Source Data For Xueyan Feng, Michael S. Dimitriyev & Edwin L. Thomas, "Soft, Malleable Double Diamond Twin", 2023 Fudan University

#### Source Data For Xueyan Feng, Michael S. Dimitriyev & Edwin L. Thomas, "Soft, Malleable Double Diamond Twin", Xueyan Feng, Michael S. Dimitriyev, Edwin L. Thomas

*Data and Datasets*

Source data and code for Xueyan Feng, Michael S. Dimitriyev & Edwin L. Thomas, "Soft, malleable double diamond twin"

Density Functional Theory (Dft) Study Of A Binary Mixture Of Mbba And Paa Liquid Crystal For Thz Application, 2022 Department of Physics, School for Physical & Decision Sciences, Babasaheb Bhimrao Ambedkar University, Uttar Pradesh 226025, India

#### Density Functional Theory (Dft) Study Of A Binary Mixture Of Mbba And Paa Liquid Crystal For Thz Application, Mirtunjai Mishra, Narinder Kumar, Pawan Singh, B. S. Rawat, Reena Dhyani, Devendra Singh, Devesh Kumar

*Makara Journal of Science*

The present scenario expresses the electro-optical effect of abinary mixture of MBBA and PAA liquid crystal studied under the impact of the electric field in THz frequency. The binary mixture has a negative order parameter, negative birefringence, and a nematic phase stability under such an electric field. The refractive index remains constant at high THz frequency. The director angle is sensitive to THz frequency, contributing to the maximum fluctuation. The atomic contribution of a binary mixture is approximately equal to the molecular contribution. The binary mixture has a remarkably high bandgap. The C-H, O-C, C-N atom stretching, and wagging of …

Dynamic Rbi With Central Difference Method Approach In Calculation Of Uniform Corrosion Rate: A Casestudy On Gas Pipelines, 2022 Departemen Metalurgi dan Material, Fakultas Teknik, Universitas Indonesia, Depok 16424, Indonesia

#### Dynamic Rbi With Central Difference Method Approach In Calculation Of Uniform Corrosion Rate: A Casestudy On Gas Pipelines, M.Riefqi Dwi Alviansyah, Fernanda Hartoyo, Zahra Nadia Nurullia, Ari Kurniawan

*Journal of Materials Exploration and Findings (JMEF)*

The oil and gas industry generally uses a piping system to drain fluids. Even though the pipes used have been well designed, the use of pipes as a means of fluid transportation still provides the possibility of failure that can occur at any time, one of which is due to uniform corrosion. The use of standard Risk Based Inspection (RBI) according to the API RBI 581 document has been widely used to anticipate potential failures to pipe components. The use of standard RBI can reduce the risk of failure significantly. Because the standard RBI considers the component risk value to …

Supercontinuum Light Generation Via Non-Linear Effects In Hollow-Core Fiber, 2022 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

#### Supercontinuum Light Generation Via Non-Linear Effects In Hollow-Core Fiber, Skyler Gulati

*Physics Student Works*

The field of non-linear optics has gained traction in the last couple decades due to the variable generation of wavelengths which are less deterministic than within traditional optics. Using non-linear mediums, including hollow-core fibers (HCF), generation of wavelengths spanning into the vacuum ultraviolet (VUV) wavelength range is possible. These short wavelengths can be utilized within electron spectroscopy-based methods of material science like angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy (ARPES). This technique most often uses specific photoemission lines of atoms in discharge lamps, however, with the frequency dispersion capabilities of HCF, broad band creation can allow for variable wavelength selection through filtering specific wavelengths …

Physics 516: Electromagnetic Phenomena (Spring 2023), 2022 University of Pennsylvania

#### Physics 516: Electromagnetic Phenomena (Spring 2023), Philip C. Nelson

*Department of Physics Papers*

These course notes are made publicly available in the hope that they will be useful. All reports of errata will be gratefully received. I will also be glad to hear from anyone who reads them, whether or not you find errors: pcn@upenn.edu.

Experimental Evidence That Shear Bands In Metallic Glasses Nucleate Like Cracks, 2022 University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

#### Experimental Evidence That Shear Bands In Metallic Glasses Nucleate Like Cracks, Alan A. Long, Wendelin Wright, Xiaojun Gu, Anna Thackray, Mayisha Nakib, Jonathan T. Uhl, Karin A. Dahmen

*Faculty Journal Articles*

Highly time-resolved mechanical measurements, modeling, and simulations show that large shear bands in bulk metallic glasses nucleate in a manner similar to cracks. When small slips reach a nucleation size, the dynamics changes and the shear band rapidly grows to span the entire sample. Smaller nucleation sizes imply lower ductility. Ductility can be increased by increasing the nucleation size relative to the maximum (“cutoff”) shear band size at the upper edge of the power law scaling range of their size distribution. This can be achieved in three ways: (1) by increasing the nucleation size beyond this cutoff size of the …

Symmetry Breaking Effects In Low-Dimensional Quantum Systems, 2022 University of Massachusetts Amherst

#### Symmetry Breaking Effects In Low-Dimensional Quantum Systems, Ke Wang

*Doctoral Dissertations*

Quantum criticality in low-dimensional quantum systems is known to host exotic behaviors. In quantum one-dimension (1D), the emerging conformal group contains infinite generators, and conformal techniques, e.g., operator product expansion, give accurate and universal descriptions of underlying systems. In quantum two-dimension (2D), the electronic interaction causes singular corrections to Fermi-liquids characteristics. Meanwhile, the Dirac fermions in topological 2D materials can greatly enrich emerging phenomena. In this thesis, we study the symmetry-breaking effects of low-dimensional quantum criticality. In 1D, we consider two cases: time-reversal symmetry (TRS) breaking in the Majorana conformal field theory (CFT) and the absence of conformal symmetry in …

Performance Analysis Of The Dominant Mode Rejection Beamformer, 2022 New Jersey Institute of Technology

#### Performance Analysis Of The Dominant Mode Rejection Beamformer, Enlong Hu

*Dissertations*

In array signal processing over challenging environments, due to the non-stationarity nature of data, it is difficult to obtain enough number of data snapshots to construct an adaptive beamformer (ABF) for detecting weak signal embedded in strong interferences. One type of adaptive method targeting for such applications is the dominant mode rejection (DMR) method, which uses a reshaped eigen-decomposition of sample covariance matrix (SCM) to define a subspace containing the dominant interferers to be rejected, thereby allowing it to detect weak signal in the presence of strong interferences. The DMR weight vector takes a form similar to the adaptive minimum …

Polymer Translocation Through A Nanopore: Controlling Capture Conformations Using An Electrical Force, 2022 Western University

#### Polymer Translocation Through A Nanopore: Controlling Capture Conformations Using An Electrical Force, Matthew D. Wei

*Undergraduate Student Research Internships Conference*

Solid-state nanopore sensors remain a promising solution to the rising global demand for genome sequencing. These single-molecule sensing technologies require single-file translocation for high resolution and accurate detection. This study uses molecular dynamics-lattice Boltzmann simulations of the capture of a single polymer chain under pressure-driven hydrodynamic flow to investigate a method of increasing the single-file capture and translocation rate. By using a model force of two oppositely electrically charged rings, single-file capture in hydrodynamic flow can be amplified from about 45% to 51.5%. This paper found that the optimal values of force location, force strength, and system pressure/flow velocity are …

How Dynamic Bond Results In The Unique Viscoelastic Behavior Of The Associating Polymers, 2022 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

#### How Dynamic Bond Results In The Unique Viscoelastic Behavior Of The Associating Polymers, Sirui Ge

*Doctoral Dissertations*

Associating polymer is a special kind of polymer possessing transient reversible bonds in addition to the conventional covalent bonds. The reversible bonds provide unique dynamics and fascinating viscoelastic properties, resulting in attractive applications for these polymers, such as self-healing and shape memory materials. Despite many years of studies, the understanding of dynamics of polymers with reversible bonds, especially on molecular level, is still in the rudimentary stage, preventing the rational design of the potential novel functional materials based on associating polymers. In this dissertation, we provide a detailed and quantitative understanding of the dynamics and viscoelastic properties of associating polymers. …

Direct Calculation Of Configurational Entropy: Pair Correlation Functions And Disorder, 2022 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

#### Direct Calculation Of Configurational Entropy: Pair Correlation Functions And Disorder, Clifton C. Sluss

*Doctoral Dissertations*

Techniques such as classical molecular dynamics [MD] simulation provide ready access to the thermodynamic data of model material systems. However, the calculation of the Helmholtz and Gibbs free energies remains a difficult task due to the tedious nature of extracting accurate values of the excess entropy from MD simulation data. Thermodynamic integration, a common technique for the calculation of entropy requires numerous simulations across a range of temperatures. Alternative approaches to the direct calculation of entropy based on functionals of pair correlation functions [PCF] have been developed over the years. This work builds upon the functional approach tradition by extending …

A Computational Model Of The Line-1 Retrotransposon Life Cycle And Visualization Of Metabolic Networks In 3-Dimensions., 2022 University of Louisville

#### A Computational Model Of The Line-1 Retrotransposon Life Cycle And Visualization Of Metabolic Networks In 3-Dimensions., Michael D. Martin

*Electronic Theses and Dissertations*

Computational modeling of metabolic reactions and cellular systems is evolving as a tool for quantitative prediction of metabolic parameters and reaction pathway analysis. In this work, the basics of computational cell biology are presented as well as a summary of physical processes within the cell, and the algorithmic methods used to find time dependent solutions. Protein-protein and enzyme-substrate interactions are mathematically represented via mass action kinetics to construct sets of linear differential equations that describe reaction rates and formation of protein complexes. Using mass action methods, examples of reaction networks and their solutions are presented within the Virtual Cell simulation …

Collective Motion And Phase Diagram Of Self-Propelled Vibrated Hard Squares, 2022 University of Massachusetts Amherst

#### Collective Motion And Phase Diagram Of Self-Propelled Vibrated Hard Squares, Zhejun Shen

*Doctoral Dissertations*

In equilibrium, matter condenses into ordered phases due to the combined effects of inter-particle interactions and entropy. In this dissertation, we explore the self-propulsion of particles as an additional nonequilibrium consideration in the mechanisms for ordering. Our experiments employ square-shaped hard particles; in equilibrium, when particle motions are randomly directed, squares form entropically-stabilized phases in which first their orientations, and then their positions, get locked in relative to each other, depending on the density of coverage. When the square tiles are modified to have small propulsion along some body-fixed axis we find that their tendency to order is profoundly altered. …

The Interaction Of Topological Defects In Anisotropically-Elastic Nematic Liquid Crystals, 2022 Macalester College

#### The Interaction Of Topological Defects In Anisotropically-Elastic Nematic Liquid Crystals, Carter J. Swift

*Macalester Journal of Physics and Astronomy*

Topological defects are very well understood so long as the medium in which they exist is isotropically-elastic. They lead to director fields which are easy to calculate and superpose linearly so that a system with any number of defects is analytically treatable. They also have an interaction which is simple in form and can be accurately described by the Peach-Koehler force. In an anisotropically-elastic medium, however, such defects are very poorly understood outside of the single-defect case which was solved by Dzyaloshinskii. In this project, numerical and approximate analytical techniques are applied in order to better understand the interaction between …

Discovering Reduced-Order Dynamical Models From Data, 2022 University of Pennsylvania

#### Discovering Reduced-Order Dynamical Models From Data, William Qian, Pratik A. Chaudhari

*Technical Reports (ESE)*

This work explores theoretical and computational principles for data-driven discovery of reduced-order models of physical phenomena. We begin by describing the theoretical underpinnings of multi-parameter models through the lens of information geometry. We then explore the behavior of paradigmatic models in statistical physics, including the diffusion equation and the Ising model. In particular, we explore how coarse-graining a system affects the local and global geometry of a “model manifold” which is the set of all models that could be fit using data from the system. We emphasize connections of this idea to ideas in machine learning. Finally, we employ coarse-graining …

Estimation Of Pure B Power In Polarized Cmb Data Via Gibbs Sampling., 2022 University of Richmond

#### Estimation Of Pure B Power In Polarized Cmb Data Via Gibbs Sampling., Joseph Sterling

*Honors Theses*

In the search for effective processes to estimate E and B spectra from polarized data, Gibbs Sampling has proven to be a powerful method. In the search for B modes, it is essential to avoid a false positive detection due to contamination from the larger E component. It is therefore of interest to combine Gibbs sampling with methods to “purify” the B modes, ensuring that a B-mode detection is robust. This goal can be achieved by compelling the Gibbs Sampler to estimate a pure B spectrum. The method we chose to implement involves an artificially inflated E spectrum, which “forces” …

Modeling Chain Packing In Complex Phases Of Self-Assembled Block Copolymers, 2022 University of Massachusetts Amherst

#### Modeling Chain Packing In Complex Phases Of Self-Assembled Block Copolymers, Anugu Abhiram Reddy

*Doctoral Dissertations*

Block copolymer (BCP) melts undergo microphase seperation and form ordered soft matter crystals with varying domain shapes and symmetries. We study the con- nection between diblock copolymer molecular designs and thermodynamic selection of ordered crystals by modeling features of variable sub-domain geometry filled with individual blocks within non-canonical sphere-like and network phases that together with layered, cylindrical and canonical spherical phases forms “natural forms” of self- assembled amphiphilic soft matter at large. First, we present a model to revise our understanding of optimal Frank-Kasper sphere-like morphologies by advancing the- ory to account for varying domain volumes. We then develop generic …

Memory Capacity In A System Of Swelling Particles, 2022 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

#### Memory Capacity In A System Of Swelling Particles, David T. Keating

*Physics*

A system has the ability to store memory if one is able to write, retrieve, and erase information from it. Some systems are capable of storing multiple transient memories; with no noise in these systems, at long time, the memories degrade until one or two remain. The addition of noise to these systems can extend the retention of multiple memories, in some cases indefinitely [2, 3]. While this behavior was first observed in simulations of charge density waves, it has since appeared in other systems [1].

Past research has shown that sheared non-Brownian liquid suspensions of particles exhibit similar behavior …

A Microfluidic Approach For Synthesis And Kinetic Profiling Of Branched Gold Nanostructures, 2022 University College Dublin

#### A Microfluidic Approach For Synthesis And Kinetic Profiling Of Branched Gold Nanostructures, Qi Cai, Valentina Castagnola, Luca Boselli, Alirio Moura, Hender Lopez, Wei Zhang, João M. De Araújo, Kenneth A. Dawson

*Articles*

Automatized approaches for nanoparticle synthesis and characterization represent a great asset to their applicability in the biomedical field by improving reproducibility and standardization, which help to meet the selection criteria of regulatory authorities. The scaled-up production of nanoparticles with carefully defined characteristics, including intrinsic morphological features, and minimal intra-batch, batch-to-batch, and operator variability, is an urgent requirement to elevate nanotechnology towards more trustable biological and technological applications. In this work, microfluidic approaches were employed to achieve fast mixing and good reproducibility in synthesizing a variety of gold nanostructures. The microfluidic setup allowed exploiting spatial resolution to investigate the growth evolution …

Numerical Treatment For Special Type Of Mixed Linear Delay Volterra Integro-Differential Equations, 2022 University of Technology,Iraq

#### Numerical Treatment For Special Type Of Mixed Linear Delay Volterra Integro-Differential Equations, Atheer J. Kadhim

*Emirates Journal for Engineering Research*

The idea of research is a representation of the nonlinear pseudo-random generators using state-space equations that is not based on the usual description as shift register synthesis but in terms of matrices. Different types of nonlinear pseudo-random generators with their algorithms have been applied in order to investigate the output pseudo-random sequences. Moreover, two examples are given for conciliated the results of this representation.