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Design And Model Of The Frame For Hagrid (Hybrid Array Of Gamma Ray Detectors), Santiago Munoz 2014 University of Tennessee - Knoxville

Design And Model Of The Frame For Hagrid (Hybrid Array Of Gamma Ray Detectors), Santiago Munoz

Masters Theses

Transfer reactions in inverse kinematics have provided critical information in the study of exotic nuclei. However, transfer reactions with charged particles suffer from poor resolution. The measurement of gamma-rays offers several advantages: they provide not only good resolution in measurements but also other information about the nuclei like lifetimes of unstable states. The combination of these two methods would be the ideal situation to gather information about nuclear structure.

HAGRiD, which stands for The Hybrid Array of Gamma Ray Detectors, is a LaBr3(Ce) [lanthanum bromide crystal with a cerium activator] scintillation array to measure gamma rays from transfer reactions ...


Mcdaniel, Paul William, 1916-2004 (Mss 515), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives 2014 Western Kentucky University

Mcdaniel, Paul William, 1916-2004 (Mss 515), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

MSS Finding Aids

Finding aid only for Manuscripts Collection 515. Writings and awards of Paul William McDaniel, nuclear physicist and graduate of Western Kentucky University. Includes typescripts of lectures delivered at Queensland University, a journal he kept while serving in World War II, and a copy of his Arthur F. Fleming Award. Also includes many letters of congratulations to him and a copy of the Atomic Energy Act of 1946.


Doube-Pulse Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy Of Multi-Element Sample Containing Low- And High-Z Analytes, Patrick J. Skrodzki, Jason R. Becker, Prasoon K. Diwakar Ph. D., Sivanandan S. Harilal Ph. D., Ahmed Hassanein Ph. D. 2014 Purdue University

Doube-Pulse Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy Of Multi-Element Sample Containing Low- And High-Z Analytes, Patrick J. Skrodzki, Jason R. Becker, Prasoon K. Diwakar Ph. D., Sivanandan S. Harilal Ph. D., Ahmed Hassanein Ph. D.

The Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) Symposium

Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) is a portable, remote, non-invasive analytical technique which effectively distinguishes neutral and ionic species for a range of low- to high-Z elements in a multi-element target. Subsequently, LIBS holds potential in special nuclear material (SNM) sensing and nuclear forensics requiring minimal sample preparation and detecting isotopic shifts which allows for differentiation in SNM (namely U) enrichment levels. Feasible applications include not only nonproliferation and homeland security but also nuclear fuel prospecting and industrial safeguard endorsement. Elements of higher mass with complex atomic structures, such as U, however, result in crowded emission spectra with LIBS, and characteristic ...


Double-Pulse Nd:Yag-Co2 Libs Excitation For Bulk And Trace Analytes, Jason R. Becker, Patrick Skrodzki, Prasoon Diwakar, Sivanandan Harilal, Ahmed Hassanein 2014 Purdue University

Double-Pulse Nd:Yag-Co2 Libs Excitation For Bulk And Trace Analytes, Jason R. Becker, Patrick Skrodzki, Prasoon Diwakar, Sivanandan Harilal, Ahmed Hassanein

The Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) Symposium

Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy [LIBS] is a commonly used technique for multi-element analyses for various applications such as space exploration, nuclear forensics, environmental analysis, process monitoring. The advantages of the LIBS technique include robustness, ease of use, field portability, and real-time, non-invasive multi-element analyses. However, in comparison to other lab based analytical techniques, it suffers from low precision and low sensitivity. In order to overcome these drawbacks, various approaches have been used, including double-pulse LIBS [DPLIBS]. Typically, various wavelength combinations of two Nd: yttrium aluminum garnet [YAG] lasers have been used for DPLIBS. However, the use of long wavelength (CO2 ...


Characterizing New Calibration Sources In Liquid Xenon Dark Matter Searches, Evan P. Bray, Rafael Lang, Sean MacMullin 2014 Purdue University

Characterizing New Calibration Sources In Liquid Xenon Dark Matter Searches, Evan P. Bray, Rafael Lang, Sean Macmullin

The Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) Symposium

In order to use the XENON1T liquid xenon detector as a means for detecting dark matter, the response to nuclear and electronic recoils must be well calibrated. Electronic-recoil calibration of XENON1T will be done by using the noble gas radon-220 that emanates from a custom thorium-228 source to observe the electron recoils that its daughter elements induce in liquid xenon. A silicon PIN diode was constructed to ensure that the Th228 source does not contaminate the system with the long-lived isotopes Th228 (T1/2 of 1.9 y) or Radium-224 (T1/2 of 3.6 d). The PIN diode was ...


A Study Of The Structure Of Light Tin Isotopes Via Single-Neutron Knockout Reactions, Andrew Franklin Ayres 2014 University of Tennessee - Knoxville

A Study Of The Structure Of Light Tin Isotopes Via Single-Neutron Knockout Reactions, Andrew Franklin Ayres

Doctoral Dissertations

The region around 100 Sn [100Sn] is important because of the close proximity to the N=Z=50 magic numbers, the rp process, and the proton drip-line. Alpha decay measurements show a reversal in the spin-parity assignments of the ground and first excited states in 101 Sn [101Sn] compared to 105 Te [105Te]. However, the lightest odd- mass tin isotope with a firm spin-parity assignment is 109 Sn [109Sn]. The d 5/2 [d5/2] and g 7/2 [g7/2] single-particle states above N=50 are near degenerate, evidenced by the excitation energy of the first excited state in ...


Thick Target Yield Of Th-229 Via Low Energy Proton Bombardment Of Th-232, Justin Reed Griswold 2014 University of Tennessee - Knoxville

Thick Target Yield Of Th-229 Via Low Energy Proton Bombardment Of Th-232, Justin Reed Griswold

Masters Theses

Actinium-225 is one of the more effective radioisotopes used in alpha radioimmunotherapy. Due to its ten-day half-life, it is more efficient to create its precursor, 229Th [Thorium-229] (t1/2[half-life] = 7932 ± 55 years). In this work, 229Th was produced via 40 MeV [Mega electron Volts] proton bombardment of a thick 232Th [Thorium-232] target. The irradiation took place at the Holifield Radioactive Ion Beam Facility (HRIBF) at Oak Ridge National Lab (ORNL). The target, consisting of 23 stacked natural thorium foils (137 mg/cm2 [milligrams per square centimeter] each), was irradiated with 50 nA [nanoamps] of ...


Yang-Mills Theories As Deformations Of Massive Integrable Models, Axel Cortes Cubero 2014 City University of New York, Graduate Center

Yang-Mills Theories As Deformations Of Massive Integrable Models, Axel Cortes Cubero

Dissertations and Theses, 2014-Present

Yang Mills theory in 2+1 dimensions can be expressed as an array of coupled (1+1)-dimensional principal chiral sigma models. The SU(N) principal chiral sigma model in 1+1 dimensions is integrable, asymptotically free and has massive excitations. We calculate all the form factors and two- point correlation functions of the Noether current and energy-momentum tensor, in

't Hooft's large-N limit (some form factors can be found even at finite N). We use these new form factors to calculate physical quantities in (2+1)-dimensional Yang-Mills theory, generalizing previous SU(2) by P. Orland to SU ...


Initial Conditions In High-Energy Collisions, Elena Petreska 2014 City University of New York, Graduate Center

Initial Conditions In High-Energy Collisions, Elena Petreska

Dissertations and Theses, 2014-Present

This thesis is focused on the initial stages of high-energy collisions in the saturation regime. We start by extending the McLerran-Venugopalan distribution of color sources in the initial wave-function of nuclei in heavy-ion collisions. We derive a fourth-order operator in the action and discuss its relevance for the description of color charge distributions in protons in high-energy experiments. We calculate the dipole scattering amplitude in proton-proton collisions with the quartic action and find an agreement with experimental data. We also obtain a modification to the fluctuation parameter of the negative binomial distribution of particle multiplicities in proton-proton experiments. The result ...


Monte Carlo Glauber Model Of Nuclear Collisions, Chad F. Rexrode 2014 California Polytechnic State University - San Luis Obispo

Monte Carlo Glauber Model Of Nuclear Collisions, Chad F. Rexrode

Physics

In order to understand the geometry of nuclear collisions, an iPython-based simulation of the Monte- Carlo Glauber model was created. The simulation utilizes nuclear charge density distributions to create nuclei and cross-section data from the Particle Data Group to generate large samples of nuclear collisions. The simulation correlates the number of nucleons participating in a collision as well as the number of binary collisions as a function of the impact parameter for each event. Good agreement between the program and expected results for Au+Au collisions at beam energies of 200 GeV is demonstrated. The program also makes predictions on ...


Ultrasonic Bonding For The Cuore Collaboration, John J. Sekerak II 2014 California Polytechnic State University - San Luis Obispo

Ultrasonic Bonding For The Cuore Collaboration, John J. Sekerak Ii

Physics

This paper will give the reader a brief introduction to the Standard Model, Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay, and the CUORE experiment under construction at Gran Sasso National Lab in Assergi, Italy. The remainder of the paper will describe the bonding process used to connect the heater pads and NTDs to the copper housings of the tower structure. Extensive details of the troubleshooting and calibration period are presented as a way for the reader to better understand the concepts involved during the bonding stage of the assembly process.


Neutron Polarimetry With Polarized 3he For The Npdgamma Experiment, Matthew Martin Musgrave 2014 University of Tennessee - Knoxville

Neutron Polarimetry With Polarized 3he For The Npdgamma Experiment, Matthew Martin Musgrave

Doctoral Dissertations

Cold neutrons enable the study of the fundamental interactions of matter in low-energy, low-background experiments that complement the efforts of high-energy particle accelerators. Neutrons possess an intrinsic spin, and the polarization of a beam of neutrons defines the degree to which their spins are oriented in a given direction. The NPDGamma experiment uses a polarized beam of cold neutrons to make a high precision measurement, on the order of one part in 100 million, of the parity-violating asymmetry in the angular distribution of emitted gamma-rays from the capture of polarized neutrons on protons. This asymmetry is a result of the ...


Determination And Simulation Of Kinematic Parameters In The Qweak Experiment, Rachel C. Taverner 2014 College of William and Mary

Determination And Simulation Of Kinematic Parameters In The Qweak Experiment, Rachel C. Taverner

Honors Theses

The Qweak Experiment aims to measure the weak charge of the proton. In order to obtain the required level of precision in the final result, we must calculate corrections to the momentum transfer, Q^2, in the scattering event. We simulate the experiment in GEANT4 and compare the simulations to the experimental data. In my project, I was responsible for creating comparison plots for Q^2, the scattering angle, theta, and the scattered energy, E'. We found that E' had some major discrepancies between experiment and simulation. After verifying that the simulations were implementing energy loss processes properly, we found ...


Time Correlated Measurements Using Plastic Scintillators With Neutron-Photon Pulse Shape Discrimination, Norman Edison Richardson 2014 University of Nevada, Las Vegas

Time Correlated Measurements Using Plastic Scintillators With Neutron-Photon Pulse Shape Discrimination, Norman Edison Richardson

UNLV Theses/Dissertations/Professional Papers/Capstones

Since the beginning of the nuclear age, there has been a strong demand for the development of efficient technologies for the detection of ionizing radiation. According to the United States' Department of Energy, the accurate assessment of fissile materials is essential in achieving the nonproliferation goals of enhancing safety and security of nuclear fuel cycle and nuclear energy facilities [1]. Nuclear materials can be characterized by the measurement of prompt and delayed neutrons and gamma rays emitted in spontaneous or induced fission reactions [2] and neutrons emitted in fission reactions are the distinctive signatures of nuclear materials. Today, the most ...


Understanding Thermometry At Low Temperature, Zain Abbas 2014 University of New Hampshire - Main Campus

Understanding Thermometry At Low Temperature, Zain Abbas

Student Research Projects

Cryogenics play a vital role in building a Dynamic Nuclear Polarization (DNP) target for electron scattering experiments. The target material temperature was monitored using thermometry in order to evaluate their stability for use in the low temperature cryogenic bath of a DNP target. In this project, I investigated there solutions and accuracies of carbon ceramic, Cernox, Allen-Bradley, and thermocouple sensors at five known temperatures.


The Electrochemistry Of Hydrogen Peroxide On Uranium Dioxide And The Modelling Of Used Nuclear Fuel Corrosion Under Permanent Disposal Conditions, Linda Wu 2014 The University of Western Ontario

The Electrochemistry Of Hydrogen Peroxide On Uranium Dioxide And The Modelling Of Used Nuclear Fuel Corrosion Under Permanent Disposal Conditions, Linda Wu

University of Western Ontario - Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

This thesis reports a series of investigations examining the corrosion process of used nuclear fuel under permanent disposal conditions. The motivation of the project is that the safety assessment of deep geological disposal of spent nuclear fuel requires a fundamental understanding of the processes controlling fuel corrosion which could lead to the release of radionuclides to the geosphere from a failed container.

One primary objective of this project was to develop a computational model in order to simulate fuel corrosion under the disposal conditions. A series of simulations based on COMSOL were designed and developed to determine the influence of ...


Analyzing Heavy Photon Search Simulations To Determine The Potential For True Muonium Discovery, Chad N. Civello 2014 University of New Hampshire - Main Campus

Analyzing Heavy Photon Search Simulations To Determine The Potential For True Muonium Discovery, Chad N. Civello

Student Research Projects

The Heavy Photon Search (HPS) is a new experiment at Jefferson Laboratory to search for heavy photons, a particle predicted by dark matter and dark energy extensions to the Standard Model of particle physics, in the mass range of 20 MeV/c2 to 1000 MeV/c2 . The experiment also has the potential to discover true muonium, a bound state of a muon and an antimuon that is predicted to exist, but has never been observed. The true muonium atom should be produced by an electron beam incident on a target, such as the tungsten target used in the ...


'An Explosive Of Quite Unimaginable Force': Did Werner Heisenberg Obstruct German Atomic Bomb Research?, Aaron G. Noll 2014 University of Massachusetts Boston

'An Explosive Of Quite Unimaginable Force': Did Werner Heisenberg Obstruct German Atomic Bomb Research?, Aaron G. Noll

Graduate History Conference, UMass Boston

Why was Nazi Germany unable to acquire an atomic bomb during World War II? An answer to this question necessarily involves an analysis of the wartime conduct of Werner Heisenberg. As the undisputed leader of German nuclear research, Heisenberg was integral to the successful production of a bomb. Heisenberg claimed after the war that the Nazis lacked the economic resources for this project. Moreover, Nazi military strategy ruled out such a sustained long-term commitment in armaments development. Heisenberg explained that he personally felt fortunate that these circumstances prevented Hitler from having a bomb. He argued that he merely “pretended” to ...


Current Issues: Doe's Nuclear Energy Programs, Peter Lyons 2014 U.S. Department of Energy

Current Issues: Doe's Nuclear Energy Programs, Peter Lyons

NSTec UNLV Symposium

  • Secretary Moniz on Nuclear Energy
  • Secretary Moniz Announces $6.5 Billion Vogtle Loan Guarantee
  • Role of U.S. Department of Energy for Sustainable and Innovative Nuclear Energy
  • Overview
  • Why is the U.S. Government Interested in Supporting SMR Technologies?
  • DOE Program to Support SMR Design Certification & Licensing
  • Status of SMR Licensing Technical Support Program
  • Blue Ribbon Commission Recommendations
  • Administration Strategy for Used Fuel Management
  • Congressional Activity
  • Uranium Extraction from Seawater
  • Supercritical CO2 Energy Conversion
  • HUBS AND NEAMS – PARTNERSHIP AND COMPLEMENTARITY
  • Nuclear Energy Enabling Technologies Nuclear Energy Advanced Modeling & Simulation (NEAMS)
  • NE Modeling and Simulation Energy Innovation Hub Highlights
  • Nuclear ...


Equalizing Photoelectron Response Across Scintillators Employing Wavelength Shifting Fibers, Sebastian Seeds 2014 University of Colorado, Boulder

Equalizing Photoelectron Response Across Scintillators Employing Wavelength Shifting Fibers, Sebastian Seeds

Undergraduate Honors Theses

The PHENIX project (Pioneering High Energy Nuclear Interaction eXperiment) is a relativistic heavy ion physics collaboration and detector which investigates the quark-gluon plasma. Essential to this project is a hadronic calorimeter which makes use of scintillator plates to measure incident particle energies. The subject of this thesis and the research it describes is in equalizing the response from detection events across a scintillation panel using silicon photomultipliers for use in an upgrade to the PHENIX hadronic calorimeter. This research includes a many step hardware and software process from data collection to data analysis, and is both a hardware and software ...


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