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419 full-text articles. Page 1 of 13.

A Physics-Based Approach To Modeling Wildland Fire Spread Through Porous Fuel Beds, Tingting Tang 2017 University of Kentucky

A Physics-Based Approach To Modeling Wildland Fire Spread Through Porous Fuel Beds, Tingting Tang

Theses and Dissertations--Mechanical Engineering

Wildfires are becoming increasingly erratic nowadays at least in part because of climate change. CFD (computational fluid dynamics)-based models with the potential of simulating extreme behaviors are gaining increasing attention as a means to predict such behavior in order to aid firefighting efforts. This dissertation describes a wildfire model based on the current understanding of wildfire physics. The model includes physics of turbulence, inhomogeneous porous fuel beds, heat release, ignition, and firebrands. A discrete dynamical system for flow in porous media is derived and incorporated into the subgrid-scale model for synthetic-velocity large-eddy simulation (LES), and a general porosity-permeability model ...


Abstract Template Resrb 2017, Wojciech M. Budzianowski 2016 Wroclaw University of Technology

Abstract Template Resrb 2017, Wojciech M. Budzianowski

Wojciech Budzianowski

No abstract provided.


Order Form Resrb 2017, Wojciech M. Budzianowski 2016 Wroclaw University of Technology

Order Form Resrb 2017, Wojciech M. Budzianowski

Wojciech Budzianowski

No abstract provided.


C.V., Wojciech M. Budzianowski 2016 Wroclaw University of Technology

C.V., Wojciech M. Budzianowski

Wojciech Budzianowski

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Roles Of Siphon Flows In Suspension Feeding, Kevin Du Clos 2016 University of Maine - Main

Roles Of Siphon Flows In Suspension Feeding, Kevin Du Clos

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Benthic marine suspension feeders provide an important link between benthic and pelagic ecosystems. The strength of this link is determined by suspension-feeding rates. Many studies have measured suspension-feeding rates using indirect clearance-rate methods, which are based on the depletion of suspended particles. Direct methods that measure the flow of water itself are less common, but they can be more broadly applied because clearance-rate measurements are affected by properties of the cleared particles. We present pumping rates for three species of suspension feeders, the clams Mya arenaria and Mercenaria mercenaria and the tunicate Ciona intestinalis, calculated using a direct method based ...


On The Propagation Of Atmospheric Gravity Waves In A Non-Uniform Wind Field: Introducing A Modified Acoustic-Gravity Wave Equation, Ahmad Talaei 2016 Utah State University

On The Propagation Of Atmospheric Gravity Waves In A Non-Uniform Wind Field: Introducing A Modified Acoustic-Gravity Wave Equation, Ahmad Talaei

All Graduate Plan B and other Reports

Atmospheric gravity waves play fundamental roles in a broad-range of dynamical processes extending throughout the Earth’s neutral atmosphere and ionosphere. In this paper, we present a modified form for the acoustic-gravity wave equation and its dispersion relationships for a compressible and non-stationary atmosphere in hydrostatic balance. Importantly, the solutions have been achieved without the use of the well-known Boussinesq approximation which have been used extensively in previous studies.

We utilize the complete set of governing equations for a compressible atmosphere with non-uniform airflows to determine an equation for vertical velocity of possible atmospheric waves. This intricate wave equation is ...


Large Scale Brownian Dynamics Simulation Of Dilute And Semidilute Polymeric Solutions, Amir Saadat 2016 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Large Scale Brownian Dynamics Simulation Of Dilute And Semidilute Polymeric Solutions, Amir Saadat

Doctoral Dissertations

Excluded Volume (EV) and Hydrodynamic Interactions (HI) play a central role in static and dynamic properties of macromolecules in solution under equilibrium and nonequilibrium settings. The computational cost of incorporating HI in mesoscale Brownian dynamics (BD) simulations, particularly in the semidilute regime has motivated significant research aimed at development of high-fidelity and efficient techniques.

In this study, I have developed several algorithms for the mesoscale bead-spring representation of a macromolecular solution in dilute and semidilute regimes. The Krylov subspace method enables fast calculation of single chain dynamics with simulation time scaling of O(Nb2) [order N subscript b ...


Making Waves: A Computational Swimming Lamprey With Sensory Feedback, Christina Hamlet, Eric D. Tytell, Lisa J. Fauci, Kathleen A. Hoffman 2016 Bucknell University

Making Waves: A Computational Swimming Lamprey With Sensory Feedback, Christina Hamlet, Eric D. Tytell, Lisa J. Fauci, Kathleen A. Hoffman

Annual Symposium on Biomathematics and Ecology: Education and Research

No abstract provided.


Interdisciplinary Undergraduate Research In Biofluids, Eva M. Strawbridge 2016 James Madison University

Interdisciplinary Undergraduate Research In Biofluids, Eva M. Strawbridge

Annual Symposium on Biomathematics and Ecology: Education and Research

No abstract provided.


Dem-Cfd Numerical Simulation And Experimental Validation Of Heat Transfer And Two-Component Flow In Fluidized Bed, Feihong Guo 2016 Southeast University

Dem-Cfd Numerical Simulation And Experimental Validation Of Heat Transfer And Two-Component Flow In Fluidized Bed, Feihong Guo

The 8th International Conference on Physical and Numerical Simulation of Materials Processing

No abstract provided.


Thermoelectric Magnetohydrodynamic Effects In Solidification Processes, Andrew Kao, Koulis Pericleous, Peter Lee, Biao Cai, Jianrong Gao 2016 University of Manchester

Thermoelectric Magnetohydrodynamic Effects In Solidification Processes, Andrew Kao, Koulis Pericleous, Peter Lee, Biao Cai, Jianrong Gao

The 8th International Conference on Physical and Numerical Simulation of Materials Processing

No abstract provided.


Particle Swarm Transport In Porous Media, Alison R. Hoe, Laura J Pyrak-Nolte 2016 Purdue University

Particle Swarm Transport In Porous Media, Alison R. Hoe, Laura J Pyrak-Nolte

The Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) Symposium

In recent years, interest in particulate transport in the subsurface has increased with the increased use of micro-particulates in consumer products. In this research, we study particulate swarm transport through porous media that depends on the complexity of the flow paths, on the size and shape of the particles and on the physical interactions among the particles, fluids, and matrix. Specifically, we investigate the effect of pore geometry and grain wettability on swarm evolution under gravity. Swarms were composed of 3 micron polystyrene beads in either water or water with KCL (%). Two types of grains are used to simulate a ...


A Fast Model For The Simulation Of External Gear Pumps, Zechao Lu, Xinran Zhao, Andrea Vacca 2016 Purdue University

A Fast Model For The Simulation Of External Gear Pumps, Zechao Lu, Xinran Zhao, Andrea Vacca

The Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) Symposium

External gear pump is an important category of positive displacement fluid machines used to perform the mechanical–hydraulic energy conversions in many fluid power applications. An efficient numerical simulation program is needed to simulate the system in order to provide a direction for design purpose. The model consists of a lumped parameter fluid dynamic model and a model that simulates the radial micro-motions of the gear’s axes of rotation. The system consists of a set of ordinary differential equations related to the conservation on mass of the internal control volumes of the pump, which are given by the tooth ...


A Chemical Kinetic Study Of The Reaction Of Hydroxyl With Furans, Et-touhami Es-sebbar, Ahmed Elwardany, K. Fethi, A. Farooq 2016 KAUST

A Chemical Kinetic Study Of The Reaction Of Hydroxyl With Furans, Et-Touhami Es-Sebbar, Ahmed Elwardany, K. Fethi, A. Farooq

Dr. Et-touhami Es-sebbar

Furans, a class of cyclic ethers, are potential renewable fuels and additives to conventional fuels. High temperature oxidation of furans is dominated by their reaction with hydroxyl radical. In this work, rate coefficients for the reaction of hydroxyl (OH) with furan (k1), 2-methyl furan (k2) and 2,5-dimethyl furan (k3) were measured behind reflected shock waves over a temperature range of 890–1388 K and pressures of 1–2 atm. Hydroxyl radicals were generated via the thermal decomposition of tert-butylhydroperoxide.

The OH radicals were monitored using the well-characterized R1(5) rotational line of the A–X (0, 0) band in ...


A Reduced Order Model For Efficient Physiological Flow Analysis In Aneurysms By Proper Orthogonal Decomposition, Gary Han Chang, Yahya Modarres-Sadeghi 2016 University of Massachusetts Amherst

A Reduced Order Model For Efficient Physiological Flow Analysis In Aneurysms By Proper Orthogonal Decomposition, Gary Han Chang, Yahya Modarres-Sadeghi

UMass Center for Clinical and Translational Science Research Retreat

Simulating physiological flows using computational fluid dynamics (CFD) remains to be computationally expensive and difficult for clinical usage because of the physiological flow and geometrical complexity involved in patient specific situations. We use the reduced order modeling (ROM) of such systems with high nonlinearity and geometrical non-uniformity to replace the full, nonlinear model with a low-degrees of freedom ROM model. We construct ROM models by the proper orthogonal decomposition (POD) method to estimate the flow-induced wall shear stress (WSS) and pressure loading of a simplified abdominal aortic aneurysm and a bifurcation cerebral aneurysm. This method allows us to investigate a ...


Pulsed-Laser Induced Dewetting Of Metallic Nanostructures, Christopher Aidan Hartnett 2016 University of Tennessee - Knoxville

Pulsed-Laser Induced Dewetting Of Metallic Nanostructures, Christopher Aidan Hartnett

Doctoral Dissertations

This dissertation explores the fluid dynamics of nano and microscale liquid metal filaments, with an emphasis on experimentally investigating the influences and causes of filament breakup and metallic nanostructure formation. Understanding and manipulating the liquid state properties of materials, especially metals, have the potential to advance the development of future technology, particularly nanoscale technology. The combination of top-down nanofabrication techniques with bottom-up, intrinsic self-assembly mechanisms are a powerful fusion, because it permits new and unusual nanostructures to be created, whilst revealing interesting nanoscale physics.

In fluid dynamics, wetting and dewetting is the spontaneous natural process that occurs when a liquid ...


Detection Of Acoustic Sources Using Time-Reversal Methods, Grant E. Tingstrom 2016 The University of Southern Mississippi

Detection Of Acoustic Sources Using Time-Reversal Methods, Grant E. Tingstrom

Honors Theses

The goal of this research is to characterize the impact of using an equivalent-fluid method for a solid seabed on the use of time reversal procedures for detecting the origin location of an emitted sound. There are two different ways of modeling how sound propagates through water: modeling sound as a ray and modeling sound as a wave. It is easier to model the propagation of sound through water with a ray model; using a ray model allows for the collection of grazing angles with respect to the bottom. These will be important when determining bottom intensity loss of the ...


Particle Image Velocimetry Design & Installation, Zach Ritchie 2016 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Particle Image Velocimetry Design & Installation, Zach Ritchie

Mechanical Engineering Undergraduate Honors Theses

This work will mainly focus on the design, construction, and installation of the Particle Image Velocimetry (PIV) system in the Chemical Hazards Research Center wind tunnel. The PIV system utilizes a Class IV (double pulsed) laser, optics to produce a light sheet, timing circuitry, and a high-resolution camera (with buffered output) to measure a system’s velocity (two-dimensional) field by determining the displacement of particles over the time between laser pulses. For maximum mobility and functionality, the PIV system was installed in the center of the tunnel on a moveable cart with the laser and camera mounted to an adjustable ...


Momentum Transfer To A Simplified Wind Turbine Blade, Myer D. Milbrath 2016 The University of Southern Mississippi

Momentum Transfer To A Simplified Wind Turbine Blade, Myer D. Milbrath

Honors Theses

This project looks into the potential of simplified simulations as a supplement to wind turbine blade designs. The idea is to take a two-dimensional representation of a wind turbine blade and attempt to use a fluid flow simulation to determine which "aspect ratio" is the most efficient in the transfer of momentum. This is then compared to the current requirements for wind turbine blades to judge how accurate the simulation was. It was found that an aspect ratio of 16.66 percent was most efficient, however when compared to the requirements for a wind turbine blade this ratio only falls ...


Improving Ventricular Catheter Design Through Computational Fluid Dynamics, Sofy Hefets Weisenberg 2016 University of Tennessee - Knoxville

Improving Ventricular Catheter Design Through Computational Fluid Dynamics, Sofy Hefets Weisenberg

Masters Theses

Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) shunts are fully implantable medical devices that are used to treat patients suffering from conditions characterized by elevated intracranial pressure, such as hydrocephalus. In cases of shunt failure or malfunction, patients are often required to endure one or more revision surgeries to replace all or part of the shunt. One of the primary causes of CSF shunt failure is obstruction of the ventricular catheter, a component of the shunt system implanted directly into the brain's ventricular system. This work aims to improve the design of ventricular catheters in order to reduce the incidence of catheter obstruction ...


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