Measurement Of Double-Polarization Asymmetries In The Quasi-Elastic He→ 3 (E→, E′ P) Process, 2019 Old Dominion University

#### Measurement Of Double-Polarization Asymmetries In The Quasi-Elastic He→ 3 (E→, E′ P) Process, The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, M. Mihovilović, G. Jin, E. Long, Y.-W. Zhang, K. Allada, B. Anderson, M. Canan, S. Golge, R. Schiavilla

*Physics Faculty Publications*

We report on a precise measurement of double-polarization asymmetries in electron-induced breakup of ^{3}He proceeding to pd and ppn final states, performed in quasi-elastic kinematics at Q^{2} = 0.25 (GeV/*c*)^{2} for missing momenta up to 250 MeV/*c*. These observables represent highly sensitive tools to investigate the electromagnetic and spin structure of ^{3}He and the relative importance of two- and three-body effects involved in the breakup reaction dynamics. The measured asymmetries cannot be satisfactorily reproduced by state-of-the-art calculations of ^{3}He unless their three-body segment is adjusted, indicating that the spin-dependent part of the nuclear ...

Structure Of Parton Quasi-Distributions And Their Moments, 2019 Old Dominion University

#### Structure Of Parton Quasi-Distributions And Their Moments, A. V. Radyushkin

*Physics Faculty Publications*

We discuss the structure of the parton quasi-distributions (quasi-PDFs) Q (y, P-3) outside the "canonical" -1 <= y <= 1 support region of the usual parton distribution functions (PDFs). Writing the y(n) moments of Q (y, P-3) in terms of the combined x(n-2l)k(perpendicular to)(2l)-moments of the transverse momentum distribution (TMD). F(x,k(perpendicular to)(2)), we establish a connection between the large-vertical bar y vertical bar behavior of Q (y, P-3) and large-k(perpendicular to)(2) behavior of F(x,k(perpendicular to)(2)). In particular, we show that the 1/k(perpendicular to)(2) hard tail of TMDs in QCD results in a slowly decreasing similar to 1/vertical bar y vertical bar behavior of quasi-PDFs for large vertical bar y vertical bar that produces infinite y(n) moments of Q(y, P-3). We also relate the - 1/vertical bar y vertical bar terms with the lnz(3)(2)-singularities of the Ioffe-time pseudo-distributions m(v, z(3)(2)). Converting the operator product expansion for m(v,z(3)(2)) into a matching relation between the quasi-PDF Q(y, P-3) and the light-cone PDF f (x, mu(2)), we demonstrate that there is no contradiction between the infinite values of the y(n) moments of Q (y, P-3) and finite values of the x(n) moments of f (x, mu(2))

First Results On Nucleon Resonance Photocouplings From The Γp → Π+Π−P Reaction, 2019 Old Dominion University

#### First Results On Nucleon Resonance Photocouplings From The Γp → Π+Π−P Reaction, E. Golovatch, V. D. Burkert, D. S. Carman, R. W. Gothe, K. Hicks, M. J. Amaryan, M. Khachatryan, A. Klein, Y. Prok, Clas Collaboration

*Physics Faculty Publications*

We report the first experimental measurements of the nine 1-fold differential cross sections for the *γ* *p* → *π*^{+}*π*^{−}*p* reaction, obtained with the CLAS detector at Jefferson Laboratory. The measurements cover the invariant mass range of the final state hadrons from 1.6 GeV < W < 2.0 GeV. For the first time the photocouplings of all prominent nucleon resonances in this mass range have been extracted from this exclusive channel. Photoproduction of two charged pions is of particular importance for the evaluation of the photocouplings for the Δ (1620)1/2^{−}, Δ (1700)3/2^{−}, N(1720)3/2^{+}, and Δ (1905)5/2^{+} resonances, which have dominant decays into the *π π N* final states rather than the more extensively studied single meson decay channels.

Polarization Analysis Of P̄ Produced In Pa Collisions, 2019 Old Dominion University

#### Polarization Analysis Of P̄ Produced In Pa Collisions, D. Grzonka, D. Alfs, A. Asaturyan, M. Carmignotto, M. Diermaier, W. Eyrich, B. Glowacz, F. Hauenstein, T. Horn, K. Kilian

*Physics Faculty Publications*

A quite simple procedure for the generation of a polarized antiproton beam could be worked out if antiprotons are produced with some polarization. In order to investigate this possibility measurements of the polarization of produced antiprotons have been started at a CERN/PS test beam. The polarization will be determined from the asymmetry of the elastic antiproton scattering at a liquid hydrogen target in the CNI region for which the analyzing power is well known. The data are under analysis and an additional measurement is done in 2018. Details on the experiment and the ongoing data analysis will be given.

Improved Measurement Of The Longitudinal Spin Transfer To Λ And Λ¯ Hyperons In Polarized Proton-Proton Collisions At √S = 200 Gev, 2018 Creighton University

#### Improved Measurement Of The Longitudinal Spin Transfer To Λ And Λ¯ Hyperons In Polarized Proton-Proton Collisions At √S = 200 Gev, J. Adam, L. Adamczyk, J. R. Adams, James K. Adkins, G. Agakishiev, M. M. Aggarwal, Z. Ahammed, I. Alekseev, D. M. Anderson, R. Aoyama, A. Aparin, D. Arkhipkin, E. C. Aschenauer, M. U. Ashraf, F. Atetalla, A. Attri, G. S. Averichev, X. Bai, V. Bairathi, K. Barish, A. J. Bassill, A. Behera, R. Bellwied, A. Bhasin, A. K. Bhati, J. Bielcik, J. Bielcikova, L. C. Bland, I. G. Bordyuzhin, J. D. Brandenburg, Renee H. Fatemi, Suvarna Ramachandran

*Physics and Astronomy Faculty Publications*

The longitudinal spin transfer *D _{LL}* to Λ and Λ¯ hyperons produced in high-energy polarized proton-proton collisions is expected to be sensitive to the helicity distribution functions of strange quarks and antiquarks of the proton, and to longitudinally polarized fragmentation functions. We report an improved measurement of

*D*from data obtained at a center-of-mass energy of √

_{LL}*s*= 200 GeV with the STAR detector at RHIC. The data have an approximately twelve times larger figure of merit than prior results and cover |

*η*| < 1.2 in pseudorapidity with transverse momenta

*p*up to 6 GeV/

_{T}*c*. In the forward scattering hemisphere at largest

*p*, the ...

_{T}Gluon Quasi-Parton-Distribution Functions From Lattice Qcd, 2018 Michigan State University

#### Gluon Quasi-Parton-Distribution Functions From Lattice Qcd, Zhou-You Fan, Yi-Bo Yang, Adam Anthony, Huey-Wen Lin, Keh-Fei Liu

*Physics and Astronomy Faculty Publications*

We present the first attempt to access the *x* dependence of the gluon unpolarized parton-distribution function (PDF), based on lattice simulations using the large-momentum effective theory approach. The lattice calculation is carried out with pion masses of 340 and 678 MeV on a (2+1)-flavor domain-wall fermion configuration with lattice spacing *a* = 0.111 fm, for the gluon quasi-PDF matrix element with the nucleon momentum up to 0.93 GeV. Taking the normalization from similar matrix elements in the rest frame of the nucleon and pion, our results for these matrix elements are consistent with the Fourier transform of ...

Computational Techniques For Scattering Amplitudes, 2018 CUNY New York City College of Technology

#### Computational Techniques For Scattering Amplitudes, Juliano A. Everett

*Publications and Research*

Scattering amplitudes in quantum field theory can be described as the probability of a scattering process to happen within a high energy particle interaction, as well as a bridge between experimental measurements and the prediction of the theory.

In this research project, we explore the Standard Model of Particle Theory, it’s representation in terms of Feynman diagrams and the algebraic formulas associated with each combination.

Using the FeynArts program as a tool for generating Feynman diagrams, we evaluate the expressions of a set of physical processes, and explain why these techniques become necessary to achieve this goal.

Determination Of The Magnetic Field Dependence Of The Surface Resistance Of Superconductors From Cavity Tests, 2018 Old Dominion University

#### Determination Of The Magnetic Field Dependence Of The Surface Resistance Of Superconductors From Cavity Tests, J. R. Delayen, H. Park, S. Su. De Silva, G. Ciovati, Z. Li

*Physics Faculty Publications*

We present a general method to derive the magnetic field dependence of the surface resistance of superconductors from the *Q*-curves obtained during the cryogenic tests of cavities. The results are applied to coaxial half-wave cavities, TM-like “elliptical” accelerating cavities, and cavities of more complicated geometries.

Proton Mass Decomposition From The Qcd Energy Momentum Tensor, 2018 Michigan State University

#### Proton Mass Decomposition From The Qcd Energy Momentum Tensor, Yi-Bo Yang, Jian Liang, Yu-Jiang Bi, Ying Chen, Terrence Draper, Keh-Fei Liu, Zhaofeng Liu

*Physics and Astronomy Faculty Publications*

We report results on the proton mass decomposition and also on related quark and glue momentum fractions. The results are based on overlap valence fermions on four ensembles of *N _{f}* = 2 + 1 domain wall fermion configurations with three lattice spacings and three volumes, and several pion masses including the physical pion mass. With fully nonperturbative renormalization (and universal normalization on both quark and gluon), we find that the quark energy and glue field energy contribute 32(4)(4)% and 36(5)(4)% respectively in the MS¯ (modified minimal substraction) scheme at

*μ*= 2 GeV. A quarter of the trace ...

Tim_Rinn_Final_Disertation.Pdf, 2018 Iowa State University

Novel, Portable And Low-Cost Cosmic Ray Muon Telescope, 2018 Georgia State University

#### Novel, Portable And Low-Cost Cosmic Ray Muon Telescope, Jessica Eskew, Sawaiz Syed, Xiaochun He

*Georgia Undergraduate Research Conference (GURC)*

The earth is constantly bombarded with cosmic ray particles (mainly high energy proton particles) which have galactic and solar origins. These cosmic ray particles produce extensive cosmic ray showers starting at the altitude of 15 km. Most of the secondary particles continue interacting with the air molecules while cascading toward the surface of the earth. The most abundant particles that reach to the earth surface are muons (about 80%) together with a few percents of neutrons and electrons. Muon tomography and atmospheric weather study are applications using cosmic ray muons which protect and preserve our national security, health, and environment ...

Heat Transfer Comparison Of Varied Pebble Sizes And Packing Arrangements In A Pebble-Bed Reactor, 2018 Kennesaw State University

#### Heat Transfer Comparison Of Varied Pebble Sizes And Packing Arrangements In A Pebble-Bed Reactor, Julian Spangler

*Georgia Undergraduate Research Conference (GURC)*

Pebble bed reactors are more cost efficient when heat transfer is optimized. In a pebble-bed reactor, optimizing heat transfer involves the analysis of complex flow. Therefore, computational fluid dynamics was used to simulate fluid movement in a structured cubic packing arrangement with a purpose in finding an optimal size of pebbles that will yield the fastest rate of heat transfer. The simple cubic pebble arrangement was used to determine if pebble size was key to optimizing heat transfer in the reactor. More complex arrangements of pebbles were used as comparison to the simple cubic packing in order to determine if ...

Polarization Observables For Γp −> K+Λ At Photon Energies Up To 5.45 Gev, 2018 Florida International University

#### Polarization Observables For Γp −> K+Λ At Photon Energies Up To 5.45 Gev, Shankar Dayal Adhikari

*FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations*

Excited nucleon states are established as an important milestone to understand quantum chromodynamics in the non-perturbative region. Even after decades of study, not all of the excited states predicted by different theoretical approaches have been verified. The disparity between the predicted states and the verified states is known as the “missing baryon problem". The verified states were mostly established using pion beam data or through Nπ decay channels, but are not sufficient to address the missing baryon problem. In recent years, new experiments were conducted worldwide at CLAS in Jefferson Lab, ELSA in Bonn, MAMI in Mainz, and so on ...

Beam-Target Helicity Asymmetry E In K0Λ And K0Σ0 Photoproduction On The Neutron, 2018 GAC R&D Center Silicon Valley Inc.

#### Beam-Target Helicity Asymmetry E In K0Λ And K0Σ0 Photoproduction On The Neutron, D. H. Ho, R. A. Schumacher, A. D’Angelo, A. Deur, J. Fleming, C. Hanretty, T. Kageya, F. J. Klein, E. Klempt, M. M. Lowry, H. Lu, V. A. Nikonov, P. Peng, A. M. Sandorfi, A. V. Sarantsev, I. I. Strakovsky, N. K. Walford, X. Wei, R. L. Workman, K. P. Adhikari, S. Adhikari, D. Adikaram, Z. Akbar, J. Ball, L. Barion, M. Bashkanov, C. D. Bass, M. Battaglieri, I. Bedlinskiy, A. S. Biselli, Wesley P. Gohn

*Physics and Astronomy Faculty Publications*

We report the first measurements of the E beam-target helicity asymmetry for the γ^{→} n^{→} → *K*^{0}Λ and *K*^{0}Σ^{0} channels in the energy range 1.70 ≤ W ≤ 2.34 GeV. The CLAS system at Jefferson Lab uses a circularly polarized photon beam and a target consisting of longitudinally polarized solid molecular hydrogen deuteride with low background contamination for the measurements. The multivariate analysis method boosted decision trees is used to isolate the reactions of interest. Comparisons with predictions from the KaonMAID, SAID, and Bonn-Gatchina models are presented. These results will help separate the isospin *I* = 0 ...

Nonperturbatively Renormalized Glue Momentum Fraction At The Physical Pion Mass From Lattice Qcd, 2018 Michigan State University

#### Nonperturbatively Renormalized Glue Momentum Fraction At The Physical Pion Mass From Lattice Qcd, Yi-Bo Yang, Ming Gong, Jian Liang, Huey-Wen Lin, Keh-Fei Liu, Dimitra Pefkou, Phiala Shanahan

*Physics and Astronomy Faculty Publications*

We present the first nonperturbatively renormalized determination of the glue momentum fraction ⟨*x*⟩_{g} in the nucleon, based on lattice-QCD simulations at the physical pion mass using the cluster-decomposition error reduction technique. We provide the first practical strategy to renormalize the gauge energy-momentum tensor nonperturbatively in the regularization-independent momentum-subtraction (RI/MOM) scheme and convert the results to the MS¯ scheme with one-loop matching. The simulation results show that the cluster-decomposition error reduction technique can reduce the statistical uncertainty of its renormalization constant by a factor of *O*(300) in calculations using a typical state-of-the-art lattice volume, and the nonperturbatively renormalized ...

Quark Spins And Anomalous Ward Identity, 2018 University of Kentucky

#### Quark Spins And Anomalous Ward Identity, Jian Liang, Yi-Bo Yang, Terrence Draper, Ming Gong, Keh-Fei Liu

*Physics and Astronomy Faculty Publications*

We calculate the intrinsic quark spin contribution to the total proton spin using overlap valence quarks on three ensembles of 2 + 1-flavor RBC/UKQCD domain-wall configurations with different lattice spacings. The lowest pion mass of the ensembles is around 171 MeV, which is close to the physical point. With overlap fermions and a topological charge derived from the overlap operator, we verify the anomalous Ward identity between nucleon states with momentum transfer. Both the connected and the disconnected insertions of the axial-vector current are calculated. For the disconnected-insertion part, the cluster-decomposition error reduction technique is utilized for the lattice with ...

Measurement Of Unpolarized And Polarized Cross Sections For Deeply Virtual Compton Scattering On The Proton At Jefferson Laboratory With Clas, 2018 Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute

#### Measurement Of Unpolarized And Polarized Cross Sections For Deeply Virtual Compton Scattering On The Proton At Jefferson Laboratory With Clas, N. Hirlinger Saylor, B. Guegan, V. D. Burkert, L. Elouadrhiri, M. Garçon, F. X. Girod, M. Guidal, H. S. Jo, V. Kubarovsky, S. Niccolai, P. Stoler, K. P. Adhikari, S. Adhikari, Z. Akbar, M. J. Amaryan, S. Anefalos Pereira, J. Ball, I. Balossino, N. A. Baltzell, L. Barion, M. Battaglieri, V. Batourine, I. Bedlinskiy, A. S. Biselli, S. Boiarinov, W. J. Briscoe, W. K. Brooks, S. Bültmann, F. Cao, S. Carman, Wesley P. Gohn

*Physics and Astronomy Faculty Publications*

This paper reports the measurement of polarized and unpolarized cross sections for the *ep* → *e*′* p*′* γ* reaction, which is composed of deeply virtual Compton scattering (DVCS) and Bethe-Heitler (BH) processes, at an electron beam energy of 5.88 GeV at the Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility using the Large Acceptance Spectrometer CLAS. The unpolarized cross sections and polarized cross section differences have been measured over broad kinematics, 0.10 < *x _{B}* < 0.58, 1.0 <

*Q*

^{2}< 4.8GeV

^{2}, and 0.09 <

*−t*< 2.00GeV

^{2}. The results are found to be consistent with previous CLAS data, and these new data are discussed in the framework ...

Short Range Correlations And The Isospin Dependence Of Nuclear Correlation Functions, 2018 Old Dominion University

#### Short Range Correlations And The Isospin Dependence Of Nuclear Correlation Functions, R. Cruz-Torres, A. Schmidt, G. A. Miller, L. B. Weinstein, N. Barnea, R. Weiss, E. Piasetzky, O. Hen

*Physics Faculty Publications*

Pair densities and associated correlation functions provide a critical tool for introducing many-body correlations into a wide-range of effective theories. *Ab initio* calculations show that two-nucleon pairdensities exhibit strong spin and isospin dependence. However, such calculations are not available for all nuclei of current interest. We therefore provide a simple model, which involves combining the short and long separation distance behavior using a single blending function, to accurately describe the two nucleon correlations inherent in existing *ab initio* calculations. We show that the salient features of the correlation function arise from the features of the two-body short-range nuclear interaction, and ...

Local Chiral Interactions, The Tritium Gamow-Teller Matrix Element, And The Three-Nucleon Contact Term, 2018 Old Dominion University

#### Local Chiral Interactions, The Tritium Gamow-Teller Matrix Element, And The Three-Nucleon Contact Term, A. Baroni, R. Schiavilla, L. E. Marcucci, L. Girlanda, A. Kievsky, A. Lovato, S. Pastore, M. Piarulli, Steven C. Pieper, M. Viviani, R. B. Wiringa

*Physics Faculty Publications*

The Gamow-Teller (GT) matrix element contributing to tritium β decay is calculated with trinucleon wave functions obtained from hyperspherical-harmonics solutions of the Schrödinger equation with the chiral two- and three-nucleon interactions including Δ intermediate states that have recently been constructed in configuration space. Predictions up to next-to-next-to-next-to-leading order (N3LO) in the chiral expansion of the axial current (with Δ's) overestimate the empirical value by 1–4%. By exploiting the relation between the low-energy constant (LEC) in the contact three-nucleon interaction and two-body axial current, we provide new determinations of the LECs cD and cE that characterize this interaction by ...

Beam-Target Helicity Asymmetry E In K 0 Λ And K 0 Σ 0 Photoproduction On The Neutron, 2018 Old Dominion University

#### Beam-Target Helicity Asymmetry E In K 0 Λ And K 0 Σ 0 Photoproduction On The Neutron, D. H. Ho, R. A.. Schumacher, A. D' Angelo, A. Deur, J. Fleming, C. Hanretty, K. P. Adhikari, D. Adikaram, M. Khachatryan, A. Klein, M. Meyer, L. B. Weinstein, The Class Collaboration

*Physics Faculty Publications*

We report the first measurements of the *E* beam-target helicity asymmetry for the →γ→n→K^{0}Λ and K^{0}Σ^{0} channels in the energy range 1.70 ≤ W ≤ 2.34 GeV. The CLAS system at Jefferson Lab uses a circularly polarized photon beam and a target consisting of longitudinally polarized solid molecular hydrogen deuteride with low background contamination for the measurements. The multivariate analysis method boosted decision trees is used to isolate the reactions of interest. Comparisons with predictions from the KaonMAID, SAID, and Bonn-Gatchina models are presented. These results will help separate the isospin *I*=0 ...