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Superelasticity And Cryogenic Linear Shape Memory Effects Of Cafe2as2, John T. Sypek, Hang Yu, Keith J. Dusoe, Gil Drachuck, Hetal Patel, Amanda M. Giroux, Alan I. Goldman, Andreas Kreyssig, Paul C. Canfield, Serguei L. Bud’ko, Christopher R. Weinberger, Seok-Woo Lee 2018 University of Connecticut

Superelasticity And Cryogenic Linear Shape Memory Effects Of Cafe2as2, John T. Sypek, Hang Yu, Keith J. Dusoe, Gil Drachuck, Hetal Patel, Amanda M. Giroux, Alan I. Goldman, Andreas Kreyssig, Paul C. Canfield, Serguei L. Bud’Ko, Christopher R. Weinberger, Seok-Woo Lee

Paul C. Canfield

Shape memory materials have the ability to recover their original shape after a significant amount of deformation when they are subjected to certain stimuli, for instance, heat or magnetic fields. However, their performance is often limited by the energetics and geometry of the martensitic-austenitic phase transformation. Here, we report a unique shape memory behavior in CaFe2As2, which exhibits superelasticity with over 13% recoverable strain, over 3 GPa yield strength, repeatable stress–strain response even at the micrometer scale, and cryogenic linear shape memory effects near 50 K. These properties are acheived through a reversible uni-axial phase transformation mechanism, the tetragonal ...


Real Time Spectroscopic Ellipsometry Analysis Of First Stage Cuin1-Xgaxse2 Growth: Indium-Gallium Selenide Co-Evaporation, Puja Pradhan, Puruswottam Aryal, Dinesh Attygalle, Abdel-Rahman Ibdah, Prakash Koirala, Jian Li, Khagendra P. Bhandari, Geethika K. Liyanage, Randy J. Ellingson, Michael J. Heben, Sylvain Marsillac, Robert W. Collins, Nikolas J. Podraza 2018 Old Dominion University

Real Time Spectroscopic Ellipsometry Analysis Of First Stage Cuin1-Xgaxse2 Growth: Indium-Gallium Selenide Co-Evaporation, Puja Pradhan, Puruswottam Aryal, Dinesh Attygalle, Abdel-Rahman Ibdah, Prakash Koirala, Jian Li, Khagendra P. Bhandari, Geethika K. Liyanage, Randy J. Ellingson, Michael J. Heben, Sylvain Marsillac, Robert W. Collins, Nikolas J. Podraza

Electrical & Computer Engineering Faculty Publications

Real time spectroscopic ellipsometry (RTSE) has been applied for in-situ monitoring of the first stage of copper indium-gallium diselenide (CIGS) thin film deposition by the three-stage co-evaporation process used for fabrication of high efficiency thin film photovoltaic (PV) devices. The first stage entails the growth of indium-gallium selenide (In1-xGax)₂Se₃ (IGS) on a substrate of Mo-coated soda lime glass maintained at a temperature of 400 °C. This is a critical stage of CIGS deposition because a large fraction of the final film thickness is deposited, and as a result precise compositional control is desired in order to ...


Call For Abstracts - Resrb 2018, June 18-20, Brussels, Belgium, Wojciech M. Budzianowski 2017 Wojciech Budzianowski Consulting Services

Call For Abstracts - Resrb 2018, June 18-20, Brussels, Belgium, Wojciech M. Budzianowski

Wojciech Budzianowski

No abstract provided.


Registration Form Resrb 2018, Wojciech M. Budzianowski 2017 Wojciech Budzianowski Consulting Services

Registration Form Resrb 2018, Wojciech M. Budzianowski

Wojciech Budzianowski

No abstract provided.


Abstract Template Resrb 2018, Wojciech M. Budzianowski 2017 Wojciech Budzianowski Consulting Services

Abstract Template Resrb 2018, Wojciech M. Budzianowski

Wojciech Budzianowski

No abstract provided.


Rogue Rotary - Modular Robotic Rotary Joint Design, Sean Wesley Murphy, Tyler David Riessen, Jacob Mark Triplett 2017 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Rogue Rotary - Modular Robotic Rotary Joint Design, Sean Wesley Murphy, Tyler David Riessen, Jacob Mark Triplett

Mechanical Engineering

This paper describes the design process from ideation to test validation for a singular robotic joint to be configured into a myriad of system level of robots.


Continuing Improvements Of The Sharkduino Animal Tag System, William Laney 2017 College of William and Mary

Continuing Improvements Of The Sharkduino Animal Tag System, William Laney

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Much about the movement and habits of marine animals is still unknown. This information can be found for terrestrial animals through direct observation or video surveillance; however, these optical methods are not effective in aquatic environments. To circumvent this problem, researchers “tag” aquatic animals with small sensor systems that record data about the animals movements. The researchers then recover the tag and use signal analysis to draw conclusions about the habits of the animal. Unfortunately, commercially available tags are expensive and most can only be used once. We created an inexpensive and reusable tag to be used on sandbar sharks ...


Artificial Olfactory System For Multi-Component Analysis Of Gas Mixtures., Alexander Aleksandrovich Larin 2017 University of Louisville

Artificial Olfactory System For Multi-Component Analysis Of Gas Mixtures., Alexander Aleksandrovich Larin

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Gas analysis is an important part of our world and gas sensing technology is becoming more essential for various aspects of our life. A novel approach for gas mixture analysis by using portable gas chromatography in combination with an array of highly integrated and selective metal oxide (MOX) sensors has been studied. We developed a system with small size (7 x 13 x 16 inches), low power consumption (~10 W) and absence of special carrier gases designed for portable field analysis (assuming apriori calibration). Low ppb and even sub-ppb level of detection for some VOCs was achieved during the analysis ...


Coexistence Of Type-Ii Dirac Point And Weak Topological Phase In Pt 3 Sn, Minsung Kim, Cai-Zhuang Wang, Kai-Ming Ho 2017 Ames Laboratory

Coexistence Of Type-Ii Dirac Point And Weak Topological Phase In Pt 3 Sn, Minsung Kim, Cai-Zhuang Wang, Kai-Ming Ho

Ames Laboratory Accepted Manuscripts

Intriguing topological phases may appear in both insulating and semimetallic states. Topological insulators exhibit topologically nontrivial band inversion, while topological Dirac/Weyl semimetals show “relativistic” linear band crossings. Here, we report an unusual topological state of Pt3Sn, where the two topological features appear simultaneously. Based on first-principles calculations, we show that Pt3Sn is a three-dimensional weak topological semimetal with topologically nontrivial band inversion between the valence and conduction bands, where the band structure also possesses type-II Dirac points at the boundary of two electron pockets. The formation of the Dirac points can be understood in terms of the representations of ...


Subsurface Bending And Reorientation Of Tilted Vortex Lattices In Bulk Isotropic Superconductors Due To Coulomb-Like Repulsion At The Surface, E. Herrera, I. Guillamon, J. A. Galvis, A. Correa, A. Fente, S. Vieira, H. Suderow, A. Yu. Martynovich, Vladimir G. Kogan 2017 Universidad Autónoma de Madrid

Subsurface Bending And Reorientation Of Tilted Vortex Lattices In Bulk Isotropic Superconductors Due To Coulomb-Like Repulsion At The Surface, E. Herrera, I. Guillamon, J. A. Galvis, A. Correa, A. Fente, S. Vieira, H. Suderow, A. Yu. Martynovich, Vladimir G. Kogan

Ames Laboratory Accepted Manuscripts

We study vortex lattices (VLs) in superconducting weak-pinning platelet-like single crystals of β−Bi2Pdin tilted magnetic fields with a scanning tunneling microscope. We show that vortices exit the sample perpendicular to the surface and are thus bent beneath the surface. The structure and orientation of the tilted VLs in the bulk are, for large tilt angles, strongly affected by Coulomb-type intervortex repulsion at the surface due to stray magnetic fields.


University Of Minnesota Smallsat And High Altitude Ballooning Development And Collaboration, Luke Zumwalt, Ricardo Saborio, Athanasios Pantazides, Aaron Nightingale, Demoz Gebre Egziabher, Lindsay Glesener 2017 University of MN - Twin Cities

University Of Minnesota Smallsat And High Altitude Ballooning Development And Collaboration, Luke Zumwalt, Ricardo Saborio, Athanasios Pantazides, Aaron Nightingale, Demoz Gebre Egziabher, Lindsay Glesener

2017 Academic High Altitude Conference

The Experiment for X-ray Characterization and Timing (EXACT) mission is a 3U CubeSat technology-development project being built by the SmallSat team at the University of MN – Twin Cities which is a joint research effort of the Aerospace Engineering and Mechanics (AEM) Department and the School of Physics and Astronomy (SPA). The main objective of this spacecraft is to carry a payload including a detector designed to measure energy and time of arrival time of individual hard x-ray photons emitted from the Sun and from other astrophysical sources. During the development process for EXACT, flights provided by the High-Altitude Student Platform ...


Measurement Of Speed Of Sound Profile Using Laaces Balloon, Zhuang Li, Brett Schaefer, Brian Schaefer, William Dever, Tyler Morgan, Matthew Foltz 2017 McNeese State University

Measurement Of Speed Of Sound Profile Using Laaces Balloon, Zhuang Li, Brett Schaefer, Brian Schaefer, William Dever, Tyler Morgan, Matthew Foltz

2017 Academic High Altitude Conference

The goal of this mission is to test the speed of sound at different altitudes and ultimately at a maximum height of 100,000 feet (30 km). In conjunction with this testing, environmental parameters including temperature, pressure, and humidity are measured and used to calculate the speed of sound to compare to the measured results. The team constructed the payload “Dorothy” using polystyrene foam due to its lightweight and thermal isolation property. An ultrasonic sensor with a reflection mirror were installed outside payload box to measure speed of sound. All the sensors were calibrated. Software for the project was developed ...


Calibration Of Temperature Sensors In Preparation For The 2017 Total Solar Eclipse, Erick Agrimson, Kaye Smith, Ana Taylor, Vina Onyango-Robshaw, Rachel Lang, Alynie Xiong, Peace Sinyigaya, Grace Maki, Rachel DuBose, Brittany Craig, James Flaten, Gordon McIntosh 2017 St. Catherine University

Calibration Of Temperature Sensors In Preparation For The 2017 Total Solar Eclipse, Erick Agrimson, Kaye Smith, Ana Taylor, Vina Onyango-Robshaw, Rachel Lang, Alynie Xiong, Peace Sinyigaya, Grace Maki, Rachel Dubose, Brittany Craig, James Flaten, Gordon Mcintosh

2017 Academic High Altitude Conference

In preparation for the 2017 total solar eclipse, St. Catherine University developed a calibration protocol for the temperature sensors flown during thermal wake boom experiments. The calibration method used a standard two-point technique that corrected each individual sensor for both slope and offset errors using a high quality NIST certified thermocouple as the temperature standard. Our method is not absolute but corrects each sensor relative to the NIST standard so that we feel some confidence that individual sensor variations are mitigated. In preparation for the eclipse, calibration curves were generated for over 200 individual digital and thermistor temperature sensors.


Pressure Regulator For A High Altitude Balloon, Kala Brown, Darci Snowden, Joe Cuthbertson, Jessica Kisner, Addison Wenger 2017 Central Washington University

Pressure Regulator For A High Altitude Balloon, Kala Brown, Darci Snowden, Joe Cuthbertson, Jessica Kisner, Addison Wenger

2017 Academic High Altitude Conference

High altitude balloons are large latex balloons filled with gas that carry a payload to near space. Because they can travel to around 100,000 feet, they provide a convenient way to study the Earth’s atmosphere. Per Boyle’s Law, the pressure and volume of a confined gas are inversely proportional. Thus, as the balloon ascends and the atmospheric pressure decreases, the gas inside the balloon expands. This pressure difference allows the balloon to ascend, but it also causes it to continuously expand until it bursts. For some observations, one might want their balloon to remain at about the ...


Controlled Heading Automation Device, Robert Coulson 2017 DePaul University

Controlled Heading Automation Device, Robert Coulson

2017 Academic High Altitude Conference

One of the most significant limitations of weather balloon-based data collection is that instruments and payloads cannot depend on particular orientations or predictable rotation. Several investigators have used payload heading control devices to overcome this limitation in order to collect directional data and record motion controlled video footage. The work described in this presentation builds on the Controlled Heading Automation Device (CHAD) developed by Kruger et al. (2016) and was carried out at DePaul University in summer 2017 as an undergraduate research project. Our goal was to record stable video of the shadow of the moon on Earth’s surface ...


Effects Of Schmid Factor And Slip Nucleation On Deformation Mechanism In Columnar-Grained Nanotwinned Ag And Cu, Valery Borovikov, Mikhail I. Mendelev, Alexander H. King, Richard Lesar 2017 The Ames Laboratory

Effects Of Schmid Factor And Slip Nucleation On Deformation Mechanism In Columnar-Grained Nanotwinned Ag And Cu, Valery Borovikov, Mikhail I. Mendelev, Alexander H. King, Richard Lesar

Alexander H. King

We report the results of a molecular dynamics study of the effect of texture on the yield and peak stresses in columnar-grained nanotwinned Ag and Cu. The simulations suggest that in pure nanotwinned face-centered cubic metals, the strength is determined primarily by the cooperation or competition between two major factors: the magnitude of the Schmid factors for the available slip systems and the effectiveness of grain boundaries (and their triple-junctions) in generating dislocations. These factors and their relative impact depend on the geometry of the specimen relative to the applied stress, which is typically reflected in the texture of the ...


Experiential Learning Opportunity (Elo) And Utilization Of Field-And-Data- Based Information Obtained Through The Infusion Of Technology: Highlights On Nasa Stem And Earth Science Curricula, Nazrul I. Khandaker, Matthew Khargie, Shuayb Siddiqu, Sol De Leon, Katina Singh, Newrence Wills, Krishna Mahibar 2017 CUNY York College

Experiential Learning Opportunity (Elo) And Utilization Of Field-And-Data- Based Information Obtained Through The Infusion Of Technology: Highlights On Nasa Stem And Earth Science Curricula, Nazrul I. Khandaker, Matthew Khargie, Shuayb Siddiqu, Sol De Leon, Katina Singh, Newrence Wills, Krishna Mahibar

Publications and Research

There is a greater emphasis on hands-on involvement and critical thinking skills in the geosciences and other STEM fields to inspire and engage K- 16 students to value scientific content and enable them to discover the well-documented nature of the fundamental scientific principles needed to explain various earth science and other STEM-related core phenomena. NASA MAA curricula are ideal for engaging K1-16 students in this context, since grade-specific lesson plans open-up a plethora of pedagogically sound and relevant earth science activities. These include earth’s materials and properties, meteorites, robotics, hot air balloon, flight simulation, star gazing, material science, crystal ...


Superelasticity And Cryogenic Linear Shape Memory Effects Of Cafe2as2, John T. Sypek, Hang Yu, Keith J. Dusoe, Gil Drachuck, Hetal Patel, Amanda M. Giroux, Alan I. Goldman, Andreas Kreyssig, Paul C. Canfield, Serguei L. Bud’ko, Christopher R. Weinberger, Seok-Woo Lee 2017 University of Connecticut

Superelasticity And Cryogenic Linear Shape Memory Effects Of Cafe2as2, John T. Sypek, Hang Yu, Keith J. Dusoe, Gil Drachuck, Hetal Patel, Amanda M. Giroux, Alan I. Goldman, Andreas Kreyssig, Paul C. Canfield, Serguei L. Bud’Ko, Christopher R. Weinberger, Seok-Woo Lee

Ames Laboratory Accepted Manuscripts

Shape memory materials have the ability to recover their original shape after a significant amount of deformation when they are subjected to certain stimuli, for instance, heat or magnetic fields. However, their performance is often limited by the energetics and geometry of the martensitic-austenitic phase transformation. Here, we report a unique shape memory behavior in CaFe2As2, which exhibits superelasticity with over 13% recoverable strain, over 3 GPa yield strength, repeatable stress–strain response even at the micrometer scale, and cryogenic linear shape memory effects near 50 K. These properties are acheived through a reversible uni-axial phase transformation mechanism, the tetragonal ...


Nucleation And Growth Kinetics For Intercalated Islands During Deposition On Layered Materials With Isolated Point-Like Surface Defects, Yong Han, Ann Lii-Rosales, Y. Zhou, C.-J. Wang, M. Kim, Michael C. Tringides, Cai-Zhuang Wang, Patricia A. Thiel, James W. Evans 2017 Iowa State University and Ames Laboratory

Nucleation And Growth Kinetics For Intercalated Islands During Deposition On Layered Materials With Isolated Point-Like Surface Defects, Yong Han, Ann Lii-Rosales, Y. Zhou, C.-J. Wang, M. Kim, Michael C. Tringides, Cai-Zhuang Wang, Patricia A. Thiel, James W. Evans

Ames Laboratory Accepted Manuscripts

Theory and stochastic lattice-gas modeling is developed for the formation of intercalated metal islands in the gallery between the top layer and the underlying layer at the surface of layered materials. Our model for this process involves deposition of atoms, some fraction of which then enter the gallery through well-separated point-like defects in the top layer. Subsequently, these atoms diffuse within the subsurface gallery leading to nucleation and growth of intercalated islands nearby the defect point source. For the case of a single point defect, continuum diffusion equation analysis provides insight into the nucleation kinetics. However, complementary tailored lattice-gas modeling ...


Modification Of The G-Phonon Mode Of Graphene By Nitrogen Doping, Pavel V. Lukashev, Liuyan Zhao, Tula R. Paudel, Theanne Schiros, Noah Hurley, Evgeny Y. Tsymbal, Aron Pinczuk, Abhay Pasupathy, Rui He 2017 University of Nothern Iowa

Modification Of The G-Phonon Mode Of Graphene By Nitrogen Doping, Pavel V. Lukashev, Liuyan Zhao, Tula R. Paudel, Theanne Schiros, Noah Hurley, Evgeny Y. Tsymbal, Aron Pinczuk, Abhay Pasupathy, Rui He

Pavel Lukashev

The effect of nitrogen doping on the phonon spectra of graphene is analyzed. In particular, we employ first-principles calculations and scanning Raman analysis to investigate the dependence of phonon frequencies in graphene on the concentration of nitrogen dopants. We demonstrate that the G phonon frequency shows oscillatory behavior as a function of nitrogen concentration. We analyze different mechanisms which could potentially be responsible for this behavior, such as Friedel charge oscillations around the localized nitrogen impurity atom, the bond length change between nitrogen impurity and its nearest neighbor carbon atoms, and the long-range interactions of the nitrogen point defects. We ...


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