Fundamental Aspects Of Black Holes, 2021 Utah State University

#### Fundamental Aspects Of Black Holes, Jacob Fisher Ciafre

*All Graduate Plan B and other Reports*

The literature study here seeks to present the foundations of black hole physics in General Relativity. The report includes a discussion of the Kerr black hole metric, black hole entropy, particle creation, the laws of black hole mechanics, and a bilinear mass formula for the Kerr-Newman black hole solution.

Interactions Of Organic Fluorophores With Plasmonic Surface Lattice Resonances, 2021 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

#### Interactions Of Organic Fluorophores With Plasmonic Surface Lattice Resonances, Robert J. Collison

*Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects*

It is common knowledge that metals, alloys and pure elements alike, are lustrous and reflective, the more so when a metal surface is flat, polished, and free from oxidation and surface fouling. However, some metals reflect visible light, in the 380 nm to 740 nm range of wavelengths, much more strongly than others. In particular, some metals reflect wavelengths in certain portions of the ultraviolet (UV), visible, and near-infrared (NIR) regime, let us say 200 nm to 2000 nm, while absorbing light strongly in other segments of this range. There are several factors that account for this difference between various ...

On-Chip Silicon Photonic Controllable 2 × 2 Four-Mode Waveguide Switch, 2021 Posts and Telecommunications Institute of Technology, Vietnam

#### On-Chip Silicon Photonic Controllable 2 × 2 Four-Mode Waveguide Switch, Cao Dung Truong, Duy Nguyen Thi Hang, Hengky Chandrahalim, Minh Tuan Trinh

*Faculty Publications*

Multimode optical switch is a key component of mode division multiplexing in modern high-speed optical signal processing. In this paper, we introduce for the first time a novel 2 × 2 multimode switch design and demonstrate in the proof-of-concept. The device composes of four Y-multijunctions and 2 × 2 multimode interference coupler using silicon-on-insulator material with four controllable phase shifters. The shifters operate using thermo-optic effects utilizing Ti heaters enabling simultaneous switching of the optical signal between the output ports on four quasi-transverse electric modes with the electric power consumption is in order of 22.5 mW and the switching time is ...

Аn Optical Study Of Strain Relaxation And Interdiffusion In Znse/Zncdse Quantum Wells Modified By Γ-Irradiation, 2020 Tashkent University of Information Technologies Nukus Branch, Republic of Karakalpakstan, Nukus city, A.Dosnazarov Str., 74 (Uzbekistan), Е-mail: tatunf@tatuinf.uz

#### Аn Optical Study Of Strain Relaxation And Interdiffusion In Znse/Zncdse Quantum Wells Modified By Γ-Irradiation, Muratbay B. Sharibaev, Kanatbay A. Ismailov, Ibrohim N. Karimov, Murodjon Z. Nosirov

*Scientific Bulletin. Physical and Mathematical Research*

If we turn to the literature data, it is known that the degradation of CdZnTe / ZnTe and CdZnSe /ZnSe quantum wells and usually includes two types of processes: (i) fast (as called dynamic, by analogy with the degradation of heterostructures based on A3B5 materials) - germination and propagation of extended defects from a GaAs substrate. This process in CdZnSe / ZnSe is slowed down by various technological methods (treatment of a substrate in sulfur; reduction of a damaged layer in a GaAs substrate; deposition of a GaAs epitaxial buffer layer; use of the concept of compensation of bipolar stresses; and (ii) slow ...

Obtaining, Structure And Electrophysical Properties Of The Solid Solution (Gaas1-Δbiδ)1-X-Y(Ge2)X(Znse)Y, 2020 Andijan State University, Andijan, 170100, str. University, 129 (Uzbekistan). E-mail: agsu_info@edu.uz

#### Obtaining, Structure And Electrophysical Properties Of The Solid Solution (Gaas1-Δbiδ)1-X-Y(Ge2)X(Znse)Y, Hotamjon Mansurov, Akramjon Boboev, Johongir Usmonov, Xushruybek Mahmudov, Dilkhayotjon Pulatjon Ugli Abdurakhimov

*Scientific Bulletin. Physical and Mathematical Research*

This work shows the possibility of growing a single-crystal substitutional solid solution (GaAs_{1-}_{δ}Bi_{δ})_{0}._{46}(Ge_{2})_{0.31}(ZnSe)_{0.23}on GaP substrates by liquid phase epitaxy from a bismuth-containing melt solution. was shown that tetrahedral bonds in the (GaAs_{1-}_{δ}Bi_{δ})_{0}._{46}(Ge_{2})_{0.31}(ZnSe)_{0.23} layers are enriched with arsenide gallium molecules, and some GaAs_{1-}_{δ}Bi_{δ} molecules are replaced by Ge_{2} paired atoms and ZnSe molecule compounds. Experimental results showed that in the epitaxial film, the molar content of GaAs_{1-}_{δ ...}

Drawing Parallels In Art Science For Collaborative Learning: A Case Study, 2020 University of Dundee

#### Drawing Parallels In Art Science For Collaborative Learning: A Case Study, Karen Westland

*The STEAM Journal*

This research paper explores drawing as a tool to facilitate interdisciplinary practice. Outlined is the personal experience of PhD researcher [name removed] in their physics/craft research project, combined with thoughts and opinions from collaborators gathered through group discursive interviews. Interdisciplinary projects face interpersonal and conceptually ambiguous challenges which can be addressed through adopting drawing techniques for educational purposes. Findings highlight that drawing can assist across a breadth of applications as a learning tool for everyone, regardless of drawing ability, to improve the functionality of collaborative projects. Specifically, drawing combined with other communication techniques develops a performative communicative approach that ...

Quantum Simulation Of The Schrodinger Equation Using Ibm's Quantum Computers, 2020 American University in Cairo

#### Quantum Simulation Of The Schrodinger Equation Using Ibm's Quantum Computers, Mohamed Abouelela

*Capstone and Graduation Projects*

This thesis explores the capabilities of a quantum computer to simulate quantum systems. We give an introduction to the basics of quantum computing with the Bernstein-Vazirani algorithm as a demonstration. Four quantum systems are then simulated using IBM's QASM simulator using 6 qubits: the free particle, eigenstate of an infinite-well, particle in a step potential, and quantum tunneling. Because of the high number of gates, a 6-qubit simulation will not be feasible on current quantum computers. The number of qubits was, thus, reduced to 4 qubits, and was simulated on IBM's 5 qubit quantum computers (ibmq 5 vigo ...

Near Conformal Perturbation Theory In Syk Type Models, 2020 University of Kentucky

#### Near Conformal Perturbation Theory In Syk Type Models, Sumit R. Das, Animik Ghosh, Antal Jevicki, Kenta Suzuki

*Physics and Astronomy Faculty Publications*

We present a systematic procedure to extract the dynamics of the low energy soft mode in SYK type models with a single energy scale *J* and emergent reparametrization symmetry in the IR. This is given in the framework of the perturbative scheme of arXiv:1608.07567 based on a specific (off-shell) breaking of conformal invariance in the UV, adjusted to yield the exact large-*N* saddle point. While this breaking term formally vanishes on-shell, it has a non-trivial effect on correlation functions and the effective action. In particular, it leads to the Schwarzian action with a specific coupling to bi-local ...

Evolution Of Magnetic-Field-Induced Ordering In The Layered Structure Quantum Heisenberg Triangular-Lattice Antiferromagnet Ba3Cosb2O9, 2020 Smith College

#### Evolution Of Magnetic-Field-Induced Ordering In The Layered Structure Quantum Heisenberg Triangular-Lattice Antiferromagnet Ba3Cosb2O9, Nathanael Alexander Fortune, Q. Huang, T. Hong, J. Ma, E. S. Choi, S. T. Hannahs, Z. Y. Zhao, X. F. Sun, Y. Takano, H. D. Zhou

*Physics: Faculty Publications*

Quantum fluctuations in the effective spin-1/2 layered structure triangular-lattice quantum Heisenberg antiferromagnet Ba_{3}CoSb_{2}O_{9} lift the classical degeneracy of the antiferromagnetic ground state in magnetic field, producing a series of novel spin structures for magnetic fields applied within the crystallographic *ab* plane, including a celebrated collinear ‘up-up-down’ spin ordering with magnetization equal to 1/3 of the saturation magnetization over an extended field range. Theoretically unresolved, however, are the effects of interlayer antferromagnetic coupling and transverse magnetic fields on the ground states of this system. Additional magnetic-field-induced phase transitions are theoretically expected and in some ...

Numerical Simulation Of Nonlinear Vibrations Of Discrete Mass With Harmonic Force Perturbation, 2020 Chirchik State Pedagogical Institute of Tashkent region

#### Numerical Simulation Of Nonlinear Vibrations Of Discrete Mass With Harmonic Force Perturbation, M. Yusupov, B. A. Akhmedov, Olga Karpova

*Acta of Turin Polytechnic University in Tashkent*

The problem of vibration of a single-mass system under the force excitation of vibration associated with a fixed base by a weightless nonlinear viscoelastic spring is considered. To take into account the rheological properties of the spring material, the Boltzmann-Volterra principle was used. Mathematical models of the problem under consideration are obtained, which are described by integro-differential equations. A solution method based on the use of quadrature formulas has been developed and a computer program has been compiled on its basis, the results obtained are presented in the form of graphs. The influence of nonlinear and rheological properties of a ...

Supernovae Distributions And Their Relationships To Classes Of Stars, 2020 University of North Dakota

#### Supernovae Distributions And Their Relationships To Classes Of Stars, Sydney Menne

*Arts & Sciences Undergraduate Showcase*

*Aims.* Data from astronomical catalogs are plotted as spatial distributions of stars and supernovae throughout the Milky Way galaxy and the universe. I examined correlations seen between the luminosity classes of stars, types of supernovae, and selection effects observed in the data.

*Methods.* Data was gathered from three catalogs; the Gliese Catalog of Nearby Stars, the Tycho-2 Catalog, and the Open Supernova Catalog. Graphs and diagrams were created to visualize the distributions of the stellar luminosity classes and supernova types at different radial distances from the Sun. Trendlines were fit through the data to examine extrapolated predictions.

*Results/Conclusions. *Documenting ...

Analysis And Implementation Of The Maximum Likelihood Expectation Maximization Algorithm For Find, 2020 University of New Hampshire

#### Analysis And Implementation Of The Maximum Likelihood Expectation Maximization Algorithm For Find, Angus Boyd Jameson

*Student Research Projects*

This thesis presents an organized explanation and breakdown of the Maximum Likelihood Expectation Maximization image reconstruction algorithm. This background research was used to develop a means of implementing the algorithm into the imaging code for UNH's Field Deployable Imaging Neutron Detector to improve its ability to resolve complex neutron sources. This thesis provides an overview for this implementation scheme, and include the results of a couple of reconstruction tests for the algorithm. A discussion is given on the current state of the algorithm and its integration with the neutron detector system, and suggestions are given for how the work ...

Dft-Based Study Of Electric Field Effect On The Polarizability Of Three Ringed Nematic Liquid Crystal Molecules, 2020 Department of Physics, School of Physical and Decision Sciences, Babasaheb Bhimrao Ambedkar University, Lucknow 226025, India

#### Dft-Based Study Of Electric Field Effect On The Polarizability Of Three Ringed Nematic Liquid Crystal Molecules, Pranav Upadhyay, Mirtunjai Mishra, Ankur Trivedi, Jitendra Kumar, Asheesh Kumar, Devesh Kumar

*Makara Journal of Science*

Owing to its successful application to complex molecular systems, computational density functional theory (DFT) has been used to study the effect of an electric field on the molecular polarizability and HOMO–LUMO gap of 1-phenyl-4-{2-[(1s,4r)-4-pentylcyclohexyl]ethyl}benzene (1) and its fluoro-, chloro-, and cyano- derivatives, namely, 1-fluoro-4-(4-{2-[(1s,4r)-4-pentylcyclohexyl]ethyl}phenyl)benzene (2), 1-chloro-4-(4-{2-[(1s,4r)-4-pentylcyclohexyl]ethyl}phenyl)benzene (3), and 4-(4-{2-[(1s,4r)-4-pentylcyclohexyl]ethyl}phenyl)benzonitrile (4). These molecules belong to the family of nematic liquid crystals with three rings: two benzene and one cyclohexane. Furthermore ...

Modeling Fluid Phenomena In The Context Of The Constrained Vapor Bubble System, 2020 Southern Methodist University

#### Modeling Fluid Phenomena In The Context Of The Constrained Vapor Bubble System, James Barrett

*Mathematics Theses and Dissertations*

This thesis focuses on the fluid phenomena observed within what is known as the constrained vapor bubble system. The constrained vapor bubble system is a closed system consisting of a quartz cuvette partially filled with liquid and used as a coolant device. Heat is applied to the heater end which causes the liquid to evaporate and condense on the cooled end of the cuvette. Liquid travels back to the heated end via capillary flow in the corners. A pure vapor bubble is formed in the center of the cuvette giving rise to the name of the experiment. The constrained vapor ...

Traveling-Wave Electrophoresis: 1d Model, 2020 Utah State University

#### Traveling-Wave Electrophoresis: 1d Model, Austin Green

*Physics Capstone Projects*

A 1D model of traveling-wave electrophoresis predicts that molecular diffusion raises the trapping threshold and that other physical properties of the species effect the trapping threshold as well. Small concentrations, below 5μM, raise the trapping threshold for high diffusivity species, resulting in a lower efficiency. Species with a mid-range electrophoretic mobility and diffusivity have their trapping threshold slightly lowered with an increase in concentration, leading to more particles traveling with the wave.

Composite Network Of Actin And Microtubule Filaments, Self-Organization And Steady-State Dynamics, 2020 University of Massachusetts Amherst

#### Composite Network Of Actin And Microtubule Filaments, Self-Organization And Steady-State Dynamics, Leila Farhadi

*Doctoral Dissertations*

Actin and microtubule filaments, with their auxiliary proteins, enable the cytoskeleton to perform vital processes in the cell by tuning the organizational, mechanical properties and dynamics of the network. Despite their critical importance and interactions in cells, we are only beginning to uncover information about the composite network. Here, I use florescence microscopy to explore the role of filaments characteristics, interactions and activities in the self-organization and steady-state dynamics of the composite network of filaments. First, I discuss active self-organization of semiflexible actin and rigid microtubule filaments in the 2D composite network while myosin II and kinesin-1 motor proteins propel ...

Distortion-Controlled Isotropic Swelling And Self-Assembly Of Triply-Periodic Minimal Surfaces, 2020 University of Massachusetts Amherst

#### Distortion-Controlled Isotropic Swelling And Self-Assembly Of Triply-Periodic Minimal Surfaces, Carlos M. Duque

*Doctoral Dissertations*

In the first part of this thesis, I propose a method that allows us to construct optimal swelling patterns that are compatible with experimental constraints. This is done using a greedy algorithm that systematically increases the perimeter of the target surface with the help of minimum length cuts. This reduces the areal distortion that comes from the changing Gaussian curvature of the sheet. The results of our greedy cutting algorithm are tested on surfaces of constant and varying Gaussian curvature, and are additionally validated with finite thickness simulations using a modified Seung-Nelson model.

In the second part of the thesis ...

Searching For New Physics At Colliders And From Precision Measurements, 2020 University of Massachusetts Amherst

#### Searching For New Physics At Colliders And From Precision Measurements, Yong Du

*Doctoral Dissertations*

Beyond the great triumph of the Standard Model of particle physics, several fundamental questions remain unknown with the framework of the Standard Model. Among them are the non-zero neutrino masses, the dark matter and the baryon asymmetry of the Universe. Answers to these questions require new physics beyond the Standard Model and searching for the new physics beyond the SM has been a major task for modern particle physicists. The signal of this new physics can be searched through colliders, low- and high-energy precision measurements, as well as precision cosmological observation. Here I present my work in searching for the ...

Experimental Study Of Viscoelastic Fluid-Structure Interactions, 2020 University of Massachusetts Amherst

#### Experimental Study Of Viscoelastic Fluid-Structure Interactions, Anita Anup Dey

*Doctoral Dissertations*

It is well known that when a flexible or flexibly-mounted structure is placed perpendicular to a Newtonian fluid flow, it can oscillate due to the shedding of vortices at high Reynolds numbers. Unlike Newtonian fluids, viscoelastic fluid flow can become unstable even at infinitesimal Reynolds numbers due to a purely elastic flow instability occurring at large Weissenberg numbers. This thesis focuses on exploring the mechanisms of viscoelastic fluid-structure interactions (VFSI) through experimental investigations on several different combinations of flexible and flexibly-mounted circular cylinders, micro and macro-scale cantilevered beams and viscoelastic fluids such as wormlike micelle solutions and polymer solutions.

VFSI ...

A Transformative Approach To Incorporating Adaptive Courseware: Strategic Implementation, Backward Design And Research-Based Teaching Practices, 2020 Colorado State University

#### A Transformative Approach To Incorporating Adaptive Courseware: Strategic Implementation, Backward Design And Research-Based Teaching Practices, Tonya A. Buchan, Stanley Kruse, Jennifer Todd, Lee Tyson

*Current Issues in Emerging eLearning*

In July 2016, Colorado State University (CSU) joined seven other land-grant institutions in the Accelerating Adoption of Adaptive Courseware grant sponsored by the Personalized Learning Consortium (PLC) of the Association of Public and Land-grant Universities (APLU). A primary objective of the grant was to scale the adoption of adaptive courseware in general education courses at each of the grant institutions. CSU targeted high-enrollment, general education courses and took a three-pronged, transformative approach to the integration of adaptive courseware. Specifically, CSU divided the courseware integration into three components: 1) strategic implementation of courseware, 2) backward course design, and 3) incorporation of ...