain building event in the western United States, 1,2,3 has been postulated to result from flat­slab style subduction of the Farallon plate . Possible consequences of flat­slab style subduction on elevation, tectonism and volcanism associated with expected changes in temperature and hydration state of the mantle in the western U.S. has x1 been of considerable interest. However, the impact of flat­slab subduction on modern mantle temperature, water and tectonic stability remains poorly­understood. Here we show that thermal perturbation by Farallon flat slab subduction is still evident today in ...


The Rise Of Carbon Nanoscience In South Carolina, Apparao M. Rao 2015 Clemson University, Clemson, SC

The Rise Of Carbon Nanoscience In South Carolina, Apparao M. Rao

Journal of the South Carolina Academy of Science

No abstract provided.


On The Influence Of Ionic Strength On Radium And Strontium Sorption To Sandy Loam Soils, Brian A. Powell, Todd Miller, Daniel I. Kaplan 2015 Clemson University

On The Influence Of Ionic Strength On Radium And Strontium Sorption To Sandy Loam Soils, Brian A. Powell, Todd Miller, Daniel I. Kaplan

Journal of the South Carolina Academy of Science

Models which can estimate environmental transport of radioactive contaminants in natural and engineered systems are required to 1) deploy effective remediation strategies for contaminated sites, 2) design waste repositories for future waste streams, and 3) ensure protection of human and environmental health in all cases. These models require accurate transport parameters in order to correctly predict how these contaminants will move in the subsurface. This work aimed to determine more accurately the distribution coefficients for radium and strontium sorption to Savannah River Site (SRS) soils. Radium and strontium sorption to the soils was found to be highly dependent upon ionic ...


Towards The Perfect Optical Fiber, John Ballato 2015 Clemson University

Towards The Perfect Optical Fiber, John Ballato

Journal of the South Carolina Academy of Science

Optical fibers are being used in an ever more diverse array of applications today. Many of these modern applications are in high-power and, particularly, high power-per-unit-bandwidth systems where optical nonlinearities historically have not limited overall performance. Today, however, nominally weak effects, such as stimulated Brillouin scattering (SBS), are restricting continued scaling to higher optical powers. To address these limitations, the optical fiber industry has focused on fiber geometry-related solutions such as large mode area (LMA) designs. However, since all linear and nonlinear optical phenomena are fundamentally materials-based in origin, this paper identifies material solutions to present and future performance limitations ...


Electron Penetration Range For Every Body, Anne Starley, Lisa Montierth Phillipps, JR Dennison 2015 Utah State University

Electron Penetration Range For Every Body, Anne Starley, Lisa Montierth Phillipps, Jr Dennison

Presentations

The penetration range of an electron into diverse materials can be estimated using an approximation fit as a function of a single parameter, N y, which describes the effective number of valence electrons. This fit is found using the Continuous-Slow Down-Approximation (CSDA), which simplifies the process of estimating an expected penetration range of a given material by applying some of the material’s key characteristics. Using the CSDA, a simple composite analytical formula is created which estimates the range or maximum penetration depth of incident electrons. This formula generates an approximation to the range using the parameter, Nv . The range ...


Calibration Of Muon Detector For Coincidence Cathodoluminescence Experiments, Kenneth Zia, JR Dennison 2015 Utah State University

Calibration Of Muon Detector For Coincidence Cathodoluminescence Experiments, Kenneth Zia, Jr Dennison

Presentations

A muon scintillation detector has been calibrated by measuring the magnitude and angular dependence of high energy cosmic background radiation events. Optimizing dark current as a function of voltage across the photomultiplier tube (PMT) detector was essential for accurate counting of current pulses as narrow as the counts in the PMT. Measurements of the crosssection zenith angle were also optimized by sweeping the detector across the horizon and from the zenith to nadir angle. The detector is now operating within proper Poisson distribution statistics for counting particle experiments, and is ready for the next step in determining coincidence between the ...


Measuring The Hyperfine Splittings Of Lowest Energy Atomic Transitions In Rubidium, Benjamin D. Graber 2015 Otterbein University

Measuring The Hyperfine Splittings Of Lowest Energy Atomic Transitions In Rubidium, Benjamin D. Graber

Honor's Papers

The goal of this experiment was to measure the hyperfine energy splittings of the ground to first excited state transitions in rubidium using saturated absorption spectroscopy. Using this technique, we measured these transition energy spectra by taking the difference of two photodiode outputs due to multiple beams of a single laser scanned over a range of frequencies and shone through a cell of Rb vapor. When the laser frequency was resonant with an atomic transition, photons of those frequencies were absorbed, leaving a dip in intensity of the beam measured at the photodiode. One of the two laser beams had ...


Spectropathology For The Next Generation: Quo Vadis?, Hugh J. Byrne, Malgorzata Baranska, Gerwin J. Pupples, Nick Stone, Bayden Wood, Kathleen M. Gough, Peter Lasch, Phil Heraud, Josep Sulé-Suso, Ganesh Sockalingum 2015 Dublin Institute of Technology

Spectropathology For The Next Generation: Quo Vadis?, Hugh J. Byrne, Malgorzata Baranska, Gerwin J. Pupples, Nick Stone, Bayden Wood, Kathleen M. Gough, Peter Lasch, Phil Heraud, Josep Sulé-Suso, Ganesh Sockalingum

Articles

Although the potential of vibrational spectroscopy for biomedical applications has been well demonstrated, translation into clinical practice has been relatively slow. This Editorial assesses the challenges facing the field and the potential way forward. While many technological challenges have been addressed to date, considerable effort is still required to gain acceptance of the techniques among the medical community, standardise protocols, extend to a clinically relevant scale, and ultimately assess the health economics underlying clinical deployment. National and international research networks can contribute much to technology development and standardisation. Ultimately, large-scale funding is required to engage in clinical trials and instrument ...


Adsorption Of Co2 Molecule On The (Mgo)9 And (Cao)9 Nanoclusters; A Theoretical Study, Innovative Research Publications IRP India, Fathi Hassan Bawa 2015 Innovative Research Publications

Adsorption Of Co2 Molecule On The (Mgo)9 And (Cao)9 Nanoclusters; A Theoretical Study, Innovative Research Publications Irp India, Fathi Hassan Bawa

Innovative Research Publications IRP India

Binding configurations of CO2 on (MgO)9 and (CaO)9 cluster models are investigated by means of density functional theory model calculations. The results show that CO2 adsorbs as monodentate on MgO and CaO terrace site leads to formation of surface carbonates CO3 2- . Marginal differences in the binding stabilities between the CO2 molecule and surface O2- site were found to be significantly similar. The estimated adsorption energies are 1.47 eV and 1.52 eV at the (MgO)9 and (CaO)9 clusters, respectively. The similarity in binding energies is discussed in terms of cluster electropositivity. Adsorbed CO2, to ...


Analysis Of The Energy Spectrum Of Michel Electrons In Microboone, Philip Griffith Kellogg 2015 Otterbein University

Analysis Of The Energy Spectrum Of Michel Electrons In Microboone, Philip Griffith Kellogg

Honor's Papers

The MicroBooNE experiment at Fermilab was designed both to investigate results from anomalies seen in short-baseline experiments and to prototype technology for larger scale experiments. MicroBooNE hopes to investigate an excess of low-energy events seen in a preceding experiment, using improved detector resolution. The goal of this thesis was to perform a calibration of the MicroBooNE detector by determining the Michel electron energy spectrum inside the detector. Michel electrons result from the decay of muons, and have a very well understood energy spectrum. Muons from cosmic rays continually pass through the detector, roughly 1% of which will decay within the ...


Digital Commons powered by bepress