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Archive - A Data Management Program, James Devilbiss, C. Steven Whisnant, Yasmeen Shorish 2016 James Madison University

Archive - A Data Management Program, James Devilbiss, C. Steven Whisnant, Yasmeen Shorish

Yasmeen Shorish

To meet funding agency requirements, a portable data management solution is presented for small research groups. The database created is simple, searchable, robust, and can reside across multiple hard drives. Employing a standard metadata schema for all data, the database ensures a high level of standardization, findability, and organization. The software is written in Perl, runs on UNIX, and presents a web-based user interface. It uses a fast, portable log-in scheme, making it easy to export to other locations. As research continues to move towards more open data sharing and reproducibility, this database solution is agile enough to accommodate external ...


Daejeon16 Nn Interaction Software, A. M. Shirokov, I. J. Shin, Y. Kim, M. Sosonkina, P. Maris, James P. Vary 2016 Iowa State University

Daejeon16 Nn Interaction Software, A. M. Shirokov, I. J. Shin, Y. Kim, M. Sosonkina, P. Maris, James P. Vary

Energy Datasets

A Fortran subroutine that generates harmonic oscillator matrix elements of the nucleon-nucleon interaction, Daejeon16, is provided.


Anyonic Superconductivity In A Modified Large-U Hubbard Model, Asim Gangopadhyaya, Prasanta Panigrahi 2015 Loyola University Chicago

Anyonic Superconductivity In A Modified Large-U Hubbard Model, Asim Gangopadhyaya, Prasanta Panigrahi

Asim Gangopadhyaya

A modified large-U Hubbard model at half filling is analyzed by a mean-field approach. Preserving a local U(1) symmetry of the action, the fluctuations about half filling are studied in the spirit of the commensurate-flux-phase condition. The fluctuations then contribute a Chern-Simons term to the tree-level Lagrangian with a coefficient appropriate to that of a half fermion. With the Coulomb repulsion term, we study the low-energy excitations of the model and show the existence of superconductivity in the presence of a four-Fermi interaction term.


Nsg Membership Or Disarmament Plan For Pakistan?, Shams Zaman 2015 National Defence University, Islamabad, Pakistan

Nsg Membership Or Disarmament Plan For Pakistan?, Shams Zaman

Mr. Shams uz Zaman

Pakistan should not rush for NSG membership. Inclusion of Pakistan in the NSG would ostensibly ease access to some dual use technologies for its safeguarded nuclear reactors, but that should not come at the cost of gradual disarmament.


Methodology For Generating Simplified Cross Section Data Sets For Neutron Transport Calculations, Thomas Jay Harrison 2015 University of Tennessee - Knoxville

Methodology For Generating Simplified Cross Section Data Sets For Neutron Transport Calculations, Thomas Jay Harrison

Doctoral Dissertations

Neutron shielding problems involve radiation transport calculations over a wide range of energies. Fission neutrons have initial energy on the order of MeV, fusion neutrons have initial energy on the order of 10s of MeV, and space-origin neutrons have initial energy on the order of 100s of MeV or higher. Shielding calculations must track the neutrons from their initial energies until they are no longer of interest; for deep-penetration neutrons, this final energy can be on the order of eV before the neutron is no longer tracked. Thus, for deep-penetration space radiation shielding problems, the calculation may require tracking the ...


Effective Field Theory Approach To Collective Motion In Atomic Nuclei, Eduardo Antonio Coello Perez 2015 University of Tennessee - Knoxville

Effective Field Theory Approach To Collective Motion In Atomic Nuclei, Eduardo Antonio Coello Perez

Doctoral Dissertations

Collective motion in heavy nuclei has been studied within collective and algebraic models, and within density functional theory. While they reproduce the energy spectra of these systems, their predictions for some electromagnetic transitions and moments do not lie within experimental uncertainty; in other words, these predictions are inconsistent with experimental data. An effective field theory approach to collective motion in heavy nuclei solves this long standing problem. Based on symmetry arguments only, the effective field theories, constructed as expansions in powers of a small parameter, consistently describe the energy spectra of nuclei exhibiting collective motion at low order in the ...


Installation And Alignment Of The N3he Experiment, Eric Lee Plemons 2015 University of Tennessee - Knoxville

Installation And Alignment Of The N3he Experiment, Eric Lee Plemons

Masters Theses

The n3He experiment is designed to probe the hadronic weak interaction by measuring the parity violating asymmetry between the spin of incoming neutrons and the momentum of outgoing protons following the nuclear break up of a helium three upon absorbing a neutron. Cold neutrons from the SNS are first polarized then allowed to impact a target chamber filled with helium three where the reaction occurs. Energetic particles resulting from the nuclear breakup ionize the helium three gas and are thereby detected as currents by an array of signal wires within the target chamber. In order to make a statistics limited ...


Predictive Modeling Of Terrestrial Radiation Exposure From Geologic Materials, Daniel A. Haber 2015 University of Nevada, Las Vegas

Predictive Modeling Of Terrestrial Radiation Exposure From Geologic Materials, Daniel A. Haber

UNLV Theses, Dissertations, Professional Papers, and Capstones

Aerial gamma ray surveys are an important tool for national security, scientific, and industrial interests in determining locations of both anthropogenic and natural sources of radioactivity. There is a relationship between radioactivity and geology and in the past this relationship has been used to predict geology from an aerial survey. The purpose of this project

is to develop a method to predict the radiologic exposure rate of the geologic materials in an area by creating a model using geologic data, images from the Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer (ASTER), geochemical data, and pre-existing low spatial resolution aerial surveys ...


Distributions Of Long-Lived Radioactive Nuclei Provided By Star-Forming Environments, Marco Fatuzzo, Fred Adams 2015 Xavier University - Cincinnati

Distributions Of Long-Lived Radioactive Nuclei Provided By Star-Forming Environments, Marco Fatuzzo, Fred Adams

Faculty Scholarship

Radioactive nuclei play an important role in planetary evolution by providing an internal heat source, which affects planetary structure and helps facilitate plate tectonics. A minimum level of nuclear activity is thought to be necessary—but not sufficient—for planets to be habitable. Extending previous work that focused on short-lived nuclei, this paper considers the delivery of long-lived radioactive nuclei to circumstellar disks in star forming regions. Although the long-lived nuclear species are always present, their abundances can be enhanced through multiple mechanisms. Most stars form in embedded cluster environments, so that disks can be enriched directly by intercepting ejecta ...


Hyperpolarized 129xe Magnetic Resonance Imaging Of Radiation-Induced Lung Injury, Ozkan Doganay 2015 The University of Western Ontario

Hyperpolarized 129xe Magnetic Resonance Imaging Of Radiation-Induced Lung Injury, Ozkan Doganay

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Lung cancer is the largest contributor to cancer-related mortality worldwide. Only 20% of stage III non-small cell lung cancer patients survive after 5-years post radiation therapy (RT). Although RT is an important treatment modality for lung cancer, it is limited by Radiation-Induced Lung Injury (RILI). RILI develops in two phases: (i) the early phase (days-weeks) referred to radiation pneumonitis (RP), and (ii) the late phase (months). There is a strong interest in early detection of RP using imaging to improve outcomes of RT for lung cancer. This thesis describes a promising approach based on 129Xe gas as a contrast ...


Information Behaviors Of Nuclear Scientists At Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute, Youngchoon Chun, Jiho Yi, Jung-ran Park, Sangki Choi 2015 Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute

Information Behaviors Of Nuclear Scientists At Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute, Youngchoon Chun, Jiho Yi, Jung-Ran Park, Sangki Choi

Journal of East Asian Libraries

The goal of the study was to analyze the information use behaviors of researchers in the science and technology domain. A survey and interviews were conducted targeting nuclear scientists at the Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute. Study results indicate that the nuclear scientists mainly use the Institute library/information center and Internet portal/search engines during information acquisition. Easy access to information, accuracy, currency and cost are the most critical factors in selecting and obtaining information. The most frequently used database for executing research is the Institute’s electronic library (NUCLIS21) followed by the Citation Index SCOPUS. The results of ...


Effects Of A Periodic Decay Rate On The Statistics Of Radioactive Decay: New Methods To Search For Violations Of The Law Of Radioactive Change, Mark P. Silverman 2015 Trinity College

Effects Of A Periodic Decay Rate On The Statistics Of Radioactive Decay: New Methods To Search For Violations Of The Law Of Radioactive Change, Mark P. Silverman

Faculty Scholarship

It is a long-held tenet of nuclear physics, from the early work of Rutherford and Soddy up to present times that the disintegration of each species of radioactive nuclide occurs randomly at a constant rate unaffected by interactions with the external environment. During the past 15 years or so, reports have been published of some 10 or more unstable nuclides with non-exponential, periodic decay rates claimed to be of geophysical, astrophysical, or cosmological origin. Deviations from standard exponential decay are weak, and the claims are controversial. This paper examines the effects of a periodic decay rate on the statistical distributions ...


Low Intensity Gamma-Ray Spectroscopy Of The Lake Labyrinth Meteorite, Tristan C. Paul 2015 California Polytechnic State University - San Luis Obispo

Low Intensity Gamma-Ray Spectroscopy Of The Lake Labyrinth Meteorite, Tristan C. Paul

Physics

A 23.7g fragment of the Lake Labyrinth Meteorite (fell in 1924, collected in 1934 at Lake Labyrinth in South Australia, Australia) was re-investigated for evidence of the presence of 98Tc using a two dimensional low-intensity gamma-ray spectrometer. A new calibration technique using 26Al sources found the gamma-rays previously thought to be due to 98Tc are more likely from 166Ho. The presence of 166Ho is most likely due to activation of the stable 165Ho in the meteorite from terrestrial background sources where it was stored.


Effect Of Helium Ions Energy On Molybdenum Surfaces Under Extreme Conditions, Joseph Fiala, Jitendra K. Tripathi, Sean Gonderman, Ahmed Hassanein 2015 Purdue University

Effect Of Helium Ions Energy On Molybdenum Surfaces Under Extreme Conditions, Joseph Fiala, Jitendra K. Tripathi, Sean Gonderman, Ahmed Hassanein

The Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) Symposium

Plasma facing components (PFCs) in fusion devices must be able to withstand high temperatures and erosion due to incident energetic ion radiations. Tungsten has become the material of choice for PFCs due to its high strength, thermal conductivity, and low erosion rate. However, its surface deteriorates significantly under helium ion irradiation in fusion-like conditions and forms nanoscopic fiber-like structures, or fuzz. Fuzz is brittle in nature and has relatively lower thermal conductivity than that of the bulk material. Small amounts of fuzz may lead to excessive contamination of the plasma, preventing the fusion reaction from taking place. Despite recent efforts ...


Modern Study Of Environmental Pollution From The Emission Of Alpha Particles In Human Blood Samples In The City Of Najaf, Iraq, Basim A. Almayahi 2015 USM

Modern Study Of Environmental Pollution From The Emission Of Alpha Particles In Human Blood Samples In The City Of Najaf, Iraq, Basim A. Almayahi

21st International Conference on Environmental Indicators (ICEI 2015)

No abstract provided.


On The Spin Evolution Of Isolated Pulsars, Oliver Quinn Hamil 2015 University of Tennessee - Knoxville

On The Spin Evolution Of Isolated Pulsars, Oliver Quinn Hamil

Doctoral Dissertations

Neutron stars are the remnants of supernova explosions, and harbor the densest matter found in the universe. Because of their extreme physical characteristics, neutron stars make superb laboratories from which to study the nature of matter under conditions of extreme density that are not reproducible on Earth. The understanding of QCD matter is of fundamental importance to modern physics, and neutron stars provide a means of probing into the cold, dense region of the QCD phase diagram.

Isolated pulsars are rotating neutron stars that emit beams of electromagnetic radiation into space which appear like lighthouses to observers on Earth. Observations ...


Nucleosynthesis In Self-Consistent Core-Collapse Supernova Models Using Multidimensional Chimera Simulations, James Austin Harris 2015 University of Tennessee - Knoxville

Nucleosynthesis In Self-Consistent Core-Collapse Supernova Models Using Multidimensional Chimera Simulations, James Austin Harris

Doctoral Dissertations

Observations of nuclear abundances in core-collapse supernova (CCSN) ejecta, highlighted by γ-ray [gamma-ray] observations of the 44Ti [titanium-44] spatial distribution in the nearby supernova remnants Cassiopeia A and SN 1987A, allow nucleosynthesis calculations to place powerful constraints on conditions deep in the interiors of supernovae and their progenitor stars. This ability to probe where direct observations cannot makes such calculations an invaluable tool for understanding the CCSN mechanism. Unfortunately, despite knowing for two decades that supernovae are intrinsically multi-dimensional events, discussions of CCSN nucleosynthesis have been predominantly based on spherically symmetric (1D) models, which employ a contrived energy source ...


Design And Fabrication Of Liquid Scintillator Counter, Andrea Calderon Saucedo, John L. Orrell 2015 California State University - Long Beach

Design And Fabrication Of Liquid Scintillator Counter, Andrea Calderon Saucedo, John L. Orrell

STAR (STEM Teacher and Researcher) Program Posters

Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) is currently developing an ultra-low background liquid scintillator counter (ULB LSC) in the shallow underground laboratory. At a depth of 35-meters water-equivalent, the underground laboratory has a multi-layered shielding to keep out cosmic-ray induced background. The ULB LSC, which is located in a clean room facility, is a multi-layered design made up of various materials, including plastic scintillator veto panels, borated polyethylene, lead and copper. These layers help lower the contributions of the terrestrial background and intrinsic background, resulting from the impurities present in the materials, to the overall background count rate observed by the ...


Cover, 2015 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Cover

International Journal of Nuclear Security

No abstract provided.


Masthead, 2015 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Masthead

International Journal of Nuclear Security

No abstract provided.


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