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Dust Devils And Dustless Vortices On A Desert Playa Observed With Surface Pressure And Solar Flux Logging, Ralph D. Lorenz, Brian K. Jackson 2015 Boise State University

Dust Devils And Dustless Vortices On A Desert Playa Observed With Surface Pressure And Solar Flux Logging, Ralph D. Lorenz, Brian K. Jackson

Physics Faculty Publications and Presentations

Dust devils are convective vortices rendered visible by lofted dust, and may be a significant means of injecting dust into the atmosphere, on both Earth and Mars. The fraction of vortices that are dust-laden is not well-understood, however. Here we report a May/June 2013 survey on a Nevada desert playa using small stations that record pressure and solar flux with high time resolution (2 Hz): these data allow detection of vortices and an estimate of the dust opacity of the subset of vortices that geometrically occult the sun. The encounter rate of vortex pressure drops of 0.3 hPa ...


Notes And Errata, David D. Nolte 2015 SelectedWorks

Notes And Errata, David D. Nolte

David D Nolte

No abstract provided.


Ferroelectric Polarization Dependent Interface Effects, Xiaohui Liu 2014 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Ferroelectric Polarization Dependent Interface Effects, Xiaohui Liu

Theses, Dissertations, and Student Research: Department of Physics and Astronomy

Utilization of the switchable spontaneous polarization of nanometer scale ferroelectric materials offers a promising avenue for future nanoelectronic devices. In this dissertation, we use density-functional calculations and phenomenological modeling to explore the effects of interface termination on thin-film heterostructures, the effects of electron doping in bulk ferroelectric materials on ferroelectric stability, and the effects of ferroelectric polarization switching on the electronic and transport properties of interfaces.

For SrRuO3/BaTiO3/SrRuO3 epitaxial heterostructures grown on SrTiO3, we find that the built-in dipole at the BaO/RuO2 terminated interface leads to a strong preference for one polarization ...


Diffractive Optical Elements With A Large Angle Of Operation Recorded In Acrylamide Based Photopolymer On Flexible Substrates, Hoda Akbari, Izabela Naydenova, Lina Persechini, Sean M. Garner, Pat Cimo, Suzanne Martin 2014 Dublin Institute of Technology

Diffractive Optical Elements With A Large Angle Of Operation Recorded In Acrylamide Based Photopolymer On Flexible Substrates, Hoda Akbari, Izabela Naydenova, Lina Persechini, Sean M. Garner, Pat Cimo, Suzanne Martin

Articles

A holographic device characterised by a large angular range of operation is under development. The aim of this study is to increase the angular working range of the diffractive lens by stacking three layers of high efficiency optical elements on top of each other so that light is collected (and focussed) from a broader range of angles. The angular range of each individual lens element is important, and work has already been done in an acrylamide-based photosensitive polymer to broaden the angular range of individual elements using holographic recording at a low spatial frequency.This paper reports new results on ...


Surface Enhanced Raman Scattering With Gold Nanoparticles: Effect Of Particle Shape, Furong Tian, Franck Bonnier, Alan Casey, Anne E. Shanahan, Hugh J. Byrne 2014 Dublin Institute of Technology

Surface Enhanced Raman Scattering With Gold Nanoparticles: Effect Of Particle Shape, Furong Tian, Franck Bonnier, Alan Casey, Anne E. Shanahan, Hugh J. Byrne

Articles

The dependence of the Surface Enhanced Raman Scattering (SERS) by gold nanoparticles on their shape is examined using the organic dye, rhodamine 6G (R6G) as probe molecule. SERS has been explored extensively for applications in sensing and imaging, but the design and optimisation of efficient substrates is still challenging. In order to understand and optimise the SERS process in nanoparticles, gold nanospheres and their aggregates, nanotriangles, and nanostars of similar dimensions were synthesised and characterised according to their average size, zeta potential and UV/visible absorption. SERS from R6G was negligible for unaggregated nanospheres at 532 nm, close to the ...


Raman Microspectroscopy For The Early Detection Of Pre-Malignant Changes In Cervical Tissue, Nosheen Rashid, Haq Nawaz, Kelvin W. Poon, Franck Bonnier, Salih Bakhiet, Cara Martin, John O'Leary, Hugh J. Byrne, Fiona M. Lyng 2014 Dublin Institute of Technology

Raman Microspectroscopy For The Early Detection Of Pre-Malignant Changes In Cervical Tissue, Nosheen Rashid, Haq Nawaz, Kelvin W. Poon, Franck Bonnier, Salih Bakhiet, Cara Martin, John O'Leary, Hugh J. Byrne, Fiona M. Lyng

Articles

Cervical cancer is the third most common cancer affecting women worldwide. The mortality associated with cervical cancer can, however, be significantly reduced if the disease is detected at the pre-malignant stage. The aim of this study was to evaluate the potential of Raman microspectroscopy for elucidation of the biochemical changes associated with the pre-malignant stages of cervical cancer. Formalin fixed paraffin preserved tissue sections from cervical biopsies classified as negative for intraepithelial lesion and malignancy (NILM), low grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (LSIL) or high grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (HSIL) were analysed by Raman spectral mapping. Raman mapping, with K-Means Cluster ...


Ogden College News, Cheryl Stevens, Dean, Odgen College of Science & Engineering, Western Kentucky University 2014 Western Kentucky University

Ogden College News, Cheryl Stevens, Dean, Odgen College Of Science & Engineering, Western Kentucky University

Ogden College of Science & Engineering Publications

No abstract provided.


The Optical Luminosity Function Of Gamma-Ray Bursts Deduced From Rotse-Iii Observations, X. H. Cui, X. F. Wu, J. J. Wei, F. Yuan, W. K. Zheng, E. W. Liang, C. W. Akerlof, M. C. B. Ashley, H A. Flewelling, E. Göǧüş, T. Güver, Ü. Kızıloǧlu, T. A. McKay, S. B. Pandey, E. S. Rykoff, W. Rujopakarn, B. E. Schaefer, J. C. Wheeler, Sarah A. Yost 2014 College of Saint Benedict and Saint John’s University

The Optical Luminosity Function Of Gamma-Ray Bursts Deduced From Rotse-Iii Observations, X. H. Cui, X. F. Wu, J. J. Wei, F. Yuan, W. K. Zheng, E. W. Liang, C. W. Akerlof, M. C. B. Ashley, H A. Flewelling, E. Göǧüş, T. Güver, Ü. Kızıloǧlu, T. A. Mckay, S. B. Pandey, E. S. Rykoff, W. Rujopakarn, B. E. Schaefer, J. C. Wheeler, Sarah A. Yost

Physics Faculty Publications

We present the optical luminosity function (LF) of gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) estimated from a uniform sample of 58 GRBs from observations with the Robotic Optical Transient Search Experiment III (ROTSE-III). Our GRB sample is divided into two sub-samples: detected afterglows (18 GRBs) and those with upper limits (40 GRBs). We derive R-band fluxes for these two sub-samples 100 s after the onset of the burst. The optical LFs at 100 s are fitted by assuming that the co-moving GRB rate traces the star formation rate. While fitting the optical LFs using Monte Carlo simulations, we take into account the ...


Gauge Theories Of General Relativity, James Thomas Wheeler 2014 Utah State University

Gauge Theories Of General Relativity, James Thomas Wheeler

James Thomas Wheeler

General relativity can be seen as a gauge theory of the Lorentz, Poincaré, Weyl, de Sitter, or conformal groups. In most of these, there is little or no difference from the standard formulation in Riemannian geometry, but the higher symmetries — de Sitter and conformal — introduce new features and explain old ones. The potential presence of a cosmological constant, the spacetime metric, cosmological dust, symplectic structure, Kähler structure and even the existence of a timelike direction can all be seen to arise from the underlying group structure.


Nonlinear Optimal Filter Technique For Analyzing Energy Depositions In Tes Sensors Driven Into Saturation, Benjamin Shank, Jeffrey Yen, Blas Cabrera, John Mark Kreikebaum, Robert Moffatt, Peter Redl, Betty Young, Paul Brink, Matthew Cherry, Astrid Tomada 2014 Hope College

Nonlinear Optimal Filter Technique For Analyzing Energy Depositions In Tes Sensors Driven Into Saturation, Benjamin Shank, Jeffrey Yen, Blas Cabrera, John Mark Kreikebaum, Robert Moffatt, Peter Redl, Betty Young, Paul Brink, Matthew Cherry, Astrid Tomada

Faculty Publications

We present a detailed thermal and electrical model of superconducting transition edge sensors(TESs) connected to quasiparticle (qp) traps, such as the W TESs connected to Al qp traps used for CDMS (Cryogenic Dark Matter Search) Ge and Si detectors. We show that this improvedmodel, together with a straightforward time-domain optimal filter, can be used to analyze pulses well into the nonlinear saturation region and reconstruct absorbed energies with optimal energyresolution.


Dynamics Of Skirting Droplets, Caleb Akers, Jacob Hale 2014 DePauw University

Dynamics Of Skirting Droplets, Caleb Akers, Jacob Hale

Science Research Fellows Posters

No abstract provided.


Influence Of Microgel Packing On Raspberry-Like Heteroaggregate Assembly, Shalini Saxena, L. Andrew Lyon 2014 Chapman University

Influence Of Microgel Packing On Raspberry-Like Heteroaggregate Assembly, Shalini Saxena, L. Andrew Lyon

School of Earth and Environmental Science Faculty Articles and Research

We describe the influence of microgel packing on colloidal-phase mediated heteroaggregation using poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) and poly(N-isopropylmethacrylamide) microgels with 1% mol or 5% mol N,N’-methylenebis(acrylamide) cross-linker. This system is uniquely designed to interrogate the influence of microgel structure and stiffness on microgel deformation at a curved interface by elminating the necessity of electrostatic charge pairing. Microgel monomer and cross-linker content is expected to influence deformation at a curved interface. Microgel deformation and swelling were characterized via atomic force microscopy (AFM) and viscometry. A systematic study of colloidal-phase heteroaggregation was performed at varied effective volume fractions ...


Centered-Difference Applications For Schrödinger's Equation, Matthew Thomas Murachver 2014 California Polytechnic State University

Centered-Difference Applications For Schrödinger's Equation, Matthew Thomas Murachver

Physics

This project enumerates methods utilizing discretized centered-difference approximations on the second order differential equation for quantum particles known as Schrodinger’s Equation. An eigenvalue-eigenfunction scheme is developed to sieve for valid solutions to The Time Independent Schrodinger Equation. Additionally the Crank-Nicolson method is applied to the Time Dependent Schrodinger Equation to describe wavefunction (eigenfunction) time evolution. The validity of these methods is discussed with applications to several fundamental pedagogical introductory quantum mechanic systems.


Cross-Disciplinary Sciences At Gettysburg College: Second Annual Poster Presentation, X-SIG 2014 Gettysburg College

Cross-Disciplinary Sciences At Gettysburg College: Second Annual Poster Presentation, X-Sig

Student Publications

This booklet includes Biology student presentations by: Taylor Bury, Abigail Dworkin-Brodsky, Mary Pearce, Jasper Leavitt, Morgan Panzer, Ellen Petley, Kalli Qutub, Taylor Randell, Samantha Eck, Lana McDowell, Jenn Soroka, Celina Harris, Natalie Tanke, Alexandra Turano, and Caroline Garliss.

This booklet includes Biochemistry & Molecular Biology student presentations by: Matthew Dunworth, Andrew Sydenstricker, Brianne Tomko, Albert Vill, Warren Campbell, David Van Doren, Kevin Mrugalski, Stacey Heaver, Alecia Achimovich, and Katherine Boas.

This booklet includes Chemistry student presentations by: Kristen Baker, Laura Lee, Kathryn Fodale, Daniel Ruff, Michael Counihan, Ida DiMucci, Joshua Sgroi, Celina Harris, and Natalie Tanke.

This booklet include Health Science ...


Timed/Saber Satellite Investigations Of Mesospheric Gravity Wave Variances Over The Andes, Jonathan Pugmire, Michael J. Taylor, Yucheng Zhao, Dominique Pautet, James Russell 2014 Utah State University

Timed/Saber Satellite Investigations Of Mesospheric Gravity Wave Variances Over The Andes, Jonathan Pugmire, Michael J. Taylor, Yucheng Zhao, Dominique Pautet, James Russell

Graduate Student Presentations

Focusing on data from the SABER instrument aboard the TIMED satellite temperature variances are determined as a function of altitude to quantify small scale gravity waves. This was done using IDL software to extract all the temperature profile measurements that were measured by SABER within a limited geographical area, centered on our ground-based optical imager at Cerro Pachon, Chile (30.3°S, 70.7°S). Then large-scale tidal waves, with wavenumbers 0-6, were removed from each profile revealing the gravity wave perturbations. The temperature variance were computed and recorded at several altitudes. Temperature variances reveal possible increased activity due to ...


Measurement Of Quasiparticle Transport In Aluminum Films Using Tungsten Transition-Edge Sensors, Jeffrey Yen, Benjamin Shank, Betty Young, Blas Cabrera, Paul Brink, Matthew Cherry, John Mark Kreikebaum, Robert Moffatt, Peter Redl, Astrid Tomada, Ted Tortorici 2014 Hope College

Measurement Of Quasiparticle Transport In Aluminum Films Using Tungsten Transition-Edge Sensors, Jeffrey Yen, Benjamin Shank, Betty Young, Blas Cabrera, Paul Brink, Matthew Cherry, John Mark Kreikebaum, Robert Moffatt, Peter Redl, Astrid Tomada, Ted Tortorici

Faculty Publications

We report on experimental studies of phonon sensors which utilize quasiparticle diusion in thin aluminum films connected to tungsten transition-edge-sensors (TESs) operated at 35 mK. We show that basic TES physics and a simple physical model of the overlap region between the W and Al lms in our devices enables us to accurately reproduce the experimentally observed pulse shapes from x-rays absorbed in the Al films. We further estimate quasiparticle loss in Al lms using a simple diusion equation approach. These studies allow the design of phonon sensors with improved performance.


Pre-Breakdown Arcing And Electrostatic Discharge In Dielectrics Under High Dc Electric Field Stress, Allen Andersen, JR Dennison 2014 Utah State University

Pre-Breakdown Arcing And Electrostatic Discharge In Dielectrics Under High Dc Electric Field Stress, Allen Andersen, Jr Dennison

Presentations

No abstract provided.


Charge Transport And Electron Emission Of Disordered Materials: Extensions Of The Walden-Wintle Model For Charge Injection With Electron Beams, JR Dennison, Alec Sim, Gregory Wilson, Jodie C. Gillespie 2014 Utah State University

Charge Transport And Electron Emission Of Disordered Materials: Extensions Of The Walden-Wintle Model For Charge Injection With Electron Beams, Jr Dennison, Alec Sim, Gregory Wilson, Jodie C. Gillespie

Presentations

No abstract provided.


Mcdaniel, Paul William, 1916-2004 (Mss 515), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives 2014 Western Kentucky University

Mcdaniel, Paul William, 1916-2004 (Mss 515), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

MSS Finding Aids

Finding aid only for Manuscripts Collection 515. Writings and awards of Paul William McDaniel, nuclear physicist and graduate of Western Kentucky University. Includes typescripts of lectures delivered at Queensland University, a journal he kept while serving in World War II, and a copy of his Arthur F. Fleming Award. Also includes many letters of congratulations to him and a copy of the Atomic Energy Act of 1946.


New Measurements Of Mcmurdo Gravity Wave Parameters, Jonathan R. Pugmire, Michael J. Taylor, P Dominique Pautet 2014 Utah State University

New Measurements Of Mcmurdo Gravity Wave Parameters, Jonathan R. Pugmire, Michael J. Taylor, P Dominique Pautet

Jonathan R Pugmire

The ANtarctic Gravity Wave Instrument Network (ANGWIN) is an NSF sponsored international program designed to develop and utilize a network of gravity wave observatories using existing and new instrumentation operated at several established research stations around the continent. The primary goal is to better understand and quantify large-scale gravity wave climatology and their effects on the upper atmosphere over Antarctica. ANGWIN currently comprises research measurements from five nations (U.S., U.K., Australia, Japan, and Brazil) at seven international stations. Utah State University’s Atmospheric Imaging Lab operates all-sky infrared and CCD imagers and an Advanced Mesospheric Temperature Mapper (AMTM ...


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