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On The Relationship Between Dust Devil Radii And Heights, Brian Jackson 2020 Boise State University

On The Relationship Between Dust Devil Radii And Heights, Brian Jackson

Physics Faculty Publications and Presentations

The influence of dust devils on the martian atmosphere depends on their capacity to loft dust, which depends on their wind profiles and footprint on the martian surface, i.e., on their radii, 𝑅. Previous work suggests the wind profile depends on a devil’s thermodynamic efficiency, which scales with its height, ℎ. However, the precise mechanisms that set a dust devil’s radius have remained unclear. Combining previous work with simple assumptions about angular momentum conservation in dust devils predicts that 𝑅 ∝ ℎ1∕2, and a model fit to observed radii and heights from a survey of martian ...


A Computationally-Efficient Bound For The Variance Of Measuring The Orientation Of Single Molecules, Tingting Wu, Tianben Ding, Hesam Mazidi, Oumeng Zhang, Matthew D. Lew 2020 Washington University in St. Louis

A Computationally-Efficient Bound For The Variance Of Measuring The Orientation Of Single Molecules, Tingting Wu, Tianben Ding, Hesam Mazidi, Oumeng Zhang, Matthew D. Lew

Electrical & Systems Engineering Publications and Presentations

Modulating the polarization of excitation light, resolving the polarization of emitted fluorescence, and point spread function (PSF) engineering have been widely leveraged for measuring the orientation of single molecules. Typically, the performance of these techniques is optimized and quantified using the Cramér-Rao bound (CRB), which describes the best possible measurement variance of an unbiased estimator. However, CRB is a local measure and requires exhaustive sampling across the measurement space to fully characterize measurement precision. We develop a global variance upper bound (VUB) for fast quantification and comparison of orientation measurement techniques. Our VUB tightly bounds the diagonal elements of the ...


Measuring Localization Confidence For Quantifying Accuracy And Heterogeneity In Single-Molecule Super-Resolution Microscopy, Hesam Mazidi, Tianben Ding, Arye Nehorai, Matthew D. Lew 2020 Washington University in St. Louis

Measuring Localization Confidence For Quantifying Accuracy And Heterogeneity In Single-Molecule Super-Resolution Microscopy, Hesam Mazidi, Tianben Ding, Arye Nehorai, Matthew D. Lew

Electrical & Systems Engineering Publications and Presentations

We present a computational method, termed Wasserstein-induced flux (WIF), to robustly quantify the accuracy of individual localizations within a single-molecule localization microscopy (SMLM) dataset without ground- truth knowledge of the sample. WIF relies on the observation that accurate localizations are stable with respect to an arbitrary computational perturbation. Inspired by optimal transport theory, we measure the stability of individual localizations and develop an efficient optimization algorithm to compute WIF. We demonstrate the advantage of WIF in accurately quantifying imaging artifacts in high-density reconstruction of a tubulin network. WIF represents an advance in quantifying systematic errors with unknown and complex distributions ...


Shapes Of Fe Nanocrystals Encapsulated At The Graphite Surface, Ann Lii-Rosales, Yong Han, Scott E. Julien, Olivier Pierre-Louis, Dapeng Jing, Kai-Tak Wan, Michael C. Tringides, James W. Evans, Patricia A. Thiel 2020 Iowa State University and Ames Laboratory

Shapes Of Fe Nanocrystals Encapsulated At The Graphite Surface, Ann Lii-Rosales, Yong Han, Scott E. Julien, Olivier Pierre-Louis, Dapeng Jing, Kai-Tak Wan, Michael C. Tringides, James W. Evans, Patricia A. Thiel

Chemistry Publications

We describe and analyze in detail the shapes of Fe islands encapsulated under the top graphene layers in graphite. Shapes are interrogated using scanning tunneling microscopy. The main outputs of the shape analysis are the slope of the graphene membrane around the perimeter of the island, and the aspect ratio of the central metal cluster. Modeling primarily uses a continuum elasticity (CE) model. As input to the CE model, we use density functional theory to calculate the surface energy of Fe, and the adhesion energies between Fe and graphene or graphite. We use the shaft-loaded blister test (SLBT) model to ...


Fast Ellipsoidal Fitting Of Discrete Multi-Dimensional Data, Madeline Hamilton 2020 Southern Methodist University

Fast Ellipsoidal Fitting Of Discrete Multi-Dimensional Data, Madeline Hamilton

SMU Journal of Undergraduate Research

Multi-dimensional distributions of discrete data that resemble ellipsoids arise in numerous areas of science, statistics, and computational geometry. We describe a complete algebraic algorithm to determine the quadratic form specifying the equation of ellipsoid for the boundary of such multi-dimensional discrete distribution. In this approach, the equation of an ellipsoid is reconstructed using a set of matrix equations from low-dimensional projections of the input data. We provide a Mathematica program realizing the full implementation of the ellipsoid reconstruction algorithm in an arbitrary number of dimensions. To demonstrate its many potential uses, the direct reconstruction method is applied to quasi-Gaussian statistical ...


Groomed Jet Mass At High Precision, Adam Kardos, Andrew J. Larkoski, Zoltán Trócsányi 2020 University of Debrecen

Groomed Jet Mass At High Precision, Adam Kardos, Andrew J. Larkoski, Zoltán Trócsányi

Portland Institute for Computational Science Publications

We present predictions of the distribution of groomed heavy jet mass in electron-positron collisions at the next-to-next-to-leading order accuracy matched with the resummation of large logarithms to next-to-next-to-next-to-leading logarithmic accuracy. Resummation at this accuracy is possible through extraction of necessary two-loop constants and three-loop anomalous dimensions from fixed-order codes.


Density Functional Theory Study Of Two-Dimensional Boron Nitride Films, Pradip R. Niraula 2020 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Density Functional Theory Study Of Two-Dimensional Boron Nitride Films, Pradip R. Niraula

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

Since graphene was isolated in 2004, the number of two-dimensional (2D) materials and their scientific relevance have grown exponentially. Besides graphene, one of the most important and technolocially promizing 2D materials that has emerged in recent years is hexagonal boron nitride, in its monolayer or multilayer form. In my thesis work, I used density functional theory (DFT) calculations to investigate the properties of boron nitride films. In particular, I first studied the properties (i.e. formation energy, defect states, and structure) of point charged defects in monolayer and bilayer hexagonal boron nitride, and subsequently, I focused on the linear and ...


Ii-Vi Type-Ii Quantum Dot Superlattices For Novel Applications, Vasilios Deligiannakis 2020 City University of New York (CUNY)

Ii-Vi Type-Ii Quantum Dot Superlattices For Novel Applications, Vasilios Deligiannakis

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

In this thesis, we discuss the growth procedure and the characterization results obtained for epitaxially grown submonolayer type-II quantum dot superlattices made of II-VI semiconductors. We have investigated the spin dynamics of ZnSe layers with embedded type-II ZnTe quantum dots and the use of (Zn)CdTe/ZnCdSe QDs for intermediate band solar cell (IBSC). Samples with a higher quantum dot density exhibit longer electron spin lifetimes, up to ~1 ns at low temperatures. Tellurium isoelectronic centers, which form in the ZnSe spacer regions as a result of the growth conditions, were also probed. A new growth sequence for type-II (Zn ...


Studying The Kinetics Of The Decomposition Of Sulfur-Containing Phosphorits By Nitric Acid, M. M. Sobirov, Sh. V. Raxmonov, T. S. Urozov, A. Aslanov 2020 Namangan Civil Engineering Institute

Studying The Kinetics Of The Decomposition Of Sulfur-Containing Phosphorits By Nitric Acid, M. M. Sobirov, Sh. V. Raxmonov, T. S. Urozov, A. Aslanov

Scientific Journal of Samarkand University

The kinetics of decomposition of sulfur-containing phosphorits was studied at a rate of 40-100% nitric acid. It has been established that the decomposition process of sulfur-containing phosphorits acid is easy to implement, the components interact within 2.5-30 minutes. The main part of sulfur-containing phosphorits decomposes within 10 minutes


Studying Resting State And Stimulus Induced Bold Activity Using The Generalized Ising Model And Independent Component Graph Analysis, Sivayini Kandeepan 2020 The University of Western Ontario

Studying Resting State And Stimulus Induced Bold Activity Using The Generalized Ising Model And Independent Component Graph Analysis, Sivayini Kandeepan

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Although many technical advancements have been made, neuroscientists still struggle to explain the underlying behaviour of how brain regions communicate with each other to form large-scale functional networks. functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (fMRI) has been commonly used to investigate changes between brain regions over time using the Blood Oxygen Level Dependent (BOLD) signal.

The goal of this thesis is to show the applicability of novel techniques and tools, such as the generalized Ising model (GIM) and the independent component graph analysis (GraphICA), to obtain information on the functional connectivity of populations with altered perception of consciousness. The GIM was used ...


Attenuation Of Ultrasonic Waves And Acoustic Gruneisen Parameter In Aluminum Alloys, F. R. Axmedjanov, A. F. Boltabayev, E. N. Kurtaliyev, J. T. Nazarov 2020 Samarkand State University

Attenuation Of Ultrasonic Waves And Acoustic Gruneisen Parameter In Aluminum Alloys, F. R. Axmedjanov, A. F. Boltabayev, E. N. Kurtaliyev, J. T. Nazarov

Scientific Journal of Samarkand University

Attenuation of acoustics waves and Grüneisen parameter has been investigated in AMG-2 and SAV-1 aluminum alloys used as a construction material in nuclear reactors. The measurements of attenuation coefficient of longitudinal acoustics waves were carried out by the echo pulse method at frequencies 10 and 30 MHz and temperature range 290 – 580 K. The maximum observed in temperature dependence of attenuation coefficient is explained by different relaxation mechanisms


Laser Spectoscopy Of Mandelstems - Brillian Scattering In Aqueous Nonelectrolyte Solutions, L. M. Sabirov, D. I. Semenov, X. S. Xaydarov, F. R. Sabirov 2020 Samarkand State University

Laser Spectoscopy Of Mandelstems - Brillian Scattering In Aqueous Nonelectrolyte Solutions, L. M. Sabirov, D. I. Semenov, X. S. Xaydarov, F. R. Sabirov

Scientific Journal of Samarkand University

In this work we developed a method of laser spectroscopy to study the frequency shift of Mandelshtam-Brillouin components in the fine structure of Reyleigh line, which are origin due to the pressure fluctuations. The method allows to study a character of hypersound (~109 Hz)propagation in a critical region of a thermodynamic instability. Analysis of a complex of experimental material , presented in the paper, allows one to conclude that in aqueous solutions of non-electrolytes at critical concentration there is a whole structural transformations in solutions at the singular point temperature in “temperature-concentration” coordinates


Periodic Bouncing Modes For Two Uniformly Magnetized Spheres. I. Trajectories, Boyd F. Edwards, Bo A. Johnson, John M. Edwards 2020 Utah State University

Periodic Bouncing Modes For Two Uniformly Magnetized Spheres. I. Trajectories, Boyd F. Edwards, Bo A. Johnson, John M. Edwards

All Physics Faculty Publications

We consider a uniformly magnetized sphere that moves without friction in a plane in response to the field of a second, identical, fixed sphere, making elastic hard-sphere collisions with this sphere. We seek periodic solutions to the associated nonlinear equations of motion. We find closed-form mathematical solutions for small-amplitude modes and use these to characterize and validate our large-amplitude modes, which we find numerically. Our Runge-Kutta integration approach allows us to find 1243 distinct periodic modes with the free sphere located initially at its stable equilibrium position. Each of these modes bifurcates from the finite-amplitude radial bouncing mode with infinitesimal-amplitude ...


Pair-A-Dice Lost: Experiments In Dice Control, Robert H. Scott III, Donald R. Smith 2020 Monmouth University

Pair-A-Dice Lost: Experiments In Dice Control, Robert H. Scott Iii, Donald R. Smith

UNLV Gaming Research & Review Journal

This paper presents our findings from experiments designed to test whether we could use a custom-made dice throwing machine applying common dice control methods to produce dice rolls that differ from random. In earlier research we calculated the percentages of control a craps player needs to break even or beat the house (Smith and Scott, 2018). Using the most common practices of dice control in craps, we established how dice should be configured (i.e., set) and thrown to achieve certain outcomes such as not rolling a seven in the point cycle. We decided to run experiments to see if ...


Calibration Transients In Ligo Detectors, Thomas Daniel Abbott 2020 Louisiana State University

Calibration Transients In Ligo Detectors, Thomas Daniel Abbott

LSU Doctoral Dissertations

This dissertation describes a novel method of analyzing fluctuations in the time-dependent calibration models of the LIGO interferometers to estimate their effect on strain reconstruction for gravitational-wave detections. The time-dependence of the calibration model of each detector is tracked with a set of parameters which are continuously measured while the interferometers are operating. These parameters track slow variations in the sensing function of the detectors as well as the actuators that hold the detectors in an operational state. The time-dependent parameter data during the second observation run (O2 [November 30, 2016 16:00 UTC to August 25, 2017 22:00 ...


Periodic Bouncing Modes For Two Uniformly Magnetized Spheres. Ii. Scaling, Boyd F. Edwards, Bo A. Johnson, John M. Edwards 2020 Utah State University

Periodic Bouncing Modes For Two Uniformly Magnetized Spheres. Ii. Scaling, Boyd F. Edwards, Bo A. Johnson, John M. Edwards

All Physics Faculty Publications

A uniformly magnetized sphere moves without friction in a plane in response to the field of a second, identical, fixed sphere and makes elastic hard-sphere collisions with this sphere. Numerical simulations of the threshold energies and periods of periodic finite-amplitude nonlinear bouncing modes agree with small-amplitude closed-form mathematical results, which are used to identify scaling parameters that govern the entire amplitude range, including power-law scaling at large amplitudes. Scaling parameters are combinations of the bouncing number, the rocking number, the phase, and numerical factors. Discontinuities in the scaling functions are found when viewing the threshold energy and period as separate ...


How Sound Are Our Ultralight Axion Approximations?, J. Cookmeyer, D. Grin, Tristan L. Smith 2020 Swarthmore College

How Sound Are Our Ultralight Axion Approximations?, J. Cookmeyer, D. Grin, Tristan L. Smith

Physics & Astronomy Faculty Works

Ultralight axions (ULAs) are a promising dark-matter candidate. ULAs may have implications for small-scale challenges to the ΛCDM model and arise in string scenarios. ULAs are already constrained by cosmic microwave background (CMB) experiments and large-scale structure surveys, and will be probed with much greater sensitivity by future efforts. It is challenging to compute observables in ULA scenarios with sufficient speed and accuracy for cosmological data analysis because the ULA field oscillates rapidly. In past work, an effective fluid approximation has been used to make these computations feasible. Here this approximation is tested against an exact solution of the ULA ...


Author Correction: Closing The Nuclear Fuel Cycle With A Simplified Minor Actinide Lanthanide Separation Process (Alsep) And Additive Manufacturing, Artem V. Gelis, Peter Kozak, Andrew T. Breshears, M. Alex Brown, Cari Launiere, Emily L. Campbell, Gabriel B. Hall, Tatiana G. Levitskaia, Vanessa E. Holfeltz, Gregg J. Lumetta 2020 University of Nevada, Las Vegas

Author Correction: Closing The Nuclear Fuel Cycle With A Simplified Minor Actinide Lanthanide Separation Process (Alsep) And Additive Manufacturing, Artem V. Gelis, Peter Kozak, Andrew T. Breshears, M. Alex Brown, Cari Launiere, Emily L. Campbell, Gabriel B. Hall, Tatiana G. Levitskaia, Vanessa E. Holfeltz, Gregg J. Lumetta

Chemistry and Biochemistry Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Unusual Effect Of Iodine Ions On The Self-Assembly Of Poly(Ethylene Glycol)-Capped Gold Nanoparticles, Wenjie Wang, Hyeong Jin Kim, Wei Bu, Surya Mallapragada, David Vaknin 2020 Ames Laboratory

Unusual Effect Of Iodine Ions On The Self-Assembly Of Poly(Ethylene Glycol)-Capped Gold Nanoparticles, Wenjie Wang, Hyeong Jin Kim, Wei Bu, Surya Mallapragada, David Vaknin

Chemical and Biological Engineering Publications

We use synchrotron X-ray reflectivity and grazing incidence small-angle X-ray scattering to investigate the surface assembly of the polyethylene glycol (PEG) grafted gold nanoparticles (PEG-AuNPs) induced by different salts. We find that NaCl and CsCl behave as many other electrolytes, namely drive the PEG-AuNPs to the vapor/suspension interface to form a layer of single particle depth and organize them into very high quality two-dimensional (2D) hexagonal crystals. By contrast, NaI induces the migration of PEG-AuNPs to the aqueous surface at much higher surface densities than the other salts (at similar concentrations). The resulting 2D ordering at moderate NaI concentrations ...


Table Of Contents, 2020 University of South Carolina

Table Of Contents

Journal of the South Carolina Academy of Science

No abstract provided.


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