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Implementing A Self-Corrected Chemical Potential Scheme In Determinant Quantum Monte Carlo Simulations, Kevin Gordon Kleiner 2019 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Implementing A Self-Corrected Chemical Potential Scheme In Determinant Quantum Monte Carlo Simulations, Kevin Gordon Kleiner

University of Tennessee Honors Thesis Projects

No abstract provided.


Imaging Stress And Magnetism At High Pressures Using A Nanoscale Quantum Sensor, S. Hsieh, P. Bhattacharyya, C. Zu, T. Mittiga, T. J. Smart, F. Machado, B. Kobrin, T. O. Hohn, N. Z. Rui, Mehdi Kamrani, S. Chatterjee, S. Choi, M. Zaletel, V. V. Struzhkin, J. E. Moore, Valery I. Levitas, R. Jeanloz, N. Y. Yao 2018 University of California, Berkeley

Imaging Stress And Magnetism At High Pressures Using A Nanoscale Quantum Sensor, S. Hsieh, P. Bhattacharyya, C. Zu, T. Mittiga, T. J. Smart, F. Machado, B. Kobrin, T. O. Hohn, N. Z. Rui, Mehdi Kamrani, S. Chatterjee, S. Choi, M. Zaletel, V. V. Struzhkin, J. E. Moore, Valery I. Levitas, R. Jeanloz, N. Y. Yao

Aerospace Engineering Publications

Pressure alters the physical, chemical and electronic properties of matter. The development of the diamond anvil cell (DAC) enables tabletop experiments to investigate a diverse landscape of high-pressure phenomena ranging from the properties of planetary interiors to transitions between quantum mechanical phases. In this work, we introduce and utilize a novel nanoscale sensing platform, which integrates nitrogen-vacancy (NV) color centers directly into the culet (tip) of diamond anvils. We demonstrate the versatility of this platform by performing diffraction-limited imaging (~600 nm) of both stress fields and magnetism, up to pressures ~30 GPa and for temperatures ranging from 25-340 K. For ...


Boundary Twists, Instabilities, And Creation Of Skyrmions And Antiskyrmions, Aldo Raeliarijaona, Rabindra Nepal, Alexey Kovalev 2018 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Boundary Twists, Instabilities, And Creation Of Skyrmions And Antiskyrmions, Aldo Raeliarijaona, Rabindra Nepal, Alexey Kovalev

Faculty Publications, Department of Physics and Astronomy

We formulate and study the general boundary conditions dictating the magnetization profile in the vicinity of an interface between magnets with dissimilar properties. Boundary twists in the vicinity of an edge due to Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interactions have been first discussed by Wilson et al. [Phys. Rev. B 88, 214420 (2013)] and by Rohart and Thiaville [Phys. Rev. B 88, 184422 (2013)]. We show that in general case the boundary conditions lead to the magnetization profile corresponding to the Néel, Bloch, or intermediate twist. We explore how such twists can be utilized for creation of skyrmions and antiskyrmions, e.g., in a ...


Properties Of Si Quantum Dots, Carolyn C. F Cadogan 2018 The University of Western Ontario

Properties Of Si Quantum Dots, Carolyn C. F Cadogan

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

The fundamental properties of matter in confined particles change dramatically due to quantum effects. In this work, we have explored the optical properties of silicon quantum dots (Si-QDs) embedded in Si3N4; and the role of crystallinity on the optical properties and formation of Si-QDs in Al2O3. This work examined the role of (1) annealing temperature and the composition of the film, (2) Al doping of the host Si3N4 film, (3) doping Si-QDs and (4) Al and P passivation of Si-QDs on the PL intensity of Si-QDs embedded in Si3N ...


The Effects Of Pressure And Magnetic Field On Phase Transitions And Related Physical Properties In Solid State Caloric Materials, Ahmad Ikhwan Us Saleheen 2018 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College

The Effects Of Pressure And Magnetic Field On Phase Transitions And Related Physical Properties In Solid State Caloric Materials, Ahmad Ikhwan Us Saleheen

LSU Doctoral Dissertations

Solid-state caloric effects, such as the magnetocaloric (MCE) and barocaloric (BCE) effects, may be utilized in future cooling technologies that are more efficient and environment-friendly. Large caloric effects often occur near phase transitions, especially near coupled first-order magnetostructural transitions (MST), and are initiated by external parameters, such as magnetic field or hydrostatic pressure. In this dissertation, the effects of pressure, temperature, and magnetic field on the phase transitions in three material systems are studied in order to elucidate how the respective caloric effects are affected.

In the first study, the realization of a coupled MST in a MnNiSi-based system through ...


Genetic Algorithm Design Of Photonic Crystals For Energy-Efficient Ultrafast Laser Transmitters, Troy A. Hutchins-Delgado 2018 University of New Mexico

Genetic Algorithm Design Of Photonic Crystals For Energy-Efficient Ultrafast Laser Transmitters, Troy A. Hutchins-Delgado

Shared Knowledge Conference

Photonic crystals allow light to be controlled and manipulated such that novel photonic devices can be created. We are interested in using photonic crystals to increase the energy efficiency of our semiconductor whistle-geometry ring lasers. A photonic crystal will enable us to reduce the ring size, while maintaining confinement, thereby reducing its operating power. Photonic crystals can also exhibit slow light that will increase the interaction with the material. This will increase the gain, and therefore, lower the threshold for lasing to occur. Designing a photonic crystal for a particular application can be a challenge due to its number of ...


Lattice Instability During Solid-Solid Structural Transformations Under A General Applied Stress Tensor: Example Of Si I → Si Ii With Metallization, Nikolai A. Zarkevich, Hao Chen, Valery I. Levitas, Duane D. Johnson 2018 Ames Laboratory

Lattice Instability During Solid-Solid Structural Transformations Under A General Applied Stress Tensor: Example Of Si I → Si Ii With Metallization, Nikolai A. Zarkevich, Hao Chen, Valery I. Levitas, Duane D. Johnson

Aerospace Engineering Publications

The density functional theory was employed to study the stress-strain behavior and elastic instabilities during the solid-solid phase transformation (PT) when subjected to a general stress tensor, as exemplified for semiconducting Si I and metallic Si II, where metallization precedes the PT, so stressed Si I can be a metal. The hydrostatic PT occurs at 76 GPa, while under uniaxial loading it is 11 GPa (3.7 GPa mean pressure), 21 times lower. The Si I → Si II PT is described by a critical value of the phase-field’s modified transformation work, and the PT criterion has only two parameters ...


Copper-Nanoparticle Decorated Graphene Thin Films: Applications In Metal-Assisted Etching And Synthesis Of Next-Generation Graphene-Based Nanomaterials, Jaewoo Park 2018 The University of Western Ontario

Copper-Nanoparticle Decorated Graphene Thin Films: Applications In Metal-Assisted Etching And Synthesis Of Next-Generation Graphene-Based Nanomaterials, Jaewoo Park

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Since 2006, the experimental discovery of graphene, a single-layer of carbon atoms, has spurred tremendous efforts towards new graphene-based materials. In graphene research, there is a recent trend towards next-generation materials in which graphene layers are locally modified in a controlled fashion at the nanoscale and tailored for specific applications. Examples include nanoparticle-decorated graphene thin films with surface potential tailored for nanoelectronics or advanced catalysis, graphene nanoribbons, graphene quantum dots, and the scalable fabrication of tiny pores in graphene, which are suitable to applications requiring ultrathin molecular sieving membranes. This research is focused on the development of new applications of ...


Dhital_Pnas.Pdf, Chetan Dhital 2018 Selected Works

Dhital_Pnas.Pdf, Chetan Dhital

Chetan Dhital

No abstract provided.


Effects Of Radiation On The Electrostatic Discharge Of Polymers, Kip Quilter, Megan Loveland, Alexandra Hughlett, JR Dennison 2018 Utah State University

Effects Of Radiation On The Electrostatic Discharge Of Polymers, Kip Quilter, Megan Loveland, Alexandra Hughlett, Jr Dennison

Posters

No abstract provided.


An Analysis Of Variations In Published Secondary Electron Yield Measurements Of Copper, Phil Lundgreen, JR Dennison 2018 Utah State University

An Analysis Of Variations In Published Secondary Electron Yield Measurements Of Copper, Phil Lundgreen, Jr Dennison

Posters

No abstract provided.


Real-Time Video Processing Of Arcing Events To Determine Coincidence, JR Dennison, Gregory Wilson, Jonh Mojica Decena, Brian Wood 2018 Utah State Univesity

Real-Time Video Processing Of Arcing Events To Determine Coincidence, Jr Dennison, Gregory Wilson, Jonh Mojica Decena, Brian Wood

Posters

A system has been developed and tested for real-time monitoring of environmentally-induced electrostatic discharge events to test spacecraft component and material survivability. Simultaneous detection by several parallel methods in coincidence, enhances event detection, minimizes false signals, and collects complementary information to determine arc location, intensity, and timing. This research focuses on four computer-interfaced video cameras which provide spatial and temporal detection of visual arcing from the surface of various elements. A real time processing solution was developed which can calculate integrated intensities, sensitively detect intensity threshold events, and store relevant video frames from these threshold events. Post processing of this ...


Using Coherent Phonons For Ultrafast Control Of The Dirac Node Of Srmnsb2, Christopher P. Weber, Madison G. Masten, Thomas C. Ogloza, Bryan S. Berggren, Michael K. L. Man, Keshav M. Dani, Jinyu Liu, Zhiqiang Mao, Dennis D. Klug, Adebayo A. Adeleke, Yansun Yao 2018 Santa Clara University

Using Coherent Phonons For Ultrafast Control Of The Dirac Node Of Srmnsb2, Christopher P. Weber, Madison G. Masten, Thomas C. Ogloza, Bryan S. Berggren, Michael K. L. Man, Keshav M. Dani, Jinyu Liu, Zhiqiang Mao, Dennis D. Klug, Adebayo A. Adeleke, Yansun Yao

Physics

SrMnSb2 is a candidate Dirac semimetal whose electrons near the Y point have the linear dispersion and low mass of a Dirac cone. Here we demonstrate that ultrafast, 800-nm optical pulses can launch coherent phonon oscillations in Sr0.94Mn0.92Sb2, particularly an Ag mode at 4.4 THz. Through first-principles calculations of the electronic and phononic structure of SrMnSb2, we show that high-amplitude oscillations of this mode would displace the atoms in a way that transiently opens and closes a gap at the node of the Dirac cone. The ability to control ...


Excess Electron Screening Of Remote Donors And Mobility In Modern Gaas/Algaas Heterostructures, M. Sammon, Tianran Chen, B. I. Shklovskii 2018 University of Minnesota - Twin Cities

Excess Electron Screening Of Remote Donors And Mobility In Modern Gaas/Algaas Heterostructures, M. Sammon, Tianran Chen, B. I. Shklovskii

Physics

In modern GaAs/AlxGa1−xAs heterostructures with record high mobilities, a two-dimensional electron gas (2DEG) in a quantum well is provided by two remote donor δ-layers placed on both sides of the well. Each δ-layer is located within a narrow GaAs layer, flanked by narrow AlAs layers which capture excess electrons from donors but leave each of them localized in a compact dipole atom with a donor. Still excess electrons can hop between host donors to minimize their Coulomb energy. As a result they screen the random potential of donors dramatically. We numerically model the pseudoground state of excess electrons ...


High Resolution Ion Beam Investigations Of The Mechanisms Of Titanium Anodization, Mitchell A. Brocklebank 2018 The University of Western Ontario

High Resolution Ion Beam Investigations Of The Mechanisms Of Titanium Anodization, Mitchell A. Brocklebank

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

The unique behaviour of thin films, and their surfaces and interfaces, significantly impact material and device properties. Probing these structures with ion beams (IB) provides quantitative composition and thicknesses measurements. In this dissertation, the IB techniques of medium energy ion scattering (MEIS), nuclear reaction profiling (NRP) and Rutherford backscattering spectrometry (RBS) are used to analyze energy losses in ultra-thin films, as well as elucidate the mechanisms of anodic film growth.

Accurate stopping cross sections of protons, ε, in the medium energy range (50-170 kV) often show deviations from Bragg’s rule. Here, εTi, εSi, and εTiO2, where ...


Characterization Of The Effects Of Radiation On Skeletal And Smooth Muscle Cells, Lori Caldwell, Charles Harding, JR Dennison, Elizabeth Vargis 2018 Utah State University

Characterization Of The Effects Of Radiation On Skeletal And Smooth Muscle Cells, Lori Caldwell, Charles Harding, Jr Dennison, Elizabeth Vargis

Posters

Muscular atrophy is a serious issue for extended spaceflight. Understanding and preventing the role of ionizing radiation in skeletal muscle loss would preserve the strength and endurance of astronauts and enable longer duration space travel and exploration. Irradiation was performed in the USU material physics group's Space Suvivability Test Chamber. C2C12 and CRL-1999 cells were exposed to dosages ranging from 0.5 - 36.8 Gy. Cell viability and growth rate were measured immediately following irradiation.


Perpendicular Magnetic Anisotropy In Bulk And Thin-Film Cumnas For Antiferromagnetic Memory Applications, Ivan A. Zhuravlev, Anil Adhikari, K. D. Belashchenko 2018 University of Nebraska–Lincoln

Perpendicular Magnetic Anisotropy In Bulk And Thin-Film Cumnas For Antiferromagnetic Memory Applications, Ivan A. Zhuravlev, Anil Adhikari, K. D. Belashchenko

Kirill Belashchenko Publications

CuMnAs with perpendicular magnetic anisotropy is proposed as an active material for antiferromagnetic memory. Information can be stored in the antiferromagnetic domain state, while writing and readout can rely on the existence of surface magnetization. It is predicted, based on first-principles calculations, that easy-axis anisotropy can be achieved in bulk CuMnAs by substituting a few percent of As atoms by Ge, Si, Al, or B. This effect is attributed to the changing occupation of certain electronic bands near the Fermi level induced by hole doping. The calculated temperature dependence of the magnetic anisotropy does not exhibit any anomalies. Thin CuMnAs ...


Current-Driven Production Of Vortex-Antivortex Pairs In Planar Josephson Junction Arrays And Phase Cracks In Long-Range Order, Francisco Estellés-Duart, Miguel Ortuño, Andrés M. Somoza, Valerii M. Vinokur, Alex Gurevich 2018 Old Dominion University

Current-Driven Production Of Vortex-Antivortex Pairs In Planar Josephson Junction Arrays And Phase Cracks In Long-Range Order, Francisco Estellés-Duart, Miguel Ortuño, Andrés M. Somoza, Valerii M. Vinokur, Alex Gurevich

Physics Faculty Publications

Proliferation of topological defects like vortices and dislocations plays a key role in the physics of systems with long-range order, particularly, superconductivity and superfluidity in thin films, plasticity of solids, and melting of atomic monolayers. Topological defects are characterized by their topological charge reflecting fundamental symmetries and conservation laws of the system. Conservation of topological charge manifests itself in extreme stability of static topological defects because destruction of a single defect requires overcoming a huge energy barrier proportional to the system size. However, the stability of driven topological defects remains largely unexplored. Here we address this issue and investigate numerically ...


Tailoring The Asymmetric Magnetoimpedance Response In Exchange-Biased Ni - Fe Multilayers, Ufuk Kilic, Carolina Ross, Carlos Garcia 2018 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Tailoring The Asymmetric Magnetoimpedance Response In Exchange-Biased Ni - Fe Multilayers, Ufuk Kilic, Carolina Ross, Carlos Garcia

Ufuk Kilic

The dependence of the asymmetric magnetoimpedance (MI) response on the directions of both the magnetic field and the exchange bias is studied for an [NiFe(60nm)/IrMn(35nm)]×5 multilayer system. The antiferromagnetic (AFM) layers create an exchange bias that shifts both the hysteresis loop and the MI response of NiFe; the strength of this coupling depends on the thicknesses of both the ferromagnetic layer and the AFM layer. Tuning the exchange-bias angle and the applied-magnetic-field direction provides a practical method to control the symmetry and the magnitude of the MI response. The observed asymmetric response can ...


Disorder-Driven Transition From S(+/-) To S(+ +) Superconducting Order Parameter In Proton Irradiated Ba(Fe1-Xrhx)(2)As-2 Single Crystals, G. Ghigo, D. Torsello, G. A. Ummarino, L. Gozzelino, Makariy A. Tanatar, Ruslan Prozorov, Paul C. Canfield 2018 Politecnico di Torino

Disorder-Driven Transition From S(+/-) To S(+ +) Superconducting Order Parameter In Proton Irradiated Ba(Fe1-Xrhx)(2)As-2 Single Crystals, G. Ghigo, D. Torsello, G. A. Ummarino, L. Gozzelino, Makariy A. Tanatar, Ruslan Prozorov, Paul C. Canfield

Ames Laboratory Accepted Manuscripts

Microwave measurements of the London penetration depth and critical temperature T c were used to show evidence of a disordered-driven transition from s ± to s + + order parameter symmetry in optimally doped Ba ( Fe 1 − x Rh x ) 2 As 2 single crystals, where disorder was induced by means of 3.5 MeV proton irradiation. Signatures of such a transition, as theoretically predicted [V. D. Efremov et al., Phys. Rev. B 84, 180512(R) (2011)], are found as a drop in the low-temperature values of the London penetration depth and a virtually disorder-independent superconducting T c . We show how these experimental ...


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