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Dynamic Secondary Electron Emission In Dielectric/Conductor Mixed Coatings, Leandro Olano, Isabel Montero, María E. Dávila, JR Dennison 2017 Instituto de Ciencia de Materiales de Madrid

Dynamic Secondary Electron Emission In Dielectric/Conductor Mixed Coatings, Leandro Olano, Isabel Montero, María E. Dávila, Jr Dennison

Presentations

An unexpected behavior of the Secondary Emission Yield (SEY) on coatings composed by a mixture of conductor and dielectric microparticles was reported and modeled in [1]. As a follow up, we measured for a fixed primary energy the dynamic evolution of the SEY in similar samples and proposed a charging-roughness coupled model to simulate the experimental results. Two different coatings were selected: 1) TMM and Al microparticles (type 1), and 2) zeolites and gold nanoparticles (type 2). Pulsed and continuous tests were used to obtain the SEY as a function of the primary energy.

In both types of samples extremely ...


A New Physical Model For Dc Partial Discharge In Polymeric Insulators, Allen Andersen, JR Dennison 2017 Utah State University

A New Physical Model For Dc Partial Discharge In Polymeric Insulators, Allen Andersen, Jr Dennison

Presentations

The physics of DC partial discharge (DCPD) continues to pose a challenge to researchers. We present a new physically-motivated model of DCPD in amorphous polymers based on our dual-defect model of dielectric breakdown. The dual-defect model is an extension of standard static mean field theories, such as the Crine model, that describe avalanche breakdown of charge carriers trapped on uniformly distributed defect sites. It assumes the presence of both high-energy chemical defects and low-energy thermally-recoverable physical defects. We present our measurements of breakdown and DCPD for several common polymeric materials in the context of this model. Improved understanding of DCPD ...


Model For Charge Injection With Electron Beams Into Highly Disordered Insulating Materials, JR Dennison 2017 Utah State Univesity

Model For Charge Injection With Electron Beams Into Highly Disordered Insulating Materials, Jr Dennison

Presentations

The Walden-Wintle model for charge injection and transport through highly disordered insulating materials has been extended to include charge injection with a charged particle beam. The original model is applicable to charge injection into a dielectric material from a pair of electrodes in a parallel-plate geometry. It provides a versatile approach to predict the time-dependent current at a rear grounded electrode and the incident surface voltage, as the injection current density evolves over time with the development of a space charge barrier near the injection electrode. The Walden-Wintle model has been applied to many standard cases including Fowler-Nordheim injection, Schottky ...


A Sonic Net Excludes Birds From An Airfield: Implications For Reducing Bird Strike And Crop Losses, John P. Swaddle, Dana L. Moseley, Mark H. Hinders, Elizabeth P. Smith 2017 College of William and Mary

A Sonic Net Excludes Birds From An Airfield: Implications For Reducing Bird Strike And Crop Losses, John P. Swaddle, Dana L. Moseley, Mark H. Hinders, Elizabeth P. Smith

John Swaddle

Collisions between birds and aircraft cause billions of dollars of damages annually to civil, commercial, and military aviation. Yet technology to reduce bird strike is not generally effective, especially over longer time periods. Previous information from our lab indicated that filling an area with acoustic noise, which masks important communication channels for birds, can displace European Starlings (Sturnus vulgaris) from food sources. Here we deployed a spatially controlled noise (termed a “sonic net”), designed to overlap with the frequency range of bird vocalizations, at an airfield. By conducting point counts, we monitored the presence of birds for four weeks before ...


Simulation Model Of An Automatic Commercial Ice Machine, Haithem Murgham, David Myszka, Vijay Bahel, Rajan Rajendran, Kurt Knapke, Suresh Shivashankar, Kyaw Wynn 2017 University of Dayton

Simulation Model Of An Automatic Commercial Ice Machine, Haithem Murgham, David Myszka, Vijay Bahel, Rajan Rajendran, Kurt Knapke, Suresh Shivashankar, Kyaw Wynn

David Myszka

Automatic commercial ice-making machines that produce a batch of cube ice at regular intervals are known as “cubers." Such machines are commonly used in food service, food preservation, hotel, and health service industries. The machines are typically rated for the weight of ice produced over a 24-hour period at ambient air temperatures of 90°F and water inlet temperature of 70°F.

These cubers typically utilize an air-cooled, vapor-compression cycle to freeze circulating water flowing over an evaporator grid. Once a sufficient amount ice is formed, a valve switches to enable a harvest mode, where the compressor’s discharge gas ...


Practical Guide To The Realization Of A Convertible Optical Trapping System, Chenglong Zhao 2017 University of Dayton

Practical Guide To The Realization Of A Convertible Optical Trapping System, Chenglong Zhao

Chenglong Zhao

In this article, we provide a detailed guide to the construction of a convertible optical trapping system for either single-beam or counter-propagating trap. The single-beam trap maintains all the functionalities that a conventional optical tweezer has. While the counter-propagating trap allows for the trapping of particles that single-beam trap cannot handle. The counter-propagating trap can be easily switched to a single-beam trap, and vice versa. Therefore, this convertible optical trapping system allows for the trapping and manipulation of particles with a wide variety of sizes and materials.


Superconducting Properties Of Rh 9 In 4 S 4 Single Crystals, Udhara S. Kaluarachchi, Qisheng Lin, Weiwei Xie, Valentin Taufour, S. L. Bud’ko, Gordon J. Miller, Paul C. Canfield 2017 Iowa State University

Superconducting Properties Of Rh 9 In 4 S 4 Single Crystals, Udhara S. Kaluarachchi, Qisheng Lin, Weiwei Xie, Valentin Taufour, S. L. Bud’Ko, Gordon J. Miller, Paul C. Canfield

Qisheng Lin

The synthesis and crystallographic, thermodynamic, and transport properties of single crystalline Rh9In4S4 were studied. The resistivity, magnetization, and specific heat measurements all clearly indicate bulk superconductivity with a critical temperature, Tc∼2.25 K. The Sommerfeld coefficient γ and the Debye temperature (ΘD) were found to be 34 mJ mol−1 K−2 and 217 K, respectively. The observed specific heat jump, ΔC/γTc=1.66, is larger than the expected BCS weak coupling value of 1.43. Ginzburg-Landau (GL) ratio of the low-temperature GL-penetration depth, λGL≈5750 Å, to the GL-coherence length, ξGL≈94 Å, is large: κ ∼60 ...


Physical Properties Of Single Crystalline R Mg 2 Cu 9 ( R = Y , Ce − Nd , Gd − Dy , Yb ) And The Search For In-Plane Magnetic Anisotropy In Hexagonal Systems, Tai Kong, William R. Meier, Qisheng Lin, Scott M. Saunders, S. L. Bud’ko, Rebecca Flint, Paul C. Canfield 2017 Iowa State University

Physical Properties Of Single Crystalline R Mg 2 Cu 9 ( R = Y , Ce − Nd , Gd − Dy , Yb ) And The Search For In-Plane Magnetic Anisotropy In Hexagonal Systems, Tai Kong, William R. Meier, Qisheng Lin, Scott M. Saunders, S. L. Bud’Ko, Rebecca Flint, Paul C. Canfield

Qisheng Lin

Single crystals ofRMg2Cu9 (R = Y, Ce-Nd, Gd-Dy, Yb) were grown using a high-temperature solution growth technique and were characterized by measurements of room-temperature x-ray diffraction, temperature-dependent specific heat, and temperature- and field-dependent resistivity and anisotropic magnetization. YMg2Cu9 is a nonlocal- moment-bearing metal with an electronic specific heat coefficient, γ ∼ 15 mJ/mol K2. Yb is divalent and basically non-moment-bearing in YbMg2Cu9. Ce is trivalent in CeMg2Cu9 with two magnetic transitions being observed at 2.1 K and 1.5 K. PrMg2Cu9 does not exhibit any magnetic phase transition down to 0.5 K. The other members being studied (R = Nd ...


Student Resources For: From Photon To Neuron, Light, Imaging, Vision, Philip C. Nelson 2017 University of Pennsylvania

Student Resources For: From Photon To Neuron, Light, Imaging, Vision, Philip C. Nelson

Department of Physics Papers

This zip archive contains datasets and additional media associated to the book "From Photon to Neuron (Princeton University Press, 2017).


Laboratory Model Of Magnetic Frictionless Flywheel And Hoverboard, Angel J. Gutarra-leon, Vincent Cordrey, Walerian Majewski 2017 Northern Virginia Community College

Laboratory Model Of Magnetic Frictionless Flywheel And Hoverboard, Angel J. Gutarra-Leon, Vincent Cordrey, Walerian Majewski

Exigence

We constructed a ring Halbach array of strong NdBeB grade 52 arc-segment magnets, with magnetizations chosen to create a one-sided magnet with the field magnified on the flat side. We investigated a repulsive axial levitating forces and associated circumferential drag forces acting on an assembly of inductors suspended above the rotating array. After measuring induced currents, voltages and magnetic fields in the individual inductors (in the form of short solenoids) of our induction wheels, we investigated the dependence of lift/drag forces on the speed of relative rotation of magnets and inductors. The ratio of lift to drag increases uniformly ...


Low-Density Self-Driven Electromagnetic Wheel: Comparison Of Different Tracks, Nathan GR Gaul, Walerian Majewski 2017 Northern Virginia Community College

Low-Density Self-Driven Electromagnetic Wheel: Comparison Of Different Tracks, Nathan Gr Gaul, Walerian Majewski

Exigence

The rotation of a permanent magnetic multipole wheel near a conducting non-magnetic plate creates a time-varying magnetic field that can produce by induction both repulsive levitation and propulsion forces. We constructed such an electrodynamic wheel using a motorized bicycle wheel with a radius of 12 inches and 36 one-inch cube Nd magnets attached to the rim of the wheel. The radial magnetic field on the outer rim of the wheel was maximized by arranging the magnets into a series of Halbach arrays which amplify the field along the rim. When a conductive metal “track” is immersed in this area of ...


Optical Forces Generated By Plasmonic Nanostructures, Matthew A. Moocarme 2017 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Optical Forces Generated By Plasmonic Nanostructures, Matthew A. Moocarme

All Graduate Works by Year: Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

For millennia, scientists have sought to uncover the secrets of what holds the world together. Optical physicists are often at the forefront, unraveling material properties through investigations of light-matter interactions. As the field has progressed, the smallest unit at which matter can be probed and manipulated has subsequently decreased. The resulting sub-field nanophotonics- which reflects the processing of light at the nanoscale- has blossomed into a vast design space for both applied and theoretical researchers. Plasmonics, the phenomena by which the electron-density of a material oscillates in response to incident electromagnetic radiation, is a subject that has excited nanophotonics researchers ...


The Effects Of Tilted Magnetic Fields On Quantum Transport In 2d Electron Systems, William A. Mayer 2017 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

The Effects Of Tilted Magnetic Fields On Quantum Transport In 2d Electron Systems, William A. Mayer

All Graduate Works by Year: Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

There exists a myriad of quantum transport phenomena in highly mobile 2D electrons placed in a perpendicular magnetic field. We study the effects of tilted magnetic field on these transport properties to understand how the energy spectrum evolves. We observe significant changes of the electron transport in quantum wells of varying widths with high electron densities at high filling factors. In narrow quantum wells the spin splitting of Landau levels due to Zeeman effect is found to be the dominant mechanism reducing Quantum Positive Magnetoresistance. In wider quantum wells with two populated subbands Magnetointersubband oscillations appear to exhibit effects from ...


Interactions Between Uniformly Magnetized Spheres, Boyd F. Edwards, D. Mark Riffe, Jeong-Young Ji, William A. Booth 2017 Utah State University

Interactions Between Uniformly Magnetized Spheres, Boyd F. Edwards, D. Mark Riffe, Jeong-Young Ji, William A. Booth

All Physics Faculty Publications

We use simple symmetry arguments suitable for undergraduate students to demonstrate that the magnetic energy, forces, and torques between two uniformly magnetized spheres are identical to those between two point magnetic dipoles. These arguments exploit the equivalence of the field outside of a uniformly magnetized sphere with that of a point magnetic dipole, and pertain to spheres of arbitrary sizes, positions, and magnetizations. The point dipole/sphere equivalence for magnetic interactions may be useful in teaching and research, where dipolar approximations for uniformly magnetized spheres can now be considered to be exact. The work was originally motivated by interest in ...


Practical Guide To The Realization Of A Convertible Optical Trapping System, Chenglong Zhao 2017 University of Dayton

Practical Guide To The Realization Of A Convertible Optical Trapping System, Chenglong Zhao

Physics Faculty Publications

In this article, we provide a detailed guide to the construction of a convertible optical trapping system for either single-beam or counter-propagating trap. The single-beam trap maintains all the functionalities that a conventional optical tweezer has. While the counter-propagating trap allows for the trapping of particles that single-beam trap cannot handle. The counter-propagating trap can be easily switched to a single-beam trap, and vice versa. Therefore, this convertible optical trapping system allows for the trapping and manipulation of particles with a wide variety of sizes and materials.


Interactions Between Uniformly Magnetized Spheres, Boyd F. Edwards, D. Mark Riffe, Joeng-Young Ji, William A. Booth 2017 Utah State University

Interactions Between Uniformly Magnetized Spheres, Boyd F. Edwards, D. Mark Riffe, Joeng-Young Ji, William A. Booth

D. Mark Riffe

We use simple symmetry arguments suitable for undergraduate students to demonstrate that the magnetic energy, forces, and torques between two uniformly magnetized spheres are identical to those between two point magnetic dipoles. These arguments exploit the equivalence of the field outside of a uniformly magnetized sphere with that of a point magnetic dipole, and pertain to spheres of arbitrary sizes, positions, and magnetizations. The point dipole/sphere equivalence for magnetic interactions may be useful in teaching and research, where dipolar approximations for uniformly magnetized spheres can now be considered to be exact. The work was originally motivated by interest in ...


The Subject Librarian Newsletter, Physics, Spring 2017, Sandy Avila 2017 University of California, Irvine School of Law

The Subject Librarian Newsletter, Physics, Spring 2017, Sandy Avila

Libraries' Newsletters

No abstract provided.


Enhancement Of The Superconducting Gap By Nesting In Cakfe4as4: A New High Temperature Superconductor, Daixiang Mou, Tai Kong, William R. Meier, Felix Lochner, Lin-Lin Wang, Qisheng Lin, Yun Wu, S. L. Bud’ko, Ilya Eremin, Duane D. Johnson, Paul C. Canfield, Adam Kaminski 2017 Iowa State University

Enhancement Of The Superconducting Gap By Nesting In Cakfe4as4: A New High Temperature Superconductor, Daixiang Mou, Tai Kong, William R. Meier, Felix Lochner, Lin-Lin Wang, Qisheng Lin, Yun Wu, S. L. Bud’Ko, Ilya Eremin, Duane D. Johnson, Paul C. Canfield, Adam Kaminski

Qisheng Lin

We use high resolution angle resolved photoemission spectroscopy and density functional theory with measured crystal structure parameters to study the electronic properties of CaKFe4As4. In contrast to the related CaFe2As2 compounds, CaKFe4As4 has a high Tc of 35 K at stochiometric composition. This presents a unique opportunity to study the properties of high temperature superconductivity in the iron arsenides in the absence of doping or substitution. The Fermi surface consists of several hole and electron pockets that have a range of diameters. We find that the values of the superconducting gap are nearly isotropic (within the explored portions of the ...


Data Collection And Analysis At The Atlas Detector, Savannah Thais 2017 Yale University

Data Collection And Analysis At The Atlas Detector, Savannah Thais

Yale Day of Data

No abstract provided.


Lorentz Transformation From An Elementary Point Of View, Arkadiusz Jadczyk, Jerzy Szulga 2017 Laboratoire de Physique Th\'{e}orique, Universit\'{e} de Toulouse III \& CNRS

Lorentz Transformation From An Elementary Point Of View, Arkadiusz Jadczyk, Jerzy Szulga

Electronic Journal of Linear Algebra

Elementary methods are used to examine some nontrivial mathematical issues underpinning the Lorentz transformation. Its eigen-system is characterized through the exponential of a $G$-skew symmetric matrix, underlining its unconnectedness at one of its extremes (the hyper-singular case). A different yet equivalent angle is presented through Pauli coding which reveals the connection between the hyper-singular case and the shear map.


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