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High-Performance Self-Powered Uv Detector Based On Sno2-Tio2 Nanomace Arrays, Duo Chen, Lin Wei, Lingpan Meng, Yanxue Chen, Yufeng Tian, Shishen Yan, Liangmo Mei, Jun Jiao 2018 School of Physics and State Key Laboratory of Crystal MaterialsShandong UniversityJinanPeople’s Republic of China

High-Performance Self-Powered Uv Detector Based On Sno2-Tio2 Nanomace Arrays, Duo Chen, Lin Wei, Lingpan Meng, Yanxue Chen, Yufeng Tian, Shishen Yan, Liangmo Mei, Jun Jiao

Physics Faculty Publications and Presentations

Photoelectrochemical cell-typed self-powered UV detectors have attracted intensive research interest due to their low cost, simple fabrication process, and fast response. In this paper, SnO2-TiO2 nanomace arrays composed of SnO2 nanotube trunk and TiO2 nanobranches were prepared using soft chemical methods, and an environment-friendly self-powered UV photodetector using this nanostructure as the photoanode was assembled. Due to the synergistic effect of greatly accelerated electron-hole separation, enhanced surface area, and reduced charge recombination provided by SnO2-TiO2 nanomace array, the nanostructured detector displays an excellent performance over that based on bare SnO2 arrays. The impact of the growing time of TiO2 branches ...


Inference And Control In Regulatory Genomics, Siddharth Sharma 2018 University of Maryland College Park

Inference And Control In Regulatory Genomics, Siddharth Sharma

Biology and Medicine Through Mathematics Conference

No abstract provided.


Elucidating The Action Of A Regulatory Lipid Ligand Via Molecular Simulation: Cholesterol Swarms And The Inwardly Rectifying Potassium Channel, Belinda Akpa, Nicolas Barbera, Irena Levitan 2018 North Carolina State University

Elucidating The Action Of A Regulatory Lipid Ligand Via Molecular Simulation: Cholesterol Swarms And The Inwardly Rectifying Potassium Channel, Belinda Akpa, Nicolas Barbera, Irena Levitan

Biology and Medicine Through Mathematics Conference

No abstract provided.


Mössbauer And Neutron Diffraction Studies Of Y2(Fe1-XMnX)14B, Oran Allan Pringle, Gaya Kanishka Marasinghe, Gary J. Long, William Joseph James, William B. Yelon, Decai Xie, Fernande Grandjean 2018 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Mössbauer And Neutron Diffraction Studies Of Y2(Fe1-XMnX)14B, Oran Allan Pringle, Gaya Kanishka Marasinghe, Gary J. Long, William Joseph James, William B. Yelon, Decai Xie, Fernande Grandjean

Gary J. Long

We have used Mössbauer spectroscopy and neutron diffraction to study a series of Y2(Fe1-xMnx)1 4B samples in the composition range from x=0.0 to 0.4. Y 2(Fe0.6Mn0.4)14B is paramagnetic at both room temperature and 85 K. The iron quadrupole splitting in this paramagnetic compound allows us to place an upper limit on the quadrupole shift in the magnetic Y2(Fe1-xMnx) 14B alloys. Refinement of Y2(Fe 1-xMnx)14B neutron diffraction data have been used to give the site occupancies of manganese on the transition-metal sublattice. Both neutron diffraction patterns and Mössbauer effect ...


Mössbauer Effect Studies Of Nd₂Fe14-XSiXB And Y3Fe14-XSiXB, Oran Allan Pringle, Gary J. Long, G. K. Marasinghe, William Joseph James, Antoni T. Pedziwiatr, W. E. Wallace, Fernande Grandjean 2018 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Mössbauer Effect Studies Of Nd₂Fe14-XSiXB And Y3Fe14-XSiXB, Oran Allan Pringle, Gary J. Long, G. K. Marasinghe, William Joseph James, Antoni T. Pedziwiatr, W. E. Wallace, Fernande Grandjean

Gary J. Long

No abstract provided.


Radical Social Ecology As Deep Pragmatism: A Call To The Abolition Of Systemic Dissonance And The Minimization Of Entropic Chaos, Arielle Brender 2018 Fordham University

Radical Social Ecology As Deep Pragmatism: A Call To The Abolition Of Systemic Dissonance And The Minimization Of Entropic Chaos, Arielle Brender

Student Theses 2015-Present

This paper aims to shed light on the dissonance caused by the superimposition of Dominant Human Systems on Natural Systems. I highlight the synthetic nature of Dominant Human Systems as egoic and linguistic phenomenon manufactured by a mere portion of the human population, which renders them inherently oppressive unto peoples and landscapes whose wisdom were barred from the design process. In pursuing a radical pragmatic approach to mending the simultaneous oppression and destruction of the human being and the earth, I highlight the necessity of minimizing entropic chaos caused by excess energy expenditure, an essential feature of systems that aim ...


The Impact Of Ppb W/Z Lhc Data On Ncteq15 Parton Distribution Functions With An Emphasis On Refitting The Ncteq15 Npdf Set, Eric Godat 2018 Southern Methodist University

The Impact Of Ppb W/Z Lhc Data On Ncteq15 Parton Distribution Functions With An Emphasis On Refitting The Ncteq15 Npdf Set, Eric Godat

Physics Theses and Dissertations

As the LHC experiments increase their statistics and reduce their systematics, it is in- creasingly important to reduce the theoretical uncertainties so we can perform precision com- parisons. The parton distribution functions (PDFs) which describe the hadronic structure of protons and nuclei are the critical link between the experimental data and the proposed theoretical models; hence, a better understanding of the PDFs is essential for improved pre- dictions. Nuclear PDFs, in particular, have proven valuable in this regard, especially for flavor differentiation. I introduce ”nCTEQ+LHC,” the first PDF set fit using the nCTEQ formalism to include data from the ...


Collaborative Research: Fundamental Mechanisms Of Microfluidic Traveling-Wave Electrophoresis, Boyd F. Edwards 2018 Utah State University

Collaborative Research: Fundamental Mechanisms Of Microfluidic Traveling-Wave Electrophoresis, Boyd F. Edwards

Funded Research Records

No abstract provided.


High Consequence Scenarios For North Korean Atmospheric Nuclear Tests With Policy Recommendations For The U.S. Government, Thomas S. Popik, Jordan T. Kearns, George H. Baker III, Henry F. Cooper, William R. Harris 2018 James Madison University

High Consequence Scenarios For North Korean Atmospheric Nuclear Tests With Policy Recommendations For The U.S. Government, Thomas S. Popik, Jordan T. Kearns, George H. Baker Iii, Henry F. Cooper, William R. Harris

George H Baker

The government of North Korea has declared high-altitude EMP-capability to be a “strategic goal” and has also threatened an atmospheric test of a hydrogen bomb. Atmospheric nuclear tests have the potential to cripple satellites and the undersea cable networks critical to communication, and navigation necessary for trans-Pacific trade among the U.S., China, and other nations. When a nuclear warhead is detonated at high altitude, a series of electromagnetic pulses radiate downward within the line of sight of the blast. These pulses can disable equipment with miniature electronics and long conductors. Electric grid controls and transmission systems are especially vulnerable ...


Chiral Topological Insulator Of Magnons, Bo Li, Alexey Kovalev 2018 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Chiral Topological Insulator Of Magnons, Bo Li, Alexey Kovalev

Faculty Publications, Department of Physics and Astronomy

We propose a magnon realization of 3D topological insulator in the AIII (chiral symmetry) topological class. The topological magnon gap opens due to the presence of Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interactions. The existence of the topological invariant is established by calculating the bulk winding number of the system. Within our model, the surface magnon Dirac cone is protected by the sublattice chiral symmetry. By analyzing the magnon surface modes, we confirm that the backscattering is prohibited. By weakly breaking the chiral symmetry, we observe the magnon Hall response on the surface due to opening of the gap. Finally, we show that by changing ...


Endorectal Digital Prostate Tomosynthesis, Joseph Robert Steiner 2018 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College

Endorectal Digital Prostate Tomosynthesis, Joseph Robert Steiner

LSU Doctoral Dissertations

Several areas of prostate cancer (PCa) management, such as imaging permanent brachytherapy implants or small, aggressive lesions, benefit from high image resolution. Current PCa imaging methods can have inadequate resolution for imaging these areas. Endorectal digital prostate tomosynthesis (endoDPT), an imaging method that combines an external x-ray source and an endorectal x-ray sensor, can produce three-dimensional images of the prostate region that have high image resolution compared to typical methods. This high resolution may improve PCa management and increase positive outcomes in affected men.

This dissertation presents the initial development of endoDPT, including system design, image quality assessment, and examples ...


Phonon Dynamics Of Alkali Metals In The Hcp Lattice Structure, Jake Christensen 2018 Utah State University

Phonon Dynamics Of Alkali Metals In The Hcp Lattice Structure, Jake Christensen

Physics Capstone Project

An Embedded-Atom-Method model that is successful at describing the vibrational properties of alkali metals in the BCC crystal structure is applied to the HCP structure. Phonon dispersion curves, density of states, and Debye temperatures are calculalated for Li, Na, K, Rb, and Cs. Comparison of BCC, FCC and HCP Debye temperatures show that BCC is the preferred structure at higher temperatures, which agrees with experiment.


Diagnostic Platform For Current Health Status Monitoring, Albert S. Benight, Megan M. Koslen, Matthew W. Eskew 2018 Portland State University

Diagnostic Platform For Current Health Status Monitoring, Albert S. Benight, Megan M. Koslen, Matthew W. Eskew

Student Research Symposium

Our approach is based on physical measurements of blood plasma and exploits the plethora of information contained in the human plasma proteome, as a reporter of human health status. The assay involves collection and analysis ofthermograms of plasma from human blood measured by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC).

Plasma thermograms arise from the temperature-induced denaturation profile of proteins within blood plasma measured by DSC. This insightful measurement thereby provides a snapshot of the current state of the human plasma proteome which directly informs on overall systemic health. Such measurements have been shown to be highly accurate and sensitive indicators of health ...


Opportunities In Physics Education: Low-Cost Position Tracking For Use In Kinematics Labs, Paul R. DeStefano, Cora Siebert, Roberto Perez-Franco, Thomas Allen, Gabriel Mukobi, Ralf Widenhorn 2018 Portland State University

Opportunities In Physics Education: Low-Cost Position Tracking For Use In Kinematics Labs, Paul R. Destefano, Cora Siebert, Roberto Perez-Franco, Thomas Allen, Gabriel Mukobi, Ralf Widenhorn

Student Research Symposium

Traditional introductory physics kinematics laboratories utilized a few different instruments for locating objects in motion, all of which have shortcomings. Some provide only timing data, which heavily restricts trajectories and data collection. Some instruments provide more measurements but restrict object shapes, orientations, and textures. Still others require extensive pre-processing. None of these traditional instruments provide two- or three-dimensional position data. New, low-cost, local positioning technology, based on radio frequency wireless communications, is available that enables novel redesigns of physics laboratories. This technology provides two- and three-dimensional position measurements, continuously, at data rates of 10 Hz or faster, from any object ...


Increased A20-E3 Ubiquitin Ligase Interactions In Bid-Deficient Glia Attenuate Tlr3- And Tlr4-Induced Inflammation., Sinéad Kinsella, Michael Fichtner, Orla Watters, Hans-Georg Konig, Jochen HM Prehn 2018 Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland

Increased A20-E3 Ubiquitin Ligase Interactions In Bid-Deficient Glia Attenuate Tlr3- And Tlr4-Induced Inflammation., Sinéad Kinsella, Michael Fichtner, Orla Watters, Hans-Georg Konig, Jochen Hm Prehn

Physiology and Medical Physics Articles

Background: Chronic pro-inflammatory signaling propagates damage to neural tissue and affects the rate of disease progression. Increased activation of Toll-like receptors (TLRs), master regulators of the innate immune response, is implicated in the etiology of several neuropathologies including amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, Alzheimer’s disease, and Parkinson’s disease. Previously, we identified that the Bcl-2 family protein BH3-interacting domain death agonist (Bid) potentiates the TLR4-NF-κB pro-inflammatory response in glia, and specifically characterized an interaction between Bid and TNF receptor associated factor 6 (TRAF6) in microglia in response to TLR4 activation.

Methods: We assessed the activation of mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) and ...


Using First-Principles Calculations To Screen For Fragile Magnetism: Case Study Of Lacrge 3 And Lacrsb 3, Manh Cuong Nguyen, Valentin Taufour, Sergey L. Bud’ko, Paul C. Canfield, Vladimir P. Antropov, Cai-Zhuang Wang, Kai-Ming Ho 2018 Ames Laboratory

Using First-Principles Calculations To Screen For Fragile Magnetism: Case Study Of Lacrge 3 And Lacrsb 3, Manh Cuong Nguyen, Valentin Taufour, Sergey L. Bud’Ko, Paul C. Canfield, Vladimir P. Antropov, Cai-Zhuang Wang, Kai-Ming Ho

Ames Laboratory Accepted Manuscripts

In this paper, we present a coupled experimental/theoretical investigation of pressure effect on the ferromagnetism of LaCrGe3 and LaCrSb3 compounds. The magnetic, electronic, elastic, and mechanical properties of LaCrGe3 and LaCrSb3 at ambient condition are studied by first-principles density-functional theory calculations. The pressure dependences of the magnetic properties of LaCrGe3 and LaCrSb3 are also investigated. The ferromagnetism in LaCrGe3 is rather fragile, with a ferro- to paramagnetic transition at a relatively small pressure (around 7 GPa from our calculations, and 2 GPa in experiments). The key parameter controlling the magnetic properties of LaCrGe3 is found to be the proximity ...


Weatherall's "Void: The Strange Physics Of Nothing" (Book Review), Gary R. Averill 2018 George Fox University

Weatherall's "Void: The Strange Physics Of Nothing" (Book Review), Gary R. Averill

The Christian Librarian

No abstract provided.


Investigating The Climatology Of Mesospheric And Thermospheric Gravity Waves At High Northern Latitudes, Michael Negale 2018 Utah State University

Investigating The Climatology Of Mesospheric And Thermospheric Gravity Waves At High Northern Latitudes, Michael Negale

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

An important property of the Earth's atmosphere is its ability to support wave motions, and indeed, waves exist throughout the Earth's atmosphere at all times and all locations. What is the importance of these waves? Imagine standing on the beach as water waves come crashing into you. In this case, the waves transport energy and momentum to you, knocking you off balance. Similarly, waves in the atmosphere crash, known as breaking, but what do they crash into? They crash into the atmosphere knocking the atmosphere off balance in terms of the winds and temperatures. Although the Earth's ...


Investigating Phase Transition Temperatures Of Size Separated Gadolinium Silicide Magnetic Nanoparticles, Shivakumar G. Hunagund, Shane M. Harstad, Ahmed A. El-Gendy, Shalbh Gupta, Vitalij K. Pecharsky, Ravi L. Hadimani 2018 Virginia Commonwealth University

Investigating Phase Transition Temperatures Of Size Separated Gadolinium Silicide Magnetic Nanoparticles, Shivakumar G. Hunagund, Shane M. Harstad, Ahmed A. El-Gendy, Shalbh Gupta, Vitalij K. Pecharsky, Ravi L. Hadimani

Ames Laboratory Accepted Manuscripts

Gadolinium silicide (Gd5Si4) nanoparticles (NPs) exhibit different properties compared to their parent bulk materials due to finite size, shape, and surface effects. NPs were prepared by high energy ball-milling of the as-cast Gd5Si4ingot and size separated into eight fractions using time sensitive sedimentation in an applied dc magnetic field with average particle sizes ranging from 700 nm to 82 nm. The largest Gd5Si4 NPs order ferromagnetically at 316 K. A second anomaly observed at 110 K can be ascribed to a Gd5Si3 impurity. As the particle sizes decrease, the volume fraction of Gd5Si3 phase increases at the expense of the ...


Pleiotropic Activity Of Systemically Delivered Angiogenin In The Sod1, Martin Crivello, Saidhbhe L. O'Riordan, Ina Woods, Sarah Cannon, Luise Halang, Karen S. Coughlan, Marion C. Hogg, Sebastian A. Lewandowski, Jochen HM Prehn 2018 Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland

Pleiotropic Activity Of Systemically Delivered Angiogenin In The Sod1, Martin Crivello, Saidhbhe L. O'Riordan, Ina Woods, Sarah Cannon, Luise Halang, Karen S. Coughlan, Marion C. Hogg, Sebastian A. Lewandowski, Jochen Hm Prehn

Physiology and Medical Physics Articles

Loss-of-function mutations in the angiogenin (ANG) gene have been identified in familial and sporadic ALS patients. Previous work from our group identified human ANG (huANG) to protect motoneuronsin vitro, and provided proof-of-concept that daily intraperitoneal (i.p.) huANG injections post-symptom onset increased lifespan and delayed disease progression in SOD1G93A mice. huANG's mechanism of action remains less well understood. Here, we implemented a preclinical in vivo design to validate our previous results, provide pharmacokinetic and protein distribution data after systemic administration, and explore potential pleiotropic activities of huANG in vivo. SOD1G93A mice (n = 45) and non-transgenic controls (n = 31 ...


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