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399 full-text articles. Page 1 of 12.

Making Waves: A Computational Swimming Lamprey With Sensory Feedback, Christina Hamlet, Eric D. Tytell, Lisa J. Fauci, Kathleen A. Hoffman 2016 Bucknell University

Making Waves: A Computational Swimming Lamprey With Sensory Feedback, Christina Hamlet, Eric D. Tytell, Lisa J. Fauci, Kathleen A. Hoffman

Annual Symposium on Biomathematics and Ecology: Education and Research

No abstract provided.


Interdisciplinary Undergraduate Research In Biofluids, Eva M. Strawbridge 2016 James Madison University

Interdisciplinary Undergraduate Research In Biofluids, Eva M. Strawbridge

Annual Symposium on Biomathematics and Ecology: Education and Research

No abstract provided.


Dem-Cfd Numerical Simulation And Experimental Validation Of Heat Transfer And Two-Component Flow In Fluidized Bed, Feihong Guo 2016 Southeast University

Dem-Cfd Numerical Simulation And Experimental Validation Of Heat Transfer And Two-Component Flow In Fluidized Bed, Feihong Guo

The 8th International Conference on Physical and Numerical Simulation of Materials Processing

No abstract provided.


Thermoelectric Magnetohydrodynamic Effects In Solidification Processes, Andrew Kao, Koulis Pericleous, Peter Lee, Biao Cai, Jianrong Gao 2016 University of Manchester

Thermoelectric Magnetohydrodynamic Effects In Solidification Processes, Andrew Kao, Koulis Pericleous, Peter Lee, Biao Cai, Jianrong Gao

The 8th International Conference on Physical and Numerical Simulation of Materials Processing

No abstract provided.


A Fast Model For The Simulation Of External Gear Pumps, Zechao Lu, Xinran Zhao, Andrea Vacca 2016 Purdue University

A Fast Model For The Simulation Of External Gear Pumps, Zechao Lu, Xinran Zhao, Andrea Vacca

The Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) Symposium

External gear pump is an important category of positive displacement fluid machines used to perform the mechanical–hydraulic energy conversions in many fluid power applications. An efficient numerical simulation program is needed to simulate the system in order to provide a direction for design purpose. The model consists of a lumped parameter fluid dynamic model and a model that simulates the radial micro-motions of the gear’s axes of rotation. The system consists of a set of ordinary differential equations related to the conservation on mass of the internal control volumes of the pump, which are given by the tooth ...


Particle Swarm Transport In Porous Media, Alison R. Hoe, Laura J Pyrak-Nolte 2016 Purdue University

Particle Swarm Transport In Porous Media, Alison R. Hoe, Laura J Pyrak-Nolte

The Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) Symposium

In recent years, interest in particulate transport in the subsurface has increased with the increased use of micro-particulates in consumer products. In this research, we study particulate swarm transport through porous media that depends on the complexity of the flow paths, on the size and shape of the particles and on the physical interactions among the particles, fluids, and matrix. Specifically, we investigate the effect of pore geometry and grain wettability on swarm evolution under gravity. Swarms were composed of 3 micron polystyrene beads in either water or water with KCL (%). Two types of grains are used to simulate a ...


A Chemical Kinetic Study Of The Reaction Of Hydroxyl With Furans, Et-touhami Es-sebbar, Ahmed Elwardany, K. Fethi, A. Farooq 2016 KAUST

A Chemical Kinetic Study Of The Reaction Of Hydroxyl With Furans, Et-Touhami Es-Sebbar, Ahmed Elwardany, K. Fethi, A. Farooq

Dr. Et-touhami Es-sebbar

Furans, a class of cyclic ethers, are potential renewable fuels and additives to conventional fuels. High temperature oxidation of furans is dominated by their reaction with hydroxyl radical. In this work, rate coefficients for the reaction of hydroxyl (OH) with furan (k1), 2-methyl furan (k2) and 2,5-dimethyl furan (k3) were measured behind reflected shock waves over a temperature range of 890–1388 K and pressures of 1–2 atm. Hydroxyl radicals were generated via the thermal decomposition of tert-butylhydroperoxide.

The OH radicals were monitored using the well-characterized R1(5) rotational line of the A–X (0, 0) band in ...


A Reduced Order Model For Efficient Physiological Flow Analysis In Aneurysms By Proper Orthogonal Decomposition, Gary Han Chang, Yahya Modarres-Sadeghi 2016 University of Massachusetts Amherst

A Reduced Order Model For Efficient Physiological Flow Analysis In Aneurysms By Proper Orthogonal Decomposition, Gary Han Chang, Yahya Modarres-Sadeghi

UMass Center for Clinical and Translational Science Research Retreat

Simulating physiological flows using computational fluid dynamics (CFD) remains to be computationally expensive and difficult for clinical usage because of the physiological flow and geometrical complexity involved in patient specific situations. We use the reduced order modeling (ROM) of such systems with high nonlinearity and geometrical non-uniformity to replace the full, nonlinear model with a low-degrees of freedom ROM model. We construct ROM models by the proper orthogonal decomposition (POD) method to estimate the flow-induced wall shear stress (WSS) and pressure loading of a simplified abdominal aortic aneurysm and a bifurcation cerebral aneurysm. This method allows us to investigate a ...


Pulsed-Laser Induced Dewetting Of Metallic Nanostructures, Christopher Aidan Hartnett 2016 University of Tennessee - Knoxville

Pulsed-Laser Induced Dewetting Of Metallic Nanostructures, Christopher Aidan Hartnett

Doctoral Dissertations

This dissertation explores the fluid dynamics of nano and microscale liquid metal filaments, with an emphasis on experimentally investigating the influences and causes of filament breakup and metallic nanostructure formation. Understanding and manipulating the liquid state properties of materials, especially metals, have the potential to advance the development of future technology, particularly nanoscale technology. The combination of top-down nanofabrication techniques with bottom-up, intrinsic self-assembly mechanisms are a powerful fusion, because it permits new and unusual nanostructures to be created, whilst revealing interesting nanoscale physics.

In fluid dynamics, wetting and dewetting is the spontaneous natural process that occurs when a liquid ...


Momentum Transfer To A Simplified Wind Turbine Blade, Myer D. Milbrath 2016 The University of Southern Mississippi

Momentum Transfer To A Simplified Wind Turbine Blade, Myer D. Milbrath

Honors Theses

This project looks into the potential of simplified simulations as a supplement to wind turbine blade designs. The idea is to take a two-dimensional representation of a wind turbine blade and attempt to use a fluid flow simulation to determine which "aspect ratio" is the most efficient in the transfer of momentum. This is then compared to the current requirements for wind turbine blades to judge how accurate the simulation was. It was found that an aspect ratio of 16.66 percent was most efficient, however when compared to the requirements for a wind turbine blade this ratio only falls ...


Detection Of Acoustic Sources Using Time-Reversal Methods, Grant E. Tingstrom 2016 The University of Southern Mississippi

Detection Of Acoustic Sources Using Time-Reversal Methods, Grant E. Tingstrom

Honors Theses

The goal of this research is to characterize the impact of using an equivalent-fluid method for a solid seabed on the use of time reversal procedures for detecting the origin location of an emitted sound. There are two different ways of modeling how sound propagates through water: modeling sound as a ray and modeling sound as a wave. It is easier to model the propagation of sound through water with a ray model; using a ray model allows for the collection of grazing angles with respect to the bottom. These will be important when determining bottom intensity loss of the ...


Particle Image Velocimetry Design & Installation, Zach Ritchie 2016 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Particle Image Velocimetry Design & Installation, Zach Ritchie

Mechanical Engineering Undergraduate Honors Theses

This work will mainly focus on the design, construction, and installation of the Particle Image Velocimetry (PIV) system in the Chemical Hazards Research Center wind tunnel. The PIV system utilizes a Class IV (double pulsed) laser, optics to produce a light sheet, timing circuitry, and a high-resolution camera (with buffered output) to measure a system’s velocity (two-dimensional) field by determining the displacement of particles over the time between laser pulses. For maximum mobility and functionality, the PIV system was installed in the center of the tunnel on a moveable cart with the laser and camera mounted to an adjustable ...


Improving Ventricular Catheter Design Through Computational Fluid Dynamics, Sofy Hefets Weisenberg 2016 University of Tennessee - Knoxville

Improving Ventricular Catheter Design Through Computational Fluid Dynamics, Sofy Hefets Weisenberg

Masters Theses

Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) shunts are fully implantable medical devices that are used to treat patients suffering from conditions characterized by elevated intracranial pressure, such as hydrocephalus. In cases of shunt failure or malfunction, patients are often required to endure one or more revision surgeries to replace all or part of the shunt. One of the primary causes of CSF shunt failure is obstruction of the ventricular catheter, a component of the shunt system implanted directly into the brain's ventricular system. This work aims to improve the design of ventricular catheters in order to reduce the incidence of catheter obstruction ...


Procesy Cieplne I Aparaty (Lab), Wojciech Budzianowski 2016 Wroclaw University of Technology

Procesy Cieplne I Aparaty (Lab), Wojciech Budzianowski

Wojciech Budzianowski

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An Assessment Of The Validity Of The Kinetic Model For Liquid-Vapor Phase Change By Examining Cryogenic Propellants, Kishan Bellur 2016 Michigan Technological University

An Assessment Of The Validity Of The Kinetic Model For Liquid-Vapor Phase Change By Examining Cryogenic Propellants, Kishan Bellur

Dissertations, Master's Theses and Master's Reports

Evaporation is ubiquitous in nature and occurs even in a microgravity space envi- ronment. Long term space missions require storage of cryogenic propellents and an accurate prediction of phase change rates. Kinetic theory has been used to model and predict evaporation rates for over a century but the reported values of accommodation coefficients are highly inconsistent and no accurate data is available for cryogens. The proposed study involves a combined experimental and computational approach to ex- tract the accommodation coefficients. Neutron imaging is used as the visualization technique due to the difference in attenuation between the cryogen and the metallic ...


Drag Reduction Using Graphene In Viscous Laminar Flow With Water And Isopropanol, Jessica M. Patalano, AKM Newaz Dr. 2016 California State University - San Bernardino

Drag Reduction Using Graphene In Viscous Laminar Flow With Water And Isopropanol, Jessica M. Patalano, Akm Newaz Dr.

STAR (STEM Teacher and Researcher) Presentations

America has over 2.6 million miles of pipeline for the transportation of energy products, such as liquid petroleum and natural gas. Friction is one of the main sources for energy dissipation at liquid/solid interfaces that limits the transport of a fluid through a cylindrical pipe or tube. In order to make these pipelines more efficient and enhance the flow of these materials, it is necessary to find a coating material that reduces the frictional drag. The ideal material would reduce the drag between the fluid and solid interface while being easily synthesizable on the surface. The goal of ...


Complex Capillary Fluidic Phenomena For Passive Control Of Liquids In Low-Gravity Environments, Logan Torres 2016 Portland State University

Complex Capillary Fluidic Phenomena For Passive Control Of Liquids In Low-Gravity Environments, Logan Torres

Undergraduate Research & Mentoring Program

In an effort to further apply the recent results of puddle jumping research, we seek to expand the oblique droplet impact studies of others by exploiting large liquid droplets in the near weightless environment of a drop tower. By using the spontaneous puddle jump mechanism, droplets of volumes 1 mL ≤ V ≤ 3 mL with corresponding Weber numbers of We ≈ 1 are impinged on surfaces inclined in the range 40° ≤ α ≤ 80° (measured from the horizontal plane). Impact surface wetting characteristics exhibit static contact angles θstatic = 165 ± 5°. All impacts result in complete rebound. At surface inclinations α > 70° and droplet ...


Active 2d Microrheological Studies In Freely-Suspended Smectic Liquid Crystal Films, Kyle R. Ferguson 2016 University of Colorado Boulder

Active 2d Microrheological Studies In Freely-Suspended Smectic Liquid Crystal Films, Kyle R. Ferguson

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Thin, freely-suspended smectic liquid crystal films, due to their layered structure, provide an ideal system with which to study two dimensional (2D) hydrodynamics. We have performed some of the first experimental visualizations of actively-driven 2D flow fields, and compared these flow fields to predictions made by theoretical models. First, an experiment testing the flow field generated by a disk-shaped inclusion moving laterally in a film is described. Then an experiment testing the flow field generated by a thin nozzle injecting fluid at a quick rate into a large reservoir is detailed. Results are consistent with the idea that 2D fluids ...


Perspectives For Low-Carbon Electricity Production Until 2030: Lessons Learned From The Comparison Of Local Contexts In Poland And Portugal, Wojciech Budzianowski, Joao Gomes 2015 Wroclaw University of Technology

Perspectives For Low-Carbon Electricity Production Until 2030: Lessons Learned From The Comparison Of Local Contexts In Poland And Portugal, Wojciech Budzianowski, Joao Gomes

Wojciech Budzianowski

This paper compares perspectives for low-carbon electricity production in two EU member states - Poland and Portugal until 2030. Electricity production capacities, carbon emissions of electricity production, and production cost of electricity (COE) of Poland and Portugal are analyzed. The dilemmas of investments into low-carbon electricity production technologies relying on: (i) renewable energy sources (RES), (ii) nuclear fuel, and (iii) fossil fuels integrated with carbon capture and sequestration (CCS) are discussed. Roadmap 2050 recommends about 40% decarbonization of electricity generation by 2030 and 100% by 2050. Based on electricity production mix forecast for 2030 carbon emissions of electricity are estimated at ...


A1, Wojciech M. Budzianowski 2015 Wroclaw University of Technology

A1, Wojciech M. Budzianowski

Wojciech Budzianowski

No abstract provided.


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