Voltage Controlled Néel Vector Rotation In Zero Magnetic Field, 2021 University of Nebraska–Lincoln

#### Voltage Controlled Néel Vector Rotation In Zero Magnetic Field, Ather Mahmood, Will Echtenkamp, Mike Street, Jun Lei Wang, Shi Cao, Takashi Komesu, Peter Dowben, Pratyush Buragohain, Haidong Lu, Alexei Gruverman, Arun Parthasarathy, Shaloo Rakheja, Christian Binek

*Peter Dowben Publications*

Multi-functional thin films of boron (B) doped Cr_{2}O_{3} exhibit voltage-controlled and nonvolatile Néel vector reorientation in the absence of an applied magnetic field, H. Toggling of antiferromagnetic states is demonstrated in prototype device structures at CMOS compatible temperatures between 300 and 400 K. The boundary magnetization associated with the Néel vector orientation serves as state variable which is read via magnetoresistive detection in a Pt Hall bar adjacent to the B:Cr_{2}O_{3} film. Switching of the Hall voltage between zero and non-zero values implies Néel vector rotation by 90 degrees. Combined magnetometry, spin resolved ...

Developing A Monte Carlo Simulation For Time- Series Analysis Of Actinium-225 Decay, 2021 Agnes Scott College

#### Developing A Monte Carlo Simulation For Time- Series Analysis Of Actinium-225 Decay, Victoria Wood

*The Journal of Advanced Undergraduate Physics Laboratory Investigations, JAUPLI-B*

This report describes the development of a script programmed in the Python language designed to simulate radioactive decay using Monte Carlo methods. This is to conduct analysis on the equilibrium behavior of a specific radioactive decay chain, replacing the traditional method of deriving a mathematical representation via differential equations. The resulting script produces a stacked histogram illustrating the decay of Actinium-225 over time and more closely models the potential for irregularities in the natural phenomenon. The script has potential applications in nuclear imaging and medical physics.

Modeling The Motion Of A Volleyball With Spin, 2021 Amherst College

#### Modeling The Motion Of A Volleyball With Spin, Julian Ricardo

*The Journal of Advanced Undergraduate Physics Laboratory Investigations, JAUPLI-B*

Though a qualitative understanding of how spin affects a ball’s trajectory can be easily developed, a quantitative one is relatively difficult to hone. Additionally, although projectile motion is an extensively covered topic in introductory physics courses, friction and drag—let alone spin—receive little to no attention. Here we use a volleyball and video modeling software to compare the behavior of a non-spinning ball with one that has topspin in order to assess the accuracy of our various models incorporating drag and the Magnus effect.

Electrical And Magnetic Properties Of High Temperature Superconductors Using Varying Forms Of Data Acquisition, 2021 Austin College

#### Electrical And Magnetic Properties Of High Temperature Superconductors Using Varying Forms Of Data Acquisition, Aryn M. Hays, Lindsay Bechtel, Colton Turbeville, Anthony Johnsen, Chris A. Tanner

*The Journal of Advanced Undergraduate Physics Laboratory Investigations, JAUPLI-B*

High temperature superconductors (HTS) are materials that display superconducting properties at temperatures above that of liquid nitrogen. Possible applications and ease of use in a typical physics laboratory make them interesting systems to study. In this experiment we measured the critical temperatures of two samples made of different HTS materials. We also devised a method that makes taking data automated.

Shape And Size Matter For Projectile Drag, 2021 Harvard University

#### Shape And Size Matter For Projectile Drag, Daniel Gordon Ang

*The Journal of Advanced Undergraduate Physics Laboratory Investigations, JAUPLI-B*

Newtonian mechanics is a fundamental building block of physics education, allowing us to characterize the motion of various objects in every day life. Here, we set out to investigate the effect of air resistance on projectile motion. We use high-speed cameras to record the flight of three different projectiles and compare this motion to a trajectory generated based on our theoretical model. We find that we are able to fit our model to the actual trajectory reasonably well, and find evidence that drag depends on the size and shape of the projectile.

Modeling A Swinging Atwood Machine, 2021 Amherst College

#### Modeling A Swinging Atwood Machine, Parker W. Moody

*The Journal of Advanced Undergraduate Physics Laboratory Investigations, JAUPLI-B*

The motion of a Swinging Atwood Machine is a difficult to solve for using Newtonian Mechanics. Lagrangian Mechanics, on the other hand, is extremely useful tool for a system that can seem overwhelmingly difficult to solve in Newtonian Mechanics. In this Lab we find the Lagrangian for this Swinging Atwood system, solve for the equation of motion, and compare our model to that of the observed motion of the system. Our model provides a good approximation of the motion, with small discrepancies due to the unknown mass of our pulley and dissipative forces.

Atomic Force Microscopy, 2021 Minnesota State University - Moorhead

#### Atomic Force Microscopy, Tyler Lane

*The Journal of Advanced Undergraduate Physics Laboratory Investigations, JAUPLI-B*

The goal of this experiment is to use the Atomic Force Microscope (AFM) to get images of selected items and determine some distances of the characteristics of each sample. The ultimate goal is to measure the length of a nanotube, but unfortunately there were none left on the slide that was supposed to contain them. From the results of the lab and the lab manual of “companies” with possible lengths for each sample, Lindaas-Lahti Industries seems to have the best fit overall.

Decay Time Of A Damped Pendulum, 2021 Minnesota State University - Moorhead

#### Decay Time Of A Damped Pendulum, Scott D. Froehle

*The Journal of Advanced Undergraduate Physics Laboratory Investigations, JAUPLI-B*

A number of labs have been conducted to find the equation for a damped pendulum. A damped pendulum's behavior will be analyzed and fit to this equation. This lab focused on tau, the decay constant. It was hypothesized that the decay constant would be greater with increasing initial angles, ultimately because of the pendulum's greater velocity. A pendulum was hung on a rotary motion sensor to detect its activity when released from different angles from the vertical. Its behavior was observed and fit to the equation for the behavior of a damped pendulum. It was found that decay ...

Magnetic Field Perturbations To A Soft X-Ray-Activated Fe (Ii) Molecular Spin State Transition, 2021 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

#### Magnetic Field Perturbations To A Soft X-Ray-Activated Fe (Ii) Molecular Spin State Transition, Guanhua Hao, Alpha T. N’Diaye, Thilini K. Ekanayaka, Ashley S. Dale, Xuanyuan Jiang, Esha Mishra, Corbyn Mellinger, Saeed Yazdani, John W. Freeland, Jian Zhang, Ruihua Cheng, Xiaoshan Xu, Peter Dowben

*Peter Dowben Publications*

The X-ray-induced spin crossover transition of an Fe (II) molecular thin film in the presence and absence of a magnetic field has been investigated. The thermal activation energy barrier in the soft X-ray activation of the spin crossover transition for [Fe{H_{2}B(pz)_{2} }_{2} (bipy)] molecular thin films is reduced in the presence of an applied magnetic field, as measured through X-ray absorption spectroscopy at various temperatures. The influence of a 1.8 T magnetic field is sufficient to cause deviations from the expected exponential spin state transition behavior which is measured in the field free case ...

High Speed Impact On Graphene Composites, 2021 Kennesaw State University

#### High Speed Impact On Graphene Composites, Giovanny A. Espitia

*Symposium of Student Scholars*

Since the isolation of Graphene occurred in 2004, numerous studies attempting to exploit the properties of this carbon allotrope have been conducted. Graphene exists in a 2-D manner with sp2 bonds, which provides the allotrope with great electrical, conductive, and mechanical properties. In this paper however, we will focus on the latter in order to examine the feasibility of graphene composites for bulletproof material in the military. Pure graphene sheets count with high porosity density that leads to structural defects as well as poor mechanical properties due to physical contact being sole retainer. For this reason, the selected composite is ...

Photoluminescence Spectra Of Silicon Doped With Cadmium, 2021 Fergana Polytechnic Institute

#### Photoluminescence Spectra Of Silicon Doped With Cadmium, N A. Sultanov, E T. Rakhimov, Z Mirzajonov, F T. Yusupov

*Scientific-technical journal*

Cadmium and zinc, as transition metals, are deep-level impurities (DL) and have a significant effect on the electrical, photoelectric, recombination, and other properties of semiconductor crystals.This paper presents the results of experimental studies of the optical and electrical properties of silicon crystals containing impurity atoms of cadmium and zinc using DLTS and low-temperature photoluminescence (PL).

Dy Adsorption On And Intercalation Under Graphene On 6h-Sic(0001) Surface From First-Principles Calculations, 2021 Iowa State University and Ames Laboratory

#### Dy Adsorption On And Intercalation Under Graphene On 6h-Sic(0001) Surface From First-Principles Calculations, Yong Han, James W. Evans, Michael C. Tringides

*Ames Laboratory Accepted Manuscripts*

Previous experimental observations motivate clarification of configuration stabilities and kinetic processes for intercalation of guest atoms into a layered van der Waals material such as a graphene-SiC system. From our first-principles density functional theory (DFT) calculations, we analyze Dy adsorption and intercalation for graphene on a 6*H*-SiC(0001) surface, where the system includes two single-atom-thick graphene layers: the top-layer graphene (TLG) and the underling buffer-layer graphene (BLG) above the terminal Si layer. Our chemical potential analysis shows that intercalation of a single Dy atom into the gallery between TLG and BLG is more favorable than adsorption on TLG ...

Infinite Peirce Distribution In The Algebra Of Compact Operators And Description Of Its Local Au-Tomorphisms, 2021 Andizhan State University

#### Infinite Peirce Distribution In The Algebra Of Compact Operators And Description Of Its Local Au-Tomorphisms, Farhodjon N. Arzikulov, Rejabboy Qo’Shaqov

*Scientific Bulletin. Physical and Mathematical Research*

In the present paper the infinite Peirce decomposition of the algebra 𝐾(𝐻) of com-pact operators on an infinite dimensional separable Gilbert space 𝐻 is constructed, using the norm of the algebra 𝐾(𝐻) and a maximal family of mutually or-thogonal minimal projections, i.e., self-adjoint,idempotent elements. The infinite Peirce decompo-sition on the norm of a 𝐶∗-algebra is also con-structed in 2012 by the first author. But, it turns, the condition, applied then, is not sufficient for the infi-nite Peirce decomposition on the norm constructed in 2012 to be an algebra. Therefore, in the present paper, the infinite ...

Computational Modeling Of Black Phosphorus Terahertz Photoconductive Antennas Using Comsol Multiphysics With Experimental Comparison Against A Commercial Lt-Gaas Emitter, 2021 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

#### Computational Modeling Of Black Phosphorus Terahertz Photoconductive Antennas Using Comsol Multiphysics With Experimental Comparison Against A Commercial Lt-Gaas Emitter, Jose Isaac Santos Batista

*Graduate Theses and Dissertations*

This thesis presents computational models of terahertz (THz) photoconductive antenna (PCA) emitter using COMSOL Multiphysics commercial package. A comparison of the computer simulated radiated THz signal against that of an experimentally measured signal of commercial reference LT-GaAs emitter is presented. The two-dimensional model (2D) aimed at calculating the photoconductivity of a black phosphorus (BP) PCA at two laser wavelengths of 780 nm and 1560 nm. The 2D model was applied to the BP PCA emitter and the LT-GaAs devices to compare their simulated performance in terms of the photocurrent and radiated THz signal pulse. The results showed better performance of ...

Structural And Electronic Properties Of Few-Layer Monochalcogenides, 2021 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

#### Structural And Electronic Properties Of Few-Layer Monochalcogenides, Brandon Joel Miller

*Graduate Theses and Dissertations*

This work discusses a new class of materials with novel properties that have only recently begun being studied. These materials are two-dimensional group IV-VI monochalcogenides, so named because they are formed from group IV (carbon group) and group VI (chalcogens) elements. These materials display several interesting physical properties such as ferroelasticity and ferroelectricity, and the contents within Chapters Two, Three, and Four concern a collaborative effort between theory and experiment between our group at the University of Arkansas and Dr. Kai Chang at the Max Planck Institute of Microstructure Physics in Halle, Germany in studying these properties. This thesis is ...

Influence Of A Strong Magnetic Field On Fermi Energy Oscillations In Two-Dimensional Semiconductor Materials, 2021 Namangan muhandislik-qurilish instituti

#### Influence Of A Strong Magnetic Field On Fermi Energy Oscillations In Two-Dimensional Semiconductor Materials, Gafur Gulyamov, Ulugbek Inayatillyevich Erkaboev, Rustam Gulomzhonovich Rakhimov, Nozimjon Sayidov Sayidov, Jasurbek Mirzaev

*Scientific Bulletin. Physical and Mathematical Research*

*This article discusses the effect of a quantizing magnetic field and temperature on Fermi energy oscillations in nanoscale semiconductor materials. A generalized mathematical expression is obtained for calculating the dependence of the Fermi energy oscillations on the magnetic field, temperature, and thickness of the quantum well. It is shown that the Fermi energy in nanoscale semiconductor materials under a quantizing magnetic field is quantized. The proposed theory explains the experimental results in two-dimensional semiconductor structures with a parabolic dispersion law.*

Simulation Of Self-Heating Effect In Mosfet Based On 2d Mos2, 2021 Urgench State University, Urgench

#### Simulation Of Self-Heating Effect In Mosfet Based On 2d Mos2, Atabek E. Atamuratov, Xushnudbek Sh. Saparov, A Yusupov, Frank Schwierz

*Scientific Bulletin. Physical and Mathematical Research*

One of the main trends of today's electronics is the decreasing the sizes of MOSFET up to nanometer scale. In this connection there are two main views to the perspective of scaling. According to one of them limit of scaling is reached at sizes 10 nm order, however according to second view, still there are opportunity to decrease transistor to more lower sizes. In accordance with second approach it is suggested to continue the size scaling by modification the transistor structure or by using the new materials, particularly one or two dimensional materials. One of such suggestions is the ...

Electrophysical Properties Of Supercapacitor On The Basis Of New Gel Polymer Electrolyte, 2021 Namangan Institute of Engineering and Technology

#### Electrophysical Properties Of Supercapacitor On The Basis Of New Gel Polymer Electrolyte, J.A. Shodmanov, Azamat Boymirzaev

*Scientific Bulletin. Physical and Mathematical Research*

The results showed a slight increase in internal resistance under the influence of bending and confirmed that the equivalent circuit model of electrons did not change under bending conditions as indicated in graphically illustrated the results by cyclic voltamperometry (TsV) at a scanning speed of 10 mV / s under the above bending angles of the SK prepared on the basis of PG 10 GPE. From ex-periments we found that the shapes are almost rec-tangular, with no redox peaks observed. We can see that the area of the TsV curves changes slightly as the bending angle increases, but this does not ...

Determination Of The Specific Thermo Emf Of Granulated Silicon Doped With Alkaline Metals., 2021 Institute of Ion-Plasma and Laser Technologies

#### Determination Of The Specific Thermo Emf Of Granulated Silicon Doped With Alkaline Metals., B.M. Abdurakhmanov, Zarnigor Sohibova, M.M. Adilov

*Scientific Bulletin. Physical and Mathematical Research*

The value of the specific thermo EMF is one of the most important thermoelectric parameters of a material and in practice is estimat-ed mainly by two well-known methods - integral and differential. To measure the thermo EMF of granular silicon, we used a differential method. In this work, the thermoelectric properties of granular silicon containing alkali metal atoms have been studied, the presence of which, for example, in single-crystal structures makes it possible to improve the characteristics of a number of devices, and in polycrystalline ones, the effect of grain boundaries on the electrical properties, in particular, to reduce the resistance ...

Evolution Of Quantum Systems Consisting Of Mul-Tiple Various Particles Interacting With General-Ized Yukasha Potential, 2021 Steklov Mathematical Institute of Russian Academy of Sci-ences, Moscow, Russian

#### Evolution Of Quantum Systems Consisting Of Mul-Tiple Various Particles Interacting With General-Ized Yukasha Potential, N.N. Bogolyubov, Rasulova Mukhayo, U.O. Avazov

*Scientific Bulletin. Physical and Mathematical Research*

In this paper, multi-variety densely packed par-ticle dynamic systems with the ability to interact with the shielded Yukawa potential were studied. Also, in order to study more widely the dynamics of systems containing particles interacting via shielded potential, the theoretical foundations of the dynam-ics of systems consisting of an arbitrary number of bounded - sorted multi-particles are analyzed. The dynamics of an arbitrary number of interacting par-ticle systems on a screening potential was studied using the Bogolyubov-Born-Green-Kirkwood-Yvon (BBGKY) chain of quantum kinetic equations. The BBGKY chain of quantum kinetic equations has solutions for the case that characterizes the evo-lution of the ...