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Linear And Nonlinear Dynamics Of Spin Waves In Ferromagnetic Nanowires, Zahra Haghshenasfard 2017 The University of Western Ontario

Linear And Nonlinear Dynamics Of Spin Waves In Ferromagnetic Nanowires, Zahra Haghshenasfard

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Motivated by recent experimental developments, we present a theoretical study of some linear and nonlinear properties of spin waves in ferromagnetic nanostructures under conditions of microwave pumping. A microscopic (or Hamiltonian-based) approach is followed including terms for both the short-range exchange and the long-range dipole-dipole interactions, as well as the eects of an external magnetic field, single-ion anisotropy, biquadratic exchange and the Ruderman-KittelKasuya-Yosida interactions, as appropriate. In ultrathin films and nanowires with thickness or lateral dimensions less than about 100 nm, the discreteness of the quantized spin waves (or magnons) and their spatial distributions become modified, making it appropriate to ...


Fabrication And Study Of The Structure And Magnetism Of Rare-Earth Free Nanoclusters, Bhaskar Das 2017 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Fabrication And Study Of The Structure And Magnetism Of Rare-Earth Free Nanoclusters, Bhaskar Das

Theses, Dissertations, and Student Research: Department of Physics and Astronomy

No abstract provided.


Dynamic Secondary Electron Emission In Dielectric/Conductor Mixed Coatings, Leandro Olano, Isabel Montero, María E. Dávila, JR Dennison 2017 Instituto de Ciencia de Materiales de Madrid

Dynamic Secondary Electron Emission In Dielectric/Conductor Mixed Coatings, Leandro Olano, Isabel Montero, María E. Dávila, Jr Dennison

Presentations

An unexpected behavior of the Secondary Emission Yield (SEY) on coatings composed by a mixture of conductor and dielectric microparticles was reported and modeled in [1]. As a follow up, we measured for a fixed primary energy the dynamic evolution of the SEY in similar samples and proposed a charging-roughness coupled model to simulate the experimental results. Two different coatings were selected: 1) TMM and Al microparticles (type 1), and 2) zeolites and gold nanoparticles (type 2). Pulsed and continuous tests were used to obtain the SEY as a function of the primary energy.

In both types of samples extremely ...


Experimental Studies Of Electrical Resistivity Behavior Of Cu, Zn And Co Along Their Melting Boundaries: Implications For Heat Flux At Earth’S Inner Core Boundary, Innocent Chinweikpe Ezenwa 2017 The University of Western Ontario

Experimental Studies Of Electrical Resistivity Behavior Of Cu, Zn And Co Along Their Melting Boundaries: Implications For Heat Flux At Earth’S Inner Core Boundary, Innocent Chinweikpe Ezenwa

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Abstract

The electrical resistivity of high purity Cu, Zn and Co has been measured at pressures (P) up to 5GPa and at temperatures (T) in the liquid phase. The electrical resistivity of solid state Nb was also measured up to 5GPa and ~1900K. All measurements were made in a large volume cubic anvil press. Using two thermocouples placed at opposite ends of the sample wire, serving as temperature probes as well as resistance leads, a four-wire technique resistivity measurement was employed along with a polarity switch. Post-experiment compositional analyses were carried out on an electron microprobe.

The expected resistivity decrease ...


A New Physical Model For Dc Partial Discharge In Polymeric Insulators, Allen Andersen, JR Dennison 2017 Utah State University

A New Physical Model For Dc Partial Discharge In Polymeric Insulators, Allen Andersen, Jr Dennison

Presentations

The physics of DC partial discharge (DCPD) continues to pose a challenge to researchers. We present a new physically-motivated model of DCPD in amorphous polymers based on our dual-defect model of dielectric breakdown. The dual-defect model is an extension of standard static mean field theories, such as the Crine model, that describe avalanche breakdown of charge carriers trapped on uniformly distributed defect sites. It assumes the presence of both high-energy chemical defects and low-energy thermally-recoverable physical defects. We present our measurements of breakdown and DCPD for several common polymeric materials in the context of this model. Improved understanding of DCPD ...


Model For Charge Injection With Electron Beams Into Highly Disordered Insulating Materials, JR Dennison 2017 Utah State Univesity

Model For Charge Injection With Electron Beams Into Highly Disordered Insulating Materials, Jr Dennison

Presentations

The Walden-Wintle model for charge injection and transport through highly disordered insulating materials has been extended to include charge injection with a charged particle beam. The original model is applicable to charge injection into a dielectric material from a pair of electrodes in a parallel-plate geometry. It provides a versatile approach to predict the time-dependent current at a rear grounded electrode and the incident surface voltage, as the injection current density evolves over time with the development of a space charge barrier near the injection electrode. The Walden-Wintle model has been applied to many standard cases including Fowler-Nordheim injection, Schottky ...


Properties Of Spacecraft Materials Exposed To Ionizing Radiation, Alex Souvall, Gregory Wilson, Katie Gamaunt, Ben Russon, Heather Tippets, JR Dennison 2017 Utah State University

Properties Of Spacecraft Materials Exposed To Ionizing Radiation, Alex Souvall, Gregory Wilson, Katie Gamaunt, Ben Russon, Heather Tippets, Jr Dennison

Katie Gamaunt

The effects of ionizing radiation damage on the various properties of spacecraft materials resulting from exposure in the Space Survivability Testing chamber (SST) are being studied with both ex situ and in situ tests. The SST is a ground based test facility designed to mimic low earth orbit (LEO), and geosynchronous orbit to test potential environmental-induced modifications to small satellites , and materials. Tests described here expose spacecraft materials to a Sr90 ionizing beta radiation source at room temperature and in high vacuum. Ex situ optical transmission/reflectivity measurements glass samples will monitor optical darkening. Properties of polymeric samples will ...


The Space Survivability Test Chamber, Katie Gamaunt, Heather Tippets, Alex Souvall, Ben Russon, JR Dennison 2017 Utah State University

The Space Survivability Test Chamber, Katie Gamaunt, Heather Tippets, Alex Souvall, Ben Russon, Jr Dennison

Katie Gamaunt

The Space Survivability Test chamber is a new ground-based research instrument being used for accelerated testing of environment-induced modifications of diverse samples. The chamber simulates space environment conditions, including neutral gas atmospheres and vacuum (<10-5 Pa) environments, temperature (~100 K to >450 K), ionizing radiation, electron fluxes (<10 eV to ~2½ MeV), and vacuum ultraviolet through mid-infrared photon fluxes. This versatile test chamber is well-suited for cost-effective testing of complete systems up to the size (< 20 cm dia.) of a 1U CubeSat, smaller components or electronics, and individual material samples. Multiple in-flux or in-situ space survivability and radiation exposure tests can be performed simultaneously, as well as ...


Measurement Of Effects Of Long Term Ionizing Radiation On High Efficiency Solar Arrays, Ben Russon, Heather Tippets, Gregory Wilson, Katie Gamaunt, Alex Souvall, JR Dennison 2017 Utah State University

Measurement Of Effects Of Long Term Ionizing Radiation On High Efficiency Solar Arrays, Ben Russon, Heather Tippets, Gregory Wilson, Katie Gamaunt, Alex Souvall, Jr Dennison

Katie Gamaunt

Degradation of power output efficiency for high-efficiency multilayer solar arrays due to ionizing radiation is measured using the Space Survivability Test chamber. Exposure to ionizing radiation disrupts the crystalline structure and can reduce solar array power output to the point that it no longer provides adequate output capacity. This can be a significant concern, particularly in the harsh environment of space where radiation dose rate is significantly higher and replacing components is often impossible. Ionizing radiation is simulated in a controlled environment to allow measurement and characterization of the power output of solar arrays, using a 100 mCi encapsulated Sr90 ...


Uv Degradation Effects: Terrestrial Versus Space Environment, Katie Gamaunt, Krysta Moser, Alex Souvall, JR Dennison 2017 Utah State University

Uv Degradation Effects: Terrestrial Versus Space Environment, Katie Gamaunt, Krysta Moser, Alex Souvall, Jr Dennison

Katie Gamaunt

The decrease in visible and ultraviolet transmission spectra of polymeric and glass spacecraft materials has been measured to determine the extent of degradation due to high energy UV radiation similar to the solar spectrum (both above and below the stratosphere). This project looked at the effects that the atmosphere has in regards to blocking UV radiation and thus, slowing down the UV degradation process. Materials such as quartz, borosilicate glass, sodium glasses, polyethylene, polyimide, and polyethylene terephthalate polymers were exposed to radiation from a focused high intensity deuterium lamp source, which generates radiation in the UVA and UVB spectrum. Duplicates ...


Synergistic Models Of Electron Emission And Transport Measurements Of Disordered Sio2, JR Dennison, Jodie Corbridge Gillespie, Allen Andersen, Amberly Evans Jensen, Gregory Wilson, Justin Dekany, Alec M. Sim, Ryan Hoffmann 2017 Utah State Univesity

Synergistic Models Of Electron Emission And Transport Measurements Of Disordered Sio2, Jr Dennison, Jodie Corbridge Gillespie, Allen Andersen, Amberly Evans Jensen, Gregory Wilson, Justin Dekany, Alec M. Sim, Ryan Hoffmann

Jodie Corbridge Gillespie

A critical component in the prediction and mitigation of spacecraft charging issues is an accurate model of the charging, transport and electron emission properties of a broad array of materials used in the construction of spacecraft. The increased sensitivity, longer-duration missions, and ventures into more demanding environments only serve to heighten this need. One important way for the spacecraft charging community to address this issue is to expand the role of more fundamental materials physics. This includes the development of unifying theoretical models of the charge transport equations based on the creation, distribution, and occupancy of defect densities of states ...


Designing Novel Nanostructured Permanent Magnets, Ali Al Kadhim 2017 University of Nebraska at Omaha

Designing Novel Nanostructured Permanent Magnets, Ali Al Kadhim

Student Research and Creative Activity Fair

Rare earth element based alloys have been the source of high performance magnetic alloys, and have played a paramount role in the development of various technologies, including: memory devices (such as credit cards, random-access memory), sensors, and various biomedical applications. However, there is a tremendous need to replace rare earth metals with material with powerful magnetic properties. Our group recently found CrTe-based materials that show very promising magnetic properties in nanostructured form. The magnetic modeling of such material in nanostructured form prior to their fabrication demonstrates their magnetic properties in bulk form. In this project, we investigate the behavior of ...


Predictive Formula For Electron Range Over A Large Span Of Energies, Anne C. Starley, Gregory Wilson, Lisa Montierth Phillipps, JR Dennison 2017 Utah State University

Predictive Formula For Electron Range Over A Large Span Of Energies, Anne C. Starley, Gregory Wilson, Lisa Montierth Phillipps, Jr Dennison

Anne Starley

An empirical model developed by the Materials Research Group that predicts the approximate electron penetration depth—or range—of some common materials has been extended to predict the range for a broad assortment of other materials. The electron range of a material is the maximum distance electrons can travel through a material, before losing all of their incident kinetic energy. The original model used the Continuous-Slow-Down-Approximation for energy deposition in a material to develop a composite analytical formula which estimated the range from 10 MeV with an uncertainty of v, which describes the effective number of valence electrons. NV ...


Predictive Formula For Electron Range Over A Large Span Of Energy, Anne C. Starley, JR Dennison 2017 Utah State University

Predictive Formula For Electron Range Over A Large Span Of Energy, Anne C. Starley, Jr Dennison

Anne Starley

A model developed by the Materials Research Group that calculates electron penetration range of some common materials, has been greatly expanded with the hope that such extensions will predict the range in other, perhaps, more interesting materials. Developments in this extended model aid in predicting the approximate penetration depth into diverse classes of materials for a broad range of energetic incident electrons (<10 eV to>10 MeV, with better than 20% accuracy). The penetration depth—or range—of a material describes the maximum distance electrons can travel through a material, before losing all of its incident kinetic energy. This model has started to ...


Physical Properties Of Single Crystalline R Mg 2 Cu 9 ( R = Y , Ce − Nd , Gd − Dy , Yb ) And The Search For In-Plane Magnetic Anisotropy In Hexagonal Systems, Tai Kong, William R. Meier, Qisheng Lin, Scott M. Saunders, S. L. Bud’ko, Rebecca Flint, Paul C. Canfield 2017 Iowa State University

Physical Properties Of Single Crystalline R Mg 2 Cu 9 ( R = Y , Ce − Nd , Gd − Dy , Yb ) And The Search For In-Plane Magnetic Anisotropy In Hexagonal Systems, Tai Kong, William R. Meier, Qisheng Lin, Scott M. Saunders, S. L. Bud’Ko, Rebecca Flint, Paul C. Canfield

Qisheng Lin

Single crystals ofRMg2Cu9 (R = Y, Ce-Nd, Gd-Dy, Yb) were grown using a high-temperature solution growth technique and were characterized by measurements of room-temperature x-ray diffraction, temperature-dependent specific heat, and temperature- and field-dependent resistivity and anisotropic magnetization. YMg2Cu9 is a nonlocal- moment-bearing metal with an electronic specific heat coefficient, γ ∼ 15 mJ/mol K2. Yb is divalent and basically non-moment-bearing in YbMg2Cu9. Ce is trivalent in CeMg2Cu9 with two magnetic transitions being observed at 2.1 K and 1.5 K. PrMg2Cu9 does not exhibit any magnetic phase transition down to 0.5 K. The other members being studied (R = Nd ...


The Effects Of Tilted Magnetic Fields On Quantum Transport In 2d Electron Systems, William A. Mayer 2017 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

The Effects Of Tilted Magnetic Fields On Quantum Transport In 2d Electron Systems, William A. Mayer

All Graduate Works by Year: Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

There exists a myriad of quantum transport phenomena in highly mobile 2D electrons placed in a perpendicular magnetic field. We study the effects of tilted magnetic field on these transport properties to understand how the energy spectrum evolves. We observe significant changes of the electron transport in quantum wells of varying widths with high electron densities at high filling factors. In narrow quantum wells the spin splitting of Landau levels due to Zeeman effect is found to be the dominant mechanism reducing Quantum Positive Magnetoresistance. In wider quantum wells with two populated subbands Magnetointersubband oscillations appear to exhibit effects from ...


Interactions Between Uniformly Magnetized Spheres, Boyd F. Edwards, D. Mark Riffe, Joeng-Young Ji, William A. Booth 2017 Utah State University

Interactions Between Uniformly Magnetized Spheres, Boyd F. Edwards, D. Mark Riffe, Joeng-Young Ji, William A. Booth

D. Mark Riffe

We use simple symmetry arguments suitable for undergraduate students to demonstrate that the magnetic energy, forces, and torques between two uniformly magnetized spheres are identical to those between two point magnetic dipoles. These arguments exploit the equivalence of the field outside of a uniformly magnetized sphere with that of a point magnetic dipole, and pertain to spheres of arbitrary sizes, positions, and magnetizations. The point dipole/sphere equivalence for magnetic interactions may be useful in teaching and research, where dipolar approximations for uniformly magnetized spheres can now be considered to be exact. The work was originally motivated by interest in ...


How The Space Environment Affects Seed Germination And Growth, Alexander Souvall, Gareema Dhiman, Andre Nguyen, Michelle Jung, Astrid Ji, Takayuki Sakai, Takahiro Shimizu, Midori Morikawa, Shusuke Okita, Akihiro Nagata, Shaunda Wenger, Toshihiro Kameda, JR Dennison 2017 Utah State University

How The Space Environment Affects Seed Germination And Growth, Alexander Souvall, Gareema Dhiman, Andre Nguyen, Michelle Jung, Astrid Ji, Takayuki Sakai, Takahiro Shimizu, Midori Morikawa, Shusuke Okita, Akihiro Nagata, Shaunda Wenger, Toshihiro Kameda, Jr Dennison

Posters

Understanding observed space environment effects on biological organisms such seeds are important in design of long duration space missions, such as to those planned for Mars, where appropriate storage and growth of food resources is essential. Evaluation of the effects of the real and simulated space environment on seed germination and growth in space is the purpose of this research. Preliminary tests of germination rate and growth of radish seeds in a controlled environment have identified statistically significant differences between control samples and seeds flown for 30 days in low earth orbit on the Bion M-1 launch capsule Russian research ...


Density Of State Models And Temperature Dependence Of Radiation Induced Conductivity, Jodie Corbridge Gillespie, JR Dennison, Alec M. Sim 2017 Utah State University

Density Of State Models And Temperature Dependence Of Radiation Induced Conductivity, Jodie Corbridge Gillespie, Jr Dennison, Alec M. Sim

Journal Articles

Expressions are developed for radiation induce conductivity (RIC) over an extended temperature range, based on density of states models for highly disordered insulating materials. A general discussion of the DOS of can be given using two simple types of DOS distributions of defect states within the bandgap for disordered materials are considered, one that monotonically decreases within the bandgap and one with a distribution peak within the band gap. Three monotonically decreasing models (exponential, power law, and linear), and two peaked models (Gaussian and delta function) are considered, plus limiting cases with a uniform DOS for each type. Variations using ...


Temporal And Spatial Correlations In Electron-Induced Arcs Of Adjacent Dielectric Islands, Justin Christensen, JR Dennison, Justin Dekany 2017 Utah State University

Temporal And Spatial Correlations In Electron-Induced Arcs Of Adjacent Dielectric Islands, Justin Christensen, Jr Dennison, Justin Dekany

Journal Articles

This study investigates very short duration (<1ms) flashes caused by rapid discharge arcs from isolated charged insulating epoxy “glue dots” to an underlying grounded substrate while under electron bombardment. The possibility that a given arc might stimulate arcs in adjacent “glue dots” was investigated through coincidence correlation analysis, as was the dependence of such correlations with “glue dot” separation. Most arcs were found to be random localized events, which occurred only when built up charge produced an electric field large enough for electrostatic breakdown to occur. However, for 40 keV incident beams, some correlation was observed. It is hypothesised that at higher energies more samples are charged close to the breakdown field at any given time and that a discharge in one “glue dot” might cause a sudden electric field spike in neighbouring “glue dots” which could trigger premature arcing. Such stimulated arc rates might reasonably be expected to scale with electric field intensity. A power law fit to the arc data found a power of -1.06±0.09, consistent with a field falling off inversely with separation distance for charges spreading out across a 2D conducting surface.


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