Elasticity Of Cylindrical Black Holes, 2016 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo
Elasticity Of Cylindrical Black Holes, Conrad Pearson
Black holes are regions of strong gravity, and are often regarded as behaving like drops of fluid. When this line of thought is applied to cylindrical black holes (black cylinders), a mapping can be made between known instabilities for black cylinders and ordinary fluid cylinders. However, this known correlation is increasingly less accurate for lower spatial dimensions, and I seek to correct this discrepancy in this thesis. By considering soft solids instead of pure fluids, elastic energy can be included, which brings us closer to a direct comparison. In improving this mapping, it becomes possible to better understand the behavior ...
Photonic Crystals With Alternate Arrays Of Rods And Holes In A Low Dielectric-Index Material, 2016 Graduate Center, City University of New York
Photonic Crystals With Alternate Arrays Of Rods And Holes In A Low Dielectric-Index Material, Dimitar L. Dimitrov
All Graduate Works by Year: Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects
This thesis theoretically deals with the propagation of electromagnetic waves (light beams) in periodically modulated dielectric material structures based on Maxwell’s equations. We are interested in novel light propagation characteristics in these man-made dielectric material structures for practical applications, especially on optical communications and computations. Since the wavelength range of light is on the same order of magnitude as the modulation periods of dielectric materials, an analogy of the light propagation in dielectric-constant modulated structures with the electron transport in solid-state crystals is used throughout my thesis by using a term “photonic crystals (PhCs)” referring to these dielectric structures ...
Preparation Of Phase Homogeneous Mn-Zn Ferrite Powder By Spray Pyrolysis, 2016 Missouri University of Science and Technology
Preparation Of Phase Homogeneous Mn-Zn Ferrite Powder By Spray Pyrolysis, Xinyu Zhao, Baicun Zheng, Hongchen Gu, Chunzhong Li, Shi C. Zhang, P. D. Ownby
P. Darrell Ownby (Emeritus)
Two kinds of aqueous precursor solutions are used to synthesize Mn-Zn ferrite powders: (i) nitrate (NO) precursor-derived from solutions of Mn(NO3)2, Zn(NO3)2, and Fe(NO3)3; and (ii) acetate (AC) precursor-derived from solutions of Mn(CH3COOO)2, Zn(CHCH3COOO)2, and Fe(NO3)3. The composition of the powders synthesized from the precursor AC is very uniform, whereas powders derived from the precursor NO have Mn and Zn segregated on the particle surfaces. In addition, the powders synthesized from precursor AC are solid spherical particles with fine porosity ...
Dango (Doings And Goings On) - Vol. 22 | Issue 9, 2016 Abilene Christian University
Dango (Doings And Goings On) - Vol. 22 | Issue 9, Rusty Towell, Matthew Kimball, Haley Stien, Cecily Towell, Aric Tate, Vicente Rojas, Caleb Hicks, Zhaojia Xi, Joshua Daniel Martinez, Paul Carstens, Reuben Byrd, Mike Daugherity, Donald Isenhower
ACU Department of Engineering and Physics Weekly Summer Research Newsletter
Volume Holographic Recording And Readout For 90-Deg Geometry, 2016 University of Dayton
Volume Holographic Recording And Readout For 90-Deg Geometry, Partha P. Banerjee, Monish Ranjan Chatterjee, Nickolai Kukhtarev, Tatiana Kukhtareva
Monish R. Chatterjee
When a prerecorded cross-beam hologram is reconstructed (so-called edge-lit readout) with a uniform plane wave and a point source, the resulting exact solutions reveal Bessel-function-type diffracted beam profiles, which are fundamentally modified under weak propagational diffraction. The case of a profiled beam readout with propagational diffraction may be analyzed using a transfer function approach based on 2-D Laplace transforms. In a second series of investigations, dynamic readout from a cross-beam volume hologram recorded with two orthogonal uniform plane waves is considered for various dependences of the refractive index modulation with intensity. Typically, refractive index profiles that are proportional to the ...
Instrumentation Of A Self-Correcting Data Acquisition System For Ultrafast Lasers, 2016 DePaul University
Instrumentation Of A Self-Correcting Data Acquisition System For Ultrafast Lasers, Fabricio S. Marin
Optical phenomenon in semiconductors and other light-sensitive materials typically happen at very short time durations, and require instruments capable of measuring time resolutions on the order of nanoseconds to femtoseconds. Electronics can only measure up to nanosecond-time lengths. The purpose of this summer research project is to design a system capable of achieving variable time delays with resolutions up to femtosecond range to use in time-resolved experiments with the pump-probe technique. The time delay is achieved using a delay stage driven by a micro stepper-motor which moves in variable increments while an encoder counts the steps and tells a computer ...
Wavelet Packet Analysis Of Amino Acid Chain Sequences In The Proteins Of Mesophile And Thermophile Bacteria, John B. Linehan
In this project, proteins from mesophile and thermophile bacteria with similar functions are compared. Initially it is assumed that the differences between these two bacteria are substantial to be recognized in the amino acid sequences of their proteins. These differences would then lead to the creation of a statistical measure, which would allow the classification of a protein to its corresponding bacteria. By assigning hydrophobicity values from three well-known scales, a discrete numeric signal is produced for each protein, which is analyzed using wavelet packets. The result of this method indicates that the overall hydrophobic tendencies of these two bacteria ...
Multistart Spiral Electron Vortices In Ionization By Circularly Polarized Uv Pulses, 2016 University of Nebraska-Lincoln
Multistart Spiral Electron Vortices In Ionization By Circularly Polarized Uv Pulses, Jean Marcel Ngoko Djiokap, Alexei V. Meremianin, N. L. Manakov, S. X. Hu, L. B. Madsen, Anthony F. Starace
Anthony F. Starace Publications
Multistart spiral vortex patterns are predicted for the electron momentum distributions in the polarization plane following ionization of the helium atom by two time-delayed circularly polarized ultrashort laser pulses. For two ultraviolet (UV) pulses having the same frequency (such that two photons are required for ionization), single-color two-photon interferometry with corotating or counter-rotating time-delayed pulses is found to lead respectively to zero-start or four-start spiral vortex patterns in the ionized electron momentum distributions in the polarization plane. In contrast, two-color one-photon plus two-photon interferometry with time-delayed corotating or counter-rotating UV pulses is found to lead respectively to one ...
Observations Of High Vibrational Levels Of The 4fσ 41Σ+ U State Of H2, 2016 Bryn Mawr College
Observations Of High Vibrational Levels Of The 4fσ 41Σ+ U State Of H2, Alexander M. Chartrand, Robert C. Ekey Jr., Elizabeth F. Mccormack
Physics Faculty Research and Scholarship
Resonantly enhanced multiphoton ionization via the EF 1Σg+, v′ = 6 double-well state has been used to probe the energy region below the third dissociation limit of H2 where several high vibrational levels of the 41Σu+ state are expected. Theoretical ab initio potential energy curves for this state predict a deep inner well and shallow outer well where vibrational levels above v = 8 are expected to exhibit the double-well character of the state. Since the 41Σu+ state has f-state character, transitions to it from the ground state are nominally forbidden. However ...
Dango (Doings And Goings On) - Vol. 22 | Issue 8, 2016 Abilene Christian University
Dango (Doings And Goings On) - Vol. 22 | Issue 8, Matthew Kimball, Cecily Towell, Haley Stien, Rusty Towell, Vicente Rojas, Caleb Hicks, Zhaojia Xi, Joshua Daniel Martinez, Paul Carstens, Reuben Byrd, Mike Daugherity
Weekly Summer Research Newsletter
Dango (Doings And Goings On) - Vol. 22 | Issue 7, 2016 Abilene Christian University
Dango (Doings And Goings On) - Vol. 22 | Issue 7, Matthew Kimball, Haley Stien, Aric Tate, Vicente Rojas, Zhaojia Xi, Caleb Hicks, Paul Carstens, Joshua Daniel Martinez, Mike Daugherity, Reuben Byrd, Donald Isenhower
Summer Research Newsletter for ACU's Engineering and Physics Department
Ogden College Of Science & Engineering Newsletter (Summer 2016), 2016 Western Kentucky University
Ogden College Of Science & Engineering Newsletter (Summer 2016), Cheryl Stevens, Dean
Ogden College of Science & Engineering Publications
No abstract provided.
Calnexin, An Er-Induced Protein, Is A Prognostic Marker And Potential Therapeutic Target In Colorectal Cancer., 2016 Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland
Calnexin, An Er-Induced Protein, Is A Prognostic Marker And Potential Therapeutic Target In Colorectal Cancer., Deborah Ryan, Steven Carberry, Áine C. Murphy, Andreas U. Lindner, Joanna Fay, Suzanne Hector, Niamh Mccawley, Orna Bacon, Caoimhin G. Concannon, Elaine W. Kay, Deborah A. Mcnamara, Jochen Hm Prehn
Physiology and Medical Physics Articles
BACKGROUND: Colorectal cancer (CRC) is a leading cause of cancer mortality in the Western world and commonly treated with genotoxic chemotherapy. Stress in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) was implicated to contribute to chemotherapeutic resistance. Hence, ER stress related protein may be of prognostic or therapeutic significance.
METHODS: The expression levels of ER stress proteins calnexin, calreticulin, GRP78 and GRP94 were determined in n = 23 Stage II and III colon cancer fresh frozen tumour and matched normal tissue samples. Data were validated in a cohort of n = 11 rectal cancer patients treated with radiochemotherapy in the neoadjuvant setting. The calnexin gene ...
Targeting Residential Energy Reduction For City Utilities Using Historical Electrical Utility Data And Readily Available Building Data, Kevin P. Hallinan, J. Kelly Kissock, Robert J. Brecha, Austin Mitchell
Energy use data for the eight-year period 2003–2010 was analyzed for over 1200 single family residences in Village of Yellow Springs, Ohio. Electricity, natural gas, residential building, and weather databases are merged to permit determination of the energy intensity of each home in the village. The energy use intensity for each home is disaggregated into weather independent and weather dependent electric and natural gas use. This use is compared to typical baseline, cooling, and heating energy use for the region. From this comparison, priority homes are identified for energy reduction investment. Collective potential low cost energy reduction is estimated ...
Prioritizing Investment In Residential Energy Efficiency And Renewable Energy: A Case Study For The U.S. Midwest, Robert J. Brecha, Austin Mitchell, Kevin P. Hallinan, J. Kelly Kissock
Residential building energy use is an important contributor to greenhouse gas emissions and in the United States represents about 20% of total energy consumption. A number of previous macro-scale studies of residential energy consumption and energy-efficiency improvements are mainly concerned with national or international aggregate potential savings. In this paper we look into the details of how a collection of specific homes in one region might reduce energy consumption and carbon emissions, with particular attention given to some practical limits to what can be achieved by upgrading the existing residential building stock. Using a simple model of residential, single-family home ...
Cost-Availability Curves For Hierarchical Implementation Of Residential Energy-Efficiency Measures, 2016 University of Dayton
Cost-Availability Curves For Hierarchical Implementation Of Residential Energy-Efficiency Measures, Roman Villoria-Siegert, Philip Brodrick, Kevin P. Hallinan, Robert J. Brecha
Historical residential electricity data and natural gas consumption data were collected for, respectively, 1,200 and 178 residences in a small town in the USA. These data were merged with local building and weather databases, and energy consumption models were developed for each residence, revealing substantial variation in heating and cooling intensity. After estimating approximate physical building characteristics, energy profiles for each residence were calculated, and savings from adoption of the most cost-effective energy-efficiency measures for each residence were estimated. Effectively, we wish to leverage commonly available data sets to infer characteristics of building envelopes and equipment, without the need ...
Model For Computing Kinetics Of The Graphene Edge Epitaxial Growth On Copper, 2016 Western Kentucky University
Model For Computing Kinetics Of The Graphene Edge Epitaxial Growth On Copper, Mikhail Khenner
Dango (Doings And Goings On) - Vol. 22 | Issue 6, 2016 Abilene Christian University
Dango (Doings And Goings On) - Vol. 22 | Issue 6, Hannah Hamilton, Matthew Kimball, Aric Tate, Haley Stien, Vicente Rojas, Caleb Hicks, Zhaojia Xi, Joshua Daniel Martinez, Reuben Byrd, Paul Carstens, Mike Daugherity, Donald Isenhower
Weekly newsletter from ACU Physics and Engineering
Seasonal Temperatures From The Upper Mesosphere To The Lower Thermosphere Obtained With The Large, Alo-Usu, Rayleigh Lidar, Vincent B. Wickwar, Leda Sox, Matthew T. Emerick, Joshua P. Herron
Observations have been made with the large, Rayleigh-scatter lidar at the Atmospheric Lidar Observatory at Utah State University (ALO-USU; 41.74° N, 111.81° W) from summer 2014 to summer 2015. During this first operational year, the lidar acquired nearly 100 nights of observations between 70 and 115 km altitude, i.e., from the upper mesosphere, through the mesopause, and into the lower thermosphere. This was possible because of the large 4.9 m2 collecting area of the mirrors and the 42 W of 532 nm emission at 30 Hz. These two factors produce a figure of merit, the power-aperture-product ...
Simultaneous, Collocated Rayleigh And Sodium Lidar Temperature Comparison, 2016 Utah State University
Simultaneous, Collocated Rayleigh And Sodium Lidar Temperature Comparison, Leda Sox, Vincent B. Wickwar, Tao Yuan, Neal Criddle
There are relatively few instruments that have the capabilities to make near continuous measurements of the mesosphere-lower-thermosphere (MLT) region. Rayleigh-scatter (RS) and resonance lidars, particularly sodium (Na) resonance lidar, have been the two dominant ground-based techniques for acquiring mesosphere and MLT vertical temperature profiles, respectively, for more than two decades. With these measurements, the dynamics and long-term temperature trends of the MLT region can be studied. For the first time, we will present simultaneous, night-time averaged temperatures acquired from the same observational site, on the campus of Utah State University (USU), using these two lidar techniques. This comparison is also ...