Entropy Analysis Of Sutterby Nanofluid Flow Over A Riga Sheet With Gyrotactic Microorganisms And Cattaneo–Christov Double Diffusion, 2022 The British University in Egypt

#### Entropy Analysis Of Sutterby Nanofluid Flow Over A Riga Sheet With Gyrotactic Microorganisms And Cattaneo–Christov Double Diffusion, M. Faizan, F. Ali, K. Loganathan, A. Zaib, C. A. Reddy, Sara I. Abdelsalam

*Basic Science Engineering*

In this article, a Riga plate is exhibited with an electric magnetization actuator consisting of permanent magnets and electrodes assembled alternatively. This exhibition produces electromagnetic hydrodynamic phenomena over a fluid flow. A new study model is formed with the Sutterby nanofluid flow through the Riga plate, which is crucial to the structure of several industrial and entering advancements, including thermal nuclear reactors, flow metres and nuclear reactor design. This article addresses the entropy analysis of Sutterby nanofluid flow over the Riga plate. The Cattaneo–Christov heat and mass flux were used to examine the behaviour of heat and mass relaxation ...

Stochastic Modeling Of Flows In Membrane Pore Networks, 2022 New Jersey Institute of Technology

#### Stochastic Modeling Of Flows In Membrane Pore Networks, Binan Gu

*Dissertations*

Membrane filters provide immediate solutions to many urgent problems such as water purification, and effective remedies to pressing environmental concerns such as waste and air treatment. The ubiquity of applications gives rise to a significant amount of research in membrane material selection and structural design to optimize filter efficiency. As physical experiments tend to be costly, numerical simulation and analysis of fluid flow, foulant transport and geometric evolution due to foulant deposition in complex geometries become particularly relevant. In this dissertation, several mathematical modeling and analytical aspects of the industrial membrane filtration process are investigated. A first-principles mathematical model for ...

Producing And Measuring Oscillatory Shear In A Novel Microfluidic Chip, 2022 Western University

#### Producing And Measuring Oscillatory Shear In A Novel Microfluidic Chip, Sanaz Lordfard, Daniel Lorusso, Tamie L. Poepping, Hristo N Nikolov, Kayla Soon, Stephen Sims, Jeffrey Dixon, David Holdsworth

*Undergraduate Student Research Internships Conference*

**Purpose:** To demonstrate the effectiveness of a novel microfluidic device mimicking oscillatory blood flow, allowing cell biologists to examine how endothelial cells respond to a range of oscillatory shear stress levels.

**Methods:** The microfluidic chip consists of a circular-shaped reservoir, leading to a rectangular channel that is examined under a microscope. The plunger is connected to a speaker system and oscilloscope, allowing the plunger to apply a range of frequencies (5-60Hz) and voltages (5-10 V, leading to a variety in oscillation amplitudes) to the reservoir region. 1.1 um fluorescent particles diluted in distilled water were used for tracking. Processing ...

Polymer Translocation Through A Nanopore: Controlling Capture Conformations Using An Electrical Force, 2022 Western University

#### Polymer Translocation Through A Nanopore: Controlling Capture Conformations Using An Electrical Force, Matthew D. Wei

*Undergraduate Student Research Internships Conference*

Solid-state nanopore sensors remain a promising solution to the rising global demand for genome sequencing. These single-molecule sensing technologies require single-file translocation for high resolution and accurate detection. This study uses molecular dynamics-lattice Boltzmann simulations of the capture of a single polymer chain under pressure-driven hydrodynamic flow to investigate a method of increasing the single-file capture and translocation rate. By using a model force of two oppositely electrically charged rings, single-file capture in hydrodynamic flow can be amplified from about 45% to 51.5%. This paper found that the optimal values of force location, force strength, and system pressure/flow ...

Travelling Wave Solutions On A Cylindrical Geometry, 2022 Western University

#### Travelling Wave Solutions On A Cylindrical Geometry, Karnav R. Raval

*Undergraduate Student Research Internships Conference*

Fluid equations are generally quite difficult and computationally-expensive to solve. However, if one is primarily interested in how the surface of the fluid deforms, we can re-formulate the governing equations purely in terms of free surface variables. Reformulating equations in such a way drastically cuts down on computational cost, and may be useful in areas such as modelling blood flow. Here, we study one such free-boundary formulation on a cylindrical geometry.

Analysis Of Turbulent Flow Behavior In Helicopter Rotor Hub Wakes, 2022 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

#### Analysis Of Turbulent Flow Behavior In Helicopter Rotor Hub Wakes, Forrest Mobley

*Masters Theses*

The rotor hub is one of the most important features of all helicopters, as it provides the pilot a means for controlling the vehicle by changing the characteristics of the main and tail rotors. The hub also provides a structural foundation for the rotors and allows for the rotor blades to respond to aerodynamic forces while maintaining controllability and stability. Due to the inherent geometry and high rate of rotation, the rotor hub in its current form acts a large bluff body and is the primary source of parasite drag on the helicopter, despite its relatively small size. The rotor ...

Controlled Manipulation Of Droplets On Fibers: Fundamentals And Printing Applications, 2022 Clemson University

#### Controlled Manipulation Of Droplets On Fibers: Fundamentals And Printing Applications, Yueming Sun

*All Dissertations*

In this dissertation, the drop interactions with a single fiber is discussed under an application angle for the development on new Drop-on-Demand (DOD) printhead using a fiber-in-a-tube platform[1] to print highly viscous materials[2]. To control the drop formation and manipulation on fiber, one needs to know how the fiber wetting properties and the fiber diameter influence drop formation. And then, one needs to know the effects of fiber movement in the device on drop formation. These two questions constitute the main theme of this dissertation.

Before this study, it was accepted that the liquids could not form axisymmetric ...

A Progress Report On Numerical Methods For Bgk-Type Kinetic Equations, 2022 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

#### A Progress Report On Numerical Methods For Bgk-Type Kinetic Equations, Evan Habbershaw, Steven M. Wise

*Faculty Publications and Other Works -- Mathematics*

In this report we review some preliminary work on the numerical solution of BGK-type kinetic equations of particle transport. Such equations model the motion of fluid particles via a density field when the kinetic theory of rarefied gases must be used in place of the continuum limit Navier-Stokes and Euler equations. The BGK-type equations describe the fluid in terms of phase space variables, and, in three space dimensions, require 6 independent phase-space variables (3 for space and 3 for velocity) for accurate simulation. This requires sophisticated numerical algorithms and efficient code to realize predictions over desired space and time scales ...

Aerospace Components Made By Polymer Material, 2022 Department of Aerospace Engineering, Sandip University, MH, INDIA

#### Aerospace Components Made By Polymer Material, Minal Babar Graduate Engineer, Priyansh Saxena Graduate Engineer, Nilesh Vilash Thube Graduate Engineer, Gokul Raj S Engineering Graduate

*Graduate Research in Engineering and Technology (GRET)*

The aerospace and aviation industry have fasted growing industries on a global scale. Reliable aircraft demands many top rubber components. These rubber components must-have high performance and endurance properties, since they will be exposed to a range of extreme weather conditions, such as excessively hot or cold temperatures, and different types of oils and gases. Rubber products are becoming more famous because of their durability under extreme environmental conditions and cost-effectiveness. The rubber used for aircraft must be of high quality, and this factor is most important in the production of the necessary parts. To study the effect of all ...

Developing A Miniature Smart Boat For Marine Research, 2022 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

#### Developing A Miniature Smart Boat For Marine Research, Michael Isaac Eirinberg

*Computer Engineering*

This project examines the development of a smart boat which could serve as a possible marine research apparatus. The smart boat consists of a miniature vessel containing a low-cost microcontroller to live stream a camera feed, GPS telemetry, and compass data through its own WiFi access point. The smart boat also has the potential for autonomous navigation. My project captivated the interest of several members of California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo’s (Cal Poly SLO) Marine Science Department faculty, who proposed a variety of fascinating and valuable smart boat applications.

Implementation Of A Least Squares Method To A Navier-Stokes Solver, 2022 Francis Marion University

#### Implementation Of A Least Squares Method To A Navier-Stokes Solver, Jada P. Lytch, Taylor Boatwright, Ja'nya Breeden

*Rose-Hulman Undergraduate Mathematics Journal*

The Navier-Stokes equations are used to model fluid flow. Examples include fluid structure interactions in the heart, climate and weather modeling, and flow simulations in computer gaming and entertainment. The equations date back to the 1800s, but research and development of numerical approximation algorithms continues to be an active area. To numerically solve the Navier-Stokes equations we implement a least squares finite element algorithm based on work by Roland Glowinski and colleagues. We use the deal.II academic library , the C++ language, and the Linux operating system to implement the solver. We investigate convergence rates and apply the least squares ...

Direct Simulation And Reduced-Order Modeling Of Premixed Flame Response To Acoustic Modulation, 2022 Mississippi State University

#### Direct Simulation And Reduced-Order Modeling Of Premixed Flame Response To Acoustic Modulation, Zheng Qiao

*Theses and Dissertations*

This dissertation introduces a general, predictive and cost-efficient reduced-order modeling (ROM) technique for characterization of flame response under acoustic modulation. The model is built upon the kinematic flame model–G-equation to describe the flame topology and dynamics, and the novelties of the ROM lie in i) a procedure to create the compatible base flow that can reproduce the correct flame geometry and ii) the use of a physically-consistent acoustic modulation field for the characterization of flame response. This ROM addresses the significant limitations of the classical kinematic model, which is only applicable to simple flame configurations and relies on ad-hoc ...

A New Model For Predicting The Drag And Lift Forces Of Turbulent Newtonian Flow On Arbitrarily Shaped Shells On The Seafloor, 2022 University of Southern Mississippi

#### A New Model For Predicting The Drag And Lift Forces Of Turbulent Newtonian Flow On Arbitrarily Shaped Shells On The Seafloor, Carley R. Walker, James V. Lambers, Julian Simeonov

*Dissertations*

Currently, all forecasts of currents, waves, and seafloor evolution are limited by a lack of fundamental knowledge and the parameterization of small-scale processes at the seafloor-ocean interface. Commonly used Euler-Lagrange models for sediment transport require parameterizations of the drag and lift forces acting on the particles. However, current parameterizations for these forces only work for spherical particles. In this dissertation we propose a new method for predicting the drag and lift forces on arbitrarily shaped objects at arbitrary orientations with respect to the direction of flow that will ultimately provide models for predicting the sediment sorting processes that lead to ...

Effects Of Meteorologic Events On Wave Climate And Current Regime In A Shallow, Microtidal Bay, 2022 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College

#### Effects Of Meteorologic Events On Wave Climate And Current Regime In A Shallow, Microtidal Bay, Jay S. Merrill

*LSU Master's Theses*

Along coastal Louisiana and within the shallow microtidal Barataria Bay estuary, meteorological events can play a primary role in influencing wave climate and circulation patterns. Understanding the effects of hurricanes and smaller tropical storms on hydrodynamic processes is important for constraining and predicting hydrodynamic variation in Barataria Bay, which, largely due to impacts from wave energy, is currently experiencing rapid wetland loss and is a major focus of coastal restoration efforts. Two bottom-mounted upward-facing Acoustic Current Doppler Profilers and wave, temperature, and depth recorders were installed in the lower portions of Barataria Bay to measure the wave climate and three-dimensional ...

Moving Polygon Methods For Incompressible Fluid Dynamics, 2022 University of Massachusetts Amherst

#### Moving Polygon Methods For Incompressible Fluid Dynamics, Chris Chartrand

*Doctoral Dissertations*

Hybrid particle-mesh numerical approaches are proposed to solve incompressible fluid flows. The methods discussed in this work consist of a collection of particles each wrapped in their own polygon mesh cell, which then move through the domain as the flow evolves. Variables such as pressure, velocity, mass, and momentum are located either on the mesh or on the particles themselves, depending on the specific algorithm described, and each will be shown to have its own advantages and disadvantages. This work explores what is required to obtain local conservation of mass, momentum, and convergence for the velocity and pressure in a ...

Physical Investigation Of Downburst Winds And Applicability To Full Scale Events, 2022 The University of Western Ontario

#### Physical Investigation Of Downburst Winds And Applicability To Full Scale Events, Federico Canepa

*Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository*

Thunderstorm winds, i.e. downbursts, are cold descending currents originating from cumulonimbus clouds which, upon the impingement on the ground, spread radially with high intensities. The downdraft phase of the storm and the subsequent radial outflow that is formed can cause major issues for aviation and immense damages to ground-mounted structures. Thunderstorm winds present characteristics completely different from the stationary Gaussian synoptic winds, which largely affect the mid-latitude areas of the globe in the form of extra-tropical cyclones. Downbursts are very localized winds in both space and time. It follows that their statistical investigation, by means of classical full scale ...

Connections Between Atmospheric Blocking, General Circulation, And Weather Extremes In A Hierarchy Of Models And Various Climates, 2022 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

#### Connections Between Atmospheric Blocking, General Circulation, And Weather Extremes In A Hierarchy Of Models And Various Climates, Veeshan Narinesingh

*Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects*

The field of geophysical fluid dynamics (GFD) includes the study of both the motion and thermodynamic aspects of the atmosphere. These properties are of particular importance because they directly influence both local and large-scale weather and climate and are associated with various phenomena. One phenomena that is particularly influential is atmospheric blocking. Atmospheric blocks are persistent, quasi-stationary anticyclones (a.k.a. high-pressure systems) that occur in the atmosphere and disrupt the flow. Blocks are known to induce heat extremes and cold spells, as well as steer storms and cause numerous types of hazards. Yet despite the hazards associated with blocks ...

Atomistic Simulation Of Na+ And Cl- Ions Binding Mechanisms To Tobermorite 14Å As A Model For Alkali Activated Cements, 2022 American University in Cairo

#### Atomistic Simulation Of Na+ And Cl- Ions Binding Mechanisms To Tobermorite 14Å As A Model For Alkali Activated Cements, Ahmed Abdelkawy

*Theses and Dissertations*

The production of ordinary Portland cement (OPC) is responsible for ~8% of all man-made CO2 emissions. Unfortunately, due to the continuous increase in the number of construction projects, and since virtually all projects depend on hardened cement from the hydration of OPC as the main binding material, the production of OPC is not expected to decrease. Alkali-activated cement produced from the alkaline activation of byproducts of industries, such as iron and coal industries, or processed clays represents a potential substitute for OPC. However, the interaction of the reaction products of AAC with corrosive ions from the environment, such as Cl- ...

On The Coriolis Effect For Internal Ocean Waves, 2022 Technological University Dublin

#### On The Coriolis Effect For Internal Ocean Waves, Rossen Ivanov

*Conference papers*

A derivation of the Ostrovsky equation for internal waves with methods of the Hamiltonian water wave dynamics is presented. The internal wave formed at a pycnocline or thermocline in the ocean is influenced by the Coriolis force of the Earth's rotation. The Ostrovsky equation arises in the long waves and small amplitude approximation and for certain geophysical scales of the physical variables.

A Tale Of Two Lakes: An Analysis Of Lake Optics And Their Effects On Turbulence, 2022 Bard College

#### A Tale Of Two Lakes: An Analysis Of Lake Optics And Their Effects On Turbulence, Guillermo Rode Viesca

*Senior Projects Spring 2022*

This paper aims to analyze and compare the optic properties which regulate turbulence in Lake Lacawac and Lake Giles and how these conditions change as the lakes warm and darken. Lake Giles and Lake Lacawac are both strongly stratified and have very differ- ent compositions and sizes. Despite their differences, Lake Giles is evolving to resemble Lacawac’s structure and behavior. After analyzing how our two subject lakes change in response to warming and darkening, we asses what such changes are likely to follow in a whole range of lakes represented by Lacawac and Giles in terms of composition and ...