Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Physics Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

28,256 Full-Text Articles 40,561 Authors 4,619,833 Downloads 238 Institutions

All Articles in Physics

Faceted Search

28,256 full-text articles. Page 1 of 721.

A Demonstration Of The Infrared Activity Of Carbon Dioxide, Philip Sieg, William Berner, Peter Harnish, Philip C. Nelson 2019 University of Pennsylvania

A Demonstration Of The Infrared Activity Of Carbon Dioxide, Philip Sieg, William Berner, Peter Harnish, Philip C. Nelson

Department of Physics Papers

Before they can talk meaningfully about anthropogenic climate change, students need to grasp basic principles of natural planetary climates, for example, the key role of trace atmospheric gases in setting surface temperature. We describe a dramatic demonstration that scales well for large audiences and that requires as little as ten classroom minutes to show the crucial difference between room air and carbon dioxide gas. Beyond its significance for public policy, the demonstration can serve as a springboard to motivate discussion of important physics concepts such as rotation and vibration spectra.


Diaryl Hydroxylamines As Pan Or Dual Inhibitors Of Indoleamine 2,3-Dioxygenase-1, Indoleamine 2,3-Dioxygenase-2 And Tryptophan Dioxygenase, Maria Winters, James B. DuHadaway, Khoa N. Pham, Ariel Lewis-Ballester, Shorouk Badir, Jenny Wai, Eesha Sheikh, Syun-Ru Yeh, George C. Pendergast, Alexander J. Muller, William Paul Malachowski 2019 Bryn Mawr College

Diaryl Hydroxylamines As Pan Or Dual Inhibitors Of Indoleamine 2,3-Dioxygenase-1, Indoleamine 2,3-Dioxygenase-2 And Tryptophan Dioxygenase, Maria Winters, James B. Duhadaway, Khoa N. Pham, Ariel Lewis-Ballester, Shorouk Badir, Jenny Wai, Eesha Sheikh, Syun-Ru Yeh, George C. Pendergast, Alexander J. Muller, William Paul Malachowski

Physics Faculty Research and Scholarship

Tryptophan (Trp) catabolizing enzymes play an important and complex role in the development of cancer. Significant evidence implicates them in a range of inflammatory and immunosuppressive activities. Whereas inhibitors of indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase-1 (IDO1) have been reported and analyzed in the clinic, fewer inhibitors have been described for tryptophan dioxygenase (TDO) and indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase-2 (IDO2) which also have been implicated more recently in cancer, inflammation and immune control. Consequently the development of dual or pan inhibitors of these Trp catabolizing enzymes may represent a therapeutically important area of research. This is the first report to describe the development of ...


Call For Abstracts - Resrb 2019, July 8-9, Wrocław, Poland, Wojciech M. Budzianowski 2018 Wojciech Budzianowski Consulting Services

Call For Abstracts - Resrb 2019, July 8-9, Wrocław, Poland, Wojciech M. Budzianowski

Wojciech Budzianowski

No abstract provided.


Theoretical Studies Of Ultrafast Electron Dynamics In Atoms And Molecules Via High-Order Harmonic Generation, Paul Abanador 2018 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College

Theoretical Studies Of Ultrafast Electron Dynamics In Atoms And Molecules Via High-Order Harmonic Generation, Paul Abanador

Paul Abanador

The interaction of atoms and molecules with strong laser pulses is of fundamental interest in physics and chemistry. Notably, the process known as high-order harmonic generation (HHG) refers to the production of extreme-ultraviolet (XUV) light, which occurs when an ensemble of atoms or molecules is subjected to a strong infrared laser field. Characterized by an attosecond time scale (1 as = 10^-18 s), the HHG process provides the capability for experimental measurements to capture the ultrafast motion of electrons in these target atoms and molecules. The underlying physical mechanism behind this process naturally leaves imprints in the properties of the ...


Improving The State Selectivity Of Field Ionization With Quantum Control, Vincent C. Gregoric, Jason Bennett, Bianca R. Gualtieri, Ankitha Kannad, Zhimin Cheryl Liu, Zoe A. Rowley, Thomas J. Carroll, Michael W. Noel 2018 Bryn Mawr College

Improving The State Selectivity Of Field Ionization With Quantum Control, Vincent C. Gregoric, Jason Bennett, Bianca R. Gualtieri, Ankitha Kannad, Zhimin Cheryl Liu, Zoe A. Rowley, Thomas J. Carroll, Michael W. Noel

Physics and Astronomy Faculty Publications

The electron signals from the field ionization of two closely spaced Rydberg states of rubidium-85 are separated using quantum control. In selective field ionization, the state distribution of a collection of Rydberg atoms is measured by ionizing the atoms with a ramped electric field. Generally, atoms in higher energy states ionize at lower fields, so ionized electrons which are detected earlier in time can be correlated with higher energy Rydberg states. However, the resolution of this technique is limited by the Stark effect. As the electric field is increased, the electron encounters numerous avoided Stark level crossings which split the ...


Model For Scattering With Proliferating Resonances: Many Coupled Square Wells, Nirav P. Mehta, Kaden R. A Hazzard, Christopher Ticknor 2018 Trinity University

Model For Scattering With Proliferating Resonances: Many Coupled Square Wells, Nirav P. Mehta, Kaden R. A Hazzard, Christopher Ticknor

Physics and Astronomy Faculty Research

We present a multichannel model for elastic interactions, composed of an arbitrary number of coupled finite square-well potentials, and derive semianalytic solutions for its scattering behavior. Despite the model's simplicity, it is flexible enough to include many coupled short-ranged resonances in the vicinity of the collision threshold, as is necessary to describe ongoing experiments in ultracold molecules and lanthanide atoms. We also introduce a simple but physically realistic statistical ensemble for parameters in this model. We compute the resulting probability distributions of nearest-neighbor resonance spacings and analyze them by fitting to the Brody distribution. We quantify the ability of ...


Author Correction: Femtosecond Laser Mass Spectrometry And High Harmonic Spectroscopy Of Xylene Isomers (Scientific Reports (2018) Doi: 10.1038/S41598-018-22055-9), Abdullah Alharbi, Andrewy E. Boguslavskiy, Dane Austin, Nicolas Thire, D. Wood, P. Hawkins, Felicity McGrath, A. S. Johnson, I. Lopez-Quintas, Bruno Schmidt, Francois Legare, J. P. Marangos, Anh-Thu Le, Ravi Bhardwaj 2018 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Author Correction: Femtosecond Laser Mass Spectrometry And High Harmonic Spectroscopy Of Xylene Isomers (Scientific Reports (2018) Doi: 10.1038/S41598-018-22055-9), Abdullah Alharbi, Andrewy E. Boguslavskiy, Dane Austin, Nicolas Thire, D. Wood, P. Hawkins, Felicity Mcgrath, A. S. Johnson, I. Lopez-Quintas, Bruno Schmidt, Francois Legare, J. P. Marangos, Anh-Thu Le, Ravi Bhardwaj

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

The original version of this Article contained a typographical error in the spelling of the author Nicolas Thiré, which was incorrectly given as Nicholas Thiré. Nicolas Thiré was also incorrectly affiliated with 'Instituto de Química Física Rocasolano, IQFR-CSIC, Serrano 119, 28006, Madrid, Spain'. The correct affiliation is listed below.

INRS-EMT, Advanced Laser Light Source, 1650 Lionel-Boulet Bvd, Varennes, J3X1S2, Canada.

This has now been corrected in the PDF and HTML versions of the Article and in the accompanying Supplementary Information file.


The Development Of Hydrodynamic And Kinetic Models For The Plasmasphere Refilling Problem Following A Geomagnetic Storm, Kausik Chatterjee 2018 Utah State University

The Development Of Hydrodynamic And Kinetic Models For The Plasmasphere Refilling Problem Following A Geomagnetic Storm, Kausik Chatterjee

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The objective of this dissertation is the development of computer simulation-based models for the modeling of upper ionosphere, starting from the first principles. The models were validated by exact analytical benchmarks and are seen to be consistent with experimentally obtained results. This area of research has significant implications in the area of global communication. In addition, these models would lead to a better understanding of the physical processes taking place in the upper ionosphere.


Sensitivity Of The Opal Instrument For Gravity Wave Detection, Kenneth I. Zia 2018 Utah State University

Sensitivity Of The Opal Instrument For Gravity Wave Detection, Kenneth I. Zia

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Knowing what goes on in the upper atmosphere (∼80-140 km) is very important to the space science community. There are several competing forces that influence the temperature and densities of neutral molecules in that region. OPAL (Optical Profiling of the Atmospheric Limb) is funded by the National Science Foundation (NSF) to measure the temperature there using light from oxygen molecules (∼760 nm). To accomplish this,OPAL is built into a CubeSat (a satellite the size of a loaf of bread) to be launched from the International Space Station (ISS) at an altitude of about 400 km. This vantage point is ...


High-Performance Self-Powered Uv Detector Based On Sno2-Tio2 Nanomace Arrays, Duo Chen, Lin Wei, Lingpan Meng, Yanxue Chen, Yufeng Tian, Shishen Yan, Liangmo Mei, Jun Jiao 2018 School of Physics and State Key Laboratory of Crystal MaterialsShandong UniversityJinanPeople’s Republic of China

High-Performance Self-Powered Uv Detector Based On Sno2-Tio2 Nanomace Arrays, Duo Chen, Lin Wei, Lingpan Meng, Yanxue Chen, Yufeng Tian, Shishen Yan, Liangmo Mei, Jun Jiao

Physics Faculty Publications and Presentations

Photoelectrochemical cell-typed self-powered UV detectors have attracted intensive research interest due to their low cost, simple fabrication process, and fast response. In this paper, SnO2-TiO2 nanomace arrays composed of SnO2 nanotube trunk and TiO2 nanobranches were prepared using soft chemical methods, and an environment-friendly self-powered UV photodetector using this nanostructure as the photoanode was assembled. Due to the synergistic effect of greatly accelerated electron-hole separation, enhanced surface area, and reduced charge recombination provided by SnO2-TiO2 nanomace array, the nanostructured detector displays an excellent performance over that based on bare SnO2 arrays. The impact of the growing time of TiO2 branches ...


Time-Resolved Double-Resonance Spectroscopy: Lifetime Measurement Of The 61Σ+G(7,31) Electronic State Of Molecular Sodium, Michael Saaranen, Dinesh Wagle, Emma McLaughlin, Amelia Paladino, Seth T. Ashman, Burcin Bayram 2018 Providence College

Time-Resolved Double-Resonance Spectroscopy: Lifetime Measurement Of The 61Σ+G(7,31) Electronic State Of Molecular Sodium, Michael Saaranen, Dinesh Wagle, Emma Mclaughlin, Amelia Paladino, Seth T. Ashman, Burcin Bayram

Seth Ashman

We report on the lifetime measurement of the 61Σ+g(7,31) state of Na2 molecules, produced in a heat-pipe oven, using a time-resolved spectroscopic technique. The 61Σ+g(7,31) level was populated by two-step two-color double resonance excitation via the intermediate A1Σ+u(8,30) state. The excitation scheme was done using two synchronized pulsed dye lasers pumped by a Nd:YAG laser operating at the second harmonics. The fluorescence emitted upon decay to the final state was measured using a time-correlated photon counting technique, as a function of argon pressure. From this, the radiative lifetime was extracted ...


Tim_Rinn_Final_Disertation.Pdf, Timothy T. Rinn 2018 Iowa State University

Tim_Rinn_Final_Disertation.Pdf, Timothy T. Rinn

Timothy Rinn

No abstract provided.


Spiral Waves Modeling, Paulo H. Acioli 2018 Northeastern Illinois University

Spiral Waves Modeling, Paulo H. Acioli

Faculty Research and Creative Activities Symposium

No abstract provided.


Measuring The One-Way Velocity Of Light, Charles Nissim-Sabat 2018 Northeastern Illinois University

Measuring The One-Way Velocity Of Light, Charles Nissim-Sabat

Faculty Research and Creative Activities Symposium

No abstract provided.


Winding Around Non-Hermitian Singularities, Qi Zhong, Mercedeh Khajavikhan, Demetrios Christodoulides, Ramy El-Ganainy 2018 Michigan Technological University

Winding Around Non-Hermitian Singularities, Qi Zhong, Mercedeh Khajavikhan, Demetrios Christodoulides, Ramy El-Ganainy

Department of Physics Publications

Non-Hermitian singularities are ubiquitous in non-conservative open systems. Owing to their peculiar topology, they can remotely induce observable effects when encircled by closed trajectories in the parameter space. To date, a general formalism for describing this process beyond simple cases is still lacking. Here we develop a general approach for treating this problem by utilizing the power of permutation operators and representation theory. This in turn allows us to reveal a surprising result that has so far escaped attention: loops that enclose the same singularities in the parameter space starting from the same point and traveling in the same direction ...


Real-Time Observation Of Molecular Spinning With Angular High-Harmonic Spectroscopy, Lixin He, Pengfei Lan, Anh-Thu Le, Baoning Wang, Bincheng Wang, Xiaosong Zhu, Peixiang Lu, C. D. Lin 2018 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Real-Time Observation Of Molecular Spinning With Angular High-Harmonic Spectroscopy, Lixin He, Pengfei Lan, Anh-Thu Le, Baoning Wang, Bincheng Wang, Xiaosong Zhu, Peixiang Lu, C. D. Lin

Anh-Thu Le

We demonstrate an angular high-harmonic spectroscopy method to probe the spinning dynamics of a molecular rotation wave packet in real time. With the excitation of two time-delayed, polarization-skewed pump pulses, the molecular ensemble is impulsively kicked to rotate unidirectionally, which is subsequently irradiated by another delayed probe pulse for high-order harmonic generation (HHG). The spatiotemporal evolution of the molecular rotation wave packet is visualized from the time-dependent angular distributions of the HHG yields and frequency shift measured at various polarization directions and time delays of the probe pulse. The observed frequency shift in HHG is demonstrated to arise from the ...


Fine-Scale Droplet Clustering In Atmospheric Clouds: 3d Radial Distribution Function From Airborne Digital Holography, Michael L. Larsen, Raymond Shaw, Alexander Kostinski, Susanne Glienke 2018 College of Charleston

Fine-Scale Droplet Clustering In Atmospheric Clouds: 3d Radial Distribution Function From Airborne Digital Holography, Michael L. Larsen, Raymond Shaw, Alexander Kostinski, Susanne Glienke

Department of Physics Publications

The extent of droplet clustering in turbulent clouds has remained largely unquantified, and yet is of possible relevance to precipitation formation and radiative transfer. To that end, data gathered by an airborne holographic instrument are used to explore the three-dimensional spatial statistics of cloud droplet positions in homogeneous stratiform boundary-layer clouds. The three-dimensional radial distribution functions g(r) reveal unambiguous evidence of droplet clustering. Three key theoretical predictions are observed: the existence of positive correlations, onset of correlation in the turbulence dissipation range, and monotonic increase of g(r) with decreasing r. This implies that current theory captures the essential ...


The Effects Of Pressure And Magnetic Field On Phase Transitions And Related Physical Properties In Solid State Caloric Materials, Ahmad Ikhwan Us Saleheen 2018 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College

The Effects Of Pressure And Magnetic Field On Phase Transitions And Related Physical Properties In Solid State Caloric Materials, Ahmad Ikhwan Us Saleheen

LSU Doctoral Dissertations

Solid-state caloric effects, such as the magnetocaloric (MCE) and barocaloric (BCE) effects, may be utilized in future cooling technologies that are more efficient and environment-friendly. Large caloric effects often occur near phase transitions, especially near coupled first-order magnetostructural transitions (MST), and are initiated by external parameters, such as magnetic field or hydrostatic pressure. In this dissertation, the effects of pressure, temperature, and magnetic field on the phase transitions in three material systems are studied in order to elucidate how the respective caloric effects are affected.

In the first study, the realization of a coupled MST in a MnNiSi-based system through ...


Role Of The Recoil Ion In Single-Electron Capture And Single-Ionization Processes For Collisions Of Protons With He And Ar Atoms, P. Focke, Ronald E. Olson, N. D. Cariatore, M. Alessi, S. Otranto 2018 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Role Of The Recoil Ion In Single-Electron Capture And Single-Ionization Processes For Collisions Of Protons With He And Ar Atoms, P. Focke, Ronald E. Olson, N. D. Cariatore, M. Alessi, S. Otranto

Ronald E. Olson

In this work the single-electron capture and single-ionization processes are studied for proton collisions with He and Ar atoms at impact energies in the range 25–100 keV. Classical trajectory Monte Carlo simulations are benchmarked against experimental data obtained at the reaction microscope in Bariloche, Argentina, which employs the cold target recoil-ion momentum spectroscopy technique. Special emphasis is placed on describing the momentum transfer to the recoil ion for these collision systems.


Cementitious Sensors Exhibiting Stopbands In Acoustic Transmission Spectra, Shreya Vemuganti 2018 University of New Mexico, Albuquerque

Cementitious Sensors Exhibiting Stopbands In Acoustic Transmission Spectra, Shreya Vemuganti

Shared Knowledge Conference

Ultrasonic monitoring in cementitious materials is challenging due to the high degree of attenuation. In wellbore environments, monitoring becomes more challenging due to inaccessibility. Meta materials, also known as acoustic bandgap materials, exhibit an interesting feature of forbidding the propagation of elastic/sound waves and isolate vibration in a certain frequency band. Traditionally, acoustic bandgap materials are developed with inclusions such as tin, aluminum, gold, steel in a polymer matrix. In this study, we present the development of three-dimensional cementitious sensors capable of exhibiting stopbands in the acoustic transmission spectra using carbon nanotubes. Relatively wide stopbands were engineered using Floquet-Bloch ...


Digital Commons powered by bepress