Relaxation Time Study For Monolayer Black Phosphorus, 2018 The University Of Michigan

#### Relaxation Time Study For Monolayer Black Phosphorus, Richard Kust

*Richard Kust*

No abstract provided.

Incoherent Qubit Control Using The Quantum Zeno Effect, 2018 University of California, Berkeley

#### Incoherent Qubit Control Using The Quantum Zeno Effect, S. Hachohen-Gourgy, L. P. García-Pintos, L. S. Martin, Justin Dressel, I. Siddiqi

*Mathematics, Physics, and Computer Science Faculty Articles and Research*

The quantum Zeno effect is the suppression of Hamiltonian evolution by repeated observation, which pins the system to an eigenstate of the measurement observable. Using measurement alone, control of the state can be achieved if the observable is slowly varied, so that the state tracks the now time-dependent eigenstate. We demonstrate this using a circuit-QED readout technique that couples to a dynamically controllable observable of a qubit. Continuous monitoring of the measurement record allows us to detect an escape from the eigenstate, thus serving as a built-in form of error detection. We show this by postselecting on realizations with high ...

Table-Like Magnetocaloric Effect In Gd56ni15al27zr2 Alloy And Its Field Independence Feature, 2018 University of Electronic Science and Technology of China

#### Table-Like Magnetocaloric Effect In Gd56ni15al27zr2 Alloy And Its Field Independence Feature, E. Agurgo Balfour, Z. Ma, F. Hu, Ravi L. Hadimani, David C. Jiles, L. Wang, Y. Luo, S. F. Wang

*Ravi L Hadimani*

In order to obtain “table-like” magnetocaloric effect (MCE), multiple-phase Gd56Ni15Al27Zr2 alloy was prepared by arc-melting followed by suck-casting method. Powder x-ray diffraction and calorimetric measurements reveal that the sample contains both glassy and crystalline phases. The fraction of the glassy phase is about 62%, estimated from the heat enthalpy of the crystallization. The crystalline phases, Gd2Al and GdNiAl further broadened the relatively wider magnetic entropy change (−ΔSM) peak of the amorphous phase, which resulted in the table-like MCE over a maximum temperature range of 52.5 K to 77.5 K. The plateau feature of the MCE was found to ...

Interaction-Free Effects Between Distant Atoms, 2017 Chapman University

#### Interaction-Free Effects Between Distant Atoms, Yakir Aharonov, Eliahu Cohen, Avshalom C. Elitzur, Lee Smolin

*Mathematics, Physics, and Computer Science Faculty Articles and Research*

A Gedanken experiment is presented where an excited and a ground-state atom are positioned such that, within the former’s half-life time, they exchange a photonwith 50% probability.Ameasurement of their energy statewill therefore indicate in 50% of the cases that no photon was exchanged. Yet other measurements would reveal that, by the mere possibility of exchange, the two atoms have become entangled. Consequently, the “no exchange” result, apparently precluding entanglement, is non-locally established between the atoms by this very entanglement. This quantum-mechanical version of the ancient Liar Paradox can be realized with already existing transmission schemes, with the addition ...

Arrow Of Time For Continuous Quantum Measurement, 2017 Chapman University

#### Arrow Of Time For Continuous Quantum Measurement, Justin Dressel, Areeya Chantasri, Andrew N. Jordan, Alexander N. Korotkov

*Mathematics, Physics, and Computer Science Faculty Articles and Research*

We investigate the statistical arrow of time for a quantum system being monitored by a sequence of measurements. For a continuous qubit measurement example, we demonstrate that time-reversed evolution is always physically possible, provided that the measurement record is also negated. Despite this restoration of dynamical reversibility, a statistical arrow of time emerges, and may be quantified by the log-likelihood difference between forward and backward propagation hypotheses. We then show that such reversibility is a universal feature of nonprojective measurements, with forward or backward Janus measurement sequences that are time-reversed inverses of each other.

Mode-Sum Prescription For Vacuum Polarization In Black Hole Spacetimes In Even Dimensions, 2017 Dublin City University

#### Mode-Sum Prescription For Vacuum Polarization In Black Hole Spacetimes In Even Dimensions, Peter Taylor, Cormac Breen

*Articles*

We present a mode-sum regularization prescription for computing the vacuum polarization of a scalar field in static spherically symmetric black hole spacetimes in even dimensions. This is the first general and systematic approach to regularized vacuum polarization in higher even dimensions, building upon a previous scheme we developed for odd dimensions. Things are more complicated here since the even-dimensional propagator possesses logarithmic singularities which must be regularized. However, in spite of this complication, the regularization parameters can be computed in closed form in arbitrary even dimensions and for arbitrary metric function f(r). As an explicit example of our method ...

Energy-Constrained Quantum Communication And Digital Dynamical Decoupling, 2017 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College

#### Energy-Constrained Quantum Communication And Digital Dynamical Decoupling, Haoyu Qi

*LSU Doctoral Dissertations*

This is a two-part thesis glued together by an everlasting theme in Quantum Information Science \-- to save the quantum state, or the information stored in it, from unavoidably environment-induced noise. The first part of this thesis studies the ultimate rate of reliably transmitting information, stored in quantum systems, through a noisy evolution. Specifically, we consider communication over optical links, upon which future inter-city quantum communication networks will be built. We show how to treat the infinite-dimensional bosonic system rigorously and establish the theory of energy-constrained private and quantum communication over quantum channels. Our result represents important progress in the field ...

The Common Invariant Subspace Problem And Tarski’S Theorem, 2017 Nicolaus Copernicus University of Toruń

#### The Common Invariant Subspace Problem And Tarski’S Theorem, Grzegorz Pastuszak

*Electronic Journal of Linear Algebra*

This article presents a computable criterion for the existence of a common invariant subspace of $n\times n$ complex matrices $A_{1}, \dots ,A_{s}$ of a fixed dimension $1\leq d\leq n$. The approach taken in the paper is model-theoretic. Namely, the criterion is based on a constructive proof of the renowned Tarski's theorem on quantifier elimination in the theory $\ACF$ of algebraically closed fields. This means that for an arbitrary formula $\varphi$ of the language of fields, a quantifier-free formula $\varphi'$ such that $\varphi\lra\varphi'$ in $\ACF$ is given explicitly. The construction of $\varphi'$ is ...

Linear Feedback Stabilization Of A Dispersively Monitored Qubit, 2017 Chapman University

#### Linear Feedback Stabilization Of A Dispersively Monitored Qubit, Taylor Lee Patti, Areeya Chantasri, Luis Pedro García-Pintos, Andrew N. Jordan, Justin Dressel

*Mathematics, Physics, and Computer Science Faculty Articles and Research*

The state of a continuously monitored qubit evolves stochastically, exhibiting competition between coherent Hamiltonian dynamics and diffusive partial collapse dynamics that follow the measurement record. We couple these distinct types of dynamics together by linearly feeding the collected record for dispersive energy measurements directly back into a coherent Rabi drive amplitude. Such feedback turns the competition cooperative and effectively stabilizes the qubit state near a target state. We derive the conditions for obtaining such dispersive state stabilization and verify the stabilization conditions numerically.We include common experimental nonidealities, such as energy decay, environmental dephasing, detector efficiency, and feedback delay, and ...

Quantum Control Via A Genetic Algorithm Of The Field Ionization Pathway Of A Rydberg Electron, 2017 Bryn Mawr College

#### Quantum Control Via A Genetic Algorithm Of The Field Ionization Pathway Of A Rydberg Electron, Vincent C. Gregoric, Xinyue Kang, Zhimin Cheryl Liu, Zoe A. Rowley, Thomas J. Carroll, Michael W. Noel

*Physics and Astronomy Faculty Publications*

Quantum control of the pathway along which a Rydberg electron field ionizes is experimentally and computationally demonstrated. Selective field ionization is typically done with a slowly rising electric field pulse. The (1/n^{*})^{4} scaling of the classical ionization threshold leads to a rough mapping between arrival time of the electron signal and principal quantum number of the Rydberg electron. This is complicated by the many avoided level crossings that the electron must traverse on the way to ionization, which in general leads to broadening of the time-resolved field ionization signal. In order to control the ionization pathway, thus directing ...

Improved Partial Charge Models In Siliceous Zeolites For The Simulation Of Adsorption And Identification Of Catalytic Sites, 2017 University of Nevada, Las Vegas

#### Improved Partial Charge Models In Siliceous Zeolites For The Simulation Of Adsorption And Identification Of Catalytic Sites, Jarod J. Wolffis

*UNLV Theses, Dissertations, Professional Papers, and Capstones*

Utilization of computational modelling and simulation is expanding as computer processing power has increased and as new tools have been developed. This thesis focuses on efforts to improve the accuracy of simulations in aluminosilicate zeolites, an industrially important category of materials for catalysis and separations. For these sorbents, partial atomic charge represents a critical parameter in molecular mechanics simulations, determining the Coulombic non-bonding interaction. Partial charges may also be used as a measure of important physical parameters of the system such as the degree of covalency or the relative acidity of catalytic sites. We compare several common methods for predicting ...

Optimizing An Electron's Path To Ionization Using A Genetic Algorithm, 2017 Ursinus College

#### Optimizing An Electron's Path To Ionization Using A Genetic Algorithm, Jason Bennett, Kevin Choice

*Physics and Astronomy Summer Fellows*

A Rydberg atom is an atom with a highly excited and weakly bound valence electron. A widespread method of studying quantum mechanics with Rydberg atoms is to ionize the electron and measure its arrival time. We use a Genetic Algorithm (GA) to control the electron's path to ionization. The Rydberg electron's energy levels are strongly shifted by the presence of an electric field. The energy levels shift and curve, but never cross. At an avoided crossing the electron can jump from one level to the next. By engineering the electric field's time dependence, we thereby control the ...

Is Qbism The Future Of Quantum Physics?, 2017 Chapman University

#### Is Qbism The Future Of Quantum Physics?, Kelvin J. Mcqueen

*Philosophy Faculty Articles and Research*

A review of Hans Christian von Baeyer’s *QBism: The Future of Quantum Physics.*

Distance Verification For Classical And Quantum Ldpc Codes, 2017 University of California at Riverside

#### Distance Verification For Classical And Quantum Ldpc Codes, Ilya Dumer, Alexey Kovalev, Leonid P. Pryadko

*Faculty Publications, Department of Physics and Astronomy*

The techniques of distance verification known for general linear codes are first applied to the quantum stabilizer codes. Then, these techniques are considered for classical and quantum (stabilizer) low-density-parity-check (LDPC) codes. New complexity bounds for distance verification with provable performance are derived using the average weight spectra of the ensembles of LDPC codes. These bounds are expressed in terms of the erasure-correcting capacity of the corresponding ensemble. We also present a new irreducible-cluster technique that can be applied to any LDPC code and takes advantage of parity-checks’ sparsity for both the classical and quantum LDPC codes. This technique reduces complexity ...

Is A Time Symmetric Interpretation Of Quantum Theory Possible Without Retrocausality?, 2017 Chapman University

#### Is A Time Symmetric Interpretation Of Quantum Theory Possible Without Retrocausality?, Matthew S. Leifer, Matthew F. Pusey

*Mathematics, Physics, and Computer Science Faculty Articles and Research*

Huw Price has proposed an argument that suggests a time symmetric ontology for quantum theory must necessarily be retrocausal, i.e. it must involve influences that travel backwards in time. One of Price's assumptions is that the quantum state is a state of reality. However, one of the reasons for exploring retrocausality is that it offers the potential for evading the consequences of no-go theorems, including recent proofs of the reality of the quantum state. Here, we show that this assumption can be replaced by a different assumption, called *λ*-mediation, that plausibly holds independently of the status of ...

Orthogonal Representations, Projective Rank, And Fractional Minimum Positive Semidefinite Rank: Connections And New Directions, 2017 Iowa State University

#### Orthogonal Representations, Projective Rank, And Fractional Minimum Positive Semidefinite Rank: Connections And New Directions, Leslie Hogben, Kevin F. Palmowski, David E. Roberson, Simone Severini

*Leslie Hogben*

Fractional minimum positive semidefinite rank is defined from r-fold faithful orthogonal representations and it is shown that the projective rank of any graph equals the fractional minimum positive semidefinite rank of its complement. An r-fold version of the traditional definition of minimum positive semidefinite rank of a graph using Hermitian matrices that fit the graph is also presented. This paper also introduces r-fold orthogonal representations of graphs and formalizes the understanding of projective rank as fractional orthogonal rank. Connections of these concepts to quantum theory, including Tsirelson's problem, are discussed.

The Mathematical Structure Of Arrangement Channel Quantum Mechanics, 2017 Iowa State University

#### The Mathematical Structure Of Arrangement Channel Quantum Mechanics, James W. Evans

*James W. Evans*

A non-Hermitian matrix Hamiltonian H appears in the wavefunction form of a variety of many-body scattering theories. This operator acts on an arrangement channel Banach or Hilbert space 1(;' = Ell ncr where ,r is the N-particle Hilbert space and a are certain arrangement channels. Various aspects of the spectral and semigroup theory for H are considered. The normalizable and weak (wavelike) eigenvectors ofH are naturally characterized as either physical or spurious. Typically H is scalar spectral and "equivalent" to H on an H-invariant subspace of physical solutions. If the eigenvectors form a basis, by constructing a suitable biorthogonal system, we ...

Quantum Optical Interferometry And Quantum State Engineering, 2017 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

#### Quantum Optical Interferometry And Quantum State Engineering, Richard J. Birrittella Jr

*All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects*

We highlight some of our research done in the fields of quantum optical interferometry and quantum state engineering. We discuss the body of work for which our research is predicated, as well as discuss some of the fundamental tenants of the theory of phase estimation. We do this in the context of quantum optical interferometry where our primary interest lies in the calculation of the quantum Fisher information as it has been shown that the minimum phase uncertainty obtained, the quantum Cramer-Rao bound, is saturated by parity-based detection methods. We go on to show that the phase uncertainty one obtains ...

On-Sight Shifting At The Cryogenic Underground Observatory For Rare Events, 2017 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

#### On-Sight Shifting At The Cryogenic Underground Observatory For Rare Events, Aaron C. Wong

*Physics*

During the summer of 2016, four Cal Poly students traveled to Assergi, Italy to contribute to the CUORE collaboration which is in search of a rare process called neutrinoless double beta decay. If detected, neutrinoless double beta decay will make break throughs in particle and nuclear physics, and will be the first observation of lepton number violation. The Cal Poly students provided on-sight shifting support during the installation phase of the project. This is a breakdown of the physics behind CUORE and Cal Poly's contribution.

The Iterative Method For Quantum Double-Well And Symmetry-Breaking Potentials, 2017 Clark Atlanta University

#### The Iterative Method For Quantum Double-Well And Symmetry-Breaking Potentials, Nada Alsufyani

*Electronic Theses & Dissertations Collection for Atlanta University & Clark Atlanta University*

Numerical solutions of quantum mechanical problems have witnessed tremendous advances over the past years. In this thesis, we develop an iterative approach to problems of double-well potentials and their variants with parity-time-reversal symmetry- breaking perturbations. We show that the method provides an efficient scheme for obtaining accurate energies and wave functions. We discuss in this thesis potential applications to a variety of related topics such as phase transitions, symmetry breaking, and external field-induced effects.