A Comparison Of The Diel Cycle Of Modeled And Measured Latent Heat Flux During The Warm Season In A Colorado Subalpine Forest, 2018 CU + NCAR

#### A Comparison Of The Diel Cycle Of Modeled And Measured Latent Heat Flux During The Warm Season In A Colorado Subalpine Forest, Sean P. Burns, Sean C. Swenson, William R. Wieder, David M. Lawrence, Gordon B. Bonan, John F. Knowles, Peter D. Blanken

*University Libraries Open Access Fund Supported Publications*

Precipitation changes the physiological characteristics of an ecosystem. Because land-surface models are often used to project changes in the hydrological cycle, modeling the effect of precipitation on the latent heat flux E is an important aspect of land-surface models. Here we contrast conditionally sampled diel composites of the eddy-covariance fluxes from the Niwot Ridge Subalpine Forest AmeriFlux tower with the Community Land Model (CLM, version 4.5). With respect to measured E during the warm season: for the day following above-average precipitation, E was enhanced at midday by ≈40 W m−2 (relative to dry conditions), and nocturnal E increased ...

An Open-Source Quadrature-Based Population Balance Solver For Openfoam, 2018 Iowa State University

#### An Open-Source Quadrature-Based Population Balance Solver For Openfoam, Alberto Passalacqua, Frédérique Laurent, Ehsan Madadi-Kandjani, Jeffrey C. Heylmun, Rodney O. Fox

*Chemical and Biological Engineering Publications*

The extended quadrature method of moments (EQMOM) for the solution of population balance equations (PBE) is implemented in the open-source computational fluid dynamic (CFD) toolbox OpenFOAM as part of the OpenQBMM project. The moment inversion procedure was designed (Nguyen et al., 2016) to maximize the number of conserved moments in the transported moment set. The algorithm is implemented in a general structure to allow the addition of other kernel density functions defined on R+, and arbitrary kernels to describe physical phenomena involved in the evolution of the number density function. The implementation is verified with a set of zero-dimensional cases ...

Nmr Study Of The New Magnetic Superconductor Cak ( Fe 0.951 Ni 0.049 ) 4 As 4 : Microscopic Coexistence Of The Hedgehog Spin-Vortex Crystal And Superconductivity, 2018 Iowa State University and Ames Laboratory

#### Nmr Study Of The New Magnetic Superconductor Cak ( Fe 0.951 Ni 0.049 ) 4 As 4 : Microscopic Coexistence Of The Hedgehog Spin-Vortex Crystal And Superconductivity, Qing-Ping Ding, William R. Meier, A. E. Böhmer, S. L. Bud’Ko, Paul C. Canfield, Yuji Furukawa

*Paul C. Canfield*

The coexistence of a new-type antiferromagnetic (AFM) state, the so-called hedgehog spin-vortex crystal (SVC), and superconductivity (SC) is evidenced by an 75 As nuclear magnetic resonance study on single-crystalline CaK ( Fe 0.951 Ni 0.049 ) 4 As 4 . The hedgehog SVC order is clearly demonstrated by the direct observation of internal magnetic induction along the c axis at the As1 site (close to K) and a zero net internal magnetic induction at the As2 site (close to Ca) below an AFM ordering temperature T N ∼ 52 K. The nuclear spin-lattice relaxation rate 1 / T 1 shows a distinct decrease ...

Call For Abstracts - Resrb 2018, June 18-20, Brussels, Belgium, 2017 Wojciech Budzianowski Consulting Services

#### Call For Abstracts - Resrb 2018, June 18-20, Brussels, Belgium, Wojciech M. Budzianowski

*Wojciech Budzianowski*

No abstract provided.

Registration Form Resrb 2018, 2017 Wojciech Budzianowski Consulting Services

#### Registration Form Resrb 2018, Wojciech M. Budzianowski

*Wojciech Budzianowski*

No abstract provided.

Abstract Template Resrb 2018, 2017 Wojciech Budzianowski Consulting Services

#### Abstract Template Resrb 2018, Wojciech M. Budzianowski

*Wojciech Budzianowski*

No abstract provided.

Towards Eulerian Modeling Of A Polydisperse Evaporating Spray Under Realistic Internal-Combustion-Engine Conditions, 2017 Laboratoire EM2C

#### Towards Eulerian Modeling Of A Polydisperse Evaporating Spray Under Realistic Internal-Combustion-Engine Conditions, Oguz Emre, Rodney O. Fox, Marc Mossot, Stephane De Chaisemartin, Stephane Jay, Frederique Laurent

*Rodney O. Fox*

To assist the industrial engine design process, 3-D computational fluid dynamics simulations are widely used, bringing a comprehension of the underlying physics unattainable from experiments. However, the multiphase flow description involving a liquid fuel jet injected into the chamber is still in its early stages of development. There is a pressing need for a spray model that is time efficient and accurately describes the cloud of fuel and droplet dynamics downstream of the injector. Eulerian descriptions of the spray are well adapted to this highly unsteady configuration. The challenge is then to capture accurately both the evaporating spray polydispersity and ...

Solution Of Population Balance Equations In Applications With Fine Particles: Mathematical Modeling And Numerical Schemes, 2017 Université Paris-Saclay

#### Solution Of Population Balance Equations In Applications With Fine Particles: Mathematical Modeling And Numerical Schemes, Tan Trung Nguyen, Frédérique Laurent, Rodney O. Fox, Marc Massot

*Rodney O. Fox*

The accurate description and robust simulation, at relatively low cost, of global quantities (*e.g.* number density or volume fraction) as well as the size distribution of a population of fine particles in a carrier fluid is still a major challenge for many applications. For this purpose, two types of methods are investigated for solving the population balance equation with aggregation, continuous particle size change (growth and size reduction), and nucleation: the extended quadrature method of moments (EQMOM) based on the work of Yuan et al.[52]and a hybrid method (TSM) between the sectional and moment methods, considering two ...

Three Experiments On Complex Fluids, 2017 The University of Western Ontario

#### Three Experiments On Complex Fluids, Yang Liu

*Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository*

The behaviour of complex fluids is fundamentally interesting and important in many applications. This thesis reports on three experiments on the thermal and rheological behaviour of complex fluids. The first is a study of the rheological properties of and heat transport in a saline solution of hydroxyethyl cellulose. This material has been used as a tissue phantom in testing the behavior of medical devices in MRI scanners. We find it behaves as a typical entangled polymer, and flows in response to local heating, such as could occur due to eddy-current heating of metallic devices in an MR scanner. We use ...

Nmr Study Of The New Magnetic Superconductor Cak ( Fe 0.951 Ni 0.049 ) 4 As 4 : Microscopic Coexistence Of The Hedgehog Spin-Vortex Crystal And Superconductivity, 2017 Iowa State University and Ames Laboratory

#### Nmr Study Of The New Magnetic Superconductor Cak ( Fe 0.951 Ni 0.049 ) 4 As 4 : Microscopic Coexistence Of The Hedgehog Spin-Vortex Crystal And Superconductivity, Qing-Ping Ding, William R. Meier, A. E. Böhmer, S. L. Bud’Ko, Paul C. Canfield, Yuji Furukawa

*Ames Laboratory Accepted Manuscripts*

The coexistence of a new-type antiferromagnetic (AFM) state, the so-called hedgehog spin-vortex crystal (SVC), and superconductivity (SC) is evidenced by an 75 As nuclear magnetic resonance study on single-crystalline CaK ( Fe 0.951 Ni 0.049 ) 4 As 4 . The hedgehog SVC order is clearly demonstrated by the direct observation of internal magnetic induction along the c axis at the As1 site (close to K) and a zero net internal magnetic induction at the As2 site (close to Ca) below an AFM ordering temperature T N ∼ 52 K. The nuclear spin-lattice relaxation rate 1 / T 1 shows a distinct decrease ...

Numerical Investigation Of Drop Impingement On Dry And Wet Surfaces., 2017 University of Louisville

#### Numerical Investigation Of Drop Impingement On Dry And Wet Surfaces., Yisen Guo

*Electronic Theses and Dissertations*

In-flight icing due to supercooled large droplets (SLDs) imposes great danger on aviation safety. Because of the large size, SLDs have different characteristics than typical cloud droplets that most icing encounters involve. As a result, SLDs more likely hit the wing surface and move into areas not protected by de-icing devices to form ice, which can lead to loss of lift, increase in drag, altered controllability, and eventually stall and loss of control of the aircraft. The phenomenon of droplet splashing is considered as the most important aspect of the SLD icing accretion problem. Although previous studies have established splashing ...

Dynamic Self-Assembly And Self-Organized Transport Of Magnetic Micro-Swimmers, 2017 Argonne National Laboratory

#### Dynamic Self-Assembly And Self-Organized Transport Of Magnetic Micro-Swimmers, Gašper Kokot, German Kolmakov V, Igor S. Aranson, Alexey Snezhko

*Publications and Research*

We demonstrate experimentally and in computer simulations that magnetic microfloaters can self-organize into various functional structures while energized by an external alternating (ac) magnetic field. The structures exhibit self-propelled motion and an ability to carry a cargo along a pre-defined path. The morphology of the self-assembled swimmers is controlled by the frequency and amplitude of the magnetic field.

A High Quality, Eulerian 3d Fluid Solver In C++, 2017 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

#### A High Quality, Eulerian 3d Fluid Solver In C++, Lejon Anthony Mcgowan

*Computer Science*

Fluids are a part of everyday life, yet are one of the hardest elements to properly render in computer graphics. Water is the most obvious entity when thinking of what a fluid simulation can achieve (and it is indeed the focus of this project), but many other aspects of nature, like fog, clouds, and particle effects. Real-time graphics like video games employ many heuristics to approximate these effects, but large-scale renderers aim to simulate these effects as closely as possible.

In this project, I wish to achieve effects of the latter nature. Using the Eulerian technique of discrete grids, I ...

Faraday-Talbot Effect From A Circular Array Of Pillars, 2017 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

#### Faraday-Talbot Effect From A Circular Array Of Pillars, Jessica J. Pilgram

*Physics*

When an oil bath is vertically oscillating with an acceleration above some critical value, known as the Faraday threshold, the bath surface becomes unstable and nonlinear standing wave patterns emerge. One phenomenon that has been observed above the Faraday threshold is the formation of Faraday-Talbot carpets, resulting from near-field diffraction. The optical Talbot effect occurs when a monochromatic wave passes through a diffraction grating. In the near-field, the formation of self- images is observed at integer multiples of what is known as the Talbot length. These two-dimensional patterns have various applications including X-ray imaging and atom and particle trapping. Two- ...

A Mathematical Analysis Of Drug Dissolution In The Usp Flow Through Apparatus, 2017 Dublin Institute of Technology

#### A Mathematical Analysis Of Drug Dissolution In The Usp Flow Through Apparatus, David Mcdonnell, Deirdre M. D'Arcy, Lawrence J. Crane, Brendan Redmond

*Articles*

This paper applies boundary layer theory to the process of drug dissolution in the USP (United States Pharmacopeia) Flow Through Apparatus. The mass transfer rate from the vertical planar surface of a compact within the device is examined. The theoretical results obtained are then compared with those of experiment. The paper also examines the effect on the dissolution process caused by the interaction between natural and forced convection within the apparatus and the introduction of additional boundaries.

Simulation Of Driven Elastic Spheres In A Newtonian Fluid, 2017 The University of Western ontario

#### Simulation Of Driven Elastic Spheres In A Newtonian Fluid, Shikhar M. Dwivedi

*Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository*

Simulations help us test various restrictions/assumptions placed on physical systems that would otherwise be difficult to efficiently explore experimentally. For example, the Scallop Theorem, first stated in 1977, places limitations on the propulsion mechanisms available to microscopic objects in fluids. In particular, the theorem states that when the viscous forces in a fluid dominate the inertial forces associated with a physical body, such a physical body cannot generate propulsion by means of reciprocal motion. The focus of this thesis is to firstly, explore an adaptive Multiple-timestep(MTS) scheme for faster molecular dynamics(MD) simulations, and secondly, use hybrid MD-LBM ...

Hydrodynamics Of Back Spatter By Blunt Bullet Gunshot With A Link To Bloodstain Pattern Analysis, 2017 University of Illinois at Chicago

#### Hydrodynamics Of Back Spatter By Blunt Bullet Gunshot With A Link To Bloodstain Pattern Analysis, P. M. Comiskey, A. L. Yarin, Daniel Attinger

*Mechanical Engineering Publications*

A theoretical model describing the blood spatter pattern resulting from a blunt bullet gunshot is proposed. The predictions are compared to experimental data acquired in the present work. This hydrodynamic problem belongs to the class of the impact hydrodynamics with the pressure impulse generating the blood flow. At the free surface, the latter is directed outwards and accelerated toward the surrounding air. As a result, the Rayleigh-Taylor instability of the flow of blood occurs, which is responsible for the formation of blood drops of different sizes and initial velocities. Thus, the initial diameter, velocity, and acceleration of the atomized blood ...

Instrument Design Optimization With Computational Methods, 2017 Old Dominion University

#### Instrument Design Optimization With Computational Methods, Michael H. Moore

*Physics Theses & Dissertations*

Using Finite Element Analysis to approximate the solution of differential equations, two different instruments in experimental Hall C at the Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility are analyzed. The time dependence of density fluctuations from the liquid hydrogen (LH2) target used in the *Q _{weak}* experiment (2011-2012) are studied with Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) and the simulation results compared to data from the experiment. The 2.5 kW liquid hydrogen target was the highest power LH2 target in the world and the first to be designed with CFD at Jefferson Lab. The first complete magnetic field simulation of the Super High ...

High Fidelity Cfd Modeling Of Natural Ventilation In A Solar House, 2017 Iowa State University

#### High Fidelity Cfd Modeling Of Natural Ventilation In A Solar House, Mirka Deza, Baskar Ganapathysubramanian, Shan He, Ulrike Passe

*Ulrike Passe*

Natural ventilation is an important factor in the design of sustainable buildings; it has the potential to improve air quality, while providing thermal comfort at reduced energy costs. Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulations provide comprehensive information on the internal flow pattern and can be used as a design tool. The present work offers insight of natural ventilation in a fully functional building, namely, the solar facility Interlock House in Iowa. Ventilation in the house is studied during summer months with some of its furniture included. The results show quantitative agreement between numerical simulations and experiments of vertical temperature profiles for ...

High Fidelity Cfd Modeling Of Natural Ventilation In A Solar House, 2017 Iowa State University

#### High Fidelity Cfd Modeling Of Natural Ventilation In A Solar House, Mirka Deza, Baskar Ganapathysubramanian, Shan He, Ulrike Passe

*Baskar Ganapathysubramanian*

Natural ventilation is an important factor in the design of sustainable buildings; it has the potential to improve air quality, while providing thermal comfort at reduced energy costs. Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulations provide comprehensive information on the internal flow pattern and can be used as a design tool. The present work offers insight of natural ventilation in a fully functional building, namely, the solar facility Interlock House in Iowa. Ventilation in the house is studied during summer months with some of its furniture included. The results show quantitative agreement between numerical simulations and experiments of vertical temperature profiles for ...