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Juxtaposition At 45 Km Of Temperatures From Rayleigh-Scatter Lidar And Reanalysis Models, David K. Moser 2019 Utah State University

Juxtaposition At 45 Km Of Temperatures From Rayleigh-Scatter Lidar And Reanalysis Models, David K. Moser

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Weather and climate forecasts are almost exclusively produced by computer models, which use atmospheric measurements as starting points. It is a well-known and joked-about fact that model predictions can be incorrect at times. One of the reasons this happens is due to gaps in our knowledge of atmospheric conditions in areas where measurements don’t often taken place, such as the mesosphere, which stretches from roughly 45-90 km altitude.

A lidar is a device that can shoot out short bursts of laser light to measure things such as atmospheric thickness at a distance. From this information one can then derive ...


Implementing A Self-Corrected Chemical Potential Scheme In Determinant Quantum Monte Carlo Simulations, Kevin Gordon Kleiner 2019 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Implementing A Self-Corrected Chemical Potential Scheme In Determinant Quantum Monte Carlo Simulations, Kevin Gordon Kleiner

University of Tennessee Honors Thesis Projects

No abstract provided.


2019 Petersheim Academic Exposition Schedule Of Events, Seton Hall University 2019 Seton Hall University

2019 Petersheim Academic Exposition Schedule Of Events, Seton Hall University

Petersheim Academic Exposition

2019 Petersheim Academic Exposition


Specification-Based Grading Resources For Openstax College Physics (Ggc), Edward Forringer 2019 Georgia Gwinnett College

Specification-Based Grading Resources For Openstax College Physics (Ggc), Edward Forringer

Physics and Astronomy Ancillary Materials

This collection of ancillary materials for Introductory Biology was created under a Round Eleven Mini-Grant for Ancillary Materials Creation and Revision. Included are the following resources to assist a faculty member in implementing specification grading in an introductory physics course using OpenStax College Physics:

  • Specification Grading Guide
  • Specification Documents
  • Quizzes
  • Practice Final Exam

Author's Description:

"Rather than grading each assignment with partial credit and then taking a weighted average of your assignments to find a grade, this course uses a set of course expectations called “specifications” (spec for short). Each spec has an associated quiz. Some specifications are designated ...


The Motion Of Two Identical Masses Connected By An Ideal String Symmetrically Placed Over A Corner, Asim Gangopadhyaya, Constantin Rasinariu 2019 Loyola University Chicago

The Motion Of Two Identical Masses Connected By An Ideal String Symmetrically Placed Over A Corner, Asim Gangopadhyaya, Constantin Rasinariu

Constantin Rasinariu

We introduce a novel, two-mass system that slides up an inclined plane while its center of mass moves down. The system consists of two identical masses connected by an ideal string symmetrically placed over a corner-shaped support. This system is similar to a double-cone that rolls up an inclined set of V-shaped rails. We find the double-cone's motion easy to demonstrate but difficult to analyze. Our example here is more straightforward to follow, and the experimental observations are in good agreement with the theoretical predictions.


Building Confidence In The Dirac Δ-Function, Asim Gangopadhyaya, Constantin Rasinariu 2019 Loyola University Chicago

Building Confidence In The Dirac Δ-Function, Asim Gangopadhyaya, Constantin Rasinariu

Constantin Rasinariu

In this note we present an example from undergraduate quantum mechanics designed to highlight the versatility of the Dirac δ-function. Namely, we compute the expectation value of the Hamiltonian of a free particle in a state described by a triangular wave function ψ(x). Since the first derivative of ψ(x) is piecewise constant, and because this Hamiltonian is proportional to the second order spatial derivative, students often end up finding the expectation value to be zero—an unphysical answer. This problem provides a pedagogical application of the Dirac δ-function. By arriving at the same result via alternate pathways, this ...


Three-Dimensional Conditional Hyperbolic Quadrature Method Of Moments, Ravi G. Patel, Olivier Desjardins, Rodney O. Fox 2019 Cornell University

Three-Dimensional Conditional Hyperbolic Quadrature Method Of Moments, Ravi G. Patel, Olivier Desjardins, Rodney O. Fox

Rodney O. Fox

The conditional hyperbolic quadrature method of moments (CHyQMOM) was introduced by Fox et al. [19] to reconstruct 1- and 2-D velocity distribution functions (VDF) from a finite set of integer moments. The reconstructed VDF takes the form of a sum of weighted Dirac delta functions in velocity phase space, and provides a hyperbolic closure for the spatial flux term in the corresponding moment equations derived from a kinetic equation for the 3-D VDF. Here, CHyQMOM is extended for 3-D velocity phase space using the modified conditional quadrature method of moments with 16 (or 23) trivariate velocity moments up to fourth ...


Optimization Of Quantum Optical Metrology Systems, Nicholas Michael Studer 2019 Louisiana State University

Optimization Of Quantum Optical Metrology Systems, Nicholas Michael Studer

LSU Doctoral Dissertations

It can be said that all of humanity's efforts can be understood as a problem of optimization. We each have a natural sense of what is ``good'' or ``bad'' and thus our actions tend towards maximizing -- or optimizing -- some notion of good and minimizing those things we perceive as bad or undesirable.

Within the sciences, the greatest form of good is knowledge. It is this pursuit of knowledge that leads to not only life-saving innovations and technology, but also to furthering our understanding of our natural world and driving our philosophical pursuits.

The principle method of obtaining knowledge in ...


Precision Of Parameter Estimation In Quantum Metrology, Chenglong You 2019 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College

Precision Of Parameter Estimation In Quantum Metrology, Chenglong You

LSU Doctoral Dissertations

The fundamental precision limit of an interferometer is crucial since it bounds the best possible sensitivity one could achieve using such a device. This thesis will focus on several different interferometers and try to give the ultimate precision bounds by carefully counting all the resources used in the interferometers.

The thesis begins with the basics of the quantum state of light. The fundamentals of quantum metrology are also reviewed and discussed. More specifically, the terminology of classical and quantum Cram\'er-Rao bound and classical and quantum Fisher information are introduced.

Chapter 3 discusses the conclusive precision bounds in two-mode interferometer ...


Energetics Of Cu Adsorption And Intercalation At Graphite Step Edges, Yong Han, Ann Lii-Rosales, Michael C. Tringides, James W. Evans, Patricia A. Thiel 2019 Iowa State University and Ames Laboratory

Energetics Of Cu Adsorption And Intercalation At Graphite Step Edges, Yong Han, Ann Lii-Rosales, Michael C. Tringides, James W. Evans, Patricia A. Thiel

Chemistry Publications

To assess the energetics of Cu intercalation on defective graphite, the chemical potentials and binding energies for Cu at graphite step edges are calculated for three main configurations: an isolated atom, a chain, and an atom attached to a chain. As expected, for Cu interacting directly with a graphite step edge, the strength of interaction depends on the stability of the step, with Cu binding more strongly at a less-stable step. However, the relationship is reversed when considering binding of a Cu atom attached to a chain. Taken together, these trends mean that if the graphite step is less stable ...


Energetics Of Cu Adsorption And Intercalation At Graphite Step Edges, Yong Han, Ann Lii-Rosales, Michael C. Tringides, James W. Evans, Patricia A. Thiel 2019 Iowa State University and Ames Laboratory

Energetics Of Cu Adsorption And Intercalation At Graphite Step Edges, Yong Han, Ann Lii-Rosales, Michael C. Tringides, James W. Evans, Patricia A. Thiel

James W. Evans

To assess the energetics of Cu intercalation on defective graphite, the chemical potentials and binding energies for Cu at graphite step edges are calculated for three main configurations: an isolated atom, a chain, and an atom attached to a chain. As expected, for Cu interacting directly with a graphite step edge, the strength of interaction depends on the stability of the step, with Cu binding more strongly at a less-stable step. However, the relationship is reversed when considering binding of a Cu atom attached to a chain. Taken together, these trends mean that if the graphite step is less stable ...


Squeezed Nanocrystals: Equilibrium Configuration Of Metal Clusters Embedded Beneath The Surface Of A Layered Material, Scott E. Julien, Ann Lii-Rosales, Kai-tak Wan, Yong Han, Michael C. Tringides, James W. Evans, Patricia A. Thiel 2019 Northeastern University

Squeezed Nanocrystals: Equilibrium Configuration Of Metal Clusters Embedded Beneath The Surface Of A Layered Material, Scott E. Julien, Ann Lii-Rosales, Kai-Tak Wan, Yong Han, Michael C. Tringides, James W. Evans, Patricia A. Thiel

Patricia A. Thiel

Shapes of functional metallic nanocrystals, typically synthesized either free in solution or supported on surfaces, are key for controlling properties. Here, we consider a novel new class of metallic nanocrystals, copper islands embedded near the surface of graphite, which can be considered a model system for metals embedded beneath surfaces of layered materials, or beneath supported membranes. We develop a continuum elasticity (CE) model for the equilibrium shape of these islands, and compare its predictions with experimental data. The CE model incorporates appropriate surface energy, adhesion energies, and strain energy. The agreement between the CE model and the data is ...


Energetics Of Cu Adsorption And Intercalation At Graphite Step Edges, Yong Han, Ann Lii-Rosales, Michael C. Tringides, James W. Evans, Patricia A. Thiel 2019 Iowa State University and Ames Laboratory

Energetics Of Cu Adsorption And Intercalation At Graphite Step Edges, Yong Han, Ann Lii-Rosales, Michael C. Tringides, James W. Evans, Patricia A. Thiel

Patricia A. Thiel

To assess the energetics of Cu intercalation on defective graphite, the chemical potentials and binding energies for Cu at graphite step edges are calculated for three main configurations: an isolated atom, a chain, and an atom attached to a chain. As expected, for Cu interacting directly with a graphite step edge, the strength of interaction depends on the stability of the step, with Cu binding more strongly at a less-stable step. However, the relationship is reversed when considering binding of a Cu atom attached to a chain. Taken together, these trends mean that if the graphite step is less stable ...


Determination Of Conversion Factors For Various Calibration Geometries Using Barium-133 As A Surrogate For Gaseous Iodine-131 In A Silver Zeolite Cartridge, Amin Hamideh 2019 Louisiana State University

Determination Of Conversion Factors For Various Calibration Geometries Using Barium-133 As A Surrogate For Gaseous Iodine-131 In A Silver Zeolite Cartridge, Amin Hamideh

LSU Master's Theses

Iodine-131 (I-131) is a major fission product among other radionuclides released during a nuclear incident. This radioiodine has a half-life of 8.02 days and the primary organ of uptake through ingestion or inhalation is the thyroid gland. For these reasons, nuclear power plants must routinely monitor I-131 through air sampling. Currently, there are two adsorbing media to collect I-131: activated charcoal and silver zeolite cartridges. Silver zeolite cartridges are generally used during a post nuclear incident due to its affinity for iodine while not adsorbing noble gases such as krypton-85 and xenon-135. After an air sample is taken from ...


Analytical Wave Solutions Of The Space Time Fractional Modified Regularized Long Wave Equation Involving The Conformable Fractional Derivative, M. Hafiz Uddin, Md. Ashrafuzzaman Khan, M. Ali Akbar, Md. Abdul Haque 2019 Jessore University of Science and Technology

Analytical Wave Solutions Of The Space Time Fractional Modified Regularized Long Wave Equation Involving The Conformable Fractional Derivative, M. Hafiz Uddin, Md. Ashrafuzzaman Khan, M. Ali Akbar, Md. Abdul Haque

Karbala International Journal of Modern Science

The space time fractional modified regularized long wave equation is a model equation to the gravitational water waves in the long-wave occupancy, shallow waters waves in coastal seas, the hydro-magnetic waves in cold plasma, the phonetic waves in dissident quartz and phonetic gravitational waves in contractible liquids. In nonlinear science and engineering, the mentioned equation is applied to analyze the one way tract of long waves in seas and harbors. In this study, the closed form traveling wave solutions to the above equation are evaluated due to conformable fractional derivatives through double (G'⁄G,1⁄G)-expansion method and the ...


Synthesis And Characterization Of Zro2: Mgo Thin Films By Plasma Of R.F. Magnetron Sputtering, Zainb Mohammed, Souad Khalil, Mahdi Mutter 2019 Ministary of Sience and Technology

Synthesis And Characterization Of Zro2: Mgo Thin Films By Plasma Of R.F. Magnetron Sputtering, Zainb Mohammed, Souad Khalil, Mahdi Mutter

Karbala International Journal of Modern Science

The aim of this work is to prepare thin composite films from zirconia (ZrO2) and magnesia (MgO) on to glass basis by plasma of R.F. magnetron sputtering as well as recognize their structural and optical properties. It also aims to study the effect of thermal processing at 450 °C in two hours duration. The structural properties are measured by X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and atomic force microscopy (AFM). The chemical analysis for the ready films had been studied using energy dispersive x-ray (EDX). The optical properties had been studied by using UV-Visible spectroscopy. Results show that ...


Analysis Of Dynamic Behaviour Of A Tensioned Carbon Nanotube In Thermal And Pressurized Environments, Ahmed Yinusa, Gbeminiyi Sobamowo 2019 University of Lagos

Analysis Of Dynamic Behaviour Of A Tensioned Carbon Nanotube In Thermal And Pressurized Environments, Ahmed Yinusa, Gbeminiyi Sobamowo

Karbala International Journal of Modern Science

In this paper, the dynamic behaviour of a tensioned single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNT) in thermal and pressurized environments is investigated analytically. With the applications of Bernoulli-Euler and thermal elasticity mechanics theories, the governing equation of motion are developed and solved using Laplace and Fourier transforms. The results of the close form solution in this work are in excellent agreements with past results in literature. From the parametric studies, it is established that as the magnitude of the pressure distribution at the surface increases, the deflection associated with the nanotube increases at any mode of vibration. However, a corresponding increase in ...


Editorial Board, 2019 Karbala International Journal of Modern Science

Editorial Board

Karbala International Journal of Modern Science

No abstract provided.


Measurement Of Solar Spectral Irradiance And Surface Ozone At Carrollton, Georgia, Usa, During The Great American Eclipse On 21 August 2017, Kirthi Tennakone, L Ajith DeSilva, Charles A. Zander*, Shea Rose, Austin B. Kerlin 2019 Georgia State University

Measurement Of Solar Spectral Irradiance And Surface Ozone At Carrollton, Georgia, Usa, During The Great American Eclipse On 21 August 2017, Kirthi Tennakone, L Ajith Desilva, Charles A. Zander*, Shea Rose, Austin B. Kerlin

Georgia Journal of Science

Measurements conducted at the University of West Georgia, Carrollton, Georgia, during the time of the solar eclipse of 21st August 2017 demonstrated that the integrated spectral irradiance in defined wavelength ranges in the ultraviolet and visible calculated as a fraction of the total irradiance reached a minimum at maximum obscuration of the Sun, whereas in an infrared range it was maximum. The method of analysis adopted supports the view that the changes in spectral irradiance during highly obscured partial phases is a consequence of limb darkening. In a surface ozone measurement, a minimum in ozone concentration occurred 30 +_ ...


Generation Of Broadband Thz Pulses By Laser Wakefield At Radial Boundary Of Plasma Column, Serge Y. Kalmykov, Alexander Englesbe, Jennifer Elle, Andreas Schmitt-Sody 2019 Air Force Research Laboratory

Generation Of Broadband Thz Pulses By Laser Wakefield At Radial Boundary Of Plasma Column, Serge Y. Kalmykov, Alexander Englesbe, Jennifer Elle, Andreas Schmitt-Sody

Serge Youri Kalmykov

Photoionization of an ambient gas by a tightly focused, femtosecond, weakly relativistic laser pulse leaves behind
the pulse a column of electron density (a “filament”). At the column surface, the density drops to zero within a thin (micronscale) boundary layer. Ponderomotive force of the pulse drives within the filament a cylindrical wave of charge separation (laser wake). If the pulse waist size is much smaller than the Langmuir wavelength, electron current in the wake is mostly transverse. In the filament surface area, this current rapidly decays (electrons, crossing the sharp density gradient, phase out of wake within a few Langmuir ...


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