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Direct Visualization Of 3-Dimensional Force And Energy Map Of A Single Molecular Switch, Abeykoon Mudiyanselage Shashika Darshani Wijerathna, Zaw Myo Win, K. Z. Latt, Yang Li, A. T. Ngo, L. Curtiss, R. Zhang, S. W. Hla, Y. Zhang 2021 Old Dominion University

Direct Visualization Of 3-Dimensional Force And Energy Map Of A Single Molecular Switch, Abeykoon Mudiyanselage Shashika Darshani Wijerathna, Zaw Myo Win, K. Z. Latt, Yang Li, A. T. Ngo, L. Curtiss, R. Zhang, S. W. Hla, Y. Zhang

College of Sciences Posters

Mechanical properties of molecules adsorbed on materials surfaces are increasingly vital for the applications of molecular thin films. Here, we conduct a fundamental research to induce conformational change mechanically on a single molecule and quantify the driving force needed for such molecular shape switch via a low temperature (~ 5K) Scanning Tunneling Microscope (STM) and Qplus Atomic Force Microscope (Q+AFM). Our measurement maps a three-dimensional landscape for mechanical potential and force at single molecule level with high spatial resolution in all three dimensions of a few angstrom (10-10 m).

Molecule TBrPP-Co (a cobalt porphyrin) deposited on an atomically clean ...


Nb3Sn Coating Of Complex Srf Cavity Structures, Jayendrika Tiskumara, Uttar Pudasaini, Grigory Eremeev, Charlie Reece, Jean Delayen 2021 Old Dominion University

Nb3Sn Coating Of Complex Srf Cavity Structures, Jayendrika Tiskumara, Uttar Pudasaini, Grigory Eremeev, Charlie Reece, Jean Delayen

College of Sciences Posters

In the modern SRF research, Thin films coated niobium cavities are used for the low cost and increased quality factor. Among the potential thin film materials applied on the niobium, performances demonstrated by the Nb3Sn cavities makes this material attractive for SRF accelerator applications giving higher critical temperature and higher accelerating gradients. While the majority of research efforts are currently focused on the development of elliptical single-cell and multi-cell cavities, the potential of this material is evident to other cavity types, which may have complex geometries. We are working towards the development of Nb3Sn-coated Half-wave resonator and twin ...


End-To-End Physics Event Generator, Yasir Alanazi, N. Sato, Tianbo Liu, W. Melnitchouk, Michelle P. Kuchera, Evan Pritchard, Michael Robertson, Ryan Strauss, Luisa Velasco, Yaohang Li 2021 Old Dominion University

End-To-End Physics Event Generator, Yasir Alanazi, N. Sato, Tianbo Liu, W. Melnitchouk, Michelle P. Kuchera, Evan Pritchard, Michael Robertson, Ryan Strauss, Luisa Velasco, Yaohang Li

College of Sciences Posters

We apply generative adversarial network (GAN) technology to build an event generator that simulates particle production in electron-proton scattering that is free of theoretical assumptions about underlying particle dynamics. The difficulty of efficiently training a GAN event simulator lies in learning the complicated pat- terns of the distributions of the particles physical properties. We develop a GAN that selects a set of transformed features from particle momenta that can be generated easily by the generator, and uses these to produce a set of augmented features that improve the sensitivity of the discriminator. The new Feature-Augmented and Transformed GAN (FAT-GAN) is ...


Design, Commissioning And Preliminary Results Of A Magnetic Field Scanning System For Superconducting Radiofrequency Cavities, Ishwari Parajuli, Jeffrey Nice, Gianluigi Ciovati, William Clemens, Jean Delayen, Alex Gurevich 2021 Old Dominion University

Design, Commissioning And Preliminary Results Of A Magnetic Field Scanning System For Superconducting Radiofrequency Cavities, Ishwari Parajuli, Jeffrey Nice, Gianluigi Ciovati, William Clemens, Jean Delayen, Alex Gurevich

College of Sciences Posters

Superconducting radiofrequency (SRF) cavities are one of the building blocks of modern particle accelerators. Such cavities are typically made of bulk niobium, operate at liquid helium temperature (2 - 4 K) and have some of the highest quality factors found in Nature. One of the leading source of residual losses, which limits the quality factor in SRF cavities, is trapped magnetic flux from either residual ambient magnetic field or thermoelectric currents. The flux trapping mechanism depends on different niobium surface preparations and cool-down conditions. Suitable diagnostic tools are not yet available to study the effects of such conditions on magnetic flux ...


Toward Improving Understanding Of The Structure And Biophysics Of Glycosaminoglycans, Elizabeth K. Whitmore 2021 University of New England

Toward Improving Understanding Of The Structure And Biophysics Of Glycosaminoglycans, Elizabeth K. Whitmore

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) are the linear carbohydrate components of proteoglycans (PGs) that mediate PG bioactivities, including signal transduction, tissue morphogenesis, and matrix assembly. To understand GAG function, it is important to understand GAG structure and biophysics at atomic resolution. This is a challenge for existing experimental and computational methods because GAGs are heterogeneous, conformationally complex, and polydisperse, containing up to 200 monosaccharides. Molecular dynamics (MD) simulations come close to overcoming this challenge but are only feasible for short GAG polymers. To address this problem, we developed an algorithm that applies conformations from unbiased all-atom explicit-solvent MD simulations of short GAG polymers ...


Optomechanical Quantum Entanglement, Kahlil Y. Dixon 2021 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College

Optomechanical Quantum Entanglement, Kahlil Y. Dixon

LSU Doctoral Dissertations

As classical technology approaches its limits, exploration of quantum technologies is critical. Quantum optics will be the basis of various cutting-edge research and applications in quantum technology. In particular, quantum optics quite efficacious when applied to quantum networks and the quantum internet. Quantum Optomechanics, a subfield of quantum optics, contains some novel methods for entanglement generation. These entanglement production methods exploit the noise re-encoding process, which is most often associated with creating unwanted phase noise in optical circuits. Using the adapted two-photon formalism and experimental results, we simulate (in an experimentally viable parameter space) optomechanical entanglement generation experiments. These simulations ...


Entropic Dynamics Of Networks, Felipe Xavier Costa, Pedro Pessoa 2021 Department of Physics, University at Albany, State University of New York

Entropic Dynamics Of Networks, Felipe Xavier Costa, Pedro Pessoa

Northeast Journal of Complex Systems (NEJCS)

Here we present the entropic dynamics formalism for networks. That is, a framework for the dynamics of graphs meant to represent a network derived from the principle of maximum entropy and the rate of transition is obtained taking into account the natural information geometry of probability distributions. We apply this framework to the Gibbs distribution of random graphs obtained with constraints on the node connectivity. The information geometry for this graph ensemble is calculated and the dynamical process is obtained as a diffusion equation. We compare the steady state of this dynamics to degree distributions found on real-world networks.


Anticipation Induces Polarized Collective Motion In Attraction Based Models, Daniel Strömbom, Alice Antia 2021 Lafayette College

Anticipation Induces Polarized Collective Motion In Attraction Based Models, Daniel Strömbom, Alice Antia

Northeast Journal of Complex Systems (NEJCS)

Moving animal groups are prime examples of natural complex systems. In most models of such systems each individual updates its heading based on the current positions and headings of its neighbors. However, recently, a number of models where the heading update instead is based on the future anticipated positions/headings of the neighbors have been published. Collectively these studies have established that including anticipation may have drastically different effects in different models. In particular, anticipation inhibits polarization in alignment-based models and in one alignment-free model, but promotes polarization in another alignment-free model. Indicating that our understanding of how anticipation affects ...


Origin Of Magnetism In Γ-Fesi 2 /Si(111) Nanostructures, Liwei D. Geng, Sahil Dhoka, Ilan Goldfarb, Ranjit Pati, Yongmei M. Jin 2021 Michigan Technological University

Origin Of Magnetism In Γ-Fesi 2 /Si(111) Nanostructures, Liwei D. Geng, Sahil Dhoka, Ilan Goldfarb, Ranjit Pati, Yongmei M. Jin

Michigan Tech Publications

Magnetism has recently been observed in nominally nonmagnetic iron disilicide in the form of epitaxial γ-FeSi2 nanostructures on Si(111) substrate. To explore the origin of the magnetism in γ-FeSi2/Si(111) nanostructures, we performed a systematic first-principles study based on density functional theory. Several possible factors, such as epitaxial strain, free surface, interface, and edge, were examined. The calculations show that among these factors, only the edge can lead to the magnetism in γ-FeSi2/Si(111) nanostructures. It is shown that magnetism exhibits a strong dependency on the local atomic structure of the edge. Furthermore, magnetism can be enhanced ...


Discovery Of A Weak Topological Insulating State And Van Hove Singularity In Triclinic Rhbi2, Kyungchan Lee, Gunnar F. Lange, Lin-Lin Wang, Brinda Kuthanazhi, Thais V. Trevisan, Na Hyun Jo, Benjamin Schrunk, Peter P. Orth, Robert-Jan Slager, Paul C. Canfield, Adam Kaminski 2021 Iowa State University and Ames Laboratory

Discovery Of A Weak Topological Insulating State And Van Hove Singularity In Triclinic Rhbi2, Kyungchan Lee, Gunnar F. Lange, Lin-Lin Wang, Brinda Kuthanazhi, Thais V. Trevisan, Na Hyun Jo, Benjamin Schrunk, Peter P. Orth, Robert-Jan Slager, Paul C. Canfield, Adam Kaminski

Physics and Astronomy Publications

Time reversal symmetric (TRS) invariant topological insulators (TIs) fullfil a paradigmatic role in the field of topological materials, standing at the origin of its development. Apart from TRS protected 'strong' TIs, it was realized early on that more confounding weak topological insulators (WTI) exist. WTIs depend on translational symmetry and exhibit topological surface states only in certain directions making it significantly more difficult to match the experimental success of strong TIs. We here report on the discovery of a WTI state in RhBi2 that belongs to the optimal space group P1, which is the only space group where symmetry indicated ...


Pressure Effect On Band Inversion In Ae Cd2 As2 (Ae = Ca, Sr, Ba), Jonathan M. DeStefano, Lin-Lin Wang 2021 Ames Laboratory and University of Florida

Pressure Effect On Band Inversion In Ae Cd2 As2 (Ae = Ca, Sr, Ba), Jonathan M. Destefano, Lin-Lin Wang

Ames Laboratory Accepted Manuscripts

Recent studies have predicted that magnetic EuCd2As2 can host several different topological states depending on its magnetic order, including a single pair of Weyl points. Here we report on the bulk properties and band inversion induced by pressure in the nonmagnetic analogs AECd2As2 (AE=Ca, Sr, Ba) as studied with density functional theory calculations. Under ambient pressure we find that these compounds are narrow band gap semiconductors, in agreement with experiment. The size of the band gap is dictated by both the increasing ionicity across the AE series which tends to increase the band gap, as well as the larger ...


Light-Wave Control Of Correlated Materials Using Quantum Magnetism During Time-Periodic Modulation Of Coherent Transport, Panagiotis C. Lingos, Myron D. Kapetanakis, Jigang Wang, Ilias E. Perakis 2021 University of Crete

Light-Wave Control Of Correlated Materials Using Quantum Magnetism During Time-Periodic Modulation Of Coherent Transport, Panagiotis C. Lingos, Myron D. Kapetanakis, Jigang Wang, Ilias E. Perakis

Ames Laboratory Accepted Manuscripts

Light–wave quantum electronics utilizes the oscillating carrier wave to control electronic properties with intense laser pulses. Without direct light–spin interactions, however, magnetic properties can only be indirectly affected by the light electric field, mostly at later times. A grand challenge is how to establish a universal principle for quantum control of charge and spin fluctuations, which can allow for faster-than-THz clock rates. Using quantum kinetic equations for the density matrix describing non–equilibrium states of Hubbard quasiparticles, here we show that time–periodic modulation of electronic hopping during few cycles of carrier–wave oscillations can dynamically steer an ...


Rapid: Sodium (Na) Lidar Validation Of Mighti Daytime Temperature Observations Onboard Nasa Icon Satellite, Tao Yuan 2021 Utah State University

Rapid: Sodium (Na) Lidar Validation Of Mighti Daytime Temperature Observations Onboard Nasa Icon Satellite, Tao Yuan

Funded Research Records

No abstract provided.


Identification And Reduction Of Scattered Light Noise In Ligo, Siddharth Soni 2021 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College

Identification And Reduction Of Scattered Light Noise In Ligo, Siddharth Soni

LSU Doctoral Dissertations

We ushered into a new era of gravitational wave astronomy in 2015 when Advanced LIGO gravitational wave detectors in Livingston, Louisiana and Hanford, Washington observed a gravitational wave signal from the merger of binary black holes. The first detected GW150914 was a part of first Observing run (O1) and since then there have been a total of 3 Observing runs. Advanced Virgo detector in Cascina, Italy joined the efforts in the third Observing run (O3) which spanned from April 1, 2019, to March 27, 2020. It was split into O3a and O3b with a month long break between them, during ...


Energy-Constrained Distinguishability Measures For Assessing Performance In Quantum Information Processing, Kunal Sharma 2021 Louisiana State University at Baton Rouge

Energy-Constrained Distinguishability Measures For Assessing Performance In Quantum Information Processing, Kunal Sharma

LSU Doctoral Dissertations

The aim of this thesis is to develop a framework for assessing performance in quantum information processing with continuous variables. In particular, we focus on quantifying the fundamental limitations on communication and computation over bosonic Gaussian systems. Due to their infinite-dimensional structure, we make a realistic assumption of energy constraints on the input states of continuous-variable (CV) quantum operations. Our first contribution is to show that energy-constrained distinguishability measures can be used to establish tight upper bounds on the communication capacities of phase-insensitive, bosonic Gaussian channels -- thermal, amplifier, and additive-noise channels. We then prove that an optimal Gaussian input state ...


Quantum Stabilizer Codes, Lattices, And Cfts, Anatoly Dymarsky, Alfred D. Shapere 2021 University of Kentucky

Quantum Stabilizer Codes, Lattices, And Cfts, Anatoly Dymarsky, Alfred D. Shapere

Physics and Astronomy Faculty Publications

There is a rich connection between classical error-correcting codes, Euclidean lattices, and chiral conformal field theories. Here we show that quantum error-correcting codes, those of the stabilizer type, are related to Lorentzian lattices and non-chiral CFTs. More specifically, real self-dual stabilizer codes can be associated with even self-dual Lorentzian lattices, and thus define Narain CFTs. We dub the resulting theories code CFTs and study their properties. T-duality transformations of a code CFT, at the level of the underlying code, reduce to code equivalences. By means of such equivalences, any stabilizer code can be reduced to a graph code. We can ...


Achieving The Shot-Noise Limit Using Experimental Multi-Shot Digital Holography Data, Douglas E. Thornton, Cameron J. Radosevich, Samuel Horst, Mark F. Spencer 2021 Air Force Institute of Technology

Achieving The Shot-Noise Limit Using Experimental Multi-Shot Digital Holography Data, Douglas E. Thornton, Cameron J. Radosevich, Samuel Horst, Mark F. Spencer

Faculty Publications

In this paper, we achieve the shot-noise limit using straightforward image-post-processing techniques with experimental multi-shot digital holography data (i.e., off-axis data composed of multiple noise and speckle realizations). First, we quantify the effects of frame subtraction (of the mean reference-only frame and the mean signal-only frame from the digital-hologram frames), which boosts the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) of the baseline dataset with a gain of 2.4 dB. Next, we quantify the effects of frame averaging, both with and without the frame subtraction. We show that even though the frame averaging boosts the SNR by itself, the frame subtraction and ...


Study Of Neon Collisional Negative Ion Compound Resonance Using A Trochoidal Electron Monochromator, Will Brunner 2021 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Study Of Neon Collisional Negative Ion Compound Resonance Using A Trochoidal Electron Monochromator, Will Brunner

Honors Theses, University of Nebraska-Lincoln

This thesis describes the experimental apparatus and procedure used to measure the excitation function of the 2p53p 3D3 state of neon. First I describe the effect on this excitation of negative ion resonances and previous experiments to measure the excitation function, as well as suggestions for future applications of such studies. Then the experimental apparatus is described in three parts. The vacuum system uses a turbomolecular pump to decrease the pressure of the chamber to as low as 4*10-9 Torr. The electron beam system incorporates a trochoidal electron monochromator to send a highly monochromatic ...


Applications Of Quantum Optics: From The Quantum Internet To Analogue Gravity, Anthony Brady 2021 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College

Applications Of Quantum Optics: From The Quantum Internet To Analogue Gravity, Anthony Brady

LSU Doctoral Dissertations

The aim of this thesis is to highlight applications of quantum optics in two very distinct fields: space-based quantum communication and the Hawking effect in analogue gravity. Regarding the former: We simulate and analyze a constellation of satellites, equipped with entangled photon-pair sources, which provide on-demand entanglement distribution ser- vices to terrestrial receiver stations. Satellite services are especially relevant for long-distance quantum-communication scenarios, as the loss in satellite-based schemes scales more favor- ably with distance than in optical fibers or in atmospheric links, though establishing quantum resources in the space-domain is expensive. We thus develop an optimization technique which balances ...


Mach-Zehnder Quantum Interference Rules In Hydrocarbons With Substituents, Alaa Al-Jobory, Zainelabideen Y. Mijbil 2021 University of Anbar

Mach-Zehnder Quantum Interference Rules In Hydrocarbons With Substituents, Alaa Al-Jobory, Zainelabideen Y. Mijbil

Karbala International Journal of Modern Science

We have investigated the conditions of quantum interferences in hydrocarbons with substituents using density functional theory and tight binding approximation combined with non-equilibrium Green’s function technique. The chosen model systems, namely benzene and tripyridyl–triazine molecules, have elucidated three prominent rules. The ‘first rule’ is the occurrence of inevitable, destructive quantum interference when 1,3-benzene ring incorporates single substituent at the fifth site. The ‘second rule’ is the chaotic occurrence of quantum interferences due the position and/or type of the substituents. The ‘third rule’: the substituents decrease (increase) the probability of destructive (constructive) interferences


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