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Determining The Activation Energy Of Glucose Syrup Using The Arrhenius Equation, Utkarsh Sharma 2018 Queensland Academy SMT

Determining The Activation Energy Of Glucose Syrup Using The Arrhenius Equation, Utkarsh Sharma

The International Student Science Fair 2018

This experiment finds the activation energy of corn syrup using the Arrhenius equation. This was done through a simple experiment of dropping a ball into corn syrup and measuring its terminal velocity. From this, the viscosity could be derived, through the use of rearrangement of Newton’s First Law. The temperature of the corn syrup was also varied through the use of a microwave by raising it to 50 degrees Celsius. It is known that the more viscous a liquid is, the greater the activation energy for the liquid, which is essentially the energy barrier that a molecule has to ...


Finding Activation Energy Of Corn Syrup, Utkarsh Sharma 2018 Illinois Math and Science Academy

Finding Activation Energy Of Corn Syrup, Utkarsh Sharma

The International Student Science Fair 2018

This experiment finds the activation energy of corn syrup using the Arrhenius equation. This was done through a simple experiment of dropping a ball into corn syrup and measuring its terminal velocity. From this, the viscosity could be derived, through the use of rearrangement of Newton’s First Law. The temperature of the corn syrup was also varied through the use of a microwave by raising it to 50 degrees Celsius. It is known that the more viscous a liquid is, the greater the activation energy for the liquid, which is essentially the energy barrier that a molecule has to ...


Theoretical And Experimental Investigation Of Forward Spatter Of Blood From A Gunshot, P. M. Comiskey, A. L. Yarin, Daniel Attinger 2018 University of Illinois at Chicago

Theoretical And Experimental Investigation Of Forward Spatter Of Blood From A Gunshot, P. M. Comiskey, A. L. Yarin, Daniel Attinger

Mechanical Engineering Publications

A theoretical model predicting forward blood spatter patterns resulting from a round nose bullet gunshot wound is proposed. The chaotic disintegration of a blood layer located ahead and aside of the bullet is considered in the framework of percolation theory. The size distribution of blood drops is determined, which allows for the prediction of a blood spatter cloud being ejected from the rear side of the target where the bullet exits. Then, droplet trajectories are numerically predicted accounting for gravity and air drag, which is affected by the collective aerodynamic interaction of drops through air. The model predicts the number ...


The Advection-Diffusion Equation And The Enhanced Dissipation Effect For Flows Generated By Hamiltonians, Michael Kumaresan 2018 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

The Advection-Diffusion Equation And The Enhanced Dissipation Effect For Flows Generated By Hamiltonians, Michael Kumaresan

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

We study the Cauchy problem for the advection-diffusion equation when the diffusive parameter is vanishingly small. We consider two cases - when the underlying flow is a shear flow, and when the underlying flow is generated by a Hamiltonian. For the former, we examine the problem on a bounded domain in two spatial variables with Dirichlet boundary conditions. After quantizing the system via the Fourier transform in the first spatial variable, we establish the enhanced-dissipation effect for each mode. For the latter, we allow for non-degenerate critical points and represent the orbits by points on a Reeb graph, with vertices representing ...


The Drag Coefficient Of Varying Dimple Patterns, James M. Seeley, Michael S. Crosser 2018 Linfield College

The Drag Coefficient Of Varying Dimple Patterns, James M. Seeley, Michael S. Crosser

Senior Theses

There are many golf balls on the market today with varying dimple sizes, shapes, and distribution. These proprietary differences are all designed to reduce drag on the balls during flight, allowing golfers to hit the ball farther distances. There are limited published studies comparing how varying the dimples affects the reduction of drag. An experiment was developed in which golf balls were pulled through a water tank to measure the drag force acting on each ball. The water was chosen to allow for testing at slower velocities than the typical necessary speeds to cause turbulence for balls traveling in air ...


Physical Applications Of The Geometric Minimum Action Method, George L. Poppe Jr. 2018 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Physical Applications Of The Geometric Minimum Action Method, George L. Poppe Jr.

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

This thesis extends the landscape of rare events problems solved on stochastic systems by means of the \textit{geometric minimum action method} (gMAM). These include partial differential equations (PDEs) such as the real Ginzburg-Landau equation (RGLE), the linear Schroedinger equation, along with various forms of the nonlinear Schroedinger equation (NLSE) including an application towards an ultra-short pulse mode-locked laser system (MLL).

Additionally we develop analytical tools that can be used alongside numerics to validate those solutions. This includes the use of instanton methods in deriving state transitions for the linear Schroedinger equation and the cubic diffusive NLSE.

These analytical solutions ...


A Comparison Of The Diel Cycle Of Modeled And Measured Latent Heat Flux During The Warm Season In A Colorado Subalpine Forest, Sean P. Burns, Sean C. Swenson, William R. Wieder, David M. Lawrence, Gordon B. Bonan, John F. Knowles, Peter D. Blanken 2018 CU + NCAR

A Comparison Of The Diel Cycle Of Modeled And Measured Latent Heat Flux During The Warm Season In A Colorado Subalpine Forest, Sean P. Burns, Sean C. Swenson, William R. Wieder, David M. Lawrence, Gordon B. Bonan, John F. Knowles, Peter D. Blanken

University Libraries Open Access Fund Supported Publications

Precipitation changes the physiological characteristics of an ecosystem. Because land-surface models are often used to project changes in the hydrological cycle, modeling the effect of precipitation on the latent heat flux E is an important aspect of land-surface models. Here we contrast conditionally sampled diel composites of the eddy-covariance fluxes from the Niwot Ridge Subalpine Forest AmeriFlux tower with the Community Land Model (CLM, version 4.5). With respect to measured E during the warm season: for the day following above-average precipitation, E was enhanced at midday by ≈40 W m−2 (relative to dry conditions), and nocturnal E increased ...


Swelling As A Stabilizing Mechanism During Ion Bombardment Of Thin Films: An Analytical And Numerical Study, Jennifer M. Swenson 2018 Southern Methodist University

Swelling As A Stabilizing Mechanism During Ion Bombardment Of Thin Films: An Analytical And Numerical Study, Jennifer M. Swenson

Mathematics Theses and Dissertations

Irradiation of semiconductor surfaces often leads to the spontaneous formation of rippled structures at certain irradiation angles. However, at high enough energies, these structures are observed to vanish for all angles, despite the absence of any identified, universally-stabilizing physical mechanisms in operation. Here, we examine the effect on pattern formation of radiation-induced swelling, which has been excluded from prior treatments of stress in irradiated films. After developing a suitable continuum model, we perform a linear stability analysis to determine its effect on stability. Under appropriate simplifying assumptions, we find swelling indeed to be stabilizing at wavenumbers typical of experimental observations ...


An Asymptotic Analysis For Generation Of Unsteady Surface Waves On Deep Water By Turbulence, Shahrdad Sajjadi 2018 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University

An Asymptotic Analysis For Generation Of Unsteady Surface Waves On Deep Water By Turbulence, Shahrdad Sajjadi

Publications

The detailed mathematical study of the recent paper by Sajjadi, Hunt and Drullion (2014) is presented. The mathematical developement considered by them, for unsteady growing monochromatic waves is also extended to Stokes waves. The present contribution also demonstrates agreement with the pioneering work of Belcher and Hunt (1993) which is valid in the limit of the complex part of the wave phase speed ci ↓ 0. It is further shown that the energy-transfer parameter and the surface shear stress for a Stokes wave reverts to a monochromatic wave when the second harmonic is excluded. Furthermore, the present theory can be ...


Electroosmotic Flow Of Viscoelastic Fluid In A Nanoslit, Lanju Mei, Hongna Zhang, Hongxia Meng, Shizhi Qian 2018 Old Dominion University

Electroosmotic Flow Of Viscoelastic Fluid In A Nanoslit, Lanju Mei, Hongna Zhang, Hongxia Meng, Shizhi Qian

Mechanical & Aerospace Engineering Faculty Publications

The electroosmotic flow (EOF) of viscoelastic fluid in a long nanoslit is numerically studied to investigate the rheological property effect of Linear Phan-Thien-Tanner (LPTT) fluid on the fully developed EOF. The non-linear Poisson-Nernst-Planck equations governing the electric potential and the ionic concentration distribution within the channel are adopted to take into account the effect of the electrical double layer (EDL), including the EDL overlap. When the EDL is not overlapped, the velocity profiles for both Newtonian and viscoelastic fluids are plug-like and increase sharply near the charged wall. The velocity profile resembles that of pressure-driven flow when the EDL is ...


An Open-Source Quadrature-Based Population Balance Solver For Openfoam, Alberto Passalacqua, Frédérique Laurent, Ehsan Madadi-Kandjani, Jeffrey C. Heylmun, Rodney O. Fox 2018 Iowa State University

An Open-Source Quadrature-Based Population Balance Solver For Openfoam, Alberto Passalacqua, Frédérique Laurent, Ehsan Madadi-Kandjani, Jeffrey C. Heylmun, Rodney O. Fox

Chemical and Biological Engineering Publications

The extended quadrature method of moments (EQMOM) for the solution of population balance equations (PBE) is implemented in the open-source computational fluid dynamic (CFD) toolbox OpenFOAM as part of the OpenQBMM project. The moment inversion procedure was designed (Nguyen et al., 2016) to maximize the number of conserved moments in the transported moment set. The algorithm is implemented in a general structure to allow the addition of other kernel density functions defined on R+, and arbitrary kernels to describe physical phenomena involved in the evolution of the number density function. The implementation is verified with a set of zero-dimensional cases ...


Dynamic Control Of Particle Separation In Deterministic Lateral Displacement Separator With Viscoelastic Fluids, Yuke Li, Hongna Zhang, Yongyao Li, Xiaobin Li, Jian Wu, Shizhi Qian, Fengchen Li 2018 Old Dominion University

Dynamic Control Of Particle Separation In Deterministic Lateral Displacement Separator With Viscoelastic Fluids, Yuke Li, Hongna Zhang, Yongyao Li, Xiaobin Li, Jian Wu, Shizhi Qian, Fengchen Li

Mechanical & Aerospace Engineering Faculty Publications

We proposed an innovative method to achieve dynamic control of particle separation by employing viscoelastic fluids in deterministic lateral displacement (DLD) arrays. The effects of shear-thinning and elasticity of working fluids on the critical separation size in DLD arrays are investigated. It is observed that each effect can lead to the variation of the critical separation size by approximately 40%. Since the elasticity strength of the fluid is related to the shear rate, the dynamic control can for the first time be easily realized through tuning the flow rate in microchannels.


Hydrodynamic Forces Acting On A Moving Hand, Elizabeth A. Gregorio 2018 Hamline University

Hydrodynamic Forces Acting On A Moving Hand, Elizabeth A. Gregorio

Departmental Honors Projects

The greatest amount of direct propulsion during swimming comes from the force exerted by the hand. It is possible for a swimmer to create a higher effective surface area of the hand by slightly spreading their fingers during the pull phase of the stroke. This phenomenon occurs because of the dynamic forces acting on the hand while it moves through the water. This investigation explores and compares how computational and experimental results suggest the occurrence of this phenomena. This is done first with a simple model of the four fingers (not including the thumb), held with different separations (0.0cm ...


Characterization Of Rotary Bell Atomizers Through Image Analysis Techniques, Jacob E. Wilson 2018 University of Kentucky

Characterization Of Rotary Bell Atomizers Through Image Analysis Techniques, Jacob E. Wilson

Theses and Dissertations--Mechanical Engineering

Three methods were developed to better understand and characterize the near-field dynamic processes of rotary bell atomization. The methods were developed with the goal of possible integration into industry to identify equipment changes through changes in the primary atomization of the bell. The first technique utilized high-speed imaging to capture qualitative ligament breakup and, in combination with a developed image processing technique and PIV software, was able to gain statistical size and velocity information about both ligaments and droplets in the image data. A second technique, using an Nd:YAG laser with an optical filter, was used to capture size ...


Streamwise Flow-Induced Oscillations Of Bluff Bodies - The Influence Of Symmetry Breaking, Tyler Gurian 2018 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Streamwise Flow-Induced Oscillations Of Bluff Bodies - The Influence Of Symmetry Breaking, Tyler Gurian

Masters Theses

The influence of symmetry breaking on the flow induced oscillations of bluff bodies in the steamwise direction is studied. First, a series of experiments is conducted on a one-degree-of-freedom circular cylinder allowed to exhibit pure translational motion in the streamwise direction over a range of reduced velocities, 1.4 < U* < 4.4, corresponding to a Reynolds number range of 970 < Re < 3370. Two distinct regions of displacements were observed in reduced velocity ranges of 1.6 < U* < 2.5 and 2.75 < U* < 3.85. Measured force coefficients in the drag and lift direction were examined, along with the wake visualization, through the range of reduced velocities, to infer the resulting wake modes. A new Alternating Symmetric (AS) mode was found. This transition from symmetric to AS shedding occurred near the end of the first region of response. Similar tests were run with a square prism in the parameter space of 2.4 < U* < 5.8 and 757 < Re < 1900 over angles of incidence of 0° ≤ α ≤ 45°. A distinct region of lock-in is observed for α = 0°, 2.5°, 5°, 7.5° over 3.2 < U* < 5.4 for α = 0°, and decreasing with increasing α. The wake structures were found to be roughly symmetric for α = 0°, but transitioned towards asymmetry with ...


Fluid-Dynamic Models Of Geophysical Waves, Alan Compelli 2018 Dublin Institute of Technology

Fluid-Dynamic Models Of Geophysical Waves, Alan Compelli

Doctoral

Geophysical waves are waves that are found naturally in the Earth's atmosphere and oceans. Internal waves, that is waves that act as an interface between uids of dierent density, are examples of geophysical waves. A uid system with a at bottom, at surface and internal wave is initially considered. The system has a depth-dependent current which mimics a typical ocean set-up and, as it is based on the surface of the rotating Earth, incorporates Coriolis forces. Using well established uid dynamic techniques, the total energy is calculated and used to determine the dynamics of the system using a procedure ...


Reduced Models Of Point Vortex Systems In Quasigeostrophic Fluid Dynamics, Jonathan Maack 2018 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Reduced Models Of Point Vortex Systems In Quasigeostrophic Fluid Dynamics, Jonathan Maack

Doctoral Dissertations

We develop a nonequilibrium statistical mechanical description of the evolution of point vortex systems governed by either the Euler, single-layer quasigeostrophic or two-layer quasigeostrophic equations. Our approach is based on a recently proposed optimal closure procedure for deriving reduced models of Hamiltonian systems. In this theory the statistical evolution is kept within a parametric family of distributions based on the resolved variables chosen to describe the macrostate of the system. The approximate evolution is matched as closely as possible to the true evolution by minimizing the mean-squared residual in the Liouville equation, a metric which quantifies the information loss rate ...


Call For Abstracts - Resrb 2018, June 18-20, Brussels, Belgium, Wojciech M. Budzianowski 2017 Wojciech Budzianowski Consulting Services

Call For Abstracts - Resrb 2018, June 18-20, Brussels, Belgium, Wojciech M. Budzianowski

Wojciech Budzianowski

No abstract provided.


Towards Eulerian Modeling Of A Polydisperse Evaporating Spray Under Realistic Internal-Combustion-Engine Conditions, Oguz Emre, Rodney O. Fox, Marc Mossot, Stephane de Chaisemartin, Stephane Jay, Frederique Laurent 2017 Laboratoire EM2C

Towards Eulerian Modeling Of A Polydisperse Evaporating Spray Under Realistic Internal-Combustion-Engine Conditions, Oguz Emre, Rodney O. Fox, Marc Mossot, Stephane De Chaisemartin, Stephane Jay, Frederique Laurent

Rodney O. Fox

To assist the industrial engine design process, 3-D computational fluid dynamics simulations are widely used, bringing a comprehension of the underlying physics unattainable from experiments. However, the multiphase flow description involving a liquid fuel jet injected into the chamber is still in its early stages of development. There is a pressing need for a spray model that is time efficient and accurately describes the cloud of fuel and droplet dynamics downstream of the injector. Eulerian descriptions of the spray are well adapted to this highly unsteady configuration. The challenge is then to capture accurately both the evaporating spray polydispersity and ...


Solution Of Population Balance Equations In Applications With Fine Particles: Mathematical Modeling And Numerical Schemes, Tan Trung Nguyen, Frédérique Laurent, Rodney O. Fox, Marc Massot 2017 Université Paris-Saclay

Solution Of Population Balance Equations In Applications With Fine Particles: Mathematical Modeling And Numerical Schemes, Tan Trung Nguyen, Frédérique Laurent, Rodney O. Fox, Marc Massot

Rodney O. Fox

The accurate description and robust simulation, at relatively low cost, of global quantities (e.g. number density or volume fraction) as well as the size distribution of a population of fine particles in a carrier fluid is still a major challenge for many applications. For this purpose, two types of methods are investigated for solving the population balance equation with aggregation, continuous particle size change (growth and size reduction), and nucleation: the extended quadrature method of moments (EQMOM) based on the work of Yuan et al.[52]and a hybrid method (TSM) between the sectional and moment methods, considering two ...


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