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Notes And Errata, David D. Nolte 2015 SelectedWorks

Notes And Errata, David D. Nolte

David D Nolte

No abstract provided.


Gauge Theories Of General Relativity, James Thomas Wheeler 2014 Utah State University

Gauge Theories Of General Relativity, James Thomas Wheeler

James Thomas Wheeler

General relativity can be seen as a gauge theory of the Lorentz, Poincaré, Weyl, de Sitter, or conformal groups. In most of these, there is little or no difference from the standard formulation in Riemannian geometry, but the higher symmetries — de Sitter and conformal — introduce new features and explain old ones. The potential presence of a cosmological constant, the spacetime metric, cosmological dust, symplectic structure, Kähler structure and even the existence of a timelike direction can all be seen to arise from the underlying group structure.


Nonlinear Optimal Filter Technique For Analyzing Energy Depositions In Tes Sensors Driven Into Saturation, Benjamin Shank, Jeffrey Yen, Blas Cabrera, John Mark Kreikebaum, Robert Moffatt, Peter Redl, Betty Young, Paul Brink, Matthew Cherry, Astrid Tomada 2014 Hope College

Nonlinear Optimal Filter Technique For Analyzing Energy Depositions In Tes Sensors Driven Into Saturation, Benjamin Shank, Jeffrey Yen, Blas Cabrera, John Mark Kreikebaum, Robert Moffatt, Peter Redl, Betty Young, Paul Brink, Matthew Cherry, Astrid Tomada

Faculty Publications

We present a detailed thermal and electrical model of superconducting transition edge sensors(TESs) connected to quasiparticle (qp) traps, such as the W TESs connected to Al qp traps used for CDMS (Cryogenic Dark Matter Search) Ge and Si detectors. We show that this improvedmodel, together with a straightforward time-domain optimal filter, can be used to analyze pulses well into the nonlinear saturation region and reconstruct absorbed energies with optimal energyresolution.


Dynamics Of Skirting Droplets, Caleb Akers, Jacob Hale 2014 DePauw University

Dynamics Of Skirting Droplets, Caleb Akers, Jacob Hale

Science Research Fellows Posters

No abstract provided.


Cross-Disciplinary Sciences At Gettysburg College: Second Annual Poster Presentation, X-SIG 2014 Gettysburg College

Cross-Disciplinary Sciences At Gettysburg College: Second Annual Poster Presentation, X-Sig

Student Publications

This booklet includes Biology student presentations by: Taylor Bury, Abigail Dworkin-Brodsky, Mary Pearce, Jasper Leavitt, Morgan Panzer, Ellen Petley, Kalli Qutub, Taylor Randell, Samantha Eck, Lana McDowell, Jenn Soroka, Celina Harris, Natalie Tanke, Alexandra Turano, and Caroline Garliss.

This booklet includes Biochemistry & Molecular Biology student presentations by: Matthew Dunworth, Andrew Sydenstricker, Brianne Tomko, Albert Vill, Warren Campbell, David Van Doren, Kevin Mrugalski, Stacey Heaver, Alecia Achimovich, and Katherine Boas.

This booklet includes Chemistry student presentations by: Kristen Baker, Laura Lee, Kathryn Fodale, Daniel Ruff, Michael Counihan, Ida DiMucci, Joshua Sgroi, Celina Harris, and Natalie Tanke.

This booklet include Health Science ...


Timed/Saber Satellite Investigations Of Mesospheric Gravity Wave Variances Over The Andes, Jonathan Pugmire, Michael J. Taylor, Yucheng Zhao, Dominique Pautet, James Russell 2014 Utah State University

Timed/Saber Satellite Investigations Of Mesospheric Gravity Wave Variances Over The Andes, Jonathan Pugmire, Michael J. Taylor, Yucheng Zhao, Dominique Pautet, James Russell

Graduate Student Presentations

Focusing on data from the SABER instrument aboard the TIMED satellite temperature variances are determined as a function of altitude to quantify small scale gravity waves. This was done using IDL software to extract all the temperature profile measurements that were measured by SABER within a limited geographical area, centered on our ground-based optical imager at Cerro Pachon, Chile (30.3°S, 70.7°S). Then large-scale tidal waves, with wavenumbers 0-6, were removed from each profile revealing the gravity wave perturbations. The temperature variance were computed and recorded at several altitudes. Temperature variances reveal possible increased activity due to ...


Pre-Breakdown Arcing And Electrostatic Discharge In Dielectrics Under High Dc Electric Field Stress, Allen Andersen, JR Dennison 2014 Utah State University

Pre-Breakdown Arcing And Electrostatic Discharge In Dielectrics Under High Dc Electric Field Stress, Allen Andersen, Jr Dennison

Presentations

No abstract provided.


Charge Transport And Electron Emission Of Disordered Materials: Extensions Of The Walden-Wintle Model For Charge Injection With Electron Beams, JR Dennison, Alec Sim, Gregory Wilson, Jodie C. Gillespie 2014 Utah State University

Charge Transport And Electron Emission Of Disordered Materials: Extensions Of The Walden-Wintle Model For Charge Injection With Electron Beams, Jr Dennison, Alec Sim, Gregory Wilson, Jodie C. Gillespie

Presentations

No abstract provided.


New Measurements Of Mcmurdo Gravity Wave Parameters, Jonathan R. Pugmire, Michael J. Taylor, P Dominique Pautet 2014 Utah State University

New Measurements Of Mcmurdo Gravity Wave Parameters, Jonathan R. Pugmire, Michael J. Taylor, P Dominique Pautet

Jonathan R Pugmire

The ANtarctic Gravity Wave Instrument Network (ANGWIN) is an NSF sponsored international program designed to develop and utilize a network of gravity wave observatories using existing and new instrumentation operated at several established research stations around the continent. The primary goal is to better understand and quantify large-scale gravity wave climatology and their effects on the upper atmosphere over Antarctica. ANGWIN currently comprises research measurements from five nations (U.S., U.K., Australia, Japan, and Brazil) at seven international stations. Utah State University’s Atmospheric Imaging Lab operates all-sky infrared and CCD imagers and an Advanced Mesospheric Temperature Mapper (AMTM ...


New Measurements Of Mcmurdo Gravity Wave Parameters, Jonathan Pugmire, Michael J. Taylor 2014 Utah State University

New Measurements Of Mcmurdo Gravity Wave Parameters, Jonathan Pugmire, Michael J. Taylor

Graduate Student Presentations

The ANtarctic Gravity Wave Instrument Network (ANGWIN) is an NSF sponsored international program designed to develop and utilize a network of gravity wave observatories using existing and new instrumentation operated at several established research stations around the continent. The primary goal is to better understand and quantify large-scale gravity wave climatology and their effects on the upper atmosphere over Antarctica. ANGWIN currently comprises research measurements from five nations (U.S., U.K., Australia, Japan, and Brazil) at seven international stations. Utah State University’s Atmospheric Imaging Lab operates all-sky infrared and CCD imagers and an Advanced Mesospheric Temperature Mapper (AMTM ...


Open-Access Crystallography Database Administration: Preparation And Upload Of 400 Structures, Justin Shuck 2014 Portland State University

Open-Access Crystallography Database Administration: Preparation And Upload Of 400 Structures, Justin Shuck

PSU McNair Scholars Online Journal

Since 2004, Portland State's Nano-Crystallography Group has provided crystallographic resources including five interactive open-access databases (educational subset of the Crystallographic Open Database (COD), Crystal Morphology Database, Nano-Crystallography Database and Wiki Crystallography Database) as well as a mirror to the whole COD, which is the world's largest openaccess crystallography database (with currently over 235 thousand data entries of inorganic, organic, and metal-organic compounds as well as minerals). Before information can be stored inside of databases they must be put in Crystallographic Information Framework files (CIFs), the framework established by the International Union of Crystallography, and the worldwide standard for ...


Recentering The Humanities, Mellon Grant For “Through The Looking Glass: The Science Of Art...Or The Art Of Science", Crystal Boyce, Karen Schmidt, Gabe Spalding 2014 Illinois Wesleyan University

Recentering The Humanities, Mellon Grant For “Through The Looking Glass: The Science Of Art...Or The Art Of Science", Crystal Boyce, Karen Schmidt, Gabe Spalding

Crystal Boyce

This program proposes to bring together the disciplines of art, theatre, physics, and chemistry as represented through the works of Argonne scientists and how their discoveries have advanced the humanities.


Ogden College News, Cheryl Stevens, Dean 2014 Western Kentucky University

Ogden College News, Cheryl Stevens, Dean

Ogden College of Science & Engineering Publications

No abstract provided.


Kinetic Competition During The Transcription Cycle Results In Stochastic Rna Processing, Antoine Coulon, Matthew L. Ferguson, Valeria de Turris, Murali Palangat, Carson C. Chow, Daniel R. Larson 2014 Boise State University

Kinetic Competition During The Transcription Cycle Results In Stochastic Rna Processing, Antoine Coulon, Matthew L. Ferguson, Valeria De Turris, Murali Palangat, Carson C. Chow, Daniel R. Larson

Physics Faculty Publications and Presentations

Synthesis of mRNA in eukaryotes involves the coordinated action of many enzymatic processes, including initiation, elongation, splicing, and cleavage. Kinetic competition between these processes has been proposed to determine RNA fate, yet such coupling has never been observed in vivo on single transcripts. In this study, we use dual-color single-molecule RNA imaging in living human cells to construct a complete kinetic profile of transcription and splicing of the β-globin gene. We find that kinetic competition results in multiple competing pathways for pre-mRNA splicing. Splicing of the terminal intron occurs stochastically both before and after transcript release, indicating there is not ...


The Scientific Theories Of Michael Faraday And James Clerk Maxwell, Shannon P. Israelsen 2014 Purdue University

The Scientific Theories Of Michael Faraday And James Clerk Maxwell, Shannon P. Israelsen

The Purdue Historian

This paper explores the role of mathematical formalism in physics theories through an analysis of the work of physicists Michael Faraday and James Clerk Maxwell in the field of electromagnetism. After a brief description of the educational backgrounds of each scientist, their views on the nature of physics theory and its relationship to mathematics are contrasted. Faraday sought a mathematics-free theory to describe the results of his experiments, producing a family of concepts that became the roots of electromagnetic field theory. Maxwell built upon these concepts, giving them robust mathematical expression and incorporating them into one unified theoretical picture. An ...


Doube-Pulse Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy Of Multi-Element Sample Containing Low- And High-Z Analytes, Patrick J. Skrodzki, Jason R. Becker, Prasoon K. Diwakar Ph. D., Sivanandan S. Harilal Ph. D., Ahmed Hassanein Ph. D. 2014 Purdue University

Doube-Pulse Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy Of Multi-Element Sample Containing Low- And High-Z Analytes, Patrick J. Skrodzki, Jason R. Becker, Prasoon K. Diwakar Ph. D., Sivanandan S. Harilal Ph. D., Ahmed Hassanein Ph. D.

The Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) Symposium

Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) is a portable, remote, non-invasive analytical technique which effectively distinguishes neutral and ionic species for a range of low- to high-Z elements in a multi-element target. Subsequently, LIBS holds potential in special nuclear material (SNM) sensing and nuclear forensics requiring minimal sample preparation and detecting isotopic shifts which allows for differentiation in SNM (namely U) enrichment levels. Feasible applications include not only nonproliferation and homeland security but also nuclear fuel prospecting and industrial safeguard endorsement. Elements of higher mass with complex atomic structures, such as U, however, result in crowded emission spectra with LIBS, and characteristic ...


Double-Pulse Nd:Yag-Co2 Libs Excitation For Bulk And Trace Analytes, Jason R. Becker, Patrick Skrodzki, Prasoon Diwakar, Sivanandan Harilal, Ahmed Hassanein 2014 Purdue University

Double-Pulse Nd:Yag-Co2 Libs Excitation For Bulk And Trace Analytes, Jason R. Becker, Patrick Skrodzki, Prasoon Diwakar, Sivanandan Harilal, Ahmed Hassanein

The Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) Symposium

Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy [LIBS] is a commonly used technique for multi-element analyses for various applications such as space exploration, nuclear forensics, environmental analysis, process monitoring. The advantages of the LIBS technique include robustness, ease of use, field portability, and real-time, non-invasive multi-element analyses. However, in comparison to other lab based analytical techniques, it suffers from low precision and low sensitivity. In order to overcome these drawbacks, various approaches have been used, including double-pulse LIBS [DPLIBS]. Typically, various wavelength combinations of two Nd: yttrium aluminum garnet [YAG] lasers have been used for DPLIBS. However, the use of long wavelength (CO2 ...


Building Predictive Chemistry Models, Christopher Browne, Nicolas Onofrio, Alejandro Strachan 2014 Purdue University

Building Predictive Chemistry Models, Christopher Browne, Nicolas Onofrio, Alejandro Strachan

The Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) Symposium

Density Functional Theory (DFT) simulations allow for sophisticated modeling of chemical interactions, but the extreme computational cost makes it inviable for large scale applications. Molecular dynamics models, specifically ReaxFF, can model much larger simulations with greater speed, but with lesser accuracy. The accuracy of ReaxFF can be improved by comparing predictions of both methods and tuning ReaxFF’s parameters. Molecular capabilities of ReaxFF were gauged by simulating copper complexes in water over a 200 ps range, and comparing energy predictions against ReaxFF. To gauge solid state capabilities, volumetric strain was applied to simulated copper bulk and the strain response functions ...


Quantitative Mid-Infrared Spectra Of Allene And Propyne From Room To High Temperatures, Et. Es-sebbar, A. Jolly, Y. Benilan, A. Farooq 2014 SelectedWorks

Quantitative Mid-Infrared Spectra Of Allene And Propyne From Room To High Temperatures, Et. Es-Sebbar, A. Jolly, Y. Benilan, A. Farooq

Dr. Et-touhami Es-sebbar

Allene (a-C3H4; CH2CCH2) and propyne (p-C3H4; CH3C2H) have attracted much interest because of their relevance to the photochemistry in astrophysical environments as well as in combustion processes. Both allene and propyne have strong absorption in the infrared region. In the present work, infrared spectra of a-C3H4 and p-C3H4 are measured in the gas phase at temperatures ranging from 296 to 510 K. The spectra are measured over the 580–3400 cm−1 spectral region at resolutions of 0.08 and 0.25 cm−1 using Fourier Transform Infrared spectroscopy. Absolute integrated intensities of the main infrared bands are determined at ...


Characterizing New Calibration Sources In Liquid Xenon Dark Matter Searches, Evan P. Bray, Rafael Lang, Sean MacMullin 2014 Purdue University

Characterizing New Calibration Sources In Liquid Xenon Dark Matter Searches, Evan P. Bray, Rafael Lang, Sean Macmullin

The Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) Symposium

In order to use the XENON1T liquid xenon detector as a means for detecting dark matter, the response to nuclear and electronic recoils must be well calibrated. Electronic-recoil calibration of XENON1T will be done by using the noble gas radon-220 that emanates from a custom thorium-228 source to observe the electron recoils that its daughter elements induce in liquid xenon. A silicon PIN diode was constructed to ensure that the Th228 source does not contaminate the system with the long-lived isotopes Th228 (T1/2 of 1.9 y) or Radium-224 (T1/2 of 3.6 d). The PIN diode was ...


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