Removal Of Chlorine From Chlorine-Nitrogen Mixture In A Film Of Liquid Water, 2017 University of Dayton

#### Removal Of Chlorine From Chlorine-Nitrogen Mixture In A Film Of Liquid Water, Sarwan S. Sandhu

*Sarwan S. Sandhu*

In industry there are many examples of absorption of a gas with or without chemical reaction in the liquid phase. In physical absorption, a particular gaseous component is removed from a gas mixture due to its larger solubility in the liquid phase solvent. The removal of butane and pentane from a refinery gas mixture by a heavy oil in the liquid phase is an example of physical absorption. In absorption with chemical reaction, the gaseous component to be removed transfers across the gas-liquid interface due to a difference in the bulk chemical potentials or concentrations in the two phases. The ...

A Physics-Based Approach To Modeling Wildland Fire Spread Through Porous Fuel Beds, 2017 University of Kentucky

#### A Physics-Based Approach To Modeling Wildland Fire Spread Through Porous Fuel Beds, Tingting Tang

*Theses and Dissertations--Mechanical Engineering*

Wildfires are becoming increasingly erratic nowadays at least in part because of climate change. CFD (computational fluid dynamics)-based models with the potential of simulating extreme behaviors are gaining increasing attention as a means to predict such behavior in order to aid firefighting efforts. This dissertation describes a wildfire model based on the current understanding of wildfire physics. The model includes physics of turbulence, inhomogeneous porous fuel beds, heat release, ignition, and firebrands. A discrete dynamical system for flow in porous media is derived and incorporated into the subgrid-scale model for synthetic-velocity large-eddy simulation (LES), and a general porosity-permeability model ...

Abstract Template Resrb 2017, 2016 Wroclaw University of Technology

#### Abstract Template Resrb 2017, Wojciech M. Budzianowski

*Wojciech Budzianowski*

No abstract provided.

Order Form Resrb 2017, 2016 Wroclaw University of Technology

#### Order Form Resrb 2017, Wojciech M. Budzianowski

*Wojciech Budzianowski*

No abstract provided.

C.V., 2016 Wroclaw University of Technology

On The Propagation Of Atmospheric Gravity Waves In A Non-Uniform Wind Field: Introducing A Modified Acoustic-Gravity Wave Equation, 2016 Utah State University

#### On The Propagation Of Atmospheric Gravity Waves In A Non-Uniform Wind Field: Introducing A Modified Acoustic-Gravity Wave Equation, Ahmad Talaei

*All Graduate Plan B and other Reports*

Atmospheric gravity waves play fundamental roles in a broad-range of dynamical processes extending throughout the Earth’s neutral atmosphere and ionosphere. In this paper, we present a modified form for the acoustic-gravity wave equation and its dispersion relationships for a compressible and non-stationary atmosphere in hydrostatic balance. Importantly, the solutions have been achieved without the use of the well-known Boussinesq approximation which have been used extensively in previous studies.

We utilize the complete set of governing equations for a compressible atmosphere with non-uniform airflows to determine an equation for vertical velocity of possible atmospheric waves. This intricate wave equation is ...

Roles Of Siphon Flows In Suspension Feeding, 2016 University of Maine - Main

#### Roles Of Siphon Flows In Suspension Feeding, Kevin Du Clos

*Electronic Theses and Dissertations*

Benthic marine suspension feeders provide an important link between benthic and pelagic ecosystems. The strength of this link is determined by suspension-feeding rates. Many studies have measured suspension-feeding rates using indirect clearance-rate methods, which are based on the depletion of suspended particles. Direct methods that measure the flow of water itself are less common, but they can be more broadly applied because clearance-rate measurements are affected by properties of the cleared particles. We present pumping rates for three species of suspension feeders, the clams *Mya arenaria* and *Mercenaria mercenaria* and the tunicate *Ciona intestinalis*, calculated using a direct method based ...

Large Scale Brownian Dynamics Simulation Of Dilute And Semidilute Polymeric Solutions, 2016 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

#### Large Scale Brownian Dynamics Simulation Of Dilute And Semidilute Polymeric Solutions, Amir Saadat

*Doctoral Dissertations*

Excluded Volume (EV) and Hydrodynamic Interactions (HI) play a central role in static and dynamic properties of macromolecules in solution under equilibrium and nonequilibrium settings. The computational cost of incorporating HI in mesoscale Brownian dynamics (BD) simulations, particularly in the semidilute regime has motivated significant research aimed at development of high-fidelity and efficient techniques.

In this study, I have developed several algorithms for the mesoscale bead-spring representation of a macromolecular solution in dilute and semidilute regimes. The Krylov subspace method enables fast calculation of single chain dynamics with simulation time scaling of *O*(*N*_{b2}) [order *N* subscript b ...

Making Waves: A Computational Swimming Lamprey With Sensory Feedback, 2016 Bucknell University

#### Making Waves: A Computational Swimming Lamprey With Sensory Feedback, Christina Hamlet, Eric D. Tytell, Lisa J. Fauci, Kathleen A. Hoffman

*Annual Symposium on Biomathematics and Ecology: Education and Research*

No abstract provided.

Interdisciplinary Undergraduate Research In Biofluids, 2016 James Madison University

#### Interdisciplinary Undergraduate Research In Biofluids, Eva M. Strawbridge

*Annual Symposium on Biomathematics and Ecology: Education and Research*

No abstract provided.

Dem-Cfd Numerical Simulation And Experimental Validation Of Heat Transfer And Two-Component Flow In Fluidized Bed, 2016 Southeast University

#### Dem-Cfd Numerical Simulation And Experimental Validation Of Heat Transfer And Two-Component Flow In Fluidized Bed, Feihong Guo

*The 8th International Conference on Physical and Numerical Simulation of Materials Processing*

No abstract provided.

Thermoelectric Magnetohydrodynamic Effects In Solidification Processes, 2016 University of Manchester

#### Thermoelectric Magnetohydrodynamic Effects In Solidification Processes, Andrew Kao, Koulis Pericleous, Peter Lee, Biao Cai, Jianrong Gao

*The 8th International Conference on Physical and Numerical Simulation of Materials Processing*

No abstract provided.

Particle Swarm Transport In Porous Media, 2016 Purdue University

#### Particle Swarm Transport In Porous Media, Alison R. Hoe, Laura J Pyrak-Nolte

*The Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) Symposium*

In recent years, interest in particulate transport in the subsurface has increased with the increased use of micro-particulates in consumer products. In this research, we study particulate swarm transport through porous media that depends on the complexity of the flow paths, on the size and shape of the particles and on the physical interactions among the particles, fluids, and matrix. Specifically, we investigate the effect of pore geometry and grain wettability on swarm evolution under gravity. Swarms were composed of 3 micron polystyrene beads in either water or water with KCL (%). Two types of grains are used to simulate a ...

A Fast Model For The Simulation Of External Gear Pumps, 2016 Purdue University

#### A Fast Model For The Simulation Of External Gear Pumps, Zechao Lu, Xinran Zhao, Andrea Vacca

*The Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) Symposium*

External gear pump is an important category of positive displacement fluid machines used to perform the mechanical–hydraulic energy conversions in many fluid power applications. An efficient numerical simulation program is needed to simulate the system in order to provide a direction for design purpose. The model consists of a lumped parameter fluid dynamic model and a model that simulates the radial micro-motions of the gear’s axes of rotation. The system consists of a set of ordinary differential equations related to the conservation on mass of the internal control volumes of the pump, which are given by the tooth ...

A Chemical Kinetic Study Of The Reaction Of Hydroxyl With Furans, 2016 KAUST

#### A Chemical Kinetic Study Of The Reaction Of Hydroxyl With Furans, Et-Touhami Es-Sebbar, Ahmed Elwardany, K. Fethi, A. Farooq

*Dr. Et-touhami Es-sebbar*

Large Length Scale Capillary Fluidics: From Jumping Bubbles To Drinking In Space, 2016 Portland State University

#### Large Length Scale Capillary Fluidics: From Jumping Bubbles To Drinking In Space, Andrew Paul Wollman

*Dissertations and Theses*

In orbit, finding the "bottom" of your coffee cup is a non-trivial task. Subtle forces often masked by gravity influence the containment and transport of fluids aboard spacecraft, often in surprising non-intuitive ways. Terrestrial experience with capillary forces is typically relegated to the micro-scale, but engineering community exposure to large length scale capillary fluidics critical to spacecraft fluid management design is low indeed. Low-cost drop towers and fast-to-flight International Space Station (ISS) experiments are increasing designer exposure to this fresh field of study. This work first provides a wide variety of drop tower tests that demonstrate fundamental and applied capillary ...

A Reduced Order Model For Efficient Physiological Flow Analysis In Aneurysms By Proper Orthogonal Decomposition, 2016 University of Massachusetts Amherst

#### A Reduced Order Model For Efficient Physiological Flow Analysis In Aneurysms By Proper Orthogonal Decomposition, Gary Han Chang, Yahya Modarres-Sadeghi

*UMass Center for Clinical and Translational Science Research Retreat*

Simulating physiological flows using computational fluid dynamics (CFD) remains to be computationally expensive and difficult for clinical usage because of the physiological flow and geometrical complexity involved in patient specific situations. We use the reduced order modeling (ROM) of such systems with high nonlinearity and geometrical non-uniformity to replace the full, nonlinear model with a low-degrees of freedom ROM model. We construct ROM models by the proper orthogonal decomposition (POD) method to estimate the flow-induced wall shear stress (WSS) and pressure loading of a simplified abdominal aortic aneurysm and a bifurcation cerebral aneurysm. This method allows us to investigate a ...

Pulsed-Laser Induced Dewetting Of Metallic Nanostructures, 2016 University of Tennessee - Knoxville

#### Pulsed-Laser Induced Dewetting Of Metallic Nanostructures, Christopher Aidan Hartnett

*Doctoral Dissertations*

This dissertation explores the fluid dynamics of nano and microscale liquid metal filaments, with an emphasis on experimentally investigating the influences and causes of filament breakup and metallic nanostructure formation. Understanding and manipulating the liquid state properties of materials, especially metals, have the potential to advance the development of future technology, particularly nanoscale technology. The combination of top-down nanofabrication techniques with bottom-up, intrinsic self-assembly mechanisms are a powerful fusion, because it permits new and unusual nanostructures to be created, whilst revealing interesting nanoscale physics.

In fluid dynamics, wetting and dewetting is the spontaneous natural process that occurs when a liquid ...

Detection Of Acoustic Sources Using Time-Reversal Methods, 2016 The University of Southern Mississippi

#### Detection Of Acoustic Sources Using Time-Reversal Methods, Grant E. Tingstrom

*Honors Theses*

The goal of this research is to characterize the impact of using an equivalent-fluid method for a solid seabed on the use of time reversal procedures for detecting the origin location of an emitted sound. There are two different ways of modeling how sound propagates through water: modeling sound as a ray and modeling sound as a wave. It is easier to model the propagation of sound through water with a ray model; using a ray model allows for the collection of grazing angles with respect to the bottom. These will be important when determining bottom intensity loss of the ...

Momentum Transfer To A Simplified Wind Turbine Blade, 2016 The University of Southern Mississippi

#### Momentum Transfer To A Simplified Wind Turbine Blade, Myer D. Milbrath

*Honors Theses*

This project looks into the potential of simplified simulations as a supplement to wind turbine blade designs. The idea is to take a two-dimensional representation of a wind turbine blade and attempt to use a fluid flow simulation to determine which "aspect ratio" is the most efficient in the transfer of momentum. This is then compared to the current requirements for wind turbine blades to judge how accurate the simulation was. It was found that an aspect ratio of 16.66 percent was most efficient, however when compared to the requirements for a wind turbine blade this ratio only falls ...